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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 22(6): 770-795, nov. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554221

ABSTRACT

This review focuses on plant species traditionally used in Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and Paraná states (southern Brazil) for the relief of digestive disorders. Fifty ethnobotanical studies were compiled, resulting in 384 species mentioned, of which those cited in common to every state were selected. The search retrieved 63 native species used to alleviate gastrointestinal disorders, distributed in 21 botanical fa milies, mainly Asteraceae, Lamiaceae and Myrtaceae. The most cited species include Achyrocline satureioides (82%), Eugenia uniflora (70%), Baccharis crispa (46%), Psidium cattleyanum (36%), Solanum paniculatum (36%) and Monteverdia ilicifolia (34%). Scient ific studies have corroborated their popular use for the relief the gastrointestinal disorders, but most of them are preclinical and mainly exploratory. In conclusion, the folk use of medicinal species with therapeutic purposes is widespread in southern Br azil, but further studies are needed to guarantee their efficacy and safety.


Esta revisión presenta especies de plantas utilizadas en Rio Gra nde do Sul, Santa Catarina y Paraná (Sur de Brasil) con enfoque en el alivio de los trastornos digestivos. Se recopilaron 50 estudios etnobotánicos en los que se mencionaron un total de 384 especies, siendo seleccionadas las especies en común a todos los e stados. La búsqueda recuperó 63 especies nativas citadas como utilizadas para aliviar trastornos gastrointestinales, distribuidas en 21 familias botánicas, principalmente Asteraceae, Lamiaceae y Myrtaceae. Las especies con mayor frecuencia de citación fuer on: Achyrocline satureioides (82%), Eugenia uniflora (70%), Baccharis crispa (46%), Psidium cattleyanum (36%), Solanum paniculatum (36%) y Monteverdia ilicifolia (34%). Los estudios científicos han corroborado el uso de especies para el alivio de los trast ornos gastrointestinales, pero la mayoría de ellos son preclínicos y principalmente exploratorios. En conclusión, el uso popular de especies medicinales con fines digestivos está muy extendido en el sur de Brasil, pero aún se necesitan estudios científicos para garantizar la eficacia y seguridad de estas plantas.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/drug effects , Digestive System Diseases/drug therapy , Brazil , Ethnobotany , Medicine, Traditional
2.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(3): 224-226, July-sept. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521144

ABSTRACT

Introduction: McKittrick-Wheelock syndrome is a rare entity characterized by chronic diarrhea, acute kidney injury, and hydroelectrolytic imbalance associated with a large rectal tumor, frequently a villous adenoma. Case report: A 69-year-old male with chronic diarrhea with mucus. He underwent a colonoscopy with biopsies, reporting adenocarcinoma of the rectum in situ, and underwent a robot assisted intersphincteric resection with colo-anal anastomosis and a protecitive ileostomy. Discussion: Described in 1954, this syndrome is manifested by electrolyte imbalance and acute renal injury secondary to diarrhea associated with a rectal villous adenoma, often with long lasting symptoms. The most frequent symptom being watery diarrhea with mucus. The definitive treatment consists of surgical resection. Conclusion: Although this is a rare pathology, it should be considered as a differential diagnosis in cases of chronic diarrhea associated with water and electrolyte disorders. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Rectal Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma , Adenoma, Villous , Water-Electrolyte Imbalance , Diarrhea , Digestive System Diseases/diagnostic imaging
3.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 30(1)mar. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536231

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal involvement in SLE has been reported in up to 50%, generally secondary to the adverse effects of treatment. Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is caused by hypomotility related to ineffective propulsion. The case of a 51-year-old patient with intestinal obstruction is presented. She was taken to surgical management due to suspicion of adhesions, with a stationary clinical course; the control tomography documented loop dilation and bilateral hydroureteronephrosis, associated with markers of lupus activity. It was managed as an intestinal pseudo-obstruction due to SLE with resolution of her symptoms. High diagnostic suspicion results in timely treatment and the reduction of complications.


El compromiso gastrointestinal en lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) ha sido reportado hasta en un 50%, generalmente secundario a los efectos adversos del tratamiento. La pseudoobstrucción intestinal es causada por hipomotilidad relacionada con una propulsión inefectiva. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 51 arios, con obstrucción intestinal por sospecha de bridas, que fue llevada a manejo quirúrgico y tuvo una evolución clínica estacionaria. La tomografía de control documentó dilatación de asas e hidroureteronefrosis bilateral, en tanto que los paraclínicos mostraron actividad lúpica. Se manejó como una pseudoobstrucción intestinal por LES con resolución del cuadro. La alta sospecha diagnóstica favorece el tratamiento oportuno y la disminución de las complicaciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Digestive System Diseases , Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction , Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases , Connective Tissue Diseases , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Intestinal Obstruction , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
4.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 94(1): e207, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1439319

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en marzo del 2021 se registró el pico de incidencia de COVID-19 en Uruguay y un aumento de la infección en pediatría. Objetivo: describir las características clínicas, el tratamiento y la evolución de una serie de menores de 15 años con SIM-Ped S hospitalizados en dos centros de salud. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, de los niños hospitalizados entre el 1/3 y el 31/6 de 2021 que cumplieron los criterios diagnósticos de SIM-Ped de la OMS. Se analizan variables clínicas, paraclínicas, tratamiento y evolución. Resultados: se incluyeron 12 niños, mediana de edad 7 años (22 meses-10 años). Se presentaron complicación posinfecciosas en 8 y en el curso de la infección en 4. Las manifestaciones fueron: fiebre (media 6 días, rango 3-10), digestivas 10 y mucocutáneas 7. Se presentaron como enfermedad Kawasaki símil 5 y como shock 2. La infección por SARS CoV-2 se confirmó por PCR en 6, serología 4 y test antigénico 2. Recibieron tratamiento en cuidados moderados 8 e intensivos 4: inmunoglobulina 9, corticoides 11, heparina 7 y ácido acetilsalicílico 7. Presentaron dilatación de arterias coronarias 2, alteraciones valvulares 2, disminución de la FEVI 2 y derrame pericárdico 2. Todos evolucionaron favorablemente. Conclusiones: en estos centros, los primeros casos de SIMS-Ped S coincidieron con el pico de incidencia de COVID-19 en el país. Predominaron las formas postinfecciosas en escolares con manifestaciones digestivas. Este estudio puede contribuir al reconocimiento de esta entidad y adecuar los algoritmos nacionales de manejo.


Introduction: in March 2021, there was a peak incidence of COVID-19 and an increase in pediatric infections in Uruguay. Objective: describe the clinical characteristics, treatment and evolution of a group of children under 15 years of age with SIM-Ped S hospitalized in two health centers. Methodology: descriptive, retrospective study of children hospitalized between 3/1 and 6/31 of 2021 who met the WHO diagnostic criteria for SIM-Ped. Clinical and paraclinical variables, as well as treatment and evolution were analyzed. Results: 12 children were included, median age 7 years (22 months-10 years). Eight of them showed post-infectious complications and 4 of them had complications during the course of the infection. The manifestations were: fever (mean 6 days, range 3-10), digestive symptoms 10 and mucocutaneous 7. Five of them presented a Kawasaki-like disease and 2 of them shock. SARS CoV-2 infection was confirmed by PCR in 6 cases, serology in 4 and antigenic test in 2. Eight of them received treatment in moderate care and 4 of them in intensive care: immunoglobulin 9, corticosteroids 11, heparin 7 and acetylsalicylic acid 7. Two of them presented dilated arteries coronary , valvular alterations 2, decreased LVEF 2 and pericardial effusion 2. All progressed favorably. Conclusions: in these centers, the first cases of SIMS-Ped S coincided with the peak incidence of COVID-19 in the country. Post-infectious forms predominated in schoolchildren who showed digestive manifestations. This study may contribute to the recognition of this entity and to the adaptation of national management algorithms.


Introdução: em março de 2021, foi registrado no Uruguai um pico de incidência da COVID-19 e um aumento dos casos da infecção pediátrica. Objetivo: descrever as características clínicas, tratamento e evolução de uma série de crianças menores de 15 anos com SIM-Ped S internadas em dois centros de saúde. Metodologia: estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, de crianças internadas entre 1/3 e 31/6 de 2021 que preencheram os critérios diagnósticos da OMS para o SIM-Ped. Foram analisadas variáveis clínicas e para-clinicas, tratamento e evolução. Resultados: foram incluídas 12 crianças, com idade média de 7 anos (22 meses-10 anos). Oito delas apresentaram complicações pós-infecciosas e 4 delas durante o curso da infecção. As manifestações foram: febre (média de 6 dias, intervalo 3-10), digestivas 10 e mucocutânea 7. Cinco delas apresentaram doença de Kawasaki-like e 2 delas sofreram Shock. A infecção por SARS CoV-2 foi confirmada por PCR em 6, sorologia em 4 e teste antigênico em 2. Oito delas receberam tratamento em cuidados moderados e 4 delas em cuidados intensivos: imunoglobulina 9, corticosteroides 11, heparina 7 e ácido acetilsalicílico 7. Duas delas apresentaram artérias coronárias dilatadas 2, alterações valvares 2, diminuição da FEVE 2 e derrame pericárdico 2. Todas evoluíram favoravelmente. Conclusões: nesses centros, os primeiros casos de SIMS-Ped S coincidiram com um pico de incidência de COVID-19 no país. As formas pós-infecciosas predominaram em escolares com manifestações digestivas. Este estudo pode contribuir para o reconhecimento desta entidade e adaptar algoritmos nacionais de gestão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/complications , COVID-19/complications , Heparin/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Receptors, Glucocorticoid/therapeutic use , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/diagnosis , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/drug therapy , Digestive System Diseases/etiology , Digestive System Diseases/drug therapy , Antipyretics/therapeutic use , Fever/etiology , Fever/drug therapy , Symptom Assessment , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/etiology , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/drug therapy
5.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 952023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1515285

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades raras conforman las afecciones de baja prevalencia que asociadas a los medicamentos huérfanos representan un problema sanitario y social mundial. Objetivo: Revisar los aspectos más sobresalientes relacionados con las enfermedades raras, con una visión gastroenterológica, y su repercusión en la infancia. Métodos: Se realizaron búsquedas no estructuradas de publicaciones en español e inglés en PubMed, Google Scholar, Scimago, SciELO, desde enero 2010 hasta agosto 2021. Se usaron los términos: enfermedades raras, conceptualización, prevalencia, epidemiología, medicamentos huérfanos y ética. Análisis y síntesis de la información: Se revisaron las enfermedades raras en la infancia, criterios conceptuales, epidemiología global, enfermedades más reconocidas con énfasis en gastroenterología. Se destacó la prevalencia, vínculo genético, importancia social, dilema diagnóstico y categorías; repercusión de los tratamientos con medicamentos huérfanos, sus costos y problemas éticos. Se resaltó la incidencia de enfermedades digestivas y el valor de la endoscopia y la biopsia en el diagnóstico. Conclusiones: Se documentaron las enfermedades raras en la infancia, y se analizaron como problema mundial, sanitario y social. El desarrollo de la técnica y de la ciencia, resultaron contribuciones decisivas que variaron criterios sobre diferentes afecciones catalogadas como raras(AU)


Introduction: Rare diseases are the conditions of low prevalence associated with orphan drugs and they represent a global health and social problem. Objective: To review the most outstanding aspects related to rare diseases, with a gastroenterological view, and their impact on childhood. Methods: Unstructured searches for publications in Spanish and English in PubMed, Google Scholar, Scimago, SciELO were conducted, from January 2010 to August 2021. The terms rare diseases, conceptualization, prevalence, epidemiology, orphan drugs and ethics were used. Analysis and synthesis of information: Rare diseases in childhood, conceptual criteria, global epidemiology, and the most well-known diseases with emphasis on gastroenterology were reviewed. Prevalence, genetic link, social importance, diagnostic dilemma and categories, also the impact of orphan drug treatments, their costs and ethical problems were highlighted. The incidence of digestive diseases and the value of endoscopy and biopsy in diagnosis were highlighted. Conclusions: Rare diseases in childhood were documented and analyzed as a global health and social problem. The development of technique and science were decisive contributions that varied criteria on different conditions classified as rare(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Concept Formation , Rare Diseases/drug therapy , Rare Diseases/epidemiology , Biopsy , Digestive System Diseases/epidemiology , Endoscopy/economics
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529123

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the relationship between the quality of life and work ability related to the oral health status of patients with chronic liver diseases. Material and Methods: The sample size contains all patients referred to the internal ward of Afzalipour and Bahonar hospitals due to chronic liver disease from 2019 to 2020. Patient selection was based on a simple census and a questionnaire that contained characteristics information of the patient, Work Ability Index questionnaire and SF-36 questionnaire were completed by the patients and some information was extracted from medical file. The SF-36 questionnaire assesses the quality of life in two general dimensions (physical health and mental health) with the physical function subscale. DMFT, Gingival index, and Periodontal disease index are used to evaluate the severity and extent of gingivitis and periodontitis. For data analysis, ANOVA, Spearman correlation coefficients were used and the significant level was p<0.05. Results: a total of 108 patients were examined. The mean age of participants was 41.2 ± 4.3 years. The DMFT index in patients was also reported as 22.6 ± 7.35. Also, 32.4% of people described their ability to do work as poor, 21.3% as good, and 7.4% as excellent. Patients with poor or moderate workability reported a higher index of DMFT. Among the participants, 61 and 21 patients had gingivitis and periodontitis, respectively. Mean results of total SF-36 indices were reported at a low level in patients with increased DMFT and gum diseases. Patients with poor or moderate workability had a higher index of DMFT. There was a significant relationship between these two variables (p=0.001). However, they were not significantly associated with periodontitis. Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between the SF-36 index, the ability to work and the type of liver disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Quality of Life/psychology , Oral Health/education , Digestive System Diseases/pathology , Psychological Well-Being/psychology , Periodontal Index , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric
7.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 29(4)oct.-dic. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536218

ABSTRACT

Autoimmune pancreatitis is a characteristic manifestation of the spectrum of the disease related to IgG4, a rare autoimmune disorder that presents clinically with obstructive jaundice due to the infiltration of plasma cells and fibrosis in the pancreas. There may be other symptoms in case of involvement of other organs, and in very rare cases there is hematological involvement. We present the case of an adult man with signs of cholestasis secondary to type I autoimmune pancreatitis, with involvement of other organs and associated with thrombocytopenia that improved with systemic corticosteroid-based immunosuppressive treatment, after which the patient showed favorable clinical and analytical evolution over time.


La pancreatitis autoimmune es una manifestación característica del espectro de la enfermedad relacionada con IgG4, trastorno raro de tipo autoinmune que se presenta clínicamente con ictericia obstructiva debido a la infiltración de células plasmáticas y fibrosis en el páncreas; puede presentarse con otra sintomatología en caso de afectación de otros órganos y en muy raras ocasiones hay compromiso hematológico. Se presenta el caso de un hombre adulto con signos de colestasis secundaria a una pancreatitis autoinmune tipo i, con compromiso de otros órganos y asociada con trombocitopenia que mejoró con el tratamiento inmunosupresor a base de corticoide sistémico, luego del cual se observó una evolución favorable en cuanto a la clínica y analítica en el transcurso del tiempo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hemic and Lymphatic Diseases , Immune System Diseases , Pancreatic Diseases , Autoimmune Diseases , Thrombocytopenia , Blood Platelet Disorders , Digestive System Diseases , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease , Autoimmune Pancreatitis , Hematologic Diseases
8.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 1427-1436, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414675

ABSTRACT

A pandemia de COVID-19 se propagou rapidamente pelo mundo, causada pela infecção do novo coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2), que surgiu na China no final de 2019. Apesar da porta de entrada mais comum do agente etiológico ser pelo trato respiratório, evidências demonstram que a doença pode apresentar sintomas extrapulmonares, como os do trato gastrointestinal. Descrever sobre possíveis alterações gastrointestinais ocasionadas em pacientes infectados pelo SARS-CoV-2. Tratou-se de uma revisão bibliográfica, que utilizou artigos científicos disponíveis na íntegra em bases de dados Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Google Acadêmico, Scientific Electronic Library Online, nos meses de abril a outubro de 2021, além de monografias, dissertações, teses e livros. Foram utilizados como descritores as palavras: SARS-CoV-2 e intestino, COVID-19 e intestino, alterações intestinais na COVID-19. Os distúrbios gastrointestinais mais prevalentes são náuseas, vômitos e diarreia e dor abdominal. O papel da microbiota intestinal em influenciar as doenças pulmonares foi bem articulado, devido à existência do eixo intestino-pulmão, a inflamação em um desses órgãos interfere diretamente no perfil inflamatório no outro. Embora ainda não esteja totalmente esclarecido se os sintomas gastrointestinais indicam maior viremia ou um processo fisiopatológico alternativo, observa-se que a presença destes configura um fator de risco para a maior severidade da doença.


The COVID-19 pandemic has spread rapidly around the world, caused by the infection of the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), which emerged in China at the end of 2019. respiratory evidence shows that the disease can present extrapulmonary symptoms, such as those in the gastrointestinal tract. Objective: To describe possible gastrointestinal alterations caused in patients infected by SARS-CoV-2. Methodology: this was a literature review, which used scientific articles available in full in the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Academic Google, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) databases, as well as monographs, dissertations, theses and books. The words used as descriptors were: SARS-CoV-2 and intestine, COVID-19 and intestine, intestinal alterations in COVID-19. Development: The most prevalent gastrointestinal disorders are nausea, vomiting and diarrhea and abdominal pain. The role of the intestinal microbiota in influencing lung diseases was well articulated, due to the existence of the gut- lung axis, inflammation in one of these organs directly interfering with the inflammatory profile in the other. Conclusion: Although it is not yet fully understood whether the gastrointestinal symptoms


La pandemia COVID-19 se ha extendido rápidamente por todo el mundo, causada por la infección del nuevo coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), que surgió en China a finales de 2019. Las evidencias respiratorias muestran que la enfermedad puede presentar síntomas extrapulmonares, como los del tracto gastrointestinal. Objetivo: Describir las posibles alteraciones gastrointestinales causadas en pacientes infectados por SARS-CoV-2. Metodología: se trató de una revisión bibliográfica, que utilizó artículos científicos disponibles en su totalidad en las bases de datos Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Academic Google, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), así como monografías, disertaciones, tesis y libros. Las palabras utilizadas como descriptores fueron: SARS-CoV-2 e intestino, COVID-19 e intestino, alteraciones intestinales en COVID-19. Desarrollo: Las alteraciones gastrointestinales más prevalentes son náuseas, vómitos y diarrea y dolor abdominal. Se articuló bien el papel de la microbiota intestinal en la influencia de las enfermedades pulmonares, debido a la existencia del eje intestino-pulmón, la inflamación en uno de estos órganos interfiere directamente en el perfil inflamatorio del otro. Conclusiones: Aunque aún no se comprenda del todo si los síntomas gastrointestinales indican una mayor viremia o un proceso fisiopatológico alternativo, se observa que su presencia es un factor de riesgo para la mayor gravedad de la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Digestive System Diseases/pathology , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Diarrhea/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/virology
9.
Acta pediátr. hondu ; 13(1): 1306-1311, abr.-sept. 2022. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1551347

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: Los pólipos colorrectales son la causa más frecuente de hemorragia de tubo digestivo bajo no anemizante. Se presen- ta en el 3-4% de la población menor de 21 años. Objetivo: Describir las características clíni- cas, endoscópicas e histológicas de los pacien- tes pediátricos con pólipos colorrectales atendi- dos en el periodo enero del 2021- agosto 2022. Pacientes y metodología: Estudio descriptivo, ana- lítico, retrospectivo, de corte transversal, realizado en 93 pacientes que cumplían los criterios de inclu- sión. Se empleó muestreo no probabilístico a conve- niencia, utilizando un instrumento tipo formulario. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino, raza mes- tiza, edad entre 5-10 años y la procedencia urbana. El principal motivo de consulta fue el sangrado diges- tivo bajo, que junto al prolapso del pólipo fueron los dos síntomas gastrointestinales referidos. Endoscópica- mente lo más frecuente fue encontrar de 1-4 pólipos, de localización rectal, aspecto sésil. La polipectomía demostró ser un procedimiento seguro. El pólipo infla- matorio constituyó el reporte histológico más frecuente. * Médico Residente de tercer año de Pediatría, Escuela Universitaria de las Ciencias de la Salud, UNAH-VS ** Asesor Clínico ­Subespecialidad en Gastroenterología Pediátrica *** Asesor metodológico-Neumólogo pediatra, Máster en Investigación médica Correspondencia enviar a: Dr. Daniel Almazán, E-mail: dr.daniel.almazan@gmail.com Fecha de entrega: 20/09/2022 Fecha de aprobado 27/09/2022 Conclusiones: Los pólipos colorrectales deben ser el primer diagnóstico sospechado en pacientes pe- diátricos con sangrado digestivo bajo no asociado a diarrea ni estreñimiento. La referencia temprana al gastroenterólogo pediatra ayuda a la pronta me- joría de la calidad de vida del paciente; y encontra- mos que actualmente se realiza tardíamente. No se encontró relación estadísticamente significativa en- tre la edad, sexo, aspecto y diagnóstico del pólipo...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Colonic Polyps/diagnosis , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Rectal Prolapse , Digestive System Diseases
10.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 29(2): 137-144, Apr.-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423917

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT HTLV-1 is a retrovirus that has an impact on human health due to its T-lymphocyte tropism. It occurs worldwide, but is more prevalent in tropical regions. Although most infected individuals will remain asymptomatic, the infection may manifest with complications such as uveitis, myelopathy, and leukemia, among others. The diagnosis is a chieved by the detection of anti-HTLV antibodies and a confirmatory test (Western Blot or proviral load). Although there is no specific treatment, medical treatments are aimed towards the management of secondary diseases. Three cases are described of pediatric patients diagnosed with HTLV-1 infection and associated autoimmune manifestations.


RESUMEN El virus linfotrópico humano de células T tipo I (HTLV-1) es un retrovirus que causa impacto en la salud del ser humano debido al tropismo para infectar a linfocitos T. Está distribuido mundialmente, pero es más prevalente en regiones tropicales. La mayoría de las personas afectadas permanecen asintomáticas, sin embargo, al manifestarse puede causar complicaciones como uveítis, mielopatía y leucemia, entre otras. Su diagnóstico se hace mediante la determinación de anticuerpos anti-HTLV y prueba confirmatoria (Western Blot o carga proviral). No tiene tratamiento específico, las medidas están dirigidas a la prevención y el manejo de las afecciones secundarias. Se describen tres pacientes en edad pediátrica con diagnóstico de infección por HTLV-1 y manifestaciones autoinmunes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child , Oncogenic Viruses , Retroviridae , Viruses , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Crohn Disease , Digestive System Diseases , Gastrointestinal Diseases
11.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 350-353, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928612

ABSTRACT

After nearly 40 years of development, digestive endoscopy in children has been widely applied, and it has helped to expand the spectrum of pediatric digestive system diseases and greatly improve the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric digestive system diseases. Pediatric digestive endoscopy has become a subject. However, there are some problems such as the unbalanced development of pediatric digestive endoscopy across China, the lack of homogeneity in diagnosis and treatment system, the tendency of adult-oriented diagnosis and treatment techniques, and the localization of training quality, which affect the standardized and healthy development of pediatric digestive endoscopy. The diagnosis and treatment with digestive endoscopy in children should adhere to both pediatric characteristics and technological innovation to propose the concept of comfort, emphasize the importance of standardization (including the space and process for endoscopic diagnosis and treatment, perioperative evaluation, training mode, and access qualification), standardize the minimally invasive techniques, and develop artificial intelligence. It is of great importance to formulate related consensus statements and guidelines on the basis of medical safety and the features of the growth and development of children, so as to achieve the high-quality development of pediatric digestive endoscopy, effectively improve the diagnosis and treatment levels of pediatric digestive endoscopy, and bring benefits to more pediatric patients.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Artificial Intelligence , China , Consensus , Digestive System Diseases/diagnosis , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal
12.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 42: e06765, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1487684

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to describe the clinical and pathological aspects of diseases of the digestive system in agoutis (Dasyprocta leporina Linnaeus, 1758) diagnosed by the "Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária" (Veterinary Pathology Laboratory) of the "Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido" (UFERSA), from January 2018 to February 2020. During the study period, necropsy and a survey of the clinical history of 27 agoutis were performed, 25.93% (7/27) of which were diagnosed with digestive system diseases. The percentages of digestive tract diseases among the diagnosed were: acute carbohydrate overload (11.12%), gastric ulcer (7.41%), gastric volvulus (3.70%), and intestinal volvulus (3.70%). Studies on the occurrence rate of these diseases, as well as the description of their clinical and anatomopathological aspects, may serve as a basis for guiding the appropriate management in the breeding of these animals.


O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever os aspectos clínicos e patológicos das doenças do aparelho digestivo em cutias (Dasyprocta leporina Linnaeus, 1758) diagnosticadas pelo Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária da Universidade Federal Rural do Semiárido (UFERSA), de janeiro 2018 a fevereiro de 2020. Durante o período do estudo, foram realizadas necropsias e levantamento da história clínica de 27 cutias, sendo 25,93% (7/27) diagnosticadas com doenças do aparelho digestivo. Os percentuais de doenças do aparelho digestivo foram: sobrecarga aguda de carboidratos (11,12%), úlcera gástrica (7,41%), vólvulo gástrico (3,70%) e vólvulo intestinal (3,70%). Estudos sobre a taxa de ocorrência dessas doenças, bem como a descrição de seus aspectos clínicos e anatomopatológicos, podem servir de base para orientar o manejo adequado na criação dessa espécie.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dasyproctidae , Digestive System Diseases/pathology , Diet, Carbohydrate Loading/mortality , Stomach Volvulus/pathology , Intestinal Volvulus/pathology , Stomach Ulcer/pathology
13.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 42: e06765, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1356552

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to describe the clinical and pathological aspects of diseases of the digestive system in agoutis (Dasyprocta leporina Linnaeus, 1758) diagnosed by the "Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária" (Veterinary Pathology Laboratory) of the "Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido" (UFERSA), from January 2018 to February 2020. During the study period, necropsy and a survey of the clinical history of 27 agoutis were performed, 25.93% (7/27) of which were diagnosed with digestive system diseases. The percentages of digestive tract diseases among the diagnosed were: acute carbohydrate overload (11.12%), gastric ulcer (7.41%), gastric volvulus (3.70%), and intestinal volvulus (3.70%). Studies on the occurrence rate of these diseases, as well as the description of their clinical and anatomopathological aspects, may serve as a basis for guiding the appropriate management in the breeding of these animals.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever os aspectos clínicos e patológicos das doenças do aparelho digestivo em cutias (Dasyprocta leporina Linnaeus, 1758) diagnosticadas pelo Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária da Universidade Federal Rural do Semiárido (UFERSA), de janeiro 2018 a fevereiro de 2020. Durante o período do estudo, foram realizadas necropsias e levantamento da história clínica de 27 cutias, sendo 25,93% (7/27) diagnosticadas com doenças do aparelho digestivo. Os percentuais de doenças do aparelho digestivo foram: sobrecarga aguda de carboidratos (11,12%), úlcera gástrica (7,41%), vólvulo gástrico (3,70%) e vólvulo intestinal (3,70%). Estudos sobre a taxa de ocorrência dessas doenças, bem como a descrição de seus aspectos clínicos e anatomopatológicos, podem servir de base para orientar o manejo adequado na criação dessa espécie.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Digestive System Diseases/pathology , Dasyproctidae , Stomach Ulcer/pathology , Stomach Volvulus/pathology , Intestinal Volvulus/pathology , Diet, Carbohydrate Loading/mortality
14.
Hepatología ; 3(2): 129-130, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1395919

ABSTRACT

La infección por el virus SARS-CoV-2 ha cambiado para todos y especialmente para nosotros, el personal de la salud, la cara del mundo que hasta entonces conocíamos. Todo esto nos ha impulsado a los médicos de las diferentes especialidades a trabajar de manera articulada y a compartir información a una velocidad vertiginosa. El compromiso de los diferentes órganos ha obligado a atender a los pacientes de manera multidiscipli- naria, y a colaborarnos entre todos para entender las expresiones clínicas, bioquímicas y de imagen de los nuevos y diferentes síndromes [1].


The SARS-CoV-2 virus infection has changed for everyone and especially for we, the health personnel, the face of the world that we knew until then. All this has prompted us doctors from the different specialties to work articulated manner and share information at breakneck speed. Commitment of the different organs has forced to care for patients in a multidisciplinary way. and to collaborate with each other to understand the clinical, biochemical and imaging of new and different syndromes [1].


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Digestive System Diseases , Infections
15.
Hepatología ; 3(2): 143-154, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1396059

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad COVID-19, causada por el coronavirus tipo 2 (SARS-CoV-2), ha tenido un gran impacto en la salud a nivel mundial. A pesar de considerarse una enfermedad principalmente respiratoria, el virus SARS-CoV-2 también es responsable de otro tipo de manifestaciones extrapulmonares, como son las enfermedades hepatobiliares. En esta revisión se describen los posibles mecanismos de patogénesis implicados en la lesión hepática causada por el SARS-CoV-2. Adicionalmente, se analiza la relación entre COVID-19 y la enfermedad hepática crónica, las implicaciones que tiene en el carcinoma hepatocelular y en el trasplante hepático, así como las recomendaciones para la vacunación contra el SARS-CoV-2 en los pacientes afectados por enfermedad hepática. Por último, se proponen algunas estrategias para superar el reto al que se enfrenta el médico en el manejo delos pacientes con enfermedades hepatobiliares y COVID-19.


COVID-19, caused by the type 2 coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), has had a major impact on health worldwide. Despite being mainly a respiratory disease, the SARS-CoV-2 virus is also responsible for other types of extrapulmonary manifestations, such as hepatobiliary diseases. This review describes the possible mechanisms of pathogenesis involved in liver injury caused by SARS-CoV-2, the relationship between COVID-19 and chronic liver disease, the effects that it has on hepatocellular carcinoma and liver transplantation, as well as the recommendations for vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 in patients affected by liver disease. Finally, some strategies are suggested to overcome the challenge faced by the clinician in the management of patients with hepatobiliary disease and COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Liver Diseases , Vaccination , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Digestive System Diseases , Liver
16.
Odontoestomatol ; 24(39): 1-19, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY-Odon, BNUY | ID: biblio-1370330

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad por coronavirus es una infección respiratoria causada por el virus SARS-CoV 2, el cual genera una cascada de eventos sistémicos, afectando diferentes órganos y tejidos. El entendimiento de la fisiopatología del COVID-19 es indispensable no solo al momento de brindar tratamiento a los pacientes, sino que también para comprender las causas de las complicaciones que presentan un número importante de pacientes recuperados. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar una revisión actualizada de los efectos de la infección en diferentes órganos y sistemas principales que sea de utilidad como material de referencia para profesionales y estudiantes de la salud. Para ello se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en los portales PubMED, Scielo, Google Scholar, Cochrane y Springer Link, así como en las bases de repositorios científicos pre-publicación bioRxiv ("bioarchives") y medRxiv ("med-archives") y sobre un total de cerca de 200 mil artículos, se seleccionaron 100 artículos para esta revisión en base a su relevancia o sugerencias de parte de profesionales especializados.


Coronavirus disease is a respiratory infection caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which causes a cascade of systemic events, affecting various organs and tissues. Understanding the pathophysiology of COVID-19 is essential to treat patients and understand the causes of the complications in a significant number of recovered patients. This article presents a review of the effects of infection on various organs and systems that will be useful as reference material for healthcare professionals and medical students. To this end, a literature search was conducted in PubMED, Scielo, Google Scholar, Cochrane, and Springer Link portals, as well as in the pre-publication scientific repositories bioRxiv ("bioarchives") and medRxiv ("med-archives") databases. From about 200,000 papers, 100 articles were selected for this review based on their relevance or suggestions from experts in the field.


A doença coronavírus é uma infecção respiratória causada pelo vírus SARS-CoV-2, que gera uma cascata de eventos sistêmicos, afetando diferentes órgãos e tecidos. Compreender a fisiopatologia da COVID-19 é essencial não apenas no tratamento de pacientes, mas também para compreender as causas das complicações que um número significativo de pacientes recuperados apresenta. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar uma revisão atualizada dos efeitos da infecção em diferentes órgãos e principais sistemas que seja útil como material de referência para profissionais de saúde e estudantes. Para isso, foi realizada uma pesquisa bibliográfica nos portais PubMED, Scielo, Google Scholar, Cochrane e Springer Link, bem como nos repositórios científicos de pré-publicação bioRxiv ("bioarquivos") e medRxiv ("arquivos med"). Num total de cerca de 200 mil artigos, 100 artigos foram selecionados para esta revisão por sua relevância ou sugestões de profissionais especializados.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/physiopathology , Pulmonary Alveoli/physiopathology , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Central Nervous System Diseases/physiopathology , Digestive System Diseases/physiopathology , Endocrine System Diseases/physiopathology , SARS-CoV-2/metabolism , COVID-19/epidemiology , Mouth Diseases/physiopathology
17.
Sudan j. med. sci ; 17(3): 377-386, 2022. tales, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1398225

ABSTRACT

Hepatobiliary surgery through laparoscopic approach is becoming a routine. Knowledge of extrahepatic arterial tree is essential for surgical and imaging procedures. Anatomical complexity is expected since the liver is developed by mergingof lobules with its separate blood supply. This makes a wide range of variations in the pattern of vascular arrangement and so reinforces the need for an accurate understanding of full spectrum of variations. This study aimed to investigate the variations in origin and distribution of extrahepatic arterial supply. Fifty volunteers (32 males and 18 females) aged 20­70 years were randomly recruited from the department of CT scan in Al Amal Hospital, Khartoum North, Sudan. The patients were already candidates for CT angiography with contrast for conditions other than hepatobiliary diseases. The reported data is related to those who accepted to participate in the study. Patients with history of hepatobiliary disease were excluded. 3D views of the scans were treated and the extrahepatic arterial tree was traced in a computer-based software. Key findings suggest that Michel's classification was considered the standard template for description ­ 76% of them showed Michel's type I classification. Types III and V constituted about 2%. About 4% of the cases were represented by types VI and IX. Other types of variations constituted about 12%. To conclude, although type I classification which describes the textbook pattern of hepatic artery distribution was significantly detected among the Sudanese population, other variants were to be considered since they are related to major arteries like aorta and superior mesenteric.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Hepatic Artery , Liver Diseases , Periodicity , Digestive System Diseases , Computed Tomography Angiography
18.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(1): e663, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156366

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El pronóstico de morir por sangrado digestivo permite individualizar el tratamiento y disminuir la letalidad. Objetivos: Identificar los factores pronósticos de mortalidad por sangramiento digestivo no variceal en pacientes graves. Métodos: Se estudiaron casos y controles en pacientes ingresados en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital Docente Clínico Quirúrgico Joaquín Albarrán Domínguez entre el 1ro de enero 2018 al 31 de diciembre de 2019. El universo estuvo constituido por 1060 pacientes, se seleccionaron 154 pacientes (137 controles y 17 casos). Se aplicó el Chi cuadrado y el Odds ratio (IC= 95 por ciento). Resultados: Del total de pacientes estudiados, 11,3 por ciento fallecieron, la edad promedio fue 69 ± 11,58 (grupo control) y 75± 11,42 (grupo casos). Las alteraciones del equilibrio ácido-base tuvieron 7,4 riesgo de morir con (IC 95 por ciento 2,5-21,9), la hipoxia 1,1 (IC 95 por ciento 0,41-3,2), las variaciones del potasio 4,9 (IC 95 por ciento 1,54-16,1), hiperlactemia 16,9 (IC 95 por ciento 5,3-52,0), las desviaciones del sodio 6,5 (IC 95 % 0,8-51,4). Con ventilación mecánica 2,17 (IC 95 por ciento 0,6-7,0), el apoyo de aminas vasoactivas 16,9 (IC 95 por ciento5,30-52,0), la trasfusión de glóbulos rojos, 11,7 (IC 95 por ciento 3,1-4,3) y con tratamiento dialítico 47,5 (IC 95 por ciento 8,6-258.0), las complicaciones 3,4 (IC 95 por ciento 1,15-10,4). El tratamiento endoscópico fue 93,5 por ciento de grupo control y 41,3 por ciento del grupo de casos, con OR en 0,04 (IC 95 por ciento 0,01-0,15). Conclusiones: Los factores pronósticos identificados fueron: alteraciones del pH, del sodio, el potasio, elevación del lactato, la ventilación mecánica, transfusiones más de 250 mL de glóbulos rojos, apoyo de aminas vasoactivas, tratamiento dialítico, y complicaciones relacionadas con el sangrado. El tratamiento endoscópico fue un factor de protección(AU)


Introduction: The prognosis of dying from digestive bleeding allows individualizing treatment and reducing mortality. Objectives: To identify the prognostic factors of mortality due to nonvariceal gastrointestinal bleeding in seriously-ill patients. Methods: Cases and controls were studied in patients admitted to the intensive care unit of Joaquín Albarrán Domínguez Clinical-Surgical Teaching Hospital, between January 1, 2018 and December 31, 2019. The universe consisted of 1060 patients, 154 of which were selected to make up the sample (137 controls and 17 cases). Chi-square and odds ratio (CI: 95 percent) were applied. Results: Of the total of patients studied, 11.3 percent died, the average age was 69±11.58 (control group) and 75±11.42 (case group). Alterations in acid-base balance accounted for 7.4 as risk of dying (CI: 95 percent; 2.5-21.9), hypoxia accounted for 1.1 (CI: 95 percent; 0.41-3.2), variations in potassium accounted for 4.9 (CI: 95 percent; 1.54-16.1), hyperlacthemia accounted for 16.9 (CI: 95 percent; 5.3-52.0), and sodium deviations accounted for 6.5 (CI: 95 percent; 0.8-51, 4), mechanical ventilation accounted for 2.17 (CI: 95 percent; 0.6-7.0), vasoactive amines support accounted for 16.9 (CI: 95 percent; 5.30-52.0), red blood cell transfusion accounted for 11.7 (CI: 95 percent; 3.1-4.3), dialysis treatment accounted for 47.5 (CI: 95 percent; 8.6-258.0), and complications accounted for 3.4 (CI: 95 percent; 1.15-10.4). Endoscopic treatment was 93.5 percent in the control group and 41.3 percent in the case group, with odds ratio at 0.04 (CI: 95 percent; 0.01-0.15). Conclusions: The prognostic factors identified were alterations in pH, sodium, potassium, elevated lactate, mechanical ventilation, transfusions of more than 250 mL of red blood cells, vasoactive amine support, dialysis treatment, and complications related to bleeding. Endoscopic treatment was a protective factor(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Digestive System Diseases/mortality , Digestive System Diseases/blood , Hemorrhage/complications , Prognosis , Case-Control Studies
19.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 395-399, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878376

ABSTRACT

Climate change has been referred to as one of the greatest threats to human health, with reports citing likely increases in extreme meteorological events. In this study, we estimated the relationships between temperature and outpatients at a major hospital in Qingdao, China, during 2015-2017, and assessed the morbidity burden. The results showed that both low and high temperatures were associated with an increased risk of outpatient visits. High temperatures were responsible for more morbidity than low temperatures, with an attributed fraction (AF) of 16.86%. Most temperature-related burdens were attributed to moderate cold and hot temperatures, with AFs of 5.99% and 14.44%, respectively, with the young (0-17) and male showing greater susceptibility. The results suggest that governments should implement intervention measures to reduce the adverse effects of non-optimal temperatures on public health-especially in vulnerable groups.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , China/epidemiology , Cold Temperature/adverse effects , Cost of Illness , Digestive System Diseases/therapy , Facilities and Services Utilization/statistics & numerical data , Hot Temperature/adverse effects , Poisson Distribution , Respiratory Tract Diseases/therapy , Risk Factors
20.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06845, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1279540

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate laparoscopy with abdominal ultrasound exams to establish accurate diagnosis and prognosis. The experimental design was a prospective clinical study. Nine adult crossbred bovines suffering from abdominal disorders were admitted to the cattle clinic for clinical examinations. Abdominal ultrasound was carried out, and complete blood counts were performed. Subsequently, exploratory laparoscopy was performed. After surgery (exploratory laparoscopy on the right or left side), animals with a severe prognosis or untreatable clinical condition were euthanised and necropsied. During laparoscopy, circumscribed reticuloperitonitis could not be detected, nor could other abnormalities in the cranioventral region of the abdomen previously observed on ultrasound and confirmed during necropsy. However, alterations due to peritoneal damage, such as adhesions, were observed dorsally in addition to alterations in macroscopic aspects of the peritoneal fluid. Exploratory standing laparoscopy through the paralumbar fossae may constitute a supplementary procedure for diagnosing abdominal disorders in cattle, but it is not suitable in cases of diseases characterised by focal lesions concentrated in the cranioventral region of the abdomen. When associated with clinical, laboratory, and ultrasound examinations, this technique may improve the accurate diagnosis and prognosis of abdominal disorders in cattle.(AU)


Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a laparoscopia com exames de ultrassom abdominal para estabelecer um diagnóstico e prognóstico precisos. O desenho experimental foi um estudo clínico prospectivo. Nove bovinos adultos mestiços com distúrbios abdominais foram utilizados. Os bovinos admitidos na Clínica de Bovinos foram submetidos a exame clínico, adicionalmente foram realizadas hemograma e ultrassonografia abdominal. Posteriormente, foi realizada laparoscopia exploratória. Após a cirurgia (laparoscopia exploratória no lado direito ou esquerdo), nove animais com manifestações clínicas graves e intratáveis foram sacrificados e necropsiados. Durante a laparoscopia, não foi possível detectar reticuloperitonite circunscrita, bem como outras anormalidades na região crânio-ventral do abdome, previamente observadas na ultrassonografia e confirmadas durante a necropsia. No entanto, alterações devido a dano peritoneal, como aderências, foram observadas dorsalmente. É possível que a laparoscopia exploratória em apoio quadrupedal através da fossa paralombar constitua um procedimento complementar para o diagnóstico de distúrbios abdominais em bovinos, embora não seja adequado em casos de doenças caracterizadas por lesões focais concentradas na região cranioventral do abdome. Quando associada a exames clínicos, laboratoriais e de ultrassom, essa técnica pode melhorar o diagnóstico e prognóstico preciso dos distúrbios abdominais em bovinos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cattle/abnormalities , Ultrasonography/veterinary , Laparoscopy/veterinary , Signs and Symptoms , Digestive System Diseases/diagnosis
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