Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 376
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826688

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the prevention effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) for chemotherapy-related myelosuppression in non-small cell lung cancer.@*METHODS@#A total of 102 patients with non-small cell lung cancer who received initial chemotherapy were randomly divided into a conventional group, a medication group and a TEAS group, 34 cases in each one. The conventional group was treated with chemotherapy of gemcitabine combined with cisplatin and given routine care. On the basis of conventional group's treatment, the medication group was given tablets before chemotherapy, 2-3 tablets each time, 3 times a day. In the TEAS group, on the basis of conventional group's treatment, TEAS was applied at Dazhui (GV 14), Geshu (BL 17), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on day 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 14, 21 and 28 of chemotherapy. The treatment was given 30 min each time and once a day. In the three groups, the treatment for 28 days was as one course and one course of treatment was required. The changes of leukocytes, platelets, erythrocyte, hemoglobin indexes in patients of the three groups were observed one day before chemotherapy and on day 5, 8, 11, 14, 21 and 28 of chemotherapy. The comfort situation of patients was observed one day before chemotherapy and on the 5th, 11th and 21st day of chemotherapy.@*RESULTS@#Compared with before chemotherapy, the leukocyte counts of three groups were decreased at various time points after chemotherapy (<0.05). Compared with the conventional group, the leukocyte counts were higher on day 8 and 14 in the TEAS group and on day 14 in the medication group (<0.05). Compared with before chemotherapy, the platelet count decreased on the day 5, 8, 11 and 14 of chemotherapy in the conventional group (<0.05), and the platelet counts all decreased at each time point after chemotherapy in the medication group (<0.05). The platelet counts of the TEAS group on day 5, 8, 11 and 14 of chemotherapy were higher than those of the conventional group (<0.05), and the platelet counts of the TEAS group on day 5, 8, 11 and 21 of chemotherapy were higher than those of the medication group (<0.05). Compared with the conventional group, the comfort situation scores of the TEAS group were higher on the 5th and 11th days of chemotherapy (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation can prevent chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression (leukocyte, platelets) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer and improve patient comfort situation.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Bone Marrow , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Cisplatin , Therapeutic Uses , Deoxycytidine , Therapeutic Uses , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
2.
Biol. Res ; 53: 13, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100919

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the most common tumor of the biliary tract. The incidence of GBC shows a large geographic variability, being particularly frequent in Native American populations. In Chile, GBC represents the second cause of cancer-related death among women. We describe here the establishment of three novel cell lines derived from the ascitic fluid of a Chilean GBC patient, who presented 46% European, 36% Mapuche, 12% Aymara and 6% African ancestry. RESULTS: After immunocytochemical staining of the primary cell culture, we isolated and comprehensively characterized three independent clones (PUC-GBC1, PUC-GBC2 and PUC-GBC3) by short tandem repeat DNA profiling and RNA sequencing as well as karyotype, doubling time, chemosensitivity, in vitro migration capability and in vivo tumorigenicity assay. Primary culture cells showed high expression of CK7, CK19, CA 19-9, MUC1 and MUC16, and negative expression of mesothelial markers. The three isolated clones displayed an epithelial phenotype and an abnormal structure and number of chromosomes. RNA sequencing confirmed the increased expression of cytokeratin and mucin genes, and also of TP53 and ERBB2 with some differences among the three cells lines, and revealed a novel exonic mutation in NF1. The PUC-GBC3 clone was the most aggressive according to histopathological features and the tumorigenic capacity in NSG mice. CONCLUSIONS: The first cell lines established from a Chilean GBC patient represent a new model for studying GBC in patients of Native American descent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate/genetics , Indians, South American/genetics , Gallbladder Neoplasms/genetics , Ascitic Fluid/metabolism , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Carcinogenicity Tests , Chile , DNA Fingerprinting , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred NOD , Clone Cells/drug effects , Clone Cells/metabolism , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Genes, erbB-2/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor/metabolism , Deoxycytidine/analogs & derivatives , Deoxycytidine/pharmacology , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Keratin-19/genetics , Keratin-7/genetics , Carcinogenesis/genetics , Gallbladder Neoplasms/metabolism , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 922-927, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772175

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#In the era of precision medicine, chemotherapy is still considered the cornerstone of treatment for lung cancer patients without gene mutations. How to reduce the toxicity and increase the efficiency of chemotherapy is worth exploring. This study aimed to investigate the curative effects and safety of hyperthermia combined with chemotherapy (HCT) for advanced patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), especially those with malignant pleural effusion.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively evaluated medical records of 93 patients with advanced NSCLC (stage IIIB-IV) from March 2011 to January 2014. The patients were divided into HCT and chemotherapy (CT) groups. The HCT group was treated with gemcitabine and cisplatin (GP) regimen combined with regional radiofrequency deep hyperthermia, while the CT group was treated with GP regimen only. Those with malignant pleural effusion extra underwent thoracentesis and intrapleural injection chemotherapy combined with hyperthermic or not. Clinical treatment results and adverse reactions were compared and analyzed after treatment. SPSS 19.0 software (SPSS Inc., USA) was used for statistical data processing. P values less than 0.05 were accepted to be statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#Among the 93 patients, HCT group included 48 patients (16 patients with malignant pleural effusion), CT group included 45 patients (10 patients with malignant pleural effusion). There was no significant difference between the two groups in patient characteristics. The overall response rate (ORR) of pleural effusions was much better in HCT group than that in CT group (81.2% vs. 40.0%, P = 0.046). The patients in HCT group had lower incidence rate of weakness (12.5% vs. 46.7%, χ = 13.16, P < 0.001) and gastrointestinal (25.0% vs. 77.8%, χ = 25.88, P < 0.001) adverse reactions than that in CT group. The objective tumor response and survival showed no significant differences.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Hyperthermia combined with chemotherapy might lead to the development of better therapeutic strategy for advanced NSCLC with malignant pleural effusion patients. Also, it could greatly reduce the chemotherapy toxic effects in the incidence of weakness and gastrointestinal adverse reactions in advanced NSCLC patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Cisplatin , Therapeutic Uses , Deoxycytidine , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced , Methods , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 805-814, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772360

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer is one of the highest morbidity and mortality in the world and it is very important to find an effective anti-tumor method. Microwave hyperthermia, a new treatment technology, has been getting more and more attention. This study was designed to investigate the effects of microwave hyperthermia combined with gemcitabine on the proliferation and apoptosis of human lung squamous cell carcinoma (NCI-H1703 and NCI-H2170) in vitro.@*METHODS@#The proliferation of cells treated with microwave hyperthermia, the effect of gemcitabine on cell proliferation and the proliferation of cells treated with different methods of microwave hyperthermia and gemcitabine were detected by CCK-8 assay. Colony formation assay was used to measure the colony formation of human lung squamous cell carcinoma cells. Flow cytometry assay was used to detect the total apoptosis rates of the treated cells. Caspase-3, Caspase-8 activity assay was used to detect the activity of Caspase-3, Caspase-8 enzyme in each group of cells. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effect of control group, AC-DEVD (Caspase-3 inhibitor) group, thermalization combined group, and thermal AC-DEVD combined group on cell proliferation. The levels of p53, Caspase-3, Cleaved-Caspase-3, PARP, Bax and BCL-2 protein expression were detected using Western blot assay.@*RESULTS@#Our results demonstrated that microwave hyperthermia inhibited the proliferation of lung squamous cell carcinoma. The IC₅₀ values of gemcitabine for the two cells were 8.89 μmol/L and 44.18 μmol/L, respectively. The first chemotherapy after microwave hyperthermia has synergistic effect on the two lung squamous cell carcinoma cells and can significantly inhibit the cell clone formation (P0.05). Furthermore, Western blot analysis showed that microwave hyperthermia combined with gemcitabine could up-regulate the p53, Caspase-3, Cleaved-Caspase-3, Cleaved-PARP and Bax protein expression.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Microwave hyperthermia combined with gemcitabine remarkably inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of human lung squamous cell carcinoma in vitro. This effect may be associated with the activation of p53, cleavage of PARP protein, and induced the Caspase-3 dependent apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Radiation Effects , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Pathology , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Caspase 8 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Radiation Effects , Combined Modality Therapy , Deoxycytidine , Pharmacology , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced , Lung Neoplasms , Pathology , Microwaves
5.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 20-27, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742509

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was aimed to investigate the effect of pseudolaric acid B (PAB) on proliferation, invasion and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in pancreatic cancer cells and to explore the possible mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pancreatic cancer cell line SW1990 was cultured and treated with PAB dose- and time-dependent manners. Cell proliferation and invasion ability were measured by MTT assay and Matrigel/Transwell test, respectively. Semi-quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were conducted to detect the expression of EMT markers and the key molecules. Finally, nude mice subcutaneous transplantation tumor model was used to confirm the therapy efficacy of PAB. RESULTS: PAB could inhibit SW1990 cell proliferation and invasion in time- and dose-dependent manners. Vimentin, fibronectin, N-cadherin, Snail, Slug, YAP, TEAD1, and Survivin were down-regulated (p < 0.01), while E-cadherin, caspase-9, MST1, and pYAP were up-regulated (p < 0.05). Combined PAB and gemcitabine treatment markedly restricted the tumor growth compared with gencitabin or PAB alone groups. CONCLUSION: PAB could inhibit the proliferation and invasion ability of pancreatic cancer cells through activating Hippo-YAP pathway and inhibiting the process of EMT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Cadherins , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cytokines , Deoxycytidine/analogs & derivatives , Deoxycytidine/pharmacology , Deoxycytidine/therapeutic use , Diterpenes/pharmacology , Diterpenes/therapeutic use , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/drug effects , Female , Humans , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diet therapy , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Vimentin/metabolism
6.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 112(11): 785-789, Nov. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040564

ABSTRACT

Cytidine deaminase (MtCDA), encoded by cdd gene (Rv3315c), is the only enzyme identified in nucleotide biosynthesis pathway of Mycobacterium tuberculosis that is able to recycle cytidine and deoxycytidine. An M. tuberculosis knockout strain for cdd gene was obtained by allelic replacement. Evaluation of mRNA expression validated cdd deletion and showed the absence of polar effect. MudPIT LC-MS/MS data indicated thymidine phosphorylase expression was decreased in knockout and complemented strains. The cdd disruption does not affect M. tuberculosis growth both in Mid- dlebrook 7H9 and in RAW 264.7 cells, which indicates that cdd is not important for macrophage invasion and virulence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytidine Deaminase/genetics , Deoxycytidine/genetics , Macrophages/microbiology , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/pathogenicity , Time Factors , Cytidine Deaminase/biosynthesis , Deoxycytidine/biosynthesis , Gene Knockout Techniques , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/growth & development , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/enzymology
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(6): e6000, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839313

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of the establishment of a human cancer xenograft model using samples from computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous biopsy. Fresh tumor tissues obtained from 10 cancer patients by CT-guided percutaneous biopsy were subcutaneously inoculated into NOD-Prkdcem26Il2rgem26Nju (NCG) mice to establish human patient-derived tumor xenograft (PDTX) models. The formation of first and second generation xenografts was observed, and tumor volume was recorded over time. Tumor tissue consistency between the PDTX model and primary tumors in patients was compared using H&E staining and immunohistochemistry. Pharmacodynamic tests of clinically used chemotherapeutic drugs were conducted on second generation xenografts, and their effects on tumor growth and body weight were observed. CT-guided percutaneous biopsy samples were successfully collected from 10 patients with advanced cancers. The PDTX model was established in mice using tumor samples obtained from 4 cancer patients, including one small cell carcinoma sample, two adenocarcinoma samples, and one squamous cell carcinoma sample. The success rate was 40%. The obtained PDTX model maintained a degree of differentiation, and morphological and structural characteristics were similar to primary tumors. The pharmacodynamic test of chemotherapeutic drugs in the PDTX model revealed a therapeutic effect on tumor growth, as expected. CT-guided percutaneous biopsy samples can be effectively used to establish a PDTX model, and test these chemotherapy regimens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays/methods , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacokinetics , Deoxycytidine/analogs & derivatives , Deoxycytidine/pharmacokinetics , Feasibility Studies , Image-Guided Biopsy/methods , Mice, Inbred Strains , Organoplatinum Compounds/pharmacokinetics , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays/instrumentation
8.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 144(10): 1305-1318, oct. 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-845445

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is a malignancy of great impact in developed countries and is having an increasing impact in Latin America. Incidence and mortality rates are similar for this cancer. This is an important reason to offer to the patients the best treatments available. During the Latin American Symposium of Gastroenterology Oncology (SLAGO) held in Viña del Mar, Chile, in April 2015, a multidisciplinary group of specialists in the field met to discuss about this disease. The main conclusions of this meeting, where practitioners from most of Latin American countries participated, are listed in this consensus that seek to serve as a guide for better decision making for patients with pancreatic cancer in Latin America.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatic Neoplasms/therapy , Adenocarcinoma/therapy , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Disease Management , Consensus Development Conferences as Topic , Deoxycytidine/analogs & derivatives , Deoxycytidine/therapeutic use , Chemoradiotherapy , Latin America , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use
9.
J. bras. nefrol ; 38(2): 255-259, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-787883

ABSTRACT

Resumo A gencitabina é um fármaco utilizado no tratamento de vários tipos de neoplasias malignas. Há poucas descrições de associação entre a droga e a síndrome hemolítico-urêmica (SHU), apesar de os pacientes em questão terem ido a óbito em pelo menos 50% dos casos. O presente artigo relata o caso de uma paciente com 25 anos de idade em remissão diagnosticada com colangiocarcinoma que apresentou anemia hemolítica microangiopática acompanhada de insuficiência renal aguda anúrica após cinco ciclos de quimioterapia com gencitabina; as manifestações eram condizentes com SHU causada pelos efeitos colaterais do medicamento. A administração de gencitabina foi interrompida, e a paciente foi tratada com hemodiálise, transfusões de sangue, trocas de plasma, corticosteroides, doxiciclina e rituximabe. Foi atingido um desfecho favorável; mais especificamente, a hemólise foi controlada e a função renal foi plenamente restabelecida.


Abstract Gemcitabine is a medication used to treat various types of malignant neoplasms. Its association with hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) has been described in few cases, although these cases have resulted in mortality rates of at least 50%. We report on the case of a 25-year-old patient with cholangiocarcinoma in remission who developed microangiopathic hemolytic anemia with acute anuric renal failure after receiving 5 cycles of gemcitabine chemotherapy; this condition was consistent with HUS caused by the side effects of this drug. The administration of gemcitabine was stopped, and hemodialysis, blood transfusions, plasma exchanges, steroids, doxycycline, and rituximab were used to treat the patient. A favorable outcome was achieved; in particular, hemolysis was controlled, and renal function was completely recovered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Deoxycytidine/analogs & derivatives , Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome/chemically induced , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/adverse effects , Bile Duct Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cholangiocarcinoma/drug therapy , Deoxycytidine/adverse effects , Deoxycytidine/therapeutic use , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323601

ABSTRACT

Preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) has become an important component of comprehensive treatment for rectal cancer. Although local recurrent risk has been remarkably reduced by CRT, distant metastasis remains the main cause of therapeutic failure. Therefore, more and more studies focused on controlling distant metastasis in order to prolong long-term survival. Recently, CRT has achieved certain progression in rectal cancer: (1)Patients with stage T3 should be classified into specific subgroups to formulate individualized treatment regimen. For stage T3a, it is feasible to perform surgery alone or administrate low intensity preoperative CRT; for stage T3b and T3c, conventional preoperative CRT should be performed in order to reduce the risk of recurrence postoperatively. (2)With regard to combined regimen for chemotherapy, oral capecitabine superiors to intravenous bolus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and is comparable to continuous intravenous infusion 5-FU with a better safety. Therefore, capecitabine is recommended for older patients and those with poor tolerance to chemotherapy. Compared to single 5-FU concurrent CRT, addition of oxaliplatin into preoperative CRT may result in a higher survival benefit in Chinese patients. As to the application of irinotecan, bevacizumab or cetuximab, unless there are more evidence to confirm their efficacy and safety from randomized controlled trial, they should not be recommended for adding to preoperative CRT routinely. (3)On the optimization in CRT pattern, the application values of induction chemotherapy before concurrent CRT, consolidation chemotherapy after concurrent CRT, neoadjuvant sandwich CRT, neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone and short-course preoperative radiotherapy remain further exploration. (4)On the treatment strategy for clinical complete response (cCR) after CRT, whether "wait and see" strategy is able to be adopted, it is still a hot topic with controversy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Bevacizumab , Therapeutic Uses , Camptothecin , Therapeutic Uses , Capecitabine , Therapeutic Uses , Cetuximab , Therapeutic Uses , Chemoradiotherapy , Deoxycytidine , Fluorouracil , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Organoplatinum Compounds , Therapeutic Uses , Preoperative Care , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Therapeutics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323593

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the efficacy prediction of the locally advanced rectal cancer patients, especially those with pathological complete response(pCR), receiving neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in order to execute precise preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2000 to January 2011, 125 patients diagnosed as locally advanced rectal cancer receiving preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in our department with complete data were enrolled in this study, including 85 males and 40 females with mean age of 54(15 to 77) years old. All the patients received radiotherapy with 46 Gy(23 times) and administered XELOX regimen (oxaliplatin 100 mg/m(2) plus capecitabine 2 000 mg/m(2)) for 2 courses simultaneously, and underwent radical operation 6 to 8 weeks after chemoradiotherapy. The data of these patients were analyzed retrospectively. Pathological remission was divided into 4 grades. Patients achieving grade 4 were defined as pCR, and those achieving above grade 2 were defined as better response. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify significant predictors of pCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 125 patients, 16(12.8%) achieved pCR status, and 90(72.0%) had better response to the neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Logistic regression analysis showed that age(OR:1.060, P=0.037) and preoperative positive lymph nodes detected by endorectal ultrasonography (OR:0.059, P=0.006) were independent predictors of pCR after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Preoperative existence of lymph node metastasis around bowel indicates the poor response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Age is associated with pCR in patients receiving neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Capecitabine , Therapeutic Uses , Chemoradiotherapy , Deoxycytidine , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Fluorouracil , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Rectal Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323588

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association of CD133 expression in rectal cancer tissues with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) and tumor regression grading (TRG) after nCRT.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Radical resected rectal cancer specimens and clinicopathological data of 105 patients, including 60 men and 45 women with median age of 59 years, diagnosed as locally advanced rectal cancer in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2008 to December 2014 were collected retrospectively. Thirty-nine and 66 cases were histologically classified as good-moderate and poor differentiation respectively. Sixty-eight and 37 cases were clinically graded as stage I(-II( and III(-IIII( in preoperative assessment respectively. NCRT was administered in 61 cases before surgery (nCRT group). The nCRT consisted of preoperative pelvic radiotherapy using 50 Gy (2 Gy once, for 25 sessions) with FOLFOX regimen (5-fluorouracil plus oxaliplatin) for 2-3 cycles or XELOX regimen (capecitabine plus oxaliplatin) for 2 cycles. Patients underwent surgery after 6 courses of nCRT, and then received the same previous chemotherapy regimen. In nCRT group, biopsy specimens before nCRT were obtained in 45 cases. Forty-four cases received surgery alone without nCRT (surgery alone group). CD133 expression was tested by immunohistochemical Envision two-step methods. The histological TRG evaluation was performed in the nCRT group. TRG score 0-2 was defined as insensitivity to nCRT, whereas TRG score 3-4 was defined as sensitivity. CD133 expression in rectal cancer samples before and after nCRT was compared. Association of CD133 expression with TRG after nCRT was examined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant differences of baseline parameters were found between nCRT group and surgery alone group (all P>0.05). The positive rate of CD133 in nCRT group was 70.4%(43/61,) which was significantly higher than that in surgery alone group (47.7%, 21/44)(χ(2)=5.566, P=0.018) and that in biopsy samples before nCRT group (44.4%, 20/45)(χ(2)=7.287, P=0.007). Twenty-two cases (36.1%, 22/61) in nCRT group had TRG score of 3-4 . Among these 22 cases, 11 cases were negative CD133, and constituted 61.1% (11/18) of all CD133-low expression cases in nCRT group, whereas the other 11 cases were positive CD133, and constituted 25.6%(11/43) of all CD133-high expression cases in nCRT group (χ(2)=6.974, P=0.008).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The CD133 expression up-regulates markedly in rectal cancer after nCRT and nCRT may have potential positive modulation on CD133 expression. CD133-positive cancer reveals lower response to nCRT, suggesting CD133 may be a potential target for improving efficacy of nCRT in rectal cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
AC133 Antigen , Metabolism , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Chemoradiotherapy , Deoxycytidine , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Fluorouracil , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Leucovorin , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Organoplatinum Compounds , Therapeutic Uses , Rectal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Therapeutics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323575

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the short-term efficacy and treatment-related adverse reaction between preoperative three dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) concurrently combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced rectal carcinoma (LARC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 334 patients with LARC undergoing preoperative 3D-CRT(172 cases) or VMAT(162 cases) with concurrent Xelox chemotherapy (main protocol: capecitabine plus oxaliplatin) and surgery in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from May 2007 to April 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. The total radiation dose of VMAT group was: 50 Gy/2.0 Gy per fraction ×23 fractions for planning target volume 1(PTV1) and 46 Gy/1.84 Gy per fraction ×25 fractions for PTV2; the total radiation dose of 3D-CRT group was: 46 Gy/2.0 Gy per fraction ×23 fractions for PTV. The treatment-related adverse reaction of both groups during chemoradiotherapy was measured according to the criteria of Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v3.0 (CTCAE 3.0). Rate of adverse reaction and short-term efficacy between 3D-CRT and VMAT group were compared, in terms of radiotherapy break, hematological and non-hematological toxicity, average duration of surgery and perioperative hospitalization, intraoperative blood loss, surgical procedures, R0 excision, sphincter preservation, postoperative complications, pathological complete response (pCR), and postoperative pathological staging.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in baseline clinical parameters between 3D-CRT and VMAT group (all P>0.05), except for the distance from lower tumor margin to anal verge (P=0.009). The median radiation dose for all the patients was 46 (45 to 70) Gy. There was no significant difference in the rate of radiotherapy cessation between 3D-CRT and VMAT group [1.7%(3/172) vs. 1.2%(2/162), P=1.000]. During concurrent chemotherapy, incidences of grade 2 to 3 hematological toxicities, grade 2 diarrhea, and grade 3 non-hematological toxicities were not significantly different(all P>0.05), while in grade 2 non-hematological toxicities, ratio of radiodermatitis and hand-foot syndrome was higher in VMAT group as compared to 3D-CRT group [25.9%(42/162) vs. 10.5%(18/172), P=0.000; 3.7%(6/162) vs. 0, P=0.012]. There was no grade 4 adverse event in both groups. Surgical procedure, average duration of surgery, R0 excision, anus preservation, postoperative complications, pCR, and postoperative pathological staging were not significantly different(all P>0.05). As compared to 3D-CRT group, VMAT group had less intraoperative blood loss [(114.6±100) ml vs. (169±143.9) ml, P<0.001] and shorter perioperative hospitalization [16(8 to 84) d vs. 20(10 to 47) d, P<0.001]. There was no death case in two groups within 30 days after operation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared with 3D-CRT technique, preoperative VMAT technique can not significantly reduce the incidence of treatment-related adverse reaction and improve the short-term efficacy in the treatment of LARC.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Chemoradiotherapy , Deoxycytidine , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Fluorouracil , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Organoplatinum Compounds , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Conformal , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Rectal Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323535

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the feasibility, safety and efficacy of intraoperative regional infusion chemotherapy by celiac trunk in advanced gastric cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty-six patients with advanced gastric cancer(stageII(-III() were screened from database of Gastrointestinal Surgery Department of Taizhou People's Hospital between January 2008 and December 2010 who underwent R0 resection and D2 lymphadenectomy, received postoperative chemotherapy(XELOX or FOLFOX), and had complete follow-up data. They were divided into infusion chemotherapy group (65 cases) and control group (61 cases) according to regional infusion chemotherapy or not (fluorine 1 000 mg and cisplatin 60 mg). The side effects of chemotherapy, parameters related to the operation, long-term survival and relapse rate were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The baseline data between the two groups were comparable(all P>0.05). Postoperative III( and IIII( adverse reaction of chemotherapy was not significantly different between the two groups (P>0.05). The time of postoperative intestinal function recovery [(67.9±14.8) hours vs. (68.9±15.0) hours, t=-0.380, P=0.705), volume of postoperative 1-week drainage [(66.1±17.1) ml vs.(61.9±18.2) ml, t=1.478, P=0.142], recent morbidity of complications[55.4%(36/65) vs. 49.2%(30/61), χ=0.256, P=0.613], and the long-term morbidity of complications [16.9% (11/65) vs. 14.8% (9/61), χ=0.111, P=0.739] were all not significantly different between the two groups. The 3-year survival rate and 3-year relapse-free survival rate in infusion chemotherapy group were significantly higher than those in control group(58.4% vs. 37.7%, χ=5.382, P=0.020; 58.4% vs. 34.4%, χ=6.636, P=0.010).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Regional infusion chemotherapy by celiac trunk during operation for advanced gastric cancer patients is safe and feasible, and can reduce the risk of local recurrence and improve survival rate.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Celiac Artery , Chemotherapy, Cancer, Regional Perfusion , Methods , Mortality , Cisplatin , Therapeutic Uses , Deoxycytidine , Therapeutic Uses , Disease-Free Survival , Fluorine , Therapeutic Uses , Fluorouracil , Therapeutic Uses , Gastrectomy , Humans , Leucovorin , Therapeutic Uses , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Organoplatinum Compounds , Therapeutic Uses , Postoperative Complications , Recovery of Function , Stomach Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Mortality , General Surgery , Survival Rate
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360069

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate and compare the clinical effects and safety of DICE regimen combined with rituximab and GDP regimen combined with rituximab for the treatment of elderly patients with relapsed and refractory diffuse large B cell lymphoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety elderly patients with relapsed and refractory diffuse large B cell lymphoma were admitted in our hospital from January 2008 to June 2013 and randomly divided into 2 groups, including A group (45 patients) and B group (45 patients), the patients in A group were treated by DICL regimen combined with rituximab, while the patients in B group were treated by GDP regimen combined with rituximab; the clinical efficacy, disease-free survival time, the survival rate with follow-up and the incidence of toxic side-effects in 2 groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The clinical efficacy of B group was significant better than that of A group (P < 0.05). The disease-free survival time of B group was significantly longer than that of A group (P < 0.05). The survival rate with follow-up of B group was significantly higher than that of A group (P < 0.05). The difference was not significant in incidence of the toxic side effects between 2 groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared with DICE regimen combined with rituximab, GDP regimen combined with rituximab in treatment of elderly patients with relapsed and refractory diffuse large B cell lymphoma can efficiently reduce tumor loading, prolong the disease-free survival time, improve the long-term clinical prognosis, and not aggravate the side effects of drugs.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Cisplatin , Therapeutic Uses , Deoxycytidine , Therapeutic Uses , Dexamethasone , Therapeutic Uses , Disease-Free Survival , Etoposide , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Ifosfamide , Therapeutic Uses , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Drug Therapy , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Rituximab , Therapeutic Uses , Salvage Therapy , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1124-1130, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34053

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Erlotinib-gemcitabine combined chemotherapy is considered as the standard treatment for unresectable pancreatic cancer. This study aimed to determine the clinical factors associated with response to this treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 180 patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer who received ≥2 cycles of gemcitabine-erlotinib combination therapy as first-line palliative chemotherapy between 2006 and 2014. "Long-term response" was defined as tumor stabilization after >6 chemotherapy cycles. RESULTS: The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 3.9 and 8.1 months, respectively. On univariate analysis, liver metastasis (p=0.023) was negatively correlated with long-term response. Locally advanced stage (p=0.017), a history of statin treatment (p=0.01), and carcinoembryonic antigen levels <4.5 (p=0.029) had a favorable effect on long-term response. On multivariate analysis, a history of statin treatment was the only independent favorable factor for long-term response (p=0.017). Prognostic factors for OS and PFS were significantly correlated with liver metastasis (p=0.031 and 0.013, respectively). A history of statin treatment was also significantly associated with OS after adjusting for all potential confounders (hazard ratio, 0.48; 95% confidence interval, 0.26-0.92; p=0.026). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that statins have a favorable effect on "long-term response" to gemcitabine-erlotinib chemotherapy in unresectable pancreatic cancer patients. Statins may have a chemoadjuvant role in stabilizing long-term tumor growth.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Deoxycytidine/administration & dosage , Disease-Free Survival , Erlotinib Hydrochloride/administration & dosage , Female , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Pancreatic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Young Adult
17.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 20(3): 851-864, 03/2015. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-742232

ABSTRACT

Para fundamentar as ações de cuidado integralizado em saúde da mulher é necessário compreender de que modo o apoio social pode contribuir para minimizar as repercussões do diagnóstico e do tratamento da neoplasia mamária. O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a contribuição da produção científica nacional e internacional acerca do apoio social percebido por mulheres diagnosticadas com câncer de mama. A amostra foi constituída de 12 publicações, obtidas a partir de critérios de inclusão preestabelecidos, nas bases de dados MedLine, Lilacs e PsycINFO, na última década (2000-2010). Os resultados foram sistematizados em categorias temáticas: percepção do apoio familiar, apoio social percebido, percepção do apoio educacional, necessidade de aprimoramento da pesquisa e assistência às mastectomizadas e suas famílias. Os estudos dedicados à dimensão subjetiva do apoio social ainda são incipientes. As evidências disponíveis sugerem que a literatura é circunscrita a temas de interesse das profissões tradicionais da área da saúde, como Enfermagem e Medicina, privilegiando construtos que podem ser diretamente quantificados. A preocupação com o apoio social deve estar presente desde a fase de diagnóstico até a reabilitação psicossocial, como parte do processo de enfrentamento.


It is necessary to understand how social support can contribute to minimize the impact of the diagnosis and treatment of mammary tumors in order to underpin the actions of comprehensive women's health care. This study seeks to analyze the contribution of the national and international literature regarding the perceived social support by women diagnosed with breast cancer. Twelve studies were selected from the MedLine, Lilacs and PsycINFO databases over a 10-year period (2000-2010) with pre-defined criteria for inclusion. The results were organized into thematic categories: the perception of family support; perceived social support; the perception of educational support; the need to improve the research and the assistance given to women after mastectomy and their families. The studies dedicated to the subjective dimension of social support are still incipient. The available evidence suggests that the literature is limited to topics of interest to the traditional health professions, such as Nursing and Medicine, focusing on constructs that can be directly quantified. The concern with social support must be present from the time of diagnosis to psychosocial rehabilitation, as part of the process of tackling the situation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/blood , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/pharmacokinetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Deoxycytidine/analogs & derivatives , Fluorouracil/analogs & derivatives , Age Factors , Area Under Curve , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use , Capecitabine , Colorectal Neoplasms/metabolism , Deoxycytidine/blood , Deoxycytidine/pharmacokinetics , Deoxycytidine/therapeutic use , Floxuridine/blood , Fluorouracil/blood , Fluorouracil/pharmacokinetics , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Metabolic Clearance Rate , Sex Factors
18.
Salud pública Méx ; 57(1): 29-37, ene.-feb. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-736459

ABSTRACT

Objective. A retrospective evaluation of waiting times for elective procedures was conducted in a sample of Mexican public hospitals from the following institutions: the Mexican Institute for Social Security (IMSS), the Institute for Social Security and Social Services for Civil Servants (ISSSTE) and the Ministry of Health (MoH). Our aim was to describe current waiting times and identify opportunities to redistribute service demand among public institutions. Materials and methods. We examined current waiting times and productivity for seven elective surgical and four diagnostic imaging procedures, selected on the basis of their relative frequency and comparability with other national health systems. Results. Mean waiting time for the seven surgical procedures in the three institutions was 14 weeks. IMSS and ISSSTE hospitals showed better performance (12 and 13 weeks) than the MoH hospitals (15 weeks). Mean waiting time for the four diagnostic procedures was 11 weeks. IMSS hospitals (10 weeks) showed better average waiting times than ISSSTE (12 weeks) and MoH hospitals (11 weeks). Conclusion. Substantial variations were revealed, not only among institutions but also within the same institution. These variations need to be addressed in order to improve patient satisfaction.


Objetivo. Se llevó a cabo una evaluación retrospectiva de los tiempos de espera para procedimientos electivos en una muestra de hospitales públicos en México de las siguientes instituciones: Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales de los Trabajadores del Estado (ISSSTE) y Secretaría de Salud (SS). El propósito era describir la situación actual en materia de tiempos de espera e identificar oportunidades de redistribución de la demanda de servicios entre instituciones públicas. Material y métodos. Se analizaron los tiempos de espera y la productividad para siete procedimientos quirúrgicos y cuatro procedimientos diagnósticos seleccionados sobre la base de su frecuencia relativa y comparabilidad con otros sistemas de salud nacionales. Resultados. El tiempo de espera promedio para los siete procedimientos quirúrgicos en las tres instituciones fue de 14 semanas. Los hospitales del IMSS y el ISSSTE mostraron un mejor desempeño (12 y 13 semanas) frente a los hospitales de la SS (15 semanas). El tiempo de espera promedio para los cuatro procedimientos diagnósticos fue de 11 semanas. Los hospitales del IMSS mostraron un tiempo de espera promedio mejor (10 semanas) que los hospitales del ISSSTE (12 semanas) y la SS (11 semanas). Conclusión. Se identificaron variaciones importantes no sólo entre instituciones sino también al interior de cada una de ellas. Estas variaciones deben atenderse para así mejorar la satisfacción de los usuarios de los servicios.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Deoxycytidine/analogs & derivatives , Fluorouracil/blood , Models, Biological , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Algorithms , Area Under Curve , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/pharmacokinetics , Capecitabine , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Camptothecin/administration & dosage , Camptothecin/analogs & derivatives , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Deoxycytidine/administration & dosage , Deoxycytidine/blood , Deoxycytidine/pharmacokinetics , Floxuridine/blood , Molecular Structure , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasms/metabolism , Neoplasms/pathology , Prodrugs/administration & dosage , Prodrugs/pharmacokinetics , Sesquiterpenes/administration & dosage
19.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 110(1): 106-113, 03/02/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741610

ABSTRACT

This study examined whether the antidermatophytic activity of essential oils (EOs) can be used as an indicator for the discovery of active natural products against Leishmania amazonensis. The aerial parts of seven plants were hydrodistilled. Using broth microdilution techniques, the obtained EOs were tested against three strains of dermatophytes (Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Microsporum gypseum and Microsporum canis). To compare the EOs antifungal and antiparasitic effects, the EOs activities against axenic amastigotes of L. amazonensis were concurrently evaluated. For the most promising EOs, their antileishmanial activities against parasites infecting peritoneal macrophages of BALB/c mice were measured. The most interesting antifungal candidates were the EOs from Cymbopogon citratus, Otacanthus azureus and Protium heptaphyllum, whereas O. azureus, Piper hispidum and P. heptaphyllum EOs exhibited the lowest 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) values against axenic amastigotes, thus revealing a certain correspondence between both activities. The P. hispidum EO was identified as the most promising product in the results from the infected macrophages model (IC50: 4.7 µg/mL, safety index: 8). The most abundant compounds found in this EO were sesquiterpenes, notably curzerene and furanodiene. Eventually, the evaluation of the antidermatophytic activity of EOs appears to be an efficient method for identifying new potential drugs for the treatment of L. amazonensis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Bile Duct Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cholangiocarcinoma/drug therapy , Deoxycytidine/administration & dosage , Deoxycytidine/analogs & derivatives , Embolization, Therapeutic , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/adverse effects , Combined Modality Therapy , Deoxycytidine/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
20.
International Journal of Mycobacteriology. 2015; 4 (4): 337-340
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-173968

ABSTRACT

Reactivation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis can occur in patients with latent tuberculosis [TB] with risk factors including chronic disease [i.e., malignancy].We herein describe the case of an immigrant from Hong Kong with lung cancer and no known TB disease who presents with reactivation of TB in the setting of chemotherapy and radiation therapy


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Agents , Lung Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Cisplatin , Deoxycytidine/analogs & derivatives , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL