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1.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359467

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Dermatite alérgica de contato é uma doença cutânea inflamatória, não infecciosa, cuja base do tratamento é a identificação e eliminação do agente causal. Cocoamidopropil betaína é um surfactante muito utilizado nos produtos de uso pessoal, notadamente de uso capilar. Essa substância não está presente na bateria padrão brasileira. Neomicina é um antibiótico usado em preparações tópicas. Objetivamos mostrar paciente que desenvolveu alergia no couro cabeludo e que fez erroneamente automedicação com produto que continha substância a qual era ainda mais sensível. O caso é de uma mulher, 36 anos, evoluindo há dois meses com eczema pruriginoso, em áreas de implantação capilar e nuca. Relatava progressiva piora. Diante da suspeita de dermatite de contato, foi realizado teste de contato, utilizando-se da bateria padrão Latino-Americana. Com 96 horas (D4) evidenciou-se positividade leve (+) para cocoamidopropil betaína e forte (++) para neomicina. O resultado positivo para a neomicina foi intrigante, uma vez que a observação do rótulo dos produtos de uso pessoal não a continha. Diante do resultado do teste, após ser questionada novamente, ela confirmou a omissão da automedicação diária com pomada de neomicina. Em conclusão, mostramos a alergia a produtos de uso capilar. Reforçamos a necessidade de se fazer um teste de contato com bateria padrão atualizada. Por fim, alertamos sobre o risco da automedicação. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Allergic contact dermatitis is an inflammatory, non-infectious skin disease. The treatment is based on the identification and elimination of the causal agent. Cocamidopropyl betaine is a surfactant widely used in products for personal use, especially capillary use. This substance is not present in the Brazilian baseline series. Neomycin is an antibiotic used in topical preparations. We aimed to show a patient who developed na allergy in the scalp and mistakenly self-medicated with a product that contained a substance to which it was even more sensitive. The case is of a woman, 36 years old, evolving for 2 months with pruritic eczema, in areas of capillary and nape implantation. She reported progressive worsening. When contact dermatitis was suspected, a contact test was performed using the Latin American baseline series. At 96 hours (D4) there was mild positivity (+) for cocamidopropyl betaine and strong (++) for neomycin. The positive result for neomycin was intriguing, since the observation of the label of products for personal use did not contain it. In view of the test result, after being questioned again, she confirmed the omission of daily self-medication with neomycin ointment. In conclusion, we showed the allergy to hair products. We reinforced the need for an updated baseline series patch test. Finally, we warned about the risk of self-medication. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Scalp , Self Medication , Skin Diseases, Infectious , Patch Tests , Neomycin/therapeutic use , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/therapy
2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(6): 696-701, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142127

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Cosmetics are part of the daily life of the population, and their use can lead to allergic contact dermatitis. Objectives: To assess the profile of patients diagnosed with allergic contact dermatitis to cosmetics treated at a referral center for 13 years, as well as the characteristics of the clinical picture and allergens involved. Methods: This was a retrospective study, with analysis of medical records of patients attended at this service. The individuals included had a diagnostic hypothesis of allergic contact dermatitis to cosmetics and had previously been submitted to epicutaneous tests. Results: A total of 1405 medical records were analyzed, 403 (28.7%) with suspected allergic contact dermatitis to cosmetics and 232 (16.5%) with confirmed diagnosis. Of these, 208 (89.7%) were women, and the age group most affected was 31 − 60 years. The most common locations were face in 195 cases (25.8%), cervical region in 116 (15.3%), and trunk in 96 (12.6%). The main allergens in the contact tests were toluene-sulfonamide-formaldehyde resin in 69 cases (29.7%), paraphenylenediamine in 54 (26.3%), Kathon CG® in 41 (20.7%), and fragrance-mix 1 in 29 (16.4%). In 154 (66.4%) of the 232 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis to cosmetics it was possible to specify the cosmetic product responsible for the lesions. Study limitations: The absence of some allergens considered important in the world as causes of allergic contact dermatitis, which are not readily accessible among us. Conclusions: The data of the analyzed population (predominance of young women), as well as the location of the lesions (face and cervical area) and the main allergens involved were consistent with those from the world literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/epidemiology , Cosmetics/adverse effects , Patch Tests , Allergens/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(2): 194-199, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130847

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Kathon CG, a combination of methylchloroisothiazolinone and methylisothiazolinone, is widely used as preservative in cosmetics, as well in household cleaning products, industrial products such as paints and glues. It has emerged as an important sensitizing agent in allergic contact dermatitis. Objectives: This study evaluated the reactivity to this substance in patients subjected to patch tests at the Dermatology Institute in Bauru, São Paulo from 2015 to 2017 and its correlation with other preservatives, the professional activity and location of the lesions. Methods: The patients were submitted to standard series of epicutaneous tests, standardized by the Brazilian Group Studies on Contact Dermatitis. Results: Out the 267 patients tested, 192 presented positivity to at least one substance and 29 of the patients (15.10%) presented reaction to Kathon CG, with predominance of the female gender (n = 27); main professional activity associated with Kathon CG sensibilization was cleaning (17.24%), followed by aesthetic areas (13.79%) and health care (10.34%). The most prevalent sensitizations among the substances tested were nickel sulphate (56.3%), followed by cobalt chloride (23.4%), neomycin (18.2%), potassium dichromate (17.7%), thimerosal (14.5%), formaldehyde (13.2%), paraphenylenediamine (9.3%), and fragrance mix (8.3%). Study limitations: We do not have data from patients that were submitted to patch test a decade ago in order to confront to current data and establish whether or no sensitization to Kathon CG has increased. Conclusion: High positivity to Kathon CG corroborates the recent findings in the literature, suggesting more attention to concentration of this substance, used in cosmetics and products for domestic use.


Subject(s)
Thiazoles/analysis , Patch Tests/methods , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Preservatives, Pharmaceutical/adverse effects , Preservatives, Pharmaceutical/chemistry , Thiazoles/adverse effects , Brazil , Patch Tests/statistics & numerical data , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cosmetics/adverse effects , Cosmetics/chemistry , Middle Aged
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(6): 807-812, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973627

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Contact dermatitis affects up to 20% of the population. Patch testing for contact allergy may be needed to confirm the diagnosis. Objectives: To describe and discuss the results of patch tests performed in a city in southern Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis was performed on all skin test results over ten years. Variables such as gender, age at the time of testing, and test results were evaluated. Triggering factors, duration of complain, and previous medications used related to the clinical history were retrieved for some patients by reviewing their medical records. Results: The sample was composed of 539 patch tests, of which 411 (76.2%) were from women. The age of the tested subjects ranged from 5 to 87 years. The prevalence of positive reactions in the patch tests was 391 (72.5%). The most prevalent positive reaction was to nickel sulfate (196; 36.4%), which had statistical significance when associated with female gender (p<0,001). Study limitations: Database obtained through secondary sources (the reports of the exams and the medical records), occurring the incomplete registration of some information. Conclusions: Data analysis at the local level is important to define preventive policies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Patch Tests , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/epidemiology
7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(6): 910-912, Nov.-Dec. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038283

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Fragrances may cause allergic contact dermatitis. Data on patients who were patch tested, between 2000 and 2015, with fragrance allergens included in the Brazilian baseline series (balsam of Peru, colophony and fragrance mix I), were collected and analyzed. Of these patients, 258 (13.8%) were positive for fragrance markers, 9.8% being positive for fragrance mix I. Among these 258 there was a predominance of women in their 40s, with hand eczema. The frequency of sensitization to fragrances, as well as the epidemiological profile, was supported by the literature. Fragrance mix I was the main marker. It is important to expand the fragrance markers used in the Brazilian baseline series of patch tests.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Perfume/adverse effects , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Patch Tests/methods , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(5): 696-700, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949946

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: In our country, the Brazilian Standard Series is the most used for the etiological diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis to shoes. However, there is no assessment of the usefulness of specific allergens for shoes. Objectives: To measure the improvement in diagnostic accuracy of allergic contact dermatitis to shoes with the use of a specific complementary series in patch testing and describe the characteristics of the affected population, such as gender, location of lesions, time of evolution, and the most common allergens. Methods: This retrospective study evaluated the results of 52 patients with suspected shoe dermatitis subjected to patch tests with the standard and specific series to quantify the gain in diagnostic accuracy. Results: Among the 52 suspected cases, 29 cases (56%) were confirmed. In 13 (45%) cases the diagnosis was determined through the specific series, which results in an 81% increase in the number of diagnoses. Study limitation: Small sample size. Conclusions: Women were more commonly affected, with a mean time for the final diagnosis of 45 months, and the most common localization was the dorsum of the feet. There was an increase in diagnostic accuracy with the introduction of new haptens in the patch test of patients with suspected shoes dermatitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Shoes/adverse effects , Allergens/analysis , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Foot Dermatoses/diagnosis , Brazil , Patch Tests , Allergens/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Foot Dermatoses/etiology
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(2): 141-148, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-781370

ABSTRACT

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Patients with oral sensitivity are common in our practice. Allergic contact dermatitis is one of the most frequent etiologies. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate oral contact dermatitis using the Brazilian standard series and complementary dental series in patients using dental prostheses, with or without oral complaints. Determine specific dental Brazilian series. METHODS: Patients using dental prostheses with or without oral complaints realized patch tests. Brazilian standard series and complementary dental series were used according to ICDRG recommendations. The results were analysed according to age, sex, race, atopic conditions and symptoms associated. RESULTS: From 54 patients tested, 34 (63%) were positive at least to one substance. Nineteen had oral complaints, such as burning mouth, itch or oral erythema. There was no association between atopic condition and tests results. Without the oral series, just 23(42,6%) patients had a positive result. Using the Brazilian standard series with the complementary dental series we improved the positivity of the patch test to 47%. CONCLUSION: In patients using prostheses and with oral complaints, patch tests with Brazilian standard series with complementary dental series improve the tests positivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Patch Tests/methods , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Dental Prosthesis/adverse effects , Dental Materials/adverse effects , Time Factors , Brazil , Patch Tests/standards , Allergens , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results
10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(1): 64-72, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-776436

ABSTRACT

Abstract The number of studies on patch-test results in children and adolescents has gradually increased in recent years, thus stimulating reviews. This paper is a systematic review of a 15-year period devoted to studying the issue. Variations pertaining to the number and age groups of tested children and/or adolescents, the number of subjects with atopy/atopic dermatitis history, the quantity, type and concentrations of the tested substances, the test technique and type of data regarding clinical relevance, must all be considered in evaluating these studies, as they make it harder to formulate conclusions. The most common allergens in children were nickel, thimerosal, cobalt, fragrance, lanolin and neomycin. In adolescents, they were nickel, thimerosal, cobalt, fragrance, potassium dichromate, and Myroxylon pereirae. Knowledge of this matter aids health professionals in planning preventive programs aimed at improving children's quality of life and ensuring that their future prospects are not undermined.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Allergens , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Patch Tests/statistics & numerical data , Age Factors , Dermatitis, Atopic/diagnosis , Patch Tests/methods , Sex Factors , Time Factors
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(5): 671-683, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-764421

ABSTRACT

AbstractBACKGROUND:Patch testing is an efficient method to identify the allergen responsible for allergic contact dermatitis.OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the results of patch tests in children and adolescents comparing these two age groups' results.METHODS:Cross-sectional study to assess patch test results of 125 children and adolescents aged 1-19 years, with suspected allergic contact dermatitis, in a dermatology clinic in Brazil. Two Brazilian standardized series were used.RESULTS:Seventy four (59.2%) patients had "at least one positive reaction" to the patch test. Among these positive tests, 77.0% were deemed relevant. The most frequent allergens were nickel (36.8%), thimerosal (18.4%), tosylamide formaldehyde resin (6.8%), neomycin (6.4%), cobalt (4.0%) and fragrance mix I (4.0%). The most frequent positive tests came from adolescents (p=0.0014) and females (p=0.0002). There was no relevant statistical difference concerning contact sensitizations among patients with or without atopic history. However, there were significant differences regarding sensitization to nickel (p=0.029) and thimerosal (p=0.042) between the two age groups under study, while adolescents were the most affected.CONCLUSION:Nickel and fragrances were the only positive (and relevant) allergens in children. Nickel and tosylamide formaldehyde resin were the most frequent and relevant allergens among adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Young Adult , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Patch Tests/methods , Age Factors , Allergens , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Patch Tests/standards , Reproducibility of Results , Sex Factors
12.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 2015 Jul-Aug; 81(4): 376-379
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-160057

ABSTRACT

Background: Parthenium hysterophorus is the leading cause of phytogenic allergic contact dermatitis in India. The Indian Standard Series currently supplied by Systopic Laboratories Ltd and manufactured by Chemotechnique Diagnostics® contains parthenolide as the only allergen representing plant allergens. Aim: The study was conducted to assess the performance of the Chemotechnique plant series (PL-1000), consisting of 14 allergens, in patients with clinically suspected occupational contact dermatitis to plant allergens. Methods: Ninety patients were patch tested with the Chemotechnique plant series from 2011 to 2013. Demographic details, clinical diagnosis and patch test results were recorded in the contact dermatitis clinic proforma. Results: Of 90 patients, 24 (26.7%) showed positive reactions to one or more allergens in the plant series. Positive patch tests were elicited most commonly by sesquiterpene lactone mix in 19 (78.6%) patients, followed by parthenolide in 14 (57.1%), Achillea millefolium in 10 (42.9%) and others in decreasing order. Conclusion: The plant allergen series prepared by Chemotechnique Diagnostics® is possibly not optimal for diagnosing suspected allergic contact dermatitis to plants in north Indians. Sesquiterpene lactone mix should replace parthenolide as the plant allergen in the Indian Standard Series until relevant native plant extracts are commercially available for patch testing.


Subject(s)
Allergens/chemistry , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Humans , India , Patch Tests/methods , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Plant Extracts/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sesquiterpenes/chemistry , Sesquiterpenes/diagnosis , Tanacetum/adverse effects
13.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 143(6): 751-758, jun. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-753515

ABSTRACT

Background: Allergic Contact Dermatitis is a classic delayed hypersensitivity reaction. Aim: To study the reactivity and evolution in Chilean patients by gender, using the standard European patch test. Materials and Methods: The results of the European standard patch test applied to 4,022 patients aged 1 to 93 years (64% female) with Allergic Contact Dermatitis, diagnosed between January 1995 and August 2011, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: From a total of 4,022 patients, 2,439 (60.6%) had a positive reaction. Among reactive patients, 1,854 (76.04%) were female and 584 (23.96%) male. The most common positive allergens were nickel (35.3%), cobalt (15.1%), fragrance mix (14%), chromium (8.7%) and balsam of Peru (8.5%). In females, nickel was the most common reactive antigen (34.28%), and in males, fragrance mix (15.7%). During the period 2003-2011, an increased reactivity to nickel (26.6%) and a decreased reactivity to p-phenylenediamine (29.6%) and fragrance (42.8%), was observed. Conclusions: Fragrance mix is the most common reactive allergen in males and the third for females. Nickel is the leading allergen in the female group and the second of importance for males, making it the most significant allergen for the Chilean population. We also observed that the reactivity of some allergens evolves and varies over time.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Patch Tests , Chile , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/classification , Retrospective Studies , Sex Factors
15.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 36(5): 283-289, nov. 2014. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-733230

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Estimar la prevalencia de ceguera y deficiencia visual en adultos de Perú y precisar sus causas, evaluar la cobertura y la calidad de los servicios de cirugía de catarata y determinar las barreras que impiden acceder a esos servicios. MÉTODOS: Estudio poblacional transversal con muestreo aleatorio por conglomerado en dos pasos de personas de 50 años o más, representativo de todo el país, mediante la metodología estándar de la Evaluación Rápida de Ceguera Evitable. Se midió la agudeza visual y se examinó el cristalino y el polo posterior por oftalmoscopía directa. Se calculó la cobertura de cirugía de catarata y se evaluó su calidad, además de las causas de tener una agudeza visual < 20/60 y las barreras para acceder a ese tratamiento. RESULTADOS:Se examinaron 4 849 personas. La prevalencia de ceguera fue 2,0% (intervalo de confianza de 95%: 1,5-2,5%). La catarata fue la causa principal de ceguera (58,0%), seguida por el glaucoma (13,7%) y la degeneración macular relacionada con la edad (11,5%). Los errores de refracción no corregidos fueron la principal causa de deficiencia visual moderada (67,2%). La cobertura de cirugía de catarata fue de 66,9%, y 60,5% de los ojos operados de catarata logró una AV ≥ 20/60 con la corrección disponible. Las principales barreras para someterse a la cirugía de catarata fueron el alto costo (25,9%) y no saber que el tratamiento es posible (23,8%). CONCLUSIONES: La prevalencia de ceguera y deficiencia visual en Perú es similar a la de otros países latinoamericanos. La baja cobertura de cirugía de catarata y el envejecimiento poblacional indican que para aumentar el acceso a estos servicios se debe mejorar la educación de la población en salud ocular y la capacidad resolutiva de los servicios oftalmológicos y de cirugía de catarata, y reducir su costo.


OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment among adults in Peru and to determine their causes, to evaluate the coverage and quality of the cataract surgical services and to investigate the barriers that inhibit access to these services. METHODS: A cross-sectional population study with two-stage random cluster sampling of individuals of ≥ 50 years old, representative of the entire country, using the standard methodology of the Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness. Visual acuity was assessed and the condition of the lens and posterior pole examined by direct ophthalmoscopy. Cataract surgical coverage was calculated. Its quality, as well as the causes of visual acuity < 20/60 and the barriers to accessing surgical treatment were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 4 849 people were examined. Blindness prevalence was 2.0% (confidence interval of 95%: 1.5-2.5%). The main causes of blindness were cataract (58.0%), glaucoma (13.7%) and age-related macular degeneration (11.5%). Uncorrected refraction errors were the principal cause of moderate visual impairment (67.2%). Cataract surgical coverage was 66.9%. 60.5% of the eyes operated for cataracts achieved a visual acuity ≥ 20/60 with available correction. The main barriers to cataract surgery were the high cost (25.9%) and people being unaware that treatment was possible (23.8%). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in Peru is similar to that of other Latin American countries. Given the low cataract surgical coverage and the aging of the population, access to the services could be improved by increasing the population education on eye health and the response capacity of the ophthalmological and cataract surgical services, and by reducing the costs of the latter.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aging/immunology , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Patch Tests , Allergens , Balsams/adverse effects , Ethylmercuric Chloride/adverse effects , Nickel/adverse effects , Thimerosal/adverse effects
16.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 2014 Jul-Aug; 80(4): 291-295
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154839

ABSTRACT

Background: A good patch test system should have good adhesion and contact, and minimal leakage; Finn and IQ patch test system have these properties but are expensive. Aims: To develop a new cost‑effective occlusive patch test system that had good contact with the skin and was non‑irritant. Methods: The system (designated Chamber X) was fabricated using a semi‑permeable tape and a flexible virgin plastic chamber. Chamber X was developed by (i) selecting adhesive tape based on its non irritancy and adhesive potential (ii) testing plastic chamber material for its skin irritancy (iii) testing the assembled system against Finn, IQ and locally available chambers for irritancy, contact, leakage and occlusivity. Results: Chamber X showed better occlusion than IQ, Finn and locally available chambers and was comparable to, (P > 0.05) IQ and Finn in terms of irritancy, contact and leakage. Conclusions: The results demonstrate that the Chamber X offers a cost effective patch test system comparable to IQ and Finn chambers in terms of safety, adhesion, leakage and occlusivity.


Subject(s)
Allergens/administration & dosage , Allergens/metabolism , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/metabolism , Equipment Design/standards , Equipment Design/trends , Humans , Irritants/administration & dosage , Irritants/metabolism , Patch Tests/standards , Patch Tests/trends , Skin/metabolism
19.
Alerg. inmunol. clin ; 34(1-2): 12-16, 2014. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-868710

ABSTRACT

La dermatitis de contacto (DC) es una respuesta inflamatoria de la piel, como resultado del contacto de la misma con múltiples factores externos, frecuentemente contenidos en cosméticos. Las pruebas del parche son el pilar diagnostico. Se evaluó la prevalencia de la dermatitis alérgica de contacto por cosméticos, determinando las relaciones epidemiológicas como: edad, sexo, localización, ocupación y sensibilización. El 70% de los pacientes estudiados fueron DAC y el 30% fuerondermatitis irritativas por contacto (DIC). El 57% de las dermatitis alérgicas estaban asociadas a cosméticos,predominando en el sexo femenino.


Contact dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory response of the skinas a result of contact with multiple external factors, often containedin cosmetics. Patch tests are the diagnostic pillar. Prevalence of allergic contact dermatitis to cosmetics was evaluatedby determining the epidemiological relationships as age, sex, location, occupation and awareness.70% of the patients studied were DAC and 30% were irritant contact dermatitis (ICD).57% of allergic dermatitis were associated with cosmetics, predominantly in females.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/epidemiology , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/immunology , Dermatitis, Irritant/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Irritant/immunology , Patch Tests/statistics & numerical data , Patch Tests/methods
20.
Rev. chil. dermatol ; 30(1): 70-76, 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-835917

ABSTRACT

La Dermatitis de Contacto secundaria a metales tiene una alta prevalencia en Chile y el mundo, sin embargo estas reacciones han sido poco estudiadas, pese a que podrían verse hasta en un21 por ciento de personas previamente sensibilizadas. Níquel, Cobalto y Cromo son los metales mayormente implicados. La mayoría corresponde a reacciones eccematosas. Test de parche es el gold standard para el estudio de alergia a metales, no obstante, rara vez se utiliza debido principalmente al bajo índice de sospecha de estas reacciones y a la dificultad para disponer de la aleación exacta del metal utilizado. El tratamiento muchas veces consiste en retirar el implante, puesto que el cuadro se torna inmanejable. Se presenta un caso clínico altamente sospechoso de alergia a implantes metálicos, al que se le realizó el estudio completo de alergia a metales, si bien esta no se demostró. Se realiza una revisión de la literatura existente.


Contact dermatitis secondary to metals has a high prevalence in Chile and around the world. Nevertheless, these reactions have been slightly studied, even though they might be found inpreviously sensitized people, with a percentage of 21 percent. Nickel, cobalt and chromium are the most involved metals. The majority of them correspond to eczematous reactions. Patch test is the gold standard for the study of metal allergies; however, specific tests to the implant material are rarely performed, mainly because of the low index of suspicion for these reactions and the difficulty to have the exact alloy of the metal used. Treatment often consists on removing the implant, since the situation becomes unmanageable. A highly suspicious clinical case of allergy to metallic implants is presented, a complete study of allergy to metals was made, although it couldn’t be demonstrated. A review of the existing literature was conducted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Metals/adverse effects , Prostheses and Implants/adverse effects , Patch Tests/methods , Orthotic Devices/adverse effects , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/therapy
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