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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(1): 24-30, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361646

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As próteses parciais removíveis são alternativas amplamente utilizadas na reabilitação oral de pacientes parcialmente desdentados. Na atualidade os implantes dentais têm sido indicados para tratamento de pacientes edêntulos em associação com próteses parciais removíveis convencionais. Objetivo: Relatar um caso clínico utilizando uma prótese parcial removível convencional associada a implantes osseointegrados em paciente portador de Classe I de Kennedy. Relato de Caso: Paciente N.A.A.S., sexo feminino, 65 anos, procurou atendimento clínico no Instituto de Estudos da Saúde (IES) para reabilitação protética das arcadas dentais superior e inferior. A sua queixa principal era "dificuldade de mastigação". A paciente apresentava prótese total removível insatisfatória na maxila e não utilizava nenhum tipo de prótese dentária na mandíbula, que se apresentava parcialmente edêntula. O tratamento realizado foi a confecção de uma prótese total na arcada superior. Na arcada inferior foram inseridos dois implantes de hexágono externo nas regiões correspondentes às áreas dos dentes 34 e 44, após quatro meses a prótese parcial removível convencional foi confeccionada e incorporada aos implantes osseointegrados utilizando o sistema de retenção do tipo attachments Equator. Conclusão: Os resultados revelaram que a técnica de associação da prótese parcial removível convencional aos implantes osseointegrados demonstrou ser uma opção viável de tratamento com capacidade de devolver a função, a estética e manter a integridade dos dentes e tecidos periodontais(AU)


Introduction: Removable partial dentures are alternatives widely used in the oral rehabilitation of partially edentulous patients. Currently, dental implants have been indicated for the treatment of edentulous patients in association with conventional removable partial dentures. Objective: To report a clinical case using a conventional removable partial denture associated with osseointegrated implants in a patient with Kennedy Class I. Case Report: Patient N.A.A.S., female, 65 years old, sought clinical care at the Institute of Health Studies (HEI) for prosthetic rehabilitation of the upper and lower dental arches. His main complaint was "chewing difficulty". The patient had unsatisfactory removable total prosthesis in the maxilla and did not use any type of dental prosthesis in the mandible, which was partially edentulous. The treatment performed was the manufacture of a total prosthesis in the upper arch. In the lower arch, two external hexagon implants were inserted in the regions corresponding to the tooth areas 34 and 44, after four months the conventional removable partial denture was made and incorporated into the osseointegrated implants using the equator attachments retention system. Conclusion: The results revealed that the technique of associating conventional removable partial dentures with osseointegrated implants proved to be a viable treatment option with the ability to restore function, aesthetics and maintain the integrity of teeth and periodontal tissues(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Denture, Partial, Removable , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Esthetics, Dental , Bone-Anchored Prosthesis
2.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365238

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To verify the association between impacts produced by tooth loss and sociodemographic variables in the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in the elderly. Material and Methods: This is an analytical cross-sectional study carried out in the municipality of Vitória/ES, Brazil, which sample was composed of 402 older adults. The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) was used to measure the individuals' OHRQoL. For data analysis, descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed using the Fisher's exact test and the Mantel-Haenzsel test to assess the effects of combined dimensions. The significance level adopted was 5%. To assess the strength of association between independent variables and dimensions, Odds-Ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated. Results: The prevalence of negative impact on OHRQoL in the elderly was 32.6%. The greatest impact perception was found in individuals with up to 10 years of schooling (p=0.021 and OR=1.602), with need for removable partial dentures (p=0.000 and OR=2.873) and those who did not accept the loss of dental elements (p=0.000 and OR=3.064). Conclusion: Older female adults with socioeconomic class C/D-E, with up to 10 years of schooling, who lost 11 or more teeth, who declared the need for removable partial dentures, suffered greater impacts caused by tooth loss on OHRQoL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Social Class , Aged , Demography , Oral Health , Dental Care for Aged , Tooth Loss , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Mouth, Edentulous , Denture, Partial, Removable
3.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(4): e3462, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289649

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los pacientes geriátricos portadores de prótesis removible con frecuencia presentan lesiones paraprotésicas que repercuten en su calidad de vida. Objetivo: Identificar los tipos de lesiones paraprotésicas en pacientes geriátricos portadores de prótesis removibles. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo en 97 pacientes de cualquier sexo, mayores de 60 años, portadores de prótesis removible, que acudieron a la Clínica Estomatológica Docente Provincial "Dr. Justo Ortelio Pestana Lorenzo" de Sancti Spíritus, por presentar algún tipo de lesión en la mucosa bucal, desde enero de 2019 hasta febrero de 2020. Se utilizaron métodos del nivel teórico, empírico y estadístico-matemático para el estudio de las variables: edad, sexo, tipo de lesión. Resultados: El 49,5 % del universo correspondió a pacientes de 60 a 69 años y el 66 % del sexo femenino. Las lesiones paraprotésicas más frecuentes fueron la estomatitis subprótesis (55,6 %) y las úlceras traumáticas (31,9 %). Conclusiones: Las lesiones de la mucosa bucal asociadas al uso de prótesis removible fueron más frecuentes en las mujeres. La estomatitis subprótesis fue la lesión paraprotésica que predominó, seguida de la úlcera traumática y épulis fisurado.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Geriatric patients with removable prostheses often present paraprosthetic lesions that have an unfavorable impact on their quality of life. Objective: To identify the type of paraprosthetic lesions in geriatric patients with removable prostheses. Method: An observational and descriptive study in a total of 97 patients with removable prostheses, no specific sex, and over 60 years of age, was carried out. All patients studied were presented to the Clínica Estomatológica Docente Provincial "Dr. Justo Ortelio Pestana Lorenzo" in Sancti Spíritus, from January 2019 throughout February 2020, with any type of oral lesions. Theoretical, empirical and statistical-mathematical methods were used to study the following variables: age, sex, type of lesions. Results: The 49.5% of the total of patients studied were 60 to 69 years old and 66% were female. Most common paraprosthetic lesions found were the subprosthetic stomatitis (55.6%) and traumatic ulcers (31.9%). Conclusions: The oral lesions related to removable prostheses were most common in females. The subprosthetic stomatitis was the most predominant followed by the traumatic ulcer and fissured epulis.


RESUMO Introdução: Pacientes geriátricos com próteses removíveis freqüentemente apresentam lesões paraprotéticas que afetam sua qualidade de vida. Objetivo: Identificar os tipos de lesões paraprotéticas em pacientes geriátricos com próteses removíveis. Método: Foi realizado um estudo observacional e descritivo em 97 pacientes de ambos os sexos, maiores de 60 anos, com próteses removíveis, atendidos na Clínica Provincial de Ensino de Estomatologia "Dr. Justo Ortelio Pestana Lorenzo "de Sancti Spíritus, por apresentar algum tipo de lesão na mucosa oral, de janeiro de 2019 a fevereiro de 2020. Foram utilizados métodos de nível teórico, empírico e estatístico-matemático para estudar as variáveis: idade, sexo, tipo de lesão. Resultados: 49,5% do universo corresponderam a pacientes de 60 a 69 anos e 66% ao sexo feminino. As lesões paraprotéticas mais frequentes foram estomatite subprotética (55,6%) e úlceras traumáticas (31,9%). Conclusões: As lesões da mucosa oral associadas ao uso de próteses removíveis foram mais frequentes nas mulheres. A estomatite subprotética foi a lesão paraprotética predominante, seguida por úlcera traumática e epúlide fissurada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomatitis, Denture/etiology , Denture, Partial, Removable , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Studies as Topic
4.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(1): 24-32, jan.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1148164

ABSTRACT

O uso de próteses mal adaptadas pode ocasionar o surgimento de processos proliferativos não neoplásicos. A hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatória (HFI) é uma lesão benigna, proveniente de reação hiperplásica do tecido conjuntivo fibroso em resposta às injúrias crônicas de baixa intensidade. O objetivo do presente trabalho é relatar um caso clínico sobre remoção cirúrgica de HFI, seguida de reabilitação oral com próteses removíveis. Paciente de 75 anos do sexo masculino relatou que gostaria de fazer a troca da sua prótese, pois a mesma estava fraturada. Ao exame clínico intra-oral constatou-se que suas próteses possuíam higienização precária, e, a superior, possuía uma borda cortante que causou uma lesão hiperplásica na região de fundo de vestíbulo anterior. Quanto ao aspecto clínico, apresentava-se com consistência fibrosa e firme à palpação, de coloração semelhante a mucosa e assintomática. O plano de tratamento proposto foi reembasamento da prótese antiga com resina Soft Confort (Dencril, Brasil) eliminando as áreas que traumatizavam a mucosa, cirurgia pré-protética para a remoção da HFI, exame histopatológico e a confecção de novas próteses, sendo a superior prótese total convencional e a inferior prótese parcial removível. Observa-se a importância no cuidado do planejamento reabilitador protético dos pacientes, pois, como foi descrito neste caso, em algumas situações pode haver necessidade de lançarmos mão de diversas modalidades de tratamento prévias à reabilitação(AU)


The use of poorly adapted prostheses can lead to the emergence of non-neoplastic proliferative processes. Inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (HFI) is a benign lesion, resulting from a hyperplastic reaction of fibrous connective tissue in response to low-intensity chronic injuries. The aim of the present study is to report a clinical case about surgical removal of HFI, followed by oral rehabilitation with removable prostheses. A 75-year-old male patient reported that he would like to change his prosthesis, because it was fractured. On intra-oral clinical examination, it was found that his prostheses had poor hygiene, and the upper one had a cutting edge that caused a hyperplastic lesion in the deep region of the anterior vestibule. As for the clinical aspect, it was fibrous and firm on palpation, mucosa-like and asymptomatic. The proposed treatment plan was to repurpose the old prosthesis with Soft Confort resin (Dencril, Brazil), eliminating the areas that traumatized the mucosa, pre-prosthetic surgery for the removal of HFI, histopathological examination and the making of new prostheses, the upper prosthesis being conventional total and the lower partial removable prosthesis. It is observed the importance in the care of the prosthetic rehabilitation planning of the patients, because, as it was described in this case, in some situations it may be necessary to resort to different treatment modalities prior to the rehabilitation(AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis Design , Hyperplasia , Connective Tissue , Denture, Complete , Denture, Partial, Removable , Denture Rebasing
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346680

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the influence of tooth loss and the use of removable dentures on chewing function and nutritional status of institutionalized elders. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study with 155 elders from seven long-stay institutions in João Pessoa, Brazil. The participants were classified according to the presence of reminiscent teeth and use of dentures in four levels: toothless, without denture (1); toothless with a complete denture (2); partial toothless without denture (3) and partial toothless with a partial denture (4). Nutritional status was assessed using the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) instrument and the Body Mass Index (BMI). Swallowing threshold was used for the assessment of masticatory function, using a portion of roasted peanuts (3.7 g). Comparisons among groups were performed using Kruskal-Wallis test with Bonferroni adjustment, considering p<0.05. Results: MNA (p=0.702) and BMI (p=0.884) were not modified in relation to the presence of teeth and denture use. Toothless individuals without dentures had a lower swallowing threshold (p<0.001), whilst partial toothless with dentures had better masticatory function (p>0.05). Conclusion: The presence of reminiscent teeth and the use of dentures do not influence the nutritional status of the elders but interfere with the masticatory function. Prosthetic rehabilitation is desirable for complete toothless individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brazil , Nutritional Status , Denture, Complete , Denture, Partial, Removable , Homes for the Aged , Mastication/physiology , Aged , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Mouth, Edentulous , Statistics, Nonparametric
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922593

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#At present, removable partial denture is still one of the main restoration methods for dentition defects. However, the trend for digital partial denture is becoming more and more obvious in the field of oral repair. However, there are relatively few studies on digital removable partial denture. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of 3 processing technologies (precision casting, digital cutting, and 3D printing) on the fitness for the clasps of cobalt chromium alloy and pure titanium removable partial denture, and to provide a theoretical basis for the clinical application of digital removable partial denture.@*METHODS@#Clasps of Co-Cr alloy and pure titanium were produced by 3 different processing technologies (precision casting, digital cutting, and 3D printing). There are 6 groups, including a casting pure titanium group, a casting cobalt chromium group, a cutting pure titanium group, a cutting cobalt chromium group, a printing pure titanium group, and a printing cobalt chromium group (@*RESULTS@#There was no statistical difference in fitness between the casting pure titanium group and the casting cobalt chromium group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The cobalt chromium alloy and pure titanium clasps made by precision casting, digital cutting, and 3D printing have good fitness. Under the same process, there is no significant difference between cobalt chromium alloy and pure titanium clasps. The 3D printing pure titanium clasps have better fitness than casting pure titanium and cutting pure titanium clasps, which meet the needs of clinical application.


Subject(s)
Chromium Alloys , Cobalt , Denture, Partial, Removable , Titanium
7.
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(3): 217-224, mayo.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126940

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la prótesis dental removible es un tratamiento rehabilitador que devuelve las funciones al sistema estomatognático; para su éxito se necesita responsabilidad y compromiso entre el profesional y el paciente sobre la higiene y modo de uso. Objetivo: determinar el estado higiénico de la prótesis removible acrílica en los pacientes atendidos en las clínicas odontológicas de la Universidad San Gregorio de Portoviejo en el periodo marzo-agosto de 2019. Método: se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal utilizando un cuestionario y una ficha de observación validados. Todos los sujetos de la investigación firmaron el consentimiento informado antes de responder el cuestionario y ser examinados. Se aplicó la estadística descriptiva, frecuencia y porcentaje. Resultados: fueron evaluados 100 paciente, con predominio del sexo femenino (74 %), y la edad de 50 años o más (54 %). Los resultados muestran que el 53 % de los pacientes usan prótesis confeccionadas por cinco o más años, y que el 94 % no ha asistido a controles subsiguientes. El método mecánico (86 %) es el más utilizado para higienizar las prótesis, y en el 65 % de las prótesis se observó acumulación de placa bacteriana y restos de alimento. La mayoría de los pacientes (78 %) usa la prótesis dental durante todo el día (24 horas) y, cerca de la mitad, tiene signos clínicos de estomatitis subprotésica (46 %). Conclusiones: la mayoría de los pacientes no cumplen con las normas de higiene y uso de las prótesis removibles por lo cual se necesita un cambio en su educación y seguimiento.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the removable dental prostheses is a rehabilitation treatment that returns the functions to the stomatognathic system; for its successful action it is necessary responsibility and commitment between the professional and the patient on hygiene and mode of use. Objective: to determine the hygienic condition of the removable acrylic prostheses in patients attended in the dental clinics at San Gregorio de Portoviejo University in the period March - August 2019. Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted using a validated questionnaire and observation worksheet. All participants in the research provided handwritten signature informed consent form before answering the questionnaire and being examined. Descriptive statistics, frequency and percentage were applied. Results: a total of 100 patients were evaluated, with higher prevalence in females (74%), and 50 years of age or more (54%). The results show that 53% of the patients use prostheses made for five or more years, and 94% have not attended subsequent checks. The mechanical method (86%) is the most used to sanitize the prostheses, and in 65% of the prostheses was observed accumulation of bacterial plaque and food debris. Most patients (78%) wear their prostheses throughout the day (24 hours) and about half have clinical signs of subprosthetic stomatitis (46%). Conclusions: Most patients do not comply with the rules of hygiene and use of removable prostheses so a change is needed in their education and monitoring.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Hygiene , Denture, Partial, Removable , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ecuador
8.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(3): 180-186, jun. 30, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293178

ABSTRACT

The evaluation of the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is important for clinical assessment and could be an indicator of the quality of the treatment received. Objective: To evaluate the OHRQoL in adults with removable prostheses in relation with patient characteristics such as age, sex, type and time of use of the prosthesis, previous experience and perception about the stability of the prosthesis. Materials and Methods: 217 patients from the Dental Clinic of the National University of San Marcos-Peru were evaluated after rehabilitation with a removable prosthesis. A structured questionnaire was applied by telephone interview. The evaluation of the OHRQoL was carried out using the General/Geriatric Oral Health Evaluation Index (GOHAI). For the statistical analysis, the Mann Whitney U test, the Kruskal-Wallis H test and the Spearman correlation were used. Results:The sample included 63 men (29%) and 154 women (71%) with an average age of 66.34. The average GOHAI score was 52.44+8.15. The GOHAI score was related to age (p=0.241), sex (p=0.110), type of prosthesis (p=0.069), previous experience (p=0.293), and perception of movement of the prosthesis (p<0.001). Conclusions: The GOHAI score indicates a moderate quality of life related to oral health after prosthetic rehabilitation. The GOHAI index can be considered effective for the evaluation of the OHRQoL.


La evaluación de la calidad de vida relacionada a la salud oral (CVRSO) resulta importante para la valoración clínica pudiendo ser un indicador de la calidad en el tratamiento recibido. Objetivo: Evaluar la CVRSO en adultos con rehabilitación protésica removible relacionándola con características de los participantes como edad, sexo, tipo y tiempo de uso de la prótesis, experiencia previa y percepción sobre la estabilidad de la misma. Materiales y Métodos: Se evaluaron 217 pacientes de la Clínica Odontológica de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos-Perú, posterior a la rehabilitación con prótesis removible. Se aplicó un cuestionario estructurado mediante entrevista vía telefónica. La evaluación de la CVRSO se realizó mediante el índice de Evaluación de Salud Oral General/Geriátrica (GOHAI). Para el análisis estadístico se utilizaron las pruebas de U de Mann Whitney, H de Kruskal-Wallis y correlación de Spearman. Resultado: La muestra incluyó 63 hombres (29%) y 154 mujeres (71%) con una edad media de 66.34. La puntuación media del GOHAI fue de 52.44 + 8.15. Se relacionó la puntuación del GOHAI con la edad (p=0.241), sexo (p=0.110), tipo de prótesis (p=0.069), experiencia previa (p=0.293) y percepción de movimiento de la prótesis (p<0.001). Conclusion: La puntuación del GOHAI indica una moderada calidad de vida relacionada a la salud oral después de la rehabilitación protésica. El índice GOHAI puede considerarse efectivo para la evaluación de la CVRSO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Denture, Partial, Removable/psychology , Peru/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. Univ. Antioq ; 32(1): 26-35, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149598

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: one of the main factors for discomfort in users of removable partial prosthesis is the presence of visible retainers in the anterior zone. In Kennedy Class III arches, that is, exclusively dental loading pathways (in which the functional forces reach their final receptor: the alveolar bone), anterior zone retainers may be eliminated by selecting an appropriate prosthetic insertion and removal axis, and mainly by carving guiding planes that should provide retention by mechanical rubbing. This in vitro experimental study aimed to prove the hypothesis that it is possible to obtain functional retention in a dental-loading pathway removable partial prosthesis without using retainers in the anterior zone. Methods: 7 maxillary models with different types of toothless process were used. As a common characteristic, they all were classified as Kennedy Class III with partial denture arches. A Cr-Co metallic base was built for each model according to their clinical situation. Their design allowed them to be exposed to traction in a universal traction machine (Tinius Olsen H5K-S). Results: the proposed hypothesis was confirmed as expected. The traction force needed to displace the metallic bases with retainers in the anterior zone was 16.93 Newton in average. On the other hand, the metallic bases without retainers in the anterior zone showed an average of 12.84 N. The average values obtained for both groups are higher than those reported in the literature (4.903 N). Conclusions: in Class III removable partial dentures it is possible to use metallic bases with no retainers in the anterior zone.


Resumen Introducción: un factor que incomoda a los usuarios de prótesis parciales removibles es la presencia de retenedores visibles en la zona anterior. En clases III de Kennedy, es decir, vías de carga exclusivamente dentarias, sería posible eliminar los retenedores del sector anterior mediante un adecuado tallado de planos guías que brinde retención por roce mecánico y la elección de un eje de inserción y remoción protésico. Este trabajo es un diseño experimental in vitro que tiene por finalidad validar la hipótesis propuesta por nuestro equipo de investigación, que es posible obtener retención funcional en una prótesis parcial removible de vía de carga dentaria sin utilizar retenedores en el sector anterior. Métodos: se utilizaron 7 modelos maxilares en yeso tipo IV, con distinto tipo de desdentamiento, cuya característica común era que correspondían a clases III de Kennedy de arcos parcialmente desdentados. A cada modelo se le confeccionó una base metálica de Cr-Co, de acuerdo con sus características clínicas individuales, las cuales presentaron un diseño que permitió utilizarlas en una máquina de tracción universal para someterlas a fuerzas de tracción. Resultados: la fuerza de tracción necesaria para desalojar las bases metálicas que contaban con retenedores en el sector anterior fue del orden de 16,93 N en promedio. En cambio, las bases metálicas sin retenedores en el sector anterior presentaron un valor promedio para su desalojo de 12,84 N. Conclusiones: los valores promedio obtenidos para ambos grupos son superiores a los que se señala en la literatura (4,903 N) como válidos para una retención adecuadamente funcional para una prótesis parcial removible.


Subject(s)
Denture, Partial, Removable , Orthodontic Retainers , Esthetics, Dental
10.
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(2): 107-114, mar.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126926

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La estomatitis subprotésica es un proceso inflamatorio de la mucosa bucal que se encuentra cubierta por una prótesis removible, de causa multifactorial y alta prevalencia. Objetivo: Caracterizar la estomatitis subprotésica en pacientes portadores de prótesis removible atendidos en las clínicas odontológicas de la Universidad San Gregorio de Portoviejo en el período marzo-noviembre de 2019. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal, con los criterios de inclusión siguientes: mayores de 18 años, ambos sexos, buen estado de salud general, no practicar hábitos tóxicos, usar prótesis removible, total o parcial, confeccionada de acrílico o metales. Todos los sujetos de la investigación firmaron el consentimiento informado antes de realizarles la historia clínica de odontología del Ministerio de Salud Pública del Ecuador de donde se extrajeron los datos sociodemográficos, signos clínicos y características de la prótesis. Resultados: Fueron evaluados 100 pacientes. El 45 %, presentaba signos clínicos de estomatitis subprotésica; predominó el sexo femenino con el 33 % y el grupo de edad de 40 a 59 años con un 26 %. La mayoría de las prótesis no se ajustan ni adaptan de manera correcta, y tienen un mal estado físico, en el 80, 82,2 y el 91 %, respectivamente. El 84,4 % de los pacientes utilizaba prótesis parcial removible, confeccionadas con acrílico, por un periodo de 1 a 6 años en el 60 % de los casos. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico de estomatitis subprotésica se asocia con el mal estado físico, desajuste e inadecuada adaptación de las prótesis removibles, lo que indica la necesidad de la institución para el establecimiento de estrategias docentes hacia la comunidad para su prevención y diagnóstico temprano.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Subprosthetic stomatitis is an inflammatory process of the mucosa in the oral cavity covered by a removable prosthesis, with a multifactorial cause and high prevalence. Objective: To characterize subprosthetic stomatitis in patients with removable prosthesis treated at the dental clinics of San Gregorio University in Portoviejo in the period March-November 2019. Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted, with the following inclusion criteria: patients over 18 years old, both sexes, good general health, no toxic habits, use of removable prosthesis, total or partial, made of acrylic or metals. All the patients involved in the research signed their consent, information given to them before taking their dental records taken by the Ministry of Public Health of Ecuador, from which socio-demographic data, clinical signs and characteristics of the prosthesis were extracted. Results: 100 patients were evaluated. Forty-five per cent showed clinical signs of subprosthetic stomatitis; the female sex (33%) predominated and the age group 40-59 years with (26%). Most of the prosthesis did not fit or adapt correctly and were in poor physical condition in 80%, 82.2% and 91% respectively. 84.4% of the patients used removable partial prosthesis, made of acrylic, for a period of 1 to 6 years, (60%) of the cases. Conclusions: The diagnosis of subprosthetic stomatitis is associated with poor physical condition, maladjustment and inadequate adaptation of removable prostheses, which indicates the need for the institution to establish educational strategies towards the community for prevention and early diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Stomatitis, Denture/diagnosis , Stomatitis, Denture/etiology , Stomatitis, Denture/prevention & control , Denture, Partial, Removable/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies
11.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 81-88, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056505

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Aging is a dynamic process that includes various alterations in the oral cavity, with tooth loss being the most frequent. Rehabilitative treatment may include removable or fixed prostheses and implants. The aim of this study was to describe the geometric (trajectory, ranges, areas) and kinematic (speed) characteristics of the mandibular and masticatory movements threedimensionally in participants with dental prostheses. A sample of 10 participants with removable prosthetic rehabilitation was divided into three groups (complete, atypical and overdenture) the characteristics of mandibular movements bordering and chewing with 3D Electromagnetic Articulography were measured. The Posselt polygonin was obtained, the frontal and sagittal plans, its areas, trajectories and ranges are analyzed. The masticatory movements were analyzed in the area of each cycle, the frequency, the speed and the reason between the masticatory cycle and the bordering movements, no significant differences between the groups. Subjects with dental prostheses, regardless of the type, they showed low of motion (border and functional) compared to dentate subjects with no functional alterations whose values have been reported in the literature. The subjects with overdenture have values closer to what is described for young dentate subjects.


RESUMEN: El envejecimiento es un proceso dinámico que incluye varias alteraciones en la cavidad oral, siendo la pérdida de dientes la más frecuente. El tratamiento de rehabilitación puede incluir prótesis fijas o removibles y/o implantes. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las características geométricas (trayectoria, rangos, áreas) y cinemáticas (velocidad) de los movimientos mandibulares y masticatorios en participantes con prótesis dentales realizando un análisis en tres dimensiones. Se consideró una muestra de 10 participantes con rehabilitación protésica y se dividió en tres grupos (prótesis total, atípica e implantosoportada), se midieron las características de los movimientos mandibulares bordeantes y masticatorios con articulografía electromagnética 3D. Se obtuvo el polígono Posselt en los planos frontal y sagital, se analizaron sus áreas, trayectorias y rangos. Se analizaron los movimientos masticatorios en cuanto al área de cada ciclo, la frecuencia, la velocidad y la razón entre el área el ciclo masticatorio y los movimientos bordeantes, sin diferencias significativas entre los grupos. Los sujetos con prótesis dentales, independientemente del tipo, mostraron disminución de movimiento (bordeante y funcional) en comparación con los sujetos dentados sin alteraciones funcionales cuyos valores se han informado en la literatura. Los sujetos con prótesis implantosoportada tienen valores más cercanos a lo que se describe para sujetos jóvenes dentados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Denture, Partial, Fixed , Denture, Partial, Removable , Mandible , Temporomandibular Joint , Biomechanical Phenomena , Chile , Statistical Analysis , Computer-Aided Design , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Mandibular Condyle , Mastication , Movement
12.
Niger. J. Dent. Res ; 5(2): 136-144, 2020. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1266998

ABSTRACT

Objective: Full complement and replacement of lost teeth improves oral health and quality of life. The objective of this study was to assess the level of awareness of factors that can prevent premature loss of teeth and the reason for non-replacement of missing/lost teeth among nurses in a tertiary health institution. Methods: This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study, 251 nurses of the Jos University Teaching Hospital participated. Self-administered questionnaires were used for data collection. Analysis of data was done with IBM SPSS version 23.0. Results: The mean age of the 251 nurses was 38±9.88. 174(69.3%) were females while 77(30.7%) were males. Out of 91(36.3%) that had missing teeth, 16(17.6%) actually replaced their missing teeth with the majority of them representing 81.3% adopting removable acrylic partial denture as modality. Among the 75(82.4%) that did not replace their missing teeth, the reason for the non-replacement by the majority- 40.0% was that they didn't feel replacement was necessary. Conclusion: The awareness level on factors that can prevent premature loss of teeth was observed to be high among the participants, but many have missing teeth that needed replacement. Majority did not replace their missing teeth as a result of low level of awareness of the consequences and probably due to financial challenges and because of the non-coverage of prosthetic treatments by the National Health Insurance Scheme 'NHIS' in Nigeria


Subject(s)
Academic Medical Centers , Denture, Partial, Removable , Nigeria , Nurses , Oral Health , Quality of Life , Replantation , Tooth Loss
13.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e208798, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1152180

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the retention of an endodontic titanium postwith a spherical head for removable partial denture or overdentureattachment according to surface treatment type. Methods: Sixtyhealthy single-rooted teeth, sectioned at the enamel/cementumjunction, were treated endodontically and steadily fixed in theembedding acrylic resin. The titanium posts were subdivided intofour groups: control, no surface treatment (Ctrl); posts with macroretentivegrooves (MR); air abrasion of the post surface (AB); andposts with macro-retentive grooves and air abrasion of the postsurface (MR+AB). The posts were luted in the root canal usingself-adhesive dual resin cement. Pull-out testing was performedusing a universal testing machine until complete detachment wasachieved. After pull-out testing, the metallic posts were examinedunder an optical microscope and the failures were classifiedbased on the cement distribution pattern on the extracted posts:0, no cement left on the post (cement/post failure); 1, postsurface partially covered by adhered cement (post/cement anddentin/cement mixed failure); 2, post surface completely coveredby cement (dentin/cement failure). The retention data wereanalyzed by one-way ANOVA, Bonferroni­Dunn test (p<0.05)and Weibull analysis. Results: AB showed the highest retentionvalue (485.37±68.36), followed by MR+AB (355.80±118.47), MR(224.63±42.54) and Ctrl (113.12 ± 51.32). AB and MR showedthe highest Weibull moduli. Conclusions: The data indicatedthat air abrasion alone could significantly increase the retentionof titanium posts/attachments for use with overdentures orremovable partial denture


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Denture Retention , Cementation , Air Abrasion, Dental , Titanium , Denture, Partial, Removable
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786591

ABSTRACT

Implant-Assisted Removable Partial Dentures (IARPDs) treatment is being performed in a fully edentulous patient using implant surveyed prosthesis as an abutment. Implant-supported prosthesis as an abutment of IARPDs is classified into screw-retained and cement-retained type according to the retention type, and each has advantages and disadvantages. The EZ crown system (Samwon DMP, Yangsan, Korea) has a cylinder combined with abutment, and the nickel-titanium spring in this cylinder provides a constant force on the zirconia ball to obtain retention in EZ crown system. In this patient, the natural abutment teeth of the mandibular overdenture was hopeless. We planned implant assisted removable partial denture using anterior implant surveyed prosthesis considering functional and esthetical rehabilitation, cost and patient's needs. When fabricating IARPDs using implant as abutment, we could compensate for the shortcomings of existing implant-supported prosthesis retention type and made the design of removable partial denture easy due to using EZ crown system.


Subject(s)
Crowns , Denture, Overlay , Denture, Partial, Removable , Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Prosthesis Retention , Rehabilitation , Tooth
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827510

ABSTRACT

This study aims to apply a new expert system to design removable partial denture (RPD) framework. The RPD design is completed in three steps, namely, "selecting missing teeth", "selecting abutment condition", and "selecting personalized clasp". The system can help auxiliary dentists develop personalized treatment plans to reduce their clinical workload. It can also generate a dental preparation guideline for clinical preparation, which can prevent tooth preparation mistakes. By generating the standard electronic drawings of the framework design, the system can reduce the inconvenience caused by manual drawing, thereby facilitating dentist-technician communication and reducing the rate of remade.


Subject(s)
Dental Abutments , Denture Design , Denture, Partial, Removable , Expert Systems , Tooth
17.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 40(3): 14-18, set.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1102193

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os hábitos de higiene bucal e o grau de satisfação de idosos usuários de próteses removíveis residentes de quatro Instituições de Longa Permanência. Foram aplicados questionários para idosos (n=33) de ambos os gêneros, diferentes etnias e graus de escolaridade que faziam o uso de próteses do tipo removível em apenas um ou ambos os arcos. A análise dos dados foi realizada por meio do teste qui-quadrado com nível de confiança de 95%. Não houve relação estatisticamente significativa (p>0,05) entre o perfil socioeconômico, tipo de prótese, perdas dentárias e o grau de satisfação das mesmas, porém, houve significância estatística entre a relação de indivíduos satisfeitos e insatisfeitos com o fato de higienizar a prótese (p=0,010). Ocorreu o predomínio de indivíduos do sexo feminino de 70 a 80 anos, ensino fundamental incompleto e usuários de prótese do tipo total. As causas mais comuns de perda dentária foram a cárie e a doença periodontal. Verificou-se a prevalência do uso da escova e creme dental e da utilização da mesma escova para higienizar os dentes e a prótese. Pôde-se concluir que apesar a realização ou não da higienização da cavidade bucal e da prótese reflete diretamente no grau de satisfação dos idosos institucionalizados(AU)


The objective of this study was to evaluate the oral hygiene habits and degree of satisfaction of the elderly users of removable dentures resident in four Long Stay Institutions. Questionnaires were applied to the elderly (n = 33) of both genders, different ethnicities and degrees of schooling that made use of removable type dentures in only one or both arches. Data analysis was performed using the chi-square test with a confidence level of 95%. There was no statistically significant (p> 0.05) relationship between the socioeconomic profile, type of prosthesis, dental losses and degree of prosthesis satisfaction, but there was statistical significance between the ratio of satisfied and dissatisfied individuals to prosthesis hygiene (p=0.010). The predominance of female subjects from 70 to 80 years old, incomplete primary education and users of prostheses of the total type occurred. The most common causes of tooth loss were caries and periodontal disease. The prevalence of toothbrushing and toothpaste and the use of the same toothbrush to sanitize the teeth and the prosthesis were verified. It was concluded that despite the execution the hygiene of the oral cavity and the prosthesis or not it reflect the degree of satisfaction of the institutionalized elderly(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Oral Hygiene , Denture, Complete , Denture, Partial, Removable , Patient Satisfaction
18.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 40(2): 33-37, maio/ago. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1006546

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho tem como objetivo apresentar o protocolo de reabilitação por meio de prótese obturadora palatina, preconizado pela Universidade Federal de Alfenas (UNIFAL-MG), através do relato de um caso clínico de paciente maxilectomizada. A paciente apresentava comunicação buco-sinu-nasal e ausência parcial de dentes maxilares e mandibulares. Foi realizada moldagem de estudo, obtenção do modelo de trabalho, delineamento, planejamento das armações metálicas, preparos específicos, moldagem de trabalho e obtenção das armações; que foram provadas, os registros intermaxilares tomados, modelos montados em articulador e selecionados os dentes artificiais. Foi realizada prova estética e funcional com ênfase na pronúncia em função da existência de comunicação. Foi selecionada a cor da base e as próteses foram instaladas. Conclui-se que a prótese obturadora constitui um método satisfatório para a reabilitação de defeitos palatinos, pois proporcionou o vedamento da comunicação, proteção aos tecidos da área afetada, melhoras funcionais e estéticas, favorecendo a reintegração da paciente ao convívio social(AU)


The purpose of this study was the proposal of the clinical therapy and treatment of prosthetic patient under the Federal University of Alfenas (UNIFAL-MG), using a clinical report of a maxilectomized patient. The patient presented buco-sinu-nasal communication and partial absence of maxillary and mandibular teeth. It was made the study impression, obtaining the working model, designing, planning of metal frames, specific preparation, working impression and obtaining frames were carried out; which were tested, taken intermaxillary records, articulator mounted models and selected artificial teeth. Aesthetic and functional tests were performed with emphasis on pronunciation as a function of the existence of communication. The color of the base was selected and the prostheses were installed. It was concluded that the obturator prosthesis is a satisfactory method for the rehabilitation of palatal defects, since it provided the seal of communication, protection to the tissues of the affected area, functional and aesthetic improvements, favoring the reintegration of the patient to social interaction(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Palatal Obturators , Denture, Partial, Removable , Palate , Cleft Palate , Dental Prosthesis , Mouth Rehabilitation
19.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 40(2): 15-21, maio/ago. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1006531

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi discutir, por meio de uma revisão de literatura, as indicações, contraindicações, vantagens, desvantagens das alternativas reabilitadoras mais comuns utilizando PPRs e o impacto desses tratamentos na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal dos pacientes. Foi realizada uma pesquisa ampla na literatura, com a utilização dos termos "Prótese Parcial Removível", "Qualidade de Vida", "Saúde bucal"; "Satisfação do Paciente", no período entre 1990 e 2018, no Medline, Google Scholar, internet e livros didáticos. Foi demonstrado que a reabilitação com PPRs associadas a implantes resultou em melhor qualidade de vida associada à saúde bucal dos usuários, seguida por PPRs retidas por encaixe e PPRs convencionais. Entretanto, o profissional deve considerar as condições sistêmicas, bucais e econômicas de cada paciente, tendo o conhecimento biomecânico bem como a ciência dos benefícios e das desvantagens de cada tipo de tratamento para estabelecer um correto diagnóstico do caso e, assim, indicar o melhor tipo de PPR. Dessa forma, é possível oferecer o melhor tratamento para cada paciente parcialmente edêntulo, devolvendo estética e função de maneira satisfatória de modo a resultar em maior nível de satisfação e qualidade de vida(AU)


The purpose of this study was to discuss, through a review of the literature, indications, contraindications, advantages, disadvantages of the most common rehabilitation alternatives using RPDs and the impact of these treatments on patients' oral health quality of life. A broad research was conducted in the literature, using the terms "Partial Removable Prosthesis", "Quality of Life", "Oral Health"; "Patient Satisfaction" in the period between 1990 and 2018, in Medline, Google Scholar, internet and textbooks. It was demonstrated that rehabilitation with RPDs associated with implants resulted in a better oral health quality of life of users, followed by RPDs with attachments and conventional RPDs. However, the professional should consider the systemic, oral and economic conditions of each patient, based on the biomechanical knowledge, as well as the science of the benefits and disadvantages of each type of treatment to establish a correct diagnosis of the case, and thus, indicate the best type of RPD. In this way, it is possible to offer the best treatment for each partially edentulous patient, returning aesthetics and function in a satisfactory manner in order to result in a higher level of satisfaction and quality of life(AU)


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Denture, Partial, Removable , Dental Implants , Oral Health , Patient Satisfaction
20.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 40(1): 29-34, jan.-abr. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-995154

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste relato de caso clínico foi descrever a importância de planejar de maneira minuciosa uma alternativa de reabilitação conservadora de um paciente em uso de bisfosfonato intravenoso, bem como detalhar os procedimentos realizados. Paciente do gênero masculino, 78 anos, buscou atendimento odontológico relatando insatisfação com sua condição dentária atual, e o desejo de realizar novas próteses dentárias. Ao exame clínico, observou-se instabilidade da prótese parcial removível superior devido à fratura coronária do elemento 26. Ao exame radiográfico, observaram-se extensas lesões cariosas nos dentes 16 e 26. Após plano de tratamento realizado em equipe multidisciplinar, foi sugerida uma reabilitação sem nenhum procedimento cirúrgico, a fim de minimizar as complicações pós-operatórias e proporcionar saúde oral de maneira mais breve e minimamente invasiva. O tratamento incluiu a confecção de uma prótese parcial fixa dos elementos 13 ao 23 com encaixes de precisão associada à uma prótese parcial removível superior. Já para a arcada inferior, foi realizada uma prótese parcial fixa dos elementos 33 ao 41 e uma prótese parcial removível. Por meio deste caso clinico, foi possível concluir que uma abordagem conservadora possibilitou uma reabilitação que supriu as necessidades estéticas e funcionais do paciente que faz uso de medicamento antirreabsortivo(AU)


The aim of this study was to describe the importance of a carefully planning to conservative rehabilitation alternative for a patient using intravenous bisphosphonate, as well as to detail the procedures performed. A male patient, 78 years old, sought dental care reporting dissatisfaction with his current dental condition and the desire to perform new dental prostheses. At the clinical examination, instability of the superior removable partial denture was observed due to the coronary fracture of element 26. Radiographic examination revealed extensive carious lesions on teeth 16 and 26. After a multidisciplinary treatment planning, was suggested a rehabilitation without any surgical procedure, in order to minimize postoperative complications and provide oral health in a minor and minimally invasive manner. Treatment included a fixed partial denture of elements 13 to 23 with precision fittings attachments associated with a removable partial denture. To the jaw, a fixed partial prosthesis of elements 33 to 41 and a partial removable prosthesis were performed. Through this clinical case, it was possible to conclude that a conservative management provides an aesthetical and functional patient rehabilitation who take antiresorptive medication(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Mouth Rehabilitation , Denture, Partial, Fixed , Denture, Partial, Removable , Diphosphonates
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