Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.981
Filter
1.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(2): 129-133, abr. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367108

ABSTRACT

ntroducción: la cirugía de catarata con implante de un lente intraocular es, hoy en día, el procedimiento quirúrgico más frecuente en todo el mundo. Su éxito depende de muchos factores, uno de los más importantes es el cálculo exacto del poder dióptrico del lente intraocular. Objetivo: comparar el cálculo del poder dióptrico del lente intraocular en los pacientes sin y con dilatación pupilar. Material y métodos: estudio longitudinal, en el que se determinó el cálculo del poder dióptrico del lente intraocular en pacientes con y sin dilatación pupilar. Las variables de estudio fueron: edad, género, ojo a estudiar, queratometría, longitud axial, profundidad de cámara anterior y poder dióptrico del lente intraocular. Se realizó estadística descriptiva y t de Student. Resultados: se estudiaron 37 pacientes, 23 mujeres y 14 hombres. La edad promedio fue de 68 ± 7.87 años. Se estudiaron 64 ojos, 30 fueron derechos y 34 izquierdos. Estadísticamente solo hubo diferencia significativa en K2 de la biometría ocular entre pacientes sin y con dilatación pupilar al obtenerse un valor de p ≤ 0.05. Conclusión: no existen cambios en el cálculo del poder dióptrico del LIO sin y con dilatación pupilar.


Background: Cataract surgery with intraocular lens implant is, nowadays, the most frequent surgical procedure in all the world. Its success depends on a lot of factors, one of the most important is the calculation of the exact dioptric power of intraocular lens. Objective: To compare the calculation of dioptric power of intraocular lens with and without dilatation in patients with cataract. Material and methods: Longitudinal study, the calculation of the dioptric power of the intraocular lens was determined in patients without and with pupillary dilation. The variables were age, gender, eye to study, keratometry, axial length, anterior chamber depth and dioptric power of the intraocular lens. Descriptive statistics and Student t test were performed. Results: There were 37 patients, 23 females and 14 males. The average age was 68 + 7.87 years. Sixty-four eyes were studied, 30 were right and 34 left. Statistically, there was only significant difference in K2 of the ocular biometry between patients without and with pupillary dilation when obtaining a value of p < 0.05. Conclusion: There are no changes in the calculation of the dioptric power of the Intraocular lens without and with pupillary dilation


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cataract , Pupil , Dilatation , Lenses, Intraocular , Longitudinal Studies , Biometry/methods , Octogenarians
2.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(1): 78-81, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376908

ABSTRACT

Abstract A report of two cases of esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis, a very unusual disease, with other 240 cases reported in the entire world literature since 1960. Its etiology and pathogenesis are still not fully understood. However, it is believed that hypertrophy of the submucosal glands, with chronic inflammation, fibrosis, and consequent esophageal stenosis, causes dysphagia, which is the primary manifestation of esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis. The main diagnostic methods include the radiological examination of the esophagus with barium contrast (esophagogram) and esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). Both reported cases were treated with endoscopic dilation, exemplifying the safety and efficacy of this therapeutic option for treating dysphagia in these individuals.


Resumen Reporte de dos casos de pseudodiverticulosis esofágica intramural, una enfermedad muy inusual, con otros 240 casos reportados en toda la literatura mundial desde 1960. Su etiología y patogenia aún no se conocen completamente; sin embargo, se cree que existe una hipertrofia de las glándulas submucosas, con inflamación crónica, fibrosis y consecuente estenosis esofágica, lo que provoca disfagia, que es la principal manifestación de la pseudodiverticulosis esofágica intramural. El examen radiológico del esófago con contraste de bario (esofagograma) y la endoscopia digestiva alta (EDA) son los principales métodos de diagnóstico. Ambos casos reportados se trataron con dilatación endoscópica, lo que ejemplifica la seguridad y eficacia de dicha opción terapéutica para el tratamiento de la disfagia en estos individuos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Deglutition Disorders , Diverticulosis, Esophageal , Dilatation , Endoscopy , Esophagus , Disease , Hypertrophy
3.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(1): 57-63, ene. 28, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1354465

ABSTRACT

La terapia de balón, también conocida como esferodinamia, es un ejercicio que estira y relaja los músculos pélvicos al usar una pelota suiza, que, al ser incorporada al trabajo de parto, reduce la duración de su primera fase y disminuye el dolor. El objetivo de la revisión es describir su aplicación como medida no farmacológica para el manejo del dolor y sus efectos en la evolución del trabajo de parto. Para alcanzar esto, se realizó una revisión bibliográfica basándose en artículos científicos publicados en los últimos cinco años. Esta técnica no farmacológica ha demostrado beneficios en el manejo del dolor y la ansiedad materna. Durante el embarazo y el trabajo de parto, esta terapia promueve la corrección postural, la relajación y el estiramiento de los músculos del piso pélvico. Además, ayuda en el descenso y rotación de la cabeza fetal y aumenta la dilatación del cuello uterino, facilitando el parto natural. La terapia de balón reduce el tiempo de trabajo de parto y es una medida eficaz no farmacológica para el manejo del dolor. Así mismo, ayuda a corregir la presentación fetal y evita procedimientos obstétricos


Ball therapy, also known as spherodynamics, is an exercise that stretches and relaxes the pelvic muscles using a Swiss ball, which, when incorporated into labor, reduces the duration of its first phase and decreases pain. The objective of the review is to describe its application as a non-pharmacological measure for pain management and its effects on the evolution of labor. To achieve this, a bibliographic review was carried out based on scientific articles published in the last five years. This non-pharmacological technique has shown benefits in the management of maternal pain and anxiety. During pregnancy and labor, this therapy promotes postural correction, relaxation, and stretching of the pelvic floor muscles. In addition, it helps in the descent and rotation of the fetal head and increases the dilation of the cervix, facilitating natural childbirth. Balloon therapy reduces the time of labor and is an effective non-pharmacological measure for pain management. Likewise, it helps correct fetal presentation and avoids obstetric procedures


Subject(s)
Labor, Obstetric , Delivery, Obstetric , Parturition , Pain Management , Relaxation , Exercise , Cervix Uteri , Dilatation
4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 462-465, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935721

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis combined with coronary artery dilatation. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data, including clinical manifestations, blood routine, inflammatory factors, echocardiography, vascular ultrasound and CT angiography, treatment and outcomes, etc, of 5 cases with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis combined with coronary artery dilation admitted to Department of Rheumatology in the affiliated Children's Hospital of Capital Institute of Pediatrics from May 2019 to June 2021. Results: There were 2 males and 3 females among 5 cases. The onset age ranged from 7 months to 4 years 7 months.The diagnostic time ranged from 1.5 months to 3.0 months.Four cases were diagnosed as atypical Kawasaki disease. Three cases showed unilateral coronary artery dilation.Two cases showed bilateral coronary artery dilation.Four cases developed multiple organ injuries.Three cases developed macrophage activation syndrome.Three cases developed lung injury.Two cases developed pericardial effusion.One case developed pulmonary hypertension.As for treatment, 3 cases treated with methylprednisolone pulse therapy and methotrexate combined with cyclosporine, improved after the final application of biological agents, and have stopped prednisone. The other 2 cases were treated with adequate oral prednisone and gradually reduced, and methotrexate was added at the same time, 1 case relapsed in the process of reduction. No other vascular involvement was found in 5 cases. Coronary artery dilation recovered completely after 1 to 3 months of treatment. Conclusions: Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis combined with coronary artery dilatation has the clinical characteristics of small onset age, long diagnostic time, prone to multiple organ injuries. Corticosteroids and conventional immunosuppressive agents are not sensitive, and biological agents should be used as soon as possible.The prognosis of coronary artery dilation is good after timely treatment.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Juvenile/drug therapy , Biological Factors/therapeutic use , Child , Coronary Aneurysm/etiology , Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Dilatation , Dilatation, Pathologic , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Methotrexate , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 84-89, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935584

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the outcomes of Slide tracheoplasty for the children with severe congenital tracheal stenosis received previous repeated balloon dilatation or metal stent placement under endoscopy. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in 9 children with congenital tracheal stenosis undergoing previous interventional therapy under tracheoscopy and later received Slide tracheoplasty due to obvious respiratory symptoms at Department of Cardiac Surgery, Qilu Children's Hospital of Shandong University between February 2017 and July 2021. There were 7 males and 2 females with a median age at operation of 72.4 months (range: 13.3 to 98.9 months), and the median weight was 19.0 kg (range: 9.0 to 33.0 kg). Among the 9 patients, 2 patients began to receive repeated balloon dilatation (more than 3 times) 17.8 and 51.8 months ago respectively. One patient received metal stents placement into the trachea for 4 days and the other 6 children for median 56.8 months (range: 21.6 to 74.2 months). Complete tracheal cartilage rings and long segmental stenosis were present. in all 9 children. Operative details and outcome measures, including the need for endoscopic airway intervention and mortality, were collected. Results: Slide tracheoplasty was performed in all cases. Two patients with repeated balloon dilatation had different thickness of tracheal wall, local scar hyperplasia and irregular lumen. Among them, 1 case had obvious local calcification of tracheal wall, which was difficult to suture. The metal stent in one patient with short time of placement was completely removed. However, only part of the metal stents could be removed due to the long placement time in the other 6 cases. There was no operative death in the 9 children. The median postoperative tracheal intubation time was 25.3 hours (range: 17.4 to 74.5 hours). A silicone stent was placed in the trachea of 1 child due to obvious respiratory symptoms. Follow-up of median 11 months (range: 1 to 23 months) showed that no death occurred after discharge and all children had basically normal activity tolerance with no obvious respiratory symptoms. Conclusions: Slide tracheoplasty is feasible for children undergoing prior balloon dilatation or metal stents placement. Previously repeated balloon dilatation or metal stent placement under endoscopy increased the difficulty of slide tracheoplasty, the metal stent could not be completely removed after a long time.


Subject(s)
Child , Constriction, Pathologic , Dilatation , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Stents , Trachea/surgery , Tracheal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 460-466, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356955

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La enfermedad de Caroli es una enfermedad infrecuente que requiere un alto índice de sospecha para su diagnóstico. Puede afectar un segmento hepático, un lóbulo o todo el hígado; suele generar episodios repetidos de colangitis. Existe una amplia gama de propuestas terapéuticas que oscilan desde el tratamiento médico hasta el trasplante de hígado. En este trabajo presentamos 3 casos, realizamos una revisión de la literatura y proponemos una ampliación de la clasificación de Alonso-Lej modificada por Todani que, a nuestra manera de ver, tiene implicaciones a la hora de seleccionar un tratamiento.


ABSTRACT Caroli's disease is a rare condition, and its diagnosis requires high level of suspicion. The disease may affect one segment, one lobe or the entire liver, and may result in repeated episodes of cholangitis. The disease can be managed using different therapeutic approaches ranging from medical treatment to liver transplantation. In this paper we report 3 cases with review of the literature and propose a modification of the classification by Alonso-Lej modified by Todani which we believe may be useful to guide treatment.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Cholelithiasis , Caroli Disease , Therapeutics , Bile Ducts , Cholangitis , Liver Transplantation , Selectins , Dilatation
7.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(5): 461-464, oct. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388682

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El piometra es una afección infrecuente, pero grave, que en general se diagnostica en mujeres posmenopáusicas. En adolescentes es sumamente raro, y si se acompaña de amenorrea primaria hay que tener en mente las anomalías congénitas. CASO CLÍNICO: Adolescente de 13 años, sin antecedentes personales de interés salvo amenorrea primaria, que acude con abdomen agudo y es intervenida por una peritonitis difusa causada por un piometra secundario a disgenesia (estenosis) cervical congénita. Se realizó dilatación cervical y se dejó una sonda vesical intrauterina para prevenir la reestenosis. CONCLUSIONES: Un diagnóstico precoz y un tratamiento conservador con dilatación cervical y colocación temporal de un catéter urinario son esenciales para un manejo seguro y efectivo de la estenosis cervical en adolescentes.


INTRODUCTION: Pyometra is an uncommon but serious condition that is generally diagnosed in postmenopausal women. In adolescents it is extremely rare; if accompanied by primary amenorrhea, consider congenital abnormalities. CASE REPORT: A 13-year-old adolescent, with no relevant personal history except primary amenorrhea, who presented with an acute abdomen and was operated on for diffuse peritonitis caused by pyometra secondary to congenital cervical dysgenesis (stenosis). Cervical dilation was performed and a urinary catheter was temporarily placed inside the uterus to prevent restenosis. CONLUSIONS: An early diagnosis and conservative treatment with cervical dilation and temporary placement of a urinary catheter are essential for the safe and effective management of cervical stenosis in adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Uterine Cervical Diseases/etiology , Constriction, Pathologic/etiology , Pyometra/complications , Urinary Catheterization , Stents , Uterine Cervical Diseases/congenital , Uterine Cervical Diseases/therapy , Constriction, Pathologic/congenital , Constriction, Pathologic/therapy , Dilatation
8.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(3): 412-421, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347289

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Calcular as velocidades médias da dilatação de pupila para classificar a gravidade da lesão derivada da escala de coma de Glasgow, estratificada por variáveis de confusão. Métodos: Neste estudo, analisaram-se 68.813 exames das pupilas para determinar a velocidade normal de dilatação em 3.595 pacientes com lesão cerebral leve (13 - 15), moderada (9 - 12) ou grave (3 - 8), segundo a escala de coma de Glasgow. As variáveis idade, sexo, raça, tamanho da pupila, tempo de permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva, pressão intracraniana, uso de narcóticos, classificação pela escala de coma de Glasgow e diagnóstico foram consideradas confundidoras e controladas para análise estatística. Empregou-se regressão logística com base em algoritmo de classificação com aprendizado de máquina para identificar os pontos de corte da velocidade de dilatação para as categorias segundo a escala de coma de Glasgow. Resultados: As razões de chance e os intervalos de confiança desses fatores se mostraram estatisticamente significantes em sua influência sobre a velocidade de dilatação. A classificação com base na área sob a curva mostrou que, para o grau leve, na escala de coma de Glasgow, o limite da velocidade de dilatação foi de 1,2mm/s, com taxas de falsa probabilidade de 0,1602 e 0,1902 e áreas sob a curva de 0,8380 e 0,8080, respectivamente, para os olhos esquerdo e direito. Para grau moderado na escala de coma de Glasgow, a velocidade de dilatação foi de 1,1mm/s com taxas de falsa probabilidade de 0,1880 e 0,1940 e áreas sob a curva de 0,8120 e 0,8060, respectivamente, nos olhos esquerdo e direito. Mais ainda, para o grau grave na escala de coma de Glasgow, a velocidade de dilatação foi de 0,9mm/s, com taxas de falsa probabilidade de 0,1980 e 0,2060 e áreas sob a curva de 0,8020 e 0,7940, respectivamente, nos olhos esquerdo e direito. Esses valores foram diferentes dos métodos prévios de descrição subjetiva e das velocidades de dilatação previamente estimadas. Conclusão: Observaram-se velocidades mais lentas de dilatação pupilar em pacientes com escores mais baixos na escala de coma de Glasgow, indicando que diminuição da velocidade pode indicar grau mais grave de lesão neuronal.


ABSTRACT Objective: To calculate mean dilation velocities for Glasgow coma scale-derived injury severity classifications stratified by multiple confounding variables. Methods: In this study, we examined 68,813 pupil readings from 3,595 patients to determine normal dilation velocity with brain injury categorized based upon a Glasgow coma scale as mild (13 - 15), moderate (9 - 12), or severe (3 - 8). The variables age, sex, race, pupil size, intensive care unit length of stay, intracranial pressure, use of narcotics, Glasgow coma scale, and diagnosis were considered as confounding and controlled for in statistical analysis. Machine learning classification algorithm-based logistic regression was employed to identify dilation velocity cutoffs for Glasgow coma scale categories. Results: The odds ratios and confidence intervals of these factors were shown to be statistically significant in their influence on dilation velocity. Classification based on the area under the curve showed that for the mild Glasgow coma scale, the dilation velocity threshold value was 1.2mm/s, with false probability rates of 0.1602 and 0.1902 and areas under the curve of 0.8380 and 0.8080 in the left and right eyes, respectively. For the moderate Glasgow coma scale, the dilation velocity was 1.1mm/s, with false probability rates of 0.1880 and 0.1940 and areas under the curve of 0.8120 and 0.8060 in the left and right eyes, respectively. Furthermore, for the severe Glasgow coma scale, the dilation velocity was 0.9mm/s, with false probability rates of 0.1980 and 0.2060 and areas under the curve of 0.8020 and 0.7940 in the left and right eyes, respectively. These values were different from the previous method of subjective description and from previously estimated normal dilation velocities. Conclusion: Slower dilation velocities were observed in patients with lower Glasgow coma scores, indicating that decreasing velocities may indicate a higher degree of neuronal injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Injuries , Pupil , Biomarkers , Glasgow Coma Scale , Dilatation
9.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(2): 180-190, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289297

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La enfermedad de Caroli es un trastorno congénito poco usual, el cual cursa con dilatación segmentaria multifocal de los conductos biliares intrahepáticos. Fue descrita por Jacques Caroli en 1958 como una dilatación sacular, segmentada o fusiforme de los ductos biliares intrahepáticos. Objetivo: Caracterizar a la población que ha padecido la enfermedad de Caroli. Metodología: Revisión sistemática de la literatura. Resultados: Se analizaron 66 artículos, el grupo de edad más afectado es los menores de 10 años, en el que se evidenció una mayor prevalencia en varones, y se encontró asociado con otras comorbilidades como el riñón poliquístico (20 %). La manifestación más frecuente fue la hepatomegalia (44,7 %), seguido de la fiebre (42,4 %) y el dolor abdominal en el hipocondrio derecho (41,2 %). Como método diagnóstico más utilizado se encontraba la resonancia magnética (73,8 %); dentro de los hallazgos predominó la dilatación intrahepática (76,5 %) y el manejo más empleado fue la antibioticoterapia para tratar las recurrencias por colangitis. Conclusión: La enfermedad de Caroli tiene una baja prevalencia, se presenta con mayor frecuencia en el continente americano, afecta principalmente a la primera década de la vida, tiene predilección por el sexo masculino y se caracteriza por una dilatación de los conductos intrahepáticos que pueden afectar a otros órganos como los riñones, lo que produce quistes renales.


Abstract Caroli's disease (CD) is a rare congenital disease, which presents with multifocal segmental intrahepatic bile duct dilatation. It was first described by Jacques Caroli in 1958 as a saccular or fusiform dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts. Objective: To characterize the population that has been diagnosed with Caroli's disease. Materials and methods: Systematic review. Results: 66 articles were analyzed. The age group most affected was children under 10 years old, where a higher prevalence was evidenced in males. This condition was associated with other comorbidities such as polycystic kidney in 20%. The most frequent manifestation was hepatomegaly (44.7%), followed by fever (42.4%), and abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant (41.2%). The most used diagnostic method was magnetic resonance imaging in 73.8% of the sample. The findings showed predominance of intra-hepatic dilatation in 76.5%. The most widely used treatment was antibiotic therapy to treat recurrences due to cholangitis. Conclusion: Caroli's disease has an extremely low incidence and occurs more frequently in the American continent, affecting mainly patients in the first decade of life, with a predilection for the male sex. It is characterized by a dilatation of the intrahepatic ducts that can affect other organs such as the kidneys, causing renal cysts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Abdominal Pain , Caroli Disease , Dilatation , Fever , Hepatomegaly , Disease , Cysts , Diagnosis
10.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(2): 227-240, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289303

ABSTRACT

Resumen Mediante la distensión de un balón con líquido conductor, la sonda de imagen luminal funcional endoluminal (EndoFLIP) evalúa las propiedades biomecánicas como la distensibilidad, volumen, presión e inclusive diámetros de regiones esfinterianas como la unión gastroesofágica, píloro y ano. La mayor evidencia en la utilidad clínica de la EndoFLIP está en los trastornos de motilidad esofágica, principalmente para identificar acalasia cuando la manometría esofágica de alta resolución y otras imágenes no logran diagnosticarla e inclusive, mediante el programa de FLIP 2.0, caracteriza la acalasia en subtipos a partir de patrones de motilidad del esófago distal en respuesta a la distensión. Se ha demostrado recientemente que la EndoFLIP tiene un rol diagnóstico, pronóstico o terapéutico en otras patologías como la esofagitis eosinofílica, reflujo gastroesofágico, gastroparesia, durante la fundoplicatura y dilatación esofágica.


Abstract EndoFLIP evaluates biomechanical properties such as distensibility, volume, pressure, and even diameters of sphincter regions like the gastroesophageal junction, pylorus, and anus, by distending a balloon with a conductive medium. The best evidence of the clinical utility of EndoFLIP is observed in esophageal motility disorders, mainly when identifying achalasia when high-resolution esophageal manometry and other images fail to diagnose it. Even EndoFLIP 2.0 characterizes achalasia into subtypes based on distal esophageal motility patterns in response to distention. Recently, it has been shown that this system has a diagnostic, prognostic and/or therapeutic role in other diseases such as eosinophilic esophagitis, gastroesophageal reflux, and gastroparesis, and during fundoplication and esophageal dilation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Motility Disorders , Esophageal Achalasia , Anal Canal , Pressure , Pylorus , Fundoplication , Dilatation , Esophagogastric Junction , Esophagus
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): e158-e162, abril 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1152049

ABSTRACT

La dilatación segmentaria intestinal es una entidad congénita extremadamente rara, caracterizada por la dilatación local del intestino que no se debe a la obstrucción distal ni a la ausencia de células ganglionares. Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente en el período neonatal con la presentación típicamente descrita en esta enfermedad en ausencia de comorbilidades, forma clínica poco descrita en la bibliografía. Se desarrolla también la resolución quirúrgica con resección segmentaria y los hallazgos anatomopatológicos.


Segmental dilatation of the intestine is an extremely rare congenital entity characterized by a local dilation of the intestine without distal obstruction or the absence of ganglion cells. We present the case of a patient in the neonatal period with typical clinical features in absence of other comorbidities, shortly published in the bibliography. We also describe the surgical resolution and the pathological results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Colectomy , Dilatation
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879844

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation between the bronchial dilation test (BDT) and asthma control level in children with asthma.@*METHODS@#A total of 153 children with asthma, aged 5-14 years, who attended the outpatient service from March 2016 to March 2018 were enrolled. According to the presence or absence of atopic constitution, they were divided into an allergic group with 79 children and a non-allergic group with 74 children. The correlation between BDT and Childhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT) scores was analyzed for both groups.@*RESULTS@#All basic pulmonary function parameters were positively correlated with C-ACT scores in the non-allergic group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The improvement rate of BDT is well correlated with C-ACT scores in children with asthma, suggesting that BDT can be used as an index for predicting asthma control level.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asthma , Child , Child, Preschool , Dilatation , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Lung , Vital Capacity
14.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 49(1): 43-51, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1151895

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la dilatación endoscópica con balón ha mostrado ser una herramienta terapéutica y efectiva para el tratamiento de la disfunción de la trompa de Eustaquio. Al momento se desconocen los resultados en la población colombiana. Objetivos: determinar la mejoría clínica de la dilatación de la trompa de Eustaquio en pacientes adultos con disfunción tubárica crónica, en un centro de IV nivel de atención en Bogotá. Diseño: estudio observacional retrospectivo con componente analítico. Métodos: se revisaron los registros clínicos de pacientes intervenidos con la dilatación endoscópica de la trompa de Eustaquio; se describen los cambios objetivos y subjetivos en el posoperatorio. Resultados: se obtuvieron 22 pacientes entre los 18 y 66 años con seguimiento de 6 a 22 meses. Al 84,5 % se les realizó la intervención bilateral y al 15,8 % la unilateral, para un total de 38 oídos intervenidos. El 60 % lograron la normalización del timpanograma. Hubo una mejoría de las presiones del oído medio de -102,5 a -3,5 daPa (p = 0,005). Se alcanzó una mejoría estadísticamente significativa en 6/7 síntomas según la escala de severidad y reducción del gap aéreo-óseo en 7 dB y 4 dB del promedio de tonos puros por vía aérea (PTA) (p = 0,249; p = 0,711). Además, se generó un impacto positivo promedio de +32 en la escala de calidad de vida según el Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI). Conclusión: la dilatación de trompa de Eustaquio resulta ser una terapéutica segura y eficaz en población adulta, con mejoras estadísticamente significativas en la severidad de los síntomas y en las presiones del oído medio, lo cual genera un impacto positivo en la escala de calidad de vida según el GBI.


Introduction: Endoscopic balloon dilation has been shown to be a therapeutic and effective tool for the treatment of eustachian tube dysfunction. Now, the results in the Colombian population are unknown. Aim: Describe the clinical improvement of eustachian tube dilation in adult patients with chronic tubal dysfunction, in a 4th level complexity hospital in Bogotá. Design: Retrospective observational study with analytical component. Methods: The clinical records of patients undergoing endoscopic dilatation of the Eustachian tube were reviewed. Objective and subjective changes in the postoperative period are described. Results: 22 patients were obtained between 18 and 66 years and follow-up from 6 to 22 months. 84.5 % underwent bilateral intervention and 15.8 % unilaterally for a total of 38 operated ears. 60 % achieved tympanogram normalization. There was improvement of middle ear pressures from -102.5 to -3.5 daPa (p = 0.005). Statistically significant improvement in 6/7 symptoms according to the severity scale and reduction of air-bone Gap in 7 dB and 4 dB of airway PTA (p = 0.249; p = 0.711). Generating an average positive impact of +32 on the quality-of-life scale according to the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI). Conclusions: Eustachian tube dilation proves to be a safe and effective therapy in an adult population with statistically significant improvements in the severity of symptoms, and in middle ear pressures. Generating a positive impact on the scale of quality of life according to the GBI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Ear Diseases/surgery , Eustachian Tube/surgery , Quality of Life , Chronic Disease , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Dilatation , Ear Diseases/diagnosis
15.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(2): e1608, 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345008

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Heart dysfunction and liver disease often coexist because of systemic disorders. Any cause of right ventricular failure may precipitate hepatic congestion and fibrosis. Digital image technologies have been introduced to pathology diagnosis, allowing an objective quantitative assessment. The quantification of fibrous tissue in liver biopsy sections is extremely important in the classification, diagnosis and grading of chronic liver disease. Aim: To create a semi-automatic computerized protocol to quantify any amount of centrilobular fibrosis and sinusoidal dilatation in liver Masson's Trichrome-stained specimen. Method: Once fibrosis had been established, liver samples were collected, histologically processed, stained with Masson's trichrome, and whole-slide images were captured with an appropriated digital pathology slide scanner. After, a random selection of the regions of interest (ROI's) was conducted. The data were subjected to software-assisted image analysis (ImageJ®). Results: The analysis of 250 ROI's allowed to empirically obtain the best application settings to identify the centrilobular fibrosis (CF) and sinusoidal lumen (SL). After the establishment of the colour threshold application settings, an in-house Macro was recorded to set the measurements (fraction area and total area) and calculate the CF and SL ratios by an automatic batch processing. Conclusion: Was possible to create a more detailed method that identifies and quantifies the area occupied by fibrous tissue and sinusoidal lumen in Masson's trichrome-stained livers specimens.


Resumo Racional: Tecnologias de imagem digital têm sido introduzidas ao diagnóstico patológico, permitindo avaliações quantitativas objetivas. A quantificação de tecido fibroso em biópsias de fígado é extremamente importante para a classificação, diagnóstico e graduação de doenças crônicas hepáticas. Objetivo: Criar um protocolo computadorizado semi-automático para quantificação de fibrose centrolobular e dilatação sinusoidal em amostras de fígado coradas por Tricrômico de Masson. Método: Uma vez instaurada a fibrose, amostras de fígado foram coletadas, processadas histologicamente, coradas por Tricrômico de Masson e WSI (Whole Slide Images) foram capturadas por scanner digital patológico apropriado. Uma seleção aleatória das regiões de interesse (ROI) foi realizada. Os dados foram submetidos a uma análise de imagem assistida por software (ImageJ®). Resultados: A análise de 250 ROIs permitiu obter-se empiricamente as melhores configurações capazes de identificar fibrose centrolobular (FC) e lúmen sinusoidal (LS). Após o estabelecimento das configurações de padrão de cor, uma Macro de autoria própria foi gravada para definir as medidas (área da fração e área total) e calcular as razões de FC e LS por processamento em grupo/lote (batch mode). Conclusão: Foi possível criar um método detalhado capaz de identificar e quantificar a área ocupada por tecido fibroso e lúmen sinusoidal em espécimes de fígado coradas por Tricrômico de Masson.


Subject(s)
Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Software , Fibrosis , Dilatation , Liver/pathology , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Liver Cirrhosis
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(6): e540-e544, dic 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1146213

ABSTRACT

La dilatación idiopática de la aurícula derecha es una entidad poco frecuente. Estimar la verdadera incidencia es dificultoso dado que muchos pacientes son asintomáticos y los síntomas reportados, tanto en niños como en adultos, presentan un amplio espectro de manifestaciones clínicas. Pocos pacientes con diagnóstico prenatal fueron publicados.Se presenta un caso de diagnóstico prenatal de dilatación auricular derecha con un seguimiento de 3 años y 8 meses. El paciente se encuentra asintomático, sin evidencia de trombosis auricular, medicado con ácido acetilsalicílico desde su nacimiento. El seguimiento se realizó con ecocardiogramas regulares; sin embargo, la confirmación diagnóstica fue a través de la resonancia magnética nuclear cardíaca.La importancia del reporte radica en describir una enfermedad rara, potencialmente grave, y cómo el diagnóstico prenatal permite tomar conductas anticipadas, como el monitoreo cardíaco, para la detección de arritmias y el inicio temprano de profilaxis primaria antitrombótic


Idiopathic dilatation of the right atrium is a rare condition. The real incidence of the disease is difficult to estimate since most patients are asymptomatic, although a wide spectrum of symptoms have been reported in children and adults. In the literature, prenatal diagnosis has been reported in few cases.We report a case of prenatally diagnosed right atrial dilation with a 3 years and 8 months follow up. The patient is on acetylsalicylic acid since birth and remained asymptomatic without any atrial thrombosis. We performed regular transthoracic echocardiograms during follow up, however was a cardiac magnetic resonance imaging the method for achieving diagnostic confirmation.The aim of this case report is to describe a rare, potentially serious disease and how prenatal diagnosis allows anticipated actions such as monitoring for cardiac arrhythmia detection and early starting of primary thrombosis prophylaxis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Dilatation , Heart Atria , Prenatal Diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital , Aneurysm
18.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(4): 289-293, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131608

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Pharmacological pupillary dilation is performed in comprehensive ophthalmological examinations and before biometric measurements. So far, there is no consensus regarding its impact on biometric measurements. This study's aim was to investigate the effects of pharmacological pupillary dilation on ocular biometric measurements in healthy children. Methods: This was a prospective, observational, non-randomized study of children (4-18 years of age) who were admitted for routine ophthalmological examination. Biometric measurements were performed, using a non-contact optical biometry device, both before and after pharmacological pupillary dilation with cyclopentolate hydrochloride. Intraocular lens power calculations were performed using Hill-RBF, Barrett, Olsen, Sanders-Retzlaff-Kraff/Theoretical, Holladay, and Hoffer Q formulas. Descriptive statistical analyses were also performed. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare measurements before and after pharmacological pupillary dilation. Relationships between variables were analyzed using the Spearman-Brown rank correlation coefficient. Results: The study included 116 eyes of 58 children (mean age, 8.4 ± 0.32 years; 34 girls). Significant changes were observed after pupillary dilation, compared with before pupillary dilation, in terms of anterior chamber depth, aqueous depth, and central corneal and lens thicknesses. No significant change was observed in axial length. Intraocular lens power calculations revealed no significant changes after pupillary dilation in most formulas except for the Olsen formula. The intraocular lens power was significantly inversely correlated with axial length and anterior chamber depth. Conclusions: Pharmacological pupillary dilation in children appeared to have no impact on axial length and intraocular lens power, but caused a significant increase in anterior chamber depth. The difference in anterior chamber depth measurements before and after pupillary dilation could be related to the optical biometry device model used. These outcomes should be considered in intraocular lens power calculations performed using anterior chamber depth parameters.


RESUMO Objetivo: A dilatação pupilar farmacológica é realizada em exames oftalmológicos abrangentes e antes das medições biométricas. Até o momento, não há consenso sobre seu impacto nas medições biométricas. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os efeitos da dilatação pupilar nas medidas biométricas oculares em crianças saudáveis. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, observacional e não randomizado de crianças (4-18 anos) que foram admitidas para exame oftalmológico de rotina. As medidas biométricas foram realizadas usando um dispositivo de biometria óptica sem contato, antes e após a dilatação pupilar farmacológica com cloridrato de ciclopentolato. Os cálculos de potência das lentes intraoculares foram realizados utilizando as fórmulas de Hill-RBF, Barrett, Olsen, Sanders-Retzlaff-Kraff/ Teórica, Holladay e Hoffer Q. Análises estatísticas descritivas também foram realizadas. O teste dos postos sinalizados de Wilcoxon foi usado para comparar as medidas antes e após a dilatação pupilar farmacológica. As relações entre as variáveis foram analisadas pelo coeficiente de correlação de Spearman-Brown. Resultados: O estudo incluiu 116 olhos de 58 crianças (idade média de 8,4 ± 0,32 anos; 34 meninas). Alterações significativas foram observadas após a dilatação pupilar, em termos de profundidade da câmara anterior, profundidade do humor aquoso e espessura central da córnea e do cristalino. Nenhuma mudança significativa ocorreu no comprimento axial. Os cálculos de potência da lente intraocular não revelaram alterações significativas após a dilatação pupilar na maioria das fórmulas, com exceção da fórmula Olsen. O poder da lente intraocular foi significativamente inversa correlacionada com o comprimento axial e a profundidade da câmara anterior. Conclusões: A dilatação pupilar farmacológica em crianças parece não ter impacto no comprimento axial e no poder da lente intraocular, mas causou um aumento significativo na profundidade da câmara anterior. A diferença nas medidas da profundidade da câmara anterior antes e após a dilatação pupilar pode estar relacionada ao modelo do dispositivo de biometria óptica utilizado. Tais resultados devem ser considerados nos cálculos de potência da lente intraocular realizados usando parâmetros de profundidade da câmara anterior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Biometry , Dilatation , Axial Length, Eye/diagnostic imaging , Anterior Chamber/anatomy & histology , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Refraction, Ocular , Prospective Studies , Optics and Photonics , Lenses, Intraocular
19.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 39(2): 146-148, 15/06/2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362504

ABSTRACT

Introduction Caustic substance ingestion is a common cause of esophageal stricture in children. The primary treatment is esophageal dilatation. Although it is known that endoscopic esophageal dilatation is a procedure associated with a high rate of bacteremia, current guidelines do not recommend routine throat swab cultures or antibiotic prophylaxis for the general children population. Case Report We describe a case of a 7-year-old boy presenting with refractory headaches who was diagnosed with cranial abscess after multiple esophageal dilatations due to stenosis caused by caustic soda ingestion. The patient was subjected to neurosurgical intervention and intravenous antibiotic treatment for 6 weeks. Streptococcus viridans culture was positive in purulent abscess content. Conclusion We highlight this condition that, although rare, needs immediate diagnosis and proper treatment. We also recommend routine testing of throat swabs and antibiotics prophylaxis to children undergoing esophageal dilatation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Brain Abscess/surgery , Brain Abscess/drug therapy , Esophageal Stenosis/chemically induced , Esophageal Stenosis/therapy , Brain Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Viridans Streptococci , Dilatation/adverse effects , Endoscopy/methods
20.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 56-62, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089365

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Chronic rhinosinusitis is a broad clinical syndrome characterized by mucosal inflammation of the nose and paranasal sinuses. In order for the paranasal sinuses to maintain their physiological functions; the ostiomeatal complex drainage pathways must be open. Surgical procedures are an important treatment option in patients who do not respond adequately to medical treatment. Although the methods and instruments used in functional endoscopic sinus surgery have continued to improve in recent years, the scar tissue formed during operation disrupts the drainage of the sinuses and reduces postoperative success. The natural ostiodilatation method, which is performed by balloon sinoplasty method, has become more and more popular in recent years. Objectives To compare the technique of balloon sinoplasty with the classical functional endoscopic sinus surgery method by considering the severity of chronic sinusitis on the same patient. Methods Total of 61 chronic sinusitis patients was included in the study. Paranasal sinus tomography of the patients was taken and according to the Lund-Mackay scoring, chronic sinusitis levels were determined. Cases were divided into two groups: Group 1 (severe chronic sinusitis group) and Group 2 (mild chronic sinusitis). Results There was no statistically significant difference in the results of comparison of sinuses which underwent balloon sinoplasty and classical functional endoscopic sinus surgery in Group 2 after Lund-Mackay scores. However in Group 1, the results of the comparison of postoperative Lund-Mackay scores of the balloon sinoplasty and the classical endoscopic operation were statistically significantly lower than those of the face half operated with the classical functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Conclusion The success of balloon sinoplasty in patients with mild sinusitis is the same as in classic functional endoscopic sinus surgery. However, as the severity of sinusitis increases, the efficacy of balloon sinoplasty decreases.


Resumo Introdução A rinossinusite crônica é uma síndrome clínica ampla, caracterizada por inflamação da mucosa nasal e seios paranasais. Para que os seios paranasais mantenham suas funções fisiológicas, as vias de drenagem do complexo ostiomeatal devem estar abertas. Os procedimentos cirúrgicos são uma importante opção de tratamento em pacientes que não respondem adequadamente ao tratamento clínico. Embora os métodos e instrumentos utilizados na cirurgia endoscópica funcional dos seios paranasais tenham melhorado continuamente, o tecido cicatricial formado durante a cirurgia interrompe a drenagem dos seios nasais e reduz o sucesso pós-operatório. O método natural de dilatação ostial, que é aplicado por meio da técnica de sinuplastia com balão, tem se tornado cada vez mais popular nos últimos anos. Objetivos Comparar a técnica de sinuplastia com balão com o método convencional de cirurgia endoscópica, no mesmo paciente, considerando a gravidade da rinossinusite crônica. Método Foram incluídos no estudo 61 pacientes com rinossinusite crônica. Por meio de tomografia dos seios paranasais e de acordo a escala de Lund-Mackay foram determinados os graus da rinossinusite crônica. Os casos foram divididos em dois grupos: Grupo 1 (grupo com rinossinusite crônica grave) e Grupo 2 (rinossinusite crônica leve). Resultados No Grupo 2 não houve diferença estatisticamente significante, segundo a escala de Lund-Mackay, no resultado da comparação dos seios paranasais nos quais foram realizadas a sinuplastia com balão e por cirurgia endoscópica convencional. No entanto, no Grupo 1, os resultados da comparação dos escores pós-operatórios de Lund-Mackay mostraram-se estatística e significativamente melhores naqueles submetidos à cirurgia endoscópica funcional dos seios paranasais. Conclusão O sucesso da sinuplastia com balão em pacientes com rinossinusite leve é o mesmo da cirurgia endoscópica funcional dos seios da face tradicional. No entanto, à medida que a gravidade da rinossinusite aumenta, a eficácia da sinuplastia com balão diminui.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Sinusitis/surgery , Rhinitis/surgery , Dilatation/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Nasal Surgical Procedures/methods , Postoperative Period , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Severity of Illness Index , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Chronic Disease , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL