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1.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 119-128, Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352967

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La sarcoidosis es una enfermedad inflamatoria, granulomatosa de etiología desconocida. Puede afectar cualquier órgano siendo la afectación pulmonar la más frecuente. La piel se compromete en aproximadamente 30% de los casos, pudiendo ser inicial o único. La sarcoidosis es muy rara en el Paraguay. Objetivos: Realizar una revisión de los casos de sarcoidosis observados en el Servicio de Dermatología del Hospital Nacional en el periodo 2010-2020; determinando sus características demográficas, clínicas, laboratoriales y evolutivas. Materiales y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo y observacional. Resultados: Se diagnosticaron 5 casos, todas mujeres de raza blanca, con edades que oscilaban de 41 a 63 años. Las formas clínicas fueron papulosa en 3 casos, en placa 1 y mixta 1. Las lesiones cutáneas eran asintomáticas y estaban ubicadas preferentemente en rostro (4 casos). El compromiso sistémico se objetivó en las primeras consultas en 2 casos (pulmonar, ocular y ganglionar en 1 y del aparato lagrimal en otro). En todos los casos el diagnóstico se fundamentó en la correlación clínico-histológica, con el hallazgo de los granulomas sarcoides. Todos recibieron clobetasol tópico, 3 pacientes ciclos de prednisona y 2 hidroxicloroquina. La evolución fue favorable en 3 casos y 2 no volvieron a sus controles. Conclusión: La sarcoidosis con manifestaciones cutáneas es rara en nuestro Servicio, pero representa un desafío diagnóstico, que debe ser oportuno para diferenciarla de otras patologías más prevalentes en nuestro medio


Introduction: Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory, granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. It can affect any organ, lung involvement being the most frequent. The skin is compromised in approximately 30% of the cases, and can be initial or unique. Sarcoidosis is very rare in Paraguay. Objectives: To carry out a review of the sarcoidosis cases observed in the Dermatology Service of the National Hospital in the period 2010-2020; determining their demographic, clinical, laboratory and evolutionary characteristics. Materials and methods: Retrospective, descriptive and observational study. Results: 5 cases were diagnosed; all white women; with ages ranging from 41 to 63 years. The clinical forms were papular in 3 cases, in plate 1 and mixed 1. The skin lesions were asymptomatic and were preferably located on the face (4 cases). Systemic involvement was observed in the first consultations in 2 cases (pulmonary, ocular and lymph node in 1 and the lacrimal apparatus in another). In all cases the diagnosis was based on the clinical-histological correlation, with the finding of sarcoid granulomas. All received topical clobetasol, 3 patients received prednisone cycles and 2 hydroxychloroquine. The evolution was favorable in 3 cases and 2 did not return to their controls. Conclusion: Sarcoidosis with skin manifestations is rare in our Service, but it represents a diagnostic challenge that must be timely to differentiate it from other more prevalent pathologies in our setting


Subject(s)
Sarcoidosis , Pathology , Skin , Demography , Disease , Dermatology , Diagnosis , Laboratories
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 546-554, ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346505

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las urgencias dermatológicas constituyen un motivo de consulta frecuente en los departamentos de urgencias. Con el objetivo de determinar la prevalencia de las consultas por urgencias dermato lógicas, describir las mismas, analizar la coincidencia entre los diagnósticos recibidos por los pacientes, en los casos que realizaron dos consultas por el mismo cuadro, y analizar el comportamiento de las variables de acuerdo al subsector del sistema de salud en el cual fueron atendidos: subsector público, y subsector privado, se realizó un estudio prospectivo, observacional, analítico, de corte transversal y multicéntrico. Se incluyeron 2801 pacientes. La prevalencia de las consultas por urgencias dermatológicas en adultos fue de 15% en el mismo período horario (subsector público: 10.6% y subsector privado: 22.5%, p < 0.05). Motivó la consulta una enfermedad infecciosa en el 35.5%, alérgica en el 29.6% y neoplásica en el 8.6%. Se hospitalizó el 0.7% de los pacientes. El 31.7% de los pacientes había realizado consultas previas. En estos casos se encontró coincidencia entre los diagnósticos realizados en el 80.7% de los atendidos de forma precedente por un médico dermatólogo, y el 52.6% de los evaluados por médicos no dermatólogos. La alta prevalencia de las consultas por urgencias dermatológicas y las diferencias existentes en la probabilidad de recibir un diagnóstico apropiado de acuerdo con la especialización del profesional interviniente, muestran la importancia de la presencia de un médico con formación en dermatología en el área de urgencias.


Abstract Dermatological emergencies are a frequent reason for emergency departments consultation. In order to determine the prevalence of dermatological emergencies, to describe the kind of dermatological diseases that present as emergencies, to analyze the coincidence between the diagnoses received by the patients in those cases with a previous consultations for the same cutaneous manifestation, and to analyze the behavior according to the health system segment in which they were attended: public segment and private segment; a prospective, ob servational, analytical, cross-sectional and multi-center study was carried out. Two thousand eight hundred one patients were included. The prevalence of consultations for dermatological emergencies in adults was 15% in the same time period (public segment: 10.6 and private segment: 22.5%, p < 0.05). The consultation was due to an infectious disease in 35.5%, allergic in 29.6% and neoplastic in 8.6%; 0.7% of patients were hospitalized. In 31.7% of patients who had a previous consultation, a coincidence was found between the diagnoses made in 80.7% of those attended by a dermatologist, and 52.6% evaluated by non-dermatologist physician. The high prevalence of dermatological consultations and the existing differences in the probability of receiving an appropri ate diagnosis according to the specialization of the intervening professional, show the importance of the presence of dermatology-trained physicians in the emergency area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Dermatology , Argentina/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Emergencies
3.
Diagn. tratamento ; 26(2): 65-72, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280726

ABSTRACT

O lúpus eritematoso é uma doença autoimune complexa que afeta diversos órgãos. A pele é o segundo local mais acometido e as manifestações cutâneas são divididas em específicas e não específicas. As primeiras possuem em comum o achado histopatológico de dermatite de interface com degeneração vacuolar da camada basal e infiltrado linfocitário na junção dermoepidérmica e são subdivididas em agudas, subagudas e crônicas. As manifestações não específicas compõem um grupo heterogêneo de condições que frequentemente está associado ao lúpus eritematoso sistêmico. O conhecimento e a interpretação adequada de tais manifestações é importante, pois, além da relevância diagnóstica, as lesões cutâneas nos dão informações prognósticas. Portanto, é imprescindível que o clínico conheça as principais manifestações cutâneas do lúpus eritematoso para a melhor condução desses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Lupus Erythematosus, Cutaneous , Lupus Erythematosus, Discoid , Panniculitis, Lupus Erythematosus , Dermatology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
4.
Infectio ; 25(2): 101-107, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1250075

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Estimar la resistencia del Staphylococcus aureus frente a diferentes antibióticos usados para el manejo ambulatorio de piodermias. Métodos: Se realizaron análisis descriptivos y de tendencias mediante modelos de regresión segmentada. Resultados: La mayor resistencia se presentó a la oxacilina, con mediana de 54,3% (RIQ: 43 - 58,8), seguido de eritromicina con el 20%, (RIQ: 15,4 - 26,5), clindami cina con el 14% (RIQ: 7,9 - 20), gentamicina con el 7,5% (RIQ: 0 -10), trimetoprima/sulfametoxazol (SXT) con el 5,5% (RIQ: 4 - 11), y ciprofloxacina con 2,1% (RIQ: 2 - 8.4). La tendencia de la resistencia del S. aureus a la oxacilina fue creciente con un cambio anual porcentual no significativo de (0,07) (IC 95%: -3,7; 3,9). Para eritromicina, clindamicina, ciprofloxacina, trimetoprima/sulfametoxazol, y gentamicina hubo decrecimiento. Conclusiones: La resistencia del S. aureus a oxacilina fue ligeramente creciente para el periodo 2010 al 2019 y francamente creciente en los últimos 3 años, superando en promedio a lo reportado a nivel país y Latinoamérica. Los antibióticos con menor resistencia fueron ciprofloxacina, SXT, clindamicina para uso sistémico, y ácido fusídico, mupirocina para manejo tópico y descolonización. Es pertinente articular la vigilancia del S. aureus en la atención ambulatoria a la red de vigilancia nacional.


Abstract Objective: To estimate the resistance trend of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) against different antibiotics in a reference dermatology outpatient center in Colombia. Methods: Descriptive and trend analyzes were performed using segmented regression models for the period 2010 to 2019. Results: The greatest resistance was presented to oxacillin, with a median of 54.3% (RIQ: 43 - 58.8), followed by erythromycin with 20%, (RIQ: 15.4 - 26.5), then clindamycin with 14% (RIQ: 7.9 - 20), gentamicin with 7.5% (RIQ: 0 -10), trimethoprim / sulfamethoxazole (SXT) with 5.5% (RIQ: 4 - 11), and ciprofloxacin with 2.1% (RIQ: 2 - 8.4). The trend of S. aureus resistance to oxacillin from 2010 to 2019 was increasing with a non-significant Annual Percent Change (APC) of (0.07) (95% CI -3.7, 3.9). APC for erythromycin (-1.2) (95% CI: -11.3; 10), clindamycin (-1.7) (95% CI: 11; -12.9), ciprofloxacin (-25.4) (95% CI: -44.6; 0.5) and trimethoprim / sul famethoxazole (-20.7) (95% CI: -43.5; 11.2), were decreasing not significant. For gentamicin the trend was decreasing and significant (-44.2) (95% CI: -19.9; -61.1). Conclusions: The resistance of S. aureus to oxacillin exhibited a slightly increasing trend for the period 2010 to 2019 and increasing in the last 3 years, exceeding on average that reported at the country level and the world average. Antibiotics for outpatient management of skin and soft tissue pyoderma with less resistance were ciprofloxacin, SXT, clindamycin for systemic use, and fusidic acid, mupirocin for topical management and decolonization. It is important to articulate surveillance of S. aureus in outpatient care to the national surveillance network.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Dermatology , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Staphylococcus aureus , Sulfamethoxazole , Gentamicins , Ciprofloxacin , Fusidic Acid , Anti-Bacterial Agents
5.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(2): e885, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347457

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La precisión diagnóstica de los nevus pigmentados ha sido una constante preocupación por los dermatólogos. Objetivo: Identificar la utilidad del dermatoscopio en la correlación de las características clínicas y los patrones dermatoscópicos de nevus pigmentados y su asociación con el diagnóstico histológico. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación observacional, analítica, de tipo correlacional, con pacientes de la zona sur de Ciego de Ávila que acudieron a la consulta de dermatología del Hospital Provincial General Docente Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola en el periodo de abril 2017 a diciembre 2019. Resultados: Predominó el sexo femenino, el grupo de edad de 21 a 30 años, el fototipo II de piel y la zona expuesta (cara y V del escote) (18 ;35,3 por ciento) sin relación entre estas variables. El diagnóstico histológico de nevus de la unión se encontró asociado a la simetría (p < 0,004), la pigmentación homogénea (p < 0,000), así como al patrón dermatoscópico reticular (p < 0,000), globular (p < 0,002) y homogéneo (p < 0,008). El nevus intradérmico se observó asociado a la característica clínica de pigmentación homogénea (p < 0,007), y al patrón dermatoscópico reticular (p < 0,000) y homogéneo (p < 0,005). El nevus compuesto no presentó relación con las características clínicas ni dermatoscópicas. El nevus azul solo se correlacionó con el patrón dermatoscópico homogéneo (p < 0,025). Conclusión: Los patrones dermatoscópicos fueron útiles para el diagnóstico clínico e histológico de los nevus pigmentados(AU)


Introduction: The diagnostic precision of pigmented nevi has been a constant concern of dermatologists. Objective: To determine the usefulness of the Dermatoscope in the correlation of the clinical characteristics and the dermoscopic patterns of pigmented nevi and their association with the histological diagnosis. Methods: An analytical observational investigation of a correlational type was carried out in patients from the southern area of Ciego de Ávila who attended the Dermatology consultation at the Antonio Luaces Iraola Provincial Hospital in the period from April 2017 to December 2019. Results: The female sex, the age group of 21 to 30 years, skin phototype II and the exposed area (face and V of the neckline) (18; 35.3 percent) predominated with no relationship between these variables. The histological diagnosis of junctional nevus was found associated with symmetry (p <0.004), homogeneous pigmentation (p <0.000), as well as the reticular dermoscopic pattern (p <0.000), globular (p <0.002) and homogeneous (p <0.008). The intradermal nevus was observed associated with the clinical characteristic of homogeneous pigmentation (p <0.007), and with the reticular (p <0.000) and homogeneous (p <0.005) dermoscopic pattern. The composite nevus was not related to clinical or dermoscopic characteristics. The blue nevus only correlated with the homogeneous dermoscopic pattern (p <0.025). Conclusions: The dermoscopic patterns were useful for the clinical and histological diagnosis of pigmented nevi(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pigmentation , Clinical Diagnosis , Dermatology , Nevus, Pigmented , Dermoscopy/methods
6.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 15(2): 39-46, 20210516.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248214

ABSTRACT

La exposición excesiva al sol constituye una de las causas más comunes de enfermedades cutá-neas. El objetivo de la investigación fue describir los hábitos de fotoprotección de pacientes atendidos en la consulta de dermatología del área III de salud, en el municipio Cienfuegos, Cuba, durante el período comprendido entre los meses de enero y mayo de 2020. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, cuya población estuvo constituida por 3045 pacientes, de los que se seleccionó una muestra de 1066 individuos a través de un muestreo no probabilístico por sujetos voluntarios. Los datos fueron recolectados mediante la aplicación de un cuestionario cerrado, el que fue validado por criterio de especialistas. El estudio contó con la aprobación del Comité de Ética de la Investigación de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas Dr. "Raúl Dorticós Torrado" de Cienfuegos, Cuba. El grupo con más de 59 años resultó el más representado (37,8%), mientras que los menores de 15 años (6,8%) fue el menos. El género femenino prevaleció (53,4%). El cuidado de la piel ante la sobreexposición solar fue insuficien-te. Predominaron los que no conocen su tipo de piel y aquellos que no recibieron orientaciones sobre su cuidado. También prevalecieron aquellos cuya declaración indica que nunca realizan autoexamen de este importante órgano y los que no utilizan aditamentos de fotoprotección, espe-cíficamente: sombrero, gorra y sombrilla


Excessive sun exposure is one of the most common causes of skin diseases. This research aimed to describe the photoprotection habits of patients treated in the dermatology consultation of health area III, in the municipality of Cienfuegos, Cuba, during the period between the months of January and May 2020. An observational, descriptive, and cross-sectional study was carried out. The population consisted of 3045 patients, from which a sample of 1066 individuals was selected through a non-probabilistic sampling by volunteer subjects. The data were collected by applying a closed questionnaire, which was validated by specialists' criteria. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Dr. "Raúl Dorticós Torrado" University of Medical Sciences of Cienfuegos, Cuba. The group over 59 years of age was the most represented (37.8%), while those under 15 years of age (6.8%) were the least. The female gender prevailed (53.4%). Skin care for overexposure to the sun was insufficient. Those ones who do not know their skin type and those who did not receive guidance on their care predominated; as well as those ones whose statement indicates that they never perform self-examination of this important organ and those ones who do not use photoprotection accessories, specifically: hat, cap and umbrella


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Aged , Patients , Skin Diseases , Habits , Skin Care , Solar Radiation , Dermatology
7.
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250347

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La gestión formativa y el perfeccionamiento de los programas académicos de posgrado son necesidades impostergables para la formación permanente de los profesionales en las universidades de ciencias médicas cubanas. Objetivo: Socializar las experiencias sistematizadas en los procesos de gestión de la calidad de los programas de posgrado en dos especialidades médicas. Métodos: Se efectuaron un diagnóstico y una evaluación externa de los programas académicos de posgrado de las especialidades en Dermatología y Medicina Interna de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Santiago de Cuba, en los meses de mayo y septiembre del 2019, respectivamente, donde se ponderó la observación de las diferentes actividades de cada programa a través del desarrollo de las seis variables establecidas para ello, lo cual contribuyó a revelar las principales fortalezas y debilidades de dichos programas de estudio. Resultados: El análisis integral de los programas evidenció, durante el proceso de evaluación externa, el cumplimiento de los estándares establecidos en el modelo de calidad, por lo que se decidió por unanimidad, en el Acuerdo de la Sesión 49 de la Junta de Acreditación Nacional de octubre de 2019, otorgarles la categoría superior de acreditación de Programa de Excelencia. Conclusiones: Pudo demostrarse que en la gestión formativa de ambas especialidades, como figuras académicas de posgrado, se han revelado con asertividad los impactos pertinentes para el Sistema Nacional de Salud Pública.


Introduction: The training management and the improvement of the academic postdegree programs are urgency necessities for the permanent training of the professionals in the Cuban universities of medical sciences. Objective: To socialize the systematized experiences in the processes of quality management of the postdegree programs in two medical specialties. Methods: A diagnosis and an external evaluation of the post degree academic programs in the specialties of Internal Medicine and Dermatology were carried out in the Medical Sciences University in Santiago de Cuba, in the months of May and September, 2019 respectively, where the observation of the different activities of each program was considered through the development of the six established variables for it, which contributed to reveal the main strengths and weaknesses of these study programs. Results: The integral analysis of the programs evidenced, during the process of external evaluation, the fulfillment of the established standards in the quality pattern, reason why it was unanimously decided, in the 49 Session Agreement of the National Accreditation Meeting from October, 2019, to grant them the accreditation higher category of Excellency Program. Conclusions: It could be demonstrated that in the training management of both specialties, as academic figures of postdegree, have been revealed with assertiveness the pertinent impacts for the National System of Public Health.


Subject(s)
Program Evaluation , Dermatology , Internal Medicine , Programs of Study , Accreditation
8.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(4): 313-318, 20210000. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349510

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Diversas diretrizes enfatizam as vantagens do manejo multidisciplinar no cuidado ao paciente com psoríase (PSO) e artrite psoriásica (PSA). O diagnóstico precoce de PSA se relaciona com melhores desfechos em 5 anos. No entanto, o diagnóstico precoce de PSA ainda é um desafio. Métodos: Estudo transversal retrospectivo de pacientes com diagnóstico prévio ou suspeito de PSO e/ou PSA atendidos em ambulatório conjunto de dermatologia e reumatologia do sul do Brasil de janeiro de 2013 a janeiro de 2017. Resultados: Entre os 55 pacientes previamente diagnosticados com PSO, 30,9% (n = 17) foram diagnosticados com PSA. Alterações do tratamento foram feitas em 58,5% (n = 48) dos pacientes, principalmente devido ao mau controle da pele e das articulações. Os imunobiológicos foram a classe de medicamentos mais comumente iniciada, correspondendo a 35,4% (n = 17) das modificações terapêuticas. O metotrexato foi o segundo medicamento mais comumente iniciado (18,8%, n = 9) ou com modificação da dose ou via de administração (20,8%, n = 10), totalizando 39,6% (n = 19) de modificações terapêuticas. Houve um aumento na proporção de pacientes em uso de tratamento sistêmico (79,3%, n = 65). Conclusão: Este estudo reforça a importância da abordagem multidisciplinar no diagnóstico precoce da PSA e demonstra que a abordagem conjunta entre dermatologia e reumatologia é possível de ser realizada no Brasil, com resultados semelhantes aos reportados na literatura internacional. (AU)


Introduction: Several guidelines emphasize the advantages of multidisciplinary management of patients with psoriasis (PSO) or psoriatic arthritis (PSA). Early diagnosis of PSA is associated with better outcomes in 5 years. However, early diagnosis of PSA remains a challenge. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of patients with previous or suspected diagnosis of PSO and/or PSA treated at a combined dermatology and rheumatology outpatient clinic in southern Brazil from January 2013 to January 2017. Results: Of 55 patients previously diagnosed with PSO, 30.9% (n = 17) were diagnosed with PSA. Changes in treatment were made in 58.5% (n = 48) of patients, mainly due to poor control of cutaneous and articular symptoms. Immunobiological agents were the most commonly prescribed class of drugs, corresponding to 35.4% (n = 17) of changes in medical therapy. Methotrexate was the second most commonly prescribed drug (18.8%; n = 9) and the second drug to undergo most changes in dose or route of administration (20.8%; n = 10), accounting for 39.6% (n = 19) of changes in medical therapy. There was an increase in the number of patients undergoing systemic therapies (79.3%; n = 65). Conclusions: This study reinforces the importance of a multidisciplinary approach in the early diagnosis of PSA and demonstrates that a collaborative approach between dermatology and rheumatology is feasible in Brazil, with outcomes similar to those reported in the international literature. (AU)


Subject(s)
Patient Care Team , Psoriasis/therapy , Rheumatology , Arthritis, Psoriatic/diagnosis , Dermatology , Ambulatory Care Facilities
9.
Artemisa; I Jornada Científica de Farmacología y Salud. Fármaco Salud Artemisa 2021; 2021. [1-13] p. tab.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1283644

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La onicomicosis constituye una afección muy frecuente de las uñas, que afecta gran parte de la población mundial, predominando en adultos y que repercute de manera negativa. Métodos: Se realizó una intervención terapéutica con 118 pacientes que asistieron a consulta de Dermatología del policlínico Turcios Lima, de Pinar del Río, entre enero y diciembre del 2019. Fueron incluidos aquellos pacientes entre 18 y 70 años de edad, con diagnóstico clínico de Onicomicosis y que no tuvieran enfermedades crónicas asociadas, previa autorización mediante consentimiento informado. Resultados: Predominó los pacientes comprendidos entre 41 y 60 años de edad, con 42.3%, con mayor número de masculinos, representados por el 55.0%; la mayoría de los pacientes tenían más de tres uñas afectadas, con un 37.2% en las mujeres predomino la onicomicosis en las uñas de las manos(24.5%) y en los hombres en las uñas de los pies, con 36.4%; el mayor porciento resultó curado ,de ellos un número importante los que tenían afectadas entre dos y tres uñas, para un 72.8% con relación a la curación de uñas afectadas, resultó mayor en los que tenían onicomicosis en las uñas de los pies con un 33.0%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Onychomycosis/therapy , Antifungal Agents , Patients , Cuba , Dermatology
10.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 37(2): e37214, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1289852

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La dermatología comunitaria es una subespecialidad que busca acercar la dermatología a la comunidad. Al contrario de lo que implica la consulta dermatológica en consultorio, en la que un paciente consulta en modo personal a un dermatólogo, la dermatología comunitaria permite que la especialidad alcance a muchas personas en una intervención puntual, que puede ser tanto de carácter educacional como asistencial. El presente trabajo busca resumir diferentes acciones que se han desarrollado en este sentido a nivel mundial y regional, centrándonos en las actividades que se han llevado a cabo en nuestro medio. Desde campañas nacionales, trabajos colaborativos a nivel internacional, hasta talleres innovadores para escuelas rurales, se describen las características del trabajo en dermatología comunitaria en Uruguay. En un momento en el que la dermatología estética y los fármacos de última generación amenazan con copar la dermatología a nivel mundial, las tareas de prevención y atención primaria parecen tener más relevancia que nunca. En conclusión, la dermatología comunitaria es una realidad en desarrollo en nuestro medio con perspectivas de seguir creciendo, con el objetivo de educar a nuestra población sobre los cuidados básicos de la piel, así como en patologías de alta prevalencia.


Summary: Community dermatology is a subspecialty that aims to bring dermatology to the community. Unlike what dermatological consultations in clinics involve, where patients personally consult a dermatologist, community dermatology allows the specialization to reach many individuals in a specific intervention, which can be educational or consist in the provision of healthcare. This study aims to summarize different actions that have been implemented in this field, both globally and regionally, focusing on activities that have been developed in our context. National awareness campaigns, international collaborative studies, even innovative workshops for rural schools. Details about work in community dermatology in Uruguay are described in the study. In a time when esthetic dermatology and state of the art drugs threaten to occupy all areas of dermatology worldwide, prevention actions and primary healthcare seem to be more relevant than ever. To conclude, community dermatology is a developing reality in our country with good prospects of continuing to grow, with the purpose of educating our population on basic care of the skin, as well as in highly prevalent pathologies.


Resumo: A dermatologia comunitária é uma subespecialidade que busca aproximar a dermatologia da comunidade. Ao contrário do que implica a consulta dermatológica em consultório, em que o paciente consulta o dermatologista de forma pessoal, a dermatologia comunitária permite que a especialidade alcance muitas pessoas numa intervenção específica, que pode ser tanto educacional como de saúde. Este artigo busca sintetizar as diferentes ações que vêm sendo desenvolvidas nesse sentido em nível global e regional, com foco nas atividades que vêm sendo realizadas em nosso meio. Desde campanhas nacionais, trabalho colaborativo em nível internacional, até oficinas de trabalho inovadoras para escolas rurais, são descritas as características do trabalho em dermatologia comunitária no Uruguai. Em um momento em que a dermatologia cosmética e os medicamentos de última geração ameaçam dominar a dermatologia em todo o mundo, as tarefas de prevenção e cuidados primários parecem ser mais relevantes do que nunca. Concluindo, a dermatologia comunitária é uma realidade em desenvolvimento em nosso meio com perspectiva de crescimento contínuo, com o objetivo de conscientizar nossa população sobre os cuidados básicos com a pele e também sobre patologias de alta prevalência.


Subject(s)
Community Health Services , Dermatology , Primary Health Care , Patient Education as Topic
11.
Med. lab ; 25(1): 419-440, 2021. tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292915

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El empleo del plasma rico en plaquetas (PRP) o plasma autólogo con una cifra de plaquetas superior a la del plasma basal, ha tomado un auge notorio para estimular la regeneración tisular en las afecciones musculoesqueléticas y de tejidos blandos. El objetivo de este estudio fue revisar sistemáticamente la eficacia del tratamiento con PRP en algunas lesiones musculoesqueléticas y de tejidos blandos en cirugía plástica y maxilofacial, así como en odontología y dermatología, con su nivel de evidencia y grado de recomendación. Metodología. Se utilizaron los buscadores PubMed, Google Académico y la Biblioteca Cochrane con terminología MeSH. Se analizaron un total de 44 artículos que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Resultados. El análisis de los estudios encontró que el nivel de evidencia fue de 1 en el 75%, nivel 2 en el 15,9%, nivel 3 en el 6,8%, y nivel 4 en el 2,2%. El grado de recomendación se distribuyó entre bueno y favorable; el 40,9% de los estudios reflejaron grado A, 50% grado B y 9% grado C. No obstante, el 50% de los estudios reportaron en sus conclusiones que hay una deficiencia en el diseño metodológico, con inconsistencia en sus resultados. Conclusión. Estos hallazgos señalan que en la evidencia encontrada se observan resultados contradictorios, la mayoría de ellos no muestran una prueba firme que apoye el empleo rutinario del PRP, porque sus diseños y poder estadístico son de baja calidad. Hace falta unificar criterios y diseños de investigación con evidencia científica altamente recomendable, para que el uso del PRP como agente ortobiológico en estas patologías, pueda ser ampliamente aceptado


Introduction. The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), autologous plasma with a number of platelets higher than that of basal plasma, after having been subjected to some extraction and concentration process, has taken a noticeable rise to stimulate tissue regeneration in musculoskeletal and soft tissue disorders. The objective of this study is to systematically review the efficacy of treatment with PRP in some musculoskeletal and soft tissue injuries, in plastic and maxillofacial surgery, as well as in dentistry and dermatology, with their level of evidence and grade of recommendation. Methodology. The search was performed using MeSH terms in PubMed, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library. A total of 44 articles that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were analyzed. Results. Analysis of the studies found that the level of evidence was level 1 in 75%, level 2 in 15.9%, level 3 in 6.8%, and level 4 in 2.2%. The grade of recommendation was distributed between good and favorable; 40.9% reflected grade A, 50% grade B, and 9% grade C. However, 50% of the studies reported in their conclusions that there is a deficiency in the methodology, with inconsistency in their results. Conclusion. These findings indicate that the evidence found shows contradictory results, most of them do not show a firm proof that supports their routine use, because their designs and statistical power are of low quality. It is necessary to unify criteria and research designs with highly recommended scientific evidence, so that the use of PRP as an orthobiological agent in these pathologies could be widely accepted


Subject(s)
Humans , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Osteoarthritis , Surgery, Oral , Surgery, Plastic , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Dermatology
12.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(supl.6): 18-24, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250314

ABSTRACT

Resumen La telemedicina es la prestación de servicios de salud mediante tecnologías de la información y la comunicación. La dermatología es la especialidad clínica que más se adapta a esta modalidad de atención. La pandemia de COVID-19 aceleró el desarrollo de la telemedicina en todo el mundo. Esta última demostró ser una herramienta útil para promover el distanciamiento social y evitar la sobrecarga del sistema de salud. Presentamos un estudio observacional de teledermatología en el sector colagenopatías de un hospital público de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires durante esta pandemia. El objetivo principal fue evaluar si la teledermatología es una herramienta útil para resolver el motivo de consulta del paciente y así evitar la derivación al hospital. Se incluyeron 120 consultas. El 93.3% fue de mujeres. El promedio de edad fue 38.4 años. El 57.5% de las consultas fueron de pacientes de Gran Buenos Aires y 33.3% de Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. El 47.5% provenían de pacientes sin cobertura de salud. Del total, 17 (14.2%) requirieron derivación a un centro de salud. La mayoría fue por seguimiento y un porcentaje menor por reactivación de la enfermedad de base u otro motivo. Todos los pacientes que contestaron la encuesta refirieron no haber presentado dificultades y haber resuelto su consulta de manera virtual. Todos los médicos se sintieron conformes con la teledermatología, opinaron que fue un recurso válido para continuar con la formación médica y elegirían usarla en un futuro próximo.


Abstract Telemedicine refers to the use of information and communication technologies to provide health care. Dermatology is particularly suited for this virtual modality. The COVID-19 pandemic significantly increased the use of telemedicine worldwide which has demonstrated to be useful in promoting social distancing and in avoiding the overload of the healthcare system. This is an observational study about the use of teledermatology during the pandemic in the area of connective tissue diseases in a public hospital in Buenos Aires City. The main objective was to assess if teledermatology is useful to resolve patient's consultation and thus to avoid the referral to the hospital. There were 120 teledermatological consultations included, from which 93.3% were made by women. The average age was 38.4 years. The 57.5% of the consultations were from patients of the outskirts of Buenos Aires and 33.3% from Buenos Aires City. The 47.5% of consultations were from patients with no medical insurance. Of the total, 17 (14.2%) required referral to a health center. Most of the consultations were follow-up´s and in a lower percentage, due to reactivation of the underlying disease or another reason. Patients who completed the survey reported not having difficulties and were able to resolve their consultations through virtual care. Doctors involved in this study were totally satisfied with the experience and they felt that teledermatology was a valid resource to continue with their medical training and would choose to use it in the near future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Skin Diseases , Telemedicine , Dermatology , COVID-19 , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Hospitals, Public
13.
Vive (El Alto) ; 3(9): 129-138, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252332

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: el poro es un orificio de excreción que se encuentra en la epidermis de la piel, en donde pueden producirse problemas de eliminación deficiente del sebo en personas que presentan exceso de grasas. OBJETIVO: analizar las características y tratamiento laser aplicado a la población con obstrucción de poros faciales que acuden a la consulta de la Unidad de Dermatología UNIMEL. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: estudio descriptivo, de campo, prospectivo y transversal, la población fue de 653 pacientes de ambos sexos que acudieron a la consulta de dermatología y recibieron laserterapia por presentar obstrucción de poros faciales. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva para la representación de datos. El instrumento utilizado fue una lista de registro. RESULTADOS: los pacientes presentaron una edad promedio de 37 años, se aplicaron diferentes tratamientos según los criterios diagnósticos, se les realizó el procedimiento de fotona Black peel en un 0,15%, Vela de Nova en un 5,05% y Qs Quimioespectra a un 94,79% que representan un total de 619 personas. CONCLUSIÓN: el mayor grupo de pacientes que asistió a tratamiento se ubicó entre los 31 a 40 años de edad, un alto porcentaje mujeres afectadas por secuelas de daño facial producido por obstrucción de los poros y acumulación de sebo, un grupo importante 48,8% presenta acné posterior a los 18 años de edad.


INTRODUCTION: the pore is an excretion hole found in the epidermis of the skin, where problems of poor sebum removal can occur in people with excess fat; irregular synthesis occurs in the production of sebum increases its production with occlusion of the pores by dead cells. OBJECTIVE: to analyze the characteristics and laser treatment applied to the population with facial pore obstruction that come to the UNIMEL Dermatology Unit consultation. METHODS: a descriptive, field, prospective and cross-sectional study, the study population was 653 patients of both sexes who attended the dermatology consultation and received laser therapy for presenting facial pore obstruction. Descriptive statistics were applied for data representation. The instrument used was a registration list. RESULTS: the patients had an average age of 37 years, different treatments were applied according to the diagnostic criteria, and the photone Black peel procedure was performed in 0.15%, Nova candle in 5.05% and Qs Chemospectra at 94.79% representing a total of 619 people. CONCLUSION: the largest group of patients who attended treatment was between 31 to 40 years of age, a high percentage of women affected by sequelae of facial damage caused by pore obstruction and sebum accumulation, an important group 48.8% you have acne after 18 years of age.


INTRODUÇÃO: o poro é um orifício de excreção que se encontra na epiderme da pele, onde podem ocorrer problemas com a má remoção de sebo em pessoas com excesso de gordura. OBJETIVO: analisar as características e o tratamento a laser aplicado à população com obstrução de poro facial que frequenta a consulta do Serviço de Dermatologia da UNIMEL MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo, de campo, prospectivo e transversal, a população foi de 653 pacientes de ambos os sexos que compareceu à consulta de dermatologia e recebeu terapia a laser devido à obstrução dos poros faciais. Estatísticas descritivas foram aplicadas para representar os dados. O instrumento utilizado foi uma lista de registro. RESULTADOS: os pacientes tinham idade média de 37 anos, diferentes tratamentos foram aplicados de acordo com os critérios diagnósticos, o procedimento de fotone Black peel foi realizado em 0,15%, Vela de Nova em 5,05% e Qs Chemospectra em 94,79% representando um total de 619 pessoas. CONCLUSÃO: o maior grupo de pacientes que frequentou o tratamento teve entre 31 e 40 anos de idade, elevado percentual de mulheres acometidas por sequelas de lesões faciais causadas por obstrução de poros e acúmulo de sebo, importante grupo 48,8% tem acne após 18 anos de idade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patients , Skin , Sebum , Dermatology , Women , Epidermis , Persons
14.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 53(2): 127-136, 20200800.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119614

ABSTRACT

Es imposible separar la enfermedad física de la enfermedad mental, puesto que la fisiopatología de cualquier enfermedad contiene a la esfera psicológica dentro de sus múltiples elementos. En ese sentido, muchas especialidades médicas pueden reclamar su relación con la Psiquiatría, puesto que son innumerables las enfermedades que tienen nexo con signos y síntomas psiquiátricos (por ejemplo, la enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal en Gastroenterología; el asma bronquial en Neumología, entre otras). No obstante, con la Dermatología la relación es mucho más evidente. La Psicodermatología es una especialidad que surge de la conjunción de dos ramas aparentemente divergentes de la Medicina: la Psiquiatría y la Dermatología. En Psicodermatología, algunos pacientes presentan enfermedades principalmente dermatológicas con comorbilidades psicosociales secundarias, mientras que otros tienen trastornos psiquiátricos primarios con sintomatología cutánea significativa. Así también, debido a que varias enfermedades dermatológicas no solo se acompañan frecuentemente de dolor e incomodidad, sino que son inmediatamente visibles para los demás, las personas afectadas por estas condiciones pueden sufrir consecuencias sociales y emocionales. Con base en lo anterior, este artículo de revisión presenta los conceptos, nosología y modelos de abordaje de esta ciencia médica, haciendo hincapié que, debido a la interacción permanente entre la mente y la piel, se hace necesario que el paciente sea tratado como una unidad constituida por varios niveles, incluyendo aspectos cutáneos, emocionales y mentales.


It is impossible to separate the physical illness from the mental illness, since the pathophysiology of any disease contains the psychological sphere within its multiple elements. In this sense, many medical specialties can claim their relationship with Psychiatry, since there are innumerable diseases that have a link with psychiatric signs and symptoms (for example, inflammatory bowel disease in Gastroenterology; bronchial asthma in Pneumology, among others). However, with Dermatology the relationship is much more evident. Psychodermatology is a specialty that arises from the conjunction of two apparently divergent branches of Medicine: Psychiatry and Dermatology. In Psychodermatology, some patients present mainly dermatological diseases with secondary psychosocial comorbidities, while others have primary psychiatric disorders with significant cutaneous symptoms. Also, because various dermatologic diseases are not only frequently accompanied by pain and discomfort, but are immediately visible to others, people affected from these conditions can suffer social and emotional consequences. Based on the above, this review article presents the concepts, nosology, and approach models of this medical science, emphasizing that due to the permanent interaction between the mind and the skin, it is necessary for the patient to be treated as an unit made up of several levels, including cutaneous, emotional and mental aspects.


Subject(s)
Mental Disorders , Psychiatry , Dermatology
15.
Diagn. tratamento ; 25(2): 01-03, abr.-jun. 2020. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116019

ABSTRACT

Contexto: Onicomicose (tinha ungueal) pode ser causada por fungos dermatófitos, não dermatófitos ou leveduras. Raramente, pode se manifestar como melanoquínia longitudinal (mancha acastanhada, longitudinalmente, na lâmina ungueal), sendo diagnóstico diferencial do melanoma acral ungueal (MAU), uma neoplasia maligna do aparelho ungueal. Descrição do caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 63 anos de idade, com surgimento recente de melanoníquia longitudinal na unha do primeiro quirodáctilo direito. Tendo em vista a suspeita clínica de MAU, foi realizada biópsia da matriz ungueal. Laudo histopatológico evidenciou tratar-se de onicomicose. Paciente apresentou resolução completa do quadro após seis meses de tratamento com antifúngico oral. Discussão: Apesar da semelhança clínica entre a melanoníquia longitudinal do MAU e a de uma forma clínica incomum de onicomicose, tais doenças apresentam prognósticos díspares. Exames complementares, como o exame anatomopatológico da matriz ungueal, podem ser de fundamental importância na elucidação diagnóstica. Conclusões: O exame físico completo envolve a avaliação das unhas. A melanoníquia longitudinal não ocorre exclusivamente no MAU; doenças benignas, como a onicomicose, também podem ter a mesma manifestação clínica.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Onychomycosis , Dermatology , Nail Diseases
16.
Rev. ciênc. méd., (Campinas) ; 29: e204787, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118453

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Este artigo almejou comparar a frequência de dermatoses psicossomáticas e a qualidade de vida de estudantes universitários da área de saúde. Métodos Neste estudo analítico, transversal e quantitativo, foram aplicados dois questionários online para estudantes da saúde: World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale Abbreviated Version, para avaliar a qualidade de vida, e outro elaborado pelos pesquisadores para analisar a frequência de oito psicodermatoses e sua relação com o estresse, o desconforto com as lesões e a busca pela ajuda médica ou psicológica. Para aferir a relação entre as dermatoses psicossomáticas e a qualidade de vida, foi considerado p<0,05 do teste qui-quadrado. Resultados Participaram do estudo 608 estudantes. A dermatose mais frequente foi escoriação (37,99%), seguida de retirada de cutícula, mordida em lábios e bochechas (32,40%) e prurido psicogênico (14,63%), sendo a automutilação a com menor frequência (1,15%). Dos que tiveram alguma dermatose psicossomática, 82,33% acreditam que estão relacionadas ao estresse acadêmico, 66,20% se sentem desconfortáveis, e 43,45% já buscaram ajuda médica ou psicológica. A qualidade de vida foi considerada boa por 92,76% no domínio físico, 95,72% no meio ambiente, 88,81% no psicológico e 88,89% nas relações sociais. Houve associação entre a queda da qualidade de vida no domínio físico e a frequência das dermatoses psicossomáticas retirada de cutícula, mordida em lábios ou bochechas (p=0,001), tricotilomania (p=0,055) e prurido psicogênico (p=0,0009); e, no psicológico, com retirada de cutícula, mordida de lábios ou bochechas (p=0,059), escoriações (p=0,087) e prurido psicogênico (p=0,002). Conclusão Dermatoses psicossomáticas são encontradas em mais de 30% dos estudantes; porém, sua associação com a queda de qualidade de vida não pode ser confirmada.


Objective The study aims to compare the frequency of psychosomatic dermatoses occurrences with the quality of life of undergraduate health students. Methods This is an analytical, transversal, and quantitative study. Two online questionnaires were applied to students. The first one was developed by the researchers in order to analyze the frequency of 8 psychodermatoses and their relation to stress, discomfort with the injuries, and search for medical or psychological help. The second, the World Health Organization Quality of Life Group ­ Abbreviated Version, whose domains we determine as good or bad (with averages above or below 50%). To evaluate the relation between dermatoses and quality of life, the chi-square test was performed with p<0.05. Results 608 students participated in the study. The dermatosis found more frequently was excoriation (37.99%), followed by cuticle removal, lip and cheek bite (32.40%), and psychogenic pruritus (14.63%). Self-mutilation was the least frequent form of dermatoses (1.15%). Among those who had some sort of psychosomatic dermatoses, 82.33% believe they were related to academic stress, 66.20% feel uncomfortable, and 43.45% have already sought medical or psychological help. The quality of life was considered good in 92.76% in the physical domain, 95.72% in the environment, 88.81% in the psychological realm, and 88.89% in social relations. There was a relationship between the decrease in quality of life in the physical domain and the frequency of the following psychosomatic dermatoses: cuticle removal, lip or cheek bite (p=0.001), trichotillomania (p=0.055), and psychogenic pruritus (p=0.0009). Decreases in the quality of life as related to the psychological domain were related to cuticle removal, lip or cheek bite (p=0.059), excoriations (p=0.087), and psychogenic pruritus (p=0.002). Conclusion Psychosomatic dermatoses are found in more than one third of students, but their association with decreases in quality of life could not be confirmed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Psychosomatic Medicine , Quality of Life , Skin Diseases , Stress, Psychological , Dermatology , Students, Health Occupations , Students, Medical , Students, Nursing , Students, Pharmacy
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881506

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: Quality systematic reviews (SRs) are essential in the practice of evidence-based dermatology. We assessed the methodologic quality of SRs in dermatology from the Philippines. METHODS: We searched databases (MEDLINE, CDSR, PROSPERO, HERDIN; from inception until June 30, 2019), and secondary sources. We included SRs, authored by Filipino primary authors, which included clinical trials on any intervention for the treatment or prevention of a dermatologic disease or for maintenance of healthy skin, hair or nails. Two reviewers independently extracted data and appraised the methodological quality of each included SR using the AMSTAR 2. The 16-item AMSTAR 2 has 7 critical items and 9 non-critical items. The number of critical items mainly determine the overall confidence in the results of the review. Descriptive analysis using means and standard deviation for continuous data, and frequency and percentage distribution for categorical data were employed. RESULTS: Twenty SRs were included in this review, and were mostly published in the 2010s. Majority of SRs had three authors, who belonged to a single institution, with at least one dermatologist. The most common topic was infections and both oral and topical interventions were used. Majority had 5 included studies in the SRs, with a median number of 425 participants. The median number of critical flaws in the included SRs was 4.5, and non-critical flaws, 5. Overall confidence was critically low in majority (19/20 ) of included reviews, with only one review rated as low. CONCLUSION: The methodologic quality of the dermatology SRs from the Philippines based on the AMSTAR 2 tool was poor with a rating of critically low in majority. There is a need to improve quality of conduct and reporting through dissemination of the reporting guidelines such as the PRISMA


Subject(s)
Humans , Nails , Philippines , Dermatologists , Dermatology , Data Management , Data Collection , Publications , Maintenance , Reference Standards
20.
Saúde Soc ; 29(2): e180294, 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101918

ABSTRACT

Resumen La dermatología clínica del siglo XIX fundamenta y despliega un pensamiento por similitud en una estética de la representación de lo que puede ser comprendido como enfermedad. Así, las superficies patológicas suministran un material de reflexión y apropiación del cuerpo enfermo donde confluyen cuerpo, lenguaje y acontecimiento para darle sentido a las alteraciones que confluyen en el estado patológico. Este texto reflexiona sobre esas formas simbólicas del nombrar la enfermedad que tienen lugar en descripciones, observaciones clínicas, tratados de dermatología, atlas de anatomía patológica o álbumes iconográficos del siglo XIX, donde es posible ver un régimen de visualización de lo patológico que se revela en la percepción médica de la lesión y su localización. El análisis de las enfermedades de la piel que desfiguran al rostro a partir de algunos registros clínicos e iconográficos de finales del siglo XIX pone en juego un vínculo entre imagen y palabra en términos de una eficacia dermatológica en las maneras de capturar la experiencia de la enfermedad, que tiene al cuerpo enfermo como teatro de sensibilidad performativa.


Abstract The clinical dermatology of the nineteenth century bases and displays a thought by similarity in an aesthetic representation of what can be understood as disease. Thus, the pathological surfaces provide a material of reflection and appropriation of the sick body where body, language and event converge to give meaning to the alterations that converge in the pathological state. This text reflects on these symbolic forms of naming the disease that occur in descriptions, clinical observations, treaties of dermatology, Atlas of pathological anatomy or iconographic albums of the nineteenth century, where it is possible to see a regime of visualization of the pathological that reveals itself in the medical perception of the lesion and its location. The analysis of skin diseases that disfigure the face from some clinical and iconographic records from the end of the 19th century puts into play a link between image and word in terms of dermatological efficacy in ways of capturing the experience of the disease, which has the sick body as a theater of performative sensitivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Perception , Signs and Symptoms , Disease , Dermatology
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