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1.
Odontol. vital ; (39): 5-16, jul.-dic. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550583

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Comparar la cantidad y características de las prótesis dentales removibles parciales y totales, en el servicio de odontología del Hospital Nacional de Geriatría y Gerontología, en el periodo de tiempo comprendido del 1 de enero 2005 al 31 de diciembre 2008, equivalentes a 326 expedientes. Se tomó la base de datos del servicio de odontología de consulta externa especializada de los pacientes atendidos de los años 2005 al 2008, en los cuales se entregaron un total de 2786 prótesis dentales removibles. Materiales y métodos: Con base en el dato anterior se seleccionó la muestra no aleatoria a conveniencia hasta alcanzar el tamaño de 599 prótesis entregadas, examinando 326 expedientes del periodo de enero del 2005 a diciembre del 2008, con un nivel de confianza de 99% y un error de muestreo de 0.0466. La recolección de datos se realizó por medio del programa Microsoft Excel donde se utilizó una tabla en la que se anotó el número de expediente, fecha de inicio y conclusión de prótesis, tipo de prótesis, cantidad y color de prótesis, edad, género y domicilio del paciente por distrito, cantón y provincia. El procesamiento se realizó por medio de estadística descriptiva utilizando cuadros y gráficos. Resultados: Se determinó que el mayor porcentaje de rango de edad de personas que solicitaron prótesis removibles fue de 62 a 65 años, independiente si eran prótesis totales o parciales, los pacientes que requirieron dos prótesis fueron 273 de 326, en su mayoría los pacientes solicitaron prótesis totales para un total de 372 de 599 prótesis entregadas. De la guía de color utilizada en el HRBC los colores más requeridos fueron los tonos claros blanco amarillentos que corresponde al número 62 y 65; de los expedientes analizados la mayoría de los pacientes residían en San José con un total de 200 pacientes. Se concluye que el mayor porcentaje de edentulismo que se presento es el edentulismo total con un 62%, la prótesis más utilizada es la prótesis total superior removible y en su mayoría los pacientes requieren dos prótesis, con respecto al color no es concluyente para este estudio debido a los datos no disponibles en los expedientes analizados.


ABSTRACT Objective: Compare the quantity and characteristics of partial and total removable dental prostheses, in the dentistry service of the National Hospital of Geriatrics and Gerontology, in the period from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2008. The database of the specialized outpatient dentistry service of the patients treated from 2005 to 2008 was taken, in which a total of 2786 removable dentures were delivered. Materials and methods: Based on the previous data, the non-random sample was selected for convenience until reaching the size of 599 protheses of 326 files, with a confidence level of 99% and a sampling error of 0.0466. Data collection was carried out through the Microsoft Excel program where a table was used in which the file number, date of start and conclusion of the prosthesis, type of prosthesis, amount and color of prosthesis, age, gender and address were used of the patient by district, canton and province. The processing was carried out by means of descriptive statistics using tables and graphs. Results: It was determined that the highest percentage of the age range of people who requested removable prostheses was 62 to 65 years, the patients that required two prostheses were 273 of 326. In their majority, the patients requested total prostheses for a total of 372 of 599 prostheses delivered. Of the color guide used in the HRBC, the most requested colors were the light yellowish-white tones corresponding to the number 62 and 65; of the files analyzed, most of the patients resided in San José with a total of 200 patients. Conclusion: It is concluded that the highest percentage of edentulism that is presented is total edentulism with 62%, the most commonly used prosthesis is the removable upper total prosthesis and for the most part patients require two prostheses, with respect to color it is inconclusive for this study due to data not available in the analyzed files.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Denture, Complete/statistics & numerical data , Denture, Partial, Removable/statistics & numerical data , Costa Rica , Denture Precision Attachment
2.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 12(1): 195-203, abr. 4, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516516

ABSTRACT

Aim: Correct orientation of the occlusal plane plays a vital role in achieving the perfect occlusal balance and function of complete dentures. This study aimed to evaluate the most reliable posterior reference point of the ala-tragus line (ATL) concerning occlusal plane (OP) in a sample of the dentate Sudanese population. Materials and Methods: A total of 150 subjects with healthy and well-aligned permanent teeth were randomly selected. Right lateral profile photographs were taken with subjects having a fox plane placed intra-orally, contacting the occlusal plane. Reference points corresponding to inferior, middle, and superior borders of the tragus and inferior border of the ala of the nose were marked on photographs. The angles between the lines were measured using the Auto-CAD software program, and the most parallel relationship was determined. Descriptive statistics in terms of means and standard deviations were presented. Independent t-test and one-way ANOVA tests were used to compare as appropriate. A p-value < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The mean angle formed by the OP and ATL was 8.5±3.69º for the superior level, 4.68±3.13º for the middle line, and 2.89±2.57º for the inferior line. A significant difference was found between the means of the three angles (p< 0.001), while no significant difference (p> 0.05) was found between both genders regarding the measured angles. Conclusions: The line joining the inferior border of the ala of the nose with the inferior border of the tragus of the ear was the most reliable line in terms of parallelism to determine the occlusal plane orientation.


Antecedentes: La orientación correcta del plano oclusal juega un papel vital para lograr el equilibrio oclusal perfecto y la función de las prótesis completas. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el punto de referencia posterior más confiable de la línea ala-trago (ATL) con respecto al plano oclusal (OP) en una muestra de la población dentada de Sudán. Materiales y Métodos: Se seleccionaron aleatoriamente un total de 150 sujetos con dientes permanentes sanos y bien alineados. Se tomaron fotografías de perfil lateral derecho de sujetos a los que se les colocó un plano de zorro intraoralmente, en contacto con el plano oclusal. En las fotografías se marcaron los puntos de referencia correspondientes a los bordes inferior, medio y superior del trago y al borde inferior del ala de la nariz. Los ángulos entre las líneas se midieron utilizando el programa de software Auto-CAD y se determinó la relación más paralela. Se presentaron estadísticas descriptivas en términos de medias y desviaciones estándar. Se utilizaron prueba-t independiente y prueba ANOVA unidireccional para las comparaciones, según correspondiera. Se consideró significativo un valor de p<0,05. Resultados: El ángulo medio formado por OP y ATL fue de 8,5±3,69º para el nivel superior, 4,68±3,13º para la línea media y 2,89±2,57º para la línea inferior. Se encontró una diferencia significativa entre las medias de los tres ángulos (p< 0,001), mientras que no se encontró diferencia significativa (p>0,05) entre ambos sexos con respecto a los ángulos medidos. Conclusión: La línea que une el borde inferior del ala de la nariz con el borde inferior del trago de la oreja fue la línea más confiable en términos de paralelismo para determinar la orientación del plano oclusal.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anatomic Landmarks , Prosthodontics , Sudan , Cephalometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Denture, Complete
3.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1511147

ABSTRACT

Introduction : L'équilibre d'une prothèse complète amovible mandibulaire est délicat vu la surface d'appui restreinte. L'objectif du travail était de décrire l'intérêt de la prothèse amovible supra-radiculaire retenue par l'attachement barre dans la gestion d'un édentement subtotal mandibulaire. Observation : Un patient consultait pour bénéficier d'une prothèse esthético-fonctionnelle. L'examen clinique montrait la présence d'un édentement total maxillaire et subtotal mandibulaire avec persistence des canines séparées d'une crête rectiligne. L'examen radiologique révélait un rapport couronne sur racine radiologique égal à 1. L'examen des moulages sur articulateur visualisait une hauteur occlusale utilisable suffisante. La décision prothétique était une prothèse complète maxillaire et une prothèse complète supra-radiculaire (PCSR) mandibulaire retenue par une barre. Le traitement prothétique commençait par une préparation Richmond des plateaux radiculaires. Après sculpture des chapes et fixation de la barre calcinable, la coulée était faite. Une empreinte anatomo-fonctionnelle de situation était réalisée pour confectionner l'infrastructure métallique. Suite à l'enregistrement de l'occlusion, le montage des dents était fait et validé. Le jour de la mise en bouche des conseils d'utilisation et de maintenance étaient prodigués au patient. Commentaires : La PCSR est avantageuse par le maintien du système proprioceptif desmodontal et d'un profil de crête favorable à l'appui. Les racines à conserver doivent valider certains critères pour être exploitables. La barre offre une rétention importante, mais son indication dépend du parallélisme radiculaire, de l'espace prothétique utilisable et de la forme de la crête édentée. Conclusion : Le recours aux attachements en PCSR est intéressant à condition d'établir un plan de traitement rigoureux et d'assurer la maintenance post-prothétique.


Introduction: The balance of a complete removable mandibular prosthesis is delicate given the limited support area. The objective of this work was to describe the benefit of the supra-radicular removable prosthesis retained by the bar attachment in the management of subtotal mandibular edentulism. Observation: A patient consulted to benefit from an aesthetical and functional prosthesis. The clinical examination showed the presence of total maxillary and subtotal mandibular edentulism with persistence of the canines separated by a straight ridge. The radiological examination revealed a crown by radiological root ratio equal to 1. Examination of the casts on the articulator visualized sufficient usable occlusal height. The prosthetic decision was a maxillary complete prosthesis and a mandibular complete supra-radicular prosthesis (CSRP) retained by a bar attachment. The prosthetic treatment began with a Richmond preparation of the root plates. After sculpting the copings and fixing the castable bar, the casting was done. An anatomo-functional impression was made to perform the metal infrastructure. Following the occlusion recording, the assembly of the teeth was done and validated. On the day of denture insertion, instructions about the use and the maintenance was provided to the patient. Comments: PCSR is advantageous by maintaining the periodontal proprioceptive system and a favorable ridge profile for prosthetic bearin. The roots to be kept must validate certain criteria to be usable. The bar offers significant retention, but its indication depends on the root parallelism, the usable prosthetic space and the shape of the edentulous ridge. Conclusion: The use of attachments in CSRP is interesting provided that a rigorous treatment plan is established and post-prosthetic maintenance is ensured.


Subject(s)
Denture, Complete , Mandibular Prosthesis , Prosthesis Implantation
4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 101-107, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971280

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To verify the consistency between the digital manufacturing simple intraoral Gothic arch-tracing device and the traditional intraoral Gothic arch-tracing device in determining the centric relation of complete dentures restoration.@*METHODS@#Ten outpatients with edentulous jaws were selec-ted, and the centric relation of the patients was determined by digital manufacturing of simple intraoral Gothic arch-tracing device (T1) and traditional intraoral Gothic arch-tracing device (T2); the difference of clinical operation time between the two methods was recorded; the upper and lower edentulous jaw plaster models were scanned with two kinds of centric relation, the Standard Triangle Language (STL) files imported into Geomagic studio software to apply the best fitting of multiple points of the both upper jaw models, the fitted STL files imported into the 3 shape viewer software, and the maximum position deviations of the vertical, labial (buccal) and lingual directions of the mandibular midline area and molar areas in T1 and T2 groups measured. During the clinical complete dentures try-in, we observed whether there was midline deviation in the mouth of T1 group and T2 group, and whether the occlusion of posterior teeth was stable or not.@*RESULTS@#The mean time spent on determining the centric relation of T1 and T2 groups was (41.90±2.64) min, (57.50±2.37) min respectively. Paired t test was conducted in the two groups, P < 0.01 with significant statistical difference; The mean maximum position deviation between T1 group and T2 group of the midline mandibular region in labial lingual direction was (0.32±0.14) mm, that was (0.40±0.23) mm in vertical direction; the mean maximum position deviation of molar area in buccal lingual direction was (0.35±0.23) mm and that was (0.33±0.20) mm in vertical direction. In the vertical and horizontal directions, the maximum position deviation of mandibles between group T1 and group T2 was controlled within 0.5 mm. In the process of clinical complete dentures try-in, there was no deviation from the center line of dentures. There was not warping, swinging and other poor stability phenomena in T1 and T2 groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The digital manufacturing of simple intraoral Gothic arch-tracing device can be used to determine the centric relation of complete dentures, which can not only save time of clinical operation, but also ensure the accuracy of the centric relation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Centric Relation , Jaw Relation Record/methods , Denture, Complete , Mouth, Edentulous , Jaw, Edentulous
5.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(4): 1-7, 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1523154

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study aimed to develop a cell phone application entitled: "Total Prosthesis Manual ­ Rehabilitating smiles", as an auxiliary teaching tool for teachers and students through digital technology, with a smartphone. Material and Methods: The tool was structured on the "Application Factory website", which allows the creation of mobile applications in different formats, with broad and interactive features on IOS and Android platforms. The expository format of the content is in slide format, containing descriptive theory and images about the stages of making a complete prosthesis; from necessary materials, photos and descriptive guidance of the steps. Results: The application is a complementary teaching resource to assist undergraduate and postgraduate students and professionals working in the area of complete prosthetics. The theoretical and practical content selected for the application covered all stages of understanding, development and possible complications associated with the manufacture of a complete bimaxillary prosthesis, from planning, impressions, models, orientation plans, tooth assembly, adaptations and delivery. Conclusion: The application provided a low-cost, expandable and easy-to-use teaching resource for teaching complete dentures. It is essential to develop various analyzes such as user experience tests, application effectiveness, development of new technologies and improvement of techniques, so that their potential for enriching learning in complete dentures and dentistry in general can be verified.(AU)


Objetivo: O estudo teve como objetivo desenvolver um aplicativo de celular intitulado: "Manual de Prótese Total ­ Reabilitando sorrisos", como uma ferramenta didática auxiliar para professores e alunos por meio da tecnologia digital, com smartphone. Material e Métodos: A ferramenta foi estruturada no "site da Fábrica de Aplicativos", que permite a criação de aplicativos móveis em diversos formatos, com recursos amplos e interativos nas plataformas IOS e Android. A modalidade expositiva do conteúdo é em formato de slides, contendo teoria descritiva e imagens sobre as etapas de confecção de uma prótese total; a partir de materiais necessários, fotos e orientação descritiva das etapas. Resultados: O aplicativo é um recurso didático complementar para auxiliar estudantes de graduação, pós-graduação e profissionais que atuam na área de prótese total. O conteúdo teórico e prático selecionado para a aplicação visou todas as etapas de compreensão, desenvolvimento e possíveis complicações associadas à confecção de uma prótese total bimaxilar, desde o planejamento, moldagens, maquetes, planos de orientação, montagem dos dentes, adaptações e entrega. Conclusão: O aplicativo trouxe um recurso didático de baixo custo, expansível e fácil de usar para o ensino de próteses totais. É fundamental desenvolver diversas análises como testes de experiência do usuário, eficácia de aplicação, desenvolvimento de novas tecnologias e aprimoramento de técnicas, de forma que possa ser verificado seu potencial de enriquecimento do aprendizado em prótese total e odontologia em geral(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Educational Technology , Denture, Complete , Education, Dental , Mobile Applications , Education, Distance , Dentists/education
6.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 38(89): 31-37, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552895

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar la discrepancia anteroposterior medida a nivel de la platina incisiva de 2 métodos de registro intermaxilar en la misma sesión que la im-presión definitiva en adultos mayores desdentados totales. Materiales y métodos. Se incluyeron en el es-tudio 20 pacientes (n=20) con edad promedio de 70 años. En cada uno de ellos se obtuvieron registros intermaxilares con cubetas rodete de acrílico: uno con inducción manual (IM) y otro autoinducido con el sistema de cubeta rodete de acrílico y apoyo central único utilizando una superficie palatina de registro curva (BYC). Los modelos fueron montados en un ar-ticulador Whip Mix modelo 2240 al que se le adicio-nó un dispositivo de papel milimetrado, Orthodent, a nivel de la platina incisiva, para registrar las dife-rencias existentes entre las posiciones obtenidas. El análisis estadístico se llevó a cabo mediante el cálcu-lo de intervalos de confianza (95%) para las diferen-cias medias y prueba de t de student para datos apa-reados (nivel de significancia: α<0,05). Resultados. En el plano mesiodistal a nivel de la platina incisiva se encontró diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre las dos variables de registro (p<0,001). A este nivel el BYC proporcionó registros más retrusivos que IM. Media aritmética (desviaciones estándar) en milímetros: 3,82 (2,1). Conclusión. El sistema de re-gistro con cubetas rodete acrílicas y BYC incorpora-do a las mismas proporciona un registro intermaxi-lar más retrusivo que IM en adultos mayores des-dentados totales cuando se realizan dichos registros en la misma sesión que la impresión definitiva (AU)


Objective: To compare the anteroposterior discre-pancy measured at the level of the incisal plate of 2 methods of intermaxillary registration in the same session as the definitive impression in fully edentu-lous older adults. Materials and methods. Twenty pa-tients (n=20) with an average age of 70 years were included in the study. On each of them, intermaxillary recordings were obtained with acrylic rims trays: one with manual induction (MI) and the other with a self-induced system and single central support using a curved recording palatal surface (BYC). The models were mounted in a Whip Mix model 2240 articula-tor to which an Orthodent graph paper device was added, at the level of the incisal plate, to record the di-fferences between the positions obtained. Statistical analysis was carried out by calculating confidence intervals (95%) for mean differences and T-student for paired data (significance level: α<0.05). Results. On the mesiodistal plane at the level of the incisal plate, a statistically significant difference was found between the two recording variables (p<0.001). At this level the BYC provided more retrusive recordings than MI. Arithmetic mean (standard deviations) in mi-llimeters: 3.82 (2.1). Conclusions. The registration system with acrylic rim trays and BYC incorporated into them provides a more retrusive intermaxillary registration than MI in fully edentulous older adults when such registrations are made in the same ses-sion as the final impression.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Acrylic Resins , Dental Care for Aged , Dental Impression Technique/instrumentation , Mouth, Edentulous , Jaw Relation Record/methods , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Denture, Complete
7.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e210147, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1431045

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the effect of ozonated water on the color stability of denture tooth and denture bases. Material and Methods: Thirty denture base discs consisting of 15 Acropars and 15 ProBase Hot specimens with the dimensions of 40 × 5 mm were prepared. Fifteen denture teeth in shade A1 (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) were mounted in a specific acrylic jig. All specimens were immersed in three solutions (1% sodium hypochlorite, ozonated water, and distilled water) for four months (one year of clinical use). Color measurements were done with a spectrophotometer and assessed using the CIE L*a*b* colorimetric system (0, 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks). Data were analyzed using the three-way ANOVA and Tukey test (α=0.05). Results: Tukey's post hoc test revealed a significant change in color in the Acropars denture base for the distilled water group compared to the ozonated water and 1% hypochlorite (p<0.05). Regarding the ProBase Hot denture base, significantly less color change was observed in the 1% hypochlorite group compared to the ozonated water and distilled water (p≤0.001). For the denture teeth, significantly less color change was seen in the distilled water group than in the ozonated water (p=0.015) and 1% hypochlorite (p<0.05) groups. Conclusion: The color change of denture bases and denture tooth in ozonated water are acceptable. Ozonated water can be considered a good disinfectant for cleaning dentures.


Subject(s)
Ozone/therapeutic use , Color , Dental Polishing , Denture, Complete , Acrylic Resins , Distilled Water , Analysis of Variance , Denture Cleansers/adverse effects , Polymerization
8.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(3): 54-60, set.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1381314

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to report a clinical case of a patient with Cushing's syndrome, low self-esteem and need for oral rehabilitation. A 50-year-old female patient with hypercortisolism sought care at School of Dentistry of the Federal University of Minas Gerais. During anamnesis, the patient reported painful symptoms and mobility of the upper and lower teeth. On clinical examination, absence of many teeth were observed, periodontal disease and caries lesions. After discussion of the case, the planning involved the extraction of all teeth, and the preparation of Maxillary Immediate Complete Dentures (ICD's) and Immediate Mandibular Implant-retained Overdenture (IMIO). The treatment proposed allowed the restored aesthetics, phonetics and chewing(AU)


O objetivo desse estudo é relatar um caso clínico de uma paciente com síndrome de Cushing, baixa autoestima e necessidade de reabilitação oral. Paciente do sexo feminino, 50 anos de idade e com hipercortisolismo, procurou atendimento na Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Durante a anamnese, a paciente relatou sintomas dolorosos e mobilidade dos dentes superiores e inferiores. No exame clínico, foi observada a ausência de muitos dentes, doença periodontal e lesões cariosas. Após a discussão do caso, o planejamento envolveu a extração de todos os dentes, e o preparo de Prótese Total Imediata maxilar (PTI), e Overdenture Implantorretida Imediata mandibular. O tratamento proposto permitiu que restaurasse a estética, fonética e mastigação(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cushing Syndrome , Denture, Complete, Immediate , Periodontal Diseases , Tooth Extraction , Dental Caries , Denture, Complete , Denture, Overlay , Esthetics, Dental
9.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225686, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366509

ABSTRACT

Aim: Tooth loss is very prevalent in Brazil, reflecting high demand for dental services, especially those related to oral rehabilitation. This study aimed to assess the quality of life in total edentulous patients rehabilitated with implants and fixed prosthesis. Methods: Thirty-two patients were evaluated before and after rehabilitation with dental implants and fixed prosthesis using the OHIP-14 questionnaire and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) after 6 months follow-up. Results:OHIP-14 revealed a significant improvement after treatment in all seven parameters and in the global score (P < 0.001). VAS presented positive results related to patient satisfaction regarding oral rehabilitation, except for the hygiene of the fixed dentures. Conclusion: At the end of this study, OHIP-14 scores decreased by 50% in most of the questions raised, and VAS presented positive results, except for hygiene of the fixed dentures, presenting an improvement in the quality of life of total edentulous patients after rehabilitation with implants and fixed prosthesis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Dental Implants , Mouth, Edentulous/rehabilitation , Patient Satisfaction , Denture, Complete
10.
Natal; s.n; 9 nov 2022. 158 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1532385

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou identificar os fatores que influenciam na decisão de substituir uma prótese total convencional mandibular pelo tratamento com implantes dentários, assim como avaliar a satisfação, qualidade de vida e performance mastigatória (PM) após reabilitação com sobredentaduras com implante único (SIU) em pacientes adaptados e não-adaptados a prótese total convencional (PT) mandibular. Inicialmente, foi realizado um estudo transversal com 117 usuários de PTs bimaxilares, avaliados quanto aos desfechos relacionados à prótese (número de PTs mandibulares usadas previamente, tempo de uso e profissional que confeccionou a prótese atual, e quanto ao uso regular ou não da prótese mandibular) e aspectos centrados no paciente (período de edentulismo mandibular, altura óssea mandibular e interesse do paciente em se submeter a terapia com implantes). Do total da amostra, 78 pacientes manifestaram interesse na terapia implantossuportada, e desses apenas 22 foram selecionados e reabilitados com novas PTs bimaxilares. Após critérios de elegibilidade, foram alocados após pareamento em 2 grupos: adaptados à prótese mandibular (Grupo PTA - "adaptados à PT mandibular", n:10) e não adaptados (Grupo PTN - "não adaptados à PT mandibular", n:12). Em cada paciente, foi instalado um único implante na linha média e após o período de osseointegração as próteses mandibulares foram convertidas em sobredentaduras. O desempenho mastigatório foi avaliado pelo método das tamises, a altura óssea mandibular por medição em radiografia panorâmica, satisfação por escala quantitativa com questionário validado e o impacto da saúde oral na qualidade de vida pelo questionário OHIP-Edent-19. O teste Qui-quadrado foi utilizado para análise dos dados e as razões de prevalência ajustadas por meio da regressão multivariada de Poisson no primeiro estudo; para o segundo, a análise estatística em cada grupo e entre grupos foi baseada nos testes não-paramétricos de Wilcoxon e Mann-Whitney. O intervalo de confiança para os testes foi de 95%. A amostra foi predominantemente do sexo feminino, com 66,7% (n=78) dos participantes interessados em PT mandibular implantossuportada e com idade média de 65,68±6,38 anos. A PM não influenciou a escolha pela reabilitação com implantes. A preferência pela PT implantossuportada mandibular foi associada significativamente com maior experiência prévia com PT mandibular (p=0,021) e à insatisfação quanto à retenção (p=0,005). Após a intervenção com implante, todos os pacientes não adaptados passaram a condição de adaptados. Não houve diferença entre PTA e PTN para OHIP-Edent (p=0,276) e PM (p=0,222), a satisfação foi significativa apenas para o critério "conforto em arco inferior" (p=0,043). Para comparações pré e pós-tratamento com sobredentadura, a mediana do OHIP-Edent total diminuiu significativamente em ambos os grupos. Na comparação intragrupo, essa redução foi significativa em PTA apenas para a "limitação funcional" (p=0,026), e em PTN em quase todos os domínios, exceto "disfunção social" e "incapacidade" (p>0,05). Houve aumento estatisticamente significativo para a satisfação geral de 75,41 para 90,25 (p=0,012) em PTN e de 76,10 para 90,50 (p=0,007) em PTA. Os parâmetros "mastigação", "adaptação", "retenção" e "conforto" em arco inferior foram diferentes com significância em ambos os grupos, e "gustação", "fonação" e "dor" em arco inferior foram significativos apenas para o grupo não adaptado (p<0,05). Houve diferença significativa para PM em PTN (p=0,002) e PTA (p=0,047) ao se comparar tipo de reabilitação. Não houve correlação entre PM e OHIP antes e após a reabilitação (p>0,05). Pode-se concluir que a experiência prévia com PT mandibulares convencionais e a insatisfação com a retenção dessas, influenciam o interesse pela reabilitação com sobredentadura implantossuportada mandibular, assim como, a reabilitação com sobredentadura sobre implante único apresenta-se como alternativa aos pacientes não adaptados a PT convencional mandibular, auxiliando na aceitação do uso da prótese mandibular, assim como, comprovando efeito positivo na satisfação, qualidade de vida e performance mastigatória (AU).


This study aimed to identify the factors that influence the decision to replace a conventional mandibular complete denture by treatment with dental implants, as well as to evaluate satisfaction, quality of life and masticatory performance (MP) after rehabilitation with overdentures with a single implant in patients adapted and not adapted to conventional mandibular complete denture (CD). Initially, a cross-sectional study was carried out with 117 users of bimaxillaries CDs, who were evaluated for outcomes related to the denture (number of previous mandibular CDs, time of use and professional who made the current denture, and regarding regular use of the mandibular denture) and aspects centered patients (period of mandibular edentulism, mandibular bone height and the patient's willingness to undergo implant therapy). From the total sample, 78 patients expressed interest in implant-supported therapy, and of these, only 22 were selected and rehabilitated with new bimaxillary CDs. After eligibility criteria, they were allocated after pairing into 2 groups: adapted to mandibular prosthesis (PTA Group - "adapted to mandibular CD", n:10) and non-adapted (PTN Group - " not adapted to mandibular CD", n:12). In each patient, a single implant was installed in the midline and after the osseointegration period, the mandibular prostheses were converted into overdentures. Masticatory performance was evaluated by the sieve method, mandibular bone height by paranoid radiographic measurement, satisfaction by quantitative scale with a validated questionnaire and the impact of oral health on quality of life by the OHIP-Edent-19 questionnaire. The chi-square test was used for data analysis and the prevalence ratios adjusted by means of multivariate Poisson regression in the first study; on the second, the statistical analysis in each group and between groups was based on the non-parametric-Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests. The confidence interval for the tests was 95%. The sample was composed predominantly by women, with 66.7% (n=78) of the participants interested in implantsupported mandibular CD, with mean age 65.68±6.38 years. MP was not influenced by the choice by dental implants rehabilitation. Preference for mandibular implant-supported CD was significantly associated with longer previous experience in mandibular CD (p=0.021) and with dissatisfaction regarding retention (p=0.005). After the implant intervention, all non-adapted patients became adapted. There was no difference between PTA and PTN for OHIP-Edent (p=0.276) and MP (p=0.222), satisfaction was significant only for the criteria "comfort in the lower arch" (p=0.043). For pre- and post-treatment comparisons with overdentures, the median total OHIP-Edent decreased significantly in both groups. In the intragroup comparison, this reduction was significant in PTA only for "functional limitation" (p=0.026), and in PTN in almost all domains, except "social dysfunction" and "disability" (p>0.05). There was a statistically significant increase in overall satisfaction from 75.41 to 90.25 (p=0.012) in PTN and from 76.10 to 90.50 (p=0.007) in PTA. The parameters "chewing", "adaptation", "retention" and "comfort" in the lower arch were significantly different in both groups, and "gustation", "phonation" and "pain" in the lower arch were significant only for the group not adapted (p<0.05). There was a significant difference for MP in PTN (p=0.002) and PTA (p=0.047) when comparing the type of rehabilitation. There was no correlation between MP and OHIP before and after rehabilitation (p>0.05). It can be concluded that the previous experience with conventional mandibular CD and the dissatisfaction with the retention of these, influence the rehabilitation with mandibular implant-supported overdenture, as well as the rehabilitation with overdenture on single implant presents itself as an alternative for patients not adapted to mandibular conventional CD, helping to accept the use of mandibular prosthesis, as well as proving a positive effect on satisfaction, quality of life and masticatory performance (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , Denture, Complete , Mastication , Mouth Rehabilitation , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Patient Satisfaction , Statistics, Nonparametric , Mandibular Prosthesis Implantation , Dental Implantation , Immediate Dental Implant Loading
11.
Natal; s.n; 21 out. 2022. 126 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1532447

ABSTRACT

Recursos digitais, como a manufatura subtrativa (fresagem CAD-CAM) e a manufatura aditiva (impressão 3D) podem promover significativos avanços, reduzindo o tempo e o custo de produção de próteses totais (PTs). Assim, este estudo objetiva investigar as características superficiais (rugosidade e ângulo de contato), propriedades mecânicas (resistência mini-flexural) e a adesão de biofilme sobre polímeros de PMMA pré-polimerizado para fresagem CAD-CAM e sobre resinas para impressão 3D utilizados na fabricação de bases de PTs, bem como propor um fluxo de trabalho inovador para abreviar e simplificar as etapas de confecção de PTs. Para a análise in vitro, foram fabricados um total de 60 discos e 40 barras distribuídas igualmente em quatro grupos: fresagem CAD-CAM (GF), impressão 3D (GI) e PMMA convencional termopolimerizado por ciclo longo (GCL) ou por energia de micro-ondas (GCM). A rugosidade foi determinada pelo valor de Ra; o ângulo de contato foi medido pelo método da gota séssil; o teste de resistência à mini-flexão foi obtido por teste de flexão de três pontos, enquanto o comportamento frente à formação de biofilme foi analisado através da adesão de biofilme de C. albicans. Os dados foram analisados por meio de estatística descritiva e analítica (α = 0,05). Os resultados mostraram que o GI apresentou a maior rugosidade superficial (Ra: 0,317 ± 0,151µm) e os menores valores de resistência à miniflexão (57,23 ± 9,07MPa) e o GF apresentou a menor adesão de biofilme de C. albicans (log UFC/mL: 3,74 ± 0,57) e maior média de resistência à mini-flexão (114,96 ± 16,23 MPa). Não houve diferença estatística entre o GF e os grupos convencionais para rugosidade, ângulo de contato e resistência à mini-flexão. A patente de inovação desenvolvida estabeleceu um novo fluxo de trabalho para confecção de próteses totais através de um protocolo de três consultas em que foram feitas as moldagens anatômicas na 1ª sessão, juntamente com o registro do suporte labial, plano oclusal e linhas de referência para subsidiar a montagem dos dentes superiores. Uma prótese-teste foi confeccionada por meio de procedimentos convencionais ou CAD-CAM e avaliada na 2ª consulta, permitindo observar o resultado estético, executar a moldagem funcional e realizar o registro da relação maxilo-mandibular, fornecendo referências precisas para a confecção da prótese inferior. Com base nos resultados da fase in vitro deste estudo, os corpos-de-prova obtidos a partir de disco para fresagem CAD-CAM apresentaram resistência flexural e propriedades superficiais semelhantes às resinas convencionais e mostraram um comportamento inibidor da adesão de C. albicans, enquanto os espécimes produzidos por impressão 3D exibiram a menor resistência à flexão e a maior rugosidade da superfície. O dispositivo inovador apresentado para a execução das etapas clínicas relacionadas à fabricação de PTs mostrou-se efetivo para abreviar e simplificar as técnicas disponíveis, apresentando confiabilidade e previsibilidade para produção de PTs em número de sessões reduzido (AU).


Digital features like subtractive and additive manufacturing can promote breakthroughs by reducing the time and cost of making complete dentures (CDs). Thus, this study aims to investigate surface characteristics (roughness and contact angle), mechanical properties (mini-flexural strength), and biofilm adhesion on computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) PMMA polymer, and threedimensional (3D) printed resin for denture´s base fabrication as well as to propose an innovative workflow. For in vitro analysis, a total of 60 discs and 40 rectangular specimens were fabricated from one CAD-CAM pre-polymerized PMMA disc (GF), one 3D-printed (GI), and two conventional heat-polymerized (GCL and GCM) materials for denture base fabrication. Roughness was determined by the Ra value; the contact angle was measured by the sessile drop method; the mini-flexural strength test was a three-point bending test while the biofilm formation inhibition behavior was analyzed through C. albicans adhesion. The data were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics (α = 0.05). Results showed that GI specimens presented the highest surface roughness (Ra: 0.317 ± 0.151 µm) and lowest mini-flexural strength values (57.23 ± 9.07 MPa) and the GF showed the lowest C. albicans adhesion (log CFU/mL: 3.74 ± 0.57) and highest mini-flexural strength mean (114.96 ± 16.23 MPa). There was no statistical difference between GF and conventional groups for roughness, contact angle, and mini-flexural strength. In turn, the presented novel workflow for complete dentures fabrication reached a three appointments protocol in which preliminary impressions were made in the 1st session, all together to maxillary registration of lip support, occlusal plane, and reference lines for teeth arrangement. A trial denture was manufactured and evaluated by the 2nd appointment through conventional or CAD-CAM procedures, allowing esthetics evaluation, final impression, and maxillomandibular relationship record and providing precise references for final dentures fabrication. Based on the findings of this in vitro study, GF presented surface and mechanical properties similar to conventional resins and show improved behavior preventing C. albicans adhesion, while GI specimens exhibited the lowest flexural strength, and highest surface roughness. The proposed device for CD´s fabrication clinical procedures reached feasibility and by simplifying available techniques, this protocol could achieve reliability and predictability to produce complete dentures with reduced working time (AU).


Subject(s)
Resins, Synthetic , Computer-Aided Design/instrumentation , Denture, Complete/trends , Digital Technology , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Workflow , Mechanical Tests/methods
12.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(2): 49-54, maio-ago. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362035

ABSTRACT

Overdenture é uma prótese total que se caracteriza por usar apoios retentivos para que aumente sua estabilidade e retenção na cavidade bucal, gerando assim menor desconforto ao paciente e melhor adaptação. A Prótese overdenture dentossuportada necessita de elementos dentais remanescentes com canais tratados endodonticamente e que possuam suporte periodontal adequado. O objetivo deste relato de caso clínico é expor a sequência de confecção de uma prótese overdenture dentossuportada maxilar associada a uma prótese total convencional mandibular, com os passos clínicos detalhados por meio de uma abordagem teórica e visual. Esse tipo de reabilitação favorece a adaptação do paciente à nova condição, visto que o uso de próteses totais convencionais pode causar certo desconforto ao paciente devido à falta de retenção e estabilidade. Essa manutenção dos dentes remanescentes favorece à manutenção óssea e a futura decisão do paciente em optar pela instalação de implantes dentários, podendo confeccionar próteses implantorretidas (overdentures) ou implantossuportadas (protocolo).O Paciente demonstrou-se satisfeito com o resultado estético e funcional após a instalação da prótese concretizando que o tratamento é viável(AU)


Overdenture is a denture that utilizing retentive supports for increase stability and retention in oral cavity. The tooth-supported overdenture require dental elements with root canal therapy and good periodontal support. The aim of this study is to report the confection of a maxillary tooth-supported overdenture associated with mandibular denture and your clinical steps. This rehabilitation promotes the patient's adaptation the new condition, since the use of conventional dentures may cause discomfort due to lack of retention and stability. The preservation of dental elements promotes bone maintenance and forthcoming decision of the patient in the installation of dental implants that can choose implantretained or implant-supported prosthesis. Patient was satisfied with aesthetic and functional result after installation of prosthesis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Denture Retention , Denture, Complete , Denture, Overlay , Dental Prosthesis Retention , Dental Prosthesis
13.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(3): 1-9, jun. 30, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1434558

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The lack of knowledge about denture hygiene can negatively affect their maintenance. On the other hand, good oral hygiene can reduce the chances of plaque accumulation. Objetive: To determine if there is a relationship between knowledge of hygiene and denture maintenance. Material and Methods: A questionnaire was applied to 67 patients who wore partial and/or total removable prostheses daily to evaluate their knowledge of denture hygiene. For the evaluation of denture maintenance, clinical inspection of the removable prosthesis was carried out using the Vigild criterion to observe the amount of plaque that was adhered to it. Data were statistically processed with Spearman's correlation test to determine the relationship between hygiene knowledge and denture maintenance. Results: The patients presented a medium (37.3%) and low (56.7%) denture hygiene knowledge; and fair (68.7%) and poor (11.9%) maintenance of their prosthesis. There is a statistically significant relationship between hygiene knowledge and denture maintenance (p<0.001). Conclusion: There is little knowledge of denture hygiene. This level of knowledge has a statistically significant relationship with the maintenance of the prostheses.


Introducción: El desconocimiento sobre la higiene de prótesis, de los pacientes portadores de estas, puede afectar negativamente en el mantenimiento protésico, una correcta higiene puede disminuir las probabilidades de acúmulo de placa. Objetivo: Determinar si existe relación entre el conocimiento de higiene y el mantenimiento protésico. Material y Métodos: Para la evaluación del conocimiento en higiene protésica se aplicó un cuestionario a 67 pacientes que utilizaban diariamente prótesis removibles parciales y/o totales; y para la valoración del mantenimiento protésico se realizó la inspección clínica de la prótesis removible mediante el criterio de Vigild, observando la cantidad de placa que se encontraba adherida. Se procesaron los datos estadísticamente con la prueba de correlación de Spearman para determinar la relación entre el conocimiento de higiene y el mantenimiento protésico. Resultados: Los pacientes presentaron un conocimiento de higiene protésica medio (37,3%) y bajo (56,7%); y un mantenimiento de la prótesis de forma regular (68,7%) y malo (11,9%). Existiendo relación estadísticamente significativa entre el conocimiento de higiene y el mantenimiento protésico (p<0, 0 01). Conclusión: Existe un bajo conocimiento de higiene protésica, teniendo este nivel de conocimiento una relación estadísticamente significativa con el mantenimiento que evidenciaban las prótesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Oral Hygiene/education , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Denture, Complete , Denture, Partial, Removable , Peru , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Restoration Wear , Habits
14.
Medisan ; 26(2)abr. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1405787

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La prótesis dental completa genera una reacción tisular en el medio bucal, cuyo diagnóstico puede ser confirmado mediante el estudio citológico, que constituye una herramienta imprescindible para identificar cambios displásicos tempranos de la mucosa subprótesis. Objetivo: Identificar las posibles variaciones celulares de la mucosa bucal en pacientes portadores de prótesis completa. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en la Clínica Estomatológica Provincial Docente Mártires del Moncada de Santiago de Cuba, de junio de 2014 a enero de 2019, de 100 pacientes atendidos en la consulta de Prótesis Estomatológica, a los cuales se les realizó el raspado citológico de la mucosa del paladar y los rebordes para su posterior análisis microscópico según variables de interés. Para el procesamiento estadístico se empleó el porcentaje como medida de resumen y el estadígrafo de la Χ2, con un nivel de significación de 0,05. Resultados: En la serie predominaron las displasias leves (66,7 %), que resultaron más frecuentes en las edades de 20 a 39 años (12,5 %), en tanto, las moderadas y las graves figuraron principalmente en el grupo etario de 60 y más años (9,3 y 27,7 %, respectivamente). Todos los tipos de displasia primaron en los pacientes que habían portado la prótesis por más de 5 años y afectaron mayormente la queratina; de igual modo, entre las lesiones observadas, la estomatitis afectaba a un mayor porcentaje (31,2), sobre todo en el paladar (82,3 %), mientras que 8,3 % correspondió a la leucoplasia. Conclusión: Las pruebas citológicas son imprescindibles para la confirmación diagnóstica de cambios displásicos y posibilitan la prevención temprana del cáncer bucal.


Introduction: The complete dental prosthesis generates a tisular reaction in the oral cavity which diagnosis can be confirmed by means of citological study that constitutes an indispensable tool to identify early dysplastic changes of the subprosthesis mucous. Objective: To identify the oral possible cellular variations of the oral mucous in patients with complete prosthesis. Methods: A descriptive and cross sectional study was carried out in Mártires del Moncada Provincial Stomatological Clinic of Santiago de Cuba, from June, 2014 to January, 2019, with 100 patients, assisted in the Stomatological Prosthesis Department to whom the cytological scrapings of the palate and the edges were carried out for their later microscopic analysis according to variables of interest. For the statistical procedures, the percentage was used as summary measure and the Chi squared statistician, with a significance level of 0,05. Results: In the series the mild dysplasias prevailed (66,7%) that were more frequent in the 20 to 39 age group (12,5%), while the moderate and the serious dysplasias figured mainly in the age group of 60 and over (9,3 and 27,7%, respectively). All the dysplasia types prevailed in the patients that had carried the prosthesis for more than 5 years and they mostly affected the keratin; in a same way, among the observed lesions, the stomatitis affected a higher percentage (31,2), mainly in the palate (82,3%), while 8,3% corresponded to the leukoplakia. Conclusion: The cytological checkups are indispensable for the diagnostic confirmation of dysplasic changes and they allow to prevent early oral cancer.


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis , Denture, Complete , Leukoplakia, Oral , Cytodiagnosis , Mouth Mucosa
15.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2022. 73 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1435928

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar se customizações da prótese total mandibular (reembasamento e restabelecimento da dimensão vertical de oclusão) influenciam na amplitude eletromiográfica dos músculos masseter e temporal, força máxima de mordida e qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde oral de indivíduos edêntulos. Materiais e métodos: Usuários de próteses totais que usavam o mesmo par de próteses por mais do que 5 anos foram incluídos (sem disfunção temporomandibular) (n=15). Avaliações de qualidade de vida (Oral Health Impact Profile for Edentulous ­ OHIP-EDENT), força máxima de mordida, e eletromiografia dos músculos masseter e temporal foram realizadas em 5 tempos diferentes (T1 ­ próteses antigas originais; T2 ­ após 18 dias de uso da prótese mandibular reembasada; T3 ­ após 18 dias do restabelecimento da dimensão vertical de oclusão; e T4 e T5 ­ 30 e 100 dias de uso de novas próteses totais. Resultados: Não houve diferenças significativas entre os pontos de tempo para todos os testes eletromiográficos e de força máxima de mordida. O OHIP-EDENT mostrou que o reembasamento pode contribuir para uma maior adaptação da prótese total mandibular e conforto do paciente (T2), em contrapartida T3 foi associado com o desconforto do paciente (p<0.05). Conclusão: Baseado na avaliação de qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde oral, o reembasamento da prótese total mandibular ocasionou um aumento do conforto mastigatório para os pacientes, e o restabelecimento prévio da dimensão vertical de oclusão causou um desconforto para os pacientes. A amplitude eletromiográfica mostrou que as customizações realizadas neste estudo não aumentaram ou diminuíram o esforço mastigatório significativamente. Além disso, todos os valores de força máxima de mordida observados estavam dentro do clinicamente aceitável(AU)


Objective: To evaluate whether customizations of mandibular complete dentures (relining and restoration of the vertical dimension of occlusion) influence the electromyographic amplitude of the masseter and temporal muscles, maximum bite force and oral health-related quality of life of edentulous individuals. Materials and methods: Complete denture wearers who wore the same pair of dentures for more than 5 years were included (without temporomandibular dysfunction) (n=15). Assessments of quality of life (Oral Health Impact Profile for Edentulous ­ OHIP-EDENT), maximum bite force, and electromyography of the masseter and temporal muscles were performed at 5 different times (T1 - original old dentures; T2 - after 18 days of wearing relined mandibular denture; T3 - after 18 days of restoration of the vertical dimension of occlusion; and T4 and T5 - 30 and 100 days of wearing new complete dentures. Results: There were no significant differences between the time points for all electromyographic and maximum bite force tests. The OHIP-EDENT showed that relining can contribute to greater adaptation of the mandibular denture and patient comfort (T2), in contrast, T3 was associated with patient discomfort (p<0.05). Conclusion: Based on the assessment of quality of life related to oral health, the reline of the mandibular complete denture caused an increase in masticatory comfort for the patients, and the previous definitive restoration of the vertical dimension of occlusion caused discomfort for patients. The electromyographic amplitude showed that the customizations performed in this study did not significantly increase or decrease masticatory effort. In addition, all observed maximum bite force values were within the clinically acceptable range(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Bite Force , Jaw, Edentulous , Denture, Complete , Masticatory Muscles , Vertical Dimension , Oral Health , Denture Rebasing , Electromyography , Mouth Rehabilitation
16.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20220015, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1409936

ABSTRACT

Introduction Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) involves the mastication and temporomandibular articulation muscles. Completely toothless patients with prostheses should be thoroughly assessed since edentulism causes damage that can lead to TMD onset. Objective This study aims to assess the effect of the technical quality of total prostheses (TPs) on TMD occurrence in patients with bimaxillary TPs. Material and method 154 patients responded to a questionnaire to obtain personal data, information regarding prostheses, anamnestic index for TMD, and the prosthesis quality index. Result Of the 154 patients examined, 64 (41.6%) had no TMD, 61 (39.6%) had mild TMD, 23 (14.9%) moderate, and only 6 (3.9%) showed severe TMD. As for the quality of total prosthesis, 78 (50.6%) completely toothless individuals had satisfactory TPs while 76 (49.4) presented unsatisfactory prostheses. Regarding the time using total prosthesis, around 50% of individuals with up to 10 years use presented some degree of TMD and 70% of individuals with over 10 years presented TMD. Conclusion Considering the methodology used and the population studied, we conclude that the quality of the TPs did not influence the incidence of TMD.


Introdução A disfunção temporomandibular (DTM) é uma desordem que envolve os músculos da mastigação e da articulação temporomandibular. Pacientes desdentados totais e que utilizam protéses requerem uma avaliação criteriosa, já que o edentulismo leva a prejuízos que podem contribuir para o aparecimento de DTM. Objetivo O objetivo deste presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito da qualidade técnica das próteses totais (PTs) na incidência de DTM em pacientes portadores de PTs bi-maxilares. Material e método Foi aplicado um questionário a 154 pacientes contendo os dados pessoais, o histórico das próteses, o índice anamnésico para DTM e o índice de qualidade de prótese. Resultado Dos 154 pacientes examinados, 64 (41,6%) estavam livres de DTM, 61 (39,6%) possuíam DTM leve, 23 (14,9%), moderada e apenas 6 (3,9%) mostravam DTM severa. Quanto à qualidade da prótese total, 78 (50,6%) desdentados totais portavam PTs satisfatórias e 76 (49,4) estavam com próteses insatisfatórias. Quanto ao tempo de uso da prótese total, cerca de 50% dos indivíduos com até 10 anos de uso apresentaram algum grau de DTM e 70% dos indivíduos com mais de 10 anos acusaram a presença de DTM. Conclusão Considerando-se a metodologia empregada e a população estudada, pôde-se concluir que a qualidade das PTs não influenciou na presença de DTM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires , Mouth, Edentulous , Denture, Complete
17.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2022. 79 p. tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1442671

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse estudo foi investigar as propriedades de superfície, estabilidade de cor e propriedades mecânicas de resinas acrílicas para base de dentadura do método convencional, processada por micro-ondas, fresada e impressa 3D diante de diferentes tempos de envelhecimento e imersão em bebidas corantes. Além disso, realizar uma revisão sistemática para avaliar e comparar, através de estudos de ensaios clínicos, próteses totais fabricadas pelo método CAD/CAM com fabricadas convencionalmente, em termos de tempo clínico, manutenção, retenção, estabilidade, eficácia mastigatória, satisfação e qualidade de vida. Um total de 480 amostras redondas (10 × 3,3 ± 0,03 mm) foram confeccionadas para avaliação das propriedades de superfície e estabilidade de cor, divididas entre os quatro grupos principais de resinas e subdivididas em quatro tempos de análise (T0, T1, T2 e T3) e bebidas corantes (água, café, vinho e refrigerante cola), resultando um n = 10 para cada subgrupo. Um total de 160 amostras retangulares (64 × 10 × 3,3 ± 0,03 mm) foram confeccionadas para avaliação das propriedades mecânicas, divididas entre os quatro grupos principais de resinas e subdivididas em quatro tempos de análise (T0, T1, T2 e T3), resultando um n = 10 para cada subgrupo. A revisão sistemática seguiu os Itens de Relatório Preferenciais para Revisões Sistemáticas e Meta-Análises (PRISMA) e foi registrada no Registro Prospectivo Internacional de Revisões Sistemáticas (PROSPERO) (CRD42022296907). A busca eletrônica foi realizada nas bases de dados PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science e Scopus até dezembro de 2021. A questão formulada para população, intervenção, comparação e resultado (PICO) foi "Pacientes reabilitados com próteses totais com tecnologia CAD/CAM apresentam parâmetros clínicos semelhantes aos pacientes reabilitados com próteses totais convencionais?". A resina fresada apresentou os melhores resultados das propriedades de superfície diante do efeito do envelhecimento, enquanto que a resina impressa 3D apresentou resultados semelhantes as resinas tradicionais. A resina de Impressão 3D apresentou não ter propriedades ópticas adequadas diante do efeito do envelhecimento, enquanto que a resina fresada apresentou as melhores propriedades. As bebidas corantes não alteraram as propriedades de superfície das resinas, entretanto afetaram suas propriedades ópticas, principalmente a resina de impressão 3D e a processada por micro-ondas. A resina de dentadura fresada CAD/CAM apresentou propriedades mecânicas semelhantes as resinas tradicionais, enquanto que a impressa 3D não apresentou propriedades mecânicas adequadas para uso clínico à longo prazo. As próteses do método de fresagem apresentaram melhor desempenho clínico que as próteses convencionais, em termos de qualidade de vida, satisfação, retenção, estabilidade, tempo clínico e custo, enquanto que as de impressão 3D não apresentaram diferenças. Ambos os métodos do CAD/CAM apresentaram não haver diferenças da eficácia mastigatória em relação as próteses convencionais(AU)


The objective of this study was to investigate the surface properties, color stability and mechanical properties of acrylic resins for denture base of the conventional method, processed by microwave, milled and 3D printed in face of different aging times and immersion in coloring drinks. In addition, carry out a systematic review to evaluate and compare, through clinical trial studies, complete dentures manufactured by the CAD/CAM method with those manufactured conventionally, in terms of clinical time, maintenance, retention, stability, masticatory efficiency, satisfaction and quality of life. A total of 480 round samples (10 × 3.3 ± 0.03 mm) were made to evaluate surface properties and color stability, divided among the four main groups of resins and subdivided into four analysis times (T0, T1, T2 and T3) and coloring drinks (water, coffee, wine and cola), resulting in n = 10 for each subgroup. A total of 160 rectangular samples (64 × 10 × 3.3 ± 0.03 mm) were prepared to evaluate the mechanical properties, divided among the four main groups of resins and subdivided into four analysis times (T0, T1, T2 and T3), resulting in n = 10 for each subgroup. The systematic review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and was registered in the International Prospective Registry of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) (CRD42022296907). The electronic search was performed in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science and Scopus databases until December 2021. The question formulated for population, intervention, comparison and result (PICO) was "Patients rehabilitated with complete dentures with CAD/CAM technology present clinical parameters similar to patients rehabilitated with conventional complete dentures?". The milled resin presented the best results of surface properties in the face of aging effect, while the 3D printed resin presented similar results to traditional resins. The 3D Printing resin did not have adequate optical properties due to the aging effect, while the milled resin showed the best properties. Coloring drinks do not change the surface properties of resins, but optical printing solutions, mainly 3D printing resin and microwave-processed resin. The CAD/CAM milled denture resin presented mechanical properties similar to traditional resins, while the 3D printed denture resin did not present adequate mechanical properties for long-term clinical use. The milling method prostheses showed better clinical performance than conventional prostheses, in terms of quality of life, satisfaction, retention, stability, clinical time and cost, while the 3D printing prostheses showed no differences. Both CAD/CAM methods showed no differences in masticatory efficiency in relation to conventional prostheses(AU)


Subject(s)
Denture Bases , Time Factors , Color , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Denture, Complete , Resins , Mechanical Phenomena
18.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210131, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365225

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze and compare changes of quality of life parameter among dental patients rehabilitated by the implant-supported overdentures with different attachment systems. Material and Methods: Forty-eight patients were recruited as a study cohort. The implant placement procedure was based on the results obtained by CBCT scanning and individualized surgical templates manufactured for correct implant placement. Each individual received two k3Pro Implants (Sure Type with 4.0 or 4.5 mm in diameter) at the intraforaminal area due to standard protocol of implantation provided by the manufacturer under local anesthesia. All patients were distributed between two groups based on the fact of using either Locator- or ball-attachments. Rank correlation was measured using Spearman correlation coefficient, while linear correlation was evaluated by Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: No statistically meaningful differences were noted regarding patients' distribution among groups considering age (p>0.05) and gender (p>0.05). Provided patient-level analysis demonstrated that increase of conventional full denture service time was positively correlated with escalation of OHIP-EDENT scores. The most prominent inter-correspondences were noted specifically between longevity of denture service and elevation of scores within "Functional limitation" (r=0.61; p<0.05), "Physical pain" (r=0.51; p<0.05) and "Physical disability" (r=0.57; p<0.05) subdomains. No statistically argumented regressions were noted between increase tendency of OHIP-EDENT scores and gender (p>0.05) or age (p>0.05) parameters. Conclusion: Significant improvements of quality of life measured with OHIP-EDENT were noted for both types of attachments compared to the pre-treatment situation independently of additionally provided surface electromyography-based alignment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported/instrumentation , Electromyography/instrumentation , Masticatory Muscles , Ukraine , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Cohort Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Occlusal Adjustment , Adaptation to Disasters , Dental Implantation , Denture, Complete , Denture, Overlay
19.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354726

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the three different methods of complete denture fabrication assessing patient satisfaction and retention after insertion for six months' follow-up period. Material and Methods: The study was conducted in the Prosthodontic Department where a total of forty-eight patients were recruited from the outpatient clinics fulfilling the inclusion criteria. This study was designed as a randomized controlled clinical trial. All patients followed the steps of complete denture construction till jaw relation record. Then, all eligible patients were randomized to intervention and control groups. For intervention groups digital scanning, designing, manufacturing of complete dentures was done; 3D printing for first and milling for second intervention. For the comparator group, complete dentures were manufactured the conventional way. After 2 weeks of delivery of the dentures, patients received a patient satisfaction questionnaire, retention was measured by retention force gauge. Both readings were also recorded after 3 months and at 6 months. The mean and standard deviation values were calculated for each group in each test. The significance level was set at P≤ 0.05. Results: No statistical difference was found in terms of patient satisfaction and retention between the three groups at different time intervals. Conclusion: The manufacturing technique seemed to have no influence on patient satisfaction and retention with milled showing the least results.(AU)


Objetivo: Comparar três métodos diferentes de fabricação de prótese total avaliando a satisfação do paciente e a retenção após a inserção por um período de acompanhamento de seis meses. Material e Métodos: O estudo foi conduzido no departamento de Prótese onde um total de quarenta e oito pacientes foram recrutados das clínicas ambulatoriais atendendo os critérios de inclusão. Este estudo foi designado como um ensaio clínico randomizado controlado. Todos os pacientes seguiram as mesmas etapas de confecção de prótese total até o registro da relação maxilo-mandibular. Então, todos os pacientes qualificados foram divididos de forma aleatória nos grupos de intervenção e grupo controle. Para os grupos de intervenção foram realizados escaneamento digital, projeto e fabricação de próteses totais; Impressão 3D para o primeiro e fresagem para o segundo grupo de intervenção. Para o grupo de comparação, próteses totais foram feitas com o método convencional. Depois de 2 semanas após a entrega das próteses os pacientes receberam um questionário de satisfação e a retenção foi mensurada com um medidor de força de retenção. Ambas as leituras também foram registradas após 3 e 6 meses. Os valores de média e desvio padrão foram calculados para cada grupo em cada teste. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em P ≤ 0,05. Resultados: Nenhuma diferença estatística foi encontrada em termos de satisfação do paciente e retenção entre os três grupos em diferentes intervalos de tempo. Conclusão: A técnica de fabricação pareceu não ter influência na satisfação do paciente e retenção da prótese, com o grupo fresado apresentando o mínimo de resultados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Patient Satisfaction , Dental Prosthesis Retention , Computer-Aided Design , Denture, Complete , Printing, Three-Dimensional
20.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1372941

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate and compare prosthesis and implant survival in case of interim fixed complete dentures reinforced with fiber resin frameworks versus those that were not reinforced with any framework in case of immediately loaded full arch restorations in completely edentulous patients. Material and Methods: Thirty completely edentulous patients were randomly allocated into two parallel arm groups. Non-reinforced control group in which patients received non-reinforced all-on-four immediately loaded fixed complete denture and Fiber reinforced group in which patients received all-on-four fixed complete denture supported with glass-fiber reinforced resin framework. Prosthesis and implant survival were clinically evaluated after 4 months follow up period. Results: A statistically significant difference for prosthesis (p = 0.032) and implant survival (p = 0.031) was found between both groups. The fiber-reinforced group showed 100% prosthesis survival and 95% implant survival. On the other hand, the non-reinforced group showed 73.3% prosthesis survival and 81.1% implant survival. Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, it can be concluded that strengthening the fixed full arch restorations with fiber reinforced frameworks can help overcoming the problem of interim prosthesis fracture during the osseointegration period when used for immediate loading in completely edentulous patients. It can also improve the survival of the immediately loaded implants. (AU)


Objetivo : Avaliar e comparar a sobrevivência de próteses e implantes no caso de próteses totais fixas provisórias reforçadas com estruturas de resina de fibra versus aquelas que não foram reforçadas com nenhuma estrutura no caso de restaurações de arcada completa com carga imediata em pacientes completamente desdentados. Material e Métodos : Trinta pacientes completamente desdentados foram alocados aleatoriamente em dois grupos de braços paralelos. Grupo controle não reforçado, no qual os pacientes receberam prótese total fixa (all-on-four) não reforçada, com carga imediata e grupo reforçado com fibra, no qual os pacientes receberam prótese total fixa (all-on-four), suportada com estrutura de resina reforçada com fibra de vidro. A sobrevivência da prótese e do implante foi avaliada clinicamente após 4 meses de acompanhamento. Resultados : Foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significante para prótese (p=0,032) e sobrevivência do implante (p=0,031) entre os dois grupos. O grupo reforçado com fibra apresentou 100% de sobrevivência da prótese e 95% de sobrevivência do implante. Por outro lado, o grupo não reforçado apresentou 73,3% de sobrevivência da prótese e 81,1% de sobrevivência do implante. Conclusão: Com base nos achados deste estudo, pode-se concluir que o fortalecimento das restaurações fixas de arcada completa com estruturas reforçadas com fibras pode ajudar a superar o problema da fratura da prótese provisória durante o período de osteointegração quando usada para carga imediata em pacientes completamente desdentados. Também pode melhorar a sobrevivência dos implantes carregados imediatamente (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Denture, Complete
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