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1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0010, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360918

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Ophthalmologic complications of nonocular surgeries are rare events, but can lead to irreversible conditions of low visual acuity. They are often associated with spine, heart and neck surgery, however they can occur after procedures on other systems. The main local causes are ischemic optic neuropathies, vascular occlusions, cortical lesions, and acute angle-closure glaucoma. We report two cases of sudden low visual acuity secondary to vascular occlusions after gastrointestinal procedures. In the first case, a 57-year-old patient electively admitted for colon reconstruction after Hartmann's colostomy, progressed with intra- and postoperative complications and required subsequent complementary surgeries. Once month later he presented with sudden bilateral low visual acuity, painless and non-altitudinal, and was diagnosed as papillophlebitis, which resolved spontaneously with the progression of the condition. The second case, a 69-year-old patient with no comorbidities underwent rectal resection due to suspected malignant tumor, and progressed on the third postoperative day, with pain and bilateral low visual acuity secondary to acute angle-closure glaucoma, and branch retinal artery occlusion in right eye; treated with iridotomy and ocular hypotensive eye drops, with only slight recovery of vision. The article aims to discuss the etiological mechanisms of the reported conditions and present a literature review.


RESUMO Complicações oftalmológicas de cirurgias não oculares são raras, mas podem levar a condições irreversíveis de baixa acuidade visual. Em geral são associadas à cirurgia de coluna, coração ou pescoço, mas podem ocorrer após procedimentos em outros sistemas. As principais causas são neuropatias ópticas isquêmicas, oclusões vasculares, lesões corticais, e glaucoma agudo de ângulo fechado. Relatamos dois casos de baixa acuidade visual súbita, secundária a oclusões vasculares, após procedimentos cirúrgicos gastrointestinais. No primeiro caso, um paciente de 57 anos foi internado de forma eletiva para reconstrução do cólon após colostomia de Hartmann. Evoluiu com complicações nos períodos intra- e pós-operatório, e necessitou de outras cirurgias complementares. Um mês depois apresentou baixa acuidade visual bilateral súbita, indolor e não altitudinal, e foi diagnosticado como papiloflebite, com resolução espontânea na evolução. O segundo caso, uma paciente de 69 anos, sem comorbidades, foi submetida à ressecção do reto por suspeita de tumor maligno e, no terceiro dia de pós-operatório, evoluiu com dor e baixa acuidade visual bilateral, secundária a glaucoma agudo de ângulo fechado, e oclusão de ramo da artéria retiniana no olho direito; tratada com iridotomia e colírios hipotensores, com recuperação parcial da visão. O objetivo do artigo é discutir os mecanismos etiológicos das doenças relatadas, e apresentar uma revisão da literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Retinal Vein Occlusion/etiology , Retinal Artery Occlusion/etiology , Postoperative Complications , Retinal Vein Occlusion/diagnosis , Retinal Artery Occlusion/diagnosis , Visual Acuity , Intraocular Pressure
2.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(3): e1546, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152618

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The Hartmann procedure remains the treatment of choice for most surgeons for the urgent surgical treatment of perforated diverticulitis; however, it is associated with high rates of ostomy non-reversion and postoperative morbidity. Aim: To study the results after the Hartmann vs. resection with primary anastomosis, with or without ileostomy, for the treatment of perforated diverticulitis with purulent or fecal peritonitis (Hinchey grade III or IV), and to compare the advantages between the two forms of treatment. Method: Systematic search in the literature of observational and randomized articles comparing resection with primary anastomosis vs. Hartmann's procedure in the emergency treatment of perforated diverticulitis. Analyze as primary outcomes the mortality after the emergency operation and the general morbidity after it. As secondary outcomes, severe morbidity after emergency surgery, rates of non-reversion of the ostomy, general and severe morbidity after reversion. Results: There were no significant differences between surgical procedures for mortality, general morbidity and severe morbidity. However, the differences were statistically significant, favoring primary anastomosis in comparison with the Hartmann procedure in the outcome rates of stoma non-reversion, general morbidity and severe morbidity after reversion. Conclusion: Primary anastomosis is a good alternative to the Hartmann procedure, with no increase in mortality and morbidity, and with better results in the operation for intestinal transit reconstruction.


RESUMO Racional: O procedimento a Hartmann permanece sendo o tratamento de escolha da maioria dos cirurgiões para o tratamento cirúrgico de urgência da diverticulite perfurada, entretanto está associado com altas taxas de não reversão da ostomia e de morbidade pós-operatória. Objetivo: Estudar os resultados após o procedimento de Hartmann vs. ressecção com anastomose primária, com ou sem ileostomia, para o tratamento da diverticulite perfurada com peritonite purulenta ou fecal (grau de Hinchey III ou IV), e comparar as vantagens entre as duas formas de tratamento. Método: Busca sistemática na literatura de artigos observacionais e randomizados comparando ressecção com anastomose primária vs. procedimento de Hartmann no tratamento de urgência da diverticulite perfurada. Analisar como desfechos primários a mortalidade após a operação de urgência e a morbidade geral após ela; como desfechos secundários, a morbidade severa após a operação de urgência, as taxas de não reversão da ostomia, a morbidade geral e severa após a reversão. Resultados: Não houve diferenças significativas entre os procedimentos cirúrgicos para mortalidade, morbidade geral e morbidade severa. Contudo, as diferenças foram significativas estatisticamente favorecendo anastomose primária na comparação com procedimento de Hartmann nos desfechos taxas de não reversão do estoma, morbidade geral e morbidade severa após reversão. Conclusão: A anastomose primária apresenta-se como boa alternativa ao procedimento de Hartmann, sem aumento de mortalidade e morbidade, e com melhores resultados na operação de reconstrução do trânsito intestinal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritonitis/etiology , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Diverticulitis/surgery , Diverticulitis/complications , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Peritonitis/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Colostomy/adverse effects , Ileostomy/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Diverticulitis/pathology , Intestinal Perforation/pathology
3.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(2): 136-144, abr. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058246

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La dehiscencia anastomótica (DA) es una complicación severa en cirugía colorrectal con una incidencia que oscila entre 2 y 19%. La literatura internacional muestra numerosos estudios sobre la identificación de factores de riesgo (FR), mientras que en la nacional existen solo dos series que analizan esta complicación. OBJETIVO: Realizar una caracterización descriptiva de resultados institucionales y establecer la tasa de DA, sus factores de riesgo asociados y la mortalidad. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Serie de casos no concurrente, cuya muestra son pacientes consecutivos intervenidos de patología colorrectal con anastomosis primaria con o sin ostoma derivativo entre los años 2004 y 2016. Se realiza modelo de regresión logística univariable y multivariable. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvieron 748 pacientes, 50,5% mujeres, media de edad fue 56,2. Las indicaciones quirúrgicas más frecuentes fueron cáncer colorrectal en 381 (50,9%) pacientes y enfermedad diverticular en 163 (21,8%). La DA fue de 5,6% (42/748) y la mortalidad fue de 2% (15/748), siendo de 1% para los electivos (7/681). En el análisis univariado encontramos que los FR que tuvieron significancia estadística fueron la albúmina (p < 0,001), altura anastomosis (p < 0,001), transfusión (p < 0,001), localización (colon derecho > izquierdo) (p = 0,011), mientras que en el análisis multivariado fueron la albúmina (p = 0,002) con un OR 3,64 (IC 95% 1,58-8,35) y transfusión (p = 0,015) con un OR 7,15 (IC 95% 1,46-34,91). CONCLUSIÓN: Nuestra serie es la más grande reportada en Chile, con resultados similares a estudios internacionales y nacionales. Establecemos que la hipoalbuminemia y la presencia de transfusiones intraoperatorias se asocian a alta tasa de DA.


INTRODUCTION: Anastomotic leakage (AL) is a severe complication in colorectal surgery, its incidence ranges from 2 to 19%. In international literature, we found numerous studies on the identification of risk factors (RF), while in the national there are only two series that analyze this complication. AIM: Perform a descriptive characterization of institutional results and establish the AL rate, its associated risk factors and mortality. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Non-concurrent series of cases, whose sample is consecutive patients operated for colorectal pathology with primary anastomosis with or without a derivative ostoma between 2004 and 2016. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression model was performed. RESULTS: There were 748 patients, 50.5% women, mean age was 56.2. The most frequent surgical indications were colorectal cancer in 381 (50.9%) patients and diverticular disease in 163 (21.8%). The AL was 5.6% (42/748) and the mortality was 2% (15/748), being 1% for the electives (7/681). In the univariate analysis, we found that the RF that had statistical significance were albumin (p < 0.001), anastomosis height (p < 0.001), transfusion (p < 0.001), location (right colon > left) (p = 0.011), while that in the multivariate analysis were albumin (p = 0.002) with an OR 3.64 (IC 95% 1.58-8.35) and transfusion (p = 0.015) with an OR 7.15 (IC 95% 1.46-34.91). CONLUSION: Our series is the largest reported in Chile, with similar results to international and national studies. We establish that hypoalbuminemia and the presence of intraoperative transfusions are associated with a high rate of AL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/diagnosis , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Colorectal Surgery/adverse effects , Rectum/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/surgery , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/mortality , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Colon/surgery
4.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(2): 178-186, abr. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058253

ABSTRACT

En los últimos 30 años el tratamiento del cáncer del recto ha mejorado significativamente gracias al manejo multidisciplinario y a la introducción del concepto de resección total del mesorrecto (RTM), logrando disminuir las tasas de recidiva local y aumentar la sobrevida. Si bien los avances oncológicos y técnicos en términos de tasas de conservación del esfínter anal son innegables, las secuelas funcionales son significativas, especialmente las relacionadas a la función intestinal, sexual y urinaria. Hasta un 90% de los pacientes sometidos a una RTM refiere secuelas intestinales cuyos síntomas se conocen como el síndrome de la resección anterior baja (SRAB). Recientemente se han diseñado sistemas de valoración específicos que han evidenciado su alta incidencia y prevalencia. En esta revisión se entrega una mirada actualizada de la fisiopatología, factores de riesgo, formas de presentación, evaluación clínica y las distintas alternativas de prevención y tratamiento del SRAB.


In the last 30 years, oncologic outcomes of rectal cancer treatment have been significantly improved due to multimodal management and the introduction of the concept of total mesorectum excision. Although the improvements in oncological treatment and surgical techniques are undeniable, multimodal treatment results in the onset of disorders of the intestinal, sexual and urinary function in a high proportion of these patients. Up to 90% of patients undergoing a low anterior resection refer bowel disorders such as fecal incontinence, urgency, increased frequency and fragmentation of defecation. These elements are included in an entity known as the low anterior resection syndrome and specific assessment tools have been designed recently, evidencing the high incidence and prevalence of this syndrome. In the present review, we update the pathophysiology, risk factors, clinical presentation, evaluation and the alternatives of prevention and treatment of low anterior resection syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Anal Canal/surgery , Anal Canal/physiopathology , Syndrome , Risk Factors , Fecal Incontinence/etiology
5.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(1): e1421, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983670

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Hirschsprung's disease is a congenital disorder that causes functional obstruction of large bowel. Aim: To evaluate complication and bowel function score of children with Hirschsprung's disease who underwent transabdominal Soave's procedure. Methods: In this study all the children with Hirschsprung's disease who underwent transabdominal Soave procedure were evaluated regarding bowel function and complication of trans-abdominal Soave's procedure. Results: Were enrolled 160 children. Enterocolitis and constipation were seen in 15% of the cases. Fecal incontinency was the least frequent study which was seen in 1% of the children. Conclusion: Constipation and enterocolitis was the most frequent complication following transabdominal Soave technique.


RESUMO Racional: A doença de Hirschsprung é um distúrbio congênito que causa obstrução funcional do intestino grosso. Objetivo: Avaliar as complicações e o escore de função intestinal de crianças com a doença submetidas ao procedimento transabdominal de Soave. Métodos: Neste estudo, todas as crianças com doença de Hirschsprung submetidas ao procedimento transabdominal de Soave foram avaliadas quanto à função intestinal e complicação do procedimento. Resultados: Foram incluídas 160 crianças. Enterocolite e constipação foram observadas em 15% dos casos. A incontinência fecal foi menos frequente e observada em 1% das crianças. Conclusão: Obstipação e enterocolite foram as complicações mais frequentes após a técnica de Soave transabdominal em crianças.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Postoperative Complications , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Hirschsprung Disease/surgery
6.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 38(4): 314-319, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975980

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The surgical treatment of anal fistula is complex due to the possibility of fecal incontinence. Fistulotomy and cutting Setons have the same incidence of fecal incontinence depending on the complexity of the fistula. Sphincter-preserving procedures such as anal fistula plug and ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract procedure may result in more recurrence requiring repeated operations. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the outcomes of treating fistula in Ano utilizing two methods: Fistula plug (Gore Bio-A) and ligation of intersphincteric tract (LIFT). Methods: Fifty four patients (33 males; 21 female, median ages 42 [range 32-47] years) with high anal inter-transphenteric fistula were treated with LIFT and fistula plug procedures from September 2011 until August 2016 by a single surgeon and were retrospectively evaluated. All were followed for a median of 23.9 (range 4-54) months with clinical examination. Twenty one patients underwent fistula plug and 33 patients underwent LIFT procedure (4 patients of the LIFT group underwent LIFT and rectal mucosa advancement flap). The healing rate and complications were evaluated clinically and through telephone calls. Results: The mean operative time for the Plug was 25 ± 17 min and for the LIFT was 40 ± 20 min (p = 0.017) and the mean hospital stay was 2.4 ± 1.1 and 1.9 ± 0.3 (p = 0.01) respectively. The early complications of the plug and LIFT procedures included; anal pain (33.3%, 66.6%, p = 0.13), perianal discharge (77.8%, 91%, p = 0.62), anal pruritus (38.9%, 50.0%, p = 0.71) and bleeding per rectum (16.7%, 33.3%, p = 0.39) respectively. The overall mean follow-up was 20.9 ± 16.8 months, p = 0.68. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (21.9 ± 7.5 months, 19.9 ± 16.1 months, p = 0.682). The healing rate was 76.2% (16/21 patients) in the fistula plug group and 81.1% (27/33 patients) in the LIFT group (p = 0.73). Patients who had LIFT procedure and a mucosal advancement flap had 100% healing rate (4 out of 4 patients). No incontinence of stool or feces and no fistula plug expulsion were seen in our patients. The healing time ranged from 1 to 6 months after surgery. There was no post-operative perianal abscess, cellulitis or pain. Conclusions: LIFT and anal plug are safe procedures for patients with primary and recurrent anal fistula. Both techniques showed excellent results in terms of healing and complication rate. None of our patients had incontinence after 5 years follow-up. The best success rate in our patients was seen after LIFT procedure with mucosal advancement flap. Larger and controlled randomized trials are needed for better assessment of treatment options.


RESUMO Introdução: O tratamento cirúrgico da fístula anal é complexo devido à possibilidade de incontinência fecal. A fistulotomia e o seton de corte têm a mesma incidência da incontinência fecal, dependendo da complexidade da fístula. Procedimentos de preservação do esfíncter, como o tampão da fístula anal e o procedimento LIFT (ligadura do trato da fístula interesfincteriana), podem resultar em mais recorrência, exigindo cirurgias repetidas. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar e comparar os desfechos do tratamento da fístula anal utilizando dois métodos: Tampão de fístula (Gore Bio-A) e Ligadura do Trato Interesfincteriano (LIFT). Métodos: Cinquenta e quatro pacientes (33 homens; 21 mulheres, com mediana de idade de 42 [variação 32-47] anos) foram tratados com LIFT e procedimentos com tampão de fístula de setembro de 2011 até agosto de 2016 por um único cirurgião e foram avaliados retrospectivamente. Todos foram acompanhados por uma mediana de 23,9 (variação de 4 a 54) meses com exame clínico. Vinte e um pacientes foram submetidos a tampão de fístula e 33 pacientes foram submetidos ao procedimento LIFT (4 pacientes do grupo LIFT foram submetidos a LIFT e retalho de avanço da mucosa retal). A taxa de cicatrização e as complicações foram avaliadas clinicamente e por meio de ligações telefônicas. Resultados: O tempo cirúrgico médio para o Tampão foi de 25 ± 17 minutos e para o LIFT foi de 40 ± 20 minutos (p = 0,017) e o tempo médio de internação foi de 2,4 ± 1,1 e 1,9 ± 0,3 (p = 0,01), respectivamente. As primeiras complicações dos procedimentos de tampão e LIFT incluíram: dor anal (33,3%, 66,6%, p = 0,13), secreção perianal (77,8%, 91%, p = 0,62), prurido anal (38,9%, 50,0%, p = 0,71) e sangramento pelo reto (16,7%, 33,3 %, p = 0,39) respectivamente. A média geral de acompanhamento foi de 20,9 ± 16,8 meses, p = 0,68. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os dois grupos (21,9 ± 7,5 meses, 19,9 ± 16,1 meses, p = 0,682). A taxa de cicatrização foi de 76,2% (16/21 pacientes) no grupo com tampão de fístula e 81,1% (27/33 pacientes) no grupo LIFT (p = 0,73). Pacientes submetidos ao procedimento LIFT e um retalho de avanço da mucosa tiveram 100% de taxa de cura (4 de 4 pacientes). Nenhuma incontinência fecal e nenhuma expulsão do tampão da fístula foram observadas em nossos pacientes. O tempo de cicatrização variou de 1 a 6 meses após a cirurgia. Não houve abscesso perianal, celulite ou dor no pós-operatório. Conclusões: LIFT e tampão anal são procedimentos seguros para pacientes com fístula anal primária e recorrente. Ambas as técnicas apresentaram excelentes resultados em termos de cicatrização e taxa de complicações. Nenhum de nossos pacientes teve incontinência após 5 anos de acompanhamento. A melhor taxa de sucesso em nossos pacientes foi observada após o procedimento LIFT com retalho de avanço da mucosa. Ensaios clínicos randomizados de maior porte e controlados são necessários para melhor avaliação das opções de tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Surgical Instruments/statistics & numerical data , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Absorbable Implants/statistics & numerical data , Treatment Outcome , Sphincterotomy/methods
8.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(5): 439-444, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978011

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La filtración anastomótica (FA) en cirugía colorrectal aumenta la morbimortalidad. La identificación de factores de riesgo y la creación de un modelo predictivo ayudaría en la decisión de crear un ostoma desfuncionalizante, hecho que, actualmente, recae en el criterio del cirujano. Dekker creó el Colon Leakage Score (CLS) estableciendo criterios objetivos. Objetivo: Establecer el CLS en pacientes intervenidos por cáncer de colon izquierdo y recto en Clínica INDISA, estableciendo valores de corte locales, su sensibilidad y especificidad. Pacientes y Método: Corresponde a un estudio de pruebas diagnósticas, cuya intervención es la aplicación del CLS comparándolo con la presencia de filtración anastomótica (gold standard), definida por criterios clínicos y radiológicos. Se utilizó análisis de curvas ROC, índice de Youden y regresión logística. Resultados: De 180 pacientes, hubo FA en 12 (6,6%). La media de CLS en quienes hubo FA fue de 11,5 y en quienes no hubo FA de 6,9 (p = 0,0001). El área bajo la curva para predicción de FA con el CLS fue de 0,829 (IC 95% 0,69-0,96), con un valor de corte de 11, sensibilidad de 67% y especificidad de 89%. En el análisis de regresión logística, el OR para la predicción de FA utilizando el CLS fue de 1,48 (IC 95% 1,22-1,79 p < 0,001). Conclusión: El CLS es una herramienta que permite predecir el riesgo de FA en pacientes intervenidos por cáncer de colon izquierdo y recto. Ante un valor mayor o igual a 11 se debería crear un ostoma protector, generando un cambio en la práctica clínica.


Introduction: Anastomotic filtration increases morbidity and mortality in colorrectal surgery. Identification of risk factors and creation of a predictive model would help the decision of creating a defunctionalizing ostoma, that currently is taken by the surgeon. Dekker created de Colon Leakege Score (CLS) with objective criteria. Objective: Establish CLS in patients that underwent left colon and rectum surgery with cancer diagnosis in Clinica INDISA, define the local cutting value, it's specificity and sensibility. Patients and Methods: Corresponds to a diagnostic test's study, that intervention is CLS application, comparing with the presence of anastomotic filtration (gold standard), defined by clinical and radiologic criteria. For the analysis, ROC curves, Youden's index and logistic regression. Results: From 180 patients, anastomotic filtration was present in 12 (6.6%). Average CLS score in patients with anastomotic filtration was 11.5 and in those without anastomotic filtration was 6.9 (p = 0.0001). Area under the curve for anastomotic filtration prediction using CLS was 0.829 (CI 95% 0.69-0.96) with a cutting value of 11, 67% of sensibility and 89% of specificity. Logistic regression analysis, OR for anastomotic filtration prediction using CLS was 1.48 (CI 95% 1.22-1.79 p < 0.001). Conclusion: CLS is a tool that permits predicting anastomotic filtration risk in patients that underwent left colon and rectum surgery. With a CLS value equal or more than 11, we should create a protective ostoma, generating a clinical practice local change.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Risk Assessment/methods , Anastomotic Leak/diagnosis , Prognosis , Rectum/surgery , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Colon/surgery , Anastomotic Leak/etiology
9.
Clin. biomed. res ; 38(3): 305-307, 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047011

ABSTRACT

Knowledge of the hepatic arterial anatomy and celiac trunk is gaining importance, since the use of minimally invasive surgeries is more frequent nowadays. This kind of procedure meant that surgeons had less room for visualization of anatomical variants and work. In addition, failure to recognize the correct anatomy of the hepatic vascularization in a transplant procedure can lead to organ failure and death. The present case aims to demonstrate an arterial hepatic celiac trunk pattern that was never described by any of the acknowledged classification systems. This pattern is challenging for the surgical management of possible upper abdominal interventions, since non-recognition may lead to iatrogenesis. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Celiac Artery/anatomy & histology , Hepatic Artery/anatomy & histology , Iatrogenic Disease , Mesenteric Arteries/anatomy & histology , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
10.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 37(2): 116-122, Apr.-June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893973

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Since the 1960s, mortality in Crohn's disease and Ulcerative Colitis patients had a significant decrease due to advances in medical and surgical therapy. An important proportion of these patients are submitted to surgical procedures during their disease course, with postoperative mortality between 4 and 10%. Methods: 157 inflammatory bowel disease patients submitted to surgical therapy were retrospectively identified and allocated in 2 groups (Crohn's and colitis). Deaths were individually discriminated in detail. Results: 281 surgical procedures were performed. In the colitis group, 43 operations were performed in 24 patients; in the abdominal Crohn's subgroup, 127 procedures in 90 patients and in the perineal Crohn's subgroup, 115 in 64 patients, respectively. Nine postoperative deaths were observed (3 in the colitis and 6 in the Crohn's groups). Overall postoperative mortality was 5.7% (4.5% for Crohn's; 6.6% in abdominal Crohn's and 12.5% for Colitis). Most of deaths were related to emergency procedures and previous use of corticosteroids. The cause of death in all patients was sepsis. Conclusions: Overall postoperative mortality in inflammatory bowel disease was 5.7%, and it was attributed to the severity of the cases referred.


RESUMO Introdução: A partir da década de 60, a mortalidade dos portadores de doença de Crohn (DC) e a Retocolite Ulcerativa Inespecífica (RCUI) teve declínio devido a novas terapêuticas clínicas e cirúrgicas. Importante proporção destes pacientes é submetida a procedimentos cirúrgicos no decorrer das suas vidas, com taxas de mortalidade variando entre 4 e 10%. Método: Foram identificados retrospectivamente 157 pacientes portadores de doenças inflamatórias intestinais (DII), submetidos a operações abdominais ou perineais, divididos em dois grupos (DC e RCUI). Os casos de óbitos foram discriminados e avaliados individualmente, de forma descritiva. Resultados: 281 operações foram realizadas. No grupo RCUI foram realizadas 43 operações em 24 pacientes, no subgrupo DC abdominal, 127 operações em 90 pacientes e no subgrupo DC perineal, 115 em 64 pacientes, respectivamente. Do total de 9 óbitos, 3 ocorreram no grupo RCUI e 6 no DC. A mortalidade geral nas DII foi de 5,7%. Para a DC, 4,5%. No subgrupo de operações abdominais foi de 6,6% e para a RCUI 12,5%. A maior parte dos óbitos estavam relacionados a procedimentos de urgência/emergência, com uso prévio de corticoterapia. A causa mortis em todos os pacientes foi sepse. Conclusões: A taxa de mortalidade cirúrgica nas DII foi de 5,7%, atribuidas pela severidade dos casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/surgery , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/mortality
11.
Rev. chil. cir ; 69(1): 35-43, feb. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-844322

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo del estudio es comparar las variables nutricionales con la morbimortalidad postoperatoria en cirugía digestiva oncológica. Material y método: Estudio de cohorte prospectiva de pacientes sometidos a intervenciones quirúrgicas por neoplasias malignas digestivas en el Hospital Eduardo Pereira entre octubre de 2012 y febrero de 2014. Se creó una base de datos con el software Filemaker Pro. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó el programa SPSS 15.0. Se utilizó la prueba t de Student o U de Mann Whitney según correspondiera y se consideró significativo un valor de p < 0,05. Resultados: Se estudiaron 182 pacientes con un promedio de edad de 65,7 ± 12,3 años. Un 54,4% (99) de los pacientes fueron de sexo masculino. La neoplasia más frecuente fue el cáncer de colon en el 35,5% (64). Se presentaron complicaciones en 34,1% (62) de los pacientes, los cuales presentaron menor valor del pliegue tricipital (p < 0,01). Fallecieron un 6,2% (12), los cuales tenían menor nivel de albuminemia (p < 0,01). En los grupos de cirugía esofagogástrica no se encontraron diferencias al comparar la morbimortalidad y las variables nutricionales. En el grupo de cirugía de colon se encontraron diferencias significativas al comparar el índice de masa corporal (p < 0,01) con las complicaciones. En el grupo de cirugía pancreática los pacientes que presentaron complicaciones tenían mayor peso (p = 0,04), circunferencia braquial (p = 0,04) y albuminemia (p = 0,04). Discusión: En el presente estudio se hallaron diferencias significativas al comparar algunas variables nutricionales con la morbilidad postoperatoria en cirugía de colon y páncreas.


Introduction: The aim of the study is to compare the nutritional variables with postoperative morbimortality in oncological digestive surgery. Material and method: Prospective cohort study of patients undergoing surgery for gastrointestinal malignancies in Eduardo Pereira Hospital between october 2012 and february 2014. A database in Filemaker Pro software was created. SPSS 15.0 software was used for statistical analysis. T test or Mann Whitney U was used as appropriate and a value of P < .05 was considered significant. Results: 182 patients were studied with an average age of 65.7 ± 12.3 years; 54.4% (99) patients were male, the most common neoplasm was colon cancer in 35.5% (64). Complications occurred in 34.1% (62) patients, which have less value of triceps skinfold (P < .01); 6.2% died (12), which had lower levels of serum albumin (P < .01). In the esophagogastric surgery group no differences were found when comparing the morbimortality and nutritional variables. In the colon surgery group significant differences were found when comparing the body mass index (P < .01) with complications. In the pancreatic surgery group patients who experienced complications had higher weight (P = .04), arm circumference (P = .04) and albumin (P = .04). Discussion: In the present study significant differences were found when comparing some nutritional variables with postoperative morbidity in colon and pancreas surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Digestive System Neoplasms/mortality , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Nutritional Status , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Cause of Death , Comorbidity , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Prospective Studies , Serum Albumin/analysis
12.
Rev. chil. cir ; 69(1): 44-48, feb. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-844323

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tratamiento en el cáncer de recto ha progresado en la última década. Hoy es factible ofrecer una cirugía con preservación de esfínteres, realizando anastomosis colorrectales bajas o anastomosis coloanales. Esto ha determinado que muchos pacientes desarrollen disfunción intestinal que puede llegar a ser severa, agrupando una serie de alteraciones que se conocen como síndrome de resección anterior baja. Objetivo: Efectuar una adaptación cultural de la versión 1.0 en español neutro del cuestionario acerca de la función intestinal o Low Anterior Resection Syndrome Score (LARS Score), efectuando traducción, comparación de traducciones, traducción inversa y prueba piloto. Resultados: Los resultados obtenidos de la prueba piloto revelan que la población encuestada logró comprender el instrumento, por lo que no se realizaron modificaciones posteriores. Conclusión: Se cuenta con una versión adaptada del cuestionario LARS para ser usada en Chile, la cual puede someterse a procesos de validación y establecer las características psicométricas para ser usada en pacientes con cáncer de recto operados.


Introduction: The treatment of rectal cancer has progressed in the past decade. Nowadays, it's feasible to provide sphincter sparing surgery with low colorectal anastomosis or coloanal anastomosis. This has determined that many patients develop intestinal dysfunctions that can become severe, grouping a number of disorders known as low anterior resection syndrome. Objective: To perform a cultural adaptation of the version 1.0 questionnaire about bowel function or Low Resection Syndrome Score (LARS Score) in neutral Spanish, making a translation, comparing translations, back translation and pilot test. Results: The results of the pilot test showed that the population surveyed understood the instrument, so that no further modifications were made. Conclusion: We now have an adapted version of the LARS questionnaire for use in Chile, which can undergo validation processes to establish the psychometric characteristics for use in patients with rectal cancer surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Surveys and Questionnaires , Chile , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Defecation , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Flatulence , Postoperative Complications/psychology , Psychometrics , Rectal Neoplasms/psychology , Rectum/physiopathology , Reproducibility of Results , Severity of Illness Index , Syndrome , Translations
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 34(4): 1553-1560, Dec. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840921

ABSTRACT

Splenectomy indications are hematologic disease, traumatic damage and iatrogenic injury. The aim of this study was to present an evidence-based overview of some clinical aspects of interest related with iatrogenic splenic injury and subsequent splenectomy. An overview of the available evidence was conducted. Articles that evaluated clinical aspects of interest related with iatrogenic splenic injury and subsequent splenectomy, without language limits, publication date and designs. BVS, PubMed, SciELO and TRIP databases were reviewed. Evaluated variables were: Frequency and etiology of surgical spleen injuries, treatment options, frequency of splenectomy, associated postoperative morbidity (POM) and mortality, recommendation for splenectomy. Classification of the available evidence was made using the classification proposed by Oxford Centre of Evidence-based Medicine. 1144 records were obtained. 1109 were discarded for not meeting eligibility criteria, or were not relevant for the purpose of this research. Finally, the study consisted of 35 articles, 3 of evidence level type 3a, 31 of evidence level type 4 and 1 of evidence level type 5. Splenectomy is a complication of common abdominal procedures, prevalence and incidence of iatrogenic splenic injury is underestimated because of lack of information, there is evidence of risk factors of surgical spleen injuries, the etiology of surgical spleen injuries are bariatric, esophago-gastric, antireflux, colorectal, abdominal vascular and urological procedures. POM in patients undergoing splenectomy is more frequent in emergency splenectomy secondary to trauma. There was no significant risk reduction of infectious complications after implementation of routine vaccination. Available evidence is based on few and heterogeneous articles, which make a meaningful conclusions difficult. Studies with better evidence levels, methodological quality and population size are needed for conclusions and recommendations.


Las indicaciones de esplenectomía son enfermedades hematológicas, daño por trauma y por lesiones iatrogénicas. El objetivo de este estudio es presentar una visión general basada en la evidencia actualmente disponible, respecto de algunos aspectos clínicos de interés relacionados con la lesión esplénica iatrogénica y posterior esplenectomía. Revisión global de la evidencia disponible. Se incluyeron artículos que evaluaron aspectos clínicos de interés relacionados con lesión esplénica iatrogénica y posterior esplenectomía; sin límites de lenguaje, fecha de publicación y diseño. Se revisaron las bases de datos BVS, PubMed, SciELO y Trip Database. Las variables evaluadas fueron: frecuencia y etiología de las lesiones, opciones de tratamiento, frecuencia de esplenectomía, morbimortalidad postoperatoria, recomendación de esplenectomía. La clasificación de la evidencia se realizó con la propuesta del Centro de Medicina Basada en la Evidencia de Oxford. Se obtuvieron 1144 registros. 1109 fueron descartados por no cumplir criterios de elegibilidad, o ser no relevantes para el objetivo de la investigación. La población en estudio quedó compuesta por 35 artículos, 3 de nivel de evidencia 3a, 31 de nivel de evidencia 4 y 1 de nivel de evidencia 5. La esplenectomía es una complicación propia de la cirugía abdominal. La prevalencia e incidencia de lesión esplénica iatrogénica es subestimada por falta de información. Hay evidencia de factores de riesgo de lesiones del bazo. La etiología de estas es: procedimientos bariátricos, esófago-gástricos, colorrectales, vasculares abdominales y urológicos. La morbilidad es más frecuente en esplenectomía de emergencia secundaria a trauma. No se ha registrado disminución significativa del riesgo de complicaciones infecciosas con la vacunación rutinaria. La evidencia disponible se basa en pocos artículos y heterogéneos, lo que impide sacar conclusiones. Se necesitan estudios de mejor nivel de evidencia, calidad metodológica y tamaño de muestra para obtener conclusiones válidas y recomendaciones adecuadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Spleen/injuries , Splenectomy/methods , Splenic Rupture/etiology , Iatrogenic Disease , Spleen/surgery , Splenic Rupture/surgery
14.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 26(2): 101-104, abr.-jun. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-766850

ABSTRACT

Postoperative pancreatitis is a rare entity characterized by the presence of clinical and imagenological pancreatic inflammation after surgery of the near or far gastrointestinal tract. The cause is probably multifactorial, with no preventive measures. Diagnostic dilemma and morbidity and mortality associated with this condition makes this case interesting. We describe the case of a 65 years old female presenting acute pancreatitis attributed to surgery performed 3 days before to resolve intestinal obstruction.


La pancreatitis post-cirugía es una entidad poco frecuente caracterizada por la presencia clínica e imagenológica de inflamación del páncreas luego de una cirugía del tracto gastrointestinal. La causa es probablemente multifactorial, y no existen medidas preventivas. El dilema del diagnóstico y la morbi-mortalidad asociadas a esta condición hace que este caso sea muy interesante. Describimos el caso de un sujeto de sexo femenino de 65 años, con pancreatitis aguda atribuida a una cirugía realizada 3 días antes con el objetivo de resolver una obstrucción intestinal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Colectomy/adverse effects , Pancreatitis/etiology , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
15.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 25(supl.1): S54-S57, 2014.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-766742

ABSTRACT

The occurrence of postoperative jaundice should encourage the surgeon to review the wide spectrum of possible causes of jaundice and perform detailed history, physical examination and laboratory tests to define the causes, and take the measures to treat the patient properly. We also emphasize the need to prevent the presence of residual stones in the bile duct and bile duct iatrogenic injuries. This paper describe the possible causes of postoperative jaundice and current recommendations for adequate treatment.


La aparición de ictericia en el postoperatorio debe alertar al cirujano y llevarlo a revisar el gran espectro de causas posibles del cuadro. Se debe realizar una anamnesis y examen físico detallado y complementarlo con exámenes de laboratorio e imágenes según el caso. Además, se insiste en la necesidad de prevenir la presencia de cálculos residuales en colédoco y lesiones iatrogénicas de vía biliar. Se revisan las causas posibles de ictericia postoperatoria y las recomendaciones actuales de manejo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Jaundice/etiology , Jaundice/therapy , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology
16.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 89(2): 189-196, mar.-abr. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-671455

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors and lethality of late onset laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infection (ICSLC) in a Brazilian neonatal unit for progressive care (NUPC). Methods: This was a case-control study, performed from 2008 to 2012. Cases were defined as all newborns with late onset ICSLC, excluding patients with isolated common skin contaminants. Controls were newborns who showed no evidence of late onset ICSLC, matched by weight and time of permanence in the NUPC. Variables were obtained in the Hospital Infection Control Committee (HICC) database. Analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The chi-squared test was used, and statistical significance was defined as p < 0.05, followed by multivariate analysis. RESULTS: 50 patients with late onset ICSLC were matched with 100 patients without late onset ICSLC. In the group of patients with late onset ICSLC, a a significant higher proportion of patients who underwent surgical procedures (p = 0.001) and who used central venous catheter (CVC) (p = 0.012) and mechanical ventilation (p = 0.001) was identified. In multivariate analysis, previous surgery and the use of CVC remained significantly associated with infection (p = 0.006 and p = 0.047; OR: 4.47 and 8.99, respectively). Enterobacteriacea was identified in 14 cases, with three (21.4%) deaths, and Staphylococcus aureus was identified in 20 cases, with three (15%) deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical procedures and CVC usage were significant risk factors for ICSLC. Therefore, prevention practices for safe surgery and CVC insertion and manipulation are essential to reduce these infections, in addition to training and continuing education to surgical and assistance teams.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar os fatores de risco e a letalidade da infecção da corrente sanguínea laboratorialmente confirmada (ICSLC) de início tardio em uma Unidade Neonatal de Cuidados Progressivos (UNCP) brasileira. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo caso-controle realizado de 2008 a 2012. Os casos foram definidos como todos os recém-nascidos com ICSLC de início tardio, excluindo pacientes isolados com contaminantes da pele comuns. Os controles foram recém-nascidos que não mostraram qualquer evidência de ICSLC de início tardio, sendo separados por peso e tempo de permanência na UNCP. As variáveis foram obtidas na base de dados da Comissão de Controle de Infecção Hospitalar (CCIH). A análise foi realizada utilizando o Pacote Estatístico para Ciências Sociais. O teste χ² foi utilizado e a relevância estatística foi definida como p < 0,05, seguida pela análise multivariada. RESULTADOS: No estudo, 50 pacientes com ICSLC de início tardio foram combinados com 100 pacientes sem ICSLC de início tardio. No grupo de pacientes com ICSLC de início tardio, identificamos uma proporção significativamente maior de pacientes que foram submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos (p = 0,001) e que usaram cateter venoso central (CVC) (p = 0,012) e ventilação mecânica (p = 0,001). Na análise multivariada, cirurgia prévia e uso de CVC permaneceram significativamente associados à infecção (p = 0,006 e p = 0,047; OU: 4,47 e 8,99, respectivamente). A Enterobacteriacea foi identificada em 14 casos, com três (21,4%) óbitos, e Staphylococcus aureus foi identificado em 20 casos, com três (15%) óbitos. CONCLUSÕES: Procedimentos cirúrgicos e uso de CVC constituíram fatores de risco significativos para ICSLC. Portanto, práticas de prevenção para cirurgia segura, inserção e manipulação de CVC são essenciais para reduzir essas infecções, além de treinamento e educação contínua às equipes cirúrgicas e de assistência.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Central Venous Catheters/microbiology , Cross Infection/microbiology , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/microbiology , Sepsis/microbiology , Staphylococcal Infections/microbiology , Catheter-Related Infections/prevention & control , Cross Infection/mortality , Epidemiologic Methods , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/mortality , Intensive Care Units , Laboratories, Hospital , Risk Factors , Sepsis/mortality , Staphylococcal Infections/mortality , Time Factors
17.
Journal of Infection and Public Health. 2013; 6 (2): 89-97
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-142705

ABSTRACT

Surgical site infection [SSI] is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, and they are the third cause of nosocomial infections. It has been shown that surveillance can reduce the rate of these infections because the publication of the results that introduce a interrogation on her surgical practices. However, surveillance requires considerable medical resources. Our objective is to validate a computer algorithm that uses microbiological results and the results of a C-reactive protein [CRP] assay and granulocyte count to detect SSIs. All patients who underwent colorectal surgery between the 1st of January and the 30th of June 2009 were included. Administrative, surgical and microbiological data and the appearance of neutrophilia and CRP after surgery and during hospitalization were collected. The algorithm uses four biological variables: CRP, neutrophils, and the bacterium found on the positive sample. The CRP and neutrophil variables were coded in 0 or 1. CRP was coded as 1 if the sample was below 5 mg/l at the time of the operation and increased to more than 60 mg/l in the 30 days immediately after post-operation. Neutrophils were coded as 1 if the sample was normal at the time of the operation and increased to more than 12,000 cells/mm[3] in the 30 days immediately after post-operation. The "type of sample" and "bacterium" variables were coded in categories. For the type of sample, we coded 3 if the sampling site was related to the surgical site, 2 if the sampling site was potentially linked to the surgical site, 1 if the sampling site was not directly or indirectly related to the surgical site and 0 if there was no sample. Regarding the bacteria, we coded 3 for bacteria found in over 5% of SSIs, 2 for bacteria found in 2-5% of SSIs, 1 for bacteria found in less than 2% of SSIs and 0 if there were no bacteria. The algorithm calculates a score from 1 to 5. Our study included 195 operations, out of which it was possible to study 168. Following the operations, we found neutrophilia above 12,000 cells/mm[3] in 41.5% of cases and CRP above 60 mg/l in 64.6% of cases. Thirty-seven operations [22%] were complicated by an SSI. The positive predictive values and the negative predictive values in our algorithm were 74.07% and 87.94%, respectively, and the number of records that remain to be investigated is 27 out of 168. Linking databases from bacteriology and biology with those containing the hospital records of surgical procedures is a simple method for identifying surgical nosocomial infections


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cross Infection/etiology , Mass Screening/methods , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Algorithms , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Software , Databases, Factual , Bacterial Infections
18.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 23(4): 212-218, Dic. 2012. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-714969

ABSTRACT

Las fístulas gastrointestinales asociadas con abdomen abierto posterior a cirugía abdominal mayor son una complicación grave. El manejo es extremadamente difícil y la mortalidad bastante alta a pesar de los modernos avances médicos. Aquellos pacientes que sobreviven al daño metabólico y fisiopatológico inicial, requieren en su mayoría cierre quirúrgico de la fístula lo cual es técnicamente complejo. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con una neoplasia de rectosigma que se abordó por laparoscopia y desarrolló una fístula enteroatmosférica sobre la incisión de Pfannestiel que se utilizó para la extracción de la pieza. Conclusión: El cierre asistido por vacío artesanal y el manejo nutricional adecuado permiten la mejoría en pacientes con fístulas complejas logrando las condiciones adecuadas para el cierre definitivo.


The gastrointestinal fistula associated to posterior open abdominal trauma or abdominal surgery implies severe complications. The handling of these cases is extremely hard and mortality is very high despite medical advances. Those patients who survive the initial metabolic and phisycopathological damages require, on most cases, a surgical closure of the fistula which is a very complex procedure technically. We describe the case of a patient with a rectosigmoid neoplasm that was addressed laparoscopically and enteroatmospheric fistula just developing on phannestiel incision was used to extract the neoplasm. Conclusion: The closure assisted by “hand made vacuum” and adequate nourishment allows recovering patients with complex fistulas to achieve adequate conditions for definitive closure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abdomen/surgery , Cutaneous Fistula/surgery , Cutaneous Fistula/etiology , Intestinal Fistula/surgery , Intestinal Fistula/etiology , Surgical Wound Infection , Laparotomy , Intestinal Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Reoperation/methods , Vacuum , Vasoconstrictor Agents/therapeutic use
19.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 32(1): 60-64, Jan.-Mar. 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-640266

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the results of surgical treatment of patients with anal fistulas in a consecutive series of patients. METHODS: A retrospective analytical study of a consecutive series of cases prospectively collected. The sample comprised 210 patients who underwent surgery; demographic data, signs and symptoms, intraoperative classification of the fistulas and healing time were analyzed. RESULTS: The median age was 38 years and 69.0% of the patients were male. The most frequent symptom was perianal orifice with purulent drainage. The fistulas were classified as transsphincteric in 60.9% and the most used operative treatment was the marsupialization of fistulotomy, in 84.2% of cases. Complete healing occurred in all patients between 2 and 16 weeks. One hundred and seventy-eight patients, 84.8% of the patients who underwent surgery, were evaluated at least one year after surgery and recurrence occurred in 6.4% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: There was male prevalence (2.2/1), and most fistulas were transsphincteric. The marsupialization of fistulotomy was the most used operative treatment, and it presented acceptable low rates of morbidity and recurrence of 6.4%. (AU)


OBJETIVOS: Avaliar os resultados do tratamento cirúrgico de pacientes portadores de fístulas anais em uma série consecutiva de pacientes. MÉTODOS: Estudo analítico, retrospectivo, de uma série consecutiva de casos que foram coletados de forma prospectiva. A casuística englobou 210 pacientes operados, tendo sido analisados os dados demográficos, os sinais e sintomas, a classificação transoperatória das fístulas e o tempo até a cicatrização completa. RESULTADOS: A mediana de idade foi de 38 anos e 69,0% dos pacientes eram homens. O sintoma mais frequente foi a drenagem de secreção purulenta por orifício perianal. As fístulas foram classificadas como transesfincterianas em 60,9%, e o tratamento operatório mais empregado foi a fistulotomia com marsupialização do trajeto fistuloso, em 84,2% dos casos. A cicatrização completa ocorreu em todos os pacientes entre 2 e 16 semanas. Cento e setenta e oito pacientes, 84,8% dos pacientes operados, foram avaliados com, pelo menos, um ano de pós-operatório e a recidiva ocorreu em 6,4% dos casos. CONCLUSÕES: Houve prevalência do gênero masculino (2,2/1) com a maioria das fístulas transesfincterianas. A fistulotomia com marsupialização foi o tratamento operatório mais empregado e apresentou baixos índices de morbidade, com recidiva de 6,4%. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Anal Canal/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Rectal Fistula/classification
20.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 50(4): 570-575, oct.-dic. 2011.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-614990

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad diverticular duodenal es considerada en el ámbito de la cirugía de vías digestivas como inusual. Por su parte, la complicación menos frecuente referida en la literatura médica lo constituye la perforación aguda, y cuando esta ocurre siempre se practicará tratamiento quirúrgico de urgencia. Resulta polémico llegar a un consenso general que dirija la metodología diagnóstica, debido a su atípica forma de presentación. La tomografía abdominal ha resultado de gran utilidad en el diagnóstico de esta entidad. Se reportan tasas de mortalidad altas (25-30 por ciento) originadas, generalmente, por la dificultad diagnóstica frente a esta enfermedad. Se presenta un nuevo caso de divertículo duodenal perforado en una paciente, del sexo femenino, de 60 años de edad. La técnica quirúrgica empleada en esta oportunidad consistió en la exclusión duodenal y el drenaje del retroperitoneo(AU)


The duodenal diverticular disease is considered within surgery of digestive tracts as unusual. The less frequent complication referred in medical literature is the acute perforation and when it occurs always will be carried out the emergency surgical treatment. It is polemic to arrive to a general consensus directing the diagnostic methodology due to its atypical way of presentation. The abdominal tomography has been very useful in diagnosis of this entity. Authors report high mortality rates (25-30 percent) in general originated by the diagnostic difficulty in face of this disease. A new case of perforated duodenal diverticulum of a female sex patient aged 60. The surgical technique used in this opportunity was the duodenal exclusion and the retroperitoneal drainage(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Abdomen, Acute/diagnostic imaging , Abdomen, Acute/surgery , Diverticulum, Stomach/surgery , Diverticulum, Stomach/complications , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
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