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1.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3884, ene.-dic. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1431826

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: evaluar la asociación entre la calidad de vida y la presencia de síntomas de depresión, ansiedad y estrés en estudiantes universitarios del área de la salud. Método: estudio transversal que incluyó a 321 estudiantes de carreras del área de la salud. La calidad de vida se midió mediante la escala de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, versión abreviada, en los dominios físico, psicológico, relaciones sociales y ambiente, y los síntomas se evaluaron por la escala de depresión, ansiedad y estrés. Se realizó un análisis multivariante por medio de regresión lineal robusta para evaluar la asociación entre la calidad de vida y los síntomas presentados. Resultados: se observó una asociación negativa entre la calidad de vida y los síntomas de depresión en todos los dominios, mientras que los síntomas de ansiedad tuvieron una asociación negativa en el dominio ambiente, y los síntomas de estrés tuvieron una asociación negativa en el dominio psicológico. La gravedad de los síntomas se asoció desfavorablemente con la calidad de vida, es decir, cuanto mayor la gravedad de los síntomas, menores las puntuaciones medias en todos los dominios. Conclusión: los síntomas de depresión, ansiedad y estrés fueron prevalentes e impactaron negativamente en la calidad de vida de los estudiantes, especialmente en presencia de síntomas depresivos. Las puntuaciones disminuidas se asociaron significativamente con la gravedad de los síntomas.


Objective: to evaluate the association between quality of life and presence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress in college students in the health area. Method: cross-sectional study that included 321 students from undergraduate courses in the health area. Quality of life was measured using the World Health Organization scale, abbreviated version, in the physical, psychological, social relations and environment domains, and symptoms were assessed by the depression, anxiety and stress scale. Multivariate analysis was performed using robust linear regression to evaluate the association between quality of life and symptoms. Results: a negative association was observed between the quality of life and depression symptoms in all domains, while anxiety symptoms showed a negative association in the environment domain, and stress symptoms had a negative association in the psychological domain. Symptom severity was unfavorably associated with quality of life, that is, the greater the symptom severity, the lower the mean scores in all domains. Conclusion: symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress were prevalent and had a negative impact on students' quality of life, especially in the presence of depressive symptoms. The decrease in scores was significantly associated with the severity of symptoms.


Objetivo: avaliar a associação entre qualidade de vida e presença de sintomas de depressão, ansiedade e estresse em estudantes universitários da área da saúde. Método: estudo transversal que incluiu 321 estudantes de cursos de graduação da área da saúde. A qualidade de vida foi mensurada por meio da escala da Organização Mundial da Saúde, versão abreviada, nos domínios físico, psicológico, relações sociais e meio ambiente, e os sintomas avaliados pela escala de depressão, ansiedade e estresse. Foi realizada análise multivariada utilizando regressão linear robusta para avaliar a associação entre qualidade de vida e sintomas apresentados. Resultados: observou- se associação negativa entre qualidade de vida e sintomas de depressão em todos os domínios, enquanto os sintomas de ansiedade apresentaram associação negativa no domínio meio ambiente, e os sintomas de estresse tiveram associação negativa no domínio psicológico. A gravidade dos sintomas associou-se de forma desfavorável com a qualidade de vida, ou seja, quanto maior a gravidade dos sintomas, menor a média dos escores em todos os domínios. Conclusão: sintomas de depressão, ansiedade e estresse mostraram-se prevalentes e com impacto negativo na qualidade de vida dos estudantes, principalmente na presença de sintomas depressivos. A diminuição dos escores foi significativamente associada à gravidade dos sintomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety/psychology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Students, Health Occupations , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/psychology , Depression/epidemiology
2.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(6): 382-388, dic. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530037

ABSTRACT

Este estudio tuvo como objetivo examinar la relación entre la transición a la menopausia y los trastornos del estado de ánimo, específicamente la ansiedad y la depresión. Se llevó a cabo una revisión narrativa de la literatura relevante sobre la transición a la menopausia y los trastornos del estado de ánimo. Se revisaron estudios que se enfocaron en el impacto de los cambios hormonales durante la menopausia en el bienestar psicológico y se evaluaron diversas opciones de tratamiento para los trastornos del estado de ánimo. La disminución de los niveles hormonales de estrógenos y progesterona durante la menopausia puede llevar a diversos cambios psicológicos, como ansiedad y depresión. La terapia hormonal con estrógenos solo o en combinación con progesterona puede mejorar los síntomas depresivos en mujeres en la menopausia, pero este tratamiento no está exento de riesgos. Otros tratamientos no hormonales, como la terapia cognitivo-conductual, el ejercicio y una buena higiene del sueño, también pueden ser efectivos para manejar los trastornos del estado de ánimo. Se concluyó que existe una compleja interacción entre factores hormonales, biológicos y psicosociales para desarrollar intervenciones efectivas que mejoren el bienestar psicológico de las mujeres en la menopausia.


This study aimed to examine the relationship between menopause transition and mood disorders, specifically anxiety and depression. The authors conducted a narrative review of relevant literature on menopause transition and mood disorders. They reviewed studies that focused on the impact of hormonal changes during menopause on psychological well-being and evaluated various treatment options for mood disorders. The decline in estrogen and progesterone hormone levels during menopause can lead to various psychological changes, such as anxiety and depression. Hormonal therapy with estrogen alone or in combination with progesterone can improve depressive symptoms in menopausal women, but this treatment is not without risks. Other non-hormonal treatments, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, exercise, and good sleep hygiene, can also be effective in managing mood disorders. The study highlights the need for recognition of the complex interplay between hormonal, biological, and psychosocial factors in developing effective interventions to improve the psychological well-being of menopausal women. Further research is needed to fully understand the potential relationship between menopause transition and mood disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Menopause/psychology , Mood Disorders/psychology , Mood Disorders/therapy , Anxiety/psychology , Anxiety/therapy , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Estrogen Replacement Therapy , Depression/psychology , Depression/therapy , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use
3.
Psico USF ; 28(4): 767-781, Oct.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529174

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to describe the characteristics of the social networks of older adults and to assess associations between social support, functional capacity and mental health. The sample consisted of 134 community-dwelling older adults, assessed in terms of their social network through the Minimum Map of Older Adult Relationships; functional capacity for performance in activities of daily living; depressive symptoms, assessed through the Geriatric Depression Scale and; anxiety, assessed through the Beck Anxiety Inventory. Cluster analyses were performed. The social network was characterized by being informal, functioning as affective support that occurs through visits. Social support perceived as insufficient was more frequent in men, in those who were dependent regarding instrumental activities of daily living, and in those with anxiety and depressive symptoms. Reduced social support networks and lack of support were associated with limitations in functional capacity and worse mental health, sparking debate about the centrality of the family in the provision of support.(AU)


Este estudo objetivou descrever as características da rede social de pessoas idosas e avaliar associações entre apoio social, capacidade funcional e saúde mental. A amostra foi composta por 134 idosos comunitários, avaliados quanto à rede social pelo Mapa Mínimo das Relações do Idoso; capacidade funcional pelo desempenho em atividades de vida diária; sintomas depressivos, avaliados pela Escala de Depressão Geriátrica e; ansiedade, avaliada pelo Inventário de Ansiedade de Beck. Foram realizadas análises de conglomerados. A rede social caracterizou-se por ser informal, funcionando como suporte afetivo que ocorre por meio de visitas. O apoio social percebido como insuficiente foi mais frequente no sexo masculino, entre idosos dependentes em atividades instrumentais de vida diária, com ansiedade e sintomas depressivos. Redes de suporte social reduzidas e com baixo apoio estão associadas com limitações na capacidade funcional e pior saúde mental, colocando em debate a centralidade da família na provisão de suporte.(AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo describir las características de la red social de personas mayores y evaluar las asociaciones entre el apoyo social, la capacidad funcional y la salud mental. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 134 ancianos comunitarios, quienes fueron evaluados en cuanto a su red social mediante el Mapa Mínimo de Relaciones del Anciano; su capacidad funcional en las actividades de la vida diaria; los síntomas depresivos mediante la Escala de Depresión Geriátrica; y la ansiedad a través del Inventario de Ansiedad de Beck. Se realizaron análisis de conglomerados. La red social se caracterizó por ser informal, funcionando como apoyo afectivo que se manifiesta a través de visitas. El apoyo social percibido como insuficiente fue más frecuente en el sexo masculino, entre los ancianos dependientes en actividades instrumentales de la vida diaria, y aquellos con síntomas de ansiedad y depresión. Las redes de apoyo social reducidas y con bajo apoyo se asocian con limitaciones en la capacidad funcional y un peor estado de salud mental, lo que plantea el debate sobre el papel central de la familia en la provisión de apoyo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Social Support , Aged/psychology , Mental Health , Functional Status , Anxiety/psychology , Quality of Life , Cluster Analysis , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Depression/psychology , Correlation of Data , Sociodemographic Factors
4.
Psico USF ; 28(3): 449-459, jul.-set. 2023. tab, il
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1521371

ABSTRACT

Risk behaviors are common in adolescence and demonstrates an association with depressive symptoms. Considering the psychological health implications of this phase in adult life, the aim of this study was to verify associations between depressive symptoms and consumption of alcohol and marijuana, self-injurious behavior, health self-perception, life satisfaction, anxiety symptoms and suicidal ideation in adolescents. A total of 298 adolescents, aged 12 to 14 years (61.1% girls), participated in the study. The measures were the translated Health Behavior in School-aged Children questionnaire (HBSC - BR) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). The chi-square test, student's t test and binomial logistic regression (p<0.05) were used. Depressive symptoms were associated with anxiety symptoms and self-injury. Higher risk for alcohol use and consumption, self-injury, negative health self-perception, anxiety and depression related to females. The findings of this population suggest worrying health outcomes, especially for girl. (AU)


Comportamentos de risco são comuns na adolescência e demonstram associação com sintomas depressivos. Considerando as implicações da saúde psicológica dessa fase na vida adulta, o objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar associações entre sintomas depressivos e consumo de álcool e maconha, comportamento autolesivo, autopercepção de saúde, satisfação com a vida, sintomas ansiosos e ideação suicida em adolescentes. Participaram 298 adolescentes, de 12 a 14 anos (61,1% meninas). Os instrumentos utilizados foram o questionário traduzido Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC - BR) e o Inventário de Depressão Infantil (CDI). Utilizou-se os teste Qui-Quadrado, t de student e regressão logística binomial (p<0,05). Sintomas depressivos associaram-se com sintomas ansiosos e autolesão. Maior risco para uso e consumo de álcool, autolesão, autopercepção de saúde negativa, ansiedade e depressão em relação ao sexo feminino. Os achados desta população sugerem resultados preocupantes de saúde, sobretudo para o sexo feminino. (AU)


Las conductas de riesgo son comunes en la adolescencia y demuestran una asociación con síntomas depresivos. Considerando las implicaciones psicológicas para la salud de esta fase en la vida adulta, el objetivo de este estudio fue verificar asociaciones entre síntomas depresivos y consumo de alcohol y marihuana, autolesión, autopercepción de salud, satisfacción con la vida, ansiedad e ideación suicida en adolescentes. Participaron 298 adolescentes de 12 a 14 años (61,1% niñas). Los instrumentos utilizados fueron el cuestionario traducido Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC - BR) y el Inventario de Depresión Infantil (CDI). Se utilizaron las pruebas de chi-cuadrado, t de Student y regresión logística binomial (p<0,05). Los síntomas depresivos se asociaron con síntomas de ansiedad y autolesiones. Mayor riesgo de uso y consumo de alcohol, autolesiones, autopercepción negativa de la salud, ansiedad y depresión en relación con el sexo femenino. Los hallazgos de esta población sugieren resultados de salud preocupantes, especialmente para las mujeres. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Anxiety/psychology , Cannabis , Mental Health , Depression/psychology , Alcoholism/psychology , Health Risk Behaviors , Personal Satisfaction , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
5.
Psico USF ; 28(3): 579-598, jul.-set. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1521360

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou identificar, analisar e integrar resultados de estudos que examinaram o impacto da pandemia de COVID-19 na saúde mental de pessoas transexuais e travestis. Foi realizada uma revisão integrativa da literatura, em conformidade com as diretrizes PRISMA. Conduziu-se uma busca sistemática dos estudos primários publicados em três bases de dados: PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS e PsycINFO. Foram incluídos oito estudos que atenderam aos critérios de inclusão. A análise temática do material gerou seis categorias temáticas. Os estudos analisados apontaram que a situação de vulnerabilidade social ao qual as pessoas trans encontram-se submetidas no cotidiano foi ampliada durante a pandemia. A necessidade do distanciamento físico resultou no aumento de sintomas de ansiedade e depressão, agravamento das condições econômicas, dificuldades para acessar procedimentos e medicamentos que compõem o processo de afirmação de gênero, além de exacerbar conflitos familiares e manifestações de transfobia. Há necessidade de implementar políticas públicas e uma rede de proteção social para diminuir a vulnerabilidade e sofrimento psicossocial de pessoas trans. (AU)


This study aimed to identify, analyze, and integrate findings from studies that examined the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of transgender and transvestite individuals. An integrative literature review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. A systematic search of primary studies was conducted across three databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, and PsycINFO. Eight studies that met the inclusion criteria were included. Thematic analysis of the material generated six thematic categories. The studies analyzed pointed out that the situation of social vulnerability faced by trans people in their daily lives intensified during the pandemic. The need for physical distancing led to increased symptoms of anxiety and depression, worsening economic conditions, and difficulties in accessing procedures and medications that make up the gender affirmation process, in addition to exacerbating family conflicts and manifestations of transphobia. Therefore, there is a need to implement public policies and a social protection network to reduce the vulnerability and psychosocial suffering of the transgender and transvestite community. (AU)


El objetivo de este estudio es identificar, analizar e integrar los resultados de los estudios que examinaban el impacto de la pandemia de COVID-19 en la salud mental de las personas transexuales y travestis. Se realizó una revisión integrativa de acuerdo con las directrices PRISMA en tres bases de datos: PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS y PsycINFO. Se incluyeron ocho estudios que cumplían con los criterios de inclusión. El análisis temático del material generó seis categorías temáticas. Los estudios analizados señalaron que la situación de vulnerabilidad social a la que están sometidas las personas trans en la vida cotidiana se amplió durante la pandemia. La necesidad de distanciamiento físico se tradujo en el aumento de los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión, el agravamiento de las condiciones económicas, las dificultades para acceder a los procedimientos y medicamentos que componen el proceso de afirmación del género, además de exacerbar los conflictos familiares y las manifestaciones de transfobia. Es necesario aplicar políticas públicas y una red de protección social para reducir la vulnerabilidad y el sufrimiento psicosocial de las personas transgénero. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety/psychology , Depression/psychology , Transgender Persons/psychology , COVID-19/psychology , Social Conditions , Review Literature as Topic , Database , Family Conflict/psychology , Sexual and Gender Minorities/psychology , Sexual Vulnerability
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1536336

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El impacto psicológico de la pandemia en la población varía de acuerdo al tipo de afección, por el significado que implica a la persona y sus características. Objetivos: Determinar el riesgo de depresión, ansiedad, estrés y suicidio en pacientes en aislamiento por contacto de casos sospechosos de COVID-19. Métodos: Estudio observacional transversal en pacientes en aislamiento domiciliario por contacto de casos sospechosos de COVID-19, Policlínico José Martí Pérez del municipio Gibara, de noviembre del 2020 a febrero del 2021. El universo fue 417 pacientes, de ellos 399 fue la muestra mediante un muestreo no probabilístico y cumplieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Se recolectó a través de test que evaluaron las alteraciones psicológicas. La información recogida fue almacenada en una base de datos, y se procesó mediante la utilización del paquete estadístico SPSS 17. Resultados: Predominaron pacientes aislados por contacto directo (194/48,62 por ciento) y en aislamiento por más a 10 días (203/50,89 por ciento). El ser contacto de cualquier tipo de paciente sospechoso de COVID-19 se relacionó con riesgo de depresión (OR: 1,81; IC 95 por ciento: 1,38-2,38), pero no con la ansiedad (OR: 1,05; IC 95 por ciento 0,88-1,25). El estrés no presentó significación estadística (p = 0,341) en relación al tiempo en aislamiento. La ideación suicida estuvo presente en 25 pacientes, relacionándose con el riesgo de sufrirla (OR: 1,39; IC 95 por ciento: 1,03-1,88) en pacientes contactos directos. Conclusiones: Durante el aislamiento, los pacientes presentaron ansiedad como principal alteración psicológica, al estar en contacto con pacientes positivos de COVID-19. Esta situación se relaciona estrechamente con el riesgo de sufrir depresión y presentar idea suicida(AU)


Introduction: The pandemic's psychological impact of the on the population varies depending on the type of condition, according to the meaning that it implies to the person and its characteristics. Objectives: To determine the risk of depression, anxiety, stress and suicide in patients in isolation due to contact with suspected cases of COVID-19. Methods: A cross-sectional and observational study was carried out with patients in home isolation due to contact with suspected cases of COVID-19. The patients belonged to the Policlínico José Martí Pérez, Gibara Municipality, from November 2020 to February 2021. From a study universe of 417 patients, 399 were selected by nonprobabilistic sampling, apart from the fact that they met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The psychological alterations were evaluated through the application of a test. The collected information was stored in a database and processed using the SPSS 17 statistical package. Results: There was a predominance of patients isolated due to direct contact (194/48, 62 percent) and in isolation for more than 10 days (203/50, 89 percent). Having been in contact with any type of patient suspected of COVID-19 was associated with risk of depression (OR: 1.81; 95 percentI: 1.38-2.38), but not with anxiety (OR: 1.05; 95 percent CI: 0.88-1.25). Stress was not statistically significant (p = 0.341) in relation to the isolation time. Suicidal ideation was present in 25 patients, being related, in patients who were direct contact, to the risk of suffering from the disease (OR: 1.39; 95 percent I: 1.03-1.88). Conclusions: During isolation, patients presented anxiety as the main psychological alteration, since they had been in contact with COVID-19 positive patients. This situation is closely related to the risk of suffering depression and presenting suicidal ideation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety/psychology , Suicide/psychology , Depression/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
7.
Subj. procesos cogn ; 27(1): 61-74, jun. 05, 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1437808

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has increased deaths worldwide, with Argentina registering an excess of mortality from all causes of 10.6%, which has generated a considerable workload in the health sector, with workers being the most affected. One of the major consequences to which they were exposed has been the development of symptoms of depression. To observe how the variables of Fear of death, Spirituality, and Religiosity influence the possibility of developing symptoms of depression in the population of health workers, a quantitative, cross-sectional, and regression approach was used in a population of 200 healthcareworkers, with Fear of death being the most relevant explanatory variable, followed by Religiosity and Spirituality respectively to understand the model AU


La pandemia de COVID-19 ha incrementado las muertes alrededor del mundo, siendo el caso de Argentina el cual registra un exceso de mortalidad por todas las causas del 10,6%, lo que ha generado una carga de trabajo considerable en el sector salud, siendo los trabajadores los más afectados. Una de las principales consecuencias a las que estuvieron expuestos ha sido el desarrollo de síntomas de depresión. Para observar cómo las variables Miedo a la muerte, Espiritualidad y Religiosidad influyen en la posibilidad de desarrollar síntomas de depresión en la población de trabajadores de la salud, se utilizó un enfoque cuantitativo, transversal y de regresión en una población de 200 trabajadores de la salud, siendo el Miedo a la muerte la variable explicativa más relevante, seguida de la Religiosidad y la Espiritualidad respectivamente para entender el modelo AU


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Attitude to Death , Health Personnel/psychology , Spirituality , Depression/psychology , COVID-19/psychology , Anxiety , Religion and Psychology , Stress, Psychological , Fear
8.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 28: 1-8, mar. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437624

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar a associação entre níveis de atividade física e sintomas de ansiedade e depressão. Foi elaborado um questionário online no Google Forms® com questões objetivas e abertas para avaliar as questões relacionadas à prática de atividade física e saúde mental durante o período da pandemia da COVID-19. O formulário incluiu perguntas relacionadas a aspectos sociodemográficos, nível de atividade física (IPAQ ­versão curta) e análise da saúde mental dos participantes com as escalas de Ansiedade e Depressão de Beck. A associação entre atividade física e saúde mental foi estimada por meio de modelos de regressão. Cento e noventa e três pessoas responderam ao questionário (59% do sexo feminino). As mulheres apresentaram maiores níveis de ansiedade e depressão quando comparadas aos homens (p < 0,001 para todos os domínios). O risco de ter sintomas graves de ansiedade e depressivos aumentou respectivamente (OR = 4,20; IC95%: 1,25 - 14,11), e (OR = 3,16; IC95%: 1,12 - 8,91) nos participantes classificados com nível baixo de atividade física quando comparados aos quem mantêm o nível mais alto. Os homens têm menos chances de terem sintomas de ansiedade (OR= 0,23; IC95%: 0,10 - 0,55 p < 0,001) e depressão (OR = 0,33 IC95%: 0,12 - 0,88). Em suma, pode-se concluir que, durante a pandemia de COVID-19, os participantes que obtiveram alto nível de atividade física têm menos chances de apresentar sintomas graves de ansiedade e moderado de depressão


he aim of the present study was to investigate the cross-sectional association between levels of physical activity and symptoms of anxiety and depression. An online questionnaire was prepared on Google Forms® with objective and open questions to evaluate the issues related to physical activity and mental health during the period of the COVID-19 pandemic. The form included questions related to sociodemographic aspects, physical activity level (IPAQ ­ short version) and analysis of the participants' mental health using the Beck Anxiety and Depression scales. The association between physical activity and mental health was estimated using regression models. One hundred and ninety-three people responded to the questionnaire (59% female). Women had higher levels of anxiety and depression when compared to men (p < 0.001 for all domains). The risk of having severe anxiety and depressive symptoms increased respectively (OR = 4.20; 95%CI: 1.25 - 14.11), and (OR = 3.16; 95%CI: 1.12 - 8.91) in participants classified as having a low level of physical ac-tivity when compared to those who maintain the highest level. Men are less likely to have anxiety symptoms (OR = 0.23; 95%CI: 0.10 - 0.55) and depression (OR = 0.33; 95%CI: 0.12 - 0.88). In summary, it can be concluded that participants who achieved a high level of physical activity are less likely to have symptoms of severe anxiety and moderate symptoms of depression


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anxiety/psychology , Exercise/physiology , Depression/psychology , COVID-19/psychology , Sex Factors , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
9.
Psico USF ; 28(2): 321-332, Apr.-June 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448907

ABSTRACT

The expectations imposed on students to achieve good academic performance have continually increased. This study's objective was to explore how career adaptability, psychological capital, and mental health indicators predict student burnout. A total of 1,398 students intending to enter higher education in 2020 participated; most were women from the Southeast. The results indicate that perception of control and resilience protects students from exhaustion, while stress and depression favor its emergence. In addition, the concern, anxiety, optimism, and resilience constructs prevent disengagement, while depression facilitates disengagement to be experienced in daily life. These findings reinforce the relationship between personal resources and well-being in the academic environment. (AU)


A expectativa de bom desempenho acadêmico cresce gradualmente e desenvolver habilidades para lidar com os desafios do período do vestibular se faz cada vez mais importante. O objetivo deste artigo foi explorar como recursos de adaptabilidade de carreira, capital psicológico e indicadores de saúde mental predizem o Burnout de estudantes. Participaram deste estudo 1398 estudantes que visavam ingressar no ensino superior no ano de 2020, sendo maioria mulher e que pertencia à região sudeste. Os resultados indicaram que a percepção de controle e resiliência favorecem ao estudante a não vivenciar a exaustão, bem como o estresse e depressão favorecem o seu surgimento. Construtos de preocupação, ansiedade, otimismo e resiliência evitam o desengajamento e a depressão colabora para que este esteja presente no dia a dia. A partir disso, os achados desta pesquisa enfatizam a relação existente entre recursos pessoais e bem-estar no ambiente dos estudos. (AU)


La expectativa de un buen desempeño académico crece gradualmente y el desarrollo de habilidades para enfrentar desafíos del período vestibular es importante. El objetivo del artículo fue explorar cómo recursos de adaptabilidad a la carrera, Capital Psicológico y indicadores de salud mental predicen Burnout de estudiantes. Participaron 1398 estudiantes con objetivo de ingresar a la educación superior en 2020, la mayoría eran mujeres y pertenecían a región sureste. Resultados indicaron que percepción de control y resiliencia favorecen que el alumno no experimente agotamiento, así como el estrés y la depresión favorecen su aparición. Las construcciones de preocupación, ansiedad, optimismo y resiliencia previenen la desconexión y la depresión ayuda a asegurar que esté presente en la vida cotidiana. A partir de esto, los hallazgos de esta investigación enfatizan la relación entre los recursos personales y el bienestar en el ambiente de estudio. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Resilience, Psychological , Burnout, Psychological/psychology , Anxiety/psychology , Psychometrics , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Students , Career Choice , Mental Health , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Depression/psychology , Optimism , Correlation of Data , Psychological Well-Being/psychology
10.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 255-261, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986024

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the current situation of long working hours exposure of couriers in Zhejiang Province, and to analyze the influence of long working hours exposure levels on their occupational stress and depression symptoms, and provide a basis for promoting the physical and mental health of couriers. Methods: From September to December 2021 , 1159 couriers from Zhejiang Express Transport Companies were selected as respondents by cluster sampling, and their basic information were collected. The occupational stress and depression symptoms of the couriers were assessed using the Core Occupational Stress Scale (COSS) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). The effects of long work hours (>48 h per week) on the occupational stress and depression symptoms of the couriers were analyzed. Results: The average age of 1159 courier in Zhejiang Province was (33.24±8.42) years, the average weekly working hours were (63.21±18.77) h, and 75.15% (871/1159) were long-term workers. The detection rates of occupational stress and depression symptoms in courier were 32.44% (376/1159) and 32.53% (377/1159), respectively. There were significant differences in the detection rates of occupational stress and depression symptoms among couriers with different ages, educational background, marital status, monthly average income, length of service, position or post, shift status, drinking status, and average weekly working hours (P <0.05). The adjusted logistic regression analysis showed that, after adjusting for the influence of confounding factors such as age, educational background, marital status, monthly average income, length of service, position or post, shift status and drinking status, compared with the weekly working hours ≤48 h, weekly working hours of 63-77 h, 78-92 h, ≥93 h were the risk factors for occupational stress (OR=1.547, 95%CI: 1.019-2.350; OR=1.886, 95%CI: 1.184-3.006; OR=2.338, 95%CI: 1.188-4.062) and depression symptoms (OR=1.897, 95%CI: 1.258-2.860; OR=2.041, 95%CI: 1.290-3.230; OR=4.978, 95%CI: 2.551-9.715) of couriers (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Long working hours could increase the risk of occupational stress and depression symptoms among couriers. It is necessary to arrange working hours reasonably to reduce the occurrence of occupational stress and depression symptoms of couriers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression/psychology , Occupational Stress/psychology , Mental Health , Risk Factors , Job Satisfaction , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
Horiz. enferm ; 34(2): 321-358, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512245

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La depresión es un problema de salud mental común en la etapa de la adolescencia, se manifiesta por descenso del humor, tristeza y pérdida de interés en actividades cotidianas. Esta etapa es sensible por los grandes cambios biopsicosociales. OBJETIVO: identificar factores relacionados a la depresión en adolescentes que puedan actuar como factores protectores o factores de riesgo. METODOLOGÍA: se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos WoS, PUBMED, Scopus, y BVS; se utilizaron descriptores normalizados para la expresión de búsqueda "Adolescente AND factores protectores OR factores de riesgo AND depresión", seleccionando 38 artículos. RESULTADOS: se obtuvieron 34 factores, que pueden actuar como de riesgo y protectores, y agrupados en dimensiones: a) biológica: género, edad, índice de masa corporal, problemas de salud; b) psicológica: autorregulación, autoestima, afecto positivo/negativo, pensamientos negativos, imagen corporal, estrés, alexitimia, calidad de vida, y c) social, subdividida en tres grupos: c.1) hábitos: consumo de sustancias nocivas, actividad física/sedentarismo, adicción a pantallas, rendimiento académico, participación comunitaria, estilo de vida, actividad sexual, sueño; c.2) contexto familiar: experiencias familiares, relación padres-hijos, funcionalidad familiar, composición familiar, nivel socioeconómico; y c.3) entorno: escuela urbana, implicación escolar, bullying, apoyo social, exposición a violencia, eventos vitales negativos, alfabetización en salud y áreas verdes. CONCLUSIÓN: Existen factores relacionados a la depresión en adolescentes que podrán actuar como factores protectores o de riesgo, su conocimiento por parte de los profesionales de la salud y de la enfermera en particular es fundamental para intervenirlos.


INTRODUCTION: Depression is a common mental health problem in adolescence, manifested by poor mood, sadness and loss of interest in daily activities. Adolescents are especially susceptible to depression due to the great biopsychosocial changes in this stage of life. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors and protective factors associated with adolescent depression that are evidence-based. METHODOLOGY: a bibliographic search was carried out in the WoS, PUBMED, Scopus, and VHL databases. Standardized descriptors used to conduct the search included Adolescent AND protective factors OR risk factors AND depression. 38 articles were selected. RESULTS: 38 factors were identified, classified as risky and protective, and grouped into the following dimensions: a) biological: gender, age, BMI, health problems; b) psychological: negative or positive affection, negative thoughts, satisfaction with body image, stress, alexhythemia, quality of life, self-regulation, self-esteem; and c) social, subdivided into three groups: c.1) habits, physical activity, consumption of harmful substances, screen addiction, lifestyle that needs to be improved, sexual activity, community participation, sleep duration, academic performance; c.2) family context: experiences, parent-child relationship, composition, socioeconomic level, functionality, educational level of parents; and c.3) environmental:: social support, bullying, exposure to violence, belonging to an urban school, negative life events, school involvement, neighborhood with green areas and health literacy. CONCLUSION: Several factors that affect depression in adolescents are reported by the literature. In the biological dimension, they tend to be risk factors, and in the psychological and social dimensions, they may increase risk or be protective. Knowledge of these factors by the nurse is essential to guide interventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adolescent , Depression/psychology , Body Image/psychology , Mental Health
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1521943

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La integración social es un proceso dinámico que mejora la inclusión de sujetos en riesgos de exclusión, requiriendo de estrategias especializadas, como pueden ser los programas aplicados de actividad física. Objetivo: Valorar los efectos de la actividad física en la integración social del adulto mayor jubilado de la Espoch. Métodos: Se estudian a 34 exservidores públicos jubilados de la Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo (Espoch), con un nivel moderado auto percibido de depresión/ansiedad, sometiéndolos a un proceso de intervención con actividades físico-recreativas que incluyen 7 unidades con sesiones de 90min. Los adultos mayores fueron evaluados con la Escala Auto Aplicada de Adaptación Social-SASS en dos momentos del proceso de intervención. Resultados: El pretest determinó una media de 2.24puntos (≈2: Desadaptación social patente), incrementándose el puntaje promedio como parte del posttest a 2.76 (≈3: Normalidad), existiendo diferencias significativas a favor del posttest (p=0.000). Conclusiones: Se demuestra un incremento de la adaptación social basada en un equilibrio de los niveles de integración con el entorno conocido (universidad), logrados con la implementación de la propuesta de intervención. En tal sentido, los programas físico-recreativo especializados pueden ser complementos efectivos para potenciar la integración de un grupo social determinado, como es el caso de adultos mayores jubilados de un centro de educación superior(AU)


Introduction: Social integration is a dynamic process that improves the subject's inclusion at exclusion risk, requiring specialized strategies, such as physical activity programs. Objective: to assess the physical activity effects on the social integration of the retired older adult from Espoch. Methods: 34 former retired public servants from the Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo (Espoch), with a self-perceived moderate level of depression/anxiety, were studied, subjecting them to an intervention process with physical-recreational activities that included 7 units with 90-min sessions. The older adults were evaluated with the Self-Applied Scale of Social Adaptation-SASS at two moments of the intervention process. Results: The pretest determined an average of 2.24 points (≈2: patent social maladjustment), increasing the score as part of the posttest to 2.76 (≈3: Normality), with significant differences in posttest favor (p=0.000). Conclusions: an increase in social adaptation is demonstrated based on a balance level of integration with the known environment (university), achieved with the implementation of the intervention proposal. In this sense, specialized physical-recreational programs can be effective complements to promote the integration of a specific social group, as is the case of older adults retired from a higher education center(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Anxiety/psychology , Exercise/psychology , Depression/psychology , Social Determinants of Health/economics
13.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 28: e54826, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529184

ABSTRACT

RESUMO. Teoria da mente é a habilidade sociocognitiva de inferir pensamentos, sentimentos e intenções. É uma habilidade que sustenta as relações sociais e parece particularmente relevante para o exercício de certas atividades que estão ligadas à 'leitura do outro', como a prática de profissionais que exercem o cuidado em equipamentos de saúde, como ocorre nos Centros de Atenção Psicossocial. Este estudo teórico teve o objetivo de analisar a importância das habilidades sociocognitivas para o trabalho em saúde, especialmente na saúde mental, a fim de identificar e discutir possíveis fatores que podem ter impacto na inferência que os profissionais fazem a respeito do que os usuários do serviço estão pensando, sentindo ou querendo. A análise permitiu observar as formas pelas quais a teoria da mente pode se tornar importante ferramenta para o profissional no processo terapêutico. Além disso, foi possível identificar que, no formato em que tem funcionado atualmente, o trabalho em Centros de Atenção Psicossocial tem exposto o profissional a diversos estressores que parecem produzir efeitos em suas habilidades sociocognitivas, podendo prejudicar não apenas sua saúde como também o exercício do cuidado.


RESUMEN. Teoría de la mente es la capacidad sociocognitiva de inferir pensamientos, sentimientos e intenciones. Es una habilidad que apoya las relaciones sociales y parece particularmente relevante para el ejercicio de determinadas actividades que están vinculadas a 'leer al otro', como la práctica de los profesionales que brindan atención en equipos de salud, como ocurre en los Centros de Atención Psicosocial. Este estudio teórico tuvo como objetivo analizar la importancia de las habilidades socio-cognitivas para el trabajo en salud, especialmente en salud mental, buscando identificar y discutir posibles factores que pueden incidir en la inferencia que hacen los profesionales sobre lo que piensan, sienten o sienten los usuarios del servicio. El análisis permitió observar las formas en que la teoría de la mente puede convertirse en una herramienta importante para los profesionales en el proceso terapéutico. Además, se pudo identificar que, en el formato en el que se ha operado actualmente, el trabajo en Centros de Atención Psicosocial ha expuesto a los profesionales a diversos estresores que parecen afectar sus habilidades sociocognitivas, los cuales pueden perjudicar no solo su salud sino también el ejercicio del cuidado.


ABSTRACT. Theory of mind is a social cognition ability to infer thoughts, feelings and intentions. It is a skill that underpins social relationships and seems particularly relevant to the exercise of certain activities linked to mindreading, such as healthcare practice, for example, in Psychosocial Care Centers. This theoretical study aims to analyze the importance of social cognition skills for mental health practitioners, seeking to identify and discuss possible factors that impact how these professionals infer what service users are thinking, feeling or wanting. The analysis allowed us to observe how the theory of mind can become an important tool for professionals in the therapeutic process. In particular, the study concludes that work in Psychosocial Care Centers has exposed professionals to various stressors that seem to have an effect on their social cognition skills, which can harm not only their health but also their ability to attend to the needs of service users.


Subject(s)
Theory of Mind/physiology , Theory of Mind/ethics , Social Cognition , Interpersonal Relations , Mental Health Services , Aptitude/ethics , Therapeutics/psychology , Mental Health/ethics , Delivery of Health Care/ethics , Depression/psychology , Emotions/ethics , Health Services Needs and Demand/ethics
14.
Subj. procesos cogn ; 26(2): 58-79, nov. 28, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1401880

ABSTRACT

La presente investigación tiene como objetivo analizar desde dos métodos de análisis de discurso (Indicadores de Cambio Genérico y el Algoritmo David Liberman-AH) los momentos de cambio y estancamiento en extractos de entrevista de una persona con intento suicida que acudió a un proceso de psicoterapia. Se analizaron en los fragmentos los intercambios entre paciente y terapeuta. El primer fragmento corresponde a un episodio de cambio terapéutico y el segundo a uno de estancamiento. En los resultados se muestra la calificación de los fragmentos mediante los dos métodos y se destacan semejanzas en cuanto a los criterios para delimitar el cambio y el estancamiento. En la discusión se precisa la importancia del uso de ambos métodos para una detección detallada de procesos de pensamiento, sensopercepción y afecto relacionados con el intento suicida, así como sobre el surgimiento y sostenimiento de sentimientos de bienestar en los episodios de cambio, además se valora la diferencia que ofrece el ADL, dado que proporciona la detección de defensas(AU)


Two fragments of a psychotherapy process with a patient with a suicide attempt were analyzed from two discourse analysis methodologies. The first corresponds to an episode of therapeutic change and the second to one of stagnation. Similarities were observed in both methods in terms of the criteria for delimiting change and stagnation, as well as the importance of using both methods for a detailed detection of thought processes, sensory perception and affect related to the suicide attempt, as well as the emergence and maintenance of feelings of well-being in episodes of change;in addition, the difference offered by the ADL is valued, since it provides the detection of defenses(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Psychology, Social , Suicide, Attempted/psychology , Psychotherapeutic Processes , Countertransference , Depression/psychology
15.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(11): 1513-1519, nov. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442044

ABSTRACT

Along with the increase in reported figures of depression in the world's population, organizations such as the WHO have begun to promote screening and pharmacological treatment of mild symptomatic cases. The problem in this context is that the manifestations of 'normal' and 'pathological' depressive mood do not differ much from each other, which creates difficulties at a diagnostic and scientific level. This article explores an approach that could facilitate the clinical and scientific task of differentiating between non-specific affective disturbances (depressive mood) and depression as an illness as such. It is proposed that various causal stressors interact with individual predispositions to trigger a transient change in mood as an adaptive response. In turn, the greater the intensity of the stressors (psychological, social, etc.), the greater the neuroinflammation, which would diminish neuronal plasticity and the possibilities of mood compensation and behavioral change of the subject. The existence of this neurobiological alteration (decreased neuronal plasticity), rather than depressive mood, would help us to categorize depression as a disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Affect , Depression/etiology , Depression/psychology
16.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(5): 325-332, oct. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423735

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir y analizar si el apoyo social percibido modera la relación entre antecedente de depresión (AD) o síntomas de trastorno de estrés postraumático (TEPT) y desarrollo de síntomas de depresión posparto (SDPP), evaluado prospectivamente. Método: Diseño longitudinal de tres tiempos: antes del parto (n = 458), primer mes posparto (n = 406) y tercer mes posparto (n = 426). Se utilizaron la Escala de Depresión Posparto de Edimburgo (EPDS), la Escala de Síntomas de Estrés Postraumático (PCL-C) y la Escala de Apoyo Social Percibido (MOS). Se realizó un análisis de ocho modelos jerárquicos de regresión lineal múltiple, por cada tiempo de evaluación en el estudio. Resultados: Se encontró una asociación significativa entre síntomas de TEPT y puntaje de SDPP en los tres tiempos. El apoyo social percibido es un factor protector significativo para los SDPP en los tiempos 1 y 2, mientras que el AD es un factor de riesgo significativo en los tiempos 2 y 3. Los resultados no apoyan las hipótesis de interacción. Conclusiones: El apoyo social es un factor protector significativo, que puede disminuir los SDPP; sin embargo, disminuye con el tiempo. El apoyo social no logra revertir la asociación de los síntomas de TEPT con el puntaje en SDPP.


Objective: Describe and analyze if the perceived social support moderates the relationship between depression history or post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms and the development of symptoms of postpartum depression, prospectively evaluated. Method: Longitudinal design of three times: before partum (n = 458), one month (n = 458) and 3 months postpartum (n = 458). The version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the version of the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C), and the version of the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey (MOS) were used. Analysis of eight hierarchical multiple linear regression models. Results: A significant association was found between symptoms of post-traumatic stress and postpartum depression, in the three times measured. The perceived social support variable was found to be a significant protective factor for perinatal depression in times 1 and 2, and history of depression was significant in times 2 and 3. The results do not support the interaction hypothesis. Conclusions: Social support is a significant protective factor, which can reduce the symptoms of postpartum depression, nevertheless the significance decreases over time. However, social support fails to reverse the association of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms with symptoms of postpartum depression score.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Social Support , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/diagnosis , Depression, Postpartum/diagnosis , Depression/diagnosis , Perception , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Time Factors , Regression Analysis , Longitudinal Studies , Depression, Postpartum/psychology , Parturition/psychology , Depression/psychology , Checklist
17.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 72(5): 567-573, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420593

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Patients' postoperative treatment might be affected by their psychological state. The study aimed to evaluate the effects of anxiety, coping ability (stress tolerance), depression, and pain catastrophizing on analgesic consumption in patients scheduled for sleeve gastrectomy. Methods This prospective observational study consisted of 72 patients. The Distress Tolerance Scale (DTS), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) were completed in the preoperative period. In the postoperative period, pain intensity, as measured with the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), and morphine consumption (mg) were evaluated after 2, 6, 8, and 24 hours. Total morphine consumption was recorded. Results The results revealed a strong negative correlation between distress tolerance and postoperative total morphine consumption (r = -0.702, p< 0.001). There was a strong positive correlation between total morphine consumption and pain catastrophizing (r = 0.801, p< 0.001). A moderate positive correlation was observed between total morphine consumption and anxiety and between total morphine consumption and depression (r = 0.511, p< 0.001; r = 0.556, p< 0.001, respectively). Linear regression revealed that distress tolerance, anxiety, depression, and pain catastrophizing are predictors of postoperative morphine consumption (β = 0.597, p< 0.001; β = 0.207, p= 0.036; β = 0.140, p= 0.208; β = 0.624, p< 0.001, respectively). Conclusions Distress tolerance, anxiety, depression, and pain catastrophizing can be predictive of postoperative analgesic consumption. In the estimation of postoperative analgesic consumption, distress tolerance, as well as anxiety, depression, and pain catastrophizing, were found to be important predictors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression/psychology , Catastrophization/psychology , Anxiety/psychology , Pain, Postoperative/psychology , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Postoperative Period , Analgesics , Morphine
18.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3)set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399128

ABSTRACT

A pandemia de COVID-19 e as medidas de controle para conter a disseminação do vírus, como o distanciamento social, trouxeram mudanças à rotina das pessoas, mundialmente. Esse contexto pode gerar impactos adversos para a saúde mental dos indivíduos, especialmente, àqueles em maior vulnerabilidade, os idosos. O objetivo desse estudo foi analisar na literatura os impactos reais e/ou potenciais da pandemia de COVID-19 na saúde mental de idosos. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura com buscas realizadas na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, que utilizou a seguinte estratégia de busca: (Coronavírus OR "Infecções por Coronavirus" OR "Coronavirus Infections" OR COVID-19) AND (idoso OR elderly OR aged) AND ("Saúde Mental" OR "Mental Health"). Foram critérios de inclusão: artigos acessados na íntegra, sem distinção de ano e idioma, indexados até o dia 11 de novembro de 2020; e os critérios de exclusão: artigos com fuga do escopo da pesquisa, revisões de literatura, arquivos multimídia e duplicados. Foram encontrados 241 registros, e após a aplicação dos critérios de elegibilidade estabelecidos restaram 27 artigos para discussão. Dentre os impactos reais/potenciais da pandemia de COVID-19 na saúde mental dos idosos, abordados nos estudos, destaca-se a ansiedade, depressão, solidão, estresse, sensação de medo ou pânico, tristeza, suicídio/ideação suicida e insônia. Apesar disso, considera-se que há uma quantidade ainda escassa de estudos voltados especificamente para a população idosa que permitam aprofundar as discussões sobre esse tema.


The COVID-19 pandemic and control measures to contain the spread of the virus, such as social detachment, have brought changes to people's routine, worldwide. This context can generate adverse impacts on the mental health of individuals, especially those most vulnerable, the older adults. The aim of this study was to analyze in the literature the real and / or potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of the older adults. It is an integrative literature review with searches performed in the Virtual Health Library, which used the following search strategy: (Coronavírus OR "Infecções por Coronavirus" OR "Coronavirus Infections" OR COVID- 19) AND (idoso OR elderly OR aged) AND ("Saúde Mental" OR "Mental Health"). Inclusion criteria were: articles accessed in full, without distinction of year and language, indexed until November 11, 2020; and exclusion criteria: articles with escape the scope of the research, literature reviews, multimedia and duplicate files, 241 records were found, and after applying the established eligibility criteria, 27 articles remained for discussion, among the actual / potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on older people, addressed in the studies, anxiety, depression, loneliness, stress, feeling of fear or panic, sadness, suicide / suicidal ideation and insomnia stand out. Despite this, there is still a small amount studies specifically aimed at the older population that allow further discussions on this topic.


La pandemia de covid-19 y las medidas de control para contener la propagación del virus, como el distanciamiento social, han supuesto cambios en la rutina de las personas en todo el mundo. Este contexto puede generar impactos adversos a la salud mental de los individuos, especialmente a los más vulnerables, los ancianos. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar en la literatura los impactos reales y/o potenciales de la pandemia de COVID-19 en la salud mental de los ancianos. Se trata de una revisión bibliográfica integradora con búsquedas realizadas en la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud, que utilizó la siguiente estrategia de búsqueda: (Coronavirus OR "Coronavirus Infections" OR "Coronavirus Infections" OR COVID-19) AND (elderly OR aged) AND ("Mental Health" OR "Mental Health"). Los criterios de inclusión fueron: artículos accedidos en su totalidad, independientemente del año y el idioma, indexados hasta el 11 de noviembre de 2020; y los criterios de exclusión: artículos que estuvieran fuera del ámbito de la investigación, revisiones bibliográficas, archivos multimedia y duplicados. Se encontraron un total de 241 registros, y tras aplicar los criterios de elegibilidad establecidos, quedaron 27 artículos para su discusión. Entre los impactos reales/potenciales de la pandemia de COVID-19 en la salud mental de los ancianos, abordados en los estudios, destacan la ansiedad, la depresión, la soledad, el estrés, la sensación de miedo o pánico, la tristeza, la ideación suicida/suicida y el insomnio. A pesar de ello, se considera que todavía hay una escasa cantidad de estudios dirigidos específicamente a la población de edad avanzada que permitan profundizar en las discusiones sobre este tema.


Subject(s)
Aged/psychology , Mental Health , Coronavirus Infections/etiology , Pandemics/statistics & numerical data , Anxiety/psychology , Panic , Suicide/psychology , Aging/physiology , Depression/psychology , Fear/psychology , Sadness/psychology , Psychological Distress , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/etiology , Loneliness/psychology
19.
Rev. med. Chile ; 150(9): 1239-1247, sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431889

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 pandemic disturbed mental health of healthcare personnel. Residents of the specialization programs could be at risk, since they were reassigned in their functions. Aim: To describe the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on symptoms of depression, stress, anxiety and resilient coping in residents of Anesthesiology, Internal Medicine and Emergency Medicine MATERIAL AND METHODS: Residents were invited to answer an online survey containing the DASS-21 scale for anxiety, stress and depression symptoms and the Brief Resilient Coping Scale (BRCS) for resilience skills. RESULTS: Fifty four out of 90 residents answered the survey. Eighteen to 24% of respondents had symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress at severe and extremely severe levels. Those with severe and extremely severe symptoms had also the lowest score on the BRCS resilience scale. We did not find an association between severity of symptoms and gender. Discussion: A proportion of respondent residents had severe psychological symptoms and lower resilience scores during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Health Personnel/psychology , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics , COVID-19/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Internship and Residency , Mental Disorders/psychology , Mental Disorders/epidemiology , Anxiety/psychology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/psychology , Depression/epidemiology , Resilience, Psychological
20.
Psico USF ; 27(3): 477-487, July-Sept. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422328

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, retrospectivo, correlacional e de corte transversal, com objetivo de fornecer dados normativos do TDR para idosos, levando em consideração diferentes faixas etárias e níveis de escolaridade. Duzentos e trinta e cinco foram entrevistados individualmente, distribuídos em cinco grupos etários e quatro níveis de escolaridade. Os instrumentos foram Ficha de Dados Sociodemográficos, Miniexame do Estado Mental (MEEM), Escala de Depressão Geriátrica, versão reduzida (GDS-15), Tarefa de Fluência Verbal Semântica (TFVS) e o TDR. Utilizou-se estatísticas descritivas, correlação de Pearson e análise univariada (one-way ANOVA) com post hoc Scheffe. Os escores do TDR apresentaram associações significativas com os anos de idade, anos de escolaridade, MEEM, TFVS e GDS-15. Houve diferença de desempenho no TDR ao considerarem os grupos por idade. O estudo fornece valores normativos para o TDR em uma amostra de idosos do sul do Brasil que foram influenciados pela idade, escolaridade, sintomatologia depressiva e fluência verbal. (AU)


This was a quantitative, retrospective, correlational, cross-sectional study that aimed to provide normative CDT (Clock-Drawing Test) data for older adults, taking into account different age groups and educational levels. The sample included 235 older adults distributed among five age groups and four levels of education. The instruments were Sociodemographic Data Sheet, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Geriatric Depression Scale reduced version (GDS-15), the Semantic Verbal Fluency Task (TFVS), and the CDT. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and univariate analysis (one-way ANOVA) with Scheffe post hoc were used. The CDT scores showed significant associations with age, years of schooling, MMSE, TFVS, and GDS-15. There was a difference in performance in CDT when considering age groups. The present study was able to provide normative values ​​for CDT in a sample of older adults in southern Brazil that ​​were influenced by age, education, depressive symptoms, and verbal fluency. (AU)


Se trata de un estudio cuantitativo, retrospectivo, correlacional y transversal, con el objetivo de aportar datos normativos sobre el TDR para ancianos, teniendo en cuenta diferentes grupos de edad y niveles educativos. La muestra incluyó a 235 ancianos distribuidos en cinco grupos de edad y cuatro niveles de educación. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron Ficha de Datos Sociodemográficos, Mini Examen del Estado Mental (MMSE), Escala de Depresión Geriátrica, versión reducida (GDS-15), Tarea de Fluidez Verbal Semántica (TFVS) y TDR. Se emplearon estadísticas descriptivas, correlación de Pearson y análisis univariante (one-way ANOVA) con post hoc Scheffe. Los puntajes de TDR mostraron asociaciones significativas con la edad, años de escolaridad, MMSE, TFVS y GDS-15. Hubo diferencia en el desempeño en el TDR al considerar los grupos por edad. El presente estudio fue capaz de proporcionar valores normativos para TDR en una muestra de ancianos en el sur de Brasil influenciados por la edad, la escolaridad, los síntomas depresivos y la fluidez verbal. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Dementia/psychology , Depression/psychology , Neuropsychological Tests , Psychometrics , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Interviews as Topic/methods , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Fujita-Pearson Scale , Executive Function , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Correlation of Data , Sociodemographic Factors
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