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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880776


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effect of arctiin with anti-inflammatory bioactivity against triptolide-induced nephrotoxicity in rats and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Forty SD rats were divided into 4 groups for gastric lavage of normal saline, arctiin (500 mg/kg), triptolide (500 μg/kg), or both arctiin (500 mg/kg) and triptolide (500 μg/kg). Blood samples were collected for analysis of biochemical renal parameters, and the renal tissues were harvested for determining the kidney index and for pathological evaluation with HE staining. In the @*RESULTS@#In SD rats, arctiin significantly antagonized triptolide-induced elevation of BUN, Scr and kidney index (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Arctiin can protect the kidney from triptolide-induced damages in rats possibly through the anti-inflammatory pathway.

Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Diterpenes/toxicity , Epoxy Compounds/toxicity , Furans , Glucosides , Kidney/drug effects , Phenanthrenes/toxicity , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2005 Jul; 43(7): 640-5
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-55612


To investigate the effect of bacosides (alcoholic extract of brahmi) on scopolamine (3 mg kg(-1), ip), sodium nitrite (75 mg kg(-1), ip) and BN52021 (15 mg kg(-1), ip) induced experimental amnesia in mice, using Morris water maze test, all the agents were administered 30 min before the acquisition trials on each day and repeated for 4 consecutive days, and on 5th day during the retrieval trials. Bacosides on anterograde administration (before training) in mice, significantly decreased the escape latency time (ELT) during the acquisition trials for 4 consecutive days and increased the time spent (TS) in target quadrant during the retrieval trials on 5th day, and on retrograde administration (after training) bacosides were found not to affect TS significantly. Bacosides also significantly decreased the ELT and increased the TS in mice treated anterogradely with scopolamine and sodium nitrite. Bacosides did not exhibit any significant effect on TS of mice treated retrogradely with sodium nitrite. On the other hand, bacosides significantly increased the TS of mice treated retrogradely with BN52021. On the basis of the present results it can be concluded that bacosides facilitate anterograde memory and attenuate anterograde experimental amnesia induced by scopolamine and sodium nitrite possibly by improving acetylcholine level and hypoxic conditions, respectively. Beside this bacosides also reversed BN52021 induced retrograde amnesia, probably due to increase in platelet activating factor (PAF) synthesis by enhancing cerebral glutamate level.

Amnesia/chemically induced , Animals , Bacopa , Diterpenes/toxicity , Female , Ginkgolides , Lactones/toxicity , Male , Maze Learning/drug effects , Memory/drug effects , Mice , Phytotherapy , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Saponins/pharmacology , Scopolamine/toxicity , Sodium Nitrite/toxicity , Triterpenes/pharmacology
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 37(supl.2): 96-97, 2004. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-723328


Clinical and experimental studies have consistently incriminated the medicinal plant germander (Teucrium chamaedrys L.) in epidemic and sporadic cases of liver diseases. The sacaca (Croton cajucara Benth), a common plant in Brazilian Amazon region also comes being incriminated in similar clinical cases. Of both plants were isolated diterpenoid coumpounds with similar chemical structures.

Estudos clínicos e experimentais tem incriminado, de forma consistente, na França, a planta medicinal germander (Teucrium chamaedrys L.) em casos esporádicos ou epidêmicos de hepatopatias. A Sacaca (Croton cajucara Benth), uma planta comum na Amazônia brasileira, também vem sendo incriminada em casos clínicos semelhantes. De ambas as plantas, foram isolados diterpenóides com estruturas químicas semelhantes.

Humans , Croton/toxicity , Diterpenes/isolation & purification , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/etiology , Teucrium/toxicity , Croton/chemistry , Diterpenes/chemistry , Diterpenes/toxicity , Teucrium/chemistry
Säo Paulo; s.n; 2001. 130 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-289838


Espécies do gênero Copaifera (Leguminosae) são nativas de regiões tropicais da América Latina e África. No Brasil, seu óleo-resina é amplamente utilizado em medicina popular como antiinflamatório, antisséptico e cicatrizante. No presente trabalho, avaliou-se, em uma primeira fase, a atividade antiinflamatória em modelo experimental agudo das seguintes amostras de óleo-resina: comercial, gentilmente cedida pela empresa Pronatus, Copaifera reticulata, C. multijuga e C. paupera. As amostras foram administradas pela via oral, sendo selecionada, das amostras identificadas botanicamente, a C. reticulata por apresentarem maior atividade. A amostra comercial também foi ensaiada no modelo experimental acima...

Animals , Rats , Mice , Alkaloids/analysis , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Diterpenes/toxicity , Herbal Medicine , Nystatin/administration & dosage , Croton Oil/administration & dosage , Plant Oils/chemistry , Plants, Medicinal/toxicity , Resins/chemistry , Sesquiterpenes/toxicity , Chromatography, Gas , Mass Spectrometry , Toxicity Tests