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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 326-330, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449798

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) significantly relieves pain in the medial joint line in medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee. But some patients complain of pain over the pes anserinus even 1 year after the osteotomy, which may require implant removal for relief. This study aims to define the implant removal rate after MOWHTO due to pain over the pes anserinus. Methods One hundred and three knees of 72 patients who underwent MOWHTO for medial compartment osteoarthritis between 2010 and 2018 were enrolled in the study. Knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS), Oxford knee score (OKS), and visual analogue score (VAS) were assessed for pain in the medial knee joint line (VAS-MJ) preoperatively, 12 months postoperatively, and yearly thereafter; adding VAS for pain over the pes anserinus (VAS-PA). Patients with VAS-PA ≥ 40 and adequate bony consolidation after 12 months were recommended implant removal. Results Thirty-three (45.8%) of the patients were male and 39 (54.2%) were female. The mean age was 49.4 ± 8.0 and the mean body mass index was 27.0 ± 2.9. The Tomofix medial tibial plate-screw system (DePuy Synthes, Raynham, MA, USA) was used in all cases. Three (2.8%) cases with delayed union requiring revision were excluded. The KOOS, OKS, and VAS-MJ significantly improved 12 months after MOWHTO. The mean VAS-PA was 38.3 ± 23.9. Implant removal for pain relief was needed in 65 (63.1%) of the103 knees. The mean VAS-PA decreased to 4.5 ± 5.6 3 months after implant removal (p < 0.0001). Conclusion Over 60% of the patients may need implant removal to relieve pain over the pes anserinus after MOWHTO. Candidates for MOWHTO should be informed about this complication and its solution.


Resumo Objetivo A osteotomia tibial alta com cunha de abertura medial (MOWHTO, do inglês medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy) alivia de forma significativa a dor na linha articular medial em casos de osteoartrite do compartimento medial do joelho. Alguns pacientes, porém, se queixam de dor nos tendões dos músculos sartório, grácil e semitendinoso (pata de ganso) mesmo 1 ano após a osteotomia, o que pode exigir a remoção do implante. Este estudo define a taxa de remoção do implante após a MOWHTO devido à dor nos tendões dos músculos sartório, grácil e semitendinoso. Métodos Cento e três joelhos de 72 pacientes submetidos à MOWHTO para tratamento da osteoartrite do compartimento medial entre 2010 e 2018 foram incluídos no estudo. A pontuação de desfecho de lesão no joelho e osteoartrite (KOOS, do inglês Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score), a pontuação dejoelho de Oxford (OKS, do inglês Oxford Knee Score) e a escala visual analógica (EVA) de dor na linha articular medial do joelho (EVA-MJ) foram avaliados antes da cirurgia. A EVA nos tendões dos músculos sartório, grácil e semitendinoso (EVA-PA) foi adicionada a essas avaliações, também realizadas 12 meses após o procedimento e, a seguir, anualmente. A remoção do implante foi recomendada em pacientes com EVA-PA ≥ 40 e consolidação óssea adequada em 12 meses. Resultados Trinta e três (45,8%) pacientes eram homens e 39 (54,2%), mulheres. A média de idade foi de 49,4 ±8,0, e o índice de massa corpórea (IMC) médio foi de 27,0 ± 2,9. O sistema placa-parafuso tibial medial Tomofix (DePuy Synthes, Raynham, MA, EUA) foi utilizado em todos os casos. Três (2,8%) casos foram excluídos devido ao retardo de consolidação e à necessidade de revisão. Os resultados nas escalas KOOS, OKS e EVA-MJ melhoraram significativamente 12 meses após a MOWHTO. A EVA-PA média foi de 38,3 ± 23,9. A remoção do implante para alívio da dor foi necessária em 65 (63,1%) dos 103 joelhos. Três meses após a remoção do implante, a EVA-PA média diminuiu para 4,5 ± 5,6 (p < 0,0001). Conclusão A remoção do implante pode ser necessária em mais de 60% dos pacientes para alívio da dor nos tendões dos músculos sartório, grácil e semitendinoso após a MOWHTO. Os candidatos à MOWHTO devem ser informados sobre esta complicação e sua resolução.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy , Surgical Wound Infection , Tibia/surgery , Bone Plates , Bone Transplantation , Device Removal
2.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(3): 263-268, jun. 2022. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407920

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Analizar la prevalencia y los factores en la remoción de elementos de osteosíntesis (OTS) de pacientes tratados quirúrgicamente debido a fracturas maxilofaciales. Materiales y Método: Estudio retrospectivo descriptivo, donde fueron incluidos todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de fractura maxilofacial y tratados mediante reducción abierta y fijación interna rígida en un intervalo de 10 años, en el Servicio de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial en el Hospital Clínico Mutual de Seguridad (HCMS). Resultados: En un total de 807 pacientes intervenidos, con un rango etario entre 22-66 años, fueron utilizados 2.421 OTS. Entre ellos, 58 pacientes (7,2%) fueron sometidos a un segundo procedimiento quirúrgico, retirándose un total de 129 OTS (5,3%). La principal causa de retiro fue infección (41,1%), comúnmente de carácter tardío. El tercio inferior facial fue el más afectado, específicamente, la zona parasinfisiaria. El 39% fue retirado antes de los 12 meses de posicionados. Conclusiones: El retiro de OTS, posterior a trauma maxilofacial tiene una baja prevalencia. El sitio más afectado es el hueso mandibular y la mayoría se retira dentro de los primeros 12-24 meses. La etiología es variable, sin embargo, la infección se mantiene como una de las principales. Los hallazgos sugieren que no sería recomendable realizar este procedimiento de forma universal para todos los pacientes.


Aim: To analyse the prevalence and factors regarding to osteosynthesis elements (OTS) removal from patients surgically treated due to maxillofacial fractures. Materials and Method: Retrospective study in which all patients with diagnosis of maxillofacial fractures and treated with open reduction and internal rigid fixation were included, in an interval of 10 years, in the Maxillofacial Surgery Service of HCMS. Results: In 807 surgically treated patients, with an age between 22-66 years, 2.421 OTS were used. Among them, 58 patients (7.2%) underwent a second surgical procedure, with a total of 129 OTS removed (5.3%). The main cause of removal was infection (41.1%), commonly of a chronic nature. The lower third of the face was the most affected, specifically, the parasymphysis region. 39% of OTS were withdrawn before 12 months. Conclusions: OTS removal after maxillofacial trauma has a low prevalence, the most affected site is the mandibular bone, within the first 12-24 months. The aetiology is variable, however, infection remains one of the main. The findings suggest that it would not be advisable to perform this procedure universally for all patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Titanium , Device Removal , Maxillofacial Injuries/surgery , Surgery, Oral , Fracture Fixation, Internal
3.
South African Family Practice ; 64(3): 1-6, 19 May 2022. Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1380569

ABSTRACT

The etonogestrel subcutaneous contraceptive implant offers efficacy for three years, but some women remove it earlier than prescribed. This study discusses factors associated with the early removal of these implants at a Pretoria community health centre between 01January 2020 to 30 June 2020.Methods: A cross-sectional study using a piloted and researcher assistant-administered questionnaire.Results: Of the 124 participants who removed their etonogestrel subcutaneous contraceptive implant earlier than prescribed, most were single, unemployed, in the age group 30­39 years, Christian, with secondary level education and with parity one or more. Etonogestrel subcutaneous contraceptive implant pre-insertion counselling was given to all participants, most of whom had not previously used contraceptives. Those participants with previous contraceptive use had used injectables. Long-term contraception was the main reason for getting the etonogestrel subcutaneous contraceptive implant. Most participants did not attend post-insertion counselling. Heavy bleeding was the most common side effect and reason for early removal. Fifty-one participants kept the etonogestrel subcutaneous contraceptive implant in for a longer period of 12­23 months. From participants' responses, it seems that Etonogestrel implants may be offered from as early as 15­20 years of age. Conclusion: Women having etonogestrel subcutaneous contraceptive implants removed early at a Pretoria community health centre tended to be young, single, unemployed, Christian, with a secondary level education and with parity one or more. All participants attended the etonogestrel subcutaneous contraceptive implant pre-insertion counselling services but not the post-counselling services. Heavy bleeding was the main reason for the early removal of the etonogestrel subcutaneous contraceptive implant.Keywords: early removal; etonogestrel; subcutaneous contraceptive; implant; Pretoria; community health centre; weight gain; vaginal bleeding.


Subject(s)
Contraception , Device Removal , Early Diagnosis , Gestational Weight Gain , Prostheses and Implants , Uterine Hemorrhage
4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1214-1219, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969729

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the feasibility and safety of bridge therapy with active fixed electrodes connected to external permanent pacemakers (AFLEP) for patients with infective endocarditis after lead removal and before permanent pacemaker implantation. Methods: A total of 44 pacemaker-dependent patients, who underwent lead removal due to infective endocarditis in our center from January 2015 to January 2020, were included. According to AFLEP or temporary pacemaker option during the transition period, patients were divided into AFLEP group or temporary pacemaker group. Information including age, sex, comorbidities, indications and types of cardial implantable electionic device (CIED) implantation, lead age, duration of temporary pacemaker or AFLEP use, and perioperative complications were collected through Haitai Medical Record System. The incidence of pacemaker perception, abnormal pacing function, lead perforation, lead dislocation, lead vegetation, cardiac tamponade, pulmonary embolism, death and newly infection of implanted pacemaker were compared between the two groups. Pneumothorax, hematoma and the incidence of deep vein thrombosis were also analyzed. Results: Among the 44 patients, 24 were in the AFLEP group and 20 in the temporary pacemaker group. Age was younger in the AFLEP group than in the temporary pacemaker group (57.5(45.5, 66.0) years vs. 67.0(57.3, 71.8) years, P=0.023). Male, prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic renal dysfunction and old myocardial infarction were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Lead duration was 11.0(8.0,13.0) years in the AFLEP group and 8.5(7.0,13.0) years in the temporary pacemaker group(P=0.292). Lead vegetation diameter was (8.2±2.4)mm in the AFLEP group and (9.1±3.0)mm in the temporary pacemaker group. Lead removal was successful in all patients. The follow-up time in the AFLEP group was 23.0(20.5, 25.5) months, and the temporary pacemaker group was 17.0(14.5, 18.5) months. In the temporary pacemaker group, there were 2 cases (10.0%) of lead dislocation, 2 cases (10.0%) of sensory dysfunction, 2 cases (10.0%) of pacing dysfunction, and 2 cases (10.0%) of death. In the AFLEP group, there were 2 cases of abnormal pacing function, which improved after adjusting the output voltage of the pacemaker, there was no lead dislocation, abnormal perception and death. Femoral vein access was used in 8 patients (40.0%) in the temporary pacemaker group, and 4 patients developed lower extremity deep venous thrombosis. There was no deep venous thrombosis in the AFLEP group. The transition treatment time was significantly longer in the AFLEP group than in the temporary pacemaker group (19.5(16.0, 25.8) days vs. 14.0(12.0, 16.8) days, P=0.001). During the follow-up period, there were no reinfections with newly implanted pacemakers in the AFLEP group, and reinfection occurred in 2 patients (10.0%) in the temporary pacemaker group. Conclusions: Bridge therapy with AFLEP for patients with infective endocarditis after lead removal and before permanent pacemaker implantation is feasible and safe. Compared with temporary pacemaker, AFLEP is safer in the implantation process and more stable with lower lead dislocation rate, less sensory and pacing dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Bridge Therapy , Feasibility Studies , Pacemaker, Artificial , Endocarditis, Bacterial/etiology , Electrodes , Device Removal
5.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210189, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375809

ABSTRACT

Resumo O cateter totalmente implantável (CTI) é utilizado na administração da quimioterapia. Em menos de 1% dos casos de complicação, pode ocorrer migração do CTI para quimioterapia para a circulação sistêmica. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever um caso de migração do CTI para a veia hepática. Uma paciente do sexo feminino, de 44 anos de idade, teve diagnóstico de câncer de mama com indicação de quimioterapia neoadjuvante. Realizou-se a implantação de cateter port-a-cath. Durante o procedimento de punção do cateter, houve retorno normal de sangue, e foi realizada infusão de soro fisiológico. Em seguida, houve um aumento de volume no local do port e não retorno de sangue à aspiração. A radiografia de tórax mostrou embolização do cateter em topografia hepática. Retirou-se o cateter pela técnica do laço (sem complicações), e a paciente recebeu alta no dia seguinte. Possíveis alterações no funcionamento do CTI devem chamar atenção da equipe responsável.


Abstract A totally implantable venous access port (TIVAP) is used for chemotherapy administration. Venous port migration to the systemic circulation occurs in less than 1% of complications. The aim of this study is to describe a case of TIVAP migration to the hepatic vein. A 44-year-old female patient with breast cancer was prescribed neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A port-a-cath was surgically implanted for chemotherapy. During the port puncture procedure, blood returned normally when aspirated. When the port was first accessed and flushed with saline solution, swelling was observed at the port site and blood could no longer be aspirated. A chest radiography showed catheter embolization in the region of the hepatic vein. The catheter was retrieved using a snare technique (without complications) and the patient was discharged the next day. The care team should be alert to possible TIIVAP malfunction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Foreign-Body Migration/diagnostic imaging , Vascular Access Devices/adverse effects , Hepatic Veins/diagnostic imaging , Foreign-Body Migration/therapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy/instrumentation , Device Removal/methods
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(5): 908-916, nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248912

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Nas últimas décadas, o número de dispositivos eletrônicos cardíacos implantáveis (DCEI) aumentou consideravelmente, assim como a necessidade de remoção destes. Neste contexto, a remoção percutânea apresenta-se como uma técnica segura e capaz de evitar uma cirurgia cardíaca convencional. Objetivos: Primário: descrever a taxa de sucesso e complicações da remoção percutânea de DCEI em um hospital público brasileiro. Secundário: estabelecer preditores de sucesso e complicações. Métodos: Serie de casos retrospectiva de todos os pacientes submetidos à remoção de DCEI em um hospital público brasileiro no período de janeiro de 2013 a junho de 2018. Remoção, explante e extração de eletrodos, complicações e desfechos foram definidos conforme a diretriz norte-americana de 2017. Variáveis categóricas foram comparadas pelos testes Qui-quadrado ou Fisher, enquanto variáveis contínuas, por testes não pareados. O nível de significância adotado nas análises estatísticas foi de 5%. Resultados: 61 pacientes foram submetidos à remoção de DCEI, sendo 51 extrações e 10 explantes. No total, 128 eletrodos foram removidos. Taxa de sucesso clínico foi 100% no grupo do explante e 90,2% no da extração (p=0,58). Complicações maiores foram encontradas em 6,6% dos pacientes. Falha do procedimento foi associada a eletrodos de ventrículo (p=0,05) e átrio (p=0,04) direito implantados há mais tempo. Duração do procedimento (p=0,003) e necessidade de transfusão sanguínea (p<0,001) foram associadas a maior índice de complicação. Conclusão: As taxas de complicação e sucesso clínico observadas foram de 11,5% e 91,8%, respectivamente. Remoções de eletrodos atriais e ventriculares mais antigos estiveram associados a menores taxa de sucesso. Procedimentos mais longos e necessidade de transfusão sanguínea foram associados a complicações.


Abstract Background: In the last decade, the number of cardiac electronic devices has risen considerably and consequently the occasional need for their removal. Concurrently, the transvenous lead removal became a safe procedure that could prevent open-heart surgery. Objective: The primary objective of this study was to describe the successful performance and the complication rates of pacemaker removals in a Brazilian public hospital. Our secondary aim was to describe the variables associated to successes and complications. Methods: A retrospective case series was conducted in patients submitted to pacemaker removal in a Brazilian public hospital from January 2013 to June 2018. Removal, explant, extraction, success and complication rates were defined by the 2017 Heart Rhythm Society Guideline. Categorical variables were compared using x2 or Fisher's tests, while continuous variables were compared by unpaired tests. A p-value of 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Cardiac device removals were performed in 61 patients, of which 51 were submitted to lead extractions and 10 to lead explants. In total, 128 leads were removed. Our clinical success rate was 100% in the explant group and 90.2% in the extraction one (p=0.58). Major complications were observed in 6.6% patients. Procedure failure was associated to older right ventricle (p=0.05) and atrial leads (p=0,04). Procedure duration (p=0.003) and need for blood transfusion (p<0,001) were associated to more complications. Conclusion: Complications and clinical success were observed in 11.5% and 91.8% of the population, respectively. Removal of older atrial and ventricular leads were associated with lower success rates. Longer procedures and blood transfusions were associated with complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pacemaker, Artificial/adverse effects , Defibrillators, Implantable , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Device Removal
7.
RFO UPF ; 26(2): 323-333, 20210808. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1452537

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi responder qual é a melhor técnica para remoção de pinos de fibra de vidro e pinos metálicos fundidos considerando tempo, preservação da estrutura dentária e custos. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo in vitro, randomizado e cego. Sessenta dentes tratados endodonticamente foram randomizados em dois grupos de acordo com o tipo de pino. Uma segunda randomização foi realizada para cada tipo de técnica de remoção (ultrassom, broca ou combinada; n=10). One-way ANOVA foi usado para comparar o tempo de remoção do pino, teste t pareado comparou a quantidade de estrutura dentária removida e Kruskal Wallis seguido pelo teste post hoc de Mann-Whitney foram usados para análise de custo (P = 0,05). Resultados: Não houve diferença no tempo de remoção do pino considerando o tipo ou técnica do pino (P=0,630). A perda média de estrutura dentária na região cervical foi superior a 30% quando apenas uma ponta diamantada foi usada para remover pino de fibra de vidro (P<0,00001) e pino metálico fundido (P=0,008). Conclusão: De acordo com os resultados deste estudo, podemos concluir que a seleção da técnica de remoção dependerá da habilidade do operador, e sempre ocorrerá alguma perda de estrutura dentária, embora seja esperada uma perda maior quando apenas pontas diamantadas são usadas para este fim.(AU)


Objective: The aim of this study was to answer which is the best technique to removing glass fiber post and cast metal post considering time, preservation of tooth structure, and costs. Methods: An in vitro, randomized, blinded study was conducted. Sixty endodontically treated teeth were randomized into two groups according to post type. A second randomization was performed for each type of removal technique (ultrasound, drill, or combined; n=10). One-way ANOVA was used to compare the time to post removal, paired t-test compared the amount of tooth structure removed and Kruskal Wallis followed by post hoc Mann-Whitney test were used for cost analysis (P=0.05). Results: There was no difference in post removal time considering post type or technique (P=0.630). The average loss of tooth structure in the cervical region was greater than 30% when only a diamond bur was used to remove fiber glass post (P<0.00001) and cast metal post (P=0.008). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, we can conclude that the selection of the removal technique will depend on the skill of the operator, and some loss of tooth structure will always occur, although greater loss is expected when only diamond burs are used for this purpose.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Post and Core Technique/economics , Device Removal/economics , Dental Pins/economics , Reference Values , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Costs and Cost Analysis , Device Removal/methods
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): 279-284, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281012

ABSTRACT

La decanulación es el proceso de retirar la cánula de traqueotomía de forma definitiva, una vez que la patología original que motivó la traqueotomía se haya resuelto o mejorado significativamente.La predicción del éxito de decanulación es difícil debido a la influencia de varios factores. No existe un protocolo universalmente aceptado. Existen diversos protocolos y la elección depende, en gran medida, de cada institución y de la situación individual de cada paciente. Sin embargo, para lograr la decanulación exitosa deben tenerse en cuenta varios criterios esenciales que deben cumplirse independientemente del protocolo elegido.Se señalan las características que debe reunir el paciente apto para la decanulación y se presentan recomendaciones sobre los pasos necesarios para lograr el retiro de la cánula de traqueotomía en el niño de manera segura y minimizando el riesgo de fracaso.


Decannulation is the process of removing the tracheotomy cannula permanently, once the original pathology that led to the tracheotomy has been resolved or significantly improved. The prediction of decannulation success is difficult due to the influence of several factors. There is no universally accepted decannulation protocol. There are several protocols and the choice depends, largely, on each institution and the individual situation of each patient. However, in order to achieve successful decannulation, several essential criteria must be taken into account, which must be fulfilled regardless of the chosen protocol.We indicate the characteristics that the patient must meet for decannulation, and we present recommendations on the necessary steps to achieve the removal of the tracheotomy cannula in a child safely and minimizing the risk of failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Tracheotomy , Device Removal/methods , Pediatrics , Cannula
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(3): 574-583, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154511

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To describe our experience in the management of retained encrusted ureteral stents using a single session combined endourological approach. Materials and Methods: Patients with retained encrusted ureteral stents who had been submitted to a single session combined endourological approach from June 2010 to June 2018 were prospectively evaluated. Patients were divided according to the Forgotten-Encrusted-Calcified (FECal) classification. The stone burden, surgical intervention, number of interventions until stone free status, operation time, hospital stay, complications, stone analysis, and stone-free rate were compared between groups. ANOVA was used to compare numerical variables, and the Mann-Whitney or Chi-square test to compare categorical variables between groups. Results: We evaluated 50 patients with a mean follow-up of 2.9±1.4 years (mean±SD). The groups were comparable in terms of age, sex, laterality, BMI, comorbidities, ASA, reason for stent passage, and indwelling time. The stone burden was higher for grades IV and V (p=0.027). Percutaneous nephrolithotomy was the most common procedure (p=0.004) for grades IV and V. The number of procedures until the patients were stone-free was 1.92±1.40, and the hospital stay (4.2±2.5 days), complications (22%), and stone analysis (66% calcium oxalate) were similar between groups. The stone-free rate was lower in grades III to V (60%, 54.5%, and 50%). Conclusions: The endoscopic combined approach in the supine position is a safe and feasible technique that allows removal of retained and encrusted stents in a single procedure. The FECal classification seems to be useful for surgical planning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ureter , Ureteral Calculi/surgery , Stents , Retrospective Studies , Device Removal
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 251-255, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251334

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to identify the energy required for synthetic proximal femoral fracture after removal of three implant types: cannulated screws, dynamic hip screws (DHS), and proximal femoral nail (PFN). Methods Twenty-five synthetic proximal femur bones were used: 10 were kept intact as the control group (CG), 5 were submitted to the placement and removal of 3 cannulated screws in an inverted triangle configuration (CSG), 5 were submitted to the placement and removal of a dynamic compression screw (DHSG), and 5 were submitted to the placement and removal of a proximal femur nail (PFNG). All samples were biomechanically analyzed simulating a fall on the greater trochanter using a servo-hydraulic machine to determine the energy (in Joules [J]) required for fracture. Results All samples presented basicervical fractures. The energy required for fracture was 7.1 J, 6.6 J, 6 J, and 6.7 J for the CG, CSG, DHSG and PFNG, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference (considering a 95% confidence interval) in energy among the study groups (p = 0.34). Conclusion There was no statistically significant difference in the energy required to cause a synthetic proximal femoral fracture after removing all three implant types and simulating a fall over the greater trochanter.


Resumo Objetivo Identificar a energia necessária para ocorrência de fratura do fêmur proximal em osso sintético após retirada de três modelos de implantes: parafusos canulados, parafuso dinâmico do quadril (dynamic hip screw-DHS) e haste femoral proximal (proximal femoral nail-PFN). Métodos Foram utilizados 25 modelos de ossos sintéticos da extremidade proximal do fêmur: 10 unidades de grupo controle (GC), 5 unidades após colocação e retirada de 3 parafusos canulados colocados em configuração de triângulo invertido (GPC), 5 unidades após colocação e retirada do parafuso de compressão dinâmico (GDHS), e 5 unidades após colocação e retirada da haste de fêmur proximal (GPFN). Uma análise biomecânica foi realizada em todas as amostras simulando uma queda sobre o grande trocânter utilizando uma máquina servo-hidráulica com o objetivo de verificar a energia (em Joules [J]) necessária até a ocorrência de fratura nos diferentes grupos. Resultados Todos os grupos apresentaram fratura basocervical. Os grupos GC, GPC, GDHS e GPFN apresentaram, respectivamente, valores de 7.1J, 6.6J, 6J e 6.7J de energia até ocorrência da fratura. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa (intervalo de confiança de 95%) na energia entre os grupos de estudo (p = 0,34). Conclusão Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa nos valores de energia necessária para ocorrência de fratura da extremidade proximal do fêmur após a retirada de três tipos de implantes utilizando modelos sintéticos simulando queda sobre o grande trocânter.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Device Removal , Fractures, Bone , Fracture Fixation , Hip/surgery , Hip Fractures
11.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(1): 68-75, feb. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388632

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La anticoncepción hormonal, a través de implantes subdérmicos, es uno de los métodos anticonceptivos reversibles de larga duración más eficaces en la actualidad que está disponible en nuestro país en forma gratuita en el sistema público. OBJETIVO: Reconocer los efectos adversos y los motivos de retiro del Implante Jadelle® en usuarias del Hospital de Clínicas, así como evaluar la información recibida por las usuarias al momento de la colocación. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Un total de 160 pacientes participaron en el estudio a través de una encuesta previo consentimiento informado. Se utilizó la estadística descriptiva en números absolutos y porcentuales. Resultados: Previo al uso, recibieron información sobre los probables efectos adversos del método el 83% de ellas, y acerca de la efectividad del método el 89 %. En cuanto a efectos adversos los presentaron el 80,6% de las usuarias, siendo la irregularidad de la menstruación la causa más frecuente constituyendo un 61%. CONCLUSIONES: Es alta la frecuencia de pacientes que presentan efectos adversos y que solicitan retiro del implante antes del tiempo a causa de ello, 35% de las usuarias, siendo el principal motivo la irregularidad menstrual en un 43% de los casos. Es recomendable realizar un correcto asesoramiento previo a la colocación e incentivar a las pacientes a concurrir a los controles médicos, luego de la colocación, para brindar asesoramiento y tratamiento si se presentara algún efecto adverso, con el fin de obtener una mejor continuidad de uso del método.


INTRODUCTION: Hormonal contraception, through subdermal implants, is one of the most effective long active reversal contraceptive methods currently available in our country for free in the public system. OBJETIVE: Recognize the adverse effects and the reasons for its withdrawal in users of the Hospital de Clínicas as well as to evaluate the information received by the users at the time of placement. METHODOLOGY: A total of 160 patients participated in the work with prior informed consent through a survey. Descriptive statistics were used in absolute and percentage numbers. They received information on the probable adverse effects of the 83% pre-use method, about the effectiveness of the 89% method. RESULTS: Regarding adverse effects, they were present in 80.6% of the users; the being irregularity of menstruation is the most frequent, constituting 61%. Concluding that the frequency of patients presenting with adverse effects and requesting removal of the implant before the time is high because of it, 35% of the users who requested removal menstrual irregularities were the main reason for 43% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: It is advisable to make a correct advice prior to placement and encourage patients to attend medical controls, after placement, to provide advice and treatment if any adverse effect occurs, in order to give better use in terms of method time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Contraceptive Agents, Female/adverse effects , Device Removal , Drug Implants/adverse effects , Progesterone/administration & dosage , Progesterone/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Levonorgestrel/administration & dosage , Levonorgestrel/adverse effects , Contraception/methods , Contraceptive Agents, Female/administration & dosage , Motivation
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353934

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La indicación de realizar una osteosíntesis con un clavo endomedular retrógrado en las fracturas de fémur se ha incrementado en los últimos años y, con ello, la cantidad de complicaciones. Se describen tres técnicas quirúrgicas para el manejo del fragmento proximal de la osteosíntesis endomedular rota. Desde marzo de 2001 hasta enero de 2019, se realizaron 321 osteosíntesis con clavos endomedulares retrógrados de fémur en nuestra institución. La tasa de rotura del implante asociada a una seudoartrosis fue del 0,9%. Se realizaron técnicas mínimamente invasivas para la extracción del implante, preservando las partes blandas. Se logró la reosteosíntesis definitiva con la consiguiente consolidación en un tiempo medio de 140 días. Conclusiones: Las técnicas utilizadas fueron simples, seguras, mínimamente invasivas y muy reproducibles. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


background: The indication for osteosynthesis with a retrograde intramedullary nail in femur fractures has increased in recent years and with it, the number of complications. Three surgical techniques are described for the management of the proximal fragment of the broken intramedullary osteosynthesis. From March 2001 to January 2019, 321 osteosyntheses with retrograde femoral intramedullary nails were performed at our institution. The implant rupture rate associated with nonunion was 0.9%. Minimally invasive techniques were performed to remove the implant, preserving the soft tissues. Definitive reosteosynthesis was achieved with the consequent consolidation in an average time of 140 days. Conclusions: The techniques used were simple, safe, minimally invasive, and reproducible. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Middle Aged , Aged , Rupture , Bone Nails/adverse effects , Device Removal , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects
13.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 16(3): 126-129, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344717

ABSTRACT

El soporte ventilatorio no invasivo es una herramienta que ha demostrado mejorar la sobrevida de pacientes con falla muscular de la bomba respiratoria y el manejo de enfermedades pulmonares crónicas, incluso la ventilación no invasiva nocturna ha servido de puente hacia el trasplante pulmonar. Se presenta el caso de una adolescente de 14 años con enfermedad pulmonar crónica hipoxémica severa y falla ventilatoria secundaria, que requirió ventilación prolongada y traqueostomía en espera de trasplante pulmonar. Luego de reevaluar indemnidad de la vía aérea fue decanulada a soporte ventilatorio no invasivo, con uso alternado de mascarilla nasal nocturna y pieza bucal diurna, permitiendo descanso muscular respiratorio eficiente, y mejoría de flujo de tos con técnicas de apilamiento de aire. Este plan permitió una decanulación segura y realizar soporte continuo ventilatorio no invasivo con un programa de rehabilitación cardiorrespiratorio. Generalmente, el soporte ventilatorio no invasivo se utiliza en trastornos primarios de la bomba respiratoria. En este caso, se indicó para enfermedad pulmonar crónica hipoxémica, mostrando claros beneficios con oxigenación adecuada, buen rendimiento cardiovascular con mejor tolerancia al ejercicio y entrenamiento en el escenario de preparación al trasplante pulmonar.


Noninvasive Ventilatory Support has demonstrated to improve survival of patients with ventilatory pump muscle failure and nocturnal noninvasive ventilation is useful in chronic lung disease, even bridging to lung transplant. We present a 14 years old girl with severe hypoxemic chronic lung disease and secondary ventilatory failure, who required continuous long-term ventilation and underwent a tracheostomy waiting for lung transplant. After reevaluated the airway patency the patient was decannulated to Noninvasive Ventilation Support, alternating nocturnal nasal mask with diurnal mouth piece in order to provide efficient respiratory muscle rest, made air stacking and improved cough flow. This plan allows safe decannulation to continuous Noninvasive Ventilatory Support tailoring a rehabilitation cardiorespiratory program. Usually, Noninvasive Ventilation Support is prescribed for primary respiratory pump muscles failure, but in this case, it was applied for a hypoxemic chronic lung disease. Clear benefits were observed leading to appropriate oxygenation, good cardiovascular performance with better tolerance to exercise for training in the preparatory scenario of a lung transplant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , Lung Transplantation , Device Removal/methods , Noninvasive Ventilation/methods , Respiratory Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Preoperative Care/methods , Tracheostomy , Radiography, Thoracic , Ventilator Weaning , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Chronic Disease , Hypoxia
15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(6): 1114-1124, dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152928

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Remoção de cabos-eletrodos de dispositivos cardíacos eletrônicos implantáveis (DCEI) é procedimento pouco frequente e sua realização exige longo treinamento profissional e infraestrutura adequada. Objetivos Avaliar a efetividade e a segurança da remoção de cabos-eletrodos de DCEI e determinar fatores de risco para complicações cirúrgicas e mortalidade em 30 dias. Métodos Estudo prospectivo com dados derivados da prática clínica. De janeiro/2014 a abril/2020, foram incluídos, consecutivamente, 365 pacientes submetidos à remoção de cabos-eletrodos, independentemente da indicação e técnica cirúrgica utilizada. Os desfechos primários foram: taxa de sucesso do procedimento, taxa combinada de complicações maiores e morte intraoperatória. Os desfechos secundários foram: fatores de risco para complicações intraoperatórias maiores e morte em 30 dias. Empregou-se análise univariada e multivariada, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados A taxa de sucesso do procedimento foi de 96,7%, sendo 90,1% de sucesso completo e 6,6% de sucesso clínico. Complicações maiores intraoperatórias ocorreram em 15 (4,1%) pacientes. Fatores preditores de complicações maiores foram: tempo de implante dos cabos-eletrodos ≥ 7 anos (OR= 3,78, p= 0,046) e mudança de estratégia cirúrgica (OR= 5,30, p= 0,023). Classe funcional III-IV (OR= 6,98, p<0,001), insuficiência renal (OR= 5,75, p=0,001), infecção no DCEI (OR= 13,30, p<0,001), número de procedimentos realizados (OR= 77,32, p<0,001) e complicações maiores intraoperatórias (OR= 38,84, p<0,001) foram fatores preditores para mortalidade em 30 dias. Conclusões Os resultados desse estudo, que é o maior registro prospectivo de remoção de cabos-eletrodos da América Latina, confirmam a segurança e a efetividade desse procedimento no cenário da prática clínica real. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(6):1114-1124)


Abstract Background Transvenous lead extraction (TLE) of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) is an uncommon procedure and requires specialized personnel and adequate facilities. Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the removal of CIED leads and to determine risk factors for surgical complications and mortality in 30 days. Methods Prospective study with data derived from clinical practice. From January 2014 to April 2020, we included 365 consecutive patients who underwent TLE, regardless of the indication and surgical technique used. The primary outcomes were: success rate of the procedure, combined rate of major complications and intraoperative death. Secondary outcomes were: risk factors for major intraoperative complications and death within 30 days. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used, with a significance level of 5%. Results Procedure success rate was 96.7%, with 90.1% of complete success and 6.6% of clinical success. Major intraoperative complications occurred in 15 (4.1%) patients. Predictors of major complications were: lead dwelling time ≥ 7 years (OR = 3.78, p = 0.046) and change in surgical strategy (OR = 5.30, p = 0.023). Functional class III-IV (OR = 6.98, p <0.001), renal failure (OR = 5.75, p = 0.001), CIED infection (OR = 13.30, p <0.001), number of procedures performed (OR = 77.32, p <0.001) and major intraoperative complications (OR = 38.84, p <0.001) were predictors of 30-day mortality. Conclusions The results of this study, which is the largest prospective registry of consecutive TLE procedures in Latin America, confirm the safety and effectiveness of this procedure in the context of real clinical practice. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(6):1114-1124)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pacemaker, Artificial/adverse effects , Defibrillators, Implantable/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Device Removal
16.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(3): 161-164, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385166

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La incidencia de complicaciones en los tejidos periimplantarios, como recesiones y dehiscencias, ha ido en aumento en los últimos años, principalmente asociados a un incorrecto posicionamiento espacial de los implantes. El objetivo de este reporte de caso es presentar el manejo quirúrgico de una complicación estética debida a la mal posición de un implante en la zona anterior. Caso. Paciente se presenta con recesión mucosa y dehiscencia por vestibular del implante 1.2, causados por su mal posicionamiento. Se realiza explantación mediante llave de alto torque e inserción de un nuevo implante en combinación con regeneración ósea (sticky bone) e injerto de tejido conectivo, lo que recupera la armonía gingival. Conclusión. La explantación conservadora acompañada de regeneración tisular ofrecen una interesante alternativa para el tratamiento de defectos estéticos severos asociados a la mal posición de implantes. La sistematización de este tipo de protocolos es fundamental para mejorar su predictibilidad.


ABSTRACT: An increase in the incidence of peri-implant soft tissue complications, such as facial recession and dehiscence, has been observed in the last years, mainly associated with an incorrect spatial placement of the implants. This case report focuses on the surgical management of an esthetic complication due to an incorrect implant position in the anterior region. Case report. Patient presented with recession and dehiscence in the facial area of implant 1.2, due to its incorrect placement. Explantation was performed with a high torque wrench, followed by the immediate placement of a new implant in combination with bone regeneration (sticky bone) and soft tissue augmentation. Conclusion. The use of atraumatic explantation techniques followed by guided tissue regeneration offers an interesting alternative for the treatment of severe defects in the esthetic region due to incorrectly placed implants. An adequate systematization of these protocols is key to improve their predictability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/surgery , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Device Removal/methods , Gingival Recession/surgery , Esthetics, Dental , Gingival Recession/etiology
18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 28-33, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009768

ABSTRACT

Inflatable penile prostheses are an important tool in the treatment of medically refractory erectile dysfunction. One of the major complications associated with these prostheses is infections, which ultimately require device explanation and placement of a new device. Over the past several decades, significant work has been done to reduce infection rates and optimize treatment strategies to reduce patient morbidity. This article reviews the current state of knowledge surrounding penile prosthesis infections, with attention to the evidence for methods to prevent infection and best practices for device reimplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/therapeutic use , Antibiotic Prophylaxis/methods , Bandages , Carrier State/drug therapy , Chlorhexidine/therapeutic use , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Device Removal , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Erectile Dysfunction/surgery , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/therapy , Hair Removal/methods , Immunocompromised Host/immunology , Penile Implantation/methods , Penile Prosthesis , Preoperative Care/methods , Prosthesis-Related Infections/therapy , Reoperation , Risk Factors , Spinal Cord Injuries/epidemiology , Staphylococcal Infections/therapy , Staphylococcus aureus , Staphylococcus epidermidis , Surgical Drapes , Surgical Instruments , Surgical Wound Infection/therapy
19.
Rev. chil. anest ; 49(6): 915-918, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512360

ABSTRACT

Arterial catheterization is a common procedure performed for invasive blood pressure as well as cardiac output monitoring and blood sampling for analysis. The fracture or embolization of arterial catheters are rare but serious complications, and may cause vascular thrombosis or occlusion. Ultrasound can be used to identify the intravascular fragment, however their removal may be complex. The authors report a case of intra-arterial catheter fracture in the radial artery, confirmed by ultrasound and surgically removed. This case may alert to be aware of this complication when using this invasive method, helping to prevent future complications for patients.


La introducción de un catéter arterial es un procedimiento realizado regularmente para evaluar la presión arterial invasiva, el gasto cardíaco y tomar muestras de sangre para su análisis. La fractura y la embolización de los catéteres arteriales son complicaciones poco frecuentes pero graves y pueden causar trombosis u oclusión de la arteria. La ecografía puede usarse para identificar el fragmento intravascular, pero la extracción puede ser compleja. Presentamos un caso de fractura intravascular del catéter de la arteria radial confirmada por ecografía y extirpada quirúrgicamente. Este caso señala la necesidad de prestar atención a esta complicación cuando se usa el monitoreo invasivo, para evitar complicaciones futuras para los enfermos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Catheterization, Peripheral/adverse effects , Device Removal , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Rupture , Radial Artery/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Equipment Failure , Anesthetics/administration & dosage
20.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(6): 518-522, dic. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058312

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El cuerpo extraño rectal (CER) es un problema de difícil manejo para el cirujano general. La vía anal es la puerta de entrada más habitual seguido de la oral. La sospecha clínica es fundamental para el diagnóstico, pudiendo apoyarse de imágenes. El tratamiento es su extracción por vía transanal o por vía anterior. Objetivos: Caracterizar, describir y presentar el tratamiento de los pacientes con CER que consultaron en urgencia del Hospital el Pino (HEP) entre los años 2011 y 2016. Material y Método: Estudio serie de casos. Se realiza revisión de fichas clínicas de pacientes con CER en un periodo de 5 años en el Servicio de Urgencia del HEP. Se identificó a los pacientes tratados en box y a aquellos tratados en pabellón. Se caracterizó según variables demográficas, tratamiento, complicaciones y días de hospitalización. Resultados: Se identificaron 18 pacientes, 13 hombres y 5 mujeres de 45 años (± 36-51) y 34 años (± 23-64) respectivamente. En 1 de ellos fue posible extracción manual transanal en box sin anestesia y en 17 se requirió tratamiento en pabellón, donde 12 fue por vía transanal y 5 por abordaje abdominal. En ningún caso se identificó lesión intestinal. Evolución postoperatoria adecuada. Días de hospitalización promedio 1,8 días. Conclusión: Este es un problema infrecuente y de difícil manejo. Existe mayor frecuencia en hombres de edades media siendo la puerta de entrada la vía anal en todos los casos. En la mayoría se requirió extracción en pabellón bajo anestesia siendo el abordaje transanal el más utilizado y con buenos resultados.


Introduction: The rectal forcing body (RFB) is a problem which involves a difficult management for surgeons. Anal via is the most frequent entrance area, followed by the oral via. Clinical suspicion is fundamental for diagnosis and it is possible to support it using imaging. Treatment considers extraction through transanal or frontal via. Aim: To describe and present the treatment of patients with rectal foreing body in the Urgency Service of El Pino Hospital during years 2011 to 2016. Materials and Method: Case studies. Clinical records revision of patients with rectal foreing body in the Urgency Service of El Pino Hospital considering a 5-year period. Patients are identified as those treated in the box and in a surgical pavilion. Patients were classified according to demographic variables, received treatment, associated complications and hospitalization time. Results: 18 patients are identified, 13 men and 5 women, 45 (± 36-51) and 34 (± 23-64) years respectively. It was possible to manually extract via trans-anal at box, in one of these cases; 17 of them required treatment at surgical pavilion, where 12 were via trans-anal and 5 via abdominal. None of these cases had intestinal injury. Post-surgery evolution was adequate. Average hospitalization was 1.8 days. Conclusion: RFB is a non-frequent problem which requires high diagnose suspicious to be able to carry out proper treatments. It is more frequent in middle age men, with transanal input. In most cases, the extraction was done in surgical pavilion and required anesthesia and were done via trans anal with good results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Rectum/injuries , Rectum/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/complications , Foreign Bodies/therapy , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Chile , Device Removal , Lacerations/etiology , Mental Disorders/complications
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