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Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1422288


Abstract Objective: To compare porcelain and metal repair done with both nanocomposite and conventional composite. Material and Methods: A total of 30 cylinders were fabricated from Porcelain (I), Porcelain fused to metal (II), and metal (III) substrate each. Control group (A) was bonded with conventional micro-hybrid composite and experimental group (B) was bonded with nanocomposite in a 2 mm thickness. All specimens were thermocycled and stored in distilled water at 37 °C for 7 days. A universal testing machine was used to measure the Shear bond strength (SBS). The difference between bond strengths of the groups was compared using an independent t-test. Results: In all three groups, the SBS was higher in the experimental group as compared to the control group. The use of nanocomposite of metal alloy presented maximum shear bond strength, followed by samples of porcelain fused to metal and finally porcelain, showing the lowest values of SBS. Conclusion: Porcelain and alloys bonded with nanocomposite exhibit enhanced adhesiveness as well as aesthetic and mechanical properties. This subsequently would translate into providing higher clinical serviceability and durability and hence a cost-effective and accessible repair option for human welfare (AU).

Shear Strength , Dental Porcelain , Nanostructures/chemistry , Nanocomposites/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Dental Alloys
Araçatuba; s.n; 2022. 54 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1435699


O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar a influência de diferentes graus de opacidade e espessuras do dissilicato de lítio no grau de conversão de dois cimentos resinosos e na resistência de união dos mesmos à cerâmica. Duzentos e quarenta amostras cerâmicas de dissilicato de lítio (6x6 mm) foram obtidos a partir de blocos de IPS E-max CAD (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtensten), nas opacidades HT (alta translucidez), LT (baixa translucidez) e MO (média opacidade), nas espessuras de 0,3 mm, 0,7 mm, 1,2mm, 1,7 mm, 2,0 mm. Para as análises do grau de conversão (n=9) e resistência de união (n=8) foram utilizados um cimento de ativação física (Variolink Esthetic LC) e um cimento dual (Multilink N). Para análise do grau de conversão, as amostras de cimento foram fotoativadas sob as amostras de cerâmica e levadas a um espectrômetro Raman confocal. Para o teste de resistência de união foram confeccionados cilindros de cimento resinoso sobre as amostras cerâmicas e submetidos ao ensaio de microcisalhamento. Os resultados mostraram que o aumento das espessuras causou diminuição no grau de conversão dos dois cimentos em todas as condições estudadas, porém só influenciou negativamente a resistência de união do cimento Variolink Esthetic LC quando unido à cerâmica na opacidade MO. Na comparação entre as opacidades, de maneira geral, a cerâmica de maior translucidez HT apresentou maiores valores de grau de conversão em comparação às outras opacidades. Já para resistência de união, em algumas espessuras as cerâmicas LT e MO apresentaram os maiores valores. O cimento dual Multilink N apresentou os maiores valores nas duas análises comparado ao cimento fotoativado Variolink Esthetic LC. Portanto, o aumento da espessura e da opacidade do material cerâmico podem promover uma diminuição no grau de conversão do cimento. A resistência de união também sofre uma diminuição com o aumento da espessura de cerâmicas mais opacas. No entanto, a maior translucidez do material não garante valores mais altos dessa mesma propriedade(AU)

This research aims to evaluate the influence of different degrees of opacity and thicknesses of lithium disilicate on the degree of conversion of two resin cements and on their bond strength to the ceramic. Two hundred and forty lithium disilicate ceramic samples (6x6 mm) were obtained from IPS E-max CAD (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtensten), in HT, LT and MO opacities, with thicknesses of 0.3 mm, 0.7 mm, 1.2 mm, 1.7 mm, 2.0 mm. For degree of conversion (n=9) and bond strength analysis (n=8) a light cured (Variolink Esthetic LC) and a dual cured resin cement (Multilink N) were used. To analyze the degree of conversion, the cement samples were light cured under the ceramic samples and taken to a confocal Raman spectrometer. For the bond strength test, resin cement cylinders were made on the ceramic samples that were later subjected to a microshear. The results showed that the increase in thickness caused a decrease on degree of conversion of both cements in all the conditions studied, but it only had an influence on bond strength of Variolink LC cement for MO ceramic. Comparing the opacities, for the degree of conversion, the most translucent ceramics had higher conversion values compared to the less translucent ones in some thicknesses. As for bond strength, in some thicknesses the LT and MO ceramics showed the highest values. The dual cement Multilink showed the highest values of conversion degree and bond strength compared to Variolink Esthetic LC light-cured cement. The Multilink dual cement showed the highest values in both analyzes compared to the Variolink LC light-cured cement. Therefore, increasing the thickness and opacity of the ceramic material can promote a decrease in the degree of cement conversion. The bond strength also suffers a decrease with increasing thickness of more opaque ceramics and the greater translucency of the material does not guarantee higher values of this same property(AU)

Resin Cements , Dental Porcelain , Ceramics , Dental Materials , Polymerization
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210044, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365224


ABSTRACT Objective To assess the effects of coloring beverages on the color stability of two types of hybrid ceramics with different surface treatments. Material and Methods 180 specimens of two hybrid ceramics (Vita Enamic and Mazic Duro) and a feldspathic ceramic (Vita Mark II) were prepared (n=60 in each group). Half of the discs in each group were glazed while the other was polished. The specimens were then divided into three subgroups and immersed in distilled water, carrot juice, and coffee. The overall color difference (∆E) was calculated based on CIE L*a*b* color space. Data were analyzed using three-way and one-way ANOVA; Tukey's honest significant difference was also done for pairwise comparisons (α=0.05). Results Vita Mark II specimens revealed less overall color changes compared to other groups. The ∆E of the glazed Vita Enamic specimens was greater than polished specimens following immersion in distilled water (p=0.03) and coffee (p=0.001), but it was not significant for carrot juice. The same results were obtained for polished Mazic Duro specimens. Relatively similar amounts of ∆E were recorded in polished and glazed subgroups of Vita Mark II. Conclusion The ∆E of hybrid ceramics was higher than Vita Mark II. Polishing could be recommended for surface treatment of hybrid ceramics instead of glazing, saving time and facilitating the process.

Spectrophotometry/instrumentation , Surface Properties , Beverages , Color , Dental Cements , Distilled Water , Ceramics , Analysis of Variance , Dental Prosthesis , Computer-Aided Design/instrumentation , Coffee , Dental Porcelain , Coloring Agents , Fruit and Vegetable Juices , Iran/epidemiology
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365234


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the marginal adaptation of computer-aided designing and computer-aided machining (CAD/CAM) fabricated cobalt-chromium and zirconium-oxide-based ceramic crowns compared to those produced by a conventional method. Material and Methods The study consists of three groups; 45 crowns fabricated from cobalt-chromium (CAD-CoCr) and 45 crowns manufactured from zirconium CAD/CAM technology (CAD-Z), and 45 control (C) which consists of conventional metal-ceramic crowns. The marginal discrepancies in vertical dimensions were assessed utilizing a microscope in four surfaces (mesial, distal, vestibular, and oral) for each crown. On completion of the microscopic evaluation, multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to study the difference in the four surfaces, considered altogether. Two-way ANOVA revealed the effect of three systems used for gap measurements of each landmark. The differences observed were considered significant at p<0.05. Results There were no differences in the four surfaces revealed by АNOVА in the three groups when considered altogether. Two-way ANOVA of each surface discovered no differences among all groups as well. Conclusion The CAD/CAM crowns revealed a comparable and satisfactory marginal adaptation compared to conventional metal-ceramic crowns.

Zirconium , Chromium Alloys , Dental Prosthesis/instrumentation , Crowns , Dental Porcelain , In Vitro Techniques , Analysis of Variance , Metal Ceramic Alloys , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Marginal Adaptation , India
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936125


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the marginal roughness and marginal fitness of chairside computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) laminate veneers with different materials and thicknesses, and to provide a reference for the clinical application of laminate veneers.@*METHODS@#The butt-to-butt type laminate veneers were prepared on resin typodonts, the preparations were scanned, and the laminate veneers were manufactured by chairside CAD/CAM equipment. The laminate veneers were divided into four groups (n=9) according to the materials (glass-matrix ceramics and resin-matrix ceramics) and thickness (0.3 mm and 0.5 mm) of the veneers, with a total of 36. The marginal topo-graphies of each laminate veneer were digitally recorded by stereomicroscope, and the marginal rough-nesses of the laminate veneers were determined by ImageJ software. The marginal fitness of the laminate veneers was measured by a fit checker and digital scanning and measuring method. At the same time, the mechanical properties of glass-matrix ceramic and resin-matrix ceramic bars (n=20) were tested by a universal testing device.@*RESULTS@#The marginal roughness of 0.3 mm and 0.5 mm glass-matrix ceramic laminate veneers was (24.48±5.55) μm and (19.06±5.75) μm, respectively, with a statistically significant difference (P < 0.001). The marginal roughness of 0.3 mm and 0.5 mm resin-matrix ceramic laminate veneers was (6.13±1.27) μm and (6.84±2.19) μm, respectively, without a statistically significant difference (P>0.05). The marginal roughness of the glass-matrix ceramic laminate veneers was higher than that of the resin-matrix ceramic laminate veneers with a statistically significant difference (P < 0.001). The marginal fitness of 0.3 mm and 0.5 mm glass-matrix ceramic laminate veneers were (66.30±26.71) μm and (85.48±30.44) μm, respectively. The marginal fitness of 0.3 mm and 0.5 mm resin-matrix ceramic laminate veneers were (56.42±19.27) μm and (58.36±8.33) μm, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference among the 4 groups (P>0.05). For glass-matrix ceramics, the flexural strength was (327.40±54.25) MPa, the flexural modulus was (44.40±4.39) GPa, and the modulus of resilience was (1.24±0.37) MPa. For resin-matrix ceramics, the flexural strength was (173.71±16.61) MPa, the flexural modulus was (11.88±0.51) GPa, and the modulus of resilience was (1.29±0.27) MPa. The flexural strength and modulus of glass-matrix ceramics were significantly higher than those of resin-matrix ceramics (P < 0.001), but there was no statistically significant difference in the modulus of resilience between the two materials (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The marginal roughness of CAD/CAM glass-matrix ceramic laminate veneers is greater than that of resin-matrix ceramic laminate veneers, but there was no statistically significant difference in marginal fitness among them. Increasing the thickness can reduce the marginal roughness of glass-matrix ceramic laminate veneers, but has no effect on the marginal roughness of resin-matrix ceramic laminate veneers.

Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Materials Testing , Surface Properties
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936118


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of resin base and different retention depth on the fracture resistance of mandibular molars restored with nano-ceramic endocrowns.@*METHODS@#Forty mandibular molars selected and randomly divided into 5 groups: ① The control group which was consisted of intact teeth, ② the non-resin base group, ③ the 2 mm retention depth group, ④ the 3 mm retention depth group, ⑤ the 4 mm retention depth group, respectively. After tooth preparation, in vitro root canal therapy was conducted, which was followed by endocrown design, production and adhesive of groups ②-⑤. All the samples were under load (N) of the universal mechanical testing machine after embedding. The fracture pattern of each sample was observed under stereomicroscope. Then the microstructure of the fracture surface was observed by scanning electron microscopy.@*RESULTS@#The fracture loads of each group were respectively: the control group fracture load was (3 069.34±939.50) N; experimental groups: fracture load of (2 438.04±774.40) N for the group without resin base; fracture load of (3 537.18±763.65) N for the group with 2 mm retention depth. The fracture load of the retention depth 3 mm group was (2 331.55±766.39) N; the fracture load of the retention depth 4 mm group was (2 786.98±709.24) N. There was statistical significance in the effect of resin base and different retention depth on the fracture loads of molars restored with nano-ceramic endocrown (P < 0.05). Repairable fractures in each group were as follows: control group 2/8, non-resin base group 1/8, retention depth of 2 mm group 1/8, retention depth of 3 mm group 2/8, and retention depth of 4 mm group 0/8. The effects of the retention depth and the presence of resin base on the fracture resistance of the resin nano-ceramic endocrowns were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Scanning electron microscopy showed more arrest lines and small twist hackles on the fracture surface of the restorations with resin base (retention depths of 2 mm, 3 mm, and 4 mm), with cracks extending towards the root. In addition to the characteristics above, more transverse cracks parallel to the occlusal surface, pointing outwards from the center of the pulp cavity retention, were also observed on the fracture surface of the non-resin base restorations.@*CONCLUSION@#When molar teeth with nano-ceramic endocrowns are restored, resin base and the retention depth of 2 mm help the teeth to obtain optimal fracture strength.

Ceramics , Composite Resins , Dental Porcelain , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Stress Analysis , Materials Testing , Molar
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 56-64, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345501


Abstract It aims on evaluate the effect of the test environment on static fatigue behavior of lithium disilicate-based (LD), and yttrium oxide-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) ceramics. Specimens of LD (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) and YSZ (IPS e.max ZirCAD MO, 3 mol% Y2O3, Ivoclar Vivadent) were randomly allocated into three groups: tested in air, inert (paraffin oil, Sigma Aldrich) or distilled water. The static fatigue test (n=15) was performed using a piston-on-three ball assembly, adapted from ISO 6872, as follows: starting load 100 N for LD and 300 N for YSZ; loading application time set to 1 hour for each loading step; step size of 50 N for LD and 100 N for YSZ, applied successively until fracture. Data from static fatigue strength (MPa) and time to fracture (hours) were recorded. Fractographic analysis was executed. Survival analysis corroborates absence of influence of environment on static fatigue outcomes (fatigue strength, time to fracture and survival rates) for YSZ. For LD, specimens tested in air presented statistically superior survival rate and static fatigue strength (p= 0.025). In regards of time to fracture, LD tested in air were superior than when tested in distilled water (p=0.019) or inert (p=0.017) environments. No statistical differences for Weibull modulus were observed. Failures started on the tensile stress surface. Thus, the test environment did not affect slow crack growth (SCG) mechanisms during static fatigue test of YSZ ceramics, but it plays a significant role for the static fatigue behavior of lithium disilicate-based glass ceramics, indicating a high susceptibility to SCG.

Resumo O presente estudo objetivou investigar a influência do ambiente de teste no comportamento a fadiga estática (resistência à fratura e tempo para falha) de cerâmicas à base de dissilicato de lítio (LD) e zircônia estabilizada com ítria (YSZ). Espécimes de LD (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) e YSZ (IPS e.max ZirCAD MO, 3mol% Y2O3, Ivoclar Vivadent) foram obtidos e alocados aleatoriamente em três grupos: testado em ar, em líquido inerte (óleo de parafina) ou em água destilada. O teste de fadiga estática (n= 15) foi realizado usando o teste pistão sobre três esferas, ISO 6872, da seguinte forma: carga inicial 100 N para LD e 300 N para YSZ; tempo de aplicação de carregamento definido para 1 hora para cada etapa de carregamento; tamanho do passo de 50 N para LD e 100 N para YSZ, aplicados sucessivamente até a fratura. Dados de resistência à fadiga estática (MPa) e tempo até a fratura (horas) foram registrados. A análise fractográfica foi executada. A análise de sobrevivência corrobora a ausência de influência do ambiente de teste nos resultados de fadiga estática (resistência à fadiga, tempo de fratura e taxas de sobrevivência) para a YSZ. Para LD, os corpos de prova testados em ar apresentaram taxa de sobrevivência e resistência à fadiga estática estatisticamente superiores (p= 0,025). Em relação ao tempo de fratura, os espécimes LD testados em ar foram superiores aos testados em água destilada (p= 0,019) ou em ambiente inerte (p= 0,017). Não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas para o módulo de Weibull. Todas as falhas começaram no lado onde se concentra a tensão de tração (lado de baixo) durante o teste. Com base nisso, observa-se que o ambiente de teste não afetou os mecanismos de crescimento lento de trinca durante o teste de fadiga estática da cerâmica YSZ, mas desempenha um papel significativo na resistência à fadiga estática da cerâmica de vidro à base de dissilicato de lítio, indicando alta susceptibilidade ao crescimento lento e subcrítico de trincas.

Ceramics , Dental Porcelain , Surface Properties , Zirconium , Materials Testing , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Stress Analysis , Glass
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 44-55, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345505


Abstract In the RLT (Rapid Layer Technology), veneering ceramic and framework are fabricated by computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and then cemented to obtain the restoration. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the thickness of veneering ceramic manufactured by the RLT technique on the fracture resistance (FR) of bilayer crowns with zirconia frameworks. Twenty zirconia frameworks and twenty feldspathic posterior crowns with two different veneering ceramic occlusal thicknesses (1mm=TF1; 2mm=TF2) were manufactured using CAD/CAM system. The specimens were luted to an epoxy resin abutment with resin cement and mechanically cycled (200N and 4.5×105 Pa, 37°C, 2×106 cycles, 3Hz). The FR test was performed (10kN, 0.5mm/min), and the specimens were analyzed in a stereomicroscope. For the stress analysis (finite element analysis, FEA), a 10kN load was equal to the in vitro test, and the principal stress was evaluated. The FR data were analyzed by Student's t-test and Weibull's analysis. The thickness influenced the FR of bilayer crowns. The FR was higher in the TF2 than in the TF1 group. The TF2 group presented the highest characteristic strength compared to the group TF1. The predominant type of failure was delamination. The FEA showed higher stress concentrations below the loading application point at the veneering cement interface in the 1-mm-thick model. The bilayer crowns manufactured using the approach of 2mm of veneering ceramic promoted higher FR compared to the group with 1mm veneering ceramic. Also, the FEA showed that the veneer ceramic thickness has an effect on stress distribution in zirconia-based bilayer crowns.

Resumo Na RLT (Rapid Layer Technology), a cerâmica de cobertura e infraestrutura são fabricados pelo Computer-Aided Design / Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAD / CAM) e cimentados para obter a restauração. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito da espessura da cerâmica de cobertura fabricada pela técnica RLT na resistência à fratura (RF) de coroas bilaminadas com infraestrutura de zircônia. Vinte infraestruturas de zircônia e vinte coroas posteriores feldspáticas com duas espessuras oclusais da cerâmica de cobertura (1mm = TF1; 2mm = TF2) foram fabricadas usando o sistema CAD / CAM. Os espécimes foram cimentados em preparos de resina epóxi com cimento resinoso dual e ciclados mecanicamente (200N e 4,5×105 Pa, 37° C, 2×106 ciclos, 3Hz). O teste de RF foi realizado (10kN, 0,5mm / min) e, posteriormente, os espécimes foram analisados em estereomicroscópio. Para a análise de tensão (análise de elementos finitos, FEA), uma carga de 10kN foi aplicada igual ao teste in vitro, e a tensão principal foi avaliada. Os dados de RF foram analisados pelo teste t de Student e análise de Weibull. A espessura mostrou forte influência na RF das coroas bilaminadas. A RF foi maior em TF2 do que no grupo TF1. O grupo TF2 apresentou a maior resistência característica em relação ao grupo TF1. O tipo de falha predominante foi a delaminação. O FEA mostrou maiores concentrações de tensões abaixo do ponto de aplicação da carga, na interface cimento e cerâmica de cobertura no modelo de coroa de 1 mm de espessura. As coroas de bilaminadas confeccionadas com 2 mm de cerâmica de cobertura promoveram maior RF em comparação ao grupo com cerâmica de cobertura de 1 mm. Além disso, a FEA mostrou que a espessura da cerâmica de cobertura tem um efeito na distribuição de tensões em coroas bilaminadas à base de zircônia.

Humans , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Technology , Zirconium , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Restoration Failure , Crowns , Dental Stress Analysis
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 53-63, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339327


Abstract The present study was a prospective, controlled, randomized, clinical short-term trial aiming to evaluate the clinical performance of adhesively luted, lithium disilicate and feldspathic glass-ceramics onlays over a period up to 2 years. A total of 11 patients (7 female, 4 male; age range: 18-60 years, mean age: 39 years) were selected for this study. Each patient received a maximum of two restorations per group in a split-mouth-design. LD: Eleven onlays, performed with lithium disilicate-based ceramic (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein), and FP: Eleven onlays, performed with feldspathic ceramic (Vita Mark II, Vita Zanhfabrik, Bad Säckingen). Recalls were performed at 2 weeks (baseline = R1), 1 year (R2) and 2 years (R3) after the cementation by three calibrated blinded independent investigators using mirrors, magnifying eyeglasses, probes and bitewing radiographs. The postoperative sensitivity, secondary caries, marginal integrity, marginal discoloration, color match, surface roughness, tooth integrity, and restoration integrity were evaluated. The Friedman test was used to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in time-to-time comparison of the parameters in the ceramics restorations. A total of 95.4% of the restorations were clinically acceptable at the 2-year recall, without a difference for any evaluation parameter for both ceramic materials. Based on the 2-year data, the CAD-CAM onlays manufactured with feldspathic and lithium-disilicate based ceramics showed similar clinical performance.

Resumo O presente estudo é um estudo clínico prospectivo, controlado, randomizado e de longo curto prazo, com o objetivo de avaliar o desempenho clínico de restauraç ões adesivas cerâmica vítrea reforçada com dissilicato de lítio e cerâmica feldspática por um período de até 2 anos. Um total de 11 pacientes (7 mulheres, 4 homens; faixa etária: 18-60 anos, idade média: 39 anos) foram inseridas para este estudo. Cada paciente recebeu duas restaurações por grupo em um delineamento de boca dividida. LD: Onze onlays, realizados com cerâmica à base de dissilicato de lítio (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein); e FP: Onze onlays, realizados com cerâmica feldspática (Vita Mark II, Vita Zanhfabrik, Bad Säckingen). Os retornos foram realizados em 2 semanas (linha de base = R1), 1 ano (R2) e 2 anos (R3) após a cimentação, por três investigadores independentes, cegos e calibrados, usando espelhos, óculos de aumento, sondas e radiografias interproximais. Foram avaliadas a sensibilidade pós-operatória, cárie secundária, integridade marginal, descoloração marginal, correspondência de cores, rugosidade da superfície, integridade dentária e integridade da restauração. O teste de Friedman (95%) foi utilizado para determinar se havia uma diferença estatisticamente significante na comparação periódica dos parâmetros nas restaurações cerâmicas. Um total de 95,4% das restaurações estava clinicamente aceitável no retorno de 2 anos, sem diferença para qualquer parâmetro de avaliação para ambos os materiais cerâmicos. Com base nos dados de 2 anos, as restaurações CAD-CAM fabricados com cerâmica feldspática e à base de dissilicato de lítio apresentaram desempenho clínico semelhante.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Inlays , Mouth , Prospective Studies , Dental Porcelain
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(1): e3115, ene.-feb. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156686


Introducción: Combinar tratamientos regenerativos con injertos de tejido blando impide que el tejido periimplantario se atrofie y altere la estética. Los resultados de esta combinación son discutidos en la literatura actual cuando se trata de implantes inmediatos. Objetivo: Describir el tratamiento regenerativo combinando plasma rico en fibrina e injerto conectivo en la instalación de un implante dental en el sector anterosuperior. Presentación del caso: El paciente fue un varón de 40 años de edad sin antecedentes de enfermedades sistémicas, con trauma facial. Al examen clínico se observó una corona de porcelana fracturada a nivel cervical vestibular, secreción purulenta en proceso de cicatrización y contorno gingival alterado. En el examen radiográfico se evidenció una lesión periapical con aparente reabsorción radicular. Se extrajo el diente, se colocó plasma rico en fibrina para mejorar la cicatrización, se esperaron 6 semanas y se colocó un implante. Al cabo de 4 meses se realizó la segunda fase con un injerto de tejido conectivo y colocación del cicatrizal, se esperaron dos semanas y se colocó una corona de porcelana. Conclusiones: En el presente caso, la combinación de plasma rico en fibrina e injerto conectivo favoreció el aspecto estético periimplantario sin evidenciarse complicaciones durante el posoperatorio(AU)

Introduction: Combining regenerative treatments with soft tissue grafts prevents atrophy of the peri-implant tissue and alterations in esthetics. The results of this combination are discussed in the current literature. Objective: To describe the regenerative treatment, combining Fibrin-rich plasma and connective tissue graft in the installation of a dental implant in the upper anterior sector. Case presentation: Forty-year-old male patient with facial trauma. He has no history of systemic diseases. On clinical examination, a fractured porcelain crown was found at the vestibular cervical level. There was purulent discharge in the healing process and altered gingival contour. Radiographic examination revealed a periapical lesion with apparent root resorption. The tooth was extracted; fibrin-rich plasma was placed to improve healing. Six weeks after, an implant was placed. After the first four months, the second phase was performed with a connective tissue graft and placement of the scar tissue; two weeks after, a porcelain crown was placed. Conclusions: In the present case, the combination of Fibrin-rich plasma and connective tissue graft favored the peri-implant esthetic appearance without evidence of complications during the postoperative period(AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Root Resorption , Dental Implants/standards , Dental Porcelain , Postoperative Period , Platelet-Rich Fibrin/physiology
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-11, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1281761


Objective: To evaluate the clinical behavior of milled BioHPP PEEK copings veneered with Visio.lign composite resin in comparison with metal copings veneered with feldspathic porcelain as single posterior crowns. Material and Methods: Twenty Four full coverage posterior crowns were fabricated for endodontically treated molars divided into 2 groups according to the material used. Twelve milled BioHPP PEEK-based crowns (Group 1) and Twelve Porcelain Fused to Metal (PFM) crowns (Group 2). The preparations were standardized with an equi-gingival, deep chamfer finish line for all teeth. BioHPP PEEK and metal copings were fabricated by CAD/CAM technology and lost wax technique respectively. These coping were veneered according to manufactures instructions either by special composite resin or low fusing glass ceramic respectively. The restorations were cemented then clinical evaluation of these crowns was assessed regarding mechanical failure, marginal integrity and patient satisfaction every two months for one year. Results: Although two PEEK crowns were fractured, both PEEK and PFM crowns showed similar fracture (mechanical failure) and marginal integrity without significant difference (p > 0.05). BioHPP PEEK-based crowns showed statistically significantly lower patient satisfaction than PFM crowns after six months (p-value = 0.013, Effect size = 1.157) but all the patients were generally satisfied. Conclusion: BioHPP PEEK-based crowns showed clinically similar and accepted mechanical behavior and marginal integrity but less patient's satisfaction than PFM crowns after six months. So BioHPP PEEK-based crowns may be used as an alternative tooth-colored metal-free fixed restoration for one year (AU)

Objetivo: Avaliar o comportamento clínico de copings fresados de BioHPP PEEK com cobertura de resina composta Visio.lign em comparação com copings metálicos cobertos com cerâmica feldspática em coroas unitárias posteriores. Material e Métodos: Vinte e quatro coroas totais posteriores de foram confeccionadas para molares tratados endodonticamente e divididos em 2 grupos de acordo com o material utilizado. Doze coroas fresadas à base de BioHPP PEEK (Grupo 1) e doze coroas de porcelana fundida ao metal (PFM) (Grupo 2). Os preparos foram padronizados para todos os dentes com término de chanfro largo ao nível gengival. BioHPP PEEK e os copings metálicos foram fabricados por tecnologia CAD/CAM e técnica da cera perdida, respectivamente. A aplicação da cobertura sobre os copings foi realizada de acordo com as instruções do fabricante, por resina composta especial ou cerâmica vítrea de baixa fusão, respectivamente. As restaurações foram cimentadas e a avaliação clínica dessas coroas foi realizada quanto à falha mecânica, integridade marginal e satisfação do paciente a cada dois meses durante um ano. Resultados: Embora duas coroas de PEEK tenham sido fraturadas, ambas as coroas de PEEK e PFM apresentaram fraturas semelhantes (falha mecânica) e integridade marginal sem diferença significativa (p > 0,05). As coroas à base de BioHPP PEEK mostraram uma satisfação do paciente significativamente menor do que as coroas PFM após seis meses (valor de p = 0,013; tamanho do efeito = 1,157), mas todos os pacientes estavam geralmente satisfeitos. Conclusão: As coroas à base de BioHPP PEEK, em comparação às coroas PFM, mostraram desempenho clínico similar, aceitável comportamento mecânico e integridade marginal, mas menos satisfação do paciente, após seis meses. Portanto, as coroas à base de BioHPP PEEK podem ser utilizadas como uma alternativa de restauração livre de metal semelhante à cor do dente, por um ano. (AU)

Patient Satisfaction , Metal Ceramic Alloys , Dental Porcelain
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 75 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362274


Este estudo avaliou a resistência à fadiga cíclica de estruturas em forma de disco cerâmico multicamada de configuração tradicional (T) e bionispirado em macroescala (B), cimentadas de forma adesiva ao substrato analógo à dentina. As amostras foram produzidas com zircônia (Ø = 10 mm, espessura = 0,5 mm) e cerâmica feldspática (Ø = 10 mm, espessura = 1,5 mm) e foram unidas com três técnicas diferentes (n = 15): Injeção (inj); com vidro de fusão Crystal Connect (cv) e técnica cimentada (cim). Para a configuração tradicional a zircônia foi a infraestrura sobre qual a cerâmica feldspática foi aderida. Para os bioinspirados, a zircônia foi a supraestrutura e a cerâmica feldspática foi a infraestrutura. Os discos foram cimentados em resina G-10 (Ø = 10 mm, espessura = 1,5 mm). As amostras foram testadas sob a abordagem de fadiga cíclica até apresentar alguma trinca observada por transluminação. O método stepwise: 20 Hz, seguidos por etapas incrementais de 200 N a cada 10 x 103ciclos, com carga inicial de 600 N até 2600 N com pistão de 40 mm de diâmetro e célula de carga de 5 KN (Instron Electropuls E 3000, Instron, Glenview, IL, EUA). Todas as amostras foram analisadas estereomicroscópio para determinar o tipo de falha e uma amostra representativa de cada grupo foi analisada no microscópio eletrônico de varredura (MEV). As configurações bioinspiradas testadas foram estatisticamente semelhantes (p > 0,05) e não aumentaram a sobrevivência à fadiga das estruturas comparadas com a técnica tradicional. A bioinspiração apresentou predominantemente trincas radias e únicas. A gradação do modulo elástico em macroescala e a configuração das estruturas. A utilização do conector vítreo se mostro favorável para diminuir das trincas no material análogo á dentina.

This study evaluated the cyclic fatigue resistance of multilayer ceramic discshaped structures of traditional configuration (T) and macroscale bionispirate (B), cemented adhesively to the substrate analogic to dentin. The samples were produced with zirconia (Ø = 10 mm, thickness = 0.5 mm) and feldspar ceramics (Ø = 10 mm, thickness = 1.5 mm) and were joined with three different techniques (n = 15): Injection (inj); with Crystal Connect melting glass (cv) and cemented technique (Cim). For the traditional configuration zirconia was the infraestrura on which the feldspathic ceramic was adhered. For the bioinspired, zirconia was the superstructure, and feldspathic ceramics was the infrastructure. The discs were cemented in G-10 resin (Ø = 10 mm, thickness = 1.5 mm). The samples were tested under the cyclic fatigue approach until some crack was observed by translumination. The stepwise method: 20 Hz, followed by incremental steps of 200 N every 10 x 103 cycles, with initial charge from 600 N to 2600 N (40 mm diameter piston) and 5 KN load cell (Instron Electropuls E 3000, Instron, Glenview, IL, USA). All samples were analyzed stereomicroscopically to determine the type of failure and a representative sample of each group was analyzed in the scanning electron microscope (SEM). The bioinspired configurations tested were statistically similar (p > 0.05) and did not increase the fatigue survival of the structures compared to the traditional technique. The bioinspiration presented predominantly radial and unique cracks. The use of the vitreous connector was favorable to decrease the cracks in the analogous dentin material.

Zirconium/chemistry , Dental Prosthesis , Dental Porcelain , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Survival Analysis , Shear Strength
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 1185-1190, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921891


In recent years, porcelain veneer restoration has been widely carried out in clinical practice. In order to standardize the clinical behavior, Chinese Society of Esthetic Dentistry organized experts in relevant fields to formulate an expert consensus on porcelain veneer technology in oral esthetic restoration. The consensus described in detail the material selection, clinical indications, tooth preparation requirements and bonding process of porcelain veneer restoration. It puts forward expert suggestions on how to obtain the strong and durable porcelain veneer restoration effect, prevent complications, and provide patients with comfortable diagnosis and treatment experience. At the same time, in order to provide reference for making successful porcelain veneer restoration in line with the connotation of oral esthetics, Chinese Society of Esthetic Dentistry put forward with its own characteristics the concept of taking esthetic design as the guidance, emphasizing the combination of local and overall esthetics, and carrying out multi-disciplinary porcelain veneer restoration.

Humans , Consensus , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Esthetics, Dental , Technology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921377


OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to investigate the microstructure and mechanical properties of dental zirconia manufactured by digital light processing (DLP) 3D printing and the clinical application prospects of this material.@*METHODS@#The experiment (DLP) group was zirconia manufactured by DLP 3D printing, and the control (MILL) group was milled zirconia. The density, grain size, and phase composition were measured to study the microstructure. Flexural strength was measured by using three-point bending tests, while Vickers hardness was determined through a Vickers hardness tester. Fracture toughness was tested using the single-edge V-notched beam method.@*RESULTS@#Zirconia density of the DLP group was (6.019 8±0.021 3) g·cm@*CONCLUSIONS@#Zirconia manufactured by DLP 3D printing had microstructure and mechanical properties similar to those of the milled zirconia. Only the flexural strength and the Vickers hardness of the experimental zirconia were slightly lower than those of the milled zirconia. Therefore, DLP-manufactured zirconia has a promising future for clinical use.

Dental Porcelain , Materials Testing , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Zirconium
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942194


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of different edge compensation angles on the fracture strength of multilayer zirconia all-ceramic crowns and traditional uniform zirconia all-ceramic crowns.@*METHODS@#The resin tooth preparation specimen of the mandibular first molar with a knife-edge was fabricated. A 3D digital model of the specimen was obtained by scanning it with a 3D dental model scanner. The 3D digital model was imported into computer aided design (CAD) software, and three 3D digital models of the full crown with the same surface shape are designed with the edge compensation angles of 30°, 45° and 60°, respectively. Then, the designed 3D digital model is imported into computer aided manufacturing (CAM) software. Three kinds of multilayer and homogeneous zirconia all-porcelain crowns with different edge compensation angles were fabricated, 10 each for a total of 60. The fracture load of each crown was measured under the electronic universal testing machine.@*RESULTS@#Fracture load of multilayer and uniform zirconia all-ceramic crowns, (4 322.86±610.07) N and (5 914.12±596.80) N in the 30° group, (5 264.82±883.76) N and (5 220.83±563.38) N in the 45° group and (4 900.42±345.41) N and (5 050.22±560.24) N in the 60° group, respectively. The fracture load of multi-layer zirconia all-ceramic crowns in the 30° group was significantly lower than that of homogeneous zirconia all-ceramic crowns(P < 0.05); there was no statistical significance in 45° group and 60° group(P>0.05). In the multi-layer zirconia all-ceramic crowns: the fracture load of the 30° group was significantly lower than that of the 45° group (P < 0.05); there was no significant difference between the 30° group and the 60° group, the 45° group and the 60° group (P>0.05).In uniform zirconia full crown group: the 30° group was higher than the 45° group, the 30° group was higher than the 60° group (P < 0.05), and there was no significant difference between the 45° group and the 60° group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The fracture loads of three kinds of uniform and multilayer zirconia all ceramic crowns with different edge compensation angles can meet the clinical requirements. A smaller edge compensation angle is recommended when using traditional zirconia all-ceramic crowns, while 45° is recommended when using multi-layer zirconia all-ceramic crowns.

Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Crowns , Dental Porcelain , Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Stress Analysis , Flexural Strength , Materials Testing , Zirconium
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878453


OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the chromatic properties and translucency of porcelain veneers made from different ceramic materials against the background of tetracycline-stained teeth.@*METHODS@#Porcelain specimens (A1, A3, B2, B4) measuring 0.50 mm in thickness were prepared by heat-press casting and layering. The L*, a*, and b* values of the specimens against simulated tetracycline tooth and black-and-white backgrounds were measured by a spectrophotometer, and color differences ΔE@*RESULTS@#The ΔE@*CONCLUSIONS@#When changing the color of tetracycline-stained teeth, 0.50 mm-thick IPS d.SIGN feldspathic veneers with an opaque layer provide better chromatic properties than IPS e.max Press LT glass ceramic veneers. However, the translucency of feldspathic veneers is generally poorer than that of glass ceramic veneers.

Ceramics , Color , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Materials Testing , Tetracyclines
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878452


OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to evaluate the color stability of tetracycline teeth restored with ceramic veneers of different thicknesses combined with different resin cement systems after aging.@*METHODS@#Twenty patients with tetracycline teeth, including two maxillary central incisors, were selected clinically. The patients were randomly divided into four groups and restored with 0.5 and 0.75 mm ceramic veneers by using a veneer adhesive system, either with light-cured or dual-cured reaction. The color difference (ΔE) values after cementation and 1, 6, 12, and 24 months of use were obtained by quantification of L*, a*, and b* values with a colorimeter. The results were analyzed statistically with two-way ANOVA and Student's @*RESULTS@#The ΔE values of ceramic veneers detected after aging were less than 2.25. The 0.5 mm groups exhibited greater color change than the 0.75 mm-thick veneers (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Resin cements and veneer thickness influence the color of ceramic veneers after aging. Cementation of veneers with either dual- or light-cured resin cements does not affect the long-term color stability of tetracycline teeth differently.

Humans , Ceramics , Color , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Tetracyclines
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878419


Many patients with large-area tooth defect need cast post-core crown restoration. However, the color defect of the cast post-core will affect the final restorative result, especially that of the anterior teeth. A new technology of color masking by applying CERAMAGE polymeric porcelain to the cast metal post-core surface improves the color of a full-ceramic restoration of anterior teeth and may provide a new alternative for the aesthetic repair of anterior teeth with a large area of defective tooth.

Humans , Ceramics , Crowns , Dental Porcelain , Esthetics, Dental , Post and Core Technique
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 33(2): 98-103, Sept. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130739


ABSTRACT The aim of the current study was to compare the effect of two lithium disilicate ceramic processing techniques (pressing and CAD/CAM) on the degree of conversion of resin cement when it is photoactivated and the microshear bond strength of resin cement to ceramics. Two ceramic discs were manufactured: one by the Press technique and another by CAD/CAM technique. Five Variolink Veneer resin cement samples were photoactivated through each ceramic disc and subjected to attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to evaluate their degree of conversion. To evaluate microshear bond strength, 20 ceramic bars were prepared: 10 using the Press technique and 10 using the CAD/CAM technique. The bars were air abraded with 50-μm Al2O3 particles, treated with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 20 s and subjected to RelyX Ceramic Primer application. Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose Adhesive was applied to the bars and cured for 10 s. Two 1-mm-height plastic tubes were placed on each bar and filled with Variolink Veneer resin cement. Each cylinder was cured for 20 s. Then the plastic tubes were removed and the microshear bond strength of each cylinder was tested. Data for degree of conversion (%) and microshear bond strength (MPa) were subjected to Student's t-test (α = 0.05). Both degree of conversion of resin cement photoactivated through ceramic and microshear bond strength of resin cement to ceramic were statistically higher in the group in which ceramic was prepared by CAD/CAM technique (44.74% and 22.18 MPa) than in the group in which the ceramic was prepared by the Press technique (25.71% and 19.83 MPa). The lithium disilicate ceramic processing techniques affected the degree of conversion of resin cement when it is photoactivated through the ceramics and the microshear bond strength of resin cement to ceramics.

RESUMO O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar o efeito de duas técnicas de processamento da cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio (prensada e CAD/CAM) no grau de conversão do cimento resinoso quando fotoativado e na resistência de união ao microcisalhamento do cimento resinoso às cerâmicas. Foram fabricados dois discos de cerâmica: um pela técnica prensada e outro pela técnica CAD/CAM. Cinco amostras de cimento resinoso Variolink Veneer foram fotoativadas através de cada disco cerâmico e submetidas à espectroscopia no infravermelho por transformada de Fourier com reflectância total para avaliar seu grau de conversão. Para avaliar a resistência de união ao microcisalhamento, foram preparadas 20 barras de cerâmicas: 10 utilizando a técnica prensada e 10 utilizando a técnica CAD/CAM. As barras foram tratadas com partículas de Al2O3 (50 μm), com ácido fluorídrico a 10% por 20 s e submetidas à aplicação do RelyX Ceramic Primer. Em seguida, o adesivo multiuso Adper Scotchbond foi aplicado nas barras e fotoativado por 10 s. Dois tubos de plástico de 1 mm de comprimento foram colocados em cada barra e preenchidos com cimento resinoso Variolink Veneer. Cada cilindro foi fotoativado por 20 s. Os tubos de plástico foram removidos e a resistência de união ao microcisalhamento de cada cilindro foi testada. Os dados de grau de conversão (%) e resistência de união ao microcisalhamento (MPa) foram submetidos ao teste t de Student (α = 0,05). Tanto o grau de conversão do cimento resinoso fotoativado através da cerâmica quanto a resistência de união do cimento resinoso à cerâmica foram estatisticamente maiores no grupo em que a cerâmica foi confeccionada pela técnica CAD/CAM (44,74% e 22,18 MPa) do que no grupo em que a cerâmica foi confeccionada pela técnica prensada (25,71% e 19,83 MPa). As técnicas de processamento de cerâmica dissilicada de lítio afetaram o grau de conversão do cimento resinoso quando fotoativado através das cerâmicas e a resistência de união do microcisalhamento do cimento resinoso às cerâmicas.

Humans , Ceramics/chemistry , Dental Bonding , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Porcelain/chemistry , Surface Properties , Materials Testing