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1.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e057, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011660

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of peracetic acid (PAA) as a single irrigant on the smear layer, on the intraradicular dentinal bond strength, and on the penetrability of an epoxy-based resin sealer into the dentinal tubules. A total of 120 roots were distributed into 4 groups according to the irrigant used in root canal preparation: 1% PAA (PAA); 2.5% NaOCl followed by final irrigation with 17% EDTA and 2.5% NaOCl (NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl); 2.5% NaOCl (NaOCl); and saline solution (SS). The smear layer was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy. The bond strength of an epoxy-based resin sealer (AH Plus) to root dentin was evaluated by the push-out test and penetrability of the sealer into dentinal tubules was observed by confocal laser microscopy. The results were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and the Dunn post-test (α = 0.05). The use of 1% PAA as single root canal irrigant provided smear layer removal and improved the penetrability and bond strength of AH Plus to root dentin in a manner similar to that of the NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl group (p > 0.05). The NaOCl and SS groups had higher values of smear layer and lower values of sealer penetrability and dentin bond strength than the PAA and NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl groups (p < 0.05). Thus, 1% PAA has the potential to be used as a single irrigant in root canals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peracetic Acid/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Smear Layer/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dentin/drug effects , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Reference Values , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Dental Bonding/methods , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Microscopy, Confocal , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170374, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893735

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To determine the concentration of calcium, iron, manganese and zinc ions after the application of chelator to Enterococcus faecalis biofilms. Material and Methods Fifty bovine maxillary central incisors were prepared and inoculated with E. faecalis for 60 days. The following were used as irrigation solutions: 17% EDTA (pH 3, 7 and 10), 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) combined with 17% EDTA (pH 3, 7 and 10), distilled water (pH 3, 7 and 10), and 2.5% NaOCl. Each solution was kept in the root canal for five minutes. Fifteen uncontaminated root canals were irrigated with 17% EDTA (pH 3, 7 and 10). Six teeth were used as bacterial control. The number of calcium, iron, manganese and zinc ions was determined using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Mean ± standard deviation (SD) values were used for descriptive statistics. Results Calcium chelation using 17% EDTA at pH 7 was higher than at pH 3 and 10, regardless of whether bacterial biofilm was present. The highest concentration of iron occurred at pH 3 in the presence of bacterial biofilm. The highest concentration of manganese found was 2.5% NaOCl and 17% EDTA at pH 7 in the presence of bacterial biofilm. Zinc levels were not detectable. Conclusions The pH of chelating agents affected the removal of calcium, iron, and manganese ions. The concentration of iron ions in root canals with bacterial biofilm was higher after the use of 17% EDTA at pH 3 than after the use of the other solutions at all pH levels.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Chelating Agents/pharmacology , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Biofilms/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Spectrophotometry, Atomic , Materials Testing , Water/chemistry , Chelating Agents/chemistry , Calcium/analysis , Edetic Acid/pharmacology , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Enterococcus faecalis/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Ions , Iron/analysis , Manganese/analysis
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e94, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952136

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study analyzed the influence of different retreatment protocols on amount of remaining filling material and amount of new sealer after endodontic retreatment. Forty mandibular molars with curved mesial roots were prepared with ProTaper Universal system, and filled with AH Plus sealer mixed with 0.1% rhodamine B and gutta-percha. After 7 days, the specimens were randomized according to the retreatment protocol (n = 10): ProTaper Retreatment System (PTR); PTR+Orange Oil (PTR+OO); PTR+Passive Ultrasonic Irrigation (PTR+PUI). No retreatment was performed in the control group (CG). After retreatment, the root canals were filled with AH Plus mixed with 0.1% fluorescein and gutta-percha. Samples were evaluated under confocal laser scanning microscopy and analyzed using Image J software. Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (p < 0.05). Regarding presence of residual filling, the Kruskal-Wallis test indicated no differences among the different retreatment techniques in the perimeter and the isthmus analyses (p > 0.05); however, PTR+PUI was associated with a lesser amount of residual filling material in the canal area analysis (p < 0.05). In evaluating the new filling, the perimeter analysis showed a lesser amount of new endodontic sealer in the PTR group (p < 0.05). Moreover, the PTR+PUI group presented a significantly greater amount of new endodontic sealer in the canal area analysis (p < 0.05). There was no difference among groups in the isthmus analysis (p > 0.05). It can be concluded that PTR associated to PUI yielded better results in removing root canal filling material from the canal area. However, none of the protocols resulted in root walls completely free of remnants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/therapeutic use , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Microscopy, Confocal , Retreatment/methods , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(2): 208-216, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-778335

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of concentration, exposure time and temperature of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) added with surfactants on its penetration into dentinal tubules. Sixty-five extracted human permanent maxillary anterior teeth with single canals were prepared by ProTaper SX hand-operated instruments. The teeth were then sectioned perpendicular to the long axis. The crowns and apical thirds of all the teeth were removed. The remaining roots were processed into 4-mm-long blocks and stained overnight in crystal violet. One hundred and thirty stained blocks were further split into halves and treated by nine different types of NaOCl-based solutions. Three solutions were added with surfactants (Hypoclean, H6, Chlor-Xtra) and the others were regular hypochlorites at increasing concentrations (1%, 2%, 4%, 5.25%, <6%, 6% NaOCl) from different brands. The dentin blocks were exposed to the solutions for 2, 5, and 20 min at 20 °C, 37 °C and 45 °C, respectively. The depth of NaOCl penetration was determined by bleaching of the stain and measured by light microscopy at 20 and 40. Statistical comparisons were made by using a generalized linear model with Bonferroni's post-hoc correction. The shortest penetration (81±6.6 μm) was obtained after incubation in 1% NaOCl for 2 min at 20 °C; the highest penetration (376.3±3.8 μm) was obtained with Chlor-Xtra for 20 min at 45 °C. Varying NaOCl concentration produced a minimal effect while temperature and exposure time had a significant direct relationship with NaOCl penetration into dentinal tubules, especially those with lowered surface tension. The exposure time and temperature of sodium hypochlorite as well as the addition of surfactants may influence the penetration depth of irrigants into dentinal tubules.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da concentração, tempo de exposição e temperatura de hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl) acrescidos de tensioativos na penetração nos túbulos dentinários. Sessenta e cinco dentes superiores humanos uniradiculares extraídos foram preparadas usando instrumentos ProTaper SX operados manualmente. Os dentes foram seccionados perpendicularmente ao longo eixo. As coroas e o terço apical foram removidos. Os restantes das raízes foram transformadas em blocos de 4-mm de comprimento e coradas durante em violeta de cristal. Cento e trinta blocos foram posteriormente divididos em metades e tratados por nove tipos diferentes de soluções de NaOCl. Três soluções com tensioativos foram adicionadas (Hypoclean, H6, Chlor-Xtra); e os outros foram os hipocloritos regulares em concentrações crescentes (1, 2, 4, 5,25, <6 and 6% de NaOCl) de diferentes origens. Os blocos de dentina foram expostos às soluções de 2, 5 e 20 min a 20 °C, 37 °C e 45 °C, respectivamente. A profundidade de penetração do NaOCl foi determinada pelo branqueamento da mancha e medido em microscopia de luz com ampliações de 20× e 40×. Comparações estatísticas foram feitas usando um modelo linear generalizado com a correção de Bonferroni (post-hoc). A menor penetração (81±6,6 m) foi medida após incubação com 1% de hipoclorito de sódio durante 2 min a 20 °C; a maior penetração (376,3±3,8 m) foi obtida com Chlor-Xtra durante 20 min a 45 °C. Variando a concentração do NaOCl verificou-se um efeito mínimo, enquanto que a temperatura e o tempo de exposição teve uma relação significativa direta com a penetração de hipocloritos de sódio, especialmente aqueles com tensão superficial reduzido, nos túbulos dentinários. O tempo de exposição e temperatura do hipoclorito de sódio bem como a adição de agentes tensioativos pode influenciar significativamente a profundidade de penetração de soluções irrigantes nos túbulos dentinários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Surface-Active Agents/pharmacokinetics , Surface-Active Agents/chemistry
5.
Bauru; s.n; 2016. 78 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-881277

ABSTRACT

O estabelecimento de uma camada híbrida adequada no canal radicular representa um dos principais desafios clínicos devido à dificuldade de acesso. Dessa forma, o uso de inibidores proteolíticos poderia tornar-se um recurso favorável. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito de inibidores proteolíticos na união de pino de fibra de vidro fixado com cimento adesivo, considerando os terços radiculares e tempos distintos, por meio da resistência de união (RU). Cento e quarenta e quatro raízes bovinas foram selecionadas e divididas em 6 grupos de tratamento, e redivididas em 3 subgrupos de acordo com os tempos de avaliação de 24 horas, 6 e 12 meses (n=8). Após o tratamento endodôntico e desobturação padronizados, as raízes foram cimentadas com pinos de fibra de vidro cônicos (Exacto/Angelus). As raízes foram tratadas com sistema adesivo convencional de três passos, Adper Scotchbond Multipurpose/ 3M ESPE (SBMP) e cimento dual RelyX ARC/ 3M ESPE. Após prévia divisão, foram alocadas em grupos CN (Controle Negativo- sem pré tratamento associado), CP (Controle Positivo- com agentes ativador e catalisador), EDTA (ácido etilenodiamino tetra-acético a 17%), CHX (digluconato de clorexidina a 2%), E-5 (E- 64 a 5 µM) e E-10 (E-64 a 10 µM). Após 24 horas, as raízes foram seccionadas perpendicularmente ao longo eixo e identificadas quanto à região, obtendo-se fatias de 1 mm de espessura (cervical, médio e apical), que foram armazenadas em saliva artificial para serem testadas. Todas as fatias foram submetidas ao teste de extrusão (push-out) na máquina de teste universal (Instron) com célula de carga de 50 N a 0,5 mm/min. Os dados foram analisados pelo teste de ANOVA a três critérios e comparações múltiplas com Tukey, ambos com p<0,05. Após 24 horas, não se observou diferenças entre os tratamentos. Após 6 meses, a CHX demonstrou melhor desempenho, cujo efeito não se prorrogou até os 12 meses. O uso de inibidores proteolíticos não foram capazes de preservar a resistência de união dos pinos intrarradiculares até o tempo de 12 meses.(AU)


The adequate establishment of hybrid layer in the root canal on bonding process is still a clinical challenge due to its hard access. Thus, the use of proteolytic inhibitors could become a favorable tool. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of proteolytic inhibitors in the bonding of a glass- fiber post fixed with a luting cement, regarding the root thirds and different times through the bond strength. One hundred and forty four bovine roots were selected and divided into 6 treatment groups, and subdivided according to the time of evaluation of 24 hours, 6 and 12 months (n=8). After endodontic treatment and standardized removal procedure, the roots were cemented with tapered glass fiber posts (Exacto/ Angelus). The roots were treated with three-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system Adper Scotchbond Multipurpose/ 3M ESPE (SBMP) and dual cement RelyX ARC/ 3M ESPE. After previous division, CN (negative- control without pre associated treatment), CP (Control positive- with activator and catalyst agents) EDTA (17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) CHX (2% chlorhexidine digluconate) E-5 (5µM E-64) and E-10 (10µM E-64). After 24h, the roots were sectioned perpendicular to the long axis and identified according to third in 1mm thick slices (cervical, middle and apical), which were stored in artificial saliva to be tested. All slices were subjected to extrusion tests (push-out) in the universal test machine (Instron) at 50 N load cell at 0.5 mm/min. Data were analyzed with three-way ANOVA and multiple comparisons with Tukey test, both with p <0.05. After 24 hours, no differences were observed between treatments. After 6 months, CHX showed better performance, which did not last up 12 months. The proteolytic inhibitors performed differently in the bonding process over time; only CHX promoted inhibition at 6 months. The use of proteolytic inhibitors were not able to maintain the bond strength of intraradicular posts up time of 12 months.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dental Bonding/methods , Dental Pins , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dentin/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Glass/chemistry , Protease Inhibitors/chemistry , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/enzymology , Dentin/enzymology , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Time Factors , Tooth Fractures
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 21(1): 63-67, 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-684997

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study evaluated the hydrophobicity of dentin surfaces that were modified through chemical silanization with octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS). Material and Methods: An in vitro experimental study was performed using 40 human permanent incisors that were divided into the following two groups: non-silanized and silanized. The specimens were pretreated and chemically modified with OTS. After the chemical modification, the dentin hydrophobicity was examined using a water contact angle measurement (WCA). The effectiveness of the modification of hydrophobicity was verified by the fluid permeability test (FPT). Results and Conclusions: Statistically significant differences were found in the values of WCA and FPT between the two groups. After silanization, the hydrophobic intraradicular dentin surface exhibited in vitro properties that limit fluid penetration into the sealed root canal. This chemical treatment is a new approach for improving the sealing of the root canal system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dentin/drug effects , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions/drug effects , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Silanes/chemistry , Dental Leakage , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Dentin Permeability/drug effects , Dentin/chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Smear Layer , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors , Tooth Root/chemistry , Tooth Root/drug effects
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 20(6): 613-619, Nov.-Dec. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-660631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the performance of different adhesive systems in fiber post placement aiming to clarify the influence of different hydrophobic experimental blend adhesives, and of one commercially available adhesive on the frictional retention during a luting procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One luting agent (70 Wt% BisGMA, 28.5% TEGDMA; 1.5% p-tolyldiethanolamine) to cement fiber posts into root canals was applied with 4 different adhesive combinations: Group 1: The etched roots were rinsed with water for 30 s to remove the phosphoric acid, then rinsed with 99.6% ethanol for 30 s, and blotdried. A trial adhesive (base to catalyst on a 1:1 ratio) was used with an experimental luting agent (35% Bis-GMA, 14.37% TeGDMA, 0.5% eDMAB, 0.13% CQ); Group 2: A trial adhesive (base to catalyst on a 1:2 ratio) was luted as in Group 1; Group 3: One-Step Plus (OSP, Bisco Inc.) following the ethanol bonding technique in combination with the luting agent as in Group 1; Group 4: OSP strictly following the manufacturer's instructions using the luting agent as in Group 1. The groups were challenged with push-out tests. Posted root slices were loaded until post segment extrusion in the apical-coronal direction. Failure modes were analyzed under scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: Push-out strength was not significantly influenced by the luting agent (p>0.05). No statistically significant differences among the tested groups were found as Group 1 (exp 1 - ethanol-wet bonding technique)=Group 2 (exp 2 - ethanol-wet bonding technique)=Group 3 (OSP - ethanol-wet bonding technique)=Group 4 (control, OSP - water-wet bonding technique) (p>0.05). The dominating failure modes in all the groups were cohesive/adhesive failures, which were predominantly observed on the post/luting agent interface. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study support the hypothesis that the proposal to replace water with ethanol to bond fiber posts to the root canal using highly hydrophobic resin is plausible, but this seems to be more the proof of a concept than a clinically applicable procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Bonding/methods , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Post and Core Technique , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dentin/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Materials Testing , Random Allocation , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surface Properties
8.
Braz. oral res ; 26(4): 318-322, July-Aug. 2012. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-640707

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the ability of ions from a non-alcoholic calcium hydroxide-propolis paste to diffuse through dentinal tubules. Thirty-six single-rooted bovine teeth were used. The tooth crowns were removed, and the root canals were instrumented and divided into 3 groups: Group 1 - calcium hydroxide-propylene glycol paste; Group 2 - calcium hydroxide-saline solution paste; Group 3 - calcium hydroxide-propolis paste. After the root canal dressings were applied, the teeth were sealed and placed in containers with deionized water. The pH of the water was measured after 3, 24, 72 and 168 hours to determine the diffusion of calcium hydroxide ions through the dentinal tubules. All of the pastes studied promoted the diffusion of calcium hydroxide ions through the dentinal tubules. Associating propolis to calcium hydroxide resulted in a pH increase, which occurred with greater intensity after 72 hours. The calcium hydroxide-propolis paste was able to diffuse in dentin.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacokinetics , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacokinetics , Dentin/chemistry , Propolis/pharmacokinetics , Anti-Infective Agents/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Diffusion , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dentin/drug effects , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Ions/pharmacokinetics , Materials Testing , Propolis/chemistry , Root Canal Preparation , Time Factors
9.
Braz. oral res ; 26(1): 19-23, Jan.-Feb. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-622920

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of three rotary instrument systems (K3, ProTaper and Twisted File) in removing calcium hydroxide residues from root canal walls. Thirty-four human mandibular incisors were instrumented with the ProTaper System up to the F2 instrument, irrigated with 2.5% NaOCl followed by 17% EDTA, and filled with a calcium hydroxide intracanal dressing. After 7 days, the calcium hydroxide dressing was removed using the following rotary instruments: G1 - NiTi size 25, 0.06 taper, of the K3 System; G2 - NiTi F2, of the ProTaper System; or G3 - NiTi size 25, 0.06 taper, of the Twisted File System. The teeth were longitudinally grooved on the buccal and lingual root surfaces, split along their long axis, and their apical and cervical canal thirds were evaluated by SEM (×1000). The images were scored and the data were statistically analyzed using the Kruskall Wallis test. None of the instruments removed the calcium hydroxide dressing completely, either in the apical or cervical thirds, and no significant differences were observed among the rotary instruments tested (p > 0.05).


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Cements/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Instruments , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Nickel , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surface Properties , Titanium
10.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-140202

ABSTRACT

Pulp calcifications are a frequent finding on bitewing and periapical radiographs in older age-groups but their occurrence in the entire dentition in young subjects is unusual. We report such an unusual occurrence of generalized pulp calcification in a 13-year-old Indian female. Radiographic examination of the dentition revealed pulp calcifications in all permanent teeth, located mostly in the pulp chamber but with some in the root canals. The patient's dental, medical, and family history was noncontributory. Biochemical analysis of the removed pulp calcification from one of the teeth during endodontic treatment showed large amounts of calcium, phosphorus, and carbonate. However, metabolic evaluation of patient through liver and kidney function tests and other blood investigations did not reveal any metabolic disorder. The patient was also evaluated for any systemic, syndromic, or genetic involvement but this was also noncontributory. Therefore, we propose that this unusual case of generalized pulp calcification is of idiopathic origin. In this work, histopathological and biochemical evaluations of the pulp calcification was done to try and understand the initiation and progress of calcifications in pulpal tissue.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Calcium/analysis , Carbonates/analysis , Dental Pulp/chemistry , Dental Pulp/pathology , Dental Pulp Calcification/metabolism , Dental Pulp Calcification/pathology , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/pathology , Erythrocytes/pathology , Female , Humans , Magnesium/analysis , Mesoderm/pathology , Phosphorus/analysis , Radiography, Bitewing , Sodium/analysis , Tooth, Nonvital/metabolism , Tooth, Nonvital/pathology
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 19(2): 106-112, May-Apr. 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-586030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effcacy of auxiliary chemical substances and intracanal medications on Escherichia coli and its endotoxin in root canals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Teeth were contaminated with a suspension of E. coli for 14 days and divided into 3 groups according to the auxiliary chemical substance used: G1) 2.5 percent sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl); G2) 2 percent chlorhexidine gel (CLX); G3) pyrogenfree solution. After, these groups were subdivided according to the intracanal medication (ICM): A) Calcium hydroxide paste (Calen®), B) polymyxin B, and C) Calcium hydroxide paste+2 percent CLX gel. For the control group (G4), pyrogen-free saline solution was used without application of intracanal medication. Samples of the root canal content were collected immediately after biomechanical preparation (BMP), at 7 days after BMP, after 14 days of intracanal medication activity, and 7 days after removal of intracanal medication. The following aspects were evaluated for all collections: a) antimicrobial activity; b) quantifcation of endotoxin by the Limulus Amebocyte Lysate test (LAL). Results were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's tests at 5 percent signifcance level. RESULTS: The 2.5 percent NaOCl and CLX were able to eliminate E. coli from root canal lumen and reduced the amount of endotoxin compared to saline. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that 2.5 percent NaOCl and CLX were effective in eliminating E. coli. Only the studied intracanal medications were to reduce the amount of endotoxin present in the root canals, regardless of the irrigant used.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Endotoxins/analysis , Escherichia coli/drug effects , In Vitro Techniques , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Polymyxin B/pharmacology , Root Canal Preparation , Statistics, Nonparametric , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology
12.
J. appl. oral sci ; 18(5): 477-481, Sept.-Oct. 2010. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-564181

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of two adhesive systems and the post space region on the degree of conversion of dual resin cement and its bond strength to root dentin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One three-step etch-and-rinse (All-bond 2, Bisco) and another one-step self-etch (Xeno III, Dentsply) adhesive systems were applied on 20 (n=10) crownless bovine incisors, at 12-mm-deep post space preparation, and a fiber post (DT Light Post, Bisco) was cemented using a dual cure resin cement (Duo-Link, Bisco). Three transverse sections (3 mm) were obtained, being one from each study region (cervical, middle and apical). The degree of conversion of the dual cure resin cement was determined by a micro-Raman spectrometer. The data ( percent) were submitted to repeated-measures analysis of variance and Tukey's test (p<0.05). RESULTS: For both groups, the degree of conversion means ( percent) (All bond 2cervical = 69.3; All bond 2middle = 55.1; All bond 2apical= 56; Xeno III cervical = 68.7; Xeno IIImiddle = 68.8; Xeno III apical = 54.3) were not significantly different along the post space regions (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Neither the adhesive nor the post space region influenced the degree of conversion of the cement layer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Resin Cements/chemistry , Self-Curing of Dental Resins , Dental Bonding/methods , Dentin/ultrastructure , Materials Testing , Polymerization , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Tensile Strength , Time Factors
13.
Braz. oral res ; 20(2): 132-136, Apr.-June 2006. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-432189

ABSTRACT

A proposta deste trabalho foi avaliar a penetração de três corantes em retrocavidades obturadas com MTA. As retrocavidades foram confeccionadas com aparelho de ultra-som em 30 dentes unirradiculares e obturadas com MTA. Os espécimes foram divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos (n = 10) e imersos nas seguintes soluções corantes: azul de metileno a 2% (MET), nitrato de prata a 50% (NIT) e rodamina B a 0,2% (ROD). Duas fatias transversais (1 mm) da região retrobturada foram obtidas e avaliadas através do software Image Tool 3.0, objetivando quantificar a área (em mm2) de penetração do corante ao redor das retrobturações. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística, utilizando o teste t de Student. A menor área de penetração foi observada no grupo NIT, nas duas fatias (p < 0.05). A penetração de corante foi significativamente maior no grupo ROD quando comparado ao grupo NIT, nas duas fatias (p < 0.05), e ao grupo MET, somente na fatia 1 (p < 0.05). Dentro das limitações desta pesquisa, concluiu-se que a escolha da solução corante pode influenciar a avaliação da penetração em estudos sobre retrobturações e que o grupo NIT teve a menor capacidade de penetração na dentina apical.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Coloring Agents/chemistry , Dentin Permeability , Dental Leakage/prevention & control , Oxides/chemistry , Retrograde Obturation , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Drug Combinations , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Methylene Blue/analysis , Rhodamines/analysis , Silver Nitrate/analysis
14.
Odonto (Säo Bernardo do Campo) ; 13(26): 63-68, jul.-dez. 2005. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-518532

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo teve por objetivo avaliar a ação da substância química Endo PTC sob o aspecto da sua ação antimicrobiana, tendo como variação o veículo de sua composição. Para a análise, foram utilizados seis grupos experimentais: Grupo 1 - peróxido de uréia a 10%; Grupo 2 - Tween 80 a 15%; Grupo 3 - Carbowax a 75%; Grupo 4 - Carbopol a 75%; Grupo 5 - 3g de gel de Endo PTC; Grupo 6 - 3g de creme de Endo PTC. As placas foram semeadas e preparadas, para posterior leitura. A atividade antimicrobiana não foi demonstrada no grupo 2. Tendo em vista o modelo experimental executado foi possível concluir que a variação do veículo do Endo PTC, gel ou creme, não promoveu alterações na ação antimicrobiana.


The present study had for objective to evaluate the action of the chemical substance Endo PTC under the aspect of action antimicrobial, tends as variation the vehicle of composition. For the analysis, six experimental groups were used: Group 1 - urea peroxide to 10%; Group 2 - Tween 80 to 15%; Group 3 - Carbowax to 75%; Group 4 - Carbopol to 75%; Group 5 - 3g of gel of Endo PTC; Group 6 - 3g of cream of Endo PTC. The plates were sowed and prepared, for subsequent reading. The activity antimicrobial was not demonstrated in the group 2. Tends in view the executed experimental model was possible to end that the variation of Endo PTCÆS vehicle, gel or cream, didnÆt promote alterations in the action antimicrobial.


Subject(s)
Chemical Compounds , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Products with Antimicrobial Action
15.
Braz. oral res ; 19(1): 5-10, Jan.-Mar. 2005. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-403727

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar in vitro a capacidade e o tempo necessário para a endotoxina se difundir pelos túbulos dentinários em direção ao cemento. Foram utilizados 30 dentes humanos unirradiculados, que tiveram suas coroas e seus ápices seccionados, padronizando-se o tamanho em 15 mm. Os dentes foram instrumentados até a lima K30 e impermeabilizados externamente com adesivo epóxi, deixando-se 10 mm de raiz exposta (terço médio). Os espécimes foram acondicionados em tubos plásticos e submetidos à radiação gama cobalto 60. Após a radiação, foram divididos em 2 grupos (n = 15): G1) foi inoculada uma solução de endotoxina de Escherichia coli no canal radicular dos espécimes e 1 mL de água apirogênica foi colocado no interior dos tubos; G2 (controle): foi inoculada água apirogênica nos canais radiculares e 1 mL de água apirogência foi colocado em cada tubo. Após 30 min, 2 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h, 48 h, 72 h e 7 dias, a água do interior dos tubos foi removida e substituída por outra. A alíquota removida foi testada para se detectar presença de endotoxina através da produção de anticorpos (IgM) em cultura de linfócitos B, pois a endotoxina é um ativador policlonal dessas células. Os resultados foram submetidos à análise estatística ANOVA (5%) e teste de Tukey, em que foi verificado que a água removida dos tubos após 24 h, 48 h, 72 h e 7 dias induziu maior produção de anticorpos em relação aos demais grupos, com diferença significante (p < 0,05). Assim, a endotoxina foi capaz de se difundir pelos túbulos dentinários em direção ao cemento, atingindo a região externa da raiz após 24 h.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Dentin , Endotoxins/pharmacokinetics , Analysis of Variance , B-Lymphocytes/immunology , Culture Media , Dental Cements , Dentin Permeability , Diffusion , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Dentin/microbiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Endotoxins/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/metabolism , Time Factors
16.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. Bauru ; 5(3/4): 65-8, jul.-dez. 1997. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-222593

ABSTRACT

Analisou-se através da espectrofotometria de absorçäo atômica, a açäo do EDTA sobre a dentina do canal radicular, a velocidade e intensidade que o EDTA reage com os ions cálcicos e o grau de saturaçao de acordo com o tempo de sua permanência no canal. Constatou-se que a velocidade de reaçäo e maior rendimento do EDTA ocorre no primeiro minuto de aplicaçäo; o maior poder de descalcificaçäo ocorre nos três minutos iniciais; o maior grau de saturaçäo deu-se ao cabo de 12 horas; a velocidade de reaçäo do EDTA com o cálcio da dentina diminui com o correr do tempo


Subject(s)
Humans , Edetic Acid/analysis , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry , Endodontics , Spectrophotometry, Atomic/methods
17.
Rev. odontol. UNICID ; 9(2): 119-30, jul.-dez. 1997. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-229888

ABSTRACT

As leveduras säo freqüentes na cavidade bucal de indivíduos saudáveis, representando 60 a 70 por cento dos isolamentos, e seu estudo é importante, já que infecçöes causadas por esses microorganismos têm aumentado, principalmente com o advento da AIDS. O presente trabalho visa isolar leveduras do gênero Candida em dentes com comprometimento pulpar e/ou periapical e analisar in vitro a resistência desses microorganismos a medicamentos utilizados na terapia endodôntica. Foram estudados 100 dentes com comprometimento pulpar e/ou periapical, dos quais se coletou material do canal radicular 8 por cento de C. albicans. A verificaçäo da açäo in vitro de substâncias medicamentosas utilizadas na rotina do tratamento endodôntico sobre Candida demonstrou, nas condiçöes experimentais do presente trabalho, que atuaram efetivamente frente as amostras de Candida apenas o Cresophene, o Tricresol Formalina e a Clorexidine a 2 por cento


Subject(s)
Candida/isolation & purification , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Root Canal Irrigants , Root Canal Therapy , Yeasts/isolation & purification
18.
Rev. Assoc. Paul. Cir. Dent ; 51(6): 525-9, nov.-dez. 1997. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-211042

ABSTRACT

Estudou-se o reimplante dental mediato após o curativo intracanal com antibiótico/corticosteróide. Foram utilizados 36 ratos machos, que tiveram seu incisivo superior esquerdo extraído. Todos os dentes sofreram pulpectomia após 2 horas da extraçäo. Os dentes do Grupo I foram reimplantados; nos Grupos II e III, fez-se o curativo do canal com Otosporin e Betnovate N, respectivamente, e, em seguida, fez-se o reimplante. Após 10 e 60 dias do ato operatório, realizou-se o exame histológico. Constatou-se que a ausência de curativo intracanal resultou em intensa reabsorçäo radicular; o emprego de corticosteróide/antibiótico mostrou-se efetivo na reduçäo da reabsorçäo radicular; a forma pastosa dos medicamentos apresentou melhores resultados do que a forma líquida


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/pharmacokinetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacokinetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Root Canal Therapy , Tooth Replantation , Defensive and Curative Mechanisms
19.
Bauru; s.n; 1993. 168 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-230027

ABSTRACT

Na execuçäo deste trabalho foram utilizados 180 caninos humanos extraídos, armazenados em H²O destilada e formol a 10 por cento, que após a eliminaçäo da parte coronária tiveram seus ápices biselados a 2 mm, numa inclinaçäo de 45º segundo a técnica de NICHOLLS (97). A seguir os canais radiculares foram preparados, instrumentados, irrigados com soluçäo salina e obturados com guta-percha e cimento de óxido de zinco e eugenol pela técnica da condensaçäo lateral; as amostras foram na sequência impermeabilizadas com exceçäo do ápice biselado onde seriam feitas as retrobturaçöes. Cavidades com broca esférica n§ 2 foram preparadas após a distribuiçäo aleatória dos 18 grupos que receberam durante o preparo, irrigaçöes com soluçäo fisiológica, hipoclorito de sódio a 1 por cento e soluçäo fisiológica, após aplicaçäo prévia do E.D.T.A. por 3 minutos...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Dental Leakage/drug therapy , Root Canal Filling Materials/analysis , Dental Cements/analysis , Dental Materials/analysis , Retrograde Obturation/methods , Root Canal Irrigants/analysis , Root Canal Preparation
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