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1.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 27: 1501, jan.-2023. Fig., Tab.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1523812

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: realizar tradução, adaptação cultural e validação do Instrumento de Autoavaliação em Diabetes para aplicação no contexto brasileiro. Métodos: estudo metodológico realizado com 132 profissionais, entre os anos de 2016 e 2018, em seis etapas: 1 - Tradução inicial; 2 - Síntese da tradução; 3 - Retrotradução (back translation); 4 - Avaliação pelo comitê de juízes; 5 - Adequação cultural (pré teste); e 6 - Reprodutibilidade. Houve participação de profissionais de equipes multiprofissionais envolvidas no tratamento do diabetes por meio da plataforma e-surv. Resultados: entre os participantes, predominaram o sexo feminino (73,5%), profissionais com especialização (pós-graduação Lato Sensu) (51,5%) e com experiência na assistência a pessoas com diabetes (84,4%). O Índice de Validade de Conteúdo (IVC) foi satisfatório (0,850). O instrumento apresentou boa consistência interna (Alfa de Cronbach = 0,878). A análise de confiabilidade do instrumento, realizada pelo cálculo do coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (CCI), indicou concordância adequada em todas as medidas, 0,878 (IC 95%: 0,864 - 0,891), com Kappa Ponderado médio de 0,714 e índices acima de 0,60 em 85% os itens, mostrando boa concordância teste e reteste. Conclusão: a versão traduzida e culturalmente adaptada do Instrumento d e Autoavaliação em Diabetes apresentou boa confiabilidade, aceitabilidade e estabilidade temporal satisfatórias conforme os parâmetros internacionais, podendo ser utilizada, pelos profissionais da saúde, para autoavaliação em diabetes.(AU)


Objective: to carry out translation, cultural adaptation, and validation of the Diabetes Self-Report Instrument for application in the Brazilian context. Methods: methodological study carried out with 132 professionals, between 2016 and 2018, in six steps: 1 - Initial translation; 2 - Synthesis of the translation; 3 - Back translation; 4 - Evaluation by the judging committee; 5 - Cultural adequacy (pre-test); and 6 - Reability. There was participation of professionals from multidisciplinary teams involved in the treatment of diabetes through the e-surv platform. Results: among the participants, there was a predominance of females (73.5%), professionals with specialization (Lato sensu postgraduate degree) (51.5%) and with experience in caring for people with diabetes (84.4%). The Content Validity Index (CVI) was satisfactory (0.850). The instrument showed good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha=0.878). The instrument's reliability analysis, carried out by calculating the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), indicated adequate agreement in all measurements, 0.878 (95% CI: 0.864 - 0.891), with mean weighted Kappa of 0.714 and indices above 0. 60 out of 85% of the items, showing good test-retest agreement. Conclusion: the translated and culturally adapted version of the Diabetes Self-report Instrument showed good reliability, acceptability, and satisfactory temporal stability according to international parameters, and can be used by healthcare professionals for self-report of diabetes.(AU)


Objetivo: realizar la traducción, adaptación cultural y validación de la Herramienta de Autoevaluación de Diabetes para aplicación en el contexto brasileño. Métodos: estudio metodológico realizado con 132 profesionales, entre 2016 y 2018, en seis etapas: 1 ­ Traducción inicial; 2 ­ Síntesis de la traducción; 3 ­ Traducción inversa; 4 ­ Evaluación por el comité de jueces; 5 ­ Adecuación cultural (pre-test); y 6 ­ Reproducibilidad. Se contó con la participación de profesionales de equipos multidisciplinarios...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surveys and Questionnaires , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Self-Testing , Reference Standards , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Health Personnel , Delivery of Health Care
2.
In. Serra Sansone, María del Pilar; Vitureira Liard, Gerardo José; Pereda Domínguez, Jimena; Medina Romero, Gonzalo Alexander; Rodríguez Rey, Marianela Ivonne; Blanc Reynoso, Agustina; Santos, Karina de los; Morán, Rosario; Sotelo, Débora; Barreiro, Carolina. Diabetes y embarazo. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2023. p.257-272.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1419165
3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0168, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394832

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Several programs to encourage physical activity has been encouraged to reduce the sedentary lifestyle in China. Running is among them because it has potentially positive effects on cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hypercholesterolemia, in addition to the intrinsic psychological and social benefits of outdoor sports. Objective: Explore the protective effect of running on the cardiac system by analyzing strategies for cultivating exercise health awareness. Methods: A group of ten healthy volunteers, five women aged 25-35 years, underwent a 45-minute running program, performed four times a week for three weeks. Data collected by spirometry and cardiac monitoring were collected, treated, compared, and discussed. This paper introduced the concept of subjective exercise intensity to find the best analysis and judgment of Cardiac Function. Finally, a quantitative investigation involving the analysis of 315 questionnaires explored the current status of sports health awareness in running fans. Results: Heart rate amplitude during running remained in the range of 120-160, belonging to the normal heart rate range for the surveyed audience. In most cases, women's heart rate was higher than men's (P<0.05). The exercise intensity was fixed at a frequency below the value of 16, which is a slightly strenuous stage, and the relative exercise intensity was controlled between 50% and 71.5%. Conclusion: Running has a good cardiac protective effect, and its followers are highly aware of sports health. Due to the beneficial effect of sports practice, its dissemination is recommended as a form of physical and social therapeutic activity. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Com o intuito de reduzir o índice de sedentarismo na China, diversos programas de incentivo à atividade física foram estimulados. A corrida está dentre eles pois tem potenciais efeitos positivos nas doenças cardiovasculares, hipertensão arterial, diabetes mellitus e hipercolesterolemia, além dos benefícios psicológicos e sociais intrínsecos na prática esportiva ao ar livre. Objetivo: Explorar o efeito protetor da corrida no sistema cardíaco analisando as estratégias para a cultura da consciência sanitária do exercício. Métodos: Um grupo de dez voluntários saudáveis, com cinco mulheres e idade entre 25 a 35 anos foram submetidos a um programa de corrida por 45 minutos, realizado quatro vezes por semana, durante três semanas. Dados coletados por espirometria e monitoramento cardíaco foram coletados, tratados, comparados e discutidos. Este artigo introduziu o conceito de intensidade de exercício subjetivo para encontrar a melhor análise e julgamento da Função Cardíaca. Por fim, uma investigação quantitativa envolvendo a análise de 315 questionários explorou a situação atual da conscientização em saúde esportiva em adeptos da corrida. Resultados: A amplitude de frequência cardíaca durante a corrida manteve-se na faixa de 120-160, pertencente à faixa normal de frequência cardíaca ao público pesquisado. A frequência cardíaca das mulheres foi maior do que a dos homens na maioria dos casos (P<0,05). A intensidade do exercício fixou-se numa frequência inferior ao valor de 16, que é um estágio ligeiramente extenuante, e a intensidade relativa do exercício ficou controlada entre 50% e 71,5%. Conclusão: A corrida apresenta um bom efeito protetor cardíaco, seus adeptos possuem elevada conscientização da saúde esportiva. Devido ao efeito salutar da prática esportiva, recomenda-se a sua divulgação como forma de atividade terapêutica física e social. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Con el fin de reducir el estilo de vida sedentario en China, se han estimulado varios programas para fomentar la actividad física. La carrera se encuentra entre ellos porque tiene potenciales efectos positivos sobre las enfermedades cardiovasculares, la hipertensión, la diabetes mellitus y la hipercolesterolemia, además de los beneficios psicológicos y sociales intrínsecos del deporte al aire libre. Objetivo: Explorar el efecto protector de correr sobre el sistema cardíaco analizando las estrategias para cultivar la conciencia de la salud del ejercicio. Métodos: Un grupo de diez voluntarios sanos, cinco mujeres, con edades comprendidas entre los 25 y los 35 años, fueron sometidos a un programa de carrera durante 45 minutos, realizado cuatro veces por semana durante tres semanas. Los datos recogidos por la espirometría y la monitorización cardíaca fueron recogidos, tratados, comparados y discutidos. Este trabajo introdujo el concepto de intensidad subjetiva del ejercicio para encontrar el mejor análisis y juicio de la Función Cardíaca. Por último, una investigación cuantitativa que incluyó el análisis de 315 cuestionarios exploró el estado actual de la conciencia de la salud deportiva en los aficionados a las carreras. Resultados: La amplitud de la frecuencia cardíaca durante la carrera se mantuvo en el rango de 120-160, perteneciendo al rango de frecuencia cardíaca normal para el público encuestado. La frecuencia cardíaca de las mujeres fue mayor que la de los hombres en la mayoría de los casos (P<0,05). La intensidad del ejercicio se fijó en una frecuencia inferior al valor de 16, que es una etapa ligeramente agotadora, y la intensidad relativa del ejercicio se controló entre el 50% y el 71,5%. Conclusión: La acción de correr presenta un buen efecto cardioprotector, sus adeptos poseen alta conciencia de la salud deportiva. Debido al efecto saludable de la práctica deportiva, se recomienda su difusión como forma de actividad terapéutica física y social. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Exercise/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Heart Rate/physiology , Hypercholesterolemia/prevention & control
4.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 108-116, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970454

ABSTRACT

The correlation between intestinal flora and diseases has become a hot research topic in recent years.Since the incidence of diabetes is closely related to chronic low-grade inflammation and intestinal flora disorders,the intervention of intestinal flora imbalance has become a research focus in the prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus.Akkermansia muciniphila(A.muciniphila) stands out among the intestinal flora as it can alleviate the diabetes-related symptoms by regulating glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) level,improving intestinal barrier function,and inhibiting chronic inflammation,which is a potential target for the prevention and treatment of diabetes.The reduction in the abundance of A.muciniphila is a marker for the early diagnosis of diabetes.The available studies have demonstrated that the administration with A.muciniphila alone can significantly attenuate inflammation and other related symptoms of diabetic patients.Moreover,A.muciniphila has good safety and can be tolerated by human body.Therefore,A.muciniphila has the potential to serve as a new species of probiotics for the treatment of diabetes.The clinical measures for treating diabetes,such as metformin,Chinese herbal medicines,and functional diet,have been confirmed to be associated with the increased abundance of A.muciniphila.Among them,Chinese herbal medicines can treat diabetes via multiple targets and pathways in a systemic manner.Studies have reported that A.muciniphila is a potential target of Chinese herbal medicines intervening in diabetes.After the administration of Chinese herbal medicines,the improvement of diabetes-related indicators was positively correlated with the abundance of A.muciniphila.The above evidence provides a new idea for the research on the interaction between Chinese herbal medicines and intestinal flora in the treatment of diabetes.Therefore,this paper reviewed the role of A.muciniphila in diabetes and the correlation between the abundance of A.muciniphila and the administration of Chinese herbal medicines,aiming to provide new measures for the prevention and treatment of diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Akkermansia , Inflammation , Plant Extracts
5.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 57: 75, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1522865

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To estimate the proportions of awareness, treatment, and control of diabetes mellitus (DM) in the Brazilian adult population. METHOD This is a cross-sectional study, with data from a representative sample of the Brazilian population, taken from the National Health Survey(PNS 2014/2015). Outcomes were defined based on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) measurements, self-reported DM diagnosis, and use of hypoglycemic agents or insulin. The proportion of DM awareness, treatment, and control was estimated according to sociodemographic characteristics, health conditions, and access to health services, and their respective 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS DM prevalence in the Brazilian population was of 8.6% (95%CI: 7.8-9.3): 68.2% (95%CI: 63.9-72.3) were aware of their diagnosis, 92.2% (95%CI: 88.6-94.7) of those who were aware were undergoing drug treatments, and, of these, 35.8% (95%CI: 30.5-41.6) had controlled HbA1c levels. The proportions of DM awareness, control, and treatment were lower in men aged 18 to 39 years, individuals with low education, without health insurance, and beneficiaries of the Bolsa Família program. CONCLUSION Approximately one in ten Brazilians has DM. A little more than half of this population is aware of their diagnosis, a condition measured by HbA1c dosage and clinical diagnosis. Among those who know, the vast majority are undergoing drug treatments. However, less than half of these have their HbA1c levels controlled. Worse scenarios were found in subgroups with high social vulnerability.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Estimar as proporções dos indivíduos que têm conhecimento do diagnóstico, tratamento e controle do diabetes mellitus (DM) na população adulta brasileira. MÉTODO Este é um estudo transversal, com dados de amostra representativa da população brasileira, provenientes da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS 2014/2015). Os desfechos foram definidos com base na medida de hemoglobina glicada (HbA1c), no diagnóstico autorreferido de DM e no uso de hipoglicemiantes ou de insulina. Estimou-se a proporção do conhecimento, tratamento e controle do DM de acordo com as características sociodemográficas, condição de saúde e de acesso aos serviços de saúde, e seus respectivos intervalos de 95% de confiança (IC95%). RESULTADOS A prevalência de DM na população brasileira foi 8,6% (IC95% 7,8-9,3), 68,2% (IC95% 63,9-72,3) tinham conhecimento do seu diagnóstico, 92,2% (IC95% 88,6-94,7) dos que tinham conhecimento realizam tratamento medicamentoso, e desses, 35,8% (IC95% 30,5-41,6) tinham os níveis de HbA1c controlados. As proporções de conhecimento, controle e tratamento foram menores nos homens, com idade de 18 a 39 anos, indivíduos que possuem baixa escolaridade, sem plano de saúde e beneficiários do Programa Bolsa Família. CONCLUSÃO Aproximadamente um em cada dez brasileiros apresenta DM. Um pouco mais da metade desta população tem conhecimento do seu diagnóstico, condição aferida por dosagem de HbA1c e diagnóstico clínico. Entre os que sabem, a grande maioria está sob tratamento medicamentoso. Porém, menos da metade destes tem seus níveis de HbA1c controlados. Cenários piores foram encontrados em subgrupos com alta vulnerabilidade social.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Awareness , Therapeutics , Glycated Hemoglobin , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Insulin/therapeutic use , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies
6.
Saúde Soc ; 32(supl.1): e220930pt, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530434

ABSTRACT

Resumo Os aplicativos de saúde para dispositivos móveis se revelam como uma ferramenta importante para a educação em saúde para apoiar o tratamento de diferentes doenças, como o diabetes mellitus (DM). Nesse sentido, esta pesquisa analisa as funcionalidades dos aplicativos existentes na língua portuguesa destinados a auxiliar pessoas com DM. Foi realizada uma busca sistemática para identificação dos aplicativos por meio dos indexadores "Controle de diabetes", "Diabetes", "Glicose" e "Insulina" nos sistemas operacionais Android e iOS. Foram encontrados 576 aplicativos, porém, apenas 63 (10,9%) atenderam aos critérios de inclusão. De acordo com sua funcionalidade, os aplicativos apresentaram as seguintes possibilidades de uso: 13 educativos; 12 monitoram atividade física; 18 contêm diário alimentar; 28 contam carboidratos; 34 monitoram a insulina; 49 monitoram a glicemia; 33 apresentam gráficos; 9 alertam sobre a presença de hipo ou hiperglicemia; 17 lembram coleta de glicemia; e 5 apresentaram receitas culinárias. As funcionalidades que auxiliam na mudança de comportamento e individualizam estratégias de tratamento ainda são incipientes. Sugere-se o desenvolvimento de ferramentas auxiliares para interação dos aplicativos com seus usuários e a comprovação da sua eficácia.


Abstract Health applications for mobile devices are an important tool for a health education to support the treatment of different diseases, such as diabetes mellitus (DM). In this sense, this research analyzes the functionalities of existing applications in Portuguese aimed at helping people with DM. A systematic search was performed to identify the applications by the descriptors "Diabetes control," "Diabetes," "Glucose," and "Insulin" in Android and iOS operating systems. A total of 576 applications were found, but only 63 (10.9%) met the inclusion criteria. According to their functionality, the apps presented the following possibilities of use: 13 are educational; 12 monitor physical activity; 18 contain a food diary; 28 count carbohydrates; 34 monitor insulin; 49 monitor blood glucose; 33 present graphs; 9 warn about the presence of hypo or hyperglycemia; 17 recall blood glucose collection; and 5 present culinary recipes. Functionalities that assist in behavior change and that individualize treatment strategies are still incipient. We suggest the development of auxiliary tools for interaction of applications with their users and the proof of their effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Health Education , Biomedical Technology/trends , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Mobile Applications , Self-Management
8.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 21: e58574, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1384511

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a utilização de diferentes estratégias de educação em saúde destinadas ao cuidado das pessoas com diabetes em tratamento de insulinoterapia. Métodos: revisão integrativa da literatura, com busca realizada no período de junho de 2021 e março de 2022, com recorte temporal de dez anos, nas bases eletrônicas Science Direct, Cumulative index to nursing and Allied Health Literature, portal PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Scientific Electronic Library Online e Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, com descritores controlados indexados no Descritores em Ciências da Saúde e no Medical Subject Headings. Resultados: nos oito estudos selecionados a partir dos critérios de inclusão, as estratégias encontradas foram o uso de material impresso, a orientação verbal individual e em grupo, o emprego de recurso audiovisual e a simulação clínica. Conclusão: a análise dos estudos permitiu verificar que diferentes modalidades de educação em saúde são eficazes para auxiliar no gerenciamento do diabetes. Entretanto, os métodos de ensino passivos ainda são maioria, o que torna necessário que novos estudos explorem outras formas de preparo para o cuidado em saúde, como as metodologias ativas de ensino-aprendizagem.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la utilización de diferentes estrategias de educación en salud dirigidas al cuidado a las personas con diabetes en tratamiento de insulinoterapia. Métodos: revisión integradora de la literatura, con búsqueda realizada en el período de junio de 2021 y marzo de 2022, con recorte temporal de diez años, en las bases electrónicas Science Direct, Cumulative index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, portal PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Scientific Electronic Library Online y Biblioteca Virtual em Salud, con descriptores controlados indexados en el Descritores em Ciências da Saúde y en el Medical Subject Headings. Resultados: en los ocho estudios seleccionados a partir de los criterios de inclusión, las estrategias encontradas fueron el uso de material impreso, la orientación verbal individual y en grupo, el empleo de recurso audiovisual y la simulación clínica. Conclusión: el análisis de los estudios permitió verificar que diferentes modalidades de educación en salud son eficaces para ayudar en el manejo de la diabetes. Sin embargo, los métodos de enseñanza pasivos todavía son mayoría, lo que hace necesario que nuevos estudios exploren otras formas de preparación para el cuidado en salud, como las metodologías activas de enseñanza-aprendizaje.


ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the use of different health education strategies aimed at the care of people with diabetes undergoing insulin therapy treatment. Methods: integrative literature review, with a search conducted in June 2021 and March 2022, with a ten-year time frame, in the electronic bases Science Direct, Cumulative index to nursing and Allied Health Literature, PubMed portal, Web of Science, Scopus, Scientific Electronic Library Online and Virtual Health Library, with controlled descriptors indexed in Descriptors in Health Sciences and Medical Subject Headings. esults: in the eight studies selected based on the inclusion criteria, the strategies found were the use of printed material, individual and group verbal guidance, the use of audiovisual resources and clinical simulation. Conclusion: the analysis of the studies allowed us to verify that different modalities of health education are effective to assist in the management of diabetes. However, passive teaching methods are still majority, which makes it necessary for further studies to explore other forms of preparation for health care, such as active teaching-learning methodologies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Education/methods , Convulsive Therapy/methods , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Audiovisual Aids/supply & distribution , Teaching/organization & administration , Models, Educational , Knowledge , Simulation Exercise , Libraries, Digital/statistics & numerical data , Insulin , Learning/physiology
9.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20422, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403684

ABSTRACT

Abstract The bidirectional relationship between tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major concern for medical professionals and epidemiologists as DM affects the severity, progress and outcome of TB and vice versa. Patients affected with TB have a higher rate of morbidity, treatment failure and mortality. Likewise, DM triples the risk of contracting TB and therefore poses a threat to the progress made in the reduction of TB incidence. Hence, it is pivotal to address both the diseases keeping in mind the each other. It is known that adjunct therapy with immunomodulatory drugs can enhance TB immunity among diabetic patients. Metformin, a commonly used anti-diabetic drug with adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation property, has shown the capacity to reduce the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis within the cell. This drug inhibits the mitochondrial complex and possesses anti-inflammatory action. Therefore, Metformin can be considered as an ideal molecule for host-directed or host-targeted therapy for TB.


Subject(s)
Protein Kinases/adverse effects , Tuberculosis/prevention & control , Tuberculosis/drug therapy , Patients/classification , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Metformin/supply & distribution
10.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210011, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360566

ABSTRACT

Resumo Contexto O pé diabético é uma complicação do diabetes melito (DM), sendo a maior causa de amputação dos membros inferiores. Objetivos Avaliar a prática de medidas de autocuidado com os pés, segundo sexo e escolaridade, em pacientes portadores de DM na região nordeste no estado da Bahia. Métodos Estudo quantitativo, observacional, analítico, transversal, realizado com 88 pacientes portadores de DM, em consulta de rotina, de fevereiro a março de 2020. A coleta de dados foi executada através da aplicação de questionários socioeconômico e do autocuidado com os pés (conhecimento sobre pé diabético, hábitos de cuidado/inspeção dos pés e procura pela Unidade de Saúde na presença de alterações com a saúde dos pés). Resultados Do total, 58% dos indivíduos desconhecia o termo "pé diabético", porém possuíam cuidados mínimos adequados com os pés, como inspecioná-los (60,2%), hidratá-los (65,9%), não andar descalço (81,8%) e cortar as unhas (92%), apesar de 90,9% não utilizar sapatos considerados adequados. Houve relação entre menor nível de escolaridade e pior desempenho nas questões referentes a andar descalço, hidratar os pés, cortar as unhas, usar calçados adequados e identificar micoses (p < 0,05), porém não houve associação da realização das medidas de autocuidado e sexo. Conclusão Os portadores de DM entrevistados não realizaram todas as medidas de autocuidado com os pés e desconheciam o termo "pé diabético". Houve associação entre menor escolaridade e menor capacidade de realização dessas medidas, o que sugere que o letramento em saúde seria importante para melhoria desse autocuidado, contribuindo para diminuição de complicações e amputações dos pés.


Abstract Background The diabetic foot is a complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) and is the most common cause of lower limb amputation. Objectives To assess foot self-care practices by sex and educational level in DM patients from the Northeast of Brazil, state of Bahia. Methods This was a quantitative, cross-sectional, observational, analytical study with 88 DM patients seen at routine consultations from February to March of 2020. Data were collected using questionnaires on socioeconomic data and self-care of feet (knowledge about the diabetic foot, habits related to care/inspection of feet, and visits to the Healthcare Center when changes to foot health are detected). Results 58% of the sample did not know the term "diabetic foot", but a majority did perform minimum adequate foot care practices, such as inspecting feet (60.2%), moisturizing feet (65.9%), avoiding walking barefoot (81.8%), and trimming toenails (92%), although 90.9% did not wear footwear considered appropriate. There was a relationship between lower educational level and worse performance in questions relating to walking barefoot, moisturizing feet, trimming toenails, wearing appropriate footwear, and identifying mycoses (p < 0.05), but there was no association between performing self-care activities and sex. Conclusions Interviewed patientswith DM did not perform all foot self-care activities and did not know what the term "diabetic foot" means. There was an association between lower educational level and reduced capacity to perform these activities, which suggests that health literacy is important to improve self-care of feet, contributing to reduce complications and foot amputations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Self Care/methods , Diabetic Foot/epidemiology , Diabetes Complications/prevention & control , Health Education , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Analytical Epidemiology
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 614-618, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935333

ABSTRACT

To investigate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) among residents in Chongchuan district, Nantong city in 2012 and 2018, and evaluate the effectiveness of community comprehensive management of DM. Based on the data of 17 780 and 13 382 residents in the cross-sectional surveys of the " National Demonstration Area for Comprehensive Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases " project in Chongchuan District of Nantong City, Jiangsu Province in 2012 and 2018, 4 583 and 3 996 DM-related information were obtained. The population of Jiangsu Province in 2012 and 2018 was used as the reference for standardization. The rates of prevalence and management (including awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, control and control of patients under treatment) of DM in the two surveys were compared using chi-square test. The results showed that in 2012 and 2018, the prevalence rates of DM were 12.0% and 15.7% (χ²=24.25, P<0.05), and the standardized rates were 10.1% and 10.8% (χ²=1.05, P=0.306). The incidence rates were 5.7% and 2.3%, respectively (χ²=55.60, P<0.05). The standardized prevalence rates in the two surveys were 9.7% and 11.6% for males (χ²=3.66, P=0.056) and 10.5% and 9.9% for females (χ²=0.50, P=0.481), 7.2% and 6.5% (χ²=0.85, P=0.357) for people aged 18-59 years old and 20.6% and 21.9% (χ²=0.91, P=0.339) for people aged 60 years and over, respectively. The standardized rates of awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, control, and control of patients under treatment in 2018 were 84.4%, 80.3%, 95.2%, 58.4%, and 70.2%, respectively, higher than 47.2%, 23.4%, 44.8%, 30.4% and 59.4% in 2012 (χ²=183.33, χ²=380.65, χ²=282.99, χ²=93.24, χ²=6.22, all P<0.05). Among men, the standardized rates of awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, and control in 2018 were 85.8%, 78.8%, 91.8% and 62.7%, higher than 50.5%, 37.5%, 72.3% and 32.6% in 2012 (χ²=78.40, χ²=96.17, χ²=27.55, χ²=48.96, all P<0.05). Similarly, the standardized management rates in 2018 were 83.0%, 81.7%, 98.5%, 54.1% and 65.1%, higher than 44.0%, 10.0%, 18.3%, 28.2% and 48.8% in 2012 among women (χ²=105.52, χ²=326.36, χ²=317.22, χ²=43.34, χ²=3.87, all P<0.05). The standardized rates of awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, and control of people aged 18-59 and 60 years and over were 82.9%, 79.7%, 96.1%, 55.0% and 88.0%, 81.8%, 93.0% and 67.2%, higher than 42.6%, 19.8%, 42.2%, 27.5% and 63.9%, 36.8%, 53.9%, 40.8% in 2012 (χ²=44.51, χ²=102.17, χ²=57.78, χ²=21.65, all P<0.05; χ²=71.18, χ²=181.55, χ²=146.26, χ²=59.23, all P<0.05). The comprehensive prevention and control system of chronic diseases, which comprehensively covered the life of community residents, had good management effect on DM, and effectively promoted health education and health promotion.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Incidence , Prevalence , Rural Population
12.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(5,supl.1): 95-104, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346334

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Religiosity is a system of worship and doctrine that is shared by a group, and spirituality is the individual search for the meaning of life. The relationship between spirituality/religiosity (S/R) and health has a long history, and a positive correlation between spirituality and chronic diseases has been described in scientific literature, showing a decrease in morbidity and mortality in general. Objective To evaluate the association between S/R and the quality of life of patients with diabetes and/or systemic arterial hypertension. Method An observational, analytical, cross-sectional, quantitative study was conducted with a sample consisting of 40 patients treated at the hypertension and diabetes outpatient clinic of a medical center in Recife. The collection used three assessment instruments (SSRS, Duke-DUREL scale, and WHOQOL-BREF). Data from the questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive (frequency and percentage) and inferential statistics (chi-square test and F test) using the R software, version 3.4.3. The level of significance in all analyses was 5%. The study was approved by CEP/IMIP, according to report no. 2.890.126. Result All four domains of the quality-of-life scale (WHOQOL-BREF) showed a positive relationship when correlated with the religiosity scale (DUREL), with statistical significance in the relationship between organizational religiosity and the environmental domain. When correlated with the spirituality scale (SSRS), WHOQOL-BREF also showed a positive relationship, except in the physical domain. Conclusion A positive relationship between quality of life and S/R was shown, thus confirming its importance for patients with diabetes and SAH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Religion and Medicine , Spirituality , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Hypertension/prevention & control
13.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1191-1208, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352105

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la diabetes mellitus es un trastorno metabólico caracterizado por hiperglucemia crónica con alteraciones en carbohidratos, grasas y proteínas. Debido al aumento de la morbimortalidad por diabetes, esta constituye un problema de salud en el mundo, en Cuba y en el contexto matancero. Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia de diabéticos controlados con la hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1c), los factores asociados, y las barreras para una intervención posterior. Materiales y métodos: estudio epidemiológico, transversal, analítico a una cohorte de 601 diabéticos tipo 2 mayores de 18 años, en dos policlínicos, estudiados anteriormente. Se encuestaron y procesaron en el programa Epi-Info 7. Se obtuvieron frecuencias y proporciones de variables, prevalencia de diabéticos controlados con la hemoglobina HbA1c, los factores asociados, las comorbilidades con el OR, y las diferencias de variables entre los dos policlínicos, con el Chi2 y p < 0,05 %. Resultados: la prevalencia de diabéticos controlados fue de un 69,3 %. Las variables demográficas, comorbilidades y factores del estilo de vida no tuvieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas. Todas las variables (presencia y ausencia del factor) presentaron un control por encima del 64 %. El peso saludable, sobrepeso, enfermedades del corazón y respiratorias crónicas, ingestión de bebidas azucaradas y alimentación inadecuada, presentaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los dos policlínicos. Conclusiones: No existieron diferencias entre las variables de diabéticos controlados y no controlados. Se identificaron las barreras para mejorar el control de los pacientes para una postintervención y mejorar su calidad de vida, pues un 30 % de los diabéticos no controlados presentaron algunos de los factores de riesgo estudiados (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by chronic hyperglycemia with alterations in carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Due to the increase of the morbidity and mortality rates, this is a health problem in the world, in Cuba and the province of Matanzas. Objective: to determine the prevalence of diabetics controlled with glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), associated factors, and barriers to further intervention. Materials and method: an epidemiological, cross-sectional, analytical study was carried out in a cohort of 601 previously studied, type 2 diabetics over 18 years of age, in two polyclinics. The patients were surveyed and data processed in the Epi-Info 7 program. Frequencies and proportions of variables, prevalence of diabetics controlled by hemoglobin HbA1c, associated factors, comorbidities with odds ratio, as well as differences of variables between the two polyclinics were calculated by using Chi2 and p value <0.05 %. Results: the prevalence of controlled diabetics was 69.3 %. There were no statistically significant differences between demographic variables, co-morbidities and associated life style risk factors. All variables (presence and absence of the factor) showed control above 64 %. Healthy weight, overweight, heart and chronic respiratory diseases, sweet beverages intake and inadequate diet revealed statistically significant differences between the two polyclinics. Conclusions: there were no differences between the variables controlled and non-controlled diabetics. Barriers to improve patients control were identified for the sake of performing a subsequent intervention and improving their life quality, because 30 % of uncontrolled diabetic patients had some of the studied risk factors (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Patients , Comorbidity/trends , Prevalence , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy
14.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(2): 191-200, Apr.-June 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286684

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This manuscript summarizes the results of the consensus meeting composed of hematologists and cardiologists to establish recommendations for the prevention and follow-up of cardiovascular (CV) risk in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treated with BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) from the point of view of clinical practice and from the perspective of hematology consultation.In the first medical appointment, the CV risk factors should be identified to perform the baseline risk stratification, based on the Brazilian Guideline of Dyslipidemia and Atherosclerosis Prevention Update (risk levels: very high, high, intermediate and low).Once stratified, the treatment of the CV risk factors should be administered. If the patient presents risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, renal disease, smoking and hypercholesterolemia, the evaluation and initial treatment may be done by the hematologist, being an option the request for evaluation by a specialist. If the patient has a history of previous CV disease, we recommend referral to a specialist. As the CV risk score is dynamic and the control of risk factors can reduce the patient risk, this expert consensus recommends that the re-evaluation of the CV risk after the baseline should be performed at 3 months, 6 months and 12 months. After this period, it should be done annually and, for specific patients, at the clinician's discretion.The evaluation of the baseline CV risk and the safe administration of a TKI allow the patient to benefit from the maximum treatment, avoiding unwanted effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Tobacco Use Disorder/prevention & control , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Hypertension/prevention & control
15.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3133-3146, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251931

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: los efectos embriofetales derivados de la exposición a la diabetes mellitus, durante el período prenatal de la vida, se extienden a la etapa posnatal con importantes repercusiones para la salud, incluyendo el efecto transgeneracional de la enfermedad. Objetivo: evaluar la efectividad de una intervención educativa para incrementar el nivel de conocimientos en prevención preconcepcional de efectos embriofetales de la diabetes mellitus en mujeres en edad fértil, pertenecientes al Consultorio 1 del Policlínico Universitario Carlos Verdugo, del municipio Matanzas, entre enero de 2018 y diciembre de 2019. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio de intervención que constó de tres etapas. Un universo de 198 mujeres en edad fértil pertenecientes al Consultorio 1 del Policlínico Universitario Carlos Verdugo, durante el período señalado. Se empleó la encuesta para medir factores de riesgo de diabetes mellitus y conocimientos de las féminas en prevención preconcepcional de los efectos embriofetales de la enfermedad. Resultados: la edad superior a 30 años y la presencia de sobrepeso u obesidad fueron los factores de riesgo más detectados. Resultó calificado de malo el nivel de conocimientos en prevención preconcepcional de efectos embriofetales de la diabetes, previo a la intervención. Conclusiones: después de la implementación del programa educativo, se elevó el conocimiento sobre prevención preconcepcional de efectos embriofetales de la diabetes mellitus en las mujeres en edad fértil del consultorio 1 del Policlínico Universitario Carlos Verdugo, del municipio Matanzas, lo que demostró su efectividad (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: the embryo-fetal effects derived of the exposition to diabetes mellitus during the prenatal period of the life, extend to the postnatal stage, with important repercussions for health, including the disease's transgenerational effect. Objective: to assess the effectiveness of an educational intervention for increasing knowledge on pre-conceptional prevention of embryo-fetal effects of diabetes mellitus in fertile-aged women belonging to Family Doctor's office 1, of the University Policlinic Carlos Verdugo, municipality of Matanzas, from January 2018 to December 2019. Materials and methods: an interventional study was carried out, divided into three stages. The universe were 198 fertile-aged women belonging to Family Doctor's office 1, of the University Policlinic Carlos Verdugo, during the stated period. A survey was used to measure diabetes mellitus risk factors and women's knowledge on pre-conceptional preventing the disease's embryo-fetal effects. Results: age over 30 and being overweight or obese were the most frequently found risk factors. The knowledge level on pre-conceptional preventing diabetes mellitus embryo-fetal effects was poor before the intervention. Conclusions: after implementing the educational program, knowledge on pre-conceptional prevention of diabetes mellitus embryo-fetal effects increased among fertile-aged women of the Family Doctor's 1, of the policlinic Carlos Verdugo, of the municipality of Matanzas, demonstrating its effectiveness (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Prenatal Care/methods , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Embryonic and Fetal Development , Postnatal Care/trends , Risk-Taking , Health Education/methods , Maternal-Fetal Relations , Fetal Diseases/prevention & control
16.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(10): e00287120, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345610

ABSTRACT

Diabetes prevalence is increasing worldwide, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), posing the need for improved detection and management strategies. Chronic disease models and lifestyle medicine provide structures for action. Community health workers (CHWs) can significantly contribute to chronic disease care if they are trained and integrated into low-resource health systems. Although most current CHWs worldwide are performing maternal/child health and infectious disease-related tasks, other programs involving CHWs for noncommunicable disease prevention and management are increasing. In this article, we discuss the advantages, challenges, and questions regarding possible roles assigned to CHWs in the prevention and management of diabetes. These roles include performing simple screening tests, implementing lifestyle/behavioral interventions, and connecting patients with alternatives to biomedicine. Specifically, CHWs can aid diabetes epidemiological surveillance by conducting risk score-based screening or capillary glucose testing, and they can facilitate diabetes self-management by delivering interventions described in the transcultural diabetes nutrition algorithm. Furthermore, while this role has not formally been assigned, CHWs can leverage their intimate knowledge of local practices to provide decision-making support to patients in environments with pluralistic health systems. Ethnocultural differences in CHW functions and transcultural adaptations of their roles in diabetes care should also be considered. In summary, CHWs can improve diabetes care by screening high-risk individuals and implementing lifestyle interventions, especially in LMIC.


A prevalência do diabetes está aumentando em nível global, sobretudo nos países de renda baixa e média, o que exige melhor detecção e manejo da doença. O modelo de doenças crônicas e a medicina de estilo de vida fornecem estruturas para a ação nesse sentido. Os agentes comunitários de saúde (ACS) podem contribuir de maneira significativa para a assistência às doenças crônicas, desde que sejam capacitados e integrados aos sistemas de saúde, que dispõem de recursos limitados. Embora a maioria dos ACS no mundo esteja desempenhando tarefas relacionadas à saúde materno-infantil e doenças infecciosas, estão crescendo outros programas que envolvem a prevenção e manejo das doenças não transmissíveis. O artigo discute as vantagens, desafios e questões relacionados aos possíveis papéis definidos para os ACS na prevenção e manejo do diabetes. Esses papéis incluem testes simples de triagem, implementação de intervenções comportamentais e de estilo de vida e recomendação de alternativas à biomedicina para os pacientes. Especificamente, os ACS podem auxiliar na vigilância epidemiológica do diabetes, realizando triagem baseada em pontuação de risco ou testagem de glicemia capilar, e podem facilitar o auto-manejo do diabetes através de intervenções baseadas no algoritmo nutricional transcultural do diabetes. Além disso, embora o papel não tenha sido definido formalmente, os ACS podem alavancar seu conhecimento íntimo das práticas locais para apoiar decisões pelos pacientes em contextos com sistemas de saúde pluralistas. Devem ser consideradas as diferenças etnoculturais nas funções dos ACS e nas adaptações transculturais de seus papéis durante a assistência ao diabetes. Em resumo, os ACS podem melhorar a assistência ao diabetes através da triagem e da implementação oportuna de intervenções de estilo de vida, principalmente nos países de renda baixa e média.


La prevalencia de diabetes está aumentando en todo el mundo, especialmente en los países de bajos y medios ingresos (LMIC por sus siglas en inglés), imponiendo la necesidad de una detección y gestión mejoradas. Un modelo de enfermedad crónica y la medicina del estilo de vida proporcionan estructuras para la acción. Los trabajadores comunitarios de salud (CHWs por sus siglas en inglés) pueden contribuir significativamente al cuidado de la enfermedad crónica, si son entrenados e integrados en sistemas con pocos recursos de salud. A pesar de que la mayoría de los actuales CHWs en todo el mundo están desarrollando tareas relacionadas con enfermedades infecciosas en la salud maternal/infantil, otros programas que implican a los CHWs para la prevención y gestión de enfermedades no comunicables están aumentando. En este artículo, discutimos las ventajas, desafíos, y preguntas respecto a los posibles roles asignados a los CHWs, en la prevención y gestión de la diabetes. Estos roles incluyen realizar simples pruebas de detección, implementando intervenciones de estilo de vida/comportamentales, y conectando pacientes con alternativas a la biomedicina. Específicamente, los CHWs pueden ayudar en la vigilancia epidemiológica de la diabetes, llevando a cabo pruebas de detección basadas en marcadores de riesgo o pruebas de glucosa capilares, y pueden facilitar el autocontrol de la diabetes proporcionando intervenciones descritas en el algoritmo transcultural de nutrición en diabetes. Asimismo, mientras este rol no se les haya asignado formalmente, los CHWs pueden potenciar su conocimiento profundo de prácticas locales para proporcionar apoyo en la toma de decisiones a pacientes en entornos con sistemas de salud plurales. Las diferencias etnoculturales en las funciones de los CHW y las adaptaciones transculturales de sus papeles en el cuidado de la diabetes deberían también ser consideradas. En resumen, los CHWs pueden mejorar el cuidado de la diabetes detectando e implementando oportunamente las intervenciones de estilo de vida, especialmente en LMIC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Developing Countries , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Poverty , Brazil , Community Health Workers , Delivery of Health Care
17.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 737-743, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1222810

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o desempenho das atividades de autocuidado de usuários com diabetes mellitus inseridos em um programa de automonitorização da glicemia capilar no domicílio. Método: estudo transversal, descritivo, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado no domicílio de usuários com diabetes mellitus que realizam a automonitorização da glicemia capilar, totalizando uma amostra de 279 usuários. Na avaliação das atividades de autocuidado utilizou-se o Questionário de Atividades de Autocuidado com o Diabetes, e para coleta dos dados sociodemográficos e clínico foi aplicado um roteiro sistematizado. Resultados: os dados revelaram que as dimensões alimentação específica, atividade física e monitorização glicêmica demostra comportamento de autocuidado não desejável, enquanto adesão medicamentosa apresentou o melhor comportamento de autocuidado desejável. Conclusão: os usuários com diabetes mellitus que realizam a automonitorização da glicemia capilar no domicílio necessitam de um acompanhamento específico, acrescido de práticas educativas contínuas que estimulem a participação efetiva nas atividades de autocuidado


Objective:To evaluate the performance of self-care activities of users with diabetes mellitus entered into a program of capillary blood glucose self-monitoring at home. Method: cross-sectional study, descriptive, with a quantitative approach, held at the domicile of users with diabetes mellitus that perform capillary blood glucose self-monitoring, totaling a sample of 279 users. In the evaluation of the activities of self-care Questionnaire was used of Self-care activities with Diabetes, and to collect demographic and clinical data was applied a systematic roadmap. Results: the data revealed that the specific power supply dimensions, physical activity and monitoring Glycemic demonstrates behavior of self-care is not desirable, while drug membership presented the best self-care behavior desirable. Conclusión: users with diabetes mellitus that perform capillary blood glucose self-monitoring at home require a specific accompaniment, plus continuous educational practices that foster the effective participation in the activities of self-care


Objetivo: Evaluar el desempeño de las actividades de autocuidado de los usuarios con diabetes mellitus entró en un programa de sangre capilar glucosa autocontrol en casa. Método: estudio transversal descriptivo con enfoque cuantitativo, celebrada en el domicilio de los usuarios con diabetes mellitus que realizan sangre capilar Self-monitoring de la glucosa, por un total de una muestra de 279 usuarios. En la evaluación de las actividades de autocuidado se utilizó cuestionario de actividades de autocuidado con Diabetes, y recopilar datos demográficos y clínicos se aplicó un plan sistemático. Resultados:Los datos revelaron que la alimentación específicos dimensiones, actividad física y control glicémico demuestra comportamiento de autocuidado no es deseable, mientras que miembros de drogas presentaron el mejor comportamiento de autocuidado deseable. Conclusión: los usuarios con diabetes mellitus que realizan sangre capilar glucosa autocontrol en casa requieren de un acompañamiento específico, además de continuas prácticas educativas que fomentan la participación efectiva en las actividades de cuidados personales


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Treatment Adherence and Compliance/statistics & numerical data , Quality of Life , Self Care/instrumentation , Exercise , Health Education
18.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(1): e20200046, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1124789

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Analisar uma ferramenta de telessaúde de um centro de referência em Diabetes Mellitus sob a ótica dos cuidadores. Método Estudo transversal, com abordagem quantitativa, desenvolvido em um centro de referência em Diabetes Mellitus, com cuidadores de crianças e adolescentes que utilizaram a Hot-Line e responderam ao questionário online, no período de novembro de 2018 a fevereiro de 2019. Resultados A amostra foi constituída de 90 participantes, sendo 76 (84,4%) do sexo feminino, tendo como o maior parentesco o materno 68 (75,6%). Quanto aos motivos das ligações, 31 (34,4%) referem-se às orientações gerais, 41 (45,6%) ao ajuste de dose de insulina, 6 (6,7%) à hipoglicemia aguda, 6 (6,7%) à hiperglicemia aguda, 2 (2,2%) aos dias de doença e 4 (4,4%) referem-se aos resultados de exames. Os participantes apresentaram um alto índice de satisfação com o uso da linha telefônica. Conclusão e implicações práticas O teleatendimento produz benefícios imediatos aos pacientes, sendo resolutivo no manejo da doença. Cabe ressaltar que o uso da telessaúde como forma de promoção da saúde contribui para a prevenção de agravos de maneira rápida, satisfatória e sem o deslocamento do paciente e sua família.


Abstract Objective To analyze a telehealth tool of a reference center in Diabetes Mellitus from the caregivers' perspective. Method A cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach, developed at a reference center in Diabetes Mellitus, with caregivers of children and adolescents who used the Hot-Line and responded to the online questionnaire, from November 2018 to February 2019. Results The sample consisted of 90 participants, 76 (84.4%) were female, and the highest kinship was the maternal 68 (75.6%). Regarding the reasons for the telephone callings, 31 (34.4%) refer to general guidelines, 41 (45.6%) to the insulin dose adjustment, 6 (6.7%) to the acute hypoglycemia, 6 (6.7%) acute hyperglycemia, 2 (2.2%) to the days of disease and 4 (4.4%) refer to the test results. The participants presented a high level of satisfaction with the use of the telephone line.Conclusion and implications for practice: The call center produces immediate benefits to patients, being effective in the management of the disease. It should be emphasized that the use of telehealth as a form of health promotion contributes to the prevention of health problems in a fast, satisfactory way and without the displacement of the patient and his family.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Telemedicine/statistics & numerical data , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Socioeconomic Factors , Health Education/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Patient Satisfaction/statistics & numerical data , Caregivers/statistics & numerical data , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Age and Sex Distribution
19.
Medisan ; 24(6) graf
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1143267

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Existen parámetros antropométricos predictivos del riesgo de padecer diabetes mellitus que pueden correlacionarse, tal como el índice de masa corporal, el porcentaje de grasa corporal, el perímetro de la cintura y el porcentaje de grasa visceral. Objetivo: Establecer el riesgo potencial de padecer diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 mediante la correlación de indicadores y medidas antropométricas aplicables a la población local. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio epidemiológico, transversal, observacional y analítico de 118 individuos jóvenes, en la Universidad Católica de Córdoba, en Córdoba, Argentina, durante el mes de septiembre de 2019, en el cual se aplicó el FINnish Diabetes Risk Score, tomando además como indicadores los porcentajes de grasa corporal y de grasa visceral. En el análisis estadístico de las variables cuantitativas y cualitativas se utilizaron el promedio y la desviación estándar como medidas descriptivas; asimismo, se aplicaron las pruebas de normalidad de Shapiro-Wilk y de Kolmogorow-Smirnov y el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman para probar las hipótesis estadísticas planteadas. Resultados: Se encontró que la mayoría de la población era de bajo riesgo y la correlación entre el índice de masa corporal y la grasa corporal que se ajustaba era Y=1,18X+4,06; donde Y fue el porcentaje de grasa corporal y X el índice de masa corporal. Para correlacionar el perímetro de la cintura y el porcentaje de grasa visceral se ajustaban Y=0,21X-10,21 para hombres y Y=0,17X-7,84 para mujeres, donde Y fue el porcentaje de grasa visceral y X el perímetro de la cintura. Conclusiones: El conocimiento del estado de salud de una población lleva a la capacitación y asistencia para el autocuidado y la adquisición de hábitos saludables, que contribuyan a una adultez con calidad de vida.


Introduction: There are risk anthropometric predictors parameters of suffering from diabetes mellitus that can be correlated, such as the body mass index, body fat percentage, waist perimeter and visceral fat percentage. Objective: To establish the potential risk of suffering from type2 diabetes mellitus by means of the correlation of indicators and anthropometric measures applicable to a local population. Methods: An epidemiological, cross-sectional, observational and analytic study of 118 young individuals was carried out in the Catholic University of Córdoba, in Córdoba, Argentina, during the month of September, 2019, in which the FINnish Diabetes Risk Score was implemented, the body fat and visceral fat percentages were also taken as warning signs. In the statistical analysis of the quantitative and qualitative variables the average and the standard deviation were used as descriptive measures; also, the Shapiro-Wilks and Kolmogorow-Smirnov normality tests and the Spearman correlation test were implemented to prove the outlined statistical hypotheses. Results: It was found that it was a low risk population and the correlation between the body mass index and the body fat that was adjusted was Y=1.18X+4.06; where Y was the body fat percentage and X the body mass index. To correlate the waist perimeter and the visceral fat percentage Y=0,21X-10,21 for men and Y=0,17X-7,84 for women were adjusted, where Y was the visceral fat percentage and X the waist perimeter. Conclusions: The knowledge of the population health condition leads to the training and assistance for the selfcare and to the acquisition of healthy habits that contribute to an adulthood with life quality.


Subject(s)
Body Weights and Measures , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Obesity, Abdominal
20.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 36(4): e1250, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156481

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La diabetes mellitus se debe a la secreción anormal de insulina y a grados variables de resistencia periférica a la insulina, que conducen a la aparición de hiperglucemia. Objetivo: Evaluar el papel del personal de enfermería para modificar el nivel de información de los adultos mayores diabéticos. Métodos: Estudio de desarrollo tecnológico, contextualizado en el Policlínico Dr. Rudesindo García del Rijo; del Municipio de Sancti Spíritus, en el período comprendido de enero a septiembre del 2019. Variables de estudio: nivel de información, control de la diabetes mellitus, cuidado, estado de salud y factores de riesgo presentes en los adultos mayores con diabetes mellitus. Se utilizó entrevista estructurada para conocer el nivel de información y el cuidado brindado por el personal de enfermería, para la mejoría del estado de salud, se aplicó la escala de Kaff y Lawton. Después de aplicada las acciones de Enfermería se compararon las proporciones poblacionales mediante Test Wilcoxon. Resultados: Los factores de riesgo que más predominaron fueron los antecedentes familiares (87 por ciento) y los hábitos dietéticos inadecuados (84,9 por ciento). El 73,63 por ciento tenía mal nivel de información al inicio; después de aplicar las acciones se enfermería, 60 por ciento obtuvo un nivel de información bueno. Conclusiones: Las acciones de enfermería para modificar el nivel de información en los adultos mayores diabéticos fueron efectivas, al modificar el nivel de conocimientos de los adultos mayores diabéticos, el cuidado y el estado de salud de los pacientes diabéticos que participaron en el estudio(AU)


Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is provoked by abnormal insulin secretion and variable degrees of peripheral insulin resistance, which lead to the onset of hyperglycemia. Objective: To assess the nursing staff role in modifying the level of information of diabetic aged adults. Methods: Study of technological development, contextualized in Dr. Rudesindo García del Rijo Polyclinic of Sancti Spíritus Municipality, in the period from January to September 2019. The study variables were level of information, control of diabetes mellitus, care, health status, and risk factors present in aged adults with diabetes mellitus. A structured interview was used to know the level of information and care provided by the nursing staff; regarding improvement of health state, the Kaff and Lawton scale was applied. After applying the Nursing actions, the population proportions were compared using the Wilcoxon Test. Results: The most prevalent risk factors were family history (87 por ciento) and inappropriate dietary habits (84.9 por ciento). 73.63 por ciento had a bad level of information at the beginning; After applying the nursing actions, 60 por ciento obtained a good level of information. Conclusions: The nursing actions to modify the level of information of aged adults about diabetic adults were effective, in so far their level of knowledge was modified, together with care and health state of the diabetic patients who participated in the study(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Primary Nursing , Risk Factors , Nurse's Role , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control
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