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1.
Rev. ADM ; 78(1): 28-32, ene.-feb- 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177455

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar el conocimiento y la conciencia que tienen los médicos sobre la osteonecrosis relacionada con bifosfonatos. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal, en el cual se encuestó a médicos generales y especialistas con la finalidad de identificar el nivel de conocimientos y conciencia que tienen sobre el tema. Resultados: Se entrevistó a un total de 475 médicos generales y especialistas, de los cuales 210 (44.2%) mencionaron prescribir bifosfonatos, de este grupo 58.1% no envía a los pacientes con el odontólogo para eliminar factores de riesgo, a pesar de que 61.8% de los mismos mencionó conocer las reacciones adversas; 36 médicos (17.4%) han visto a algún paciente con osteonecrosis por bifosfonatos. El 37% de los médicos que prescriben medicamentos consideran que no es necesario remitir a los pacientes al odontólogo. Conclusiones: La prescripción de bifosfonatos en la práctica médica va en aumento, los médicos deben tener el conocimiento adecuado sobre las reacciones adversas de estos medicamentos para así poder referir oportunamente al odontólogo, educar al paciente y poder prevenir complicaciones como la osteonecrosis relacionada con bifosfonatos (AU)


Objectives : To evaluate the knowledge and awareness of physicians about bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws. Material and methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among general practitioners and specialized physicians to determine their knowledge and awareness of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws. Results: Of the 475 interviewed general practitioners and specialized physicians, 210 (44.2%) claimed to prescribe bisphosphonates. A total of 58.1% of these physicians did not refer their patients to the dentist for the elimination of risk factors, despite the fact that 61.8% of them reported knowledge of the adverse reactions of these drugs. Thirty-six physicians (17.4%) had seen some patient with bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws. A total of 37% of the physicians that prescribed drugs considered it not necessary to refer patients to the dentist. Conclusions: Bisphosphonate prescription is increasingly common in medical practice, and physicians must have adequate knowledge of the adverse reactions of these drugs in order to ensure opportune patient referral to the dentist, educate their patients, and avoid complications such as bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physicians/psychology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Referral and Consultation , Awareness , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Risk Factors , Health Surveys , Mexico
2.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 22-27, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248381

ABSTRACT

La Asociación Americana de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial (American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons [AAOMS]): define el concepto de osteonecrosis maxilar asociada a drogas antirresortivas (MRONJ) como: «área ósea necrótica expuesta al medio bucal con más de ocho semanas de permanencia, en presencia de tratamiento crónico con bifosfonatos en ausencia de radioterapia en cabeza y cuello¼. El objetivo de este artículo es asociar la enfermedad oncológica en relación con las drogas antirresortivas consumidas por pacientes, la prescripción de dichas drogas y el depósito de ellas en el organismo. Al mismo tiempo, la interacción médico-odontológico debe implementarse en favor de la salud de nuestros pacientes (AU)


American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons AAOMS defined Medication Related of the Jaw (MRONJ) as «necrotic bone area exposed to the oral environment with more than eight weeks of permanence, in the presence of chronic treatment with BPs, in the absence of radiation therapy to the head and neck¼. The objective of this article is associate oncology antiresorptives treatments prescribed by physicians, their prescription and body accumulation in patients whose are treated with them. Interdisciplinary dental and physician clinical treatments must be implemented in patient favours (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bone Density Conservation Agents/adverse effects , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Risk Factors , Diphosphonates/pharmacokinetics , Interprofessional Relations
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 622-628, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887466

ABSTRACT

Bone-modifying agents currently include bisphosphonates and desumumab, which are the main drugs for the treatment of malignant tumor bone metastasis, hypercalcemia and osteoporosis. Due to its wide clinical application, the adverse events of this kind of drugs are gradually increasing and affecting the quality of life of patients. Therefore, it needs to arouse the attention of the majority of medical personnel. Based on the substantial evidence, the expert committee has thoroughly discussed the management of adverse reactions of bone modifying agents and put forward reasonable suggestions, to guide clinicians in the safety management of such drugs.


Subject(s)
Bone Density Conservation Agents/adverse effects , Consensus , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Humans , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Safety Management
4.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 63(2): 13-17, nov. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150415

ABSTRACT

La acción terapéutica favorable que los antirresortivos (bifosfonatos BPs, denosumab DS) y drogas antiangiogénicas ocasionan en el tejido óseo en aquellos pacientes que presentan como causa etiológica cáncer o discrasias óseas incluyen hipercalcemias malignas o ­si requieren el consumo de dicha droga a baja concentración­ como ser: osteoporosis, osteopenia, enfermedad de Paget, displasia fibrosa, Osteogénesis Imperfecta. (1) La presente actualización pretende relacionar el tratamiento odontológico con prescripción crónica y drogas antirresortivas, para lo cual American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons AAOMS: define el concepto de Osteonecrosis Maxilar Asociada a drogas Antirresortivas (MRONJ) como: «Área ósea necrótica expuesta al medio bucal con más de ocho semanas de permanencia, en presencia de tratamiento crónico con bifosfonatos en ausencia de radioterapia en cabeza y cuello¼. La AAOMS estableció los siguientes grupos de acuerdo con sus características clínicas en 4 estadios (0, 1 ,2 y 3) de acuerdo con el aspecto clínico y radiológico de la lesión osteonecrótica. Estadío 0: lesión osteonecrótica sin evidencia de hueso necrótico en pacientes bajo consumo de drogas antirresortivas. Estadío 1: lesión osteonecrótica con signos clínicos y ausencia de sintomatología clínica. Estadío 2: lesión osteonecrótica con signo y sintomatología clínica evidente. Estadío 3: lesión osteonecrótica con signo y sintomatología evidente que compromete a estructuras nobles: fracturas patológicas, anestesia del nervio dentario inferior, comunicación buco-nasal, comunicación buco-sinusal, fístulas cutáneas (2) (AU)


It is known the favourable action which antiresorptive (Bisphosphonates BPs, Denosumab: DS) and Antiangiogenic drugs produce in bone tissue. High concentrations are primarily used as an effective treatment in the management of cancer-related disorders, including hypercalcemia of malignant. Besides, low concentrations are used for other metabolic bone diseases including Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, Paget's Disease, Fibrous Dysplasia, Imperfect Osteogenesis. (1) The update relate relationship between dentistry and chronic treatment with antiresorptive drugs. According to the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS), MRONJ is defined as exposed or necrotic bone in the maxillofacial region that has persisted for more than 8 weeks in association with current or previous BPs or DS therapy and with a lack of head and neck radiotherapy. AAOMS divided the MRONJ into 4 stages (0,1, 2 and 3) according to the clinical and radiological aspect of the osteonecrotic lesion: Stage 0: osteonecrotic lesion without sign-pathognomonic evidence of osteonecrosis. Stage 1: osteonecrotic lesion with clinical signs and absence of clinical symptoms. Stage 2: osteonecrotic lesion with sign and evident clinical symptoms. Stage 3: osteonecrotic lesion with signs and evident symptoms that involve noble structures: pathological fractures, anaesthesia of the lower dental nerve, oral-nasal communication, oral-sinus communication, skin fistulas (2) (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Bone Resorption , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bone Density Conservation Agents , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Bone Diseases , Dental Care for Chronically Ill , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Denosumab , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. ADM ; 77(4): 197-202, jul.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129803

ABSTRACT

La osteonecrosis de los maxilares está definida como la exposición de hueso necrótico en la región maxilofacial al menos por ocho semanas en pacientes que están recibiendo medicamentos antirresortivos para el tratamiento del cáncer primario o metastásico hacia el hueso, osteoporosis o enfermedad de Paget, sin historia previa de radiación. Desde el año 2003, la terminología utilizada estaba en relación con los bifosfonatos, en la actualidad ha sido introducido el término osteonecrosis de los maxilares relacionada por medicamentos (OMAM). La cirugía oral (implantología o cirugía periapical) incrementa el riesgo de OMAM, así como los desbalances concomitantes de la salud oral (inflamación dental y formación de abscesos). Las estrategias conservadoras en el tratamiento varían desde el cuidado local conservador hasta la resección quirúrgica radical del hueso necrótico. En el presente artículo se expone un análisis sistemático retrospectivo de la literatura en páginas como PubMed, ScienceDirect y Springer, Cochrane Library. Con el objetivo de resaltar el aumento de la incidencia de OMAM a nivel mundial con el uso de antirresortivos y otros medicamentos asociados en su patogenia en el Hospital Regional «General Ignacio Zaragoza¼ del ISSSTE, UNAM, en la Ciudad de México (AU)


Osteonecrosis of the jaws is defined as the exposure of necrotic bone in the maxillofacial region for at least 8 weeks in patients receiving antiresorptive medications for the treatment of primary or metastatic cancer towards the bone, osteoporosis, or Paget's disease, without previous history of radiation. Since 2003, the terminology used was related to bisphosphonates, the term medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws has now been introduced. Oral surgery (implantology or periapical surgery) increases the risk of avascular necrosis, as well as concomitant imbalances in oral health (dental inflammation and abscess formation). Conservative strategies in treatment vary from conservative local care to radical surgical resection of the necrotic bone. In this article, a systematic retrospective analysis of the literature is presented on pages such as PubMed, Science Direct and Springer, Cochrane Library. And in which the objective is to highlight the increase in the incidence of medication related osteonecrosis of the jaws worldwide with the use of antiresorptive, and other associated medications in its pathogenesis at the Hospital Regional «General Ignacio Zaragoza¼ ISSSTE, UNAM in Mexico City (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Osteoporosis , Bone Neoplasms , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Dental Service, Hospital , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Bevacizumab , Sunitinib , Mexico
6.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 138(4): 326-335, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1139704

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is still the most prevalent type of osteonecrosis with clinical relevance. In Brazil, bisphosphonate use is high but there is a lack of epidemiological studies on BRONJ. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical profile of BRONJ in a Brazilian population through an integrative review. DESIGN AND SETTING: Integrative review of BRONJ in a Brazilian population. METHODS: Cases and clinical research on Brazilians with BRONJ between 2010 and 2019, indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science and LILACS were reviewed. Age, sex, type and time of bisphosphonate intake, administration route, related diseases, region of the BRONJ, diagnostic criteria, staging, triggering factor and type of treatment were analyzed. RESULTS: Fifteen articles on 128 subjects were included. Most patients were women (82.03%); the mean age was 63 years. Intravenous zoledronic acid was mostly used (62.50%), for breast cancer treatment (46.87%). The main localization of BRONJ was the mandible (54.68%), associated mainly with tooth extractions (45.98%). The diagnostic criteria were clinical (100%) and radiographic (89.06%), mostly in stage II (68.08%). The surgical treatments were sequestrectomy (37.50%) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) (36.71%). Microbial control was done using chlorhexidine (93.75%) and infection control using clindamycin (53.90%). CONCLUSIONS: BRONJ had higher prevalence in Brazilian women receiving treatment for breast cancer and osteoporosis. The mandible was the region most affected with a moderate stage of BRONJ, particularly when there were histories of tooth extraction and peri-implant surgery. Sequestrectomy with additional drugs and surgical therapy was the treatment most accomplished.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Tooth Extraction , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bone Density Conservation Agents/adverse effects , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/surgery , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Brazil , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Dental Care , Treatment Outcome , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Diphosphonates/administration & dosage , Bone Density Conservation Agents/administration & dosage , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/etiology , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/diagnostic imaging
7.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(7): 983-991, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139400

ABSTRACT

Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw is a disease where there is necrotic bone exposed or that can be explored by means of a fistula in the maxillofacial region. It has been associated with the use Biphosphonates and denosumab for osteoporosis. Although its etiology is unclear, it may be related to a decrease in bone turnover produced by these drugs, rendering the bone more prone to generate cell necrosis during invasive dental procedures, especially in the posterior region of the jaw. There is no consensus about the prevention and treatment of this condition. The aim of this paper is to present a review of the literature with the main characteristics of osteonecrosis of the jaws associated with drugs, together with a proposal for prevention and treatment for these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteonecrosis/chemically induced , Osteonecrosis/prevention & control , Jaw Diseases/chemically induced , Jaw Diseases/prevention & control , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/prevention & control , Denosumab/adverse effects
8.
Actual. osteol ; 16(3): 232-252, 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254060

ABSTRACT

La osteonecrosis maxilar asociada a medicamentos (ONMM=MRONJ como se conoce en la literatura en inglés) se define como un área ósea expuesta al medio bucal con más de ocho semanas de permanencia, en pacientes tratados con antirresortivos y/o antiangiogénicos y sin antecedentes de radioterapia en cabeza y cuello. Las fracturas ocasionan una morbimortalidad significativa y los antirresortivos son drogas eficaces y seguras para prevenirlas. Se utilizan principalmente en osteoporosis, pero también en enfermedades oncológicas como mieloma múltiple o metástasis óseas de tumores sólidos. La posología varía según el contexto clínico, siendo mayor la dosis y frecuencia de administración en oncología. Los antirresortivos actualmente más utilizados son los bifosfonatos (BF) y el denosumab (Dmab). Si bien los BF persisten largo tiempo en el tejido óseo, el Dmab tiene un mecanismo de acción reversible y su suspensión abrupta conlleva importante pérdida de masa ósea y riesgo aumentado de fracturas vertebrales múltiples. Ninguna droga puede ser suspendida ni espaciada sin autorización médica, dado que no es de competencia del odontólogo. El diagnóstico presuntivo de ONMM debe ser confirmado clínicamente por un odontólogo, quien solicitará imágenes radiológicas para establecer el estadio de la lesión. La anamnesis correcta permite establecer un diagnóstico diferencial entre ONMM, osteomielitis y osteorradionecrosis. La presentación clínica es variable y puede mostrar distintos estadios. La mayoría de los casos están precedidos por un procedimiento quirúrgico odontológico. Suele ser asintomática, aunque puede haber dolor si se localiza cerca de una estructura neuronal. La localización es variable: 62,3% se produce en el maxilar inferior. La incidencia de ONMM es baja, en un rango de 0,001 a 0,01% y tiene relación con las dosis y el tiempo de administración. La remoción de caries, la operatoria dental, la endodoncia y la rehabilitación protética fija o removible no se asocian a riesgo de ONMM. Con menos de 3 años de tratamiento antirresortivo se pueden efectuar terapéuticas quirúrgicas como exodoncias, apicectomías, cistectomías, tratamientos periodontales de raspaje y alisado subgingival sin riesgo. Con más de 3 años se aconseja evitar la realización de exodoncias y manipulación de tejido óseo. Ante la necesidad de realizar un procedimiento odontológico, no hay evidencia que avale que la suspensión transitoria del tratamiento antirresortivo pueda reducir el riesgo. Tampoco la medición de marcadores de remodelado óseo aporta datos de utilidad. Existen pocos datos en la literatura sobre la colocación de implantes dentales en pacientes que reciben drogas antirresortivas en dosis bajas; si bien existe ONMM asociada, su incidencia sería baja. Antes de iniciar un tratamiento antirresortivo se recomienda realizar interconsulta con el odontólogo para evaluar potenciales necesidades quirúrgicas. Quienes reciben antirresortivos deben realizar controles orales periódicos (semestrales) y, ante cualquier síntoma compatible con un estadio incipiente de ONMM, deben consultar a su odontólogo. El trabajo conjunto del médico y el odontólogo puede prevenir la aparición de la ONMM, un evento infrecuente, pero que puede generar elevada morbilidad en los pacientes. La comunicación fluida entre profesionales tenderá a evitar no solo la incertidumbre y desconfianza de los pacientes, sino también que se produzcan lesiones con la consecuente necesidad de tratamientos de mayor complejidad. (AU)


Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (MRONJ) is defined as a bone area exposed to the oral environment lasting more than eight weeks, in patients treated with antiresorptive and/or antiangiogenic drugs and without a history radiation therapy to the head and neck. Fractures cause significant morbidity and mortality, and antiresorptives are effective and safe drugs to prevent them. They are used to treat not only osteoporosis but also oncological diseases such as multiple myeloma or bone metastases from solid tumors. The dosage varies according to the clinical context; doses and frequencies of administration are higher in oncology. The most commonly used antiresorptive medications are bisphosphonates (BP) and denosumab (Dmab). Whereas BP persist for a long time in bone tissue, Dmab has a reversible mechanism of action and its discontinuation leads to significant loss of bone mass and an increased risk of multiple vertebral fractures. No drug can be suspended or spaced without medical authorization. Dentists should not take decisions about antiresorptive prescription. The presumptive diagnosis of MRONJ must be clinically confirmed by a dentist, who will order radiological studies to establish the stage of the injury. The correct anamnesis helps differentiate MRONJ from osteomyelitis and osteoradionecrosis. Clinical presentation is variable and can present different stages. Most of the cases are preceded by a dental surgical procedure. Usually MRONJ is asymptomatic although patients may feel pain if it is located near a neuronal structure. The location is variable: 62.3% occurs in the lower jaw. The incidence of MRONJ is low, in the range of 0.001 to 0.01%, and is related to the dose and time of administration. Caries removal, dental surgery, endodontics, fixed or removable prosthetic rehabilitation are not associated with risk of MRONJ. With less than 3 years of antiresorptive treatment, surgical therapies such as extractions, apicectomies, cystectomies, periodontal scaling treatments and subgingival smoothing can be performed without risk. With more than 3 years, it is advisable to avoid performing extractions and manipulating bone tissue. Given the need to perform a dental procedure, there is no evidence to support that the temporary suspension of antiresorptive treatment can reduce the risk. Nor does the measurement of bone turnover markers provide useful information. There are few data in the literature on the placement of dental implants in patients receiving antiresorptive drugs at low doses; although there might be an associated risk of MRONJ, its incidence appears to be low. Before starting antiresorptive treatment, consultation with the dentist is recommended to evaluate potential surgical needs. Patients receiving treatment with antiresorptive agents should undergo periodic oral controls (every six months) and in the event of any symptoms compatible with an early MRONJ stage, they should consult their dentists. The collaboration between physician and dentist can prevent the appearance of MRONJ, that is an infrequent event, but can generate high morbidity in patients. Fluid communication between professionals will tend to avoid, not only the uncertainty and distrust of patients, but also the occurrence of injuries needing complex treatments. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Care , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/diagnosis , Incidence , Risk Factors , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/physiopathology , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/prevention & control , Denosumab/adverse effects
9.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 61(2): 36-40, nov. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095356

ABSTRACT

La osteonecrosis de los maxilares asociada a bifosfonatosfuedefinida como «Área de hueso expuesto en la región máxilo facial que permanece expuesta al menos por 8 semanas, siempre que los pacientes hayan sido prescriptos con bifosfonatos, y en ausencia de terapia radiante¼. (1) En la actualidad se agregó "hueso expuesto o hueso que se puede sondear a través de una fistula intra o extra oral" (2). Presentamos un caso clínico de una paciente femenina de 70 años de edad, diagnosticada con cáncer de hueso (osteosarcoma) con foco en la pelvis, historia de consumo de bifosfonatosvía endovenosa durante tres años, zolendronato 70mg, semanalmente. Al momento de la consulta, se encontraba en periodo de remisión de la enfermedad de base y sin consumo de medicación antiresortiva desde hace un año (AU)


Osteonecrosis of the jaws associated with bisphosphonates was defined as «Area of exposed bone in the maxillofacial region that remains exposed for at least 8 weeks, provided that patients have been prescribed with bisphosphonates, and in the absence of radiant therapy¼. (1) At present, "exposed bone or bone that can be probed through an intra or extra oral fistula" was added (2). We present a clinical case of a 70-year-old female patient, diagnosed with bone cancer (osteosarcoma) with a focus on the pelvis, history of consumption of bisphosphonates intravenously for three years, zolendronate 70 mg, weekly. At the time of the consultation, he was in the period of remission of the underlying disease and without consumption of antiresortive medication for a year (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Bone Resorption/etiology , Alveolar Bone Loss/etiology , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Chlorhexidine/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination/therapeutic use , Dental Service, Hospital , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/diagnostic imaging
10.
Actual. osteol ; 15(2): 94-102, mayo - ago. 2019. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048478

ABSTRACT

El propósito de la terapia en el desorden del metabolismo óseo mineral asociado a la enfermedad renal crónica (IRC) consiste en restaurar el balance mineral, y, en la osteoporosis, mantener o aumentar la masa ósea. Ambas terapias tratan de evitar la fractura ósea. La mayoría de los osteoactivos están contraindicados en la insuficiencia renal crónica avanzada (estadios 4 y 5), y las terapias son empíricas. Algunos autores opinan que sin anomalías bioquímicas del desorden del metabolismo óseo mineral asociado a la enfermedad renal crónica avanzada se podría intentar el tratamiento estándar para la osteoporosis. Antes de intentar la terapia osteoactiva se debe corregir el desorden mineral óseo que pudiera presentarse asociado a la IRC, y en la indicación del tipo de osteoactivo se sugiere seleccionar al paciente según su estado óseo. Se aconseja que la administración de los antirresortivos se realice a dosis menores con respecto a los que tienen mejor función renal junto con aportes adecuados de calcio y vitamina D, antes y durante el tratamiento para prevenir el riesgo de severas hipocalcemias y un efecto óseo excesivo. Se presenta el caso clínico de una mujer de 65 años, con diagnóstico de osteoporosis de etiología multifactorial, fractura de pelvis, múltiples fracturas vertebrales e insuficiencia renal crónica avanzada, entre otras comorbilidades, y probable enfermedad ósea adinámica. Recibió inicialmente terapia con teriparatide y luego con denosumab, complicándose con hipocalcemia asintomática. (AU)


The purpose of therapy for the bone mineral metabolism disorder associated with chronic kidney disease is to restore the mineral balance; and to maintain or increase bone mass in osteoporosis. The goal of both types of therapy is to avoid bone fractures. Most antiosteoporotic drugs are contraindicated in advanced chronic renal failure (CRF) stages 4 and 5, and the therapies are empirical. Some authors believe that without biochemical abnormalities of the mineral bone metabolism disorder associated with advanced chronic kidney disease, standard treatment for osteoporosis could be attempted. Before attempting antiosteoporotic therapy, the bone mineral disorder that may be associated with CRF must be corrected, and in the indication of the type drug it is suggested that the patient be selected according to their bone status. It is advised that the administration of anti-resorptives be performed at lower doses in individuals with poor renal function compared to those with better renal function together with adequate calcium and vitamin D, before and during treatment to prevent the risk of severe hypocalcemia, and an excessive bone effect. We present the clinical case of a 65-year-old woman with a diagnosis of osteoporosis of multifactorial etiology, pelvic fracture, multiple vertebral fractures and advanced chronic renal failure, among other comorbidities and probable adynamic bone disease. The patient received initial therapy with teriparatide and followed by denosumab administration and exhibited asymptomatic hypocalcemia. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder/drug therapy , Fractures, Bone/prevention & control , Osteoporosis/therapy , Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder/complications , Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder/metabolism , Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder/therapy , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Calcium/administration & dosage , Calcium/therapeutic use , Alendronate/therapeutic use , Teriparatide/administration & dosage , Teriparatide/adverse effects , Teriparatide/therapeutic use , Diphosphonates/administration & dosage , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Cinacalcet/therapeutic use , Risedronic Acid/therapeutic use , Denosumab/administration & dosage , Denosumab/adverse effects , Denosumab/therapeutic use , Hypocalcemia/prevention & control
11.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 107(2): 72-78, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016110

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo es revisar los conocimientos actuales sobre el manejo clínico-odontológico de pacientes que consumen medicamentos antirresortivos y medicamentos antiangiogénicos o quimioterapéuticos, en relación con la prevención y/o el tratamiento de la osteonecrosis de los maxilares asociada a medicamentos. Se evaluaron similitudes y diferencias entre los bifosfonatos, denosumab y medicamentos antiangiogénicos, así como el manejo clínico de pacientes, vacaciones de medicamentos y el manejo de osteonecrosis de los maxilares ya instalada. Se encontraron similitudes en la presentación clínica, la prevención, el uso de antibioticoterapia antes de procedimientos invasivos y el tratamiento de la osteonecrosis ya instalada. Entre las diferencias, podemos mencionar que el tratamiento quirúrgico respondería mejor en pacientes medicados con denosumab o antiangiogénicos, y su suspensión sería más efectiva si se iniciara un proceso de osteonecrosis, al igual que su tasa de resolución. En cuanto a las vacaciones de medicamentos, no hay datos concluyentes para guiar esta decisión, al igual que no existe un protocolo clínico de atención en pacientes que consumen denosumab o antiangiogénicos (AU)


The aim of this study is to review the currents knowledge about the clinical and dental management of patients who consume antiresorptive and antiangiogenic agents or chemotherapeutic drugs, in relation to the prevention and/or treatment of osteonecrosis of the jaws related to medication. Similarities and differences between bisphosphonates, denosumab and antiangiogenic medications were evaluatted, as well as the clinical management of patients, drugs holidays and management of osteonecrosis of the jaws already setted. Similarities were found in the clinical presentation, prevention, use of antibiotic therapy before invasive procedures and the treatment of osteonecrosis already installed. Regarding the differences, we can mention that the surgical treatment would be better in patients medicated with denosumab or antiangiogenics and its suspension would be more effective if an osteonecrosis process is initiated, as well as its resolution rate. There are no conclusive data about drug holidays to guide this decision, and no clinical protocol of care in patients who consume denosumab or antiangiogenic agents (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/complications , Denosumab/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/prevention & control , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/drug therapy
12.
Actual. osteol ; 15(1): 57-64, ene. abr. 2019. ilus., tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049428

ABSTRACT

Los tratamientos para osteoporosis se indican por tiempo variable dependiendo del tipo de droga, anabólica o anticatabólica, y de la gravedad de la enfermedad. Denosumab es un anticuerpo monoclonal totalmente humano que inhibe a RANK-L evitando de esa manera la interacción entre RANKL-RANK, con la consiguiente inhibición de la formación de los osteoclastos, su activación y sobrevida. Disminuye la resorción ósea cortical y trabecular. Su administración subcutánea de 60 mg cada 6 meses al cabo de 3 años ha demostrado reducción de la resorción ósea, incremento de la densidad mineral ósea y disminución de las fracturas vertebrales, no vertebrales y de cadera. Está indicado para el tratamiento de la osteoporosis con alto riesgo de fractura. Su mecanismo de acción es reversible. Se han descripto pérdida de la DMO y elevación de los marcadores de remodelado óseo postsuspensión. Una situación clínica grave son las fracturas vertebrales múltiples postsuspensión. Este evento es infrecuente y se lo atribuye a un rebote del remodelado óseo, postulándose se postula una predisposición especial, probablemente relacionada con microRNA. Se escriben dos mujeres con osteoporosis que presentaron este cuadro. Las fracturas ocurrieron entre 7 y 10 meses posteriores a la última dosis de denosumab. Registraron elevación de C-telopéptidos y disminución de la DMO conjuntamente con las fracturas vertebrales agudas en cascada. (AU)


The duration of osteoporosis treatments depends on the drug type, anabolic or anticatabolic, and the severity of the disease. Denosumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody that inactivates RANK-L, inhibiting the RANKL-RANK interaction . This inhibits osteoclast formation, activation, and survival. It also reduces cortical and trabecular bone resorption. Subcutaneous administration of 60 mg every 6 months for 3 years has reduced bone resorption, increased bone mineral density (BMD) and decreased vertebral, non-vertebral and hip fractures. It is indicated for the treatment of osteoporosis with high risk of fracture. Denosumab mechanism of action is reversible. After discontinuation, loss of BMD and elevation of bone turnover markers have been observed. In addition, multiple vertebral fractures after the suspension of the drug have been reported. These rebound-associated vertebral fractures are rare. A special genetic predisposition related to miRNA has been proposed. Two women with this clinical presentation are described. Fractures occurred between 7 and 10 months respectively after the last dose of denosumab. They presented with an increase in circulating C-telopeptid levels and a decrease inBMD with acute multiple vertebral fractures. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Spinal Fractures/drug therapy , Denosumab/adverse effects , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Menopause , Biomarkers , Bone Density/drug effects , Calcium/administration & dosage , Spinal Fractures/prevention & control , Charybdotoxin/analysis , Calcium Citrate/administration & dosage , Alendronate/administration & dosage , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , RANK Ligand/drug effects , Denosumab/administration & dosage , Tobacco Smoking , Zoledronic Acid/administration & dosage , Ibandronic Acid/administration & dosage , Indapamide/administration & dosage
13.
Rev. ADM ; 76(2): 113-117, mar.-abr. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009378

ABSTRACT

La terapia láser de baja frecuencia (TLBF) o fotobioestimulación es aquella que cuya luz provoca la regeneración y remodelación ósea, la restauración de la función neural, la disminución del dolor y la modulación del sistema inmune; esta terapia es un coadyuvante junto a la terapia conservadora y/o quirúrgica. Se considera un estándar de oro para el manejo del dolor en la osteonecrosis en aquellos pacientes que consumen o han consumido bifosfonatos como terapia para inhibir la resorción ósea. La Sociedad Americana de Investigación de Hueso y Minerales (SAIHM) definió la osteonecrosis mandibular como «un área de hueso expuesto en la región maxilofacial que no cicatriza dentro de las ocho semanas posteriores a la identificación, en un paciente que está recibiendo o ha estado expuesto a bifosfonatos y que no ha recibido radioterapia en la región craneofacial¼. En este reporte presentamos dos casos de pacientes con osteonecrosis mandibular relacionada a bifosfonatos tratados con TLBF. Se evaluó el dolor antes y después de la terapia con la escala visual análoga (EVA). Ambos casos tuvieron disminución del dolor al 100%. Se presentan los métodos de diagnóstico clínico y radiográfico, el tratamiento elegido y los resultados obtenidos (AU)


Low level laser therapy (LLLT) or photobiostimulation is one whose light causes bone regeneration and remodeling, restoration of neural function, reduction of pain, and modulation of the immune system; this therapy is an adjuvant together with conservative and / or surgical therapy. It is considered a gold standard for pain management in osteonecrosis in those patients who consume or have used bisphosphonates as antiresorptive therapy. The American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) defined osteonecrosis of the jaw as «an area of exposed bone in the maxillofacial region that does not heal within eight weeks after identification by a health care provider, in a patient who was receiving or had been exposed to a BP and who has not received radiation therapy to the craniofacial region¼. In this report we present two cases of patients with mandibular osteonecrosis related to bisphosphonates treated with LLLT. Pain before and after visual analogue scale (VAS) was evaluated. Both cases had pain reduction at 100%. The methods of clinical and radiographic diagnosis, the treatment chosen and the results obtained are presented (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteoradionecrosis/radiotherapy , Facial Pain , Low-Level Light Therapy , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Schools, Dental , Wound Healing/radiation effects , Pain Measurement , Mandibular Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Clinical Protocols , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Mexico
14.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 83(3): 152-156, set. 2018. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-976765

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los bifosfonatos constituyen el tratamiento de primera elección de la enfermedad osteoporótica. Algunos efectos adversos ponen en duda su uso prolongado, como las fracturas atípicas de fémur proximal. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron determinar la relación entre consumo de bifosfonatos y fracturas atípicas de fémur, y mostrar la incidencia en nuestra institución. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, observacional, análisis de caso-control no pareado. Se incluyeron pacientes >55 años, con fractura de fémur que ingresaron entre el 1 de enero de 2009 y el 31 de mayo de 2015. Las variables consideradas fueron: sexo, edad, tipo de fractura; uso, tipo y tiempo de consumo de bifosfonatos. Las fracturas se distribuyeron en típicas: pertrocantéricas, y cuello femoral, y atípicas: subtrocantéricas y diafisarias. Se consideraron como casos las fracturas atípicas y como controles, las pertrocantéricas. Resultados: Se incluyó a 517 pacientes que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Cuarenta y dos fracturas eran atípicas y 236, típicas. Hubo predominio del sexo femenino (81,4% en los casos y 83% en los controles). La edad promedio fue de 76 y 80 años, respectivamente. La asociación con bifosfonatos fue del 44,2% en los casos y 15,3% en los controles (11,6% y 0,8% en las fracturas pertrocantéricas, respectivamente). Conclusiones: El alendronato se asoció significativamente con fracturas atípicas de fémur. No se halló relación con el tiempo de consumo; sin embargo, la incidencia fue más alta luego de 4.5-5 años de consumo. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Bisphosphonates are currently considered a first-choice treatment for osteoporotic disease. A number of adverse effects call into question its long-term administration, such as proximal femoral pathological fractures. The purposes of this study were to determine the relationship between consumption of bisphosphonates and atypical femoral fractures, and to report the incidence in our institution. Methods: Retrospective, observational study, case-control unpaired analysis. Patients >55 years old with femoral fractures admitted from January 1, 2009 to May 31, 2015 were included. Considered variables were: sex, age, type of fracture, use, type and time of consumption of bisphosphonates. Fractures were divided into typical: pertrochanteric, and femoral neck, and atypical: subtrochanteric and diaphyseal. Atypical fractures were cases, and typical fractures functioned as controls. Results: A total of 517 patients met the inclusion criteria and were included in the study. Forty-two fractures were atypical and 236 were typical. Female sex predominated (81.4% of cases, and 83% of controls). Average age was 76 and 80 years, respectively. Association with bisphosphonates was observed in 44.2% of the cases, and 15.3% of controls (11.6% and 0.8% in pertrochanteric fractures, respectively). Conclusions: Alendronate was significantly associated with atypical femoral fractures. A relationship with length of consumption was not detected; however, incidence was higher after 4.5-5 years of use. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Osteoporosis , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Hip Fractures , Incidence , Retrospective Studies
15.
Actual. osteol ; 13(3): 233-242, Sept - DIc. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117496

ABSTRACT

La displasia fibrosa ósea es un trastorno no hereditario del desarrollo esquelético caracterizado por una proliferación anormal de fibroblastos y diferenciación deficiente de osteoblastos que conduce a un reemplazo del tejido óseo esponjoso por tejido conectivo fibroso. Es producida por una mutación somática activadora del gen GNAS1 que induce una activación y proliferación de células mesenquimales indiferenciadas con formación de tejido fibroso y trabéculas óseas anómalas. Existen formas monostóticas, poliostóticas y craneofaciales con diversos grados de dolor, deformidades y fracturas óseas, aunque muchos casos son asintomáticos. En ocasiones se producen quistes óseos aneurismáticos, hemorragias, compromisos neurológicos y raramente osteosarcomas. Algunos casos se asocian a síndrome de McCune-Albright, síndrome de Mazabraud y a osteomalacia por hipofosfatemia por pérdida tubular renal inducida por el FGF23 producido por el tejido displásico. Los hallazgos en las radiografías convencionales son característicos, aunque variables y de carácter evolutivo. La gammagrafía ósea es la técnica de imagen con mayor sensibilidad para determinar la extensión de la enfermedad. El diagnóstico diferencial incluye múltiples lesiones óseas de características similares y en raras ocasiones se requiere biopsia ósea o estudio genético para confirmarlo. No existe un consenso unánime acerca del abordaje terapéutico de estos pacientes, razón por la cual es necesario un enfoque multidisciplinario. La conducta puede ser expectante o quirúrgica según el tipo de lesiones y es importante el manejo del dolor y de las endocrinopatías asociadas. La mayor experiencia publicada se refiere al uso de bifosfonatos y, más recientemente, denosumab. Los tratamientos actuales son insuficientes para modificar el curso de la enfermedad y es necesario el desarrollo de nuevas moléculas que actúen específicamente en el gen GNAS1 o sobre las células mesenquimales afectadas. (AU)


Fibrous dysplasia of bone is a noninherited developmental anomaly of bone characterized by abnormal proliferation of fibroblasts and differentiation of osteoblasts that cause a replacement of trabeculous bone by fibrous connective tissue. It is caused by a somatic mutation in the GNAS1 gene, which induces an undifferentiated mesenquimal cells activation and proliferation with formation of fibrous tissue and abnormal osseous trabeculae. There are monostotic, polyostotic and craniofacial variants with different grades of bone pain, deformities and fractures, although many cases remain asymptomatic. Aneurysmal bone cysts, bleeding, neurological compromise and infrequently osteosarcoma are possible complications. Some cases are associated to McCune-Albright syndrome, Mazabraud syndrome or hypophosphatemia and osteomalacia due to to renal tubular loss induced by FGF23 produced by dysplastic tissue. The findings on conventional radiography are characteristic although variable and evlolve with time. Bone scintigraphy is the most sensitive technique to evaluate the extent of disease. Differential diagnosis include several osseous lesions of similar appearance and, in some cases, bone biopsy or genetic testing may be necessary. Today, there is no consensus regarding the therapeutic approach for these patients and it is necessary a multidisciplinary medical team. Watchful waiting or surgical interventions can be indicated, depending on the type of bone lesions. Bone pain and associated endocrinopathies management are very important. Most published experience refers to the use of bisphosphonates and, more recently, denosumab. Current treatments are insufficient to modify the natural curse of the disease and therefore, new molecules with specific action on GNAS1 gene or affected mesenchymal cells are necessary. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/etiology , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/drug therapy , Osteogenesis/genetics , Osteomalacia/complications , Congenital Abnormalities , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Osteosarcoma/etiology , Calcium/therapeutic use , Hypophosphatemia/blood , Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal/etiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Diphosphonates/administration & dosage , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Fractures, Bone/pathology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/pathology , Pain Management , Fibrous Dysplasia, Monostotic/etiology , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/genetics , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/blood , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/diagnostic imaging , Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostotic/etiology , Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostotic/diagnostic imaging , Craniofacial Fibrous Dysplasia/etiology , Mutation/genetics
16.
ImplantNewsPerio ; 2(6): 1061-1068, nov.-dez. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-880965

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar o grau de conhecimento dos cirurgiões-dentistas que atuam na atenção básica do município de Patos (PB) sobre os bifosfonatos e sua repercussão no tratamento odontológico. Material e métodos: neste estudo observacional transversal, 34 cirurgiões-dentistas responderam ao questionário sobre conhecimentos gerais dessa medicação. Resultados: os resultados do estudo evidenciaram um baixo conhecimento acerca dos bifosfonatos (52,9%). De modo geral, o estudo apontou o desconhecimento acerca da droga e sua repercussão no tratamento odontológico pelos cirurgiões-dentistas do município de estudo. Conclusão: é necessária a aquisição de conhecimentos por parte dos profi ssionais da Odontologia em relação a esses fármacos, a fi m de oferecerem aos seus pacientes um tratamento mais amplo e completo, com todas as informações e alternativas necessárias


Objective: to evaluate the degree of dental surgeons knowledge who work in the basic care of the municipality of Patos (PB) on bisphosphonates and its repercussion in dental treatment. Material and methods: in this cross-sectional observational study, 34 dental surgeons answered the questionnaire about the general knowledge of this medication. Results: the results of the study showed low knowledge about bisphosphonates (52.9%). In general, the study pointed out the unknowledge about the drug and its repercussion on dental treatment by the dental surgeons of the study municipality. Conclusion: it is necessary to acquire knowledge from dental professionals in relation to these drugs, so that they can offer their patients a wider and complete treatment, with all the necessary information and alternatives.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Osteoporosis , Primary Health Care
17.
Rev. ADM ; 74(5): 252-260, sept.-oct. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973045

ABSTRACT

Los bifosfonatos son un grupo de medicamentos que se han estadoutilizando en los últimas décadas para el tratamiento de padecimientos que se caracterizan por destrucción o pérdida ósea, cáncer, menopausiay enfermedades óseas no malignas por lo cual es muy importante realizar una amplia y correcta historia clínica para evitar las posibles complicaciones en la fase de cicatrización de los procedimientos quirúrgicos odontológicos. Al atender a un paciente con antecedentes de haber usado este medicamento, se debe conocer la farmacocinética y farmacodinamia para poder planificar el tratamiento pre-, trans- y postoperatorio de los pacientes que serían sometidos principalmente a extracciones dentarias, por lo cual actualmente se puede clasificar a este tipo de pacientes de acuerdo a los resultados de la prueba de laboratorio de la proteína C-telopéptido. Una vez determinado el riesgo del paciente de acuerdo a los resultados de dicha prueba se puede realizar un plan de tratamiento más seguro y eficaz para el paciente en donde se tomen las precauciones necesarias para no evitar una osteonecrosis mandibular o maxilar. Se presenta un caso clínico de un paciente con historia de bifosfonatos en donde se hace el tratamiento de acuerdo a los lineamientos actuales para tratar a este tipo de pacientes.


Bisphosphonates are a group medications that have been used for the last decades for the treatment of conditions that are characterized bybone loss or destruction, cancer, menopause and non-malignant bone diseases, which is why it is very important to make a broad and correctmedical history to avoid the possible complications in the healing phaseof dental surgical treatments. When treating a patient with a history of this drug we should know the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics to be able to plan the pre, trans and postoperative treatment of patientsmainly subject to dental extractions, which is why currently this type ofpatients can be classified according to the results of the laboratory testof the C-Telopeptide protein. Once the patient’s risk has been determined according to the results of this test, an effective and safe treatmentplan can be started for the patient in which the necessary precautionsare taken to not develop a mandibular or maxillary osteonecrosis. We present a case of a patient with a history of bisphosphonates wherethe treatment is done according to the current guidelines for treatingthis type of patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Clinical Protocols , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Tooth Extraction/standards , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/etiology , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/prevention & control
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(5): 566-572, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888695

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the imaging and histological features of experimental periapical lesions, including the adjacent alveolar bone, in rats under zoledronic acid treatment. The study used 40 male Wistar rats distributed into 8 groups of 5 animals each: G1: induction of periapical lesion (PL) and weekly intraperitoneal administration (WIPA) of saline solution (0.9% NaCl) for 4 weeks; G2: PL induction and WIPA of zoledronic acid (0.15 mg/kg/week) for 4 weeks; G3: PL induction and WIPA of saline solution for 8 weeks; G4: PL induction and WIPA of zoledronic acid for 8 weeks; G5:WIPA of saline solution for 4 weeks and subsequent PL induction; G6: WIPA of zoledronic acid for 4 weeks and subsequent PL induction; G7: WIPA of saline solution for 8 weeks and subsequent PL induction; G8: WIPA of zoledronic acid for 8 weeks and subsequent PL induction. The administration of zoledronic acid or saline solution continued after PL induction until the euthanasia. Thus, cone beam computed tomography and histological analysis were performed. Statistical analyzes were performed by ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test. Groups treated with zoledronic acid showed significantly smaller size of PL than the groups treated with 0.9% NaCl (p<0.05). PLs were formed by chronic inflammation ranging from mild to moderate, with no difference between groups. In all specimens, no mandibular necrosis was observed. In conclusion, the presence of PLs apparently does not represent an important risk factor for the development of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar as características histológicas e de imagem de lesões periapicais experimentais, incluindo o osso alveolar adjacente, em ratos sob tratamento com ácido zoledrônico. O estudo utilizou 40 ratos Wistar, machos, distribuídos em 8 grupos de animais cada: G1: indução de lesão periapical (LP) e administração intraperitoneal semanal (AIS) de solução salina (NaCl 0.9%) por 4 semanas; G2: indução de LP e AIS de ácido zoledrônico (0,15 mg/kg/week) por 4 semanas; G3: indução de LP e AIS de solução salina por 8 semanas; G4: indução de LP e AIS de ácido zoledrônico por 8 semanas; G5- AIS de solução salina por 4 semanas e subsequente indução de LP; G6- AIS de ácido zoledrônico por 4 semanas e subsequente indução de LP; G7: AIS de solução salina por 8 semanas e subsequente indução de LP; G8: AIS de ácido zoledrônico por 8 semanas e subsequente indução de LP. A administração de ácido zoledrônico ou solução salina continuou após indução de LP até a eutanásia. Após isso, tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico e análise histológica foram realizadas. Análises estatísticas foram realizadas por ANOVA e teste de Kruskal-Wallis. Os grupos tratados com ácido zoledrônico mostraram LPs significativamente menores que os grupos tratados com NaCl 0.9% (p <0.05). LPs eram formadas por inflamação crônica variando de leve a moderada, sem diferença entre os grupos. Em todos os espécimes, necrose mandibular não foi observada. Em conclusão, a presença de LPs aparentemente não representa um fator de risco importante para o desenvolvimento de osteonecrose relacionada ao uso de bisfosfonatos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Bone Density Conservation Agents/adverse effects , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Imidazoles/adverse effects , Periapical Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/diagnostic imaging , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/pathology , Periapical Diseases/chemically induced , Periapical Diseases/pathology , Rats, Wistar
19.
Actual. osteol ; 13(2): 104-115, Mayo - Ago. 2017. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117988

ABSTRACT

La osteonecrosis de maxilar asociada a aminobisfosfonatos (BRONJ) constituye un efecto secundario del tratamiento crónico con los más potentes. Un modelo experimental permitiría determinar la patogenia de dicha alteración. La oveja presenta características orales y del metabolismo óseo similar al humano y permite realizar manipulaciones bucales. Se evaluaron cambios clínicos, remodelación ósea y masa ósea maxilar en ovejas hembras adultas tratadas con zolendronato (ZOL), durante 22 meses y utilizando dosis equivalente al tratamiento de neoplasias. Seis ovariectomizadas (OVX) recibieron ZOL; 5 OVX y 4 SHAM (control) recibieron solución fisiológica. Al inicio, 4 y 22 meses se evaluó calcemia, fosfatemia, crosslaps (CTX) y fosfatasa alcalina ósea. Al final, se evaluó contenido mineral óseo de la hemimandíbula superior (CMO: mg/cm2). Al final del estudio, CTX disminuyó significativamente en ZOL (p<0,05) sin diferencias entre SHAM y OVX. En maxilar, los contenidos de Ca y P (g/g tejido) y CMO (g/cm2 ) disminuyeron en OVX vs. SHAM (p<0,05) y solo Ca y CMO respecto de ZOL (p<0,05). ZOL incrementó el contenido de Ca y CMO, mientras que el de P permaneció significativamente disminuido respecto de SHAM. La sobrevida en SHAM y OVX fue del 100% y en ZOL 77% (2 muertes); 2 ovejas del grupo ZOL presentaron necrosis de maxilar. Conclusiones: fue posible obtener desarrollo de BRONJ por tratamiento crónico con ZOL, el cual redujo notablemente la resorción y, según la relación Ca/P, posiblemente haya afectado la mineralización ósea. (AU)


Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is a complication of chronic treatment with the most powerful aminobisphosphonates (BPs). An experimental animal model would allow to determine the pathogenesis of this complication. Ewes exhibit similar oral cavity characteristics and bone metabolism as humans, and they are suitable for oral cavity interventions. We examined herein the clinical manifestations, bone remodeling status, and maxillary bone mass in adult female ewes treated with zoledronate (ZOL) for 22 months. Six ovariectomized (OVX) ewes received ZOL; and 5 OVX and 4 SHAM animals received saline solution. At the start of the experiment, and at the 4 and 22 month-time points serum Ca, P, crosslaps (CTX), and bone alkaline phosphatase were measured. Bone mineral content (BMC) of the superior hemimandible was measured at the end of the experiment. At this time point, CTX was significantly decreased only in the ZOL group (p<0.05). Ca and P content (g/g tissue) and BMC in the mandible were significantly decreased in the OVX group compared to SHAM animals (p<0.05) and only Ca content and BMC were decreased when compared to ZOL (p<0.05). ZOL treatment increased the Ca content and BMC, whereas the P content remained low compared to the SHAM group (p<0.05). All ewes from the SHAM and OVX groups and 77% of the animals from the ZOL group survived until the end of the experiment, whereas two ewes of ZOL group exhibited BRONJ. Conclusion: under our experimental conditions, it was possible to induce BRONJ by the chronic ZOL administration, which in turn induced a high reduction in bone resorption as well as possibly impaired bone mineralization, based on the Ca/P ratio in the mandible. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/pathology , Zoledronic Acid/adverse effects , Tooth Extraction , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/chemically induced , Sheep/metabolism , Sheep/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Bone Density/drug effects , Bone Remodeling/drug effects , Densitometry , Experimental Development , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/etiology , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/immunology , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/prevention & control , Zoledronic Acid/administration & dosage , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Ilium/cytology , Anesthetics, Dissociative/therapeutic use , Lidocaine/therapeutic use , Maxilla/cytology , Maxilla/drug effects , Maxilla/metabolism , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
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