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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935811

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the CT and MRI imaging findings of diquat toxic encephalopathy. Methods: CT and MRI imaging features of 10 patients with diquat poisoning encephalopathy who had been clinically diagnosed were retrospectively reviewed. Results: CT was performed in all 10 patients, and MRI was performed in 8 patients. In 10 patients, 7 had positive signs on CT, and 8 patients with MRI examination had abnormal changes in the images. The main CT findings were symmetrical hypodensity in bilateral cerebellar hemisphere, brainstem, thalamus and basal ganglia, and swelling of brain tissue. The main MRI findings were symmetrical lesions and brain edema in the deep nuclei of cerebellar hemisphere, brainstem, thalamus and basal ganglia, low signal on T1WI, high signal on T2WI and T2-FLAIR, and cytotoxic edema on diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) . On review after treatment, both CT and MRI showed resorption of the lesion, which narrowed in size. Conclusion: The imaging findings of diquat poisoning encephalopathy are characteristic and the location of the lesion is characteristic, and CT and MRI have a certain diagnostic value in diquat poisoning encephalopathy, which is important for clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Brain Diseases , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Diquat , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Neurotoxicity Syndromes/etiology , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928743

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics of ADC value changes in DWI of newly diagnosed symptomatic MM patients and its correlation with R-ISS stage.@*METHODS@#The data of 148 newly diagnosed symptomatic MM patients treated by whole-body DWI scan at The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from June 2016 to June 2019 were selected and retrospectively analyzed and 30 cases of age-matched healthy people were selected as controls. The differences of ADC values between the patients in normal control group, DWI- group and DWI+ group were compared, and the relationship between ADC values and R-ISS stage in MM patients was compared.@*RESULTS@#The plasma cell percentage of the patients in DWI+ group was higher than those in DWI- group. ADC values of vertebra, sternum, rib, pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle of the patients in DWI+ group were significantly higher than those in DWI- group and normal control group. The ADC values of each part of the patients in DWI- group were higher than those in normal control group. ADC values of sternum, rib and pectoral girdle in the patients at R-ISS stage III were higher than those at R-ISS stage I and II, while, there was no statistical difference between R-ISS stage I and II groups. And there was no significant difference in ADC values of other bone parts such as vertebra and pelvic girdle in patients at R-ISS stage Ⅰ-Ⅲ.@*CONCLUSION@#DWI+ in MM patients is related to higher tumor invasion. The ADC values of the DWI+ group are higher than those of the DWI- group; the bone ADC values of the DWI- patients are still higher than the normal ones. And there is a certain relationship between ADC value and R-ISS stage.


Subject(s)
Bone Diseases , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Whole Body Imaging
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927847

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlations of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) with pathological grading,typing and clinical staging of cervical adenocarcinoma. Methods The data of 95 patients with cervical adenocarcinoma from May 2011 to February 2018 in Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were collected for retrospective analysis.Before treatment,conventional MRI and DWI (b=0,800 s/mm2) were performed,and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value of cervical adenocarcinoma was measured.The ADC values were compared among different pathological grades,types,and clinical stages. Results The mean ADC value was (1.00±0.25)×10-3 mm2/s in the poorly differentiation group,(1.09±0.25)×10-3 mm2/s in the moderately differentiation group,and (1.22±0.20)×10-3 mm2/s in the well differentiation group,which showed significant difference between the poorly and well differentiation groups (P=0.002).The mean ADC values were (1.04±0.24) ×10-3 mm2/s and (1.21±0.26)×10-3 mm2/s in the endocervical adenocarcinoma (usual type) group and mucinous carcinoma group,respectively,which showed significant difference (P=0.005). Conclusions The worse differentiation of cervical adenocarcinoma corresponded to the lower ADC value.The ADC value of mucinous carcinoma was higher than that of endocervical adenocarcinoma (usual type).


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Retrospective Studies , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
4.
Singapore medical journal ; : 203-208, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927278

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#This study aimed to evaluate the potential of non-contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging as an imaging surveillance tool for detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in at-risk patients and to compare the performance of non-contrast MR imaging with ultrasonography (US) as a screening modality for the same.@*METHODS@#In this retrospective study, patients diagnosed with HCC between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015 were selected from our institution's cancer registry. Patients who underwent MR imaging and had US performed within three months of the MR imaging were included. For each MR imaging, two non-contrast MR imaging sequences - T2-weighted fat-saturated (T2-W FS) sequence and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) - were reviewed for the presence of suspicious lesions. A non-contrast MR image was considered positive if the lesion was seen on both sequences. The performance of non-contrast MR imaging was compared to that of hepatobiliary US for the detection of HCC.@*RESULTS@#A total of 73 patients with 108 HCCs were evaluated. Sensitivity of non-contrast MR imaging for the detection of HCC using T2-W FS and DWI was 93.2%, which was significantly higher than that of US, which was 79.5% (p = 0.02). In a subgroup of 55 patients with imaging features of liver cirrhosis, the sensitivity of non-contrast MR imaging was 90.9%, which was also significantly higher than that of US, which was 74.5% (p = 0.02).@*CONCLUSION@#Our pilot study showed that non-contrast MR imaging, using a combination of T2-W FS and DWI, is a potential alternative to US as a screening tool for surveillance of patients at risk for HCC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Contrast Media , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Gadolinium DTPA , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Pilot Projects , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
6.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(11): 943-949, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350129

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Among patients with acute ischemic stroke with a mismatch between deficit severity and infarct volume, thrombectomy performed within a 6-24 hours time window has efficacy and safety similar to treatment within 6 hours. However, whether magnetic resonance imaging with T2 diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is feasible remains to be validated. Objective: To investigate prognosis among stroke patients receiving endovascular treatment (EVT) within 6 hours and 6-24 hours using non-contrasted computed tomography (NCCT) and DWI. Methods: Overall, 209 anterior-circulation ischemic stroke patients with large-vessel occlusion who underwent EVT were divided into ≤ 6 hours and 6-24 hours groups. Patients presenting symptoms within 6 hours were treated if their NIHSS score was ≥ 7 and ASPECTS score was ≥ 5, whereas those with wake-up stroke (WUS) or presenting symptoms 6-24 hours after last seen well (WUS/late-presenting stroke, LPS) were managed if their NIHSS score was ≥ 7 and ASPECTS score was ≥ 5. Results: The percentages of patients undergoing intracranial stenting and intracranial ballooning without stenting significantly differed between two groups (p < 0.001). Grades 0, 1, 2a and 2b recanalization rates did not differ between the 6 hours and 6-24 hours groups (all p > 0.05). Grade 3 recanalization rate in the 6 hours group was significantly lower than in the 6-24 hours group (p = 0.043). The 3-month Rankin Scale score did not significantly differ between the two groups (p = 0.629). Conclusions: EVT is a safe and effective treatment for patients with WUS and LPS selected through NCCT and DWI-based simple imaging.


RESUMO Antecedentes: Entre pacientes com acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico (AVCI) agudo com divergência entre gravidade do déficit e volume do infarto, a trombectomia em 6 a 24 horas tem eficácia e segurança semelhantes ao tratamento em até 6 horas. Entretanto, a viabilidade da imagem ponderada em T2 com difusão (DWI) da ressonância magnética necessita validação. Objetivo: Investigar o prognóstico de pacientes com AVCI que recebem tratamento endovascular (EVT) em até 6 horas e de 6-24 horas usando tomografia computadorizada sem contraste (NCCT) e DWI. Métodos: Duzentos e nove pacientes com AVCI de circulação anterior submetidos a EVT foram divididos em ≤ 6 horas e 6-24 horas. Pacientes com sintomas até 6 horas foram tratados se NIHSS ≥ 7 e ASPECTS ≥ 5; aqueles com AVCI ao despertar (WUS) ou com sintomas entre 6-24 horas da última vez em que foram vistos bem (WUS/AVC de fase tardia, LPS) foram tratados se NIHSS ≥ 7 e ASPECTS ≥ 5. Resultados: As porcentagens de pacientes submetidos a implante de stent intracraniano e angioplastia intracraniana sem stent diferiram entre os dois grupos (p <0,001). As taxas de recanalização 0, 1, 2a e 2b não diferiram entre 6 horas e 6-24 horas (p> 0,05). A taxa de recanalização de grau 3 no grupo 6 horas foi menor do que 6-24 horas (p = 0,043). Pontuação na Escala Rankin (3 meses) não foi diferente (p = 0,629). Conclusões: EVT é um tratamento seguro e eficaz para pacientes com WUS e LPS selecionados por meio de imagens baseadas em NCCT e DWI.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , Brain Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Stroke/therapy , Stroke/diagnostic imaging , Endovascular Procedures , Ischemic Stroke , Treatment Outcome , Thrombectomy , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942999

ABSTRACT

Objective: Severe radiation-induced late rectal injury (sRLRI) directly affects the quality of life of patients with rectal cancer. Effective prediction of sRLRI before surgery may provide important information for the selection of surgical strategies and perioperative managements. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of predicting sRLRI based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features before and after radiotherapy for rectal cancer. Methods: This was a diagnostic study. Clinical and imaging data of 90 patients with rectal cancer receiving long-term radiotherapy from June 2013 to July 2018 in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were collected retrospectively. Case inclusion criteria: (1) rectal cancer was diagnosed by pathology and age of ≥ 18 years old; (2) patients received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and anterior rectal resection; (3) follow up time ≥ 3 years; (4) patients had no history of other neoplasm. Exclusion criteria: (1) patients did not receive MRI examination in our hospital within 2 weeks before and/or 8 weeks after radiotherapy; (2) images were not good enough for evaluation; (3) medical records were incomplete; (4) patients had severe gastrointestinal diseases. According to the RTOG/EORTC classification criteria for radiation reactions, severe complications of grade 3-4 requiring surgical management were defined as sRLRI. T2WI and DWI images before and after radiotherapy were evaluated. The rectal wall thickness, bladder wall thickness, rectal sacral spacing and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) were measured. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of the above indicators for sRLRI. Results: Among the 90 patients with rectal cancer, 34 (37.8%) developed sRLRI. Before radiotherapy, the median rectal wall thickness of sRLRI and non-sRLRI patients was 4.530 mm and 4.355 mm, respectively; the median bladder wall thickness was 3.962 mm and 3.868 mm, respectively; the median rectal sacral spacing was 15.557 mm and 12.433 mm, respectively; the median ADC value of rectal wall was 1.620 ×10(-3) mm(2)/s and 1.653 ×10(-3) mm(2)/s, respectively. There were no significant differences in above indicators between sRLRI and non-sRLRI patients (all P>0.05). After radiotherapy, compared with non-sRLRI patients, sRLRI patients had increased rectal wall thickness (median: 8.239 mm vs. 6.223 mm, Z=-3.512, P=0.001), rectal sacral spacing (median: 17.728 mm vs. 13.885 mm, Z=-2.247, P=0.025), and change of rectal wall thickness after radiotherapy (median: 98.106% vs. 49.584%, Z=-4.169, P<0.001). After radiotherapy, there were no significant differences in the bladder wall thickness and its change value, the ADC value of rectal wall and its change rate before and after radiotherapy between the two groups (all P>0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of the change rates of rectal wall thickness after radiotherapy, rectal wall thickness and rectal sacral spacing after radiotherapy for predicting sRLRI was 0.763, 0.722 and 0.642, respectively, while the sensitivity was 85.3%, 70.6% and 76.5%, respectively, and the specificity was 64.3%, 71.4% and 57.1%, respectively. Conclusion: Based on MRI examinations, assessments of rectal wall thickness after radiotherapy, the change rate of rectal wall thickness after radiotherapy, and rectal sacral spacing after radiotherapy are helpful for evaluating the risk of sRLRI after radiotherapy for patients with rectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Chemoradiotherapy , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Quality of Life , Rectal Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942894

ABSTRACT

Objective: Pelvic high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has now become a standard method for evaluating the efficacy of neoadjuvant treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). However, this traditional morphological qualitative assessment method based on T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) is not effective in predicting pathological complete remission (pCR). The purpose of this study is to investigate whether combining the magnetic resonance tumor regression grade (mrTRG) with apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) can improve diagnostic value for pCR after preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) of LARC. Methods: This was a diagnostic study. Clinicopathological data of 134 LARC patients who received nCRT and radical surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from January 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients underwent MRI which included T2WI and DWI sequences before and 8 weeks after nCRT. Two radiologists independently drew ROIs on T2WI and DWI to estimate mrTRG stage and calculate the mean ADC value. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) method was applied to evaluate the predict value of mrTRG combined with mean ADC value for pCR. Results: Of 134 LARC patients, 85 were male and 49 were female with median age of 58 (28-82) years. After nCRT, MRI suggested 21 patients (15.7%) had clinical complete remission (cCR), e.g. mrTRG stage 1-2. Postoperative pathology revealed 31 (23.1%) patients had pCR. The evaluations of mrTRG and ADC value by the two readers were highly consistent, and the intra-group correlation coefficients were 0.83 (95% CI: 0.703-0.881) and 0.96 (95% CI: 0.989-0.996), respectively. There was a negative correlation between mrTRG and pCR (r(s)=-0.505, P<0.01), and a positive correlation between mean ADC value and pCR (r(s)=0.693, P<0.01). The ROC curve showed that mrTRG alone had a medium predictive value for pCR, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.832 (95% CI: 0.743-0.921); the mean ADC value had a higher predictive value for pCR, with AUC of 0.906 (95% CI: 0.869-0.962). The predictive value of the combined model of mrTRG and ADC value for pCR was significantly better than that of mrTRG alone (P=0.015), and the AUC was 0.908 (95% CI: 0.849-0.968). Conclusion: Both mrTRG and mean ADC value can be non-invasive methods to predict the efficacy of nCRT for LARC. Combining the mean ADC value with mrTRG can result in better pCR prediction.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Chemoradiotherapy , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888350

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and signal intensity ratio (SIR) of MR diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in quantitative evaluation of lumbar spine osteoporosis.@*METHODS@#A total of 175 patients with lumbar spine diseases who received dualenergy X-ray absorption (DXA) bone mineral density (BMD), routine MRI and DWI of the lumbar spine from May 2017 to October 2019 were selected. According to the T-value of DXA, the patients were divided into osteoporosis group (64 cases), osteopenia group (53 cases) and normal bone mass group (58 cases). The ADC and SIR values of L@*RESULTS@#There were statistically significant differences in ADC and SIR values among three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#ADC and SIR can better reflect the BMD of patients with lumbar diseases, and can quantitatively evaluate the vertebral body of osteoporosis, which play an important role in the diagnosis of lumbar osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Osteoporosis/diagnostic imaging
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880675

ABSTRACT

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a very important imaging method for diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer (PCa) in clinical practice. As functional MRI is growing and maturing, its quantitative parameters are expected to enhance the clinical value of MRI furtherly. Intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, and diffusion kurtosis imaging, which were derived from diffusion weighted imaging, have provided richer and more accurate parameters. The newly-developed magnetic resonance elastography can complement the mechanical characteristics of PCa.


Subject(s)
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Motion , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879282

ABSTRACT

Diffusion tensor imaging technology can provide information on the white matter of the brain, which can be used to explore changes in brain tissue structure, but it lacks the specific description of the microstructure information of brain tissue. The neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging make up for its shortcomings. But in order to accurately estimate the brain microstructure, a large number of diffusion gradients are needed, and the calculation is complex and time-consuming through maximum likelihood fitting. Therefore, this paper proposes a kind of microstructure parameters estimation method based on the proximal gradient network, which further avoids the classic fitting paradigm. The method can accurately estimate the parameters while reducing the number of diffusion gradients, and achieve the purpose of imaging quality better than the neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging model and accelerated microstructure imaging via convex optimization model.


Subject(s)
Brain/diagnostic imaging , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Neurites , White Matter
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826389

ABSTRACT

To prospectively evaluate the correlation between intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM)-derived parameters and CT perfusion parameters as well as the pathological grade in insulinoma. A total of 55 patients with suspected insulinoma undergoing IVIM and CT perfusion scans were prospectively enrolled. The images were post-processed to obtain IVIM parameters including apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC),diffusion (D),perfusion correlated diffusion (D*),and f,and CT perfusion parameters including blood flow (BF),blood volume (BV),and permeability (PM). The pathological specimens were stained to obtain pathological parameters including the grading,ki-67 index,and the mitotic count. The IVIM derived parameters of normal pancreas including head,body,and tail as well as that of the pancreatic insulinoma were compared. The correlation between IVIM parameters and CT perfusion parameters as well as the pathological parameters was analyzed. ADC and D values of pancreatic tail were significantly lower than those of the pancreatic head and neck (all 0.05). IVIM parameters differ at different anatomical parts of normal pancreas. IVIM parameters can distinguish normal pancreatic parenchyma from insulinoma. The ADC value is weakly correlated with BF.


Subject(s)
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Humans , Insulinoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Motion , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826387

ABSTRACT

To compare the differences in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) between brucella spondylitis (BS) groups at different stages before treatment and the normal control group and to evaluate the change trend of ADC value and FA value at different time points before and after treatment. Totally 53 patients suspected of BS by conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and later confirmed as BS patients by serological tests were enrolled in this study. These patients underwent conventional MRI and diffusion tensor imaging scans,and the ADC value and FA value were measured. Independent sample test was used to compare the ADC value and FA value between the BS group and the control group,the ADC value and FA value between the BS group at each stage. Repeated measurement ANOV was used to compare the ADC values and FA values at different time points before and after treatment. FA imaging showed that the color code of BS was different from that of the normal control group,and the color code of FA imaging showed increased singal. The ADC values of BS in the acute,subacute,and chronic stages [(1.45±0.02)×10 mm /s,(1.35±0.03)×10 mm /s,(1.26±0.05)×10 mm /s,respectively] were significantly higher than those in the control group [(1.06±0.09) ×10 mm /s](=2.538,=0.009;=1.998,=0.032;=1.575,=0.004),and the FA value (0.55±0.02,0.65±0.03,0.71±0.04,respectively) were significantly lower than those of the control group (0.78±0.02) (=2.440,=0.012; =1.847,=0.041;=2.102,=0.003). Repeated measurement analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences in ADC values and FA values at different time points before and after treatment in the acute,subacute,and chronic stages (ADC:=12.100,<0.001;=8.439,=0.005;=9.704,=0.004,respectively;FA:=7.080,=0.002;=6.607;=0.003;=8.868,=0.001,respectively). The ADC values at different time points after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment or at a previous time point after treatment (=332.14,<0.001),and the FA values were significantly higher than those before treatment or at a previous time point after treatment (=134.26,<0.001). FA color code can intuitively display differences in BS and normal vertebral bodies and show change of color code before and after treatment. Also,the ADC values and FA values can quantitatively reveal differences between BS and normal vertebral body in different time points and quantify BS vertebral lesion changes before and after treatment. In particular,in BS patients who are recovering from treatment,it can quantify microscopic edema. Therefore,diffusion tensor imaging may be useful objective indicator in evaluating the effectiveness of a specific treatment for BS.


Subject(s)
Anisotropy , Brucella , Brucellosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Humans , Spondylitis , Diagnostic Imaging , Microbiology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826345

ABSTRACT

We reported a case of supratentorial primary central nervous system lymphoma with hyperperfusion.Computed tomography revealed hyperdense lesions on the bilateral centrum semiovale with obvious edema.Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated that the lesion presented slightly long and iso-T1 signal and slightly long and long T2 signals;hyperintensity was found on diffusion-weighted imaging,with relatively high apparent diffusion coefficient value compared with the adjacent normal white matter.Contrast-enhanced imaging revealed bilateral evenly enhanced lesions,along with patchy non-enhanced shadows in right-sided lesion.The perfusion-weighted imaging revealed hyperperfusion in bilateral lesions.


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System Neoplasms , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Humans , Lymphoma , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826341

ABSTRACT

To explore the utility of apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC)histogram analysis for differentiating genetic subtypes of diffuse lower-grade gliomas. A total of 55 patients with WHO grade Ⅱ/Ⅲ diffuse lower-grade gliomas who underwent preoperative routine brain magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion weighted imaging in our center were retrospectively evaluated.Among whom there were 14 patients with isocitrate dehydrogenase(IDH)wild-type gliomas(IDH group),19 patients with IDH-mutant 1p19q intact gliomas(IDH 1p19q group),and 22 patients with IDH-mutant 1p19q co-deleted gliomas(IDH 1p19q group).The whole-lesion ADC values derived from histogram analysis(including ADC,ADC,ADC5%,ADC10%,ADC25%,ADC50%,ADC75%,ADC90%,ADC95%,ADC,mode,range,skewness,kurtosis,standard deviation,inhomogeneity,and entrophy)were measured for each patient.All parameters between the different genetic subtypes were compared by using the Student's test or Mann-Whitney test.Receiver operating curve(ROC)analysis was used to assess the diagnostic performance of ADC histogram in distinguishing the different genetic subtypes. Compared with IDH group,the ADC75%(=0.021),ADC90%(=0.015),ADC95%(=0.014),ADC (=0.035),range(=0.009),standard deviation(=0.001)and inhomogeneity(=0.001)were significantly lower in IDH group;in contrast,the ADC (=0.031)and kurtosis(=0.020)of IDH group were significantly higher than those in IDH group.The ADC(=0.010),ADC5%(=0.016),ADC10%(=0.012),ADC25%(=0.007),ADC50%(=0.005),ADC75%(=0.015),and mode(=0.002)were significantly higher in IDH 1p19q group than in IDH 1p19q group.Inhomogeneity achieved the highest area under ROC(AUC)(0.811)in differentiating IDH gliomas and IDH gliomas,with a cutoff value of 0.229;the sensitivity and specificity were 85.7% and 73.2%.The mode achieved the highest AUC(0.744)in differentiating IDH 1p19q gliomas and IDH 1p19q gliomas,with a cutoff value was 1448.75×10 mm /s;the sensitivity and specificity were 57.9% and 90.9%. ADC histograms analysis may be helpful to differentiate genetic subtypes in lower-grade gliomas.


Subject(s)
Brain Neoplasms , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Glioma , Humans , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2653-2659, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877873

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Liver fibrosis (LF) continues to develop and eventually progresses to cirrhosis. However, LF and early-stage cirrhosis (ESC) can be reversed in some cases, while advanced cirrhosis is almost impossible to cure. Advances in quantitative imaging techniques have made it possible to replace the gold standard biopsy method with non-invasive imaging, such as radiomics. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop a radiomics model to identify LF and ESC.@*METHODS@#Patients with LF (n = 108) and ESC (n = 116) were enrolled in this study. As a control, patients with healthy livers were involved in the study (n = 145). Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) data sets with three b-values (0, 400, and 800 s/mm) of enrolled cases were collected in this study. Then, radiomics features were extracted from manually delineated volumes of interest. Two modeling strategies were performed after univariate analysis and feature selection. Finally, an optimal model was determined by the receiver operating characteristic area under the curve (AUC).@*RESULTS@#The optimal models were built in plan 1. For model 1 in plan 1, the AUCs of the training and validation cohorts were 0.973 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.946-1.000) and 0.948 (95% CI 0.903-0.993), respectively. For model 2 in plan 1, the AUCs of the training and validation cohorts were 0.944, 95% CI 0.905 to 0.983, and 0.968, 95% CI 0.940 to 0.996, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Radiomics analysis of DWI images allows for accurate identification of LF and ESC, and the non-invasive biomarkers extracted from the functional DWI images can serve as a better alternative to biopsy.


Subject(s)
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnostic imaging , Machine Learning , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2403-2409, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877850

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Due to development of magnetic resonance-based functional imaging, it is easier to detect micro-structural alterations of tumor tissues. The aim of this study was to conduct a preliminary evaluation of the correlation of non-Gaussian diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) parameters with expression of molecular markers (epidermal growth factor receptor [EGFR]; anaplastic lymphoma kinase [ALK]; Ki-67 protein) in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma, using routine diffusion-weighted imaging as the reference standard.@*METHODS@#Data from patients with primary lung adenocarcinoma diagnosed at Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (CHCAMS) from 2016 to 2019 were collected for retrospective analysis. The pathologic and magnetic resonance imaging data of 96 patients who met the inclusion criteria were included in this study. Specifically, the Kapp and Dapp parameters measured from the DKI model; apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value from the diffusion-weighted imaging model; and the EGFR, ALK, and Ki-67 biomarkers detected by immunohistochemistry and/or molecular biology techniques after biopsy or surgery were evaluated. The relations between quantitative parameters (ADC, Kapp, Dapp) and pathologic outcomes (EGFR, ALK, and Ki-67 expression) were analyzed by Spearman correlation test.@*RESULTS@#Of the 96 lung adenocarcinoma lesions (from 96 patients), the number of EGFR- and ALK-positive and high Ki-67 expressing lesions were 53, 12, and 83, respectively. The Kapp values were significantly higher among patients with EGFR-positive mutations (0.81 ± 0.12 vs. 0.66 ± 0.10, t = 6.41, P < 0.001), ALK rearrangement-negative (0.76 ± 0.12 vs. 0.60 ± 0.15, t = 4.09, P < 0.001), and high Ki-67 proliferative index (PI) (0.76 ± 0.12 vs. 0.58 ± 0.13, t = 4.88, P < 0.001). The Dapp values were significantly lower among patients with high Ki-67 PI (3.19 ± 0.69 μm/ms vs. 4.20 ± 0.83 μm/ms, t = 4.80, P < 0.001) and EGFR-positive mutations (3.11 ± 0.73 μm/ms vs. 3.59 ± 0.77 μm/ms, t = 3.12, P = 0.002). The differences in mean Dapp (3.73 ± 1.26 μm/ms vs. 3.26 ± 0.68 μm/ms, t = 1.96, P = 0.053) or ADC values ([1.34 ± 0.81] × 10 mm/s vs. [1.33 ± 0.41] × 10 mm/s, t = 0.07, P = 0.941) between the groups with or without ALK rearrangements were not statistically significant. The ADC values were significantly lower among patients with EGFR-positive mutation ([1.19 ± 0.37] × 10 mm/s vs. [1.50 ± 0.53] × 10 mm/s, t = 3.38, P = 0.001) and high Ki-67 PI ([1.28 ± 0.39] × 10 mm/s vs. [1.67 ± 0.77] × 10 mm/s, t = 2.88, P = 0.005). Kapp was strongly positively correlated with EGFR mutations (r = 0.844, P = 0.008), strongly positively correlated with Ki-67 PI (r = 0.882, P = 0.001), and strongly negatively correlated with ALK rearrangements (r = -0.772, P = 0.001). Dapp was moderately correlated with EGFR mutations (r = -0.650, P = 0.024) or Ki-67 PI (r = -0.734, P = 0.012). ADC was moderately correlated with Ki-67 PI (r = -0.679, P = 0.033).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The Kapp value of DKI parameters was strongly correlated with different expression of EGFR, ALK, and Ki-67 in advanced lung adenocarcinoma. The results potentially indicate a surrogate measure of the status of different molecular markers assessed by non-invasive imaging tools.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies
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