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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(3): 1181-1190, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364685

ABSTRACT

Resumo A distribuição da cárie é desigual e fortemente associada aos diferentes perfis socioeconômicos dos países. Objetivou-se descrever as mudanças da prevalência de dentes permanentes cariados no Brasil e em países de renda média-alta nos anos 1990 e 2017. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo realizado a partir de dados secundários extraídos do Global Burden of Disease. Foram incluídos os 53 países pertencentes ao grupo de renda média-alta. As estimativas de prevalência de cárie foram coletadas nos anos de 1990 e 2017. A variação percentual da prevalência foi calculada entre os dois anos. Também foram coletados os valores do Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano (IDH) para cada país. Os resultados evidenciam tendência de redução da prevalência de dentes permanentes cariados no Brasil e na maioria dos países de renda média-alta. A prevalência de cárie não tratada no Brasil foi de 38,17%, em 1990, e de 37,46% em 2017. O Brasil ocupa a 41ª posição no ranking de redução na prevalência de cárie entre os 53 países avaliados. Os países que alcançaram as maiores reduções na prevalência de cárie foram os que melhoraram o seu IDH. Nesse sentido, considera-se a necessidade de rever as políticas públicas de saúde bucal, bem como uma reflexão acerca do enfrentamento das iniquidades presentes nos países pesquisados.


Abstract The distribution of caries is uneven and strongly associated with the different socioeconomic profiles of countries. The scope of this study was to describe the changes in the prevalence of decayed permanent teeth in Brazil and in upper-middle income countries for the years 1990 and 2017. It is a descriptive study based on secondary data extracted from the Global Burden of Disease. The 53 countries included in the upper-middle income group were included. Caries prevalence estimates were collected for the years 1990 and 2017. The percentage change in prevalence was calculated between the two years. The values of the Human Development Index (HDI) for each country were also collected. The results show the trend of a reduction in the prevalence of decayed permanent teeth in Brazil and in most upper-middle income countries. The prevalence of untreated caries in Brazil was 38.17% in 1990 and 37.46% in 2017. Brazil occupies the 41st position in the ranking of the reduction in the prevalence of caries among the 53 countries evaluated. The countries that achieved the greatest reductions in the prevalence of caries were those with an improvement in their HDI. In this respect, the need to review public oral health policies is revealed, as well as a reflection on addressing the inequities present in the countries surveyed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentition, Permanent , Developing Countries , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Income
2.
Rev. ADM ; 78(6): 314-331, nov.-dic. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354416

ABSTRACT

La dentina se compone de un mineral de fosfato de calcio identificado como dahllita, que se dispone en pequeños cristales de hidroxiapatita carbonatada con dimensiones de 36 × 25 × 4 nm, y por una fase orgánica cuyo principal componente es el colágeno tipo 1 en 90%, que se orienta en forma de malla. Esta conformación corresponde a los dientes permanentes. Dentro de las estructuras, encontramos túbulos dentinarios que miden, aproximadamente, entre 0.5-1 µm de diámetro en la periferia y hasta 3-5 µm cerca de la pulpa. En el presente estudio, realizado en dentina de dientes temporales, el lumen de dichos túbulos es más grande cuando se encuentra cerca de la pulpa dental. Asimismo, se encontraron cambios elementales importantes de acuerdo con las diferentes profundidades en las que se observó, encontrando un aumento en el peso porcentual de carbono cuando se encuentra a mayor profundidad, lo que indica una composición orgánica mayor en la dentina pulpar. En estudios de dientes permanentes esta composición es disminuida y con mayor concentración en la dentina cercana a la unión amelodentinaria. En dentina de dientes temporales se encontraron diferencias en el recuento de túbulos dentinarios por mm2, comparado a la dentina de dientes permanentes, donde el número de túbulos no varía mucho (AU)


Dentin is composed of a calcium phosphate mineral identified as dahllite, which is arranged in small crystals of carbonated hydroxyapatite with dimensions of 36 × 25 × 4 nm, and by an organic phase whose main component is type l collagen in 90%, which is oriented in the form of a mesh. This conformation corresponds to permanent teeth. Within the structures, we find dentin tubules that measure approximately 0.5-1 µm in diameter at the periphery and up to 3-5 µm near the pulp. In the present study, carried out in dentin of primary teeth, the lumen of these tubules is larger when it is close to the dental pulp. Likewise, important elemental changes were found according to the different depths in which it was observed, finding an increase in the percentage weight of carbon when it is at a greater depth, indicating a greater organic composition in the pulp dentin. In studies of permanent teeth, this composition is decreased and with a higher concentration in the dentin near the amelodentinal junction. In dentin of primary teeth, differences were found in the count of dentin tubules per mm2, compared to dentin of permanent teeth, where the number of tubules did not vary much (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Deciduous , Dentin/ultrastructure , Dentinogenesis , Phosphates , Phosphoric Acids , Acid Etching, Dental , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Calcium , Statistical Analysis , Collagen , Durapatite , Dentition, Permanent , Collagen Type I , Minerals
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 9-17, maio-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252898

ABSTRACT

As reabsorções radiculares são classificadas em interna e externa e um correto diagnóstico é fundamental para o sucesso no tratamento e é de suma importância que a resolução clínica seja feita precocemente para que se tenha um prognóstico clínico favorável. Reabsorção interna não é comum em dentes permanentes, e seu processo se caracteriza por um aumento do canal radicular de forma oval. O presente estudo teve como objetivos demonstrar e descrever através de um relato de prontuário o tratamento de reabsorção radicular interna de incisivos superiores permanentes. Através da seleção de uma paciente pela disciplina de Triagem da clínica odontológica do Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha, a qual apresentou alterações radiográficas compatíveis com reabsorção radicular interna inflamatória na região de dois incisivos superiores permanentes, com lesão periapical estabelecida em ambos, concluiu-se o tratamento para então gerar este estudo do tipo retrospectivo observacional. A reabsorção quando não tratada pode avançar e envolver estruturas além do tecido conjuntivo inflamado e a lesão pode avançar em direção apical. Após estabelecido o diagnóstico, iniciou-se os tratamentos endodônticos dos elementos utilizando hidróxido de cálcio como medicação intracanal, após as trocas de medicações as reabsorções foram controladas e então, as obturações dos canais foram realizadas, buscando um preenchimento adequado para o caso. A reabsorção radicular interna inflamatória causa danos irreversíveis, mas seu processo foi controlado através de terapia endodôntica. Este desempenho é considerado uma patologia, e pode comprometer qualquer extensão da raiz, é comum que os casos permaneçam assintomáticos, portanto, deve ser tratado o mais breve possível assim que descobertos para evitar sua progressão, e consequentemente danos maiores(AU)


Root resorption is classified as either internal or external, and a correct diagnosis is essential for successful treatment. Internal resorption is not common in permanent teeth, and its process is characterized by an enlarged oval root canal. The present study aims to demonstrate and describe, through a medical record, the treatment of internal root resorption of permanent upper incisors. A patient was selected from the Triage Course of the Dental Clinic (Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha) who presented radiographic changes associated with inflammatory internal root resorption in two permanente upper incisors, with a periapical lesion established in both and a treatment was then carried out in order to generate this retrospective observational study. Resorption when left untreated can progress and involve structures beyond the inflamed connective tissue and the lesion can advance in the apical direction. After the diagnosis was confirmed, endodontic treatments were initiated using calcium hydroxide as an intracanal medication. After changing the medication, the resorption was controlled and then the canal fillings were performed, seeking an adequate filling for the case. Inflammatory internal root resorption causes irreversible damage, but its process has been controlled through endodontic therapy. This performance is considered a pathology, and can compromise any extension of the root, it is common for the cases to remain asymptomatic, therefore, it should be treated as soon as it's discovered to prevent its progression, and consequently greater damage(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Root Canal Therapy , Root Resorption , Root Resorption/therapy , Incisor , Calcium Hydroxide , Dentition, Permanent , Tooth, Nonvital , Dental Pulp Cavity
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(7): 2889-2898, jul. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278759

ABSTRACT

Resumo Dentes com defeitos de desenvolvimento do esmalte (DDE) apresentam porosidades e/ou irregularidades que os tornam suscetíveis a acúmulo de biofilme e predisposição à cárie e doenças periodontais. O objetivo deste artigo é determinar a prevalência de DDE e fatores associados em crianças e adolescentes residentes em comunidade quilombola. A população foi censitária e composta por indivíduos na faixa etária de 3 a 14 anos. Os responsáveis responderam a questionário contendo dados socioeconômicos demográficos e histórico de agravos durante a gravidez e infância. Foi aplicado o Índice DDE modificado. Foram realizadas análise descritiva e regressão de Poisson com variância robusta (p<0,05). Foram examinados 406 indivíduos. A prevalência de DDE foi de 80,5%, sendo que em dentes decíduos foi de 42,2% e permanentes 61,1%. Houve associação entre DDE e maior idade da criança (RP=1,09; IC95%=1,01-1,17), uso de antibiótico na gravidez (RP=1,14; IC95%=1,07-1,22) e relato de desnutrição durante a primeira infância (RP=1,12; IC95%=1,03-1,22). A prevalência de DDE em crianças e adolecentes da comunidade quilombola foi alta. E os fatores associados foram maior idade da criança, uso de antibióticos na gravidez e desnutrição durante a primeira infância.


Abstract Teeth with developmental defects of enamel (DDE) have porous and/or uneven enamel, making them more susceptible to the build-up of oral biofilm and development of caries and periodontal diseases. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence of DDE and associated factors among children and adolescents living in a Quilombola community in the Northeast of Brazil. The study population was census-based and comprised individuals aged three to 14 years. The children's parents/guardians answered a questionnaire devised to collect information on socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, health problems during pregnancy and illnesses during early childhood. DDE was diagnosed using the modified DDE index. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Poisson regression with robust standard errors (p<0.05). A total of 406 individuals were examined. DDE prevalence was 80.5%: 42.2% in deciduous teeth and 61.1% in permanent teeth. There was an association between presence of DDE and age (PR=1.09, 95% CI=1.01-1.17), use of antibiotics during pregnancy (PR=1.14, 95% CI=1.07-1.22) and reported malnutrition during early childhood (PR=1.12; 95% CI=1.03-1.22). The findings reveal high prevalence of DDE among children and adolescents living in the Quilombola community. Associated factors were older age, use of antibiotics during pregnancy and malnutrition during early childhood.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Aged , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Caries , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Enamel
5.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(3): 19-25, jul.-set. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1372011

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar a cronologia de erupção do primeiro molar permanente em crianças de ambos os sexos, residentes na zona urbana e rural do munícipio de Santa Helena - PR, Brasil. Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 154 crianças da zona rural e 300 crianças da área urbana de 04 a 07 anos (48 a 84 meses). Os primeiros molares avaliados foram considerados irrompidos quando qualquer porção de sua coroa estivesse clinicamente visível. A média de idade para erupção do primeiro molar permanente se mostrou de 72 a 83 meses. Destes, o grupo da zona rural apresentou uma média para idade de erupção mais precoce. Contudo, verificou-se um resultado considerável em crianças na faixa de 48 a 59 meses (4 anos), mostrando mais uma vez a erupção precoce nas crianças da zona rural. Este dente irrompeu primeiro na mandíbula, irrompendo primeiro nas meninas do que nos meninos, e o dente 46 foi o que mais se mostrou presente. A média de idade para erupção do primeiro molar permanente correspondeu àquela descrita pela literatura aos seis anos, mas não correspondeu ao atraso na erupção das crianças residentes em zona rural. Bem como este dente irrompeu primeiro na mandíbula... (AU)


The objective of this study was to compare the chronology of eruption of the first permanent molar in children of both sexes, living in the urban and rural areas of the city of Santa Helena-PR, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 154 children from the rural area and 300 children from the urban area from 4 to 7 years old (48 to 84 months). The first molars evaluated were considered erupted when any portion of their crown was clinically visible. The average age for eruption of the first permanent molar was 72 to 83 months. Of these, the rural group had an earlier average age for eruption than the urban group. However, a considerable result was found in children 48-59 months showing once again the early eruption in rural children. This tooth erupted first in the jaw, erupting first in girls rather than boys, and tooth 46 was most present. The mean age of eruption of the first permanent molar corresponded to that described in the literature at age six, but did not correspond to the delayed eruption of children living in rural areas. Just like this tooth erupted in the jaw first... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Tooth/embryology , Tooth Eruption , Child , Dental Care for Children , Molar/embryology , Dentition, Permanent , Jaw , Molar
6.
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250353

ABSTRACT

La endodoncia regenerativa comprende un conjunto de procedimientos biológicos que se efectúan en los dientes permanentes con ápice no formado y necrosis pulpar, cuyo fin es sustituir los tejidos dañados, incluidas la dentina y la estructura radicular, así como las células del complejo pulpodentinario. En este artículo se describen las bases celulares y moleculares de esta terapia, sustentada en una compleja interacción entre las células madre dentales de la papila apical, los factores de crecimiento y los biomateriales con el microambiente donde se va a restablecer. Asimismo, se argumenta cómo las condiciones ambientales en las que se lleva a cabo el proceso terapéutico influyen en la regeneración, con una función esencial en la regulación de la diferenciación de los tejidos.


The regenerative endodontics comprises a group of biological procedures that are made in the permanent teeth with non-formed apex and pulpar necrosis whose end is to substitute the damaged tissues, including the dentine and radicular structure, as well as the cells of the dentin pulp complex. The cellular and molecular basis of this therapy are described in this work, sustained in a complex interaction between the dental stem cells of the apical papilla, the growth factors and biomaterials with the microenvironment where it will be recover. Likewise, it was argued how the environmental conditions in which the therapeutic process is carried out influence in the regeneration, with an essential function in the regulation of the differentiation of tissues.


Subject(s)
Stem Cells , Dentition, Permanent , Regenerative Endodontics/methods , Biocompatible Materials
7.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 87-105, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1255427

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Realizar uma overview relacionada ao assunto traumatismo em dentes decíduos e permanentes, bem como analisar a qualidade metodológica e o risco de viés dos trabalhos incluídos (PROSPERO CRD42018107840). Métodos: Este trabalho foi conduzido de acordo com o Preferred Reporting Items for Overviews(PRIO). A estratégia de busca foi aplicada nas bases de dados eletrônicas PubMed, WebScience, Embase, Cochrane e Scopus; que incluiu publicações até outubro de 2020, sem restrição de ano e idioma. Foram avaliados os critérios de elegibilidade: trabalhos com enfoque em lesões traumáticas dentárias; apresentar termo "revisão sistemática" (RS) e/ou "meta-análise" no título ou resumo, critérios de elegibilidade, técnicas sistematizadas para coleta e análise de dados, e instrumentos para avaliação da qualidade dos estudos incluídos; identificar as bases de dados utilizadas na pesquisa; abranger o assunto: traumatismo de dentes permanentes e/ou decíduos ou tecidos de suporte. Foi realizada a avaliação da qualidade das RSs utilizando o Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR2) e averiguada a aderência do artigo ao Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Os resultados foram analisados pelo Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) a fim de classificar a certeza da evidência científica e avaliado o risco de viés pelo ROBIS. Resultados: Foram identificados 2.561 trabalhos, sendo 2.469 excluídos, totalizando 92 artigos incluídos. Nota-se que a partir do ano de 2018 os trabalhos apresentaram melhor qualidade metodológica. E a maioria dos trabalhos apresentaram certeza da evidência científica alta pelo sistema GRADE modificado, e risco de viés baixo pela ferramenta ROBIS. Conclusão: As revisões sistemáticas e meta-análises incluídas apresentaram dificuldade no processo de estruturação metodológica atribuindo, em média, certeza da evidência científica alta para o GRADE, como também risco de viés baixo pelo ROBIS. Descritores: Traumatismos dentários. Revisão. Dentição permanente. Dente decíduo.


Aim: To carry out an overview related to the subject of trauma to primary and permanent teeth, as well as to analyze the methodological quality and risk of bias in the studied works (PROSPERO CRD42018107840). Methods: this work was carried out according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Overviews (PRIO). The search strategy was applied to the electronic databases PubMed, WebScience, Embase, Cochrane, and Scopus, which included publications until October 2020, with no year or language restrictions. The eligibility criteria were evaluated: studies focusing on traumatic dental injuries; presented the term "systematic review" (RS) and/or "meta-analysis" in the title or abstract, eligibility criteria, systematic techniques for collecting and analyzing data, and instruments to assess the quality of the included studies; identify the databases used in the research; and cover the subject: trauma to permanent and/or deciduous teeth or supporting tissues. An evaluation of the quality of the SRs was performed using Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR2), and adherence of the article to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) criteria was verified. The results were analyzed by Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) in order to classify the certainty of scientific evidence, and the risk of bias was assessed by ROBIS. Results: A total of 2,561 papers were identified, of which 2.469 were excluded, totaling a sample of 92 articles. It is noted that from 2018 onwards, the works presented better methodological quality. Moreover, most of the studies showed a certainty of high scientific evidence, determined by using the modified GRADE system and a low risk of bias determined by using the ROBIS tool. Conclusion:The systematic reviews and meta-analyses included in this study presented difficulties in the methodological structuring process, attributing, on average, a certainty of high scientific evidence to GRADE, as well as a low risk of bias determined by ROBIS.


Subject(s)
Tooth, Deciduous , Meta-Analysis , Tooth Injuries , Dentition, Permanent , Systematic Review
8.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351207

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of caries stages and interventions on first permanent molars (FPM) in Brazilian children. Material and Methods: Data from FPM were extracted from dental records of children aged 5-14 years of age that attended the UERJ Pediatric Dentistry Clinic. Data include patient age, sex, biofilm index, presence of carious lesions in all stages, and the treatments. Data was analyzed using the SPSS® 20.0 program. Results: A total of 158 dental records were analyzed, 587 registers were related to the caries stage and 601 related to the interventions; mean age of 8.26 (±1.4 years) and 53.2% were girls. The prevalence of active/inactive white spot(AWS/IWS) varied from 14.3% to 21.6% in right upper and lower left FPM, respectively. Enamel/dentin lesions without pulp involvement were also more prevalent in the lower arch and ranged from 3.4% for the right upper to 11.5% for the lower right FPM. Cavities with pulp involvement or indicated extraction ranged from 0% to 1.4%. Treatment included dental sealants, varying from 17.1 to 24.0% (n=126) and restorations, varying from 1.3 to 11.8% (n=38). The lower right were the most affected teeth. Conclusion: First permanent molars presented a higher prevalence of dental caries in early stages and the most prevalent treatment was related to the initial carious process, fluor therapy and sealants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Brazil/epidemiology , Child , Dental Care , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Caries , Molar , Chi-Square Distribution , Dental Records , Biofilms
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 21(supl.1): e0030, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346687

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To obtain reference values for tip, torque and in-out from digital models of Italian and Mozambican subjects in ideal occlusion using a repeatable and validated method and to compare these measurements with previously reported values. Material and Methods: Dental parameters were acquired from digital models of each subject, categorized to one of two groups: Italians (23 males, 27 females; mean age 28.3 years, ±5.7 years) and Mozambicans (14 males, 15 females; mean age, 23.4 years, ±5.9), using VAM software. All subjects had ideal occlusion, permanent dentition and no previous orthodontic treatment, fillings or prostheses. After normality of data was assumed (p<0.05), a paired t-test was performed to detect any statistical differences between the two groups (p<0.05). Then, classical inference (t-test and power analysis) was used to compare our data to those reported by other authors. Results: Mozambicans' incisors were more proclined, while their upper molars appeared to be more prominent regarding Italians'. Italians shown greater tip values, especially at the upper first premolars and lower first molars. In-out values were comparable between the two groups, except for the upper molars (more prominent in Mozambicans) and lower first molar (more prominent in Italians). Unlike other reports, upper second molars displayed negative tip in our samples. Conclusion: Pre-adjusted appliances with standard prescription should not be expected to guarantee optimal outcomes. Prescriptions specific for ethnicities are recommended and reference values should be reconsidered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Orthodontic Appliances , Dentition, Permanent , Torque , Dental Occlusion , Italy , Mozambique , Orthodontics , Statistics, Nonparametric
10.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143400

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the knowledge of undergraduate health care students, about avulsion of permanent teeth. Material and Methods: It is a cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of Brazilian undergraduate students of the nursing, medicine, and dentistry degree programs. A structured questionnaire developed by the researchers, containing 18 objective questions about avulsion of permanent teeth was used as the data collection. Data analysis included Pearson's Chi-square and Fisher's Exact. Results: A total of 82.7% dental students, 22.9% nursing students, and 23% medical students had previously received some information about dental trauma. Students in the second half of the dentistry program had a higher percentage of correct answers in all questions (p<0.05). Being in the first or second half of the nursing program had no relation to the percentage of correct answers by students for any questions (p>0.05). Students in the first half of the medical program had a higher percentage of correct answers for six of these questions (p<0.05). Dentistry students had the highest percentage of correct answers in all the questions (p<0.001). Conclusion: Although students from the dentistry degree program report having information on avulsion of permanent teeth, their practical experience was considered low. Upon comparing students from the dentistry, nursing, and medical degree programs regarding their learning about avulsion of permanent teeth, dentistry students had greater knowledge on the subject.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Health Occupations , Tooth Avulsion/diagnostic imaging , Brazil/epidemiology , Tooth Injuries/diagnosis , Dentition, Permanent , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Problem-Based Learning/methods
11.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210048, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352132

ABSTRACT

Introdução O desenvolvimento do complexo craniofacial resulta da interação de fatores genéticos e ambientais. Dentre as ocorrências que podem afetar esse desenvolvimento, estão as odontológicas. A cárie dentária e a má oclusão são de etiologia multifatorial e atingem grande parte da população, podendo impactar a qualidade de vida. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto de fatores clínicos, funcionais e sociais na qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal de crianças e suas famílias. Material e método A amostra consistiu de 753 crianças matriculadas nas escolas públicas da cidade de Araraquara-SP. Foram realizados exames bucais para avaliar a ocorrência cárie dentária (ceo-d e CPO-D) e a má oclusão (Foster, Hamilton) e aplicado um questionário socioeconômico aos pais, além do questionário para avaliação da qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal (ECOHIS). Os dados foram avaliados por meio de análise bivariada e, em seguida, pelo modelo de regressão logística múltipla, considerando o nível de significância de 5%. Resultado A condição social, além das variáveis clínicas de cárie dentaria e trauma dental, apresentou associação com o impacto negativo na qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal nas três sessões do questionário: criança, pais e geral, respectivamente. Conclusão A experiência da cárie dentária, o nível socioeconômico e o trauma dental foram variáveis preditoras para o impacto negativo na qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal de crianças e suas famílias. Os hábitos estão mais relacionados ao índice ceo-d e ao nível socioeconômico do que com a má oclusão.


Introduction The development of the craniofacial complex results from the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. Dental caries and malocclusion have a multifactorial etiology and affect a large part of the population, which may impact the quality of life. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of clinical, functional and social factors on oral health-related quality of life of children and their families. Material and method The sample consisted of 753 children enrolled in public schools in the city of Araraquara-SP. Oral examinations were performed to assess dental caries (dmft and DMFT) and malocclusion (Foster, Hamilton) and a socioeconomic questionnaire was administered to the parents, in addition to the quality assessment questionnaire. health-related life expectancy (ECOHIS). Data were evaluated by bivariate analysis and then by multiple logistic regression model, considering the significance level of 5%. Result Social condition, besides the clinical variables dental caries and dental trauma were associated with the negative impact on oral health-related quality of life in the three questionnaire sessions, child, parent and general respectively. Conclusion The experience of dental caries, socioeconomic status and dental trauma were predictive variables for the negative impact on oral health-related quality of life of children and their families. Habits seem to be more related to the dmft index and socioeconomic level than to malocclusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Quality of Life , DMF Index , Oral Health , Dental Caries , Diagnosis, Oral , Malocclusion , Snoring , Social Class , Tooth, Deciduous , Bruxism , Child, Preschool , Dentition, Permanent
12.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(12): e00015920, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350420

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of dental trauma in Brazilian children and adolescents. A systematic review was conducted considering eight databases: MEDLINE (via PubMed), LILACS, BBO, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Open Access Theses and Dissertations, and OpenThesis. Only prevalence studies that used a probabilistic sampling method were included, without restriction on year or language of publication. The JBI critical appraisal tools for prevalence studies were used to assess the individual risk of bias. The individual studies were combined in the meta-analysis using the random-effects model. The heterogeneity between the studies was analyzed by Cochran's Q and the I-square statistics. A meta-regression analysis was performed to evaluate the sources of heterogeneity. The GRADE approach assessed the certainty of evidence across included studies. The search resulted in 2,069 records, of which 36 were included in the study. The eligible studies were published from 2000 to 2021, with a total sample of 40,194 children and adolescents. Most studies (75%) had a low risk of bias. In permanent teeth, the prevalence of dental trauma was 21% (95%CI: 16.0; 26.0) and in deciduous teeth; 35% (95%CI: 26.0; 44.0). The prevalence of dental trauma among boys was higher than among girls for both dentitions. Based on a low certainty, the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries in Brazilian children and adolescents is higher than that found worldwide both in deciduous and permanent teeth. Also, the prevalence of dental trauma among boys is higher than among girls.


Resumo: O estudo buscou investigar a prevalência de trauma dentário em crianças e adolescentes brasileiros. Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática em oito bases de dados: MEDLINE (via PubMed), LILACS, BBO, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Open Access Theses and Dissertations e OpenThesis. Foram incluídos apenas estudos de prevalência que usavam métodos de amostragem probabilística, sem limitação de ano ou idioma de publicação. Para avaliar o risco individual de viés, foram utilizadas as ferramentas de avaliação crítica da JBI para estudos de prevalência. Os estudos individuais foram combinados na metanálise com o uso do modelo de efeitos aleatórios. A heterogeneidade entre os estudos foi analisada pelas estatísticas Q de Cochran e I-quadrado. A análise de metarregressão foi realizada para avaliar as fontes de heterogeneidade. A abordagem GRADE avaliou a certeza das evidências entre os estudos incluídos. A busca resultou em 2.069 registros, dos quais 36 foram incluídos no estudo. Os estudos elegíveis foram publicados entre 2000 e 2021, com uma amostra total de 40.194 crianças e adolescentes. A maioria dos estudos (75%) teve baixo risco de viés. Nos dentes permanentes, a prevalência de trauma dentário foi de 21% (IC95%: 16,0; 26,0) e nos dentes decíduos foi de 35% (IC95%: 26,0; 44,0). A prevalência de trauma dentário foi mais alta no sexo masculino que no feminino, para ambas as dentições. Com base na baixa certeza, a prevalência das lesões dentárias traumáticas em crianças e adolescentes brasileiros é mais alta que no resto do mundo, tanto nos dentes decíduos quanto nos permanentes. Além disso, a prevalência de trauma dentário é mais alta em meninos que em meninas.


Resumen: Este estudio tuvo como meta investigar la prevalencia de trauma dental en niños y adolescentes brasileños. Se realizó una revisión sistemática considerando ocho bases de datos: MEDLINE (via PubMed), LILACS, BBO, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Open Access Theses and Dissertations y OpenThesis. Solamente se incluyeron estudios de prevalencia que usaron un método de muestreo probabilístico, sin restricción sobre el año o lengua de publicación. Se usó las herramientas de evaluación crítica del JBI para estudios de prevalencia studies para evaluar el riesgo individual de sesgo. Los estudios individuales se combinaron en metaanálisis, usando un modelo de efectos aleatorios. La heterogeneidad entre los estudios se analizó mediante las estadísticas de Cochran Q e I-cuadrado. Se realizó un análisis de meta-regresión para evaluar las fuentes de heterogeneidad. El enfoque GRADE evaluó la certidumbre de evidencia a través de los estudios incluidos. La búsqueda resultó en 2.069 registros, de los cuales treinta y seis se incluyeron en el estudio. Los estudios elegibles se publicaron entre 2000 y 2021, con una muestra total de 40.194 niños y adolescentes. La mayoría de los estudios (75%) tenían un bajo riesgo de sesgo. En los dientes permanentes la prevalencia de trauma dental fue 21% (IC95%: 16,0; 26,0) y en los dientes deciduos la prevalencia de trauma dental fue 35% (IC95%: 26,0; 44,0). La prevalencia trauma dental entre niños fue más alta que entre niñas en ambas denticiones. Basado en una baja certidumbre, la prevalencia de lesiones traumáticas dentales en niños y adolescentes brasileños es más alta que la encontrada en el resto del mundo, tanto en dientes deciduos como en dientes permanentes. Asimismo, la prevalencia de trauma dental entre niños es más alta que entre niñas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Bibliometrics , Dentition, Permanent , Brazil/epidemiology , Bias , Prevalence
13.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287483

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of patients treated in a public University concerning dental avulsion and its emergency first-aid management. Material and Methods: Three hundred patients were invited to answer a questionnaire about demographic characteristics, attitude and knowledge of first-aid management of dental avulsion. Chi-square test was used to assess the association between knowledge about dental replantation and education level. Results: Female gender (66.7%) aged from 31 to 40 years (31.3%) with high school education (50.3%) predominated among all the participants. It was not found a difference between education level and management of avulsed permanent teeth (p=0.076), and 66% of the respondents were not able to do the replantation. In relation to the management of avulsed tooth, 42.7% of the respondents would brush the tooth and if the replantation was not possible, most of them would choose inappropriate media for storage. The association between the storage medium and educational level showed to be statistically significant (p=0.043). Conclusion: It was possible to notice the lack of knowledge about this subject, and it could result in the worst prognosis. In avulsion cases, the subsequent root resorptions may lead to the loss of the child's tooth. It is important to implement educational campaigns to spread knowledge and improve success rates of permanent avulsed teeth


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Tooth Avulsion/etiology , Tooth Replantation , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Community Dentistry , Tooth Injuries/etiology , Dentition, Permanent , Toothbrushing , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Demography , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , First Aid
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180858

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effects of unilateral loss of the lower first permanent molar (L6) on the position and development of the lower third molar (L8). Material and Methods: Fifty-four panoramic radiographs of subjects with unilateral loss of L6 were examined. The L8 on the side of the L6 loss was compared with the L8 in the hemiarch without L6 loss (contralateral). The effect of L6 loss on the positioning of L8 was examined in all the samples (n=54), whereas the effect on the development of the third molar was examined in 38 patients with L8 with incomplete root formation. The Signs statistical test was used to evaluate the comparison between loss and contralateral hemiarches. Results: In 20 (37%) of 54 subjects, the L8 was better positioned in the hemiarch with loss of the lower first molar (p<0.001) compared with the control side. In the remaining 34 subjects, no difference was found. When only the L8 considered as impacted on the control side was examined (n=30), the cases with better positioning on the side with L6 loss increased to 66.6% (p<0.001). Conclusion: The loss of lower first molars improves the position of the lower third molar during its active eruption, mainly when the lower third molar is impacted. However, L6 loss does not affect the root development of lower third molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Orthodontics/instrumentation , Radiography, Panoramic/instrumentation , Tooth Loss/etiology , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Molar, Third/diagnostic imaging , Brazil , Dentition, Permanent
15.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(84): 27-31, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366295

ABSTRACT

En la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, en la asignatura Clínica Integral para Niños y Adolescentes, los estudiantes del último año de la Carrera de Odontología realizan procedimientos clínicos y prácticos indispensables en la atención inicial de las urgencias en niños y adolescentes, restituyendo la integridad coronaria en lesiones producidas por traumatismos en piezas primarias y permanentes. Estudios publicados sobre la temática refieren que la mayoría de los estudiantes de pregrado no están lo suficientemente calificados, o tienen un conocimiento insuficiente para manejar situaciones de urgencias en traumatología dental. Sin embargo, se ha demostrado que existe un impacto positivo entre los estudiantes luego de recibir una clase teórica. El objetivo es determinar el nivel de conocimientos de los estudiantes de odontología del último año de la carrera en el manejo de los traumatismos dentoalveolares en niños y adolescentes, antes y después de recibir las clases teóricas (modalidad online) sobre esta temática (AU)


Subject(s)
Students, Dental , Tooth Injuries/diagnosis , Tooth Injuries/therapy , Education, Distance , Educational Measurement , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Tooth, Deciduous , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Data Collection , Longitudinal Studies , Tooth Injuries/etiology , Dental Care for Children , Dentition, Permanent , Emergencies , Observational Study
16.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351211

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To examine the types of traumatic dental injuries of the primary teeth (TDI-p) and the long-term sequelae on permanent dentition (LSP) comparing with a control group (CG). In addition, a questionnaire that measures parents' knowledge and awareness was used. Material and Methods: The trauma group (TG) consisted of permanent teeth following TDI-p exposed teeth, while the CG consisted of permanent teeth following unexposed teeth with TDI-p of the same patients. In total, 141 teeth were evaluated in 27 patients. Data concerning such as teeth, when TDI-p occurred, types of treatments and types of LSP were collected. Chi-square test was used for intergroup comparison for gender, type of trauma, LSP, age of trauma and parameters in the parental information questionnaire. Significance level was p<0.05. Results: A statistically significant difference was found in the analysis between TG and CG (p<0.001). The prevalence of LSP due to TDI-p was 29.6% and the prevalence of sequelae in CG was 7.4%. The most common LSP was enamel hypoplasia (14.8%). Parents were aware of the importance of TDI-p, and they had insufficient knowledge about its management. Conclusion: TDI-p can be considered a high-risk factor in the development of LSP. Also, the lack of knowledge in parents should be supported by software-based application systems to be developed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Tooth Avulsion/diagnostic imaging , Dental Records , Tooth Injuries/diagnosis , Dentition, Permanent , Parents , Turkey/epidemiology , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Photography, Dental/instrumentation
17.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 13-17, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248251

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un caso clínico de fractura radicular del tercio medio, de pieza 2.1 con desplazamiento de los cabos de fractura. Es tratado con un novedoso procedimiento terapéutico, mediante la utilización de un biomaterial de tercera generación osteoconductor, osteogénico y osteoinductor. Se obtiene la reparación del tejido conectivo interproximal y la formación de tejido calcificado (AU)


We present a clinical case of root fracture of the middle third, piece 2.1 with displacement of the fracture ends. It is treated with a novel therapeutic procedure, using a thirdgeneration osteoconductive, osteogenic and osteoinductive biomaterial. Interproximal connective tissue repair and calcified tissue formation are obtained (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tooth Fractures/therapy , Tooth Root/injuries , Biocompatible Materials , Regenerative Endodontics/methods , Osteogenesis , Root Canal Obturation/instrumentation , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Wound Healing/physiology , Dental Fistula/radiotherapy , Dentition, Permanent
18.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(3): 66-71, Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1343341

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Avulsion is a serious injury that causes damage to dental and supportive tissues, and is characterized by complete displacement of a tooth from its socket. In most situations, replantation is the treatment of choice for permanent tooth avulsion, and appropriate management is critical for a good prognosis in these cases. Previous studies have shown that the level of knowledge of dentists regarding the management of an avulsed tooth is deficient and have underscored the importance of continuing dental education to further the knowledge of general dentists in the urgency management of permanent avulsed teeth. Objective: This report aims to present a step-by-step clinical sequence involving the reimplantation of a mature permanent tooth that suffered avulsion,following the CARE guide. Case report: Tooth 21, stored in milk, was reimplanted 2 hours after avulsion and stabilized with flexible containment. The clinical steps were carried out according to the recommendations of the International Association of Dental Traumatology. Endodontic treatment was started five days after reimplantation, with periodic changes of intracanal medication. The patientis currently under follow-up, with no negative signs or symptoms related to avulsion. Conclusion: Dental reimplantation after avulsion should be performed after a thorough systemic and oral diagnosis and tooth storage conditions, with a clinical protocol based on scientific evidence of associations of dentoalveolar trauma.


Introdução: A avulsão é uma injuria grave que causa sérios danos aos tecidos de suporte do doente e é caracterizada pelo completo deslocamento do elemento dentário de dentro do alvéolo. O reimplante é, na maioria das situações, o tratamento de escolha para o dente permanente avulsionado e uma conduta correta é necessária para um bom prognostico nestes casos. Estudos prévios mostram que o conhecimento de dentistas sobre o manejo de um dente que sofreu avulsão é deficiente e destacam a importância da educação continuada, com a intenção de aumentar o nível de conhecimento de dentistas clínicos frente a urgências envolvendo dentes avulsionados. Objetivo: este relato tem como objetivo apresentar uma sequência clínica passo-a-passo envolvendo o reimplante de um dente permanente maduro que sofreu avulsão, seguindo o guia CARE. Relato do caso: O dente 21, armazenado em leite, foi reimplantado 2 horas após a avulsão e estabilizado com contenção flexível. As etapas clínicas foram realizadas conforme as recomendações da Associação Internacional de Traumatismos Dentários. O tratamento endodôntico foi iniciado cinco dias após o reimplante, com trocas periódicas de medicação intracanal. Atualmente o paciente encontra-se em acompanhamento, sem sinais ou sintomas negativos relacionados a avulsão. Conclusão: O reimplante dental após avulsão deve ser realizado após minucioso diagnóstico e condições de armazenamento do dente, com protocolo clínico embasado nas evidências científicas das associações de traumatismos dentoalveolares.


Subject(s)
Endodontics , Tooth Avulsion , Tooth Replantation , Tooth Injuries , Dentition, Permanent
19.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 670-677, dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134556

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El tratamiento de dientes inmaduros necróticos es hoy un gran desafío clínico. La ausencia de cierre del ápice y el reducido grosor de las paredes de la dentina hacen que el tratamiento endodóntico del diente sea difícil e impredecible. Tradicionalmente, estos dientes han sido tratados con apexificación y obturación del canal radicular, sin embargo, con este tratamiento el diente permanece desvitalizado y con paredes de dentina frágiles y cortas, lo que compromete su pronóstico. La endodoncia regenerativa, por el contrario, busca revitalizar el diente e inducir una maduración de la raíz, y se basa en la utilización de las células madre mesenquimales presentes en la región periapical, los factores de crecimiento presentes en la dentina y un andamio que permite el crecimiento de tejido nuevo al interior del canal. Los resultados clínicos son alentadores, ya que en general existe maduración de la raíz y revascularización del diente, sin embargo, el tejido neoformado es tejido de tipo reparativo y, a excepción de estudios ocasionales, no se ha observado regeneración de dentina y pulpa. La endodoncia regenerativa se originó para tratar dientes inmaduros necróticos. Sin embargo, recientemente, estudios preliminares han expandido la aplicación de la endodoncia regenerativa a dientes maduros necróticos, es decir, en pacientes adultos. Los resultados clínicos son positivos y similares a los del diente inmaduro, si n embargo, la investigación referente a la revitalización de dientes maduros se encuentra en etapas tempranas y requiere de un mayor nivel de evidencia antes de ser ofrecida sistemáticamente como terapia a pacientes adultos. Los beneficios potenciales justifican mayor investigación al respecto. Este artículo resume la evidencia científica disponible con respecto a la revitalización de dientes inmaduros y maduros necróticos, sus fundamentos biológicos, los resultados esperados y limitaciones, así como el protocolo clínico.


ABSTRACT: Nowadays, the treatment of immature necrotic teeth is an important clinical challenge. The absence of apex closure and low thickness of the dentin walls, make endodontic treatment unpredictable and difficult. Traditionally, these teeth have been treated with apexification and obturation of the root canal. As a result of this treatment, the tooth remains devitalized and with fragile and short dentin walls, which compromises its prognosis. Regenerative endodontics, on the other hand, seeks to revitalize the tooth and induce root maturation, and is based on the use of mesenchymal stem cells present in the periapical tissues, growth factors present in the dentin and a scaffold that allows growth of new tissue in the root ca- nal. The clinical results are encouraging, since generally, there is root maturation and revascularization of the tooth. However, the newly formed tissue is reparative tissue and with the exception of some studies, no regeneration of dentin and pulp has been reported. Regenerative endodontics emerged to treat necrotic immature teeth. However, recently, preliminary studies have applied regenerative endodontics in mature necrotic teeth, in adult patients. Preliminary results are positive and are similar to those of immature teeth. Nevertheless, research regarding the revitalization of mature teeth is in the early stages and requires further evidence before being systematically administered as therapy in adult patients. However, the potential benefits justify further research in this regard. This article summarizes the available scientific evidence regarding the revitalization of immature and mature necrotic teeth, their biological basis, the expected results and limitations, as well as the clinical protocols for each case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Dental Pulp Necrosis/therapy , Dentition, Permanent , Regenerative Endodontics/methods , Clinical Protocols/standards , Clinical Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Dental Pulp Necrosis/drug therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Tissue Scaffolds
20.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 87-91, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139982

ABSTRACT

The management of fractured permanent teeth due to dental trauma in young patients is a challenge that requires an efficient approach. Objective: Describe a conservative and multidisciplinary treatment of a case of dental trauma in a 13 years-old boy. Case report: At clinical examination was verified enamel and dentin fracture in the left upper central incisor and a fracture with pulp exposure in the right upper lateral incisor, with subgingival extension of its margin at lingual surface, and no swelling or tooth displacement was observed. At radiographic evaluation, no pulp or periradicular disturbances were verified. It was proposed the surgical lengthening of the clinical crown of the right upper lateral incisor for later performing endodontic treatment. It was decided to make direct composite resin restorations in both fractured teeth, instead of doing a prosthetic treatment in the affected lateral incisor, such as the placement of a full ceramic crown, in an attempt to perform a less invasive treatment, mainly due to the age of the patient. At a two years follow-up visit was observed the maintenance of the health of periapical tissues and the absence of clinical alterations. Conclusion: The restorations were kept in good conditions and aesthetics was considered satisfactory by professionals, patient and parents.


Introdução: O manejo de dentes permanentes fraturados por traumatismo dentário em pacientes jovens é desafiador e requer uma abordagem eficiente. Objetivo: Descrever o tratamento conservador e multidisciplinar em um caso de traumatismo dentário de um menino de 13 anos de idade. Relato do caso: Ao exame clínico foi verificada uma fratura de esmalte e dentina no incisivo central superior esquerdo e uma fratura complicada no incisivo lateral superior direito, com extensão subgengival da margem na face palatina, e não foram observados edema ou deslocamento dentário. Ao exame radiográfico, não foram verificadas alterações pulpares ou perirradiculares. Foi proposta realização de aumento da coroa clínica do incisivo lateral superior direito para posterior realização do tratamento endodôntico. Para os dois dentes traumatizados foi proposta a realização de restauração direta com resina composta, proporcionando um tratamento menos invasivo ao incisivo lateral superior direito, ao invés de submetê-lo a um tratamento protético, como a colocação de uma coroa total cerâmica, principalmente devido à pouca idade do paciente. Na visita de dois anos de acompanhamento, observou-se a manutenção da saúde dos tecidos periapicais e ausência de alterações clínicas. Conclusão: As restaurações se mantiveram em boas condições e a estética foi considerada satisfatória pelos profissionais, paciente e pais.


Subject(s)
Tooth Injuries , Dentition, Permanent , Tooth Diseases , Tooth Fractures , Stomatognathic Diseases , Adolescent , Conservative Treatment , Incisor
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