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1.
Psico USF ; 25(3): 519-531, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1135733

ABSTRACT

Os transtornos de ansiedade têm se desenvolvido com mais frequência em crianças em idade escolar, prejudicando sua saúde, relações sociais e desenvolvimento global. Atualmente, tem-se buscado a prevenção desses transtornos. O Método FRIENDS, programa que visa prevenir ansiedade e depressão por meio do desenvolvimento de habilidades socioemocionais, resiliência e comportamentos para uma vida saudável, é uma possibilidade de intervenção. Nesse contexto, esta pesquisa objetivou verificar se a sintomatologia de ansiedade de crianças diminui após a participação destas no Método FRIENDS. Participaram do estudo 19 crianças, com idades entre 5 e 7 anos, de ambos os sexos. Foi utilizado como instrumento de avaliação o Spence Children's Anxiety Scale, respondido pelos pais em pré-teste, pós-teste e follow up. Os dados foram comparados a partir de estatística descritiva e inferencial. Os resultados apontam para a diminuição do total de sintomas de ansiedade nas crianças que participaram do método logo após e no seguimento de dois meses. (AU)


Anxiety disorders have developed more frequently in school-age children, harming their health, social relationships, and overall development. Currently, the prevention of these disorders has been sought. Thus, the FRIENDS Method, a program aimed at preventing anxiety and depression through the development of social-emotional skills, resilience, and behaviors for a healthy life, is a possibility of intervention. In this context, this research aimed to verify whether children's symptoms of anxiety diminish after participation in the FRIENDS Method intervention. A total of 19 children, aged from 5 to 7 years, of both sexes, participated in the study. The Spence Children's Anxiety Scale was used as an assessment tool, answered by the children's parents in the pre-test, post-test, and follow-up. Data were compared using descriptive and inferential statistics. Research findings showed better management of anxiety symptoms by children after participating in the group. (AU)


Los trastornos de ansiedad se han desarrollado con más frecuencia en ninõs en edad escolar, perjudicando su salud, relaciones sociales y desarrollo global. Actualmente, se ha tratado de prevenir estos trastornos. El Método FRIENDS, es un programa que tiene como objetivo prevenir ansiedad y depresión, por medio del desarrollo de habilidades socioecónomicas, resiliencia y comportamientos para una vida saludable, y también por una posibilidad de intervención. En este contexto, esta investigación tuvo como objetivo verificar si la sintomatología de ansiedad de los niños disminuyó después de la participación de ellos en el Método FRIENDS. Participaran del estudio 19 niños, con edad entre 5 e 7 años, de ambos sexos. Fue utilizado como instrumento de evaluación el Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS), contestado por los padres en pre-test, post-test y Follow-up. Los datos fueron comparados a partir de una estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Los resultados señalan la diminuición de total de síntomas de ansiedad en los niños que participaron del Método después de dos meses de seguimiento del mismo. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Anxiety Disorders/prevention & control , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Mental Health , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Resilience, Psychological , Reproducibility of Results
2.
Rev. psicanal ; 27(2): 479-505, Agosto 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252593

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho objetiva analisar a etiologia das neuroses em Freud e Winnicott. Para tanto, parte das principais considerações sobre os mecanismos de defesa, o recalque, a sexualidade, o complexo edípico e o conflito psíquico na psicanálise clássica freudiana, para depois propor uma nova etiologia a partir da teoria das relações objetais em Donald W. Winnicott. Os autores não consideram apenas o conflito vivido em termos da dinâmica psíquica, mas aquele vivido na dinâmica mãe-bebê, principalmente a partir dos polos opostos entre o amor e o ódio na travessia do concernimento (posição depressiva). Os autores defendem um manejo clínico de pacientes com sofrimento psíquico neurótico a partir da psicanálise transmatricial, propondo, concomitantemente à associação livre, o uso da regressão à dependência a fases primitivas de falhas ambientais (AU)


This paper aims to analyze the etiology of the neuroses in Freud and Winnicott. In order to do so, the authors build upon the main considerations on defense mechanisms, repression, sexuality, the oedipal complex, and the psychic conflict in Freudian psychoanalysis. Then they propose a new etiology based on Donald W. Winnicott's object relations theory. The authors do not only consider the conflict experienced in terms of psychic dynamics, but also the conflict experienced in the mother-baby dynamics, particularly in regards to the opposition between love and hate in the development of concern (depressive position). The authors stand for the clinical management of patients with neurotic psychic suffering based on transmatricial psychoanalysis, proposing, along with free association, the use of regression to dependence on primitive phases of environmental failures (AU)


El presente trabajo tiene por objeto analizar la etiología de las neurosis en Freud y Winnicott. Para ello, parte de las principales consideraciones sobre los mecanismos de defensa, la represión, la sexualidad, el complejo edípico y el conflicto psíquico en el psicoanálisis freudiano, para proponer una nueva etiología a partir de la teoría de las relaciones objetivas en Donald W. Winnicott. Los autores no sólo consideran el conflicto vivido en términos de la dinámica psíquica, sino el conflicto vivido en la dinámica madre-bebé, principalmente a partir de los polos opuestos entre el amor y el odio en la travesía de la concernimiento (posición depresiva). Los autores defienden un manejo clínico de pacientes con sufrimiento psíquico neurótico a partir del psicoanálisis transmatricial, proponiendo junto a la asociación libre, el uso de la regresión a la dependencia a fases primitivas de fallas ambientales (AU)


Subject(s)
Depressive Disorder/psychology , Neurotic Disorders/psychology , Sexuality/psychology , Defense Mechanisms
4.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 31(2): 130-138, mar.-abr. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223504

ABSTRACT

La depresión y la obesidad son patologías altamente prevalentes y corresponden a los principales problemas de salud pública. Estas patologías tienen un gran impacto en la morbilidad y mortalidad de los pacientes y afectan la salud y el bienestar de quienes las padecen, así como también afectan en el aspecto socioeconómico consecuencia del deterioro funcional y el gasto de recursos en salud ocasionados. Resultados de estudios epidemiológicos, ensayos clínicos y meta-análisis apoyan la asociación entre los estados depresivos y la obesidad, ya que ambos ocurren conjuntamente en todas las razas de poblaciones evaluadas. El objetivo es abordar la evidencia con respecto a 4 aspectos: (1) obesidad y respuesta a los antidepresivos, (2) trastornos depresivos y su impacto sobre la progresión de la obesidad, (3) tratamiento de la obesidad y el impacto sobre los resultados entre pacientes con trastornos depresivos, (4) el tratamiento de los trastornos depresivos y su impacto sobre los resultados de la obesidad. La evidencia existente apoya la asociación entre obesidad y los resultados adversos para la salud en individuos con trastornos depresivos. Además, destaca el concepto que el tratamiento de una de las dos enfermedades (obesidad o trastornos depresivos) es relevante para mejorar el curso de la otra patología. Puede ser beneficioso explorar dirigidamente la presencia de un trastorno depresivo en sujetos con sobrepeso u obesidad, así como el aumento de peso en personas con depresión. Conocer el efecto de los fármacos antidepresivos sobre el peso corporal es también relevante para facilitar la adherencia al tratamiento en el largo plazo.


Depression and obesity are highly prevalent illness and a mayor public health concern. These diseases have a great impact on morbidity and mortality of patients and affect the health and well-being of those who suffer them, as well as being affected in the socioeconomic aspect as a result of the functional deterioration and the spending of resources. Results of epidemiological studies, clinical trials and meta-analysis support the association between mood disorders and obesity, since both occur together in all the populations evaluated. The objective is to address the evidence regarding four aspects: (1) obesity and response to antidepressants, (2) depressive disorders and their effect on the progression of obesity, (3) treatment of obesity and the effect on outcomes among patients with depressive disorders, (4) the treatment of depressive disorders and their effect on obesity outcomes. Existing evidence supports the association between obesity and adverse health outcomes in individuals with depressive disorders. In addition, it highlights the concept that the treatment of one of the two diseases (obesity or depressive disorders) is relevant to improve the course of the other disease. It may be beneficial to explore the presence of a depressive disorders in overweight or obese subjects, as well as weight gain in subjects with depression. Knowing the effect of antidepressant drugs on body weight is relevant to facilitate adherence to long-term treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Depressive Disorder/epidemiology , Obesity/psychology , Obesity/epidemiology , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Depressive Disorder/physiopathology , Depressive Disorder/drug therapy , Overweight , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use , Obesity/physiopathology , Obesity/therapy
5.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 56(1): 23-29, jan.-mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095935

ABSTRACT

Augusto dos Anjos (1884 - 1914) is one of the most original Brazilian poets of the twentieth century. He does not belong to a strict literary style and his poetry is marked by the use of scientific terms, by the existential suffering and by metaphysical questions. The personality of Augusto dos Anjos is described as melancholic and tormented, and he was known as "Doctor Sadness". He also had migraine. This paper reviews the biography of Augusto dos Anjos and investigates how his poetry echoes his psychopathological traits. We analyze the relations between creative genius and mental disorders. We also discuss the relations between migraine and psychopathology.


Augusto dos Anjos (1884 ­ 1914) é uma das vozes mais singulares da poesia brasileira do século XX. Sem nítida afiliação a uma escola literária específica, seus versos são marcados pelo léxico científico, pela inquietação metafísica e pelo sofrimento existencial. Observações biográficas relatam que o poeta tinha uma personalidade melancólica e angustiada, que lhe valeu a alcunha de "Doutor Tristeza". O autor também sofria de migrânea. Este trabalho revisita a biografia e a obra de Augusto dos Anjos, analisando como sua poesia repercute seus possíveis traços psicopatológicos, e discute sobre as relações entre gênio criativo e transtorno mental, além das relações entre migrânea e psicopatologia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , Psychopathology , Depressive Disorder/diagnosis , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Mental Disorders/diagnosis , Biographies as Topic , Headache/diagnosis , Neurasthenia
6.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(supl.2): 12-16, mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125099

ABSTRACT

El autismo es un desorden del neurodesarrollo caracterizado por una alteración cualitativa en la interacción social y la comunicación, asociada a intereses restringidos y conductas estereotipadas. Las personas con autismo tienen cuatro veces más posibilidades de desarrollar depresión que la población general y es considerada la afección de salud mental más frecuente en personas con trastornos del espectro autista (TEA). Es difícil reconocer la depresión en personas con TEA, en quienes, en general, se expresa en forma diferente a las que tienen desarrollo típico. En ellos la depresión puede manifestarse con inquietud e insomnio y no con sentimientos de tristeza, como sería esperable, por ello es esencial estar atentos y no justificar todos los problemas al autismo. Los adultos jóvenes con TEA tienen niveles basales más altos de casi todas las características de depresión enumeradas en el DSM-5, esto puede generar sobrediagnóstico o subregistro de depresión. Los adultos con autismo tienen un riesgo aumentado de experimentar pensamientos suicidas, planificarlo, llevarlo a cabo e incluso fallecer por suicidio. Muchos de ellos tienen antecedentes de depresión, padecimiento de hostigamiento y sensación de soledad. Es fundamental la detección temprana de depresión, desarrollar herramientas adecuadas para su diagnóstico en autismo, y generar conciencia de riesgo de ideación o suicidio, lo que recién en los últimos años ha sido abordado con mayor profundidad. En este trabajo se analizan la depresión en autismo, el riesgo de ideación suicida y suicidio, jerarquizando los aspectos clínicos, su evaluación y factores de riesgo.


Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a qualitative alteration in social interaction and communication, associated with restricted interests and stereotyped behaviors. People with autism are four times more likely to develop depression, than the general population, it is even considered as the most common mental health condition in people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). One of the challenges is to recognize the manifestations related to depression in people with ASD, in whom, in general, it is expressed differently in relation to those with typical development. Depression in people with autism can manifest itself with restlessness and insomnia and not with feelings of sadness, so it is essential to be attentive and not justify all behavioral problems to autism. Young adults with ASD have higher baseline levels of almost all the depression characteristics listed in the DSM-5, which can lead to overdiagnosis or underreporting of depression. On the other hand, adults with autism have an increased risk of experiencing suicidal thoughts, planning suicide, carrying it out and even dying from suicide. Many of them have a history of depression, harassment and loneliness. It is essential the early detection of depression, develop appropriate tools for diagnosis in autism as well as generate awareness of the risk of ideation or suicide, a problem that only in recent years has been addressed with greater depth. In this paper I analyze depression in autism, the risk of suicidal ideation and suicide, prioritizing clinical aspects, their evaluation and risk factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Suicide/psychology , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Suicidal Ideation , Autism Spectrum Disorder/psychology , Risk Factors
7.
Salud bienestar colect ; 4(1): 59-68, ene.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179925

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: la Insuficiencia Renal Crónica (IRC) es un síndrome progresivo e irreversible de las funciones renales que genera consecuencias físicas y daños psicológicos para el individuo. OBJETIVOS: evaluar los diferentes estados mentales y emocionales que podría padecer la persona con IRC. Conocer los diferentes trastornos involucrados con la insuficiencia renal. METODOLOGÍA: la investigación es de diseño transversal con análisis descriptivo no experimental. Lo que se utilizó para realizar la investigación fueron, fuentes de páginas científicas, al igual que documentos de revistas científicas confiables. RESULTADOS: las personas que padecen de esta enfermedad, tienden a poseer diversas alteraciones emocionales y mentales, dado por diferentes factores. Por lo que la depresión forma parte fundamental del contexto clínico emocional de la persona pareciente de esta patología. Dentro de todos los estudios realizados por autores distintos, se llegó a un análisis de que los hombres presentan una depresión leve mientras que las mujeres por otra parte presentan una depresión moderada. CONCLUSIÓN: este estudio indicó asociaciones entre las variables: depresión, ansiedad y etapas de la IRC. Las diferencias observadas son significativas para aquellos que están en las etapas inicial y final de la ERC, con más probabilidad de desarrollar trastornos del estado de ánimo y de ansiedad.


INTRODUCTION: Chronic Renal Failure (CRI) is a progressive and irreversible syndrome of renal functions that generates physical consequences and psychological damage to the individual. OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the different mental and emotional states that the person with CRF might suffer. Know the different disorders involved with kidney failure. METHODOLOGY: the research is cross-sectional with non-experimental descriptive analysis. What was used to conduct the research were, sources of scientific pages, as well as documents from reliable scientific journals. RESULTS: people who suffer from this disease tend to have various emotional and mental disorders, given by different factors. Therefore, depression is a fundamental part of the emotional clinical context of the similar person of this pathology. Among all the studies carried out by different authors, an analysis was reached that men have a mild depression while women on the other hand have a moderate depression. CONCLUSION: this study indicated associations between the variables: depression, anxiety and stages of CRF. The differences observed are significant for those who are in the initial and final stages of CKD, most likely to develop mood andanxiety disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Adaptation, Psychological , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/psychology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Cognitive Dysfunction , Conservative Treatment , Mental Disorders
8.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4908, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056047

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify symptoms of eating disorders and potential associations with risk of suicide and depressive symptoms in undergraduate students of health-related courses. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 271 students. The following instruments were used to identify symptoms of eating disorders: Eating Attitudes Test-26 and Bulimic Investigatory Test of Edinburgh. The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview were used to screen for depressive symptoms and risk of suicide, respectively. Participants answered a questionnaire aimed to collect biodemographic data for economic classification of the sample. Results: Symptoms of eating disorders and bulimia nervosa were detected in 7.4% and 29.1% of students, respectively. Approximately 17.3% of students had symptoms of major depression, and 13.6% were at risk of suicide to some extent; risk of suicide was thought to be low in 7.4%, moderate in 0.7% and high in 5.5% of students in this subset. The risk of eating disorder development was correlated with the risk of suicide (p<0.001). Conclusion: Undergraduate students at risk of developing eating disorders, or with symptoms suggestive of depression, are more prone to commit suicide.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar sintomas de transtornos alimentares e possíveis associações com o risco de suicídio e sintomas depressivos em universitários de cursos de saúde. Métodos: Neste estudo de corte transversal, foram avaliados 271 estudantes. Foram utilizados os instrumentos Teste de Atitudes Alimentares e Bulimic Investigatory Test of Edinburgh, para identificação de sintomas de transtornos alimentares. Para o rastreamento de sintomas depressivos, foi usado o questionário de autoavaliação da Escala de Hamilton − Depressão, e o Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, para identificação do risco de suicídio. Todos os participantes responderam um questionário contendo informações sociodemográficas, para classificação econômica da amostra. Resultados: A frequência para sintomas de transtornos alimentares foi de 7,4% e de 29,1% para sintomas de bulimia nervosa. Cerca de 17,3% foram sintomáticos para depressão maior, e 13,6% tinham algum grau de risco de suicídio; destes, 7,4% foram considerados com risco de suicídio leve, 0,7% com risco moderado e 5,5% com risco alto de suicídio. Houve correlação entre risco para transtornos alimentares e risco de suicídio (p<0,001). Conclusão: Universitários com risco para os transtornos alimentares, bem como os que possuem sintomatologia sugestiva para depressão têm maior probabilidade de desenvolver o risco de suicídio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Students, Health Occupations/psychology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/psychology , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Suicidal Ideation , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment , Bulimia Nervosa/psychology , Middle Aged
9.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 49, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101872

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To evaluate the existing literature on the association between parents' depression and anxiety and their influence on their children's weight during childhood, identifying possible mechanisms involved in this association. METHODS A systematic search of the literature was conducted in the PubMed, PsycINFO and SciELO databases, using the following descriptors: (maternal OR mother* OR parent* OR paternal OR father) AND ("common mental disorder" OR "mental health" OR "mental disorder" OR "depressive disorder" OR depress* OR anxiety OR "anxiety disorder") AND (child* OR pediatric OR offspring) AND (overweight OR obes* OR "body mass index" OR BMI). A total of 1,187 articles were found after peer selection. RESULTS In total, 16 articles that met the inclusion criteria were selected for the review. Most of them investigated depressive symptoms and only three, symptoms of maternal anxiety. The evaluated studies suggested a positive association between symptoms of maternal depression and higher risk of childhood obesity. The results diverged according to the chronicity of depressive symptoms (episodic or recurrent depression) and income of the investigated country (high or middle income). Mechanisms were identified passing by quality of parenthood, affecting behaviors related to physical activity and child-feeding, as mediators of the association. CONCLUSIONS We conclude there is evidence of a positive relationship between the occurrence of maternal symptoms of depression and anxiety and childhood obesity. It is emphasized the need for a better understanding on the effect of depressive symptoms and the contextual factors involved in this relationship so that effective intervention strategies can be implemented.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar a literatura existente acerca da associação entre depressão e ansiedade dos pais e sua influência no excesso de peso dos filhos durante a infância, identificando possíveis mecanismos envolvidos nessa associação. MÉTODOS Foi realizada uma busca na literatura, de forma sistemática, nas bases de dados PubMed, PsycINFO e SciELO, usando os descritores: (maternal OR mother* OR parent* OR paternal OR father) AND ("common mental disorder" OR "mental health" OR "mental disorder" OR "depressive disorder" OR depress* OR anxiety OR "anxiety disorder") AND (child* OR pediatric OR offspring) AND (overweight OR obes* OR "body mass index" OR BMI). Foram encontrados 1.187 artigos após seleção por pares. RESULTADOS Foram selecionados 16 artigos que atingiram os critérios para inclusão na revisão. A maioria investigou sintomas depressivos e somente três, sintomas ansiosos maternos. Os estudos avaliados mostraram resultados sugestivos de associação positiva entre sintomas de depressão materna e maior risco de excesso de peso nos filhos. Os resultados divergiram de acordo com a cronicidade dos sintomas depressivos (depressão episódica ou recorrente) e renda do país investigado (alta ou média renda). Foram identificados mecanismos que passam pela qualidade da parentalidade, afetando comportamentos relacionados à atividade física e alimentação da criança, como mediadores da associação. CONCLUSÕES Concluímos que há evidências de uma relação positiva entre a ocorrência de sintomas maternos de depressão e ansiedade e o excesso de peso dos filhos. Ressalta-se a necessidade de uma melhor compreensão do impacto do momento de ocorrência dos sintomas depressivos e dos fatores contextuais envolvidos nessa relação para que possam ser implementadas estratégias de intervenção eficazes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Parents/psychology , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Pediatric Obesity/psychology , Parent-Child Relations , Socioeconomic Factors , Body Mass Index
10.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(11): 768-774, Nov. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055182

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Although it is known that anxiety and depressive disorders frequently accompany migraine and TTH, the role of somatic amplification (SSA) and health anxiety in these diseases is not adequately known. Objective: The aim of this study is to compare SSA and health anxiety in patients with migraine or TTH, and healthy controls and to investigate the relationships between SSA, health anxiety, headache characteristics, anxiety and depressive symptoms. Methods: Fifty-four migraine, 50 TTH patients from the outpatient unit of the neurology department and 53 healthy volunteers were recruited for the study. The somatosensory amplification scale (SSAS), health anxiety inventory, Beck depression (BDI) and anxiety inventory (BAI) were administered to all participants. Results: The SSAS scores were significantly higher in migraineurs compared with the healthy controls. The health anxiety scores were significantly higher in both migraine and TTH groups. The BDI and BAI scores were also significantly higher in migraine and TTH groups compared with the controls. A significant positive correlation was found between headache frequency and BAI scores, the visual analogue scale scores and SSAS and BDI scores in migraineurs. The SSAS scores were also significantly correlated with the BDI and BAI scores in both of the headache groups. A similar correlation was determined with the health anxiety scores. Conclusions: While patients with migraine and TTH evalute, taking into account the SSA and health anxiety may contribute to the prognosis and treatment of these diseases.


RESUMO Embora se saiba que os distúrbios de ansiedade e depressão frequentemente acompanhem a enxaqueca e a TTH, o papel da amplificação somatossensorial (somatosensory amplification, SSA) e da hipocondria nessas doenças ainda não é bem conhecido. Objetivo: O presente estudo faz uma comparação entre pacientes que sofrem de enxaqueca e TTH com um grupo de controle saudável em termos de SSA e hipocondria e investiga a relação entre os achados e as características da cefaleia, a ansiedade e os sintomas depressivos. Métodos: O estudo incluiu 54 pacientes com enxaqueca, 50 pacientes com TTH e 53 voluntários saudáveis que se cadastraram na clínica de neurologia. A escala de amplificação somatossensorial (somatosensory amplification scale, SSAS), o inventário de hipocondria, o Inventário de Depressão de Beck (Beck Depression Inventory, BDI) e o Inventário de Ansiedade de Beck (Beck Anxiety Inventory, BAI) foram aplicados aos participantes. Resultados: Quando comparados com os controles saudáveis, as pontuações da SSAS dos pacientes com enxaqueca foram significativamente maiores, enquanto as pontuações de hipocondria foram significativamente maiores em ambos os grupos de enxaqueca e TTH. As pontuações do BAI e do BDI foram significativamente maiores em ambos os grupos de pacientes que no grupo de controle. No grupo da enxaqueca, foi identificada uma correlação positiva entre frequência de cefaleia e ansiedade, bem como entre a Escala Analógica Visual (EVA), a SSAS e a depressão. Em ambos os grupos de pacientes, a SSA foi correlacionada positivamente com a depressão e a ansiedade, e uma correlação semelhante foi encontrada entre a SSA e a hipocondria. Conclusão: Em avaliações dessas doenças, a hipocondria e a SSA devem ser levadas em consideração, pois se acredita que essa abordagem possa contribuir positivamente para o prognóstico e tratamento da doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Tension-Type Headache/psychology , Somatosensory Disorders/psychology , Migraine Disorders/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Reference Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Pain Measurement , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Self Report
11.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(5): 428-432, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039099

ABSTRACT

Objective: Fibromyalgia (FM) patients have higher rates of depression and anxiety disorders than healthy controls. Affective temperament features are subclinical manifestations of mood disorders. Our aim was to evaluate the affective temperaments of FM patients and investigate their association with depression and anxiety levels and clinical findings. Methods: This cross-sectional study included FM patients and healthy controls. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to determine patient anxiety and depression levels, and the Temperament Scale of Memphis, Pisa and San Diego, self-administered version was applied to assess affective temperaments in all subjects. Disease severity was assessed in FM patients with the Fibromyalgia Criteria and Severity Scales and the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ). Differences between groups were evaluated using Student's t-tests. Correlations among parameters were performed. Results: This study involved 38 patients with FM (30 female) and 30 healthy controls (25 female). Depressive, anxious and cyclothymic temperaments were significantly higher in FM patients than healthy controls. Statistically significant positive correlations were found between HADS depression score and all temperaments except hyperthymic, as well as between HADS anxiety score and cyclothymic and anxious temperaments. HADS depression and anxiety scores were correlated with symptom severity. We found a higher risk of depression and anxiety among FM patients with higher FIQ scores. Conclusion: This study is the first to evaluate affective temperament features of FM patients. Evaluating temperamental traits in FM patients may help clinicians determine which patients are at risk for depression and anxiety disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Temperament , Fibromyalgia/psychology , Mood Disorders/psychology , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Personality Inventory , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Severity of Illness Index , Case-Control Studies , Pilot Projects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Affective Symptoms/psychology , Middle Aged
12.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(3): 252-255, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038715

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Fatigue is highly prevalent in end stage liver disease, the studies about its association with exercise capacity in cirrhotic patients before liver are scarse. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated fatigue in 95 in end stage liver disease patients awaiting transplantation, compared to healthy volunteers, and tested the association between exercise capacity and fatigue. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of patients with chronic liver disease treated at a referral center in Fortaleza, Brazil. Fatigue was quantified with the Fatigue Severity Scale. The patients were submitted to the 6-min walk test, the 6-min step test, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, C-reative protein measurement and hematocrit count, measurement of dyspnea among other tests. Fatigue data were obtained from healthy individuals for comparison with patients. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 45.9±12.3 years, and 53.7% were male. Fatigue, anxiety and depression levels were higher among end stage liver disease patients than among controls. A negative correlation was observed between 6 min step test and Fatigue Severity Scale score (r= -0.2; P=0.02) and between hematocrit count and Fatigue Severity Scale score (r= -0.24; P=0.002). Dyspnea on the Borg scale and fatigue were positively correlated (r=31; P=0.002). In the multivariate analysis, low 6-min step test values and high levels of dyspnea were associated with fatigue. CONCLUSION: Fatigue was more prevalent and severe in end stage liver disease patients than in healthy controls. Low 6MST values and high levels of dyspnea were associated with fatigue in this scenario.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A fadiga é uma queixa comum em indivíduos com doença hepática crônica candidatos a transplante hepático. Estudos sobre sua associação com capacidade do exercício são escassos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a fadiga de pacientes com hepatopia crônica candidatos a transplante hepático comparando com um grupo de indivíduos saudáveis. Avaliar a associação da fadiga com capacidade de exercício. MÉTODOS: Este é um estudo transversal com pacientes hepatopatas crônicos num centro de referência em Fortaleza, Brasil. Foi utilizado o questionário de gravidade da fadiga. Os pacientes realizaram o teste da caminhada dos 6 min, teste do degrau 6 min, foi aplicada a escala de ansiedade e depressão, foram dosados proteína C reativa e hematócrito. RESULTADO: A idade média dos pacientes foi de 45,9±12,3 anos, sendo que 53,7% eram homens. Os níveis de fadiga e ansiedade e depressão eram maiores entre os pacientes hepatopatas crônicos quando comparados ao grupo controle. Uma correlação inversa foi observada entre fadiga e o teste do degrau (r= -0,2; P=0,02) também entre hematócrito e fadiga (r= -0,24; P=0,002). Houve uma correlação positiva entre dispneia, através da escala de Borg, e fadiga (r=31; P=0,002). Na análise multivariada um baixo desempenho no teste do degrau e um nível maior de dispneia mostraram uma associação com fadiga. CONCLUSÃO: A fadiga é mais frequente entre os pacientes hepatopatas crônicos quando comparados ao grupo controle. O baixo desempenho na capacidade de exercício e uma queixa maior de dispneia apresentaram uma associação com fadiga nestes pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Liver Transplantation/psychology , Exercise Tolerance/physiology , Fatigue/psychology , End Stage Liver Disease/psychology , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Waiting Lists , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Fatigue/physiopathology , End Stage Liver Disease/physiopathology , Middle Aged
13.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 41(3): 262-267, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043535

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To investigate resilience levels in adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using quantitative measures when compared to their non-affected siblings and controls. We also aimed to investigate the correlation between resilience and depression, anxiety, intelligence quotient (IQ) and socioeconomic status, which may affect resilience levels and be potential confounders. Methods Adolescents (n=45) diagnosed with ADHD referred to an outpatient ADHD clinic, and their siblings without ADHD (n=27), with ages ranging from 12 to 17 years, were interviewed along with their parents using a semi-structured interview (Children's Interview for Psychiatric Syndromes - Parent Version). Intelligence was measured with the Block Design and Vocabulary subtests from the Wechsler Battery. Anxiety and depression were investigated using the Children State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (CSTAI) and the Child Depression Inventory (CDI), respectively. Resilience was investigated using the Resilience Scale. A control group (typically developing adolescents [TDA] and their siblings; n=39) was recruited in another outpatient facility and at two schools using the same methodology. Results Socioeconomic status and intelligence levels, which may affect resilience, were similar in all groups. Adolescents with ADHD showed lower resilience levels compared to siblings and TDA even when controlled for anxiety and depression levels, which were higher in ADHD. Resilience levels were higher in siblings than in adolescents with ADHD, and lower than in TDA - this last result without statistical significance. Conclusion In our sample, ADHD in adolescents was associated with lower resilience, even when controlled for confounders often seen in association with the disorder.


Resumo Objetivos Investigar níveis de resiliência em adolescentes com transtorno do déficit de atenção/hiperatividade (TDAH) empregando medidas quantitativas de modo comparativo a irmãos não afetados e controles. Também se investigou a correlação entre resiliência e depressão, ansiedade, quociente de inteligência (QI) e status socioeconômico, que podem afetar os níveis de resiliência e atuar como confundidores potenciais. Métodos Adolescentes (n=45) diagnosticados com TDAH e encaminhados para um serviço ambulatorial de TDAH e seus irmãos sem o transtorno (n=27), com idades entre 12 e 17 anos, foram entrevistados junto com seus pais utilizando-se uma entrevista semiestruturada (Children's Interview for Psychiatric Syndromes - Parent Version), em português). A inteligência foi mensurada com os subtestes Blocos e Vocabulário da Bateria Wechsler. Ansiedade e depressão foram investigados com o Inventário de Estado-Traço Infantil [Children State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (CSTAI)] e o Inventário de Depressão Infantil [Child Depression Inventory (CDI)], respectivamente. A resiliência foi mensurada utilizando-se a Escala de Resiliência. Um grupo controle [adolescentes com desenvolvimento típico (ADT) e seus irmãos; n=39] foi recrutado em outro serviço ambulatorial e em duas escolas, empregando a mesma metodologia. Resultados O status socioeconômico e os níveis de inteligência, que podem afetar a resiliência, foram similares em todos os grupos. Adolescentes com TDAH apresentaram menores níveis de resiliência comparados aos seus irmãos e a ADT, mesmo após ajuste para níveis de ansiedade e depressão, que eram mais altos no TDAH. Os níveis de resiliência foram mais altos em irmãos do que nos portadores de TDAH, porém menores que em ADT - este último resultado sem significância estatística. Conclusão Em nossa amostra, adolescentes com TDAH apresentaram menor resiliência, mesmo após controle para confundidores habitualmente associados ao transtorno.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/psychology , Resilience, Psychological , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Family Health , Analysis of Variance , Depressive Disorder/psychology
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(7): e8434, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011593

ABSTRACT

The natural flavonoid glycoside baicalin (BA) produces a variety of pharmaceutical effects, particularly for psychiatric/neurological disorders. This study evaluated the behavioral and neuroprotective effects of BA in mice subjected to chronic unpredictable mild stress, a model of depression. BA (25 and 50 mg/kg) significantly increased sucrose consumption and reduced immobility times in the tail suspension and forced swim tests, demonstrating that BA alleviated depression-like behaviors. Moreover, BA reduced the levels of inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin 1β, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor α, in serum and in the hippocampus. BA also abrogated increases in NMDAR/NR2B and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II, and the decrease in phosphorylated ERK and reactive oxygen species production in mice subjected to chronic unpredictable mild stress. These findings suggested that the antidepressive effects of BA are due to the regulation of an NMDAR/NR2B-ERK1/2-related pathway and inhibition of inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress. Thus, BA represents a potential candidate drug for patients suffering from depression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Flavonoids/administration & dosage , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Hindlimb Suspension/psychology , Depressive Disorder/drug therapy , Interleukin-6/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Depressive Disorder/metabolism , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-1beta/blood , Mice, Inbred C57BL
15.
Poiésis (En línea) ; 36(Ene.-Jul.): 46-59, 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-994708

ABSTRACT

Depresión y melancolía son dos conceptos diferentes, existen pocos esclarecimientos sobre dónde empieza o termina su definición en el psicoanálisis, además en su concepción psicógena y/o somática, y las similitudes que comparten. Este artículo propone abordar estos dos conceptos desde la teoría, plantear una diferencia entre ambos, desde el cambio conceptual hasta las diferencias en los movimientos psíquicos, para posteriormente abordar la trilogía de la depresión de Lars von Trier: Melancolía, Anticristo y Ninfomaníaca, en la que los aspectos mencionados se ilustran desde la vivencia de la mujer, lo cual posibilita vislumbrar estos estados, sus exigencias y consecuencias para el devenir del ser humano.


Depression and melancholy are two different concepts, there are few clarifications about where their definition begins or ends in psychoanalysis, also in their psychogenic and / or somatic conception, and the similarities they share. This article aims to approach these two concepts from the theory, difference between them will be considered from the merely conceptual change to the differences in the psychic movements, to later approach the trilogy of the depression of Lars von Trier: Melancholy, Antichrist and Nymphomaniac, in which the mentioned aspects are illustrated from the experience of the woman, which makes it possible to look these states, their demands and consequences for the future of the human being.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression , Psychology , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Theory of Mind
16.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(12): 1415-1421, dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991351

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with diabetes mellitus show a higher risk of developing depressive symptoms when compared to healthy people, hampering the management and prognosis of both diseases. However, national studies on the topic are scarce. Aim: To study the frequency and severity of depressive symptoms in patients with type 2 diabetes. Material and Methods: Beck Depression Inventory-IA and Morisky Green Levine scale were administered to diabetic patients under control at a primary care center. Pharmacological compliance was evaluated using glycosylated hemoglobin levels obtained from their clinical records. Results: We included 323 patients aged 64 ± 12 years (49% women). The frequency of depressive symptoms was 34.7%. Compared with their counterparts without depressive symptoms, patients with depression showed higher glycosylated hemoglobin levels (7.2 ± 1.7 and 6.7 ± 1.3% respectively), a higher frequency of non-compliance with treatment (63 and 43% respectively) and a higher frequency of metabolic decompensation (38 and 23% respectively). Depressive symptomatology was more common among women. Conclusions: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and depressive symptoms exhibit a poorer treatment compliance and worse metabolic control as compared to their non-depressive counterparts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Depressive Disorder/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/psychology
17.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 40(3): 233-237, July-Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959242

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate how well symptom rating scales differentiate bipolar disorder (BD) episode types. Methods: One hundred and six patients with BD were followed for 13 years. At each visit, the following clinical scales were administered: Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D) and Clinical Global Impressions scale for use in bipolar illness (CGI-BP). To perform a comparison between the affective states of BP, three time points in each patient's follow-up period were chosen for evaluation: the most severe manic episode, the most severe depressive episode, and the euthymic period with least symptoms. Canonical discriminant analyses (CDA) were performed to identify which symptoms best discriminated episodes. Results: CDA revealed HAM-D was worse than YMRS and CGI-BP to discriminate mood states. The items evaluating increased motor activity in YMRS (2, increased motor activity/energy) and HAM-D (9, agitation) were the best to distinguish mania, depression, and euthymia. In contrast, HAM-D item 8 (retardation) and the HAM-D and YMRS items related to mood symptoms were less important and precise. Conclusion: Higher levels of energy or activity should be considered a core symptom of mania. However, our results do not confirm the association between a decrease in energy or activity and depression. HAM-D probably does not assess motor activity adequately.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Bipolar Disorder/psychology , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Motor Activity/physiology , Antipsychotic Agents/therapeutic use , Bipolar Disorder/diagnosis , Discriminant Analysis , Follow-Up Studies , Depressive Disorder/drug therapy , Ambulatory Care Facilities
18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(3): 357-360, Apr.-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041469

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Studies have linked human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1) to psychiatric disease. METHODS: Patients with HTLV-1 were compared to patients seen by family doctors using a semi-structured questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. RESULTS: Participants with (n=58) and without (n=340) HTLV were compared. Anxiety and depression were associated with greater age, being a woman, spastic paraparesis (depression: PR=4.50, 95% CI: 3.10-6.53; anxiety: PR=2.96, 95% CI: 2.08-4.21), and asymptomatic HTLV (depression: PR=4.34, 95% CI: 3.02-6.24; anxiety: PR=2.81, 95% CI: 2.06-3.85). CONCLUSIONS: Symptomatic and asymptomatic patients with HTLV-1 experienced more anxiety and depression than uninfected patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , HTLV-I Infections/complications , Depressive Disorder/etiology , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , HTLV-I Infections/psychology , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Educational Status
19.
J. bras. pneumol ; 44(1): 31-35, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893892

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate whether there is an association between suicidal ideation (SI) and allergic diseases in adults. Methods: This was a comparative cross-sectional study involving individuals ranging from 20 to 50 years of age recruited from a university hospital in the city of Guadalajara, Mexico. We included patients with a confirmed diagnosis of allergic asthma, those with a confirmed diagnosis of allergic rhinitis, and healthy controls. All subjects completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), which includes an item that evaluates the presence of suicidal thoughts or desires within the last two weeks, in order to identify SI. Results: The sample comprised 115 patients with allergic asthma, 111 patients with allergic rhinitis, and 96 healthy controls. The number of individuals identified with SI in the three groups were, respectively, 17 (14.8%), 13 (11.7%), and 8 (8.3%). Regarding the presence of SI, no statistically significant association was found in the allergic asthma group (OR = 1.98; 95% CI: 0.78-4.64; p = 0.154) or in the allergic rhinitis group (OR = 1.46; 95% CI: 0.58-3.68; p = 0.424) when they were compared with the control group. However, the presence of depression was associated with SI in the three groups: allergic asthma (OR = 12.36; 95% CI: 2.67-57.15; p = 0.001); allergic rhinitis (OR = 6.20; 95% CI: 1.66-23.14; p = 0.006); and control (OR = 21.0; 95% CI: 3.75-117.36; p < 0,001). Conclusions: In comparison with the control group, no association was found between SI and the groups with allergic diseases. In contrast, there was association between SI and depression in the three groups.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar se existe associação entre ideação suicida (IS) e doenças alérgicas em adultos. Métodos: Estudo transversal comparativo envolvendo indivíduos com idade entre 20 e 50 anos recrutados em um hospital universitário da cidade de Guadalajara, México. Foram incluídos pacientes com diagnóstico confirmado de asma alérgica, aqueles com diagnóstico confirmado de rinite alérgica e controles saudáveis. Todos os sujeitos preencheram o Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), que inclui um item que avalia a presença de pensamentos ou desejos suicidas nas últimas duas semanas, a fim de identificar IS. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 115 pacientes com asma alérgica, 111 pacientes com rinite alérgica e 96 controles saudáveis. O número de indivíduos identificados com IS nos três grupos foi de 17 (14,8%), 13 (11,7%) e 8 (8,3%), respectivamente. Quanto à presença de IS, não foi encontrada associação estatisticamente significativa no grupo asma alérgica (OR = 1,98; IC95%: 0,78-4,64; p = 0,154) ou no grupo rinite alérgica (OR = 1,46; IC95%: 0,58-3,68; p = 0,424) quando os mesmos foram comparados com o grupo controle. No entanto, a presença de depressão apresentou associação com IS nos três grupos: asma alérgica (OR = 12,36; IC95%: 2,67-57,15; p = 0,001); rinite alérgica (OR = 6,20; IC95%: 1,66-23,14; p = 0,006); e controle (OR = 21,0; IC95%: 3,75-117,36; p < 0,001). Conclusões: Em comparação com o grupo controle, não foi encontrada associação entre IS e os grupos com doenças alérgicas. Por outro lado, houve associação entre IS e depressão nos três grupos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asthma/psychology , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Suicidal Ideation , Rhinitis, Allergic/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
20.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 40(1): 72-77, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899398

ABSTRACT

Objective: Extensive research has implicated identification with characters in mass media in the emergence of disordered eating behavior in adolescents. We explored the possible influence of the models offered by television (TV) on adolescents' body image, body uneasiness, eating-disordered behavior, depression, and anxiety. Methods: Three hundred and one adolescents (aged 14-19) from southern Italy participated. They completed a questionnaire on media exposure and body dissatisfaction, the Eating Disorder Inventory-2, the Body Uneasiness Test, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - Form Y. Results: The main factors contributing to females' eating-disordered behaviors were their own desires to be similar to TV characters, the amount of reality and entertainment TV they watched, and the discrepancy between their perceptions of their bodies and those of TV characters. Friends' desire to be similar to TV characters contributed most to depression, anxiety, body uneasiness, and eating disorders for both males and females. Conclusion: Our data confirm that extensive watching of reality and entertainment TV correlates with eating-disordered behavior among females. Moreover, the well-known negative effects of the media on adolescents' eating-disordered behaviors may also be indirectly transmitted by friends who share identification with TV characters.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Television , Body Image , Feeding and Eating Disorders/etiology , Depression/etiology , Depressive Disorder/etiology , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Students/statistics & numerical data , Feeding and Eating Disorders/psychology , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Adolescent Behavior/psychology , Depression/psychology , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Feeding Behavior , Italy , Mass Media
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