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1.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 47(1): 7-12, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1088740

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives This study aimed to explore the effect of antidepressant treatment on the HPA axis, changes in depression score, and serum levels of TNF-α in depressed infertile women. Methods In this randomized controlled trial research, 60 infertile women who had undergone in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment with depression scores between 16-47 were divided into two groups. The intervention group with fluoxetine capsule was under treatment for two months before the embryo transfer, while the control group was given placebo. Depression score, serum levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) as well as cortisol hormone levels were measured and recorded both before and after the intervention. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 software. Results We analyzed the data related to 55 subjects who had undergone embryo transfer. 7 subjects in the intervention group and 3 in the control group got pregnant. We observed a significant decrease in the depression score (p < 0/001) and serum levels of cortisol (p = 0/001) in the intervention group. There was a significant increase in the serum levels of TNF-α in the intervention group (p < 0/001). There was a significant difference between the two groups in the number of pregnancies (p = 0.04). However, there was no statistical difference between them with regard to the number of harvested oocytes (p = 0.174). Discussion Decrease in depression score and cortisol level, and an increase in the levels of TNF-α in the intervention group caused any changes in the number of oocytes in comparison with the control group. However, the number of pregnancies was larger in the intervention group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Depression/drug therapy , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System/drug effects , Infertility, Female/psychology , Placebos/therapeutic use , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Psychometrics/methods , Pregnancy/psychology , Hydrocortisone/blood , Fertilization in Vitro , Abortion, Spontaneous/etiology , Fluoxetine/therapeutic use , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/drug effects , Treatment Outcome , Depression/complications , Depression/diagnosis , Infertility/etiology
2.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(4): 128-134, dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1099754

ABSTRACT

Asociada o no a una enfermedad orgánica, la depresión tiene gran prevalencia en la práctica médica pero es subdiagnosticada. El trastorno del ánimo suele coexistir con variadas quejas somáticas y dolores crónicos, configurando síndromes mixtos con un diagnóstico diferencial complejo. En este artículo se describen distintas presentaciones clínicas de la depresión en medicina general, con énfasis en los estados depresivos atípicos, depresiones enmascaradas muy relevantes por su frecuencia y consecuencias: depresión posquirúrgica, cuadros dolorosos crónicos como cefaleas o lumbago, la fatiga crónica y la fibromialgia. Solo el reconocimiento y diagnóstico de la depresión subyacente posibilitará la implementación de las adecuadas intervenciones terapéuticas. Se revisan también algunas recomendaciones para el uso de antidepresivos en atención primaria y la eventual consulta psiquiátrica. (AU)


Associated or not with an organic disease, depression has a high prevalence in medical practice but is underdiagnosed. The mood disorder usually coexists with varied somatic complaints and chronic pain, forming mixed syndromes with a complex differential diagnosis. This article describes different clinical presentations of depression in general medicine, with emphasis on atypical depressive states, masked depressions very relevant for their frequency and consequences: post-surgical depression, chronic painful conditions such as headaches or lumbago, chronic fatigue and fibromyalgia. Only the recognition and diagnosis of the underlying depression will enable the implementation of appropriate therapeutic interventions. Some recommendations for the use of antidepressant drugs in primary care and the eventual psychiatric consultation are also reviewed. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Primary Health Care/trends , Depression/diagnosis , Psychiatry/trends , Signs and Symptoms , Somatoform Disorders/diagnosis , Citalopram/adverse effects , Citalopram/therapeutic use , Fibromyalgia/complications , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic/complications , Fluoxetine/adverse effects , Fluoxetine/therapeutic use , Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors/adverse effects , Low Back Pain/complications , Cholinergic Antagonists/adverse effects , Medical Errors , Sertraline/adverse effects , Sertraline/therapeutic use , Depression/classification , Depression/complications , Depression/therapy , Depression/epidemiology , General Practice , Chronic Pain/complications , Venlafaxine Hydrochloride/adverse effects , Venlafaxine Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Duloxetine Hydrochloride/adverse effects , Duloxetine Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Serotonin and Noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitors/adverse effects , Headache/complications , Amitriptyline/adverse effects , Amitriptyline/therapeutic use , Antidepressive Agents/administration & dosage
3.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 27: e36091, jan.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1005510

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: comparar a prevalência dos sintomas depressivos no idoso hospitalizado, mediante uso da Escala de Depressão Geriátrica­15 e por meio da avaliação realizada pelo enfermeiro na admissão do idoso. Método: estudo descritivo de abordagem transversal em hospital público de ensino. Utilizou-se a Escala de Depressão Geriátrica e instrumento com lista de sintomas depressivos, extraídos das características definidoras dos diagnósticos de enfermagem. Resultados: a prevalência de sintomas depressivos em idosos hospitalizados foi de 47%, segundo a Escala de Depressão Geriátrica, e de 25% segundo a avaliação do enfermeiro, no momento da admissão do paciente. Conclusão: a avaliação realizada pelo enfermeiro detectou baixa porcentagem dos sintomas depressivos no idoso em comparação ao instrumento específico para depressão.


Objective: : to compare the prevalence of depressive symptoms in hospitalized elderly using the Geriatric Depression Scale­15 and the nursing assessment of the older adult at admission. Method: this descriptive, cross-sectional study at a public teaching hospital used the Geriatric Depression Scale and an instrument listing depressive symptoms drawn from defining characteristics of nursing diagnoses. Results: the Geriatric Depression Scale returned a 47% prevalence of depressive symptoms in the hospitalized older adults, while the nursing assessment at admission found 25% prevalence. Conclusion: the nursing assessment detected a lower percentage of depressive symptoms in the older adults than the specific instrument for depression.


Objetivo: comparar la prevalencia de síntomas de depresión en el anciano hospitalizado, mediante uso de Escala de Depresión Geriátrica­15 y por medio de evaluación realizada por el enfermero en el momento de la admisión del anciano. Método: estudio descriptivo de abordaje transversal en hospital universitario. Se utilizó la Escala de Depresión Geriátrica y un instrumento con lista de síntomas de depresión, extraídos de las características definidoras de diagnósticos de enfermería. Resultados: la prevalencia de síntomas depresivos en ancianos hospitalizados fue del 47% según la Escala de Depresión Geriátrica y del 25% según evaluación del enfermero durante la admisión del paciente. Conclusión: la evaluación realizada por el enfermero detectó bajo porcentaje de síntomas de depresión en ancianos en comparación con el instrumento específico para la depresión.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aged , Depression , Depression/complications , Depression/nursing , Hospitals, General , Aged/psychology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Nursing
4.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(4): 316-323, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1011503

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of major depressive episode (MDE) in patients with presumptive pulmonary tuberculosis (pre-PTB, defined by cough lasting ≥ 3 weeks) and compare it between patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and without PTB. Methods: Patients with pre-PTB (n=260) were screened for depression using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Those individuals with scores ≥ 10 were subsequently assessed with the depression module of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI-Plus) to confirm diagnosis. Associations of categorical variables with PTB and MDE were calculated using the chi-square test and OR. Results: PTB was confirmed in 98 patients (37.7%). A high proportion of both groups (active PTB and no PTB) screened positive for depression (60.2 vs. 62.1%, respectively). Among 159 patients who screened positive for depression, a subset of 97 (61.0%) were further evaluated with the MINI-Plus; current MDE was confirmed in 54.6% (53/97). On univariate and multivariate analysis, female sex was the only factor associated with the diagnosis of current MDE (p = 0.04). Conclusion: The prevalence of MDE was high among individuals with prolonged respiratory symptoms, independent of PTB diagnosis. This is consistent with other studies of depression in primary care in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/complications , Depression/complications , Depression/psychology , Depressive Disorder, Major/complications , Depressive Disorder, Major/psychology , Primary Health Care , Socioeconomic Factors , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/diagnosis , Depression/epidemiology , Depressive Disorder, Major/diagnosis , Depressive Disorder, Major/epidemiology , Middle Aged
5.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 46(2): 40-43, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1011146

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The aim of the present study was to evaluate the associations of parental bonding and adolescents' Internet addiction symptoms with depression and anxiety in parents of adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods Parental depression and anxiety symptoms, parental bonding, and adolescents' Internet addiction symptoms were assessed in 46 parent-child dyads using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), and Chen Internet Addiction Scale, respectively. Forward stepwise multiple regression analysis was used to examine the associations of parental bonding and adolescents' Internet addiction symptoms with parental depression and anxiety. Results Low care/affection on the PBI was significantly associated with parental depression, and overprotection on the PBI and adolescents' Internet addiction were significantly associated with parental anxiety. Discussion Parental bonding and adolescents' Internet addiction are related to depression and anxiety in parents of adolescents with ADHD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Anxiety/complications , Behavior, Addictive/etiology , Depression/complications , Family Relations/psychology , Anxiety/diagnosis , Parents/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Internet , Depression/diagnosis
7.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 40(3): 179-184, July-Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-963104

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate attachment patterns in subjects with schizophrenia and their relationships to early traumatic events, psychotic symptoms and comorbidities. Methods Twenty patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) underwent retrospective symptom assessment and careful assessment of the number and manner of childhood caregiver changes. The Diagnostic Interview for Psychosis and Affective Disorders (DI-PAD) was used to assess symptoms related to schizophrenia (positive and negative symptoms), depression and mania. Anxiety disorder comorbidities were assessed by the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS), Yale-Brown Obsessions and Compulsions Scale (Y-BOCS) and Panic and Schizophrenia Interview (PaSI). Experience in Close Relationships - Relationship Structures (ECR-RS) and Early Trauma Inventory Self Report-Short Form (ETISR-SF) were used to assess attachment patterns and traumatic history, respectively. Results Moderate and significant correlations between attachment patterns and early trauma showed that greater severity of anxious attachment was predicted by a higher frequency of total early traumas (Spearman ρ = 0.446, p = 0.04), mainly general traumas (ρ = 0.526, p = 0.017; including parental illness and separation, as well as natural disaster and serious accidents). Among the correlations between early trauma and comorbid symptoms, panic attacks occurring before the onset of schizophrenia showed significant and positive correlations with ETISR-SF total scores and the sexual trauma subscale. Conclusion Children with an unstable early emotional life are more vulnerable to the development of psychopathology, such as panic anxiety symptoms. Traumatic events may also predict later schizophrenia.


Resumo Objetivos Avaliar o padrão de apego em portadores de esquizofrenia e discutir a relação que tais padrões apresentam com a sintomatologia psicótica e as comorbidades dos pacientes investigados. Métodos Vinte pacientes diagnosticados com esquizofrenia de acordo com os critérios do Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais, 5ª edição (DSM-5) foram submetidos a avaliação de sintomas retrospectivos e avaliação cuidadosa do número e modo de mudança de cuidador da infância. A Entrevista Diagnóstica para Psicoses e Transtornos Afetivos (DI-PAD) foi utilizada para avaliar sintomas relacionados à esquizofrenia (sintomas positivos e negativos), depressão e mania. As comorbidades de transtorno de ansiedade foram avaliadas pela Escala de Ansiedade Social de Liebowitz (LSAS), Escala de Sintomas Obsessivo-Compulsivos de Yale-Brown (Y-BOCS) e Entrevista de Pânico e Esquizofrenia (PaSI). Os instrumentos Questionário das Experiências nas Relações Próximas-Estruturas Relacionais (ECR-RS) e Inventário de Autorrelato de Trauma Precoce - Forma Curta (ETISR-SF) foram utilizados para avaliar padrões de apego e histórico traumático, respectivamente. Resultados Foram identificadas correlações significativas entre a ocorrência de traumas precoces e o apego do tipo ansioso. Também foi verificada a relação entre traumas gerais e sintomas de pânico, constatando-se que as crises de pânico antecipam surtos quando predominam sintomas ansiosos, somáticos, alucinações e ideias delirantes. Foi observado que a ocorrência de traumas precoces contribui para o pânico, elevando o risco de episódios psicóticos. Conclusão . Os resultados indicam que as adversidades ambientais na infância estão associadas com o risco de desenvolvimento de esquizofrenia e de outras psicoses mais tarde na vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Schizophrenia/complications , Schizophrenia/epidemiology , Schizophrenic Psychology , Adult Survivors of Child Adverse Events/psychology , Object Attachment , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Bipolar Disorder/complications , Bipolar Disorder/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Risk Factors , Panic Disorder/complications , Panic Disorder/epidemiology , Depression/complications , Depression/epidemiology , Hallucinations/complications , Hallucinations/epidemiology
8.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 40(1): 16-20, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-904606

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The current study presents the translation and adaptation of the 20-item Taiwan version of the Borderline Personality Inventory (BPI) into Brazilian Portuguese (BPI-P). Methods After translation and back-translation, the Brazilian Portuguese version was administered to three samples: patients with borderline personality disorder, psychiatric patients with comorbid substance use disorder and volunteers with no reported mental disorders. Results Significant differences between groups for borderline scores (analysis of variance [ANOVA], F = 52.923, p = 0.01) were found but there were no significant correlations between scores for borderline personality disorder and alcohol or nicotine dependence. The BPI-P had satisfactory validity for borderline personality disorder, even when anxiety and depression were present, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.931 at a cutoff point of 14. Conclusion This study provides support for the potential utility of the BPI-P as a screening instrument for clinical practice in Portuguese speaking countries, including outpatients with alcohol and nicotine use disorders in early or sustained remission.


Resumo Objetivo Este estudo apresenta a tradução e adaptação do Inventário de Taiwan para Transtorno de Personalidade Borderline (IPB) de 20 itens, para o português brasileiro (IPB-P). Métodos Após tradução e retrotradução, a versão em português brasileiro foi aplicada em três amostras: pacientes com transtorno de personalidade borderline, pacientes psiquiátricos com comorbidade de transtorno de uso de substâncias e voluntários sem transtornos mentais relatados. Resultados Diferenças significantes entre os grupos em relação aos graus para borderline (análise de variância [ANOVA], F = 52,923, p = 0,01) foram encontradas mas não houve correlações significantes entre as pontuações para transtorno de personalidade borderline e dependência de álcool ou nicotina. O IPB-P teve uma validade satisfatória para transtorno de personalidade borderline mesmo quando ansiedade e depressão estavam presentes, com uma área sob a ROC (receiver operating characteristic curve) de 0,931 no ponto de corte de 14. Conclusão Este estudo dá suporte para a utilidade potencial do IPB-P como um instrumento de rastreamento para a prática clínica em países de língua portuguesa, incluindo pacientes ambulatoriais com transtorno de uso de álcool e nicotina em remissão precoce ou sustentada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Borderline Personality Disorder/diagnosis , Anxiety/complications , Anxiety/diagnosis , Translating , Borderline Personality Disorder/complications , Borderline Personality Disorder/psychology , Analysis of Variance , Sensitivity and Specificity , Substance-Related Disorders/complications , Substance-Related Disorders/diagnosis , Depression/complications , Depression/diagnosis
9.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 38(1): 19-24, mar. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1046029

ABSTRACT

Durante el proceso de envejecimiento se producen una serie de cambios que a veces pueden sorprender desfavorablemente a aquellos individuos más frágiles. La pérdida de la continuidad identitaria constituye uno de los retos más significativos de los muchos que se presentan en la vejez y puede ocasionar imprevisibles consecuencias, entre las cuales la tentativa de suicidio aparecería como una manera última y desesperada de recuperar el control perdido. La vejez trae aparejados diversos cambios, que no son vividos de igual manera por todos; la característica de cada pérdida o de cada alteración determinará la repercusión en cada uno; por eso, poder comprenderlos en esta vivencia nos permite abrirnos hacia un nuevo entendimiento de esta etapa de la vida. A través de ella analizaremos tres historias de personas que perdieron en el camino aquello que las definía como seres humanos. (AU)


During the aging process several changes occur that may surprise unfavorably those who are more fragile. One of the most significant challenges that occur in the elderly is related with the lost of the previous identity which can lead to unforeseeable consequences, where the suicide attempt may seem to be the last and the most desperate way to regain control. Old age involves various changes and losses which will be experienced differently by every person according to their one personality and life story. To be able to fully comprehend this process will allow us to understand this stage of life in each singularity. In this article we will analyze three life stories illustrating people who lost the meaning of what defined them as human beings. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Personality Disorders/complications , Self Concept , Suicide, Attempted/psychology , Frail Elderly/psychology , Depression/complications , Identity Crisis , Parkinson Disease/psychology , Personality Disorders/psychology , Suicide/psychology , Bereavement , Health of the Elderly , Depression/psychology , /psychology
10.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(1): f:22-l:25, jan.-mar. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-883663

ABSTRACT

Fundamentos: A atividade física reduz o risco de doença coronariana, uma das principais causas de morte no mundo. Objetivos: Este estudo pretende correlacionar as atividades físicas com variáveis clínicas de pacientes internados em hospitais públicos de Santa Catarina após o primeiro infarto agudo do miocárdio. Métodos: Os pacientes selecionados foram submetidos a questionário que engloba diferentes variáveis clínicas. A atividade física foi mensurada através do Escore de Baecke. Os dados obtidos foram tabulados e analisados através do software SPSS 13.0 for Windows. A avaliação da normalidade foi realizada pelo teste de Kolmogorov-Smirnov. A correlação entre duas variáveis quantitativas foi avaliada pela Correlação de Pearson. Foram considerados significativos valores de p < 0,05. Resultados: O estudo evidenciou uma correlação positiva fraca entre o escore de Baecke e anos de escolaridade com r = 0,361 (p = 0,001). Houve uma correlação negativa fraca entre o escore de Baecke e o escore de depressão PHQ9 com r = -0,252 (p = 0,009). O estudo também apresentou correlação negativa fraca entre o escore de depressão PHQ9 e o Mini Mental com r = -0,258 (p = 0,007), assim como uma correlação negativa fraca entre o PHQ9 e os anos de escolaridade com r = -0,199 (p = 0,039). Conclusões: Existe uma correlação positiva entre atividade física e anos de escolaridade em pacientes internados com o primeiro infarto agudo do miocárdio. Há também uma correlação negativa entre atividade física e depressão nesses pacientes, assim como uma correlação negativa entre depressão e o Mini-Mental, e depressão e anos de escolaridade


Background: Physical activity reduces the risk of coronary heart disease, one of the leading causes of death in the world. Objectives: This study intends to correlate physical activity and clinical variables of the patients hospitalized in public hospitals of Santa Catarina after the first acute myocardial infarction. Methods: The selected patients answered a questionnaire on different clinical variables. Physical activity was measured using the Baecke's questionnaire. Data were tabulated and analyzed using the SPSS 13.0 for Windows software. Normality was assessed using the Kolmogorov­Smirnov test. Correlations between two quantitative variables were evaluated by Pearson's correlation. Values of p < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: The study showed a weak positive correlation between the Baecke score and years of schooling (r = 0.361; p = 0.001). There was a weak negative correlation between the Baecke score and the PHQ9 depression score (r = ­0.252; p = 0.009). The study also showed a weak negative correlation between the PHQ9 depression score and the Mini Mental score (r = ­0.258; p = 0.007), as well as a weak negative correlation between PHQ9 and schooling years with (r = ­0.199, p = 0.039). Conclusions: There is a positive correlation between physical activity and years of schooling in hospitalized patients with first acute myocardial infarction. Negative correlations were found between physical activity and depression, between depression and the Mini­Mental State Examination, and between depression and years of schooling in these patients


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Exercise , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Patients , Physical Fitness , Cohort Studies , Coronary Artery Disease/prevention & control , Depression/complications , Echocardiography/methods , Educational Status , Electrocardiography , Risk Factors , Sedentary Behavior , Statistical Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 26: e3040, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-961187

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to identify the presence of compulsive overeating disorder in patients with cardiovascular diseases and to verify its relation with sociodemographic, clinical variables and the presence of anxiety and depressive symptoms. Method: cross-sectional, correlational study with a sample of 111 patients with cardiovascular diseases. The presence of anxiety and depressive symptoms was assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale instrument and compulsive overeating disorder was assessed through a likert instrument called the Periodic Eating Disorder Scale (Binge Eating Scale). Results: there was a predominance of patients without compulsive overeating disorder (n=91, 82%), followed by moderated compulsive overeating (n=15, 13.5%) and severe (n=5, 4.5%) associating to high levels of body mass index (p=0.010) and the presence of anxiety (p=0.017). Conclusion: Compulsive overeating disorder was present in 18% of the patients, being associated with body mass index and anxiety, suggesting that health professionals should pay attention to the comprehensive evaluation of patients with cardiovascular diseases. Important results emerged from this study, emphasizing the need to implement programs to improve the patients' mental and physical health in both primary and specialized care services.


RESUMO Objetivos: identificar a presença de compulsão alimentar em pacientes com doenças cardiovasculares e verificar sua relação com variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas e presença de sintomas ansiosos e depressivos. Método: estudo correlacional, de corte transversal, com amostra constituída por 111 pacientes com doenças cardiovasculares. A presença de sintomas ansiosos e depressivos foi avaliada pelo instrumento hospital anxiety and depression scale e a compulsão alimentar foi avaliada por meio de um instrumento likert denominado Escala de compulsão alimentar periódica (binge eating scale). Resultados: houve predomínio de pacientes sem compulsão alimentar (n=91; 82%), seguida da presença de pacientes com compulsão alimentar moderada (n=15; 13,5%) e grave (n=5; 4,5%), sendo associada a níveis elevados de índice de massa corporal (p=0,010) e à presença de sintomas ansiosos (p=0,017). Conclusão: a compulsão alimentar esteve presente em 18% dos pacientes, estando associada ao índice de massa corporal e à ansiedade, sugerindo que os profissionais da saúde devem se atentar para a avaliação integral do paciente com doenças cardiovasculares. Importantes resultados emergiram deste estudo, ressaltando a necessidade da implementação de programas para melhorar a saúde mental e física dos pacientes em serviços de atenção tanto primária como especializada.


RESUMEN Objetivos: identificar la presencia de compulsión alimenticia en pacientes con enfermedades cardiovasculares y verificar su relación con las variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y la presencia de síntomas ansiosos y depresivos. Método: estudio correlacional, de corte transversal, con muestra constituida por 111 pacientes con enfermedades cardiovasculares. La presencia de síntomas ansiosos y depresivos fue evaluada con el instrumento Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale y la compulsión alimenticia fue evaluada por medio de una escala tipo Likert denominada Escala de Compulsión Alimenticia Periódica (Binge Eating Scale). Resultados: hubo predominio de pacientes sin compulsión alimenticia (n=91; 82%), seguida de la presencia de compulsión alimenticia moderada (n=15; 13,5%) y grave (n=5; 4,5%), siendo asociada a niveles elevados de índice de masa corporal (p=0,010) y a la presencia de síntomas ansiosos (p=0,017). Conclusión: la compulsión alimenticia estuvo presente en 18% de los pacientes, estando asociada al índice de masa corporal y a la ansiedad, sugiriendo que los profesionales de la salud deben prestar atención a la evaluación integral del paciente con enfermedades cardiovasculares. Importantes resultados surgieron de ese estudio, destacándose la necesidad de la implementación de programas para mejorar la salud mental y física de los pacientes, tanto en servicios de atención primaria como especializada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anxiety/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Hyperphagia/complications , Depression/complications , Food Addiction/complications , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies
12.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(7): e00141917, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-952429

ABSTRACT

Psychosocial factors appear to be associated with increased risk of disability in later life. However, there is a lack of evidence based on long-term longitudinal data from Western low-middle income countries. We investigated whether psychosocial factors at baseline predict new-onset disability in long term in a population-based cohort of older Brazilians adults. We used 15-year follow-up data from 1,014 participants aged 60 years and older of the Bambuí (Brazil) Cohort Study of Aging. Limitations on activities of daily living (ADL) were measured annually, comprising 9,252 measures. Psychosocial factors included depressive symptoms, social support and social network. Potential covariates included sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle, cognitive function and a physical health score based on 10 self-reported and objectively measured medical conditions. Statistical analysis was based on competitive-risk framework, having death as the competing risk event. Baseline depressive symptoms and emotional support from the closest person were both associated with future ADL disability, independently of potential covariates wide range. The findings showed a clear graded association, in that the risk gradually increased from low emotional support alone (sub-hazard ratio - SHR = 1.11; 95%CI: 1.01; 1.45) to depressive symptoms alone (SHR = 1.52; 95%CI: 1.13; 2.01) and then to both factors combined (SHR = 1.61; 95%CI: 1.18; 2.18). Marital status and social network size were not associated with incident disability. In a population of older Brazilian adults, lower emotional support and depressive symptoms have independent predictive value for subsequent disability in very long term.


Fatores psicossociais parecem estar associados a um aumento do risco de incapacidade em idosos. Entretanto, faltam evidências baseadas em dados longitudinais de longo prazo em países ocidentais de renda baixa e média. Investigamos se os fatores psicossociais presentes na linha de base predizem a incapacidade incidente no longo prazo em uma coorte populacional de idosos brasileiros. Usamos dados do seguimento de 15 anos de 1.014 participantes com 60 anos de idade ou mais do Estudo de Coorte de Idosos de Bambuí, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foram medidas anualmente as limitações nas atividades de vida diária (AVD), totalizando 9.252 mensurações. Os fatores psicossociais incluíram sintomas depressivos, apoio emocional e rede social. As variáveis independentes incluíram características sociodemográficas, estilo de vida, função cognitiva e uma escala de saúde física com dez condições clínicas autorrelatadas e medidas objetivas. A análise estatística foi baseada em um modelo de risco competitivo, tendo o óbito como evento de risco competitivo. Os sintomas depressivos na linha de base e o apoio emocional da pessoa mais próxima estiveram associados à incapacidade futura nas AVD, independentemente da grande amplitude das variáveis independentes. Os achados mostraram um claro gradiente de associação, onde o risco aumentou progressivamente desde o baixo apoio emocional isoladamente (sub-hazard ratio - SHR = 1,11; IC95%: 1,01; 1,45) para sintomas depressivos isoladamente (SHR = 1,52; IC95%: 1,13; 2,01) até a combinação de ambos os fatores (SHR = 1,61; IC95%: 1,18; 2,18). O estado civil e o tamanho da rede social não mostraram associação com a mortalidade incidente. Em uma população de idosos brasileiros, o apoio emocional baixo e sintomas depressivos apresentam valores preditivos independentes em relação à incapacidade subsequente no prazo muito longo.


Los factores psicosociales parecen que estaban asociados con un aumento del riesgo de sufrir discapacidad más adelante a lo largo de la vida. Sin embargo, existe una falta de evidencias en los datos a largo plazo de carácter longitudinal, procedentes de países occidentales con una renta medio-baja. Investigamos si los factores psicosociales como base de referencia predicen un surgimiento de discapacidad a largo plazo en una cohorte de población, basada en adultos ancianos brasileños. Se realizó un seguimiento durante 15 años con datos de 1.014 participantes con 60 años y de mayor edad en el Estudio de Cohorte Envejecimiento de Bambuí (Brasil). Las limitaciones en las actividades de la vida diaria (ADL por sus siglas en inglés) fueron medidas anualmente, comprendiendo 9.252 medidas. Se trabajó con factores psicosociales, incluidos síntomas depresivos, apoyo social y tejido social. Las covariables potenciales incluyeron características sociodemográficas, estilo de vida, función cognitiva y un marcador de salud física, basado en 10 condiciones médicas autoinformadas y medidas objetivamente. El análisis estadístico estaba basado en un marco de riesgo competitivo, considerando la muerte como riesgo competitivo. Las bases de referencia de los síntomas depresivos y el apoyo emocional de la persona más cercana estuvieron asociadas con una futura discapacidad ADL, independientemente del extenso rango de potenciales covariables. Los resultados muestran un clara asociación graduada, en la que el riesgo gradualmente aumentó desde un bajo apoyo emocional solo (sub-hazard ratio - SHR = 1,11; IC95%: 1,01; 1,45) para síntomas depresivos sólo (SHR = 1.52; IC95%: 1,13; 2,01) y luego para ambos factores combinados (SHR = 1,61; IC95%: 1.18; 2.18). El estado marital y el tamaño del tejido social no estuvieron asociados con la incidencia de discapacidad. En una población de adultos mayores brasileños, un apoyo emocional más bajo y síntomas depresivos poseen un valor predictivo independiente para una consecuente discapacidad a muy largo plazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Social Support , Activities of Daily Living/psychology , Disabled Persons/psychology , Depression/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Geriatric Assessment/statistics & numerical data , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Health Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Marital Status , Disabled Persons/classification , Age of Onset , Depression/complications
13.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 93(5): 452-459, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-894048

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Maternal depression and anxiety have been found to negatively affect fetal and neonatal growth. However, the independent effects of maternal depression and anxiety on fetal-neonatal growth outcomes and trajectories remain unclear. This study aimed to analyze simultaneously the effects of maternal prenatal depression and anxiety on (1) neonatal growth outcomes, and (2), on fetal-neonatal growth trajectories, from the 2nd trimester of pregnancy to childbirth. Methods: A sample of 172 women was recruited and completed self-reported measures of depression and anxiety during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy, and at childbirth. Fetal and neonatal biometrical data were collected from clinical reports at the same assessment moments. Results: Neonates of prenatally anxious mothers showed lower weight (p = 0.006), length (p = 0.025), and ponderal index (p = 0.049) at birth than neonates of prenatally non-anxious mothers. Moreover, fetuses-neonates of high-anxiety mothers showed a lower increase of weight from the 2nd trimester of pregnancy to childbirth than fetuses-neonates of low-anxiety mothers (p < 0.001). Considering maternal depression and anxiety simultaneously, only the effect of maternal anxiety was found on these markers of fetal-neonatal growth outcomes and trajectories. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the independent longitudinal effect of maternal anxiety on major markers of fetal-neonatal growth outcomes and trajectories, simultaneously considering the effect of maternal depression and anxiety.


Resumo Objetivo: Foi constatado que a depressão e ansiedade materna afetam negativamente o crescimento fetal e neonatal. Contudo, o efeito independente da depressão e ansiedade materna sobre os resultados e as trajetórias de crescimento fetal e neonatal continua incerto. Este estudo visou a analisar simultaneamente o efeito da depressão e ansiedade materna pré-natal (1) sobre os resultados de crescimento neonatal e (2) sobre as trajetórias do crescimento fetal-neonatal a partir do 2° trimestre de gravidez até o parto. Métodos: Uma amostra de 172 mulheres foi recrutada e elas relataram graus de depressão e ansiedade no 2° e 3° trimestre de gravidez e parto. Os dados biométricos fetais e neonatais foram coletados dos prontuários clínicos nas mesmas ondas de avaliação. Resultados: Os neonatos de mães ansiosas no período pré-natal mostraram menor peso (p = 0,006), comprimento (p = 0,025) e índice ponderal (p = 0,049) no nascimento do que os neonatos de mães não ansiosas no período pré-natal. Além disso, os neonatos de mães muito ansiosas mostraram um menor aumento de peso do 2° trimestre de gravidez até o parto que os fetos-neonatos de mães pouco ansiosas (p < 0,001). Considerando simultaneamente a depressão e a ansiedade maternal, apenas o efeito da ansiedade materna foi constatado nesses marcadores de resultados e trajetórias de crescimento fetal-neonatal. Conclusão: Este estudo demonstra o efeito longitudinal independente da ansiedade materna sobre os principais marcadores de resultados e trajetórias de crescimento fetal-neonatal, considerando simultaneamente o efeito da depressão e ansiedade materna.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety/complications , Pregnancy Complications/psychology , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects , Depression/complications , Fetal Growth Retardation/psychology , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Socioeconomic Factors , Pregnancy Outcome
14.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(5): 425-430, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-899446

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain syndrome characterized by generalized pain. It is known that obese patients have more skeletal muscle pain and physical dysfunction than normal weight patients. Therefore, it is important that the early diagnosis of FM be attained in obese patients. Objective: To determine the prevalence of FM in a group of obese patients with indication of bariatric surgery. Materials and methods: The patients were recruited from the Bariatric Surgery outpatient clinic of Hospital de Clínicas of UFPR (HC-UFPR) before being submitted to surgery. Patient assessment consisted in verifying the presence or absence of FM using the 1990 and 2011 ACR criteria, as well as the presence of comorbidities. Results: 98 patients were evaluated, of which 84 were females. The mean age was 42.07 years and the BMI was 45.39. The prevalence of FM was 34% (n = 29) according to the 1990 criteria and 45% (n = 38) according to the 2011 criteria. There was no difference in age, BMI, Epworth score and prevalence of other diseases among patients who met or not the 1990 criteria. Only depression was more common in patients with FM. (24.14% vs. 5.45%). The same findings were seen in patients that met the 2011 criteria. Conclusions: The prevalence of FM in patients with morbid obesity is extremely high. However, BMI does not differ in patients with or without FM. The presence of depression may be a risk factor for the development of FM in these patients.


Resumo Introdução: Fibromialgia (FM) é uma síndrome de dor crônica caracterizada por dor generalizada. Sabe-se que pacientes obesos têm mais dor músculo esquelética e disfunção física do que pacientes de peso normal. Portanto, é importante que o diagnóstico precoce da FM seja feito em pacientes obesos. Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de FM em um grupo de pacientes obesos com indicação de cirurgia bariátrica. Materiais e métodos: Os pacientes foram captados do ambulatório de Cirurgia Bariátrica do Hospital de Clínicas da UFPR (HC-UFPR), antes de serem submetidos à cirurgia. A avaliação dos pacientes consistia em constatar a presença ou ausência de FMG pelos critérios ACR 1990 e 2011 e também a presença de comorbidades. Resultados: Foram avaliados 98 pacientes, 84 mulheres. A idade média foi de 42,07 anos e o IMC de 45,39. A prevalência de FM foi de 34% (n = 29) pelos critérios de 1990 e de 45% (n = 38) pelos de 2011. Não houve diferença em idade, IMC, escala de Epworth e prevalência de outras doenças entre pacientes que preenchiam ou não os critérios de 1990. Apenas depressão foi mais comum nas pacientes com FM (24,14% vs. 5,45%). Os mesmos achados foram vistos nas pacientes que preenchiam os critérios de 2011. Conclusões: A prevalência de FM em pacientes com obesidade mórbida é extremamente alta. Porém o IMC não difere nos pacientes com ou sem FM. A presença de depressão pode ser um fator de risco para o desenvolvimento de FM nesses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Fibromyalgia/etiology , Outpatient Clinics, Hospital , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Brazil , Fibromyalgia/diagnosis , Fibromyalgia/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Depression/complications , Depression/diagnosis , Bariatric Surgery , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures , Middle Aged
15.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 39(3): 216-219, July-Sept. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-899355

ABSTRACT

Objective: Suicidal ideation is modulated by several risk and protective factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate differences between patients with a history of suicide attempt and those with no such history, with special attention to depression, interpersonal sensitivity, humiliation, and resilience. Methods: One hundred consecutively admitted patients with an index depressive episode were recruited. The Brief Symptom Inventory, Humiliation Inventory, and Resilience Scale for Adult were administered. Results: Scores for humiliation, interpersonal sensitivity, and depression were higher in subjects with history of suicide attempt, while higher scores for resilience were observed in the group with no such history. Different patterns of relationships among the variables of interest were found in the two groups. Resilience dimensions such as social resources and familial cohesion were strongly and negatively correlated with humiliation, interpersonal sensitivity, and depression in subjects with a past suicide attempt. Conclusions: Resilience factors can modulate and reduce the impact of suicide risk. Assessing risk and protective factors could enhance the ability to intervene appropriately.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Suicide, Attempted/psychology , Depression/psychology , Resilience, Psychological , Suicide, Attempted/prevention & control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Depression/complications , Emotions , Protective Factors , Interpersonal Relations
16.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 37(2): 52-56, jun. 2017. tab., graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1053187

ABSTRACT

Se cree que los ancianos necesitan dormir menos. Sin embargo, no es la necesidad de sueño sino la capacidad de dormir lo que disminuye con la edad, en paralelo a la mayor prevalencia de enfermedades cardiovasculares o metabólicas, o de depresión. Poco se ha descripto sobre los hallazgos polisomnográficos de esta población. En el presente estudio analizamos los hallazgos polisomnográficos en pacientes mayores de 65 años. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo a partir del análisis de una base de datos de 551 pacientes mayores de 65 años evaluados entre junio de 2013 y diciembre de 2014. Todos los sujetos se realizaron una polisomnografía (PSG) nocturna de 6 horas de duración. Las variables analizadas fueron: latencia de sueño (LS), eficacia de sueño (ES), latencia de fase REM (Lat R), % de R, índice de apneas hipopneas (IHA) y movimientos periódicos de piernas durante el sueño (PLMS). Se dividió la población en 3 grupos: G1: de 65 a 70 años; G2: 71 a 75; G3: mayor de 75 años. Se analizaron los datos de la serie general y las diferencias intergrupos. El IHA se incrementó con la edad y resultó más severo en los pacientes mayores de 75 años en relación con el grupo de menor edad. El incremento del IAH no se asoció a un incremento del índice de masa corporal ni a mayor somnolencia diurna. (AU)


It is believed that the elderly need less sleep. However, it is not the need for sleep but the ability to sleep that decreases with age, in parallel to the increasing prevalence of cardiovascular or metabolic disease, or depression. Little has been described about the polysomnographic findings of this population, hypothesizing that there are several alterations that prematurely corrected could improve the quality of life as the years go by. We analyzed the polysomnographic findings in patients over 65 years of age. A descriptive study was carried out based on the analyses of a database of 551 patients over 65 years of age evaluated between June 2013 to December 2014. All subjects underwent nocturnal PSG of 6 hours duration. The polysomnographic variables analyzed were: sleep latency (LS), sleep efficiency (ES), latency R phase (Lat R), % R, Apneas Hypoapneas Index (AHI) and Periodic Limb Movements of Sleep (PLMS). The population was divided into 3 groups: G1: from 65 to 70 years G2: 71 to 75, G3 greater than 75. AHI increased with age, being more severe in patients over 75 years of age in relation to the younger age group. The increase in AHI was not associated with an increase in Body Mass Index (BMI) or greater daytime sleepiness. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Polysomnography/statistics & numerical data , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/diagnosis , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/diagnosis , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/physiopathology , Sleep Wake Disorders/diagnosis , Sleep Wake Disorders/etiology , Sleep Wake Disorders/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Body Mass Index , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Age Factors , Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm/diagnosis , Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm/physiopathology , Nocturnal Myoclonus Syndrome/diagnosis , Nocturnal Myoclonus Syndrome/physiopathology , Depression/complications , Sleep Latency/physiology , Sleepiness , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/prevention & control , Metabolic Diseases/complications
17.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(2): 234-240, mar.-Apr. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-839143

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between depressive symptoms and root caries among independent-living older persons. All community-dwelling older adults (not hospitalized and not bedridden) living in Carlos Barbosa, RS, Brazil, were invited to participate, and 785 completed the study protocol (standardized questionnaire assessing socio-demographic information and health behavior, Geriatric Depression Scale [GDS] - brief version, and oral examination [DMFT-Root index, Visible Plaque Index and stimulated salivary flow]). Out of them, 390 participants with at least one natural tooth were included in the present analysis. The outcome of interest was the ratio between the number of decayed roots and the number of roots at risk. The association between independent variables (depression and socioeconomic aspects) and the outcome was assessed using negative binomial regression models. Results: The final, fully adjusted model revealed that age (β=0.03, p=0.001), female sex (β=-0.23, p=0.08), living in a rural area (β=0.25, p=0.008), tooth brushing frequency (β=0.43, p=0.025) and stimulated salivary flow (β=-0.012, p<0.0001) were significantly associated with the presence of root caries. In addition, the interaction between male sex and the presence of depression symptoms (β=-0.99, p=0.012) was also independently and significantly associated with root caries. The interaction between male sex and depression symptoms was associated with root caries, suggesting that psychological mechanisms may be involved indirectly in the development of root caries in older adults.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a associação entre sintomas depressivos e cáries radiculares entre idosos independentes. Todos os idosos moradores da comunidade (não hospitalizados e não acamados) residentes em Carlos Barbosa, RS, foram convidados a participar, e 785 completaram o protocolo do estudo (questionário padronizado de avaliação sociodemográfica e comportamento de saúde, Escala de Depressão Geriátrica [GDS ] - versão resumida e exame oral [Índice de CPOD-Raiz, índice de placa visível e fluxo salivar estimulado]). Destes, 390 participantes com pelo menos um dente natural foram incluídos na presente análise. O desfecho foi a razão entre o número de raízes em decomposição e o número de raízes em risco. A associação entre variáveis independentes (depressão e aspectos socioeconômicos) e o desfecho foram avaliados utilizando modelos de regressão binomial negativa. O modelo final totalmente ajustado revelou que a idade (b=0,03, p=0,001), sexo feminino (b=-0,23, p=0,08), vivendo em área rural (b=0,25, p=0,008), frequência de escovação (b=0,43, p=0,025) e o fluxo salivar estimulado (b=-0,012, p<0,0001) foram significativamente associados à presença de cárie radicular. Além disso, a interação entre sexo masculino e a presença de sintomas de depressão (b=-0,99, p=0,012) também foi independente e significativamente associada com cáries radiculares. A interação entre sexo masculino e sintomas de depressão foi associada com cárie radicular, sugerindo que mecanismos psicológicos podem estar envolvidos indiretamente no desenvolvimento de cáries radiculares em adultos mais velhos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Depression/complications , Root Caries/complications , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Behavior , Social Class
18.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 39(1): 19-28, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-846399

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to determine which individual characteristics of smokers are associated with their adherence to a support group for smoking cessation. Methods: Smokers from Porto Alegre, Brazil, were invited to participate in a support group for smoking cessation consisting of four weekly sessions. Demographic data, smoking history, presence of tobacco-related diseases, severity of nicotine dependence, stage of motivation, and symptoms of anxiety and depression were evaluated at baseline. Adherence was defined as attendance at group sessions and was measured at the second and fourth sessions of the program. Results: The study recruited 167 smokers who attended the first meeting and met criteria for admission to the study. One hundred and two of the participants returned to the second session and only 55 of those who attended the first meeting completed the four-week program. For immediate adherence (second session), adult smokers over the age of 35 were more likely to adhere to the treatment (p = 0.004), whereas smoking higher numbers of cigarettes per day was associated with lower adherence to attendance at group meetings (p = 0.031). For final adherence (fourth session), only minimal level symptoms of anxiety were associated with a higher likelihood of adherence (p = 0.02). Conclusions: Older smokers, those who smoked fewer cigarettes per day, and those with lower levels of anxiety exhibited higher rates of adherence to a smoking cessation support group.


Resumo Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar quais características individuais de fumantes estão associadas à sua adesão a um grupo de apoio para a cessação do tabagismo. Métodos: Fumantes de Porto Alegre, Brasil, foram convidados a participar de um grupo de apoio para a cessação do tabagismo realizado em quatro reuniões semanais. Dados sociodemográficos, história tabagística, presença de doenças relacionadas ao tabaco, severidade da dependência de nicotina, estágio motivacional e sintomas de ansiedade e depressão foram avaliados no início do estudo. Adesão foi definida como estar presente nas reuniões do grupo, e foi medida na segunda e na quarta sessões do programa. Resultados: O estudo recrutou 167 fumantes que compareceram ao primeiro encontro e preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Desses participantes, 102 retornaram para a segunda sessão, e apenas 55 completaram as quatro semanas do programa. Com relação à adesão imediata (segunda sessão), adultos com idade superior a 35 anos mostraram maior probabilidade de aderir ao tratamento (p = 0.004), enquanto um maior número de cigarros por dia foi associado com menor adesão (p = 0.031). Para a adesão final (quarta sessão), apenas um nível mínimo de ansiedade foi associado com maior probabilidade de adesão (p = 0.02). Conclusões: Fumantes mais velhos, que fumavam menos cigarros por dia, e com menores níveis de ansiedade exibiram maiores taxas de adesão ao programa de apoio para a cessação do tabagismo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Self-Help Groups , Tobacco Use Disorder/therapy , Smoking/therapy , Patient Compliance , Smoking Cessation/methods , Anxiety/complications , Anxiety/epidemiology , Self-Help Groups/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Tobacco Use Disorder/psychology , Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Smoking/psychology , Multivariate Analysis , Longitudinal Studies , Age Factors , Patient Compliance/psychology , Patient Compliance/statistics & numerical data , Smoking Cessation/psychology , Smoking Cessation/statistics & numerical data , Depression/complications , Depression/epidemiology , Developing Countries , Motivation
19.
Motriz (Online) ; 23(4): e1017110, 2017. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-895015

ABSTRACT

AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate how depressive symptoms mediate different motor control requirements in elderlies and to assess the concurring effects fomented by the interaction between aging and depressive symptoms, providing indirect measures of brain functionality. METHODS: Sixty-eight elderlies were paired in terms of age and gender and were equally distributed into depressed and nondepressed groups, according to their score on the Beck Depression Questionnaire. The participants performed the Grooved Pegboard Test placing and withdrawing pegs while execution time and error rate were measured. RESULTS: This investigation revealed that depressive symptoms exert a broad effect upon motor control, although that the symptom intensity, as well as the interaction between aging and depression intensity, were exclusively correlated with withdrawal task, suggesting that there is a greater effect upon motor acts with higher frontal lobe requirements. CONCLUSION: The discrimination of motor control aspects provides a valuable contribution for the understanding of the underlying neurophysiology of the interaction between aging and depression as it represents an indirect measure of cerebral dysfunction. Further, these findings may still have clinical implications, as they can promote more rational approaches to the elaboration of preventive measures that help maintain the functional capability of depressed elderlies.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aging , Depression/complications , Motor Disorders , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Tremor
20.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 43(5): 354-359, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-829597

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to compare the intensity of reflex sweating with the degree of anxiety and its interference in the quality of life of patients undergoing Thoracoscopic (VATS) sympathectomy in the pre- and postoperative period. Methods: we evaluated 54 patients with a mean age of 26 years (16-49 years) undergoing sympathectomy in the R3-R4 level. We applied two questionnaires at three different times: "Quality of life in patients with primary hyperhidrosis" and "Scale for anxiety and depression". Results: of the patients studied, 93% showed significant improvement in quality of life 30 days after surgery, the effects remaining after six months. There were no postoperative complications. The patient's level of anxiety is highly correlated with the intensity of reflex sweating after 30 and 180 days. Conclusion: Thoracoscopic sympathectomy improves quality of life of patients with primary hyperhidrosis, even with the emergence of reflex sweating. Anxiety directly relates to the intensity of reflex sweating, without compromising the degree of patient satisfaction.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a intensidade de sudorese reflexa com o grau de ansiedade e sua interferência na qualidade de vida de indivíduos submetidos à simpatectomia por videotoracoscopia nos períodos pré e pós-operatório. Métodos: foram avaliados 54 pacientes com média de idade de 26 anos (16 a 49 anos), submetidos à simpatectomia em nível R3-R4. Dois questionários foram aplicados em três momentos diferentes: "Qualidade de vida em pacientes com hiperidrose primária e "Escala para ansiedade e depressão". Resultados: dos pacientes estudados, 93% mostrou melhora significativa na qualidade de vida após 30 dias da cirurgia, com os efeitos remanescentes após seis meses. Não houve complicações pós-operatórias. A análise mostrou que o nível de ansiedade do paciente é altamente correlacionado com a intensidade da sudorese reflexa após 30 e 180 dias. Conclusão: a simpatectomia torácica por videotoracoscopia melhora a qualidade de vida de pacientes com hiperidrose primária, mesmo com o surgimento de sudorese reflexa. A ansiedade está diretamente relacionada com a intensidade da sudorese reflexa, sem comprometer o grau de satisfação do paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Reflex , Sweating , Sympathectomy/methods , Thoracoscopy , Depression/epidemiology , Hyperhidrosis/surgery , Anxiety/complications , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Depression/complications , Hyperhidrosis/complications , Middle Aged
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