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1.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210044, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365224

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To assess the effects of coloring beverages on the color stability of two types of hybrid ceramics with different surface treatments. Material and Methods 180 specimens of two hybrid ceramics (Vita Enamic and Mazic Duro) and a feldspathic ceramic (Vita Mark II) were prepared (n=60 in each group). Half of the discs in each group were glazed while the other was polished. The specimens were then divided into three subgroups and immersed in distilled water, carrot juice, and coffee. The overall color difference (∆E) was calculated based on CIE L*a*b* color space. Data were analyzed using three-way and one-way ANOVA; Tukey's honest significant difference was also done for pairwise comparisons (α=0.05). Results Vita Mark II specimens revealed less overall color changes compared to other groups. The ∆E of the glazed Vita Enamic specimens was greater than polished specimens following immersion in distilled water (p=0.03) and coffee (p=0.001), but it was not significant for carrot juice. The same results were obtained for polished Mazic Duro specimens. Relatively similar amounts of ∆E were recorded in polished and glazed subgroups of Vita Mark II. Conclusion The ∆E of hybrid ceramics was higher than Vita Mark II. Polishing could be recommended for surface treatment of hybrid ceramics instead of glazing, saving time and facilitating the process.


Subject(s)
Beverages , Distilled Water , Coffee , Color , Dental Cements , Fruit and Vegetable Juices , Spectrophotometry/instrumentation , Ceramics , Analysis of Variance , Dental Prosthesis , Computer-Aided Design/instrumentation , Dental Porcelain , Coloring Agents
3.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 44-55, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345505

ABSTRACT

Abstract In the RLT (Rapid Layer Technology), veneering ceramic and framework are fabricated by computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and then cemented to obtain the restoration. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the thickness of veneering ceramic manufactured by the RLT technique on the fracture resistance (FR) of bilayer crowns with zirconia frameworks. Twenty zirconia frameworks and twenty feldspathic posterior crowns with two different veneering ceramic occlusal thicknesses (1mm=TF1; 2mm=TF2) were manufactured using CAD/CAM system. The specimens were luted to an epoxy resin abutment with resin cement and mechanically cycled (200N and 4.5×105 Pa, 37°C, 2×106 cycles, 3Hz). The FR test was performed (10kN, 0.5mm/min), and the specimens were analyzed in a stereomicroscope. For the stress analysis (finite element analysis, FEA), a 10kN load was equal to the in vitro test, and the principal stress was evaluated. The FR data were analyzed by Student's t-test and Weibull's analysis. The thickness influenced the FR of bilayer crowns. The FR was higher in the TF2 than in the TF1 group. The TF2 group presented the highest characteristic strength compared to the group TF1. The predominant type of failure was delamination. The FEA showed higher stress concentrations below the loading application point at the veneering cement interface in the 1-mm-thick model. The bilayer crowns manufactured using the approach of 2mm of veneering ceramic promoted higher FR compared to the group with 1mm veneering ceramic. Also, the FEA showed that the veneer ceramic thickness has an effect on stress distribution in zirconia-based bilayer crowns.


Resumo Na RLT (Rapid Layer Technology), a cerâmica de cobertura e infraestrutura são fabricados pelo Computer-Aided Design / Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAD / CAM) e cimentados para obter a restauração. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito da espessura da cerâmica de cobertura fabricada pela técnica RLT na resistência à fratura (RF) de coroas bilaminadas com infraestrutura de zircônia. Vinte infraestruturas de zircônia e vinte coroas posteriores feldspáticas com duas espessuras oclusais da cerâmica de cobertura (1mm = TF1; 2mm = TF2) foram fabricadas usando o sistema CAD / CAM. Os espécimes foram cimentados em preparos de resina epóxi com cimento resinoso dual e ciclados mecanicamente (200N e 4,5×105 Pa, 37° C, 2×106 ciclos, 3Hz). O teste de RF foi realizado (10kN, 0,5mm / min) e, posteriormente, os espécimes foram analisados em estereomicroscópio. Para a análise de tensão (análise de elementos finitos, FEA), uma carga de 10kN foi aplicada igual ao teste in vitro, e a tensão principal foi avaliada. Os dados de RF foram analisados pelo teste t de Student e análise de Weibull. A espessura mostrou forte influência na RF das coroas bilaminadas. A RF foi maior em TF2 do que no grupo TF1. O grupo TF2 apresentou a maior resistência característica em relação ao grupo TF1. O tipo de falha predominante foi a delaminação. O FEA mostrou maiores concentrações de tensões abaixo do ponto de aplicação da carga, na interface cimento e cerâmica de cobertura no modelo de coroa de 1 mm de espessura. As coroas de bilaminadas confeccionadas com 2 mm de cerâmica de cobertura promoveram maior RF em comparação ao grupo com cerâmica de cobertura de 1 mm. Além disso, a FEA mostrou que a espessura da cerâmica de cobertura tem um efeito na distribuição de tensões em coroas bilaminadas à base de zircônia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Technology , Zirconium , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Restoration Failure , Crowns , Dental Stress Analysis
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 56-64, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345501

ABSTRACT

Abstract It aims on evaluate the effect of the test environment on static fatigue behavior of lithium disilicate-based (LD), and yttrium oxide-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) ceramics. Specimens of LD (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) and YSZ (IPS e.max ZirCAD MO, 3 mol% Y2O3, Ivoclar Vivadent) were randomly allocated into three groups: tested in air, inert (paraffin oil, Sigma Aldrich) or distilled water. The static fatigue test (n=15) was performed using a piston-on-three ball assembly, adapted from ISO 6872, as follows: starting load 100 N for LD and 300 N for YSZ; loading application time set to 1 hour for each loading step; step size of 50 N for LD and 100 N for YSZ, applied successively until fracture. Data from static fatigue strength (MPa) and time to fracture (hours) were recorded. Fractographic analysis was executed. Survival analysis corroborates absence of influence of environment on static fatigue outcomes (fatigue strength, time to fracture and survival rates) for YSZ. For LD, specimens tested in air presented statistically superior survival rate and static fatigue strength (p= 0.025). In regards of time to fracture, LD tested in air were superior than when tested in distilled water (p=0.019) or inert (p=0.017) environments. No statistical differences for Weibull modulus were observed. Failures started on the tensile stress surface. Thus, the test environment did not affect slow crack growth (SCG) mechanisms during static fatigue test of YSZ ceramics, but it plays a significant role for the static fatigue behavior of lithium disilicate-based glass ceramics, indicating a high susceptibility to SCG.


Resumo O presente estudo objetivou investigar a influência do ambiente de teste no comportamento a fadiga estática (resistência à fratura e tempo para falha) de cerâmicas à base de dissilicato de lítio (LD) e zircônia estabilizada com ítria (YSZ). Espécimes de LD (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) e YSZ (IPS e.max ZirCAD MO, 3mol% Y2O3, Ivoclar Vivadent) foram obtidos e alocados aleatoriamente em três grupos: testado em ar, em líquido inerte (óleo de parafina) ou em água destilada. O teste de fadiga estática (n= 15) foi realizado usando o teste pistão sobre três esferas, ISO 6872, da seguinte forma: carga inicial 100 N para LD e 300 N para YSZ; tempo de aplicação de carregamento definido para 1 hora para cada etapa de carregamento; tamanho do passo de 50 N para LD e 100 N para YSZ, aplicados sucessivamente até a fratura. Dados de resistência à fadiga estática (MPa) e tempo até a fratura (horas) foram registrados. A análise fractográfica foi executada. A análise de sobrevivência corrobora a ausência de influência do ambiente de teste nos resultados de fadiga estática (resistência à fadiga, tempo de fratura e taxas de sobrevivência) para a YSZ. Para LD, os corpos de prova testados em ar apresentaram taxa de sobrevivência e resistência à fadiga estática estatisticamente superiores (p= 0,025). Em relação ao tempo de fratura, os espécimes LD testados em ar foram superiores aos testados em água destilada (p= 0,019) ou em ambiente inerte (p= 0,017). Não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas para o módulo de Weibull. Todas as falhas começaram no lado onde se concentra a tensão de tração (lado de baixo) durante o teste. Com base nisso, observa-se que o ambiente de teste não afetou os mecanismos de crescimento lento de trinca durante o teste de fadiga estática da cerâmica YSZ, mas desempenha um papel significativo na resistência à fadiga estática da cerâmica de vidro à base de dissilicato de lítio, indicando alta susceptibilidade ao crescimento lento e subcrítico de trincas.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Dental Porcelain , Surface Properties , Zirconium , Materials Testing , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Stress Analysis , Glass
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 53-63, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339327

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study was a prospective, controlled, randomized, clinical short-term trial aiming to evaluate the clinical performance of adhesively luted, lithium disilicate and feldspathic glass-ceramics onlays over a period up to 2 years. A total of 11 patients (7 female, 4 male; age range: 18-60 years, mean age: 39 years) were selected for this study. Each patient received a maximum of two restorations per group in a split-mouth-design. LD: Eleven onlays, performed with lithium disilicate-based ceramic (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein), and FP: Eleven onlays, performed with feldspathic ceramic (Vita Mark II, Vita Zanhfabrik, Bad Säckingen). Recalls were performed at 2 weeks (baseline = R1), 1 year (R2) and 2 years (R3) after the cementation by three calibrated blinded independent investigators using mirrors, magnifying eyeglasses, probes and bitewing radiographs. The postoperative sensitivity, secondary caries, marginal integrity, marginal discoloration, color match, surface roughness, tooth integrity, and restoration integrity were evaluated. The Friedman test was used to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in time-to-time comparison of the parameters in the ceramics restorations. A total of 95.4% of the restorations were clinically acceptable at the 2-year recall, without a difference for any evaluation parameter for both ceramic materials. Based on the 2-year data, the CAD-CAM onlays manufactured with feldspathic and lithium-disilicate based ceramics showed similar clinical performance.


Resumo O presente estudo é um estudo clínico prospectivo, controlado, randomizado e de longo curto prazo, com o objetivo de avaliar o desempenho clínico de restauraç ões adesivas cerâmica vítrea reforçada com dissilicato de lítio e cerâmica feldspática por um período de até 2 anos. Um total de 11 pacientes (7 mulheres, 4 homens; faixa etária: 18-60 anos, idade média: 39 anos) foram inseridas para este estudo. Cada paciente recebeu duas restaurações por grupo em um delineamento de boca dividida. LD: Onze onlays, realizados com cerâmica à base de dissilicato de lítio (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein); e FP: Onze onlays, realizados com cerâmica feldspática (Vita Mark II, Vita Zanhfabrik, Bad Säckingen). Os retornos foram realizados em 2 semanas (linha de base = R1), 1 ano (R2) e 2 anos (R3) após a cimentação, por três investigadores independentes, cegos e calibrados, usando espelhos, óculos de aumento, sondas e radiografias interproximais. Foram avaliadas a sensibilidade pós-operatória, cárie secundária, integridade marginal, descoloração marginal, correspondência de cores, rugosidade da superfície, integridade dentária e integridade da restauração. O teste de Friedman (95%) foi utilizado para determinar se havia uma diferença estatisticamente significante na comparação periódica dos parâmetros nas restaurações cerâmicas. Um total de 95,4% das restaurações estava clinicamente aceitável no retorno de 2 anos, sem diferença para qualquer parâmetro de avaliação para ambos os materiais cerâmicos. Com base nos dados de 2 anos, as restaurações CAD-CAM fabricados com cerâmica feldspática e à base de dissilicato de lítio apresentaram desempenho clínico semelhante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Inlays , Mouth , Prospective Studies , Dental Porcelain
6.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 1185-1190, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921891

ABSTRACT

In recent years, porcelain veneer restoration has been widely carried out in clinical practice. In order to standardize the clinical behavior, Chinese Society of Esthetic Dentistry organized experts in relevant fields to formulate an expert consensus on porcelain veneer technology in oral esthetic restoration. The consensus described in detail the material selection, clinical indications, tooth preparation requirements and bonding process of porcelain veneer restoration. It puts forward expert suggestions on how to obtain the strong and durable porcelain veneer restoration effect, prevent complications, and provide patients with comfortable diagnosis and treatment experience. At the same time, in order to provide reference for making successful porcelain veneer restoration in line with the connotation of oral esthetics, Chinese Society of Esthetic Dentistry put forward with its own characteristics the concept of taking esthetic design as the guidance, emphasizing the combination of local and overall esthetics, and carrying out multi-disciplinary porcelain veneer restoration.


Subject(s)
Consensus , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Esthetics, Dental , Humans , Technology
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921377

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to investigate the microstructure and mechanical properties of dental zirconia manufactured by digital light processing (DLP) 3D printing and the clinical application prospects of this material.@*METHODS@#The experiment (DLP) group was zirconia manufactured by DLP 3D printing, and the control (MILL) group was milled zirconia. The density, grain size, and phase composition were measured to study the microstructure. Flexural strength was measured by using three-point bending tests, while Vickers hardness was determined through a Vickers hardness tester. Fracture toughness was tested using the single-edge V-notched beam method.@*RESULTS@#Zirconia density of the DLP group was (6.019 8±0.021 3) g·cm@*CONCLUSIONS@#Zirconia manufactured by DLP 3D printing had microstructure and mechanical properties similar to those of the milled zirconia. Only the flexural strength and the Vickers hardness of the experimental zirconia were slightly lower than those of the milled zirconia. Therefore, DLP-manufactured zirconia has a promising future for clinical use.


Subject(s)
Dental Porcelain , Materials Testing , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Zirconium
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878453

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the chromatic properties and translucency of porcelain veneers made from different ceramic materials against the background of tetracycline-stained teeth.@*METHODS@#Porcelain specimens (A1, A3, B2, B4) measuring 0.50 mm in thickness were prepared by heat-press casting and layering. The L*, a*, and b* values of the specimens against simulated tetracycline tooth and black-and-white backgrounds were measured by a spectrophotometer, and color differences ΔE@*RESULTS@#The ΔE@*CONCLUSIONS@#When changing the color of tetracycline-stained teeth, 0.50 mm-thick IPS d.SIGN feldspathic veneers with an opaque layer provide better chromatic properties than IPS e.max Press LT glass ceramic veneers. However, the translucency of feldspathic veneers is generally poorer than that of glass ceramic veneers.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Color , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Materials Testing , Tetracyclines
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878452

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to evaluate the color stability of tetracycline teeth restored with ceramic veneers of different thicknesses combined with different resin cement systems after aging.@*METHODS@#Twenty patients with tetracycline teeth, including two maxillary central incisors, were selected clinically. The patients were randomly divided into four groups and restored with 0.5 and 0.75 mm ceramic veneers by using a veneer adhesive system, either with light-cured or dual-cured reaction. The color difference (ΔE) values after cementation and 1, 6, 12, and 24 months of use were obtained by quantification of L*, a*, and b* values with a colorimeter. The results were analyzed statistically with two-way ANOVA and Student's @*RESULTS@#The ΔE values of ceramic veneers detected after aging were less than 2.25. The 0.5 mm groups exhibited greater color change than the 0.75 mm-thick veneers (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Resin cements and veneer thickness influence the color of ceramic veneers after aging. Cementation of veneers with either dual- or light-cured resin cements does not affect the long-term color stability of tetracycline teeth differently.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Color , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Humans , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Tetracyclines
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878419

ABSTRACT

Many patients with large-area tooth defect need cast post-core crown restoration. However, the color defect of the cast post-core will affect the final restorative result, especially that of the anterior teeth. A new technology of color masking by applying CERAMAGE polymeric porcelain to the cast metal post-core surface improves the color of a full-ceramic restoration of anterior teeth and may provide a new alternative for the aesthetic repair of anterior teeth with a large area of defective tooth.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Crowns , Dental Porcelain , Esthetics, Dental , Humans , Post and Core Technique
11.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 75 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362274

ABSTRACT

Este estudo avaliou a resistência à fadiga cíclica de estruturas em forma de disco cerâmico multicamada de configuração tradicional (T) e bionispirado em macroescala (B), cimentadas de forma adesiva ao substrato analógo à dentina. As amostras foram produzidas com zircônia (Ø = 10 mm, espessura = 0,5 mm) e cerâmica feldspática (Ø = 10 mm, espessura = 1,5 mm) e foram unidas com três técnicas diferentes (n = 15): Injeção (inj); com vidro de fusão Crystal Connect (cv) e técnica cimentada (cim). Para a configuração tradicional a zircônia foi a infraestrura sobre qual a cerâmica feldspática foi aderida. Para os bioinspirados, a zircônia foi a supraestrutura e a cerâmica feldspática foi a infraestrutura. Os discos foram cimentados em resina G-10 (Ø = 10 mm, espessura = 1,5 mm). As amostras foram testadas sob a abordagem de fadiga cíclica até apresentar alguma trinca observada por transluminação. O método stepwise: 20 Hz, seguidos por etapas incrementais de 200 N a cada 10 x 103ciclos, com carga inicial de 600 N até 2600 N com pistão de 40 mm de diâmetro e célula de carga de 5 KN (Instron Electropuls E 3000, Instron, Glenview, IL, EUA). Todas as amostras foram analisadas estereomicroscópio para determinar o tipo de falha e uma amostra representativa de cada grupo foi analisada no microscópio eletrônico de varredura (MEV). As configurações bioinspiradas testadas foram estatisticamente semelhantes (p > 0,05) e não aumentaram a sobrevivência à fadiga das estruturas comparadas com a técnica tradicional. A bioinspiração apresentou predominantemente trincas radias e únicas. A gradação do modulo elástico em macroescala e a configuração das estruturas. A utilização do conector vítreo se mostro favorável para diminuir das trincas no material análogo á dentina.


This study evaluated the cyclic fatigue resistance of multilayer ceramic discshaped structures of traditional configuration (T) and macroscale bionispirate (B), cemented adhesively to the substrate analogic to dentin. The samples were produced with zirconia (Ø = 10 mm, thickness = 0.5 mm) and feldspar ceramics (Ø = 10 mm, thickness = 1.5 mm) and were joined with three different techniques (n = 15): Injection (inj); with Crystal Connect melting glass (cv) and cemented technique (Cim). For the traditional configuration zirconia was the infraestrura on which the feldspathic ceramic was adhered. For the bioinspired, zirconia was the superstructure, and feldspathic ceramics was the infrastructure. The discs were cemented in G-10 resin (Ø = 10 mm, thickness = 1.5 mm). The samples were tested under the cyclic fatigue approach until some crack was observed by translumination. The stepwise method: 20 Hz, followed by incremental steps of 200 N every 10 x 103 cycles, with initial charge from 600 N to 2600 N (40 mm diameter piston) and 5 KN load cell (Instron Electropuls E 3000, Instron, Glenview, IL, USA). All samples were analyzed stereomicroscopically to determine the type of failure and a representative sample of each group was analyzed in the scanning electron microscope (SEM). The bioinspired configurations tested were statistically similar (p > 0.05) and did not increase the fatigue survival of the structures compared to the traditional technique. The bioinspiration presented predominantly radial and unique cracks. The use of the vitreous connector was favorable to decrease the cracks in the analogous dentin material.


Subject(s)
Zirconium/chemistry , Dental Prosthesis , Dental Porcelain , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Survival Analysis , Shear Strength
12.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-11, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1281761

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the clinical behavior of milled BioHPP PEEK copings veneered with Visio.lign composite resin in comparison with metal copings veneered with feldspathic porcelain as single posterior crowns. Material and Methods: Twenty Four full coverage posterior crowns were fabricated for endodontically treated molars divided into 2 groups according to the material used. Twelve milled BioHPP PEEK-based crowns (Group 1) and Twelve Porcelain Fused to Metal (PFM) crowns (Group 2). The preparations were standardized with an equi-gingival, deep chamfer finish line for all teeth. BioHPP PEEK and metal copings were fabricated by CAD/CAM technology and lost wax technique respectively. These coping were veneered according to manufactures instructions either by special composite resin or low fusing glass ceramic respectively. The restorations were cemented then clinical evaluation of these crowns was assessed regarding mechanical failure, marginal integrity and patient satisfaction every two months for one year. Results: Although two PEEK crowns were fractured, both PEEK and PFM crowns showed similar fracture (mechanical failure) and marginal integrity without significant difference (p > 0.05). BioHPP PEEK-based crowns showed statistically significantly lower patient satisfaction than PFM crowns after six months (p-value = 0.013, Effect size = 1.157) but all the patients were generally satisfied. Conclusion: BioHPP PEEK-based crowns showed clinically similar and accepted mechanical behavior and marginal integrity but less patient's satisfaction than PFM crowns after six months. So BioHPP PEEK-based crowns may be used as an alternative tooth-colored metal-free fixed restoration for one year (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar o comportamento clínico de copings fresados de BioHPP PEEK com cobertura de resina composta Visio.lign em comparação com copings metálicos cobertos com cerâmica feldspática em coroas unitárias posteriores. Material e Métodos: Vinte e quatro coroas totais posteriores de foram confeccionadas para molares tratados endodonticamente e divididos em 2 grupos de acordo com o material utilizado. Doze coroas fresadas à base de BioHPP PEEK (Grupo 1) e doze coroas de porcelana fundida ao metal (PFM) (Grupo 2). Os preparos foram padronizados para todos os dentes com término de chanfro largo ao nível gengival. BioHPP PEEK e os copings metálicos foram fabricados por tecnologia CAD/CAM e técnica da cera perdida, respectivamente. A aplicação da cobertura sobre os copings foi realizada de acordo com as instruções do fabricante, por resina composta especial ou cerâmica vítrea de baixa fusão, respectivamente. As restaurações foram cimentadas e a avaliação clínica dessas coroas foi realizada quanto à falha mecânica, integridade marginal e satisfação do paciente a cada dois meses durante um ano. Resultados: Embora duas coroas de PEEK tenham sido fraturadas, ambas as coroas de PEEK e PFM apresentaram fraturas semelhantes (falha mecânica) e integridade marginal sem diferença significativa (p > 0,05). As coroas à base de BioHPP PEEK mostraram uma satisfação do paciente significativamente menor do que as coroas PFM após seis meses (valor de p = 0,013; tamanho do efeito = 1,157), mas todos os pacientes estavam geralmente satisfeitos. Conclusão: As coroas à base de BioHPP PEEK, em comparação às coroas PFM, mostraram desempenho clínico similar, aceitável comportamento mecânico e integridade marginal, mas menos satisfação do paciente, após seis meses. Portanto, as coroas à base de BioHPP PEEK podem ser utilizadas como uma alternativa de restauração livre de metal semelhante à cor do dente, por um ano. (AU)


Subject(s)
Patient Satisfaction , Metal Ceramic Alloys , Dental Porcelain
13.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(1): 41-46, jan.-abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1102376

ABSTRACT

A busca por restaurações estéticas e duradouras com resultados mais semelhantes à dentição natural está cada vez mais evidente, a adequação dos materiais e das técnicas foram a saída para atender à exigência estética e mecânica dos pacientes. O objetivo desse trabalho é relatar um caso clínico no qual aborde uma reabilitação oral complexa por meio de próteses fixas metalocerâmicas. A paciente apresentava problemas estéticos e funcionais e ao exame clínico foi contatado próteses fixas metalocerâmicas desadaptadas e desgastes severos nas duas arcadas. O desgaste resultou em uma desarmonia no seu sorriso, além de uma discrepância no contorno gengival em incisivos laterais, caninos e pré-molares. No planejamento clínico realizou-se gengivoplastia para adequar contorno gengival e próteses fixas do tipo metalocerâmica dos elementos 14 ao 26. Concluímos que as restaurações com as coroas metalocerâmicas se mostraram uma excelente alternativa para reabilitações protéticas amplas, atendendo todas as expectativas estéticas e funcionais da paciente possibilitando uma melhora significativa em sua qualidade de vida(AU)


The search for aesthetic and lasting restorations with results more similar to natural dentition is increasingly evident, the adequacy of materials and techniques have been the output to meet the aesthetic and mechanical demands of patients. The aim of this paper is to report a clinical case in which a complex oral rehabilitation using fixed metalloceramic prostheses is addressed. The patient presented aesthetic and functional problems and the clinical examination was contacted maladaptive fixed metalloceramic prostheses and severe wear on both arches. The wear resulted in a disharmony in his smile, as well as a discrepancy in the gingival contour in lateral, canine and premolar incisors. In the clinical planning, gingivoplasty was performed to adapt the gingival contour and the metalloceramic fixed prostheses of elements 14 to 26. We conclude that the restorations with the metalloceramic crowns proved to be an excellent alternative for broad prosthetic rehabilitation, meeting all the aesthetic and functional expectations of the patient. enabling a significant improvement in their quality of life(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Dental Prosthesis , Mouth Rehabilitation , Quality of Life , Dental Porcelain , Esthetics, Dental
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(1): 69-77, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089271

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective was to evaluate the color stability of ceramic veneers luted with resin cements and pre-heated composite resins (60oC) for 12 months, and determine the degree of conversion (DC) of the luting agents. Two resin cements (AllCem Veneer, light-cured (LRC) and AllCem, dual-cured (DRC)] and three composite resins [Z100 (MNCR-minifilled), Herculite Classic (MHCR-micro-hybrid) and Durafill (MCCR-microfilled)] were used for cementing 0.8-mm-thick lithium-silicate glass-ceramic laminates (Suprinity, shade B2-HT, Vita) on bovine enamel (n=10). The specimens were stored at 37oC in distilled water. CIELab parameters were determined at 24h after luting (baseline), 7, 30, 90, 180 days and 12 months. Three specimens were prepared for DC evaluation, performed by micro-Raman spectroscopy. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (a=5%). For ΔEab and ΔE00, there were significant differences for luting material (p<0.001), time (p<0.001), and double interaction (p<0.001). The groups cemented with MHCR (1 year), MCCR (90 days and 1 year) and MCCR-PH (1 year) were the ones with ΔE values greater than the acceptability threshold. All other groups maintained their ΔE lower than the acceptability threshold after 1 year in distilled water. Regarding DC, there were no significant differences (p=0.127) among the materials. Non-significant negative correlations were observed between the mean ΔEab and DC (R=-0.65) and ΔE00 and DC (R=-0.64). A significant positive correlation was observed mean ΔEab and ΔE00 (R=0.99). It was concluded that the different luting agents influenced the final color of the restorations. The heating of the composite resins did not affect their DC.


Resumo O objetivo foi avaliar a estabilidade de cor de laminados cerâmicos de fina espessura, após a cimentação com cimentos resinosos e resinas compostas em temperatura ambiente e aquecida (60oC), durante 12 meses; bem como determinar o grau de conversão dos diferentes materiais para cimentação. Foram utilizados dois cimentos resinosos [AllCem Veneer, cimento resinoso fotoativado (LRC) e AllCem, cimento resinoso dual (DRC)] e três resinas compostas [Z100 (MNCR - resina composta de partículas finas), Herculite Classic (MHCR - resina composta micro-híbrida) e Durafill (MCCR - resina composta microparticulada)] para cimentação de laminados cerâmicos a base de silicato de lítio (Suprinity, cor B2-HT, Vita Zahnfabrik) com 0,8 mm de espessura, sobre esmalte bovino. Oitenta espécimes foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em 8 grupos de acordo com o material para cimentante (n=10). Os espécimes foram armazenados a 37oC em água destilada. Os parâmetros do CIELab foram determinados 24h após a cimentação (baseline), 7, 30, 90, 180 dias e 12 meses. Outros três espécimes foram preparados para avaliação de grau de conversão, realizada por espectroscopia micro-Raman. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA e teste de Tukey (a=5%). Para ΔEab e ΔE00, houve diferenças estatisticamente significantes para o material de cimentação (p<0,001), tempo (p<0,001) e interação dupla (p<0,001). Os grupos cimentados com o MHCR (1 ano), MCCR (90 dias e 1 ano) e MCCR-PH (1 ano) foram os únicos com valores de ΔE maiores que o limite de aceitabilidade. Todos os demais grupos mantiveram seu ΔE menor que o limite de aceitabilidade ao final de 1 ano de armazenamento em água destilada. Em relação ao grau de conversão, não foram observadas diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre os materiais para cimentação avaliados (p=0,127). O grau de conversão variou entre 64,0% (MNCR-PH) e 85,1% (DRC). Correlações negativas moderadas a fortes não significativas foram observadas entre a média ΔEab e grau de conversão (R=-0,65) e ΔE00 e grau de conversão (R=-0,64). Observou-se uma correlação positiva forte significativa nos valores médios de ΔEab e ΔE00 (R=0,99). Pode-se concluir que os diferentes agentes cimentantes utilizados na cimentação de laminados cerâmicos de espessura fina influenciaram na cor final das restaurações. O aquecimento das resinas compostas não implicou em alteração do grau de conversão.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ceramics , Resin Cements , Materials Testing , Cattle , Follow-Up Studies , Color , Composite Resins , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(1): 52-56, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089262

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study was evaluated the effect of different light activation and thermocycling methods on the shear bond strength (SBS) and on the adhesive remnant index (ARI) of metal brackets bonded to feldspathic ceramic. Hundred metal brackets were bonded to 20 porcelain cylinders, divided into four groups (n=25) based on light activation and thermocycling processes. The cylinders were etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 60 s and coated with two layers of silane. The brackets were bonded with Transbond XT composite resin. Light activation in Groups 1 and 3 was performed during 3 s using the VALO Ortho Cordless appliance with irradiance 3,200 mW/cm2 and in Groups 2 and 4 for 40 s using Optilight Max appliance with irradiance 1,200 mW/cm². The samples were stored in deionized water at 37°C for 24 h and the samples from Groups 1 and 2 were submitted to the SBS test at a rate of 1 mm/min, whereas the samples from Groups 3 and 4 were submitted to 7,000 thermal cycles (5°/55°C) before to the SBS test. The data were assessed by two-way analysis of variance and by Tukey's test (a=0.05). No significant difference was observed between SBS means in the different light activation devices used. The samples subjected to thermocycling revealed lower SBS values (p≤0.05). There was predominance of score 0 for ARI in all groups. Therefore, the different light activation methods did not interfere in SBS, but thermocycling reduced SBS.


Resumo No presente estudo foi avaliado o efeito de diferentes métodos de fotoativação e ciclagem térmica na resistência da união ao cisalhamento (RUC) e no índice de remanescente adesivo (IRA) de braquetes metálicos colados à cerâmica feldspática. Cem braquetes metálicos foram colados em 20 cilindros de porcelana, divididos em 4 grupos (n=25) de acordo com o processo de fotoativação e ciclagem térmica. Os cilindros foram condicionados com ácido fluorídrico 10% por 60s e receberam 2 camadas de silano. Os braquetes foram colados com a resina composta Transbond XT. A fotoativação nos Grupos 1 e 3 foi realizada por 3 segundos usando o aparelho VALO Ortho Cordless com irradiância de 3200 mW/cm2 e nos Grupos 2 e 4 por 40 segundos utilizando o aparelho Optilight Max com irradiância de 1200 mW/cm². As amostras foram armazenadas em água deionizada a 37°C por 24 h, após as amostras dos grupos 1 e 2 foram submetidos ao teste de RUC, velocidade de 1 mm/min, e as amostras dos grupos 3 e 4 foram submetidas a 7.000 ciclos térmicos (5°/ 55°C) antes da RUC. Os dados foram submetidos à Análise de Variância dois fatores e ao teste de Tukey (a=0,05). Não foi encontrada diferença significativa entre as médias da RUC nos diferentes aparelhos de fotoativação. Quando submetidos à ciclagem térmica apresentaram menores valores de RUC (p≤0,05). O IRA mostrou predominância de escore 0 para todos os grupos. Conclui-se que os diferentes métodos de fotoativação não interferiram na RUC, porém a ciclagem térmica reduziu a RUC.


Subject(s)
Dental Bonding , Orthodontic Brackets , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Shear Strength , Dental Porcelain , Dental Stress Analysis
16.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(1): 310-315, jan./feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049253

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different commercial silanes on microshear bond strength of resin cement to lithium disilicate ceramic. Twenty ceramic samples with 10 mm in length, 10 mm wide and 3 mm in thickness were fabricated, etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 20 seconds, and divided into 5 groups, according to the commercial silane applied: G1- RelyX Ceramic Primer (3M ESPE), G2- Angelus Silane, G3- Prosil (FGM), G4- Dentsply Silane (Dentsply) and G5- Bis-Silane (Bisco). Silanes were applied in accordance to manufacturers' recommendations. Addition silicone molds with 1 mm in thickness, 10 mm in diameter and 3 perforations with 1 mm in diameter each one, were placed on ceramic and filled with the resin cement RelyX ARC (3M ESPE) in all groups. Light activation was performed with LED Bluephase G2 (Ivoclar Vivadent) at 1200 mW/cm2, for 30 seconds. Samples were maintained in 100% humidity at 37°C for 24 hours and submitted to microshear test. The data (MPa) were submitted to one-way ANOVA and Tukey test (α=0.05). The results obtained for each group were: G1: 22.39±2.99; G2: 23.35±4.08; G3: 26.05±5.46; G4: 18.56±4.09; G5: 25.26±4.10. Statistical analysis showed significantly lower microshear bond strength for G4. Fracture pattern analysis showed predominance of adhesive failures in G1 and G2. G3 and G5 presented higher percentage of cohesive failures in ceramic, and G4 showed mixed, adhesive and cohesive fractures with similar percentages. It was concluded that different silanes showed influence on the lithium disilicate ceramic ­ resin cement bond strength


O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes silanos comerciais na resistência de união ao microcisalhamento do cimento resinoso à cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio. Foram confeccionadas 20 amostras de cerâmica (10mm de comprimento, 10mm de largura e 3mm de espessura), condicionadas com ácido fluorídrico a 10% por 20 segundos e divididas em 5 grupos, de acordo com o silano aplicado: G1- RelyX Ceramic Primer (3M ESPE), G2- Silano Angelus, G3-Prosil (FGM), G4- Silano Dentsply e G5-Bis-Silane (Bisco). Matrizes de silicone por adição (1 mm de espessura, 10 mm de diâmetro e 3 perfurações com 1 mm de diâmetro) foram colocadas sobre a cerâmica e preenchidas com cimento resinoso RelyX ARC (3M ESPE). A fotoativação foi realizada com LED Bluephase G2 (Ivoclar Vivadent) a 1200 mW/cm2, por 30 segundos. As amostras foram mantidas em 100% de umidade a 37°C por 24 horas e submetidas ao teste de microcisalhamento. Os dados (MPa) (G1: 22,39+2,99; G2: 23,35+4,08; G3: 26,05+5,46; G4: 18,56+ 4,09; G5: 25,26+4,10) foram submetidos a análise de variância e ao teste de Tukey (p<0,05). A análise estatística mostrou valor de resistência de união significantemente menor para G4. A análise do padrão de fratura mostrou predominância de falha adesiva para G1 e G2. G3 e G5 apresentaram maior porcentagem de falha coesiva em cerâmica, e o G4 apresentou fraturas mista, adesiva e coesiva em igual porcentagem. Concluiu-se que os diferentes silanos apresentaram influência na resistência de união do cimento resinoso à cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio


Subject(s)
Silanes , Ceramics , Dental Cements , Shear Strength , Lithium , Silicate Cement , Cementation , Resin Cements , Dental Porcelain
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827548

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of preparation height and cement space on the fit and retention of computer aided design (CAD)/computer aided manufacturing (CAM) zirconia crown, and to provide reference for the clinical design and fabrication of CAD/CAM crowns.@*METHODS@#3D printing system was used to fabricate resin abutment teeth with convergence angle of 2° and height of 1-3 mm. The models' optical impressions were collected by the three-shape scanner. Then, the cement spaces were set by Cradle CAD/CAM system at 10-50 μm to create an all-ceramic zirconia crown. The fit of the crowns was measured by using silicone rubber interstitial impression method. The retention of the crowns was measured by pull-off test with uniaxial tensile force after the crown was bonded. The data were analyzed by SPSS 22.0 soft-ware.@*RESULTS@#When the preparation height was fixed, the fitness values of different cement space groups have statistical difference (P0.05). The fitness values of different preparation height groups have no statistical difference (P>0.05), and the retention values of different preparation height groups have statistical difference (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#When cradle CAD/CAM system is used to create a full crown in the clinic, the preparation height should be set to more than 3 mm, and the cement space should be set at 30 μm.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Crowns , Dental Porcelain , Dental Prosthesis Design , Zirconium
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878388

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to investigate the effect of occlusal thickness design on fracture resistance of endocrowns restored with lithium disilicate ceramic and zirconia.@*METHODS@#A total of 24 artificial first mandibular molars were randomly divided into four groups with six teeth in each group as follows: group lithium disilicate ceramic-2 mm (lithium disilicate ceramic, with an occlusal thickness of 2 mm and a retainer length of 4 mm); group lithium disilicate ceramic-4 mm (lithium disilicate ceramic, with an occlusal thickness of 4 mm and a retainer length of 2 mm); group zirconia-2 mm (zirconia, with an occlusal thickness of 2 mm and a retainer length of 4 mm); and group zirconia-4 mm (zirconia, with an occlusal thickness of 4 mm and a retainer length of 2 mm). After adhesive cementation (RelyX Ultimate Clicker), all specimens were subjected to thermocycling (10 000 cycles). The specimens were subjected to fracture resistance testing at a 135° angle to the teeth at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm·min⁻¹ in a universal testing machine. Data were analyzed with ANOVA and Tukey's HSD test by SPSS 15.0. The failure modes were classified.@*RESULTS@#The fracture resistances of groups lithium disilicate ceramic-
2 mm, lithium disilicate ceramic-4 mm, zirconia-2 mm, and zirconia-4 mm were (890.54±83.41), (2 320.87±728.57), 
(2 258.05±557.66), and (3 847.70±495.99) N respectively. Group zirconia-4 mm had the highest fracture resistance, whereas group lithium disilicate ceramic-2 mm had the lowest.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The fracture resistance of molar endocrown with zirconia is higher than that with lithium disilicate ceramic. Increasing the occlusal thickness can improve the fracture resistance but increase the risk of fracture of abutment.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Crowns , Dental Porcelain , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Stress Analysis , Materials Testing , Zirconium
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811435

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different numbers of heat treatments applied to superstructure porcelain on optical, thermal, and phase formation properties of zirconia.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty zirconia specimens were prepared in the form of rectangular prism. Specimens were divided into four groups (n = 10) according to the number of firing at heating values of porcelain. Color differences and translucency parameter were measured, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were performed. Data were analyzed with analysis of variance (ANOVA).RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in ΔE, TP, L, a, and b value changes of the zirconia specimens as a result of repetitive firing processes (P>.05).CONCLUSION: Although additional firing processes up to 4 increase peak density in thermal analysis, additional firing processes up to 4 times can be applied safely as they do not result in a change in color and phase character of zircon frameworks.


Subject(s)
Calorimetry, Differential Scanning , Dental Porcelain , Fires , Heating , Hot Temperature , X-Ray Diffraction
20.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 373-377, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827013

ABSTRACT

The minimal tooth reduction, esthetic appeal and biocompatibility of porcelain laminate veneers have made them one of the mainstream technologies for minimal invasive esthetic dental restorations. Cementation is a crucial step in ensuring retention, marginal seal and influencing the clinical longevity of veneer restorations. Experts from Society of Prosthodontics, Chinese Stomatological Association formulated operational specifications for the cementation of porcelain laminate veneers, so as to standardize the clinical operating procedures, achieve the long-term success of veneer restorations, and promote the application of porcelain laminate veneers.


Subject(s)
Cementation , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Esthetics, Dental
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