Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.038
Filter
1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 367-378, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399118

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Este artigo analisou o perfil epidemiológico e clínico dos pacientes atendidos em um serviço terciário de Dermatologia no município de Ponta Grossa-PR no período de 2016 a 2018. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, exploratório, transversal e de abordagem quantitativa com dados coletados do prontuário médico. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos pacientes atendidos (I) era do sexo feminino; (II) com mais de 50 anos; (III) realizaram somente uma consulta, (IV) não foram submetidos a exames adicionais; e (V) apresentavam comorbidades, sobretudo, dermatológicas; o segmento corporal com maior número de lesões dermatológicas foi a cabeça; o grupo diagnóstico mais comum foi a afecção dos anexos cutâneos e o diagnóstico mais frequente foi a ceratose actínica. CONCLUSÃO: O estudo é fundamental para demonstrar quais são os pacientes e as doenças dermatológicas comumente encaminhadas para o serviço especializado, o que pode direcionar ações de prevenção primária, secundária e terciária.


OBJECTIVE: This article analyzed the epidemiological and clinical profile of patients treated at the outpatient Dermatology clinic, during 2016-2018, located in the municipality of Ponta Grossa-PR. METHODS: This is a descriptive exploratory, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, with data collected from the medical records. RESULTS: Most of the patients examinated: (I) were female; (II) over 50 years old; (III) attended to a single consultation; (IV) were not submitted to additional exams; and (V) had comorbidities, especially dermatological; the head was the most affected body segment; the most common diagnostic group was cutaneous annexes affections and the most frequent diagnosis was actinic keratosis. CONCLUSION: The study is fundamental to demonstrate who are the patients and which are the dermatological diseases commonly referred to the specialized service, which can guide primary, secondary and tertiary prevention actions.


OBJETIVO: Este artículo analizó el perfil epidemiológico y clínico de los pacientes atendidos en un servicio terciario de Dermatología en el municipio de Ponta Grossa-PR en el período de 2016 a 2018. MÉTODOS: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, exploratorio y transversal con un enfoque cuantitativo con datos recogidos de las historias clínicas. RESULTADOS: La mayoría de los pacientes atendidos (I) eran mujeres; (II) tenían más de 50 años; (III) tenían una sola consulta, (IV) no se sometieron a exámenes adicionales; y (V) presentaban comorbilidades, principalmente, dermatológicas; el segmento corporal con mayor número de lesiones dermatológicas fue la cabeza; el grupo diagnóstico más común fue la afección de apéndices cutáneos y el diagnóstico más frecuente fue la queratosis actínica. CONCLUSIÓN: El estudio es fundamental para demostrar cuáles son los pacientes y las enfermedades dermatológicas que se derivan habitualmente al servicio especializado, lo que puede dirigir las acciones de prevención primaria, secundaria y terciaria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Health Profile , Epidemiology , Dermatology , Tertiary Prevention , Skin Diseases/etiology , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Dermatitis/etiology , Eczema/etiology
2.
Medisan ; 26(3)jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1405804

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El fotodaño es la agresión producida por la radiación solar en la piel. A su vez, la radiación ultravioleta es uno de los primeros agentes considerados como generadores de cáncer. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los pacientes con neoplasias cutáneas y otras afecciones causadas por fotodaño, según variables clínicas seleccionadas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal, observacional, clínico, descriptivo y retrospectivo de 64 pacientes diagnosticados con alguna afección causada por fotodaño, pertenecientes al área de salud del consultorio médico No. 11 del Policlínico Aquiles Espinosa Salgado de Las Tunas, desde enero del 2020 hasta igual periodo del 2022. Se analizaron variables, tales como edad, sexo, color de la piel, fototipo de piel, ocupación, uso regular de medios de protección solar antes de los 18 años de edad y actualmente, así como enfermedad dermatológica causada por fotodaño. Resultados: Predominaron el grupo etario de 60 años y más (43,7%), el sexo femenino (54,7 %), el color de la piel blanco (98,5 %), el fototipo de piel III (59,4 %) y los trabajadores estatales (53,1%).Se halló, que 90,6 % de los pacientes no tenían antecedentes de exposición a radiaciones no ultravioletas; 25,0 % refirió usar regularmente algún medio de protección antes de los 18 años de edad y 51,5 % lo emplean actualmente. La enfermedad dermatológica causada por fotodaño que primó fue el cáncer de piel (37,5 %). Conclusiones: Este estudio denotó la pertinencia y necesidad de identificación de las características clínicas de los pacientes con afecciones causadas por fotodaño en el consultorio médico referido.


Introduction: Photodamage is the aggression caused by solar radiation in the skin. In turn, the ultraviolet radiation is one of the first agents considered as cancer generators. Objective: Characterize the patients with cutaneous neoplasms and other affections caused by photodamage, according to selected clinical variables. Methods: A cross-sectional, observational, clinical, descriptive and retrospective study of 64 patients diagnosed with some affection caused by photodamage was carried out, belonging to the health area of the doctor office No. 11 of Achiles Espinosa Salgado Polyclinic in Las Tunas, from January, 2020 to the same period in 2022. Some variables were analyzed, such as age, sex, color of the skin, skin photo type, occupation, regular use of solar protection means before the 18 years and now, as well as dermatologic disease caused by photodamage. Results: There was a prevalence of the 60 years and over age group (43.7 %), female sex (54.7 %), color of the skin white (98.5 %), skin photo type III (59.4 %) and the state workers (53.1 %). It was found that 90.6 % of the patients didn't have history of exhibition to non ultraviolet radiations; 25.0 % referred to use some means of protection regularly before the 18 years and 51.5 % use it at the moment. The dermatologic disease caused by photodamage that prevailed was the skin cancer (37.5 %). Conclusions: This study denoted the relevance and necessity to identify the clinical characteristics of the patients with affections caused by photodamage in the doctor office abovementioned.


Subject(s)
Skin Neoplasms , Lentigo , Primary Health Care , Dermatology
4.
Mali Médical ; 28(3): 63-68, 30/09/2022. Figures, Tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1397771

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess the COVID-19 patients' treatment duration according to the place of treatment at the Dermatology Hospital of Bamako (DHB). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study comparing the management of COVID-19 PCR-positive patients in the hospital to that of those managed at home from March 2020 to April 2021 until two consecutive negative PCR 48 hours apart. Results: Among the 1109 patients, 369 were hospitalized, 497 followed at home. As of April 31, 2021, 81.2% (900/1109) of the patients recovered, 1.3% (14/1109) were transferred to another health structure, and 2.5% (28/1109) died. No statisticallysignificant difference was observed between the meanduration of the treatment for patients treated at home (10 days) in (95% CI, 9.69-10.3) and those managedathospital (10 days95% CI, 9.76-10.23) (Mantel-Cox test, p= 0.060). Conclusion: These results suggest that the place of treatment do not influence the time to recovery. This is particularly important given the current burden of COVID-19 management on the health workforce


Objectif: Evaluer la durée du traitement des patients COVID-19 selon le lieu de pris en charge à l'Hôpital de Dermatologie de Bamako (HDB). Méthodologie : Il s'agissait d'une étude transversale comparant la prise en charge des patients COVID-19 PCR-positifs à l'hôpital à celle à domicile de mars 2020 à avril 2021 jusqu'à l'obtention de deux tests PCR négatifs consécutifs à 48 heures d'intervalle. Résultats : Parmi les 1109 patients, 369 ont été hospitalisés, 497 suivis à domicile. Au 31 avril 2021, 81,2% (900/1109) des patients se sont rétablis, 1,3% (14/1109) ont été transférés dans une autre structure de santé et 2,5% (28/1109) sont décédés. Aucune différence statistiquement significative n'a été observée entre la durée moyenne du traitement pour les patients traités à domicile (10 jours) en (IC 95 %, 9,69-10,3) et ceux pris en charge à l'hôpital (10 jours IC 95 %, 9,76-10,23) (test de Mantel Cox, p= 0,060). Conclusion: Ces résultats suggèrent que le lieu de traitement n'influence pas le temps de récupération. Ceci est particulièrement important étant donné la charge actuelle de la gestion des COVID-19 sur le personnel de santé


Subject(s)
Dermatology , Duration of Therapy , COVID-19 , Recovery Room , Hospitals
7.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 119-128, Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352967

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La sarcoidosis es una enfermedad inflamatoria, granulomatosa de etiología desconocida. Puede afectar cualquier órgano siendo la afectación pulmonar la más frecuente. La piel se compromete en aproximadamente 30% de los casos, pudiendo ser inicial o único. La sarcoidosis es muy rara en el Paraguay. Objetivos: Realizar una revisión de los casos de sarcoidosis observados en el Servicio de Dermatología del Hospital Nacional en el periodo 2010-2020; determinando sus características demográficas, clínicas, laboratoriales y evolutivas. Materiales y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo y observacional. Resultados: Se diagnosticaron 5 casos, todas mujeres de raza blanca, con edades que oscilaban de 41 a 63 años. Las formas clínicas fueron papulosa en 3 casos, en placa 1 y mixta 1. Las lesiones cutáneas eran asintomáticas y estaban ubicadas preferentemente en rostro (4 casos). El compromiso sistémico se objetivó en las primeras consultas en 2 casos (pulmonar, ocular y ganglionar en 1 y del aparato lagrimal en otro). En todos los casos el diagnóstico se fundamentó en la correlación clínico-histológica, con el hallazgo de los granulomas sarcoides. Todos recibieron clobetasol tópico, 3 pacientes ciclos de prednisona y 2 hidroxicloroquina. La evolución fue favorable en 3 casos y 2 no volvieron a sus controles. Conclusión: La sarcoidosis con manifestaciones cutáneas es rara en nuestro Servicio, pero representa un desafío diagnóstico, que debe ser oportuno para diferenciarla de otras patologías más prevalentes en nuestro medio


Introduction: Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory, granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. It can affect any organ, lung involvement being the most frequent. The skin is compromised in approximately 30% of the cases, and can be initial or unique. Sarcoidosis is very rare in Paraguay. Objectives: To carry out a review of the sarcoidosis cases observed in the Dermatology Service of the National Hospital in the period 2010-2020; determining their demographic, clinical, laboratory and evolutionary characteristics. Materials and methods: Retrospective, descriptive and observational study. Results: 5 cases were diagnosed; all white women; with ages ranging from 41 to 63 years. The clinical forms were papular in 3 cases, in plate 1 and mixed 1. The skin lesions were asymptomatic and were preferably located on the face (4 cases). Systemic involvement was observed in the first consultations in 2 cases (pulmonary, ocular and lymph node in 1 and the lacrimal apparatus in another). In all cases the diagnosis was based on the clinical-histological correlation, with the finding of sarcoid granulomas. All received topical clobetasol, 3 patients received prednisone cycles and 2 hydroxychloroquine. The evolution was favorable in 3 cases and 2 did not return to their controls. Conclusion: Sarcoidosis with skin manifestations is rare in our Service, but it represents a diagnostic challenge that must be timely to differentiate it from other more prevalent pathologies in our setting


Subject(s)
Sarcoidosis , Pathology , Skin , Demography , Disease , Dermatology , Diagnosis , Laboratories
8.
Rev. Assoc. Méd. Rio Gd. do Sul ; 65(4): 01022105, OUT-DEZ 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392388

ABSTRACT

A Doença de Crohn Metastática é uma condição rara, não contígua ao trato gastrintestinal, que acomete, usualmente, pernas e braços, sendo face e genitais menos acometidas. Tem predileção feminina ­ 63% dos casos. As lesões se apresentam nas formas de nódulos, ulcerações ou placas eritematosas. O caso relatado é de uma mulher de 42 anos que possui a Doença de Crohn há 10 anos e, há 18 meses, convive com o surgimento de placa eritemato-descamativa infiltrada associada a edema dos lábios em hemiface direita. Foram realizados testes para micobactéria e fungo, tendo resultados negativos. Ao exame anatomopatológico, apresentou-se dermatite granulomatosa associada a infiltrado linfocitário e plasmocitário, confirmando, assim, o diagnóstico de Doença de Crohn Metastática da face. A paciente já fazia uso de Certolizumabe em monoterapia, aumentando-se a dose. Associou-se Tacrolimo tópico, com melhora das lesões. É de suma importância a investigação minuciosa para o diagnóstico correto da doença, visto que pode ser confundida com manifestação orofacial da Doença de Crohn ou outra doença granulomatosa da face. O diagnóstico precoce auxilia no tratamento correto e na minimização do prejuízo estético e funcional causado pela doença, melhorando a qualidade de vida do paciente.


Metastatic Crohn's Disease is a rare condition, non-contiguous with the gastrointestinal tract, which usually affects the legs and arms, with the face and genitals being less affected. It has a female predilection ­ 63% of cases. Lesions present in the form of nodules, ulcerations, or erythematous plaques. The case reported is of a 42-year-old woman who has had Crohn's Disease for 10 years and, for 18 months, has been living with the appearance of an infiltrated erythematousscaly plaque associated with edema of the lips in the right hemiface. Tests for mycobacteria and fungus were carried out, with negative results. The pathological examination revealed granulomatous dermatitis associated with lymphocytic and plasma cell infiltrate, thus confirming the diagnosis of Metastatic Crohn's Disease of the face. The patient was already using Certolizumab in monotherapy, increasing the dose. Topical tacrolimus was combined, with improvement in the lesions. A thorough investigation is extremely important for the correct diagnosis of the disease, as it can be confused with an orofacial manifestation of Crohn's Disease or another granulomatous disease of the face. Early diagnosis helps in the correct treatment and in minimizing the aesthetic and functional damage caused by the disease, improving the patient's quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Crohn Disease , Dermatology
10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(5): 649-650, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345131
12.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1409-1417, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352120

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El envejecimiento es un proceso complejo que trae consigo cambios celulares, histológicos y cutáneos. Estos últimos son una de sus manifestaciones más evidentes. El plasma rico en plaquetas es una fuente fiable de obtención de células para regenerar tejidos; por su fácil disponibilidad es un material inocuo. La bioestimulación con el mismo, por su parte, es un conjunto de procedimientos para activar las funciones anabólicas de los fibroblastos, producción de colágeno, elastina y ácido hialurónico. La tendencia al empleo de este en tratamientos antiedad es cada vez mayor. El objetivo de este trabajo fue realizar una actualización del tema, para exponer aspectos importantes sobre formas de aplicación, indicaciones, complicaciones y contraindicaciones. Existen varios métodos para la bioestimulación facial, tales como la realización de pápulas, napagge y retroinyección. Se han empleado en alopecia androgénica, areata, envejecimiento cutáneo, etc. Las complicaciones más observadas son dolor, eritema, ardor y sangrado local. Entre las contraindicaciones más comunes se observan el herpes simple recidivante, coagulopatías, tratamiento con anticoagulantes, colagenopatías y neoplasias (AU).


ABSTRACT Aging is a complex process that brings with it cellular, histological and cutaneous changes, the latter being one of its most obvious manifestations. Platelet-rich plasma is a reliable source of cells to regenerate tissues; due to its easy availability, it is a harmless material. Bio-stimulation with it is a set of procedures to activate the fibroblasts anabolic functions and the production of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid. The tendency to use it in anti-aging treatments increases faster and faster. The objective of this work was updating the topic to expose important aspects about application methods, indications, complications and contraindications. There are several methods of applying facial bio-stimulation such as performing papules, napagge, and retroinjection. It has been used in androgenic alopecia, alopecia areata, cutaneous ageing, etc. The most commonly found complications are pain, erythema, burning and local bleeding. The most common contraindications include recidivist herpes simplex, coagulopaties, anticoagulant treatment, collagen-related diseases and neoplasms (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/therapeutic use , Dermatology/methods , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/biosynthesis , Skin Aging/drug effects , Blood-Derivative Drugs
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 472-476, July-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285093

ABSTRACT

Abstract Total body mapping comprises photographic documentation of the entire body surface followed by digital dermatoscopy of selected melanocytic lesions, aiming to compare their evolution over time and identify new lesions. As this is an exam based on comparative analysis of serial dermoscopic body images, standardization of the technique for performing total body mapping is essential. Prepared by specialists from the Brazilian Society of Dermatology, using the modified Delphi method, this article provides recommendations for carrying out total body mapping in Brazil, regarding its indications, technical aspects, and the issuing of the report.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Dermatology , Melanoma/diagnosis , Nevus, Pigmented/diagnosis , Brazil , Follow-Up Studies , Dermoscopy , Diagnosis, Differential
15.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 546-554, ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346505

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las urgencias dermatológicas constituyen un motivo de consulta frecuente en los departamentos de urgencias. Con el objetivo de determinar la prevalencia de las consultas por urgencias dermato lógicas, describir las mismas, analizar la coincidencia entre los diagnósticos recibidos por los pacientes, en los casos que realizaron dos consultas por el mismo cuadro, y analizar el comportamiento de las variables de acuerdo al subsector del sistema de salud en el cual fueron atendidos: subsector público, y subsector privado, se realizó un estudio prospectivo, observacional, analítico, de corte transversal y multicéntrico. Se incluyeron 2801 pacientes. La prevalencia de las consultas por urgencias dermatológicas en adultos fue de 15% en el mismo período horario (subsector público: 10.6% y subsector privado: 22.5%, p < 0.05). Motivó la consulta una enfermedad infecciosa en el 35.5%, alérgica en el 29.6% y neoplásica en el 8.6%. Se hospitalizó el 0.7% de los pacientes. El 31.7% de los pacientes había realizado consultas previas. En estos casos se encontró coincidencia entre los diagnósticos realizados en el 80.7% de los atendidos de forma precedente por un médico dermatólogo, y el 52.6% de los evaluados por médicos no dermatólogos. La alta prevalencia de las consultas por urgencias dermatológicas y las diferencias existentes en la probabilidad de recibir un diagnóstico apropiado de acuerdo con la especialización del profesional interviniente, muestran la importancia de la presencia de un médico con formación en dermatología en el área de urgencias.


Abstract Dermatological emergencies are a frequent reason for emergency departments consultation. In order to determine the prevalence of dermatological emergencies, to describe the kind of dermatological diseases that present as emergencies, to analyze the coincidence between the diagnoses received by the patients in those cases with a previous consultations for the same cutaneous manifestation, and to analyze the behavior according to the health system segment in which they were attended: public segment and private segment; a prospective, ob servational, analytical, cross-sectional and multi-center study was carried out. Two thousand eight hundred one patients were included. The prevalence of consultations for dermatological emergencies in adults was 15% in the same time period (public segment: 10.6 and private segment: 22.5%, p < 0.05). The consultation was due to an infectious disease in 35.5%, allergic in 29.6% and neoplastic in 8.6%; 0.7% of patients were hospitalized. In 31.7% of patients who had a previous consultation, a coincidence was found between the diagnoses made in 80.7% of those attended by a dermatologist, and 52.6% evaluated by non-dermatologist physician. The high prevalence of dermatological consultations and the existing differences in the probability of receiving an appropri ate diagnosis according to the specialization of the intervening professional, show the importance of the presence of dermatology-trained physicians in the emergency area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Dermatology , Argentina/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Emergencies
16.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(4): e3265, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289612

ABSTRACT

Doctora Caridad Felicia Pérez Batista profesional abnegada, competente, compañera y amiga, que todos conocimos por sus valores éticos, disciplina, tenacidad y rigor en su trabajo; la recordaremos también por su dedicación en las actividades de los Eventos de Profesores; distinguida por su excelente trabajo en el Servicio de Dermatología del Hospital General Docente "Dr. Enrique Cabrera", donde realizó una incansable labor de colaboración en programas docentes. Asimismo, es destacable su `participación en eventos nacionales e internacionales, y como especialista en Dermatología resaltan sus importantes investigaciones sobre la lepra. Con esta semblanza, hemos querido rendirle tributo bien merecido, pues su vida y quehacer profesional fue un ejemplo para todos(AU)


Dr. Caridad Felicia Pérez Batista was an unselfish, competent, good colleague and friend who was known for her ethical values, discipline, tenacity and rigor of her work. She will also be remembered for her dedication to academic events. She distinguished herself by her excellent work in the Dermatology Service of "Dr. Enrique Cabrera" Teaching and General Hospital where she conducted a tireless collaboration with teaching programs. Her participation in national and international events is remarkable. As a specialist in Dermatology, some of her important research on leprosy are also highlighted. In this semblance we want to pay a well-deserved tribute to her life and professional activity which have been a good example for all(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Specialization , Dermatology , Faculty
17.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(4): 1069-1078, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341536

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La crioterapia es el conjunto de procedimientos que utilizan el frío en la terapéutica médica. Emplea diversos sistemas y tiene como resultado la disminución de la temperatura de la piel; produce una destrucción local de tejido de forma eficaz y controlada. El objetivo de este trabajo fue realizar una actualización para exponer los aspectos esenciales sobre formas de empleos, indicaciones, complicaciones y contraindicaciones. Existen varios métodos de aplicación de la crioterapia, que incluyen las técnicas de congelación de spray o aerosol y con aplicadores, el método criosonda, y el uso de termoacoplador. Está indicada en varias entidades, entre las que se encuentran la queratosis seborreica y actínica, lentigos solares, carcinoma basocelular y espinocelular in situ. Las complicaciones más observadas son vesicoampollas, hiperpigmentación e hipopigmentación, y las contraindicaciones comunes son intolerancia al frío, tumores con bordes no delimitados o con pigmentación muy oscura, en localizaciones cerca de los márgenes de los ojos, párpados, mucosas, alas nasales y el conducto auditivo. El dominio de los métodos de aplicación e indicaciones es indispensable para elegir la conducta adecuada; de esta forma se evitan complicaciones y efectos colaterales (AU).


ABSTRACT Cryotherapy is the whole of procedures that use cold in medical therapy. It uses various systems and results in a decrease in skin temperature, leading to a local destruction of tissue in an effective and controlled way. The objective of this work is to make an update to expose the essential aspects on the ways of use, indications, complications and contraindications. There are several cryotherapy application methods that include spray or spray freezing techniques and applicators, the cryoprobe method, and the thermocoupler use. It is indicated in several entities, and among the most frequent are seborrheic and actinic keratosis, solar lentigo, basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas in situ. The most observed complications are vesical blisters, hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation, and the most common complications are: cold intolerance, tumors with non-delimited borders or very dark pigmentation, located near the margins of the eyes, on eyelids, mucous membranes, nasal wings, and on the ear canal. The mastery of the signs and application methods are essential to choose the appropriate behavior against the disease: side effects and complications are avoided that way (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cryotherapy/methods , Dermatology/methods , Therapeutics , Wounds and Injuries/diagnosis , Aging, Premature/diagnosis , Nitrogen/therapeutic use
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 332-345, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285074

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study of skin, the science of dermatology, has undergone significant transformations throughout the centuries. From the first descriptions of skin diseases in Egyptian papyri and in Hippocratic writings to the first treatises on dermatology, important individuals and discoveries have marked the specialty. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the specialty consolidated itself as a field of medical study based on the first classifications of dermatoses, diagnostic methods, and drug treatments. In the 20th century, the scientific and technological revolution transformed dermatological practice, incorporating new therapeutic resources, as well as surgical and aesthetic procedures. In the face of such a vigorous process, it is important to provide a historical synthesis for the medical community to recognize and understand the origins that supported one of the most relevant specialties in the current medical scenario.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 15th Century , History, 16th Century , History, 18th Century , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/therapy , Dermatology , Skin , History, Ancient , History, Medieval , Egypt , Esthetics
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 295-300, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285052

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Psoriasis is a chronic disease that derives great costs to the health care system. In Colombia, due to deficiencies in this system, patients are more likely to incur in out-of-pocket expenses; money that has never been quantified in this country. Objectives: To quantify out-of-pocket expenses and to analyze their relation to patients' clinical and labor characteristics in a cohort of psoriatic patients. Methods: A single-center, cross-sectional study was performed, evaluating psoriasis patients. Results: A total of 100 psoriasis patients were analyzed. We identified that patients with higher dermatology life quality index and in phototherapy treatment were the ones that had higher out-of-pocket costs (p = 0.006 and 0.005, respectively). We found no correlation between out-of-pocket costs and occupational status, psoriasis area severity index or other types of treatment. The largest amount of money was used to buy medications and bus transportation with a maximum up to 440.50 and 528.60 USD, respectively. Among the 100 participants the total expense was 11131.90 USD in a 6-month period. Study limitations: Lack of measurement of the labor productivity and labor absenteeism secondary to sick leave. Conclusion: Out-of-pocket costs are similar with what was shown in previous studies. We found statistically significant differences for the DLQI in comparison with out-of-pocket expenses, regardless of the PASI level. Phototherapy treatment also had statistically significant differences in relationship with out-of-pocket expenses, when compared to other treatments, because it requires higher expenses in transportation, copayments, and alimentation during appointment assistance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psoriasis/therapy , Dermatology , Outpatients , Quality of Life , Referral and Consultation , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Expenditures , Colombia
20.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(2): e978, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341412

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El envejecimiento cutáneo es parte de un proceso de deterioro endógeno y exógeno en las células. Los cambios degenerativos y metabólicos que ocurren, hacen a esta población vulnerable a afecciones dermatológicas. Objetivo: Definir las enfermedades cutáneas frecuentes en pacientes geriátricos, atendidos en consulta de dermatología. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación observacional descriptiva transversal, en pacientes geriátricos atendidos en la consulta de Dermatología en la Policlínica de Combatientes de Ciego de Ávila, en el periodo comprendido de enero a diciembre del 2019. La serie de estudio se conformó con 144 adultos mayores. Las variables estudiadas fueron: edad, sexo, color de piel, fototipos cutáneos, afecciones dermatológicas, localización y morbilidades asociadas. Resultados: Predominaron los adultos mayores entre 70 y 79 años (53,5 por ciento), del sexo masculino (50,7 por ciento). El 63,9 por ciento de los pacientes tenía fototipo cutáneo III. Las dermatosis más frecuentes fueron la púrpura senil (34 por ciento) y queratosis seborreica (25 por ciento), fueron más afectados los adultos mayores de piel blanca (69,4 por ciento). Las dermatosis en la cara y extremidades fueron las más frecuentes (53,5 por ciento y 17,4 por ciento). El 46,6 por ciento de los pacientes padecían de afecciones del sistema osteomioarticular, seguido por la hipertensión arterial (18,5 por ciento) y diabetes mellitus (12,6 por ciento). Conclusiones: Predominaron los adultos mayores del sexo masculino de 70 a 79 años, con fototipo cutáneo III. La púrpura senil, la queratosis seborreica y la xerosis fueron afecciones frecuentes en ancianos de piel blanca. Se destacaron las lesiones limitadas a la cara(AU)


Introduction: Skin aging is part of an endogenous and exogenous deterioration process in cells. The degenerative and metabolic changes that occur make this population vulnerable to dermatological conditions. Objective: To define frequent skin diseases in geriatric patients, seen in a dermatology office. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive observational investigation was carried out in geriatric patients treated in the Dermatology consultation at the Policlínica de los Combatientes, Ciego de Ávila, in the period from January to December 2019. The study series consisted of 144 older adults. The variables studied were: age, sex, skin color, skin phototypes, dermatological conditions, location and associated morbidities. Results: Older adults between 70 and 79 years old (53,5 percent), male (50,7 percent) predominated. 63,9 percent of the patients had skin phototype III. The most frequent dermatoses were senile purpura (34 percent) and seborrheic keratosis (25 percent), older adults with white skin were more affected (69,4 percent). Dermatoses on the face and extremities were the most frequent (53,5 percent and 17,4 percent). 46,6 percent of the patients suffered from disorders of the osteomyoarticular system, followed by arterial hypertension (18,5 percent) and diabetes mellitus (12,6 percent). Conclusions: Older male adults from 70 to 79 years old, with skin phototype III predominated. Senile purpura, seborrheic keratosis, and xerosis were common conditions in white-skinned elderly. Lesions limited to the face were highlighted(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Skin Diseases , Skin Aging , Keratosis, Seborrheic , Dermatology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Vulnerable Populations
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL