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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(1): 24-30, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361646

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As próteses parciais removíveis são alternativas amplamente utilizadas na reabilitação oral de pacientes parcialmente desdentados. Na atualidade os implantes dentais têm sido indicados para tratamento de pacientes edêntulos em associação com próteses parciais removíveis convencionais. Objetivo: Relatar um caso clínico utilizando uma prótese parcial removível convencional associada a implantes osseointegrados em paciente portador de Classe I de Kennedy. Relato de Caso: Paciente N.A.A.S., sexo feminino, 65 anos, procurou atendimento clínico no Instituto de Estudos da Saúde (IES) para reabilitação protética das arcadas dentais superior e inferior. A sua queixa principal era "dificuldade de mastigação". A paciente apresentava prótese total removível insatisfatória na maxila e não utilizava nenhum tipo de prótese dentária na mandíbula, que se apresentava parcialmente edêntula. O tratamento realizado foi a confecção de uma prótese total na arcada superior. Na arcada inferior foram inseridos dois implantes de hexágono externo nas regiões correspondentes às áreas dos dentes 34 e 44, após quatro meses a prótese parcial removível convencional foi confeccionada e incorporada aos implantes osseointegrados utilizando o sistema de retenção do tipo attachments Equator. Conclusão: Os resultados revelaram que a técnica de associação da prótese parcial removível convencional aos implantes osseointegrados demonstrou ser uma opção viável de tratamento com capacidade de devolver a função, a estética e manter a integridade dos dentes e tecidos periodontais(AU)


Introduction: Removable partial dentures are alternatives widely used in the oral rehabilitation of partially edentulous patients. Currently, dental implants have been indicated for the treatment of edentulous patients in association with conventional removable partial dentures. Objective: To report a clinical case using a conventional removable partial denture associated with osseointegrated implants in a patient with Kennedy Class I. Case Report: Patient N.A.A.S., female, 65 years old, sought clinical care at the Institute of Health Studies (HEI) for prosthetic rehabilitation of the upper and lower dental arches. His main complaint was "chewing difficulty". The patient had unsatisfactory removable total prosthesis in the maxilla and did not use any type of dental prosthesis in the mandible, which was partially edentulous. The treatment performed was the manufacture of a total prosthesis in the upper arch. In the lower arch, two external hexagon implants were inserted in the regions corresponding to the tooth areas 34 and 44, after four months the conventional removable partial denture was made and incorporated into the osseointegrated implants using the equator attachments retention system. Conclusion: The results revealed that the technique of associating conventional removable partial dentures with osseointegrated implants proved to be a viable treatment option with the ability to restore function, aesthetics and maintain the integrity of teeth and periodontal tissues(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Denture, Partial, Removable , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Esthetics, Dental , Bone-Anchored Prosthesis
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(3): 9-15, set.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1283900

ABSTRACT

Este relato descreve o caso de uma paciente jovem que necessitou de reabilitação na região maxilar anterior devido a insatisfações estéticas. O artigo objetivou relatar a sequência clínica da reabilitação de um implante pré-existente na região do dente 21 com UCLA de zircônia personalizável e coroa de dissilicato de lítio associada a instalação de facetas de dissilicato de lítio dos dentes 15 ao 25 para harmonização do sorriso. Previamente ao tratamento reabilitador, foi realizado o planejamento do caso que incluiu a necessidade de gengivectomia e condicionamento do perfil de emergência na região peri-implantar. Após a cicatrização, foram confeccionados preparo minimamente invasivos de acordo com as informações do mock-up. UCLA personalizável de zircônia foi selecionada como componente protético, visando a estética do caso. Para a moldagem, utilizou-se transfer de moldeira aberta para cópia do perfil de emergência e posicionamento do implante na região do 21 e moldagem simultânea com silicone de adição. Após a prova, a cimentação das facetas de dissilicato de lítio foi realizada com cimento adesivo fotopolimerizável. Os resultados estéticos e funcionais foram satisfatórios. No presente caso clínico, conclui-se a importância da abordagem multidisciplinar para alcançar resultados satisfatórios. Ademais, a associação das facetas e a coroa de dissilicato de lítio implantossuportada com UCLA de zircônia personalizável proporcionou os resultados estéticos e funcionais da paciente(AU)


This report describes the case of a Young patient who needed rehabilitation in the anterior maxillary region due to esthetic involvement. The article aimed to report the clinical sequence of the rehabilitation of a pre-existing implant in the region of tooth 21 with UCLA of zirconia customizable and crown of lithium disilicate associated with the installation of veneers of lithium disilicate of teeth 15 to 25 for harmonizing the smile. Prior to the rehabilitation treatment, case planning was carried out, which included the need for gingivectomy and conditioning of the emergency profile in the peri-implant region. After healing, preparations minimally invasive were made according to the information of mock-up. UCLA of zirconia customizable was selected as a prosthetic component, aiming at the aesthetics of the case. For impression, open tray transfer was used to copy the emergency profile and position the implant in the region of 21 and simultaneous impression with addition silicone. After the test of veneers, the cementation of veneers of lithium disilicate was performed with adhesive cement light-curing. The esthetic and functional results were satisfactory. In the present clinical case, the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to achieve satisfactory results is concluded. In addition, the combination of veneers and crow implanted of lithium disilicate with customizable zirconia UCLA provided the patient's esthetic and functional results(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Dental Implants , Dental Veneers , Esthetics, Dental , Ceramics , Dental Prosthesis Design , Gingivectomy
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 47-51, maio-ago. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1283886

ABSTRACT

A Odontologia atual apresenta relevantes mudanças no processo de reabilitação oral. Com isso, a instalação de implantes osseointegrados, constituem uma importante ferramenta neste âmbito, pois permitem a devolução da função mastigatória, permitindo também que os pacientes tenham a estética recuperada. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão de literatura, sobre a importância de um planejamento prévio, chamado também de planejamento reverso, o mesmo aponta um maior sucesso no processo reabilitador, apresentando-se como uma técnica que busca facilitar e estudar a correta reabilitação do paciente, proporcionando uma melhor previsibilidade para o tratamento, a partir do momento em que se planeja a reabilitação oral protética antes mesmo de se pensar no processo cirúrgico de implantes osseointegrados. Conclui-se com esse trabalho que o sucesso do tratamento com implantes depende diretamente de um prévio plano de tratamento, independentemente da extensão da área edêntula, quando é realizado um planejamento reverso diminuiu-se a taxa de intercorrências, além de aumentar a taxa de sucesso no processo de reabilitação(AU)


Current Dentistry presents relevant changes in the oral rehabilitation process. As a result, the installation of osseointegrated implants is na important tool in this context, as it allows the return of lost teeth, also allowing patients to have their function and aesthetics recovered. For greater success of the rehabilitation process, reverse planning presents itself as a technique that seeks to facilitate the correct rehabilitation of the patient, allowing better predictability for the treatment from the moment that the prosthetic oral rehabilitation is planned before even thinking about the surgical process of osseointegrated implants. The success of treatment with implants depends directly on a properly planned treatment plan, regardless of the extent of the edentulous area. This paper aims to conduct a literature review on the importance of reverse planning in implantology(AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Esthetics, Dental , Mouth Rehabilitation
4.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3265, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289407

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Gracias a su eficiencia y al uso exclusivo de cerámicas libres de metal, en rehabilitación oral se ha logrado alcanzar los estándares estéticos y mecánicos, manteniendo o, incluso, superando, la calidad de los tratamientos en comparación con las restauraciones metal cerámicas tradicionales. Actualmente los mecanismos de confeccion de cerámica libre están evolucionando cada vez mas hacia las tecnologías maquinadas CAD-CAM y disminuyendo su producción mediante la técnica de Inyeccion PRESS. Objetivo: Comparar la tasa de supervivencia de prótesis fija unitaria realizadas con cerámicas feldespáticas convencionales y reforzadas con disilicato de litio, confeccionadas con sistema CAD/CAM de CEREC® chair-side, en comparación con el método de inyección de laboratorio PRESS convencional de prensión. Métodos: Revisión sistemática realizada a través de búsqueda de evidencia científica en PubMed, PubMed Clinical Queries, Epistemónikos, Tripdatabase, Cochrane Library, recursos electrónicos de la Universidad de los Andes y bibliografía retrógrada, de artículos publicados hasta el año 2019. Se incluyeron todos aquellos estudios referentes a prótesis fija unitaria de cerámicas feldespática convencional y feldespática reforzada con disilicato de litio, confeccionadas mediante CAD/CAM y/o método convencional. Resultados: Un total de 28 artículos cumplieron los criterios de inclusión: 21 estudios observacionales de cohorte, 4 ensayos clínicos aleatorizados y 3 no aleatorizados. A corto y mediano plazo, CAD/CAM de CEREC® registró tasas de supervivencia de 98 por ciento y 91,9 por ciento, respectivamente. El sistema convencional registró tasas de supervivencia de 97,5 por ciento a corto plazo y 93 por ciento a mediano. Conclusiones: A corto plazo se describe en la literatura que CAD/CAM de CEREC® tuvo una tasa de supervivencia ligeramente superior al sistema convencional. Por otro lado, a mediano plazo CAD/CAM de CEREC® presentó una leve disminución respecto al sistema convencional. Aún no hay estudios disponibles para determinar la supervivencia clínica de los tratamientos a largo plazo(AU)


Introduction: Thanks to its efficiency and the exclusive use of metal-free ceramics, in oral rehabilitation it has been possible to achieve aesthetic and mechanical standards, maintaining or even exceeding the quality of the treatments compared to traditional metal-ceramic restorations. Currently, free ceramic manufacturing mechanisms are increasingly evolving towards CAD-CAM machined technologies and decreasing their conventional production through the PRESS Injection technique. Objective: Compare the survival rate of single-unit fixed prostheses made with conventional feldspathic ceramics and reinforced with lithium disilicate by the CEREC® CAD/CAM chairside system, with the conventional PRESS laboratory injection method. Methods: A systematic review was conducted of scientific evidence included in papers published until the year 2019 in PubMed, PubMed Clinical Queries, Epistemonikos, Tripdatabase, Cochrane Library, electronic resources of Los Andes Peruvian University, and retrograde bibliography. The papers selected dealt with conventional and lithium-disilicate reinforced feldspathic ceramic single-unit prostheses made by CAD/CAM and/or the conventional method. Results: A total 28 papers met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 21 were observational cohort studies, four were randomized clinical assays and three were non-randomized assays. Short- and mid-term, CEREC® CAD/CAM achieved survival rates of 98 percent and 91.9 percent, respectively. The conventional system achieved survival rates of 97.5 percent short-term and 93 percent mid-term. Conclusions: As described in the literature, CEREC® CAD/CAM had a slightly higher survival rate than the conventional system in the short term. In the medium term, however, CEREC® CAD/CAM displayed a slight reduction in comparison with the conventional system. No studies are available to determine the clinical survival of the treatments in the long term(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Ceramics/adverse effects , Dental Prosthesis Design/methods , Computer-Aided Design/trends , Denture, Partial, Fixed/adverse effects , Review Literature as Topic , Survival Rate , Cohort Studies , Observational Studies as Topic , Esthetics, Dental
5.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(1): 24-32, jan.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1148164

ABSTRACT

O uso de próteses mal adaptadas pode ocasionar o surgimento de processos proliferativos não neoplásicos. A hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatória (HFI) é uma lesão benigna, proveniente de reação hiperplásica do tecido conjuntivo fibroso em resposta às injúrias crônicas de baixa intensidade. O objetivo do presente trabalho é relatar um caso clínico sobre remoção cirúrgica de HFI, seguida de reabilitação oral com próteses removíveis. Paciente de 75 anos do sexo masculino relatou que gostaria de fazer a troca da sua prótese, pois a mesma estava fraturada. Ao exame clínico intra-oral constatou-se que suas próteses possuíam higienização precária, e, a superior, possuía uma borda cortante que causou uma lesão hiperplásica na região de fundo de vestíbulo anterior. Quanto ao aspecto clínico, apresentava-se com consistência fibrosa e firme à palpação, de coloração semelhante a mucosa e assintomática. O plano de tratamento proposto foi reembasamento da prótese antiga com resina Soft Confort (Dencril, Brasil) eliminando as áreas que traumatizavam a mucosa, cirurgia pré-protética para a remoção da HFI, exame histopatológico e a confecção de novas próteses, sendo a superior prótese total convencional e a inferior prótese parcial removível. Observa-se a importância no cuidado do planejamento reabilitador protético dos pacientes, pois, como foi descrito neste caso, em algumas situações pode haver necessidade de lançarmos mão de diversas modalidades de tratamento prévias à reabilitação(AU)


The use of poorly adapted prostheses can lead to the emergence of non-neoplastic proliferative processes. Inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (HFI) is a benign lesion, resulting from a hyperplastic reaction of fibrous connective tissue in response to low-intensity chronic injuries. The aim of the present study is to report a clinical case about surgical removal of HFI, followed by oral rehabilitation with removable prostheses. A 75-year-old male patient reported that he would like to change his prosthesis, because it was fractured. On intra-oral clinical examination, it was found that his prostheses had poor hygiene, and the upper one had a cutting edge that caused a hyperplastic lesion in the deep region of the anterior vestibule. As for the clinical aspect, it was fibrous and firm on palpation, mucosa-like and asymptomatic. The proposed treatment plan was to repurpose the old prosthesis with Soft Confort resin (Dencril, Brazil), eliminating the areas that traumatized the mucosa, pre-prosthetic surgery for the removal of HFI, histopathological examination and the making of new prostheses, the upper prosthesis being conventional total and the lower partial removable prosthesis. It is observed the importance in the care of the prosthetic rehabilitation planning of the patients, because, as it was described in this case, in some situations it may be necessary to resort to different treatment modalities prior to the rehabilitation(AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis Design , Hyperplasia , Connective Tissue , Denture, Complete , Denture, Partial, Removable , Denture Rebasing
6.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 34-41, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180717

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to compare the biomechanical behavior of peri-implant bone tissue and prosthetic components in two modalities of treatment for posterior region of the maxilla, using short implants or standard-length implants associated with bone graft in the maxillary sinus. Four 3D models of a crown supported by an implant fixed in the posterior maxilla were constructed. The type of implant: short implant (S) or standard-length implant with the presence of sinus graft (L) and type of crown retention: cemented (C) or screwed (S) were the study factors. The models were divided into SC- cemented crown on a short implant; SS- screwed crown on the short implant; LC- cemented crown on a standard-length implant after bone graft in the maxillary sinus and LS- crown screwed on a standard-length implant after bone graft in the maxillary sinus. An axial occlusal loading of 300 N was applied, divided into five points (60N each) corresponding to occlusal contact. The following analysis criteria were observed: Shear Stress, Maximum and Minimum Main Stress for bone tissue and von Mises Stress for the implant and prosthetic components. The use of standard-length implants reduced the shear stress in the cortical bone by 35.75% and the medullary bone by 51% when compared to short implants. The length of the implant did not affect the stress concentration in the crown, and the cement layer acted by reducing the stresses in the ceramic veneer and framework by 42%. Standard-implants associated with cemented crowns showed better biomechanical behavior.


Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar o comportamento biomecânico do tecido ósseo peri-implantar e dos componentes protéticos em duas modalidades de tratamento para região posterior da maxila, utilizando implantes curtos ou implantes de comprimento padrão associados a enxerto ósseo em seio maxilar. Foram construídos quatro modelos 3D de uma coroa suportada por um implante osseointegrado na região posterior da maxila. O tipo de implante: implante curto (S) ou implante de comprimento padrão com presença de enxerto sinusal (L) e tipo de retenção da restauração: cimentada (C) ou parafusada (S) foram os fatores de estudo. Foi aplicada uma força oclusal de 300N, dividida em cinco pontos (60 N cada) correspondentes ao contato oclusal de um primeiro molar superior. Foram observados os seguintes critérios de análise: tensão de cisalhamento, tensão principal máxima e mínima para o tecido ósseo e tensão de Von Mises para o implante e componentes protéticos. O uso de implantes de comprimento padrão reduziu a tensão de cisalhamento no osso cortical em 35,75% e no osso medular em 51% quando comparado aos implantes curtos. O comprimento do implante não afetou a concentração de tensão na restauração. A camada de cimento atuou reduzindo as tensões na cerâmica de cobertura e infraestrutura de cerâmica em 42%. Os implantes de tamanho padrão associados às coroas cimentadas apresentaram o melhor comportamento biomecânico.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Maxilla/surgery , Stress, Mechanical , Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Finite Element Analysis , Crowns , Dental Stress Analysis
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887748

ABSTRACT

The tilted implantation technique is characterized by placing the implant at an angle of more than 15° and less than 45° from the horizontal plane. This technique can avoid damaging the maxillary sinus, inferior alveolar nerve, nasal base, and other anatomical structures when the height of the upper and lower jaw available bone is insufficient, to maximize the use of available bone and avoid a large range of bone increment. The tilted implantation technique can reduce the trauma of the surgery, increase the possibility of immediate restoration and shorten the treatment cycle, which has been widely used clinically. In this review, the scope of application, design elements, design scheme and complications of the tilted implantation technique for edentulous patients will be described.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous/surgery , Mandible , Maxilla/surgery , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Mouth, Edentulous/surgery
8.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(3): 33-39, set./dez. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1121742

ABSTRACT

Este relato de caso clínico tem como objetivo descrever a utilização de osso alógeno na reconstrução de maxila atrófica para posterior reabilitação com prótese fixa metalocerâmica sobre implantes, fazer uma análise histológica do tecido ósseo enxertado e descrever o acompanhamento clínico e radiográfico por 8 anos. Uma paciente de 54 anos, com edentulismo parcial e atrofia moderada-a-severa na maxila, apresentou-se para tratamento demonstrando muito interesse em receber prótese sobre implantes. Após exame clínico e radiográfico, foi realizada montagem dos modelos de estudo em ASA para enceramento diagnóstico e obtenção de um guia multifuncional (tomográfico/ cirúrgico). A tomografia indicou a necessidade de reconstrução óssea maxilar. Procedeuse então à aposição de blocos de osso alógeno para aumento horizontal nas regiões anterior e posterior da maxila. Um dos blocos foi triturado e utilizado para levantamento do assoalho do seio maxilar no lado esquerdo. Dez meses depois, uma nova tomografia foi solicitada, utilizando o mesmo guia inicial, e os implantes instalados, utilizando o guia multifuncional como guia cirúrgico. Neste momento, material ósseo foi coletado na interface osso enxertado/osso nativo com uma broca trefina. Os resultados histológicos demonstraram viabilidade das células ósseas no enxerto, além da presença de vasos sanguíneos. Após o tempo necessário para osseointegração, procedeu-se com tratamento protético. Nenhuma complicação foi relatada até oito anos de controle. A sequência de tratamento proposta forneceu bons resultados estéticos e funcionais. Concluiu-se, então, que o emprego de osso alógeno é uma alternativa viável para a reconstrução de rebordos alveolares severamente reabsorvidos(AU)


This clinical case report aims to describe the use of allogeneic bone in the atrophic maxilla reconstruction for subsequent rehabilitation with a fixed metal-ceramic prosthesis on implants; to perform a histological analysis of the grafted bone tissue; and to describe the clinical and radiographic monitoring for 8 years. A 54-year-old patient, with partial edentulism and moderate-to-severe atrophy in the maxilla showed great interest in receiving implant prostheses. After c linical and radiographic examination, the ASA study models were assembled for diagnostic waxing and a multifunctional guide (tomographic / surgical) was obtained. Tomography indicated the need for maxillary bone reconstruction. Allogeneic bone blocks were then placed for horizontal enlargement in the anterior and posterior regions of the maxilla. One of the blocks was crushed and used to lift the floor of the maxillary sinus on the left side. Ten months later, a new tomography was requested, using the same initial guide, and the implants installed, using the multifunctional guide as a surgical guide. At this time, bone material was collected at the grafted bone / native bone interface with a trephine drill. Histological results demonstrated viability of bone cells in the graft, besides the presence of blood vessels. After the necessary time for osseointegration, a prosthetic treatment was performed. No complications were reported up to eight years of control. The propose treatment sequence provided good aesthetic and functional results. It was concluded, then, that the use of allogeneic bone is a viable alternative for the reconstruction of severely reabsorbed alveolar edges(AU)


Subject(s)
Bone Transplantation , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Dental Prosthesis Design , Sinus Floor Augmentation
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(4): 368-373, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132318

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to clinically and radiographically compare extra short and standards implants. Forty-two implants were installed in 10 selected patients. They received prosthetic loading only after the conventional waiting time for osseointegration and the prostheses were made ferulized. Radiographic shots were performed to evaluate vertical and horizontal bone losses at times T1 (prosthetic installation), T2 (6 months follow-up) and T3 (12 months follow-up). Biological parameters such as bone level around the implants (CBL) were evaluated, CBL alteration (CBLC), total crown length (TCL) and implant/crown ratio (ICR) were digitally calculated. All implants included in the study were submitted to the analysis of the implant stability quotient (ISQ) at the time of implant installation (T0) and at 12 months of prosthetic function (T3). Data were statistically tested. The ICR was higher in the test group than in the control group (p<0.0001). The CBL measurements at the beginning of the study were 0.21±0.19 mm and 0.32±0.38 mm and at 12 months 0.65±0.24 mm and 0.87±0.34 mm, respectively in the test and control groups. CBLCs and CBL were similar at all times (p>0.05). No correlation was found between CBLC and ICR parameters, as well as between ISQ and implant length. We may conclude that standards and extra short implants can provide similar clinical results in prosthetic rehabilitation of the atrophic jaw over 12 months of follow-up.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar clínica e radiograficamente implantes extra curtos e padrões. Quarenta e dois implantes foram instalados em 10 pacientes selecionados. Eles receberam carga protética somente após o tempo de espera convencional para a osseointegração e as próteses foram feitas ferulizadas. As imagens radiográficas foram realizadas para avaliar as perdas ósseas verticais e horizontais nos tempos T1 (instalação protética), T2 (6 meses de acompanhamento) e T3 (12 meses de acompanhamento). Parâmetros biológicos como nível ósseo ao redor dos implantes (CBL) foram avaliados, alteração CBL (CBLC), comprimento total da coroa (TCL) e relação implante / coroa (ICR) foram calculados digitalmente. Todos os implantes incluídos no estudo foram submetidos à análise do quociente de estabilidade do implante (ISQ) no momento da instalação do implante (T0) e aos 12 meses de função protética (T3). Os dados foram testados estatisticamente. A ICR foi maior no grupo teste do que no grupo controle (p<0,0001). As medidas de CBL no início do estudo foram de 0,21±0,19 mm e 0,32±0,38 mm e em 12 meses 0,65±0,24 mm e 0,87±0,34 mm, respectivamente nos grupos teste e controle. CBLCs e CBL foram semelhantes em todos os momentos (p>0,05). Não foi encontrada correlação entre os parâmetros CBLC e ICR, bem como entre o ISQ e o comprimento do implante. Podemos concluir que padrões e implantes extra curtos podem fornecer resultados clínicos semelhantes na reabilitação protética da mandíbula atrófica ao longo de 12 meses de acompanhamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Osseointegration , Dental Prosthesis Design , Crowns
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e035, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1100934

ABSTRACT

Abstract Although fiber-reinforced composites are commonly used in dental practice, whether fiber-reinforced crowns and fixed partial dentures can be used as definitive prostheses remains to be determined. This study used scanning electron microscopy to evaluate the load-bearing capacity of non-reinforced and fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) molar crowns prepared by computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM). The crowns were fabricated from three empirical FRC blocks, one empirical composite block, and one commercial ceramic block. The FRC resin was prepared by mixing BaO silicate particles, E-glass fiber, and dimethacrylate resin. Specimens were divided into five groups (n = 10), differing in the amounts of filler, resin, and fiber. Crowns were statically loaded until fracture. One-way analysis of variance and Tukey's post hoc multiple comparison tests were used for statistical analyses. The groups showed significant differences in load-bearing capacity; empirical bidirectional FRC resin blocks had the highest capacity, while commercial ceramic blocks had the lowest capacity. Molar crowns formed from FRC resin blocks had higher load-bearing capacity compared to non-reinforced composite resin and ceramic blocks. These results show that fiber reinforcement increased the load-bearing capacity of molar crowns.


Subject(s)
Humans , Weight-Bearing , Computer-Aided Design , Composite Resins/chemistry , Crowns , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Ceramics/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Dental Prosthesis Design , Evaluation Study , Molar
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827548

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of preparation height and cement space on the fit and retention of computer aided design (CAD)/computer aided manufacturing (CAM) zirconia crown, and to provide reference for the clinical design and fabrication of CAD/CAM crowns.@*METHODS@#3D printing system was used to fabricate resin abutment teeth with convergence angle of 2° and height of 1-3 mm. The models' optical impressions were collected by the three-shape scanner. Then, the cement spaces were set by Cradle CAD/CAM system at 10-50 μm to create an all-ceramic zirconia crown. The fit of the crowns was measured by using silicone rubber interstitial impression method. The retention of the crowns was measured by pull-off test with uniaxial tensile force after the crown was bonded. The data were analyzed by SPSS 22.0 soft-ware.@*RESULTS@#When the preparation height was fixed, the fitness values of different cement space groups have statistical difference (P0.05). The fitness values of different preparation height groups have no statistical difference (P>0.05), and the retention values of different preparation height groups have statistical difference (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#When cradle CAD/CAM system is used to create a full crown in the clinic, the preparation height should be set to more than 3 mm, and the cement space should be set at 30 μm.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Crowns , Dental Porcelain , Dental Prosthesis Design , Zirconium
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781340

ABSTRACT

Vertical bone insufficiency in the maxillary posterior teeth is a common clinical situation. At present, the bone insufficiency in the maxillary posterior teeth is mainly overcome by bone grafting through maxillary sinus floor elevation. Compared with traditional axial implantation, tilted implantation can better avoid bone grafting, reduce complications, shorten the treatment cycle, reduce the treatment cost for patients, and gradually be promoted in clinical settings. This article reviews the concept, biomechanics, clinical evaluation, and digital trend of tilted implants of maxillary posterior teeth.


Subject(s)
Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Humans , Maxilla , Maxillary Sinus , Sinus Floor Augmentation
13.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(3): 244-251, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011551

ABSTRACT

Abstract Severely resorbed mandibles with only cortical bone remaining can fracture during or after implant placement. This case series presents a technique to reduce the risk or the consequences of mandibular fracture. Seven patients with only cortical mandibular bone remaining were treated with the fixation of a titanium plate in the frontal surface previously to implant placement, during the same surgical procedure. Immediate complete-arch implant supported prosthesis were installed. Patient's systemic and local conditions that could influence implant survival were registered previously to surgery and during the follow up period. Biological and biomechanical complications were recorded. The condition of peri-implant tissues was evaluated. The follow-ups ranged from 12 to 84 months. Twenty-nine implants were placed and no implant failure or other biological complication was observed. The peri-implant tissue evaluation demonstrated most implants was surrounded by keratinized tissue (89.5%). No marginal recession (implant platform cervical to gingival margin) was observed. Probing depth was normal, ranging from 0 to 3 mm. Low scores of plaque index or bleeding on probing were recorded. Biomechanical complications evolved loosening of 4 prosthetic screws and 1 fractured. The use of a titanium plate for the fixation of severely resorbed mandibles with only cortical bone remaining was a safe treatment procedure, avoiding biological and major biomechanical complications in the treatment with immediate complete-arch implant-supported prosthesis.


Resumo Mandíbulas severamente reabsorvidas com apenas osso cortical remanescente podem fraturar durante ou após a colocação de implantes. O presente relato de casos apresenta uma técnica para reduzir o risco ou as consequências da fratura mandibular. Pacientes com apenas osso cortical remanescente foram tratados com a fixação de placa de titânio na superfície frontal, previamente a colocação dos implantes, no mesmo procedimento cirúrgico. Próteses totais implanto-suportadas foram instaladas com carga imediata. Condições locais e sistêmicas dos pacientes que poderiam influenciar a sobrevivência dos implantes foram registradas previamente a cirurgia e durante o período de acompanhamento. Complicações biológicas e biomecânicas foram registradas. A condição dos tecidos peri-implante foi avaliada. Sete pacientes completaram o período de acompanhamento, variando entre 12 e 84 meses. Vinte e nove implantes foram colocados e nenhuma falha ou complicação biológica foi observada. A avaliação do tecido peri-implante demonstrou que a maioria dos implantes possuía tecido queratinizado (89,5%). Nenhuma recessão marginal (plataforma do implante cervical à margem gengival) foi observada. Profundidade de sondagem mostrou-se normal, variando entre 0 e 3 mm. Baixos escores de índice de placa ou sangramento à sondagem foram observados. Complicações biomecânicas envolveram perda de 4 e 1 fratura de parafusos protéticos. O uso da placa de titânio para fixação de mandíbulas severamente reabsorvidas com apenas osso cortical remanescente pode ser considerado tratamento seguro, evitando alterações biológicas e maiores complicações biomecânicas no tratamento com próteses totais imediatas implanto-suportadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants , Alveolar Bone Loss , Titanium , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Dental Restoration Failure , Mandible
14.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 40(2): 22-26, maio/ago. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1006534

ABSTRACT

Na reabilitação de pacientes edêntulos com próteses totais convencionais envolve a expectativa no momento da instalação das próteses, tornando-se indispensáveis o acompanhamento e orientações de uso. Este trabalho tem como objetivo descrever os principais fatores envolvidos na etapa de instalação de novas próteses totais. Vários temas importantes para a odontologia foram abordados, como ajustes das próteses, adaptação do paciente, orientações, manejo, tempo de uso, mudanças na alimentação, dicção, higiene, cuidados necessários e o acompanhamento do paciente após a instalação de novas próteses totais(AU)


In the rehabilitation of edentulous patients with conventional total dentures, it is expected that the prostheses will be installed, making it necessary to follow up and use guidelines. This study aims to describe the main factors involved in the installation of new total dentures. Several important themes for dentistry were addressed, such as adjustments of the prosthesis, patient adaptation, guidelines, management, time of use, changes in feeding, diction, hygiene, necessary care and patient follow-up after the installation of new dentures(AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis Design , Denture, Complete , Jaw, Edentulous , Prosthesis Fitting
15.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 40(2): 27-32, maio/ago. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1006538

ABSTRACT

A prótese total imediata é um aparelho provisório construído previamente as extrações dos dentes remanescentes, com a finalidade de auxiliar na cicatrização e favorecer o conforto no pós-operatório, devolvendo função, estética e fonética imediatamente após as exodontias. Desta forma, esse relato de caso clínico tem por objetivo apresentar o planejamento cirúrgico-protético da reabilitação oral por meio de uma prótese total imediata maxilar, bem como os resultados obtidos com essa modalidade de tratamento. Paciente gênero masculino, 77 anos de idade, foi submetido a múltiplas extrações dentárias, seguindo da instalação de uma prótese total imediata superior e uma prótese total convencional provisória inferior. Ambas as próteses foram confeccionadas antes da remoção cirúrgica dos elementos dentários remanescentes e inseridas imediatamente após a cirurgia. Assim, através dessa modalidade de tratamento reabilitador, proporcionamos ao paciente autoestima, conforto, estética e função, imediatamente após as extrações dentárias, diminuindo o tempo entre a exodontia completa e a confecção de uma prótese total convencional(AU)


Immediate denture prosthesis is a temporary rehabilitating that is fabricated before all the remaining teeth have been removed, with the purpose of assisting in healing and favoring patient comfort in the postoperative period, returning function, aesthetic and phonetics immediately after the exodontia. Thus, this clinical case report aims to present the surgical-prosthetic planning of the oral rehabilitation through an immediate total maxillary prosthesis, as well as the results obtained with this treatment modality. A 77 years old male patient underwent multiple upper dental extractions, followed by the installation of an immediate superior total prosthesis and lower provisional total conventional prosthesis. Both dentures were made before surgical removal of the remaining dental elements and inserted immediately following the surgery. Like this, through this modality of rehabilitation treatment, we provide the patient with self-esteem, comfort, esthetics and function, immediately after the teeth extractions, reducing the time between the complete extraction and the construction of the conventional denture prosthesis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Dental Prosthesis Design , Denture, Complete, Immediate , Denture, Complete , Mouth Rehabilitation
16.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(2): 108-115, abr. 30, 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145301

ABSTRACT

Statement of problem : fracture of endodontically treated teeth is reduced by the use of a post with ferrule, but the effect of different ferrule configurations and dowel materials is not clear. Purpose: to evaluate the effect of ferrules with different configurations and heights on the stress of endodontically treated teeth restored with three different post and dowel materials. Materials and Methods: fifteen models of maxillary central incisors restored with porcelain fused to metal crowns were obtained using pro engineer software. the models were divided into three groups, each consisting of five models with ferrule heights of 0mm, 2mm, 4mm, 2mm with oblique fracture, 4mm with oblique fracture, the models under group GFR were restored with fiberglass reinforced post (GFR) and composite core build-up, group NiCr with a custom cast post metal alloy (NiCr), and group Zr with zirconia post (Zr) and composite core build-up. an oblique load of 100N and 150N at an angle of 135 degrees was applied to the palatal surface of the tooth, a vertical load of 100N and 150N at an angle of 90 degrees was applied to the incisal tip of the tooth. The maximum principal stress and the von mises stress was calculated for the remaining tooth structure and post apex using the finite element analysis (FEA) software. Results: the maximum von misses stress was observed in the apex of the post (p<0.05). Group Zr showed the highest mean stress (6.39Mpa) followed by group NiCr (5.65Mpa). There was a significant difference between post and between NiCr and Zr post for 2mm and 4mm ferrule height, while for 0mm ferrule there was a significant difference between the GFR and NiCr groups (p<0.05). Under oblique load, the maximum mean stress was observed in remaining tooth structures while for vertical load, it was observed at the apex of the post. Regarding ferrule heights, there were significant differences between 0mm-2mm, and 0mm-4mm uniform ferrule in post apex in the case of NiCr posts (p<0.05). Absence of ferrule resulted in higher stress for the NiCr group. Conclusion: higher loads that led to fracture were observed only at the apex of the post. Zirconia posts (group Zr) had higher fracture loads, whereas absence of ferrule resulted in higher fracture load with custom cast posts (group NiCr). Fracture thresholds were high on the remaining tooth structure for all the dowel systems especially for composite core build up irrespective of ferrule height and configuration. Clinical implications: appropriate selection of post and dowel materials in different configurations of ferrule heights ensures clinical success.


Indicación del problema: la fractura de los dientes tratados endodónticamente se reduce mediante el uso de un poste con férula, pero el efecto de diferentes configuraciones de férula y materiales de clavija no está claro. Propósito: evaluar el efecto de los casquillos con diferentes configuraciones y alturas sobre el estrés de los dientes tratados endodónticamente restaurados con tres materiales diferentes de postes y tacos. materiales y métodos: quince modelos de incisivos centrales superiores restaurados con porcelana fundida a coronas de metal se obtuvieron con el software Pro Engineer. Los modelos se dividieron en tres grupos, cada uno de los cuales consta de cinco modelos con alturas de casquillo de 0mm, 2mm, 4mm, 2mm con fractura oblicua, 4mm con fractura oblicua. los modelos del grupo GFR fueron restaurados con poste reforzado con fibra de vidrio (GFR) y acumulación de núcleo compuesto, grupo nicr con una aleación de metal de poste fundido personalizado (NiCr) y grupo Zr con poste de zirconia (Zr) y acumulación de núcleo compuesto. se aplicó una carga oblicua de 100N y 150N en un ángulo de 135º a la superficie palatina del diente. se aplicó una carga vertical de 100N y 150N en un ángulo de 90º a la punta incisal del diente. la tensión principal máxima y la tensión de von mises se calcularon para la estructura dental restante y después del vértice utilizando el software de análisis de elementos finitos (FEA). Resultados: el estrés máximo de von falta se observó en el vértice de la publicación (p<0.05). El grupo Zr mostró el mayor estrés medio (6.39Mpa) seguido del grupo NiCr (5.65Mpa). Hubo una diferencia significativa entre la publicación NiCr y Zr para la altura de la férula de 2mm y 4mm, mientras que para la férula de 0mm hubo una diferencia significativa entre los grupos GFR y NiCr (p<0,05), bajo la carga oblicua, la tensión media máxima en las estructuras dentales restantes, mientras que para la carga vertical, se observó en el vértice del poste. En cuanto a las alturas de la férula, hubo diferencias significativas entre la férula uniforme de 0mm-2mm y de 0mm-4mm en el post-apex en el caso de los postes de NiCr (p<0.05), la ausencia de férula dio como resultado un mayor estrés para el grupo NiCr. Conclusión: las cargas más altas que llevaron a la fractura se observaron solo en el vértice del poste; Los postes de zirconia (grupo Zr) tuvieron mayores cargas de fractura, mientras que la ausencia de férula dio como resultado una mayor carga de fractura con postes moldeados personalizados (NiCr de grupo). Los umbrales de fractura fueron altos en la estructura dental restante para todos los sistemas de clavijas, especialmente para la acumulación de núcleos compuestos independientemente de la altura y configuración de la férula. Implicaciones clínicas: la selección adecuada de materiales de postes y tacos en diferentes configuraciones de alturas de férulas asegura el éxito clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Post and Core Technique/instrumentation , Dental Stress Analysis/methods , Incisor/physiology , Models, Biological , Stress, Mechanical , Tooth Fractures , Computer Simulation , Dental Prosthesis Design , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Materials/chemistry , Maxilla/physiology
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180297, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012517

ABSTRACT

Abstract Polymer-based composite materials have been proposed as an alternative for single unit restorations, due to their resilient and shock absorbing behavior, in contrast to the brittleness of ceramic materials that could result in failure by fracture. Objective: To evaluate the fatigue strength and damage modes of monolithic posterior resin nanoceramic and lithium disilicate glass ceramic crowns. Methodology: Twenty-six resin nanoceramic (RNC) and lithium disilicate glass ceramic (LD) 2 mm monolithic crowns (n=13) were cemented on composite resin replicas of a prepared tooth and subjected to cyclic load with lithium disilicate indenters for 2 million cycles. Specimens and indenters were inspected every 500,000 cycles and suspended when presenting fractures or debonding. Surviving specimens were embedded in epoxy resin, polished and subsurface damage was analyzed. Specimens presenting fractures or severe subsurface damage were considered as failures. Survival data was subjected to Fisher's exact test; damage modes were subjected to Mann-Whitney test (p<0.05). Results: There were no debonding, cohesive or catastrophic failures. Considering subsurface damage, 53.8% of RNC and 46.2% of LD crowns survived the fatigue test, presenting no statistical difference. Chief damage modes were radial cracks for RNC and inner cone cracks for LD, presenting no statistical difference. Conclusions: The results suggest that if debonding issues can be resolved, resin nanoceramic figures can be an alternative to posterior crowns. Although distinct, damage modes revealed potential to cause bulk fracture in both glass ceramic and resin nanoceramic crowns.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ceramics/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Crowns , Dental Porcelain/chemistry , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Dental Prosthesis Design , Computer-Aided Design , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Restoration Wear , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Dental Stress Analysis
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e012, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989475

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanical performance and the fracture behavior of endocrown restorations prepared using distinct restorative materials. A total of 42 sound molars with similar crown size and shape were cut at 2 mm above the cementoenamel junction and endodontically treated. They were categorized according to the restorative material used to fabricate endocrown restorations (n=7), namely, conventional composite (Filtek™ Z350 XT), bulk fill composite (Filtek™ Bulk Fill), conventional composite modeled using resin adhesives (SBMP: Scotchbond™ Multipurpose Adhesive; or SBU: Scotchbond™ Universal Adhesive), and IPS e.max lithium disilicate (Ivoclar Vivadent; positive control). Unprepared sound teeth were used as negative control. All endocrowns were bonded using a self-adhesive cement (Rely-X™ U200). The teeth were submitted to fatigue (Byocycle) and fracture (EMIC DL500) testing. Load-to-fracture (in N) and work-of-fracture (Wf, in J/m2) values were analyzed by ANOVA (p < 0.05). The endocrowns did not fracture or de-bond upon fatigue, showing similar load-to-fracture and work-of-fracture values, regardless of the restorative material (p > 0.05). The endocrowns fabricated by combining Z350 and SBMP had the least harsh fractures, in contrast to endocrowns prepared using Z350 only, which exhibited an equilibrium between repairable and irrepairable fractures. The e.max endocrowns exhibited more aggressive failures (root fracture) than other groups, resulting in higher rates of irrepairable fractures. In conclusion, dental practitioners may satisfactorily restore severely damaged nonvital teeth using the endocrown technique. Composite endocrowns prepared using resin adhesive as modeler liquid or using bulk fill material may result in less aggressive failures, thus providing a new material perspective for endocrown restorations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Composite Resins/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Crowns , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Reference Values , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Tooth Fractures , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Dental Prosthesis Design , Tooth, Nonvital , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Porcelain/chemistry , Dental Stress Analysis
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e030, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001613

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This multicenter study aimed to identify the different implant- and patient-related risk factors for long-term short dental implant success. Through a retrospective chart review of three centers, patient information regarding demographic variables, smoking habits, history of periodontitis, systemic diseases, and medications in addition to the parameters for short implant placement including implant manufacturer, design, anatomical location, diameter and length, and type of placement was collected. For statistical analysis, univariate regression models were used at the implant and patient levels. A total of 460 short implants placed in 199 patients followed up for up to 9 years were reviewed. Survival rates of the short implants were 95.86% and 92.96% and success rates were 90% and 83.41% for implant- and patient-based analysis, respectively. Peri-implantitis was reported as the primary cause of short dental implant failure (34/46, 73.91%). Univariate regression models revealed that female sex was strongly related to short implant success. In addition, smoking and history of periodontitis were found to have a significant negative influence on short implant success at the implant and patient levels. Taken together, these results support the use of short implants as a predictable longterm treatment option; however, smoking and history of periodontitis are suggested to be the potential risk factors for short implant success. Therefore, clinicians need to assess these potential risk factors and make treatment decisions accordingly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Dental Implants/statistics & numerical data , Dental Restoration Failure/statistics & numerical data , Logistic Models , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Age Factors , Treatment Outcome , Dental Prosthesis Design , Middle Aged
20.
Clinics ; 74: e852, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989639

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the magnitude and distribution of stresses generated on implants, abutments and first molar metal-ceramic crowns using finite element analysis. METHODS: Preliminary three-dimensional models were created using the computer-aided design software SolidWorks. Stress and strain values were observed for two distinct virtual models: model 1 - Morse taper and solid abutment; model 2 - Morse taper and abutment with screw. A load (250 N) was applied to a single point of the occlusal surface at 15° to the implant long axis. Von Mises stresses were recorded for both groups at four main points: 1) abutment-retaining screws; 2) abutment neck; 3) cervical bone area; 4) implant neck. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Model 1 showed a higher stress value (1477.5 MPa) at the abutment-retaining screw area than the stresses found in model 2 (1091.1 MPa for the same area). The cervical bone strain values did not exceed 105 µm for either model.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design/instrumentation , Finite Element Analysis , Dental Stress Analysis , Dental Implant-Abutment Design/instrumentation , Stress, Mechanical , Dental Prosthesis Design/methods , Computer-Aided Design , Crowns , Elastic Modulus , Dental Implant-Abutment Design/methods , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Models, Anatomic
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