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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 744-746, Nov.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054899

ABSTRACT

Abstract This report describes a case of unusual deep skin ulcers with tortuous sinus tract formation in an immunocompetent woman. She was initially diagnosed with a Staphylococcus aureus skin infection and histopathologically diagnosed with pyoderma gangrenosum. However, culture from the deep end of ribbon gauze inserted into the subcutaneous sinus tract revealed shiny, light-yellow mucoid colonies, which were identified as Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii. She was treated with fluconazole for nine months and completely healed. Cryptococcosis is an opportunistic infection caused by variants of C. neoformans species. Cutaneous manifestations of cryptococcosis are quite divergent, rarely occurring as deep skin ulcers with sinus formation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Skin Ulcer/microbiology , Skin Ulcer/pathology , Cryptococcosis/pathology , Cryptococcus neoformans/isolation & purification , Dermatomycoses/pathology , Immunocompetence , Skin Ulcer/drug therapy , Fluconazole/therapeutic use , Immunocompromised Host , Cryptococcosis/microbiology , Cryptococcosis/drug therapy , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Dermatomycoses/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
2.
Bol. micol. (Valparaiso En linea) ; 33(2): 1-9, dic. 2018. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-987868

ABSTRACT

Los hongos son organismos eucariontes que tienen nutrición absortiva, con presencia en los más variados ambientes y sustratos. Han sido parte de la historia del hombre y su desarrollo, siendo útiles tanto en la alimentación como en la medicina, producción de enzimas, actividad industrial y silvicultura. Sin embargo, también tienen la capacidad de producir infecciones superficiales y profundas en humanos y animales, contaminar e infectar granos, frutas, plantas y generar verdaderos desastres ecológicos.


Fungi are eukaryotic organisms, its nutrition is absorptive and they are widespread present in environment and substrates. They have been part of the history of human being and his development: they are useful as food, in medicine, enzyme production, in the industrial activity and forestry. However they have the capacity of infect superficial and deep human and animal tissues, contaminate and infect grains, fruits, plants and even produce environmental disasters.


Subject(s)
Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Environment , Fungi/pathogenicity , Yeasts , Fungi/physiology
3.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(1): 141-142, Jan.-Feb. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887158

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Dermatophytes are fungi capable of invading keratinized tissues. Isolation of the fungus with the culture is essential to guide the treatment, because there are more resistant species like Microsporum canis. The chronic use of corticosteroids leads to the deregulation of immunity, promoting atypical manifestations of infections. Topical antifungal therapy is often insufficient, requiring systemic medications. We describe the case of a patient undergoing systemic corticosteroid therapy with a large figurate lesion who presented complete response to exclusively topical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Immunocompromised Host , Dermatomycoses/drug therapy , Erythema/drug therapy , Miconazole/analogs & derivatives , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Administration, Cutaneous , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Erythema/microbiology , Miconazole/therapeutic use , Microsporum/isolation & purification
4.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 21(6): 670-674, Nov.-Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888914

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Graphium basitruncatum, a synanamorph of Pseudoallescheria has been rarely reported in human infections. We report a case of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by this fungus in a heart transplant recipient. We also describe the phenotypic, molecular methods and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) used to achieve isolate identification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ascomycota/genetics , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Transplant Recipients , Phenotype , Ascomycota/classification , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Heart Transplantation , Immunocompromised Host
5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(3): 304-311, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886949

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cutaneous mucormycosis is an emerging fungal infection caused by opportunistic fungi of the phylum Glomeromycota. It is frequent in poorly controlled diabetic patients and individuals with immunosuppression. It is usually acquired by direct inoculation through trauma. The clinical presentation is nonspecific, but an indurated plaque that rapidly evolves to necrosis is a common finding. Diagnosis should be confirmed by demonstration of the etiological agent and new molecular diagnostic tools have recently been described. It is an invasive life-threatening disease and in order to improve survival, a prompt diagnosis and multidisciplinary management should be provided. The treatment of choice is amphotericin B, but new azoles, such as posaconazole and isavuconazole, must be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dermatomycoses , Mucormycosis , Dermatomycoses/diagnosis , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Dermatomycoses/drug therapy , Dermatomycoses/epidemiology , Mucormycosis/diagnosis , Mucormycosis/microbiology , Mucormycosis/drug therapy , Mucormycosis/epidemiology , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
6.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 49(2): 87-96, jul-dic. 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-884957

ABSTRACT

La Aspergilosis es una infección micótica oportunista que afecta principalmente a pacientes inmunodeprimidos con neutropenia, en quienes produce a menudo enfermedad invasiva de curso fulminante. Las manifestaciones cutáneas de la Aspergilosis son infrecuentes, apareciendo en el 5 a 10% de los casos diseminados. Comunicamos un caso de Aspergilosis en una mujer adulta con neutropenia severa por enfermedad hematológica, con afectación pulmonar y sinusal, que presenta múltiples lesiones ulceronecróticas en piel y mucosas, con evolución fatal. Las lesiones mucocutáneas de la Aspergilosis no son específicas, obligan a varios diagnósticos diferenciales y, como en este caso, la biopsia para estudio histopatológico y micológico es necesaria para el diagnóstico.


Aspergillosis is an opportunistic fungal infection that primarily affects immunocompromised patients with neutropenia, in whom invasive disease often results in fulminant course. Cutaneous manifestations of aspergillosis are rare, occurring in 5-10% of cases scattered. We report a case of aspergillosis in an adult woman with severe neutropenia for hematologic disease, lung and sinus disease, having multiple ulceronecróticas skin lesions and mucous membranes, with fatal outcome. The mucocutaneous lesions of aspergillosis are nonspecific, forcing several differential diagnoses, and as in this case, the biopsy for histopathological and mycological study is required for diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aspergillosis/complications , Aspergillosis/diagnosis , Skin Ulcer/diagnosis , Skin Ulcer/microbiology , Dermatomycoses/diagnosis , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Skin/pathology , Fatal Outcome , Necrosis/diagnosis , Necrosis/microbiology
7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(5,supl.1): 29-31, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837926

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cryptococcosis is a fungal infection caused by Cryptococcus neoformans that tends to affect immunocompromised individuals. The fungi are mostly acquired by inhalation, which leads to an initial pulmonary infection. Later, other organs - such as the central nervous system and the skin - can be affected by hematogenous spread. In addition, cutaneous contamination can occur by primary inoculation after injuries (primary cutaneous cryptococcosis), whose diagnosis is defined based on the absence of systemic involvement. The clinical presentation of cutaneous forms typically vary according to the infection mode. We report an unusual case of disseminated cryptococcosis in an immunocompetent patient with cutaneous lesions similar to those caused by primary inoculation. This clinical picture leads us to question the definition of primary cutaneous cryptococcosis established in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Immunocompromised Host , Cryptococcosis/pathology , Dermatomycoses/pathology , Skin/microbiology , Skin/pathology , Biopsy , Opportunistic Infections/microbiology , Cryptococcosis/immunology , Cryptococcosis/microbiology , Cryptococcus neoformans/isolation & purification , Dermatomycoses/immunology , Dermatomycoses/microbiology
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(3): 381-383, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787301

ABSTRACT

Abstract: We describe the case of a 9-year-old boy with idiopathic bone marrow aplasia and severe neutropenia, who developed skin ulcers under cardiac monitoring electrodes. The diagnosis of primary cutaneous aspergillosis was made after the second biopsy and culture. Imaging investigation did not reveal internal fungal infection. The child was treated, but did not improve and died 3 months after admission. The report highlights and discusses the preventable risk of aspergillus skin infection in immunocompromised patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Aspergillosis/microbiology , Aspergillus niger/isolation & purification , Skin Ulcer/microbiology , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Anemia, Aplastic/immunology , Aspergillosis/complications , Aspergillosis/pathology , Skin Ulcer/pathology , Fatal Outcome , Hyphae/isolation & purification , Dermatomycoses/complications , Dermatomycoses/pathology , Electrodes/adverse effects , Anemia, Aplastic/complications , Necrosis , Neutropenia/complications
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(3): 384-386, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787305

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The authors report aspects of paracoccidioidomycosis, acute-subacute clinical form, juvenile type, in a 19-year-old female patient. Paracoccidioidomycosis, juvenile type, classically occurs in young patients, both sexes, with lymphoma-like aspects as initial presentation. However, following the natural history of the disease the lymph nodes assume patterns of infectious disease, as an abscess and fistulae. Systemic dissemination of the disease can occur and lethality and morbidity are significant in this clinical presentation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Dermatomycoses/diagnosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/complications , Acute Disease , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Photograph , Lymphangitis/complications , Neck
10.
Invest. clín ; 55(4): 311-320, dic. 2014. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-783086

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades fúngicas superficiales que afectan la piel y sus faneras son motivo de consultas en los servicios básicos de triaje y en dermatología. Se encuentran distribuidas en Venezuela con una incidencia de 92,9%. El objetivo del presente estudio fue conocer los géneros y especies que causan dermatomicosis en pacientes residentes del estado Anzoátegui, Venezuela, en el período 2002-2012. Se estudiaron 4257 pacientes con edades entre 7 meses y 79 años. La prevalencia general fue de 30,9%. Las más frecuentes fueron las dermatofitosis (44,7%). M. canis produjo 148 casos de tiña de la cabeza. Tres agentes dermatofiticos representaron el 95% de todos los casos, con predominio significativo de T. mentagrophytes representado por un 50%. La candidosis se presentó en 28,4%. C. albicans, y el complejo C. parapsilosis, fueron responsables del 80% de los casos. Otras especies identificadas fueron C. tropicalis (n = 41; 11,0%), C. glabrata (n = 10; 2,7%), C. guilliermondii (n = 6; 1,6%), C. krusei (n = 4; 1,1%). Pitiriasis versicolor se presentó en (22,4%), y en menor frecuencia la onicomicosis por mohos no dermatofitos, dominando Fusarium oxysporum (n = 34; 65,4%), Aspergillus terreus (n = 16; 30,8%) y Scytalidium dimidiatum (2; 3,8%). Raros casos de onicomicosis por Trichosporon (0,5%) y un caso de tinea negra. Estos resultados revelan una alta frecuencia de las micosis superficiales con predominio de las dermatofitosis indicando la existencia de un problema de salud pública.


Superficial fungal diseases that affect the skin and its appendages are frequently seen in basic triage and in dermatology services. These diseases are distributed in Venezuela with an incidence of 92.9%. The aim of this study was to determine the genera and species that cause dermatomycoses in residents of Anzoátegui state, Venezuela, during the period 2002-2012. A total of 4257 patients with a presumptive diagnosis of superficial mycoses were studied, with ages from 7 months to 79 years. The overall prevalence was 30.9%. The most frequent were dermatophytosis (44.7%). M. canis produced 148 cases of tinea capitis. Three dermatophytic agents represented 95% of all cases, with a significant predominance of T. mentagrophytes with 50%. Candidosis occurred in 28.4%. C. albicans, and the C. parapsilosis complex, were responsible for 80% of the cases. The other species identified were C. tropicalis (n = 41, 11.0%), C. glabrata (n = 10, 2.7%), C. guilliermondii (n = 6, 1.6%), C. krusei (n = 4, 1.1%). Pityriasis versicolor occurred in 22.4% of the cases studied, and less frequently were present onychomycosis produced by a non dermatophytic mold: Fusarium oxysporum (n = 34, 65.4%), Aspergillus terreus (n=16, 30.8%) and Scytalidium dimidiatum (n=2; 3.8%). Rare cases of Trichosporon onychomycosis (0.5%) and one case of black tinea were also found. Health education in the population is recommended to promote measures to prevent transmission of these fungi and prevent the spread of this silent public health problem.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Dermatomycoses/epidemiology , Candidiasis, Cutaneous/epidemiology , Candidiasis, Cutaneous/microbiology , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Onychomycosis/epidemiology , Onychomycosis/microbiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Rural Population , Tinea/epidemiology , Tinea/microbiology , Urban Population , Venezuela/epidemiology
11.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 12(3): 347-350, Jul-Sep/2014. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-723927

ABSTRACT

A zigomicose é uma doença invasiva, que acomete tanto imunocompetentes como imunocomprometidos, dependendo do tipo da cepa. O diagnóstico é clínico e histopatológico, e o tratamento é baseado em antifúngico e em limpeza cirúrgica. O presente relato de caso é sobre um menino com zigomicose rinofacial invasiva com tratamento final bem-sucedido, após terapias antifúngicas e limpezas cirúrgicas.


Zygomycosis is an invasive disease that affects both immunocompetent and immunocompromised, depending on the type of strain. This disease diagnosis is clinical and histopathological, and its treatment is based on antifungal therapy and surgical cleaning. This paper reports a case of a boy with invasive zygomycosis rinofacial who final treatment was successful after underwent antifungal and surgical therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/microbiology , Zygomycosis/pathology , Zygomycosis/therapy , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Facial Dermatoses/microbiology , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/pathology , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/therapy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Dermatomycoses/pathology , Dermatomycoses/therapy , Facial Dermatoses/pathology , Facial Dermatoses/therapy , Immunocompetence , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
12.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 45(3): 781-784, July-Sept. 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-727002

ABSTRACT

Interdigital foot infections are mostly caused initially by dermatophytes, yeasts and less frequently by bacteria. Erythrasma caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum can be confused with superficial mycoses. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of the etiologic agents of superficial mycoses and the frequency of Corynebacterium minutissimum in interdigital foot infections. All the samples obtained from the 121 patients with interdigital foot infections were examined directly with the use of 20% potassium hydroxide mounts and Gram stain under the microscope and cultured on Sabouraud's dextrose agar plates. In identification of superficial mycoses, the rate was found to be 14% with the cultural method and 14% with direct microscopic examination. Using a combination of direct microscopic examination and culture, a 33.8% ratio was achieved. In the culture of these samples, the most isolated factor was Trichophyton rubrum (33.7%). In 24 of the patients (19.8%) Corynebacterium minutissimum was detected by Gram staining, in 6 of these patients Trichophyton rubrum was found, Trichophyton mentagrophytes was found in 2 and Trichosporon spp. was found in 1. The examination of interdigital foot lesions in the laboratory, the coexistence of erythrasma with dermatophytes and yeast should be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthrodermataceae/isolation & purification , Corynebacterium/isolation & purification , Dermatomycoses/epidemiology , Erythrasma/epidemiology , Foot Diseases/epidemiology , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Erythrasma/microbiology , Foot Diseases/microbiology , Microbiological Techniques , Prevalence
13.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 142(7): 859-866, jul. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-726177

ABSTRACT

Background: Most human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infected individuals are asymptomatic, but they commonly present cutaneous lesions that could be considered warning signs of the disease. Aim: To identify the main cutaneous manifestations present in HTLV-1 infected blood donors and compare them with healthy donors. Materials and Methods: Two blood donor groups from the blood bank of an emergency hospital were matched according to gender and age. One group was formed by HTLV-1 (+) (cases) and the other by HTLV-1 (-) donors (controls). A blind examiner to the serologic condition, evaluated their cutaneous manifestations. Results: Twenty five cases and 25 controls aged 18 to 60 years (24 females) were evaluated. One or more cutaneous manifestations were found in 24 (96%) cases and in 15 (60%) controls (p < 0.01). Inflammatory cutaneous diseases were found in 19 (76%) cases and in 9 (36%) controls (p < 0.01). Dermatophytosis was found in 18 (72%) cases and in 12 (48%) controls (NS). Conclusions: HTLV-1 infected Chilean subjects have a higher frequency of dermatoses than their healthy counterparts.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Blood Donors/statistics & numerical data , HTLV-I Infections/complications , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 , Skin Diseases/virology , Case-Control Studies , Chile , Dermatomycoses/diagnosis , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Skin Diseases/diagnosis
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(5): 764-774, out. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-689735

ABSTRACT

Superficial fungal infections of the hair, skin and nails are a major cause of morbidity in the world. Choosing the right treatment is not always simple because of the possibility of drug interactions and side effects. The first part of the article discusses the main treatments for superficial mycoses - keratophytoses, dermatophytosis, candidiasis, with a practical approach to the most commonly-used topical and systemic drugs , referring also to their dosage and duration of use. Promising new, antifungal therapeutic alternatives are also highlighted, as well as available options on the Brazilian and world markets.


As infecções fúngicas superficiais dos cabelos, pele e unhas representam uma causa importante de morbidade no mundo. O tratamento nem sempre é simples, havendo dificuldade na escolha dos esquemas terapêuticos disponíveis na literatura, assim como suas possíveis interações medicamentosas e efeitos colaterais. A primeira parte do trabalho aborda os principais esquemas terapêuticos das micoses superficiais - ceratofitoses, dermatofitoses, candidíase - possibilitando a consulta prática das drogas tópicas e sistêmicas mais utilizadas, sua dosagem e tempo de utilização. Novas possibilidades terapêuticas antifungicas também são ressaltadas, assim como as apresentações disponíneis no mercado brasileiro e mundial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Dermatomycoses/drug therapy , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Time Factors
15.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 107(7): 854-858, Nov. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-656039

ABSTRACT

The goal of this study was to review 18 cases of phaeohyphomycosis in Rio Grande do Sul. The records of all of the patients with a diagnosis of phaeohyphomycosis between 1995-2010 were reviewed. Twelve of the 18 patients (66.6%) were male. The average age of the patients was 50 years old (range: 16-74 years). Eleven patients (61%) presented with subcutaneous lesions. Seven patients (38.8%) had received a solid organ transplant. In all of the cases, the presence of melanin in the fungal cells was determined by Fontana-Masson staining of tissue sections and documented. Among the 18 patients, a total of 11 different fungal species were isolated. The causative organisms included Exophiala jeanselmei, Alternaria, Curvularia, Cladophialophora and Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. To our knowledge, this review reports the first case of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by C. gloeosporioides in a lung transplant patient. The number of reported cases of phaeohyphomycosis has increased in the last decade. In a number of cases, this increased incidence may be primarily attributed to iatrogenic immunodeficiency.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Phaeohyphomycosis/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Central Nervous System Fungal Infections/diagnosis , Central Nervous System Fungal Infections/epidemiology , Central Nervous System Fungal Infections/microbiology , Central Nervous System Fungal Infections/pathology , Dermatomycoses/diagnosis , Dermatomycoses/epidemiology , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Dermatomycoses/pathology , Immunocompromised Host , Lung Transplantation , Phaeohyphomycosis/diagnosis , Phaeohyphomycosis/microbiology , Phaeohyphomycosis/pathology , Retrospective Studies
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 87(3): 459-462, May-June 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-638537

ABSTRACT

Malassezia folliculitis is an inflammatory disorder observed in both immunocompetent and immunosuppressed patients. The authors describe an unusual and exuberant presumed case affecting the face, trunk and upper limbs of a 12-year-old nonimmunosuppressed patient. Although the agent was not identified by culture, the clinical and histopathological aspects plus the response to specific treatment support the diagnosis of Malassezia folliculitis. The only possible predisponent cause observed on the patient was greasy skin. Repetitive cultures were negative. Treatment with itraconazol promoted apparent cure, however, the patient relapsed twelve months later.


Foliculite por Malassezia é processo inflamatório observado em pacientes imunocompetentes e imunossuprimidos. Os autores relatam um provável caso exuberante e incomum comprometendo a face, tronco e membros superiores de paciente de 12 anos de idade, não imunossuprimido. Embora o agente não tenha sido cultivado, os achados clínicos e histopatológicos aliados à resposta terapêutica sugerem o diagnóstico de foliculite por Malassezia. A única possivel causa predisponente demonstrada no paciente foi a pele oleosa. Tentativas de cultivo do agente foram negativas. O tratamento com itraconazol promoveu cura aparente, entretanto, houve recaída após 12 meses.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Folliculitis/microbiology , Malassezia/isolation & purification , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Dermatomycoses/pathology , Folliculitis/pathology , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Severity of Illness Index
17.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 54(1): 5-10, Jan.-Feb. 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-614889

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: A contribution to the regional epidemiological profile of the most common fungal agents in Public Health Services in Cuiabá, state of Mato Grosso, including university hospitals and polyclinics. METHODS: Clinical specimens (n = 1,496) from 1,078 patients were collected, submitted to direct mycological exam (potash or stick tape method) and cultured in specific mediums. Dermatophytic and non-dermatophytic agents were identified according to micromorphology (Ridell technique). RESULTS: The majority of the 1,496 specimens were skin (n = 985) and nail exams (n = 472). Of the 800 positive cultures, 246 (30.8 percent) corresponded to dermatophytes and 336 (42 percent) to yeasts of the genus Candida, 190 (23.7 percent) to other yeasts, 27 (3.4 percent) to non-dermatophytic filamentous fungi and one (0.1 percent) the agent of subcutaneous mycosis. Lesions considered primary occurred in greater numbers (59.5 percent) than recurrent lesions (37.4 percent), with a greater concentration of positivity occurring on the arms and legs. CONCLUSIONS: Comorbidities, allergies and diabetes mellitus were conditions associated with greater positivity in direct mycological exams and cultures. Positive culture was considered a definitive diagnosis of fungal infection and confirmed 47.8 percent of diagnostic hypotheses.


INTRODUÇÃO: Contribuição sobre o perfil epidemiológico regional referente aos agentes fúngicos mais freqüentes nos Serviços de Saúde Pública em Cuiabá-MT, incluindo policlínicas e hospitais universitários. MÉTODOS: Foram examinados 1.496 espécimes clínicos colhidos a partir de 1.078 pacientes, os quais foram submetidos ao exame direto (potassa e/ou fita gomada) e cultivos em meios específicos. Os agentes foram identificados segundo micromorfologia (técnica de Ridell). RESULTADOS: Os 1.496 espécimes foram relacionados na maioria a exames de pele (n = 985), e unhas (n = 472). Dos 800 cultivos positivos, 246 (30,8 por cento) corresponderam a dermatófitos, 336 (42 por cento) a leveduras do gênero Candida, 190 (23,7 por cento) a outras leveduras, 27 (3,4 por cento) a fungos filamentosos não dermatofíticos e um (0,1 por cento) a agente de micoses subcutâneas. Lesões consideradas primárias compareceram em maior número (59,5 por cento), comparadas as recidivantes (37,4 por cento). Foi observada maior positividade em membros inferiores e superiores. CONCLUSÕES: Co-morbidades, quadros alérgicos e diabetes mellitus representaram condições associadas à maior positividade em exames micológicos diretos e cultivos. O cultivo positivo foi considerado como diagnóstico definitivo de infecção fúngica, e confirmou 47,8 por cento de hipóteses diagnósticas.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Fungi/isolation & purification , Brazil/epidemiology , Dermatomycoses/diagnosis , Dermatomycoses/epidemiology , Hair/microbiology , Nails/microbiology , Recurrence , Risk Factors , Skin/microbiology
18.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 29(1): 101-107, feb. 2012. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-627222

ABSTRACT

Mucormycosis is an increasingly emerging life-threatening infection and is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with leukemia. We present the case of a 4-year-old boy with an acute lymphoblastic leukemia complicated by severe and prolonged neutropenia during induction chemotherapy, who developed cutaneous mucormycosis of the elbow. Direct microscopy with KOH and the histopathologic observation of the skin revealed fungal hyphae without septations. The cultures were positive for Rhizopus microsporus var oligosporus. The patient was treated succefully with amphotericin B during 40 days, surgical debridement and dermoepidermic graft. Early recognition and prompt intervention with combined medical and surgical treatment may improve the outcome. The most common management strategy in survivors involves a combination of antifungal therapy with amphotericin B and surgical debridement.


La mucormicosis es una enfermedad emergente grave, producida por hongos saprófitos del orden Mucorales, que afecta fundamentalmente a pacientes inmunocom-prometidos. La forma cutánea se origina por inoculación de esporas dentro de la dermis con el subsecuente desarrollo de una lesión tipo ectima, generalmente única y de evolución rápidamente progresiva, por las características angioinvasoras del hongo, que determina amplias zonas de infartos y necrosis en los tejidos. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con cuatro años de edad, con diagnóstico de leucemia linfoblástica aguda, en quimioterapia de inducción, que cursó con neutropenia profunda y prolongada, presentando una lesión cutánea en el codo compatible con ectima gangrenoso. Recibió tratamiento antimicrobiano y antifúngico, asociado a un aseo quirúrgico. El cultivo para hongos demostró crecimiento de Rhizopus microsporus var oligosporus, y la histología concluyó presencia de hifas no septadas. El estudio de extensión descartó compromiso óseo, sinusal y cerebral. Completó 40 días de terapia antifúngica con anfotericina B deoxicolato, evolucionando satisfactoriamente. Posteriormente requirió injerto dermo-epidérmico. Si bien esta patología es infrecuente, debemos sospecharla en pacientes con neoplasias hematológicas, para establecer un diagnóstico etiológico oportuno, ya que el tratamiento contempla el desbridamiento quirúrgico precoz asociado a antifúngicos sistémicos, siendo de elección anfotericina B.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Male , Dermatomycoses/immunology , Immunocompromised Host , Mucormycosis/immunology , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/immunology , Rhizopus/isolation & purification , Dermatomycoses/diagnosis , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Mucormycosis/diagnosis , Mucormycosis/microbiology
19.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 43(4): 268-272, dic. 2011. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-634703

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el primer caso humano de peniciliosis por Penicillium marneffei observado en la República Argentina. El paciente era un joven de 16 años, HIV-positivo, procedente de un área rural del sur de China. El paciente fue internado en el Hospital "F. J. Muñiz" por padecer una neumonía grave con insufciencia respiratoria aguda. El agente causal fue aislado de un lavado broncoalveolar y se lo observó en un citodiagnóstico de piel. La identifcación de P. marneffei fue confrmada por las características fenotípicas del aislamiento y la amplifcación del ADNr. El enfermo padecía una infección muy avanzada por HIV que condujo a la aparición simultánea de infecciones por citomegalovirus, Pneumocystis jirovecii y procesos bacterianos nosocomiales. Este complejo cuadro derivó en una evolución fatal.


The frst case observed in Argentina of AIDS-related human penicillosis is herein presented. The patient was a six- teen year-old young man coming from a rural area of southern China. He was admitted at the F. J. Muñiz Hospital of Buenos Aires city with severe pneumonia and adult respiratory distress. Penicillium marneffei was isolated from bronchoalveolar lavage fuid and was microscopically observed in a skin cytodiagnosis. P. marneffei identifcation was confrmed by rRNA amplifcation and its phenotypic characteristics. The patient suffered an advanced HIV infection and also presented several AIDS-related diseases due to CMV, nosocomial bacterial infections and Pneumocystis jirovecii which led to a fatal outcome.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/microbiology , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , HIV-1 , HIV-2 , Lung Diseases, Fungal/microbiology , Penicillium/isolation & purification , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/microbiology , China/ethnology , Cytomegalovirus Infections/complications , Diagnosis, Differential , DNA, Fungal/analysis , Dermatomycoses/epidemiology , Fatal Outcome , Histoplasmosis/diagnosis , Lung Diseases, Fungal/diagnosis , Lung Diseases, Fungal/epidemiology , Pneumocystis carinii , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Penicillium/classification , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis/complications , Ribotyping
20.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2011 Oct-Dec; 29(4): 437-439
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-143875

ABSTRACT

Chromoblastomycosis and Madura foot are chronic localised mycotic infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue that follows the implantation of the fungi through minor trauma, mainly found in persons working outdoors on bare foot. In cases where both Madura and chromoblastomycosis are present, the treatment becomes difficult with low cure rates and frequent relapses. Here, we present such a very rare case of a 38-year-old cattle farmer who presented with verrucose nodules, tumefaction and multiple discharging nodules on the left lower 1/3 rd leg and foot since last 9 years. Direct KOH mount of the verrucose tissue showed Fonsecaea pedrosoi sclerotic muriform bodies and a biopsy of one granule discharging nodule demonstrated fungal mycetoma. He was put on tab. Itraconazole 200 mg o.d. and cotrimoxazole bid for 6 months with very little improvement. The rarity of this combination is most probably due to different geographical distribution.


Subject(s)
Adult , Agriculture , Antifungal Agents/administration & dosage , Biopsy , Chromoblastomycosis/complications , Chromoblastomycosis/diagnosis , Chromoblastomycosis/microbiology , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Dermatomycoses/pathology , Fungi/classification , Fungi/isolation & purification , Histocytochemistry , Humans , Itraconazole/administration & dosage , Leg/pathology , Male , Mycetoma/complications , Mycetoma/diagnosis , Mycetoma/microbiology , Treatment Outcome , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination/administration & dosage
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