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1.
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 32-37, ene.-feb. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361822

ABSTRACT

Para el adecuado ejercicio de la odontología, los procedimientos realizados deben ejecutarse apegándose en todo momento a las normas y principios éticos propios de la profesión. Cuando un odontólogo decide, por voluntad propia, ejercer la profesión sin apegarse a dichos principios, se considera que actúa con negligencia. La negligencia se caracteriza por ser un acto indebido, en el cual el profesional ejecuta por voluntad propia acciones injustificables capaces de producir daños en la salud de los pacientes o en el pronóstico de un tratamiento. Los actos negligentes, además de atentar contra la integridad del paciente, ponen en riesgo a los profesionales de la salud que los cometen de sufrir consecuencias legales derivadas de dichos actos. El objetivo del presente artículo consiste en definir el concepto de negligencia, describir las formas más comunes en las que ésta se comete durante la consulta odontológica así como sus posibles consecuencias legales, ilustrándolas a su vez con la breve presentación de algunos casos (AU)


For the proper practice of dentistry, the procedures performed must be carried out adhering at all times to the standards and ethical principles of the profession. When a dentist voluntarily decides to practice the profession without adhering to these principles, he is considered to be acting negligently. Negligence is characterized as an improper act, in which the professional voluntarily executes unjustifiable actions capable of causing damage to the health of patients or the prognosis of a treatment. Negligent acts, in addition to threatening the integrity of the patient, put health professionals at risk who commit legal consequences derived from these acts. The aim of this article is to define the concept of negligence, to describe the most common ways in which it is committed during the dental practice as well as its legal consequences, illustrating them in turn with a brief presentation of some cases (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Liability, Legal , Malpractice , Dental Records , Infection Control, Dental , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Forensic Dentistry , Legislation, Dental
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e214995, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1281108

ABSTRACT

Proper recording and keeping dental records are an important part of any dental practice. It helps in improving patient care, has medico-legal importance and play significant role in human identification during mass disasters or criminal offences. Aim: To assess the knowledge and practices of recording and maintaining patients 'records among private dental practitioners of Delhi, India. Methods: Data for this cross-sectional study was collected from 160 dentists of Delhi using a self-administered questionnaire. The face and content validity as well as reliability of questionnaire was tested before the final data collection. A single trained examiner collected all the necessary information via personal visits or google forms. Chi-square test was applied to check the statistically significant difference between the dichotomous independent variables with respect to study participants' responses to the questionnaire. Results: The mean age of the study participants was 34.5 (SD 7.2) years.Digital method of recording patient's data and x-ray storage was more prevalent than manual method among the study participants. Slightly more than 40% of the dentists were keeping patient's records safe for a period of 6 to 10 years. Younger dentists with lesser years of practice were more explicit in recording and correcting patient records. Conclusion: Results of this study shows that private dental practitioners of Delhi are aware of medico-legal importance of dental records. Most of them were recording important findings and history of their patients. Dentists must be educated in two aspects namely correct method of recording and the ideal duration of storing their patients' dental records


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Records , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dentists , Forensic Dentistry
3.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 280-282, sept.-oct. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348306

ABSTRACT

El expediente clínico es considerado un documento de importancia médica y legal en donde se integran los datos necesarios para registrar el diagnóstico y los tratamientos realizados en cada paciente. Uno de los elementos más importantes dentro del expediente clínico son las notas de evolución, documentos con los que el odontólogo informa sobre el estado general del paciente y los tratamientos realizados cita tras cita. Existen legislaciones específicas en México que orientan al estomatólogo sobre los componentes mínimos necesarios que una nota de evolución debe tener; sin embargo, una de las omisiones más comunes de los odontólogos es que, por desconocimiento, no se dé la debida importancia a la elaboración de una adecuada nota de evolución, aumentando el riesgo de problemas legales. El objetivo del presente artículo es analizar la importancia de las notas de evolución dentro del expediente clínico, destacando su importancia clínica y legal (AU)


The clinical file is considered a document of medical and legal importance where the data necessary to record the diagnosis and the treatments performed on each patient are integrated. One of the most important elements within the clinical records are the medical charts, documents through which de dentist reports on the general condition of the patient and the treatments performed appointment after appointment. There are specific laws in Mexico that guide the stomatologist on the minimum necessary components that a medical chart must have, however, one of the most common omissions of dentist is that, due to ignorance, due importance is not given to the preparation of an adequate medical chart, increasing the risk of legal problems. The aim of this article is to analyze the importance of the evolution charts within the clinical records, highlighting their clinical and legal importance (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Records , Medical Records , Forensic Dentistry , Health-Disease Process , Dental Care/legislation & jurisprudence , Legislation, Dental , Mexico
4.
Rev. ADM ; 78(2): 80-83, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247499

ABSTRACT

El consentimiento informado forma parte de los elementos que constituyen el expediente clínico. Por su importancia informativa sobre posibles riesgos y complicaciones inherentes al tratamiento a realizar, su elaboración resulta de vital importancia. Existen numerosas legislaciones y normatividades que regulan este notable documento; sin embargo, resulta alarmante que muchos profesionistas omiten su realización o lo elaboran erróneamente, poniéndolos en riesgo de sufrir problemas legales. Además, es una realidad que el consentimiento informado es un documento mal entendido por la mayoría de los profesionistas, pudiendo incurrir en numerosos errores por desconocimiento. El objetivo del presente artículo es informar al cirujano dentista sobre los verdaderos alcances del consentimiento informado con fundamento en la legislación vigente en México (AU)


Informed consent is part of the elements that make up the clinical record. Due to its informative importance on possible risks and complications inherent to the treatment to be carried out, its preparation is of vital importance. There are numerous laws and regulations that regulate this remarkable document, however, it is alarming that many professionals omit its elaboration or wrongly elaborate it, putting them at risk of suffering legal problems. In addition, it is a reality that informed consent is a document misunderstood by most professionals, and may incur numerous errors due to ignorance. The aim of this article is to inform the dental surgeon about the true scope of informed consent based on current legislation in Mexico (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Liability, Legal , Forensic Dentistry/legislation & jurisprudence , Informed Consent , Dental Records/legislation & jurisprudence , Legislation, Dental , Malpractice/legislation & jurisprudence , Mexico
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351211

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To examine the types of traumatic dental injuries of the primary teeth (TDI-p) and the long-term sequelae on permanent dentition (LSP) comparing with a control group (CG). In addition, a questionnaire that measures parents' knowledge and awareness was used. Material and Methods: The trauma group (TG) consisted of permanent teeth following TDI-p exposed teeth, while the CG consisted of permanent teeth following unexposed teeth with TDI-p of the same patients. In total, 141 teeth were evaluated in 27 patients. Data concerning such as teeth, when TDI-p occurred, types of treatments and types of LSP were collected. Chi-square test was used for intergroup comparison for gender, type of trauma, LSP, age of trauma and parameters in the parental information questionnaire. Significance level was p<0.05. Results: A statistically significant difference was found in the analysis between TG and CG (p<0.001). The prevalence of LSP due to TDI-p was 29.6% and the prevalence of sequelae in CG was 7.4%. The most common LSP was enamel hypoplasia (14.8%). Parents were aware of the importance of TDI-p, and they had insufficient knowledge about its management. Conclusion: TDI-p can be considered a high-risk factor in the development of LSP. Also, the lack of knowledge in parents should be supported by software-based application systems to be developed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Tooth Avulsion/diagnostic imaging , Dental Records , Tooth Injuries/diagnosis , Dentition, Permanent , Parents , Turkey/epidemiology , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Photography, Dental/instrumentation
6.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 64-70, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252886

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer la relación entre el grado de enfermedad periodontal y el control metabólico de la glucemia en pacientes que padecen diabetes tipo 2. Es un estudio de tipo observacional, descriptivo, transversal. Se seleccionaron 42 pacientes con diagnóstico de diabetes mellitus tipo 2 de ambos sexos, entre 25 y 75. Se realizó odontograma y se evaluó el grado de enfermedad periodontal para determinar el grado de compensación metabólica de los pacientes se tomaron muestras de sangre venosa y se midieron los valores de hemoglobina glicosilada. Un 23,55% de los pacientes no presentaron enfermedad periodontal y el resto se dividió en leve, moderada y severa presentándose la enfermedad leve en primer orden. Los pacientes con mayor grado de enfermedad periodontal presentaron mayor número de piezas dentarias perdidas (p 0,0334). La enfermedad periodontal se distribuye de la misma manera en ambos grupos de control glucémico (p=0,1211). En el grupo estudiado, el grado de enfermedad periodontal es independiente del control glucémico de los pacientes (AU)


The objective of this work was to establish the relationship between the degree of periodontal disease and the metabolic control of glycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. It is an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study. 42 patients with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus of both sexes, between 25 and 75, were selected. An odontogram was performed and the degree of periodontal disease was evaluated; venous blood samples were taken and glycosylated hemoglobin values were measured to determine the degree of metabolic compensation of the patients. 23.55% of the patients did not present periodontal disease and the rest were divided into mild, moderate, and severe, with mild disease presenting in the first order. The patients with a higher degree of periodontal disease had a higher number of missing teeth (p 0.0334). Periodontal disease is distributed in the same way in both glycemic control groups (p = 0.1211). In the group studied, the degree of periodontal disease is independent of the glycemic control of the patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Periodontitis/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Argentina/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Blood Glucose , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Dental Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Tooth Loss/epidemiology , Sex Distribution , Dental Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Observational Study
7.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351207

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of caries stages and interventions on first permanent molars (FPM) in Brazilian children. Material and Methods: Data from FPM were extracted from dental records of children aged 5-14 years of age that attended the UERJ Pediatric Dentistry Clinic. Data include patient age, sex, biofilm index, presence of carious lesions in all stages, and the treatments. Data was analyzed using the SPSS® 20.0 program. Results: A total of 158 dental records were analyzed, 587 registers were related to the caries stage and 601 related to the interventions; mean age of 8.26 (±1.4 years) and 53.2% were girls. The prevalence of active/inactive white spot(AWS/IWS) varied from 14.3% to 21.6% in right upper and lower left FPM, respectively. Enamel/dentin lesions without pulp involvement were also more prevalent in the lower arch and ranged from 3.4% for the right upper to 11.5% for the lower right FPM. Cavities with pulp involvement or indicated extraction ranged from 0% to 1.4%. Treatment included dental sealants, varying from 17.1 to 24.0% (n=126) and restorations, varying from 1.3 to 11.8% (n=38). The lower right were the most affected teeth. Conclusion: First permanent molars presented a higher prevalence of dental caries in early stages and the most prevalent treatment was related to the initial carious process, fluor therapy and sealants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Brazil/epidemiology , Child , Dental Care , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Caries , Molar , Chi-Square Distribution , Dental Records , Biofilms
8.
Rev. Bras. Odontol. Leg. RBOL ; 7(3): [65-75], 20201206.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281463

ABSTRACT

O prontuário odontológico é um documento de suma importância para a prática odontológica, pois é através do mesmo que se obtém informações importantes do paciente, possibilitando conhece-lo como um todo. Além disso, é um aliado do profissional, atentando-se as necessidades administrativas, éticas e legais. Assim, através deste documento, desde que seja bem preenchido e arquivado, é possível auxiliar em casos de identificação humana. Assim, o presente estudo tem como objetivo verificar o conhecimento dos cirurgiões-dentistas de Alfenas-MG, sobre a importância do prontuário odontológico nos casos de identificação humana. Utilizou-se um questionário pré-estabelecido com questões relacionadas ao tema, junto a 147 profissionais. Verificou-se que os cirurgiões-dentistas de Alfenas-MG apresentam um conhecimento satisfatório sobre a importância da elaboração e manutenção do prontuário, principalmente nos casos de identificação humana. Entretanto, ainda há falhas no seu processo de preenchimento, podendo resultar em problemas administrativos e judiciais. Observou-se que 14,96% dos profissionais já tiveram a documentação odontológica solicitada para auxiliar no processo de identificação humana e, nestes casos 90,90% relataram que estes documentos foram extremamente úteis para solucionar o caso. Observou-se que os profissionais com menos de 10 anos de formado dedicam-se maior tempo para elaboração de uma anamnese e a utilização de software odontológico, com diferença estatística (p<0,01). Assim, observa-se que o profissional sabe da importância e colaboração do prontuário odontológico nos casos de identificação humana, mas ainda existe falhas no seu preenchimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Records , Forensic Anthropology , Forensic Dentistry
9.
Rev. Bras. Odontol. Leg. RBOL ; 7(3): [41-54], 20201206.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281461

ABSTRACT

Profissionais da Odontologia estão constantemente expostos a vários microrganismos, incluindo o novo Coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2), que apresenta alto potencial de disseminação. Considerando que durante o atendimento odontológico são gerados aerossóis com a disseminação de gotículas de saliva (potencialmente contaminada pelo vírus), a contaminação dos profissionais e pacientes poderia ser aumentada mesmo tomando-se os cuidados de biossegurança necessários. Embora o risco de contaminação durante um atendimento odontológico ainda não tenha sido estimado, a padronização de condutas, previamente e durante o atendimento odontológico, é atitude necessária para minimizar a transmissão do SARS-CoV-2 entre profissionais e pacientes. O objetivo do presente trabalho é propor um modelo de inquérito administrativo e clínico, com fundamento clínico, ético e legal, para a tomada de decisão sobre atender (ou não) um paciente com necessidades odontológicas em tempos de pandemia de COVID-19. A identificação de pacientes sintomáticos utilizando instrumentos sistematizados para coleta de informações pode minimizar o risco de contaminação por profissionais ou pacientes e, além disso, estes instrumentos podem subsidiar o profissional contra alegações infundadas, por parte dos pacientes, em casos de não atendimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Records , Coronavirus Infections , Forensic Dentistry , Medical History Taking
10.
Rev. Bras. Odontol. Leg. RBOL ; 7(2): [22-32], 20200901.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281446

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a Odontologia Legal é considerada um método primário de identificação humana. Consiste na comparação de informações da arcada dentária de um indivíduo em dois momentos distintos, geralmente ante e post-mortem. Por essa razão, necessita-se que as informações ante-mortem estejam bem expostas, atualizadas e conservadas na documentação odontológica. Objetivo: a partir dos laudos cadavéricos realizados pela equipe de odontolegistas em corpos não identificados, avaliar, de acordo com as normas éticas e legais odontológicas, as documentações enviadas ao Instituto Médico-Legal (IML) de São Luís ­ Maranhão, com vistas à identificação desses cadáveres, assim como a sua interferência no confronto entre os dados ante e post-mortem. Material e Métodos: análise dos laudos cadavéricos elaborados pelo IML-MA, bem como das documentações recebidas para posterior confronto de supostas vítimas, no período de 2014 a 2019. Resultados: os laudos revelam que em 76,3% (374) dos cadáveres constavam procedimentos odontológicos realizados em vida, porém apenas 6,4% (24) desses casos apresentavam seus respectivos registros. Discussão: é dever do cirurgião-dentista produzir e conservar uma documentação odontológica satisfatória para cada paciente. Além de servir como defesa do profissional em eventuais processos judiciais, é essencial para a identificação humana através da Odontologia Legal. Sua ausência resulta em maior custo e tempo para uma resposta aos familiares da vítima e ao Estado. Conclusão: o número de documentações clínicas encaminhadas ao IML é aquém do esperado (27), porém a adequada qualidade dessas documentações permitiu 72,4% (21) identificações positivas das vítimas, evidenciando a importância da Odontologia Legal na identificação humana.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Records , Forensic Anthropology , Forensic Dentistry
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811269

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand the nationwide patterns of antibiotic prescription after tooth extraction in adult patients.MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study analyzed dental records from the National Health Insurance Service–National Sample Cohort (NHIS–NSC) database on 503,725 tooth extractions performed in adults (≥19 years) during 2011–2015. Patient sex, age, household income, systemic disease (diabetes mellitus and hypertension), type of dental institution, region of dental institution, year of prescription, and type of tooth extraction procedure were considered. The antibiotic prescription rate and broad-spectrum antibiotic prescription frequency were analyzed using chi-squared tests. Factors affecting the prescription of broad-spectrum antibiotics were evaluated using multivariate logistic regression analysis.RESULTS: The rate of antibiotic prescription after tooth extraction was 81.85%. Penicillin was most commonly prescribed (45.25%), followed by penicillin with beta-lactamase inhibitors (18.76%), metronidazole (12.29%), and second- to fourth-generation cephalosporins (11.52%). The proportion of broad-spectrum antibiotics used among all prescribed antibiotics was 45.88%.CONCLUSION: The findings of this study demonstrate that the rate of antibiotic prescription after tooth extraction is higher in Korea than in other countries. Furthermore, broad-spectrum antibiotics are used more frequently, which may indicate unnecessary drug prescription, an important contributor to antibiotic resistance.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anti-Bacterial Agents , beta-Lactamase Inhibitors , Cephalosporins , Cohort Studies , Dental Records , Drug Prescriptions , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Family Characteristics , Humans , Korea , Logistic Models , Metronidazole , National Health Programs , Penicillins , Prescriptions , Tooth Extraction , Tooth
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101299

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the factors associated with the occurrence of dental trauma in children up to six years of age and describe the results of clinical follow-up and possible sequelae. Material and Methods: A retrospective study was carried out with data collected from the dental records of 96 pediatric patients up to 6 years old with traumatized primary teeth who sought care from the. Pediatric Dental Trauma project of a private university in the city of Rio de Janeiro from July 2014 to July 2017, and who had clinical and radiographic follow-up for up to three months as of their initial visit. Results: 96 children (58.3% boys and 41.7% girls) included who presented 166 traumatized primary teeth. Intrusion was the most observed type of trauma and in 45.8% of cases, the care occurred one-week post trauma. The maxillary central incisors were the most affected teeth (97.6%). The prognosis of the dental elements with more than 3 months of follow-up was considered favorable, and 59.6% of the teeth did not present any clinical or radiological sequelae. Oral hygiene instruction and monitoring were the most common approaches. Conclusion: The prevalence of dental trauma in the present study was high and occurred mainly in domestic settings. The upper central incisors were the teeth that suffered the most injuries. The presence of patients at follow-up visits was an important factor for the positive result in most cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Oral Hygiene , Tooth, Deciduous , Retrospective Studies , Tooth Injuries/diagnosis , Incisor/injuries , Universities , Brazil/epidemiology , Dental Records , Prevalence , Pediatric Dentistry , Statistics, Nonparametric
13.
Rev. ABENO ; 20(1): 80-90, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1284611

ABSTRACT

Este estudodocumental, longitudinal e quantitativo foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar a evolução documental dos prontuários clínicos institucionais após a implantação da gestão de risco. No ano de 2017, o Grupo de Estudos de Orientação Profissional e OdontologiaLegal (GEOPOL), da Universidade Estadual de Maringá (UEM) com o intuito de melhorar a produção documental e reduzir riscos. A presente pesquisa considerou 660 prontuários analisados pelo GEOPOL (Análise 1)no período de março de 2017 aabril de 2018. Entre maio e setembro de 2018,foram avaliados 422 prontuários(Análise 2), após a implantação da gestão de risco. Ambas as análises tiveram por base um check-listexclusivo, desenvolvido pelo GEOPOL para esta finalidade. Os dados foram processados em planilhas eletrônicas e os resultados foram apresentados de modo descritivo e analítico. Os resultados demonstraram que,no geral, as variáveis apresentaram um preenchimento melhor na Análise 2, demonstrando eficácia nos processos de gestão doGEOPOL. Conclui-se que houve evolução nopreenchimento documental dos prontuários clínicos após a implantação da gestão de risco (AU).


This documentary, longitudinal and quantitative study was carried out in order to evaluate the documentary evolution institutional clinical records after the implementation of risk management. In 2017, Legal Dentistry and Professional Orientation Study Group (GEOPOL), from State University of Maringá (UEM) in order to improve document production and reduce risks. The present study considered 660 records analyzed by GEOPOL (Analysis 1) from March 2017 to April 2018. Between May and September 2018, 422 records were evaluated (Analysis 2), after the implementation of risk management. Both analyzes were based on an exclusive checklist, developed by GEOPOL for this purpose. Data were processed in electronic spreadsheets and results were presented in a descriptive and analytical way. The results showed that, in general, the variables presented a better filling in Analysis 2,demonstrating effectiveness in GEOPOL management processes. It was concluded that there was an evolution in documentary filling of clinical records after the implementation of risk management (AU).


Subject(s)
Risk Management , Dental Records , Documentation , Ethics, Dental , Forensic Dentistry/legislation & jurisprudence , Brazil/epidemiology , Medical Records
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056870

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate the prevalence and characteristics of supernumerary teeth among patients attending the students' dental clinics at the Faculty of Dentistry of the Arab American University, Jenin, Palestine. Material and Methods: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective study of 1970 digital panoramic radiographs of patients, age ranging between 12 and 50 years. The radiographs and dental records were reviewed for supernumerary teeth. For each patient with supernumerary teeth, were recorded the demographic variables, number, location, eruption status, type, and morphology, the developmental stages. Descriptive statistics were performed and results were tabulated. Results: Supernumerary teeth were detected in 17 subjects (0.86%), of which 13 were males and 4 were females with a male to female ratio of 3.25:1. Of the 17 patients, 64.7% had one supernumerary tooth while the others had two. The majority (78.3%) of the supernumeraries were located in the maxilla. Around 56.5% of the supernumeraries found in this study were located in the premaxilla. Half of the supernumeraries (52.2%) were erupted, and 47.8% were impacted. Mesiodens was the most frequently seen supernumerary teeth followed by distomolars and premolars. Most of the supernumeraries were fully developed, while 21.7% displayed only crown formation. Conclusion: The prevalence of supernumerary teeth in the study sample was found to be 0.86% and the most frequent type was mesiodens. Supplemental morphology was found to be the most common form of supernumerary teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Tooth Abnormalities/prevention & control , Tooth, Supernumerary/etiology , Radiography, Panoramic/instrumentation , Retrospective Studies , Arabs , Bicuspid , Dental Records , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical
15.
Rev. Bras. Odontol. Leg. RBOL ; 6(3): [82,89], set-dez 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1050956

ABSTRACT

Identificar é determinar ou comprovar a identidade de algo, alguém ou de si mesmo, para isso é necessário um conjunto de procedimentos e diligências. O processo de identificação pode ser realizado por diferentes métodos, em casos de cadáveres carbonizados, muitas vezes, o método de escolha para a identificação é o comparativo entre as particularidades odontológicas ante e post mortem. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar um caso de identificação humana de corpo carbonizado através do método de comparação odontológica. No necrotério do Instituto de Perícias Oficiais local, deram entrada três corpos carbonizados envolvidos em sinistro aeronáutico. O perito odontolegista foi solicitado para participar do processo de identificação de umas das vítimas. O procedimento pericial consistiu na elaboração de um odontograma específico para o corpo não identificado (exame post-mortem) e confronto com os documentos assistenciais (prontuário odontológico) apresentados como sendo da vítima envolvida no acidente (exame ante-mortem). Após a uniformização dos dados Ante Mortem e Post Mortem, os odontogramas foram confrontados gerando o resultado positivo para identificação, destacando-se o registro de várias ausências dentais. Frente ao relato do caso, destaca-se a importância da atuação do cirurgião-dentista no contexto pericial, contribuindo significativamente com a efetividade dos exames realizados, com a celeridade dos resultados, oferecendo uma opção de baixo custo e alta eficiência para a identificação de corpos carbonizados, dispensando outros métodos de identificação


To identify is to determine or prove the identity of something, of someone or of oneself; for this, a set of procedures and diligences are necessary. The identification process can be performed by different methods; in cases of charred corpses, the method of choice for identification is often the comparative between dental and post-mortem dental characteristics. The objective of this work is to report a case of human identification of charred body by means of the method of dental comparison. In the morgue of the local Forensic Institute, three carbonized bodies involved in an aeronautical accident were admitted. A forensic dentist was asked to participate in the process of identifying one of the victims. The expert procedure consisted in the elaboration of a specific dental chart for the unidentified body (post-mortem examination) and confrontation with the assistance documents (dental records) presented as being of the victim involved in the accident (ante-mortem examination). After the standardization of Ante- Mortem and Post-Mortem data, the dental charts were confronted, generating the positive result for identification, highlighting the record of several dental absences. In view of the case report, the importance of the dental surgeon's performance in the expert context is of extreme value, contributing significantly to the effectiveness of the exams performed, with the speed of results, offering a low cost and high efficiency option for the identification of bodies rather than other methods of identification


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Records , Forensic Anthropology , Forensic Dentistry
16.
Rev. Bras. Odontol. Leg. RBOL ; 6(2): [89,105], mai-ago 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1050924

ABSTRACT

O presente artigo tem como objetivo discutir a Lei nº 13.787/2018 que dispõe sobre a digitalização e a utilização de sistemas informatizados para a guarda, o armazenamento e o manuseio de prontuário de paciente. Inicialmente são apresentadas definições sobre prontuário do paciente, bem como a apresentação e considerações sobre quatro tipos de prontuário do paciente. O texto prossegue analisando individualmente cada um dos sete artigos da Lei nº 13.787/2018, trazendo considerações sobre a digitalização de prontuários em papel, requisitos para digitalização a fim de tornar o documento digitalizado válido como um documento original, sistema de armazenamento do prontuário digitalizado, tempo mínimo de guarda e possibilidade de eliminação do prontuário do paciente. Como conclusão, o artigo evidencia os principais pontos da referida Lei e sua relevância no ordenamento jurídico nacional


The purpose of this article is to discuss the Brazilian Federal Law n. 13.787/2018, which deals with the digitization and use of computerized systems for the custody, storage and handling of patient records. Initially, definitions on patient charts are presented, as well as the presentation and considerations on four types of patient's charts. The text goes on to analyze individually the seven articles of Law 13.787/2018, with considerations on the digitization of medical records, requirements for digitization in order to make the scanned document valid as an original document, minimum guarding time and possibility of elimination of the patient's medical record. As a conclusion, the article highlights the main points of this Law and its relevance in the national legal system


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Records , Electronic Health Records , Forensic Dentistry
17.
Rev. Bras. Odontol. Leg. RBOL ; 6(2): [82,88], mai-ago 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1050923

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A identificação humana por meio dos arcos dentais pode se fazer necessária em diversas situações, tais como acidentes, desastres em massa e em corpos em avançado estado de decomposição, onde a comparação necropapiloscópica ou outros meios tornam-se inviáveis. Relato do Caso: Em 2017, deu entrada um cadáver em adiantado estado de putrefação, em uma capital Nordestina, no qual constava na requisição que o mesmo havia sido encontrado parcialmente inumado. Pela impossibilidade da realização da análise papiloscópica, foi solicitado a família da suposta vítima uma documentação odontológica e a mesma apresentou uma documentação ortodôntica recente. Ao realizar a análise comparativa dos dados ante-mortem (AM) e post-mortem (PM), notou-se a existência de vários pontos positivos de grande relevância, dentre eles a ausência de alguns elementos dentais, aparelho fixo instalado no arco dental superior, cárie e diastema interincisivos, sendo considerados elementos que caracterizavam aquele indivíduo e, ainda, ressaltando a inexistência de qualquer ponto divergente, possibilitando a identificação positiva. Como achados pós-morte também foi evidenciado que todos os dentes estavam rosados. Conclusão: o presente caso ilustra o trabalho do odontolegista e exemplifica a contribuição da Odontologia Legal para o processo de identificação humana, sendo possível elencar como vantagens a confiabilidade, rapidez dos resultados e o baixo custo


Introduction: Human identification by dental arch may be necessary in many situations, such as accidents, mass disasters and decomposing bodies, where a necropapilloscopic comparison or other means become unfeasible. Case Report: In 2017, entering an advanced state of decay in a northeastern capital was not an obligation to say goodbye at once. Due to the impossibility of performing papilloscopic analysis, recent orthodontic diagnosis documentation was requested. To perform a comparative analysis of ante-mortem (AM) and post-mortem (PM) data, noting the existence of several very important positive points, including the absence of some dental elements, the fixed appliance installed in the dental arch. Superior caries and interincisive diastema, being the elements that characterize that individual and also highlighting the absence of any divergent point, enabling a positive identification. As it was also possible to poison all teeth were rosy. Conclusion: the present specific case is the identification and evaluation work of Forensic Dentistry for the human identification process, being possible to grant advantages, speed of results and low cost.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Records , Forensic Anthropology , Forensic Dentistry
18.
Rev. Bras. Odontol. Leg. RBOL ; 6(2): [69,81], mai-ago 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1050921

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A Odontologia do Trabalho busca seu espaço dentro das empresas públicas e privadas. Pensando em melhorar a condição de vida do empregado e manter a produtividade da empresa, a Odontologia integra a equipe de Saúde Ocupacional das empresas, realizando ações preventivas e de educação em saúde, além dos exames admissionais e periódicos. OBJETIVO: O presente trabalho objetiva relatar a experiência do planejamento e reestruturação de um serviço de saúde bucal do trabalhador em uma empresa do setor elétrico brasileiro, com ênfase na documentação odontológica. RELATO DE CASO: O serviço de saúde bucal foi planejado levando em conta as metas e objetivos da empresa, as condições epidemiológicas dos trabalhadores brasileiros, além das prioridades elencadas pelos empregados e pela equipe de saúde. Um novo prontuário foi desenvolvido e o rol de procedimentos realizados no serviço foi ampliado. CONCLUSÃO: Cabe ao cirurgião-dentista apresentar projeto de implementação ou de readequação do serviço, demonstrando a melhoria dos índices de saúde bucal e geral através da realização de ações odontológicas ocupacionais e preventivas. A presença do cirurgião-dentista do trabalho nas empresas é de grande valia, pois este profissional contribuirá com a redução do absenteísmo, a diminuição dos acidentes de trabalho relacionados a causas odontológicas e a promoção de saúde bucal para todos os trabalhadores


INTRODUCTION: The Occupational Dentistry seeks space within the public and private companies. Thinking about improving the employee's living conditions and maintain the productivity of the company, Dentistry integrates the Occupational Health team, performing preventive actions and health education, in addition to the admission and periodic exams. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to report the experience of planning and restructuring a Labor Dentistry service in a company in the Brazilian electrical sector, with emphasis on dental documentation. CASE REPORT: The oral health service was planned taking into account the goals and objectives of the company, the epidemiological conditions of Brazilian workers, and the priorities established by the employees and the health team. The new dental record was developed and the list of procedures was updated and expanded. CONCLUSION: The dentist must submit a project for the implementation or the readjustment of the service, demonstrating the improvement of oral and general health indexes through the performance of occupational and preventive dental actions. The presence of the occupational dentist in the companies is of great value, since this professional will contribute with the reduction of absenteeism, the reduction of the accidents of work related to dental causes and the promotion of oral health for all the workers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Records , Occupational Health , Dental Care , Occupational Dentistry
19.
Rev. ADM ; 76(2): 91-96, mar.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008991

ABSTRACT

El expediente clínico se define como el conjunto de datos médicos y clínicos ordenados y detallados en forma cronológica, que permiten al profesional de la salud plantear un diagnóstico sindrómico y nosológico, con su posterior pronóstico, para finalmente llevar un registro del desarrollo de un tratamiento. Refleja la capacidad resolutiva de la clínica o consultorio, así como la capacidad profesional de su personal, de ahí la importancia de tener un expediente clínico bien integrado, ordenado, completo, legible y en apego a la normatividad vigente (AU)


The clinical file is defined as a set of medical and clinical data, which are ordered and chronologically detailed, allows the health professional to identify a syndromic and nosological diagnosis, with a later prognosis, to finally make a treatment plan. It reflects the resolutive capacity and the professional capacity of the clinician and his staff. Therefore, it becomes a legal document of the greatest importance, having to have the characteristics of being well integrated, orderly, complete, legible and in compliance with current regulations (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Records , Electronic Health Records , Practice Management, Dental , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Practice Patterns, Dentists'
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787377

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the survival rate of composite resin restorations in permanent first molars in pediatric patients focusing on the influence of risk factors related to patients and teeth.172 patients (6 – 12 years old) who had their permanent first molars restored with composite resin from July 2010 to July 2012 were investigated. From the dental records, the influence of the risk factors on the survival of restorations was assessed. Location of teeth, classification of cavities, patients' age and caries risk were included as risk factors in this study. The caries risks of patients were evaluated by the value of the decayed-missing-filled teeth index with the records of patients taken at 5 years old.Among 354 restorations, 272 restorations retained and 82 restorations were replaced. The overall cumulative survival rate at 5 years was 73.9%. The main reason for replacement of restorations was secondary caries (81.7%). Patients with older age group and with lower caries risk group showed higher survival rate of restorations. No statistically significant influence was detected between the survival rates and the possible risk factors : location of teeth, patients' age and caries risk. The survival rate of restorations was significantly affected by the classification of the cavities (p = 0.002).


Subject(s)
Classification , Dental Records , Humans , Molar , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survival Rate , Tooth
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