Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 224
Filter
1.
Medisan ; 24(6) tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1143264

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 es una enfermedad crónica, considerada como un importante problema de salud a nivel mundial por su alta prevalencia y repercusión socioeconómica. Objetivo: Caracterizar a pacientes con diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 según variables clínicas y epidemiológicas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de 96 pacientes con dicha enfermedad (seleccionados por muestreo aleatorio simple), quienes estuvieron ingresados en el Servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital General Docente Dr. Guillermo Luis Fernández Hernández-Baquero del municipio de Moa, en Holguín, en el periodo de julio a noviembre del 2018. Resultados: En la serie predominaron el sexo femenino (58,3 %), sobre todo en las edades de 50 a 59 años (34,3 %), el antecedente familiar de diabetes mellitus como factor de riesgo (63,5 %) y la polineuropatía como complicación de mayor gravedad en los pacientes (47,9 %). Se evidenció, además, que el mayor tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad y los factores de riesgo condicionaron la aparición de complicaciones, lo que alargó la estadía hospitalaria. Conclusiones: Los resultados coincidieron con los de varios estudios, lo que demuestra que la diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 tiene un impacto demoledor en la salud del ser humano y, por tanto, una importante repercusión socioeconómica.


Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that is considered as an important health problem worldwide due to its high socioeconomic prevalence and repercussion. Objective: To characterize patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus according to clinical and epidemiological variables. Methods: A retrospective study of 96 patients with this disease was carried out, selected by simple random sampling who were admitted in the Internal Medicine Service of the Guillermo Luis Fernández Hernández-Baquero Teaching General Hospital in Moa, Holguín, from July to November, 2018. Results: In the series there was a prevalence of women (58.3 %), mainly in the ages of 50 to 59 (34.3 %), and the family history of diabetes mellitus as risk factor (63.5 %), as long as polyneuropathy was the most serious complication in the patients (47.9 %). It was also evidenced, that the greater clinical course time of the disease and the risk factors conditioned the emergence of complications, what prolonged the hospital stay. Conclusions: The results coincided with those of several national studies, what demonstrates that type 2 diabetes mellitus have a devastating impact in the human being health and, therefore, an important socioeconomic repercussion.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Length of Stay , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications
2.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 31(2): e228, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138895

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 es considerada una situación de alto riesgo cardiovascular. En la mujer con diabetes se añade el riesgo que representa el déficit estrogénico posmenopáusico. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de enfermedad cardiovascular en las etapas del climaterio. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal y descriptivo con 611 mujeres con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en edad mediana (40-59 años), que ingresaron consecutivamente en el Centro de Atención al Diabético de Bayamo, Granma, desde el año 2010 al 2017. Se excluyeron los casos con menopausia artificial. Se empleó la prueba de chi cuadrado para comprobar la relación que pudiera existir entre las variables cualitativas, mientras que para comparar los valores promedio de las variables cuantitativas entre los grupos se utilizó t de Student. Resultados: La frecuencia de hipertensión arterial, hipercolesterolemia y síndrome metabólico fue claramente superior en las mujeres posmenopáusicas que en las premenopáusicas (p = 0,0257; p = 0,0391 y p = 0,0591, respectivamente). Las enfermedades cardiovasculares aumentaron significativamente con la menopausia y con el tiempo de ocurrencia de este evento (p = 0,0014). La relación fue más notoria en el caso de la cardiopatía isquémica y la enfermedad arterial periférica (p = 0,0521 y p = 0,0011, respectivamente). Conclusiones: En las mujeres con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 la enfermedad cardiovascular aumenta significativamente con el avance de la peri a la posmenopausia tardía, fundamentalmente la cardiopatía isquémica y la enfermedad arterial periférica(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is considered a situation of high cardiovascular risk. Among diabetic women, the risk for postmenopausal estrogen deficiency is added. Objective: To determine the frequency of cardiovascular disease in climacteric stages. Methods: A cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out with 611 middle-aged (40-59 years old) women with type 2 diabetes mellitus and who were admitted consecutively to the Diabetic Care Center in Bayamo city, Granma, from 2010 to 2017. The cases with artificial menopause were not included in the study. The chi-square test was used to verify the relationship that might exist between qualitative variables, while Student's t test was used to compare the average values of the quantitative variables between the groups. Results: The frequency of arterial hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and metabolic syndrome was clearly higher among postmenopausal women than among premenopausal women (p = 0.0257, p = 0.0391, and p = 0.0591, respectively). Cardiovascular disease increased significantly with menopause and with the time of occurrence of this event (p = 0.0014). The relationship was more noticeable in the case of ischemic heart disease and peripheral arterial disease (p = 0.0521 and p = 0.0011, respectively). Conclusions: In women with type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease increases significantly with the progression from the perimenopausal stage to the late postmenopausal stage, mainly ischemic heart disease and peripheral arterial disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Climacteric , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Myocardial Ischemia/etiology , Postmenopause , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Metabolic Syndrome/etiology
3.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 31(1): e167, ene.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126451

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los malos hábitos alimentarios contribuyen a la aparición de la obesidad, la cual representa un factor de riesgo para el inicio de la diabetes mellitus. Objetivo: Determinar la asociación entre hábitos alimentarios y el riesgo de desarrollar diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en pacientes con obesidad. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal en el consultorio médico de familia número 6 perteneciente al Policlínico Universitario "José Machado Rodríguez", municipio Unión de Reyes, Matanzas, durante el período comprendido entre diciembre 2013 y febrero 2015. El universo lo constituyó un total de 380 pacientes diagnosticados como obesos y se seleccionó una muestra de 186 individuos, según los criterios de selección. Se utilizó el score de riesgo Finish Diabetes Risk Score. Se solicitó el consentimiento asistido de los pacientes. Resultados: Se evidenció un predominio general del sexo femenino (51,61 por ciento), lo que se asocia con el grupo de edad más frecuente de 35 a 54 años (49,46 por ciento). Existió un elevado porcentaje de obesos que adicionan sal a las comidas después de cocidas o al sentarse a la mesa (93,0 por ciento), seguido del consumo de grasa animal para cocinar (52,7 por ciento). Hubo un escaso consumo diario de frutas (15,6 por ciento), y de verduras/hortalizas (25,3 por ciento). Predominaron los pacientes con riesgo alto de diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (31,2 por ciento) asociados a 29,6 por ciento con malos hábitos alimentarios dentro de ese grupo. Conclusiones: La obesidad asociada a patrones de alimentación inadecuados predomina en los pacientes considerados laboralmente activos. El mayor porcentaje de individuos con riesgo alto y muy alto de diabetes presenta incorrectos hábitos dietéticos. Existe una asociación porcentual entre los malos hábitos alimentarios y el riesgo estimado de desarrollar diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en individuos obesos(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Bad eating habits contribute to the emergence of obesity, which represents a risk factor for the onset of diabetes mellitus. Objective: To determine the association between food habits and the risk of developing diabetes mellitus type 2 in patients with obesity. Methods: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in the Family Doctor´s office number 6 belonging to ´´José Machado Rodríguez´´ University Policlinic, in Union de Reyes municipality, Matanzas province, during the period from December 2013 to February 2015. The sample was a total of 380 patients diagnosed as obese and it was selected a sample of 186 individuals, according to the selection criteria. It was used the Finish Diabetes Risk Score risk score. It was requested the assisted consent of patients. Results: There was a general predominance of females (51.61 percent), which is associated with the most frequent age group of 35 to 54 years (49.46 percent). There was a high percentage of obese individuals that add salt to the meals after cooked or while at the table (93.0 percent), followed by consumption of animal fat for cooking (52.7 percent). There was a low daily consumption of fruits (15.6 percent), and vegetables (25.3 percent). There was a predominance of patients at high risk of diabetes mellitus type 2 (31.2 percent) associated with 29.6 percent with bad eating habits within that group. Conclusions: Obesity associated with inadequate feeding patterns prevails in patients considered occupationally active. The highest percentage of individuals with high and very high risk of diabetes presents incorrect dietary habits. There is a percentage association between the bad eating habits and the estimated risk of developing diabetes mellitus type 2 in obese individuals(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Feeding Behavior/physiology , Obesity/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(2): 603-611, Feb. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055825

ABSTRACT

Resumo Analisar os fatores associados à demência em idosos atendidos em um ambulatório de memória da Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina (Unisul). Estudo transversal com análise de dados de prontuário no período de 01/2013 a 04/2016. O desfecho foi o diagnóstico clínico de demência. As variáveis de controle foram: nível sérico de vitamina D na época do diagnóstico, sexo, cor da pele, escolaridade, idade, diabetes tipo 2, hipertensão arterial e depressão. Foi realizada análise bruta e ajustada com regressão logística. Amostra de 287 idosos, com predominância de idade entre 60 e 69 anos (48,78%), sexo feminino (79,09%), cor da pele branca (92,33%). A média de anos de estudo foi de 6,95 anos (DP ± 4,95) e da vitamina D 26,09 ng/mL (DP ± 9,20). A prevalência de idosos com demência foi de 16,72%. Dentre as morbidades a depressão foi a de maior prevalência seguida pela hipertensão arterial. Estiveram independentemente associadas à demência: vitamina D (OR = 0,92 IC 95% 0,88;0,97), depressão (OR = 4,09 IC95% 1,87;8,94), hipertensão arterial (OR = 2,65 IC95% 1,15;6,08) e indivíduos com idade igual e maior que 80 anos. A prevalência de demência foi alta, e houve associação de níveis mais baixos de vitamina D com diagnóstico de demência. Sendo a vitamina D um fator modificável, abrindo importantes perspectivas para políticas de saúde pública.


Abstract We analyzed the factors associated with dementia in the elderly attended at a memory outpatient clinic of the University of Southern Santa Catarina (UNISUL). This is a cross-sectional study with data analysis of medical records from January 2013 to April 2016. The outcome was the clinical diagnosis of dementia. The control variables were: serum vitamin D level at the time of diagnosis, gender, skin color, schooling, age, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and depression. We performed a crude and adjusted analysis with logistic regression. The sample consisted of 287 elderly, with the predominance of age between 60 and 69 years (48.78%), female (79.09%) and white (92.33%). The mean number of years of study was 6.95 years (SD ± 4.95) and mean vitamin D was 26.09 ng/mL (SD ± 9,20). The prevalence of elderly with dementia was 16.72%. Depression was the most prevalent (42.50%) among the morbidities, followed by hypertension (31.71%). The following were independently associated with dementia: vitamin D (OR = 0.92, 95%CI, 0.88;0.97), depression (OR = 4.09, 95%CI, 1.87;8.94), hypertension (OR = 2.65, 95%CI, 1.15;6.08) and individuals aged 80 years and over (OR = 3.97 95%CI, 1.59;9.91). Dementia prevalence was high and diagnosed dementia was associated with lower levels of vitamin D. Vitamin D is a modifiable factor, opening up essential perspectives for public health policies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Outpatient Clinics, Hospital , Memory Disorders/diagnosis , Vitamin D/blood , Brazil , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Dementia/diagnosis , Dementia/epidemiology , Depression/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Memory Disorders/epidemiology , Middle Aged
5.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 13(2): 64-71, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095597

ABSTRACT

La Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) y las enfermedades crónicas del hígado(ECH), definida para esta revisión como cualquier alteración funcional o estructural de este órgano, desde inflamación hasta fibrosis, son patologías que frecuentemente se asocian, y su coexistencia se relaciona con peor pronóstico y mayores complicaciones de ambas entidades. El objetivo de este artículo es describir la relación entre hiperglicemia y enfermedades del hígado, sus procesos fisiopatológicos comunes y tratamiento, distinguiendo las patologías más relevantes, entre ellas la Diabetes Hepatogénica (DH), la enfermedad hepática por Virus Hepatitis C (VHC) y la Enfermedad Hepática Grasa No Alcohólica (EHGNA). La DH es aquella diagnosticada en pacientes con cirrosis asociada a insuficiencia hepática, sin antecedentes previos de alteración de la glicemia. En la actualidad el diagnóstico se realiza en etapas tardías de la enfermedad. El VHC tiene un efecto diabetogénico conocido. Algunas terapias antivirales usadas para VHC evidencian mejoría de las alteraciones metabólicas al lograr respuestas virológicas sostenidas. En DM2, la EHGNA es frecuente, con mayor incidencia de fibrosis, hepatocarcinoma (HCC) y riesgo cardiovascular (RCV). Es necesario realizar una pesquisa e intervención precoz de EHGNA a los pacientes con DM2. En el manejo de éstos, la baja de peso ha demostrado ser efectiva en el control glicémico y en la mejoría histológica. Dentro de las terapias antidiabéticas, además del uso de metformina, debería considerarse aquellas que han demostrado a la fecha beneficios en EHGNA, como son tiazolidinedionas (pioglitazona) y/o análogos de GLP-1 (liraglutide) y optimizar el control de otros factores de RCV.


Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM2) and chronic liver diseases (CLD) defined in this revision as any functional or structural alteration in the organ, covering from inflammation to fibrosis, are pathologies that are frequently associated, and when found together are related to worse prognosis and higher complications in both conditions. The objective of this article is to describe the relationship between hyperglycemia and liver diseases, their common physio-pathological processes and treatments, identifying the most important pathologies, including Hepatogenic Diabetes (HD), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) liver disease and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Hepatogenic diabetes (HD) is diagnosed in patients with liver failure associated to cirrhosis with no previous record of impaired glycemia. Currently, diagnosis is made during the late stages of the disease. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has a known diabetogenic effect. Some antiviral therapies used for HCV show improvement in metabolic alterations by achieving sustained virological responses. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in DM2 patients is common, presenting higher risk for fibrosis, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and increased cardiovascular risk (CVR). Early screening and interventions for NAFLD in DM patients are necessary. Weight loss has been shown to be effective in glycemic control and histological improvement. Anti-diabetic therapies, in addition to the use of metformin, should consider therapies that have shown benefits for managing NAFLD, such as thiazolidinedione (pioglitazones) and/or aGLP-1 (Liraglutide), and optimally controlling other cardiovascular risk (CVR) factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Liver Diseases/etiology , Liver Diseases/epidemiology , Hepatitis C/etiology , Hepatitis C/epidemiology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/etiology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/epidemiology
6.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(4): 850-861, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1094093

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la Organización Mundial de la Salud, estima que la enfermedad renal crónica estará incluida dentro de las principales causas de discapacidad para el 2020. La prevalencia en países desarrollados es aproximadamente de 500 a 1400 pacientes por millón de habitantes y la incidencia anual se encuentra alrededor de 350 pacientes por millón de población. Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia de la enfermedad renal oculta e identificar algunos factores de riesgos predisponentes en adultos mayores con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 pertenecientes al Policlínico Universitario "Jimmy Hirzel", Bayamo, Granma, en el período comprendido entre junio 2016 - junio 2017. Materiales y métodos: se realizó estudio observacional descriptivo, de corte transversal en el que se incluyeron 180 gerontes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Resultados: se estableció el diagnóstico de enfermedad renal oculta en 167 individuos de 180 sujetos estudiados, el grupo de 70 - 79 años de edad fue el más afectado por la nefropatía crónica, mientras que el sexo femenino y la raza blanca fueron los de mayor prevalencia. Los principales factores de riesgo predisponentes de enfermedad renal oculta fueron: cardiopatía isquémica crónica, dislipemias e hipertensión arterial. Conclusiones: existe una alta morbilidad de enfermedad renal oculta en los senescentes estudiados.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that chronic hidden renal disease (ERC) will be included within the principal causes of disability by 2020. The prevalence in developed countries is around 500 to 1400 patients per million inhabitants, and the yearly incidence is around 350 patients per million people. Objective: to determine the prevalence of the hidden renal disease and to identify some predisposing risk factors in elder people with type II diabetes mellitus belonging to the University Policlinic "Jimmy Hirzel", Bayamo, Gramma, in the period between June 2016 and June 2017. Material and methods: an observational descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in 180 elder people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Results: the chronic hidden renal disease was diagnosed in 167 individuals from the 180 studied subjects; the 70-79 years-old-group was the most affected one by chronic renal disease, while the female sex and white race showed the highest prevalence. The main risk factors predisposing to chronic hidden renal disease were: chronic ischemic heart disease, dyslipidemia and arterial hypertension. Conclusions: there is a high morbidity due to hidden renal disease in the studied senescent people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Morbidity , Myocardial Ischemia/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/prevention & control , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , Dyslipidemias/etiology , Hypertension/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetic Nephropathies/etiology , Observational Study , Kidney Diseases/etiology
7.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 30(2): e144, mayo.-ago. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126433

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 constituye, a nivel mundial, un problema de salud de creciente importancia y alto impacto sanitario, social y económico. Influyen en ella diversos factores: biológicos, psicológicos, sociales. Sin embargo, a pesar de su relevancia, las variables psicosociales han sido un tema menos explorado e investigado, en comparación con el gran desarrollo y avance en el campo biomédico. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión bibliográfica sobre la problemática de los factores psicosociales presentes en la diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda electrónica, en las bases de datos PubMed, ScienceDirect, SciELO y Dialnet, abarcando el período 2008-2018. Se referencian 49 artículos, teniendo en cuenta el criterio de actualidad, relevancia y pertinencia. Conclusiones: Es importante ampliar la concepción tradicional de los factores de riesgo, a fin de considerarlos desde una perspectiva social. Se suele advertir que los pacientes presentan malestar emocional (depresión, ansiedad, angustia), pese a lo cual no hay suficiente diagnóstico ni tratamiento. La educación diabetológica no es frecuente y la adherencia terapéutica es baja. Es necesario implementar una atención integral y personalizada, donde la familia tenga un rol fundamental. La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 genera cierto grado de discriminación y estigmatización. Algunas problemáticas de los pacientes, como aquellas relativas a la sexualidad, constituyen temas poco visibilizados. Se observan diferencias por género en diversos aspectos de la enfermedad. En síntesis, la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 constituye, actualmente, un gran desafío que debe ser abordado de manera interdisciplinaria(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus constitutes, worldwide, a health problem of increasing importance and great health, social and economic impact. Various factors influence it: biological, psychological, social. However, despite their relevance, psychosocial variables have been a less explored and researched topic, compared to the ample development and advancement in the biomedical field. Objective: To carry out a literature review on the problem of psychosocial factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: An electronic search was carried out in PubMed, ScienceDirect, SciELO and Dialnet databases, covering the period 2008-2018. 49 articles are referenced, taking into account the criteria of relevance. Conclusions: It is important to extend the traditional conception of risk factors, in order to consider them from a social perspective. It is often noted that patients have emotional distress (depression, anxiety, anguish), despite which there is not enough diagnosis or treatment. Diabetes education is not frequent and therapeutic adherence is low. It is necessary to device a comprehensive and personalized attention, where the family has a fundamental role. Type 2 diabetes mellitus generates some degree of discrimination and stigmatization. Some patient issues, such as those related to sexuality, are poorly visible topics. Gender differences are observed in various aspects of the disease. In summary, type 2 diabetes mellitus is currently a great challenge that must be addressed in an interdisciplinary manner(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Treatment Adherence and Compliance/psychology , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
8.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 12(3): 170-174, jul. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1006512

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio fue describir las características y evolución de los pacientes que acudieron a las urgencias de nuestro hospital y fueron diagnosticados de cetoacidosis diabética (CAD) utilizando la novedosa herramienta de Big Data Savana. Método: Estudio retrospectivo descriptivo de los pacientes atendidos en urgencias del Hospital Universitario Infanta Leonor durante los años 2011 al 2016 con diagnóstico de CAD. La búsqueda se realizó con Savana Manager. Resultados: Se diagnosticaron 95 episodios de CAD en 68 pacientes. Del total de episodios de CAD, 57 fueron en diabéticos tipo 1 (de ellos 4 LADA), 25 en diabéticos tipo 2, 2 en diabéticos postpancreatectomía y 12 fueron debuts diabéticos. Del total, 61 (64,2%) requirieron ingreso hospitalario, de ellos 23 (24,2%) ingresaron en UCI. La media de HbA1c fue de 10,6 ± 2,1%. Tres pacientes requirieron reingreso tras el alta. La mortalidad fue muy baja con el fallecimiento en 1 paciente diagnosticado simultáneamente de cáncer pulmonar. Los desencadenantes de la CAD fueron: 35 casos (36,8%) falta de adherencia al tratamiento, 31 (32,6%) infecciones, 12 (12,6%) debuts, 8 (8,4%) varias causas y 9 (9,5%) no se pudo determinar la causa. Se clasificaron como CAD de gravedad leve un 28%, un 38% como de gravedad moderada y 34% como graves. La duración del ingreso no se relacionó con la severidad de la cetoacidosis. Conclusiones: La CAD es una complicación grave que afecta tanto a diabéticos tipo 1 como a tipo 2 con elevado porcentaje de ingresos hospitalarios y en UCI, aunque con baja mortalidad en nuestro medio. La duración de los ingresos no se relaciona con la severidad del cuadro.


Objective: the study was designed to describe the clinical features and evolution of the diabetic patients attended in our hospital emergency department with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) using the novel Big Data tool Savana. Method: Retrospective descriptive study of the patients attended in the emergency room of the Infanta Leonor University Hospital during the years 2011 to 2016 with diagnosis of CAD. The search was made with Savana. Results: 95 episodes of DKA were diagnosed in 68 patients. Of the total episodes of CAD 57 were in type 1 diabetics (of which 4 were LADA), 25 in type 2 diabetics, 2 in diabetics postpancreatectomy and 12 were new onset of diabetes. Of the total, 61 (64.2%) required hospital admission, of which 23 (24.2%) were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). The mean HbA1c was 10.6 ± 2.1%. Three patients required readmission after discharge. Mortality was very low with death in 1 patient simultaneously diagnosed of lung cancer. The triggers of CAD were: 35 cases (36,8%) lack of adherence to treatment, 31 (32.6%) infections, 12 (12.6%) new onset, 8 (8,4%) various causes and 9 (9.5%) the cause could not be determined. They were classified as mild DKA 28%, 38% as moderate and 34% as severe. The duration of admission was not related to the severity of ketoacidosis. Conclusions: DKA is a serious complication that affects both, type 1 and type 2 diabetics patients, with a high percentage of hospital and ICU admissions, although with low mortality in our environment. The lenght of the stay in hospital is not related to the severity of the DKA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/epidemiology , Diabetes Complications/epidemiology , Spain/epidemiology , Medical Informatics , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hyperglycemia/complications , Hyperglycemia/epidemiology
9.
Licere (Online) ; 22(2): i:01-f:17, junho.2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1007635

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve por objetivo verificar os fatores associados à prática de atividade física de lazer em idosos com diabetes tipo 2. Realizou-se um estudo transversal de base populacional, com 204 idosos com diabetes tipo 2, cadastrados em 4 unidades da saúde da família de Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul. Utilizou-se questionários as variáveis sociodemográficas e de saúde, e o nível de atividade física o questionário internacional de atividade física IPAQ. Foram realizadas análises brutas e multivariadas por regressão de Poisson, com intervalos de confiança de 95% a um p≤0.050. Após análise ajustada para a prática de atividade física de lazer se manterão associadas significativamente as variáveis: faixa etária de 60 a 69 anos (RP: 1,96; IC95%: 1,06-3,62), não ter apresentador dor (RP: 7,20; IC95%: 3,42-15,16) e não ter sofrido quedas nos últimos 6 meses (RP: 1,88; IC95%: 1,01-3,52).


This study aimed to verify the factors associated witch the practice of physical activity of leisure in elderly people with type 2 diabetes. A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out with 204 elderly people with type 2 diabetes, enrolled in 4 health units of the Family of Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul. The sociodemographic and health variables questionnaires were used, and the physical activity level was the International IPAQ physical activity questionnaire. Gross and multivariate analyses were performed by Poisson regresseion, with confidence intervals of 95% at a p≤0.050. After the adjusted analysis for the practice of leisure physical activity, the following variables will be significantly associated: age range from 60 to 69 yeras (RP: 1,96; 95%CI: 1,06-3,62), no presenter pain (RP: 7,20; IC95%: 3,42- 15,16) and did not suffer falls in the last 6 months (RP: 1,88; IC95%: 1,01-3,52).


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Quality of Life , Aged , Poisson Distribution , Population Dynamics , Chronic Disease , Multivariate Analysis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Public Health Policy , Sedentary Behavior , Healthy Aging , Health Promotion , Leisure Activities , Motor Activity , Obesity/epidemiology
10.
Rev. salud pública ; 21(3): e377822, mayo-jun. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115858

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Conhecer as práticas de gerenciamento do diabetes mellitus tipo 2 entre pessoas idosas relacionadas ao uso de medicamentos e estilo de vida. Métodos Trata-se de pesquisa qualitativa e descritiva, em que foram entrevistadas 20 pessoas idosas com diabetes residentes no interior do estado da Bahia, Brasil, entre setembro de 2016 a março de 2017. Os resultados foram analisados pela Análise Temática proposta por Bardin, e o projeto foi aprovado pelo Comité de Ética em Pesquisa da Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, sob parecer n° 1.535.559. Resultados Emergiram duas categorias após a análise: Gerenciando os "remédios de diabetes" e; Gerenciando o estilo de vida: entre rupturas, manutenções e ajustes. Nas práticas de gerenciamento relacionadas tanto ao uso dos medicamentos quanto ao estilo de vida adotado, houve reinterpretação do conhecimento científico orientado pelos profissionais, bem como o conhecimento oriundo da própria convivência com a doença. Cita-se, ainda, a colaboração dos diálogos com seu grupo de pertença, de modo que, integraram no cotidiano ações que concomitantemente ofereceram melhora da condição de saúde e promoveram o bem-estar enquanto pessoa em sua integralidade. Conclusão Compete aos profissionais da equipe de saúde implementar abordagens de cuidado centrada na pessoa e apoiar os usuários na tomada de decisão sobre os cuidados com a sua saúde.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective To know the management practices of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the elderly regarding the use of medications and lifestyle. Materials and Methods This is a qualitative and descriptive study, in which 20 elderly people with diabetes, residing in the interior of the State of Bahia, were interviewed between September 2016 and March 2017. The results were analyzed according to the Thematic Content Analysis proposed by Bardin. This project was approved by the Ethics Committee of the State University of Southwest Bahia under number 1.535.559. Results Two categories were identified after the analysis: Managing "diabetes medication" and "Managing lifestyle: breaking, maintaining and adjusting behaviors". Management practices related to both the use of medications and the adopted lifestyle, as well as the experience coming from the own coexistence with the disease, have led to the reinterpretation of the scientific knowledge by professionals. It is also worth highlighting the dialogues and the cooperation received from the group studied, since they make possible enhancing and integrating this knowledge in daily actions to improve health status and promote comprehensive well-being. Conclusion Healthcare professionals should implement person-centered care approaches and support users in making decisions about their health care.(AU)


RESUMEN Objetivo Conocer las prácticas de gestión de la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 entre personas de edad avanzada, relacionadas con el uso de medicamentos y estilo de vida. Métodos Investigación cualitativa y descriptiva, en que fueron entrevistadas 20 personas de edad avanzada con diabetes, residentes en el interior del Estado de Bahía, Brasil, entre septiembre de 2016 y marzo de 2017. Los resultados fueron analizados por medio de la temática de Bardin. El proyecto fue aprobado por el comité de ética en investigación del Universidad Estatal del Suroeste de Bahía, con previo dictamen 1.535.559. Resultados Emergieron dos categorías por medio del análisis: Administrando los "medicamentos de diabetes" y; Administrando el estilo de vida: entre rupturas, mantenimientos y ajustes. En las prácticas de gerenciamiento ha habido reinterpretación del conocimiento científico orientado por los profesionales, así como el conocimiento proveniente de la enfermedad propia. Cabe citar también la cooperación y los diálogos en el grupo, que potencian e integran acciones cotidianas de mejora de la condición de salud y promueven el bienestar integral de las personas. Conclusión Los profesionales de la salud deben implantar estrategias de cuidado centradas en la persona y apoyar al usuario en la toma de decisiones sobre los cuidados de su salud.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Health Promotion/organization & administration , Brazil/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Qualitative Research
11.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 32(1): e699, ene.-mar. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093675

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar las características oculares de los diabéticos tipo II con catarata senil bilateral. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal a 248 diabéticos tipo II con catarata senil bilateral, en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología Ramón Pando Ferrer, desde septiembre del año 2015 a septiembre de 2016. Resultados: Predominó el sexo femenino (69,6 Ophthalmological characterization of type 2 diabetics with bilateral senile cataract), la edad de 70,6 años, el índice de masa corporal en pacientes con sobrepeso (46,5 por ciento), el tiempo de evolución de 5-9 años (52,2 por ciento), el tratamiento con hipoglucemiantes orales (95,2 por ciento), la mejor agudeza visual sin corrección con daño retinal 0,1 y sin daño 0,3; y corregida sin daño 0,5 y con daño retinal 0,2, todas con la cartilla de Snellen; promedio de densidad celular endotelial de 2 143,15 ± 326,08 cel/mm2, un coeficiente de variabilidad de 53,18 ± 7,14 por cientoy una hexagonalidad de 42,68 ± 18,70 por ciento. Conclusiones: La asociación de diabetes mellitus tipo 2 y catarata senil bilateral es más frecuente en mujeres mayores de 70 años, sobrepeso u obesa con un tiempo de evolución de la diabetes mellitus de 5 a 9 años y controladas con hipoglucemiantes orales. La peor agudeza visual está relacionada con el daño en la retina; sin embargo, presentan queratometrías, biometrías y tensión ocular normal. No hay alteraciones en la densidad endotelial, pero sí pleomorfismo y polimegatismo(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective: Determine the ocular characteristics of type 2 diabetics with bilateral senile cataract. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted of 248 type 2 diabetics with bilateral senile cataract at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from September 2015 to September 2016. Results: A predominance of the female sex (69.6 percent), mean age 70.6 years, body mass index in overweight patients 46.5 percent, time of evolution 5-9 years (52.2 percent), treatment with oral hypoglycemic agents 95.2 percent, best visual acuity without correction with retinal damage 0.1 and without damage 0.3; best corrected visual acuity without retinal damage 0.5 and with damage 0.2, all according to the Snellen chart; average endothelial cell density 2 143.15 ± 326.08 cell/mm2, coefficient of variability 53.18 ± 7.14 percent and hexagonality 42.68 ± 18.70 percent. Conclusions: Coexistence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and bilateral senile cataract is more common among women aged over 70 years, overweight or obese, with a time of evolution of diabetes mellitus of 5 to 9 years, and controlled with oral hypoglycemic agents. The worst visual acuity is related to retinal damage. However, keratometries, biometries and ocular tension results were all normal. There were no endothelial density alterations, but there was pleomorfism and polymegethism(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Review Literature as Topic , Cataract Extraction/methods , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
12.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(3): 997-1005, mar. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-989579

ABSTRACT

Resumo Investigar os fatores associados ao controle glicêmico de pessoas com diabetes mellitus (DM). Estudo transversal realizado com 746 pessoas com DM tipo 2 e 40 anos ou mais de idade. Elegeu-se as seguintes variáveis: socioeconômicas, dados clínicos, estilo de vida e o risco para o desenvolvimento de úlceras nos pés. A coleta dos dados ocorreu por meio de entrevista, análise do prontuário e exame clínico dos membros inferiores. Utilizou-se o modelo de regressão múltipla de Poisson para determinação das razões de prevalência (RP) brutas e ajustadas da alteração do exame de hemoglobina glicada (HbA1c), considerada como variável dependente desta pesquisa, sendo esta classificada como elevada quando o valor apresentava resultado superior a 7%. Identificou-se a elevação da HbA1c em 68,9% dos participantes e foi mais prevalente em indivíduos com idade entre 50 e 69 anos (RP = 1,38/IC95% = 1,09-1,75), os que faziam uso de insulina (RP = 1,35/IC95% = 1,24-1,47), obesos (RP = 1,14/IC95% = 1,03-1,25) e naqueles que possuíam risco de ulceração nos pés (RP = 1,14/IC95% = 1,09-1,28). Os indivíduos na faixa etária entre 50 e 69 anos, os que faziam uso de insulina, os obesos e os que possuíam risco de ulceração nos pés apresentaram maiores taxas de prevalência de alteração na hemoglobina glicada.


Abstract Investigate the factors associated with the glycemic control in people with diabetes mellitus (DM). Cross-sectional study with 746 people with type-2 DM of age 40 or older. The following variables were selected: socioeconomic, clinical data, lifestyle and the risk of developing foot ulcers. Data collection occurred through interviews, medical record analysis and clinical examination of the lower limbs. We used the Poisson multiple regression model to determine the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) of the glycemic alteration. The alteration in the glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) test was considered as a dependent variable in this study, which has been classified as high when the result was higher than 7%. The alteration in HbA1c was present in 68.9% of the participants and was more prevalent in individuals aged between 50 and 69 (PR = 1.38/IC95% = 1.09-1.75), who were taking insulin (PR = 1.35/IC95% = 1.24-1.47), obese (PR = 1.14/IC95% = 1.03-1.25) and who had foot ulceration risk (PR = 1.14/IC95% = 1.09-1.28). Individuals aged between 50 and 69; the ones who used insulin; the obese ones; and those who had a risk of foot ulceration, presented higher prevalence rates of alteration in the glycated hemoglobin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Hypoglycemic Agents/administration & dosage , Insulin/administration & dosage , Socioeconomic Factors , Glycated Hemoglobin A/metabolism , Poisson Distribution , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interviews as Topic , Diabetic Foot/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Life Style , Middle Aged , Obesity/epidemiology
13.
Repert. med. cir ; 28(3): 157-163, 2019. Il., cuadros, tablas
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1095105

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar el riesgo de desarrollar diabetes mellitus tipo 2 y prediabetes por medio del cuestionario FINDRISK en pacientes entre 35 y 75 años que asisten a consulta externa. Métodos: estudio descriptivo transversal, aplicando el cuestionario FINDRISK validado para Colombia. A aquellos con puntajes igual o mayor a 12 se les investigaron marcadores glicémicos y perfil lipídico. Con los datos obtenidos se realizó análisis univariado y de correspondencias múltiples. Resultados: de 796 participantes 11% (n= 88) presentaron prediabetes y 0,7% (n=6) diabetes, 36,8% (n=293) tuvieron un FINDRISK igual o mayor de 12, de éstos a 30% se le diagnosticó prediabetes y 2% diabetes; el 54,9% cursó con hipertensión, 50% con historia familiar de diabetes, 43% antecedentes de dislipidemia, 86% perímetro abdominal mayor de los rangos establecidos y dislipidemia en más de 50%. Conclusión: el cuestionario FINDRISK es una herramienta útil en la detección de estados prediabéticos y diabetes, favoreciendo el manejo temprano y la prevención de complicaciones. Además, aquellos con trastornos glicémicos y puntaje FINDRISK mayor o igual a 12 muestran tendencia a cursar con dislipidemia, lo que indica la necesidad del estudio metabólico completo.


Objective: to determine the risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus and prediabetes using the FINDRISC questionnaire in patients aged between 35 and 75 years at the outpatient clinic. Methods: a descriptive cross-sectional analysis applying the FINDRISC questionnaire for Colombia. Patients with a FINDRISC score of 12 or higher were studied measuring glycemic markers and lipid profile. Univariate and bivariate data analysis was used, as well as multiple correspondences. Results: out of 796 participants 11% (n= 88) had prediabetes and 0.7% (n=6) had diabetes, 36.8% (n=293) had a FINDRISC score equal or greater than 12, of these, 30% were diagnosed with prediabetes and 2% with diabetes; 54.9% had associated hypertension, 50% had family history for diabetes, 43% history of dyslipidemia, 86% had a waist circumference greater than the established values and dyslipidemia was present in more than 50%. Conclusion: the FINDRISC questionnaire is a useful screening tool for prediabetes and diabetes, favoring early treatment and the prevention of complications. Additionally, those with glycemic disorders and a FINDRISC score greater or equal to 12 showed a tendency to have associated dyslipidemia, which indicate the need to perform a comprehensive metabolic panel.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Prediabetic State , Risk Factors , Validation Study , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology
14.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 29(4): 1-14, oct.-dic. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991005

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades no transmisibles se han incrementado en los últimos años y han causado gran morbi-mortalidad. Entre ellas, la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 se ha convertido en una epidemia que se asocia a una de las principales causas de muerte a nivel mundial. Su manejo es principalmente preventivo, ya que se encuentra asociada a hábitos y estilos inadecuados, entre los que se resaltan los alimenticios y el sedentarismo. Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo identificar las características y los resultados del uso de la tecnología multimedia para el manejo de la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en las diferentes investigaciones reportadas por la literatura científica para la prevención, el control y el manejo de la enfermedad. Se consultaron las bases de datos EBSCO, SCIENCE DIRECT, LILACS y SCOPUS, y se encontraron un total de 156 artículos potencialmente útiles, pero al aplicar los criterios de tipificación se alcanzó un total de 13. La tecnología multimedia muestra utilidad para el manejo preventivo y el control de la diabetes, y en general de las enfermedades no transmisibles; sin embargo, los artículos no son precisos al determinar la efectividad de la multimedia utilizada. Los mensajes de texto y los videos muestran mayor tendencia de uso en las diferentes intervenciones(AU)


Noncommunicable diseases have increased in recent years and have caused great morbidity and mortality. Among them, type 2 diabetes mellitus has become an epidemic that is associated with one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Its management is mainly preventive, since it is associated with inadequate habits and styles, among which food-related and sedentary lifestyle stand out. The objective of this work is to identify the characteristics and outcomes of using multimedia technology for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the different researches reported by the scientific literature for the prevention, control and management of the disease. The databases EBSCO, SCIENCE DIRECT, LILACS and SCOPUS were consulted, and a total of 156 potentially useful articles were found, but when the typing criteria were applied, a total of 13 was reached. Multimedia technology shows usefulness for preventive management and control of diabetes, and in general of noncommunicable diseases; however, the articles are not precise when determining the effectiveness of the multimedia used. Text messages and videos show a greater tendency of usage in different interventions(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Multimedia/statistics & numerical data , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Information Technology/statistics & numerical data , Noncommunicable Diseases/prevention & control , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic/statistics & numerical data
15.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(12): 4199-4208, Dec. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-974782

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este trabalho objetiva avaliar os marcadores do consumo alimentar de pacientes diabéticos por meio de um aplicativo móvel. Estudo transversal, realizado com 100 adultos e idosos portadores de Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2, internados em um hospital do interior do estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Para a coleta de dados utilizou-se o aplicativo móvel Diabetes FoodControl. Na associação da adequação dos marcadores do consumo com as variáveis investigadas, utilizou-se o teste do qui-quadrado ao nível 5% de significância. Identificou-se alto percentual de indivíduos com excesso de peso e adiposidade abdominal, além de inadequado controle glicêmico. A frequência de consumo alimentar adequado foi mais prevalente para os grupos alimentares: frituras (82%), leite ou iogurte (71%), frutas frescas (70%), feijão e bebidas açucaradas (68%, cada), biscoitos doces e guloseimas (57%) e salada crua (56%). A adequação do consumo de marcadores não saudáveis foi mais frequente em diabéticos com renda inferior a quatro salários mínimos e entre os que não tinham hipertensão arterial sistêmica associada, respectivamente. A frequência de consumo dos marcadores pode ser considerada adequada em sua maioria, entretanto faz-se necessário acompanhamento nutricional, a fim de corrigir as alterações do estado nutricional e do controle glicêmico.


Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the consumption of dietary intake markers in patients with diabetes using a mobile application. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 100 younger and older adult type 2 diabetes patients in treatment in a hospital in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data was collected using the Diabetes Food Control app. The chi-squared test was used to measure the association between adequate consumption of healthy and unhealthy markers and the variables investigated by the study adopting a 5% significance level. The findings revealed that a high percentage of the respondents were overweight and/or obese and showed inadequate glycemic control. The prevalence of adequate consumption of both healthy and unhealthy diet markers was greatest for the following food groups: fried foods (82%), milk or yogurt (71%), fresh fruit (70%), beans and sugary drinks (68% each item), cookies and sweets (57%), and raw salad (56%). Adequate consumption of unhealthy diet markers was greatest in patients with a family income of less than four minimum salaries, followed by those who did not have high blood pressure. The frequency of consumption of markers was considered adequate for the majority of patients; however, nutritional monitoring is required to correct high blood glucose and HbA1c levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Feeding Behavior , Mobile Applications , Diet, Healthy , Socioeconomic Factors , Blood Glucose , Brazil/epidemiology , Glycated Hemoglobin A/metabolism , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/physiopathology , Overweight/epidemiology , Middle Aged , Obesity/epidemiology
16.
Medisan ; 22(7)jul.-ago. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-955053

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y trasversal, en el 2016, en 350 personas con diabetes mellitus de tipo 2, pertenecientes al Policlínico Docente Julián Grimau García del municipio de Santiago de Cuba y seleccionadas por muestreo probabilístico, bietápico, sistemático en fase, a fin de caracterizarles según variables clínicas y epidemiológicas. En la casuística predominaron el sexo femenino y el grupo etario de 60-69 años, así como la hipertensión arterial y la obesidad entre las comorbilidades; la neuropatía diabética y la enfermedad vascular periférica fueron las complicaciones referidas con más frecuencia, y primaron las personas diabéticas con 10 años o menos de tiempo de evolución. El tabaquismo y la ingestión de bebidas alcohólicas resultaron más frecuentes en los hombres, mientras que la ingestión de bebidas azucaradas y el sedentarismo se manifestaron de manera similar en ambos sexos. Los hipoglucemiantes de consumo oral constituyeron el tratamiento farmacológico preponderante, en tanto los conocimientos sobre la enfermedad resultaron adecuados, pero la conducta fue incorrecta en cuanto al cumplimiento terapéutico, y existió una pobre práctica de estilos saludables, así como insuficientes percepción y práctica del autocuidado y la autorresponsabilidad.


A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in the 2016 with 350 patients with diabetes mellitus type 2, belonging to Julián Grimau García Teaching Polyclinic of Santiago de Cuba municipality who were selected through systematic in phase double-staged probabilistic sampling aimed at characterizing them according to clinical and epidemiological variables. Female sex and the age group 60-69 prevailed in the case material, as well as the hypertension and obesity among the comorbilities; diabetic neuropathy and the peripheric vascular disease were the most common complications referred more frequently, and diabetic patients with 10 years or less of clinical course prevailed. The smoking habit and alcohol consumption were more frequent in the men, while the consumption of sugared drinks and sedentarism had similar patterns in both sexes. Hypoglucemics of oral consumption constituted the predominant pharmacological treatment, while the knowledge on the disease was appropriate, but the behaviour was not adequate as for the therapeutic fulfillment, and there was a poor practice of healthy styles, as well as scarce perception and practice of self-care and self-responsability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Primary Health Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Noncommunicable Diseases/epidemiology
17.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 37(2): 126-133, ago. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959351

ABSTRACT

Introducción : En la actualidad, la Minería de Datos es cada vez más popular en el campo de la salud porque existe una necesidad de eficiencia metodológica y analítica para detectar información desconocida y valiosa en datos de salud. Objetivo : Desarrollar un modelo predictivo utilizando técnicas de minería de datos, específicamente Arboles de Decisión, para pesquisar pacientes con propensión a desarrollar Diabetes Tipo II (DM II), Hipertensión Arterial (HTA) o Dislipidemia (DLP). Método : Se analizó el problema de los Factores de Riesgo Cardiovascular Mayores desde una perspectiva de procesos y se estudiaron las técnicas que permiten descubrir el conocimiento del fenómeno almacenado en las bases de datos de Examen de Medicina Preventiva del Adulto (EMPA) de la Población en Control Cardiovascular que presenta DM II, HTA o DLP Resultados : El Algoritmo C5, presenta un mayor poder predictivo, respecto de otros algoritmos de Árbol de Decisión. Se comprobó que las variables Edad y Circunferencia de Cintura fueron las de mayor poder de discriminación en el padecimiento de DM2, HTA o DLP. El algoritmo C5 alcanzó una precisión global de un 83,01% en la partición de prueba, luego en la misma partición el modelo logra discriminar un paciente con algunas de las patologías en el 85,25% de los casos, y uno que no presenta alguna de las patologías en un 80,27% de las oportunidades. Conclusión : La Minería de Datos y en este caso, específicamente los Modelos de Árboles de Decisión son una alternativa válida para la pesquisa cardiovascular temprana.


Introduction : Data Mining is increasingly popular in the health field because there is a need for an efficient analytical methodology to detect unknown and valuable information of health data. Objective : To develop a predictive model using data mining techniques, specifically Decision Trees, to investigate patients with a propensity to develop Type II Diabetes, Arterial Hypertension or Dyslipidemia. The data of adult patients presenting Type II diabetes, Hypertension or Dyslipidemia being followed in a preventive cardiovascular control program were analyzed with the aim of unveiling phenomena that could help develop the prediction of these risk factors. Results : With respect to other decision tree algorithms, Algorithm C 5, showed a greater predictive power. The variables age and waist circumference had the greatest power of discrimination for DM2, HTA or DLP. The C 5 algorithm reached a global precision of 83.01% in the test partition. Then, in the same partition the model managed to discriminate a patient with some of the risk factors in 85.25% of cases, and to rule out any of them in 80.27% of cases. Conclusion : Data Mining, specifically decisión tree models, is a valid alternative for early detection of cardiovascular of risk factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Dyslipidemias/diagnosis , Data Mining , Hypertension/diagnosis , Prognosis , Decision Trees , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Risk Assessment , Early Diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology
18.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 38(2): 62-69, jun. 2018. graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023082

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: conocer e interpretar las representaciones sociales que tienen las personas con diabetes mellitus (DM) tipo 2 en una comunidad de bajo nivel socioeconómico del Gran Buenos Aires. Metodología: investigación cualitativa, tipo estudio de caso. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas a personas con diagnóstico de DM tipo 2, atendidas en un centro de atención primaria del Bajo Boulogne, partido de San Isidro, Buenos Aires. Mediante un muestreo teórico o por conveniencia, a partir de las historias clínicas generadas entre enero de 2001 y julio de 2017. Se incluyeron personas con diagnóstico reciente y otras con más de 15 años de evolución, hasta la saturación del discurso. Se realizó un análisis temático. Resultados: se realizaron 20 entrevistas. La mayoría de las personas entrevistadas tenían entre 60 y 69 años y eran de sexo femenino. La DM es vivida como una enfermedad que no tiene cura y que no condiciona a quienes la padecen en lo cotidiano. No impresionó ser una carga, excepto para las personas insulinizadas, quienes le asignan una connotación negativa a esa terapia. No encontramos diferencias de acuerdo con el sexo, la edad o los años de evolución. Los entrevistados asociaron la DM con malos hábitos alimentarios y escasa o nula actividad física. Conclusiones: en esta comunidad, la DM es vivida con naturalidad, en especial por quienes llevan años padeciéndola. La red familiar constituye la principal fuente de apoyo, acompañamiento, contención y provisión de cuidados. No se identificaron otras redes además de la familia o el sistema médico tradicional. (AU)


Objective: to recognize and to understand the social representations of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in a community with a low socioeconomic level of suburban Buenos Aires. Methods: qualitative research, case study type. Semi-structured interviews were administered to people diagnosed with type 2 DM, who attended a primary care center in Bajo Boulogne, San Isidro district, Buenos Aires. Through a theoretical or convenience sampling, from the clinical records generated between January 2001 and July 2017. We included people with a recent diagnosis and others with more than 15 years of evolution, until speech saturation. We carried out a thematic analysis. Results: we conducted 20 interviews. Most of the people were aged between 60 and 69 years and were female. DM is lived as a disease without a cure and which does not condition the daily activities of people who suffer from it. It did not impress to be a burden, except for insulinized people, who assigned a negative connotation to that therapy. We did not find differences according to sex, age or years of evolution. Patients associated DM with poor eating habits and little or no physical activity. Conclusions: in this community, DM is lived naturally, especially by those who have been suffering from it for years. The family network constitutes the main source of support, accompaniment, containment, and provision of care. No other networks were identified, besides the family or the traditional medical system. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Self Care/psychology , Social Perception , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Preventive Health Services/trends , Social Change , Social Class , Social Environment , Social Medicine , Evaluation Studies as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Health-Disease Process , Public Health/education , Chronic Disease/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/prevention & control , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/psychology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy , Family Practice , Feeding Behavior , Sedentary Behavior , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Health Promotion/trends
19.
Medisan ; 22(5)mayo 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-955035

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal para determinar la estratificación del pie de riesgo y los factores concurrentes en 534 pacientes con diabetes mellitus de tipo 2, pertenecientes a las áreas de salud de los policlínicos docentes Dr Carlos J Finlay y Julián Grimau del municipio de Santiago de Cuba, durante el segundo trimestre de 2016 y dispensarizados en los consultorios médicos correspondientes. Entre los principales resultados sobresalió la frecuencia elevada en los grados 1, 2 y 3 de la estratificación del pie de riesgo y la baja en la categoría sin riesgo, mientras que entre los factores concurrentes predominaron la hiperqueratosis plantar, el hallux valgus, la edad mayor de 40 años, la neuropatía periférica, la enfermedad arterial periférica, el calzado inadecuado y la obesidad


An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study to determine the stratification of the risky feet and the concurrent factors in 534 patients with diabetes mellitus type 2, belonging to the health areas of Dr Carlos J Finlay and Julián Grimau Teaching polyclinics in Santiago de Cuba municipality was carried out during the second trimester of 2016 and they were classified in their corresponding doctors´ offices. Among the main results there were the increased frequency in the 1, 2 and 3 degrees of the stratification of the risky foot and the low frequency in the category without risk, while among the concurrent factors the plantar hyperkeratosis, the hallux valgus, more than 40 years of age, peripheral neuropathy, the peripheral arterial disease, inadequate shoes and obesity prevailed


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diabetic Foot/classification , Diabetic Foot/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Primary Health Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Observational Studies as Topic
20.
Medisan ; 22(1)ene. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-894666

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, de serie de casos, para determinar la presencia de microalbuminuria en pacientes con diabetes mellitus de tipo 2, dispensarizados en el consultorio médico No. 42 del Policlínico Docente José Martí Pérez de Santiago de Cuba, desde octubre de 2016 hasta igual mes de 2017. En la serie, el grupo etario de mayor connotación epidemiológica, relacionado con la microalbuminuria de rango elevado, resultó ser el de 60-64 años (86,7 por ciento). El tiempo de evolución de la diabetes estuvo estrechamente vinculado con la detección de microalbuminuria elevada; asimismo, los diferentes estadios de la enfermedad renal crónica guardaron relación con el tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad, es decir, el estadio 1 se correspondió con el inicio de la diabetes y los estadios 4 y 5 con los enfermos con más de 10 años de evolución. Se evidenció la importancia del estudio de la microalbuminuria en enfermos con pocos años de evolución de la enfermedad


An observational, descriptive and serial cases study, to determine the presence of microalbuminuria in 80 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, classified in the doctor's office No. 42 of José Martí Pérez Teaching Polyclinic was carried out in Santiago de Cuba, from October, 2016 to the same month in 2017. In the series, the 60-64 age group was the one with higher epidemiological connotation, related to the microalbuminuria of high range (86.7 percent). The course time of the diabetes was closely linked with the detection of high microalbuminuria; also, the different stages of the chronic renal disease bore no relation with the course time of the illness, that is to say, the stage 1 was in correspondence with the beginning of the diabetes and the stages 4 and 5 with the patients with more than 10 years of clinical course. The importance of studying the microalbuminuria was evidenced in patients with few years of the disease course


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Physicians' Offices , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Albuminuria/epidemiology , Primary Health Care , Residence Characteristics , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Study
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL