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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): e158-e162, abril 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1152049

ABSTRACT

La dilatación segmentaria intestinal es una entidad congénita extremadamente rara, caracterizada por la dilatación local del intestino que no se debe a la obstrucción distal ni a la ausencia de células ganglionares. Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente en el período neonatal con la presentación típicamente descrita en esta enfermedad en ausencia de comorbilidades, forma clínica poco descrita en la bibliografía. Se desarrolla también la resolución quirúrgica con resección segmentaria y los hallazgos anatomopatológicos.


Segmental dilatation of the intestine is an extremely rare congenital entity characterized by a local dilation of the intestine without distal obstruction or the absence of ganglion cells. We present the case of a patient in the neonatal period with typical clinical features in absence of other comorbidities, shortly published in the bibliography. We also describe the surgical resolution and the pathological results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Colectomy , Dilatation
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879844

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation between the bronchial dilation test (BDT) and asthma control level in children with asthma.@*METHODS@#A total of 153 children with asthma, aged 5-14 years, who attended the outpatient service from March 2016 to March 2018 were enrolled. According to the presence or absence of atopic constitution, they were divided into an allergic group with 79 children and a non-allergic group with 74 children. The correlation between BDT and Childhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT) scores was analyzed for both groups.@*RESULTS@#All basic pulmonary function parameters were positively correlated with C-ACT scores in the non-allergic group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The improvement rate of BDT is well correlated with C-ACT scores in children with asthma, suggesting that BDT can be used as an index for predicting asthma control level.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asthma , Child , Child, Preschool , Dilatation , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Lung , Vital Capacity
4.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 49(1): 43-51, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1151895

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la dilatación endoscópica con balón ha mostrado ser una herramienta terapéutica y efectiva para el tratamiento de la disfunción de la trompa de Eustaquio. Al momento se desconocen los resultados en la población colombiana. Objetivos: determinar la mejoría clínica de la dilatación de la trompa de Eustaquio en pacientes adultos con disfunción tubárica crónica, en un centro de IV nivel de atención en Bogotá. Diseño: estudio observacional retrospectivo con componente analítico. Métodos: se revisaron los registros clínicos de pacientes intervenidos con la dilatación endoscópica de la trompa de Eustaquio; se describen los cambios objetivos y subjetivos en el posoperatorio. Resultados: se obtuvieron 22 pacientes entre los 18 y 66 años con seguimiento de 6 a 22 meses. Al 84,5 % se les realizó la intervención bilateral y al 15,8 % la unilateral, para un total de 38 oídos intervenidos. El 60 % lograron la normalización del timpanograma. Hubo una mejoría de las presiones del oído medio de -102,5 a -3,5 daPa (p = 0,005). Se alcanzó una mejoría estadísticamente significativa en 6/7 síntomas según la escala de severidad y reducción del gap aéreo-óseo en 7 dB y 4 dB del promedio de tonos puros por vía aérea (PTA) (p = 0,249; p = 0,711). Además, se generó un impacto positivo promedio de +32 en la escala de calidad de vida según el Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI). Conclusión: la dilatación de trompa de Eustaquio resulta ser una terapéutica segura y eficaz en población adulta, con mejoras estadísticamente significativas en la severidad de los síntomas y en las presiones del oído medio, lo cual genera un impacto positivo en la escala de calidad de vida según el GBI.


Introduction: Endoscopic balloon dilation has been shown to be a therapeutic and effective tool for the treatment of eustachian tube dysfunction. Now, the results in the Colombian population are unknown. Aim: Describe the clinical improvement of eustachian tube dilation in adult patients with chronic tubal dysfunction, in a 4th level complexity hospital in Bogotá. Design: Retrospective observational study with analytical component. Methods: The clinical records of patients undergoing endoscopic dilatation of the Eustachian tube were reviewed. Objective and subjective changes in the postoperative period are described. Results: 22 patients were obtained between 18 and 66 years and follow-up from 6 to 22 months. 84.5 % underwent bilateral intervention and 15.8 % unilaterally for a total of 38 operated ears. 60 % achieved tympanogram normalization. There was improvement of middle ear pressures from -102.5 to -3.5 daPa (p = 0.005). Statistically significant improvement in 6/7 symptoms according to the severity scale and reduction of air-bone Gap in 7 dB and 4 dB of airway PTA (p = 0.249; p = 0.711). Generating an average positive impact of +32 on the quality-of-life scale according to the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI). Conclusions: Eustachian tube dilation proves to be a safe and effective therapy in an adult population with statistically significant improvements in the severity of symptoms, and in middle ear pressures. Generating a positive impact on the scale of quality of life according to the GBI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Ear Diseases/surgery , Eustachian Tube/surgery , Quality of Life , Chronic Disease , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Dilatation , Ear Diseases/diagnosis
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(6): e540-e544, dic 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1146213

ABSTRACT

La dilatación idiopática de la aurícula derecha es una entidad poco frecuente. Estimar la verdadera incidencia es dificultoso dado que muchos pacientes son asintomáticos y los síntomas reportados, tanto en niños como en adultos, presentan un amplio espectro de manifestaciones clínicas. Pocos pacientes con diagnóstico prenatal fueron publicados.Se presenta un caso de diagnóstico prenatal de dilatación auricular derecha con un seguimiento de 3 años y 8 meses. El paciente se encuentra asintomático, sin evidencia de trombosis auricular, medicado con ácido acetilsalicílico desde su nacimiento. El seguimiento se realizó con ecocardiogramas regulares; sin embargo, la confirmación diagnóstica fue a través de la resonancia magnética nuclear cardíaca.La importancia del reporte radica en describir una enfermedad rara, potencialmente grave, y cómo el diagnóstico prenatal permite tomar conductas anticipadas, como el monitoreo cardíaco, para la detección de arritmias y el inicio temprano de profilaxis primaria antitrombótic


Idiopathic dilatation of the right atrium is a rare condition. The real incidence of the disease is difficult to estimate since most patients are asymptomatic, although a wide spectrum of symptoms have been reported in children and adults. In the literature, prenatal diagnosis has been reported in few cases.We report a case of prenatally diagnosed right atrial dilation with a 3 years and 8 months follow up. The patient is on acetylsalicylic acid since birth and remained asymptomatic without any atrial thrombosis. We performed regular transthoracic echocardiograms during follow up, however was a cardiac magnetic resonance imaging the method for achieving diagnostic confirmation.The aim of this case report is to describe a rare, potentially serious disease and how prenatal diagnosis allows anticipated actions such as monitoring for cardiac arrhythmia detection and early starting of primary thrombosis prophylaxis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Dilatation , Heart Atria , Prenatal Diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital , Aneurysm
6.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(4): 289-293, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131608

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Pharmacological pupillary dilation is performed in comprehensive ophthalmological examinations and before biometric measurements. So far, there is no consensus regarding its impact on biometric measurements. This study's aim was to investigate the effects of pharmacological pupillary dilation on ocular biometric measurements in healthy children. Methods: This was a prospective, observational, non-randomized study of children (4-18 years of age) who were admitted for routine ophthalmological examination. Biometric measurements were performed, using a non-contact optical biometry device, both before and after pharmacological pupillary dilation with cyclopentolate hydrochloride. Intraocular lens power calculations were performed using Hill-RBF, Barrett, Olsen, Sanders-Retzlaff-Kraff/Theoretical, Holladay, and Hoffer Q formulas. Descriptive statistical analyses were also performed. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare measurements before and after pharmacological pupillary dilation. Relationships between variables were analyzed using the Spearman-Brown rank correlation coefficient. Results: The study included 116 eyes of 58 children (mean age, 8.4 ± 0.32 years; 34 girls). Significant changes were observed after pupillary dilation, compared with before pupillary dilation, in terms of anterior chamber depth, aqueous depth, and central corneal and lens thicknesses. No significant change was observed in axial length. Intraocular lens power calculations revealed no significant changes after pupillary dilation in most formulas except for the Olsen formula. The intraocular lens power was significantly inversely correlated with axial length and anterior chamber depth. Conclusions: Pharmacological pupillary dilation in children appeared to have no impact on axial length and intraocular lens power, but caused a significant increase in anterior chamber depth. The difference in anterior chamber depth measurements before and after pupillary dilation could be related to the optical biometry device model used. These outcomes should be considered in intraocular lens power calculations performed using anterior chamber depth parameters.


RESUMO Objetivo: A dilatação pupilar farmacológica é realizada em exames oftalmológicos abrangentes e antes das medições biométricas. Até o momento, não há consenso sobre seu impacto nas medições biométricas. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os efeitos da dilatação pupilar nas medidas biométricas oculares em crianças saudáveis. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, observacional e não randomizado de crianças (4-18 anos) que foram admitidas para exame oftalmológico de rotina. As medidas biométricas foram realizadas usando um dispositivo de biometria óptica sem contato, antes e após a dilatação pupilar farmacológica com cloridrato de ciclopentolato. Os cálculos de potência das lentes intraoculares foram realizados utilizando as fórmulas de Hill-RBF, Barrett, Olsen, Sanders-Retzlaff-Kraff/ Teórica, Holladay e Hoffer Q. Análises estatísticas descritivas também foram realizadas. O teste dos postos sinalizados de Wilcoxon foi usado para comparar as medidas antes e após a dilatação pupilar farmacológica. As relações entre as variáveis foram analisadas pelo coeficiente de correlação de Spearman-Brown. Resultados: O estudo incluiu 116 olhos de 58 crianças (idade média de 8,4 ± 0,32 anos; 34 meninas). Alterações significativas foram observadas após a dilatação pupilar, em termos de profundidade da câmara anterior, profundidade do humor aquoso e espessura central da córnea e do cristalino. Nenhuma mudança significativa ocorreu no comprimento axial. Os cálculos de potência da lente intraocular não revelaram alterações significativas após a dilatação pupilar na maioria das fórmulas, com exceção da fórmula Olsen. O poder da lente intraocular foi significativamente inversa correlacionada com o comprimento axial e a profundidade da câmara anterior. Conclusões: A dilatação pupilar farmacológica em crianças parece não ter impacto no comprimento axial e no poder da lente intraocular, mas causou um aumento significativo na profundidade da câmara anterior. A diferença nas medidas da profundidade da câmara anterior antes e após a dilatação pupilar pode estar relacionada ao modelo do dispositivo de biometria óptica utilizado. Tais resultados devem ser considerados nos cálculos de potência da lente intraocular realizados usando parâmetros de profundidade da câmara anterior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Biometry , Dilatation , Axial Length, Eye/diagnostic imaging , Anterior Chamber/anatomy & histology , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Refraction, Ocular , Prospective Studies , Optics and Photonics , Lenses, Intraocular
7.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 56-62, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089365

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Chronic rhinosinusitis is a broad clinical syndrome characterized by mucosal inflammation of the nose and paranasal sinuses. In order for the paranasal sinuses to maintain their physiological functions; the ostiomeatal complex drainage pathways must be open. Surgical procedures are an important treatment option in patients who do not respond adequately to medical treatment. Although the methods and instruments used in functional endoscopic sinus surgery have continued to improve in recent years, the scar tissue formed during operation disrupts the drainage of the sinuses and reduces postoperative success. The natural ostiodilatation method, which is performed by balloon sinoplasty method, has become more and more popular in recent years. Objectives To compare the technique of balloon sinoplasty with the classical functional endoscopic sinus surgery method by considering the severity of chronic sinusitis on the same patient. Methods Total of 61 chronic sinusitis patients was included in the study. Paranasal sinus tomography of the patients was taken and according to the Lund-Mackay scoring, chronic sinusitis levels were determined. Cases were divided into two groups: Group 1 (severe chronic sinusitis group) and Group 2 (mild chronic sinusitis). Results There was no statistically significant difference in the results of comparison of sinuses which underwent balloon sinoplasty and classical functional endoscopic sinus surgery in Group 2 after Lund-Mackay scores. However in Group 1, the results of the comparison of postoperative Lund-Mackay scores of the balloon sinoplasty and the classical endoscopic operation were statistically significantly lower than those of the face half operated with the classical functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Conclusion The success of balloon sinoplasty in patients with mild sinusitis is the same as in classic functional endoscopic sinus surgery. However, as the severity of sinusitis increases, the efficacy of balloon sinoplasty decreases.


Resumo Introdução A rinossinusite crônica é uma síndrome clínica ampla, caracterizada por inflamação da mucosa nasal e seios paranasais. Para que os seios paranasais mantenham suas funções fisiológicas, as vias de drenagem do complexo ostiomeatal devem estar abertas. Os procedimentos cirúrgicos são uma importante opção de tratamento em pacientes que não respondem adequadamente ao tratamento clínico. Embora os métodos e instrumentos utilizados na cirurgia endoscópica funcional dos seios paranasais tenham melhorado continuamente, o tecido cicatricial formado durante a cirurgia interrompe a drenagem dos seios nasais e reduz o sucesso pós-operatório. O método natural de dilatação ostial, que é aplicado por meio da técnica de sinuplastia com balão, tem se tornado cada vez mais popular nos últimos anos. Objetivos Comparar a técnica de sinuplastia com balão com o método convencional de cirurgia endoscópica, no mesmo paciente, considerando a gravidade da rinossinusite crônica. Método Foram incluídos no estudo 61 pacientes com rinossinusite crônica. Por meio de tomografia dos seios paranasais e de acordo a escala de Lund-Mackay foram determinados os graus da rinossinusite crônica. Os casos foram divididos em dois grupos: Grupo 1 (grupo com rinossinusite crônica grave) e Grupo 2 (rinossinusite crônica leve). Resultados No Grupo 2 não houve diferença estatisticamente significante, segundo a escala de Lund-Mackay, no resultado da comparação dos seios paranasais nos quais foram realizadas a sinuplastia com balão e por cirurgia endoscópica convencional. No entanto, no Grupo 1, os resultados da comparação dos escores pós-operatórios de Lund-Mackay mostraram-se estatística e significativamente melhores naqueles submetidos à cirurgia endoscópica funcional dos seios paranasais. Conclusão O sucesso da sinuplastia com balão em pacientes com rinossinusite leve é o mesmo da cirurgia endoscópica funcional dos seios da face tradicional. No entanto, à medida que a gravidade da rinossinusite aumenta, a eficácia da sinuplastia com balão diminui.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Sinusitis/surgery , Rhinitis/surgery , Dilatation/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Nasal Surgical Procedures/methods , Postoperative Period , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Severity of Illness Index , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Chronic Disease , Treatment Outcome
10.
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 17(3): 20-27, dic.2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1047747

ABSTRACT

La dilatación de la aurícula izquierda (AI) se considera un predictor ecocardiográfico para la remodelación auricular y la fibrilación auricular. Por ende, hemos investigado la correlación existente entre la dilatación de la AI con las arritmias cardíacas y los trastornos del sistema de conducción en pacientes con hipertensión arterial (HTA). En este estudio observacional y prospectivo hemos investigado las variaciones electrocardiográficas, mediciones ecocardiográficas y Holter ECG de 24 hs en pacientes hipertensos y no hipertensos ambulatoria y hospitalizados que acuden a un hospital terciario entre marzo a septiembre del 2018. Se estudiaron 104 pacientes, 65 hipertensos conocidos y 39 no hipertensos como grupo control. El diámetro promedio de la AI fue significativamente mayor (p=0,03) en pacientes hipertensos que los no hipertensos (37±8 mm vs. 34±5 mm). Se encontró una asociación significativa entre hipertensión y la aurícula izquierda dilatada (>40 mm) (p= 0,026 OR: 3,25 IC95%: 1,01-11,02). La dilatación de la AI tuvo una especificidad de 73% y un valor predictivo negativo de 98% relacionado con la presencia de trastornos del sistema de conducción y arritmias cardiacas en pacientes con HTA. Se encontró asociación entre la hipertensión arterial y la dilatación de la aurícula izquierda. La dilatación de la aurícula izquierda tiene una elevada especificidad y un alto valor predictivo negativo en la detección de la presencia de prolongación del intervalo QT, ensanchamiento del complejo QRS, dispersión de la onda P, y trastornos del sistema de conducción y arritmias cardiacas en pacientes con hipertensión arterial(AU)


Dilation of the left atrium (LA) is considered an echocardiographic predictor for atrial remodeling and atrial fibrillation. Therefore, we have investigated the correlation between dilatation of the LA with cardiac arrhythmias and conduction system disorders in patients with systemic arterial hypertension. In this observational and prospective study we have investigated electrocardiographic variations, echocardiographic measurements and Holter ECG of 24 hours in hypertensive patients who attend a tertiary hospital from March 2018 to September 2018 as outpatients and inpatients. One hundred four patients were studied, 65 known to be hypertensive and 39 non-hypertensive subjects as control group. The diameter of the LA ​​had a mean value of 37±8 in hypertensive patients, while in non-hypertensive patients was 34±5 ​​(p = 0.03). A significant association was found between hypertension and increased diameter of the LA (p = 0.04 OR: 2.6 CI 0.88-7.7). Dilatation of the LA had a specificity of 73% and a negative predictive value of 98% related to the presence of conduction system disorders and cardiac arrhythmias in patients with hypertension. A significant relationship between arterial hypertension and dilatation of the left atrium was observed. The dilatation of the left atrium has a high specificity and a high negative predictive value in the detection of the presence of prolongation of the QT interval, widening of the QRS complex, dispersion of the P wave, and disorders of the conduction system and cardiac arrhythmias in patients with hypertension(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Cardiac Conduction System Disease , Hypertension , Dilatation , Heart Atria
12.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(3): 271-278, set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058697

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La estenosis subglótica adquirida es una causa importante de estridor persistente después de una intubación endotraqueal. El diagnóstico y manejo tempranos pueden llevar a procedimientos menos invasivos con altas tasas de éxito. Si las lesiones agudas posintubación evolucionan hacia una estenosis, las dilataciones endoscópicas usando instrumentos romos o balones podrían lograr restablecer un lumen adecuado. Los balones son efectivos, pero caros y obstruyen la vía respiratoria al momento de la dilatación. Objetivo: Presentar nuestra experiencia con la dilatación progresiva de estenosis subglótica adquirida posintubación utilizando tubos endotraqueales. Material y método: Revisión retrospectiva de las dilataciones realizadas como tratamiento primario en estenosis subglótica pediátrica adquirida. Resultados: Se incluyeron 16 pacientes con estenosis de grados I a III, con una edad promedio de 2 años y 4 meses. El tiempo promedio de intubación fue de 6,6 días. El número de procedimientos promedio fue de 2, con un rango de 1 a 6. El éxito clínico se logró en todos los pacientes, con resolución de los síntomas respiratorios y evitando la traqueostomía. No hubo complicaciones ni mortalidad asociadas. Conclusión: En esta cohorte, la dilatación subglótica con tubos endotraqueales fue eficaz y segura. Estos están ampliamente disponibles y permiten ventilar al paciente mientras se realiza el procedimiento.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Acquired post-intubation subglottic stenosis is one of the most important complications causing persistent stridor after endotracheal intubation. Early diagnosis and management can lead to less-invasive procedures with high success rates. If the acute post-intubation injuries progress into a stenosis, endoscopic dilatations can be attempted to reestablish an adequate lumen. These can be performed using blunt instrument or balloons. Balloons are effective but expensive, and obstruct the airway while dilatating. Aim: Present our experience with progressive blunt dilatation of acquired post-intubation subglottic stenosis using endotracheal tubes. Material and method: Retrospective chart review of dilatations performed as the primary treatment in early acquired pediatric subglottic stenosis. Results: 16 patients with grades I to III stenosis were included. Average age was 2 years 4 months, and average intubation time was 6.6 days. The number of procedures ranged between 1 and 6, with a mean of 2. Clinical success was achieved in all patients, with resolution of respiratory symptoms and avoidance of tracheostomy. There were no complications or mortality. Conclusion: In this cohort, subglottic dilatation using endotracheal tubes was effective and safe. Endotracheal tubes are easily available and allow to ventilate the patient while performing the procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Tracheal Stenosis/therapy , Laryngostenosis/therapy , Dilatation , Endoscopy/methods , Intubation , Intubation, Intratracheal/adverse effects
13.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(3): 275-281, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012612

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The objective of this review is to provide an overview of the practical diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to eosinophilic esophagitis and to increase the visibility of the disease among pediatricians. Sources: A search of the MEDLINE, Embase, and CINAHL databases and recent consensus statements and guidelines were performed. Summary of the findings: The definition of eosinophilic esophagitis is based on symptoms and histology. It is important to rule out other diseases associated with esophageal eosinophil-predominant inflammation. It is not yet clear whether the increased prevalence is due to a real increase in incidence or a result of increased awareness of the disease. Various options for management have been used in pediatric patients, including proton pump inhibitors, dietary restriction therapies, swallowed topical steroids, and endoscopic dilations. More recently, proton pump inhibitor-responsive esophageal eosinophilia and eosinophilic esophagitis have been contemplated on the same spectrum, and proton pump inhibitors should be considered the initial step in the treatment of these patients. Conclusions: Eosinophilic esophagitis is a relatively new disease with a remarkable progression of its incidence and prevalence in the past two to three decades, and diagnostic criteria that are constantly evolving. It is important to better understand the pathogenesis of the disease, the predisposing factors, the natural history, and the categorization of varying phenotypes to develop diagnostic and therapeutic strategies that meet the clinical needs of patients.


Resumo Objetivo: Fornecer uma visão geral do diagnóstico e do tratamento da esofagite eosinofílica na prática clínica e aumentar a visibilidade da doença entre os pediatras. Fontes dos dados: Foi feita uma busca na literatura relevante nos bancos de dados Medline, Embase, CINAHL e consensos e diretrizes recentes foram revisados. Síntese dos dados: A definição de esofagite eosinofílica é baseada nos sintomas e na histologia. É importante excluir outras doenças associadas com inflamação esofágica predominantemente eosinofílica. Ainda não está claro se o aumento na prevalência é devido a um real aumento da incidência ou se é o resultado da maior suspeição diagnóstica. Várias opções para tratamento, inclusive inibidores de bomba de prótons, restrições dietéticas, esteroides tópicos deglutidos e dilatações endoscópicas têm sido usadas em pacientes pediátricos. Mais recentemente a eosinofilia esofágica responsiva a inibidores de bomba de prótons e a esofagite eosinofílica têm sido contempladas no mesmo espectro e os inibidores de bomba de prótons devem ser considerados como opção inicial no tratamento desses pacientes. Conclusões: A esofagite eosinofílica é uma doença relativamente nova com uma notável progressão da incidência e prevalência nas últimas 2-3 décadas e critérios diagnósticos estão em evolução constante. É importante entender melhor a patogênese dessa doença, os fatores predisponentes, a história natural e a categorização dos diferentes fenótipos para desenvolver estratégias diagnósticas e terapêuticas que vão ao encontro das necessidades clínicas dos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Eosinophilic Esophagitis/diagnosis , Eosinophilic Esophagitis/therapy , Esophagoscopy , Dilatation , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
14.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 7-11, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002168

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Transnasal esophagoscopy (TNE) is a widely used tool both in the diagnosis and treatment of patients presenting complaints within the head and the neck. This is because this investigative adjunct examination provides the advantage of visualizing above the level of the cricopharyngeus muscle when compared to the more widely used esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). Objectives We have assessed if the implementation of TNE within a district general hospital (DGH) was feasible, and investigated if the resources of our patients could be better directed away from other investigations such as barium swallow and EGD in favor of this novel technique. The TNE technique has been largely applied in central teaching hospitals within the United Kingdom, but there are still no published reports of a DGH investigating its applicability in this smaller-sized clinical environment. Method We have analyzed our theater database to find all the patients who had undergone TNE, and recorded their reason for presenting, the preceding investigations, and the procedural findings. Results Inmost cases, the TNEwas conducted without technical issues, and we were able to identify positive findings in 43% of the patients who underwent Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD).Wewere able to treat patients successfully during the investigationwhen a cricopharyngeal stricture or narrowing was found. A normal EGD did not preclude further investigations with TNE. All but one of our patients were treated as day-case procedures. Conclusion Transnasal esophagoscopy can be successfully delivered within a DGH. A previous EGD does not mean that the TNE will not reveal positive findings due to its superior visualization of the pharynx and the upper esophagus. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Esophagoscopy/methods , Deglutition Disorders/diagnosis , Data Collection , Endoscopy, Digestive System/methods , Dilatation/methods , Hospitals, General
15.
West Afr. j. radiol ; 26(2): 59-68, 2019.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1273551

ABSTRACT

Background: Iron is a pro-oxidant cofactor that may be linked to cardiovascular disease (CVD) progression and reduction of body iron stores have been hypothesized to reduce the risk of CV disease. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess reduction in CVD risk susceptibility among regular blood donors compared with nondonors using ultrasound brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (BAFMD). Settings and Design: A prospective comparative study designed to establish the difference between mean flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) in the patients who are regular blood donors compared with nondonors recruited from a Teaching Hospital donor clinic. Materials and Methods: Data were collected over 7 months from December 2014 to June 2015. 100 eligible regular male blood donors, aged 21­50 years, were selected from a Teaching Hospital blood donor records and their BAFMD assessed. 50 nondonors/ first time donors, of equivalent age group, consecutively were assessed for comparison. Serum markers of iron stores, markers of oxidative stress and other related cardiac risk factors were also assessed in all patients. Results: BAFMD was significantly greater in regular blood donors when compared with nondonors (13.95% ± 7.02% vs. 8.20% ± 4.19%, P = 0.000). Serum ferritin was significantly decreased in regular blood donors when compared with nondonors (mean value 41.92 ng/ml ± 23.12 ng/ml vs. 61.97 ± 30.19 ng/ml, P = 0.000), but Hb did not differ between the groups. High FMD was significantly associated with high C-high-density lipoprotein and low C-LDL (r = −0.215*, P = 0.032, r = 0.188, P = 0.031, r = 0.193, P = 0.027, r = 0.0279, P = 0.002, r = 0.139, P = 0.084). LDL was decreased in regular blood donors compared with nondonors. Conclusion: The study provides prognostic information for assessing ultrasound BAFMD as a cardiac risk marker. Regular blood donors have enhanced cardiovascular function with increased flow-mediated dilation, decreased body iron stores, and decreased oxidative stress compared with nondonors


Subject(s)
Blood Donors , Brachial Artery , Cardiovascular System , Dilatation/methods , Endothelium, Vascular/diagnostic imaging , Nigeria
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761898

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Thin or damaged endometrium causes uterine factor-derived infertility resulting in a failure of embryonic implantation. Regeneration of endometrium is a major issue in gynecology and reproductive medicine. Various types of cells and scaffolds were studied to establish an effective therapeutic strategy. For this type of investigations, production of optimal animal models is indispensable. In this study, we tried to establish various murine uterine damage models and compared their features. METHODS: Three to ten-week-old C57BL/6 female mice were anesthetized using isoflurane. Chemical and mechanical methods using ethanol (EtOH) at 70 or 100% and copper scraper were compared to determine the most efficient condition. Damage of uterine tissue was induced either by vaginal or dorsal surgical approach. After 7-10 days, gross and microscopic morphology, safety and efficiency were compared among the groups. RESULTS: Both chemical and mechanical methods resulted in thinner endometrium and reduced number of glands. Gross morphology assessment revealed that the damaged regions of uteri showed various shapes including shrinkage or cystic dilatation of uterine horns. The duration of anesthesia significantly affected recovery after procedure. Uterine damage was most effectively induced by dorsal approach using 100% EtOH treatment compared to mechanical methods. CONCLUSION: Taken together, murine uterine damage models were most successfully established by chemical treatment. This production protocols could be applied further to larger animals such as non-human primate.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Animals , Copper , Dilatation , Endometrium , Ethanol , Female , Gynecology , Horns , Humans , Infertility , Isoflurane , Mice , Models, Animal , Primates , Regeneration , Reproductive Medicine , Uterus
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761872

ABSTRACT

A unicuspid aortic valve is a rare congenital malformation that frequently presents with valvular dysfunction and dilatation or aortic aneurysm, requiring combined aortic valve surgery and aortic repair. Some patients show severe valve calcification extending into the interventricular septum, possibly resulting in damage to the conduction system during debridement for valve replacement. We present a rare case of severe aortic stenosis with a unicommissural unicuspid aortic valve diagnosed by preoperative transesophageal echocardiography in a 36-year-old man. After composite graft replacement of the aortic valve, aortic root, and ascending aorta, a permanent pacemaker was placed because of postoperative complete heart block.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aorta , Aortic Aneurysm , Aortic Valve Stenosis , Aortic Valve , Debridement , Dilatation , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Heart Block , Heart Defects, Congenital , Humans , Transplants
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764054

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In regenerative medicine, mesenchymal stem cells derived from adipose tissues (Ad-MSCs) are a very attractive target to treat many diseases. In relation to nephrology, the aim of the current study is to investigate the effects of Ad-MSCs for the amelioration of acute kidney injury and to explore the mechanism of renal parenchymal changes in response to allogeneic transplantation of Ad-MSCs. METHODS AND RESULTS: The nephrotoxicity was induced by cisplatin (CP) in balb/c mice according to RIFLE Class and AKIN Stage 3. PCR, qRT-PCR and fluorescent labeled cells infusion, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, functional analyses were used for genes and proteins expressions data acquisition respectively. We demonstrated that single intravenous infusion of 2.5×107/kg mAd-MSCs in mice pre-injected with CP recruited to the kidney, restored the renal structure, and function, which resulted in progressive survival of mice. The renal tissue morphology was recovered in terms of diminished necrosis or epithelial cells damage, protein casts formation, infiltration of inflammatory cells, tubular dilatation, and restoration of brush border protein; Megalin and decreased Kim-1 expressions in mAd-MSCs transplanted mice. Significant reduction in serum creatinine with slashed urea and urinary protein levels were observed. Anti-BrdU staining displayed enhanced tubular cells proliferation. Predominantly, downgrade expressions of TNF-α and TGF-β1 were observed post seven days in mAd-MSCs transplanted mice. CONCLUSIONS: Ad-MSCs exerts pro-proliferative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-fibrotic effects. Ad-MSCs transplantation without any chemical or genetic manipulation can provide the evidence of therapeutic strategy for the origin of regeneration and overall an improved survival of the system in functionally deprived failed kidneys.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Animals , Cisplatin , Creatinine , Dilatation , Epithelial Cells , Immunohistochemistry , Infusions, Intravenous , Kidney , Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-2 , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice , Microvilli , Necrosis , Nephrology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Regeneration , Regenerative Medicine , Transplantation, Homologous , Urea
19.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1334-1341, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760305

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate flow pattern characteristics in the ascending aorta (AA) with four-dimensional (4D)-flow MRI and to determine predictors of aortic dilatation late after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 44 patients with repaired TOF (25 males and 19 females; mean age, 28.9 ± 8.4 years) and 11 volunteers (10 males and 1 female, mean age, 33.7 ± 8.8 years) who had undergone 4D-flow MRI. The aortic diameters, velocity, wall shear stress (WSS), flow jet angle (FJA), and flow displacement (FD) at the level of the sinotubular junction (STJ) and mid-AA were compared between the repaired TOF and volunteer groups. The hemodynamic and clinical parameters were also compared between the aortic dilatation and non-dilatation subgroups in the repaired TOF group. RESULTS: The diameters of the sinus of Valsalva, STJ, and AA were significantly higher in the repaired TOF group than in the volunteer group (p = 0.002, p < 0.001, and p = 0.013, respectively). The FJAs at the STJ and AA were significantly greater in the repaired TOF group (p < 0.001 and p = 0.003, respectively), while velocities and WSS parameters were significantly lower. FD showed no statistically significant difference (p = 0.817). In subgroup analysis, age at TOF repair was significantly higher (p = 0.039) and FJA at the level of the AA significantly greater (p = 0.003) and mean WSS were significantly lower (p = 0.039) in the aortic dilatation group. FD were higher in the aortic dilatation group without statistical significance (p = 0.217). CONCLUSION: Patients with repaired TOF have an increased FJA, dilated AA, and secondarily decreased WSS. In addition to known risk factors, flow eccentricity may affect aortic dilatation in patients with repaired TOF.


Subject(s)
Aorta , Dilatation , Female , Hemodynamics , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Risk Factors , Sinus of Valsalva , Tetralogy of Fallot , Volunteers
20.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1247-1265, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760298

ABSTRACT

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) can be defined as an abnormal, progressive dilatation of the abdominal aorta, carrying a substantial risk for fatal aneurysmal rupture. Endovascular aneurysmal repair (EVAR) for AAA is a minimally invasive endovascular procedure that involves the placement of a bifurcated or tubular stent-graft over the AAA to exclude the aneurysm from arterial circulation. In contrast to open surgical repair, EVAR only requires a stab incision, shorter procedure time, and early recovery. Although EVAR seems to be an attractive solution with many advantages for AAA repair, there are detailed requirements and many important aspects should be understood before the procedure. In this comprehensive review, fundamental information regarding AAA and EVAR is presented.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Aorta, Abdominal , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Dilatation , Endovascular Procedures , Rupture
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