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1.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3881, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1431838

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: comprobar la tasa de evaluación correcta mediante la comparación visual directa de las medidas de dilatación cervical en modelos de cuello uterino de consistencia dura. Método: estudio aleatorizado abierto con 63 estudiantes de obstetricia a los que se les asignó usar o no la comparación visual directa con una guía de dilatación. Los estudiantes estimaron de forma ciega la dilatación cervical en simuladores con diferentes dilataciones. El resultado primario fue la tasa de evaluación correcta. Resultados: los estudiantes realizaron 441 pruebas. Se observó una mayor tasa de evaluación correcta en el grupo experimental que en el grupo control (47,3% versus 27,2%; p < 0,001; Odds Ratio = 2,41; intervalo de confianza del 95% = 1,62-3, 58). Conclusión: la comparación visual directa aumentó la precisión de la evaluación de la dilatación cervical en modelos de simulación de cuello, lo que podría ser beneficioso en el entrenamiento de laboratorio. Registro Brasileño de Ensayos Clínicos n.º U1111-1210-2389.


Objective: to verify the correct assessment rate when using direct visual comparison in the cervical dilation measures in hard-consistency cervix simulation models. Method: an open-label and randomized study conducted with 63 Obstetrics students that were designated either to use direct visual comparison in a dilation guide or not. The students estimated cervical dilation blindly in simulators with different dilations. The primary outcome was the correct assessment rate. Results: the students performed 141 tests. A higher correct assessment rate was found in the Experimental Group than in the Control Group (47.3% versus 27.2%; p<0.001; Odds Ratio = 2.41; 95% Confidence Interval = 1.62-3.58). Conclusion: the direct visual comparison increased precision of the cervical dilation assessment in cervix simulation models, with the possibility of being beneficial in laboratory training. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials No. U1111-1210-2389.


Objetivo: verificar a taxa de avaliação correta com o uso da comparação visual direta nas medidas de dilatação cervical em modelos de simulação de colo com consistência dura. Método: estudo randomizado aberto com 63 estudantes de obstetrícia que foram designados para usar comparação visual direta em um guia de dilatação ou não. Os estudantes estimaram cegamente a dilatação cervical em simuladores com diferentes dilatações. O desfecho primário foi a taxa de avaliação correta. Resultados: os estudantes realizaram 441 testes. Foi encontrada maior taxa de avaliação correta no grupo experimental do que no grupo controle (47,3% versus 27,2%; p <0,001; Odds Ratio = 2,41; intervalo de confiança de 95% = 1,62-3,58). Conclusão: a comparação visual direta aumentou a precisão da avaliação da dilatação cervical em modelos de simulação de colo, podendo ser benéfica no treinamento em laboratório. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos nº U1111-1210-2389.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Students, Medical , Labor Stage, First , Cervix Uteri , Dilatation , Obstetrics/education
2.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 83(2): 206-213, jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515466

ABSTRACT

La traqueotomía percutánea por dilatación es un procedimiento que se realiza en las unidades de paciente crítico, implica la disección roma de los tejidos pretraqueales, seguida de la dilatación de la tráquea sobre la guía y la inserción de la cánula traqueal mediante la técnica de Seldinger. En las últimas décadas, la evidencia sugiere que, en manos de médicos capacitados, es al menos tan segura como la traqueotomía quirúrgica, con similar incidencia de complicaciones. La selección adecuada de pacientes y el uso de herramientas de seguridad complementarias, como broncoscopio o ultrasonido, disminuyen las tasas de falla y complicaciones. Siendo contraindicaciones absolutas para traqueotomía percutánea por dilatación una anatomía anormal, tumor maligno en el sitio de traqueostomía, coagulopatías o vía aérea difícil. La guía mediante broncoscopia permite la evaluación de la profundidad del tubo endotraqueal, confirma la posición de la aguja en el eje de la tráquea y la adecuada inserción del cable guía y dilatador. Entre sus desventajas destacan que, el sitio de punción está sujeto a sesgo y no puede guiar con precisión la aguja en la penetración de la tráquea. La traqueotomía percutánea guiada por ultrasonido es una alternativa validada en unidades, donde no se cuente con broncoscopia. Es un método rápido, seguro, que permite la identificación de estructuras anatómicas, vasculatura cervical, permite identificar el sitio de la punción y guía la inserción de la aguja en la tráquea. Esta técnica presenta altas tasas de éxito al primer intento, reduciendo significativamente el número de punciones.


Percutaneous dilation tracheostomy is a procedure performed in critical patient units. It involves blunt dissection of the pretracheal tissues followed by dilation of the trachea over the guidewire and insertion of the tracheal cannula using the Seldinger technique. In recent decades, evidence suggests that in the hands of trained physicians it is at least as safe as surgical tracheostomy, with a similar incidence of complications. The proper selection of patients and the use of complementary safety tools such as bronchoscope or ultrasound reduce failure rates and complications. Being absolute contraindications for PDT abnormal anatomy, malignant tumor at the tracheostomy site, coagulopathies, or difficult to treat airway. Bronchoscopy guidance allows evaluation of the depth of the endotracheal tube, confirms the position of the needle in the axis of the trachea and the proper insertion of the guide wire and dilator. Among its disadvantages are that the puncture site is subject to slant and cannot accurately guide the needle into the trachea. In addition, it requires Critical Patient Units with bronchoscope and trained personnel. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous tracheotomy is a validated alternative in units where bronchoscopy is not available. It is a fast, safe method that allows the identification of anatomical structures, cervical vasculature, identifies the puncture site and guides the insertion of the needle into the trachea. With high first-attempt success rates, significantly reducing the number of punctures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tracheotomy/methods , Dilatation/methods , Trachea/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods
3.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 13: 6, 2023.
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1417921

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever o significado do uso da prótese peniana de silicone para dilatação vaginal no seguimento da braquiterapia em mulheres com câncer ginecológico. Método: pesquisa narrativa, realizada no Centro de Pesquisas Oncológicas, Brasil, com 34 mulheres, após braquiterapia pélvica, em seguimento no serviço de fisioterapia. Coleta de dados por entrevistas semiestruturadas, incluindo dados sociodemográficos, clínicos e o significado do uso da prótese peniana na dilatação vaginal, submetidas à análise de conteúdo e discutidas à luz do estudo From 'sex toy' to intrusive imposition. Resultados: o significado perpassa o exercício de dilatação vaginal; as dificuldades relacionadas às condições vaginais, doença, tratamento, dor, sexo, constrangimentos, preconceitos, falhas na educação em saúde; as motivações relacionam-se à busca por qualidade de vida, apoio dos companheiros e profissionais. Conclusão: a abordagem de possíveis barreiras emocionais, psicológicas, sociais e físicas deve ser planejada e executada para prevenção da estenose vaginal e melhor acolhimento.


Objective: to describe the meaning of the use of silicone penile prosthesis for vaginal dilation in the follow-up of brachytherapy in women with gynecological cancer. Method: narrative research conducted at the Centro de Pesquisas Oncológicas, Brazil, with 34 women after pelvic brachytherapy, under follow-up at the physical therapy service. Data collection through semi-structured interviews, including sociodemographic and clinical data and the significance of the use of penile prosthesis in vaginal dilation, submitted to content analysis and discussed in the light of the study From 'sex toy' to intrusive imposition. Results: the meaning permeates the vaginal dilation exercise; difficulties related to vaginal conditions, disease, treatment, pain, sex, constraints, prejudices, failures in health education; motivations are related to the search for quality of life, support of partners and professionals. Conclusion: the approach of possible emotional, psychological, social and physical barriers should be planned and executed for prevention of vaginal stenosis and better reception.


Objetivo: describir el significado del uso de una prótesis peneana de silicona para la dilatación vaginal posterior a la braquiterapia en mujeres con cáncer ginecológico. Método: investigación narrativa, realizada en el Centro de Pesquisas Oncológicas, Brasil, con 34 mujeres, después de braquiterapia pélvica, en seguimiento en el servicio de fisioterapia. Recopilación de datos a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas, incluyendo datos sociodemográficos y clínicos y el significado del uso de prótesis peneana en la dilatación vaginal, sometidos a análisis de contenido y discutidos a la luz del estudio From 'sex toy' to intrusive imposition. Resultados: el significado impregna el ejercicio de dilatación vaginal; dificultades relacionadas con condiciones vaginales, enfermedad, tratamiento, dolor, sexo, vergüenza, prejuicios, fallas en la educación para la salud; las motivaciones están relacionadas con la búsqueda de calidad de vida, apoyo de la pareja y profesionales. Conclusión: se debe planificar y ejecutar el abordaje de las posibles barreras emocionales, psicológicas, sociales y físicas para prevenir la estenosis vaginal y una mejor recepción.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Vagina/radiation effects , Brachytherapy/adverse effects , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Endometrial Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Constriction, Pathologic/rehabilitation , Dilatation/instrumentation , Interviews as Topic , Follow-Up Studies , Qualitative Research , Sociodemographic Factors
4.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(2): 129-133, abr. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367108

ABSTRACT

ntroducción: la cirugía de catarata con implante de un lente intraocular es, hoy en día, el procedimiento quirúrgico más frecuente en todo el mundo. Su éxito depende de muchos factores, uno de los más importantes es el cálculo exacto del poder dióptrico del lente intraocular. Objetivo: comparar el cálculo del poder dióptrico del lente intraocular en los pacientes sin y con dilatación pupilar. Material y métodos: estudio longitudinal, en el que se determinó el cálculo del poder dióptrico del lente intraocular en pacientes con y sin dilatación pupilar. Las variables de estudio fueron: edad, género, ojo a estudiar, queratometría, longitud axial, profundidad de cámara anterior y poder dióptrico del lente intraocular. Se realizó estadística descriptiva y t de Student. Resultados: se estudiaron 37 pacientes, 23 mujeres y 14 hombres. La edad promedio fue de 68 ± 7.87 años. Se estudiaron 64 ojos, 30 fueron derechos y 34 izquierdos. Estadísticamente solo hubo diferencia significativa en K2 de la biometría ocular entre pacientes sin y con dilatación pupilar al obtenerse un valor de p ≤ 0.05. Conclusión: no existen cambios en el cálculo del poder dióptrico del LIO sin y con dilatación pupilar.


Background: Cataract surgery with intraocular lens implant is, nowadays, the most frequent surgical procedure in all the world. Its success depends on a lot of factors, one of the most important is the calculation of the exact dioptric power of intraocular lens. Objective: To compare the calculation of dioptric power of intraocular lens with and without dilatation in patients with cataract. Material and methods: Longitudinal study, the calculation of the dioptric power of the intraocular lens was determined in patients without and with pupillary dilation. The variables were age, gender, eye to study, keratometry, axial length, anterior chamber depth and dioptric power of the intraocular lens. Descriptive statistics and Student t test were performed. Results: There were 37 patients, 23 females and 14 males. The average age was 68 + 7.87 years. Sixty-four eyes were studied, 30 were right and 34 left. Statistically, there was only significant difference in K2 of the ocular biometry between patients without and with pupillary dilation when obtaining a value of p < 0.05. Conclusion: There are no changes in the calculation of the dioptric power of the Intraocular lens without and with pupillary dilation


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cataract , Pupil , Dilatation , Lenses, Intraocular , Longitudinal Studies , Biometry/methods , Octogenarians
5.
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(1): 44-50, mar. 2022. graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1376375

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las dilataciones quísticas congénitas de la vía biliar extrahepática son infrecuentes, principalmente en Occidente, y afectan sobre todo a niños pero son poco comunes en adultos. El diagnóstico requiere un alto índice de sospecha y suele llevarse a cabo con estudios colangiográficos de los cuales la CRMN es, en la actualidad, el de mayor utilidad. Es conocido el aumento de malignización de estas dilataciones, por lo que el tratamiento completo de la bolsa quística es obligatorio.


ABSTRACT Congenital dilatation of extrahepatic bile ducts is rare in the Western countries and is more common in children than in adults. The diagnosis requires high level of suspicion and is made by cholangiography tests, among which MRCP is the most useful nowadays. Malignant transformation of these cystic dilatations is well-known; therefore, complete resection of the cystic pouch is mandatory.


Subject(s)
Cholecystitis/surgery , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic/surgery , Bile Ducts , Cholecystectomy , Retrospective Studies , Cysts/surgery , Dilatation
6.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(1): 78-81, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376908

ABSTRACT

Abstract A report of two cases of esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis, a very unusual disease, with other 240 cases reported in the entire world literature since 1960. Its etiology and pathogenesis are still not fully understood. However, it is believed that hypertrophy of the submucosal glands, with chronic inflammation, fibrosis, and consequent esophageal stenosis, causes dysphagia, which is the primary manifestation of esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis. The main diagnostic methods include the radiological examination of the esophagus with barium contrast (esophagogram) and esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). Both reported cases were treated with endoscopic dilation, exemplifying the safety and efficacy of this therapeutic option for treating dysphagia in these individuals.


Resumen Reporte de dos casos de pseudodiverticulosis esofágica intramural, una enfermedad muy inusual, con otros 240 casos reportados en toda la literatura mundial desde 1960. Su etiología y patogenia aún no se conocen completamente; sin embargo, se cree que existe una hipertrofia de las glándulas submucosas, con inflamación crónica, fibrosis y consecuente estenosis esofágica, lo que provoca disfagia, que es la principal manifestación de la pseudodiverticulosis esofágica intramural. El examen radiológico del esófago con contraste de bario (esofagograma) y la endoscopia digestiva alta (EDA) son los principales métodos de diagnóstico. Ambos casos reportados se trataron con dilatación endoscópica, lo que ejemplifica la seguridad y eficacia de dicha opción terapéutica para el tratamiento de la disfagia en estos individuos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Deglutition Disorders , Diverticulosis, Esophageal , Dilatation , Endoscopy , Esophagus , Disease , Hypertrophy
7.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(1): 57-63, ene. 28, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1354465

ABSTRACT

La terapia de balón, también conocida como esferodinamia, es un ejercicio que estira y relaja los músculos pélvicos al usar una pelota suiza, que, al ser incorporada al trabajo de parto, reduce la duración de su primera fase y disminuye el dolor. El objetivo de la revisión es describir su aplicación como medida no farmacológica para el manejo del dolor y sus efectos en la evolución del trabajo de parto. Para alcanzar esto, se realizó una revisión bibliográfica basándose en artículos científicos publicados en los últimos cinco años. Esta técnica no farmacológica ha demostrado beneficios en el manejo del dolor y la ansiedad materna. Durante el embarazo y el trabajo de parto, esta terapia promueve la corrección postural, la relajación y el estiramiento de los músculos del piso pélvico. Además, ayuda en el descenso y rotación de la cabeza fetal y aumenta la dilatación del cuello uterino, facilitando el parto natural. La terapia de balón reduce el tiempo de trabajo de parto y es una medida eficaz no farmacológica para el manejo del dolor. Así mismo, ayuda a corregir la presentación fetal y evita procedimientos obstétricos


Ball therapy, also known as spherodynamics, is an exercise that stretches and relaxes the pelvic muscles using a Swiss ball, which, when incorporated into labor, reduces the duration of its first phase and decreases pain. The objective of the review is to describe its application as a non-pharmacological measure for pain management and its effects on the evolution of labor. To achieve this, a bibliographic review was carried out based on scientific articles published in the last five years. This non-pharmacological technique has shown benefits in the management of maternal pain and anxiety. During pregnancy and labor, this therapy promotes postural correction, relaxation, and stretching of the pelvic floor muscles. In addition, it helps in the descent and rotation of the fetal head and increases the dilation of the cervix, facilitating natural childbirth. Balloon therapy reduces the time of labor and is an effective non-pharmacological measure for pain management. Likewise, it helps correct fetal presentation and avoids obstetric procedures


Subject(s)
Labor, Obstetric , Delivery, Obstetric , Parturition , Pain Management , Relaxation , Exercise , Cervix Uteri , Dilatation
8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 462-465, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935721

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis combined with coronary artery dilatation. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data, including clinical manifestations, blood routine, inflammatory factors, echocardiography, vascular ultrasound and CT angiography, treatment and outcomes, etc, of 5 cases with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis combined with coronary artery dilation admitted to Department of Rheumatology in the affiliated Children's Hospital of Capital Institute of Pediatrics from May 2019 to June 2021. Results: There were 2 males and 3 females among 5 cases. The onset age ranged from 7 months to 4 years 7 months.The diagnostic time ranged from 1.5 months to 3.0 months.Four cases were diagnosed as atypical Kawasaki disease. Three cases showed unilateral coronary artery dilation.Two cases showed bilateral coronary artery dilation.Four cases developed multiple organ injuries.Three cases developed macrophage activation syndrome.Three cases developed lung injury.Two cases developed pericardial effusion.One case developed pulmonary hypertension.As for treatment, 3 cases treated with methylprednisolone pulse therapy and methotrexate combined with cyclosporine, improved after the final application of biological agents, and have stopped prednisone. The other 2 cases were treated with adequate oral prednisone and gradually reduced, and methotrexate was added at the same time, 1 case relapsed in the process of reduction. No other vascular involvement was found in 5 cases. Coronary artery dilation recovered completely after 1 to 3 months of treatment. Conclusions: Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis combined with coronary artery dilatation has the clinical characteristics of small onset age, long diagnostic time, prone to multiple organ injuries. Corticosteroids and conventional immunosuppressive agents are not sensitive, and biological agents should be used as soon as possible.The prognosis of coronary artery dilation is good after timely treatment.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Arthritis, Juvenile/drug therapy , Biological Factors/therapeutic use , Coronary Aneurysm/etiology , Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Dilatation , Dilatation, Pathologic , Methotrexate , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 84-89, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935584

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the outcomes of Slide tracheoplasty for the children with severe congenital tracheal stenosis received previous repeated balloon dilatation or metal stent placement under endoscopy. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in 9 children with congenital tracheal stenosis undergoing previous interventional therapy under tracheoscopy and later received Slide tracheoplasty due to obvious respiratory symptoms at Department of Cardiac Surgery, Qilu Children's Hospital of Shandong University between February 2017 and July 2021. There were 7 males and 2 females with a median age at operation of 72.4 months (range: 13.3 to 98.9 months), and the median weight was 19.0 kg (range: 9.0 to 33.0 kg). Among the 9 patients, 2 patients began to receive repeated balloon dilatation (more than 3 times) 17.8 and 51.8 months ago respectively. One patient received metal stents placement into the trachea for 4 days and the other 6 children for median 56.8 months (range: 21.6 to 74.2 months). Complete tracheal cartilage rings and long segmental stenosis were present. in all 9 children. Operative details and outcome measures, including the need for endoscopic airway intervention and mortality, were collected. Results: Slide tracheoplasty was performed in all cases. Two patients with repeated balloon dilatation had different thickness of tracheal wall, local scar hyperplasia and irregular lumen. Among them, 1 case had obvious local calcification of tracheal wall, which was difficult to suture. The metal stent in one patient with short time of placement was completely removed. However, only part of the metal stents could be removed due to the long placement time in the other 6 cases. There was no operative death in the 9 children. The median postoperative tracheal intubation time was 25.3 hours (range: 17.4 to 74.5 hours). A silicone stent was placed in the trachea of 1 child due to obvious respiratory symptoms. Follow-up of median 11 months (range: 1 to 23 months) showed that no death occurred after discharge and all children had basically normal activity tolerance with no obvious respiratory symptoms. Conclusions: Slide tracheoplasty is feasible for children undergoing prior balloon dilatation or metal stents placement. Previously repeated balloon dilatation or metal stent placement under endoscopy increased the difficulty of slide tracheoplasty, the metal stent could not be completely removed after a long time.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Constriction, Pathologic , Dilatation , Endoscopy , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Stents , Trachea/surgery , Tracheal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
10.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 460-466, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356955

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La enfermedad de Caroli es una enfermedad infrecuente que requiere un alto índice de sospecha para su diagnóstico. Puede afectar un segmento hepático, un lóbulo o todo el hígado; suele generar episodios repetidos de colangitis. Existe una amplia gama de propuestas terapéuticas que oscilan desde el tratamiento médico hasta el trasplante de hígado. En este trabajo presentamos 3 casos, realizamos una revisión de la literatura y proponemos una ampliación de la clasificación de Alonso-Lej modificada por Todani que, a nuestra manera de ver, tiene implicaciones a la hora de seleccionar un tratamiento.


ABSTRACT Caroli's disease is a rare condition, and its diagnosis requires high level of suspicion. The disease may affect one segment, one lobe or the entire liver, and may result in repeated episodes of cholangitis. The disease can be managed using different therapeutic approaches ranging from medical treatment to liver transplantation. In this paper we report 3 cases with review of the literature and propose a modification of the classification by Alonso-Lej modified by Todani which we believe may be useful to guide treatment.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Cholelithiasis , Caroli Disease , Therapeutics , Bile Ducts , Cholangitis , Liver Transplantation , Selectins , Dilatation
11.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(5): 461-464, oct. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388682

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El piometra es una afección infrecuente, pero grave, que en general se diagnostica en mujeres posmenopáusicas. En adolescentes es sumamente raro, y si se acompaña de amenorrea primaria hay que tener en mente las anomalías congénitas. CASO CLÍNICO: Adolescente de 13 años, sin antecedentes personales de interés salvo amenorrea primaria, que acude con abdomen agudo y es intervenida por una peritonitis difusa causada por un piometra secundario a disgenesia (estenosis) cervical congénita. Se realizó dilatación cervical y se dejó una sonda vesical intrauterina para prevenir la reestenosis. CONCLUSIONES: Un diagnóstico precoz y un tratamiento conservador con dilatación cervical y colocación temporal de un catéter urinario son esenciales para un manejo seguro y efectivo de la estenosis cervical en adolescentes.


INTRODUCTION: Pyometra is an uncommon but serious condition that is generally diagnosed in postmenopausal women. In adolescents it is extremely rare; if accompanied by primary amenorrhea, consider congenital abnormalities. CASE REPORT: A 13-year-old adolescent, with no relevant personal history except primary amenorrhea, who presented with an acute abdomen and was operated on for diffuse peritonitis caused by pyometra secondary to congenital cervical dysgenesis (stenosis). Cervical dilation was performed and a urinary catheter was temporarily placed inside the uterus to prevent restenosis. CONLUSIONS: An early diagnosis and conservative treatment with cervical dilation and temporary placement of a urinary catheter are essential for the safe and effective management of cervical stenosis in adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Uterine Cervical Diseases/etiology , Constriction, Pathologic/etiology , Pyometra/complications , Urinary Catheterization , Stents , Uterine Cervical Diseases/congenital , Uterine Cervical Diseases/therapy , Constriction, Pathologic/congenital , Constriction, Pathologic/therapy , Dilatation
12.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(3): 412-421, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347289

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Calcular as velocidades médias da dilatação de pupila para classificar a gravidade da lesão derivada da escala de coma de Glasgow, estratificada por variáveis de confusão. Métodos: Neste estudo, analisaram-se 68.813 exames das pupilas para determinar a velocidade normal de dilatação em 3.595 pacientes com lesão cerebral leve (13 - 15), moderada (9 - 12) ou grave (3 - 8), segundo a escala de coma de Glasgow. As variáveis idade, sexo, raça, tamanho da pupila, tempo de permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva, pressão intracraniana, uso de narcóticos, classificação pela escala de coma de Glasgow e diagnóstico foram consideradas confundidoras e controladas para análise estatística. Empregou-se regressão logística com base em algoritmo de classificação com aprendizado de máquina para identificar os pontos de corte da velocidade de dilatação para as categorias segundo a escala de coma de Glasgow. Resultados: As razões de chance e os intervalos de confiança desses fatores se mostraram estatisticamente significantes em sua influência sobre a velocidade de dilatação. A classificação com base na área sob a curva mostrou que, para o grau leve, na escala de coma de Glasgow, o limite da velocidade de dilatação foi de 1,2mm/s, com taxas de falsa probabilidade de 0,1602 e 0,1902 e áreas sob a curva de 0,8380 e 0,8080, respectivamente, para os olhos esquerdo e direito. Para grau moderado na escala de coma de Glasgow, a velocidade de dilatação foi de 1,1mm/s com taxas de falsa probabilidade de 0,1880 e 0,1940 e áreas sob a curva de 0,8120 e 0,8060, respectivamente, nos olhos esquerdo e direito. Mais ainda, para o grau grave na escala de coma de Glasgow, a velocidade de dilatação foi de 0,9mm/s, com taxas de falsa probabilidade de 0,1980 e 0,2060 e áreas sob a curva de 0,8020 e 0,7940, respectivamente, nos olhos esquerdo e direito. Esses valores foram diferentes dos métodos prévios de descrição subjetiva e das velocidades de dilatação previamente estimadas. Conclusão: Observaram-se velocidades mais lentas de dilatação pupilar em pacientes com escores mais baixos na escala de coma de Glasgow, indicando que diminuição da velocidade pode indicar grau mais grave de lesão neuronal.


ABSTRACT Objective: To calculate mean dilation velocities for Glasgow coma scale-derived injury severity classifications stratified by multiple confounding variables. Methods: In this study, we examined 68,813 pupil readings from 3,595 patients to determine normal dilation velocity with brain injury categorized based upon a Glasgow coma scale as mild (13 - 15), moderate (9 - 12), or severe (3 - 8). The variables age, sex, race, pupil size, intensive care unit length of stay, intracranial pressure, use of narcotics, Glasgow coma scale, and diagnosis were considered as confounding and controlled for in statistical analysis. Machine learning classification algorithm-based logistic regression was employed to identify dilation velocity cutoffs for Glasgow coma scale categories. Results: The odds ratios and confidence intervals of these factors were shown to be statistically significant in their influence on dilation velocity. Classification based on the area under the curve showed that for the mild Glasgow coma scale, the dilation velocity threshold value was 1.2mm/s, with false probability rates of 0.1602 and 0.1902 and areas under the curve of 0.8380 and 0.8080 in the left and right eyes, respectively. For the moderate Glasgow coma scale, the dilation velocity was 1.1mm/s, with false probability rates of 0.1880 and 0.1940 and areas under the curve of 0.8120 and 0.8060 in the left and right eyes, respectively. Furthermore, for the severe Glasgow coma scale, the dilation velocity was 0.9mm/s, with false probability rates of 0.1980 and 0.2060 and areas under the curve of 0.8020 and 0.7940 in the left and right eyes, respectively. These values were different from the previous method of subjective description and from previously estimated normal dilation velocities. Conclusion: Slower dilation velocities were observed in patients with lower Glasgow coma scores, indicating that decreasing velocities may indicate a higher degree of neuronal injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Injuries , Pupil , Biomarkers , Glasgow Coma Scale , Dilatation
13.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(2): 180-190, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289297

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La enfermedad de Caroli es un trastorno congénito poco usual, el cual cursa con dilatación segmentaria multifocal de los conductos biliares intrahepáticos. Fue descrita por Jacques Caroli en 1958 como una dilatación sacular, segmentada o fusiforme de los ductos biliares intrahepáticos. Objetivo: Caracterizar a la población que ha padecido la enfermedad de Caroli. Metodología: Revisión sistemática de la literatura. Resultados: Se analizaron 66 artículos, el grupo de edad más afectado es los menores de 10 años, en el que se evidenció una mayor prevalencia en varones, y se encontró asociado con otras comorbilidades como el riñón poliquístico (20 %). La manifestación más frecuente fue la hepatomegalia (44,7 %), seguido de la fiebre (42,4 %) y el dolor abdominal en el hipocondrio derecho (41,2 %). Como método diagnóstico más utilizado se encontraba la resonancia magnética (73,8 %); dentro de los hallazgos predominó la dilatación intrahepática (76,5 %) y el manejo más empleado fue la antibioticoterapia para tratar las recurrencias por colangitis. Conclusión: La enfermedad de Caroli tiene una baja prevalencia, se presenta con mayor frecuencia en el continente americano, afecta principalmente a la primera década de la vida, tiene predilección por el sexo masculino y se caracteriza por una dilatación de los conductos intrahepáticos que pueden afectar a otros órganos como los riñones, lo que produce quistes renales.


Abstract Caroli's disease (CD) is a rare congenital disease, which presents with multifocal segmental intrahepatic bile duct dilatation. It was first described by Jacques Caroli in 1958 as a saccular or fusiform dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts. Objective: To characterize the population that has been diagnosed with Caroli's disease. Materials and methods: Systematic review. Results: 66 articles were analyzed. The age group most affected was children under 10 years old, where a higher prevalence was evidenced in males. This condition was associated with other comorbidities such as polycystic kidney in 20%. The most frequent manifestation was hepatomegaly (44.7%), followed by fever (42.4%), and abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant (41.2%). The most used diagnostic method was magnetic resonance imaging in 73.8% of the sample. The findings showed predominance of intra-hepatic dilatation in 76.5%. The most widely used treatment was antibiotic therapy to treat recurrences due to cholangitis. Conclusion: Caroli's disease has an extremely low incidence and occurs more frequently in the American continent, affecting mainly patients in the first decade of life, with a predilection for the male sex. It is characterized by a dilatation of the intrahepatic ducts that can affect other organs such as the kidneys, causing renal cysts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Abdominal Pain , Caroli Disease , Dilatation , Fever , Hepatomegaly , Disease , Cysts , Diagnosis
14.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(2): 227-240, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289303

ABSTRACT

Resumen Mediante la distensión de un balón con líquido conductor, la sonda de imagen luminal funcional endoluminal (EndoFLIP) evalúa las propiedades biomecánicas como la distensibilidad, volumen, presión e inclusive diámetros de regiones esfinterianas como la unión gastroesofágica, píloro y ano. La mayor evidencia en la utilidad clínica de la EndoFLIP está en los trastornos de motilidad esofágica, principalmente para identificar acalasia cuando la manometría esofágica de alta resolución y otras imágenes no logran diagnosticarla e inclusive, mediante el programa de FLIP 2.0, caracteriza la acalasia en subtipos a partir de patrones de motilidad del esófago distal en respuesta a la distensión. Se ha demostrado recientemente que la EndoFLIP tiene un rol diagnóstico, pronóstico o terapéutico en otras patologías como la esofagitis eosinofílica, reflujo gastroesofágico, gastroparesia, durante la fundoplicatura y dilatación esofágica.


Abstract EndoFLIP evaluates biomechanical properties such as distensibility, volume, pressure, and even diameters of sphincter regions like the gastroesophageal junction, pylorus, and anus, by distending a balloon with a conductive medium. The best evidence of the clinical utility of EndoFLIP is observed in esophageal motility disorders, mainly when identifying achalasia when high-resolution esophageal manometry and other images fail to diagnose it. Even EndoFLIP 2.0 characterizes achalasia into subtypes based on distal esophageal motility patterns in response to distention. Recently, it has been shown that this system has a diagnostic, prognostic and/or therapeutic role in other diseases such as eosinophilic esophagitis, gastroesophageal reflux, and gastroparesis, and during fundoplication and esophageal dilation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Motility Disorders , Esophageal Achalasia , Anal Canal , Pressure , Pylorus , Fundoplication , Dilatation , Esophagogastric Junction , Esophagus
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): e158-e162, abril 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1152049

ABSTRACT

La dilatación segmentaria intestinal es una entidad congénita extremadamente rara, caracterizada por la dilatación local del intestino que no se debe a la obstrucción distal ni a la ausencia de células ganglionares. Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente en el período neonatal con la presentación típicamente descrita en esta enfermedad en ausencia de comorbilidades, forma clínica poco descrita en la bibliografía. Se desarrolla también la resolución quirúrgica con resección segmentaria y los hallazgos anatomopatológicos.


Segmental dilatation of the intestine is an extremely rare congenital entity characterized by a local dilation of the intestine without distal obstruction or the absence of ganglion cells. We present the case of a patient in the neonatal period with typical clinical features in absence of other comorbidities, shortly published in the bibliography. We also describe the surgical resolution and the pathological results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Colectomy , Dilatation
17.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 265-270, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879844

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation between the bronchial dilation test (BDT) and asthma control level in children with asthma.@*METHODS@#A total of 153 children with asthma, aged 5-14 years, who attended the outpatient service from March 2016 to March 2018 were enrolled. According to the presence or absence of atopic constitution, they were divided into an allergic group with 79 children and a non-allergic group with 74 children. The correlation between BDT and Childhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT) scores was analyzed for both groups.@*RESULTS@#All basic pulmonary function parameters were positively correlated with C-ACT scores in the non-allergic group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The improvement rate of BDT is well correlated with C-ACT scores in children with asthma, suggesting that BDT can be used as an index for predicting asthma control level.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Asthma , Dilatation , Forced Expiratory Volume , Lung , Vital Capacity
18.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 34(2): e1608, 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345008

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Heart dysfunction and liver disease often coexist because of systemic disorders. Any cause of right ventricular failure may precipitate hepatic congestion and fibrosis. Digital image technologies have been introduced to pathology diagnosis, allowing an objective quantitative assessment. The quantification of fibrous tissue in liver biopsy sections is extremely important in the classification, diagnosis and grading of chronic liver disease. Aim: To create a semi-automatic computerized protocol to quantify any amount of centrilobular fibrosis and sinusoidal dilatation in liver Masson's Trichrome-stained specimen. Method: Once fibrosis had been established, liver samples were collected, histologically processed, stained with Masson's trichrome, and whole-slide images were captured with an appropriated digital pathology slide scanner. After, a random selection of the regions of interest (ROI's) was conducted. The data were subjected to software-assisted image analysis (ImageJ®). Results: The analysis of 250 ROI's allowed to empirically obtain the best application settings to identify the centrilobular fibrosis (CF) and sinusoidal lumen (SL). After the establishment of the colour threshold application settings, an in-house Macro was recorded to set the measurements (fraction area and total area) and calculate the CF and SL ratios by an automatic batch processing. Conclusion: Was possible to create a more detailed method that identifies and quantifies the area occupied by fibrous tissue and sinusoidal lumen in Masson's trichrome-stained livers specimens.


Resumo Racional: Tecnologias de imagem digital têm sido introduzidas ao diagnóstico patológico, permitindo avaliações quantitativas objetivas. A quantificação de tecido fibroso em biópsias de fígado é extremamente importante para a classificação, diagnóstico e graduação de doenças crônicas hepáticas. Objetivo: Criar um protocolo computadorizado semi-automático para quantificação de fibrose centrolobular e dilatação sinusoidal em amostras de fígado coradas por Tricrômico de Masson. Método: Uma vez instaurada a fibrose, amostras de fígado foram coletadas, processadas histologicamente, coradas por Tricrômico de Masson e WSI (Whole Slide Images) foram capturadas por scanner digital patológico apropriado. Uma seleção aleatória das regiões de interesse (ROI) foi realizada. Os dados foram submetidos a uma análise de imagem assistida por software (ImageJ®). Resultados: A análise de 250 ROIs permitiu obter-se empiricamente as melhores configurações capazes de identificar fibrose centrolobular (FC) e lúmen sinusoidal (LS). Após o estabelecimento das configurações de padrão de cor, uma Macro de autoria própria foi gravada para definir as medidas (área da fração e área total) e calcular as razões de FC e LS por processamento em grupo/lote (batch mode). Conclusão: Foi possível criar um método detalhado capaz de identificar e quantificar a área ocupada por tecido fibroso e lúmen sinusoidal em espécimes de fígado coradas por Tricrômico de Masson.


Subject(s)
Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Software , Fibrosis , Dilatation , Liver/pathology , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Liver Cirrhosis
20.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cuello (En línea) ; 49(1): 43-51, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | COLNAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1151895

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la dilatación endoscópica con balón ha mostrado ser una herramienta terapéutica y efectiva para el tratamiento de la disfunción de la trompa de Eustaquio. Al momento se desconocen los resultados en la población colombiana. Objetivos: determinar la mejoría clínica de la dilatación de la trompa de Eustaquio en pacientes adultos con disfunción tubárica crónica, en un centro de IV nivel de atención en Bogotá. Diseño: estudio observacional retrospectivo con componente analítico. Métodos: se revisaron los registros clínicos de pacientes intervenidos con la dilatación endoscópica de la trompa de Eustaquio; se describen los cambios objetivos y subjetivos en el posoperatorio. Resultados: se obtuvieron 22 pacientes entre los 18 y 66 años con seguimiento de 6 a 22 meses. Al 84,5 % se les realizó la intervención bilateral y al 15,8 % la unilateral, para un total de 38 oídos intervenidos. El 60 % lograron la normalización del timpanograma. Hubo una mejoría de las presiones del oído medio de -102,5 a -3,5 daPa (p = 0,005). Se alcanzó una mejoría estadísticamente significativa en 6/7 síntomas según la escala de severidad y reducción del gap aéreo-óseo en 7 dB y 4 dB del promedio de tonos puros por vía aérea (PTA) (p = 0,249; p = 0,711). Además, se generó un impacto positivo promedio de +32 en la escala de calidad de vida según el Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI). Conclusión: la dilatación de trompa de Eustaquio resulta ser una terapéutica segura y eficaz en población adulta, con mejoras estadísticamente significativas en la severidad de los síntomas y en las presiones del oído medio, lo cual genera un impacto positivo en la escala de calidad de vida según el GBI.


Introduction: Endoscopic balloon dilation has been shown to be a therapeutic and effective tool for the treatment of eustachian tube dysfunction. Now, the results in the Colombian population are unknown. Aim: Describe the clinical improvement of eustachian tube dilation in adult patients with chronic tubal dysfunction, in a 4th level complexity hospital in Bogotá. Design: Retrospective observational study with analytical component. Methods: The clinical records of patients undergoing endoscopic dilatation of the Eustachian tube were reviewed. Objective and subjective changes in the postoperative period are described. Results: 22 patients were obtained between 18 and 66 years and follow-up from 6 to 22 months. 84.5 % underwent bilateral intervention and 15.8 % unilaterally for a total of 38 operated ears. 60 % achieved tympanogram normalization. There was improvement of middle ear pressures from -102.5 to -3.5 daPa (p = 0.005). Statistically significant improvement in 6/7 symptoms according to the severity scale and reduction of air-bone Gap in 7 dB and 4 dB of airway PTA (p = 0.249; p = 0.711). Generating an average positive impact of +32 on the quality-of-life scale according to the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI). Conclusions: Eustachian tube dilation proves to be a safe and effective therapy in an adult population with statistically significant improvements in the severity of symptoms, and in middle ear pressures. Generating a positive impact on the scale of quality of life according to the GBI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Ear Diseases/surgery , Eustachian Tube/surgery , Quality of Life , Chronic Disease , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Dilatation , Ear Diseases/diagnosis
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