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4.
Prensa méd. argent ; 109(5): 215-218, 20230000. fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1523807

ABSTRACT

El Schwannoma se origina de la vaina perineural de Schwannoma, se detecta con frecuencia incidentalmente en estudios imagenológicos siendo el principal método diagnóstico la Tomografía Computada. El tratamiento es la resección quirúrgica con márgenes libres. Se presenta una paciente femenina de 49 años, en control por oncología por enfermedad de base, cáncer de mama izquierda, se identifica por TAC y PECT/TC imagen voluminosa en retroperitoneo situación lateroaórtica izquierda de configuración no quística e hipermetabólica, solicita biopsia percutánea, ante la falta de ventana, se decide exeresis completa de masa. Diagnóstico definitivo patológico Schwannoma. Sin indicación de tratamiento adyuvante, cursa buena evolución postoperatoria sin recidiva.


Schwannoma, a benign tumor that arises from Schwann cells of the perineural nerve sheath, is often incidentally detected in imaging tests and mainly diagnosed by CT scan. Treatment consists of surgical resection with clear margins. We present the case of a 49-year-old female patient subject to Oncology Department follow-up due to an underlying disease, left breast cancer. A large, hypermetabolic, noncystic mass in the retroperitoneal region is identified by CT and PECT/CT scan in the left lateral aortic area. A percutaneous biopsy is requested. Due to the limited acoustic window, complete resection of the mass is decided. Final histopathology diagnosis of Schwannoma. No adjuvant treatment indication; undergoing favorable postoperative progress, without recurrence


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/surgery , Diagnosis, Differential , Neurilemmoma/therapy
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(5): e202202796, oct. 2023. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1510077

ABSTRACT

La infiltración cutánea por células leucémicas conocida como leucemia cutis es una presentación infrecuente de esta patología y constituye un desafío diagnóstico. Los diagnósticos como infecciones, otras patologías neoplásicas con afectación cutánea y los trastornos histiocíticos, entre otros, constituyen los principales diagnósticos diferenciales, ya que configuran un escenario pronóstico y terapéutico diferente. Se presentan dos pacientes que fueron diagnosticados inicialmente como leucemia cutis, cuyo diagnóstico final fue de patologías no malignas.


The infiltration of leukemia cells into the skin, known as leukemia cutis, is a rare presentation of this disease and accounts for a diagnostic challenge. The main differential diagnoses include infections, other neoplastic diseases with skin involvement and histiocytic disorders, among others, as they entail different prognostic and therapeutic approaches. Here we describe two patients who were initially diagnosed with leukemia cutis, whose final diagnosis was of non-malignant diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Leukemia/diagnosis , Skin , Diagnosis, Differential
11.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(3)sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514490

ABSTRACT

El diagnóstico es la piedra angular de la medicina individual, por tanto, dominarlo y conocerlo es esencial para todo médico al indagar en el estado de salud y patológico de los pacientes. Los profesionales de la salud deben dedicar todos sus esfuerzos a su realización, siempre que disponga de los elementos y medios necesarios, tanto teóricos como prácticos, para la correcta utilización del método clínico, elemento esencial del diagnóstico diferencial. En este artículo se abordan los aspectos más relevantes que intervienen en la realización del diagnóstico de los pacientes; se enfatiza en los pasos necesarios para efectuar un verdadero diagnóstico diferencial que posibilite la decantación de las posibilidades etiológicas del cuadro clínico del enfermo. A través de la correcta aplicación del método clínico es posible la aproximación al diagnóstico clínico definitivo del paciente.


Diagnosis is the cornerstone of individual medicine, therefore, mastering it and knowing it is essential for every doctor when inquiring into the health and pathological status of patients. Health professionals must dedicate all their efforts to its realization as long as they have the necessary elements and means, both theoretical and practical, for the correct use of the clinical method, which is an essential element of differential diagnosis. This article addresses the most relevant aspects involved in carrying out patient's diagnosis; emphasis is placed on the necessary steps to carry out a true differential diagnosis that makes it possible to decant the etiological possibilities of the patient's clinical manifestations. It is possible to approach the definitive clinical diagnosis of the patient through the correct application of the clinical method.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis, Differential
12.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(3): 300-311, sept. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514368

ABSTRACT

Metastatic lesions in the mouth can resemble common inflammatory lesions. Therefore, we set out to investigate oral metastases whose clinical and imaging characteristics mimicked those of harmless lesions, confusing and delaying the diagnosis. For this, a systematic review was carried out from case reports, case series, and cross-sectional studies in the PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Embase-via Elsevier, Virtual Health Library, Web of Science, and gray literature, using PICO strategy without period restriction. We assessed the quality of studies using the Joanna Briggs Institute assessment tool. A narrative synthesis of the data was carried out. Association analyses using chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were performed, with statistical significance at p<0.05. Most of the lesions came from the lung, breast, kidneys, liver, and thyroid. They affected mainly the mandibles of men, between the fifth and seventh decades of life, causing osteolysis. In soft tissue, there were firm swellings, associated with bleeding. Limitations regarding the heterogeneity of the included studies and the absence of clinic pathological descriptions of the tumors substantially reduced the chance of statistical analysis of the data. Knowing the different possibilities of clinical presentation of oral and maxillofacial metastases is important for the diagnost ic suspicion to occur and diagnostic errors to be avoided. Thus, treatment is instituted and survival can be extended. Protocol registration: PROSPERO CRD42020200696.


Las lesiones metastásicas en la cavidad oral pueden parecer similares a lesiones inflamatorias comunes. Por ello, nos propusimos investigar metástasis orales cuyas características clínicas e imagenológicas simularan las de lesiones inofensivas, confundiendo y retrasando el diagnóstico. Para ello, se realizó una revisión sistemática a partir de reportes de casos, series de casos y estudios transversales en PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Embase-vía Elsevier, Virtual Health Library, Web of Science y literatura gris, utilizando la estrategia PICO sin restricción de periodo. La calidad de los estudios se evaluó mediante la herramienta de evaluación del Instituto Joanna Briggs. Se realizó una síntesis narrativa de los datos. Se realizaron análisis de asociación mediante chi-cuadrado y prueba exacta de Fisher, con significancia estadística en p<0,05. La mayoría de las lesiones procedían de pulmón, mama, riñones, hígado y tiroides. Afectan principalmente a las mandíbulas de los hombres, entre la quinta y la séptima década de la vida, provocando osteólisis. En los tejidos blandos, había hinchazones firmes, asociadas con sangrado. Las limitaciones con respecto a la heterogeneidad de los estudios incluidos y la ausencia de descripciones clinicopatológicas de los tumores redujeron sustancialmente la posibilidad de realizar un análisis estadístico de los datos. Conocer las diferentes posibilidades de presentación clínica de las metástasis orales y maxilofaciales es importante para que se produzca la sospecha diagnóstica y se eviten errores diagnósticos. Por lo tanto, se instituye el tratamiento y se puede prolongar la supervivencia. Registro de protocolo: PROSPERO CRD42020200696.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Mouth Neoplasms/secondary , Neoplasm Metastasis/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential
13.
RFO UPF ; 28(1): 86-92, 20230808. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509415

ABSTRACT

Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a neoplasm of fibroblastic/myofibroblastic origin with intermediate biological behavior. We report here two cases of SFT affecting an unusual anatomical site in 58-year-old and 40-year-old female patients and discuss the differential diagnosis of this lesion. In case 01, the lesion showed the clinical appearance of an asymptomatic "blister" with normal color, rubbery consistency, measuring 0.3 cm, and affected the lower lip; while in case 02, a symptomatic red nodular lesion with a soft consistency and measuring 0.5 cm affected the floor of the mouth. Excisional biopsies were performed. Microscopically, two well-delimited benign neoplasms were observed, exhibiting the proliferation of ovoid to spindle-shaped mesenchymal cells, vascular spaces with staghorn arrangement, and the absence of mitosis figures. Immunohistochemistry was performed in case 01 to assist in the diagnosis. Weak and diffuse immunostaining was observed for α-SMA and intense and diffuse immunopositivity for Bcl-2 and CD34. Based on histopathological and immunohistochemical features, a diagnosis of SFT was rendered in both cases. The low occurrence and nonspecific clinical features of oral SFT may make its clinical diagnosis difficult. Also, morphological and immunohistochemical are essential for differential diagnosis with other mesenchymal neoplasms.(AU)


O tumor fibroso solitário (TFS) é uma neoplasia de origem fibroblástica/miofibroblastica com comportamento biológico intermediário. Nesse artigo relatamos dois casos de TFS afetando sítios anatômicos incomuns em pacientes do sexo feminino de 58 anos e 40 anos e discutir os seus diagnósticos. No caso 01 clinicamente a lesão apresentou um aspecto de "bolha" assintomática, coloração normal da mucosa, consistência borrachoide medindo 0,3 cm, em região de lábio inferior, enquanto que no caso 02, como uma lesão sintomática, vermelha, nodular com consistência mole e medindo 0,5 cm afetando o assoalho bucal. As biópsias excecionais foram realizadas. Microscopicamente, observamos duas lesões neoplásicas bem delimitadas exibindo uma proliferação de células mesenquimais variando de ovoides a fusiformes, vasos sanguíneos em formato de "chifre de veado", com ausência de figuras de mitoses. No caso 01 foi realizado análise imuno-histoquímica para auxiliar no diagnóstico. Foi observado uma marcação fraca e difusa de α-SMA e uma intensa e difusa imunopositividade para o Bcl-2 e CD34.Baseado nos achados histopatológicos e imuno-histoquímicos o diagnóstico de TFS foi estabelecido em ambos os casos. A baixa ocorrência e os achados clínicos inespecíficos do TFS oral podem dificultar o diagnóstico clínico. Além disso, as análises morfológicas e imuno-histoquimicas são essenciais para realização do diagnóstico diferencial com outras neoplasias mesenquimais.(AU)_


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Solitary Fibrous Tumors/diagnosis , Solitary Fibrous Tumors/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Diagnosis, Differential , Lip/pathology , Mouth Floor/pathology
14.
RFO UPF ; 28(1)20230808. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1523685

ABSTRACT

Angioleiomioma (AL) é um tumor benigno de origem perivascular que raramente é observado na cavidade oral, principalmente em localizações como a gengiva. Devido sua apresentação clínica inespecífica, os ALs podem mimetizar outras lesões orais, como tumores benignos de glândulas salivares e lesões reacionais, como o granuloma piogênico. O presente artigo objetiva relatar um caso raro de AL localizado em gengiva, em uma paciente de 19 anos. Clinicamente, a lesão apresentava-se como um tumor assintomático, oval, pedunculado, bem definido, com superfície lisa, consistência fibrosa e cor eritematosa, semelhante a um granuloma piogênico, Uma biópsia excisional foi realizada e o fragmento foi encaminhado para análise histopatológica, que revelou uma proliferação vascular de diversos calibres, contendo paredes musculares espessas e proliferação muscular adjacente, além de infiltrado inflamatório, predominantemente crônico, hemácias extravasadas e área de ulceração, consistente com o diagnóstico de AL inflamado. A histopatologia desempenha um papel importante no diagnóstico final de lesões raras e com características clínicas inespecíficas. A excisão cirúrgica da lesão é o tratamento de escolha mais eficaz para os ALs orais. (AU)


Angioleiomyoma (AL) is a benign tumor of smooth muscle of perivascular origin that is rarely seen in the oral cavity, mainly in locations like the gingiva. Due to their nonspecific clinical presentation, ALs can mimic other oral lesions, such as benign salivary gland tumors and reactional lesions, as a pyogenic granuloma. We reported a case of an AL located in the gingiva in a 19-year-old female patient. In clinical terms, the lesion was presented as an asymptomatic, oval, pedunculated, well-defined nodule with a smooth surface, fibrous consistency and erythematous color, similar to a pyogenic granuloma. An excisional biopsy was performed and the fragment was sent for histopathological analysis that revealed a vascular proliferation of different calibers, containing thick muscle walls and adjacent muscle proliferation, in addition to an inflammatory infiltrate, predominantly chronic, extravasated red blood cells and an area of ulceration, consistent with the diagnosis of inflamed AL. The histopathology plays an important role in the final diagnosis of rare lesions and with nonspecific clinical characteristics. The surgical excision of the lesion is the most effective treatment of choice for oral ALs. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Gingival Neoplasms/diagnosis , Gingival Neoplasms/pathology , Angiomyoma/diagnosis , Angiomyoma/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Granuloma, Pyogenic/diagnosis , Granuloma, Pyogenic/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential
15.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 217-222, Junio 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1444540

ABSTRACT

El monóxido de carbono es un gas altamente tóxico que se origina principalmente por la combustión incompleta de combustibles fósiles. La intoxicación presenta síntomas inespecíficos que solapan otras patologías y por lo tanto es indispensable la confirmación mediante la medición de la carboxihemoglobina en sangre. El laboratorio incorporó la determinación en el informe del estado ácido base a partir de octubre del 2018, debido a que previamente el médico debía solicitarla frente a la sospecha de una intoxicación. El objetivo del trabajo fue evaluar si esta medida implementada por el laboratorio contribuyó a mejorar el diagnóstico de intoxicación por CO, analizar las características de los pacientes con COHb mayor o igual a 5% y definir un valor de reporte inmediato para la COHb. El 46% de los casos con COHb mayor o igual a 5% no se relacionaban con una intoxicación y/o exposición a CO. De los casos de intoxicación se encontró que el 77% fueron diagnosticados a partir de la sospecha médica y un 23% por hallazgo del laboratorio. Se concluyó que es de mucha utilidad el rol del laboratorio en detectar aquellos casos que no fueron evidentes clínicamente. Existen ciertas patologías como las oncológicas o la enfermedad de Wilson donde se vieron valores elevados de COHb sin presentar intoxicación y se definió finalmente, como valor de reporte inmediato 7% para la COHb. (AU)


Carbon monoxide is a highly toxic gas that originates mainly from incomplete combustion of fossil fuels. Intoxication causes nonspecific symptoms that overlap with other conditions and, therefore, confirmation by measuring blood carboxyhemoglobin is essential. The laboratory incorporated the measurement in the acid-base status report as of October 2018, as it was previously required to be requested by the physician in case of suspected intoxication. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether this measure implemented by the laboratory contributed to the improvement of the diagnosis of CO intoxication, to analyze the characteristics of patients with COHb greater than or equal to 5% and to define an immediate reporting value for COHb. Overall, 46% of the cases with COHb greater than or equal to 5% were not related to CO poisoning and/or exposure. Of the cases of intoxication, 77% were diagnosed based on medical suspicion and 23% on laboratory findings. It was concluded that the laboratory has a useful role in detecting cases that were not clinically evident. There are certain diseases including different types of cancer or Wilson's disease where elevated COHb values were seen without intoxication and finally, 7% for COHb was defined as the immediate reporting value (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Carboxyhemoglobin/analysis , Carbon Monoxide Poisoning/diagnosis , Carbon Monoxide Poisoning/blood , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/instrumentation , Inhalation Exposure/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Diagnosis, Differential
18.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(1): 74-78, mar2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435497

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la incidencia de dextrocardia como anomalía congénita es menor del 0.01% y la combinación con herniación intratorácica del hígado semejando una neoplasia benigna sin antecedente de trauma toracoabdominal abierto o contuso lo hace aún menos frecuente. Caso clínico: se presenta el caso de paciente femenina de 34 años de edad que consulta por dolor de espalda. Al examen físico, se auscultan ruidos cardíacos en el hemitórax derecho y la radiografía de tórax evidencia dextrocardia e imagen que semeja masa supra diafragmática derecha, la TAC trifásica confirma la presencia de protrusión de un segmento del hígado de forma redondeada a través de un defecto no abierto del hemidiafragma derecho. Su tratamiento ha sido conservador. Conclusión: la combinación de dextrocardia acompañada de herniación de una porción del hígado a través de un defecto del diafragma derecho es una asociación extremadamente rara y los reportes de caso publicados son escasos


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Dextrocardia/epidemiology , Hernia, Diaphragmatic/epidemiology , Liver , Case Reports , Incidence , Diagnosis, Differential
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