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2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(2): 147-156, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001140

ABSTRACT

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Occupational dermatoses are common, especially contact dermatitis. Epidemiological studies on these dermatoses are scarce in Brazil and they are necessary as part of the public policy to protect workers' health. OBJECTIVES: To identify sociodemographic and clinical profile of patients with occupational contact dermatitis seen between 2000 and 2014 at an occupational dermatology service. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional and retrospective study, based on information obtained from the service's database. RESULTS: Of 560 patients with conclusive patch test, 289 (46.9%) presented occupational dermatoses and 213 occupational contact dermatitis with predominance of the allergic type in relation to the irritative type (149:64 respectively). The odds of occupational dermatoses were higher among men and lower among patients aged 50 years or older and with higher level of education. Regarding the possibility of presenting occupational allergic contact dermatitis, only the gender variable was statistically significant. The professions most seen were cleaners, construction workers, painters, mechanics/metallurgists and cooks. The commonest allergens were nickel sulfate, potassium dichromate, cobalt chloride, carba-mix and formaldehyde. STUDY LIMITATIONS: The main limitations of this study are the fact that it was carried out in a tertiary service of occupational dermatoses and the lack of access to some allergens outside the patch test baseline series. CONCLUSIONS: It was possible to identify the sociodemographic and clinical profile of patients with suspected occupational contact dermatitis seen at the Service, beyond the professional groups and allergens related to a high risk of occupational contact dermatitis in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Occupational Exposure/statistics & numerical data , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/epidemiology , Dermatitis, Occupational/epidemiology , Potassium Dichromate/adverse effects , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Patch Tests/statistics & numerical data , Caustics/adverse effects , Construction Industry , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Age Factors , Dermatitis, Irritant/etiology , Dermatitis, Irritant/epidemiology , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Dermatitis, Occupational/etiology , Educational Status , Hand Dermatoses/chemically induced , Hand Dermatoses/epidemiology , Irritants/adverse effects , Nickel/adverse effects
3.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(6): 829-835, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973620

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Allergic contact dermatitis to ion nickel (Ni+2) is an inflammatory dermatosis, common in industrialized countries. It involves the activation of nickel-specific T-cells, followed by proliferation and induction of a mixed profile of both proinflammatory and regulatory cytokines, suggesting that several T-cell subtypes (helper - Th and cytotoxic - Tc) are involved. A broader understanding of the cytokine profile may lead to new therapeutic approaches. Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the cytokines TNF-α, INF-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, IL-13, IL-17 and IL-23 using the immunohistochemistry technique in order to try to identify their prevalence in chronic and acute eczema of patients with allergic contact dermatitis to Ni+2. Methods: We performed an immunohistochemical study for eight cytokines in 20 patients with Ni+2 allergic contact dermatitis, biopsied at the site of chronic eczema, triggered by the patient's daily contact with Ni+2, and at the site of acute eczema caused by nickel sulfate, 48 hours after applying the contact test. Results: The stained samples showed positive results for the eight cytokines studied. TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-13 and IL-17 had a higher prevalence in chronic eczema, IL-2 and IL-23 in acute eczema, and IL-10 presented a similar prevalence in both acute and chronic eczema. However, these prevalences were statistically significant only for IL-4 and IL-13. Study Limitations: Small sample size. Conclusions: In chronic and acute eczema, we observed the presence of a mixed cytokine profile of the T cell subtypes (Th/Tc), suggesting that the responses are expressed at the same time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Cytokines/analysis , Interleukins/analysis , Interferon-gamma/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/immunology , Nickel/adverse effects , Biopsy , Immunohistochemistry , Acute Disease , Chronic Disease , Prospective Studies , Cytokines/immunology , Interleukins/immunology , Interferon-gamma/immunology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/immunology , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/pathology , Nickel/immunology
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(6): 910-912, Nov.-Dec. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038283

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Fragrances may cause allergic contact dermatitis. Data on patients who were patch tested, between 2000 and 2015, with fragrance allergens included in the Brazilian baseline series (balsam of Peru, colophony and fragrance mix I), were collected and analyzed. Of these patients, 258 (13.8%) were positive for fragrance markers, 9.8% being positive for fragrance mix I. Among these 258 there was a predominance of women in their 40s, with hand eczema. The frequency of sensitization to fragrances, as well as the epidemiological profile, was supported by the literature. Fragrance mix I was the main marker. It is important to expand the fragrance markers used in the Brazilian baseline series of patch tests.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Perfume/adverse effects , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Patch Tests/methods , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology
5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(5): 696-700, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949946

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: In our country, the Brazilian Standard Series is the most used for the etiological diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis to shoes. However, there is no assessment of the usefulness of specific allergens for shoes. Objectives: To measure the improvement in diagnostic accuracy of allergic contact dermatitis to shoes with the use of a specific complementary series in patch testing and describe the characteristics of the affected population, such as gender, location of lesions, time of evolution, and the most common allergens. Methods: This retrospective study evaluated the results of 52 patients with suspected shoe dermatitis subjected to patch tests with the standard and specific series to quantify the gain in diagnostic accuracy. Results: Among the 52 suspected cases, 29 cases (56%) were confirmed. In 13 (45%) cases the diagnosis was determined through the specific series, which results in an 81% increase in the number of diagnoses. Study limitation: Small sample size. Conclusions: Women were more commonly affected, with a mean time for the final diagnosis of 45 months, and the most common localization was the dorsum of the feet. There was an increase in diagnostic accuracy with the introduction of new haptens in the patch test of patients with suspected shoes dermatitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Shoes/adverse effects , Allergens/analysis , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Foot Dermatoses/diagnosis , Brazil , Patch Tests , Allergens/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Foot Dermatoses/etiology
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(3): 457-459, May-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038270

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Children's products are considered safe by the general population and doctors. Labels with terms such as "hypoallergenic" or "dermatologically recommended and tested" denote trust and credibility with the idea that they can be used by any individual. Patients with allergic contact dermatitis may be sensitive to allergens present in any product, including children's. There is insufficient knowledge about allergens in these products in our country. We evaluated 254 children's products, and at least one allergen was present in 236 (93%) of them. The indication of a topical product should be careful and based on contact tests.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Allergens/adverse effects , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Brazil , Skin Tests , Allergens/analysis , Cosmetics/adverse effects , Food/adverse effects
7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(1): 59-62, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887156

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Metals are common agents of allergic contact dermatitis, occupational or not, with decreasing incidence over the last years in some countries that have regulated the amount of nickel in objects. Objectives: To analyze and compare with previous studies the profile of metal sensitization between 2003-2015. Methods: Patients who underwent patch testing between 2003-2015 were evaluated retrospectively regarding the sensitization rates to metals, the associations between them, the relationship with profession and epidemiology. Results: Of the 1,386 patients tested, 438 (32%) had positive test to some metal, similar results to the 404/1,208 (33%) of the previous study (1995-2002) performed at the same service (p=0.32). The frequency of nickel (77%), cobalt (32%) and chromium (29%) changed slightly (p=0.20). Most cases of sensitization to chromium were related to the occupation (64%), in contrast to nickel and cobalt (p<0.0001). There was a predominance of females among those sensitized to metal in both studies (p=0.63) and the age group of 20-49 years old (p=0.11); the number of fair-skinned individuals increased (p<0.001), as well as the lesions in the cephalic segment (50.5%; p<0.0001) and hands (45%; p<0.0001), which are not the most frequent location anymore. The number of cleaners decreased (39% vs. 59%; p<0.0001), which still lead in front of bricklayers/painters, which increased (14% vs. 9%; p=0.013). The frequency of wet work reduced (65% vs. 81%; p<0.0001). Study limitations: The study included a single population group; only patients with positive tests to metals were considered - the others were not evaluated for the possibility of false negatives. Conclusion: The sensitization to metals, occupational or not, has been significant over the last 21 years, with few epidemiological changes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Allergens/adverse effects , Chromium/adverse effects , Immunization/methods , Cobalt/administration & dosage , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Nickel/adverse effects , Time Factors , Patch Tests , Retrospective Studies , Cobalt/adverse effects , Dermatitis, Occupational/etiology
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(1): 151-153, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038262

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Nickel and cobalt are often responsible for metal-induced allergic contact dermatitis. With the increasing use of cell phones, we observed an increase in cases reports on telephone-related allergic contact dermatitis. The present study evaluated nickel and cobalt release from mobile phones used in Brazil. We evaluated devices of 6 brands and 20 different models using nickel and cobalt allergy spot tests. Of the 20 models, 64.7% tested positive for nickel, with 41.1% positive results for the charger input and 23.5% for other tested areas. None of them was positive for cobalt. Nickel release was more common in older models.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cobalt/analysis , Cell Phone/instrumentation , Nickel/analysis , Brazil , Patch Tests , Cobalt/adverse effects , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Nickel/adverse effects
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(5): 734-735, Sept.-Oct. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038256

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Keys are a significant source of exposure to metal allergens and can be a relevant problem for nickel-allergic individuals. This study aimed to perform nickel and cobalt spot testing among the 5 most common Brazilian brands of keys. Among the tested keys, 100% showed positive result to nickel spot test, 83,3% presented strong positive reaction. 50% exhibited cobalt release as well. Nickel release from keys is very common in our country and may cause a negative impact on sensitized individual's quality of life. Study's results highlight the importance of establishing directives to regulate nickel release in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cobalt/administration & dosage , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Nickel/administration & dosage , Brazil , Patch Tests , Cobalt/analysis , Consumer Product Safety , Environmental Exposure , Household Articles , Nickel/analysis
10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(3): 421-422, May-June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038250

ABSTRACT

Abstract The main allergen responsible for contact dermatitis to nail polish is tosylamide-formaldehyde resin. The so-called hypoallergenic nail polishes are suposedly free of agents that commonly trigger reactions. The commercially available products and their compositions were studied. It was observed that most brands present at least one component capable of triggering the disease; therefore, allergic reaction may occur even when hypoallergenic polishes are used. There should be a proper investigation of the specific allergen through a patch test, because more than one component can cause an allergy, and we need to check the exact composition of each product.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Cosmetics/adverse effects , Cosmetics/chemistry
11.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(3): 248-256, Mar. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-842065

ABSTRACT

Descrevem-se as características clínicas e histopatológicas da dermatite alérgica diagnosticada em cães da região metropolitana de João Pessoa, Paraíba. Durante o período de setembro de 2014 a setembro de 2015, um total de 90 cães com lesões cutâneas. Desses 24 apresentaram alterações compatíveis com dermatite alérgica, sendo 12 machos e 12 fêmeas. A dermatite atópica (DA) foi a mais frequente, afetando 58,33% (14/24) dos cães, seguido por dermatite por hipersensibilidade alimentar (HA) 25% (6/24), dermatite de contato alérgica (DAC) com 8,33% (2/24) dos casos, dermatite alérgica por picada de pulgas (DAPP) com um caso e a hipersensibilidade a medicamento (farmacodermia) também um caso, que representou 4,17% respectivamente. As lesões macroscópicas incluíram hipotricose, hiperpigmentação, comedões, eritema, alopecia, xerose, erosões, úlceras e exsudato, anatomicamente distribuídas na face, cabeça, pescoço, toracolombar, lombossacra, flanco, membros e abdome. As lesões microscópicas mais frequentes foram hiperceratose, acantose, espongiose e exocitose de linfócitos na epiderme. Na derme superficial foi observada perivasculite, perianexite e em alguns casos de incontinência pigmentar, edema, dilatação de vasos sanguíneos, linfáticos e glândulas sudoríparas. O exame histopatológico associado com a história clínica, exame clínico e pele são ferramentas importantes para o diagnóstico de dermatite alérgica em cães, bem como medidas terapêuticas associadas.(AU)


This paper describes the clinical and histopathological features of allergic dermatitis in dogs diagnosed the metropolitan region of João Pessoa, Paraíba. From September 2014 to September 2015 a total of 90 dogs with skin lesions was studied. Twenty-four cases showed changes consistent with allergic dermatitis, in 12 males and 12 females. The age of dogs ranged from 3 months to 15 years. Atopic dermatitis was the most common, affecting 58.33% (14/24) of the dogs, followed by food hypersensitivity dermatitis at 25% (6/24), allergic contact dermatitis at 8.33% (2/24), a case of allergic dermatitis flea and one case of drug hypersensitivity, which represented 4.17% respectively. Gross lesions included hypotrichosis, hyperpigmentation, comedones, erythema, alopecia, xerosis, erosions, ulcers, and exudates. Anatomically distributed was on face, head, neck, thoracolumbar, lumbosacral, flank, limbs and abdomen. The most common microscopic lesions were hyperkeratosis, acanthosis, spongiosis and exocytosis of lymphocytes in the epidermis. In the superficial dermis was observed perivasculitis, perianexite and in some cases pigmentary incontinence, edema, dilated lymphatic vessels and sweat glands. Histopathological examination associated with medical history, clinical examination and skin examen are important tools for the diagnosis of allergic dermatitis in dogs, as well as for associated therapeutic measures.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Dermatitis/etiology , Hypersensitivity, Immediate/veterinary , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Skin Diseases/veterinary
12.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(2): 168-172, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-781352

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Chronic urticaria (CU) can be provoked by a wide variety of causes. Some studies suggest contact sensitization may play a role in the disease. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and distribution characteristics of allergic contact sensitization in central Chinese subjects with CU, and assess contact allergen avoidance measures in managing CU. METHODS: Patch tests were performed, following the recommended standard procedure, with 20 selected allergens, in line with the European baseline series. All subjects with positive results were prescribed appropriate avoidance measures for the sensitizing substances, while subjects with negative results served as the control group. CU severity was assessed daily from week1 to week4 and for each subject, applying the Urticaria Activity Score. RESULTS: 42.9% (233/543) of subjects with CU showed positive reactions to one or more contact allergen(s). Potassium dichromate, benzene mix and carba mix were more common in male patients, while nickel sulfate was more frequent in females. The positive rates for different allergens varied with age and occupation. The median (interquartile range) severity scores at week 1 were 20 (14-21) and 15 (14-27) for the allergen avoidance group and control group, respectively (P>0.05); and 12 (7-15) and 14 (12-17) at week 4 (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The incidence of allergic contact sensitization in CU patients was high, and appropriate contact allergen avoidance measures benefitted CU management. Contact allergens may play a role in the pathogenic mechanism of CU and patch tests are an option for CU patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Urticaria/complications , Urticaria/epidemiology , Allergens/immunology , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Patch Tests , China/epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Incidence , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric , Occupations/statistics & numerical data
13.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(2): 141-148, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-781370

ABSTRACT

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Patients with oral sensitivity are common in our practice. Allergic contact dermatitis is one of the most frequent etiologies. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate oral contact dermatitis using the Brazilian standard series and complementary dental series in patients using dental prostheses, with or without oral complaints. Determine specific dental Brazilian series. METHODS: Patients using dental prostheses with or without oral complaints realized patch tests. Brazilian standard series and complementary dental series were used according to ICDRG recommendations. The results were analysed according to age, sex, race, atopic conditions and symptoms associated. RESULTS: From 54 patients tested, 34 (63%) were positive at least to one substance. Nineteen had oral complaints, such as burning mouth, itch or oral erythema. There was no association between atopic condition and tests results. Without the oral series, just 23(42,6%) patients had a positive result. Using the Brazilian standard series with the complementary dental series we improved the positivity of the patch test to 47%. CONCLUSION: In patients using prostheses and with oral complaints, patch tests with Brazilian standard series with complementary dental series improve the tests positivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Patch Tests/methods , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Dental Prosthesis/adverse effects , Dental Materials/adverse effects , Time Factors , Brazil , Patch Tests/standards , Allergens , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results
14.
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 29(1): 42-48, 2016. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-790206

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to assess periodontal status and bloodparameters in orthodontic patients with nickel allergy one monthafter removal of brackets. Ninety-six randomly selected patientswere initially evaluated. Allergy to nickel was diagnosed using apatch test. After determining the prevalence of subjects allergic tonickel, two groups were formed: 16 allergic (experimental) and 16non-allergic (control) patients. Their periodontal status wasdetermined regularly by a single, blinded, duly calibrated examinerusing the Lõe Index (GI) and their blood was tested (complete bloodtest, including nickel and IgE levels) after nine months oforthodontic treatment and again one month after removing theorthodontic appliances. Statistical analyses included paired andnon-paired t-tests, Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon, McNemar and lineartrend chi-square tests (p≤0.05). Comparison of the values recordedduring orthodontic treatment and one month after removing theappliances showed that in the allergic group there was significantincrease in eosinophils (p=0.046), basophils (p=0.001) andmonocytes (p=0.002), and decrease in number of bands (p=0.000),while in the control group, there was increase in lymphocytes(p=0.039) and decrease in segmented neutrophils (p=0.030) andIgE levels (p=0.001). In both groups, plasma nickel levels increased(p=0.010; p=0.039) and GI scores decreased. One month afterremoving the brackets, blood and periodontal parameters frompatients with and without nickel allergy were similar.


O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a condição periodontal eos parâmetros sanguíneos em pacientes alérgicos ao níquel, ummês após remoção dos aparelhos. Noventa e seis pacientesselecionados aleatoriamente foram inicialmente avaliadas. Alergiaao níquel foi diagnosticada usando um teste de contato. Após adeterminação da prevalência de alergia ao níquel, formaram-sedois grupos: 16 pacientes alérgicos (experimental) e 16 nãoalérgicos (controle). Condição periodontal foi diagnosticadaatravés do Índice de Lõe (IG). Parâmetros sanguíneos foramdeterminados por meio de um exame de sangue completo,incluindo a quantificação de níquel e níveis de IgE. Avaliações doestado periodontal foram realizados por um único examinador deforma cega, devidamente calibrado e amostras de sangue foramtomadas depois de nove meses de tratamento e um mês após aremoção dos aparelhos ortodônticos. Análise estatística utilizadafoi testes t pareado e não pareado, Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon,McNemar e qui-quadrado de tendência linear (p≤0,05). Emcomparação com os valores observados durante o tratamento, onúmero de eosinófilos (p=0,046), basófilos (p=0,001) e monócitos(p=0,002) aumentou significativamente depois da remoção dosaparelhos ortodônticos, ao passo que o número de bastões(p=0,000) diminuiu entre os períodos no grupo alérgico. O númerode linfócitos (p=0,039) aumentou no grupo controle e o número desegmentados (p=0,030) diminuiu. A diminuição dos níveis de IgE(p=0,001) entre os períodos ocorreu no grupo de controle. Níveisde níquel no plasma aumentou após a remoção de aparelhosortodônticos em ambos os grupos (p=0,010; p=0,039). O IGdiminuiu em ambos os grupos. Parâmetros periodontais esanguíneos de pacientes com alergia ao níquel foram semelhantesaos não alérgicos um mês após a remoção dos aparelhos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Child , Young Adult , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/blood , Nickel/adverse effects , Orthodontic Brackets/adverse effects , Chi-Square Distribution , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/epidemiology , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/immunology , Periodontal Index , Statistical Analysis
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(5): 671-683, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-764421

ABSTRACT

AbstractBACKGROUND:Patch testing is an efficient method to identify the allergen responsible for allergic contact dermatitis.OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the results of patch tests in children and adolescents comparing these two age groups' results.METHODS:Cross-sectional study to assess patch test results of 125 children and adolescents aged 1-19 years, with suspected allergic contact dermatitis, in a dermatology clinic in Brazil. Two Brazilian standardized series were used.RESULTS:Seventy four (59.2%) patients had "at least one positive reaction" to the patch test. Among these positive tests, 77.0% were deemed relevant. The most frequent allergens were nickel (36.8%), thimerosal (18.4%), tosylamide formaldehyde resin (6.8%), neomycin (6.4%), cobalt (4.0%) and fragrance mix I (4.0%). The most frequent positive tests came from adolescents (p=0.0014) and females (p=0.0002). There was no relevant statistical difference concerning contact sensitizations among patients with or without atopic history. However, there were significant differences regarding sensitization to nickel (p=0.029) and thimerosal (p=0.042) between the two age groups under study, while adolescents were the most affected.CONCLUSION:Nickel and fragrances were the only positive (and relevant) allergens in children. Nickel and tosylamide formaldehyde resin were the most frequent and relevant allergens among adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Young Adult , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Patch Tests/methods , Age Factors , Allergens , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Patch Tests/standards , Reproducibility of Results , Sex Factors
17.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 2015 May-Jun; 81(3): 251-256
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-158306

ABSTRACT

Background: Azathioprine in daily doses has been shown to be effective and safe in the treatment of Parthenium dermatitis. Weekly pulses of azathioprine (WAP) are also effective, but there are no reports comparing the effectiveness and safety of these two regimens in this condition. Aims: To study the effi cacy and safety of WAP and daily azathioprine in Parthenium dermatitis. Methods: Sixty patients with Parthenium dermatitis were randomly assigned to treatment with azathioprine 300 mg weekly pulse or azathioprine 100 mg daily for 6 months. Patients were evaluated every month to assess the response to treatment and side effects. Results: The study included 32 patients in the weekly azathioprine group and 28 in the daily azathioprine group, of whom 25 and 22 patients respectively completed the study. Twenty-three (92%) patients on WAP and 21 (96%) on daily azathioprine had a good or excellent response. The mean pretreatment clinical severity score decreased from 26.4 ± 14.5 to 4.7 ± 5.1 in the WAP group, and from 36.1 ± 18.1 to 5.7 ± 6.0 in the daily azathioprine group, which was statistically signifi cant and comparable (P = 0.366). Patients on WAP had a higher incidence of adverse effects (P = 0.02). Limitations: The study had a small sample size and the amount of clobetasol propionate used in each patient was not determined, though it may not have affected the study outcome due to its comparable use in both groups. Conclusions: Azathioprine 300 mg weekly pulse and 100 mg daily dose are equally effective and safe in the treatment of Parthenium dermatitis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Azathioprine/administration & dosage , Azathioprine/therapeutic use , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/drug therapy , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/epidemiology , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pulse Therapy, Drug/methods , Tanacetum parthenium/adverse effects
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