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1.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 35(1): 13-17, mar. 2024. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551652

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el divertículo de Meckel es la anomalía congénita más frecuente del tracto gastrointestinal. Puede presentarse con hemorragia, obstrucción intestinal o diverticulitis, complicaciones que disminuyen con la edad, por lo que en el adulto el diagnóstico suele ser incidental. El tratamiento de las complicaciones es quirúrgico, mediante diverticulectomía o resección segmentaria del intestino delgado, dependiendo de sus características morfológicas. Objetivo: analizar nuestra experiencia en el manejo del divertículo de Meckel complicado en un período de 15 años. Diseño: estudio descriptivo, observacional, transversal, retrospectivo. Material y métodos: se revisaron las historias clínicas de los pacientes operados por divertículo de Meckel complicado en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital San Roque durante el periodo 2007-2022. Se registraron datos demográficos, presentación clínica, diagnóstico preoperatorio, tratamiento quirúrgico, complicaciones postoperatorias y hallazgos histopatológicos. Resultados: se incluyeron 25 pacientes, 21 (84%) hombres, 3 menores de 18 años. La presentación clínica fue un síndrome de fosa iliaca derecha en el 80% de los casos, obstrucción intestinal en el 16% y hemorragia en el 4%. En solo 2 casos se realizó el diagnóstico preoperatorio, confirmado mediante tomografía computada. Se realizó diverticulectomía en el 68% de los pacientes y resección segmentaria el 32%. El abordaje fue laparotómico en el 64%, principalmente en el periodo inicial y laparoscópico en el 36%. Hubo una complicación IIIb de Clavien-Dindo en un paciente pediátrico tratado con drenaje percutáneo. En un solo paciente (4%), que se presentó con hemorragia digestiva masiva, se encontró epitelio de tipo gástrico y páncreas ectópico en el divertículo. Conclusiones: En nuestra experiencia el divertículo de Meckel complicado se presentó predominantemente en hombres. La complicación más frecuente en el adulto fue la diverticulitis. El diagnóstico preoperatorio fue infrecuente y realizado por tomografía computada. La diverticulectomía es suficiente en la mayoría de los casos. Actualmente, la laparoscopia es una herramienta segura, rentable y eficiente que permite el diagnóstico y tratamiento oportunos de esta entidad. (AU)


Introduction: Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital malformation of the gastrointestinal tract. It can present with bleeding, intesti-nal obstruction or diverticulitis, complications that decrease with age, so in adults the diagnosis is usually incidental. Treatment of complications is surgical, through diverticulectomy or segmental resection of the small intestine, depending on its morphological characteristics. Objective: to analyze our experience in the management of complicated Meckel's diverticulum over a period of 15 years. Design: descriptive, observational, cross-sectional, retrospective study. Materials and methods: the medical records of patients operated on for complicated Meckel's diverticulum in the General Surgery Service of the San Roque Hospital during the period 2007-2022 were reviewed. Demo-graphic data, clinical presentation, preoperative diagnosis, surgical treatment, postoperative complications, and histopathological findings were recorded. Results: twenty-five patients were included, 21 (84%) men, 3 under 18 years of age. The clinical presentation was a right iliac fossa syndrome in 80% of cases, intestinal obstruction in 16% and hemorrhage in 4%. In only 2 cases was the preoperative diagnosis made, confirmed by computed tomography. Diverticulectomy was performed in 68% of patients and segmental resection in 32%. The approach was by laparotomy in 64%, mainly in the initial period, and by laparoscopy in 36%. There was a Clavien-Dindo IIIb complication in a pediatric patient treated with percutaneous drain-age. In only one patient (4%), who presented with massive gastrointestinal bleeding, gastric-type epithelium and ectopic pancreas were found in the diverticulum. Conclusions: In our experience, complicated Meckel's diverticulum occurred predominantly in men. The most frequent complication in adults was diverticulitis. Preoperative diagnosis was infrequent and was made by computed tomography. Diverticulectomy is sufficient in most cases. Currently, laparoscopy is a safe, profitable and efficient tool that allows for the timely diagnosis and treatment of this entity. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Laparoscopy/methods , Diverticulitis , Meckel Diverticulum/surgery , Meckel Diverticulum/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Age and Sex Distribution
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(2): 231-244, 20240220. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532579

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los datos epidemiológicos de la diverticulitis en Colombia son limitados. El objetivo de este artículo fue caracterizar una población que ingresó con diverticulitis aguda al Hospital Universitario San Vicente Fundación, un centro de referencia de la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia, para analizar la presentación y comportamiento de la enfermedad en la población local, con estadísticas propias y desenlaces de la enfermedad en los últimos años. Métodos. Estudio observacional retrospectivo, descriptivo, entre enero de 2015 y diciembre de 2019. Se hizo un estudio exploratorio uni-, bi- y multivariado de factores de riesgo para fallo en el tratamiento y la mortalidad. Resultados. Se incluyeron 103 pacientes. Se presentó principalmente en mujeres y la edad promedio fue de 65 años. La diverticulitis Hinchey Ia fue la más frecuente (41,7 %) y el manejo médico fue exitoso en todos los casos, mientras que en las tipo III y IV, todos se manejaron de forma quirúrgica, con tasas de éxito entre el 50 y el 64 %. La presencia de signos de irritación peritoneal al examen físico, el recuento de leucocitos y la PCR, el ingreso a la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos y la mortalidad aumentaron de forma directamente proporcional con el estadio de Hinchey. Conclusiones. Existe una relación directamente proporcional entre la clasificación de Hinchey y los signos de respuesta inflamatoria clínicos y paraclínicos, la necesidad de manejo quirúrgico, la estancia en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos y la mortalidad.


Introduction. Epidemiological data on diverticulitis in Colombia are limited. The objective of this article was to characterize a population that was admitted with acute diverticulitis to the San Vicente Fundación University Hospital, a reference center in the city of Medellín, Colombia, to analyze the presentation and behavior of the disease in the local population, with its own statistics, and outcomes of the disease in recent years. Methods. Retrospective descriptive observational study between January 2015 and December 2019. An exploratory uni-, bi- and multivariate study of risk factors for treatment failure and mortality was performed. Results. A total of 103 patients were included. The most frequent Hinchey classification was Ia (41.7%). It occurs mainly in women, mean age 65 years. Hinchey Ia diverticulitis is the most frequent and medical management is successful in 100% of cases; while in III and IV, 100% were managed surgically with success rates between 50 and 64%. The presence of peritoneal signs on physical examination, leukocyte count and CRP, ICU admission and mortality increased directly proportional with Hinchey stage. Conclusions. There is a directly proportional relationship between Hinchey staging with clinical and paraclinical signs of inflammatory response, need for surgical management, ICU stay and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diverticulitis , Diverticulum, Colon , Diverticular Diseases , Diverticulosis, Colonic , Diagnosis , Conservative Treatment
3.
Rev. venez. cir ; 76(2): 129-132, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1553887

ABSTRACT

La diverticulosis cecal es una entidad poco común, representando el 3,6% de los casos de enfermedad diverticular y su complicación más frecuente es la diverticulitis. Caso clínico : Presentamos el caso de un paciente de 79 años quien consultó por presentar dolor en fosa ilíaca derecha, náuseas y escalofríos; laboratorio leucocitos 16900uL (neutrófilos 79%), proteína C reactiva 4,51mg/l. Se realiza laparoscopia evidenciando tumor de ciego de 2 x 3cm de coloración violácea con signos de inflamación pericecal, se realizó hemicolectomía derecha. El informe histopatológico informó divertículo verdadero isquémico de ciego. Conclusión : La diverticulitis cecal es una patología poco frecuente que puede presentarse como un abdomen agudo, por lo que se debe mantener un alto índice de sospecha en pacientes mayores de 40 años de edad. El abordaje laparoscópico es un método seguro y eficaz para el diagnóstico y tratamiento de estos pacientes(AU)


Cecal diverticulosis is an uncommon condition, representing 3.6% of diverticular disease cases, with its most common complication being diverticulitis. Case report: We present the case of a 79-year-old patient who consulted for right iliac fossa pain, nausea, and chills; laboratory findings showing a white blood cell count of 16,900/µL (neutrophils 79%) and C-reactive protein of 4.51 mg/L. Laparoscopy revealed a 2 x 3 cm purple-colored cecal tumor with signs of pericecal inflammation, right hemicolectomy was performed. Histopathological analysis confirmed a true ischemic cecal diverticulum. Conclusion: Cecal diverticulitis is an infrequent condition that can mimic an acute abdomen, necessitating a high index of suspicion, especially in patients over 40 years of age. Laparoscopic approach proves to be a safe and effective method for diagnosis and treatment in these patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Diverticulitis
4.
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(2): 181-184, jun. 2022. graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1387603

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La diverticulitis apendicular (DA) es una patología poco frecuente, considerada clínicamente indistinguible de la apendicitis aguda, aunque podría presentar una sintomatología más leve. Este es el caso de un paciente masculino de 59 años, que concurre al Servicio de Urgencias presentando signos y síntomas sugestivos de una apendicitis aguda; una ecografía informa un asa tubular parcialmente compresible de 7,8 mm de diámetro y una fina banda de líquido laminar, compatible con proceso apendicular agudo. La apendicectomía se realizó de manera convencional evidenciándose un apéndice inflamado principalmente en su región distal. La histología reveló diverticulitis apendicular complicada con rotura. El paciente evolucionó favorablemente y se externó a las 24 horas. Existe una asociación de DA y neoplasia apendicular, por lo que se recomienda una colonoscopia y el seguimiento de este tipo de pacientes.


ABSTRACT Appendiceal diverticulitis (AD) is a rare condition considered clinically identical to acute appendicitis although it may present milder symptoms. We report the case of a 59-year-old male patient who visited the emergency department due to signs and symptoms suggestive of acute appendicitis. An abdominal ultrasound showed partially compressible tubular loop with a diameter of 7.8 mm and a thin band of laminar fluid, consistent with acute appendiceal process. During conventional appendectomy the appendix had signs of inflammation, mainly in the distal region. The histology revealed appendiceal diverticulitis complicated with rupture. The patient had favorable outcome and was discharged 24 hours later. As, there is a clear association between AD and appendiceal neoplasms, colonoscopy and patient monitoring is recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Appendicitis/diagnostic imaging , Diverticulitis/diagnosis , Appendectomy , Appendicitis/surgery , Diagnosis, Differential , Diverticulitis/pathology , Ilium/pathology
5.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(1)mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408232

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La diverticulitis aguda es la complicación más frecuente de la enfermedad diverticular del colon y causa de ingresos hospitalarios. Su tratamiento ha sido evaluado en los últimos años y muestra una tendencia a limitar el tratamiento quirúrgico y potenciar el de tipo conservador. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión sobre la aplicabilidad, la seguridad y la eficacia del tratamiento ambulatorio de la diverticulitis aguda no complicada en pacientes seleccionados. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica en fuentes de información disponibles en las bases de datos SciELO, Medline (Pubmed), así como Google académico, donde se escogieron un total de 36 referencias. Desarrollo: Históricamente los pacientes diagnosticados de diverticulitis aguda han sido internados en centros hospitalarios para estudio y tratamiento dietético, antibiótico y analgésico. En los últimos años ha crecido la tendencia en el mundo a tratar estos pacientes de forma ambulatoria una vez comprobado que no se encuentra complicada, lo que ha demostrado con nivel de evidencia, que estos logran presentar una evolución favorable sin necesidad de ingreso, con menos gastos para el sistema de salud. Conclusiones: El tratamiento ambulatorio de la diverticulitis aguda no complicada no solo es eficaz y seguro, sino también aplicable en la mayoría de los pacientes, siempre que toleren la ingesta oral y dispongan de un entorno familiar adecuado(AU)


Introduction: Acute diverticulitis is the most frequent complication of diverticular colon disease and cause of hospitalizations. Its treatment has been assessed in recent years; there is a tendency to limit surgical treatment and promote conservative treatment instead. Objective: To review the applicability, safety and efficacy of outpatient treatment of acute uncomplicated diverticulitis in selected patients. Methods: A bibliographic review was carried out in sources of information available in the SciELO and Medline (Pubmed) databases, as well as in Google Scholar, by means of which a total of 36 references were selected. Development: Historically speaking, patients diagnosed with acute diverticulitis have been admitted to hospitals for study and dietary, antibiotic and analgesic treatment. In recent years, there has been a growing tendency worldwide to treat these patients on an outpatient basis once it has been proven that the condition is not complicated, which has shown, with level of evidence, that patients present a favorable evolution without the need for admission, with less expenses for the health system. Conclusions: Outpatient treatment of acute uncomplicated diverticulitis is not only effective and safe, but also applicable in most patients, given that they can tolerate oral intake and have an adequate family environment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Colon/injuries , Diverticulitis/therapy , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic , Treatment Outcome
6.
San Salvador; s.n; 2022. 45 p.
Thesis in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1425836

ABSTRACT

El procedimiento de Hartmann es una intervención quirúrgica resectiva de colon sigmoides, que de manera protocolaria se realiza en patología abdominal aguda en situaciones como la Diverticulitis Complicada. La derivación de la continuidad del tránsito intestinal (colostomía) y el cierre del remanente colorrectal (muñon rectal) forma parte a la descripción de tal procedimiento quirúrgico. La reconstrucción electiva del tránsito intestinal posterior a 6 meses de la derivación colónica, por medio de anastomosis colorrectal, corresponde al seguimiento y parte del tratamiento de la resolución del cuadro de peritonitis diverticular inicial complicado. Al seguimiento rutinario de un paciente en la consulta externa de coloproctología; durante la evaluación en la proctoscopia del muñon rectal, se evidencia como hallazgo incidental la presencia de un pólipo pediculado con característica histológica displasica de alto grado en su estudio anatomopatológico; en la cual esta descrita ampliamente como neoplasia con progresión a malignidad. Además de múltiples pólipos inflamatorios con cambios crónicos de su mucosa rectal. Ante los factores de riesgo y antecedentes personales de paciente, se decide realizar la escicion del remanente rectal. Existen poca literatura que reporte lesiones adenomatosas en muñones de recto, por enfermedad diverticular. Las hay descritas comúnmente en colitis crónicas de origen inespecífico, en enfermedad de Chron o pacientes con antecedentes de poliposis de origen familiar. Este paciente describe la inusual presentación de un adenoma con cambios histológicos importantes, así como también cambios crónicos inflamatorios de su mucosa rectal posterior a patología Diverticular complicada, en un tiempo de 12 meses.


The Hartmann procedure is a resective surgical intervention of the sigmoid colon, which is performed by protocol in acute abdominal pathology in situations such as Complicated Diverticulitis. Derivation of continuity of intestinal transit (colostomy) and closure of the colorectal remnant (rectal stump) is part of the description of such a surgical procedure. The elective reconstruction of the intestinal transit after 6 months of the colonic bypass, by means of colorectal anastomosis, corresponds to the follow-up and part of the treatment of the resolution of the initial complicated picture.To the routine follow-up of a patient in an outpatient coloproctology consultation; During the proctoscopy evaluation of the rectal stump, the presence of a pedunculated polyp with a high-grade dysplastic histological characteristic was evidenced as an incidental finding in its anatomopathological study; in which it is widely described as a neoplasm with progression to malignancy. In addition to multiple inflammatory polyps with chronic changes of its rectal mucosa. Given the risk factors and personal history of the patient, it was decided to perform the excision of the rectal remnant. There is little literature that reports adenomatous lesions in rectal stumps due to diverticular disease. They are commonly described in chronic colitis of non-specific origin, in Chron's disease or patients with a history of polyposis of family origin. This patient describes the unusual presentation of an adenoma with important histological changes, as well as chronic inflammatory changes of his rectal mucosa after complicated Diverticular pathology, in a period of 12 months.


Subject(s)
Diverticulitis , Adenoma , Colitis
8.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 394-398, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345296

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Diverticulitis is an acute inflammatory process that affects individuals with diverticular disease. Given the sharp increase in the diagnostic rate of such a pathological process, there was also an increased interest in elucidating the possible causes related to the development of this clinical condition. Among the main factors investigated, diet excels, the object of study of this integrative literature review. METHODS: After searching the virtual health library and PubMed databases, five prospective cohort studies were selected that best answered the guiding question: "Is there a relationship between diet and the incidence of diverticulitis?". RESULTS: It was observed that the high intake of red meat and the low intake of dietary fiber were the most strongly associated dietary factors with the incidence of this inflammatory process. CONCLUSION: Therefore, it is evident that choosing healthy eating habits can considerably reduce the incidence of diverticulitis and, consequently, potentially more serious complications directly related to it.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A diverticulite é um processo inflamatório agudo que afeta indivíduos com doença diverticular. Diante do acentuado aumento da taxa diagnóstica desse processo patológico, também houve o aumento do interesse em elucidar as possíveis causas relacionadas ao desenvolvimento dessa condição clínica. Entre os principais fatores investigados, destaca-se a dieta; objeto de estudo desta revisão integrativa da literatura. MÉTODOS: Após pesquisa nas bases de dados da biblioteca virtual em saúde e PubMed, foram selecionados cinco estudos de coorte prospectivos que melhor responderam à questão norteadora "Há relação entre dieta e incidência de diverticulite?". RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se que o alto consumo de carnes vermelhas e o baixo consumo de fibra alimentar são os fatores dietéticos mais fortemente associados à incidência desse processo inflamatório. Fica evidente, portanto, que a escolha de hábitos alimentares saudáveis pode reduzir consideravelmente a incidência de diverticulite e, consequentemente, de possíveis complicações mais graves diretamente relacionadas a ela.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diverticulitis/etiology , Dietary Fiber , Prospective Studies , Diet/adverse effects , Feeding Behavior
9.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(3): 322-328, jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388819

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad diverticular es muy prevalente con gran repercusión económica y médica. A pesar de las múltiples guías para protocolizar el diagnóstico y tratamiento no existe unanimidad en su manejo. Hemos realizado una revisión actualizada con el objetivo de analizar los nuevos estudios de esta enfermedad, para manejarla adecuadamente y realizar el tratamiento más adecuado en cada momento. La enfermedad diverticular tiene un componente hereditario (40%) y presenta una relación directa con la dieta pobre en fibra, la obesidad, el consumo de carne roja, la inactividad, el alcohol y los AINEs. Por su clínica inespecífica, es difícil realizar un diagnóstico diferencial. La ecografía y el TC abdominal son métodos apropiados para el diagnóstico y se recomienda una colonoscopia de manera precoz (4ᵃ-8ᵃ semana) tras el cuadro agudo. La clasificación más seguida es la de Hinchey. En el tratamiento médico de la diverticulosis sintomática no se ha demostrado evidencia clara de ningún medicamento. La diverticulitis aguda no complicada se puede manejar ambulatoriamente y no es necesario el uso de antibióticos en pacientes sin factores de riesgo. En la diverticulitis complicada se tiende a un manejo conservador, aunque en el Hinchey III y IV el tratamiento es quirúrgico, recomendando la resección de la zona afecta y si es posible anastomosis con o sin estoma de protección. No se recomienda el lavado y drenaje en el Hinchey III. Hay que consensuar tratamiento de forma individualizada ya que no se recomienda tratamiento quirúrgico por el número de recurrencias ni por edad del paciente.


The diverticular disease is a prevalent condition with a great economic and medical repercussion. Despite the multiple guidelines available to protocolize diagnosis and treatment, there is not unanimity in its management. We have carried out an updated review with the aim of analyzing new studies of the disease, to manage it properly and to carry out the most appropriate treatment at each time. Diverticular disease has an inherited component (40%) and it is directly related to low fiber diet, obesity, consumption of red meat, inactivity, alcohol and NSAIDs. Due to its nonspecific symptoms, it is difficult to make a differential diagnosis. Ultrasound and abdominal CT are appropriate methods for diagnosis and early colonoscopy is recommended (4th-8th week) after acute symptoms. The most followed classification is the Hinchey Score. There is no clear evidence of the superiority of any drug in the treatment of symptomatic diverticulosis. Acute uncomplicated diverticulitis can be managed on an outpatient and the use of antibiotics is not necessary in patients without risk factors. Conservative management tends to be used in complicated diverticulitis, although in Hinchey III and IV the treatment is surgical, recommending resection of the affected area and, if possible, anastomosis with or without a protective stoma. Washing and draining is not recommended in the Hinchey III. Treatment must be agreed on an individual basis since surgical treatment is not recommended due to the number of recurrences or the age of the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diverticulitis/diagnosis , Diverticular Diseases/physiopathology , Diverticular Diseases/therapy , Patient Care Management , Risk Factors , Diverticulitis, Colonic/physiopathology
10.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(2): e1024, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280223

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El divertículo de Meckel es la anomalía congénita más frecuente del tracto gastrointestinal. Por lo general, cursa asintomático, y su diagnóstico es transoperatorio. Cuando presenta síntomas se deben a sus complicaciones, de las cuales la perforación constituye solo el 0,5 por ciento. Objetivo: Describir las características clínico-quirúrgicas de la presentación de un paciente con divertículo de Meckel perforado por cuerpo extraño. Caso clínico: Paciente adulto de 46 años de sexo masculino, piel blanca, que acude con dolor generalizado en el abdomen que se trasladó a Fosa Ilíaca Derecha, con febrícula. Se interviene quirúrgicamente y se halla divertículo de Meckel perforado por cuerpo extraño. Conclusiones: El pronóstico de esta enfermedad depende de la evolución, diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento aplicado en las distintas complicaciones, así como de la decisión de realizar tratamiento quirúrgico en los hallazgos casuales(AU)


Introduction: Meckel's diverticulum is the most frequent congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract. It is generally asymptomatic, with an intraoperative diagnosis. When it presents symptoms, they are due to its complications, of which perforation accounts for only 0.5 percent. Objective: To describe the clinical-surgical characteristics of a patient who presented with a Meckel's diverticulum perforated by a foreign body. Clinical case: 46-year-old adult patient of the male sex and white skin, who presents with generalized pain in the abdomen that moved to the right iliac fossa and low-grade fever. The patient underwent surgery and a Meckel's diverticulum was found, perforated by a foreign body. Conclusions: The prognosis of this disease depends on the evolution, early diagnosis and applied treatment according to the different complications, as well as on the decision to perform surgical treatment in accidental findings(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Gastrointestinal Tract/abnormalities , Diverticulitis/surgery , Foreign Bodies/etiology , Meckel Diverticulum/complications , Early Diagnosis
12.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(3): 300-308, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134997

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The management of Hinchey III diverticulitis has been subject to investigation over the years. Hartmann's procedure is widely referred as the standard treatment. However, this option is associated with relevant morbidity and mortality which motivated the arise of alternative interventions such as the laparoscopic peritoneal lavage. Aim: The aim of this review is to synthesize the evidence on the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic peritoneal lavage in the management of diverticulitis with generalized purulent peritonitis in comparison to resection procedures. Materials and methods: The bibliographic research was conducted using the electronic database Medline from Pubmed. Of the 358 articles identified, our criterious selection resulted in a total of 27 articles for review. Results: Overall, laparoscopic lavage revealed low mortality rates with no remarkable differences between procedures. The non-randomized studies tended to show lower recurrence and morbidity rates comparatively to the latest RCTs, in the lavage groups, however, no significant differences have been found. Discussion and conclusion: In this review, laparoscopic peritoneal lavage proved to be safe and comparatively effective, although not superior to resection, reaching mixed results. We believe it can be applied as a damage control operation to treat or as a bridge to elective resection. Still, more studies are needed to determine indications and factors for the success of laparoscopic lavage.


Resumo Introdução: O tratamento da diverticulite por Hinchey III tem sido objeto de investigação ao longo dos anos. A operação tipo Hartmann é amplamente referida como o tratamento padrão. No entanto, esta opção está associada à morbilidade e mortalidade relevante, o que motivou o surgimento de intervenções alternativas, como a lavagem peritoneal laparoscópica. Objetivo: O objetivo desta revisão é sintetizar a evidência sobre a segurança e a eficácia da lavagem peritoneal laparoscópica no tratamento da diverticulite com peritonite generalizada purulenta em comparação com os procedimentos de ressecção. Materiais e métodos: A pesquisa bibliográfica foi realizada na base de dados eletrónica Medline da Pubmed. Dos 358 artigos identificados, a nossa seleção criteriosa resultou num total de 27 artigos para revisão. Resultados: No geral, a lavagem laparoscópica revelou baixas taxas de mortalidade sem diferenças significativas entre os procedimentos. Os estudos não randomizados tenderam a mostrar menores taxas de recorrência e morbilidade comparativamente aos últimos ensaios clínicos randomizados, nos grupos submetidos à lavagem, no entanto, nenhuma diferença significativa foi encontrada. Discussão e conclusão: Nesta revisão, a lavagem peritoneal laparoscópica mostrou-se segura e comparativamente eficaz, embora não superior à ressecção, não alcançando resultados constantes. Nós acreditamos que pode ser aplicada como um procedimento de controlo de danos para tratamento ou como ponte para cirurgia eletiva. Ainda assim, são necessários mais estudos para determinar indicações e fatores para o sucesso da lavagem laparoscópica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritoneal Lavage , Laparoscopy/methods , Diverticulitis/therapy , Peritonitis , Treatment Outcome
13.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 84(4): 123-129, ago. 2020. tab, graf, il.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149664

ABSTRACT

Resumen La diverticulosis es una entidad que predomina en países occidentales. Su prevalencia aumenta con la edad, presentándose en aproximadamente el 80% de la población mayor de 85 años. Los divertículos colónicos adquiridos son herniaciones saculares de la mucosa y submucosa (pseudodivertículos) y predominan en sigma, en países occidentales; los congénitos poseen las tres capas parietales (divertículos verdaderos) y predominan en colon derecho, en países asiáticos. Aproximadamente un 10%-25% de dichos pacientes con diverticulosis presentarán a lo largo de su vida un cuadro de diverticulitis aguda, representando una de las causas más frecuentes de abdomen agudo (3,8%). Clínicamente, se expresa por dolor abdominal en fosa ilíaca izquierda (excepción en dolicosigma/divertículos congénitos derechos) y pueden presentar complicaciones como flemones, abscesos, pileflebitis, peritonitis, con consiguiente riesgo de vida. La tomografía computada (TC) permite el diagnóstico oportuno, identificación de complicaciones y planificación terapéutica. A dicho fin se establecieron diferentes clasificaciones y modificaciones, siendo la más reconocida la propuesta por Hinchey (modificada por Wasvary y col., Kaiser y col.) y otras estableciendo correlaciones con el tratamiento, como la propuesta por Sartelli y col. El objetivo del presente estudio es realizar una revisión iconográfica de esta última (Sartelli y col.) y evaluar sus implicancias terapéuticas.


Abstract Diverticular disease is an entity with high prevalence in western countries that increases with age, and affects approximately 80% of the population over 85 years of age. Acquired colonic diverticula are saccular mucosal and submucosal herniation (pseudodiverticles) and predominate in sigma, in western countries; the congenital ones possess the three parietal layers (true diverticula) and predominate in right side colon, in Asian countries. Approximately 10%-25% of patients with colonic diverticulosis, in their lifetime will present an episode of acute diverticulitis, which represents one of the most frequent causes of acute abdominal pain (3.8%). Clinically it express by abdominal pain in the left iliac fossa (exception in dolicosigma / right congenital diverticula) and may present complications such as phlegmon, abscesses, pylephlebitis, peritonitis, life threatening conditions. Computed tomography (CT) allows timely diagnosis, identification of complications and therapeutic planning. To this end, several classifications have been used, from which Hinchey's is the most renown (modified by Wasvary et al, Kaiser et al.), and other ones establish therapeutic correlation such as the one proposed by Sartelli et al. The objective of the present study is to make an iconographic review of this last one (Sartelli et al.) and to evaluate its therapeutic implications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Diverticulitis/classification , Diverticulitis/therapy , Diverticulitis/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Colon , Abdomen/diagnostic imaging
14.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(4): 347-349, ago. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138721

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los hongos dematiáceos se caracterizan por la presencia de abundante melanina en su pared celular. Presentan una distribución mundial, siendo más comunes en climas tropicales y subtropicales. Producen infecciones cutáneas y subcutáneas, además de enfermedades alérgicas, neumonías, abscesos cerebrales o infecciones diseminadas. Caso Clínico: Presentamos el caso de un paciente con adenocarcinoma de recto intervenido quirúrgicamente con hallazgo incidental de divertículo de Meckel y en el cual en el estudio anatomopatológico reveló la presencia de un hongo dematiáceo


Introduction: Dematiaceous fungi are characterized by the presence of brown melanine or melanine like pigments in their cell wall. They are generally distributed worldwide, being more common in tropical and subtropical climates. The clinical syndromes are often cutaneous and subcutaneous infections, but can be also responsible of allergic diseases, pneumonias, cerebral abscesses or disseminated infections. Clinical Case: We present the case of a patient with a diagnosis of rectal adenocarcinoma intervening surgically and with an incidental finding of Meckel's Diverticulum. The anatomopathological study revealed the presence of a dematiaceous fungi.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Diverticulitis/surgery , Alternaria/pathogenicity , Meckel Diverticulum/surgery , Colostomy/methods
15.
Rev. méd. Panamá ; 40(1): 36-40, ene.2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099765

ABSTRACT

El divertículo de Meckel complicado es poco frecuente en el adulto. Presentamos un paciente de 19 años de edad, con dolor abdominal de 11 horas de evolución, encon­ trando al realizar la laparotomía exploradora un divertículo de Meckel gigante, necrosa­ do y volvulado. Las presentaciones más frecuentes del divertículo de Meckel son la obstrucción intestinal y la diverticulitis, esta última da una sintomatología similar a la apendicitis aguda, por lo que al realizar la exploración quirúrgica y encontrar el apéndi­ ce cecal normal, se debe visualizar los últimos 180 cm de íleo terminal.


Meckel's diverticulum is rare in adults. We present a 19­year­old patient with abdominal pain of 11 hours of evolution, finding a giant Meckel diverticulum, necrotic and volvula­ ted, when performing the exploratory laparotomy. The most frequent presentations of Meckel's diverticulum are intestinal obstruction and diverticulitis, the latter being a symptomatology similar to acute appendicitis, surgical surgery and the normal cecal ap­ pendix, the last 180 cm of terminal ileum should be visualiz


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Meckel Diverticulum/surgery , Meckel Diverticulum/diagnosis , Meckel Diverticulum/history , Gastrointestinal Tract/pathology , Diverticulitis
16.
Clin. biomed. res ; 40(1): 27-32, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116850

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O fechamento de estomas, embora rotineiramente performado, ainda não pode ser considerado um procedimento simples. Nós reportamos, desta forma, a morbidade, mortalidade e fatores de riscos associados a este procedimento em um período de dez anos. Métodos: Revisão retrospectiva de 252 prontuários (149 homens; 103 mulheres), com uma média de 56 anos de idade (18 a 89 anos), que foram submetidos a fechamento de estomas, com análise de complicações clínicas e cirúrgicas, características relacionadas ao estoma, entre outros. Admissão em UTI, complicações precoces (até 30 dias) (classificação de Clavien-Dindo), e tardias, além de óbito, foram analisados. Os testes T de Student, ANOVA, Qui-Quadrado de Pearson, exato de Fischer e de Mann-Whitney foram utilizados para análise paramétrica e não-paramétrica. Resultados: Tumores colorretais (64%) e diverticulite (10%) foram as principais causas para a confecção do estoma. 112 (44,4%) dos pacientes tiveram pelo menos uma complicação cirúrgica. As complicações precoces foram infecção de ferida operatória (13%), fistula e deiscência anastomótica/intestinal (9%), abscessos de cavidade ou parede abdominais (8,3%); tardiamente houveram 36 casos de hérnia incisional (14,2%) e uma estenose intestinal (0,3%). Comorbidades levaram a 10% maior probabilidade de ter uma ou mais complicações cirúrgicas, e todas as cinco mortes ocorreram nestes pacientes (2%). Estomas de intestino grosso, maior tempo operatório e admissão em UTI estiveram significamente relacionados a aumento da morbidade. Conclusão: Pacientes com comorbidades e estomas de intestino grosso tiveram mais risco de complicações. Cuidados pré e perioperatórios, e melhor seleção de pacientes são importantes na redução da morbimortalidade.(AU)


Introduction: Although routinely performed, stoma closure cannot as yet be considered a simple procedure. We report here the morbidity, mortality and risk factors associated with this procedure over a 10-year period. Methods: The medical records of 252 patients (149 men; 103 women), with a mean age of 56 years (18 to 89 years), who underwent stoma closure were retrospectively reviewed for postoperative clinical and surgical complications, stoma-related features, among others. ICU admission, early surgical complications (within 30 days) according to the Clavien-Dindo classification, late surgical complications, and death were analyzed. Student's t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and MannWhitney U test were used for parametric and nonparametric data. Results: Colorectal tumors (64%) and diverticulitis (10%) were the main reasons for stoma surgery. Overall, 112 (44.4%) patients had at least one surgical complication. Early complications included surgical wound infection (13%), fistula and anastomotic/ intestinal dehiscence (9%), and abdominal wall or intra-abdominal abscesses (8.3%). Late complications included 36 (14.2%) cases of incisional hernia and one case (0.3%) of stricture. Patients with comorbidities were 10% more likely to have one or more surgical complications, and all 5 deaths occurred in these patients (2%). Large-bowel ostomies, longer operative time and ICU admission were significantly related to increased morbidity. Conclusion: Patients with an increased number of comorbidities and large-bowel ostomies are at higher risk for complications. Pre- and perioperative care and accurate patient selection are important to reduce morbidity and mortality.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Stomas/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Time Factors , Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Diverticulitis/surgery , Hypertension/epidemiology
17.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 33(3): e1546, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152618

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The Hartmann procedure remains the treatment of choice for most surgeons for the urgent surgical treatment of perforated diverticulitis; however, it is associated with high rates of ostomy non-reversion and postoperative morbidity. Aim: To study the results after the Hartmann vs. resection with primary anastomosis, with or without ileostomy, for the treatment of perforated diverticulitis with purulent or fecal peritonitis (Hinchey grade III or IV), and to compare the advantages between the two forms of treatment. Method: Systematic search in the literature of observational and randomized articles comparing resection with primary anastomosis vs. Hartmann's procedure in the emergency treatment of perforated diverticulitis. Analyze as primary outcomes the mortality after the emergency operation and the general morbidity after it. As secondary outcomes, severe morbidity after emergency surgery, rates of non-reversion of the ostomy, general and severe morbidity after reversion. Results: There were no significant differences between surgical procedures for mortality, general morbidity and severe morbidity. However, the differences were statistically significant, favoring primary anastomosis in comparison with the Hartmann procedure in the outcome rates of stoma non-reversion, general morbidity and severe morbidity after reversion. Conclusion: Primary anastomosis is a good alternative to the Hartmann procedure, with no increase in mortality and morbidity, and with better results in the operation for intestinal transit reconstruction.


RESUMO Racional: O procedimento a Hartmann permanece sendo o tratamento de escolha da maioria dos cirurgiões para o tratamento cirúrgico de urgência da diverticulite perfurada, entretanto está associado com altas taxas de não reversão da ostomia e de morbidade pós-operatória. Objetivo: Estudar os resultados após o procedimento de Hartmann vs. ressecção com anastomose primária, com ou sem ileostomia, para o tratamento da diverticulite perfurada com peritonite purulenta ou fecal (grau de Hinchey III ou IV), e comparar as vantagens entre as duas formas de tratamento. Método: Busca sistemática na literatura de artigos observacionais e randomizados comparando ressecção com anastomose primária vs. procedimento de Hartmann no tratamento de urgência da diverticulite perfurada. Analisar como desfechos primários a mortalidade após a operação de urgência e a morbidade geral após ela; como desfechos secundários, a morbidade severa após a operação de urgência, as taxas de não reversão da ostomia, a morbidade geral e severa após a reversão. Resultados: Não houve diferenças significativas entre os procedimentos cirúrgicos para mortalidade, morbidade geral e morbidade severa. Contudo, as diferenças foram significativas estatisticamente favorecendo anastomose primária na comparação com procedimento de Hartmann nos desfechos taxas de não reversão do estoma, morbidade geral e morbidade severa após reversão. Conclusão: A anastomose primária apresenta-se como boa alternativa ao procedimento de Hartmann, sem aumento de mortalidade e morbidade, e com melhores resultados na operação de reconstrução do trânsito intestinal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritonitis/etiology , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Diverticulitis/surgery , Diverticulitis/complications , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Peritonitis/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Colostomy/adverse effects , Ileostomy/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Diverticulitis/pathology , Intestinal Perforation/pathology
18.
Philippine Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 42-45, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886670

ABSTRACT

@#INTRODUCTION: Colo-cutaneous fistula is a very rare complication of colonic diverticular disease, occurring in approximately one percent of cases either spontaneously or after surgical or drainage procedure. Herein we describe a patient with a colo-cutaneous fistula from the sigmoid to the appendiceal stump in a post-appendectomy patient which also exits to the skin at the post-operative site. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient is a 76-year-old Filipino male who had appendectomy five months earlier and a history of diverticulitis, and presented with a subcutaneous abscess at the post-operative site. The abscess was drained, a colocutaneous fistula was radiographically established, and the surgical site was explored. Intraoperative findings showed the presence of multiple colonic diverticuli and a sigmoidcutaneous fistula on the right lower abdominal quadrant. Interestingly, an incidental descending colon mass was also noted at the splenic flexure measuring approximately 2x3 cm to which frozen section revealed adenocarcinoma which was not seen in pre-operative CT scans. An extended left hemicolectomy was performed, and no postoperative complications were noted. At present three years later, he fares well without any signs and symptoms of the disease. CONCLUSION: Diverticulitis is a common condition in the older age group that needs to be considered in patient management. Colo-cutaneous fistula may be a rare complication of the disease but should be part of our differentials as internists in working up patients presenting with persistently draining superficial wound that either occurs spontaneously or post-operatively. Patients with diverticulitis also have increased risk of colorectal cancer and diagnostic imaging may not always differentiate the two entities, thus colonoscopy should be done if possible.


Subject(s)
Cutaneous Fistula , Diverticulitis , Colon
19.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 46(5): 585-592, oct. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042699

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad diverticular corresponde a una condición habitual en el territorio occidental, siendo el hallazgo más frecuente en población de zonas urbanizadas. Respecto a su origen, se ha planteado la influencia de factores ambientales y genéticos, incluyendo en su etiología una inadecuada ingesta de fibra dietética, disbiosis de la microbiota intestinal y niveles alterados de vitamina D. A su vez, la enfermedad diverticular sintomática no complicada (EDNC) corresponde a un tipo de diverticulosis crónica cuyas características asemejan al síndrome de intestino irritable, lo que resalta la importancia en la comprensión de esta condición. Recientemente, se ha discutido la forma en que se aborda la enfermedad diverticular y en el siguiente escrito se expondrá evidencia sobre la patogénesis y su actual manejo.


Diverticular disease corresponds to a habitual condition in the western territory, being frequently found among the population of urban areas. Regarding its origin, the influence of environmental and genetic factors, including the etiology of dietary fiber intake, intestinal microbiota dysbiosis and altered levels of vitamin D have been recognized. Symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease corresponds to a type of chronic diverticulosis whose characteristics resemble irritable bowel syndrome, highlighting the importance of understanding this condition. Recently, the treatment of the disease has been discussed and the following review presents evidence on pathogenesis and its management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dietary Fiber/therapeutic use , Diverticular Diseases/diet therapy , Diverticulitis/diet therapy , Diverticular Diseases/classification , Diverticular Diseases/etiology , Diverticular Diseases/physiopathology , Inflammation
20.
Iatreia ; 32(2): 141-146, ene.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002148

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La enfermedad diverticular colónica es la presencia de un divertículo no inflamado en el colon. Se considera una enfermedad común, que se caracteriza por la formación de divertículos falsos en la pared colónica en los puntos de debilidad de esta. Su prevalencia aumenta con la edad y una minoría de los pacientes afectados por esta entidad desarrollará un cuadro de diverticulitis aguda. Sus complicaciones abarcan desde un absceso o flegmón, pasa por la formación de fístulas hasta la obstrucción intestinal y peritonitis. Sin embargo, el desarrollo de un hemoperitoneo espontáneo secundario a una enfermedad diverticular aguda es una forma de presentación inusual y, por tanto, poco reportado en la literatura. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con hemoperitoneo secundario a la perforación diverticular colónica.


SUMMARY Colonic diverticular disease is the term to describe the presence of an uninflamed diverticulum of the colon. It is considered a common disease, characterized by the formation of false diverticula in the colonic wall at points of weakness of that, its prevalence increases with age and a minority of patients affected by this disease develops acute diverticulitis. Its complications range from abscess or phlegmon, fistula formation, to intestinal obstruction and peritonitis. However, the development of spontaneous hemoperitoneum secondary to acute diverticular disease is an unusual form of presentation and therefore scarcely reported in the literature. Here is presented a case with a hemoperitoneum secondary to colonic diverticular perforation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diverticulitis , Hemoperitoneum , Intestinal Perforation
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