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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226262, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354997

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the impact of a dual-cured adhesive system on the in situ degree of conversion (DC), bond strength (BS) and failure mode (FM) of adhesive interfaces in dentin cavities restored with a bulk-fill resin composite. Methods: 4-mm-deep dentin cavities with a 3.1 C-factor were created in 68 bovine incisors (n = 17 per group). The lightcured (Scotchbond™ Universal) or the dual-cured (Adper™ Scotchbond™ Multi-purpose Plus) adhesive system was applied to the cavities, which were then restored with a bulkfill resin composite (Filtek™ Bulk Fill). In situ DC analysis was performed by means of micro Raman spectroscopy at the top and bottom interfaces. Push-out BS was measured in a universal testing machine after 24-h or 6-month water storage. FM was determined with a stereomicroscope. Data of in situ DC and BS were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test (p<0.05), while the FM was analyzed descriptively. Results: The groups that received the dual-cured adhesive system showed statistically higher in situ DC and BS than those that received the light-cured adhesive system. Cohesive failure mode was the most frequent in all conditions. Conclusion: In situ DC and BS were influenced by the curing strategies of the adhesive systems with better performance of the dual-cured material


Subject(s)
Aging , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Composite Resins , Physical Properties , Polymerization
2.
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 20-27, ene.-feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361506

ABSTRACT

Los sistemas cementantes han mejorado notablemente, los objetivos que persiguen los nuevos cementos es que la adhesión sea duradera y conseguir siempre que sea posible una interface cerrada con un sellado perfecto. Se han podido desarrollar nuevas técnicas y nuevos materiales de cementación que han ido perfeccionando la unión del material restaurador al diente. En el presente estudio se compara la fuerza de adhesión a dentina de cementos de autograbado y cementos de grabado total para comprobar los efectos positivos en el grabado de la dentina. Para el estudio se utilizaron dos cementos a base de resina (RelyX U200 Clicker 3M y RelyX Ultimate 3M). Se encapsularon 40 molares en acrílico en dos grupos de 20 muestras para la aplicación de dos sistemas cementantes de autograbado (grupo 1) y de grabado total (grupo 2), respectivamente, se desgastaron hasta descubrir la dentina; siguiendo las especificaciones del fabricante se colocó el cemento en cada grupo, y después se sometieron a pruebas de cizalla en una máquina de ensayo universal Instron. La medida expresada en megapascales (MPa) fue: grupo 1 = 7.5569 y grupo 2 = 12.6444. En este caso fueron analizados dos grupos, tomándose la primera significancia bilateral. Se realiza la prueba en t de Student, con 95% de intervalo de confianza en la diferencia, demostrando así que el cemento RelyX Ultimate 3M tiene mayor fuerza de adhesión que el cemento RelyX U200 Clicker 3M. Nuestra investigación fue factible y llegamos a nuestro propósito, en el cual comprobamos la mayor adhesión de cementos de grabado total, los cuales son sometidos a un previo tratamiento del diente (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Acid Etching, Dental , Cementation , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Resin Cements , Shear Strength , Tensile Strength , Statistical Analysis , Dentin/drug effects
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368117

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of different adhesives on the shear bond strength (SBS) of brackets bonded to different ceramic materials. Material and Methods: Fifty disk-shaped specimens were produced from lithium disilicate (IPS e.max CAD) and monolithic zirconia (Cercon) materials. Each specimen was polished with a three-step diamond polishing system. The polished ceramic surfaces were conditioned with universal bonding resin (Assure Plus) without pre-treatment, except for two specimens. Central brackets were bonded onto different ceramic specimens with different adhesives as follows: group 1: conventional adhesive onto the lithium disilicate; group 2: one-step adhesive onto the lithium disilicate; group 3: conventional adhesive onto the monolithic zirconia; group 4: one-step adhesive onto the monolithic zirconia. After thermal cycling, the specimens were subjected to the SBS test. The adhesive remnant index (ARI) scores were also recorded to evaluate bond failure type. Kruskal­Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests were used for statistical analysis. Results: There were statistically significant differences among the SBS values (p˂0.05). The monolithic zirconia group with universal bonding resin and conventional orthodontic adhesive demonstrated the highest SBS value (6.34 MPa) and ARI scores. The lithium disilicate group showed the lowest SBS value (2.17 MPa) with the same protocol. No adhesive remained on the lithium disilicate specimens. Conclusion: One-step adhesive and universal bonding resin combination should not be considered as an alternative for lithium disilicate and monolithic zirconia restorations. Conventional adhesive and universal bonding resin application can be effective on non-pretreated ceramic surfaces during orthodontic bonding (AU)


Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia de diferentes adesivos na resistência ao cisalhamento (SBS) de bráquetes colados a diferentes materiais cerâmicos. Material e métodos: Cinquenta espécimes em forma de disco foram produzidos a partir de materiais de dissilicato de lítio (IPS e.max CAD) e zircônia monolítica (Cercon). Cada amostra foi polida com um sistema de polimento de diamante de três passos. As superfícies cerâmicas polidas foram condicionadas com resina de ligação universal (Assure Plus) sem pré-tratamento, exceto para dois corpos-de-prova. Bráquetes centrais foram colados em diferentes corpos de prova cerâmicos com diferentes adesivos da seguinte forma: grupo 1: adesivo convencional sobre dissilicato de lítio; grupo 2: adesivo de uma etapa sobre o dissilicato de lítio; grupo 3: adesivo convencional sobre zircônia monolítica; grupo 4: adesivo de uma etapa sobre a zircônia monolítica. Após a ciclagem térmica, os corpos-de-prova foram submetidos ao teste SBS. Os escores do índice de remanescente adesivo (ARI) também foram registrados para avaliar o tipo de falha de adesão. Os testes U de Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney foram usados para análise estatística. Resultados: Houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os valores de SBS (p˂0,05). O grupo de zircônia monolítica com resina de colagem universal e adesivo ortodôntico convencional demonstrou o maior valor de SBS (6,34 MPa) e escores de ARI. O grupo de dissilicato de lítio apresentou o menor valor de SBS (2,17 MPa) com o mesmo protocolo. Nenhum adesivo permaneceu nas amostras de dissilicato de lítio. Conclusão: A combinação de adesivo de uma etapa e resina de ligação universal não deve ser considerada como uma alternativa para restaurações de dissilicato de lítio e zircônia monolítica. A aplicação de adesivo convencional e resina de colagem universal podem ser eficazes em superfícies de cerâmica não pré-tratadas durante a colagem ortodôntica (AU)


Subject(s)
Resins, Synthetic , Orthodontic Brackets , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Shear Strength
4.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363628

ABSTRACT

Objective: The current study aimed to evaluate the effect of diode laser irradiation (980 nm) and warm air drying (50°C) on shear bond strength between Lithium di-silicate (IPS e.max; Ivoclar) and human dentin using both (Etch & Rinse) adhesive, Adper™ Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) and (Self-etch) adhesive, Single Bond UniversalTM(3M ESPE) before adhesive polymerization. Material and Methods: 54 sound lower molars were sectioned to obtain flat dentinal surfaces. Specimens were divided into 2 equal groups (n=27): Group 1 (ER) and Group 2 (SE) according to bonding approach. Each subgroup was subdivided according to dentin surface treatment into 3 equal subgroups (n=9): Control (Co), Diode laser irradiation (L) and Warm air drying (W). All specimens were adhesively cemented to IPS e.max® CAD discs using RelyX™ Ultimate Clicker™(3M ESPE) resin cement. Samples were then subjected to pre-loading in a thermodynamic manner. All samples were tested for shear bond strength using computer-controlled material testing machine. Data analysis was performed using two-way (ANOVA) (p< 0.05) followed by pair-wise Tukey's post-hoc tests. Results: In (SE) group, the subgroup (W) had the highest shear bond strength values followed by (Co) subgroup and the least was (L) subgroup with statistically significant difference. As for (ER) group, the subgroup (W) had the highest shear bond strength values followed by (Co) subgroup and the least was (L) subgroup with no statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Warm air drying for (SE) bonding approach increased shear bond strength of Lithium di-silicate to human dentin and can be introduced as a new effective protocol.(AU)


Objetivo: o objetivo do estudo atual é avaliar o efeito da radiação do laser de diodo (980nm) e secagem de ar quente (50°C) na resistência ao cisalhamento entre dissilicati de Lítio (IPS e.max; Ivoclar) e a dentina humana usando ambos modelos de adesivos (condicionamento total) Adper™ Single Bond e (auto-condicionante) Single Bond Universal™ (3M ESPE), Single Bond UniversalTM (3M ESPE) antes da fotopolimerização. Material e Métodos: 54 segundos molares inferiores foram selecionados para obter superfícies dentinárias planas. Os espécimes foram divididos em 2 grupos iguais (n=27): grupo 1 (ER) e grupo 2 (SE) de acordo com protocolo de adesividade. Cada grupo foi subdividido de acordo com o tratamento de superfície dentro de 3 subgrupos iguais (n=9): Controle (co), irradiação com laser de diodo (L) e secagem com ar quente (W). Todos os espécimes foram adesivamente cimentados a discos de IPS emax CAD usando RelyX Ultimate Clicker (3M ESPE) cimento resinoso. As amostras foram então submetidas a pré-carregamento de forma termodinâmica. Todas as amostras foram testadas para resistência a cisalhamento usando máquina de teste de materiais controlados por computador. A análise de dados foi realizada usando ANOVA dois fatores (p<0.05) seguindo por testes de Tukey pareado como test post-hoc. Resultados: No grupo (SE), o subgrupo (W) apresentou maiores valores de resistência ao cisalhamento seguindo o subgrupo (Co) é o menor foi o subgrupo (L) com diferença estatisticamente significativa. Já para o grupo (Er), o subgrupo (W) apresentou os maiores valores de resistência ao cisalhamento seguido do grupo (Co) e o menor foi o subgrupo (L) sem diferença estatisticamente significante. Conclusão: a secagem com ar quente para a abordagem de adesividade (Se) aumentou a resistência ao cisalhamento do dissilicato de lítio à dentina humana e poderia ser introduzido como um novo e eficaz protocolo(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Shear Strength , Dentin , Lasers, Solid-State
5.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1367388

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of STMP as biomimetic analog of dentin matrix on the dentin bond strength submitted to artificial cariogenic challenge over time. Material and Methods: The total number of teeth used in the experiment was 60 teeth, which were divided into 6 groups (n = 10). Of these total amount, 10 teeth were not submitted to the artificial cariogenic challenge (ACC), serving as control group (Sound Dentin - SD) while the other 50 were submitted to an ACC (7d/37ºC), being treated with treatment solutions according to each group: SD- deionized water/sound dentin, CD- deionized water/ artificial caries dentin, GIII- STMP, GIV- STMP + Ca(OH)2, GV- STMP + NaF, and GVI- NaF. After treatments (24h), the specimens were restored (Adper Single Bond Universal + Filtek Z250), to obtain resin­dentin sticks with a cross sectional area of 0.8mm2, approximately. Two-third of these sticks were stored in artificial saliva (37°C) for analyzes after 6 and 12 months. The 1/3 remains were subjected to µTBS test (baseline). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (p<0.05). Results: In general, the highest µTBS values were obtained in sound condition (SD), while the artificial caries condition (CD) determined minimum values. Groups treated with NaF (with or without STMP- GV and GVI) were not able to improve adhesion over time. Only the use of STMP + Ca(OH)2(GIV) improved the µTBS compared to the others caries-challenged dentin after 1 year. The adhesive failure pattern was predominant in all time. Conclusion: The use of the STMP associated with Ca(OH)2 seems to be a viable therapeutic strategy conciliating the biomimetizing capacity to the adhesive process satisfactorily even its performance is not superior to initial condition (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do STMP como análogo biomimético da matriz dentinária na resistência de união à dentina submetida a desafio cariogênico artificial ao longo do tempo. Material e Métodos:foram utilizados um total de 60 dentes neste experimento, os quais foram divididos em 6 grupos (n = 10). Desse total, 10 dentes não foram submetidos ao desafio cariogênico artificial (DCA), servindo como grupo controle (Dentina Hígida - DH) enquanto os outros 50 foram submetidos ao DCA (7d / 37ºC), sendo tratados com soluções de tratamento específicas para cada grupo: DH- água deionizada / dentina hígida, DC- água deionizada / dentina submetida ao DCA, GIII- STMP, GIV- STMP + Ca(OH)2, GV- STMP + NaF e GVI- NaF. Após os tratamentos (24h), os corpos-de-prova foram restaurados (Adper Single Bond Universal + Filtek Z250), para obtenção de palitos de resina-dentina com área transversal de aproximadamente 0,8mm2. Dois terços desses palitos foram armazenados em saliva artificial (37°C) para análises após 6 e 12 meses. Os outros 1/3 foram submetidos ao teste µTBS (baseline). Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA a dois fatores e testes de Tukey (p <0,05). Resultados:Em geral, os maiores valores de µTBS foram obtidos em condição hígidas (DH), enquanto a condição subtmetidas ao DCA determinou os menores valores. Os grupos tratados com NaF (com ou sem STMP associado -GV e GVI) não foram capazes de melhorar a resistência de união, ao longo do tempo. Somente o uso de STMP + Ca (OH)2(GIV) melhorou o µTBS em comparação com as outras condições desafiadas por cárie após 1 ano. O padrão de falha adesiva foi predominante em todos os tempos. Conclusão: O uso do STMP associado ao Ca (OH)2 parece ser uma estratégia terapêutica viável conciliando a capacidade biomimetizante ao processo adesivo de forma satisfatória mesmo que seu desempenho não seja superior à condição inicial.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Protease Inhibitors , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dentin
6.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219342, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253927

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and the characteristics of the adhesive interface of Scotchbond Universal - SU ­ etch-and-rise mode (3M ESPE) and Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose - MP (3M ESPE) to dentin over time. Methods: Class I cavity preparations were performed in 60 human molars that were randomly divided according to the dentin bonding system (DBS) used (n=30): (1) Acid conditioning + SU and (2) Acid conditioning + MP. For bonding strength (BS) analysis, 30 teeth (n = 15) were sectioned into sticks and submitted to the microtensile test in a universal testing machine after 24 hours and 12 months. The adhesive interface of the others 30 teeth was analyzed in a confocal microscope after 24 hours and 12 months. The data of µTBS were analyzed by two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's HSD (α = 0.05). Results: SU presented the lowest DBS compared to MP (p=0.000). Time did not influenced DBS for both adhesive systems (p=0.177). Confocal microscopy analysis showed no cracks between both adhesive systems tested. Conclusion: The results indicate that MP - µTBS showed a better performance compared to SU in total-etch mode


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Microscopy, Confocal , Dentin , Methacrylates
7.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210525, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253928

ABSTRACT

Aim: Recent reports indicate that deproteinization of acid-etched dentin surface can extend penetration depth of adhesive agents. The main goal of the present research was to investigate the deproteinization effect of Nd:YAG and diode 940 lasers on acid-etched dentin and microleakage grade in class V composite restorations. Methods: 36 extracted human premolar teeth were selected to make standard buccal and lingual class V cavities. These samples were randomly split into three sub-groups: 1.Control group, in which composite was applied for restoration after etch and bonding process without deproteinization; 2.Nd:YAG laser group, in which the teeth were deproteinized with Nd:YAG laser after etching and painting internal surfaces of cavities with Van Geison stain and then composite restorations applied just as control group; 3.Diode laser group, in which the process was similar to Nd:YAG laser group, but instead, diode 940 laser was irradiated. The teeth were bisected into two equal longitudinal buccal and lingual halves. Marginal microleakage of samples was scored by using a stereomicroscope. Kruskal- Wallis, Mann-Whitney U and Fisher's statistical tests were employed for analysis of the obtained data. Results: A significant reduction in marginal microleakage was observed for both groups treated with laser (Nd:YAG and diode 940)compared to control (p=0.001 & p=0.047). There was no significant difference in marginal microleakage between Nd:YAG laser and diode 940groups (P = 0.333). Conclusion: Nd:YAG and diode 940 laser deproteinization of acid-etched dentin decreased the marginal microleakage of in-vitro class V resin composite restorations


Subject(s)
Humans , Acid Etching, Dental , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dental Leakage , Lasers
8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211670, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254259

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the effect of different surface treatments and adhesive approaches on the microshear bond strength of resin cement to a polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN). Methods: PICN blocks were randomly assigned into 9 groups (n=10): CTRL: no treatment; HF: 5% hydrofluoric acid etching; HF-S: HF + silane; HF-S-A: HF-S + adhesive (Adper Single Bond 2); HF-UA: HF + universal adhesive (Single Bond Universal); SB: sandblasting with 50 µm Al2O3 particles; SB-S: SB + silane; SB-S-A: SB-S + adhesive; SB-UA: SB + universal adhesive. Resin cement microcylinders (Ø = 0.96 mm; height = 1 mm) (RelyX Ultimate) were built upon the PICN surface after roughness and contact angle measurements. Next, microshear bonding tests (µSBS) were performed (0.5 mm/min) after water storage (37ºC, 90 days) and thermocycling (12,000 cycles; 5ºC-55ºC). Failure modes were observed under stereomicroscope. Bond strength data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA/Tukey's test and t-tests. Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn's tests were conducted for roughness and contact angle data (α = 0.05). Results: A rougher surface and lower contact angles were observed for Sandblasting. HF-S (18.54 ± 2.03 MPa), SB-S (19.00 ± 1.66 MPa) and SB-UA (18.07 ± 2.36 MPa) provided the highest bond strength values, followed by the other treated groups. The CTRL group resulted in lower bond strength (7.18 ± 2.34 MPa). Conclusion: Hydrofluoric acid etching followed by silane application and sandblasting followed by silane or universal adhesive are useful clinical steps to enhance bonding to PICN. Adhesive applications after HF etching have no advantages in bonding to PICN


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Ceramics , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Resin Cements , Air Abrasion, Dental , Hydrofluoric Acid
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 106-115, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345518

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 2% chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) on microtensile bond strength (µTBS) between an adhesive system and under 3 dentin conditions. For that, this study evaluated the adhesive interface at initial, after 6 months and 1 year of storage. Forty-eight human third molars were prepared and randomly divided into 3 groups, according to dentin substrates: sound dentin (Sd), caries-infected dentin (Ci) and caries-affected dentin (Ca). The groups were subdivided into two according to the dentin pre-treatment: application of 2% CHX or without pre-treatment (control). The dentin surfaces were etched with 35% phosphoric acid gel and bonded with Adper Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) adhesive system according to manufacturer's instructions. Subsequently, the specimens were stored in deionized water at 37°C for 24h, 6 months and 1 year. Two additional teeth were used to analyze the bonding interfaces by SEM. Data was submitted to three-way ANOVA in a split plot design and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The results showed that Ci decreased µTBS values when compared to Ca and Sd, regardless storages time or treatment. Stored samples for 6 months and 1 year decreased the µTBS for the control group, but no difference was found between storages time for the CHX group. As a conclusion, the 2% CHX application after etching showed improved dentin bond strength in the storage time, regardless of the substrates evaluated.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do digluconato de clorexidina 2% (CHX) na resistência de união à microtração (µTBS) entre um sistema adesivo e sob 3 condições de dentina. Para tanto, este estudo avaliou a interface adesiva no início, após 6 meses e 1 ano de armazenamento. Quarenta e oito terceiros molares humanos foram preparados e divididos aleatoriamente em 3 grupos, de acordo com os substratos dentinários: dentina hígida (Dh), dentina infectada por cárie (Di) e dentina afetada por cárie (Da). Os grupos foram subdivididos em dois de acordo com o pré-tratamento: aplicação de CHX 2% ou sem pré-tratamento (controle). As superfícies da dentina foram condicionadas com gel de ácido fosfórico a 35%, em seguida, utilizou-se o sistema adesivo Adper Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) de acordo com as instruções do fabricante. Posteriormente, os corpos-de-prova foram armazenados em água deionizada a 37°C por 24h, 6 meses e 1 ano. Dois dentes adicionais foram usados ​​para analisar as interfaces de união no MEV. Os dados foram submetidos a ANOVA três fatores em esquema de parcela subdividida e ao teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Os resultados mostram que a Di diminuiu os valores de µTBS quando comparado as Da e Dh, independente do tempo de armazenamento ou tratamento. Amostras armazenadas por 6 meses e 1 ano diminuíram a µTBS para o grupo de controle, mas nenhuma diferença foi encontrada entre o tempo de armazenamento para o grupo CHX. A aplicação de CHX 2% após o condicionamento apresentou melhora na resistência de união à dentina no tempo de armazenamento, independente dos substratos avaliados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dentin
10.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 3-8, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255177

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar clínicamente el comportamiento, el tiempo operatorio requerido, el costo y la dificultad de diferentes técnicas de restauración en piezas primarias, empleando ionómero vítreo fotoactivado (IVF) polvo/líquido, con y sin uso de acondicionamiento dentinario, y en cápsulas, con acondicionamiento. Materiales y métodos: El diseño de este estudio fue experimental y comparativo. Se realizaron, en 18 pacientes de 7±2 años, 33 restauraciones con IVF de una o más piezas primarias vitales con lesiones amelodentinarias en 1 o 2 superficies. Según su día de concurrencia a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Niños, se empleó: A) IVF polvo/líquido, con acondicionamiento (3M™ VitremerTM); B) IVF polvo/líquido, sin acondicionamiento (3M™ VitremerTM); y C) IVF en cápsulas, con acondicionamiento (Riva Light Cure). Las restauraciones fueron evaluadas clínicamente al inicio y a los 12 meses según los siguientes criterios: pérdida total, pérdida total con caries, requerimiento de reemplazo por pérdida parcial, requerimiento de reemplazo por caries, aceptable con deterioro, en condiciones. El grado de dificultad se analizó utilizando una planilla diseñada para tal fin. El tiempo operatorio requerido se midió sin considerar el tiempo de inserción. Resultados: El tiempo operatorio requerido fue de 2 minutos, 15 segundos en A; 1 minuto, 25 segundos en B; y 1 minuto, 10 segundos en C, sin considerar el tiempo de inserción. El costo fue 61,11% mayor para C. La dificultad fue de 3,2±0,6 para A y B, y de 1,5±0,7 para C (ANOVA; P<0,001). El comportamiento clínico no registró diferencias significativas entre los grupos (Fisher; P=0,339). Conclusión: Los ionómeros de restauración fotoactivados encapsulados utilizados en este estudio presentaron menor dificultad de manipulación, mayor costo y similar comportamiento clínico a un año que las presentaciones polvo-líquido, con o sin uso de acondicionamiento previo en piezas primarias (AU)


Aim: To assess the clinical performance, operative time required, cost and technical difficulties of different restorative techniques in primary teeth, using light cured glass ionomers (LCG), powder/liquid, with and without dentin conditioning and light cured glass ionomer in capsules with conditioning. Materials and methods: The design of this study was experimental and comparative. 33 restorations with LCG were performed in 18 patients, 7 ± 2-years-old, in one or more vital primary teeth with carious lesions involving one or more tooth surfaces. Patients were assigned to one of the three groups according to the day of the week in which they attended to the Pediatric Department of the Dental School: A) LCG powder/liquid, with conditioning (3M™ VitremerTM); B) LCG powder/liquid without conditioning (3M™ VitremerTM); and C) LCG in capsules with conditioning (Riva Light Cure). The restorations were clinically evaluated at baseline and after 12 months according to the following criteria: complete loss of the restoration, complete loss with caries, need of replacement because of partial loss, need of replacement because of caries, good condition with some wear and good condition. Technical difficulties were analyzed using a data sheet designed for that purpose. The operative time required was evaluated without considering the insertion time. Results: Time operative time required was 2 minutes 15 seconds in A, 1 minute 25 seconds in B and 1 minute 10 seconds in C. Cost was 61.11% higher for C. Difficulty was 3.2±0.6 for A and B and 1.5±0.7 for C (ANOVA; P<0.001). No significant differences were observed among the three groups in relation to the clinical performance (Fisher; P=0.339). Conclusions: In these 12 months, study in primary teeth, the light cured glass ionomers used dispensed in capsules showed to be the easiest to handle, had higher cost and similar clinical performance than the powder liquid presentations with and without dentin conditioner (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dental Care for Children/methods , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Glass Ionomer Cements/therapeutic use , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Statistical Analysis , Prospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Clinical Trial , Costs and Cost Analysis , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Time-to-Treatment
11.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(1): 1-7, feb. 24, 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282565

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the micro-push-out bond strength of a mineral-based root canal sealer, BioRoot RCS in canals prepared by K3XF rotary systems of two different tapers. Material and Methods: Eighty caries free maxillary central incisors were used in this study. The samples were allocated into 4 groups (n=20) according to the root canal sealer and taper of the rotary instruments. The samples were obturated using single cone obturation technique. From each root 1mm thick slices at coronal, middle and apical thirds were collected using hard tissue microtome under continuous water coolant. Push-out tests were done for these sections using a Universal testing machine (INSTRON 8801) at a crosshead speed of 1mm/min. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the bond strengths within groups and Tukey's multiple post hoc analysis was used for pair-wise comparison of bond strengths. Results: AH Plus exhibited higher micro-push-out bond strength than BioRootRCS though they did not differ significantly (p>0.05). Preparation of root canals with 6% taper rotary instruments showed higher bond strength than 4% though they did not differ significantly (p>0.05). Conclusion: There was no significant difference between micro-push-out bond strength values of BioRoot RCS and AH Plus. The bond strength values were high in 6% taper canals than 4% canals though the difference was not significant statistically.


Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la fuerza de unión por micro-expulsión de un sellador de conductos radiculares de base mineral, BioRoot RCS, en conductos preparados por sistemas rotativos K3XF con dos conos diferentes. Material y Métodos: En este estudio se utilizaron 80 incisivos centrales superiores libres de caries. Las muestras se distribuyeron en cuatro grupos (n = 20) de acuerdo al sellador del conducto radicular y al cono de los instrumentos rotativos. Las muestras se obturaron mediante la técnica de obturación de un solo cono. De cada raíz se recogieron rodajas de 1 mm de grosor en los tercios coronal, medio y apical utilizando un micrótomo de tejido duro con refrigeración continua por agua. Posteriormente, se realizó una prueba de expulsión para estas secciones utilizando una máquina de prueba universal (INSTRON 8801) a una velocidad del cabezal transversal de 1mm/min. Se utilizó el análisis de varianza unidireccional (ANOVA) para comparar las resistencias de la unión dentro de los grupos y el análisis post hoc multiple de Tukey se utilizó para la comparación por pares de las resistencias de la unión. Resultados: AH Plus exhibió una fuerza de unión de micro-expulsión más alta que BioRootRCS, aunque no difirieron significativamente (p>0,05). La preparación de los conductos radiculares con instrumentos rotativos ahusados al 6% mostró una fuerza de unión superior al 4%, aunque no difirieron significativamente (p>0,05). Conclusión: No hubo diferencias significativas entre los valores de fuerza de unión de micro-expulsión de BioRoot RCS y AH Plus. Los valores de la fuerza de unión fueron más altos en canales cónicos al 6% que en canales al 4%, aunque la diferencia no fue significativa estadísticamente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Flexural Strength , Resins, Synthetic , Analysis of Variance , Root Canal Preparation , Dental Pulp Cavity , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Minerals
12.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4, suppl 1): 1-12, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1349346

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of this double-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the clinical performance of two methacrylate-based flowable composite and ormocer-based flowable composite in non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) of adult patients. Material and Methods: 183 restorations were performed on NCCLs using the Futurabond U adhesive system, applied in the selective enamel etching mode in all cavities. After the adhesive application, the cavities were restored with one out of the three evaluated flowable composites (n = 61 per group): ormocer-based flowable composite (Admira Fusion Flow, ORM), low viscosity methacrylate-based composite (GrandioSO Flow, LV) and high viscosity methacrylate-based composite (GrandioSO Heavy Flow, HV). After 12 months of clinical performance, these restorations were evaluated according to FDI and USPHS criteria in the following items: retention/fracture, marginal adaptation, marginal staining, postoperative sensitivity and caries recurrence. Results: eight restorations were lost/fractured after 12 months of clinical evaluation (1 in the ORM and 7 in the HV group). The retention rates for 12- months (95% confidence interval) were 98.4% (91.3%-99.7%) for the ORM group, 100% (94.5%-100%) for the LV group and 88.5% (78.1%-94.3%) for the HV group, with no statistical difference identified between any pair of groups (p > 0.05). Five restorations presented small marginal adaptation defects at the 12-months evaluation recall, and all of them were considered clinically acceptable. Conclusion: The clinical performance of the universal adhesive associated to ormocer-based or methacrylate-based flowable composite were found to be promising after 12-month of clinical evaluation (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo clínico duplo-cego randomizado foi comparar as taxas de retenção de um compósito fluido à base de Ormocer versus dois compósitos fluidos à base de metacrilato quando utilizados em lesões cervicais não cariosas (LCNCs) de pacientes adultos. Material e Métodos: 183 restaurações foram realizadas em LCNCs utilizando o sistema adesivo Futurabond U, aplicado no modo de condicionamento seletivo do esmalte em todas as cavidades. Após a aplicação do adesivo, as cavidades foram restauradas com um dos três compósitos fluidos avaliados (n = 61 por grupo): compósito fluido à base de ormocer (Admira Fusion Flow, ORM), compósito à base de metacrilato de baixa viscosidade (GrandioSO Flow, LV) e compósito à base de metacrilato de alta viscosidade (GrandioSO Heavy Flow, HV). Após 12 meses de desempenho clínico, essas restaurações foram avaliadas de acordo com os critérios FDI e USPHS nos seguintes itens: retenção / fratura, adaptação marginal, coloração marginal, sensibilidade pós-operatória e recorrência de cárie. Resultados: oito restaurações foram perdidas / fraturadas após 12 meses de avaliação clínica (1 no grupo ORM e 7 no grupo HV). As taxas de retenção por 12 meses (intervalo de confiança de 95%) foram 98,4% (91,3% -99,7%) para o grupo ORM, 100% (94,5% -100%) para o grupo LV e 88,5% (78,1% -94,3%) para o grupo HV, sem diferença estatística identificada entre nenhum par de grupos (p> 0,05). Cinco restaurações apresentaram pequenos defeitos de adaptação marginais no período de avaliação de 12 meses, e todas foram consideradas clinicamente aceitáveis. Conclusão: O desempenho clínico do adesivo universal associado ao compósito fluido à base de ormocer ou metacrilato mostrou-se promissor após 12 meses de avaliação clínica(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Clinical Trial , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Restoration, Temporary
13.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4, suppl 1): 1-9, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352595

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the microshear bond strength of Universal adhesives to enamel and dentin after one week and eighteen months of water storage. Material and Methods: Fragments from the buccal surfaces of 80 bovine teeth were prepared (12x5x1.0 mm) and ground to obtain flat surfaces of enamel and dentin. Samples were randomly assigned to 8 experimental groups (n=10), according to four adhesive systems (Adper Single Bond Plus/control ­ not a Universal adhesive/ASB; Ambar Universal/AUN; Prime&Bond Active/PBA and Scotchbond Universal/SBU) and two water-storage times (one week and eighteen months after sample preparations). Adhesives were applied according to the manufacturers' instructions and molds were positioned over bonded surfaces. A flowable composite was poured into the molds to fill up their internal diameter and obtain resin cylinder (1.0mm height/0.7mm internal diameter) after light-curing. Bond strength was determined using a testing machine (0.5 mm/min) and data were statistically analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the post-hoc Tukey's test (alpha=0.05). Failure patterns were analyzed for all resin cylinder tested. Results: For enamel, differences among adhesives were observed only at 18 months, in which SBU produced lower bond strength values (15.9±3.0 MPa) than the others universal adhesives (AUN: 19.3±4.8 and PBA: 21.4±2.1 MPa) (p<0.05). For dentin, there were differences among adhesives only at 7 days, with PBA showing the highest bond strength (37.4±4.9 MPa) and ASB the lowest one (19.4±3.9 MPa) (p<0.05). Enamel and dentin bond strength of all adhesives decreased significantly after 18 months and reduction percentage varied from 36.9 to 52.4 for enamel and from 35.1 to 62.8 for dentin. Adhesive and mixed failures showed high incidences. Conclusion: Results suggested that adhesives presented differences among them depending on type of hard dental tissue and evaluation time. Enamel and dentin bond strengths of control and all universal adhesives tested were not stable, decreasing at eighteen months. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a resistência de união ao microcisalhamento de adesivos universais ao esmalte e dentina após uma semana e dezoito meses de armazenamento em água. Material e Métodos: Fragmentos da superfície vestibular de 80 dentes bovinos foram preparados (12x5x1,0 mm) até o obtenção de superfícies planas de esmalte e dentina. As amostras foram distribuídas aleatoriamente em 8 grupos experimentais (n=10), de acordo com quatro sistemas adesivos (Adper Single Bond Plus / controle - não universal; Ambar Universal; Prime & Bond Active e Scotchbond Universal) e dois tempos de armazenamento em água (uma semana e dezoito meses após o preparo das amostras). Os adesivos foram aplicados de acordo com as instruções dos fabricantes e as matrizes foram posicionadas sobre as superfícies aderidas. Um compósito fluido foi aplicado nas matrizes para preencher seu diâmetro interno e obter o cilindro do compósito por fotopolimeração (1,0 mm de altura / 0,7 mm de diâmetro interno). A resistência de união foi determinada em uma máquina universal de ensaios (0,5mm/min). Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pela análise de variância dois fatores (ANOVA) e teste de Tukey (alfa 0,05). Resultados: Para o esmalte, foram obtidas diferenças apenas aos 18 meses, em que Scotchbond Universal produziu menor média de resistência de união do que os demais adesivos universais. Para dentina, houve diferenças entre os adesivos apenas aos 7 dias, com o Prime & Bond Active apresentando a maior resistência de união e o Adper Single Bond Plus a menor. Os resultados sugeriram que os adesivos apresentaram diferenças entre si dependendo do substrato e do tempo de avaliação. Conclusão: As resistências de união em esmalte e dentina do controle e de todos os adesivos universais testados não foram estáveis, diminuindo aos dezoito meses (AU)


Subject(s)
Water Storage , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dental Enamel , Dentin
14.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(1): 1-8, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1145549

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the bond strength of High-Translucency zirconia (HT) and lithium disilicate dental ceramics, under different surface treatments. Material And Methods: For this, ceramics were divided into groups: Control Group (C) (n = 5), lithium disilicate sheets, conditioned with 10% hydrofluoric acid, followed by application of 37% phosphoric acid, silane and universal adhesive application; Group HTAI (n = 5), HT zirconia sheets were blasted with silica oxide, followed by the application of universal adhesive; Group HTPAI (n = 5), HT zirconia sheets were blasted with silica oxide, followed by the application of non-thermal plasma and universal adhesive and the HTP Group (n = 5), HT zirconia received only the application of non-thermal argon plasma. Subsequently, the specimens of each group were subjected to a cementation process with resin cement, obtaining cylinders. After 24 h of storage, in distilled water, at 37°C, the specimens were subjected to a mechanical micro-shear test. The data obtained were submitted to ANOVA One-way followed by the Tukey test (5%). Results: The HTP Group was excluded from the statistical analysis, as adhesions failed within the storage period. In addition, it was not possible to verify a statistical difference between the control group C and the experimental groups HTAI and HTPAI. Conclusion: The results showed that the applicability of high translucency zirconia can potentially be compared to the lithium disilicate bond strength, when submitted to the same surface treatments, except for the plasma application, which alone was not effective (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a resistência adesiva das cerâmicas dentárias de zircônia de alta translucidez e dissilicato de lítio. Materiais e Métodos: Para isso, cerâmicas foram divididas em grupos: Grupo Controle (C) (n = 5), lâminas de dissilicato de lítio, condicionadas com ácido fluorídrico 10%, seguido de aplicação do ácido fosfórico 37%, aplicação de silano e aplicação do adesivo universal; Grupo HTAI (n = 5), lâminas de zircônia HT foram submetidas ao jateamento com óxido de sílica, seguido da aplicação do adesivo universal; Grupo HTPAI (n = 5), lâminas de zircônia HT foram submetidas ao jateamento com óxido de sílica, seguido da aplicação do plasma não térmico e do adesivo universal e o Grupo HTP (n = 5), lâminas de zircônia HT receberam apenas a aplicação do plasma não térmico de argônio. Posteriormente, os espécimes de cada grupo foram submetidos a um processo de cimentação com cimento resinoso, obtendo-se cilindros. Após 24h, de armazenamento em água destilada a 37°C, os espécimes foram submetidos a ensaio mecânico de microcisalhamento. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à ANOVA 1-fator seguido pelo teste de Tukey (5%). Resultados: O Grupo HTP foi descartado da análise estatística, pois as adesões falharam dentro do período de armazenamento. Além disso, não foi possível verificar diferença estatística entre o grupo controle C e os experimentais HTAI e HTPAI. Conclusão: Os resultados mostraram que a aplicabilidade das zircônias de alta translucidez pode potencialmente ser comparada à resistência adesiva da cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio, quando submetidas aos mesmos tratamentos de superfície, com exceção da aplicação de plasma, que isoladamente não foi efetiva (AU)


Subject(s)
Metal Ceramic Alloys , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Resin Cements , Dental Cements
15.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(82): 35-42, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291352

ABSTRACT

En los últimos años resulta de elección la utilización de postes de fib ra en la rehabilitación de piezas endodónticamente tratadas. La adhesión entre poste, agente cementante y dentina radicular permitiría lograr una retención de la estructura dentro de las paredes del conducto. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la resistencia adhesiva en los tercios cervical, medio y apical, entre la dentina del conducto radicular y el cemento adhesivo utilizado en la cementación de postes de fibra. Se utilizaron 30 premolares inferiores uniradiculares humanos, recientemente extraídos, se realizaron los tratamientos endodónticos, se desobturaron y realizaron las preparaciones con la fresa conformadora número 3 para la cementación de postes White Post DC especial número 3 con cemento Paracore utilizando el protocolo adhesivo del mismo sistema. Las muestras fueron incluidas en acrílico cristal, cortadas en forma perpendicular al eje mayor de la pieza con una máquina de corte y por último se procedió a medir los valores de adhesión de los postes a la superficie interna de los conductos en los tres tercios con la prueba push-out mediante una máquina de ensayo universal. Los resultados arrojaron que las resistencias (media +- DE, MPa) en los tercios cervical, medio y apical, fueron 8,74 +- 3,12, 9,38 +- 2,29 y 11,11 +- 2,95, respectivamente. En el tercio apical se registró mayor resistencia. Considerando las limitaciones de esta investigación, se puede concluir que la cementación de postes de fibra con cementos resinosos, presenta mayores valores en el tercio apical y menores en el tercio cervical del conducto radicular con técnica de Push-out (AU)


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , Post and Core Technique , Flexural Strength , Bicuspid , Statistical Analysis , Cementation/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Tooth Cervix , Dental Pulp Cavity , Fibric Acids
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879969

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of captopril on the dentin bonding durability of self-etch adhesive. Different concentrations of captopril ethanol solutions or captopril ethanol/water solutions were prepared to pretreat dentin as primer for the self-etch adhesives. The surface morphology of the dentin was observed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Based on the morphology analysis, the pretreatment condition was selected and two self-etch adhesives were employed to evaluate the improvement effect of the captopril pretreatment on the dentin bonding durability. : SEM showed that the pretreatment of captopril ethanol solutions and captopril ethanol/water solutions were able to remove the smear lay and partially expose collagen matrix. According to the SEM results, the pretreating condition of captopril ethanol/water solution with the pretreating time of was selected for further dentin bonding study. For Clearfil SEBOND system, the immediate bonding strength increased from to  (0.05]. For Clearfil S BOND system, there was no significant difference in the immediate bonding strength between the experimental group [(4.07) MPa] and the control group[(4.11) MPa]. But after one-year aging, the bonding strength of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group <0.05]. : The pretreatment with captopril ethanol/water solution increases the dentin bonding strength of the self-etch adhesive systems and also improves the bonding durability.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Captopril , Dental Bonding , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements
17.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(5): 405-413, oct. 31, 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179032

ABSTRACT

Introduction: This study evaluated the influence of sonic vibration and thermocycling on the bond strength of fiberglass posts using conventional dual-cured and self-adhesive resin cements. Material and Methods: Ninety-six single-rooted endodontically treated teeth were divided randomly into eight groups according to the cement used (dual-cured or self-adhesive resin cement), use of sonic vibration during post accommodation, and aging conditions (24h in distilled water or 5,000 thermal cycles). The fiberglass posts (White Post DC1, FGM) were cleaned with alcohol, treated with silane and cemented with dual-cured (Allcem Core, FGM) or with self-adhesive resin cement (seT, SDI). For groups in which sonic vibration was used, the posts were accommodated, and sonic vibration was applied for 10 s using a special tip placed on top of the post (Sonic Smart Device, FGM). Pull-out tests were performed after storage in distilled water for 24h at 37°C or after thermocycling (5000 cycles, at 5°C and 55°C). The results were evaluated using three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Results: Significant differences were not observed between the bond strengths of dual-cured (87.93±41.81 N) and self-adhesive cement (82.53±41.43 N). Bond strength for the sonic vibration groups (100.36±42.35 N) was significantly higher than for groups without sonic vibration (70.13±34.90 N). There were significant differences between specimens subjected to thermocycling (98.33±39.42 N) and those stored for 24h in distilled water (72.16±39.67 N). Conclusion: It can be concluded that both sonic vibration and thermocycling significantly improved bond strength of fiberglass posts with the two evaluated resin cements.


Introducción: Este estudio evaluó la influencia de la vibración sónica y el termociclado en la fuerza de unión de los postes de fibra de vidrio utilizando cementos de resina autoadhesivos y de curado dual convencionales Material y Métodos: Se dividieron aleatoriamente noventa y seis dientes tratados endodónticamente de raíz única en ocho grupos según el cemento utilizado (cemento de resina de curado dual o autoadhesivo), el uso de vibración sónica durante la acomodación posterior y las condiciones de envejecimiento (24 horas agua destilada o 5.000 ciclos térmicos). Los postes de fibra de vidrio (White Post DC1, FGM) se limpiaron con alcohol, se trataron con silano y se cementaron con cemento de curado dual (Allcem Core, FGM) o con cemento de resina autoadhesivo (seT, SDI). Para los grupos en los que se utilizó vibración sónica, se acomodaron los postes y se aplicó la vibración sónica durante 10 s utilizando una punta especial colocada en la parte superior del poste (Sonic Smart Device, FGM). Las pruebas de extracción se realizaron después del almacenamiento en agua destilada durante 24 horas a 37ºC o después del termociclado (5000 ciclos, a 5ºC y 55ºC). Los resultados se evaluaron mediante ANOVA de tres vías y la prueba de Tukey (α = 0.05). Resultados: No se observaron diferencias significativas entre las resistencias de adhesión del cemento de curado dual (87,93 ± 41,81 N) y el cemento autoadhesivo (82,53 ± 41,43 N). La fuerza de unión para los grupos de vibración sónica (100,36 ± 42,35 N) fue significativamente mayor que para los grupos sin vibración sónica (70,13 ± 34,90 N). Hubo diferencias significativas entre los especímenes sometidos a termociclado (98,33 ± 39,42 N) y los almacenados durante 24 h en agua destilada (72,16 ± 39,67 N). Conclusión: Se puede concluir que tanto la vibración sónica como el termociclado mejoraron significativamente la fuerza de unión de los postes de fibra de vidrio con los dos cementos de resina evaluados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vibration , Post and Core Technique/instrumentation , Resin Cements/chemistry , Flexural Strength , Glass , Sonication/methods , Tooth Root , Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dentin/chemistry , Ultrasonic Waves
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(3): 272-280, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132305

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the application mode of three universal adhesive systems on interfacial physical properties of indirect composite restorations adhesively cemented to dentin cavities. Seventy-eight bovine lower incisors were selected and a slice of dentin (thickness: 2 mm) between the buccal surface and pulp chamber was obtained for each tooth. Conical cavities were made on this surface. The internal walls of the cavities were then coated with a hydrophilic gel, filled with composite resin and photopolymerized. The dentin/cone sets were divided into 6 groups (n=10) according to type of universal adhesive (TETRI: Tetric N Bond, FUT: Futura Bond U, SBU: Single Bond Universal) and acid etching on dentin (A: with acid etching; WA: without acid etching). The acid etching and the adhesive systems were applied to the surface of the dentin. All composite resin cones were sandblasted (Al2O3, 20 s) and silanized. After surface treatment, the cones were cemented (RelyX Ultimate) into the dentin cavity and photopolymerized. After thermocycling (10,000 cycles), samples were submitted to marginal adaptation analysis (using caries detector dye), push-out test (0.5 mm/min), and failure mode analysis. Additional samples were prepared for nanoleakage analysis (SEM). The data (MPa) were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-test (5%). The groups in which the dentin was acid etched showed significantly lower bond strength values in the push-out test (p<0.01). Dentin acid etching significantly reduced the bond strength between universal adhesive systems and dentin in indirect restorative procedures.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência do modo de aplicação de três sistemas adesivos universais nas propriedades físicas interfaciais de restaurações indiretas de compósito adesivamente cimentadas a cavidades dentinária. Setenta e oito incisivos inferiores bovinos foram selecionados e uma fatia de dentina (espessura: 2 mm) entre a face vestibular e a câmara pulpar foi obtida para cada dente. Cavidades cônicas foram feitas nesta superfície. As paredes internas das cavidades foram então revestidas com um gel hidrofílico, preenchidas com resina composta, e fotopolimerizados. Os conjuntos dentina/cone foram divididos em 6 grupos (n=10) de acordo com o tipo de adesivo universal (TETRI: Tetric N Bond, FUT: Futura Bond U, SBU: Single Bond Universal) e ácido na dentina (A: com condicionamento ácido; WA: sem condicionamento ácido). O condicionamento ácido e os sistemas adesivos foram aplicados na superfície da dentina. Todos os cones de resina composta foram jateados (Al2O3, 20 s) e silanizados. Após o tratamento superficial, os cones foram cimentados (RelyX Ultimate) na cavidade dentinária e fotopolimerizados. Após a termociclagem (10.000 ciclos), as amostras foram submetidas a análise de adaptação marginal (usando corante detector de carie), teste push-out (0,5 mm/min) e análise do modo de falha. Amostras adicionais foram preparadas para análise de nanoinfiltração (MEV). Os dados (MPa) foram analisados por ANOVA dois fatores e pós-teste de Tukey (5%). Os grupos em que a dentina foi condicionada por ácido apresentaram valores significativamente menores de resistência de união no teste push-out (p<0,01). O condicionamento ácido da dentina reduziu significativamente a resistência de união entre sistemas adesivos universais e dentina em procedimentos restauradores indiretos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Cattle , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dentin
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(2): 179-185, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132286

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim was to evaluate, in vitro, the influence of pH cycling on microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and percentage of nanoleakage (%NL) in the dentin-adhesive interface. Flat dentin surfaces were obtained in 56 extracted third molars. The teeth were randomly divided into four groups (n=14): G1- Single Bond Universal (etch-and-rinse mode); G2- Single Bond Universal (self-etch mode); G3- Scotchbond Multi-Purpose; G4- Clearfil SE Bond. A block of composite was built on the adhesive area. Eight tooth/resin sets were cut parallel to the tooth's long axis to obtain 48 beams (0.8 mm2) for each group. Half of the beams were submitted to four cycles of pH cycling (demineralizing solution for 6 h and remineralizing solution for 18 h). The samples were submitted to µTBS test in a universal testing machine. Six tooth/resin sets were cut parallel to the tooth's long axis to obtain three slices of the central region (1.0 mm thickness). Half of the slices were submitted to pH cycling. The nanoleakage methodology was applied to obtain the %NL at the adhesive interfaces. According to two-way ANOVA, the interaction between factors (adhesive system x storage) was significant (p=0.0001) for µTBS and %NL. After pH cycling, there was a significant decrease in µTBS and a significant increase in %NL for all adhesives. The adhesives applied in the self-etch mode obtained lower %NL, differing significantly from the etch-and-rinse adhesives. It was concluded that the pH cycling negatively influenced the µTBS and %NL for all adhesives evaluated. However, self-etch adhesives allowed less %NL.


Resumo O objetivo foi avaliar, in vitro, a influência da ciclagem de pH na resistência de união à microtração (RUµT) e na porcentagem de nanoinfiltração (%NI) na interface dentina-adesivo. Superfícies planas em dentina foram obtidas em 56 terceiros molares. Os dentes foram aleatoriamente divididos em quatro grupos (n=14): G1- Single Bond Universal (condicionamento ácido prévio); G2- Single Bond Universal (autocondicionante); G3- Scotchbond Multi-Purpose; G4- Clearfil SE Bond. Bloco de resina composta foi construído sobre o adesivo. Oito conjuntos dente/resina foram cortados paralelamente ao longo eixo do dente para obter 48 palitos (0,8 mm2) para cada grupo. Metade dos palitos foi submetida a quatro ciclos de ciclagem de pH (solução desmineralizadora por 6 h e solução remineralizadora por 18 h). As amostras foram submetidas ao teste de RUµT em máquina de ensaio universal. Seis conjuntos dente/resina foram cortados paralelamente ao longo eixo para obter três fatias da região central (1,0 mm de espessura). Metade das fatias foi submetida à ciclagem de pH. A metodologia de nanoinfitração foi aplicada para obter a %NI nas interfaces. De acordo com ANOVA de duas vias, interação entre os fatores (adesivo x armazenamento) foi significativa (p=0.0001) para for RUµT e %NI. Após ciclagem de pH, houve redução significativa na RUµT e aumento significativo na %NI para todos adesivos. Os adesivos aplicados na técnica autocondicionante obtiveram menor %NI, diferindo significativamente dos adesivos com condicionamento ácido prévio. Concluiu-se que a ciclagem de pH influenciou negativamente a RUµT e a %NI para todos adesivos. Contudo, adesivos autocondicionantes permitiram menor %NI.


Subject(s)
Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dentin
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