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1.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 22(2): 1-12, 20240531.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1555032

ABSTRACT

Introducción: promover autonomía significa transitar desde un modelo paternalista hacia uno que posi-cione en un rol activo a las personas durante el encuentro clínico, con participación en la toma de deci-siones relativas al cuidado de su salud. Este artículo describe la percepción de usuarios que viven con multimorbilidad respecto del ejercicio de su autonomía durante la atención clínica. Método: estudio de caso cualitativo en usuarios con multimorbilidad atendidos en un centro de salud familiar de Santiago (Chile).Se realizó análisis de contenido según Krippendorf. Resultados: la muestra quedó conformada por 19 participantes adultos con un promedio de 2.7 condiciones crónicas de salud. Del análisis de contenido de las entrevistas emergieron tres categorías: a) significado atribuido por los usuarios a la autonomía en la atención de salud, b) elementos que debe considerar una atención en salud que respete la autonomía del usuario y c) participación durante la atención clínica. Conclusiones: frente al aumento de las condicio-nes crónicas de salud es imperativo repensar la forma de brindar atención de salud, relevando el valor de la participación usuaria a través de la toma de decisiones compartida como expresión de respeto de su autonomía y una forma de fomentar el cuidado centrado en las personas


Aim: Promoting autonomy means changing from a paternalistic model to one in which individuals play an active role in their healthcare, which their participation in medical decision-making will reflect. This issue needs to be sufficiently explored in Chile, so this article aims to describe the perception of users liv-ing with multimorbidity regarding their ability to exercise autonomy in clinical care. Method: Qualitative case study conducted in a sample of patients with multimorbility from a family health center in Santiago de Chile. Content analysis was performed according to the Krippendorf method. Results: The sample com-prised 19 adult participants with an average of 2.7 chronic health conditions. Three categories emerged from the content analysis of the interviews: (a) Meaning attributed by users to autonomy in health care, (b) Elements that health care respecting user autonomy should consider, and (c) Participation during clinical care. Conclusions: Considering the sustained increase in chronic health conditions, it is impera-tive to rethink how health care is provided, highlighting the value of user participation through shared decision-making as an expression of respect for individuals' autonomy and the promotion of patient-cen-tered care


Objetivo: promover a autonomia significa passar de um modelo paternalista para um que posicione as pessoas num papel ativo durante o encontro clínico, com participação na tomada de decisões relaciona-das com os seus cuidados de saúde. Este manuscrito descreve a percepção de usuários que convivem com multimorbidade quanto ao exercício de sua autonomia durante o atendimento clínico. Método: estudo de caso qualitativo em usuários com multimorbidade atendidos em um Centro de Saúde da Família de Santiago, no Chile. A análise de conteúdo foi realizada segundo Krippendorf. Resultados: a amostra foi composta por 19 participantes adultos com média de 2.7 condições crônicas de saúde. Da análise de conteúdo das entrevistas emergem três categorias: a) Significado atribuído pelos usuários à autonomia no cuidado em saúde, b) Elementos que um cuidado de saúde que respeite a autonomia do usuário deve considerar, e c) Participação durante o atendimento clínico. Conclusões: face ao aumento das condições crónicas de saúde, é imperativo repensar a forma de prestar cuidados de saúde, destacando o valor da participação dos pacientes através da tomada de decisão partilhada como expressão de respeito pela sua autonomia e forma de promover o cuidado centrado nas pessoas


Subject(s)
Humans , Chile , Disease
2.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 22(1): 1-12, 20240130.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554944

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el dolor lumbar (dl) es una condición frecuente en los estudiantes de medicina y a partir de ahí se identifican diversos factores de riesgo. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la asociación entre la presencia de dlen los últimos 12 meses y la conducta sedentaria en estudiantes de medicina de una universidad privada. Materiales y métodos: estudio transversal analítico, prospectivo observacional, en el que participaron 167 encuestados. La conducta sedentaria se evaluó junto con la actividad física, a través del Cuestionario Mundial sobre Actividad Física; mientras que el dlse midió con el Cuestionario Nórdico de Kuorinka de Trastornos Musculoesqueléticos. Además, se valoraron variables demográficas y académicas como sexo, edad y ciclo universitario de los participantes. Resultados: se encontró una frecuencia de dldel 67.7 % y una media de conducta sedentaria de 9.5 horas (dt = 3.04). En el análisis mul-tivariado se halló que para cada hora sentado se aumenta significativamente la probabilidad de padecer dl (or = 1.17; p = 0.013). Los estudiantes que permanecen de 10 a más horas sentados/recostados presentan un aumento de riesgo de padecer dl(ora = 4.13; p = 0.001) frente a los que permanecen menos de 10 horas en estas posiciones. Conclusión: por cada hora en posición sedente/recostado, aumenta en 15 % el odds ratio de sufrir dlen los estudiantes, así como que acumular de 10 a más horas al día en posición sedente/recostado aumenta significativamente el padecer dl en los últimos 12 meses.


Introduction: Low back pain is a common condition among medical students, with various risk factors identified. The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between the presence of low back pain in the last 12 months (lbp) and sedentary behavior in medical students at a private university. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional analytical, prospective observational study was conducted with 167 respon-dents (101 women and 66 men). The main measurements in this study included sedentary behavior and low back pain in the last 12 months. Sedentary behavior was assessed along with physical activity through the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (gpaq), while low back pain was measured using the Kuorinka Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. In addition, demographic and academic variables such as gender, age, and academic cycle of the participants were assessed. Results: A frequency of low back pain of 67.7% and an average sedentary behavior of 9.5 hours (sd = 3.04) were found, 70.1% maintain a healthy level of physical activity. Greater sedentary behavior was found to be associated with a greater presence of lbp. In the multivariate analysis, it was found that for each hour seated, the likelihood of suffering lbpsignificantly increased (or = 1.17; p = 0.013). Students who remain seated/reclined for 10 or more hours have an increased risk of suffering low back pain (aor = 4.13; p = 0.001) compared to those who spend less than 10 hours in these positions. Conclusion: It is observed that for each hour in a seated/reclined position, the odds ratio of suffering low back pain in students increases by 15%, and accumulating 10 or more hours a day in a seated/reclined position significantly increases the suffering of low back pain in the last 12 months.


Introdução: a dor lombar é uma condição comum entre os estudantes de medicina, com diversos fatores de risco identificados. O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a associação entre a presença de dor lombar nos últimos 12 meses (dl) e o comportamento sedentário em estudantes de medicina de uma universidade privada. Materiais e métodos: foi realizado um estudo transversal analítico, observacional prospectivo com 167 respondentes (101 mulheres e 66 homens). As principais medidas neste estudo incluíram o comportamento sedentário e a dor lombar nos últimos 12 meses. O comportamento sedentário foi ava-liado juntamente com a atividade física através do Questionário Mundial sobre Atividade Física (gpaq), enquanto a dor lombar foi medida usando o questionário nórdico de Kuorinka de transtornos muscu-loesqueléticos. Além disso, foram avaliadas variáveis demográficas e acadêmicas como o sexo, a idade e o ciclo acadêmico dos participantes. Resultados: foi encontrada uma frequência de dor lombar de 67,7% e uma média de comportamento sedentário de 9,5 horas (dp = 3,04), 70,1% mantêm um nível saudável de atividade física. Um maior comportamento sedentário foi encontrado associado a uma maior presença de dl. Na análise multivariada, verificou-se que para cada hora sentada, a probabilidade de sofrer dlaumenta significativamente (or = 1,17; p = 0,013). Estudantes que permanecem sentados/reclinados por 10 ou mais horas têm um risco aumentado de sofrer dor lombar (ora = 4,13; p = 0,001) em comparação com aqueles que passam menos de 10 horas nessas posições. Conclusão: observa-se que para cada hora em posição sentada/reclinada, a razão de chances de sofrer dor lombar nos estudantes aumenta em 15%, e acumular 10 ou mais horas por dia em posição sentada/reclinada aumenta significativamente o sofri-mento de dor lombar nos últimos 12 meses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students , Disease , Lumbosacral Region
3.
Rev. Headache Med. (Online) ; 15(1): 30-31, 2024.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538283

ABSTRACT

The scalp is the structure that covers the skull. It is commonly affected by painful processes resulting from infestations, infectious or inflammatory diseases. This pain located in the scalp does not have well-defined clinical characteristics and is not yet included in the ICHD-3 diagnostic criteria. The authors suggest including this pain in the next classification of headaches as a headache attributed to a scalp disorder.


O couro cabeludo é a estrutura que cobre o crânio. É comumente acometida por processos dolorosos decorrentes de infestações, doenças infecciosas ou inflamatórias. Essa dor localizada no couro cabeludo não possui características clínicas bem definidas e ainda não está incluída nos critérios diagnósticos da ICHD-3. Os autores sugerem incluir esta dor na próxima classificação de dores de cabeça como dor de cabeça atribuída a um distúrbio do couro cabeludo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain/complications , Scalp/growth & development , Skull/abnormalities , Disease/classification , Headache/diagnosis
4.
Rev. Ciênc. Saúde ; 13(4): 20-26, Dezembro 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526024

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: compreender as vivências de pacientes oncológicos a partir do diagnóstico e as estratégias adotadas. Métodos: trata-se de uma pesquisa de natureza qualitativa e transversal, de caráter exploratória e descritiva.A amostra foi constituída por 10 mulheres com câncer assistidas por uma associação de apoio a pacientes com câncer em João Pessoa/PB, selecionadas por amostragem não probabilística por conveniência. Para a coleta dos dados utilizou-se um questionário sociodemográfico e de saúde, e a entrevista semiestruturada, pautada no método História de Vida. Os dados sociodemográficos foram analisados através de estatística descritiva (frequência e porcentagem), e os dados provenientes da entrevista foram analisados pela técnica de Análise de Conteúdo temática, conforme proposta por Bardin. A média de idade das mulheres foi de 61,8 anos. Surgiram 4 categorias e 12 subcategorias. Resultados: o diagnóstico de câncer provocou impactos negativos na vida dos pacientes e na vida dos seus familiares. Ter uma rede de apoio é uma importante estratégia de enfrentamento utilizada pelas pacientes, devido ao sofrimento causado pelo câncer. Conclusão:Evidenciou-se a importância de estratégias de enfrentamento do sofrimento do paciente oncológico, sobretudo com relação à rede de apoio, sendo esta a categoria de maior destaque ente todas as encontradas.


Objective: to understand the experiences of cancer patients based on the diagnosis and the strategies adopted. Methods: this is a qualitative and transversal research, exploratory and descriptive. The sample consisted of 10 women with cancer assisted by a support association for cancer patients in João Pessoa/PB, selected by non-probabilistic convenience sampling. To collect data, a sociodemographic and health questionnaire was used, as well as a semi-structured interview based on the life history method. Sociodemographic data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage), and data from the interview were analyzed using the Thematic Content Analysis technique proposed by Bardin. The average age of the women was 61.8 years. Four categories and 12 subcategories emerged. Results: the diagnosis of cancer caused negative impacts on the lives of patients and their families. Having a support network is an essential coping strategy used by patients due to the suffering caused by cancer. Conclusion: The importance of strategies for coping with the suffering of cancer patients was highlighted, especially concerning the support network, this being the most prominent category among all those found.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Disease , Psychosocial Support Systems
5.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Centro Nacional de Epidemiología, Prevención y Control de Enfermedades; 1 ed; May. 2023. 102 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | MINSAPERU, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1437459

ABSTRACT

En ese sentido, el estudio de carga de enfermedad en el Perú del 2019 nos presenta las principales enfermedades y lesiones que han aportado mayor número de años de vida saludables perdidos en el país, reconociendo no solo aquellas que producen muerte prematura, sino también discapacidad. De esta manera, podemos disponer de información valiosa para la toma de decisiones en salud pública y dirigir las acciones hacia un mayor beneficio para la población de nuestro país. Los años de vida ajustados por discapacidad -AVISA- estiman la carga de la enfermedad, de acuerdo a las distintas causas o problemas de salud consideradas. Un AVISA corresponde a un año de vida sana perdido y la medición de la carga de enfermedad por este indicador significaría la brecha existente entre la situación actual de salud de una población y la ideal en la que cada miembro de esa población podría alcanzar la vejez libre de enfermedad y discapacidad.


Subject(s)
Disease , Epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Cost of Illness , Disability Evaluation
6.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Centro Nacional de Epidemiología, Prevención y Control de Enfermedades; 1 ed; Feb. 2023. 151-73 p. ilus.(Boletín Epidemiológico del Perú, 32, SE 07).
Monography in Spanish | MINSAPERU, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1425587

ABSTRACT

La EDA es considerada una enfermedad de rezago y continúa siendo un problema de salud pública que afecta principalmente a los países en desarrollo y a todos los grupos de edad, particularmente en el grupo de niños menores de cinco años


Subject(s)
Public Health , Disease , Epidemiology , Diarrhea, Infantile
7.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 17(1): 1-4, 20230101.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411810

ABSTRACT

La preeclampsia/eclampsia constituyen una manifestación de la enfermedad hipertensiva que se puede presentar después de la semana 20 del embarazo. Esta tiene la capacidad de generar múltiples complicaciones en la gestante y el feto. Su diagnóstico oportuno y la toma de medidas preventivas ante sus factores de riesgo tienen la potencialidad para reducir la morbimortalidad por esta causa.


Preeclampsia/eclampsia is a manifestation of a hypertensive disease that can occur after the 20th week of pregnancy by generating multiple complications in the pregnant woman and the fetus. Its timely diagnosis and the taking of preventive measures against its risk factors can reduce morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnant Women , Eclampsia , Disease , Risk Factors , Diagnosis
8.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 6(1): 18-24, ene. 30, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1413603

ABSTRACT

La angiostrongiliasis abdominal es una enfermedad parasitaria causada por el género Angiostrongylus costaricensis, un nematodo que infecta a los humanos a través de las secreciones de caracoles o babosas, sus huéspedes definitivos. Costa Rica es el país que se considera más endémico, se ha evidenciado en distintas revisiones que la mayoría de los casos se presentan en niños y personas del sexo masculino. Presentación del caso. Se trata de una mujer de 74 años, que consultó por dolor abdominal agudo, de cuatro días de evolución, acompañado de náuseas, vómitos e hiporexia. Los exámenes de laboratorio reportaron leucocitosis leve y examen general de orina negativo. La ultrasonografía abdominal reportó una masa sólida, heterogénea, mal circunscrita en flanco derecho, esto llevó a la sospecha de una apendicitis aguda. Intervención terapéutica. Se realizó una laparotomía exploradora, con la extirpación de una tumoración de colon perforado que abarcaba desde el ciego hasta el tercio proximal de colon ascendente, además, se realizó una anastomosis de íleo transversa, sin mayor complicación. Evolución clínica. Se manejó con antibióticos y analgésicos, fue dada de alta a los nueve días posteriores al procedimiento, sin complicaciones menores. La biopsia reportó huevos de parásitos consistentes con Angiostrongylus sp


bdominal angiostrongyliasis is a parasitic disease caused by the genus Angiostrongylus costaricensis, a nematode that infects humans through the secretions of snails or slugs, its definitive hosts. Costa Rica is considered the most endemic country, and it has been shown in different reviews that most cases occur in children and males. Case presentation. The patient was a 74-year-old woman who consulted for acute abdominal pain, with four days of evolution, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and hyporexia. Laboratory tests reported mild leukocytosis and a negative general urine test. Abdominal ultrasonography reported a solid heterogeneous mass, poorly circumscribed in the right lateral abdomen, which led to the suspicion of acute appendicitis. Treatment. An exploratory laparotomy was performed, with the removal of a perforated colon tumor that spanned from the cecum to the proximal third of the ascending colon, in addition, a transverse ileum anastomosis was performed, without further complication. Outcome. She was managed with antibiotics and analgesics and was discharged nine days after the procedure, without complications. The biopsy showed parasite eggs consistent with Angiostrongylus sp


Subject(s)
Aged , Angiostrongylus , Patients , Disease , Bodily Secretions
9.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 6(1): 43-60, ene. 30, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1413692

ABSTRACT

El COVID-19 es una nueva enfermedad que requería resultados prontos provenientes de la investigación. Un abordaje para la comprensión de su fisiopatología es conocer el daño a nivel histopatológico que genera en los pulmones de los afectados. Objetivo. Proveer un resumen riguroso de la evidencia disponible sobre los hallazgos histopatológicos pulmonares en pacientes con COVID-19. Se desarrolló una revisión sistemática con metaanálisis de proporciones. Se incluyeron estudios primarios de cualquier diseño que tuvieran datos primarios de hallazgos histopatológicos de pulmones en pacientes COVID-19. Se excluyeron revisiones y guías. Las fuentes de información fueron el repositorio centralizado Living OVerview of Evidence, PubMed/Medline, LitCovid, la base de datos COVID-19 de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, y medRxiv hasta el 3 de abril 2021. La evaluación del riesgo de sesgos se realizó utilizando las herramientas del Instituto Joanna Briggs para series de casos y reportes de casos. Se extrajo cada dato de hallazgo pulmonar histopatológico. Se calcularon las frecuencias encontradas y los datos de los hallazgos más frecuentes fueron resumidas en metaanálisis usando el método de efectos aleatorios de Der Simmonian-Liard. Se midió la heterogeneidad. Los criterios de inclusión fueron cumplidos por 69 artículos sumando 594 sujetos. Presentaron bajo riesgo de sesgos 35 artículos. El metaanálisis de proporciones mostro daño alveolar difuso en 0,62 (IC 95 % 0,51-0,72), I2 59 % (p < 0,01), en su fase temprana (85,14 %). Conclusión. El daño alveolar difuso temprano fue el hallazgo histopatológico más frecuente en muestras pulmonares de pacientes con COVID-19


COVID-19 is a new disease that required prompt results from research. An approach to understanding its pathophysiology is to know the damage at the histopathological level that it generates in the lungs of those affected. Aim. To provide a rigorous summary of the available evidence on pulmonary histopathological findings in patients with COVID-19. A systematic review with meta-analysis of proportions was developed. Primary studies of any design that had primary data on lung histopathology findings in COVID-19 patients were included. Reviews and guidelines were excluded. The sources of information were the Living OVerview of Evidence centralized repository, PubMed/Medline, LitCovid, the World Health Organization COVID-19 database, and medRxiv up to April 3, 2021. The risk of bias assessment was performed using the Joanna Briggs Institute tools for case series and case reports. Each histopathological pulmonary finding data was extracted. The frequencies found were calculated and the data of the most frequent findings were summarized in meta-analyses using the Der Simmonian-Liard random effects method. Heterogeneity was measured. The inclusion criteria were met by 69 articles totaling 594 subjects. Thirty-five articles presented low risk of bias. The meta-analysis of proportions showed diffuse alveolar damage in 0.62 (95% CI 0.51-0.72), I2 59% (p < 0.01), in its early phase (85.14%). Conclution. Early diffuse alveolar damage was the most frequent histopathological finding in lung samples from patients with COVID-19


Subject(s)
Disease , COVID-19 , Lung , Methods , Patients , Risk
10.
Rev. anesth.-réanim. med. urgence ; 15(2): 133-137, 2023. tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1511822

ABSTRACT

La pratique de la rachianesthésie est motivée par la qualité de l'analgésie post-opératoire qu'elle procure. Cependant, la rachianesthésie reste comme tout acte médical associée à certains accidents. Méthodes : C'est une étude prospective, descriptive et analytique qui s'est déroulée sur une période d'un (01) mois allant du 07 Mai 2022 au 07 Juin 2022 au CHU d'Angré. Résultats : la rachianesthésie a été réalisée dans 188 des cas, soit un taux de 60% de l'ensemble des interventions. Le sexe ratio était de 0,13 et l'âge moyen était de 33 ± 10 ans. L'antécédent le plus retrouvé était l'HTA. La bupivacaine était le seul anesthésique local utilisé avec comme adjuvant la morphine, le fentanyl ou l'association morphine -fentanyl. Les incidents peropératoires étaient dominés par les troubles hémodynamiques à type d'hypotension artérielle (98,7%) et de bradycardie. Les patients ayant présenté un syndrome de mal être post opératoire représentaient 70,8% de notre effectif. Le Syndrome de Mal Etre post opératoires était dominé par les nausées et vomissements suivis des prurits. Tous les patients ayant présenté un syndrome de mal être post rachianesthésie n'avaient pas bénéficié de prise en charge. La survenue du syndrome de mal être post rachianesthésie était statistiquement associé à la présence de la morphine comme adjuvant (p=0,016). Conclusion : La rachianesthésie est une remarquable technique d'anesthésie. Néanmoins la fréquence des évènements per et post opératoires survenant au décours de cette technique n'est pas négligeable, car ils sont la source d'inconforts notables


Subject(s)
Humans , Bupivacaine , Anesthesia, Spinal , Disease , Morbidity , Bloodless Medical and Surgical Procedures
11.
Ethiop. Med. j ; 61(2): 189-198, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1427000

ABSTRACT

Background: Scientific publications related to epidemic diseases are crucial for controlling and treating such diseases. The present study aimed to explore and analyze international publications on monkeypox through scientometric methods. Methods: This review is an applied research conducted using the scientometric method with an analytical meth od All world scientific publications on monkeypox Ivere extractedfrom the Web Of Science (WOS) citation databasefrom Januarv 1972 to May 2022 through an appropriate search strategv. Moreover, Excel and the VOS viewer Bibliometrix package ofthe R programming language were usedfor data analysis. Results: In total, 1130 publications related to monkeypor were extractedfrom the WOS citation database. Most of the publications Mere original papers published in 2010. The United States, Germany, and the Congo had the most publications on monkeypox. The topic clusters ofscientific publications on monkeypox have been in four topic orientations: prevention, epidemiologv, treatment, and immune response. Conclusion: The findings of the present investigation provided a clear picture of the publications and scientific productions of"'orld researchers in the field of monkeypcm Accordingly, researchers and policymakers on monkeypox can better understand the scientific publications on this disease and its dimensions


Subject(s)
Humans , Bibliometrics , Mpox (monkeypox) , Disease , Scientific and Technical Publications , Epidemics
12.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21931, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439527

ABSTRACT

Abstract Syphilis is a disease with compulsory and mandatory notification to the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN), with benzathine benzylpenicillin being the treatment of choice. The aim of the study was to compare the consumption of benzylpenicillin benzathine, from the dispensation, between the health regions of a capital in the southern region of the country, according to the georeferencing of notified cases of syphilis. This is a descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective study of the use of benzylpenicillin benzathine and of reported cases of syphilis. Data on syphilis cases were obtained from notifications made in SINAN, and drug consumption data were obtained from the Municipal Health Department computerized system for Drug Dispensing from January 1st, 2019 to December 31st, 2019. Notifications and drug consumption were georeferenced according to 8 health regions. From the compilation of data, the rates of cases and consumption in relation to the population of each region were calculated. A total of 3188 notifications and a total of 35191 vials of benzathine benzylpenicillin were analyzed. The ratio of vials by SINAN notifications showed that each patient took 11 vials of the drug, which is a higher value if we consider that the complete treatment is 2 to 6 vials per case.


Subject(s)
Penicillin G/analysis , Pharmaceutical Services/supply & distribution , Syphilis/prevention & control , Economics , Disease/classification , Health Surveillance System , Geographic Mapping
13.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e250670, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448949

ABSTRACT

Este artigo refere-se à parte de uma pesquisa de doutorado, realizada em hospital de alta complexidade do Sistema Único de Saúde, cujos participantes são os profissionais de saúde. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar o potencial da abordagem das narrativas como método de pesquisa e intervenção nos serviços de saúde, traçando aproximações com a teoria psicanalítica. Sua relevância no campo da Saúde Pública está calcada no reconhecimento do papel do sujeito como agente de mudanças. O texto divide-se em duas partes: na primeira, explora as especificidades do trabalho na área da saúde, o paradigma da saúde pública no que concerne à gestão e possíveis contribuições da clínica ampliada para esse modelo. Na segunda parte, analisa o uso das narrativas como método de pesquisa nesse campo e as aproximações conceituais entre a narrativa em Walter Benjamin e a psicanálise em Freud. Busca na literatura referências sobre experiências análogas que fundamentem a proposta ora realizada e conclui pela importância de, no momento atual, apostar na força germinativa das narrativas como fonte criativa de novas formas de cuidar.(AU)


This article derives from a PhD research conducted with health professionals at a high-complexity public hospital from the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). It analyzes the potential of the narrative as a research and intervention method in health services, outlining approximations with psychoanalysis. In the field of Public Health, the narrative approach acknowledges the individual as an agent of change. The text is divided into two parts. The first presents an overview of the peculiarities involved in healthcare, the Public Health paradigm regarding service management and possible contributions from the expanded clinic to this model. The second analyzes the use of narratives as a research method in this field and the conceptual approximations between Benjamin's narrative and Freud's psychoanalysis. It searches the literature for references on similar experiences to support the present proposal and concludes by highlighting the importance of betting on the creative power of narratives as a source for new ways to care.(AU)


Este artículo es parte de una investigación doctoral, realizada con los profesionales de la salud de un hospital de alta complejidad del Sistema Único de Salud de Brasil. Su propósito es analizar el potencial del enfoque en narrativas como método de investigación e intervención en los servicios de salud, esbozando aproximaciones entre las narrativas y la teoría del psicoanálisis. Su relevancia en el campo de la salud pública se basa en el reconocimiento del rol del sujeto como agente de cambio. El texto se divide en dos partes: La primera investiga las especificidades del trabajo en el área de la salud, el paradigma de la salud pública en la gestión de los servicios y las posibles contribuciones de la clínica ampliada a este modelo. En la segunda parte, analiza el uso de narrativas como método de investigación en este campo y las aproximaciones conceptuales entre la narrativa de Walter Benjamin y el psicoanálisis de Freud. Este estudio busca en la literatura referencias sobre experiencias similares que apoyen la propuesta ahora realizada y concluye con la importancia de, en el momento actual, apostar por el poder de las narrativas como fuente creadora de nuevas formas de cuidar.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychoanalysis , Health Policy, Planning and Management , Narration , Qualitative Research , Education, Public Health Professional , Policy , Anxiety , Pain , Parapsychology , Personality , Politics , Psychoanalytic Interpretation , Psychology , Psychopathology , Psychotherapy , Public Health Administration , Quality of Health Care , Regional Health Planning , Social Change , Social Conditions , Socioeconomic Factors , Sociology , Superego , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Unconscious, Psychology , Behavior , Behavioral Symptoms , Technical Cooperation , Burnout, Professional , Activities of Daily Living , Mental Health , Disease , Psychological Techniques , Health Strategies , Efficiency, Organizational , Life , Health Equity , Organizational Modernization , Biomedical Technology , Disaster Vulnerability , Culture , Capitalism , Value of Life , Death , Depression , Economics , Ego , Health Sciences, Technology, and Innovation Management , Scientific and Technical Activities , Essential Public Health Functions , Humanization of Assistance , Ethics, Institutional , Information Technology , Narrative Therapy , Social Determinants of Health , Integrality in Health , Ambulatory Care , Psychological Trauma , Emotion-Focused Therapy , Occupational Stress , Fascism , Burnout, Psychological , Interpersonal Psychotherapy , Psychological Distress , Sociodemographic Factors , Social Vulnerability , Health Occupations , Health Services Accessibility , History , Human Rights , Id , Mental Health Services , Morals
15.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e201150, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513810

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this paper was to develop and evaluate two semi-solid pharmaceutical forms containing 0.1% tacrolimus: cream (CRT01) and gel (GLT01). For the evaluation of physicochemical stability, at times 0, 30, 60 and 90 days, at 23°C and at 40°C, High Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled with a Diode Array Detector (HPLC-DAD) was employed. This method was developed and validated for tacrolimus quantification. The occlusivity test and skin permeation assay were also performed, using an animal model (Wistar rats), and the CRT01 and GLT01 were compared to the 0.1% tacrolimus ointment (PFU01) obtained from the University Pharmacy, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. CRT01 and GLT01 presented a homogeneous aspect and consistency adequate for topical products, along with sensory characteristics above PFU01. They also presented adequate physicochemical stability for 90 days and a lower occlusive effect than PFU01 (p<0.05). CRT01 showed greater affinity for the skin when compared to PFU01 and GLT01, with low systemic absorption. The CRT01 semi-solid formulation was considered the most adequate one to treat patients with atopic dermatitis or other dermatologic inflammatory diseases, promoting rational use of tacrolimus


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rats , Pharmaceutical Preparations/analysis , Chemistry, Physical/classification , Tacrolimus/agonists , Ointments/analysis , Disease/classification , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Dermatitis, Atopic/pathology , Absorption, Physiological/drug effects
16.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e243764, 2023. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422423

ABSTRACT

A população em situação de rua (PSR), em seu cotidiano, se relaciona com diferentes pessoas, grupos e/ou coletivos ligados à execução das políticas públicas, às organizações não governamentais, familiares ou a membros da sociedade civil. Pensar nessas dinâmicas de trabalho, cooperação e auxílio remete a pensar sobre uma rede de apoio que constrói estratégias com essa população. Tendo presente essas problematizações, este estudo teve como objetivo analisar as narrativas das pessoas em situação de rua sobre como é produzida sua rede de apoio. Para tanto, foi realizado um estudo qualitativo, de orientação etnográfica, sendo utilizada a observação participante, registros em diário de campo e entrevistas narrativas. Participaram seis pessoas em situação de rua que recebem alimentação ofertada por projetos sociais em uma cidade do interior do Rio Grande do Sul. Os dados produzidos foram analisados a partir da Análise Temática. As análises expressam as especificidades das narrativas das trajetórias de vida associadas à chegada às ruas e à composição de uma rede de apoio na rua. Ao conhecer como se produz e opera essa rede de apoio, a partir das narrativas das pessoas em situação de rua, problematiza-se a complexidade dessa engrenagem e o desafio de produzir ações integradas entre as diferentes instâncias da rede. Nisso, destaca-se a potencialidade de práticas que levem conta à escuta, ao diálogo e à articulação na operacionalização de políticas públicas atentas às necessidades dessa população.(AU)


The street population, in their daily lives, relates to different people, groups and/or collectives linked to the execution of public policies, to non-governmental organizations, family members, or to members of civil society. Thinking about these dynamics of work, cooperation, and assistance leads to thinking about a support network that builds strategies with this population. Having these problematizations in mind, this study aims to analyze the narratives of homeless people about how their support network is produced. To this end, a qualitative study was carried out, with ethnographic orientation, using participant observation, records in a field diary, and narrative interviews. Participated in the research six homeless people who receive food offered by social projects in a municipality in the interior of Rio Grande do Sul. The data produced were analyzed using the Thematic Analysis. The analyzes express the specifities of the narratives of life trajectories associated with the arrival on the streets and the composition of a support network on the street. By knowing how the support network is produced and operated, the complexity of this gear and the challenge of producing integrated actions between the different instances of the network are problematized. Thus, it highlights the potential of practices that consider listening, dialogue, and articulation in the operationalization of public policies that are attentive to the needs of this population.(AU)


Las personas en situación de calle en su cotidiano se relacionan con distintas personas, grupos y/o colectivos, que están vinculados a la ejecución de políticas públicas, organizaciones no gubernamentales, familiares o miembros de la sociedad civil. Pensar en estas dinámicas de trabajo, cooperación y ayuda nos lleva a una red de apoyo que construye estrategias con estas personas. Teniendo en cuenta esta problemática, este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar las narrativas de las personas en situación de calle acerca de cómo se produce su red de apoyo. Con este fin, se realizó un estudio cualitativo, etnográfico, utilizando observación participante, registros de diario de campo y entrevistas narrativas. Este estudio incluyó a seis personas en situación de calle que reciben alimentos ofrecidos por proyectos sociales en una ciudad del interior de Rio Grande do Sul (Brasil). Se utilizó el Análisis Temático. Los análisis expresan las especificidades de las narrativas de las trayectorias de vida asociadas con la llegada a las calles y la composición de una red de apoyo en la calle. Al saber cómo se produce y opera la red de apoyo, a partir de las narrativas de las personas en la calle, se problematizan la complejidad de este equipo y el desafío de producir acciones integradas entre las diferentes instancias de la red. Destaca el potencial de las prácticas que tienen en cuenta la escucha, el diálogo y la articulación en la implementación de políticas públicas que estén atentas a las necesidades de esta población.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Public Policy , Ill-Housed Persons , Community Support , Poverty , Primary Health Care , Psychology , Relief Work , Safety , Social Behavior , Social Change , Social Conditions , Social Desirability , Social Isolation , Social Sciences , Social Support , Socialization , Socioeconomic Factors , Sociology , Tobacco Use Disorder , Unemployment , Urbanization , Violence , Emergency Feeding , Health Surveillance , Occupational Risks , Illicit Drugs , Charities , Child, Abandoned , Hygiene , Disease , Risk Factors , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Hunger , Medically Uninsured , Crack Cocaine , Clothing , Interview , Community Health Services , Community Participation , Substance-Related Disorders , Criminology , Shelter , Disaster Vulnerability , Health Risk , Personal Autonomy , Dehumanization , Gift Giving , Human Rights Abuses , Alcoholism , Economics , User Embracement , Existentialism , Family Conflict , Drug Users , Alcoholics , Social Stigma , Emergency Shelter , Social Discrimination , Social Marginalization , Food Deprivation , Frailty , Freedom , Self-Neglect , Social Vulnerability Index , Solidarity , Community Health Status Indicators , Social Defeat , Food Insecurity , Life Course Perspective , Economic Stability , Housing Instability , Access to Healthy Foods , Social Status , Social Vulnerability , Citizenship , Family Support , Health Services Needs and Demand , Helping Behavior , Human Rights , Income , Mental Disorders
17.
Rev. Headache Med. (Online) ; 14(1): 59-64, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531833

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Trigeminal neuralgia and Short-lasting Unilateral Neuralgiform Headache with Conjunctival injection and Tearing (SUNCT)/Short-lasting Unilateral Neuralgiform Headache Attacks with Cranial Autonomic Symptoms (SUNA) are characterized by similar clinical manifestations, which may lead to diagnostic confusion. However, the transformation of trigeminal neuralgia into SUNCT/SUNA is a rare phenomenon. This report describes a case of trigeminal neuralgia transformation into SUNCT/SUNA due to neurovascular compression and reviews all previously published cases of trigeminal neuralgia to SUNCT/SUNA transformation in the literature. Case presentation: A 49-year-old Thai male patient presented with progressive right facial pain for a period of three months. One year prior, he developed trigeminal neuralgia along the maxillary branch of the trigeminal nerve, characterized by electrical shock-like pain in the right upper molar, exacerbated by eating. His symptoms were effectively managed with carbamazepine. Nine months later, he began experiencing recurrent electrical shock-like pain along the ophthalmic division of the right trigeminal nerve, accompanied by lacrimation, which failed to respond to continued treatment with carbamazepine. Three months prior to presentation, his symptoms evolved into SUNCT/SUNA, characterized by electrical shock-like pain in the right periorbital area and conjunctival injection, lacrimation. Neuroimaging revealed high-grade neurovascular compression of the right trigeminal nerve by the right superior cerebellar artery. The patient's symptoms resolved following microvascular decompression. Conclusion: Clinicians should be aware that patients with longer disease duration of trigeminal neuralgia who develop new neuralgic pain in the ophthalmic branch division with mild autonomic symptoms may be at risk for transformation into SUNCT/SUNA.


Introduction: Trigeminal neuralgia and Short-lasting Unilateral Neuralgiform Headache with Conjunctival injection and Tearing (SUNCT)/Short-lasting Unilateral Neuralgiform Headache Attacks with Cranial Autonomic Symptoms (SUNA) are characterized by similar clinical manifestations, which may lead to diagnostic confusion. However, the transformation of trigeminal neuralgia into SUNCT/SUNA is a rare phenomenon. This report describes a case of trigeminal neuralgia transformation into SUNCT/SUNA due to neurovascular compression and reviews all previously published cases of trigeminal neuralgia to SUNCT/SUNA transformation in the literature. Case presentation: A 49-year-old Thai male patient presented with progressive right facial pain for a period of three months. One year prior, he developed trigeminal neuralgia along the maxillary branch of the trigeminal nerve, characterized by electrical shock-like pain in the right upper molar, exacerbated by eating. His symptoms were effectively managed with carbamazepine. Nine months later, he began experiencing recurrent electrical shock-like pain along the ophthalmic division of the right trigeminal nerve, accompanied by lacrimation, which failed to respond to continued treatment with carbamazepine. Three months prior to presentation, his symptoms evolved into SUNCT/SUNA, characterized by electrical shock-like pain in the right periorbital area and conjunctival injection, lacrimation. Neuroimaging revealed high-grade neurovascular compression of the right trigeminal nerve by the right superior cerebellar artery. The patient's symptoms resolved following microvascular decompression. Conclusion: Clinicians should be aware that patients with longer disease duration of trigeminal neuralgia who develop new neuralgic pain in the ophthalmic branch division with mild autonomic symptoms may be at risk for transformation into SUNCT/SUNA


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Disease/classification , Headache/diagnosis , Therapeutics/adverse effects , World Health Organization/organization & administration , Facial Pain/classification , Confusion/therapy
18.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e255152, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529220

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo buscou investigar a percepção que pacientes adultos de uma unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) oncológica têm acerca da experiência de internação nesse setor. Trata-se de uma pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa e de compreensão. Sete pacientes de um hospital de câncer na região Sul do país foram pesquisados. Eles responderam a uma entrevista semiestruturada, a qual foi gravada e posteriormente transcrita, o que possibilitou o acesso às concepções prévias desses sujeitos acerca da UTI, aspectos psicológicos presentes durante a internação e concepções posteriores à experiência de internamento na unidade. Tais informações foram interpretadas por meio da análise de conteúdo. A partir dos resultados, foi possível verificar que a experiência de internação em contextos de terapia intensiva pode ser afetada, favorável ou desfavoravelmente, pelo conjunto de regras que o paciente traz consigo acerca do que é a UTI. Além disso, foi possível compreender também que os estímulos aversivos existentes nesse ambiente podem ser atenuados pela presença da família e por uma relação acolhedora e sensível com a equipe de saúde, favorecendo, assim, o repertório de enfrentamento do paciente frente a esse momento crítico de saúde.(AU)


This study aims to investigate the perception of adult patients in an oncology intensive care unit (ICU) regarding the experience of hospitalization in this sector. This is a research with a qualitative approach and understanding. Seven patients from a cancer hospital in the southern region of the country were surveyed. They answered a semi-structured interview, which was recorded and later transcribed, on the subjects' previous conceptions about the ICU, psychological aspects present during hospitalization, and conceptions subsequent to the hospitalization experience in the Unit. Such information was interpreted through content analysis. From the results, it was possible to verify that the experience of hospitalization in intensive care contexts can be affected, favorably or unfavorably, by the set of rules that the patient brings with them about what the ICU is. In addition, it was also possible to understand that the aversive stimulus existing in this environment can be attenuated by the presence of the family and by a welcoming and sensitive relationship with the health team, thus favoring the patient's coping repertoire when facing a critical moment of health.(AU)


Este estudio pretendió investigar la percepción que tienen los pacientes adultos sobre la experiencia de hospitalización en una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) de oncología. Se trata de una investigación con enfoque cualitativo y de comprensión. Participaron siete pacientes de un hospital oncológico en la región Sur de Brasil. Se aplicó una entrevista semiestructurada, que fue grabada y, posteriormente, transcrita, lo que permitió acceder a las concepciones previas de los sujetos sobre la UCI, los aspectos psicológicos presentes durante la hospitalización y las concepciones posteriores a la experiencia de internación en la Unidad. Dicha información se interpretó mediante análisis de contenido. A partir de los resultados, fue posible constatar que la experiencia de hospitalización en cuidados intensivos puede ser afectada favorable o desfavorablemente por el conjunto de normas que el paciente trae consigo sobre qué es la UTI. Además, se constató que los estímulos adversos existentes en este ambiente pueden mitigarse mediante la presencia de la familia y la relación acogedora y sensible con el equipo de salud, lo que favorece así el repertorio de afrontamiento del paciente ante este momento crítico de salud.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Psychology, Medical , Health , Psycho-Oncology , Intensive Care Units , Anxiety , Pain , Palliative Care , Patient Care Team , Prognosis , Psychology , Quality of Health Care , Quality of Life , Radiotherapy , Rehabilitation , Rest , Safety , Signs and Symptoms , Sleep , Social Support , Stress, Psychological , General Surgery , Terminal Care , Therapeutics , Biopsy , Cancer Care Facilities , Homeopathic Cure , Disease , Risk , Interview , Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems , Life , Affect , Death , Delivery of Health Care , Trust , Depression , Drug Therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Empathy , Disease Prevention , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Early Detection of Cancer , Fatigue , Fear , Molecular Targeted Therapy , Patient Comfort , Sadness , Solidarity , Healthcare Models , Psychological Distress , Family Support , Accompanying Family Members , Health Promotion , Health Services , Health Services Accessibility , Immunotherapy , Institutionalization , Loneliness , Medicine , Antibodies , Neoplasms , Antineoplastic Agents
19.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e246686, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422401

ABSTRACT

A pesquisa teve como objetivo geral analisar a atividade e o ofício dos mototaxistas de Sobral, Ceará. O objetivo específico foi compreender: a) a atividade exercida e o conceito de real da atividade; b) as prescrições; c) as regras informais; e d) as relações profissionais. A investigação adotou o referencial teórico da Clínica da Atividade, e participaram oito mototaxistas. Inspiradas no método da Instrução ao Sósia, foram realizadas e gravadas entrevistas semiestruturadas. Seu áudio foi transcrito e o conteúdo passou por análise construtivo-interpretativa. Os resultados mostraram que a atividade era regulamentada pela prefeitura e dependia da manutenção dos instrumentos utilizados. O expediente era organizado por uma regra do coletivo de trabalho relacionada ao horário de funcionamento de escolas e universidades. A busca por passageiros variava, sendo possível ficar em pontos fixos ou circular pela cidade. As condições ambientais demandavam cuidados como o uso de protetor solar e hidratação. A autonomia da profissão permitia organizar o próprio expediente e o ganho mensal. Entretanto, houve queixas relativas à falta de direitos previdenciários e ao fato de que a flexibilidade geraria uma sobrecarga de trabalho que poderia trazer prejuízos à saúde. Riscos foram identificados em acidentes de trânsito e violência urbana. Os relatos acerca das relações com os colegas mostraram um ambiente amistoso, e as relações com os passageiros eram definidas por cada situação, abrangendo desde interações objetivas até conversas pessoais.(AU)


The research had as general objective to analyze the activity and the work of motorcycle taxi drivers in Sobral, Ceará. Specific objectives were to understand: (a) the activity performed and the real of activity; (b) the prescriptions; (c) informal rules and (d) professional relationships. The investigation adopted the theoretical framework of the Clinic of Activity. Eight motorcycle taxi drivers participated in the investigation. Inspired by the instruction to the double method, semi-structured interviews were conducted. The audio of the interviews was transcribed and underwent constructive-interpretive analysis. The results showed that the activity was regulated by the city and depended on the maintenance of the instruments used. The working hours were organized by a collective labor rule related to the opening hours of schools and universities. The looking-for for passengers also varied: it was possible to stay at fixed points or move around the city. Environmental conditions required care such as the use of sunscreen and hydration. The profession's autonomy made it possible to organize its own hours and monthly earnings. However, there were complaints regarding the lack of social security rights and that flexibility would create an overload of work that could harm health. Risks have been identified in traffic accidents and urban violence. Reports about relationships with colleagues showed a friendly atmosphere. Relations with passengers were defined by each situation, ranging from objective interactions to personal conversations.(AU)


La investigación tuvo como objetivo general analizar la actividad y el trabajo de los mototaxis en Sobral, Ceará. Los objetivos específicos eran comprender: (a) la actividad realizada y la real de la actividad; (b) las prescripciones; (c) reglas informales y (d) relaciones profesionales. La investigación adoptó el marco teórico de la Clínica de Actividad. En la investigación participaron ocho mototaxis. Inspirándose en el método de instrucción al doble, se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas. El audio de las entrevistas fue transcrito y sometido a un análisis constructivo-interpretativo. Los resultados mostraron que la actividad estaba regulada por la prefectura municipal y dependía del mantenimiento de los instrumentos utilizados. Los horarios de trabajo fueron organizados por una norma laboral colectiva relacionada con los horarios de apertura de escuelas y universidades. La búsqueda de pasajeros también variaba: era posible permanecer en puntos fijos o moverse por la ciudad. Las condiciones ambientales requerían cuidados como el uso de protector solar e hidratación. La autonomía de la profesión permitió organizar sus propias horas y ganancias mensuales. Sin embargo, hubo quejas sobre la falta de derechos de seguridad social y que la flexibilidad crearía una sobrecarga de trabajo que podría dañar la salud. Se han identificado riesgos en accidentes de tráfico y violencia urbana. Los informes sobre las relaciones con los colegas mostraron un ambiente agradable. Las relaciones con los pasajeros se definieron por cada situación, desde interacciones objetivas hasta conversaciones personales.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Work , Motorcycles , Occupational Health , Working Conditions , Psychology , Public Policy , Quality of Life , Safety , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Self Care , Social Problems , Sunscreening Agents , Work Hours , Burnout, Professional , Accidents , Disease , Disaster Vulnerability , Employment , Informal Sector , Occupational Stress , Frustration , Heat Exhaustion , Interpersonal Relations , Job Satisfaction , Labor Unions
20.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1524045

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar o percentual de pacientes sob tratamento anti-hipertensivo que apresentam níveis de pressão arterial controlados e fatores associados. Método: estudo transversal e analítico. A seleção de pacientes ocorreu por amostragem probabilística, por conglomerados tratados de forma descritiva e analítica. Participaram do estudo 720 indivíduos. Resultados: após regressão logística, permaneceram associadas ao não controle da pressão arterial as variáveis sexo, adesão à terapia medicamentosa, história pregressa de doença cardíaca e automedicar-se. Conclusão: a prevalência de controle da pressão arterial foi de 54,3 %, as dificuldades no tratamento anti-hipertensivo relacionam-se a fatores como aspectos pessoais, ao ambiente de vida, ao acesso aos cuidados de saúde, destacando-se como variável modificável a não adesão medicamentosa. Reforça-se a necessidade de incentivo das políticas públicas para o estabelecimento de novas estratégias para abordagem dos fatores modificáveis no manejo da hipertensão


Objectives: to analyze the percentage of patients under antihypertensive treatment who have controlled blood pressure levels and associated factors. Method: cross-sectional and analytical study. The selection of patients occurred by probabilistic sampling, by clusters treated descriptively and analytically. A total of 720 individuals participated in the studys. Results: after logistic regression, the variables gender, adherence to drug therapy, previous history of heart disease and self-medicating remained associated with non-control of blood pressure. Conclusion: the prevalence of blood pressure control was 54.3%, the difficulties in antihypertensive treatment are related to factors such as personal aspects, the living environment, access to health care, highlighting as a modifiable variable non-medication adherence. The need to encourage public policies to establish new strategies to address modifiable factors in the management of hypertension is reinforced


Objetivos: analizar el porcentaje de pacientes en tratamiento antihipertensivo que tienen niveles controlados de presión arterial y factores asociados. Método: estudio transversal y analítico. La selección de los pacientes ocurrió por muestreo probabilístico, por conglomerados tratados descriptiva y analíticamente. Un total de 720 individuos participaron en el estudio. Resultados: después de la regresión logística, las variables sexo, adhesión a la terapia medicamentosa, historia previa de cardiopatía y automedicación permanecieron asociadas al no control de la presión arterial. Conclusión: la prevalencia de control de la presión arterial fue de 54,3%, las dificultades en el tratamiento antihipertensivo se relacionan con factores como aspectos personales, el ambiente de vida, el acceso a la atención de salud, destacando como variable modificable la adhesión a la medicación. Se refuerza la necesidad de impulsar políticas públicas para establecer nuevas estrategias para abordar factores modificables en el manejo de la hipertensión


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Health Strategies , Health Services Accessibility , Hypertension , Disease
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