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2.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368953

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Introdução: O quadro da dermatite atópica (DA) é caracterizado por prurido crônico de evolução flutuante, que pode resultar em distúrbios no padrão de sono e em estigmatização social devido à presença de lesões visíveis e recidivantes, as quais tendem a se tornar progressivamente liquenificadas. Fatores como os já citados e outros associados, como incapacidade laboral, falta de concentração ao longo do dia e isolamento apresentam-se como profundos impactantes para a saúde mental do paciente, podendo resultar em baixa autoestima, depressão e frustração. Além disso, sabe-se que a DA é uma doença essencialmente inflamatória, ao mesmo tempo em que estudos recentes demonstram papel de citocinas no desenvolvimento de síndromes depressivas, podendo haver correlação causal entre os quadros por vias inflamatórias. Objetivos: Essa revisão sistemática de literatura objetivou analisar a relação entre dermatite atópica e sintomas depressivos, identificando possíveis mecanismos responsáveis por essa ligação. Métodos: A busca foi feita entre 17/11/2020 e 18/11/2020 seguindo o modelo PRISMA e utilizando as bases PUBMED, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS) - IBECS, LILACS e CUMED - e EMBASE. As palavras-chave "Depression" e "Atopic Eczema", em conjunto com seus termos MeSh e DECS, foram utilizadas e associadas através do método booleano. Critérios para inclusão foram definidos como artigos que são ensaios clínicos ou observacionais envolvendo grupo de pacientes com dermatite atópica e grupo controle, que pôde ser constituído pelo próprio grupo com dermatite atópica, porém, após intervenção. Os sintomas depressivos precisavam ser medidos por escalas ou terem critérios para diagnóstico de síndrome depressiva estabelecidos. A seleção foi feita por todos os autores de forma independente, sendo discordâncias solucionadas por consenso. Resultados: Ao final, quinze estudos restaram, os quais foram classificados entre aqueles que comparam tratamentos e seus desfechos relacionados à depressão e DA, aqueles que propõem DA como agravante de sintomas depressivos, aqueles que propõem sintomas depressivos como agravantes da DA e aqueles que trazem análises estatísticas sem estabelecer claramente onde reside a relação de causalidade entre os dois quadros. Conclusões: Diversos estudos mostraram a existência de relação entre o quadro de DA e sintomas depressivos em vias distintas, tanto analisando a DA como agravante de sintomas depressivos como vice-versa. A partir dessa perspectiva, é possível que haja uma causalidade bidirecional cíclica, na qual um constante feedback positivo gera piora de ambos os quadros até que a abordagem adequada seja tomada, evidenciando a importância da propedêutica multidisciplinar para esses pacientes.(AU)


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is characterized by chronic itching, presenting with fluctuating evolution, resulting in sleep disorders and social stigmatization due to the presence of visible and recurrent lesions, that might become progressively lichenified. Factors such as those mentioned and others associated, such as incapacity for work, lack of concentration throughout the day and isolation have profound impacts on the patient's mental health, resulting in low self-esteem, depression and frustration. In addition, it is known that AD is essentially an inflammatory disease. And, recent studies demonstrate the role of inflammatory cytokines in the development of depressive syndromes, therefore may be a causal correlation between the conditions by inflammatory pathways. Objectives: This systematic literature review aimed to analyze a relationship between atopic dermatitis and depressive symptoms, identifying mechanisms responsible for this connection. Methods: The research was carried out between 11/17/2020 and 11/18/2020 following the PRISMA model and using PUBMED, Virtual Health Library (VHL) - IBECS, LILACS and CUMED - and EMBASE databases. Keywords "Depression" and "Atopic Eczema", along with its MeSh and DECS terms, were used and associated using the Boolean method. Inclusion criteria were defined as articles that are clinical or observational trials involving a group of patients with atopic dermatitis and a control group, which could be constituted by the group with atopic dermatitis itself, however, after an intervention. The depressive symptoms had to be measured by scales or, at least, the criteria for diagnosis of depressed syndrome must have been established. Results:In the end, fifteen studies remained, which were classified among those that compare treatments and their outcomes related to depression and AD, those that propose AD as an aggravator of depressive symptoms, those that propose depressive symptoms as an aggravating factor for AD and those that bring statistical analysis without clearly establishing where the causality relation resides. Conclusion: Several studies have presented a relationship between the condition of AD and depressive symptoms in distinct pathways, or analyzing AD as an aggravating factor for depressive symptoms or vice-versa. From this perspective, there may be a cyclical bidirectional causality, in which constant positive feedback generates worsening of both conditions until the adequate approach is taken, highlighting the importance of the multidisciplinary propaedeutics for these patients. (AU)


Subject(s)
Depression , Dermatitis, Atopic
4.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(4): 676-691, oct.-dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355742

ABSTRACT

Resumen | Introducción. La dermatitis atópica es una enfermedad cutánea crónica e intermitente muy frecuente, con un impacto clínico evidente en la calidad de vida de los pacientes. No hay estudios locales que describan las características generales de esta condición en nuestra población. Objetivo. Evaluar las características sociodemográficas, clínicas y de calidad de vida en pacientes con dermatitis atópica residentes en Medellín y su área metropolitana. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio transversal descriptivo de pacientes que consultaron en algunos centros de referencia de la ciudad de Medellín, a quienes se les hizo una encuesta sobre variables sociodemográficas y clínicas. Además, se evaluó la seriedad clínica de la enfermedad y su impacto en la calidad de vida. Resultados. Se incluyeron 113 pacientes, de los cuales 36,3 % manifestó tener algún trastorno del sueño, 38,1 % reportó déficit de atención y 44,2 % informó haber sufrido asma en la infancia. Se registró un puntaje promedio de 6,9 en el índice EASI (Eczema Area and Severity Index) y de 32,4 en el SCORAD (Scoring Atopic Dermatitis), es decir, el compromiso clínico era de leve a moderado. Con el cuestionario Skindex-29, se encontraron promedios de 37,7, 25,09 y 16,9 para los dominios sintomático, emocional y funcional, respectivamente, con un promedio total de 24,78. En el cuestionario EuroQol 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D), el componente más importante fue la presencia de dolor o malestar (17,6 %) y de ansiedad o depresión (12,1 %). Conclusión. Los resultados obtenidos confirmaron que la población analizada con dermatitis atópica presentaba características similares a las reportadas en otras partes del mundo, con un impacto neuropsiquiátrico y emocional en aspectos como el sueño.


Abstract | Introduction: Atopic dermatitis is a cutaneous, inflammatory, chronic disease, very frequent in the world and it imposes a high clinical and quality of life impact in patients. To date there are no local studies describing the general features in our population. Objective: To evaluate the socio demographic, clinical and life quality features in patients with atopic dermatitis from Medellín city and its metropolitan area. Materials and methods: cross sectional, descriptive study, that included patients who attended some teaching dermatological clinics. Data collection included sociodemographic and clinical features in addition to clinical issues and quality of life measurements. Results: A total of 13 patients were included. 36,3% manifested a sleeping disturbance, 38,1% attention deficit; 44,2% reported asthma in the childhood. EASI and SCORAD scores were 6,9 and 32,4, respectively, which indicates a mild-moderate compromise. Regarding quality of Life, Skindex-29 showed average scores for the symptomatic, emotional and functional dominions of 37,7, 25,09 and 16,9, respectively, and a total score of 24,78. In EQ-5D scores, the most altered component was the presence of pain or discomfort (17,6%) and the presence of anxiety or depression (12,1%), which enhances the symptomatic and emotional impact of the disease. Conclusion: These results confirm that patients with atopic dermatitis present similar features to those reported in other studies from different countries, highlighting the burden of the disease in adults and its impact in neuropsychiatric and emotional domains.


Subject(s)
Dermatitis, Atopic/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Sleep , Depression
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 821-826, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285277

ABSTRACT

Canine atopic dermatitis is an inflammatory, genetic, pruritic and chronic dermatosis that affects between 10 and 30% of dogs and one of the most important allergens is grass pollen. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sensitization to grass pollen allergens in dogs with canine atopic dermatitis and to compare intradermal skin test (IDT) with percutaneous test (PT). For this study, ten healthy dogs and 39 dogs with atopic dermatitis were tested. Dogs were submitted to IDT and PT for Lolium multiflorum, Cynodon dactylon and Paspalum notatum. The IDT and PT tests were compared using the Proportion Test. All healthy dogs were negative to both tests. Ten atopic dogs (25.6%) responded positively to the PT and none were positive in IDT. C. dactylon, L. multiflorum and P. notatum were responsible for positive reactions in 70%, 70% and 30% of positive dogs, respectively. The number of positive reactions in PT were statistically higher than IDT (P<0.05). In conclusion, grass pollen can be important source of allergens for dogs in Paraná state (Brazil) and the PT showed higher sensitization to grass pollen in dogs with atopic dermatitis than IDT.(AU)


A dermatite atópica canina é uma dermatose inflamatória, genética, prurítica e crônica que afeta entre 10% e 30% dos cães, e um dos alérgenos mais importantes são os polens de gramíneas. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a sensibilização a alérgenos de polens de gramíneas em cães com dermatite atópica e comparar o teste intradérmico (TID) com o teste percutâneo (TP). Para o estudo, 10 cães hígidos e 39 cães com dermatite atópica foram testados. Estes foram submetidos ao TID e ao TP para Lolium multiflorum, Cynodon dactylon e Paspalum notatum. TID e TP foram comparados usando-se o teste de proporção. Todos os cães hígidos foram negativos em ambos os testes. Dez cães atópicos (25,6%) responderam positivamente ao TP e nenhum ao TID. C. dactylon, L. multiflorum e P. notatum foram responsáveis por reações positivas de 70%, 70% e 30% dos cães positivos, respectivamente. O número de reações positivas no TP foi estatisticamente maior que no TID (P<0,05). Foi concluído que os polens de gramíneas podem ser importantes fontes de alérgenos para cães no estado do Paraná (Brasil) e que o TP mostrou maior sensibilização a polens em cães com dermatite atópica que o TID.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Pollen/adverse effects , Allergens/analysis , Dermatitis, Atopic/veterinary , Lolium , Skin Tests/veterinary , Cynodon , Paspalum , Poaceae/adverse effects
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): e370-e374, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281914

ABSTRACT

La dermatitis atópica es la forma más frecuente de eccema durante el primer año de vida; sin embargo, cuando la presentación es atípica o se asocia a infecciones, constituye un desafío diagnóstico para el pediatra. Es importante mantener un índice alto de sospecha para detectar inmunodeficiencias primarias asociadas a eccemas graves desde el período neonatal. Un ejemplo de estas es el síndrome de hiperinmunoglobulinemia E (hiper-IgE) autosómico dominante. Este cuadro se caracteriza por la presencia de infecciones cutáneas y respiratorias recurrentes, dermatitis atópica, eosinofilia y aumento de IgE. Se reporta el caso clínico de una niña de 1 mes y 29 días con diagnóstico de hiper-IgE con afección cutánea desde el nacimiento.


Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema often developed before the first year of life. Nevertheless, when the presentation is atypical or related to infections the diagnostic represents a challenge for the pediatricians. It is important to maintain a high index of suspicion for the detection of primary immunodeficiency associated to severe eczema. One of them is the autosomal dominant hyper-IgE syndrome characterized by recurrent skin and respiratory infections, atopic dermatitis, eosinophilia, and high serum IgE concentrations. In this paper, we report a 1 months and 29 days old baby girl diagnosed with hyper-IgE and a skin involvement since birth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Dermatitis, Atopic/diagnosis , Job Syndrome/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Atopic/immunology , Eczema/diagnosis , Eczema/immunology , Job Syndrome/complications
10.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(4): 306-312, 01/07/2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358906

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la dermatitis atópica (DA) es una enfermedad con repercusión en la calidad de vida (CV) del paciente. Para la evaluación de la gravedad clínica de la enfermedad se han diseñado diversas herramientas como el Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI), mientras que para la evaluación de la CV se han creado instrumentos específico, como el Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) y el Quality of Life Index for Atopic Dermatitis (QoLIAD). Objetivo: definir cuál es la mejor herramienta para evaluar la afección a la CV de pacientes adultos con DA, en relación con el EASI. Material y métodos: se seleccionaron pacientes con DA (> 18 años) que aceptaran responder a los cuestionarios DLQI y QoLIAD, así como tener una exploración dermatológica reportada según el EASI. Se ajustaron tres modelos de regresión lineal simple para poder cuantificar la asociación entre el EASI con el DLQI y el QoLIAD. Un valor de p < 0.05, se consideró de significancia estadística. El modelo de afección a CV con el valor más alto de pseudo R2, se consideró como el que tuvo mayor asociación con EASI. Resultados: se captaron en total 72 pacientes. Los modelos de regresión cuantílica simple revelaron un coeficiente de regresión de 0.243 para DLQI (p = 0.002) y 0.252 para QoLIAD (p = 0.003). Los valores de pseudo R2 fueron de 0.15 para DLQI y 0.10 para QoLIAD, por lo que el DLQI tuvo una mayor correlación con el EASI. Conclusiones: el DLQI resultó ser el mejor instrumento para evaluar la afección a la CV en pacientes adultos con DA.


Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a disease with an im- pact on the patient's quality of life (QoL). Several tools have been designed to assess the clinical severity of the disease, such as the Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI), while specific instruments have been created to assess QoL, such as the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and the Quality of Life Index for Atopic Dermatitis (QoLIAD). Objective: To define which tool is the best to assess the QoL condition of adult patients with AD in relation to the EASI. Material and methods: Patients with AD (> 18 years old) were selected who agreed to complete the DLQI and QoLIAD questionnaires, as well as to have a dermatologic examination reported according to the EASI. Three simple linear regression models were fitted in order to quantify the association between EASI with DLQI and QoLIAD. A value of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The CV condition model with the highest pseudo R2 value was considered to have the strongest association with EASI. Results: A total of 72 patients were included. Simple quantile regression models revealed a regression coefficient of 0.243 for DLQI (p = 0.002) and 0.252 for QoLIAD (p = 0.003). The pseudo R2 values were 0.15 for DLQI and 0.10 for QoLIAD, so DLQI had a higher correlation with EASI. Conclusions: DLQI proved to be the best instrument to assess CV impairment in adult patients with AD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Linear Models , Hypergravity , Dermatitis, Atopic , Eczema
12.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06778, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1287516

ABSTRACT

Canine atopic dermatitis (CAD) is a pruritic, chronic inflammatory disease, recurrent and genetically predisposed, which is the second most frequent allergic skin disorder, and ranks second among all the causes of pruritus in dogs worldwide. Given the absence of data on the occurrence of CAD in the northern region of Brazil, the aim of the current study was to conduct a survey to define the prevalence of canine atopic dermatitis attended at the Dermatology Department of the Mário Dias Teixeira Veterinary Hospital of the "Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia" (HOVET-UFRA). To determine the prevalence of CAD, a retrospective survey was carried out of clinical records and results of dermatological examinations conducted at the Dermatology Department of HOVET-UFRA Belém, Pará from October 2018 to October 2019. During this period, 456 dogs were examined, of which 25.65% (117) were diagnosed with atopic dermatitis. Among the animals diagnosed, 62.4% (73) were females and 51.7% (29) were of the Shih-tzu breed. This level of atopic dermatitis is considered high. There are still no exact data on the incidence and prevalence of this dermatopathy, with described occurrence ranging from 3 to 15% of the canine population, a geographical relationship may be present. Although a sex-related predisposition has not been proven, a higher incidence of atopy in females is described, which indicated this may be the case. The most commonly diagnosed dogs in this study were the Shih-tzu breed. It is suspected that the regional popularity of some breeds, or the different genetic backgrounds in different geographical areas, may affect the predominance of CAD in some breeds. The results of the present study demonstrate the need for more research on the prevalence of canine atopic dermatitis, and better means of characterizing the population of atopic dogs in the region, so that it is possible to obtain a reliable epidemiological profile.(AU)


A dermatite atópica canina (DAC) é uma doença inflamatória crônica e pruriginosa recorrente e geneticamente predisposta, que se destaca como o segundo transtorno cutâneo alérgico mais frequente e ocupa o segundo lugar entre todas as causas de prurido em cães. Diante da ausência de dados da ocorrência de DAC na região Norte do Brasil, objetivou-se realizar um levantamento de dados para definir a prevalência de dermatite atópica canina atendida no Serviço de Dermatologia do Hospital Veterinário Mário Dias Teixeira da Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia (HOVET-UFRA). Foi realizado um levantamento retrospectivo através dos registros clínicos e dos resultados de exames dermatológicos com base nos atendimentos dermatológicos no setor de Dermatologia do HOVET-UFRA Belém/Pará, de outubro de 2018 a outubro de 2019 para determinar a prevalência de DAC. Nesse período, foram atendidos 456 cães e destes, 25,65% (117) foram diagnosticados com dermatite atópica. Dentre os animais diagnosticados, 62,4% (73) eram fêmeas e 51,7% (29) eram da raça Shih-tzu. Neste estudo houve uma alta prevalência de cães com Dermatite atópica. Ainda não existem dados exatos sobre a incidência e a prevalência desta dermatopatia, com ocorrência descrita variando de 3 a 15% da população canina, podendo ter relação geográfica. Embora a predisposição sexual não tenha sido comprovada, descreve-se maior incidência de atopia em fêmeas, concordando com esta pesquisa. Os cães mais acometidos neste estudo foram da raça Shih-tzu. Suspeita-se que a popularidade regional de algumas raças ou os diferentes antecedentes genéticos em diferentes áreas geográficas afetam a predominância de algumas raças. Estes resultados mostraram que a prevalência de DAC em cães é a mais frequentemente diagnosticada no setor de Dermatologia do HOVET-UFRA, sendo mais prevalente em fêmeas e na raça Shih-tzu, podendo refletir um aspecto regional desta dermatopatia. Os resultados do presente estudo contribuíram para demonstrar a importância de mais pesquisas sobre a prevalência da Dermatite atópica canina e melhor caracterizar a população de cães atópicos na região, para que seja possível obter um perfil epidemiológico confiável.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dermatitis, Atopic/diagnosis , Dogs/injuries , Hospitals, Animal , Skin Diseases
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878967

ABSTRACT

Based on the clinical characteristics of atopic dermatitis( AD) in traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) and Western medicine,the existing animal models were analyzed,and the coincidence degree,advantages and disadvantages between the models and the clinical manifestations of AD were evaluated,so as to provide reference for establishing a rational animal model. After consulting relevant literatures in recent years and summarizing the existing modeling methods,it is found that spontaneous,transgenic/gene knockout models were highly consistent,but with high breeding conditions and expensive prices. The hapten-induced model was low in cost and fast in modeling. It revealed the corresponding mechanism of AD to a certain extent,but did not fully reflect the state of the entire process of AD. The modeling method was guided by Western medicine,but with a lack of pathogenic factors of traditional Chinese medicine,and so has certain limitations in TCM research. Therefore,it is necessary to combine the etiology,pathogenesis and clinical mani-festations of AD with traditional Chinese and Western medicine,so as to improve the coincidence degree between the model and the characteristics of clinical symptoms and lay the foundation for in-depth studies on AD.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Dermatitis, Atopic/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Eczema , Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
14.
Rev. Méd. Paraná ; 79(1): 19-25, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282386

ABSTRACT

Caracterizada por pele seca, pruriginosa, placas e pápulas eritematosas e liquenificação, a dermatite atópica (DA) ocasiona dor e gera grande impacto na qualidade de vida (QdV) dos pacientes. De importante prevalência mundial, manifesta-se diferentemente em distintos grupos e pesquisas locais são necessárias para avaliar o padrão de acometimento regional. Os objetivos deste estudo são traçar o perfil fenotípico e avaliar os impactos da DA na QdV em pacientes em hospital terciário, referência no Paraná. De 28 participantes convidados, 20 foram submetidos a avaliação clínica somada a aplicação do Dermatology Life Quality Index. A análise descritiva mostrou a sintomatologia, constrangimento e uso de roupas como mais impactantes na QdV. Consistiam em adultos jovens, com sintomas de início na infância e adolescência e história familiar e pessoal de doenças atópicas. As lesões eram típicas, pruriginosas e recidivantes, e outros achados cutâneos e não cutâneos, como influência dos fatores emocionais e intolerância à lã


Characterized by dry, itchy skin, erythematous plaques and papules and lichenification, atopic dermatitis (AD) causes pain and has a great impact on patients' quality of life (QoL). Importantly prevalent worldwide, it manifests itself differently in different groups and local research is needed to assess the pattern of regional involvement. The objectives of this study are to trace the phenotypic profile and evaluate the impacts of AD on QoL in patients at a Tertiary Hospital, a reference in Paraná. Of 28 invited participants, 20 underwent clinical evaluation plus the application of the Dermatology Life Quality Index. The descriptive analysis showed the symptoms, embarrassment and use of clothes as the most impactful in QoL. They consisted of young adults, with symptoms beginning in childhood and adolescence and a family and personal history of atopic diseases. The lesions were typical, itchy and recurrent, and other skin and non-skin findings, such as the influence of emotional factors and intolerance to wool


Subject(s)
Humans , Patients , Quality of Life , Dermatitis, Atopic , Diagnosis
15.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 42: e20200261, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1289591

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To identify the factors associated with the development of skin allergies in the first year of life in moderate and late preterm infants. Method: This is a cross-sectional study with 151 moderate and late preterm infants, born between May 2016 and May 2017. Participants were evaluated in the 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th months of life, in telephone interviews. Statistical analyzes were performed in the SPSS software with frequency comparison tests and logistic regression. Results: The prevalence of skin allergy, in the perception of caregivers, among late and moderate preterm infants was 16%. Factors such as being admitted to neonatal intensive care (p = 0.006) and not being breastfed (p = 0.041) showed a significant association with the development of skin allergies in the 3rd and 12th months of life, respectively. Conclusion: Skin allergy, in the perception of caregivers, is more severe in newborn infants who have clinical respiratory and gastrointestinal manifestations, be it conditioning or cause-effect. Breastfeeding proved to be a protective factor in the first year of life.


RESUMEN Objetivo identificar los factores asociados con el desarrollo de alergias cutáneas en el primer año de vida en prematuros moderados y tardíos. Método Este es un estudio en sección con 151 recién nacidos prematuros moderados y tardíos, nacidos entre mayo de 2016 y mayo de 2017. Los participantes fueron evaluados en el tercer, sexto, noveno y duodécimo mes de vida, por contacto telefónico. Análisis estadísticos realizados en el software SPSS con pruebas de comparación de frecuencia y regresión logística. Resultados La prevalencia de alergia cutánea, en la percepción de los cuidadores, entre los prematuros tardíos y moderados fue del 16%. Factores como el alta de cuidados intensivos neonatales (p = 0,006) y la no lactancia (p = 0,041) mostraron asociación significativa en el 3º y 12º mes de vida, respectivamente. Conclusión La alergia cutánea, en la percepción de los cuidadores, es una característica más intensa en quienes presentan manifestaciones clínicas respiratorias y gastrointestinales, ya sea condicionante o causa-efecto. La lactancia materna demostró ser un factor protector en el primer año de vida.


RESUMO Objetivo Identificar os fatores associados ao desenvolvimento de alergias de pele no primeiro ano de vida em prematuros moderados e tardios. Método Trata-se de uma pesquisa seccional, com 151 prematuros moderados e tardios, nascidos entre maio de 2016 e maio de 2017. Os participantes foram avaliados no 3º, 6º, 9º e 12º mês de vida, por contato telefônico. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas no software SPSS com testes de comparação de frequência e regressão logística. Resultados A prevalência de alergia de pele, na percepção dos cuidadores, entre prematuros tardios e moderados foi de 16%. Fatores como ser egresso da terapia intensiva neonatal (p=0,006) e não estar em aleitamento materno (p=0,041) mostrou associação significativa no 3º e 12ª mês de vida, respectivamente. Conclusão A alergia de pele, na percepção dos cuidadores, é uma característica mais intensa naqueles que apresentam manifestações clínicas respiratórias e gastrointestinais, seja ela condicionante ou de causa-efeito. O aleitamento materno mostrou-se um fator protetor no 1º ano de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Pediatric Nursing , Skin Manifestations , Risk Factors , Critical Care , Breast Feeding , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dermatitis, Atopic , Protective Factors
16.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eRC6064, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249742

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We report the cases of two adolescent siblings with severe atopic dermatitis, who, despite weighing approximately 40kg, presented a good response to dupilumab with the off-label dose for individuals aged 12 years and weighing 60kg. Both had already used cyclosporine, azathioprine, methotrexate and oral corticosteroids for long periods, plus topical treatments with no adequate disease control. Skin lesions were constant and widespread, with frequent skin infections and very poor quality of life, with numerous physical and psychosocial consequences, such as dropping out of school activities due to severe itching, appearance and bullying. They also showed delayed growth and development. In 2018, dupilumab, an immunobiological agent, was approved for treatment of moderate to severe atopic dermatitis in adults and, in 2019, extended to the 12-17-year age group. Although it had already been approved by the Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency, the 200mg presentation (indicated for the weight of patients) was not available, with no expected arrival date. Therefore, weighing the risks and benefits of the situation of both, we chose to treat them with an adult dose (loading dose of 600mg subcutaneously, and 300mg subcutaneously every 2 weeks) despite the low weight. So far, they have received eight injections, showing significant improvement of disease and quality of life. There were no major adverse effects, only worsening of allergic conjunctivitis in one of them. The patients and their family are very satisfied, and we believe that the therapy has been successful.


RESUMO Relatamos os casos de dois irmãos adolescentes com dermatite atópica grave e que, apesar de pesarem cerca de 40kg, apresentaram boa resposta ao dupilumabe com a dose off-label para indivíduos com 12 anos e peso de 60kg. Ambos já tinham usado ciclosporina, azatioprina, metotrexato e corticoide oral por longos períodos, acrescidos de tratamentos tópicos sem controle adequado da doença. As lesões cutâneas eram constantes e disseminadas, e os irmãos apresentavam infeções de pele frequentes e qualidade de vida muito ruim, com inúmeras consequências físicas e psicossociais, como o abandono da atividade escolar pelo prurido intenso, pela aparência e pelo bullying sofrido. Apresentavam também retardo de crescimento e de desenvolvimento. Em 2018, o dupilumabe, um agente imunobiológico, foi aprovado para o tratamento de dermatite atópica moderada a severa para adultos e, em 2019, ampliado para faixa etária de 12 a 17 anos. Embora já tivesse a aprovação da Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária no Brasil, a apresentação de 200mg (indicada para o peso dos pacientes) não estava disponível, sem previsão de chegada. Assim, pesando os riscos e benefícios da situação de ambos, optamos por tratá-los com dose de adulto (ataque de 600mg por via subcutânea e 300mg por via subcutânea a cada 2 semanas) apesar do baixo peso. Até o momento, eles realizaram oito aplicações, apresentando importante melhora da doença e da qualidade de vida. Não houve efeitos adversos importantes - apenas a piora da conjuntivite alérgica em um deles. Os pacientes e sua família estão muito satisfeitos, e nós avaliamos que a terapia está sendo bem-sucedida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Dermatitis, Atopic/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Double-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Injections, Subcutaneous , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use
17.
Rev. fac. cienc. méd. (Impr.) ; 17(2): 31-36, jul.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1292596

ABSTRACT

La dermatitis periorificial, es una erupción acneiforme que comúnmente afecta la región perioral y con frecuencia se extiende alrededor de la nariz y los ojos. Los mayores reportes son en mujeres de 20 a 45 años y en menor proporción en menores de 18 años. Su etiología es desconocida, pero se ha asociado al uso de glucocorticoides tópicos, inhalados y sistémicos. Objetivo: presentar una serie de casos de dermatititis periorificial, asociados con el uso indiscriminado de glucocorticoides, que respondieron eficazmente al tratamiento con metronidazol tópico, solo o combinado con doxiciclina. Presentación de casos clínicos: se describen cinco pacientes de sexo femenino, edades comprendidas entre 4 y 18 años, atendidos en la consulta ambulatoria de Dermatología. En cuatro casos, se documentó el uso prolongado de glucocorticoides tópicos/inhalados, de estos, tres presentaron lesiones papulares eritematosas o color piel, escasas pústulas, asintomáticas o prurito leve, localizadas a nivel perioral, perinasal y periocular; perioral y perinasal en uno y solamente perioral en otro. El tratamiento con metronidazol tópico fue exitoso en los cinco pacientes y en uno se combinó con doxiciclina oral. Conclusiones: el manejo de la dermatitis periorificial puede responder eficazmente al metronidazol tópico y dada su asociación al uso de glucocorticoides, se recomienda evitar el uso injustificado y prolongado de los mismos, tanto en forma tópica como inhalada o sistémica...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Dermatitis, Perioral , Glucocorticoids , Dermatitis, Atopic , Metronidazole/therapeutic use
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(3): 320-325, May-June 2020. tab
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130890

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Higher skin pH in atopic dermatitis contributes to impaired epidermal barrier. A moisturizer compatible with physiological pH could improve atopic dermatitis. Objective: To determine the effect of a physiologically compatible pH moisturizer in atopic dermatitis. Methods: A randomized half body, double blind, controlled trial involving patients with stable atopic dermatitis was performed. pH-modified moisturizer and standard moisturizer were applied to half body for 6 weeks. Results: A total of 6 (16.7%) males and 30 (83.3%) females participated. Skin pH reductions from week 0, week 2 and 6 were significant at the forearms (5.315 [0.98] to 4.85 [0.54] to 5.04 [0.78], p = 0.02) and abdomen (5.25 [1.01], 4.82 [0.64], 5.01 [0.59], p = 0.00) but not at the shins (5.01 [0.80], 4.76 [0.49], 4.85 [0.79], p = 0.09) with pH-modified moisturizer. Transepidermal water loss (TEWL) at the forearms decreased (4.60 [2.55] to 3.70 [3.10] to 3.00 [3.55], p = 0.00), abdomen (3.90 [2.90] to 2.40 [3.45] to 2.70 [2.25], p = 0.046). SCORAD improved from 14.1 ± 12.75 to 10.5 ± 13.25 to 7 ± 12.25, p = 0.00. In standard moisturizer group, pH reductions were significant at the forearms (5.29 [0.94] to 4.84 [0.55] to 5.02 [0.70], p = 0.00) and abdomen (5.25 [1.09], 4.91 [0.63], 5.12 [0.66], p = 0.00). TEWL at the forearm were (4.80 [2.95], 4.10 [2.15], 4.60 [3.40], p = 0.67), shins (3.80 [1.40], 3.50 [2.35], 4.00 [2.50], p = 0.91) and abdomen (3.70 [2.45], 4.10 [3.60], 3.40 [2.95], p = 0.80). SCORAD improved from 14.2 ± 9.1 to 10.9 ± 10.65 to 10.5 ± 11, p = 0.00. Reduction in pH was observed with both moisturizers while TEWL significantly improved with pH-modified moisturizer. pH-modified moisturizer resulted in greater pH, TEWL and SCORAD improvements however the differences were not significant from standard moisturizer. Study limitation: Skin hydration was not evaluated. Conclusion: Moisturization is beneficial for atopic dermatitis; use of physiologically compatible pH moisturizer is promising.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Dermatitis, Atopic/drug therapy , Dermatologic Agents/therapeutic use , Dermatologic Agents/chemistry , Skin Cream/therapeutic use , Skin Cream/chemistry , Reference Values , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Double-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Epidermis/drug effects , Epidermis/chemistry , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Middle Aged
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(2): 173-179, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130863

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Polymorphisms of the filaggrin 2 gene (rs 12568784 and rs 16899374) are associated with persistent atopic dermatitis in African American patients. Filaggrin 2 is a protein with a function similar to filaggrin and also encoded in the epidermal differentiation complex on chromosome 1q21. Objective: To evaluate the polymorphisms in the filaggrin 2 gene (rs 12568784 and rs 16899374) in children and adults with atopic dermatitis and to verify the association of these with the severity of the clinical picture, presence of other allergic diseases, and socio-demographic factors. Method: The study was carried out with patients and control group. Questionnaires were used to evaluate ethnicity, sex, age, family history, scoring, atopic dermatitis (SCORAD), among other parameters. Genotyping of the filaggrin 2 gene was performed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: Forty-eight patients and 83 controls were evaluated. No correlation was found between the variables studied in patients with atopic dermatitis and polymorphisms, no significant difference between the prevalence of polymorphisms in the patients and in the control group p > 0.05. Study limits: The exclusive use of self-reported ethnicity information and the sample size. Results: The results of this work can be an incentive for the study of the polymorphisms in atopic dermaititis, considering the characteristic of the Brazilian multi ethnic population. Conclusion: This is an unpublished work in Brazil and the first study in the world to have a control group to evaluate alterations in the gene of filaggrin 2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , S100 Proteins/genetics , Dermatitis, Atopic/genetics , Socioeconomic Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Case-Control Studies , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dermatitis, Atopic/ethnology , Dermatitis, Atopic/pathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(1): e30-e33, 2020-02-00. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1095858

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de la escaldadura estafilocócica es una entidad dermatológica poco frecuente que, en fases iniciales, puede ser confundida con una reagudización de un brote de dermatitis atópica. Se presenta el caso de un niño de 8 años, con antecedentes de dermatitis atópica y alergia al huevo, que acudió al Servicio de Urgencias por lesiones eritematoampollosas en la piel. La sintomatología comenzó como un eritema en áreas de flexuras, que asociaba conjuntivitis y eritema palpebral bilateral. A las 24 horas, apareció un eritema generalizado con ampollas flácidas de predominio en áreas flexurales, acompañado de hiperqueratosis y xerosis perioral. Ante la sospecha clínica de síndrome de escaldadura estafilocócica, se inició el tratamiento empírico con cloxacilina, con respuesta favorable. Con este caso, se destaca la importancia de realizar un correcto diagnóstico diferencial de las lesiones cutáneas de los pacientes con dermatitis atópica, con el objetivo de aplicar el tratamiento más adecuado.


The staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome is a rare dermatological entity that in early stages may be confused with a flare-up of a rush of atopic dermatitis. We present the case of an 8-year-old boy with a history of atopic dermatitis and egg allergy that went to the Emergency Department for erythematous-bullous lesions on the skin. Symptoms began as an erythema in areas of flexures, which associated conjunctivitis and bilateral eyelid erythema. After 24 hours, a generalized erythema appeared with flaccid blisters predominating in flexural areas, accompanied by hyperkeratosis and perioral xerosis. Due to the clinical suspicion of staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, empirical treatment with cloxacillin with favorable response was initiated. This case highlights the importance of making a correct differential diagnosis of skin lesions of patients with atopic dermatitis in order to apply the most appropriate treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome , Dermatitis, Atopic , Staphylococcus aureus , Cloxacillin/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential
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