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J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(1): 56-60, Jan.-Mar. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430690


Introduction: In current clinical practice, immediate coloanal anastomosis (ICA) remains the standard technique for restoring the gastrointestinal tract following coloproctectomy for low rectal cancer. This anastomosis still requires a temporary diverting stoma to decrease the postoperative morbidity, which remains significantly high. As an alternative, some authors have proposed a two-stage delayed coloanal anastomosis (TS-DCA). This article reports on the surgical technique of TS-DCA. Methods: The case described is of a 53-year-old woman, without any particular history, in whom colonoscopy motivated by rectal bleeding revealed an adenocarcinoma of the low rectum. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a tumor ~ 1 cm above the puborectalis muscle, graded cT3N +. The extension workup was negative. Seven weeks after chemoradiotherapy, a coloproctectomy with total mesorectal excision (TME) was performed. A TS-DCA was chosen to restore the digestive tract. Conclusion: Two-stage delayed coloanal anastomosis is a safe and effective alternative for restoring the digestive tract after proctectomy for low rectal cancer. Recent data seem to show a clear advantage of this technique in terms of morbidity. (AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Anal Canal/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Colon/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Proctectomy
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(1): 12-17, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430693


Introduction: The second most common cause of cancer-related mortality is colorectal cancer, and laparoscopic-assisted colectomy (LAC) has gained popularity among surgeons as an alternative to the conventional approach, which is open colecrtomy (OC). The differences between LAC and OC in terms of short-term outcomes have not been well documented, and the aim of the present work is to compare the short-term outcomes of both procedures. Materials and Methods: The present prospective study comprised 164 participants submitted to LAC (n = 82) and OC (n = 82) at the Helwan and Zagazig University hospitals between January 2018 and January 2022. We collected and analyzed demographic data, surgical data, and the short-term outcomes. Results: The LAC group had a significantly lower estimated amount of blood loss, shorter hospital stay, lower rates of incisional surgical site infection, and fewer cases of burst abdomen postoperatively, but with a considerably longer operative time (30.3 minutes) than the OC group. Conclusions: Our findings show that LAC is favorable option to OC, with superior outcomes. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Blood Loss, Surgical , Laparoscopy
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 9(2): e201, dic. 2022. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1403135


La cirugía del cáncer de recto y ano se ha desarrollado considerablemente en las últimas décadas. En función de dichos avances, se ha observado una disminución en la morbimortalidad operatoria, así como también una mejoría en el pronóstico de estos pacientes. El objetivo del presente estudio es exponer y analizar los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico del cáncer de recto y ano en un servicio universitario. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo de todos los pacientes intervenidos por cáncer de recto y ano en el Hospital Español entre 2016 y 2020. Las variables registradas fueron: variables demográficas, clínico-oncológicas, relacionadas a la morbimortalidad operatoria y a la recidiva locorregional, y la sobrevida a 5 años. El procedimiento más realizado fue la resección anterior de recto (RAR) en 11 intervenciones (58%), mientras que las 8 restantes correspondieron a amputaciones abdominoperineales (AAP) (42%). Se diagnosticaron un total de 6 complicaciones intraoperatorias en 5 pacientes, siendo la perforación del tumor la más frecuente, y un total de 18 complicaciones postoperatorias en 11 pacientes, siendo la más frecuente la infección de la herida quirúrgica abdominal. La morbilidad operatoria mayor fue de 31,6% y la mortalidad operatoria a 90 días fue de 0%. La sobrevida global a 5 años fue de 63,2%. Los resultados quirúrgicos en la presente casuística fueron comparables con los de la bibliografía consultada. Destacamos la nula mortalidad a 90 días, con resultados oncológicos similares a los reportados en la literatura.

Rectal and anus surgery have been developed considerably in the last decades. Based on these advancements, it has been observed a decrease in the surgical morbidity and mortality, as well as an improved prognosis of these patients. The aim of the present study is to expose and analyze the results of the anus and rectal surgical treatment in a university service. An observational, descriptive and retrospective study was performed of all the intervened patients for rectum and anus cancer in the Hospital Español between 2016 and 2020. We recorded data about demographic, clinical-oncologic, related to the surgical morbidity and mortality, locoregional relapse and overall 5 year survival. The most performed procedure was the rectum anterior resection in 11 interventions (58%), while the 8 left corresponded to abdominoperineal resection (42%). There was a total of 6 intraoperative complications diagnosed in 5 patients, being the tumor perforation the most frequent one, and a total of 18 postoperative complications diagnosed in 11 patients, being the surgical wound infection the most frequent one. The serious surgical morbidity was 31,6%, while the surgical mortality rate at 90 days was 0%. Overall 5 year survival was 63,2%. The surgical results in the present study about the rectum and anal cancer were comparable with the results reported on the consulted bibliography. We highlight the null mortality within 90 days, with oncologic results similar to the ones reported in the literature.

A cirurgia do câncer retal e anal desenvolveu-se consideravelmente nas últimas décadas. Com base nesses avanços, observou-se diminuição da morbimortalidade operatória, bem como melhora no prognóstico desses pacientes. O objetivo deste estudo é apresentar e analisar os resultados do tratamento cirúrgico do câncer de reto e anal em um serviço universitário. Foi realizado um estudo observacional, descritivo e retrospectivo de todos os pacientes operados por câncer de reto e ânus no Hospital Espanhol entre 2016 e 2020. As variáveis ​​registradas foram: variáveis ​​demográficas, clínico-oncológicas, relacionadas à morbidade e mortalidade operatórias e recorrência locorregional. , e sobrevida em 5 anos. O procedimento mais realizado foi a ressecção anterior do reto (RAR) em 11 intervenções (58%) e as 8 restantes corresponderam a amputações abdominoperineais (AAP) (42%). Foram diagnosticadas 6 complicações intraoperatórias em 5 pacientes, sendo a perfuração tumoral a mais frequente, e um total de 18 complicações pós-operatórias em 11 pacientes, sendo a infecção da ferida operatória abdominal a mais frequente. A morbidade operatória maior foi de 31,6% e a mortalidade operatória em 90 dias foi de 0%. A sobrevida global em 5 anos foi de 63,2%. Os resultados cirúrgicos da presente casuística foram comparáveis ​​aos da bibliografia consultada. Destacamos a mortalidade nula em 90 dias, com resultados oncológicos semelhantes aos relatados na literatura.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anus Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Octogenarians , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(4): 286-289, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430674


Background: Despite several improvements in surgical techniques, the intracorporeal division of the distal end of the rectum is still challenging, particularly when it is too deep in a narrow pelvis. Even though it helps avoid spillage, the double-stapling technique (DST) raises concerns regarding safety and anastomotic leakage if multiple stapler firings are essential to complete the rectal division. Objective: To assess the feasibility of vertically dividing the rectum and its impact in reducing the number of reloads essential for that division in non-low rectal cancer patients undergoing total mesorectal excision (TME). Materials and Methods A retroprospective study. Results: From January 2017 to November 2021, a total of 123 patients with sigmoid and rectal cancers were enrolled in the present study; their data were collected and analyzed, and 21 patients were excluded. The remaining sample of 102 subjects was composed of 47 male (46%) and 55 female (54%) patients with a median age of 54 years (range: 30 to 78 years). Only 1 reload was enough to complete the rectal division in 82 (80.39%) cases, and 2 reloads were used in the remaining 20 (19.61%) patients. Anastomotic leakage was clinically evident in 4 cases (3.9%). No statically significant difference was observed when firing one or two staplers. No 30-day mortality was recorded in this series. Conclusion: Our early experience indicates that this type of division has a real advantage in terms of decreasing the number of reloads needed and, in turn, lowering the incidence of anastomotic leakage after partial mesorectal excision (PME) or TME when applied with proper patient selection. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Rectum/surgery , Surgical Staplers , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies , Anastomotic Leak
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(4): 279-285, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430683


Objective: Despite all the technological advances, successful management of complex fistula-in-ano is still a challenge due to recurrence and incontinence. The present study evaluates the outcomes of a novel technique, Interception of Fistula Track with Application of Ksharasutra (IFTAK) in terms of success rate and degree of incontinence. Methods: In the present prospective study, 300 patients with complex fistula-inano were treated by the IFTAK technique, whose surgical steps include: incision at the anterior or posterior midline perianal area, identification and interception of the fistulous track at the level of the external sphincter, rerouting the track (and extensions) at the site of interception, and application of a ksharasutra (medicated seton) in the proximal track (from the site of interception to the internal opening) that is laid open gradually, with the resulting wound healing with minimum scarring. The distal track is allowed to heal spontaneously. Results: There were 227 transsphincteric and 73 intersphincteric varieties of fistula with supralevator extension in 23 cases, of which 130 were recurrent fistulas, 29 had horseshoe track, while 25 had blind fistula with no cutaneous opening. The mean duration of the ksharasutra application was 8.11 ± 3.86 weeks with an overall success rate of 93.33% at the 1-year follow-up. A total of 3.67% of the cases reported with a mild impairment of continence on the Wexner incontinence scoring system. Pre- and postoperative anal manometry evaluation showed minimal reduction in median basal and squeeze pressures. Conclusion: The IFTAK technique is a minimally invasive, daycare surgical procedure for the management of complex fistula-in-ano with low recurrence and minimal sphincter damage. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Anal Canal/surgery , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Recurrence , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Treatment Outcome , Fecal Incontinence
Cir. Urug ; 6(1): e302, jul. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1384411


Se comunica el primer reporte nacional del tratamiento de pancreatitis aguda recidivante mediante derivación Wirsung-yeyunal en pediatría. Se trata de un paciente con múltiples ingresos hospitalarios por episodios de pancreatitis, con complicaciones evolutivas de pseudoquistes pancreáticos, estenosis y litiasis del conducto de Wirsung. Se realiza derivación Wirsung-yeyunal por vía convencional con buena evolución posterior.

The first national report of the treatment of recurrent acute pancreatitis by means of Wirsung-jejunal diversion in pediatrics is communicated. This is a patient with multiple hospital admissions for episodes of pancreatitis, with evolutionary complications of pancreatic pseudocysts, stenosis, and Wirsung duct lithiasis. Wirsung-jejunal bypass was performed by conventional route with good subsequent evolution.

O primeiro relato nacional do tratamento de pancreatite aguda recorrente por derivação Wirsung-jejunal em pediatria é relatado. Trata-se de um paciente com múltiplas internações hospitalares por episódios de pancreatite, com complicações progressivas de pseudocistos pancreáticos, estenose e cálculos do ducto de Wirsung. A derivação Wirsung-jejunal foi realizada por via convencional com boa evolução posterior.

Humans , Female , Child , Pancreatic Ducts/surgery , Pancreatitis/surgery , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Pancreatic Ducts/diagnostic imaging , Pancreatitis/complications , Recurrence , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Acute Disease , Treatment Outcome , Constriction, Pathologic/diagnostic imaging , Lithiasis/diagnostic imaging
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(1): 47-53, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375755


Background: There are many surgical approaches which described extent of resection of the colon for adequate surgicalmanagement of splenic flexure cancer, but up till now there is no established surgical procedure, this is because the presence of double lymphatic drainage of themesenteric vessels. Segmental resection of the colon for the management of splenic flexure cancer was a recently accepted surgical procedure. Objective: In the present study, we aimed to compare three surgical management techniques to clarify the best management approach of Egyptian patients with splenic flexure cancer regarding operative, clinical, and oncological outcomes: segmental resection, and extended left or right hemicolectomy,. Materials and Methods In the present study, we included 90 patients with splenic flexure cancer. Cases were divided into 3 groups. Each group included 30 patients in order to compare three surgical techniques: segmental resection, extended left hemicolectomy, and extended right hemicolectomy. Results: We have found no statistically significant differences between the three included groups regarding operative findings, postoperative complications, local recurrence, distant recurrence, disease progression, recurrence-free survival rate, progression-free survival rate, and overall survival rate. The operative time was longer, and the number of lymph nodes was higher in the extended right hemicolectomy group (p<0.001). Conclusion: We have shown that segmental resection of the splenic flexure is surgically and clinically suitable for the adequate management of operable cases of carcinoma of the splenic flexure. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Period , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943024


Intersphincteric resection (ISR), as an ultra-low sphincter-preserving operation, is widely used in clinical practice at present. ISR can allow some patients with very low rectal cancer to avoid the pain of anal resection while ensuring oncological efficacy. However, the procedure of ISR requires wider intersphincteric dissection which may cause nerve damage, and the removal of partial or total internal anal sphincter as an "inherent defect" of ISR can result in poor anal function postoperatively. Based on the in-depth understanding of regional anatomy and physiological function, the author proposed a new functional sphincter preservation operation for very low rectal cancer-conformal sphincter preservation operation (CSPO) which has achieved good outcome in clinical practice. This article will revisit the brief history of rectal cancer surgery and discuss the main mechanisms underlining the poor anal function after ISR. Based on the anatomical study of the pelvic floor and anal canal, CSPO can improve the postoperative anal function of very low rectal cancer patients by reducing the damage of the autonomic nerves, receptor corpuscles and muscle fibers in the intersphincteric space, retaining more dentate line and internal sphincter with the design of resection line of tumor lower border under direct vision, and elevating the anastomosis height. At the same time, the future treatment prospect of low rectal cancer is envisioned.

Humans , Anal Canal/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Rectum/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(3): 250-256, jun. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115551


Resumen Las fístulas anorrectales complejas son un desafío para el coloproctólogo. Son una patología frecuente que afecta la calidad de vida de los pacientes. La patogénesis aún no está clara, estarían involucradas citoquinas y el proceso de transición de epitelio a mesénquima. El gold standard para su estudio es la resonancia nuclear magnética, su uso por sí mismo disminuye la recurrencia. El objetivo del tratamiento es lograr la curación sin afectar la función del esfínter evitando las recidivas. Existen múltiples técnicas, siendo la de mayor aceptación la ligadura interesfinteriana del trayecto fistuloso, con tasa de curación sobre el 70%, con mínimo impacto en continencia. Esta revisión incluye otras técnicas como el colgajo endorrectal de avance, uso de sellante, permacol, células madres, Anal fistula plug, Video asisted anal fistula treatment, Over the scope clip y fistula laser closure.

Complex anal fistula are a challenge for colorectal surgeons. It is a common pathology in population. Pathogenesis is still unclear, it would be involved citokines and the process of epitelial to eesenchymal transition. The gold standard for study is MRI, its use reduces recurrences. The goal of treatment is heal the fistula without damaging the function of the sphincter and avoid recurrences. There are multiple techniques, the most accepted is ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract with cure rate over 70%, with minimal impact in continence. This review includes other techniques like rectal advancement flap, fibrin glue, permacol, stem cells, anal fistula plug, video asisted anal fistula treatment, over the scope clip and fistula laser closure.

Humans , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Rectal Fistula/therapy , Ligation/methods , Anal Canal/surgery , Rectal Diseases/surgery , Rectal Diseases/therapy , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Video-Assisted Surgery
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(3): 257-261, jun. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115552


Resumen El cáncer gástrico es una patología de alta incidencia en Chile. Afortunadamente es baja la incidencia de márgenes R1 cuando se realiza una cirugía con intención curativa. Al tener un tumor subcardial o cardial es perentorio realizar una biopsia rápida (intraoperatoria), en caso que ésta resulte positiva, es difícil tomar una decisión sobre qué realizar a continuación, ya que el realizar una esofagoyeyunoanastomosis intratorácica aumenta el riesgo quirúrgico. Para esto, es de suma importancia tener la información de las características histopatológicas del tumor, el riesgo de filtración, la recurrencia, la sobrevida, las terapias adyuvantes y la realidad país. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura con el fin de poder guiar la toma de decisiones.

Gastric cancer is a pathology with a high incidence in Chile, fortunately, the incidence of R1 margins is low when performing surgery with curative intent. When having a sub cardial or cardial tumor, it is essential to perform a rapid (intraoperative) biopsy, if this is positive when cutting the esophagus just under the pillars, it is difficult to make the decision of what to do next, since performing an inthrathoracic esophagojejunostomy increases the surgical risk. For this, it is very important to have information about the histopathological characteristics of the tumor, the leakage risk, there currence, the survival, the adjuvant therapies and the reality of the country. A review of the literature was done in order to guide the decisions.

Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Biopsy/methods , Margins of Excision , Recurrence , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Gastrectomy/methods , Intraoperative Period
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(2): 54-63, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117010


La endometriosis es una de las patologías ginecológicas benignas más frecuente, ocurre en un 7-10% de las mujeres en edad reproductiva y es causal de dolores crónicos e infertilidad. Se trata de una población joven y sana por lo demás. La sospecha diagnóstica de esta entidad debe ser alta y su manejo multidisciplinario.La endometriosis colorrectal representa una variable altamente incapacitante y es aquí donde se plantea la necesidad de un tratamiento más agresivo para su resolución. Frente a esto nos preguntamos, ¿qué rol tiene la cirugía?, ¿cuáles serían sus ventajas y desventajas?, ¿por qué deberíamos elegirla como método terapéutico?.La presente monografía fue inspirada en todas las pacientes que nos plantearon esta controversia. Que motivaron interconsultas, ateneos, búsqueda de bibliografía. Que generaron discusiones, dudas e incertidumbres y nos hicieron salir del rol de cirujanos al que estamos habituados y nos enseñaron a acompañar, cuando no pudimos curar

Humans , Female , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Endometriosis/surgery , Intestinal Diseases/surgery , Patient Care Team , Diagnostic Imaging , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy/methods , Diet Therapy , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/drug therapy , Hormone Antagonists/therapeutic use , Intestinal Diseases/diagnosis , Intestinal Diseases/drug therapy
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(3): e1545, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152621


ABSTRACT Background: Several types of complications including constipation, fecal soiling, perianal excoriation, were reported among different types of surgery for Hirschsprung's disease. Aim: To compare circular and oblique anastomoses following Soave's procedure for the treatment of Hirschsprung's disease. Methods: Children who underwent Saove's pull through procedure with oblique and circular anastomoses were included. Duration of the follow up was two years after surgery. Postoperative complications, such as wound infection, wound dehiscence, peritonitis, fecal soiling, perianal excoriation, were recorded for each patient. Results: Thirty-eight children underwent oblique anastomoses. Circular ones were done for 32 children. Perianal excoriation was seen in 57.89% and 46.87% of children in oblique and circular group, respectively. Enterocolitis was more frequent in circular (40.62%) than oblique (28.94%) group. Anastomotic stricture was more frequent in circular (15.62%) than oblique (7.89%). Conclusion: Perianal excoriation was the most common complication among patient in both groups. Oblique anastomoses had fewer complications than circular, and may be appropriate option for patient who underwent Soave's procedure.

RESUMO Racional: Vários tipos de complicações, incluindo constipação, secreção fecal, escoriação perianal foram relatadas entre diferentes tipos de operações para a doença de Hirschsprung. Objetivo: Comparar as anastomoses circulares e oblíquas realizadas no procedimento de Soave para o tratamento da doença de Hirschsprung. Métodos: Neste estudo, foram incluídas crianças submetidas ao procedimento pull-through de Saove com anastomoses oblíquas e circulares. A duração do acompanhamento foi de dois anos no pós-operatório. Complicações, como infecção da ferida, deiscência da ferida, peritonite, secreção fecal, escoriação perianal foram registradas para cada paciente. Resultados: Trinta e oito crianças foram submetidas à anastomoses oblíquas. As circulares foram realizadas em 32. Escoriação perianal foi observada em 57,89% e 46,87% das crianças nos grupos oblíquo e circular, respectivamente. Enterocolite foi mais frequente no grupo circular (40,62%) do que oblíquo (28,94%). A estenose anastomótica foi mais frequente na circular (15,62%) do que na oblíqua (7,89%). Conclusão: A escoriação perianal foi a complicação mais comum entre os pacientes nos dois grupos. A anastomose oblíqua teve menos complicações do que a anastomose circular e pode ser a opção adequada para o paciente submetido ao procedimento de Soave.

Humans , Infant , Child , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Constipation/etiology , Fecal Incontinence/etiology , Hirschsprung Disease/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/instrumentation , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Proctocolectomy, Restorative/methods , Hirschsprung Disease/diagnosis
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(3): e1546, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152618


ABSTRACT Background: The Hartmann procedure remains the treatment of choice for most surgeons for the urgent surgical treatment of perforated diverticulitis; however, it is associated with high rates of ostomy non-reversion and postoperative morbidity. Aim: To study the results after the Hartmann vs. resection with primary anastomosis, with or without ileostomy, for the treatment of perforated diverticulitis with purulent or fecal peritonitis (Hinchey grade III or IV), and to compare the advantages between the two forms of treatment. Method: Systematic search in the literature of observational and randomized articles comparing resection with primary anastomosis vs. Hartmann's procedure in the emergency treatment of perforated diverticulitis. Analyze as primary outcomes the mortality after the emergency operation and the general morbidity after it. As secondary outcomes, severe morbidity after emergency surgery, rates of non-reversion of the ostomy, general and severe morbidity after reversion. Results: There were no significant differences between surgical procedures for mortality, general morbidity and severe morbidity. However, the differences were statistically significant, favoring primary anastomosis in comparison with the Hartmann procedure in the outcome rates of stoma non-reversion, general morbidity and severe morbidity after reversion. Conclusion: Primary anastomosis is a good alternative to the Hartmann procedure, with no increase in mortality and morbidity, and with better results in the operation for intestinal transit reconstruction.

RESUMO Racional: O procedimento a Hartmann permanece sendo o tratamento de escolha da maioria dos cirurgiões para o tratamento cirúrgico de urgência da diverticulite perfurada, entretanto está associado com altas taxas de não reversão da ostomia e de morbidade pós-operatória. Objetivo: Estudar os resultados após o procedimento de Hartmann vs. ressecção com anastomose primária, com ou sem ileostomia, para o tratamento da diverticulite perfurada com peritonite purulenta ou fecal (grau de Hinchey III ou IV), e comparar as vantagens entre as duas formas de tratamento. Método: Busca sistemática na literatura de artigos observacionais e randomizados comparando ressecção com anastomose primária vs. procedimento de Hartmann no tratamento de urgência da diverticulite perfurada. Analisar como desfechos primários a mortalidade após a operação de urgência e a morbidade geral após ela; como desfechos secundários, a morbidade severa após a operação de urgência, as taxas de não reversão da ostomia, a morbidade geral e severa após a reversão. Resultados: Não houve diferenças significativas entre os procedimentos cirúrgicos para mortalidade, morbidade geral e morbidade severa. Contudo, as diferenças foram significativas estatisticamente favorecendo anastomose primária na comparação com procedimento de Hartmann nos desfechos taxas de não reversão do estoma, morbidade geral e morbidade severa após reversão. Conclusão: A anastomose primária apresenta-se como boa alternativa ao procedimento de Hartmann, sem aumento de mortalidade e morbidade, e com melhores resultados na operação de reconstrução do trânsito intestinal.

Humans , Peritonitis/etiology , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Diverticulitis/surgery , Diverticulitis/complications , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Peritonitis/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Colostomy/adverse effects , Ileostomy/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Diverticulitis/pathology , Intestinal Perforation/pathology
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(2): e1504, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130521


ABSTRACT Background: Transanal haemorrhoidal dearterialization with mucopexy (THD-M) is a valuable option for treating patients with haemorrhoidal disease. However, there is still controversy with regard to its efficacy for more advanced grades. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of THD-M technique for treating hemorrhoidal disease and to compare the immediate and late results in different grades. Method: Seven hundred and five consecutive patients with Goligher's grade II, III or IV symptomatic haemorrhoids underwent surgical treatment using the THD-M method in five participating centres. Six well-trained and experienced surgeons operated on the patients. Average follow-up was 21 months (12-48). Results: Intraoperative complications were observed in 1.1% of cases, including four cases of haematoma, two of laceration of the mucosa, and two of bleeding. All of these were controlled by means of haemostatic suturing. In relation to postoperative complications, the most common of these were as follows: transitory tenesmus (21.4%); pain (7.2%); mucosal or haemorrhoidal prolapse (6.4%); residual skin tag (5.6%); faecal impaction (3.2%); haemorrhoidal thrombosis (2.8%); bleeding (2.1%); anal fissure (0.7%); and anal abscess (0.3%). Most of the complications were treated conservatively, and only 7.5% (53/705) required some type of surgical approach. There was no mortality or any severe complications. The recurrence of prolapse and bleeding was greater in patients with grade IV haemorrhoidal disease than in those with grade III and II (26.54% and 7.96% vs. 2.31% and 0.92% vs. 2.5% and 1.25%), respectively. Conclusion: The THD-M method is safe and effective for haemorrhoidal disease grades II and III with low rates of surgical complications. However, for grade IV hemorrhoids, it is associated with higher recurrence of prolapse and bleeding. So, THD-M method should not be considered as an effective option for the treatment of grade IV hemorrhoids.

RESUMO Racional: A desarterialização hemorroidária transanal associada à mucopexia (THD-M) tem sido indicada como alternativa à hemorroidectomia convencional para o tratamento da doença hemorroidária nos seus variados graus. No entanto, ainda hoje existe controvérsia com relação a sua eficácia para os graus mais avançados. Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia da técnica THD-M para tratamento doença hemorroidária e comparar os resultados imediatos e tardios nos diferentes graus. Método: Entre julho de 2010 e setembro de 2015, 705 pacientes consecutivos com hemorroidas sintomáticas de graus II, III e IV foram submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico pelo método THD-M e acompanhados por um período médio de 21 meses (12-48). As operações foram realizadas por seis cirurgiões com experiência em cirurgia colorretal, em três estados brasileiros. Resultados: Complicações intraoperatórias foram observadas em 1,1% dos casos, incluindo quatro casos de hematoma, dois de laceração da mucosa e dois de sangramento. Todos foram controlados com sutura hemostática. As complicações pós-operatórias mais comuns foram: tenesmo transitório (21,4%); dor (7,2%); prolapso mucoso ou hemorroidário (6,4%); plicoma residual (5,6%); impactação fecal (3,2%); trombose hemorroidária (2,8%); sangramento (2,1%); fissura anal (0,7%) e abscesso anal (0,3%). Não houve casos de complicações severas ou mortalidade perioperatória. A recorrência do prolapso e sangramento foi maior na doença hemorroidária grau IV do que nos graus III e II (26.54% e 7.96% vs. 2.31% e 0.92% vs. 2.5% e 1.25%; p<0,001), respectivamente. Conclusão: O método THD-M é seguro e efetivo no tratamento da doença hemorroidária nos graus II e III com baixo índice de complicações. No entanto, para a doença hemorroidária de grau IV essa técnica está relacionada com maior índice de recorrência e complicações tardias, não devendo ser considerada opção eficiente neste estágio de doença.

Humans , Anal Canal/blood supply , Rectum/blood supply , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Hemorrhoids/surgery , Anal Canal/surgery , Arteries , Rectum/surgery , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Treatment Outcome , Hemorrhoidectomy , Hemorrhoids/classification , Ligation/methods
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(4): e668, oct.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126394


RESUMEN Se denomina duplicación intestinal a un grupo de malformaciones congénitas de la vía digestiva, de estructuras diverticulares, quísticas o tubulares, que presentan paredes de músculo liso como las del intestino y un revestimiento mucoso de tipo gastrointestinal. Se localiza en cualquier segmento del tubo digestivo, desde la boca hasta el ano. La zona más afectada es el íleon y constituye la causa más frecuente de masa abdominal en el periodo neonatal. El diagnóstico puede ser prenatal a través, de ecografía o resonancia. En el periodo posnatal es la clínica la que establece los indicios para realizar exámenes complementarios, que pueden ir desde ecografía hasta estudios con Tecnecio 99. En la porción duodenal esta enfermedad representa el 5 por ciento de todas las duplicaciones intestinales. La descripción de casos en la primera porción es excepcional, por lo que la consideramos para tener en cuenta como diagnóstico diferencial en las enfermedades tumorales neonatales de origen abdominal(AU)

ABSTRACT Intestinal duplication defines a group of congenital malformations of the digestive tract, of diverticular, cystic or tubular structures, which have smooth muscle walls such as those of the intestine and a gastrointestinal-type mucous lining. It is located in any segment of the digestive tract, from the mouth to the anus. The most affected area is the ileum, while the condition constitutes the most frequent cause of abdominal mass in the neonatal period. The diagnosis can be prenatal through either ultrasound or resonance. In the postnatal period, the clinical indications establish, based on the signs, whether complementary tests are required, which can range from ultrasound to studies with technetium-99. In the duodenal portion, this disease represents 5 percent of all intestinal duplications. The description of cases in the first portion is exceptional, which is the reason why we consider it as a differential diagnosis in neonatal tumor diseases of abdominal origin(AU)

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Laparotomy/methods
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(4): 75-79, dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096672


Motiva esta presentación el hecho que desde el Relato "Opciones terapéuticas del Cáncer de Recto Inferior" en el año 2008 han pasado 10 años y por supuesto aparecieron algunos progresos y cambios. Se conoce gran heterogeneidad genética debido que puede desarrollarse por diferentes vías. Nuevos fármacos han aparecido para lograr terapia eficiente. La clasificación clínica TNM fue actualizada en el año 2018. Los métodos de diagnóstico siguen teniendo vigencia. La resección local endoanal se presenta como una conducta factible con resultados favorables debido al progreso instrumental. Combinado con R/T y Q mostró excelentes resultados ("Watch and Wait"). La escisión total de mesorecto sigue ocupando un lugar importante. En la amputación abdomino perineal debemos incluir la resección de ambos músculos elevadores del ano. La cirugía laparoscópica ocupa cada vez más lugar siendo tan segura como la convencional. Se adjuntan los algoritmos terapéuticos. Continuarán las investigaciones para mejorar los resultados. (AU)

The aim of this presentation is to update the one written in 2008 "Low rectal cancer therapeutic options" since some progress and changes have appeared after ten years. Great genetic heterogeneity is known because it can develop in different pathways. New drugs have appeared to achieve efficient therapy. The TNM clinical classification was updated in 2018. The diagnosis methods are still in effect. Endoanal local resection is presented as feasible behavior with favorable results due to instrumental progress. Combined with R/T and Ch showed excellent results (Watch and Wait). The total mesorectal continues to occupy an important place. The resection of both elevator muscles of anus must be included in the abdominoperineal amputation. Laparoscopic surgery is increasingly in place, being as safe as the conventional. Therapeutic algorithms are attached. Research will continue to improve results. (AU)

Humans , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/instrumentation , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Colorectal Neoplasms/classification , Rectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Treatment Outcome
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(4): 352-358, ago. 2019. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058284


Resumen La cirugía ha pasado de ser una ciencia rudimentaria caracterizada por el padecimiento de insufribles dolores por falta de anestésicos, de realizarse en lugares poco acondicionados y de utilizarse instrumental poco ortodoxo con consecuencias nefastas para el desenlace de los procedimientos debido principalmente a las infecciones, a ser un campo desarrollado donde la tecnología juega un rol trascendental para el objetivo final que es el bienestar del paciente. En las últimas décadas, la cirugía ha pasado del acceso abierto al laparoscópico, cirugía por orificios naturales (NOTES), cirugía laparoscópica de puerto único, hasta la cirugía robótica. Es un hecho que estamos en un momento de la historia de la humanidad en el cual el desarrollo de las tecnologías a cambiado nuestra vida cotidiana, así como también el de nuestra practica quirúrgica diaria y no podemos ser ajenos a esta. El propósito de esta revisión es mostrar la situación actual de la cirugía robótica gastrointestinal y sus perspectivas a futuro. Para esto se realizó una búsqueda en la base de datos medline con las palabras claves "review robotic surgery, robotic digestive surgery, robotic bariatric surgery, robotic esophagectomy, robotic gastrectomy, robotic hepatectomy, robotic pancreatectomy, robotic hernia repair". Además una búsqueda de datos en la web sobre "intutive investorpresentation, future of robotic surgery, digital surgery, new robotic system in surgery, trends in robotic surgery".

It is a fact that we are at a moment in the history of humanity in which the development of technologies has changed our daily lives, as well as that of our daily surgical practice. The fast evolution in technology has allowed surgery to evolve from a rudimentary science characterized by painful, highly invasive procedures, to a rapidly developing and precise field with ever improving patient outcomes. In recent decades, gastrointestinal surgery has gone from open access to laparoscopy, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), single-port laparoscopic surgery, and more recently, robotic assisted surgery. The purpose of this review is to show the current situation of robotic gastrointestinal surgery and its future prospects. A literature review was conducted in the Medline database with the keywords "revision of robotic surgery, robotic digestive surgery, bariatric robotic surgery, robotic esophagectomy, robotic gastrectomy, robotic hepatectomy, robotic pancreatectomy, robotic hernia repair". In addition, online search engine data was conducted using the following key words "intutive investor presentation, future of robotic surgery, digital surgery, new robotic system in surgery, trends in robotic surgery"

Humans , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/trends , Robotic Surgical Procedures/trends , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Robotics/instrumentation , Laparoscopy/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(3): 225-229, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058261


INTRODUCCIÓN: En la endometriosis el compromiso intestinal afecta hasta al 12% de las pacientes, comprometiendo al recto y a la unión rectosigmoidea en el 90% de los casos. OBJETIVO: Describir la experiencia del equipo de Coloproctología y Ginecología de Clínica Alemana de Santiago en el tratamiento quirúrgico de la endometriosis pélvica profunda con compromiso colorrectal. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo a partir de la base de datos de pacientes con endometriosis tratados entre enero del año 2015 y abril de 2018. Los criterios de inclusión fueron pacientes con clínica de endometriosis pélvica profunda, que tuviesen compromiso colorrectal y hayan sido tratados con shaving rectal, resección discoide o resección segmentaria. Se revisaron fichas clínicas electrónicas, protocolos operatorios y biopsias definitivas. RESULTADOS: Se reclutaron 25 pacientes con una mediana de edad de 35 años. El síntoma principal de consulta fue dismenorrea y el síntoma digestivo más frecuente fue disquecia. En 8 pacientes se realizó un shaving rectal, en 7 una sigmoidectomía, en 9 una resección discoide y en 1 paciente una tiflectomía. La complicación posoperatoria reportada fue la hemorragia digestiva baja en 4 pacientes (Clavien-Dindo I y IIIa). Con una mediana de seguimiento de 13 meses, a la fecha 3 pacientes se les ha diagnosticado algún tipo de recidiva. CONCLUSIÓN: Es importante que la cirugía a realizar, garantice una morbilidad y recurrencia baja. Los resultados en nuestro centro son alentadores, lo que nos hace creer que el tratamiento quirúrgico podría ser una buena alternativa en la endometriosis pélvica profunda con compromiso colorrectal.

INTRODUCTION: In endometriosis, intestinal involvement affects up to 12% of patients, compromising the rectum and the rectosigmoid junction in 90% of cases. AIM: Describe the experience of the Coloproctolgy and Gynecology Team of the Clínica Alemana de Santiago in the surgical treatment of deep pelvic endometriosis with colorectal involvement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study based on the database of patients with endometriosis treated between January 2015 and April 2018. The inclusion criteria were patients with deep pelvic endometriosis clinic, who had colorectal involvement and who had been treated with rectal shaving, discoid resection or segmental resection. Electronic clinical records, operative protocols and definitive biopsies were reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients with a median age of 35 years were recruited. The main symptom of consultation was dysmenorrhoea and the most frequent digestive symptom was dyschezia. In 8 patients a rectal shaving was performed, in 7 a sigmoidectomy, in 9 a discoid resection and in 1 patient a tiflectomy. The only reported post-operative complication was low gastrointestinal bleeding in 4 of the 25 patients (Clavien-Dindo I and IIIa). A median follow-up of 13 months was achieved, to date 3 patients have been diagnosed with some type of recurrence. CONCLUSION: It is important that the surgery to be performed guarantees low morbidity and recurrence. The results in our center are encouraging, which makes us believe that surgical treatment could be a good alternative in deep pelvic endometriosis with colorectal involvement.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pelvis/pathology , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/complications , Rectal Diseases/surgery , Rectal Diseases/etiology , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Colonic Diseases/surgery , Colonic Diseases/etiology , Endometriosis/pathology , Length of Stay