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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225686, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366509

ABSTRACT

Aim: Tooth loss is very prevalent in Brazil, reflecting high demand for dental services, especially those related to oral rehabilitation. This study aimed to assess the quality of life in total edentulous patients rehabilitated with implants and fixed prosthesis. Methods: Thirty-two patients were evaluated before and after rehabilitation with dental implants and fixed prosthesis using the OHIP-14 questionnaire and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) after 6 months follow-up. Results:OHIP-14 revealed a significant improvement after treatment in all seven parameters and in the global score (P < 0.001). VAS presented positive results related to patient satisfaction regarding oral rehabilitation, except for the hygiene of the fixed dentures. Conclusion: At the end of this study, OHIP-14 scores decreased by 50% in most of the questions raised, and VAS presented positive results, except for hygiene of the fixed dentures, presenting an improvement in the quality of life of total edentulous patients after rehabilitation with implants and fixed prosthesis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Dental Implants , Mouth, Edentulous/rehabilitation , Patient Satisfaction , Denture, Complete
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(2): 49-54, maio-ago. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362035

ABSTRACT

Overdenture é uma prótese total que se caracteriza por usar apoios retentivos para que aumente sua estabilidade e retenção na cavidade bucal, gerando assim menor desconforto ao paciente e melhor adaptação. A Prótese overdenture dentossuportada necessita de elementos dentais remanescentes com canais tratados endodonticamente e que possuam suporte periodontal adequado. O objetivo deste relato de caso clínico é expor a sequência de confecção de uma prótese overdenture dentossuportada maxilar associada a uma prótese total convencional mandibular, com os passos clínicos detalhados por meio de uma abordagem teórica e visual. Esse tipo de reabilitação favorece a adaptação do paciente à nova condição, visto que o uso de próteses totais convencionais pode causar certo desconforto ao paciente devido à falta de retenção e estabilidade. Essa manutenção dos dentes remanescentes favorece à manutenção óssea e a futura decisão do paciente em optar pela instalação de implantes dentários, podendo confeccionar próteses implantorretidas (overdentures) ou implantossuportadas (protocolo).O Paciente demonstrou-se satisfeito com o resultado estético e funcional após a instalação da prótese concretizando que o tratamento é viável(AU)


Overdenture is a denture that utilizing retentive supports for increase stability and retention in oral cavity. The tooth-supported overdenture require dental elements with root canal therapy and good periodontal support. The aim of this study is to report the confection of a maxillary tooth-supported overdenture associated with mandibular denture and your clinical steps. This rehabilitation promotes the patient's adaptation the new condition, since the use of conventional dentures may cause discomfort due to lack of retention and stability. The preservation of dental elements promotes bone maintenance and forthcoming decision of the patient in the installation of dental implants that can choose implantretained or implant-supported prosthesis. Patient was satisfied with aesthetic and functional result after installation of prosthesis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Denture Retention , Denture, Complete , Denture, Overlay , Dental Prosthesis Retention , Dental Prosthesis
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354726

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the three different methods of complete denture fabrication assessing patient satisfaction and retention after insertion for six months' follow-up period. Material and Methods: The study was conducted in the Prosthodontic Department where a total of forty-eight patients were recruited from the outpatient clinics fulfilling the inclusion criteria. This study was designed as a randomized controlled clinical trial. All patients followed the steps of complete denture construction till jaw relation record. Then, all eligible patients were randomized to intervention and control groups. For intervention groups digital scanning, designing, manufacturing of complete dentures was done; 3D printing for first and milling for second intervention. For the comparator group, complete dentures were manufactured the conventional way. After 2 weeks of delivery of the dentures, patients received a patient satisfaction questionnaire, retention was measured by retention force gauge. Both readings were also recorded after 3 months and at 6 months. The mean and standard deviation values were calculated for each group in each test. The significance level was set at P≤ 0.05. Results: No statistical difference was found in terms of patient satisfaction and retention between the three groups at different time intervals. Conclusion: The manufacturing technique seemed to have no influence on patient satisfaction and retention with milled showing the least results.(AU)


Objetivo: Comparar três métodos diferentes de fabricação de prótese total avaliando a satisfação do paciente e a retenção após a inserção por um período de acompanhamento de seis meses. Material e Métodos: O estudo foi conduzido no departamento de Prótese onde um total de quarenta e oito pacientes foram recrutados das clínicas ambulatoriais atendendo os critérios de inclusão. Este estudo foi designado como um ensaio clínico randomizado controlado. Todos os pacientes seguiram as mesmas etapas de confecção de prótese total até o registro da relação maxilo-mandibular. Então, todos os pacientes qualificados foram divididos de forma aleatória nos grupos de intervenção e grupo controle. Para os grupos de intervenção foram realizados escaneamento digital, projeto e fabricação de próteses totais; Impressão 3D para o primeiro e fresagem para o segundo grupo de intervenção. Para o grupo de comparação, próteses totais foram feitas com o método convencional. Depois de 2 semanas após a entrega das próteses os pacientes receberam um questionário de satisfação e a retenção foi mensurada com um medidor de força de retenção. Ambas as leituras também foram registradas após 3 e 6 meses. Os valores de média e desvio padrão foram calculados para cada grupo em cada teste. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em P ≤ 0,05. Resultados: Nenhuma diferença estatística foi encontrada em termos de satisfação do paciente e retenção entre os três grupos em diferentes intervalos de tempo. Conclusão: A técnica de fabricação pareceu não ter influência na satisfação do paciente e retenção da prótese, com o grupo fresado apresentando o mínimo de resultados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Patient Satisfaction , Dental Prosthesis Retention , Computer-Aided Design , Denture, Complete , Printing, Three-Dimensional
4.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210131, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365225

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze and compare changes of quality of life parameter among dental patients rehabilitated by the implant-supported overdentures with different attachment systems. Material and Methods: Forty-eight patients were recruited as a study cohort. The implant placement procedure was based on the results obtained by CBCT scanning and individualized surgical templates manufactured for correct implant placement. Each individual received two k3Pro Implants (Sure Type with 4.0 or 4.5 mm in diameter) at the intraforaminal area due to standard protocol of implantation provided by the manufacturer under local anesthesia. All patients were distributed between two groups based on the fact of using either Locator- or ball-attachments. Rank correlation was measured using Spearman correlation coefficient, while linear correlation was evaluated by Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: No statistically meaningful differences were noted regarding patients' distribution among groups considering age (p>0.05) and gender (p>0.05). Provided patient-level analysis demonstrated that increase of conventional full denture service time was positively correlated with escalation of OHIP-EDENT scores. The most prominent inter-correspondences were noted specifically between longevity of denture service and elevation of scores within "Functional limitation" (r=0.61; p<0.05), "Physical pain" (r=0.51; p<0.05) and "Physical disability" (r=0.57; p<0.05) subdomains. No statistically argumented regressions were noted between increase tendency of OHIP-EDENT scores and gender (p>0.05) or age (p>0.05) parameters. Conclusion: Significant improvements of quality of life measured with OHIP-EDENT were noted for both types of attachments compared to the pre-treatment situation independently of additionally provided surface electromyography-based alignment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported/instrumentation , Electromyography/instrumentation , Masticatory Muscles , Ukraine , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Cohort Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Occlusal Adjustment , Adaptation , Dental Implantation , Denture, Complete , Denture, Overlay
5.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1372941

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate and compare prosthesis and implant survival in case of interim fixed complete dentures reinforced with fiber resin frameworks versus those that were not reinforced with any framework in case of immediately loaded full arch restorations in completely edentulous patients. Material and Methods: Thirty completely edentulous patients were randomly allocated into two parallel arm groups. Non-reinforced control group in which patients received non-reinforced all-on-four immediately loaded fixed complete denture and Fiber reinforced group in which patients received all-on-four fixed complete denture supported with glass-fiber reinforced resin framework. Prosthesis and implant survival were clinically evaluated after 4 months follow up period. Results: A statistically significant difference for prosthesis (p = 0.032) and implant survival (p = 0.031) was found between both groups. The fiber-reinforced group showed 100% prosthesis survival and 95% implant survival. On the other hand, the non-reinforced group showed 73.3% prosthesis survival and 81.1% implant survival. Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, it can be concluded that strengthening the fixed full arch restorations with fiber reinforced frameworks can help overcoming the problem of interim prosthesis fracture during the osseointegration period when used for immediate loading in completely edentulous patients. It can also improve the survival of the immediately loaded implants. (AU)


Objetivo : Avaliar e comparar a sobrevivência de próteses e implantes no caso de próteses totais fixas provisórias reforçadas com estruturas de resina de fibra versus aquelas que não foram reforçadas com nenhuma estrutura no caso de restaurações de arcada completa com carga imediata em pacientes completamente desdentados. Material e Métodos : Trinta pacientes completamente desdentados foram alocados aleatoriamente em dois grupos de braços paralelos. Grupo controle não reforçado, no qual os pacientes receberam prótese total fixa (all-on-four) não reforçada, com carga imediata e grupo reforçado com fibra, no qual os pacientes receberam prótese total fixa (all-on-four), suportada com estrutura de resina reforçada com fibra de vidro. A sobrevivência da prótese e do implante foi avaliada clinicamente após 4 meses de acompanhamento. Resultados : Foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significante para prótese (p=0,032) e sobrevivência do implante (p=0,031) entre os dois grupos. O grupo reforçado com fibra apresentou 100% de sobrevivência da prótese e 95% de sobrevivência do implante. Por outro lado, o grupo não reforçado apresentou 73,3% de sobrevivência da prótese e 81,1% de sobrevivência do implante. Conclusão: Com base nos achados deste estudo, pode-se concluir que o fortalecimento das restaurações fixas de arcada completa com estruturas reforçadas com fibras pode ajudar a superar o problema da fratura da prótese provisória durante o período de osteointegração quando usada para carga imediata em pacientes completamente desdentados. Também pode melhorar a sobrevivência dos implantes carregados imediatamente (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Denture, Complete
6.
Rev. SOBECC (Online) ; v26(n4): 199-204, 31-12-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1367529

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Estimar os intervalos de tempo envolvidos no reprocessamento de materiais consignados temporários de prótese total de quadril em um centro de material e esterilização de um hospital privado de São Paulo (SP). Método: Estudo exploratório-descritivo, de campo, com abordagem quantitativa. A amostra foi composta de 41 processamentos de materiais consignados. Os intervalos de tempo foram registrados com auxílio de cronômetro digital, hora inicial e final de cada atividade. O cálculo amostral foi estimado com intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: O tempo total do processamento teve mediana de 10 horas, o tempo efe-tivo total foi de 4,9 horas e o intervalo de tempo entre o fim do reprocessamento e o horário da cirurgia foi de 4,7 horas de antecedência. Houve cancelamento de uma cirurgia em virtude do atraso na entrega do material. Conclusão: Nesta pesquisa foram mensurados os tempos de reprocessamento de materiais consignados, sendo mantido o rigor metodológico em todas as etapas, com estimativas que respeitaram o intervalo de confiança, o que faz deste estudo passível de reprodução. Sugere-se que profissionais de outras instituições realizem tais mensurações, de modo que permitam a construção de indicadores, auxiliando enfermeiros na tomada de decisão.


Objective: To estimate the time intervals necessary to reprocess loaner items for total hip replacement in a sterile processing department of a private hospital in São Paulo (SP). Method: This is an exploratory, descriptive field study with a quantitative approach. The sample consisted of 41 processing cycles for loaner items. Intervals were recorded using a digital stopwatch, including the start and end times of each activity. Sample calculation was estimated with a 95% confidence interval. Results: Median total processing time was 10 hours, total effective time was 4.9 hours, and the interval between the end of reprocessing and the time of surgery was 4.7 hours in advance. One surgery was canceled due to delayed delivery of the item. Conclusions: This study measured the reprocessing times of loaner items, maintaining the methodological rigor at all stages, with estimates that respected the confidence interval, making this investigation reproduci-ble. We suggest that professionals from other facilities perform these measurements to allow the construction of indicators that can help nurses in decision-making.


Objetivo: Estimar los intervalos de tiempo involucrados en el reprocesamiento de materiales consignados temporalmente para reemplazo total de cadera en un Centro de Material y Esterilización de un hospital privado de São Paulo. Método: Estudio de campo exploratorio-descriptivo con enfoque cuantita-tivo. La muestra consistió en 41 procesamientos de materiales consignados. Los intervalos de tiempo se registraron con la ayuda de un cronómetro digital, hora de inicio y finalización de cada actividad. El cálculo del tamaño de la muestra se estimó con un intervalo de confianza del 95%. Resultados: El tiempo total de procesamiento tuvo una mediana de 10 horas; el tiempo efectivo total fue de 4,9 horas y el intervalo de tiempo entre el final del reprocesamiento y el momento de la cirugía fue de 4,7 horas antes. Se canceló una cirugía debido al retraso en la entrega del material. Conclusión: En esta investigación se midieron los tiem-pos de reprocesamiento de los materiales consignados, manteniendo el rigor metodológico en todas las etapas, con estimaciones que respetaron el intervalo de confianza, haciendo este estudio susceptible de reproducción. Se sugiere que profesionales de otras instituciones realicen dichas mediciones, de manera que per-mitan la construcción de indicadores, ayudando a las enfermeras en la toma de decisiones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Denture, Complete , Sterilization , Hospitals, Private , Hip
7.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(3): 220-234, set. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1343609

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Grande parte dos idosos caracteriza a reabilitação com prótese total como satisfatória. Entretanto, algunsse mostram insatisfeitos devido a dificuldades com a adaptação, principalmente em relação a prótese total mandibular. Objetivo:Identificar a prevalência e os fatores associados ao não uso da prótese total inferior em idosos. Ademais, verificou-se o impacto do não uso dessa prótese na autopercepção de saúde bucal e na dificuldade de se alimentar. Método:Trata-se de um estudo de base populacional e transversal. Para a sua realização, foi utilizado a base de dados da última Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde realizada no Brasil. Inicialmente, o teste Qui-quadrado foi usado para a análise dos dados. Em seguida, uma análise multivariada do tipo regressão múltipla de Poisson foi realizada para o ajuste das razões de prevalência. Resultados:Participaram 4.582 idosos brasileiros, dos quais 27,1% não faziam uso da prótese total inferior. Onão uso da prótese esteve associada aos idosos mais velhos (p=0,001), aos sem instrução (p=0,001), aos que não possuem plano de saúde (p=0,019), aos que fumam (p=0,012) e aos que não realizavam higiene bucal todos os dias (p<0,001). O não uso da prótese total inferior impactou em uma pior autopercepção de saúde bucal (p=0,001) e em maiores dificuldades de se alimentar (p<0,001). Conclusões:Onão uso de prótese total inferior está associado a piores condições socioeconômicas e a um pior estilo de vida, fortemente ligado ao ato de fumar. Ademais, o não uso da prótese impacta negativamente na autopercepção de saúde bucal e na alimentação (AU).


Introduction:A large part of the elderly characterizes rehabilitation with total prosthesis as satisfactory. However, some are dissatisfied due to difficulties with adaptation, mainly in relation to total mandibular prosthesis.Objective:To identify the prevalence and factors associated with not using the lower denture in the elderly. In addition, the impact of not using this prosthesis on self-perceived oral health and the difficulty of eating was verified.Methods:This is a population-based and cross-sectional study. For its realization, the database of the last National Health Survey carried out in Brazil was used. Initially, the Chi-square test was used for data analysis. Then, a multivariate analysis using Poisson multiple regression was performed to adjust the prevalence ratios.Results:4,582 elderly Brazilians participated, of which 27.1% did not use the lower total prosthesis. Failure to use the prosthesis was associated with older elderly people (p=0.001), those without education (p=0.001), those who do not have health insurance (p=0.019), those who smoke (p=0.012) and those who they did not perform oral hygiene every day (p<0.001). Failure to use the lower denture impacted worse self-perceived oral health (p=0.001) and greater difficulties in eating (p<0.001). Conclusions:Failure to use a lower denture is associated with worse socioeconomic conditions and a worse lifestyle, strongly linked to smoking. In addition, the non-use of the prosthesis has a negative impact on self-perception of oral health and food (AU).


Introducción:Una gran parte de los ancianos caracteriza la rehabilitación con prótesis total como satisfactoria. Sin embargo, algunos están insatisfechos por dificultades de adaptación, principalmente en relación con la prótesis total mandibular.Objetivo:Identificar la prevalencia y los factoresasociados a la no utilización de la prótesis inferior en el anciano. Además, se verificó el impacto de no utilizar esta prótesis sobre la salud bucal autopercibida y la dificultad para comer. Método:Se trata de un estudio poblacional y transversal. Para su realización se utilizó la base de datos de la última Encuesta Nacional de Salud realizada en Brasil. Inicialmente, se utilizó la prueba de Chi-cuadrado para el análisis de datos. Luego, se realizó un análisis multivariado utilizando regresión múltiple de Poisson para ajustar las razones de prevalencia.Resultados:Participaron 4.582 ancianos brasileños, de los cuales el 27,1% no utilizó la prótesis total inferior. La falta de uso de la prótesis se asoció con ancianos (p=0,001), sin educación (p=0,001), sin seguro médico (p=0,019), con tabaquismo (p=0,012) y con los que no realizaban tratamiento oral. higiene todos los días (p<0,001). La no utilización de la dentadura inferior repercutió en una peor salud bucal autopercibida (p=0,001) y mayores dificultades para comer (p<0,001).Conclusiones:La no utilización de una dentadura inferior se asocia con peores condiciones socioeconómicas y un peor estilo de vida, fuertemente ligado al tabaquismo. Además, la no utilización de la prótesis tiene un impacto negativo en la autopercepción de la salud bucal y la alimentación (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brazil/epidemiology , Aged , Oral Health , Denture, Complete , Denture, Complete, Lower , Mouth Rehabilitation/instrumentation , Oral Hygiene , Quality of Life , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Multivariate Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Analysis
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 64-71, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339323

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the dental displacement in dentures included in different flasks and processed by the Australian cycle modified or by microwave. Metal pins were placed on the teeth as reference for measurements: a) Incisal edge of maxillary and mandibular central incisors, buccal cusp of maxillary and mandibular vestibular first premolars, and mesiobuccal maxillary and mandibular cusps of second molars; b) Incisor to incisor, premolar to premolar and molar to molar; c) Left incisor to left molar and right incisor to right molar, and d) Vertical. Dentures were divided according to flasks (n=10): G1- Metal; G2- HH bimaxillary metal; G3-Microwaves; G4- HH bimaxillary microwaves. For G1 and G2, polymerization at 65ºC/30 min, flame quenched for 30 min, heating at 65ºC/30 min, boiling water for 1 h. For G3 and G4, microwave (20 min/140 W and 5 min/560 W). Comparator microscope with digital camera and analytical unit assessed the measurements before and after denture polymerization. The final distance was made subtracting the distance before the denture processing from the distance of the dental displacement after processing. The value of the difference was submitted to 2-way ANOVA, considering the flask type and denture type. Maxillary denture showed greater displacement when compared to mandibular denture. Flask types and interaction with denture types showed similar difference between before and after polymerization. In conclusion, displacement promoted by flask types in dentures cured by polymerization cycles promoted similar effect on the distance between teeth. Greater value for distance between teeth occurred for maxillary denture.


Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar o deslocamento dental em próteses totais incluídas em diferentes tipos de muflas e polimerizadas pelo ciclo australiano ou por micro ondas. Pinos metálicos foram colocados nos dentes como pontos de referência para as medidas: a) Borda incisal dos incisivos centrais maxilares e mandibulares, cúspide vestibular dos primeiros pré molares maxilares e mandibulares e cúspides mésiovestibulares dos segundos molares maxilares e mandibulares; b) Distâncias látero-laterais incisivo a incisivo, pré-molar a pré-molar e molar a molar; c) Distâncias horizontais anteroposterior incisivo esquerdo a molar esquerdo e incisivo direito a molar direito, e d) Vertical. As próteses foram separadas de acordo com o tipo de mufla (n=20): G1- Metálica; G2-HH bi-maxilar metálica; G3- Micro-ondas; G4- HH bi-maxilar micro ondas. Ciclo de polimerização para G1 e G2, água a 65ºC por 30 minutos, aquecimento interrompido por 30 minutos, reaquecimento a 65ºC por 30 minutos, seguido de água fervente por 1 hora. Para G3 e G4, micro ondas (20 minutos a 140 W e 5 minutos a 560 W). As medidas foram avaliadas com microscópio comparador linear. A distância final entre os dentes foi obtida subtraindo o valor da distância antes do processamento da prótese do valor da distância resultante do deslocamento dentário após o processamento. A diferença obtida entre essas distâncias foi submetida à ANOVA de 2 fatores, considerando como variáveis tipo de mufla e tipo de prótese. A prótese maxilar apresentou maior deslocamento dental quando comparada à mandibular. Os tipos de muflas e a interação com os tipos de próteses mostraram movimentos dentais similares antes e depois da polimerização. Em conclusão, o deslocamento dental promovido por diferentes tipos de frascos em próteses curadas por diferentes ciclos de polimerização promoveu efeito semelhante na alteração da distância entre os dentes. Maior valor para a mudança de distância entre os dentes ocorreu na prótese maxilar.


Subject(s)
Denture, Complete , Australia , Polymerization
9.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(1): 24-32, jan.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1148164

ABSTRACT

O uso de próteses mal adaptadas pode ocasionar o surgimento de processos proliferativos não neoplásicos. A hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatória (HFI) é uma lesão benigna, proveniente de reação hiperplásica do tecido conjuntivo fibroso em resposta às injúrias crônicas de baixa intensidade. O objetivo do presente trabalho é relatar um caso clínico sobre remoção cirúrgica de HFI, seguida de reabilitação oral com próteses removíveis. Paciente de 75 anos do sexo masculino relatou que gostaria de fazer a troca da sua prótese, pois a mesma estava fraturada. Ao exame clínico intra-oral constatou-se que suas próteses possuíam higienização precária, e, a superior, possuía uma borda cortante que causou uma lesão hiperplásica na região de fundo de vestíbulo anterior. Quanto ao aspecto clínico, apresentava-se com consistência fibrosa e firme à palpação, de coloração semelhante a mucosa e assintomática. O plano de tratamento proposto foi reembasamento da prótese antiga com resina Soft Confort (Dencril, Brasil) eliminando as áreas que traumatizavam a mucosa, cirurgia pré-protética para a remoção da HFI, exame histopatológico e a confecção de novas próteses, sendo a superior prótese total convencional e a inferior prótese parcial removível. Observa-se a importância no cuidado do planejamento reabilitador protético dos pacientes, pois, como foi descrito neste caso, em algumas situações pode haver necessidade de lançarmos mão de diversas modalidades de tratamento prévias à reabilitação(AU)


The use of poorly adapted prostheses can lead to the emergence of non-neoplastic proliferative processes. Inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (HFI) is a benign lesion, resulting from a hyperplastic reaction of fibrous connective tissue in response to low-intensity chronic injuries. The aim of the present study is to report a clinical case about surgical removal of HFI, followed by oral rehabilitation with removable prostheses. A 75-year-old male patient reported that he would like to change his prosthesis, because it was fractured. On intra-oral clinical examination, it was found that his prostheses had poor hygiene, and the upper one had a cutting edge that caused a hyperplastic lesion in the deep region of the anterior vestibule. As for the clinical aspect, it was fibrous and firm on palpation, mucosa-like and asymptomatic. The proposed treatment plan was to repurpose the old prosthesis with Soft Confort resin (Dencril, Brazil), eliminating the areas that traumatized the mucosa, pre-prosthetic surgery for the removal of HFI, histopathological examination and the making of new prostheses, the upper prosthesis being conventional total and the lower partial removable prosthesis. It is observed the importance in the care of the prosthetic rehabilitation planning of the patients, because, as it was described in this case, in some situations it may be necessary to resort to different treatment modalities prior to the rehabilitation(AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis Design , Hyperplasia , Connective Tissue , Denture, Complete , Denture, Partial, Removable , Denture Rebasing
10.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(1): 1-8, feb. 24, 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283264

ABSTRACT

Background: The corollary is not investigated in the completely edentulous patients with palatal tori. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the oral stereognostic ability in completely edentulous patients with palatal tori. Material and Methods: Thirty-four completely edentulous patients aged 50 to 89 years were allocated to Group 1 (without palatal tori, n=18) and Group 2 (with palatal tori, n=16). The oral stereognostic test was conducted using 6 intraoral test pieces (circle/square/rectangle/triangle/plus/toroid) that were fabricated to standard dimensions using the light cure acrylic resin. Each test piece was placed in the patient's mouth and was asked to manipulate the test piece between the tongue and the palate. The patients identified the shapes by matching them on a shape chart. Each correct identification was assigned a score of 1. The response time taken to identify each shape was recorded. Statistical computation was done using a chi - square test and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: Significant difference was observed in the overall scoring percentages between the 2 groups (p<0.05). Group 2 had lower oral stereognostic scores compared to group 1 (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the mean response time for identifying the shapes among the groups, however group 2 patients had longer response time. Conclusion: Oral stereognostic ability of the completely edentulous patients with torus palatinus was lower when compared to completely edentulous patients without tori.


Antecedentes: el corolario no se investiga en los pacientes completamente desdentados con toros palatinos. Objetivo:El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la capacidad estereognóstica oral en pacientes completamente edéntulos con toros palatinos. Material y Métodos: Treinta y cuatro pacientes completamente edéntulos de 50 a 89 años fueron asignados al Grupo 1 (sin toros palatinos, n = 18) y al Grupo 2 (con toros palatinos, n = 16). La prueba estereognóstica oral se realizó utilizando 6 piezas de prueba intraorales (círculo / cuadrado / rectángulo / triángulo / cruz / aro) que se fabricaron a dimensiones estándar utilizando la resina acrílica fotopolimerizable. Cada pieza de prueba se colocó en la boca del paciente y se le pidió que manipulara la pieza de prueba entre la lengua y el paladar. Los pacientes identificaron las formas haciéndolas coincidir en un gráfico de formas. A cada identificación correcta se le asignó una puntuación de 1. Se registró el tiempo de respuesta necesario para identificar cada forma. El cálculo estadístico se realizó mediante la prueba de chi-cuadrado y la prueba U de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: Se observó una diferencia significativa en los porcentajes de puntuación generales entre los 2 grupos (p<0,05). El grupo 2 tuvo puntuaciones estereognósticas orales más bajas en comparación con el grupo 1 (p<0,05). No hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa en el tiempo medio de respuesta para identificar las formas entre los grupos, sin embargo, los pacientes del grupo 2 tuvieron un tiempo de respuesta más largo.Conclusión: La capacidad estereognóstica oral de los pacientes completamente edéntulos con torus palatino fue menor en comparación con los pacientes completamente edéntulos sin torus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Palate/pathology , Stereognosis , Exostoses , Mouth, Edentulous , Palate, Hard , Denture, Complete
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878417

ABSTRACT

Speech could be used, because it was a neuromuscular movement without teeth contact. The method was stable, however it was used more in vertical relation deciding. More study was needed in the horizontal relation deciding. This article was to explain why and how to use phonetic method to decide jaws relation, through literature review.


Subject(s)
Denture Design , Denture, Complete , Jaw , Phonetics
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878402

ABSTRACT

Digital technologies use high-precision three-dimensional scanning, intelligence-aided design software, and multi-axis numerical control milling or 3D printing, which can produce restorations with reliable precision and suitable function. However, the development of digital technologies in the field of complete denture restoration has been slow due to the complexity of prosthesis. This review article introduces the current research status and clinical applications of digital complete dentures in prosthodontic clinics and dental laboratories to provide beneficial references to prosthodontists and dental technicians.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Denture, Complete , Printing, Three-Dimensional
13.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346680

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the influence of tooth loss and the use of removable dentures on chewing function and nutritional status of institutionalized elders. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study with 155 elders from seven long-stay institutions in João Pessoa, Brazil. The participants were classified according to the presence of reminiscent teeth and use of dentures in four levels: toothless, without denture (1); toothless with a complete denture (2); partial toothless without denture (3) and partial toothless with a partial denture (4). Nutritional status was assessed using the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) instrument and the Body Mass Index (BMI). Swallowing threshold was used for the assessment of masticatory function, using a portion of roasted peanuts (3.7 g). Comparisons among groups were performed using Kruskal-Wallis test with Bonferroni adjustment, considering p<0.05. Results: MNA (p=0.702) and BMI (p=0.884) were not modified in relation to the presence of teeth and denture use. Toothless individuals without dentures had a lower swallowing threshold (p<0.001), whilst partial toothless with dentures had better masticatory function (p>0.05). Conclusion: The presence of reminiscent teeth and the use of dentures do not influence the nutritional status of the elders but interfere with the masticatory function. Prosthetic rehabilitation is desirable for complete toothless individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brazil , Nutritional Status , Denture, Complete , Denture, Partial, Removable , Homes for the Aged , Mastication/physiology , Aged , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Mouth, Edentulous , Statistics, Nonparametric
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200948, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340105

ABSTRACT

Abstract Appropriated denture hygiene is a predictive factor for longevity of rehabilitation treatment and maintenance of the oral mucosal health. Although, disinfectant solutions are commonly used as denture cleansers, the impact of these solutions on acrylic resin-based dentures remain unclear. Objective To evaluate, in vitro, the antibiofilm activity of complete denture hygiene solutions and their effects on physical and mechanical properties of acrylic resin. Methodology For antibiofilm activity measurement acrylic resin specimens were contaminated with Candida albicans, Candida glabrata and Streptococcus mutans. After biofilm growth, the specimens were assigned to the hygiene solutions: Distilled water (Control); 0.2% Sodium hypochlorite (SH); Efferdent Power Clean Crystals (EPC) and 6.25% Ricinus communis (RC). The viability of microorganisms was evaluated by agar plate counts. In parallel, physical, and mechanical properties of the acrylic resin were evaluated after simulating a 5-year period of daily immersion in the previously mentioned solutions. The changes in surface roughness, color, microhardness, flexural strength, impact strength, sorption and solubility were evaluated. Data were compared by ANOVA followed by the Tukey test or Kruskal-Wallis followed by the Dunn test depending on the distribution (α=0.05). Results Regarding antibiofilm action, SH eliminated all microorganisms while EPC and RC exhibited moderate action against S. mutans (p=0.001) and C. glabrata (p<0.001), respectively. Relative to effects on the physical and mechanical properties of the acrylic resin, RC led to higher values of color change (p=0.030), hardness (p<0.001), surface roughness (p=0.006) and flexural strength (p<0.001). Moreover, RC induced the highest values of changes in solubility (p<0.001). EPC promoted greater changes in surface morphology, whereas immersion in SH retained the initial appearance of the acrylic resin surface. All hygiene solutions reduced the impact strength (p<0.05). Conclusion SH presented the most effective antibiofilm activity. In addition, changes on properties were observed after immersion in RC, which were considered within acceptable limits.


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins , Denture Cleansers/pharmacology , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Hygiene , Biofilms , Denture Bases , Denture, Complete
15.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-7, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1177576

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of fibromucosa height on the stress distribution and displacement of mandibular total prostheses during posterior unilateral load, posterior bilateral load and anterior guidance using the finite element analysis (FEA). Material and methods: 3D virtual models were made to simulate the stress generated during different mandibular movements in a total prosthesis. The contacts were simulated according to the physiology, being considered perfectly bonded between cortical and medullar bones; and between cortical bone and mucosa. Non-linear frictional contact was used for the total prosthesis base and fibromucosa, allowing the prosthesis to slide over the tissue. The cortical bone base was fixed and the 100 N load was applied as unilateral load, posterior bilateral load and anterior guidance simulation. The required results were for maximum principal stress (MPa), microstrain (mm/mm) and total displacement (mm). The numerical results were converted into colorimetric maps and arranged according to corresponding scales. Results: The stress generated in all situations was directly proportional to the fibromucosa height. The maximum principal stress results demonstrated greater magnitude for anterior guidance, posterior unilateral and posterior bilateral, respectively. Only posterior unilateral load demonstrated an increase in bone microstrain, regardless of the fibromucosa height. Prosthesis displacement was lower under posterior bilateral loading. Conclusion: Posterior bilateral loading is indicated for total prosthesis because it allows lower prosthesis displacement, lower stress concentration at the base of the prosthesis and less bone microstrain. (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da altura da fibromucosa na distribuição de tensões e deslocamento das próteses totais mandibulares durante a carga unilateral posterior, carga bilateral posterior e orientação anterior usando a análise por elementos finitos (FEA). Material e métodos: Modelos virtuais 3D foram confeccionados para simular a tensão gerada durante diferentes movimentos mandibulares em uma prótese total. Os contatos foram simulados de acordo com a fisiologia, sendo considerados perfeitamente unidos entre os ossos corticais e medulares; e entre o osso cortical e a mucosa. O contato friccional não linear foi utilizado entre a base total da prótese e a fibromucosa, permitindo que a prótese deslizasse sobre o tecido. A base do osso cortical foi fixada e a carga de 100 N aplicada como carga unilateral, carga bilateral posterior e simulação de guia incisiva anterior. Os resultados foram calculados em tensão máxima principal (MPa), microdeformação (mm/mm) e deslocamento total (mm). Os resultados numéricos foram convertidos em mapas colorimétricos e organizados de acordo com as escalas correspondentes. Resultados: A tensão gerada em todas as situações foi diretamente proporcional à altura da fibromucosa. Os resultados de tensão máxima principal demonstraram maior magnitude durante a carga anterior, posterior unilateral e posterior bilateral, respectivamente. Apenas a carga unilateral posterior demonstrou aumento da microdeformação óssea, independente da altura da fibromucosa. O deslocamento da prótese foi menor sob carga bilateral posterior. Conclusão: A carga bilateral posterior é indicada para prótese total, pois permite menor deslocamento da prótese, menor concentração de tensões na base da prótese e menor microdeformação óssea (AU)


Subject(s)
Finite Element Analysis , Dental Occlusion , Denture, Complete
16.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(4): 399-403, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132316

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This cross-sectional observational study with 24 patients evaluated differences in bite force (BF) and masticatory performance (MP) between conventional complete denture (CCD) and implant mandibular overdenture (IMO) users and the correlation between these variables. The BF test was performed bilaterally with an occlusal force device. During the MP test, patients were asked to chew Optocal particles for 40 cycles. The Shapiro Wilk test was employed to verify the normality of the data, the student t test to identify differences between groups, and Pearson's correlation to investigate interrelationships between variables. A multiple linear regression was subsequently performed via the stepwise method. P values ≤0.05 were considered statistically significant. Unlike IMO users, CCD users presented a significant difference (25.6%) in BF between the dominant and non-dominant chewing side (p=0.04). IMO users presented significantly higher BF (p=0.01) without presenting a dominant side (p=0.38), and also performed significantly better for the following MP parameters: MPX50 values decreased by 27.25% in IMO users (p=0.01), MPB decreased by 48.38% (p=0.01), and ME 5.6 decreased by 53.25% (p=0.02), while ME2.8 increased by 151.57% (p=0.01). The BF and MPX50 in the IMO wearers group were negatively correlated (-0.57; p=0.05); this correlation coefficient was the only parameter included in the multivariate regression model. IMO users have higher BF and better masticatory performance than CCD users, especially in terms of chewed particles size reduction. MP is correlated with a higher BF in IMO users through better particle trituration.


Resumo Este estudo observacional transversal com 24 participantes teve como objetivo avaliar as diferenças na força de mordida (FM) e na PM (performance mastigatória) entre usuários de prótese total convencional (PTC) e de overdenture mandibular (OM) e a correlação entre essas variáveis. O teste de FM foi realizado bilateralmente com um dispositivo de força oclusal. Durante o teste de PM, os pacientes foram solicitados a mastigar uma porção padronizada de Optocal por 40 ciclos mastigatórios. O teste de Shapiro Wilk foi empregado para verificar a normalidade dos dados, o teste T de Student para identificar diferenças entre os grupos e os coeficientes de correlação de Pearson para investigar inter-relações entre variáveis. Uma regressão linear múltipla foi realizada pelo método stepwise. Valores de p≤0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significantes. Diferentemente dos usuários de OM, os usuários de PTC apresentaram uma diferença significativa (34%) na FM entre o lado dominante e o não dominante (p=0,04). Os usuários de OM apresentaram FM significativamente maior (p=0,01) sem apresentar um lado dominante (p=0,38) e obtiveram PM significativamente melhor nos seguintes parâmetros: os valores de PMX50 diminuíram 27,25% (p=0,01), PMB diminuiu em 48,38% (p=0,01), e EM 5.6 diminuiu 53,25% (p=0,02), enquanto EM2.8 aumentou 151,57% (p=0,01). A FM e PMX50 no grupo de usuários da IMO foram negativamente correlacionados (-0,57;p=0,05); esse coeficiente de correlação foi o único parâmetro incluído no modelo de regressão multivariada. Os usuários da OM possuem maior FM e melhor performance mastigatória do que os usuários de PTC, observados principalmente na redução do tamanho das partículas mastigadas. A PM está correlacionada com um maior FM nos usuários da OM através de uma melhor trituração de partículas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bite Force , Denture, Overlay , Cross-Sectional Studies , Denture, Complete , Mandible
17.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 983-989, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124886

ABSTRACT

Las articulaciones temporomandibulares y la musculatura asociada, permiten que la mandíbula se desplace en los tres planos del espacio (sagital, frontal y horizontal), de esta forma la mandíbula puede realizar movimientos mandibulares complejos. Hace varias décadas que los movimientos bordeantes mandibulares son estudiados, sin embargo, en un principio los estudios se realizaban en dos dimensiones (2D). En la actualidad, gracias al articulógrafo electromagnético (EMA) 3D es posible realizar el estudio de la cinemática mandibular en tres dimensiones (3D). El objetivo del siguiente estudio es analizar los movimientos mandibulares bordeantes (sagital, frontal y horizontal), por medio de la articulografía electromagnética 3D. En el estudio, participaron 11 personas de 31,9 ± 5,7 años en promedio (mujeres 30,2 ± 2,9 y hombres 34,0 ± 7,8) completamente dentados de primer molar a primer molar, sin trastornos temporomandibulares ni tratamiento previo de ortodoncia. Los archivos fueron procesados mediante scripts, desarrolladas en MATLAB®. Entre los resultados más relevantes, se encontró diferencia estadística entre hombres y mujeres en relación al área Frontal del polígono de Posselt, y los resultados del área del polígono sagital de todos los participantes, fue mayor que en estudios previos.


The temporomandibular joints and associated muscles allow the mandible to move in the three planes (sagittal, frontal and horizontal), in this way the jaw can perform complex mandibular movements. For several decades, mandibular border movements have been studied. However, studies were initially carried out in two dimensions (2D). At the present time, it is possible to analyze mandibular kinematics in three dimensions (3D), with the 3D electromagnetic articulograph (EMA). The objective of the study is to evaluate the mandibular border movements (sagittal, frontal and horizontal), using 3D electromagnetic articulation. In this analysis, 11 subjects 31.9 ± 5.7 years of age on average, participated (women 30.2 ± 2.9 and men 34.0 ± 7.8) completely dentate patients, from first to first molar, with no temporomandibular disorders or orthodontic pretreatment. Files were processed using scripts, developed in MATLAB®. Among the most relevant results, a statistical difference was found between men and women in relation to the Frontal area of Posselt polygon, and results of the sagittal polygon area of all the participants were greater than those reported in previous studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Denture, Complete , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Temporomandibular Joint , Biomechanical Phenomena , Sex Factors , Electromagnetic Phenomena , Mandible/physiology , Movement/physiology
18.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e2175, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126483

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: O uso de próteses totais tem impacto na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal e os idosos são uma parcela da população a ser pesquisada sob essa perspectiva. Objetivo: Avaliar a autopercepção do impacto do uso de próteses totais na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal de idosos institucionalizados. Métodos: Participaram 20 idosos do Lar dos Idosos Recanto do Tarumã, Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil. Foram avaliados aspectos demográficos, econômicos, de hábitos e clínicos, juntamente com aplicação do questionário Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index. Os dados foram submetidos à análise descritiva e bivariada (Teste do Qui-Quadrado), com significância de 5 porcento. Resultados: A média de idade foi de 75,2 anos (DP= 8,8) e o tempo médio de uso de prótese foi de 27,9 anos (DP= 18,5). Renda inferior a um salário mínimo foi indicada por 80,0 porcento, e visitas ao cirurgião-dentista pela última vez há mais de um ano, por 70,0 porcento. Os piores relatos foram referentes à mastigação, representados por problemas para mastigar alimentos e desconforto ao comer, com 25 porcento de respostas positivas em cada questão; a soma das frequências das respostas "às vezes" e "sempre" quanto à insatisfação ou à infelicidade com a aparência da boca foi reportada 60 porcento dos pesquisados. A retenção insatisfatória da prótese inferior se deu em 50,0 porcento casos, enquanto os problemas com oclusão estiveram presentes também em metade da amostra. Os defeitos estiveram presentes em 70,0 porcento das próteses superiores e 45,0 porcento das inferiores. Não foi encontrada associação significativa (p> 0,05) entre as variáveis independentes e o desfecho. Conclusões: Os idosos avaliados, independentemente das condições das próteses totais, relataram qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal satisfatória(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: El uso de prótesis totales tiene un impacto en la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud bucal, y los ancianos son parte de la población que se investigará desde esta perspectiva. Objetivo: Evaluar la autopercepción del impacto del uso de prótesis totales en la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud bucal de ancianos institucionalizados. Métodos: Participaron 20 ancianos de "Lar dos Idosos Recanto do Tarumã", Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil. Los aspectos demográficos, económicos, de hábitos y clínicos se evaluaron junto con la aplicación del cuestionario Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis descriptivo y bivariado (prueba de chi cuadrado), con significación del 5 por ciento. Resultados: La edad media fue de 75,2 años (DE= 8,8) y el tiempo medio de uso de la prótesis fue de 27,9 años (DE= 18,5). Los ingresos menores a un salario mínimo se indicaron en el 80,0 por ciento, y las visitas al cirujano dental la última vez, hace más de un año, en el 70, 0 por ciento. Los peores informes estaban relacionados con la masticación, representados por problemas para masticar los alimentos y la incomodidad al comer, con el 25 por ciento de respuestas positivas en cada pregunta. La suma de las frecuencias de las respuestas "a veces" y "siempre" sobre la insatisfacción o la infelicidad con la apariencia de la boca se informó en el 60 por ciento de los encuestados. La retención insatisfactoria de la prótesis inferior se produjo en el 50 por ciento de los casos, mientras que la oclusión también presentó problemas en la mitad de la muestra. Los defectos estuvieron presentes en el 70,0 por ciento de las prótesis superiores y en el 45,0 por ciento de las inferiores. No se encontró asociación significativa (p> 0,05) entre las variables independientes y el desenlace. Conclusiones: Los ancianos evaluados, independientemente de las condiciones de las prótesis totales, informaron una calidad de vida relacionada con la salud bucal satisfactoria(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The use of complete dentures has an impact on oral health-related quality of life. Elderly people are the population sector to be researched into from this perspective. Objective: Evaluate the self-perception of the impact of the use of complete dentures on the oral health-related quality of life of institutionalized elderly people. Methods: The study sample was 20 elderly people from Lar dos Idosos Recanto do Tarumã, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. Evaluation of demographic and economic details, habits and clinical aspects was based on the information collected with the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index questionnaire. The data were subjected to descriptive and bivariate analysis (Chi-squared test), with a significance of 5 percent. Results: Mean age was 75.2 (SD = 8.8) years and mean time of denture use was 27.9 (SD = 18.5) years. Income was below minimum wage in 80.0 percent of the participants, whereas the last visit to the dentist had occurred more than a year ago in 70.0 percent. The worst reports had to do with chewing, represented by problems to chew food and discomfort when eating, with 25 percent positive answers to each question. The sum of the frequencies of the answers "sometimes" and "always" about dissatisfaction with or unhappiness about the appearance of the mouth was reported by 60 percent of the respondents. Unsatisfactory retention of the lower denture occurred in 50.0 percent of the cases, whereas occlusion problems were present in half of the sample. Defects were present in 70.0 percent of the upper dentures and 45.0 percent of the lower dentures. No significant association (p> 0.05) was found between independent variables and outcome. Conclusions: The elderly people evaluated, regardless of the conditions of their complete dentures, reported satisfactory oral health-related quality of life(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Quality of Life , Self Concept , Oral Health , Denture, Complete/adverse effects , Mastication/physiology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827523

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the changes of forward displacement of maxillary complete denture during centric occlusion, three different methods were used to record the changes of vertical overlap and the comfort level of patients before and after the selective grinding of the three dentures made according to maxillo-mandibular horizontal relationship record.@*METHODS@#Twelve edentulous patients with normal stomatognathic system were recruited in this study. Three types of complete dentures for these 12 edentulous patients were made according to their different maxilla-mandibular horizontal relationship record methods. The amount of displacement of the maxillary complete denture, the vertical overlap of the anterior teeth as well as patient comfort level were recorded before and after selective grinding. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 17.0 software package.@*RESULTS@#Before selective grinding, the amount of displacement of denture A was significantly larger than those of dentures B and C (P0.05). During selective grinding, the vertical overlap variation of denture A was significantly greater than those of dentures B and C (P0.05). After selective grinding, no statistical difference was found among the three dentures (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Among the complete dentures with anatomical teeth, the dentures whose horizontal relationship was recorded at 1 mm before the apex of the Gothic arch apex and with checkbite are more in line with clinical repair requirements. Complete dentures whose horizontal relationship was recorded at the apex of Gothic arch need to be adjusted with selective grinding to meet the clinical restoration requirements.


Subject(s)
Dental Occlusion, Centric , Denture, Complete , Humans , Mandible , Maxilla , Mouth, Edentulous
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786593

ABSTRACT

In patients with fully edentulous jaw, treatment of complete dentures should be carried out in many stages when following the conventional methods. Therefore there were disadvantages such as multiple visits to dental clinic is inevitable. In addition, errors caused by polymerization shrinkage, which happens during the fabrication of denture, and difficulties in reproduction of damaged or lost denture were considered as disadvantages. But nowadays, computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system is widely used in dentistry and it has begun to expand its spectrum in manufacturing complete dentures. Using CAD/CAM system to fabricate complete dentures can reduce the number of patient's visit and clinical chair time, since taking impression, recording jaw relation, and selection of artificial teeth are performed at the same time during the first visit, and delivering of dentures during the second visit is possible. In addition, because 3D-Printing technology is used, errors by polymerization shrinkage can be reduced. Among the companies that fabricate complete dentures using CAD/CAM system, DENTCA CAD/CAM denture (DENTCA Inc., Los Angeles, CA, USA) is the most commercialized company. In this case, we treated patients of complete dentures using conventional complete denture method and DENTCA CAD/CAM denture system in the same patient. We would like to report this case because we have achieved good results not only in functional aspects of pronunciation, chewing, and swallowing but also in aesthetic aspects.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Deglutition , Dental Clinics , Dentistry , Denture, Complete , Dentures , Humans , Jaw , Jaw, Edentulous , Mastication , Methods , Polymerization , Polymers , Reproduction , Tooth, Artificial
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