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Int. j. morphol ; 40(4): 946-952, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405243


RESUMEN: Las percepciones físico-emocionales han comprobado connotaciones en la formación y futuro profesional. Se planteó analizar la evidencia sobre los instrumentos de medición para evaluar las percepciones físico-emocionales en estudiantes de Anatomía en medicina, estructurando una evisión sistemática en la que se consultaron estudios observacionales de 2010 a 2020 en las bases de datos Scopus, Ovid, PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar, Web of Science y ProQuest, con términos de búsqueda validados. El proceso de selección de estudios se sintetizó en diagrama de flujo. La extracción de datos y evaluación de la calidad se hizo por tres revisores independientes mediante escalas del National Institutes of Health de Estados Unidos; siendo valorada la concordancia entre revisores con el coeficiente kappa Fleiss. Se incluyeron 28 estudios diferenciados en instrumentos de medida validados (n 16) y estudios que usaron otros instrumentos de recolección (n 12). Los tipos de validación más frecuentes fueron consistencia interna, Alfa de Cronbach y constructo, análisis factorial. Se dispone de un número aceptable de instrumentos que evalúan el tema, se requieren nuevos estudios que aporten evidencia en el rigor en los procesos de medición con adaptación transcultural y de diferentes tipos de validación de instrumentos.

SUMMARY: Physical-emotional perceptions have proven connotations in training and professional future. To analyze the evidence on the measurement instruments to evaluate the physical-emotional perceptions in students of Anatomy in medicine. Systematic review in which observational studies from 2010 to 2020 were consulted in the Scopus, Ovid, PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar, Web of Science and ProQuest databases, with validated search terms. The study selection process was synthesized in a flow chart. Data extraction and quality assessment were done by three independent reviewers using scales from the National Institutes of Health in the United States; The agreement between reviewers was assessed with the Fleiss kappa coefficient. 28 differentiated studies were included in validated measurement instruments (n 16) and studies that used other collection instruments (n 12). The most frequent types of validation were internal consistency, Cronbach's alpha and construct, factor analysis. There is an acceptable number of instruments that evaluate the subject, new studies are required that provide evidence of the rigor in the measurement processes with cross-cultural adaptation and of different types of instrument validation.

Humans , Perception , Students, Medical/psychology , Anatomy/education , Dissection/psychology , Education, Medical , Emotions
Femina ; 50(1): 61-64, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358222


O infarto agudo do miocárdio no período gravídico-puerperal é uma condição rara em que a principal causa é a dissecção espontânea da artéria coronária. É um evento comumente subdiagnosticado, com pouca literatura disponível e elevado índice de morbimortalidade. Esse relato descreve o caso de uma gestante de 36 semanas de gravidez gemelar, monocoriônica-diamniótica, com infarto agudo do miocárdio secundário à dissecção espontânea da artéria coronária. As equipes de cirurgia cardíaca e obstetrícia optaram pela realização de parto cesariano e histerectomia subtotal, seguido da revascularização da artéria mamária descendente anterior. Discutem-se as orientações adotadas na dissecção espontânea da artéria coronária, bem como a abordagem terapêutica e a conduta obstétrica, quando essa condição ocorre durante a gravidez.(AU)

Acute myocardial infarction in the pregnancy-puerperal period is a rare condition the main cause of which is the spontaneous coronary artery dissection. A commonly underdiagnosed event with little available literature and a high rate of morbidity and mortality. This case reports a 36-week pregnant woman of mono-chorionic-diamniotic pregnancy who had a myocardial infarction secondary to a spontaneous coronary artery dissection. In a joint discussion between the team of cardiac surgery and obstetrics, it was decided to perform a cesarean delivery and subtotal hysterectomy followed by revascularization of the mammary anterior descendant. It discusses the conducts to be adopted in a case of spontaneous coronary artery dissection as well as therapeutic approaches and obstetric conducts to be taken in a case of dissection during pregnancy.(AU)

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/surgery , Coronary Vessels/pathology , Dissection/adverse effects , Acute Coronary Syndrome/pathology , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Cesarean Section , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Pregnancy, Twin , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Hysterectomy , Myocardial Infarction/etiology
Acta cir. bras ; 37(2): e370206, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374073


Purpose: To study the anatomorphometry of the plexus brachialis (PB) of rats under a high-definition video system. Methods: Ten male Wistar rats discarded from other research that did not interfere in the morphology of the animal, respecting the principle of reduction, were used. All animals were submitted to the same protocol. Initially, the cervical region was shaved. The animals were placed in a dorsal position. A single elbow-to-elbow incision was performed and dissection started at the deltopectoral sulcus. The procedures were performed under a video system. To measure the structures, the Image J software was used. Results: All the PB evaluated originated from the C5-T1 spinal nerves. C5 and C6 converged to form the truncus superior, the root of C7 originated the truncus medius, and the confluence of C8 and T1 originated the truncus inferior. It was found the union of C7, C8, and T1 to form truncus inferomedialis instead of separate medial and inferior truncus. C8 (1.31 mm) was the thickest root, the truncus inferior (1.80 mm) and the nerve radialis (1.02 mm), were the thickest. Conclusions: The anatomy of the PB is comparable to humans, admitting variations. The videomagnification system is useful to perform microsurgical dissection.

Animals , Male , Rats , Brachial Plexus/anatomy & histology , Rats, Wistar , Dissection/methods , Dissection/veterinary , Video-Assisted Techniques and Procedures
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928481


Wide-awake local anesthesia has many advantages. We describe a new method to use wide-awake local anesthesia with more flexibility. A 32-year-old man with a severe right-hand contracture after an iatrogenic tourniquet accident during an anterolateral thigh flap for a partial hand amputation underwent contracture release using external fixation after proximal row carpectomy and subsequent tenolysis. We performed most of the tenolysis procedure under general anesthesia and the final stage with an intraoperative assessment of active finger movement and dissection under local anesthesia. He regained his grip strength 2.5 years post-injury. General anesthesia is useful to treat a surgical site with extensive hard scars, whereas local anesthesia is useful for adjusting tension in an awake patient. The indication for wide-awake surgery is yet to be established; our method of combining general and local anesthesia in the tenolysis procedure illustrates the possibilities in expanding this method.

Adult , Anesthesia, General , Anesthesia, Local , Brain Neoplasms , Contracture/surgery , Dissection , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Humans , Male , Wakefulness
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936082


As a treatment of rectal cancer, lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) is still a controversial issue. The argument against LLND is that the procedure is complicated, and consequently results in a high incidence of postoperative urogenital dysfunction. The surgical modality from fascia to space is adopted by lateral lymph node dissection in "two spaces". This operation has significant advantages of clear location of nerves and blood vessels and simplified surgical procedures, so the surgical procedure can be repeated and modulated. The fascia propria of the rectum, urogenital fascia, vesicohypogastric fascia and parietal fascia constitute the dissection plane for lateral lymph node dissection.Two spaces refer to Latzko's pararectal space and paravesical space. During the establishment of fascia plane, the dissection of external iliac lymph node (No.293), commoniliac lymph node (No.273) and abdominal aortic bifurcation lymph node (No.280) can be performed. While in the "space" dissection, internal iliac lymph node (No.263), obturator lymph node (No.283), lateral sacral lymph node (No.260) and median sacral lymph node (No.270) can be removed. LD2 or LD3 lateral lymph node dissection prescribed by the Japanese Society of Colorectal Cancer can be completed according to the needs of the disease. This article describes the anatomical basis and standardized surgical procedures.

Dissection , Fascia/pathology , Humans , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 115-121, 20211217. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357590


Introducción. La disección espontánea del tronco o arteria celíaca es una emergencia vascular abdominal inusual, con una incidencia desconocida. Actualmente no existen guías o consensos para su tratamiento, el cual va desde intervenciones vasculares mayores hasta la conducta expectante. Caso clínico. Paciente masculino de 42 años sin antecedentes patológicos, con dolor abdominal intenso de un mes de evolución. Ante la sospecha clínica de patología inflamatoria se realizó una tomografía computarizada abdominal con medio de contraste, en la que se observó una disección del tronco celíaco asociada a un infarto esplénico. Se realizó manejo endovascular de forma exitosa. Discusión. La disección espontánea del tronco celíaco es una patología infrecuente, que puede presentarse en pacientes con hipertensión arterial, tabaquismo, enfermedad ateroesclerótica y vasculitis. Los síntomas más comunes son el dolor abdominal asociado a náuseas y vómito. La sospecha clínica debe ser confirmada mediante estudios imagenológicos que orienten al tratamiento conservador, endovascular o quirúrgico, ante la sospecha de infarto intestinal o ruptura arterial. Conclusiones. La disección espontánea del tronco celíaco es una patología vascular inusual que puede relacionarse con una alta mortalidad. Es importante tener siempre presente la interrelación entre la anatomía vascular abdominal, la anamnesis y el examen físico como elementos claves para realizar este diagnóstico.

Introduction. Spontaneous dissection of the celiac artery or trunk is an unusual abdominal vascular emergency, with an unknown incidence. Currently there are no guidelines or consensus for its treatment, which ranges from major vascular interventions to expectant management. Clinical case. A 42-year-old male patient with no medical history, with intense abdominal pain of one month of evolution. Given the clinical suspicion of inflammatory pathology, an abdominal computed tomography with contrast was performed, in which a dissection of the celiac trunk associated with a splenic infarction was observed. Endovascular management was performed successfully. Discussion. Spontaneous dissection of the celiac trunk is an infrequent pathology, which can occur in patients with high blood pressure, smoking, atherosclerotic disease, and vasculitis. The most common symptoms are abdominal pain associated with nausea and vomiting. Clinical suspicion must be confirmed by imaging studies that guide conservative, endovascular or surgical treatment in the event of suspected intestinal infarction or arterial rupture. Conclusions. Spontaneous dissection of the celiac trunk is an unusual vascular pathology that can be associated with high mortality. It is important to always keep in mind the relationship between the abdominal vascular anatomy, anamnesis, and physical examination as key elements in making this diagnosis.

Humans , Abdominal Pain , Emergencies , Celiac Artery , Abdominal Cavity , Dissection
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(4): 40-46, out.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359227


The description of arteries at the base of the human brain forming an 'arterial circle', named after Thomas Willis, has had a long history after the restoration of human dissection, partly due to the studies of many outstanding anatomists that preceded Willis. He provided, with the collaboration of Richard Lower and Christopher Wren, the first incontestable complete description, as recognized nowadays, accompanied by a superb illustration. Additionally, he presented an explanation for its meaning, indicating for the first time the functional significance of this structure, in health and disease. However, it should be recognized that the initial studies of the arteries of the base of the human brain by Willis' predecessors, as well as those from ancient times, despite their fragmentary descriptions, were certainly pivotal in paving the way for further and more detailed knowledge of this vascular formation.

A descrição das artérias da base do cérebro humano, formando um 'círculo arterial', designado com o nome de Thomas Willis, tem uma longa história após o restauro de dissecções humanas, em parte devido aos estudos de muitos anatomistas de renome que precederam Willis. Ele proveu, com a colaboração de Richard Lower e Christopher Wren, a primeira descrição completa e incontestável, assim como a reconhecida atualmente, acompanhada por uma ilustração soberba. Adicionalmente, apresentou uma explicação quanto ao seu significado, indicando pela primeira vez a importância funcional dessa estrutura, na saúde e na doença. Entretanto, deve ser reconhecido que os estudos iniciais das artérias da base do cérebro humano pelos predecessores de Willis, assim como os de tempos antigos, apesar de suas descrições fragmentárias, certamente foram fulcrais na pavimentação do caminho para o conhecimento mais avançado e detalhado dessa formação vascular.

Humans , Carotid Arteries , Circle of Willis/anatomy & histology , Cerebrum/anatomy & histology , Cerebrum/innervation , Vertebral Artery , Dissection , Neurology/history
Int. j. morphol ; 39(6): 1787-1790, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385555


SUMMARY: In the western surgical tradition there has been little acknowledgement of the ancient Vedic surgeon Sushruta who initiated many aspects of surgical practice. In his compendium the Sushruta Samhita, Sushruta systematised medicine in various areas. His meticulous knowledge in many branches of medicine is evident. A brilliant surgeon, he developed plastic surgical techniques, types of bandaging, hygiene practices and over one hundred surgical instruments. In this article, I focus on Sushruta's ideas on human dissection as a pre-requisite for surgery, his method of preparation of human cadavers and his anatomical pedagogy. Sushruta pioneered the instruction of cadaveric based anatomical learning which is still being used in medical teaching.

RESUMEN: En la tradición quirúrgica occidental existe escaso reconocimiento del antiguo cirujano védico Sushruta, quien inició muchos aspectos de la práctica quirúrgica. En su compen-dio, el Sushruta Samhita, Sushruta sistematizó la medicina en varias áreas. Es evidente su meticuloso conocimiento en muchas ramas de la medicina. Cirujano brillante, desarrolló técnicas de cirugía plástica, tipos de vendajes, prácticas de higiene y más de cien instrumentos quirúrgicos. El enfoque de este artículo se centra en las ideas de Sushruta sobre la disección humana como requisito previo para la cirugía, su método de preparación de cadáveres humanos y su pedagogía anatómica. Sushruta fue pionero en la instrucción del aprendizaje anatómico basado en cadáveres que todavía se utiliza en la enseñanza médica.

Humans , Dissection/education , Anatomy/education , Surgical Procedures, Operative/education , Cadaver , Classification , Human Body , Dissection/history , Anatomy/history , India
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 777-783, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357133


Abstract Objective To study the anatomy of the medial coracoclavicular ligament and assess the contribution of the acromioclavicular, coracoclavicular and medial coracoclavicular ligaments to the stability of the acromioclavicular joint. Methods Twenty-six shoulders from 16 fresh cadavers were dissected after placement in dorsal recumbency with a 15-cm cushion between the shoulder blades. An extended deltopectoral approach was performed proximally and medially, followed by plane dissection and ligament identification. The acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular distances were measured using points previously marked with a millimeter caliper. Six of these specimens were submitted to a biomechanical study. The acromioclavicular ligament, the coracoclavicular ligament and the medial coracoclavicular ligament were sectioned sequentially, and a cephalic force of 20 N was applied to the lateral clavicle. The acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular distances were measured in each of the ligament section stages. Results The right medial coracoclavicular ligament presented, on average, 48.9 mm in length and 18.3 mm in width. On the left side, its mean length was 48.65 mm, with a mean width of 17.3 mm. Acromioclavicular, coracoclavicular and medial coracoclavicular ligament section resulted in a statistically significant increase in the coracoclavicular distance and posterior scapular displacement. Conclusion The medial coracoclavicular ligament is a true ligamentous structure found in all dissected shoulders. Our results showed that the scapular protraction relaxed the medial coracoclavicular ligament, while scapular retraction tensioned it; in addition, our findings demonstrate that this ligament contributes to the vertical and horizontal stability of the acromioclavicular joint.

Resumo Objetivo Estudar a anatomia do ligamento coracoclavicular medial e avaliar a contribuição do ligamento acromioclavicular, coracoclaviculares e coracoclavicular medial na estabilidade da articulação acromioclavicular. Métodos Foram dissecados 26 ombros de 16 cadáveres frescos, posicionados em decúbito dorso-horizontal, com um coxim de 15 cm de altura entre as escápulas. Realizou-se uma via deltopeitoral estendida proximal e medialmente. Realizou-se dissecção por planos e identificação dos ligamentos. Realizou a medida da distância acromio-clavicular e coracoclavicular usando pontos previamente demarcados com paquímetro milimetrado. Em seis dessas amostras foi realizado estudo biomecânico. Seccionando, nesta ordem, o ligamento acromioclavicular, os coracoclaviculares e o ligamento coracoclavicular medial com uma força cefálica de 20N foi aplicada na clavícula lateral. Foi medida a distância acromio-clavicular e coracoclavicular em cada uma das etapas de secção dos ligamentos. Resultados A média de comprimento do ligamento coracoclavicular medial foi de 48,9mm e a média de largura, de 18,3mm no lado direito. No esquerdo, a média de comprimento foi de 48,65mm e a média da largura, 17,3mm. Após a secção dos ligamentos acromioclaviculares, coracoclaviculares, com a secção do ligamento coracoclavicular medial houve aumento estatisticamente significativo da distância córaco-clavicular e um deslocamento posterior da escápula. Conclusão O ligamento coracoclavicular medial é uma estrutura ligamentar verdadeira, presente em todos os ombros dissecados. Nossos resultados demonstraram que o ligamento coracoclavicular medial encontra-se relaxado com a escápula em protração e tenso com a escápula em retração e segundo nossos resultados participa tanto da estabilidade vertical quanto da estabilidade horizontal da articulação acromioclavicular.

Scapula , Shoulder , Acromioclavicular Joint/anatomy & histology , Cadaver , Clavicle , Joint Dislocations , Dissection
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(4): 561-564, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347157


Abstract Patients with complex Stanford type B aortic dissection are very difficult to treat. Many methods have been proposed so far in the treatment of these patients, and the emergence of hybrid techniques has made the treatment easier. In this article, we shared the extra-anatomical bypass (aorto-celiac-mesenteric bypass) + thoracic endovascular aortic repair + cholecystectomy operation technique applied to a patient with complex type B aortic dissection.

Humans , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Cholecystectomy , Retrospective Studies , Dissection
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 27(2): 60-66, 20210000. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1357632


La ubicación habitual de los marcapasos y cardiodesfibriladores implantables (CDI) es en el plano subcutáneo subclavicular. Este bolsillo, de fácil realización, no está exento de complicaciones propias (necrosis de piel, seromas, síndrome de Twiddler) así como también provocar un defecto estético al visualizarse el aparato bajo la piel. Estas complicaciones son mayores en pacientes delgadas y con actividad deportiva debido a la exposición traumática. Con el objeto de evitar los factores mencionados anteriormente, así como para mejorar el aspecto cosmético, mostramos nuestra experiencia en la ubicación en un plano más profundo, submuscular (entre m. pectoralis major y m. pectoralis minor, T.A.). Creemos que esta ubicación es de elección en pacientes muy delgadas, deportistas, con riesgo de traumatismo en la zona y en todos aquellos donde ha fallado la ubicación subcutánea.

The pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) location is in the subcutaneous plane, subclavicular zone. This pocket, easy to perform, is not free of complications (skin necrosis, seroma, Twiddler syndrome) as well as an aesthetic defect due to the device being observed under the skin. These complications are higher in thin and sportive patients. In order to avoid the above factors as well as to improve the cosmetic appearance, our experience shows better results on a deeper level, submuscular (between m. pectoralis major and m. pectoralis minor, T.A.). We believe that this location is preferable in very thin patients and athletes because it avoids the risk of trauma to the area. Also,we advise this plane in particular cases which failed subcutaneous locations

Humans , Pacemaker, Artificial , Pectoralis Muscles/surgery , Dissection
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(2)maio-ago. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252417


A Anatomia da região cervical é de particular importância para os clínicos e cirurgiões de diversas especialidades médicas. Em se tratando da organização nervosa presente na região anterolateral do pescoço, encontra-se o plexo cervical, formado pelos ramos anteriores dos nervos cervicais C1 a C4, cuja função é promover a sensibilidade da pele anterolateral cervical, torácica anterossuperior e do couro cabeludo posterior, na cabeça, além de controlar a musculatura infra-hióidea e diafragmática. Logo, lesões a essa estrutura nervosa e aos seus ramos podem causar graves complicações ao corpo humano. Esse trabalho objetivou utilizar a dissecção da região anterolateral do pescoço como uma ferramenta pedagógica para o estudo das relações anatômicas dos nervos do plexo cervical observados durante essa prática, assim como relatar algumas de suas importâncias clínicas e cirúrgicas. O presente estudo é caracterizado como qualitativo/descritivo. A dissecção foi realizada semanalmente, durante o segundo semestre de 2018 e o primeiro semestre de 2019, com a supervisão do professor responsável e auxílio do técnico de laboratório, no Laboratório de aulas práticas da Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL). Considera-se que a dissecção da região anterolateral do pescoço permitiu a visualização de diversos nervos cutâneos e musculares do plexo cervical, assim como de alguns de seus ramos e suas relações anatômicas. Também contribuiu para o conhecimento da topografia em que se encontravam tais estruturas e sua organização em camadas. Esse conhecimento anatômico é essencial para a prática médica, tanto clínica quanto cirúrgica.(AU)

The anatomy of the cervical region is of particular importance for surgeons and physicians of different medical specialties. The cervical plexus can be found in the anterolateral region of the neck, formed by the anterior branches of the cervical nerves C1 to C4, whose function is to promote the sensitivity of the cervical anterolateral skin, anterosuperior thoracic skin, and posterior scalp, on the head, in addition to controlling the infrahyoid and diaphragmatic muscles. Therefore, injuries to this nervous structure and its branches may cause serious complications to the human body. This work aimed at using the dissection of the anterolateral neck region as a pedagogical tool for the study of the anatomical relationships of the cervical plexus nerves observed during this practice, as well as to highlight some of its clinical and surgical importance. This is a qualitative/descriptive study. The dissection was performed weekly, during the second semester of 2018 and the first semester of 2019, with the supervision of the professor in charge and the assistance of the laboratory technician at the Laboratory of Practical Classes at the State University of Londrina (UEL). It is considered that the dissection of the anterolateral neck region allowed the visualization of several cutaneous and muscular nerves present in the cervical plexus. It also contributed to the knowledge of the topography in which these structures were found and their organization in layers. This anatomical knowledge is essential for both clinical and surgical medical practice.(AU)

Humans , Cervical Plexus/anatomy & histology , Education, Medical/methods , Anatomy, Regional , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Dissection/education
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(3): 379-387, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288252


Abstract Introduction: The objective of this study is to compare the effects of conventional monopolar electrosurgery (CMES) and low-thermal plasma kinetic cautery (PKC) on complications such as bleeding, abnormal wound healing, pain, and drainage in patients who underwent on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: This retrospective clinical study included 258 patients undergoing CABG; the patients were randomized to PKC (PEAK PlasmaBlade, n=153) and CMES (n=105) groups. The patients' clinical data were examined retrospectively for biochemical variables, postoperative drainage, post-surgery erythrocyte suspension transfusion count, surgical site pain examined with visual analogue scale (VAS), and wound healing. Two-sided P-value > 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The median post-surgery erythrocyte suspension transfusion number was significantly lower with PKC compared to CMES (0 [0-1] vs. 1 [1-4], respectively, P<0.001). Mean postoperative drain output and time until removal of drain tubes were significantly lower with PKC compared to CMES (300±113 vs. 547±192 and 1.95±1.5 vs. 2.44±1.8; P<0.001 and P=0.025, respectively). Mean VAS score for spontaneous and cough-induced pain were significantly lower with PKC compared to CMES (1.98±1.51 vs. 3.94± 2.09 and 3.76±1.46 vs. 5.6±1.92; P<0.001 for both comparisons). Reoperation due to bleeding was significantly higher with CMES compared to PKC (0 vs. 11 [7.2%], P=0.001). Conclusion: Use of PKC during CABG considerably reduces postoperative drainage, need for blood transfusion, reoperation due to bleeding, and postoperative pain. PCK appears to be a good alternative to CMES for CABG.

Humans , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump , Plasma Gases , Coronary Artery Bypass , Retrospective Studies , Dissection , Electrosurgery
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(3): 416-419, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288229


Abstract A common element of internal thoracic artery harvesting techniques is a distal vascular clamp placement at the end of the procedure, not only to avoid bleeding, but also to increase the internal hydrostatic pressure, diameter and flow. The logic indicates that the placement of this clamp at the beginning of the dissection will allow the artery to benefit earlier from these advantages. After more than five years of experience, we present a modification in the classical technique of skeletonized harvesting of the internal thoracic artery, consisting of artery distal occlusion at the beginning of the procedure. Some of its advantages are discussed.

Humans , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Tissue and Organ Harvesting , Dissection
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(1): 51-58, 29/06/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362225


Introduction The purpose of this study was to define the anatomical relationships of the pterygopalatine fossa (PPF) and its operative implications in skull base surgical approaches. Methods Ten cadaveric heads were dissected at the Dianne and M Gazi Yasargil Educational Center MicrosurgicaLaboratory, in Little Rock, AK, USA. The PPF was exposed through an extended dissection with mandible and pterygoid plate removal. Results The PPF has the shape of an inverted cone. Its boundaries are the pterygomaxillary fissure; themaxilla, anteriorly; themedial plate of the pterygoid process, and greater wing of the sphenoid process, posteriorly; the palatine bone,medially; and the body of the sphenoid process, superiorly. Its contents are the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve and its branches; the pterygopalatine ganglion; the pterygopalatine portion of the maxillary artery (MA) and its branches; and the venous network. Differential diagnosis of PPF masses includes perineural tumoral extension along the maxillary nerve, schwannomas, neurofibromas, angiofibromas, hemangiomas, and ectopic salivary gland tissue. Transmaxillary and transpalatal approaches require extensive resection of bony structures and are narrow in the deeper part of the approach, impairing the surgical vision and maneuverability. Endoscopic surgery solves this problem, bringing the light source to the center of the surgical field, allowing proper visualization of the surgical field, extreme close-ups, and different view angles. Conclusion We provide detailed information on the fossa's boundaries, intercommunications with adjacent structures, anatomy of the maxillary artery, and its variations. It is discussed in the context of clinical affections and surgical approaches of this specific region, including pterygomaxillary disjunction and skull base tumors.

Pterygopalatine Fossa/anatomy & histology , Pterygopalatine Fossa/surgery , Pterygopalatine Fossa/injuries , Maxillary Artery/anatomy & histology , Cadaver , Skull Base Neoplasms/surgery , Dissection/methods , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Microsurgery/methods
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(2): 118-128, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1361454


El estudio tuvo como objetivo comparar el grupo de hidrodisección de solución salina normal guiada por ultrasonido más esteroides y el grupo de hidrodisección de solución salina normal guiada por ultrasonido sola en pacientes con síndrome del túnel carpiano (STC), y determinar su relevancia clínica en relación con los resultados del tratamiento. Realizamos 60 hidrodisecciones guiadas por ecografía con solución salina normal con y sin inyecciones de corticosteroides en 51 pacientes con STC y evaluamos los resultados de la ecografía antes y después 21. Evers S, Thoreson AR, Smith J, Zhao C, Geske JR, Amadio PC. Ultrasound-guided hydrodissection decreases gliding resistance of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel. Muscle Nerve 2017 June 16. doi: 10.1002/mus.25723. 22. Smith J, Wisniewski S, J, Finnoff JT, Payne JM. Sonographically Guided Carpal Tunnel Injections. J Ultrasound Med 2008;27:1485-1490. 23. Trescott AME. Peripheral Nerve Entrapments: Clinical Diagnosis and Management. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing; 2016 24. Marshall S, Tardif G, Ashworth N. Local corticosteroid injection for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2002(4). 25. Atroshi I, Flondell M, Hofer M, Ranstam J. Methyprednisolone Injections for the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial. Ann Int Med 2013;159:309-317. 26. Peters-Veluthamaningal C, Winters JC, Groenier KH, Meyboom-de Jong B. Randomised controlled trial of local corticosteroid injections for carpal tunnel syndrome in general practice. BMC family practice 2010;11:54. 27. Wu YT, Ho TY, Chou YC, Ke MJ, Li TY, Tsai CK, et al. Six-month efficacy of perineural dextrose for carpal tunnel syndrome: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlledtrial. Mayo Clinic proceedings 2017;92:1179-1189. 28. Kirwan J. Is there a place for intra-articular hyaluronate in osteoarthritis of the knee? The Knee 2001;8:93-101. 29. Saltzman BM, Leroux T, Meyer MA, Basques BA, Chahal J, Bach BR, Jr., et al. The therapeutic effect of intra-articular normal saline injections for knee osteoarthritis: Ameta-analysis of evidence level 1 studies. The American journal of sports medicine 2017;45:2647-2653. 30. Padua L, Padua R, Aprile I, Pasqualetti P, Tonali P. Multiperspective follow-up of untreated carpal tunnel syndrome: a multicenter study. Neurology. 2001;56(11):1459­ 66 31. Ortiz-Corredor F, Enriquez F, Diaz-Ruiz J, Calambas N. Natural evolution of carpal tunnel syndrome in untreated patients. Clinical neurophysiology: official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology 2008;119:1373-1378 32. Gordon T, Brushart TM, Chan KM. Augmenting nerve regeneration with electrical stimulation. Neurol Res 2008; 30:1012- 1022. 33. Aulisa L, Tamburrelli F, Padua R, Romanini E, Lo Monaco M, Padua L. Carpal tunnel syndrome: Indication for surgical treatment based on electrophysiologic study. J Hand Surg Am 1998; 23:687-691. 34. Peters-Veluthamaningal C, Winters JC, Groenier KH, Meyboom- de Jong B. Randomised controlled trial of local corticosteroid injections for carpal tunnel syndrome in general practice. BMC Fam Pract. 2010;11:54. 35. Girlanda P, Dattola R, Venuto C, Mangiapane R, Nicolosi C, Messina C. Local steroid treatment in idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome: short- and longterm efficacy. J Neurol. 1993; 240(3):187- 190. 36. Karadas¸ Ö, Tok F, Ulas¸ UH, Odabas¸i Z. The effectiveness of triamcinolone acetonide vs. procaine hydrochloride injection in the management of carpal tunnel syndrome: a double blind randomized clinical trial. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2011; 90(4):287-292. 128 LA PRENSA MÉDICA ARGENTINA Ultrasound-Guided hydrodissection for treatment of Patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome V.107/Nº 2 de la inyección. Clasificamos estas inyecciones en dos grupos según la solución salina normal más corticosteroide (grupo de esteroides). solución salina normal (grupo de control) y también registramos datos clínicos que incluyen el sexo, la edad, el lado de la inyección, el peso corporal y la duración de las molestias relacionadas con el STC antes de la inyección. Los resultados se midieron mediante la escala analógica visual que se asignó para evaluar el resultado primario. Los resultados secundarios se evaluaron mediante el cuestionario del síndrome del túnel carpiano de Boston, el área transversal del nervio mediano y estudios electrofisiológicos. La evaluación se realizó antes de la inyección y 1, 3 y 6 meses después de la inyección, y se comparó el alivio de los síntomas de los pacientes que recibieron la inyección de solución salina normal y de esteroides. Comparamos las hidrodisecciones con la solución salina normal y las inyecciones de corticosteroides; los datos clínicos, la preinyección de CSA-MN en la entrada del túnel carpiano y las puntuaciones de BCTQ antes de la inyección no mostraron diferencias significativas entre los grupos (p> 0,05). Todos los pacientes (datos de 30 muñecas en cada grupo) completaron el estudio. En comparación con el grupo de control, en todos los momentos posteriores a la inyección, ambos grupos tuvieron una reducción significativa del dolor y la discapacidad, una mejoría en las medidas de respuesta electrofisiológica y una disminución del área transversal del nervio mediano. Nuestro estudio revela que la solución salina normal guiada por ecografía con y sin hidrodisección de corticosteroides tiene un efecto terapéutico en los pacientes con STC. Se demostró que la hidrodisección nerviosa es potencialmente beneficiosa para los pacientes con STC antes de la cirugía. La hidrodisección es un procedimiento simple y mínimamente invasivo que se puede realizar utilizando únicamente NS. Además, en comparación con la inyección a ciegas, la hidrodisección bajo guía ecográfica puede reducir las posibilidades de lesión nerviosa.

The study aimed to compare Ultrasound-Guided Normal saline plus steroid hydrodissection group and Ultrasound-Guided normal saline alone hydrodissection group in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), and to determine their clinical relevance in relation to treatment outcomes. We performed 60 US-guided hydrodissections Normal saline with and without corticosteroid injections in 51 patients with CTS and evaluated their pre- and post-injection US findings. We categorized these injections into two groups based on the normal saline plus corticosteroid (steroid group). normal saline (control group) and we also recorded clinical data including gender, age, side of injection, BW, and the duration of pre-injection CTS related discomfort. The outcomes were measured using the visual analog scale was assigned to assess the primary outcome. The secondary outcomes were assessed using the Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire, cross-sectional area of the median nerve, and electrophysiological studies. The assessment was performed prior to injection, and 1, 3, and 6 months' post-injection, and the symptom relief for the patients receiving normal saline and steroid injection were compared. We compared hydrodissections with normal saline and corticosteroid injections the clinical data, pre injection CSA-MN at the inlet of the carpal tunnel, and pre-injection BCTQ scores showed no significant intergroup differences (p > 0.05). All patients (data from 30 wrists in each group) completed the study. Compared both the control group, at all post-injection time points, both groups had a significant reduction in pain and disability, improvement on electrophysiological response measures, and decreased cross-sectional area of the median nerve. Our study reveals that ultrasound-guided Normal saline with and without corticosteroid hydrodissection has therapeutic effect in patients CTS. Nerve hydrodissection was shown to be potentially beneficial for CTS patients' pre-surgery. Hydrodissection is a simple, minimally invasive procedure that can be performed using only NS. In addition, compared to blind injection, hydrodissection under ultrasound guidance can lower the chances of nerve injury.

Humans , Steroids/therapeutic use , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/therapy , Ultrasonography , Treatment Outcome , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Dissection , Saline Solution/therapeutic use , Injections
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(1): 54-58, jan.-abr. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252879


O objetivo deste estudo é relatar de forma descritiva e qualitativa a experiência vivida durante as dissecações nas monitorias de anatomia humana sob a ótica do aluno-monitor. O estudo baseou-se no levantamento bibliográfico de artigos científicos encontrados nas plataformas BVS, Scielo e Google Acadêmico entre os anos de 2014 e 2019. As dissecações foram realizadas após a aprovação da instituição. Foi utilizado um cadáver masculino conservado em formaldeído a 10%, a seleção do cadáver foi realizada com base na integridade e conservação da cabeça. O foco do estudo foi a dissecação da ATM e regiões circunjacentes. Após a excisão da pele, tela subcutânea, elementos vasculonervosos, músculos e ossos foi possível expor a área alvo. O cadáver dissecado foi incorporado às monitoras de anatomia do curso de Odontologia e outros cursos da instituição nos semestres 2018.2 e 2019.1, bem como nos semestres seguintes, permitindo que peças que não disponíveis nos laboratórios fossem utilizadas como complemento ao aprendizado em anatomia. Dessa forma, foi possível atingir os objetivos deste estudo, que pode contribuir para o crescimento acadêmico do aluno-monitor, especialmente de habilidades manuais, fundamentais na prática de procedimentos cirúrgicos durante a vida profissional, bem como dos discentes, sendo beneficiados com uma forma mais atrativa de aprendizado. Contudo, isso não é realidade da maioria das instituições brasileiras, onde nota-se carência de dissecações e estudos com peças anatômicas. Por fim, notou-se poucas publicações acerca do tema, o que levou a realização deste estudo. Assim sendo, mais estudos devem ser realizados(AU)

The objective of this study is to describe in a descriptive and qualitative way the experience lived during dissections in the monitoring of human anatomy from the perspective of the student-monitor. The study was based on a bibliographic survey of scientific articles found on the VHL, Scielo and Google Scholar platforms between the years 2014 and 2019. The dissections were carried out after the institution's approval. A male cadaver preserved in 10% formaldehyde was used, the selection of the corpse was carried out based on the integrity and conservation of the head. The focus of the study was the dissection of the TMJ and surrounding regions. After excision of the skin, subcutaneous mesh, vasculonervous elements, muscles and bones, it was possible to expose the target area. The dissected corpse was incorporated into the anatomy monitors of the Dentistry course and other courses of the institution in the semesters 2018.2 and 2019.1, as well as in the following semesters, allowing pieces that were not available in the laboratories to be used as a complement to learning in anatomy. Thus, it was possible to achieve the objectives of this study, which can contribute to the academic growth of the studentmonitor, especially of manual skills, fundamental in the practice of surgical procedures during professional life, as well as of students, being benefited with a more attractive learning. However, this is not the reality of most Brazilian institutions, where there is a lack of dissections and studies with anatomical pieces. Finally, there were few publications on the topic, which led to the realization of this study. Therefore, more studies should be performed(AU)

Dissection , Anatomy/education , Dissection/education , Education, Dental , Anatomy , Learning
CorSalud ; 13(1): 100-103, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345926


RESUMEN La disección de la aorta abdominal tiene una baja incidencia, se produce a partir de una laceración, desgarro o rotura intimal, con la consecuente separación longitudinal de las capas de la pared y la aparición de una falsa luz con flujo en su interior. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 67 años de edad con antecedentes de hipertensión arterial, sin tratamiento regular, que acudió al cuerpo de guardia del Hospital Salvador Allende (La Habana, Cuba) por presentar dolor abdominal con irradiación a fosa ilíaca izquierda y espalda, de una semana de duración, que no aliviaba con los analgésicos habituales. Se le realizó ultrasonido abdominal y se encontró una dilatación aneurismática de la aorta abdominal, con signos de disección hacia la ilíaca derecha; por lo que se realizó angiotomografía que confirmó el diagnóstico. Se realizó baipás aorto-ilíaco con fenestración en aorta abdominal y anastomosis término-terminal en ambas arterias ilíacas.

ABSTRACT Abdominal aortic dissection has a low incidence. It may happen when a small tear or rupture occurs in the tunica intima, dividing the wall layers and forming a false channel, or lumen with blood flow inside. We present the case of a 67-year-old man with a history of high blood pressure, with no regular treatment, who sought care at the Hospital Salvador Allende (Havana, Cuba) as he presented with a week-long abdominal pain radiating to the left iliac fossa and back, which was not relieved by the usual analgesics. An abdominal ultrasound was performed which found an aneurysmal dilatation of the abdominal aorta, with signs of dissection towards the right iliac artery; therefore, computed tomography angiography (CTA) was performed and the diagnosis was confirmed. He underwent aorto-iliac bypass with abdominal-aortic-fenestration and end-to-end anastomosis in both iliac arteries.

Aorta, Abdominal , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Dissection , Aortic Dissection