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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(1): 31-40, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361656

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Doença Periodontal tem caráter multifatorial, já que depende de condições microbiológicas, imunogenéticas e sistêmicas do hospedeiro. Representa inflamação crônica das estruturas de suporte e proteção dental. Desencadeia uma complexa estimulação imunológica, bem como a produção de citocinas inflamatórias, que mediam a destruição óssea e de tecido conjuntivo, provocando perda dental e complicações à distância. A compreensão da etiopatogênese, permitiu os conceitos de modulação, que referem-se às modificações dos aspectos danosos da resposta inflamatória. Objetivo: O presente artigo tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão dos estudos sobre as principais terapêuticas adjuvantes na modulação da resposta imune frente à doença periodontal. Revisão de Literatura: Foi realizada uma revisão da literatura, onde foram selecionados artigos científicos em inglês, publicados entre os anos 2005 a 2020, por meio das bases de dados PubMed e ScienceDirect. No decorrer das buscas, foram utilizadas as palavraschaves "Inflamation", "Periodontal Disease", "Subantimicrobial Dose of Doxycycline", "Periodontal Disease", "Host Response Modulation". Resultados e Conclusão: A literatura é bem promissora em relação à terapia de controle complementar da doença periodontal. Dessa forma, novas pesquisas nessa área podem trazer inúmeros beneficos aos pacientes, sendo, assim, um novo caminho para o contorno da resistência bacteriana(AU)


Introduction: Periodontal disease has a multifactorial character, depending on the host's microbiological, immunogenetic and systemic conditions. It represents chronic inflammation of dental support and protection structures. It triggers a complex immune stimulation, as well as the production of inflammatory cytokines, which mediate bone and connective tissue destruction, causing tooth loss and complications at a distance. The understanding of etiopathogenesis allowed the concepts of modulation, which refers to the modifications of the harmful aspects of the inflammatory response. This article has the escape of conducting a review of studies on the main mechanisms of modulation against periodontal disease. Objective: This article aims to rev iew the studies on the main modulation mechanisms in the face of periodontal disease. Literature Review: A literature review was carried out in which scientific articles were selected in English, published between 2005 and 2020, through the PubMed and ScienceDirect databases. During the searches, the keywords "Inflammation", "Periodontal Disease", "Subantimicrobial Dose of Doxycycline", "Periodontal Disease", "Host Response Modulation". Results and Conclusion: The literature is very promising with complementary control therapy for periodontal disease. Thus, new research in this area can bring countless benefits to patients, thus being a new way to bypass bacterial resistance(AU)


Subject(s)
Periodontal Diseases/therapy , Doxycycline , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontitis , Prostaglandins E , Dinoprostone , Fatty Acids, Omega-3 , Aspirin , Probiotics , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(spe2): 54-57, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280093

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Soft tissue injury is the most common disease in orthopedics, and it is also the most easily neglected disease in sports. Without timely and effective treatment, it is easy to develop into malignant strain and seriously affect life and sports. In view of this, the aim of this study is to analyze the effect and mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine gel in treating such injuries in the light of the characteristics of sports-related soft tissue injury. The right gastrocnemius muscle injury was simulated in 36 adult male rats. Chinese medicine gel and tincture were used to treat it. The contents of interleukin, alanine aminotransferase, blood urea nitrogen and prostaglandin E2 in the blood of rats under different courses of treatment were analyzed to explore recovery in four rats. The results showed that the levels of interleukin and prostaglandin E2 in the blood of rats treated with drugs were significantly lower than those in the control group (p<0.05), indicating that both drugs have obvious therapeutic effects on soft tissue injury. The content of interleukin in the blood of the Chinese medicine gel group was slightly lower than that of the tincture group, indicating that the Chinese medicine gel could affect the recovery of soft tissue injury by affecting leukocyte interleukin. This result is helpful in the treatment of soft tissue injury in sports and to further improve the therapeutic effect of traditional Chinese medicine gel.


RESUMO A lesão dos tecidos moles é a doença mais comum na ortopedia, e é também a doença mais facilmente negligenciada nos esportes. Sem tratamento ágil e eficaz, facilmente evolui para luxações malignas, afetando seriamente a vida e a prática de esportes. Em vista disso, o objetivo deste estudo é analisar o efeito e o mecanismo do gel da medicina tradicional chinesa no tratamento de tais lesões, com base nas características da lesão dos tecidos moles relacionada à prática esportiva. Estimulou-se lesão do músculo gastrocnêmio direito em 36 ratos adultos. O gel e a tintura chinesa foram usados para o tratamento. Foram analisados os conteúdos de interleucina, alanina aminotransferase, ureia sanguínea azoto e prostaglandina E2 no sangue dos ratos sob diferentes tratamentos, de modo a explorar a recuperação de quatro ratos. Os resultados mostraram que os níveis de interleucina e prostaglandina E2 no sangue dos ratos tratados com medicamentos eram significativamente inferiores aos do grupo controle (p<0.05), indicando que ambos os fármacos têm efeitos terapêuticos óbvios sobre lesões dos tecidos moles. O teor de interleucina no sangue do grupo gel chinês medicinal mostrou-se ligeiramente inferior ao do grupo tintura, indicando que o gel medicinal chinês pode afetar a recuperação da lesão nos tecidos moles, afetando o leucócito interleucina. Este resultado é útil para o tratamento de lesões dos tecidos moles relacionadas à prática esportiva e para melhorar ainda mais o efeito terapêutico do gel da medicina chinesa tradicional.


RESUMEN La lesión de los tejidos blandos es la enfermedad más común en la ortopedia, y es también la enfermedad más fácilmente descuidada en los deportes. Sin tratamiento ágil y eficaz, fácilmente evolucionan a luxaciones malignas, afectando seriamente la vida y la práctica de deportes. En vista de eso, el objetivo de este estudio es analizar el efecto y el mecanismo del gel de la medicina tradicional china en el tratamiento de tales lesiones, con base en las características de la lesión de los tejidos blandos relacionada a la práctica deportiva. Se estimuló lesión del músculo gastrocnemio derecho en 36 ratones adultos. El gel y la tintura china fueron usados para el tratamiento. Fueron analizados los contenidos de interleucina, alanina aminotransferasa, urea sanguínea, nitrógeno y prostaglandina E2 en la sangre de los ratones bajo diferentes tratamientos, de modo de explorar la recuperación de cuatro ratones. Los resultados mostraron que los niveles de interleucina y prostaglandina E2 en la sangre de los ratones tratados con medicamentos eran significativamente inferiores a los del grupo control (p<0.05), indicando que ambos fármacos tienen efectos terapéuticos obvios sobre lesiones de los tejidos blandos. El tenor de interleucina en la sangre del grupo gel chino medicinal se mostró ligeramente inferior al del grupo tintura, indicando que el gel medicinal chino puede afectar la recuperación de la lesión en los tejidos blandos, afectando el leucocito interleucina. Este resultado es útil para el tratamiento de lesiones de los tejidos blandos relacionadas a la práctica deportiva y para mejorar aún más el efecto terapéutico del gel de la medicina china tradicional.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Ointments/therapeutic use , Muscle, Skeletal/injuries , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Athletic Injuries/drug therapy , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Dinoprostone/blood , Interleukins/blood , Treatment Outcome , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Disease Models, Animal
3.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e182745, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1348007

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to determine the ability of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) to induce ovulation and expression of PGE2 receptor (EP2 and EP4) and COX genes (COX-1 and COX-2) in the ovary and pituitary of prepubertal mice. The positive control consisted of the application of 5 µg of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH, n = 29); the negative control applied 0.5 mL of phosphate buffered saline (PBS, n=31); the treatment tested the application of 250 µg of PGE2 (n = 29), making a total of 89 prepubertal mice (BALB/c). Mice were euthanized 14 to 15 h after treatments to detect ovulation and tissue collection. A Chi-square test was used to compare the proportion of animals ovulating. Gene expressions and number of ovulation were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test was used to compare means among groups. A greater proportion of mice (P < 0.001) ovulated after receiving GnRH (89.7%, 26/29) compared to PGE2 group (58.6%, 17/29). However, the proportion was higher compared to those treated with PBS (0%, 0/31). Ep2gene expression in the pituitary was > two-fold higher (P < 0.05) in the PGE2 group compared to the PBS and GnRH groups. Further, PGE2 stimulated Cox1 (2.7 fold, P < 0.05) while GnRH stimulated Cox2 expression (6.5 fold, P < 0.05) in the pituitary when compared to the PBS group. In conclusion, our results support the hypothesis that PGE2 can induce ovulation in prepubertal mice with a concomitant increase in Ep2 and Cox1 gene expression in the pituitary gland.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a capacidade da prostaglandina E2 (PGE2) em induzir a ovulação e expressão do receptor PGE2 (EP2 e EP4) e genes COX (COX-1 e COX-2) no ovário e na hipófise de camundongos pré-púberes. O controle positivo consistiu na aplicação de 5 µg de hormônio liberador de gonadotrofina (GnRH, n = 29); o controle negativo aplicação 0,5 mL de tampão fosfato-salino (PBS, n=31); o tratamento testado aplicação de 250 µg de PGE2 (n = 29), perfazendo um total de 89 camundongos (BALB/c) pré-púberes. Os camundongos foram sacrificados 14 a 15 h após os tratamentos para detectar ovulações e coleta de tecido. O teste do qui-quadrado foi usado para comparar a proporção de animais ovulando. As expressões gênicas e o número de ovulação foram analisados por ANOVA e o teste de tukey foi usado para comparar as médias entre os grupos. Uma maior proporção de camundongos (P <0,001) ovulou após receber GnRH (89,7%, 26/29) em comparação com o grupo PGE2 (58,6%, 17/29). No entanto, a proporção foi maior em comparação com aqueles tratados com PBS (0%, 0/31). A expressão do gene Ep2 na hipófise foi duas vezes maior (P <0,05) no grupo PGE2 em comparação com os grupos PBS e GnRH. Além disso, a PGE2 estimulou a Cox1(2,7 vezes, P <0,05) enquanto o GnRH estimulou a expressão de Cox2 (6,5 vezes, P <0,05) na pituitária em comparação com o grupo PBS. Em conclusão, nossos resultados suportam a hipótese de que PGE2 é capaz de induzir ovulação em camundongos pré-púberes com aumento concomitante na expressão dos genes Ep2 e Cox1 na glândula pituitária.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Ovulation , Dinoprostone/analysis , Gene Expression , Mice/genetics , Pituitary Gland
4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 681-689, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887702

ABSTRACT

Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), a bioactive lipid mediator, is one of the most important locally acting factors involved in a variety of physiological and pathophysiological processes. PGE2 binds with four EP receptors (EP1-4) to activate G protein-coupled receptor signaling responses. Recent functional and molecular studies have revealed that PGE2 plays an essential role in regulation of renal fluid transport via a variety of mechanisms. The water balance mainly depends on the regulation of aquaporin-2 (AQP2) by arginine vasopressin (AVP) in renal collecting duct principal cells. In recent years, increasing evidence suggests that PGE2 plays an important role in renal water reabsorption in the collecting ducts. In this paper, we reviewed the role of PGE2 and its receptors in the regulation of water reabsorption in the kidney, which may provide a new therapeutic strategy for many diseases especially nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.


Subject(s)
Aquaporin 2/metabolism , Biological Transport , Diabetes Insipidus, Nephrogenic , Dinoprostone , Humans , Water/metabolism
6.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(supl.1): S28-S34, set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138646

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÖN Y OBJETIVOS: Describir la experiencia de los partos en gestantes con diagnóstico confirmado de COVID 19 mediante RT-PCR asintomáticas o con sintomatología leve y aquellas sin la enfermedad, y determinar la tasa de éxito de parto vaginal en inducción de trabajo de parto. MÉTODOS: Análisis retrospectivo de pacientes que tuvieron su parto entre 15 de Abril y 03 de Julio del 2020 en el Hospital San Juan de Dios. Se incluyeron las pacientes inducidas con Dinoprostona, Oxitocina o ambas de manera secuencial y se dividieron según estatus COVID 19 mediante RT-PCR al ingreso. Se caracterizó demográficamente el grupo de pacientes positivas y se determinaron los datos de ambos grupos en relación a la necesidad de inducción de trabajo de parto y su éxito para parto vaginal. RESULTADOS: De un total de 657 nacimientos, hubo un 9.7% (n=64) de pacientes con COVID 19, de las cuales un 23.4% (n=15) requirió inducción de trabajo de parto, con una tasa de éxito para parto vaginal de un 66.7% (n=10). De estas pacientes, un 50% recibió Oxitocina, un 40% Dinosprostona y un 10% ambos medicamentos de forma secuencial. En las pacientes negativas, hubo un total de 568 nacimientos, con un 29.8% (n=169) de usuarias que requirieron inducción. La tasa de éxito para parto vaginal en este grupo fue de 72.2% (n=122), utilizando un 50% Oxitocina; un 27% Dinoprostona; un 14.8% ambas; y un 8.2% Balón de Cook. CONCLUSIONES: Sabemos que los resultados de este estudio están limitados por el bajo número de pacientes incluidas, sin embargo, podemos observar que, en nuestra experiencia con las pacientes que arrojaron PCR SARS-CoV-2 positivas, asintomáticas o con enfermedad leve, se logró realizar la inducción de trabajo de parto según protocolos habituales, obteniendo porcentajes de éxito para partos vaginales, similares a las pacientes sin la enfermedad.


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Describe the experience of deliveries in pregnant women with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID 19 by asymptomatic RT-PCR or with mild symptoms and those without the disease, and determine the success rate of vaginal delivery in the induction of labor. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients who had their delivery between 15th April and 03rd of July, 2020 in the San Juan de Dios Hospital. Patients induced with Dinoprostone, Oxytocin or both sequentially were included, and were divided according to COVID 19 status by RT-PCR on their admission process. The group of positive patients was demographically characterized and the data of both groups was determined in relation to the need for labor induction and its success for vaginal delivery. RESULTS: Of a total of 657 births, there were 9.7% (n = 64) of patients with COVID 19, of which 23.4% (n = 15) required labor induction, with a success rate for vaginal delivery of 66.7% (n = 10). Of these patients, 50% received Oxytocin, 40% Dinosprostone and 10% both drugs sequentially. In the negative patients, there were a total of 568 births, with 29.8% (n = 169) of users requiring labor induction. The success rate for vaginal delivery in this group was 72.2% (n = 122); 50% using Oxytocin; 27% Dinoprostone; 14.8% using both; and 8.2% using Cook's Catheter. CONCLUSIONS: We know that the results of this study are limited by the low number of patients included, however, in our experience, we can observe that, in patients with SARS-CoV-2 PCR positive, asymptomatic or with mild disease, it was possible to perform induction of labor according to standard protocols, achieving success rates for vaginal deliveries, similar to patients without the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/therapy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/virology , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Labor, Induced/methods , Oxytocin/administration & dosage , Pregnancy Outcome , Dinoprostone/administration & dosage , Cesarean Section , Retrospective Studies , Delivery, Obstetric , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876619

ABSTRACT

@#Background: A prolonged interval from prelabor rupture of membranes to delivery is associated with an increase in the incidence of maternal and neonatal morbidities and mortality. Various agents have been tested to improve the cervical Bishop score to expedite the delivery of the fetus and lessen the maternal and neonatal complications. Objective: To compare two protocols for labor induction in pregnant women with prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM). Population: Subjects were recruited from the University of Santo Tomas Hospital (Private Division and Clinical Division). Pregnant women with a live, term, singleton fetus, cephalic presentation, a reactive Non stress test, who presented with PROM and a Bishop score of ?5, with no previous Cesarean section, or other uterine surgery. Methodology: This is a two-arm superiority, open label, randomized controlled trial. Pregnant women with a live, term, singleton fetus, cephalic presentation, a reactive Non stress test, who presented with PROM and a Bishop score of ?5, and with no previous Cesarean section or other uterine surgery were randomly assigned to receive either intravenous (IV) oxytocin infusion or intracervical dinoprostone 0.5 mg gel followed 6 hours later by IV oxytocin infusion. Results: Vaginal delivery within 24 hours of labor induction increased significantly with intracervical dinoprostone gel followed by IV oxytocin infusion (87% versus 61%; RR: 1.43; 95% CI: 0.99 – 2.06; P<0.044). Comparable result was observed for nulliparous women included in the study population. The time interval from labor induction to active phase was significantly shorter in the dinoprostone-oxytocin group than in the oxytocin alone group (2.4 ± 2.1 versus 6.3 ± 1.4 hours; p<0.001). The time interval from labor induction to delivery was also significantly shorter in the dinoprostoneoxytocin group (6.3 ± 1.5 versus 10.4 ± 1.4 hours; p<0.000). Cesarean delivery rates were statistically similar in the dinoprostone-oxytocin and oxytocin alone groups (17% versus 40%; p=0.102). The neonatal outcomes were comparable in both groups, except for birth weight. Conclusion: Intracervical dinoprostone 0.5 mg gel followed 6 hours later by an oxytocin infusion in term women presenting with PROM and an unfavorable cervix (Bishop Score of 5 or less) was associated with a higher rate of vaginal delivery within 24 hours, shorter time interval from labor induction to active phase of labor, and shorter time interval from labor induction to delivery, and no difference in maternal and neonatal complications was observed compared with oxytocin infusion alone.


Subject(s)
Dinoprostone , Oxytocin , Labor, Obstetric
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190699, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134770

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To evaluate the kinetics of apical periodontitis development in vivo , induced either by contamination of the root canals by microorganisms from the oral cavity or by inoculation of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the regulation of major enzymes and receptors involved in the arachidonic acid metabolism. Methodology Apical periodontitis was induced in C57BL6 mice (n=96), by root canal exposure to oral cavity (n=48 teeth) or inoculation of LPS (10 µL of a suspension of 0.1 µg/µL) from E. coli into the root canals (n= 48 teeth). Healthy teeth were used as control (n=48 teeth). After 7, 14, 21 and 28 days the animals were euthanized and tissues removed for histopathological and qRT-PCR analyses. Histological analysis data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA followed by Sidak's test, and qRT-PCR data using two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test (α=0.05). Results Contamination by microorganisms led to the development of apical periodontitis, characterized by the recruitment of inflammatory cells and bone tissue resorption, whereas inoculation of LPS induced inflammatory cells recruitment without bone resorption. Both stimuli induced mRNA expression for cyclooxygenase-2 and 5-lipoxygenase enzymes. Expression of prostaglandin E 2 and leukotriene B 4 cell surface receptors were more stimulated by LPS. Regarding nuclear peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR), oral contamination induced the synthesis of mRNA for PPARδ, differently from inoculation of LPS, that induced PPARα and PPARγ expression. Conclusions Contamination of the root canals by microorganisms from oral cavity induced the development of apical periodontitis differently than by inoculation with LPS, characterized by less bone loss than the first model. Regardless of the model used, it was found a local increase in the synthesis of mRNA for the enzymes 5-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase-2 of the arachidonic acid metabolism, as well as in the surface and nuclear receptors for the lipid mediators prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Periapical Periodontitis/microbiology , Dinoprostone/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/metabolism , Leukotriene B4/metabolism , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Periapical Periodontitis/metabolism , Periapical Periodontitis/pathology , Time Factors , Bone Resorption/metabolism , Bone Resorption/microbiology , Arachidonate 5-Lipoxygenase/analysis , Arachidonate 5-Lipoxygenase/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/analysis , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Dinoprostone/analysis , Random Allocation , Gene Expression , Leukotriene B4/analysis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dental Pulp Cavity/metabolism , Dental Pulp Cavity/pathology , Cyclooxygenase 2/analysis , Cyclooxygenase 2/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 428-437, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002239

ABSTRACT

Oxidative stress and inflammation are the key players in the development of motor dysfunction post-spinal cord ischemic reperfusion injury (SC-IRI). This study investigated the protective effect of concomitant pre-administration of melatonin and alpha-tocopherol on the early complications (after 48 hours) of spinal cord IRI injury in rats. Melatonin or α-tocopherol were preadministered either individually or in combination for 2 weeks, then rats were exposed SC-IRI. Neurological examinations of the hind limbs and various biochemical markers of oxidative stress and inflammation in the SC tissue were assessed. Solely pre-administration of either melanin or α-tocopherol significantly but partially improved motor and sensory function of the hind limbs mediated by partial decreases in SC levels of MDA, AOPP and PGE2 levels and activities of SOD, partial significant decreases in plasma levels of total nitrate/nitrite and significant increases in AC activity of GSH-Px. However, combination therapy of both drugs resulted in the maximum improvements in all neurological assessments tested and biochemical endpoints. In conclusion, by their synergistic antioxidant and antiinflammatory actions, the combination therapy of melatonin and α-tocopherol alleviates SC-IRI induced paraplegia.


El estrés oxidativo y la inflamación son claves en el desarrollo de la disfunción motora posterior a lesión isquémica de la médula espinal (SC-IRI). Este estudio investigó acerca del efecto protector de la administración previa concomitante de la melatonina y alfa-tocoferol en las complicaciones tempranas (después de 48 horas) de la lesión de IRI de la médula espinal en ratas. La melatonina o el α-tocoferol se administraron individualmente o en combinación durante 2 semanas, luego las ratas fueron expuestas a SC-IRI. Se evaluaron los exámenes neurológicos de las miembros pélvicos y diversos marcadores bioquímicos de estrés oxidativo e inflamación en el tejido subcutáneo. Solo la administración previa de melatonina o α-tocoferol mejoró parcial y significativamente la función motora y sensorial de los miembros pélvicos mediadas por disminuciones parciales en los niveles de SC de los niveles de MDA, AOPP y PGE2 y las actividades de la SOD, disminuciones significativas parciales en los niveles plasmáticos del total nitrato / nitrito y aumentos significativos en la actividad de AC de GSH-Px. Sin embargo, se observaron los mejores resultados durante la combinación de ambos fármacos en todas las evaluaciones neurológicas y en los puntos finales bioquímicos. En conclusión, debido a sus acciones antioxidantes y antiinflamatorias sinérgicas, la terapia de melatonina y α-tocoferol alivia la paraplejía inducida por SC-IRI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Spinal Cord Ischemia/drug therapy , Melatonin/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Paraplegia , Spinal Cord/drug effects , Spinal Cord/pathology , Dinoprostone/blood , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Tocopherols/pharmacology , Melatonin/pharmacology , Nitrites/blood , Antioxidants/pharmacology
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(3): 201-207, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011544

ABSTRACT

Abstract Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a lipid mediator usually released during inflammation. This study aimed to investigate the potential of soluble or microsphere-loaded PGE2 on inducing differentiation of dental pulp stem cells. PGE2-loaded microspheres (MS) were prepared using an oil-in-water emulsion solvent extraction-evaporation process and were characterized. Mouse dental pulp stem cells (OD-21) were stimulated with soluble or PGE2-loaded MS (0.01 and 0.1 µM). Cell viability was determined by MTT colorimetric assay. Ibsp, Bmp2 and Runx2 expression was measured by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) after 3, 6, and 24 h. The results showed that the soluble PGE2 reduced dental pulp stem cells viability after 24 h of stimulation whereas PGE2-loaded MS did not. Soluble PGE2 up-regulated Ibsp and Bmp2 at 3 h, differently from PGE2-loaded MS. On the other hand, PGE2-MS induced Bmp2 and Runx2 at 6 h and Ibsp at 24 h. In conclusion, our in vitro results show that PGE2, soluble or loaded in MS are not cytotoxic and modulateIbsp,Bmp2, andRunx2gene expression in cultured OD-21 cells.


Resumo A Prostaglandina E2 (PGE2) é um mediador lipídico comumente liberado durante a inflamação. Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar o potencial da PGE2, solúvel ou na forma de microesferas, na diferenciação de células-tronco de polpa dentária. Microesferas de PGE2 (MS) foram preparadas por meio do processo de extração/evaporação de solvente em emulsão óleo-em-água e foram caracterizadas. Células-tronco de linhagem derivadas da polpa dentária de camundongos (OD-21) foram estimuladas com PGE2 solúvel ou na forma de MS (0,01 e 0,1 µM). A citotoxicidade foi determinada por ensaio colorimétrico MTT. A expressão gênica de Ibsp, Bmp2 e Runx2 foi avaliada por meio de reação em cadeia da polimerase em tempo real (qRT-PCR) após 3, 6 e 24 h. Os resultados mostraram que as MS contendo PGE2 não foram citotóxicas para células-tronco da polpa dentária, enquanto MS vazias ou PGE2 solúvel reduziram a viabilidade celular após 24 h de estimulação. PGE2 solúvel aumentou a expressão de Ibsp e Bmp2 após 3 h, diferentemente da PGE2 em MS. Por outro lado, PGE2-MS induziram a expressão de Bmp2 e Runx2 após 6h de estímulo e Ibsp após 24h. Em conclusão, nossos resultados in vitro demonstram que a PGE2, solúvel ou em microesferas não são citotóxicas e modulam a expressão gênica deIbsp,Bmp2 eRunx2em células OD-21.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Dinoprostone , Dental Pulp , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Epithelial Cells
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 361-370, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777178

ABSTRACT

Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a cyclooxygenase metabolite of arachidonic acid. It acts as a bioactive lipid and plays an important role in regulating many biological processes. PGE2 binds to 4 different G protein-coupled receptors including prostaglandin E2 receptor subtypes EP1, EP2, EP3 and EP4. The EP4 receptor is widely expressed in most of human organs and tissues. Increasing evidence demonstrates that EP4 is essential for cardiovascular homeostasis and participates in the pathogenesis of many cardiovascular diseases. Here we summarize the role of EP4 in the regulation of cardiovascular function and discuss potential mechanisms by which EP4 is involved in the development of cardiovascular disorders with a focus on its effect on inflammation.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Dinoprostone , Physiology , Humans , Receptors, Prostaglandin E, EP4 Subtype , Physiology
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758954

ABSTRACT

The intra-articular use of hyaluronic acid (HA) for the treatment of synovitis and osteoarthritis is still controversial. As a consequence, corticosteroids remain the most frequently employed therapeutic agents, despite their potential systemic and local deleterious effects. This study examined the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and chondroprotective activities of low and high molecular weight hyaluronic acid (LMW-HA and HMW-HA) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced synovitis in horses compared to triamcinolone acetonide (TA). LPS was injected in the metacarpophalangeal joints, which were treated intra-articularly with either TA (as control) or LMW-HA or HMW-HA. Joint clinical evaluation and synovial fluid (SF) analysis were performed at 0, 8, 24, and 48 h. The white blood cell counts (WBC), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-α, chondroitin sulfate (CS) and HA concentrations, oxidative burst, and HA molecular weights were measured. TA reduced the lameness, swelling, and PGE2 release but increased the SF CS concentrations enormously at 24h and 48h, and decreased the SF HA modal molecular weight. These results indicate the breakdown of articular cartilage aggrecan and SF HA. In contrast, LMW-HA and HMW-HA were less effective in reducing the inflammation symptoms, but preserved the joints because only a modest increase in CS occurred at 24 h, decreasing at 48 h, and the SF HA was maintained. The HA-treatment also had anti-inflammatory actions, and LMW-HA was the most effective in reducing the release of cytokine. In summary, the HA treatment inhibited efficiently the digestion of cartilage proteoglycans and SF HA breakdown.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Aggrecans , Cartilage , Cartilage, Articular , Chondroitin Sulfates , Digestion , Dinoprostone , Horses , Hyaluronic Acid , Inflammation , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6 , Interleukins , Joints , Leukocyte Count , Metacarpophalangeal Joint , Molecular Weight , Necrosis , Osteoarthritis , Proteoglycans , Respiratory Burst , Synovial Fluid , Synovitis , Triamcinolone , Triamcinolone Acetonide
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762171

ABSTRACT

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-exacerbated respiratory disease (NERD) has attracted a great deal of attention because of its association with severe asthma. However, it remains widely underdiagnosed in asthmatics as well as the general population. Upon pharmacological inhibition of cyclooxygenase 1 by NSAIDs, production of anti-inflammatory prostaglandin E2 and lipoxins ceases, while release of proinflammatory cysteinyl leukotrienes increases. To determine the underlying mechanisms, many studies have attempted to elucidate the genetic variants, such as single nucleotide polymorphisms, responsible for alterations of prostaglandins and leukotrienes, but the results of these genetic studies could not explain the whole genetic pathogenesis of NERD. Accordingly, the field of epigenetics has been introduced as an additional contributor to genomic alteration underlying the development of NERD. Recently, changes in CpG methylation, as one of the epigenetic components, have been identified in target tissues of NERD. This review discusses in silico analyses of both genetic and epigenetic components to gain a better understanding of their complementary roles in the development of NERD. Although the molecular mechanisms underlying NERD pathogenesis remain poorly understood, genetic and epigenetic variations play significant roles. Our results enhance the understanding of the genetic and epigenetic mechanisms involved in the development of NERD and suggest new approaches toward better diagnosis and management.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Asthma , Computer Simulation , Cyclooxygenase 1 , Diagnosis , Dinoprostone , Epigenomics , Genetics , Leukotrienes , Lipoxins , Methylation , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prostaglandins
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761901

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Preterm labor is a leading risk factor for neonatal death and long-term impairment and linked closely with inflammation. Non-obstetric surgery is occasionally needed during pregnancy and the anesthetic drugs or surgery itself can give rise to inflammation. Here, we examined the influence of propofol pretreatment on the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. In addition, we evaluated the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). METHODS: Human amnion-derived WISH cells were used to investigate the effect of propofol on the LPS-induced expression of inflammatory substances involved in preterm labor. For the experiment, WISH cells were pretreated with various concentrations propofol (0.01–10 µg/ml) for 1 h and then treated with LPS (1 µg/ml) for 24 h. Cytotoxicity was evaluated using MTT assay. PGE2 concentration was assessed by ELISA. Protein expressions of COX-2, PGE2 and NF-κB were analyzed by western blotting analysis. RT-PCR was used for analysis of mRNA expression of COX-2, PGE2, interlukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. RESULTS: Propofol showed no cytotoxicity on the WISH cells. LPS-induced PGE2 production and COX-2 and PGE2 expression were decreased after propofol pretreatment. Propofol also attenuated the LPS-induced mRNA expression of IL-1β and TNF-α. Moreover, the activation of NF-jB was inhibited by propofol pretreatment on LPS-stimulated WISH cells. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that propofol suppresses the expression of inflammatory substances enhanced by LPS stimulation. Furthermore, this inhibitory effect of propofol on the inflammatory substance expression is mediated by suppression of NF-κB activation.


Subject(s)
Amnion , Anesthetics , Blotting, Western , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Cytokines , Dinoprostone , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Humans , Inflammation , NF-kappa B , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Perinatal Death , Pregnancy , Propofol , Risk Factors , RNA, Messenger , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764408

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The light-emitting diode (LED) curing light used is presumed to be safe. However, the scientific basis for this is unclear, and the safety of LED curing light is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of LED curing light irradiation according to the conditions applied for the polymerization of composite resins in dental clinic on the cell viability and inflammatory response in Raw264.7 macrophages and to confirm the stability of LED curing light. METHODS: Cell viability and cell morphology of Raw264.7 macrophages treated with 100 ng/ml of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or/and LED curing light with a wavelength of 440~490 nm for 20 seconds were confirmed by methylthiazolydiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide assay and microscopic observation. The production of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was confirmed by NO assay and PGE2 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. Expression of interleukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in total RNA and protein was confirmed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. RESULTS: The LED curing light did not affect the viability and morphology of normal Raw264.7 cells but affected the cell viability and induced cytotoxicity in the inflammation-induced Raw264.7 cells by LPS. The irradiation of the LED curing light did not progress to the inflammatory state in the inflammation-induced Raw264.7 macrophage. However, LED curing light irradiation in normal Raw264.7 cells induced an increase in NO and PGE2 production and mRNA and protein expression of IL-1β and TNF-α, indicating that it is possible to induce the inflammatory state. CONCLUSION: The irradiation of LED curing light in RAW264.7 macrophage may induce an excessive inflammatory reaction and damage oral tissues. Therefore, it is necessary to limit the long-term irradiation which is inappropriate when applying LED curing light in a dental clinic.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Cell Survival , Composite Resins , Dental Clinics , Dinoprostone , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Interleukins , Macrophages , Nitric Oxide , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymerization , Polymers , Reverse Transcription , RNA , RNA, Messenger , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764402

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Light-emitting diodes curing unit (LCU), which emit blue light, is used for polymerization of composite resins in many dentistry. Although the use of LCU for light-cured composite resin polymerization is considered safe, it is still controversial whether it can directly or indirectly have harmful biological influences on oral tissues. The aim of this study was to elucidate the biological effects of LCU in wavelengths ranging from 440 to 490 nm, on the cell viability and secretion of inflammatory cytokines in MDPC-23 odontoblastic cells and inflammatory-induced MDPC-23 cells by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). METHODS: The MTT assay and observation using microscope were performed on MDPC-23 cells to investigate the cell viability and cytotoxic effects on LCU irradiation. RESULTS: MDPC-23 cells and LPS stimulated MDPC-23 cells were found to have no effects on cell viability and cell morphology in the LCU irradiation. Nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 which are the pro-inflammatory mediators, and interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) which are the proinflammatory cytokines were significantly increased in MCPD-23 cells after LCU irradiation as time increased in comparison with the control. LCU irradiation has the potential to induce inflammation or biological damages in normal dental tissues, including MDPC-23 cells. CONCLUSION: Therefore, it is necessary to limit the use of LCU except for the appropriate dose and irradiation time. In addition, LCU irradiation of inflammatory-induced MDPC-23 cells by LPS was reduced the secretion of NO compared to the LPS alone treatment group and was significantly reduced the secretion of TNF-α in all the time groups. Therefore, LCU application in LPS stimulated MDPC-23 odontoblastic cells has a photodynamic therapy like effect as well as inflammation relief.


Subject(s)
Cell Survival , Composite Resins , Cytokines , Dentistry , Dinoprostone , Inflammation , Necrosis , Nitric Oxide , Odontoblasts , Photochemotherapy , Polymerization , Polymers
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764397

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Sometimes general anesthesia is required for dental surgery in pregnant women. Facial bone fractures or neck abscess should be treated immediately. Dental surgery, however, creates a stressful situation that can cause inflammation. Inflammatory responses are a well-known major cause of preterm labor and preterm birth. Here we demonstrate the effects of remifentanil on the factors related to preterm labor and its mechanism of action on amniotic-derived epithelial cells (WISH cells). METHODS: WISH cells were exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 24 h and co-treated with various concentrations of remifentanil. MTT assays were performed to measure cell viability. To explain the effects of remifentanil on the factors related to inflammation in WISH cells, activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and p38 and the expression of interleukin (IL)-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, cyclooxygenase (COX)2, and prostaglandin E (PGE)2 were quantified using western blotting and RT-PCR, respectively. RESULTS: Remifentanil did not affect WISH cell viability. In western blot analysis, co-treatment with remifentanil resulted in decreased phosphorylation of NF-κB, and expression of COX2 and PGE2 in LPS-induced inflammation, but the results were statistically significant only at low concentrations. Reduction of IL-1β and TNF-α expression was also observed with RT-PCR. CONCLUSION: Co-treatment with remifentanil does not affect the viability of WISH cells, but reduces the expression of the factors related to inflammation, which can induce uterine contraction and preterm labor. These findings provide evidence that remifentanil may inhibit uterine contraction and preterm labor in clinical settings.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Amnion , Anesthesia, General , Blotting, Western , Cell Survival , Dinoprostone , Epithelial Cells , Facial Bones , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Interleukins , Neck , NF-kappa B , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Phosphorylation , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Premature Birth , Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Uterine Contraction
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760679

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The lack of obstetricians in Japan has prevented the implementation of a 24–hour delivery monitoring system for high-risk deliveries such as twin vaginal delivery at many obstetric facilities. To examine the outcomes of a 1-day trial of the vaginal delivery of twins at 36–37 weeks' gestation. METHODS: We induced the vaginal delivery of twins at 36–37 weeks' gestation of 256 women who provided consent between January 2007 and December 2016 using the following protocol: 1) administration of 0.5 mg oral prostaglandin E2 every 1 hour (maximum: 1.5 mg) in the morning; 2) intravenous administration of oxytocin and amniotomy in the afternoon; and 3) selection of caesarean delivery when vaginal delivery was not expected by evening. We examined their perinatal outcomes in a chart review. RESULTS: The completion rates of vaginal delivery in total, nulliparous, and multiparous women were 79%, 72%, and 84%, respectively. There were no cases of neonatal asphyxia. The total incidence of neonatal respiratory disorders was 2.1%, but there were no cases of persistent pulmonary hypertension. The total incidence of postpartum hemorrhage requiring transfusion was 2.7%. CONCLUSION: The 1-day planned vaginal delivery of twins at 36–37 weeks' gestation appears valid and safe, and our findings suggest that it can be an option for the delivery of twins.


Subject(s)
Administration, Intravenous , Asphyxia , Dinoprostone , Female , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Incidence , Japan , Oxytocin , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Twin , Trial of Labor , Twins
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760611

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although aged black garlic has various biological activities such as anti-allergy, anti-inflammation and neuroprotection, effect of aged black garlic on chemically contact dermatitis is unclarified. MATERIALS/METHODS: To evaluate anti-dermatitic activity of aged black garlic extract, we investigated effects of a fraction of aged black garlic extract (BG10) on both in vivo and in vitro. RESULTS: BG10 almost inhibited formation of nitric monoxide and interleukin-6 (IL-6; IC50, 7.07 µg/mL) at 25 µg/mL, and dose-dependently reduced production of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α; IC50, 52.07 µg/mL) and prostaglandin E2 (IC50, 38.46 µg/mL) in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. In addition, BG10 significantly inhibited the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase-2 and nuclear NF-κB, and improved that of cytosolic levels of NF-κB and IκBα in the cells. Consistent with in vitro studies, BG10 (0.5 mg/mL) not only reduced ear edema but also suppressed the formation of IL-6 and TNF-α induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate in ear tissues of mice. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest BG10 has anti-dermatitic activity through inhibiting activation of macrophages. Therefore, such effects of BG10 may provide information for the application of aged black garlic for prevention and therapy of contact dermatitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Cytokines , Cytosol , Dermatitis , Dermatitis, Contact , Dinoprostone , Ear , Edema , Garlic , In Vitro Techniques , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Interleukin-6 , Macrophages , Mice , Necrosis , Neuroprotection , NF-kappa B , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785941

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Preterm labor and miscarriage may occur in stressful situations, such as a surgical operation or infection during pregnancy. Pharyngeal and buccal abscess and facial bone fractures are inevitable dental surgeries in pregnant patients. Remifentanil is an opioid analgesic that is commonly used for general anesthesia and sedation. Nonetheless, no study has investigated the effects of remifentanil on amniotic epithelial cells. This study evaluated the effects of remifentanil on the factors related to uterine contraction and its mechanism of action on amniotic epithelial cells.METHODS: Amniotic epithelial cells were preconditioned at various concentrations of remifentanil for 1 h, followed by 24-h lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure. MTT assays were performed to assess the cell viability in each group. The effects of remifentanil on factors related to uterine contractions in amniotic epithelial cells were assessed using a nitric oxide (NO) assay, western blot examinations of the expression of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE₂), and RT-PCR examinations of the expression of the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α).RESULTS: Remifentanil did not affect viability and nitric oxide production of amniotic epithelial cells. Western blot analysis revealed that remifentanil preconditioning resulted in decreased expressions of NF-κB and PGE2 in the cells in LPS-induced inflammation, and a tendency of decreased COX2 expression. The results were statistically significant only at high concentration. RT-PCR revealed reduced expressions of IL-1β and TNF-α.CONCLUSION: Preconditioning with remifentanil does not affect the viability of amniotic epithelial cells but reduces the expression of factors related to uterine contractions in situations where cell inflammation is induced by LPS, which is an important inducer of preterm labor. These findings provide evidence that remifentanil may inhibit preterm labor in clinical settings.


Subject(s)
Abortion, Spontaneous , Abscess , Anesthesia, General , Blotting, Western , Cell Survival , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Cytokines , Dinoprostone , Epithelial Cells , Facial Bones , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Interleukins , Lipopolysaccharides , NF-kappa B , Nitric Oxide , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Pregnancy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Uterine Contraction
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