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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211060, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254621

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonic bath and traditional brushing in the hygiene of complete dentures of dependent residents in long-term care institutions (LTCIs). Methods: A randomized cross-over clinical study was conducted in 17 maxillary complete denture wearers living in LTCIs. Cleaning protocols were brushing or ultrasonic bath, both applied with neutral liquid soap. Biofilm biomass were estimated by MTT reduction assay and specific microbial load (CFU) of Streptococcus spp., Staphylococcus spp. and Candida spp. were quantified by selective and differential culture media. Results: Ultrasound method showed higher percentage reduction of biofilm biomass and specific microbial loads of Streptococcus spp. compared to brushing (p<0.01). Reduction of microbial loads of the other microorganisms were not different between cleaning methods (p>0.05). Conclusions: The ultrasonic bath proved to be a feasible alternative method for the mechanical cleaning of complete dentures in LTCIs


Subject(s)
Aged , Hygiene , Dentures , Biofilms , Health Services for the Aged
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(3): 1-5, 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1116115

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the influence of glass fiber reinforcements used in nautical and sports products on the flexural strength of acrylic resin. Materials and methods: Thirty thermos activated acrylic resin bars (25 x 10.5 x 3.3 mm) were used. The samples were shared in 3 groups: bars with no glass fiber (control group, n = 10), bars reinforced with glass fiber and 0.18 mm thickness (group F1, n = 10) and bars reinforced with glass fiber and 0.80 mm thickness (group F2, n = 10). After 48 hours, samples were submitted to compression test in order to evaluate flexural strength. Obtained data were statistically analyzed with significance level of 5 %. Results: It was observed that the use of glass fiber effectively increased the flexural strength compared to the control group; the thickness of the glass fiber, however, did not present statistical differences. Conclusion: The use of fiber glass is a simple and cost-effective alternative to improve acrylic resin performance. (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do reforço de fibra de vidro usada em produtos esportivos náuticos na resistência flexural da resina acrílica. Materiais e métodos: Trinta barras de resina acrílica termoativadas (25 x 10.5 x 3.3 mm) foram confeccionadas. As amostras foram divididas em 3 grupos: barras sem fibra de vidro (grupo controle, n = 10), barras com reforço de fibra de vidro com espessura de 0.18 mm (grupo F1, n = 10) e barras com reforço de fibra de vidro com espessura de 0.80 mm (grupo F2, n = 10). Após 48 horas, as amostras foram submetidas ao ensaio de compressão para avaliar a resistência flexural. Os dados obtidos foram analisados estatisticamente com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Foi observado que o uso de fibra de vidro aumentou efetivamente a resistência à compressão comparado com o grupo controle; a espessura da fibra de vidro, no entanto, não apresentou diferença estatisticamente significante. Conclusão: O uso de fibra de vidro é uma alternativa simples e de baixo custo para aprimorar a performance das resinas acrílicas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins , Dentures , Water Sports , Flexural Strength
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811434

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to analyze treatment concepts of a cohort of German dentists for planning, fabrication, and maintenance of implant-supported fixed and removable restorations.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire including queries about experiences with implant-supported restorations as well as prosthetic and maintenance treatment concepts for supplying patients with fixed and removable implant-supported prosthetic restorations was developed and sent to 350 dental offices registered in the municipal area of Leipzig, Germany.RESULTS: An overall total of 62 returned questionnaires were included in the analyses, which relates to a response rate of 17.7%. Participating dentists were more involved in the prosthetic aspects of implant dentistry rather than surgery, while prosthetic concepts such as backward planning, digital processing, and application of all-ceramic materials were not commonly performed. Simple attachments were preferred over complex retention systems in removable implant-supported restorations. Tooth/implant-supported fixed denture prostheses as well as removable denture prostheses with supporting posterior implants were not regarded as a favorable treatment option.CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of the study, the data indicate that dentists favor simple and conventional treatment approaches in implant prosthetics. Prosthetic aspects in the planning of implant-supported restorations are often neglected. Prosthetic treatment guidelines and aspects should commonly be considered in the planning phase of implant-supported prosthetic restorations, and awareness should be increased in postgraduate education.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Crowns , Dental Implants , Dental Offices , Dentistry , Dentists , Dentures , Education , Germany , Humans , Peri-Implantitis , Prostheses and Implants
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786599

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated color stability of Dentca 3D-printed denture teeth, in comparison to color stabilities of four conventional types of denture teeth, upon being immersed in various colorants.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four types of conventional prefabricated denture teeth (Surpass, GC, Artic 6, Heraeus Kulzer, Premium 6, Heraeus Kulzer, Preference, Candulor), 3D-printed denture teeth (Dentca); and Z250 (Filtek Z250, 3M ESPE) were prepared for testing. The samples were immersed in erythrosine 3%, coffee, cola, and distilled water (DW) at 37℃. Color change (ΔE) was measured by spectrophotometer before immersion and at 7, 14, and 21 days after immersion. One-way analysis of variance was performed along with Tukey's honestly significant difference multiple comparisons test (P<.05).RESULTS: No great difference was observed between the color change of Dentca denture teeth and that of conventional denture teeth in most cases (P>.05). The color change of Dentca denture teeth immersed in erythrosine 3% was greater than that of Surpass (ΔE = 0.67 ± 0.25) after 1 week; Artic 6 (ΔE = 1.44 ± 0.38) and Premium 6 (ΔE = 1.69 ± 0.35) after 2 weeks; and Surpass (ΔE = 1.79 ± 0.49), Artic 6 (ΔE = 2.07 ± 0.21), Premium 6 (ΔE = 2.03 ± 0.75), and Preference (ΔE = 2.01 ± 0.75) after 3 weeks (P<.05).CONCLUSION: A color change was observed in Dentca denture teeth when immersed in some colorants; however, the maximum value of ΔE for Dentca denture teeth was within the clinically acceptable range.


Subject(s)
Coffee , Cola , Dentures , Erythrosine , Immersion , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Tooth , Water
5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786594

ABSTRACT

Patients with collapsed occlusal support and unilateral chewing show parafunctional mandibular movements, which can be complicated in older patients. Gothic arch tracing and split cast technique are used to confirm the deviation between centric relation and anterior habitual bite in patient who has oral dyskinesia and collapsed occlusion. Temporary denture as occlusal stabilization appliance was provided for stable occlusion and reproducible mandibular movement. Definitive denture was fabricated by lingualized occlusion concept.


Subject(s)
Centric Relation , Dentures , Humans , Mandible , Mastication , Mouth Rehabilitation , Mouth , Movement Disorders , Prostheses and Implants
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786593

ABSTRACT

In patients with fully edentulous jaw, treatment of complete dentures should be carried out in many stages when following the conventional methods. Therefore there were disadvantages such as multiple visits to dental clinic is inevitable. In addition, errors caused by polymerization shrinkage, which happens during the fabrication of denture, and difficulties in reproduction of damaged or lost denture were considered as disadvantages. But nowadays, computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system is widely used in dentistry and it has begun to expand its spectrum in manufacturing complete dentures. Using CAD/CAM system to fabricate complete dentures can reduce the number of patient's visit and clinical chair time, since taking impression, recording jaw relation, and selection of artificial teeth are performed at the same time during the first visit, and delivering of dentures during the second visit is possible. In addition, because 3D-Printing technology is used, errors by polymerization shrinkage can be reduced. Among the companies that fabricate complete dentures using CAD/CAM system, DENTCA CAD/CAM denture (DENTCA Inc., Los Angeles, CA, USA) is the most commercialized company. In this case, we treated patients of complete dentures using conventional complete denture method and DENTCA CAD/CAM denture system in the same patient. We would like to report this case because we have achieved good results not only in functional aspects of pronunciation, chewing, and swallowing but also in aesthetic aspects.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Deglutition , Dental Clinics , Dentistry , Denture, Complete , Dentures , Humans , Jaw , Jaw, Edentulous , Mastication , Methods , Polymerization , Polymers , Reproduction , Tooth, Artificial
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190693, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134791

ABSTRACT

Abstract Debonding, staining and wear are usually the reasons for denture teeth replacement by new ones from same or different brands. Objective This study investigates the possible differences in color of denture teeth of the same or different brands under different illuminations, since their metameric behavior in color under specific illumination may become unacceptable. Methodology For the purpose of this study, 10 denture teeth (#11), shade A3, of 4 different brands were selected (Creopal/KlemaDental Pro, Executive/DeguDent, Cosmo HXL/DeguDent, Ivostar/Ivoclar-Vivadent). Teeth stabilized in white silicone mold and the CIELAB color coordinates of their labial surface under 3 different illumination lights (D65, F2, A) were recorded, using a portable colorimeter (FRU/WR-18, Wave Inc). ΔE*ab values of all possible pairs of teeth of the same brand (n=45) or pair combinations of different brands (n=100) under each illumination light, in a dry and wet state were calculated. Data were analyzed statistically using 3-way ANOVA, Friedman's and Wilcoxon's tests at a significance level of α=0.05. Results The results showed that brand type affected significantly L*, a* and b* coordinates (p<0.0001), illumination a* and b* coordinates (p<0.0001), but none of them was affected by the hydration state of teeth (p>0.05). Intra-brand color differences ranged between 0.21-0.78ΔΕ* units with significant differences among brands (p<0.0001), among illumination lights (p<0.0001) and between hydration states (p=0.0001). Inter-brand differences ranged between 2.29-6.29ΔΕ* units with significant differences among pairs of brands (p<0.0001), illumination lights (p<0.0001) and hydration states (p<0.0001). Conclusions Differences were found between and within brands under D65 illumination which increased under F2 or A illumination affected by brand type and hydration status. Executive was the most stable brand than the others under different illuminations or wet states and for this reason its difference from other brands is the lowest. In clinical practice, there should be no blending of teeth of different brands but if we must, we should select those that are more stable under different illuminations


Subject(s)
Humans , Lighting , Dentures , Prosthesis Coloring , Reference Values , Surface Properties/radiation effects , Materials Testing , Analysis of Variance , Colorimetry , Statistics, Nonparametric
8.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190704, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132229

ABSTRACT

Abstract To the moment, there is no ideal substance for home-based denture disinfection. This study assessed in vitro the antimicrobial effect of the hydroalcoholic extract of Eugenia uniflora and the effect on the physical properties of denture polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, and Klebsiella oxytoca were isolated from samples of saliva collected from denture wearers. The extracts were produced in three concentrations, according to the Brazilian Pharmacopeia. One hundred eighty-eight disc-shaped specimens of thermopolymerizable PMMA were prepared and randomly allocated to five treatment groups: sterile saline solution (0.85%; control); chlorhexidine digluconate (0.2%); and hydroalcoholic extract of E. uniflora (0.2%, 0.8%, and 1.16%). The specimens were disinfected for 8 hours/day for 30 days. Adherence of microorganisms to the surface, PMMA surface roughness, and color stability were assessed. Inferential statistics were performed with one- and two-way ANOVA/Tukey test, and Kruskal Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and paired t-tests, at α=0.05. The extract of E. uniflora at 0.2% and 1.16% reduced the microbial load of K. oxytoca, while chlorhexidine digluconate significantly reduced microbial load of all microrganisms. Microbial adherence at day 10 was reduced by all experimental substances (p<0.001). Surface roughness was not affected by the disinfecting substances (p>0.05). Nevertheless, all experimental groups produced unacceptable color change at the end of the disinfection protocol (p<0.001). The non-adherent potential against microorganisms isolated from the oral cavity confirm the potential of use of the hydroalcoholic extract of E. uniflora as a denture disinfectant. Yet, unacceptable color changes may occur, regardless of extract concentration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects , Candida albicans/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Dentures , Klebsiella oxytoca/drug effects , Eugenia/chemistry , Mouthwashes/pharmacology , Polymethyl Methacrylate
9.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135486

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate the relationships among tooth loss, denture wearing, nutrition intake, and nutritional status. Material and Methods: This observational cohort study was conducted on 26 patients (≥ 45 years old) at the Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia. Tooth loss was classified according to the Eichner Index. The Semi-quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire was used to measure nutritional intake (kcal). Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) and Handgrip Strength (HGS) assessments were employed to measure the nutritional status at baseline (before denture insertion), 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after denture use. Results: Significant differences in nutritional intake (p<0.05) between the Eichner B and C groups were noted at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after using dentures. Significant increases in nutritional intake were noted after wearing the dentures (p<0.05) when compared with the baseline values. The nutritional status was considered normal in 65.4% of the patients at 12 months and 38.5% at baseline. Furthermore, the nutritional status 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after wearing denture was significantly improved compared with the baseline values (p<0.05). Significant differences in HGS (p<0.05) were observed between the Eichner B and C groups at 6, 9, and 12 months after using the denture. However, no significant differences in HGS were noted before and after wearing the denture (p<0.05). Conclusion: Denture wearing can improve the nutritional intake and status of pre-elderly and elderly patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged/psychology , Nutritional Status , Dentures , Jaw, Edentulous/surgery , Jaw/diagnostic imaging , Nutrition Assessment , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Cohort Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Indonesia/epidemiology
10.
Actual. osteol ; 15(3): 225-236, Sept-Dic. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116171

ABSTRACT

Bone grafting is important to preserve the alveolar bone ridge height and volume for dental implant placement. Even though implant-supported overdentures present highly successful outcomes, it seems that a great number of edentulous individuals have not pursued implant-based rehabilitation. The cost of the treatment is one of the reasons of discrepancy between highly successful therapy and its acceptance. Therefore, the development of biomaterials for bone grafting with comparable characteristics and biological effects than those renowned internationally, is necessary. In addition, domestic manufacture would reduce the high costs in public health arising from the application of these biomaterials in the dental feld. The purpose of this clinical case report is to provide preliminary clinical evidence of the efficacy of a new bovine bone graft in the bone healing process when used for sinus floor elevation. (AU)


El uso de injertos óseos es importante para preservar la altura y el volumen de la cresta alveolar para la colocación de implantes dentales. Si bien las sobredentaduras implanto-soportadas presentan resultados altamente exitosos, la mayoría de las personas desdentadas no han sido rehabilitadas mediante implantes dentales. Uno de los principales motivos por los cuales los pacientes no aceptan este tipo de tratamiento, altamente exitoso, es el elevado costo del mismo. Por ello, es necesario el desarrollo de biomateriales de injerto óseo con características y efectos biológicos comparables a los reconocidos internacionalmente. Asimismo, la fabricación nacional reduciría los altos costos en Salud Pública derivados de la aplicación de estos biomateriales en el campo dental. El objetivo de esta comunicación es presentar un caso clínico a fin de proporcionar evidencia preliminar acerca de la eficacia de un nuevo injerto de hueso bovino en el proceso de cicatrización ósea en el levantamiento del piso del seno maxilar. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Middle Aged , Cattle , Rats , Bone Transplantation/methods , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/rehabilitation , Sinus Floor Augmentation/methods , Osteogenesis , Argentina , Biocompatible Materials , Cattle/physiology , Carticaine/administration & dosage , Chlorhexidine/administration & dosage , Naproxen/administration & dosage , Public Health/economics , Osseointegration , Dentures , Bone Transplantation/trends , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/pathology , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/therapy , Durapatite/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination/administration & dosage , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Sinus Floor Augmentation/trends , Allografts/immunology , Allografts/transplantation
11.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(9): 3345-3356, set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019660

ABSTRACT

Resumo A reabilitação protética foi prevista pela política nacional de saúde bucal em função da alta prevalência de perda de todos os dentes e do baixo uso de prótese dentária entre idosos. Há necessidade de se avaliar o impacto dessa política de reabilitação. Portanto, objetivou-se investigar se o tipo de serviço odontológico utilizado foi um dos fatores associados ao uso de prótese dentária total entre idosos. Trata-se de um estudo transversal conduzido em uma amostra probabilística de idosos (60 anos ou mais) residentes na zona urbana de um município brasileiro de pequeno porte populacional por examinadores calibrados. Realizaram-se análises descritiva, bivariada e múltipla (Regressão logística - odds ratio - OR). Participaram 287 idosos, destes, 186 (64,8%) faziam uso de prótese dentária total. O uso de prótese dentária total foi associado a maiores chances de uso de serviços odontológicos supletivos ou particulares (OR = 4,19; p < 0,001) e a presença de lesão no palato (OR = 7,52; p = 0,002) e, também, a menores chances em idades maiores ou iguais a 73 anos (OR = 0,52; p = 0,023) e entre os com comprometimento na dimensão incapacidade física do OHIP-14 (OR = 0,20; p = 0,002). O uso de prótese dentária total foi associado ao tipo de serviço odontológico entre idosos, sendo maior o uso entre usuários dos serviços supletivos ou particulares.


Abstract Oral rehabilitation with dental prosthesis was mandated by national oral health policy in Brazil, due to the high prevalence of total teeth loss and low use of dental prosthesis among the elderly. There is a pressing need to assess the impact of this rehabilitation policy. An attempt was therefore made to investigate if the dental service used was one of the factors associated with the use of total dental prosthesis among the elderly. To achieve this, a cross-sectional study using a probabilistic sample of elderly (60 years and above) urban-area residents of a small city was conducted by qualified examiners. Descriptive, bivariate and multiple (logistic regression/odds ratio - OR) analyses were conducted on 287 elderly people, of which 186 (64.8%) used dental prosthesis. The use of total dental prosthesis was associated with a higher probability of being attended by private dental services (OR = 4.19; p < 0.001) and the presence of lesions on the palate (OR = 7.52; p = 0.002). Conversely, it was associated with lower probability in ages greater than or equal to 73 years (OR = 0.52; p = 0.023) and among those with impairment of OHIP-14 (OR = 0.20; p = 0.002) in the physical disability dimension. The use of total dental prosthesis was associated with the type of dental service used by the elderly, it being greater among private service users.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Dentures/statistics & numerical data , Mouth, Edentulous/rehabilitation , Dental Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Urban Population/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Mouth, Edentulous/epidemiology , Health Policy , Middle Aged
12.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 43(1): 165-179, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140099

ABSTRACT

A reabilitação protética tem por finalidade restituir as funções mastigatórias, estéticas e fonéticas, além de proporcionar melhorias na qualidade de vida. Diversas lesões podem se desenvolver na mucosa bucal, sendo algumas relacionadas ao uso de próteses dentárias removíveis precariamente higienizadas e/ou mal adaptadas. Assim, este trabalho teve como objetivo investigar a presença de lesões bucais em pacientes usuários de próteses dentárias removíveis atendidos em uma Unidade Básica de Saúde em um município do Recôncavo da Bahia. O estudo se caracteriza como uma pesquisa descritiva de abordagem quantitativa. Os procedimentos e os instrumentos de coletas foram avaliações clínicas, além do preenchimento de um formulário semiestruturado. A população estudada foi composta por 66 pacientes, sendo todos usuários de próteses removíveis. Diante dos resultados obtidos, observou-se que 75,8% dos pacientes apresentavam lesões bucais, sendo que as principais foram úlcera traumática, queilite angular, hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatória e estomatite protética ­ esta última a mais presente nos voluntários, representando 53,31% dos casos.


Prosthetic rehabilitation seeks to restore the chewing, aesthetic and phonetic functions, in addition to providing improvements in quality of life. Several lesions may develop on the buccal mucosa, some are related to the use of poorly sanitized and/or poorly adapted removable dentures. Thus, this study investigated the use of removable dentures and the presence of oral lesions in patients seen in a Primary Health Unit in a municipality of Recôncavo, Bahia, by utilizing a descriptive survey of quantitative nature. The procedures and instruments for clinical assessments and collections were filling a semi-structured form. The study population was composed of 66 patients, all users of removable dentures. The results showed that 75.8% of the patients had oral lesions. The main injuries were diagnosed as traumatic ulcer, stomatitis, angular cheilitis, inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia, and prosthetic stomatitis, wherein the latter was the most common, representing 53.31% of cases.


La rehabilitación de la prótesis tiene como objetivo restaurar las funciones masticatorias, estéticas y fonéticas, además de mejorar la calidad de vida. Se pueden desarrollar varias heridas en la membrana mucosa bucal, las cuales son ocasionadas por el uso de prótesis dentales removibles precariamente higienizadas y/o con mala adaptación. Este trabajo objetiva evaluar la presencia de lesiones bucales en usuarios de prótesis dentales removibles atendidos en una Unidad Básica de la Salud en un municipio del Recôncavo da Bahia. El estudio es descriptivo, con enfoque cuantitativo. Los procedimientos y los instrumentos de recolección fueron evaluaciones clínicas y el relleno de un cuestionario semiestructurado. La población estudiada fueron 66 pacientes, todos usuarios de prótesis removibles. Los resultados obtenidos permitieron observar que el 75,8% de los pacientes presentaban heridas bucales, las principales diagnosticadas fueron úlcera traumática, queilitis angular, hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatoria y estomatitis prostética, siendo esta la más presente en los voluntarios, en el 53,31% de los casos.


Subject(s)
Prostheses and Implants , Quality of Life , Dentures , Dental Care , Mastication , Mouth Mucosa
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719555

ABSTRACT

Patients with cleft lip and palate have several problems such as oro-nasal communication, dental cross-bite caused by the insufficient growth of maxilla, poor pronunciation and esthetic problem. Removable denture with maxillary double crown near cleft palate and with clasp in the posterior teeth was used to solve the problems of the patient with cleft lip and plate. Double crowns make up for the insufficient mucosal support caused by the mucosa and alveolar bone loss in cleft lip and palate. Double crowns also allow easy repair of denture in case of abutment teeth extraction. In this case, 55-year-old female patient had bilateral cleft lip and palate and few remaining teeth on anterior maxilla. Prosthetic treatment was done for patient with bilateral cleft lip and palate to close oro-nasal communication using maxillary double crown and clasp retained removable denture. As a result, oro-nasal communication was effectively closed and the cross-bite was easily corrected by double crown and clasp retained denture. In addition, pronunciation and appearance were also improved.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Crowns , Dentures , Female , Humans , Maxilla , Middle Aged , Mucous Membrane , Palate , Tooth
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719554

ABSTRACT

The successful results of the treatment using a double crown denture have been reported in several papers for some of the few remaining teeth in patient. In particular, double crown dentures may be an alternative to treatment in cases where the periodontal status is poor and clasp type removable partial dentures are inappropriate (crown/root ratio > 1). In this case, the patient visited clinic with a chief complaint of difficulty in mastication due to loss of posterior teeth and overall teeth mobility. After teeth with severe periodontitis were extracted, treatment plan of mandible is Kennedy class I removable partial denture (RPD) and treatment plan of maxilla is hybrid telescopic double crown RPD with a friction pin. Patient is well adapted after the prosthetic treatment and we report due to achieving satisfactory results in pronunciation, mastication, retention and aesthetics.


Subject(s)
Crowns , Denture, Partial, Removable , Dentures , Esthetics , Friction , Humans , Mandible , Mastication , Maxilla , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontitis , Tooth
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719553

ABSTRACT

As the number of elderly population increases, the proportion of edentulous patients is increasing, and the demand for traditional dentures will also increase. Arranging the artificial teeth according to the relationship and shape of the upper and lower alveolar ridge is an important factor increasing the stability of the denture. This case is a 79 year old female patient who wishes to make denture covered by national health insurance for psychological and economical reasons. With the alveolar bone severely atrophic, the dental CAD software was used for accurate diagnosis and the posterior teeth were arranged in a cross bite according to the interalveolar crest line angle by the program. After completion, the denture showed adequate stability and maintenance in periodic examinations and treatment, and the patient also expressed high satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Aged , Alveolar Process , Denture, Complete , Dentures , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Malocclusion , National Health Programs , Rehabilitation , Tooth , Tooth, Artificial
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719551

ABSTRACT

In the case of a patient with a small number of unilateral remaining teeth in the mandible, a restoration with conventional removable partial denture cannot provide sufficient retention and resistance. A harmful stress from the poor stability of denture on remaining teeth occurs due to alveolar bone resorption in edentulous area. Although implant fixed prosthesis can provide multiple benefits over conventional removable partial denture, there are limitations come from anatomic structures and costs. In this case, an implant-assisted removable partial denture (IARPD) with a couple of implants placed in strategic positions can be a treatment modality. The objective of this article is to present a case report of two patients showed satisfactory clinical outcomes during three-year follow-up period describing the fabrication and advantages of removable partial denture assisted by teeth and implants (IARPD) for a patient with a small number of unilateral remaining teeth in mandible using Locator as an implant attachment.


Subject(s)
Bone Resorption , Denture, Partial, Removable , Dentures , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Mandible , Prostheses and Implants , Rehabilitation , Tooth
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719254

ABSTRACT

Patients with Down's syndrome have several dental complications such as small teeth caused by underdevelopment of dentin and enamel, periodontitis, agenesis of teeth, prolonged retention of primary teeth and malocclusion due to narrow palate. Removable denture with maxillary double crowns would be a good treatment option to solve the problems of the patient with Down's syndrome. Double crowns compensate the insufficient support and retention of denture and easily solve the cross bite problem. Double crowns also allow easy repair of denture in case of abutment teeth extraction. In this case, 26-year-old female patient with Down's syndrome and dental phobia had small number of teeth with enamel hypoplasia, prolonged retention of primary teeth and dental cross bite. Prosthetic treatment was done using removable denture with double crowns in the maxilla. In the mandible, teeth preparation was done on enamel margin without anesthesia. Anterior laminate and posterior complete zirconia crown restorations were performed. As a result, the cross bite was effectively corrected by denture with double crowns. Pronunciation and appearance were also improved without extraction of teeth and dental anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Dental , Crowns , Dental Anxiety , Dental Enamel , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia , Dentin , Denture, Partial , Dentures , Down Syndrome , Female , Humans , Malocclusion , Mandible , Maxilla , Palate , Periodontitis , Tooth , Tooth, Deciduous
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766340

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In mandibular edentulism, the treatment option with a two-interforaminal implant-retained bridge and a removable partial denture is rarely evaluated in literature. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the stress distribution of this treatment option by comparing it with traditional treatment options with interforaminal implants in the edentulous mandible. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two interforaminal implants were placed in a formalin-fixed cadaver mandible, and overdentures with three different types of attachments were fabricated: (1) two ball attachments and an overdenture, (2) a Dolder bar and an overdenture, and (3) screw-retained two-implant inter-canine porcelain fused to a metal bridge and an implant-assisted removable denture (IARD) with precision attachments. Three biting conditions were generated for each denture type, and the strains were documented under vertical loading of 100 N. RESULTS: The calculated strain values from measured strains in all measurement sites and loading conditions for the screw-retained two-implant inter-canine porcelain fused to a metal bridge and a cast framework partial denture with precision attachments situation were lower than in the other scenarios (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of the present study, it can be concluded that an IARD may be a reasonable and valuable alternative to ball attachments or a bar in two interforaminal implants, especially when the patients prefer to be able to show their teeth even when they take out their removable dentures.


Subject(s)
Cadaver , Dental Porcelain , Denture, Overlay , Denture, Partial , Denture, Partial, Removable , Dentures , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Mandible , Tooth
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766108

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the relationships of types of dental insurance coverage in Korea with sociodemographic characteristics and the prevalence of systemic and oral diseases, as well as to evaluate the socioeconomic impact of Korean dental insurance policies. METHODS: Sample cohort data from 2006 to 2015 were obtained from the National Health Insurance Service. Patients were divided into 2 groups. The exposed group comprised patients who received insurance benefits for complete dentures, removable partial dentures, and implant care, while the control group comprised patients who did not receive these benefits. The type of insurance coverage and the prevalence of systemic and oral diseases were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: Patients who received benefits in the form of complete dentures, removable partial dentures, and implants had similar sociodemographic characteristics in terms of sex, age, income quintile, and type of insurance coverage to the control group. The prevalence of hypertension, anemia, renal disease, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, asthma, and cerebral infarction was higher in the exposed group than in the control group (P<0.05). The prevalence of periodontal diseases and dental caries was also higher in the exposed group. CONCLUSIONS: Korean dental health insurance policy has been beneficial for the medical expenses of low-income and elderly people suffering from a cost burden due to systemic diseases. However, since there is a tendency to avoid invasive interventions in older patients due to the high risk of systemic diseases, insurance coverage of dentures may be more helpful from a socioeconomic perspective than coverage of dental implant treatments.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anemia , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Asthma , Cerebral Infarction , Cohort Studies , Dental Caries , Dental Implants , Denture, Complete , Denture, Partial, Removable , Dentures , Health Services for the Aged , Humans , Hypertension , Insurance Benefits , Insurance Coverage , Insurance, Dental , Insurance, Health , Korea , National Health Programs , Osteoporosis , Periodontal Diseases , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765104

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A balanced nutrient intake is important for patients with diabetes. Even if individuals have the same number of residual natural teeth, there are large differences in the masticatory performance between edentulous sites restored with a fixed dental prosthesis, including dental implants, and those restored with a removable dental prosthesis. This study assessed whether the prevalence and control of diabetes differed based on the use of removable dental prostheses through an analysis of nationally representative data. METHODS: Overall, 8,155 individuals (3,525 men and 4,630 women) aged ≥ 50 years were included in this study and were classified into the following 3 groups: group 1, did not use any removable dental prostheses (NF); group 2, used removable partial dentures (RPD); and group 3, used removable complete dentures on at least 1 jaw (CD). The characterization of diabetic patients and glycemic control were analyzed and compared among groups. To determine the relationship between diabetes and the use of dental prostheses, multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed (P < 0.05). RESULTS: The adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for diabetes in men participants in groups NF, RPD, and CD were 1 (reference), 1.165 (0.878–1.544), and 1.491 (1.034–2.151), respectively, after adjusting for confounding factors. Diabetes and glycemic control were significantly associated with the use of removable dental prostheses among men. CONCLUSION: The use of removable dental prostheses is a potential risk indicator for uncontrolled diabetes in Korean men adults, suggesting the need for a comprehensive approach to minimize the complications of diabetes mellitus.


Subject(s)
Adult , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis , Denture, Complete , Denture, Partial, Removable , Dentures , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus , Humans , Jaw , Logistic Models , Male , Odds Ratio , Oral Health , Prevalence , Tooth
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