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1.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3944, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1441990

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analizar los efectos de las tecnologías educativas en la prevención y tratamiento de la úlcera diabética. Método: revisión sistemática realizada en siete bases de datos, un índice bibliográfico, una biblioteca electrónica y literatura gris. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 11 ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorizados. La síntesis de los resultados fue descriptiva y mediante metaanálisis. Resultados: las tecnologías educativas predominantes fueron la capacitación y la orientación verbal, se destacaron las tecnologías blandas-duras. En comparación con la atención habitual, las tecnologías educativas demostraron ser un factor protector para prevenir la incidencia de úlcera diabética (RR=0,40; IC 95%=0,18-0,90; p=0,03) y la evaluación de certeza de evidencia fue baja. Las tecnologías educativas también demostraron ser un factor protector para prevenir la incidencia de amputación en miembros inferiores (RR=0,53; IC 95%=0,31-0,90; p=0,02) y la certeza de evidencia fue muy baja. Conclusión: tecnologías educativas blandas-duras, como orientación verbal estructurada, juegos educativos, clase expositiva, capacitación teórico-práctica, video educativo, folder, rotafolio educativo y dibujos lúdicos, y tecnologías duras, como calzado terapéutico, plantillas, termómetro infrarrojo digital, kits para el cuidado de los pies, aplicación de telemedicina y teléfono móvil, resultaron efectivas para la prevención y el tratamiento de la úlcera diabética, sin embargo, es necesario que se realicen estudios más robustos.


Objective: to analyze the effects of educational technologies in the prevention and treatment of diabetic ulcers. Method: a systematic review conducted in seven databases, a bibliographic index, an electronic library and the Gray Literature. The sample consisted of 11 randomized controlled clinical trials. The synthesis of the results was descriptive and through meta-analysis. Results: the predominant educational technologies were training sessions and verbal guidelines, with soft-hard technologies standing out. When compared to usual care, the educational technologies presented a protective factor to prevent the incidence of diabetic ulcers (RR=0.40; 95% CI=0.18-0.90; p=0.03) and the certainty of the evidence assessment was low. The educational technologies also had a protective factor to prevent the incidence of lower limb amputations (RR=0.53; 95% CI=0.31-0.90; p=0.02) and certainty of the evidence was very low. Conclusion: soft-hard educational technologies such as structured verbal guidelines, educational games, lectures, theoretical-practical training sessions, educational videos, folders, serial albums and playful drawings, and hard technologies such as therapeutic footwear, insoles, infrared digital thermometer, foot care kits, Telemedicine app and mobile phone use, were effective for the prevention and treatment of diabetic ulcers, although more robust studies are required.


Objetivo: analisar os efeitos das tecnologias educativas na prevenção e tratamento da úlcera diabética. Método: revisão sistemática conduzida em sete bases de dados, um índice bibliográfico, uma biblioteca eletrônica e na literatura cinzenta. A amostra foi constituída de 11 ensaios clínicos controlados randomizados. A síntese dos resultados foi descritiva e por meio de metanálise. Resultados: as tecnologias educativas predominantes foram os treinamentos e as orientações verbais, destacando-se as tecnologias leve-duras. Na comparação com o cuidado usual, as tecnologias educativas apresentaram fator de proteção para prevenção da incidência de úlcera diabética (RR=0,40; IC 95%=0,18-0,90; p=0,03) e a avaliação de certeza da evidência foi baixa. As tecnologias educativas também tiveram fator de proteção para prevenção da incidência de amputação em membros inferiores (RR=0,53; IC 95%=0,31-0,90; p=0,02) e a certeza da evidência foi muito baixa. Conclusão: as tecnologias educativas leve-duras, como orientações verbais estruturadas, jogos educativos, aula expositiva, treinamentos teórico-práticos, vídeo educativo, folder, álbum seriado e desenhos lúdicos, e as tecnologias duras, a exemplo do calçado terapêutico, palmilhas, termômetro digital de infravermelho, kits de cuidados com os pés, aplicativo de telemedicina e telefone móvel, foram efetivas para prevenção e tratamento da úlcera diabética, porém, estudos mais robustos são necessários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetic Foot/therapy , Educational Technology , Instructional Film and Video , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy
2.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 615-620, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986119

ABSTRACT

The number of diabetic patients visiting stomatology for periodontal disease is increasing, and the symptoms are relatively severe, and often complications increase the complexity of periodontal treatment. This article briefly describes the research progress and clinical manifestations of the epidemiology and related pathological mechanisms of periodontitis with diabetes, focusing on the treatment and providing reference for stomatologists in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of patients with diabetic periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Periodontal Diseases , Dental Care , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetes Complications/complications
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981390

ABSTRACT

Diabetic ulcer(DU) is one of the common complications of diabetes often occurring in the peripheral blood vessels of lower limbs or feet with a certain degree of damage. It has high morbidity and mortality, a long treatment cycle, and high cost. DU is often clinically manifested as skin ulcers or infections in the lower limbs or feet. In severe cases, it can ulcerate to the surface of tendons, bones or joint capsules, and even bone marrow. Without timely and correct treatment, most of the patients will have ulceration and blackening of the extremities. These patients will not be able to preserve the affected limbs through conservative treatment, and amputation must be performed. The etiology and pathogenesis of DU patients with the above condition are complex, which involves blood circulation interruption of DU wound, poor nutrition supply, and failure in discharge of metabolic waste. Relevant studies have also confirmed that promoting DU wound angiogenesis and restoring blood supply can effectively delay the occurrence and development of wound ulcers and provide nutritional support for wound healing, which is of great significance in the treatment of DU. There are many factors related to angiogenesis, including pro-angiogenic factors and anti-angiogenic factors. The dynamic balance between them plays a key role in angiogenesis. Meanwhile, previous studies have also confirmed that traditional Chinese medicine can enhance pro-angiogenic factors and down-regulate anti-angiogenic factors to promote angiogenesis. In addition, many experts and scholars have proposed that traditional Chinese medicine regulation of DU wound angiogenesis in the treatment of DU has broad prospects. Therefore, by consulting a large number of studies available, this paper expounded on the role of angiogenesis in DU wound and summarized the research advance in traditional Chinese medicine intervention in promoting the expression of angiogenic factors [vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF), fibroblast growth factor(FGF), and angiopoietin(Ang)] which played a major role in promoting wound angiogenesis in the treatment of DU to provide ideas for further research and new methods for clinical treatment of DU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Ulcer , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Diabetes Complications/drug therapy , Wound Healing/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981389

ABSTRACT

Diabetic ulcer(DU) is a chronic and refractory ulcer which often occurs in the foot or lower limbs. It is a diabetic complication with high morbidity and mortality. The pathogenesis of DU is complex, and the therapies(such as debridement, flap transplantation, and application of antibiotics) are also complex and have long cycles. DU patients suffer from great economic and psychological pressure while enduring pain. Therefore, it is particularly important to promote rapid wound healing, reduce disability and mortality, protect limb function, and improve the quality of life of DU patients. By reviewing the relevant literatures, we have found that autophagy can remove DU wound pathogens, reduce wound inflammation, and accelerate ulcer wound healing and tissue repair. The main autophagy-related factors microtubule-binding light chain protein 3(LC3), autophagy-specific gene Beclin-1, and ubiquitin-binding protein p62 mediate autophagy. The traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) treatment of DU mitigates clinical symptoms, accelerates ulcer wound healing, reduces ulcer recurrence, and delays further deterioration of DU. Furthermore, under the guidance of syndrome differentiation and treatment and the overall concept, TCM treatment harmonizes yin and yang, ameliorates TCM syndrome, and treats underlying diseases, thereby curing DU from the root. Therefore, this article reviews the role of autophagy and major related factors LC3, Beclin-1, and p62 in the healing of DU wounds and the intervention of TCM, aiming to provide reference for the clinical treatment of DU wounds and subsequent in-depth studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ulcer/therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Beclin-1 , Quality of Life , Wound Healing , Diabetes Complications , Autophagy , Diabetic Foot/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus/genetics
5.
The Nigerian Health Journal ; 23(1): 498-505, 2023. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1425574

ABSTRACT

Background: Type 2 Diabetes mellitus affects the quality of life of individuals and their ability to function. It affects the physical, social and mental well-being of patients with immediate and delayed complications.This study determined the quality of life of type 2 diabetic patients attending a tertiary hospital in south-south Nigeria.Methods:This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among type 2 diabetic patients attending the medical outpatient clinic of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital between September and November 2019. Purposive sampling technique was used to select a total of 347 participants for the study following ethical approval. WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire was used to measure the QoL of the participants. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 23.0. Descriptive data were presented in frequency distribution tables while summary statistics were done using mean and standard deviation for continuous variables and in proportions for categorical variables. Results:Results revealed that majority of the type 2 diabetic patients were females (53.3%) and between the ages of 51-60 years. 27.2% of them had poor overall QoL with the score of <45% while 65.7% had fair overall QoL with a score of 45-65 %. 7.1% had good overall QoL with a score of ≥65%. Conclusion:Majority of the type 2 diabetic patients had fair QoL while the least had good QoL. There is urgent need for increased health awareness and education of diabetic patients regarding diabetic care.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Tertiary Care Centers , Quality of Life , Diabetes Complications , Diet, Diabetic
6.
In. Pradines Terra, Laura; García Parodi, Lucía; Bruno, Lorena; Filomeno Andriolo, Paola Antonella. La Unidad de Pie Diabético del Hospital Pasteur: modelo de atención y pautas de actuación: importancia del abordaje interdisciplinario. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2023. p.79-111.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1418702
7.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1523833

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic power of SARC-F and SARC-CalF as screening tools for sarcopenia risk in older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: This cross-sectional study of 128 patients was conducted at the endocrinology outpatient clinic of a hospital in Recife, Brazil between July 2022 and February 2023. Sarcopenia was diagnosed according to original and updated European Consensus criteria for older adults. Muscle mass was assessed with electrical bioimpedance, muscle strength was assessed with a handgrip test, and physical performance was assessed with gait speed. Sarcopenia risk was assessed using the SARC-F and SARC-CalF instruments. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, receiver operating characteristic curve, and area under the curve were analyzed to determine the best diagnostic performance. Results: According to the original and updated versions of the European Consensus criteria, the prevalence of sarcopenia was 25.00% and 10.90%, respectively. Sarcopenia risk was 17.20% according to the SARC-F and 23.40% according to the SARC-CalF. The sensitivity and specificity of the SARC-F ranged from 12.55% to 36.11% and 71.87% to 92.39%, respectively, while those of the SARC-CalF ranged from 47.22% to 85.71% and 82.46% to 88.89%, respectively. The area under the curve for the SARC-F and SARC-CalF varied between 0.51 and 0.71 and 0.67 and 0.86, respectively. Conclusions: The SARC-CalF had better diagnostic performance for all analyzed diagnostic criteria. Adding calf circumference to the SARC-F was an effective screening method for sarcopenia risk in the study population


Objetivo: Avaliar o poder diagnóstico do SARC-F e SARC-CalF como ferramentas de rastreamento para o risco de sarcopenia em idosos com diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Metodologia: Estudo transversal com 128 pacientes desenvolvido no ambulatório de endocrinologia de um hospital do Recife entre julho de 2022 e fevereiro de 2023. A sarcopenia foi diagnosticada de acordo com os critérios do Consenso Europeu para sarcopenia em pessoas idosas e sua versão atualizada. Foi realizada bioimpedância elétrica para avaliar a massa muscular, teste de preensão palmar para a força muscular e teste de velocidade de marcha para a performance física. O risco para sarcopenia foi avaliado por meio do SARC-F e SARC-CalF. Realizou-se análise de sensibilidade, especificidade, valores preditivos positivos e negativos, curva Característica de Operação do Receptor (ROC) e área sob a curva (AUC) para determinar a melhor performance diagnóstica. Resultados: A prevalência de sarcopenia foi de 25,00% de acordo com a primeira versão do Consenso Europeu e 10,90% considerando a versão atualizada. O risco para sarcopenia foi de 17,20% (SARC-F) e 23,40% (SARC-CalF). A sensibilidade do SARC-F variou entre 12,55 e 36,11%, e a espec ificidade entre 71,87 e 92,39%, enquanto o SARC-CalF apresentou sensibilidade entre 47,22 e 85,71% e especificidade entre 82,46 e 88,89%. A AUC do SARC-F variou entre 0,51 e 0,71, enquanto o SARC-CalF ficou entre 0,67 e 0,86. Conclusões: O SARC-CalF apresentou melhor performance diagnóstica quando comparado a todos os critérios diagnósticos analisados. A adição da circunferência da panturrilha é um método eficaz para o rastreamento do risco de sarcopenia na população do estudo


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Sarcopenia/diagnosis , Sarcopenia/etiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
8.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 18(2): 40-42, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444106

ABSTRACT

Las disglicemias, objetivadas en el test de tolerancia a la glucosa de 2 horas y en el monitoreo continuo de glicemia, son el factor de riesgo principal para el desarrollo de la diabetes relacionada a fibrosis quística (FQ) (DRFQ), la que constituiría la etapa final de un continuo de alteraciones del metabolismo de la glucosa en los pacientes con FQ. Estas disglicemias se deben tanto al daño directo de las células de los islotes pancreáticos productores de insulina, como al aumento de la resistencia a la insulina asociada al estado inflamatorio sistémico de la FQ. El uso cada vez más precoz de los moduladores del CFTR debiera contribuir a evitar el desarrollo de DRFQ y sus complicaciones. La siguiente revisión se enfoca en los efectos de los moduladores del CFTR en la tolerancia a la glucosa en pacientes con FQ.


Dysglycemia, observed in the 2-hour glucose tolerance test and in the continuous monitoring of glycemia, are the main risk factor for the development of diabetes related to cystic fibrosis (CF), which constitutes the final stage of a continuum of impaired glucose metabolism in people with CF. These dysglycemias are due both to direct damage to insulin-producing pancreatic islet cells, and to increased insulin resistance associated with the systemic inflammatory state of CF. The increasingly early use of CFTR modulators should help prevent the development of CRFD and its complications. The following review focuses on the effects of regulador de transmembrana de fibrosis quística (CFTR) modulators on glucose tolerance in people with CF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator , Cystic Fibrosis/complications , Diabetes Complications , Glucose Tolerance Test , Insulin
9.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 24: e85349, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1521468

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo analisar os fatores associados ao autocuidado em pessoas com diabetes durante a pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos estudo transversal analítico e exploratório online com 70 participantes, utilizando o Questionário de Atividades de Autocuidado com o Diabetes. O perfil clínico e sociodemográfico foi retratado com uma análise descritiva. Já para a associação entre as variáveis, aplicaram-se o teste exato de Fisher, o teste Qui-quadrado e regressão de Poisson com variância robusta. Resultados após a regressão, os itens Atividade física, Uso de medicação e Alimentação geral do Questionário de Atividades de Autocuidado com o Diabetes apresentaram, respectivamente, associação significativa com as variáveis exercício físico (p<0,001), ocupação (p=0,005) e idade (p=0,01). Conclusão os itens de exercício físico, uso de medicação e alimentação geral do questionário de autocuidado se relacionaram com as variáveis de idade, ocupação e prática de exercício físico, respectivamente. Contribuições para a prática os serviços de saúde devem intensificar a investigação dos fatores associados às dificuldades das pessoas com diabetes, para oferecer uma melhor qualidade de vida e uma promoção de saúde adequada para essa população.


ABSTRACT Objective to analyze the factors associated with self-care in people with diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods cross-sectional analytical and exploratory online study with 70 participants, using the Summary Diabetes Self-Care Activities Questionnaire. The clinical and sociodemographic profile was portrayed with a descriptive analysis. Fisher's exact test, the Chi-square test and Poisson regression with robust variance were used to determine the association between the variables. Results after regression, the items Physical Activity, Use of Medication and General Diet from the Summary Diabetes Self-Care Activities Questionnaire showed, respectively, a significant association with the variables Physical Exercise (p<0.001), Occupation (p=0.005) and Age (p=0.01). Conclusion the physical exercise, medication use and general diet items on the self-care questionnaire were related to the variables of age, occupation, and physical exercise, respectively. Contributions to practice health services should intensify the investigation of factors associated with the difficulties of people with diabetes, to offer a better quality of life and adequate health promotion for this population.


Subject(s)
Self Care , Health Personnel , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus , COVID-19
10.
J. nurs. health ; 12(3): 2212322479, out.2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1426179

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar estratificação de risco para complicações provenientes do Diabetes Mellitus em pacientes acompanhados na saúde suplementar. Método: estudo descritivo, realizado por meio da aplicação de um questionário estruturado cujos participantes foram usuários com Diabetes Mellitus que frequentam uma clínica privada. Os dados foram analisados através de estatística descritiva. Pesquisa aprovada sob parecer: 4.959.698. Resultados: totalizaram 100 usuários, dos quais, 37% eram do sexo masculino. Quanto a estratificação de risco, 60% dos pacientes obtiveram classificação como "médio risco" para desenvolvimento de complicações. Conclusão: por meio da estratificação de risco dos pacientes, foi possível identificar os diferentes graus de riscos que corroboram no desenvolvimento de complicações da Diabetes Mellitus, contribuindo para a formulação dos parâmetros de cuidado, definidos baseados na individualidade de cada grupo estratificado, auxiliando na efetividade das ações desenvolvidas.(AU)


Objetivo : analizar la estratificación de riesgo de complicaciones de la Diabetes Mellitus en pacientes seguidos por la salud complementaria. Método : estudio descriptivo, realizado mediante la aplicación de un cuestionario estructurado cuyos participantes fueron usuarios con Dia betes Mellitus que acuden a una clínica privada. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando estadística descriptiva. Investigación aprobada bajo dictamen: 4.959.698. Resultados : totalizaron 100 usuarios, de los cuales el 37 ,0 % eran hombres. En cuanto a la estr atificación de riesgo, el 60 ,0 % de los pacientes fueron clasificados como de "riesgo medio" para desarrollar complicaciones. Conclusión : a través de la estratificación de riesgo de los pacientes, fue posible identificar los diferentes grados de riesgo que corroboran el desarrollo de complicaciones de la Diabetes Mellitus, contribuyendo para la formulación de parámetros de atención, definidos a partir de la individualidad de cada grupo estratificado, auxiliando en la eficacia de las acciones desarrolladas.(AU)


Objetivo : analizar la estratificación de riesgo de complicaciones de la Diabetes Mellitus en pacientes seguidos por la salud complementaria. Método : estudio descriptivo, realizado mediante la aplicación de un cuestionario estructurado cuyos participantes fueron usuarios con Dia betes Mellitus que acuden a una clínica privada. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando estadística descriptiva. Investigación aprobada bajo dictamen: 4.959.698. Resultados : totalizaron 100 usuarios, de los cuales el 37 ,0 % eran hombres. En cuanto a la estr atificación de riesgo, el 60 ,0 % de los pacientes fueron clasificados como de "riesgo medio" para desarrollar complicaciones. Conclusión : a través de la estratificación de riesgo de los pacientes, fue posible identificar los diferentes grados de riesgo que corroboran el desarrollo de complicaciones de la Diabetes Mellitus, contribuyendo para la formulación de parámetros de atención, definidos a partir de la individualidad de cada grupo estratificado, auxiliando en la eficacia de las acciones desarrolladas. patients were classified as "medium risk" for developing complications. Conclusion: through the risk stratification of patients, it was possible to identify the different degrees of risks that corroborate the development of complications of Diabetes Mellitus, contributing to the form ulation of care parameters, defined based on the individuality of each stratified group, helping in the effectiveness of the actions developed.(AU)


Subject(s)
Health Profile , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus
11.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 9(3): 1-13, sept. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518684

ABSTRACT

Worldwide, the leading cause of death is cardiovascular disease. The study details the prescription of statins at the Pablo Arturo Suarez Hospital in Ecuador between March 2021 and February 2022 following the ASCVD risk scale of the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association. There are 563 people in this cross-sectional and retrospective study: 70% women, 30% men, 93.30% mestizos, 48.10% diabetics, 62.30% hypertensives, and 18.70% smokers. 26.10% of all patients received statins, with simvastatin being the most common (96.60%). The mean cardiovascular risk in the general population was 15.52 ± 14.51%, 44.99% of subjects had a risk lower than 7.50%, and 29% had a risk higher than 20%, with a statistically significant difference (p<0.001) according to sex. The study determined that 58.60% of the population received a statin or an inadequate dosage.


A nivel mundial, la principal causa de muerte es la enfermedad cardiovascular. El estudio detalla la prescripción de estatinas en el Hospital Pablo Arturo Suárez de Ecuador entre marzo de 2021 y febrero de 2022, siguiendo la escala de riesgo ASCVD del Colegio Americano de Cardiología y la Asociación Americana del Corazón. Son 563 personas en este estudio transversal y retrospectivo: 70% mujeres, 30% hombres, 93.30% mestizos, 48.10% diabéticos, 62.30% hipertensos y 18.70% fumadores. El 26.10% de los pacientes recibía estatinas, siendo la simvastatina la más frecuente (96.60%). El riesgo cardiovascular medio en la población general fue de 15.52 ± 14.51%, el 44.99% de los sujetos tenía un riesgo inferior al 7.50%, y el 29% tenía un riesgo superior al 20%, con una diferencia estadísticamente significativa (p<0.001) según el sexo. El estudio determinó que el 58.60% de la población recibía una estatina o una dosis inadecuada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Atherosclerosis/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Ethnicity , Smoking/adverse effects , Smoking/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment/methods , Simvastatin/administration & dosage , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Atherosclerosis/diagnosis , Atherosclerosis/epidemiology , Atorvastatin/administration & dosage , Hypertension/complications , Hypertension/epidemiology
12.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 17(44): 3239, 20220304.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1410989

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A retinopatia diabética é uma complicação do diabetes mellitus com grande impacto na saúde, mas seu diagnóstico por oftalmoscopia e a instituição do tratamento precoce comprovadamente reduzem a progressão para a perda visual. No território adscrito pela Unidade de Atenção Primária à Saúde (UAPS) onde realizou-se o presente estudo a equipe médica percebeu uma quantidade significativa de pessoas que não realizam fundo de olho periodicamente. Objetivo: Avaliar a taxa de pessoas adequadamente rastreadas quanto à retinopatia entre os diabéticos tipo 2 dessa localidade rural. Métodos: Este estudo consiste em um relato de experiência da realização de uma auditoria clínica para avaliar a taxa de rastreio de retinopatia entre diabéticos tipo 2 de uma UAPS. Para isso foi gerada uma planilha com os pacientes diabéticos de forma eletrônica pelo prontuário e-SUS, com posterior leitura de prontuário dos últimos dois anos em busca de menção à realização de oftalmoscopia. Resultados: O relatório gerou 3.736 cadastros ativos, dos quais 181 eram diabéticos. Destes, 156 foram selecionados para análise por serem comprovadamente diabéticos tipo 2. A taxa de rastreio nos últimos dois anos foi de 13,4%. Em 61,9% dos casos, a realização de fundoscopia foi realizada na própria UAPS. Conclusão: A auditoria clínica foi uma ferramenta útil para confirmar e delimitar a suspeita de baixa taxa de rastreio de retinopatia diabética. A realização de fundoscopia pelo médico de família e comunidade com treinamento foi uma estratégia que permitiu elevar essa porcentagem.


Introduction: Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes mellitus with a major impact on health, but its diagnosis through ophthalmoscopy and early treatment have been shown to reduce progression to visual loss. In the area assigned by the primary health care center where the present study was carried out, the medical team noticed a significant number of people who did not have a fundus examination periodically. Objective: To assess the rate of people adequately screened for retinopathy among those with type 2 diabetes in this rural location. Method: This study was an experience report of conducting a clinical audit to assess the rate of retinopathy screening among type 2 diabetics in a primary health care center. For this purpose, a spreadsheet with diabetic patients was generated electronically by the e-SUS record with subsequent reading of the record of the last two years in search of mentioning the performance of ophthalmoscopy. Results: The report generated 3736 active registrations, of which 181 were diabetic, of which, 156 were selected for analysis because they were proven to be type 2 diabetics. The screening rate in the last two years was 13.4%. In 61.9% of the cases, fundoscopy was performed at the primary health care center itself. Conclusion: The clinical audit was a useful tool in confirming and delimiting the suspicion of a low rate of screening for diabetic retinopathy. The accomplishment of fundoscopy by the trained family and community doctor was a strategy that allowed an increase in this percentage.


Introducción: La retinopatía diabética es una complicación de la diabetes mellitus con gran impacto en la salud, pero cuyo diagnóstico mediante oftalmoscopia y tratamiento precoz ha demostrado reducir la progresión a la pérdida visual. En el territorio asignado por la Unidad de Atención Primaria de Salud (UAPS) donde se realizó el presente estudio, el equipo médico detectó un número importante de personas que no realizan periódicamente un fondo de ojo. Objetivo: evaluar la tasa de personas adecuadamente cribadas para retinopatía entre los 87 diabéticos tipo 2 en esta zona rural. Método: Este estudio es un informe de experiencia de la realización de una auditoría clínica para evaluar la tasa de detección de retinopatía entre diabéticos tipo 2 en un Unidad de Atención Primaria de Salud. Para ello, se generó electrónicamente una hoja de cálculo con pacientes diabéticos mediante el registro e-SUS con posterior lectura del registro de los últimos dos años en busca de mencionar la realización de oftalmoscopia. Resultados: El informe generó 3736 registros activos, de los cuales 181 eran diabéticos, de estos, 156 fueron seleccionados para análisis porque se demostró que eran diabéticos tipo 2. La tasa de cribado en los últimos dos años fue del 13,4%. En el 61,9% de los casos la fondoscopia se realizó en la Unidad de Atención Primaria de Salud. Conclusión: La auditoría clínica fue una herramienta útil para confirmar y delimitar la sospecha de una baja tasa de cribado de retinopatía diabética. La realización de fondoscopia por parte del médico de familia y de la comunidad capacitado fue una estrategia que permitió incrementar este porcentaje.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rural Health , Diabetic Retinopathy , Clinical Audit , Primary Health Care , Diabetes Complications
13.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 17(44): e3420, 20220304. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1395997

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Complicações diabéticas são condições preveníveis em sua maioria, sendo o pé diabético uma das mais comuns. O manejo adequado do pé diabético mitiga eventos incapacitantes e maiores gastos ao sistema de saúde. As intervenções efetivas na Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) possibilitam prevenir as complicações diabéticas. Objetivo: Analisar a tendência das complicações do pé diabético e sua relação com a cobertura da APS nas capitais brasileiras, entre 2008 e 2018. Métodos: Estudo ecológico de séries temporais das incidências acumuladas de complicações do pé diabético nas 27 capitais utilizando dados do Sistema de Informação sobre Hipertensos e Diabéticos. As variáveis independentes foram ano, cobertura da APS e da Estratégia Saúde da Família. Empregou-se modelo de regressão de Prais-Winsten. Resultados: No Brasil, ocorreram 45.095 casos de complicações do pé diabético no período, com média de 0,57 casos/100.000 habitantes (p<0,001) ­ estável em 14 capitais (p>0,05) e crescente em 13 capitais (p<0,05). Há associação entre elevação do nível de cobertura da APS e estabilidade na evolução das complicações diabéticas (p<0,05). Conclusões: Evidencia-se aumento da ocorrência das complicações do pé diabético, contudo, nas capitais com crescimento da cobertura da APS, houve controle da progressão.


Introduction: Diabetic complications are mostly preventable conditions, the diabetic foot being one of the most common. Proper management of the diabetic foot mitigates disabling events and higher costs to the health system. Effective interventions in Primary Health Care (PHC) make it possible to prevent diabetic complications. The care scenario for preventing diabetic complications is Primary Health Care (PHC). Objective: To analyze the temporal trend of diabetic foot complications and their relationship with PHC coverage in Brazilian capitals, between 2008 and 2018, and the relationship between them. Methods: An ecological time-series study of the cumulative incidences of diabetic foot complications in the 27 capitals using data from the Information System on Hypertensive and Diabetic Patients. The independent variables were year, PHC coverage and the family health strategy (ESF). A Prais-Winsten regression model was used. Results: In Brazil, there were 45,095 cases of diabetic foot complications in the period, with an average of 0.57 cases/100,000 inhabitants (p<0.001), being stable in 14 capitals (p>0.05) and 13 increasing capitals (p<0.05). There is an interaction between the increase in the level of PHC coverage and stability in the evolution of diabetic complications (p<0.05). Conclusions: Despite the increase in the occurrence of diabetic foot complications, however, in the capitals with growth in PHC coverage, there was control of the progression of diabetic foot complications.


Introducción: Las complicaciones diabéticas son en su mayoría condiciones prevenibles, siendo el pie diabético una de las más comunes. El manejo adecuado del pie diabético mitiga eventos incapacitantes y mayores costos al sistema de salud. Intervenciones efectivas en la Atención Primaria de Salud (APS) permiten prevenir las complicaciones diabéticas El escenario asistencial para la prevención de las complicaciones diabéticas es la Atención Primaria de Salud (APS). Objetivo: Analizar la tendencia temporal de las complicaciones del pie diabético y su relación con la cobertura de la APS en las capitales brasileñas, entre 2008 y 2018, y la relación entre ellas. Métodos: Estudio ecológico de serie temporal de las incidencias acumuladas de complicaciones del pie diabético en las 27 capitales utilizando datos del Sistema de Información de Pacientes Hipertensos y Diabéticos. Las variables independientes fueron el año, la cobertura de la APS y la estrategia de salud de la familia (ESF). Se utilizó un modelo de regresión de Prais-Winsten. Resultados: En Brasil, hubo 45.095 casos de complicaciones del pie diabético en el período, con una media de 0,57 casos/100.000 habitantes (p<0,001), manteniéndose estable en 14 capitales (p>0,05) y 13 capitales crecientes (p<0.05). Existe una interacción entre un aumento en el nivel de cobertura de la APS y la estabilidad en la evolución de las complicaciones diabéticas (p<0,05). Conclusiones: A pesar del aumento en la ocurrencia de complicaciones del pie diabético, sin embargo, en las capitales con crecimiento en la cobertura de la APS, hubo control de la progresión de las complicaciones del pie diabético.


Subject(s)
Time Series Studies , Diabetic Foot , Diabetes Complications , Primary Health Care , Ecological Studies
14.
Actual. osteol ; 18(3): 147-156, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1444121

ABSTRACT

Introducción: mantener el nivel adecuado de flexibilidad en la edad adulta es importante para realizar las actividades básicas de la vida diaria; sin embargo, esta puede verse afectada negativamente por distintos factores, como el sedentarismo, la artrosis, la diabetes y el estado emocional. Objetivo: analizar la prevalencia de la rigidez en las articulaciones del hombro y coxofemoral, con factores asociados en los adultos mayores de la ciudad de Cuenca, Ecuador. Metodología: estudio analítico transversal con una muestra de 160 adultos mayores de las residencias geriátricas de la ciudad de Cuenca, Ecuador. La información se recolectó aplicando dos tests que valoran la flexibilidad, incluidos en la batería Senior fitness test (SFT): el Back scratch (TBS) y el test Chair sit and reach (TCSAR), para valorar el grado de rigidez de las articulaciones del hombro y coxofemoral. El nivel de actividad física se evaluó utilizando el test Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA), y se utilizaron el test Yesavege para valorar el grado de depresión y la historia clínica de cada paciente, para conocer antecedentes de diabetes mellitus o artrosis. Se analizaron los datos con el programa SPSS versión 20.0®, por medio de medidas de frecuencia, dispersión, análisis bivariado (OR, IC, valor P). Resultados: se evidenció la inactividad física como factor de riesgo importante para padecer rigidez de articulación del hombro p=0,023, articulación coxofemoral p<0,001; además, la artrosis como factor de riesgo para rigidez en miembros superiores. La pre-valencia de rigidez articular fue de 40,6% en miembros inferiores y el 70,6%en los miembros superiores. Conclusión: los hallazgos de esta investigación corroboran que la inactividad física pue-de llevar a la pérdida progresiva de la flexibilidad en adultos mayores, con disminución en el rango de movimiento articular y limitación funcional. (AU)


Introduction: maintaining the appropriate level of flexibility in adulthood is important to carry out the basic activities of daily life; however, this can be negatively affected by different factors, such as a sedentary lifestyle, osteoarthritis, diabetes and emotional state. Objective: to analyze the prevalence of stiffness in the shoulder and coxofemoral joints, with associated factors in older adults in the city of Cuenca, Ecuador. Methodology: cross-sectional analytical study with a sample of 160 older adults from nursing homes in the city of Cuenca. The information was collected by applying two tests that assess flexibility, included in the senior fitness test (SFT) battery: the back scratch (TBS) and the chair sit and reach test (TCSAR), to assess the degree of stiffness of the knee joint. shoulder and coxofemoral. The level of physical activity was evaluated using the Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA) test, the Yesavege test was used to assess the degree of depression and the clinical history of each patient to determine a history of diabetes mellitus or osteoarthritis. The data were analyzed with the SPSS version 20.0 program, through measures of frequency, dispersion, and bivariate analysis (OR, CI, P value). Results: physical inactivity was evidenced as an important risk factor for shoulder joint stiffness p=0.023, coxofemoral joint p=<0.001; in addition, osteoarthritis as a risk factor for stiffness in the upper limbs. The prevalence of joint stiffness was 40.6% in the lower limbs and 70.6% in the upper limbs. Conclusion: the findings of this research corroborate that physical inactivity can lead to progressive loss of flexibility in older adults, with decreased range of joint movement and functional limitation. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Shoulder Joint/physiopathology , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology , Hip Joint/physiopathology , Ankylosis/epidemiology , Osteoarthritis/complications , Quality of Life , Exercise , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Diabetes Complications/epidemiology , Depression/complications , Ecuador , Sedentary Behavior
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961110

ABSTRACT

Background@#Worldwide, diabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious health issue with a global prevalence of 9.8% in 2021. According to the latest 2018 Expanded National Health and Nutrition survey done by the DOST-FNRI, the prevalence of diabetes in the Philippines have more than doubled from 3.4% in 2003 to 7.9% in 2018. The latest research conducted regarding diabetes care in the Philippines was in 2008 which showed that 85% of patients with diabetes failed to achieve the HbA1c general target of <7%.@*Objectives@#A population-based cross-sectional study to update the current status of diabetes care in the Philippines, specifically to determine glycemic control, trends in DM management, prevalence of complications and lastly their clinico-socio demographic profile.@*Methods@#340 patients with diabetes were included from the clinics of the Institute for Studies on Diabetes Foundation, Inc. physicians. The following data were collected: clinico-socio demographic profile, HbA1C-based glycemic control, trend in the use of glucose lowering agents, and prevalence of diabetes complications.@*Results@#The mean age of the 340 patients with diabetes in this study was 62 years old. Almost sixty-seven percent (66.8%) were females. The mean body mass index was 26 kg/m2. The mean duration of diabetes was 12.63 years. Close to sixty- eight percent (67.6%) had tertiary education, 58.8% were unemployed and 65% had above minimum income. The most commonly used single oral agent was biguanide (72.9%), followed by dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (64.3%). The most common dual therapy combinations were biguanide plus dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (43.2%), biguanide plus sulfonylureas (27.2%), and biguanide plus sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (11.1%). Basal insulin was the most commonly used injectable agent. The present study showed that 47.4% of patients achieved an HbA1c of <7%. For the microvascular complication group alone, most had neuropathy (30.4%) followed by nephropathy (17.3%) and by retinopathy (5.4%). For the macrovascular complication group, the most common was coronary artery disease (82%) followed by peripheral artery disease and DM foot (27%). Overall, the most frequent DM complication identified was neuropathy (30.4%) , nephropathy (17.3%) and coronary heart disease (16.1%).@*Discussion@#Compared to the 2008 study, oral glucose lowering agents’ usage shifted from sulfonylureas to more use of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors. There was a decline in the use of thiazolidinediones, α-glucosidase inhibitors and non-use of meglitinides. For insulin use, there was a shift from the use of premixed insulin to more basal insulin usage. There was marked improvement in the diabetes care situation in the Philippines from the 2008 study to the 2020 study. Glycemic control defined as HbA1c level of <7.0 increased from 15% to 47.4%. Coronary artery disease was the most common macrovascular complication while neuropathy was the most common overall and microvascular complication.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Complications , Glycemic Control
16.
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences ; 32(5): 937-946, 5 September 2022. Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1398385

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes, caused by high blood sugar levels damaging the eye. Globally, diabetic retinopathy affects more than 103.12 million people. Diabetic retinopathy is among the leading causes of vision loss at the global level, including in Ethiopia. Therefore, the study aimed to assess the time to develop diabetic retinopathy and identify factors associated with diabetic retinopathy among diabetes patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted from September 1, 2021, to January 30, 2022. Data was collected using semi structured questionnaire. The Cox proportional hazard model were used to determine the median time to develop diabetic retinopathy and identify predictors of diabetic retinopathy. Data was analyzed using R software. RESULTS: A total of 373 diabetes patients were included in this study. The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was 41.3%. The median time was 41 months, ranging from 39 to 73 months. Elder age (HR=3.17, 95%CI: 1.53, 6.58), being male (HR=2.34, 95%CI: 1.35,6.15), previous family history of diabetes (HR=4.16, 95%CI: 2.19, 8.37), longer duration of diabetes (HR=2.86, 95%CI: 1.41, 5.31) received only insulin therapy (HR=3.91, 95%CI: 1.36, 7.94), and high systolic blood pressure (HR=2.32; 95%CI: 1.12, 4.39) were statistically significant factors related to development of diabetes retinopathy. CONCLUSIONS: More than half of diabetic patinets in this study were developed retinopathy diabetes within a few months of being diagnosed. As a result, we advocate that the best way to preserve our vision from diabetic retinopathy is to maintain our diabetes under control, and the high-risk population receive early screening for diabetes


Subject(s)
Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Diabetic Retinopathy , Median Neuropathy , Diabetes Complications , Hypertension
17.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0057, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394860

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o impacto da triagem de retinopatia diabética de paciente diabéticos realizada com retinografia colorida. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo, de caráter descritivo, avaliando laudos de retinografias realizadas desde a implementação do protocolo da triagem de retinopatia diabética de paciente diabéticos acompanhados no Ambulatório de Endocrinologia de um hospital terciário do Sistema Único de Saúde, de maio de 2018 até maio de 2020. Resultados Realizaram retinografia 727 pacientes diabéticos, que tinham entre 14 e 91 anos, sendo a maioria com 60 anos ou mais (53,2%), do sexo feminino (68%) e brancos (87,6%). Não apresentavam retinopatia diabética 467 (64,2%) pacientes, 125 (17,2%) tinham retinopatia diabética não proliferativa, 37 (5,1%) retinopatia diabética não proliferativa grave e/ou suspeita de edema macular, 65 (8,9%) retinopatia diabética proliferativa, 21 (2,9%) suspeita de outras patologias, e as imagens de 12 (1,7%) pacientes eram insatisfatórias. Foram considerados de alto risco (aqueles com retinopatia diabética não proliferativa grave e/ou edema macular, retinopatia diabética proliferativa ou imagem insatisfatória) 114 (15,68%) pacientes. Conclusão O rastreio de retinopatia diabética com retinografia colorida possibilitou a detecção de pacientes diabéticos de alto risco que necessitavam atendimento com brevidade, permitindo o acesso deles à consulta oftalmológica e diminuindo a morbidade da doença relacionada ao tratamento tardio. Os demais foram encaminhados à Atenção Primária para regulamentação, por meio do Sistema de Regulação.


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the impact of diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening using color retinography in diabetic patients. Methods Retrospective descriptive study, evaluating reports of all retinographs performed since the implementation of the protocol for screening for diabetic retinopathy in diabetic patients followed up at the endocrinology outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital of the Unified Health System, from May 2018 to May 2020. Results 727 diabetic with age range from 14 to 91 years old, the majority being 60 years old or older (53.2%), female (68%) and white (87.6%), patients underwent retinography. Of the patients, 467 (64.2%) did not have DR, 125 (17.2%) had non-proliferative DR, 37 (5.1%) had severe non-proliferative DR and/or suspected macular edema, 65 (8.9%) had proliferative DR, 21 (2.9%) had suspicion signs of other pathologies and 12 (1.7%) had unsatisfactory images. A total of 114 (15.68%) patients were considered at high risk (those with severe non-proliferative NP and/or EM, proliferative DR or poor image) and were referred for comprehensive ophthalmic evaluation. Conclusion The screening of RD with color retinography enabled the detection of high-risk diabetic patients who needed assistance sooner and enabled their access to ophthalmologic consultation, which decreased disease morbidity. The others were referred to primary care for regulation through the Regulation System (SISREG).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Retina/diagnostic imaging , Photography/methods , Diabetic Retinopathy/diagnostic imaging , Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological , Unified Health System , Mydriasis/chemically induced , Retrospective Studies , Color , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Retinopathy/etiology , Diabetic Retinopathy/epidemiology , Tertiary Care Centers , Diagnostic Screening Programs , Fundus Oculi , Hospitals, Public
18.
Article in English, Portuguese | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1397526

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: conhecer o itinerário terapêutico dos pacientes com Diabetes Mellitus na rede de atenção à saúde pública de Sergipe e identificar os pontos de falhas nessa rede. Método: estudo descritivo, transversal, realizado em um hospital de ensino e pesquisa no município de Aracaju, Sergipe. A amostra foi composta por 13 participantes com diabetes, internados no referido hospital, no período de maio de 2015 a dezembro de 2016. Foram realizadas análises de tendência central e associações através do teste Exato de Fisher. Resultados: foram identificadas falhas no itinerário terapêutico dos participantes, quanto ao percurso percorrido entre diagnóstico até as internações; o papel da atenção secundária a saúde; a baixa resolutividade da atenção primária dos problemas apresentados a fim de evitar a procura da assistência terciária. Conclusão: a interface dos fluxos pré-estabelecidos pelo sistema público de saúde, para assistência integral aos pacientes com complicações crônicas por diabetes, ainda é insuficiente


Objective: todiscuss the therapeutic itinerary of patients with Diabetes Mellitus in the public health care network of Sergipe and to identify the points of failure in this network. Method: thisis alldescriptive, cross-sectional, carried out in a teaching and research hospital in the municipality of Aracaju, Sergipe. The sample consisted of 13 participants with diabetes, hospitalized in the hospital, from May 2015 to December 2016. Central trend analyses and associations were performed using fisher's exact test. Results: fowes identified failures in the therapeutic itinerary of the participants, regarding the route traveled between diagnosis to hospitalizations; the role of secondary health care; the low resolution of primary care of the problems presented in order to avoid the search for tertiary care. Conclusion: the interface of flows pre-established by the public health system, for comprehensive care to patients with chronic complications due to diabetes, is still ineffective


Objetivo: conocer el itinerario terapéutico de los pacientes con Diabetes Mellitus en la red sanitaria pública de Sergipe e identificar los puntos de fallo en esta red. Método: estudio descriptivo, transversal, realizado en un hospital docente e investigador del municipio de Aracaju, Sergipe. La muestra consistió en 13 participantes con diabetes, hospitalizados en el hospital, desde mayo de 2015 hasta diciembre de 2016. Los análisis de tendencias centrales y las asociaciones se realizaron utilizando la prueba exacta del pescador. Resultados: se identificaron fallas en el itinerario terapéutico de los participantes respecto al camino recorrido entre el diagnóstico y las hospitalizaciones; el papel de la atención secundaria de la salud; la baja resolución de la atención primaria de los problemas presentados con el fin de evitar la búsqueda de atención terciaria. Conclusión: la interfaz de flujos preestablecida por el sistema público de salud, para la atención integral a pacientes con complicaciones crónicas por diabetes, sigue siendo ineficaz


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Diabetes Mellitus , Health Policy , Health Services Accessibility , Primary Health Care , Diabetes Complications
19.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210011, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360566

ABSTRACT

Resumo Contexto O pé diabético é uma complicação do diabetes melito (DM), sendo a maior causa de amputação dos membros inferiores. Objetivos Avaliar a prática de medidas de autocuidado com os pés, segundo sexo e escolaridade, em pacientes portadores de DM na região nordeste no estado da Bahia. Métodos Estudo quantitativo, observacional, analítico, transversal, realizado com 88 pacientes portadores de DM, em consulta de rotina, de fevereiro a março de 2020. A coleta de dados foi executada através da aplicação de questionários socioeconômico e do autocuidado com os pés (conhecimento sobre pé diabético, hábitos de cuidado/inspeção dos pés e procura pela Unidade de Saúde na presença de alterações com a saúde dos pés). Resultados Do total, 58% dos indivíduos desconhecia o termo "pé diabético", porém possuíam cuidados mínimos adequados com os pés, como inspecioná-los (60,2%), hidratá-los (65,9%), não andar descalço (81,8%) e cortar as unhas (92%), apesar de 90,9% não utilizar sapatos considerados adequados. Houve relação entre menor nível de escolaridade e pior desempenho nas questões referentes a andar descalço, hidratar os pés, cortar as unhas, usar calçados adequados e identificar micoses (p < 0,05), porém não houve associação da realização das medidas de autocuidado e sexo. Conclusão Os portadores de DM entrevistados não realizaram todas as medidas de autocuidado com os pés e desconheciam o termo "pé diabético". Houve associação entre menor escolaridade e menor capacidade de realização dessas medidas, o que sugere que o letramento em saúde seria importante para melhoria desse autocuidado, contribuindo para diminuição de complicações e amputações dos pés.


Abstract Background The diabetic foot is a complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) and is the most common cause of lower limb amputation. Objectives To assess foot self-care practices by sex and educational level in DM patients from the Northeast of Brazil, state of Bahia. Methods This was a quantitative, cross-sectional, observational, analytical study with 88 DM patients seen at routine consultations from February to March of 2020. Data were collected using questionnaires on socioeconomic data and self-care of feet (knowledge about the diabetic foot, habits related to care/inspection of feet, and visits to the Healthcare Center when changes to foot health are detected). Results 58% of the sample did not know the term "diabetic foot", but a majority did perform minimum adequate foot care practices, such as inspecting feet (60.2%), moisturizing feet (65.9%), avoiding walking barefoot (81.8%), and trimming toenails (92%), although 90.9% did not wear footwear considered appropriate. There was a relationship between lower educational level and worse performance in questions relating to walking barefoot, moisturizing feet, trimming toenails, wearing appropriate footwear, and identifying mycoses (p < 0.05), but there was no association between performing self-care activities and sex. Conclusions Interviewed patientswith DM did not perform all foot self-care activities and did not know what the term "diabetic foot" means. There was an association between lower educational level and reduced capacity to perform these activities, which suggests that health literacy is important to improve self-care of feet, contributing to reduce complications and foot amputations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Self Care/methods , Diabetic Foot/epidemiology , Diabetes Complications/prevention & control , Health Education , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Analytical Epidemiology
20.
Revue Africaine de Médecine Interne ; 9(2-2): 36-42, 2022. tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1434167

ABSTRACT

Introduction : Les infections survenant chez les sujets diabétiques ont été longtemps considérées comme une des causes de l'accroissement de la morbidité et de la mortalité. Elles représentent un motif de plus en plus fréquent d'admission dans le service de médecine interne du Centre Hospitalier Régional et Universitaire de Thiès. Les mécanismes sont plus ou moins élucidés par l'influence de l'hyperglycémie sur les fonctions des polynucléaires neutrophiles. Le but de cette étude est de déterminer les particularités épidémiologiques des infections chez les diabétiques. Patients et Méthode : Il s'agissait d'une étude rétrospective avec recueil de données réalisée sur 24 mois (1er janvier 2016 au 31 décembre 2018) au service de Médecine Interne du Centre Hospitalier Régional et Universitaire de Thiès. Cette étude incluait tous les patients diabétiques quel que soit le genre et le type de diabète, âgés de 15 ans et plus, présentant une infection comme facteur principal de décompensation. Résultats : Durant la période d'étude 2350 patients ont été hospitalisés dans le service de médecine interne dont 390 diabétiques. Parmi eux, 138 patients ont répondu à nos critères d'inclusion soit une prévalence de 35,38%. La moyenne d'âge de nos malades était de 53,49 ans ± 15,65 ans avec un sex-ratio H/F était de 0,70 en faveur des femmes (81 femmes contre 57 hommes). Les infections responsables de la décompensation étaient à localisation cutanéo-muqueuse (30,4%), pulmonaire (22,4%), uro-génitale (18,11%), buccodentaire (10,11%), ORL (1,44%), phanérienne (0,72%). Ailleurs, une infection aux pieds était retrouvée chez 43 patients soit 31,15% des cas. Plusieurs infections pouvaient être présentes chez un même malade. Le diabète était déséquilibré dans 86,2 % (n=94) des cas avec une HbA1c moyenne à 10, 5 % à l'admission Nous n'avons pas noté de corrélation entre l'infection et l'ancienneté du diabète (p =0, 60), l'infection et le type de diabète (p = 0,50) et paradoxalement entre l'infection et le déséquilibre du diabète (p=0,70). Conclusion : Le dépistage des infections chez le diabétique en déséquilibre chronique ou diabétique de novo doit être systématique car généralement ces infections peuvent être asymptomatiques.


Introduction: Infections in people with diabetes have long been considered one of the causes of increased morbidity and mortality. They represent an increasingly frequent reason for admission to the Department of Internal Medicine of the Regional and University Hospital of Thies. The mechanisms are more or less elucidated by the influence of hyperglycemia on neutrophil polynuclear functions. The purpose of this study is to determine the epidemiological characteristics of infections in diabetics. Method: This was a retrospective study with data collected over 24 months (1 January 2016 to 31 December 2018) at the Internal Medicine Department of the Regional and University Hospital of Thies. This study included all diabetic patients, regardless of gender and type of diabetes, aged 15 years and older, with an infection as the primary decompensation factor. Result: During the study period 2,350 patients were hospitalized in the Internal Medicine Department, 390 of whom were diabetic. Of these, 138 patients met our inclusion criteria, a prevalence of 35.38%. The average age of our patients was 53.49 years 15.65 years with a sex-ratio H/F was 0.70 in favor of women (81 Women versus 57 Men). The infections responsible for decompensation were dermal localization (30.4%), pulmonary (22.4%), urogenital (18.11%), oral (10.11%), ENT (1.44%), phanerian (0.72%). Elsewhere, a foot infection was found in 43 patients or 31.15% of cases. Several infections could be present in the same patient. Diabetes was unbalanced in 86.2% (n=94) of cases with an average HbA1c of 10.5% at admission We did not find a correlation between the infection and the age of diabetes (p =0, 60), the infection and the type of diabetes (p = 0.50), and paradoxically between the infection and the imbalance of diabetes (p = 0.70). Conclusion: The detection of infections in diabetics in chronic imbalance or de novo diabetics must be systematic because generally these infections can be asymptomatic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Respiratory Tract Infections , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus , Skin Diseases, Infectious , Varicocele
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