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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 28-34, feb. 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528823

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: This work investigated the morphology of the root canal system of the mandibular first molar in a Malaysian subpopulation. Using micro-computed tomography with an isotropic resolution of 22 µm, 140 mandibular first molars were scanned. MIMICS software was used for segmentation, 3-D reconstruction and analysis of the acquired images. The canal configuration was described using Vertucci [supported by the supplementary configurations proposed by Sert & Bayirli (2004)] and Ahmed et al. (2027), coding systems. The chi-square test was used to assess the association between qualitative variables. By non-considering intercanal communications, Vertucci types IV (17.1%) and I (76.4%) were the most frequently reported configurations in the mesial and distal roots, respectively. Of the reported configurations, 24.3% and 4.3% were non-classifiable by Vertucci system in the mesial and distal roots, respectively. Up to 63.6% and 9.3% of the reported configurations were non- classifiable, and type I was the most frequent when considering intercanal communications (7.1% and 76.4% in the mesial and distal roots, respectively). According to Ahmed et al., system, almost half of the sample had more than four digits (47.9%), followed by the 3-digits category (20.71%). In both systems, a significant association was found between the canal configuration and the root type (p<0.001). The mandibular first molar of this Malaysian subpopulation demonstrated a wide range of root canal morphology. When compared to the Vertucci system, the system developed by Ahmed et al., successfully classified all molars configurations despite their level of complexity. The complex canal anatomy of mandibular first molars in this subpopulation warrants special attention during root canal treatment procedures.


En este trabajo se investigó la morfología del sistema de conductos radiculares del primer molar mandibular en una subpoblación de Malasia. Utilizando tomografía microcomputada con una resolución isotrópica de 22 µm, se escanearon 140 primeros molares mandibulares. Se utilizó el software MIMICS para segmentar (enmascarar), reconstruir en 3D, visualizar y analizar las imágenes adquiridas. La configuración del canal se describió utilizando Vertucci respaldado por las configuraciones complementarias propuestas por Sert & Bayirli (2004)] y Ahmed et al. (2017, 2020), sistemas de codificación. Se utilizó la prueba de chi-cuadrado para evaluar la asociación entre variables cualitativas. Sin considerar las comunicaciones intercanales, los tipos Vertucci IV (17,1%) y I (76,4%) fueron las configuraciones reportadas con mayor frecuencia en las raíces mesiales y distales, respectivamente. De las configuraciones reportadas, el 24,3 % y el 4,3 % fueron no clasificables por el sistema de Vertucci en las raíces mesial y distal, respectivamente. Hasta el 63,6 % y el 9,3 % de las configuraciones reportadas fueron no clasificables, siendo la tipo I la más frecuente al considerar las comunicaciones intercanales (7,1 % y 76,4 % en las raíces mesiales y distales, respectivamente). Según Ahmed et al. (2017, 2020) en el sistema, casi la mitad de la muestra tenía más de cuatro dígitos (47,9 %), seguido por la categoría de 3 dígitos (20,71 %). En ambos sistemas se encontró una asociación significativa entre la configuración del canal y el tipo de raíz (p<0,001). El primer molar mandibular de esta subpoblación de Malasia demostró una amplia gama morfológica del conducto radicular. En comparación con el sistema Vertucci, el sistema desarrollado por Ahmed et al. (2017, 2020) clasificaron con éxito todas las configuraciones de los molares a pesar de su nivel de complejidad. La compleja anatomía del canal de los primeros molares mandibulares en esta subpoblación merece una atención especial durante los procedimientos de tratamiento de conducto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , X-Ray Microtomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Malaysia , Molar/anatomy & histology
2.
Rev. ADM ; 81(1): 39-43, ene.-feb. 2024. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556339

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la persistencia de microorganismos en los conductos radiculares es uno de los principales factores del fracaso endodóncico. Por ello la importancia de conocer las propiedades antimicrobianas de los distintos tipos de selladores. Objetivo: realizar una comparación con base en la evidencia disponible sobre la actividad antimicrobiana de los diferentes cementos selladores en endodoncia. Material y métodos: la información fue recopilada de las bases de datos PubMed y Google Académico en el idioma inglés y español, publicados en el periodo 2014-2023. Resultados: un gran número de microorganismos se encuentran presentes en los diferentes tipos de infecciones de origen endodóncico, se han identificado más de 500 especies microbianas, entre ellas bacterias, hongos, arqueas y virus. Los cementos selladores se pueden clasificar según su composición química, en cementos a base de óxido de zinc-eugenol, hidróxido de calcio, a base de ionómero de vidrio, silicona, resina y biocerámicos. Conclusión: los cementos selladores que mostraron mayor actividad antimicrobiana contra los microorganismos persistentes fueron los cementos a base de óxido de zinc-eugenol, resina y biocerámicos. Sin embargo, se identificó que cada autor utilizó diferentes métodos y tiempos, por lo tanto, no es posible lograr definir con exactitud qué cemento sellador posee la mejor capacidad antimicrobiana (AU)


Introduction: the persistence of microorganisms in root canals is one of the main factors of endodontic failure. Therefore, the importance of knowing the antimicrobial properties of the different types of sealants. Objective: to make a comparison based on the available evidence on the antimicrobial activity of the different endodontics sealers. Material and methods: the information was collected from PubMed and Google Academic databases in English and Spanish, published in the period 2014-2023. Results: a large number of microorganisms are present in the different types of infections of endodontic origin, more than 500 microbiological species have been identified, including bacteria, fungi, archaea and viruses. Sealer cements can be classified according to their chemical composition, into cements based on zinc oxide-eugenol, calcium hydroxide, based on glass ionomer, silicone, resin and bioceramics. Conclusion: sealer cements that showed the highest antimicrobial activity against persistent microorganisms were zinc oxide-eugenol, resin, and bioceramic-based cements. However, it was identified that each author used different methods and times, therefore, it is not possible to accurately define which sealer cement has the best antimicrobial capacity (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Databases, Bibliographic , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Resin Cements/chemistry , Organically Modified Ceramics/chemistry , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
3.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 39(91): 19-26, 2024. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554906

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Evaluar mediante microscopia quirúrgica la presencia del segundo conducto mesiovestibular (MV2) en el piso de la cámara pulpar de los primeros molares superiores, determinar su abordabilidad, establecer el calibre de lima que llegó al tercio apical y tipificar radiovisiográficamente su morfología se-gún la clasificación de Weine. Materiales y métodos: Se utilizaron 48 primeros molares superiores huma-nos extraídos. Sé tomaron radiovisografías preope-ratorias (Carestream 5200) en sentido orto radial y mesio-distal. Se realizó apertura y se localizó entra-da del MV2 con microscopio quirúrgico (Newton MEC XXI, Argentina) a 16 x. Se cateterizó MV1 y MV2 con limas tipo K #10 y #15 (Dentsply Maillefer). Se cortó raíz distovestibular para mejorar visualización ra-diovisográfica. Se tomó conductometria en sentido mesio-distal para establecer la tipología. Se compa-raron frecuencias y porcentajes mediante test de Chi-cuadrado con corrección de Yates, prueba exac-ta de Fisher y test z para diferencia de proporcio-nes. Se calcularon intervalos de confianza 95% para porcentajes mediante método score de Wilson. Re-sultados: El 54% (26 casos) presentó MV2. De los 26 MV2, el 77% (20 casos) fueron abordables, porcen-taje significativamente mayor al 23% no abordable (z=3,62; P<0,05). Al hacer cateterismo, hubo asocia-ción significativa entre tipo de conducto (MV1 y MV2) y calibre de lima que llegó al tercio apical (Chi-cua-drado=29,12; gl=1; P<0,05). La tipología I (58%) fue significativamente mayor que las tipologías II (21%) y III (21%) (P<0,05 para ambas comparaciones). Con-clusión: El alto porcentaje de piezas que presentó MV2 evidencia la importancia clínica de detectarlo y tratarlo correctamente. Dado el alto porcentaje de piezas donde fue abordable, se concluye que el clíni-co debe tener conocimiento, destreza y la tecnología necesaria para poder abordarlo. Si bien la tipología I (58%) fue la más encontrada, cuando el MV2 termina en foramen independiente (tipo III), su omisión puede conducir al fracaso del tratamiento (AU))


Objectives: To evaluate by surgical microscopy the presence of second mesiobuccal canal (MB2) in the pulp chamber floor of the maxillary first molars, determine its approachability, establish the caliber of the file that reached the apical third, and radiographically typify its morphology according to Weine ́s classification. Materials and methods: 48 extracted human maxillary first molars were used. Preoperative radiovisographies (Carestream 5200) were taken in ortho-radial and mesio-distal direction. Coronal access was made and the entrance of MB2 was located with a surgical microscope (Newton MEC XXI, Argentina) at 16x. MB1 and MB2 were catheterized with K files #10 and #15 (Dentsply Maillefer). Distobuccal root was cut to improve radiovisographic visualization. Conductometry was taken in mesio-distal direction to establish the typology. Frequencies and percentages were compared using Chi-square test with Yates correction, Fisher's exact test and z test for difference in proportions. 95% confidence intervals were calculated for percentages using Wilson score method. Results: 54% (26 cases) presented MB2. Of the 26 MB2, 77% (20 cases) were approachable, a significantly higher percentage than those not approachable (z=3.62; P<0.05). When performing catheterization, there was a significant association between type of canal (MB1 and MB2) and file caliber that reached the apical third (Chi-square=29.12; df=1; P<0.05). Typology I (58%) was significantly higher than typologies II (21%) and III (21%) (P<0.05 for both comparisons). Conclusion: The high percentage of specimens that showed MB2 evidence the clinical importance of detecting and treating it correctly. Given the percentage of pieces where it was approachable (77%), it is concluded that the clinician must have the knowledge, skill and necessary technology to be able to approach it. Although typology I (58%) was the most found, when MB2 ends an independent foramen (type III), its omission can lead to treatment failure (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Root/anatomy & histology , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Microscopy/methods , Odontometry/methods
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550859

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El conocimiento adecuado de la configuración de conductos radiculares es fundamental en endodoncia; la evaluación tomográfica permite una correcta evaluación de su disposición radicular. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de conductos en C de segundos molares mandibulares, evaluados en tomografía de haz cónico. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y de corte transversal; la muestra estuvo conformada por 200 segundos molares mandibulares permanentes de una población peruana, observadas en tomografías cone beam, donde se registró la presencia del conducto en C, su configuración según la clasificación de Fan y el sexo del paciente. Resultados: La prevalencia de la configuración radicular en forma de C en segundos molares inferiores fue del 65,5 por ciento; según la Clasificación de Fan se observó mayor prevalencia en el tercio cervical del conducto radicular el tipo C1 con 85,7 por ciento; en el tercio medio el tipo C2 con 42,9 por ciento; a nivel apical fue el tipo C3C con 72,1 por ciento; según el sexo, el 65,2 por ciento de los conductos en C correspondió al femenino. Conclusión: La prevalencia de los conductos en C de los segundos molares mandibulares evaluados en tomografías de haz cónico fue de 65,5 por ciento con mayor predominio en el sexo femenino. La evaluación tomográfica permite una mejor identificación y configuración interna de los conductos radiculares(AU)


Introduction: Adequate knowledge of the configuration of root canals is fundamental in endodontics; tomographic evaluation allows a correct assessment of their radicular arrangement. Objective: To determine the prevalence of C-shaped canals in mandibular second molars, evaluated by cone beam tomography. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out; the sample consisted of 200 permanent mandibular second molars from a Peruvian population, observed in cone beam tomography, where the presence of the C-shaped canal, its configuration according to Fan's classification and the patient's gender were recorded. Results: The prevalence of the C-shaped root canal configuration in lower second molars was 65.5 percent; according to the Fan classification, the highest prevalence was observed in the cervical third of the root canal, type C1 with 85.7 percent; in the middle third, type C2 with 42.9 percent; at the apical level it was type C3C with 72.1 percent; according to gender, 65.2 percent of the C-shaped canals corresponded to females. Conclusion: The prevalence of C-shaped canals in mandibular second molars evaluated in cone beam tomography was 65.5% with a higher predominance in the female gender. The tomographic evaluation allows a better identification and internal configuration of the root canals(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/abnormalities , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1101-1106, ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514325

ABSTRACT

La investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar la influencia de la morfología externa de la raíz de primeros premolares superiores en la existencia de sobreestimación radiográfica durante la preparación para poste. Con este fin se realizó un estudio transversal in vitro, donde 60 premolares superiores uniradiculares fueron instrumentadas con fresas Gates Glidden y Pesso de calibre 1, 2 y 3. Seguidamente se obtuvieron imágenes radiográficas digitales de cada pieza dentaria mediante un aparato posicionador a una distancia constante en sentido vestíbulo lingual, asimismo se realizaron imágenes tomográficas volumétricas de las muestras. En ambas técnicas imagenológicas se midió el espesor a mesial y distal de las piezas. La sobreestimación fue calculada mediante la diferencia de la medida tomográfica menos la radiográfica. Los resultados indicaron que en ambas paredes radiculares hubo diferencia significativa entre las medidas radiográficas y tomográficas (p<0,05), encontrándose en la pared distal diferencias altamente significativas (p<0,001); además se evidenció que la sobreestimación radiográfica fue mayor en la pared distal. El estudio concluyó que existe sobreestimación radiográfica en premolares superiores durante la preparación para poste de un 20,42 % en promedio, siendo la pared distal la estructura que presenta mayor sobreestimación.


SUMMARY: he investigation´s objective was to determine the influence of external morphology of the root of upper first premolars in the existence of radiographic overestimation during preparation for post. An in vitro cross-sectional study was carried out, where 60 single-rooted upper premolars were instrumented with burs. Gates Glidden and Pesso of caliber 1, 2 and 3, then, digital radiographic images of each dental piece were obtained by means of a positioning device at a constant distance in the buccolingual direction; volumetric tomographic images of the samples were also performed. In both imaging techniques, the mesial and distal thickness of the pieces was measured. The overestimation was calculated by the difference of the tomographic measurement minus the radiographic one. The results indicated that in both root walls there was a significant difference between the radiographic and tomographic measurements (p<0.05), with highly significant differences being found in the distal wall (p<0.001); In addition, it was evidenced that the radiographic overestimation was greater in the distal wall. The study concluded that there is radiographic overestimation in upper premolars during post preparation of 20.42% on average, with the distal wall being the structure that presents the greatest overestimation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Preparation , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Radiographic Image Enhancement , Cross-Sectional Studies , Post and Core Technique , Root Canal Preparation , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1112-1117, ago. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514332

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio fue utilizar la Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico (TCHC) para investigar la configuración anatómica, prevalencia y distribución del conducto mesiovestibular Dos (MV2) en molares superiores de una subpoblación chilena, considerando variables como la presencia del conducto MV2, la clasificación de Vertucci, el género y edad. Estudio observacional de corte transversal. La muestra consistió en Tomografías Computarizadas de Haz Cónico tomadas en la clínica odontológica de la Universidad Andrés Bello (Viña del Mar). Se calculó el tamaño muestral utilizando la fórmula de población conocida, lo que resultó en 262 tomografías. Los examinadores se calibraron utilizando el coeficiente Kappa de Cohen, para luego analizar las variables mediante un estudio imagenológico utilizando el software I-CAT Visión. Se analizaron 439 primeros y segundos molares superiores. La prevalencia del conducto MV2 en primeros molares fue del 63,74 %, mientras que, en segundos molares, fue del 20,04 %. La prevalencia en primeros molares fue mayor en hombres (73,86 %) que en mujeres (58,62 %), mientras que, en segundos molares, fue del 15,81 % en mujeres y del 28,41 % en hombres. En relación con la edad, en los primeros molares la diferencia fue significativa en el rango de 18 a 40 años (66,49 %). En cuanto al tipo de configuración según Vertucci (2005), el 70 % de los primeros molares presentó una configuración Tipo II, y un 23,65 % Tipo IV, con resultados similares en los segundos molares. El presente estudio demostró que los conductos MV2 son frecuentes en la población analizada, especialmente en los primeros molares, y que la configuración Tipo II es la más prevalente. Además, se observó una mayor prevalencia en hombres y en el rango de 18 a 40 años. Estos hallazgos proporcionan información relevante sobre la anatomía radicular en la población y pueden contribuir a mejorar los resultados de tratamiento.


SUMMARY: The aim of this study was to use Cone-beam Computed Tomography (TCHC) to investigate the anatomical configuration, prevalence, and distribution of the Second Mesiobuccal (MB2) canal in upper molars of a Chilean subpopulation, considering variables such as the presence of MB2 canal, Vertucci classification, gender, and age. Cross-sectional observational study. The sample consisted of TCHC scans taken at the dental clinic of Universidad Andrés Bello (Viña del Mar). The sample size was calculated using the formula for known population, resulting in 262 scans. The examiners were calibrated using Cohen's Kappa coefficient, then the variables were analyzed through an imaging study using I-CAT Vision software. 439 first and second upper molars were analyzed. The prevalence of MB2 canal in first molars was 63.74 %, while in second molars, it was 20.04 %. The prevalence in first molars was higher in males (73.86 %) than in females (58.62 %), while in second molars, it was 15.81 % in females and 28.41 % in males. Regarding age, in first molars the difference was significant between the age range of 18 to 40 years (66.49 %). Regarding the type of configuration according to Vertucci, 70 % of the first molars had Type II configuration, and 23.65 % had Type IV, with similar results in second molars. The present study demonstrated that MB2 canals are frequent in the analyzed population, especially in first molars, and Type II configuration is the most prevalent. Additionally, a higher prevalence was observed in males and in the age range of 18 to 40 years. These findings provide relevant information about root anatomy in the studied population and can contribute to improving treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Molar/anatomy & histology
7.
RFO UPF ; 28(1)20230808. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1511056

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Mesmo com toda evolução tecnológica desses instrumentos, com o desenvolvimento das limas de liga de níquel-titanio (NiTi) e sistemas mecanizados, as fraturas podem ocorrer durante o preparo químico/mecânico. Existem três abordagens mais regulamente aplicadas para solucionar essa intercorrencia: tentativa de remoção do instrumento com ultrassom, tentativa de ultrapassálo (bypass) ou a obturação do segmento. Objetivo: Relatar um caso da técnica de bypass em instrumento fraturado no canal radicular. Descrição do caso: Paciente, sexo feminino, 47 anos, brasileira, sem condições sistêmicas associadas, foi encaminhada à clínica do Curso de Odontologia da UNIFENAS, Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, Brasil, para resolução de fratura de instrumento no canal mésio- vestibular do primeiro molar superior direito (16). Optou-se pelo tratamento pela técnica de bypass, que envolveu as seguintes etapas: anestesia, abertura, utilização de lima C-Pilot #08 para ultrapassar o instrumento fraturado, odontometria, escalonamento regressivo a partir da lima k#20, desinfecção com hipoclorito de sódio 5%, medicação com hidróxido de cálcio por 21 dias, agitação da substância irrigadora e obturação dos canais radiculares. Conclusão: O bypass ao instrumento é uma técnica conservadora, eficaz e uma solução adequada em casos de fratura de limas endodônticas dentro dos canais radiculares. Essa técnica visa preservar o máximo possível da estrutura dental original, evitando procedimentos mais invasivos.(AU)


Introduction: Even with all technological evolution of these instruments, with the development of nickel-titanium alloy (NiTi) files and mechanized systems, fractures can occur during chemical/mechanical preparation. There are three most commonly applie to resolve this complication: attempting to remove the instrument with ultrasound, attempting to bypass it, or obturating the segment. Objective: To report a case of bypass technique in fractured instrument in the root canal. Case description: A 47-year-old female patient from Brazil, with no associated systemic conditions, was referred to the clinic of the Dentistry Course at UNIFENAS, Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, Brazil, for resolution of an instrument fracture in the mesio-vestibular canal of the right upper first molar (16). Treatment was performed using the bypass technique, which involved the following steps: anesthesia, opening, use of a C-Pilot #08 file to bypass the fractured instrument, odontometry, regressive scaling from the k#20 file, disinfection with 5% sodium hypochlorite, medication with calcium hydroxide for 21 days, agitation of the irrigating substance and root canal filling. Conclusion: Instrument bypass is a conservative, effective technique and an adequate solution in cases of endodontic file fracture within root canals. This technique aims to preserve as much of the original tooth structure as possible, avoiding more invasive procedures.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Equipment Failure , Titanium , Radiography, Dental , Treatment Outcome , Nickel
8.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 111(2): 1110801, mayo-ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532251

ABSTRACT

Frente a la difusión en medios de comunicación de medias verdades con enunciados alarmantes y anticientíficos, este editorial busca revisar las bases científicas para determinar el comportamiento clínico. Así, el texto discurre por el concepto de infección focal desde su origen, yendo al encuentro de sus transformaciones conceptuales a través de los descubrimien- tos científicos, teniendo en cuenta las características emocio- nales propias de cada paciente como un todo y los peligros a los que se puede estar expuestos frente a las medias verdades (AU)


Facing the diffusion of alarming and anti-scientific state- ments in the media, this editorial seeks the scientific bases to determine the clinical behavior. Thus, the text runs through the concept of focal infection from its origin and across its conceptual transformations through scientific discoveries, by considering the emotional characteristics of each patient as a whole and the dangers to which they may be exposed in the face of half-truths (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Therapy/methods , Focal Infection, Dental/complications , Focal Infection, Dental/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology
9.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(2): 38-45, maio-ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1428055

ABSTRACT

É sabido que a cavidade oral é a porta de entrada para muitos microrganismos e que possui alguns gêneros de bactérias que quando se associam ou proliferam em excesso, com a falta de higienização correta, fatores ambientais e imunológicos podem causar danos em algumas partes dos dentes como no tecido pulpar e canais radiculares. Neste sentido, a endodontia tem sido capaz de tratar pessoas com problemas dentários em fases muito precoces como as medidas profiláticas até casos infeciosos que afetam a polpa dos dentes causando as lesões perirradiculares que são infecções causadas por microrganismos, Para tanto, é necessário que a odontologia ofereça transformações positivas por meio de técnicas que sejam mais previsíveis para os tratamentos. A literatura tem indicado o uso da laserterapia como técnica auxiliar para o tratamento endodôntico pelo seu potencial mínimo invasivo, preciso e eficaz em menor tempo de cura de patologias orais como as lesões perirradiculares. Este estudo pretendeu abordar a importância da laserterapia sobre as variáveis patológicas de pacientes com lesão perirradiculares. Para realiza-lo foi necessário buscar na literatura estudos que associem este tipo de tratamento e sua eficiência no tratamento desta patologia. Para realizar esta pesquisa foi necessário buscar dados na literatura que tratam sobre o tema para investigar o tempo indicado ao tratamento com a laserterapia bem como o estágio em que as lesões podem ser tratadas com auxílio deste método. Corroborando com o estudo apresentamos um caso clínico(AU)


It is known that the oral cavity is the gateway to many microorganisms and that it has some genera of bacteria that when they associate or proliferate in excess, with the lack of correct hygiene, environmental and immunological factors can cause damage in some parts of the teeth such as in pulp tissue and root canals. In this sense, endodontics has been able to treat people with dental problems at very early stages such as prophylactic measures to infectious cases that affect the pulp of teeth causing perirradicular lesions that are infections caused by microorganisms, therefore, it is necessary that dentistry offer positive transformations through techniques that are more predictable for treatments. The literature has indicated the use of laser therapy as an auxiliary technique for endodontic treatment for its minimal invasive, precise and effective potential in shorter time of cure of oral pathologies such as perirradicular lesions. This study aimed to address the importance of laser therapy on the pathological variables of patients with perirradicular lesions. To accomplish this, it was necessary to seek studies in the literature that associate this type of treatment and its efficiency in the treatment of this pathology. To carry out this research it was necessary to seek data in the literature that deal with the subject to investigate the time indicated for treatment with laser therapy as well as the stage at which lesions can be treated with the aid of this method. Corroborating the study, we present a clinical case(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Root Canal Therapy , Laser Therapy , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Preparation , Dental Pulp Cavity/injuries , Dental Pulp Diseases , Microbiota , Mouth/microbiology
10.
Odontol. vital ; jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1431017

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Es un error común pensar que los dientes anteroinferiores, por lo general, tienen un solo conducto radicular con una sola raíz. Sin embargo, un estudio realizado por Vertucci et. al., (1974), mostraron una alta prevalencia (13%) de dos conductos radiculares en los dientes anteroinferiores, lo que estimuló más investigaciones. Objetivo: El propósito de este estudio fue determinar la prevalencia del segundo conducto radicular en los dientes anteroinferiores en una población nicaragüense, estos fueron detectados por medio de tomografía computadorizada (Cone Beam). Materiales y Métodos: En el estudio se analizaron 293 piezas dentales, de canino a canino de la arcada inferior. Para realizar el análisis se utilizó el software libre Radiant DICOM Viewer 2021.2.2, se realizaron cortes sagitales, axiales y coronales para ver la prevalencia del segundo conducto radicular. Resultados: De las 293 piezas dentarias analizadas se encontró que 259 presentaban un solo conducto que correspondía al 88.4% y 34 dientes presentaban dos conductos que correspondían al 11.6%. De acuerdo con el análisis tomográfico, se encontró que en los cortes axiales y sagitales fue donde se observó la presencia del segundo conducto. Con respecto a la presencia del segundo conducto de acuerdo al tercio del canal radicular se identificó que la mayoría se presentó en el tercio medio (52.94%), seguido por coronal (29.41%) y por último el tercio apical (17.65%). De acuerdo con la clasificación de Vertucci se encontró que se presenta un mayor porcentaje del tipo I con 88.40%, seguido por el tipo III con 4.44%, después el tipo V con 3.41%, y el tipo II con 2.39%. El de menor porcentaje fue el tipo VI con 1.37%, mientras que, en las piezas analizadas, no se encontraron los tipos IV, VII y VIII. Conclusión: Basados en los resultados obtenidos en este estudio, la prevalencia de un segundo conducto en dientes anteroinferiores fue de 11.6%.


Title The prevalence of a second root canal in mandibular anterior teeth using Cone Beam Computed Tomography. Abstract Introduction: It is a common misconception that the mandibular anterior teeth usually have a single root canal with a single root. However, a study by Vertucci et. al., (1974), showed a high prevalence (13%) of two root canals in the lower anterior teeth, which stimulated further investigations. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of the second root canal in the mandibular anterior teeth in a Nicaraguan population, these were detected by means of computed tomography (Cone Beam). Materials and methods: In the study, 293 teeth were analyzed, from canine to canine of the mandibular teeth. To perform the analysis, the free software Radiant DICOM Viewer 2021.2.2 was used, sagittal, axial and coronal views were made to see the prevalence of the second root canal. Results: Of the 293 teeth analyzed, it was found that 259 had a single root canal corresponding to 88.4%, and 34 teeth had two root canals corresponding to 11.6%. According to the tomographic analysis, it was found that the presence of the second root canal was observed only in the axial and sagittal views. Regarding the presence of the second canal according to the third of the root canal, it was identified that the majority presented in the middle third (52.94%), followed by coronal (29.41%) and finally the apical third (17.65%). According to the Vertucci classification, it was found that there is a higher percentage of type I with 88.40%, followed by type III with 4.44%, then type V with 3.41%, and type II with 2.39%. The one with the lowest percentage was type VI with 1.37%, while in the pieces analyzed, types IV, VII and VIII were not found. Conclusion: Based on the results obtained in this study, the prevalence of a second root canal in lower anterior teeth was 11.6%.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cuspid/anatomy & histology , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Nicaragua
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 775-784, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514312

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The objective of this study was to evaluate the maxillary molar root canal morphology in individuals from the Shandong province, China, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and classify it based on Ahmed et al. (2017) classification system to obtain a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment. From December 2020 to June 2021, we screened CBCT data of 1,619 patients at the Jinan Stomatological Hospital who had been indicated for CBCT because of various oral abnormalities. The root and root canal morphologies of all teeth were statistically analyzed, and the root canal morphology was classified based on Ahmed et al. (2017) classification system. In the maxillary molars, three roots were the most common, accounting for 99.24 % and 74.61 % of all maxillary first and second molars, respectively. Two roots were the second most common, accounting for 0.66 % and 17.29 % of all maxillary first and second molars, respectively. Root morphology variation, e.g., fusion or furcation defect, was present in 22 (0.76 %) maxillary first molars and 765 (25.39 %) maxillary second molars, with the most common being mesiobuccal and distobuccal root fusion. Detection rates of a second mesiobuccal canal (MB2) in the maxillary first and second molars were 48.5 % and 26.5 %, respectively. Among age groups, the frequency of MB2 was the highest in the 15-24-year-old group and lowest in the 55-64-year-old group. Bilateral MB2 root canals were present in 64.8 % and 48.4 % of the maxillary first and second molars, respectively. Men and women accounted for 60.6 % and 67.8 % of the maxillary first molars, respectively, and 51.7 % and 45.6 % of the maxillary second molars, respectively. According to Ahmed et al. (2017) classification of root canal morphology, 18 and 22 root canal configurations were found in 1,453 right maxillary first molars and 1,444 left maxillary first molars, respectively. The right maxillary first molars showed three two-rooted, 14 three-rooted, and one four-rooted type. The left maxillary first molars showed two one-rooted, six two-rooted, and 14 three-rooted types. According to Ahmed et al. (2017) classification of root canal morphology, 43 and 45 root canal configurations were found in 1,507 right maxillary second molars and 1,506 left maxillary second molars, respectively. The right maxillary second molars showed 17 one-rooted, 16 two- rooted, eight three-rooted, and two four-rooted types. The left maxillary second molars showed 19 one-rooted, 13 two-rooted, 12 three- rooted, and one four-rooted type. This study showed that the maxillary molar root canal morphology is diverse in the Shandong province. Ahmed et al. (2017) classification system provides a clear description of the root canal morphology. CBCT can be used to study complex root and root canal morphologies.


El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la morfología del conducto radicular del molar superior en individuos de la provincia de Shandong, China, utilizando tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT) y clasificarla con base en el sistema de clasificación de Ahmed et al. (2017) para obtener una referencia para diagnóstico clínico y tratamiento. Desde diciembre de 2020 hasta junio de 2021, analizamos los datos de CBCT de 1619 pacientes en el Hospital Estomatológico de Jinan a quienes se les indicó CBCT debido a diversas anomalías orales. Las morfologías de la raíz y del conducto radicular de todos los dientes se analizaron estadísticamente, y la morfología del conducto radicular se clasificó según el sistema de clasificación de Ahmed et al. (2017). En los molares superiores, tres raíces fueron las más comunes, representando el 99,24 % y el 74,61 % de todos los primeros y segundos molares superiores, respectivamente. Dos raíces fueron las segundas más comunes, representando el 0,66 % y el 17,29 % de todos los primeros y segundos molares superiores, respectivamente. La variación de la morfología de la raíz, por ejemplo, fusión o defecto de furcación, estuvo presente en 22 (0,76 %) primeros molares superiores y 765 (25,39 %) segundos molares superiores, siendo la fusión radicular mesiovestibular y distovestibular la más común. Las tasas de detección de un segundo canal mesiovestibular (MB2) en los primeros y segundos molares superiores fueron del 48,5 % y 26,5 %, respectivamente. Entre los grupos de edad, la frecuencia de MB2 fue más alta en el grupo de 15 a 24 años y más baja en el grupo de 55 a 64 años. Los conductos radiculares MB2 bilaterales estaban presentes en el 64,8 % y el 48,4 % de los primeros y segundos molares superiores, respectivamente. En los hombres y en las mujeres representaron el 60,6 % y el 67,8 % de los primeros molares superiores, respectivamente, y el 51,7 % y el 45,6 % de los segundos molares superiores, respec- tivamente. Según la clasificación de la morfología del conducto radicular de Ahmed et al. (2017) se encontraron configuraciones de conducto radicular 18 y 22 en 1453 primeros molares superiores derechos y 1444 primeros molares superiores izquierdos, respectivamente. Los primeros molares superiores derechos mostraron tres tipos de dos raíces, 14 de tres raíces y uno de cuatro raíces. Los primeros molares superiores izquierdos mostraron dos tipos de una raíz, seis de dos raíces y 14 de tres raíces. Según la clasificación de la morfología del conducto radicular de Ahmed et al. (2017) se encontraron configuraciones de conducto radicular 43 y 45 en 1507 segundos molares superiores derechos y 1506 segundos molares superiores izquierdos, respectivamente. Los segundos molares superiores derechos mostraron 17 tipos de una raíz, 16 de dos raíces, ocho de tres raíces y dos de cuatro raíces. Los segundos molares superiores izquierdos mostraron 19 de una raíz, 13 de dos raíces, 12 de tres raíces y uno de cuatro raíces. Este estudio mostró que la morfología del conducto radicular del molar superior es diversa en la provincia de Shandong. El sistema de clasificación de Ahmed y colaboradores proporciona una descripción clara de la morfología del conducto radicular. CBCT se puede utilizar para estudiar morfologías complejas de raíces y conductos radiculares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Classification , Age Distribution , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Molar/anatomy & histology
12.
Odovtos (En linea) ; 25(1)abr. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1422187

ABSTRACT

A successful endodontic treatment requires a combination of satisfactory mechanical instrumentation, adequate irrigation protocols, and three-dimensional obturation of the canal system. Irrigation is considered the most critical procedure to ensure cleaning and disinfection. To date, a large variety of irrigants has been proposed. However, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) remains the gold standard. In order to achieve complete cleaning and disinfection, final irrigation with EDTA and ultrasonic devices has been used as an ideal protocol. Most endodontic research focuses on the cleaning and antibacterial properties of the irrigant solutions. Recent evidence demonstrated that the irrigation protocols cause erosion, affecting the radicular dentin ultrastructure. This article aims to describe the clinical features of the present knowledge concerning the effect of irrigation protocols on radicular dentin.


Un tratamiento de endodoncia exitoso requiere de una satisfactoria instrumentación mecánica, protocolos de irrigación adecuados y obturación tridimensional del sistema de conductos radiculares. La irrigación se considera el procedimiento más crítico para garantizar la limpieza y desinfección. Hasta la fecha, se ha propuesto una gran variedad de irrigantes. Sin embargo, el hipoclorito de sodio (NaOCl) sigue siendo el estándar de oro. Para lograr una limpieza y desinfección completa, se ha utilizado como protocolo ideal la irrigación final con EDTA y dispositivos ultrasónicos. La mayor parte de la investigación en endodoncia se enfoca en las propiedades antibacterianas y de limpieza de las soluciones de irrigación. Reciente evidencia demostró que los protocolos de irrigación provocan erosión, afectando la ultraestructura de la dentina radicular. Este artículo tiene como objetivo describir algunas consideraciones clínicas del conocimiento actual sobre el efecto de los protocolos de irrigación en la dentina radicular.


Subject(s)
Sodium Hypochlorite/therapeutic use , Dental Pulp Cavity , Therapeutic Irrigation/instrumentation
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 477-481, abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440335

ABSTRACT

Describir la morfología del sistema de canales radiculares del primer molar maxilar en una población chilena mediante exámenes de tomografía computarizada Cone-Beam (CBCT). Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo en el cual se utilizaron los exámenes CBCT de pacientes que fueron atendidos en un Centro de Radiología Maxilofacial privado durante el período comprendido entre Enero y Diciembre del año 2018 en la ciudad de Temuco, Chile, los cuales fueron observados de manera independiente por dos investigadores previamente calibrados. Se observaron 199 exámenes CBCT. En la raíz mesiobucal,predominaron las morfologías tipo II, I y IV de Vertucci respectivamente, mientras que en la raíz distobucal y palatina predominó la morfología tipo I. El canal MB2 estuvo presente en el 62,3 % de los casos, con una prevalencia significativamente mayor en pacientes jóvenes. En la mayoría de los primeros molares maxilares de los habitantes de la ciudad de Temuco se observaron tres raíces separadas y la presencia de cuatro canales. Se determinó una alta frecuencia del canal MB2 en la raíz MB.


SUMMARY: The objective of this study was to describe the morphology of the root canal system of the maxillary first molar in a Chilean population through Cone-Beam computed tomography (CBCT) examinations. A descriptive observational study was carried out in which the CBCT examinations of patients who were treated in a private maxillofacial radiology center during the period between January and December 2018 in Temuco, Chile, were used which were observed independently by two previously calibrated researchers. In this analysis 199 CBCT exams were observed. In the mesiobuccal root, Type II, I and IV morphologies predominated respectively, while in the distobuccal and palatal root, Type I morphology predominated. The MB2 canal was present in 62.3 % of cases, with a higher prevalence in young patients. Three separate roots and the presence of four canals were observed in most of the maxillary first molars of the patients in Temuco. A high frequency of the MB2 canal was determined in the root MB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Chile , Age Distribution , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Maxilla , Molar/anatomy & histology
14.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 554-562, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007938

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of ultrasound and acoustic and laser cleaning of curved root canals.@*METHODS@#A total of 92 molars with independent root canals with a curvature of 20°-40° were prepared and standardized at 04 25# and stained with gentian violet solution for 72 h. Among them, 52 were randomly divi-ded into four groups for final rinsing (n=13): NI group, PUI group, EDDY group, and PIPS group. Ten samples in each group were cut horizontally along the long axis perpendicular to the root and divided into curved upper, curved, and apical segments. Images were taken with a stereomicroscope and Image J measurements were taken to calculate the depth of rinse penetration. The remaining three samples from each group were split along the long axis of the dentin, photographed by scanning electron microscope to record the dentin tubule exposure and staining layer, and scored for staining layer by double-blind method. SPSS 26.0 software was used to perform statistical analysis and select the best flushing method. An extra 40 samples were randomly divided into four groups for detection of flushing fluid penetration depth (n=10): 10, 20, 30, and 40 s.@*RESULTS@#In the upper part, the mean depth of infiltration was not significantly different between the experimental and control groups (P>0.05). The PIPS group had a significantly lower smear layer score than the control group and the EDDY group (P<0.01). In the curved segment, the mean depth of infiltration was significantly greater in the PUI group than in the control group (P<0.05); the tarnish layer score was lower in each experimental group than in the control group. At the top, the mean depth of infiltration was greater in the PUI and PIPS groups than in the control group (P<0.05), and the smear layer score was lower in the PIPS group than in the other groups (P<0.05). After the time was changed, the depth of infiltration of PUI increased only in the apical segment as the flushing time increased.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The PUI and PIPS methods facilitate the penetration of irrigation solution into the dentin canal in curved root canals, especially in the apical segment. The PIPS technique is effective in removing the smear layer in curved root canals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Root Canal Irrigants , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Smear Layer , Sodium Hypochlorite , Therapeutic Irrigation/methods , Double-Blind Method
15.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 471-477, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007929

ABSTRACT

When the use of root canal retreatment and apical surgery experiences difficulty in treating endodontic diseases, intentional replantation is an optional clinical technique used to retain the tooth. A 28-year-old female complained of chewing discomfort at the mandibular second molar after undergoing root canal treatment 3 month ago. History record and radiographic examination revealed that a C-shaped root canal system was filled with gutta-percha in the mandibular second molar. A radiolucency area existed at the root furcal area with a thin canal wall in the distal and mesial roots. Intentional replantation was used to treat this tooth. The clinical and radiographic results showed that intentional replantation and nano-biomaterial application facilitated infection control, tooth retention, and periodontal tissue regeneration.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Tooth Replantation , Root Canal Therapy , Dental Pulp Cavity , Gutta-Percha/therapeutic use , Tooth Root , Molar/surgery , Retreatment
16.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 232-236, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981117

ABSTRACT

Dens invaginatus is a rare developmental anomaly of the teeth that is caused by the infolding of enamel organs or the penetration of their proliferations into dental papillae before calcification has occurred. The presence of double dens invaginatus is extremely rare. This paper describes the use of cone beam computed tomography in the evaluation of a maxillary lateral incisor with double dens invaginatus and periapical periodontitis. The tooth was treated through microscopic root canal therapy. The tooth was free of clinical symptoms, and the periradicular lesion narrowed during the follow-up period of 1 year.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/abnormalities , Dens in Dente/pathology , Incisor/pathology , Root Canal Therapy , Periapical Periodontitis/pathology
17.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 38-43, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971271

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a model of Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) infection in dentinal tubules by gradient centrifugation and to evaluate the antibacterial effect of low-temperature plasma on E. faecalis in dentinal tubules.@*METHODS@#Standard dentin blocks of 4 mm×4 mm×2 mm size were prepared from single root canal isolated teeth without caries, placed in the E. faecalis bacterial solution, centrifuged in gradient and incubated for 24 h to establish the model of dentinal tubule infection with E. faecalis. The twenty dentin blocks of were divided into five groups, low-temperature plasma jet treatment for 0, 5 and 10 min, calcium hydroxide paste sealing for 7 d and 2% chlorhexidine gel sealing for 7 d. Scanning electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscope were used to assess the infection in the dentinal tubules and the antibacterial effect of low-temperature plasma.@*RESULTS@#The results of scanning electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy showed that after 24 h of incubation by gradient centrifugation, E. faecalis could fully enter the dentinal tubules to a depth of more than 600μm indicating that this method was time-saving and efficient and could successfully construct a model of E. faecalis infection in dentinal tubules. Low-temperature plasma could enter the dentinal tubules and play a role, the structure of E. faecalis was still intact after 5 min of low-temperature plasma treatment, with no obvious damage, and after 10 min of low-temperature plasma treatment, the surface morphology of E. faecalis was crumpled and deformed, the cell wall was seriously collapsed, and the normal physiological morphology was damaged indicating that the majority of E. faecalis was killed in the dentinal tubules. The antibacterial effect of low-temperature plasma treatment for 10 min exceeded that of the calcium hydroxide paste sealing for 7 d and the 2% chlorhexidine gel sealing for 7 d. These two chemicals had difficulty entering deep into the dentinal tubules, and therefore only had a few of antibacterial effect on the bacterial biofilm on the root canal wall, and there was also no significant damage to the E. faecalis bacterial structure.@*CONCLUSION@#Gradient centrifugation could establish the model of E. faecalis dentin infection successfully. Low-temperature plasma treatment for 10 min could kill E. faecalis in dentinal tubules effectively, which is superior to the calcium hydroxide paste sealing for 7 d and the 2% chlorhexidine gel sealing for 7 d.


Subject(s)
Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Enterococcus faecalis/physiology , Temperature , Dentin , Biofilms , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Dental Pulp Cavity
18.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 92-97, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970761

ABSTRACT

It is a basic prerequisite for the successful completion of endodontic treatment to thoroughly understand the root canal space anatomy. With the development of dental devices in dentistry, the root canal morphology of the mandibular first premolars can be presented in more detail. Before conducting root canal therapy on the mandibular first premolar with complex root canal morphology, it should be necessary to evaluate the potential difficulties and risks for making an appropriate treatment plan. The present paper reviews the research progress on the diversities of root canal morphology in mandibular first premolars in recent years, and then makes technologic recommendations based on the morphology diversities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Mandible , Tooth Root/anatomy & histology , Root Canal Therapy
19.
Arq. odontol ; 59: 106-113, 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1518971

ABSTRACT

Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy to determine the root canal length, in vitro,of both the electronic apex locator (M2) and the autostop (AS - M3) functions of the Endus Duo Gnatus endodontic motor (Gnatus, São Paulo, SP, Brazil). Methods: Thirty extracted human single-rooted premolars had their root canal lengths (TLs) up to the apical foramen determined using the Endus Duo Gnatus in two ways: (1) In the stainless steel (SS) control group, the measurement was obtained using a stainless steel hand instrument with the electronic locator mode (M2 function) connected to a stainless-steel hand instrument (K-file #15). In the NiTi rotary instrument (NiTi RI) intervention group, the measurement was obtained during the instrumentation (M3 function) of the root canals with a nickel-titanium rotary instrument (Hyflex CM: Coltene Whaledent, Cuyahoga Falls, OH, USA), size 25/.06. The NiTi manually used instrument (NiTi MUI) Intervention group performed the measurement in locator mode using a Hyflex instrument, placed to true length manually. Statistical analysis was performed using ANOVA followed by the Tukey post-hoc test with a significance level of p < 0.05. Results: The true mean length and standard deviation (SD) of the standardized root canals were 18.40 ± 2.14mm, while the mean lengths and standard deviations (SD) were 18.29 ± 1.89mm, 18.22 ± 1.85mm, and 17.24 ± 2.09mm for the SS, NiTi RI, and NiTi MUI groups, respectively. However, data from the NiTi MUI Intervention group indicated shorter root canal lengths when compared to the SS control group and the NiTi RI Intervention group values, and were significantly shorter than the true canal length (p < 0.001). Conclusions:The use of the motor in NiTi RI Intervention group showed acceptable results. However, the NiTi MUI Intervention group resulted in unacceptable short measurements.


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia na determinação do comprimento do canal radicular, in vitro, das funções localizador eletrônico foraminal (M2) e auto-parada durante a instrumentação (M3) do motor endodôntico Endus Duo Gnatus ( Gnatus, São Paulo, SP, Brasil). Métodos: Trinta pré-molares humanos uniradiculares extraídos tiveram seus comprimentos de canais radiculares (CRTs) até o forame apical determinados usando o Endus Duo Gnatus de duas maneiras: (1) No grupo controle de aço inoxidável (SS), a medida foi obtida usando um instrumento manual de aço inoxidável com modo de localização eletrônica foraminal (função M2) conectado a um instrumento manual de aço inoxidável (lima tipo K #15). No grupo intervenção instrumento rotatório NiTi (NiTi RI), a medida foi obtida durante a instrumentação (função M3) dos canais radiculares com instrumento rotatório de níquel-titânio (Hyflex CM: Coltene Whaledent, Cuyahoga Falls, OH, EUA), tamanho 25/.06. O grupo de intervenção NiTi instrumento usado manualmente (NiTi MUI) realizou a medição no modo localizador foraminal usando um instrumento Hyflex, colocado manualmente no comprimento real do dente. A análise estatística foi realizada por meio de ANOVA seguida do teste post-hoc de Tukey com nível de significância de p < 0,05. Resultados: Os comprimentos reais médios dos dentes e desvios-padrão (DP) dos canais radiculares padronizados foram 18,40 ± 2,14 mm, enquanto os comprimentos médios e desvios- padrão (DP) foram 18,29 ± 1,89 mm, 18,22 ± 1,85 mm e 17,24 ± 2,09 mm para os grupos SS, NiTi RI e NiTi MUI, respectivamente. No entanto, os dados do grupo de intervenção NiTi MUI indicaram comprimentos de canais radiculares mais curtos quando comparados aos valores do grupo controle SS e do grupo de intervenção NiTi RI, e foram significativamente mais curtos que o comprimento real do canal (p < 0,001). Conclusões: A utilização do motor no grupo Intervenção NiTi RI apresentou resultados aceitáveis. No entanto, o grupo de intervenção NiTi MUI resultou em medições curtas inaceitáveis.


Subject(s)
Weights and Measures , Dental Equipment , Dental Pulp Cavity , Endodontics
20.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1507024

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the efficacy of 5% Glycolic Acid (GA), 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and 7% maleic acid (MA), in removing the smear layer (SL). Material and Methods: For the experiment, forty single-rooted human teeth were selected. To perform the chemo‑mechanical preparation, the root canals were instrumented to an apical size of #30, along with simultaneous irrigation of 2.5% NaOCl. The samples were allotted to the experimental groups based on the final irrigating solution (n=10): (1) The GA group: 05%, (2) the EDTA group: 17%, (3) the MA group: 7%, and (4) the control group: Distilled water. The teeth were evaluated for the presence or absence of SL using SEM. Results: Comparing the 5% GA, 7% MA and 17% EDTA groups, no statistically significant differences were found at the coronal and middle thirds (p>0.05). However, in the apical third, MA had greater efficacy than EDTA (p=0.002) and GA (p=0.041), with a significant difference in the SL removal, while there was no significant difference between the latter (p=0.148). Conclusion: Thus, it was concluded that 7% maleic acid as a final irrigating solution is more efficacious than 17% EDTA and 5% glycolic acid in eliminating the smear layer from the apical portion of the root canal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Smear Layer , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Chi-Square Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric
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