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Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 317-322, Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280043


Abstract Fetal thyroid complications in pregnancy are uncommon, and are commonly related to the passage of substances through the placenta. The excessive iodine intake during the pregnancy is a well-known mechanism of fetal thyroid enlargement or goiter, and invasive procedures have been proposed for the treatment of fetal thyroid pathologies. In the present report, we demonstrate two cases from different centers of prenatal diagnosis of fetal thyroid enlargement and/or goiter in three fetuses (one pair of twins, wherein both fetuses were affected, and one singleton pregnancy). The anamnesis revealed the ingestion of iodine by the patients, prescribed from inadequate vitamin supplementation. In both cases, the cessation of iodine supplement intake resulted in a marked reduction of the volume of the fetal thyroid glands, demonstrating that conservative treatmentmay be an option in those cases. Also, clinicians must be aware that patients may be exposed to harmful dosages or substances during pregnancy.

Resumo As complicações fetais da tireoide na gravidez são incomuns e são comumente relacionadas à passagem de substâncias pela placenta. A ingestão excessiva de iodo durante a gravidez é um mecanismo bem conhecido de aumento da tireoide ou bócio fetal, e procedimentos invasivos foram propostos para o tratamento de patologias da tireoide fetal. No presente relato de caso, demonstramos dois casos de diferentes centros de diagnóstico pré-natal de aumento da tireoide fetal e/ou bócio em três fetos (um par de gêmeos, em que ambos os fetos foram afetados, e uma gravidez única). A anamnese revelou a ingestão de iodo pelos pacientes prescrita por suplementação inadequada de vitaminas. Nos dois casos, a interrupção da ingestão de suplemento de iodo resultou em uma redução acentuada do volume das glândulas tireoides fetais, demonstrando que o tratamento conservador pode ser uma opção nestes casos. Além disso, os médicos devem estar cientes de que as pacientes podem ser expostas a doses ou substâncias nocivas durante a gravidez.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Prenatal Care/methods , Dietary Supplements/adverse effects , Goiter/etiology , Iodine/adverse effects , Self Care/adverse effects , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Diseases in Twins/etiology , Diseases in Twins/diagnostic imaging , Fetal Diseases/etiology , Fetal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Goiter/diagnostic imaging , Iodine/administration & dosage
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 90(1): 36-43, 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990884


INTRODUCCIÓN: Múltiples factores influyen en el riesgo de morbimortalidad del prematuro con restricción del crecimiento intrauterino (RCIU). La comparación de gemelos con crecimiento intrauterino discordante permite evaluar su efecto, excluyendo factores maternos y manejo prenatal. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar el efecto de la RCIU sobre la morbilidad aguda, crónica y mortalidad, en parejas de recién nacidos gemelares prematuros extremos. PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: Gemelos menores de 1500 g y 30 semanas de gestación, de la Red Neocosur. Se realizaron análisis separados de pares de gemelos concordantes, discordantes leves y severos, evaluando el efecto de la RCIU sobre morbi-mortalidad. Se realizó análisis multivariado para establecer magnitud del efecto. RESULTADOS: 459 pares de gemelos, 227 concordantes, 110 discordantes leves y 122 severos. Entre los concordantes solo hubo diferencia en uso de oxígeno a las 36 semanas. En discordantes leves, el menor tuvo menos enfermedad de membrana hialina y requirió menos dosis de surfactante, pero tuvo un mayor riesgo de Displasia broncopulmonar (DBP) o muerte. En discordantes severos, el menor presentó mayor mortalidad, sepsis, utilización y permanencia en ventilación mecánica, pese a menor frecuencia de enfermedad de membrana hialina. En regresión múltiple, el riesgo combinado de DBP o muerte fue mayor en gemelo menor y discordante severo. CONCLUSIÓN: En gemelos discordantes, la patología respiratoria aguda fue más frecuente en el gemelo mayor, aunque el riesgo de DBP o muerte fue mayor en el gemelo con RCIU.

INTRODUCTION: Multiple factors influence the risk of morbidity and mortality of premature infants with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). The comparison of twins with different intrauterine growth allows evaluating the effect of the restriction, excluding maternal factors and prenatal mana gement. Our objective was to assess the effect of IUGR on acute and chronic morbidity, and mortality of extreme preterm twins. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Twins weighing less than 1500 grams and gesta tion equal to or less than 30 weeks, of the Neocosur Network. Separate analyses were performed on concordant twin pairs, and on mild and severe discordant twins, evaluating the effect of IUGR on morbidity and mortality. A multivariate analysis was performed in order to establish the impact of this effect. RESULTS: 459 twin pairs, 227 concordant twins, 110 of mild discordance, and 122 of severe discordance. Among the concordant ones, there was only a difference in oxygen uptake at 36 weeks. In those of mild discordance, the smaller twin presented a lower frequency of hyaline membrane disease and required fewer doses of surfactant, but had a higher risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or death. In severe discordant twins, the smaller one presented higher mortality, sepsis, use and permanence in mechanical ventilation, despite the lower frequency of hyaline membrane disease. In multiple regression analysis, the combined risk of BPD or death was higher in the smaller twin and of severe discordance. CONCLUSION: In discordant twins, the acute respiratory pathology was more frequent in the larger one, although the risk of BPD or death was higher in the one with IUGR.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/etiology , Diseases in Twins/etiology , Fetal Growth Retardation/physiopathology , Neonatal Sepsis/etiology , Prognosis , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/diagnosis , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/mortality , Infant, Premature , Case-Control Studies , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Diseases in Twins/diagnosis , Diseases in Twins/mortality , Neonatal Sepsis/diagnosis , Neonatal Sepsis/mortality
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(3): 245-253, 03/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741250


This study investigated the in vitro and in vivo antiproliferative activity of esculetin against hepatocellular carcinoma, and clarified its potential molecular mechanisms. Cell viability was determined by the MTT (tetrazolium) colorimetric assay. In vivo antitumor activity of esculetin was evaluated in a hepatocellular carcinoma mouse model. Seventy-five C57BL/6J mice were implanted with Hepa1-6 cells and randomized into five groups (n=15 each) given daily intraperitoneal injections of vehicle (physiological saline), esculetin (200, 400, or 700 mg·kg-1·day-1), or 5-Fu (200 mg·kg-1·day-1) for 15 days. Esculetin significantly decreased tumor growth in mice bearing Hepa1-6 cells. Tumor weight was decreased by 20.33, 40.37, and 55.42% with increasing doses of esculetin. Esculetin significantly inhibited proliferation of HCC cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner and with an IC50 value of 2.24 mM. It blocked the cell cycle at S phase and induced apoptosis in SMMC-7721 cells with significant elevation of caspase-3 and caspase-9 activity, but did not affect caspase-8 activity. Moreover, esculetin treatment resulted in the collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential in vitro and in vivo accompanied by increased Bax expression and decreased Bcl-2 expression at both transcriptional and translational levels. Thus, esculetin exerted in vitro and in vivo antiproliferative activity in hepatocellular carcinoma, and its mechanisms involved initiation of a mitochondrial-mediated, caspase-dependent apoptosis pathway.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Burnout, Professional/genetics , Diseases in Twins/genetics , Workplace , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/etiology , Burnout, Professional/psychology , Demography , Diseases in Twins/epidemiology , Diseases in Twins/etiology , Diseases in Twins/psychology , Gene-Environment Interaction , Registries , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sweden/epidemiology
Rev. méd. Chile ; 127(2): 158-64, feb. 1999. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-243774


Background: A higher prevalence of congenital malformations among twins than among single has been reported in the literature. Aim: To study the incidence of congenital malformations in twins in the maternity hospital of the University of Chile in the period 1983-1997. Material and methods: As part of the Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations, every newborn in the maternity hospital was examined by a neonatologist and congenital malformations were recorded in a special file. Results: In the study period there were 48.663 deliveries of single pregnancies and 448 deliveries of twin pregnancies, giving birth to 886 twins borns alive and 17 stillbirths (1.9 percent mortality). Of these, there were 423 twins, 17 triplets, a sextuple delivery and two siamese. Seven point one percent of twins born alive and 6.5 percent of single newborns had a congenital malformation. The prevalence of malformations in twins and single stillbirths was 35.2 and 17.2 percent respectively (p <0.04). In four pairs and siamese newborns, malformations typical of monozygotic twins were present, such as an acardiac fetus with Trap sequence, a papyraceous fetus and two with hydroanencephaly. Twelve twins had malformations attributable to uterine compression. Conclusions: This study did not find a higher frequency of malformations comparing twins with single babies born alive, but in stillbirths there was a significant difference between single and twin stillbirths (7.1 percent versus 35.2 percent, respectively, p <0.05)

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Abnormalities, Multiple/epidemiology , Twin Studies as Topic , Abnormalities, Multiple/etiology , Delivery Rooms/statistics & numerical data , Diseases in Twins/epidemiology , Diseases in Twins/etiology , Fetal Death/epidemiology , Twins, Dizygotic/statistics & numerical data , Twins, Monozygotic/statistics & numerical data , Prevalence
Pediatría (Bogotá) ; 4(2): 73-9, oct. 1994. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-190482


Del primero de enero al 31 de diciembre de 1991 realizamos un estudio analitico de casos y controles de 130 embarazos dobles y 260 recién nacidos gemelares. La incidencia de embarazos gemelares fue de 1.0 por ciento con respecto al total de partos. Las características maternas fueron: edad promedio: 27.5 años, con control prenatal 55 por ciento, ecográfico 53.5 por ciento. Entidades prenatales asociadas: amenaza de aborto 61 por ciento, amenaza de parto prematuro 58 por ciento e hipertensión arterial 30.5 por ciento. Las complicaciones intraparto fueron ruptura prematura de membranas 37 por ciento, preeclampsia 34 por ciento y toxemia 21 por ciento; se practicó cesárea al 60 por ciento. El 67 por ciento de los gemelares fueron pretérminos, el peso concordante en el 87 por ciento, masculino 63 por ciento con relación M: F 1.7: 1. Las causas de mortalidad fueron: infecciosas 23 por ciento, respiratoria 18 por ciento, hematológicas 16 por ciento, metabólicas 12 por ciento; entre otras. El gemelar I se afectó con mayor frecuencia de incompatibilidad ABO (P<0.10) y el gemelar II de síndrome de dificultad respiratoria (SDR) (P<0.10).broncoaspiración de meconio (P<0.10), hemangioma cavernoso (P<0.10) y encefalopatía hipóxica (P<0.005). La mortalidad neonatal del gemelar es 6 x 1.000 nacidos vivos. Siendo las tres primeras causas de muerte: sepsis 32 por ciento, SDR 26 por ciento y encefalopatía hipóxica 18 por ciento. Son factores de riesgo de muerte según razón de momios (RM), en orden de importancia: apgar menor de seis a los cinco minutos, peso menor de 2.500 gramos, apgar menor de tres al minuto y no realización de control ecográfico.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Diseases in Twins/classification , Diseases in Twins/diagnosis , Diseases in Twins/etiology , Twin Studies as Topic