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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(2): e98-e101, abril 2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1363992

ABSTRACT

La prucaloprida acelera el vaciamiento gástrico en adultos con gastroparesia. No existen estudios con este medicamento en niños con gastroparesia. Se presenta un niño de 8 años que consultó por síntomas posprandiales de un mes de duración, con diagnóstico de gastroparesia por gammagrafía de vaciamiento gástrico. No mejoró con metoclopramida, domperidona, eritromicina y esomeprazol. Recibió prucaloprida durante dos períodos (durante 178 y 376 días) a dosis de 0,03-0,04 mg/kg/día. Presentó mejoría en el seguimiento con el índice cardinal de síntomas de gastroparesia y gammagrafías de vaciamiento gástrico. Por la buena respuesta, la prucaloprida podría ser una opción terapéutica en la gastroparesia pediátrica.


Prucalopride has been used in adults with gastroparesis, accelerating gastric emptying. There are no studies with this drug in gastroparetic children. An 8-year-old boy is presented who consulted for a month of postprandial symptoms, with a diagnosis of gastroparesis by gastric emptying scintigraphy. He did not improve with metoclopramide, domperidone, erythromycin, and esomeprazole. He received prucalopride for two periods (for 178 and 376 days) at doses: 0.03 - 0.04 mg/kg/day, presenting improvement in the follow-up with the cardinal gastroparesis symptom index and gastric emptying scintigraphy. Due to the good response, prucalopride may be a therapeutic option in pediatric gastroparesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Benzofurans/therapeutic use , Gastroparesis/diagnosis , Gastroparesis/drug therapy , Domperidone/therapeutic use , Gastric Emptying
2.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210056, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356217

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo relatar a experiência de indução da lactação em nuligestas realizada por enfermeira consultora em aleitamento. Método relato de experiência. O processo de indução láctea foi realizado com três mulheres por motivo de gestação em útero de substituição e relacionamento homoafetivo. Resultados todas perceberam o aumento de tamanho e a sensibilidade nas mamas, bem como apresentaram secreção láctea. No entanto, a continuidade da amamentação foi diferenciada entre elas. A primeira não recebeu apoio de profissionais de saúde no contexto de pós-parto hospitalar, nem em casa, e não deu continuidade à amamentação. A segunda recebeu apoio da equipe do hospital e da parceira, amamentando por três meses. A terceira, com o apoio da parceira, amamentou por dois meses, mas interrompeu por sentir-se inibida por familiares. Conclusão e implicações para a prática a técnica de indução é capaz de desencadear a produção láctea. Já o processo de amamentação só se estabeleceu mediante a associação com a rede de apoio, o acolhimento, o incentivo da equipe de saúde e o olhar integral à mulher e sua família. Dessa forma, o cuidado de Enfermagem na indução láctea não deve focar apenas no manejo da indução, mas transcender o aspecto técnico, o que se mostra como fundamental para a proteção, o estabelecimento e a continuidade da amamentação.


Resumen Objetivo reportar la experiencia de inducir la lactancia en nuligestas realizada por una consultora de enfermería en lactancia materna. Método relato de experiencia. El proceso de inducción de la leche se realizó con tres mujeres por embarazo en útero de reemplazo y relación homoafectiva. Resultados todas notaron el aumento de tamaño y la sensibilidad en las mamas, además de presentar secreción de leche. Sin embargo, la continuidad de la lactancia materna se diferencia entre ellos. La primera no recibió apoyo de los profesionales de la salud en el contexto posparto hospitalario, ni en el domicilio, y no continuó con la lactancia. La segunda recibió apoyo del personal del hospital y su pareja, amamantando durante tres meses. La tercera, con el apoyo de su pareja, amamantó durante dos meses, pero la interrumpió porque se sentía inhibida por familiares. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica la técnica de inducción es capaz de desencadenar la producción de leche. El proceso de lactancia materna, en cambio, solo se estableció a través de la asociación con la red de apoyo, la acogida, el estímulo del equipo de salud y la mirada integral a la mujer y su familia. Así, el cuidado de Enfermería en la inducción de la leche no debe enfocarse solo en el manejo de la inducción, sino trascender el aspecto técnico, que se muestra fundamental para la protección, el establecimiento y la continuidad de la lactancia materna.


Abstract Objective to report the experience of lactation induction in women who never got pregnant by a lactation consultant nurse. Method experience report. The process of lactation induction was performed with three women due to surrogate pregnancy and homosexual relationships. Results all noticed an increase in the size and sensitivity of the breasts, as well as milk secretion. However, the continuity of breastfeeding was different between them. The first did not receive support from health professionals in the postpartum hospital setting, nor at home, and did not continue breastfeeding. The second received support from the hospital staff and her partner, breastfeeding for three months. The third, with the support of her partner, breastfed for two months, but stopped because she felt inhibited by family members. Conclusion and implications for practice the induction technique is capable of triggering milk production. However, the breastfeeding process was only established through the association with the support network, the reception, the encouragement of the health team, and the comprehensive view of the woman and her family. Thus, nursing care in lactation induction should not focus only on the management of induction, but transcend the technical aspect, which is essential for the protection, establishment, and continuity of breastfeeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Feeding/methods , Lactation , Social Support , Weaning , Women's Rights , Breast/injuries , Lactation/drug effects , Surrogate Mothers , Consultants , Domperidone/therapeutic use , User Embracement , Galactogogues/therapeutic use , Research Report , Breast Milk Expression , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Nurse Midwives
3.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 113(11): e180301, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976228

ABSTRACT

A pivotal strategy to decrease the risk of visceral leishmaniasis in humans is to control the infection and disease progression in dogs, the domestic reservoir of Leishmania infantum (L. chagasi). Immunotherapy is a viable approach to treat sick dogs because cell-mediated immunity is the principal defense mechanism against L. infantum. Domperidone is an immune-stimulatory drug increasingly used in veterinary medicine as a prophylactic or immunotherapeutic agent. Domperidone treatment has shown to prevent overt disease or improve the clinical condition of infected dogs. However, veterinarians should be aware of the potential cardiotoxicity of domperidone when given together with drugs that inhibit CYP450s liver enzymes or those that prolong the QT interval. On the other hand, learning whether domperidone treatment significantly decreases dog infectivity to sand fly vectors is of capital importance since this result should have a palpable impact on the infection risk of humans living in regions endemic for visceral leishmaniasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/diagnosis , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/therapy , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/transmission , Domperidone/therapeutic use
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(6): 1491-1495, nov.-dez. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-910177

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente trabalho foi relatar a eficácia do fluralaner no tratamento da demodicidose juvenil generalizada canina. Dois caninos, apresentando dois e três meses de idade, com diagnóstico clínico e parasitológico de demodicidose generalizada, foram tratados com administração única de fluralaner, na dose recomendada em bula pelo fabricante. Além disso, foi realizada a terapia adjuvante à base de xampu de peróxido de benzoíla e domperidona. Observou-se uma resposta terapêutica satisfatória, com repilação completa ao 30º dia após a administração do fármaco. Para cada paciente, foi realizado exame parasitológico do raspado cutâneo aos 75 e 90 dias seguintes ao início do tratamento, e todos foram negativos. Tendo em vista a elevada eficácia do tratamento proposto, sugere-se a inclusão do fluralaner nos protocolos terapêuticos destinados à demodicidose canina, particularmente nos pacientes pediátricos e com a forma generalizada da doença.(AU)


The aim of the present study was to report the efficiency of fluralaner on the treatment of two cases of canine generalized juvenile demodicosis. Two puppies, aging two and three months old, with the clinic and parasitological diagnosis of generalized demodicosis were treated with single administration of fluralaner. according to the dose recommended by the responsible laboratory. Additionally, adjuvant therapy was applied using benzoyl peroxide shampoo and domperidone. A satisfactory therapeutic response was observed, and complete repilation was present at the 30th day after drug administration. For each patient, at the 75th and 90th day after the treatment began, skin scrapings were performed in order to investigate the presence of Demodex sp; and all were negative. Considering the high efficiency of the treatment used, we suggest the inclusion of fluralaner on the therapeutic protocol for canine demodicosis, particularly in pediatric patients and with the generalized form of the disease.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Antiparasitic Agents/therapeutic use , Benzoyl Peroxide/therapeutic use , Domperidone/therapeutic use , Skin Diseases, Parasitic/drug therapy , Skin Diseases, Parasitic/veterinary
5.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 50(3): 202-207, July-Sept/2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-687245

ABSTRACT

Context Functional dyspepsia represents a frequent gastrointestinal disorder in clinical practice. According to the Roma III criteria, functional dyspepsia can be classified into two types as the predominant sympton: epigastric pain and postprandial discomfort. Even though the pathophysiology is still uncertain, the functional dyspepsia seems to be related to multiple mechanisms, among them visceral hypersensitivity, changes in the gastroduodenal motility and gastric accommodation and psychological factors. Objective Evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture as a complementary to conventional treatment in functional dyspepsia patients. Methods Randomized clinical trial in which were enrolled patients with functional dyspepsia patients in according with Rome III criteria. One group was submitted to drug therapy and specific acupuncture (GI) and the other to drug therapy and non-specific acupuncture (GII). The gastrointestinal symptoms, presence of psychiatric disorders and quality of life were evaluated, at the end and three months after treatment. Results After 4 weeks of treatment there was improvement of gastrointestinal symptoms in Group I (55 ± 12 vs 29 ± 8.8; P = 0.001) and Group II (50.5 ± 10.2 vs 46 ± 10.5; P = 0.001). Quality of life was significantly better in Group I than group II (93.4 ± 7.3 vs 102.4 ± 5.1; P = 0.001). Anxiety (93.3% vs 0%; P = 0.001) and depression (46.7% vs 0%; P = 0.004) were significantly lower in Group I than group II. When comparing the two groups after 4 weeks of treatment, gastrointestinal symptoms (29 ± 8.8 vs 46 ± 10.5; P<0.001) and quality of life (102.4 ± 5.1 vs 96 ± 6.1; P = 0.021) were significantly better in Group I than group II. Three months after the treatment, gastrointestinal symptoms remained better only in Group I, when compared to the pre-treatment values (38 ± ...


Contexto A dispepsia funcional representa uma frequente desordem gástrica da prática clínica. Segundo os critérios de Roma III, pode ser subdividida em dois tipos: do tipo dor epigástrica e tipo desconforto pós prandial, de acordo com o sintoma predominante. Embora de fisiopatologia incerta, a dispepsia funcional parece estar relacionada a múltiplos mecanismos, entre eles: a hipersensibilidade visceral, alterações da motilidade gastroduodenal e acomodação gástrica e participação de fatores psíquicos. Objetivos Avaliar a eficácia da acupuntura como forma complementar ao tratamento medicamentoso em pacientes com dispepsia funcional. Método Ensaio clínico randomizado, com portadores de dispepsia funcional, segundo os critérios de Roma III. Dois grupos foram formados: Grupo I (terapia medicamentosa e acupuntura específica) e; II (terapia medicamentosa e acupuntura não específica). Foram avaliados o índice de sintomas gastrointestinais, a presença de transtornos psíquicos e a qualidade de vida no início, no fim e 3 meses após o tratamento. Resultados Após 4 semanas de tratamento houve melhora dos sintomas gastrointestinais no Grupo I (55 ± 12 vs 29 ± 8,8; P = 0,001) e no Grupo II (50 ± 10 vs 46 ± 10,5; P = 0,001). Na comparação intergrupos, os sintomas gastrintestinais (29 ± 8,8 vs 46 ± 10,5; P<0,001) e os sintomas de ansiedade (0% vs 41,7%; P = 0,003) foram significativamente menores no Grupo I e a qualidade de vida (102,4 ± 5,1 vs 96,4 ± 6,1; P = 0,021) também foi significativamente melhor neste grupo. Três meses após o tratamento, os sintomas gastrointestinais permaneceram melhores no Grupo I, quando comparados aos valores pré-tratamento (38 ± 11,3 vs 55 ...


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acupuncture Therapy , Dyspepsia/therapy , Anxiety/etiology , Depression/etiology , Domperidone/therapeutic use , Dyspepsia/drug therapy , Dyspepsia/psychology , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Quality of Life , Single-Blind Method , Socioeconomic Factors , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173132

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the outcome, and optimal duration of medical treatment in children with superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS). Eighteen children with SMAS were retrospectively studied. The data reviewed included demographics, presenting symptoms, co-morbid conditions, clinical courses, nutritional status, treatments, and outcomes. The three most common symptoms were postprandial discomfort (67.7%), abdominal pain (61.1%), and early satiety (50%). The median duration of symptoms before diagnosis was 68 days. The most common co-morbid condition was weight loss (50%), followed by growth spurt (22.2%) and bile reflux gastropathy (16.7%). Body mass index (BMI) was normal in 72.2% of the patients. Medical management was successful in 13 patients (72.2%). The median duration of treatment was 45 days. Nine patients (50%) had good outcomes without recurrence, 5 patients (27.8%) had moderate outcomes, and 4 patients (22.2%) had poor outcomes. A time limit of >6 weeks for the duration of medical management tended to be associated with worse outcomes (P=0.018). SMAS often developed in patients with normal BMI or no weight loss. Medical treatment has a high success rate, and children with SMAS should be treated medically for at least 6 weeks before surgical treatment is considered.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bile Reflux/diagnosis , Child , Child, Preschool , Demography , Domperidone/therapeutic use , Dopamine Antagonists/therapeutic use , Drug Administration Schedule , Female , Histamine H2 Antagonists/therapeutic use , Humans , Infant , Male , Parenteral Nutrition , Retrospective Studies , Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome/diagnosis , Time Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Weight Loss
7.
Rev. paul. pediatr ; 27(3): 236-242, set. 2009. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-527411

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar, por meio de revisão sistemática e metanálise, estudos randomizados que comparam os procinéticos domperidona, bromoprida, metoclopramida e betanecol ao placebo no tratamento do refluxo gastroesofágico (RGE) e da doença do refluxo gastroesofágico (DRGE) em crianças. MÉTODOS: BUsca bibliográfica de ensaios clínicos randomizados (Medline, EMBASE, Biological Abstracts, ISI/Web of Science, CINAHL, Lilacs e Cochrane). O desfecho primário foi eficácia na modificação dos sintomas de refluxo, conforme definição de autores das fontes primárias. Outras variáveis de interesse foram: complicações relacionadas ao RGE, alterações nos exames laboratoriais de controle, qualidade de vida, eventos adversos e abandono do tratamento. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos quatro estudos com domperidona, dois com metoclopramida, um com betanecol. Nenhum estudo com bromoprida foi localizado. O risco de não resposta ao tratamento foi significativamente menor para os procinéticos quando comparados ao placebo (RR 0,35; IC95 por cento 0,14-0,88). A vantagem terapêutica individual em relação ao placebo se manteve para a domperidona (n=126; RR 0,27; IC95 por cento 0,14-0,52; NNT 3; I2 0 por cento) e betanecol (n=44, RR 0,19, IC95 por cento 0,05-0,55, NNT 2), mas não para metoclopramida (n=71; RR 0,63; IC95 por cento 0,07-5,71, I2 92,2 por cento). CONCLUSÕES: A evidência para o uso de procinéticos no RGE e na DRGE em crianças é limitada, pois os poucos estudos são ensaios preliminares de resposta em curto prazo e com limitações metodológicas.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, by systematic review and meta-analysis, randomized studies comparing the prokinetics (domperidone, bromopride, metoclopramide and bethanechol) to placebo in the treatment of gastroesophagic reflux (GER) and gastroesophagic reflux disease (GERD) in children. METHODS: Bibliographic search for randomized clinical trials (Medline, EMBASE, Biological Abstracts, ISI/Web of Science, CINAHL, Lilacs e Cochrane). The primary outcome was the modification of reflux symptoms. Other outcomes were: GER-related complications, alterations in control exams, life quality, adverse events and abandon of treatment. RESULTS: The metanalysis included four studies on domperidone, two on metoclopramide, and one on bethanechol. No study of bromopride was retrieved. The risk of non-response to the treatment was significantly smaller in children that received prokinetics in comparison to placebo (RR 0.35, 95 percentCI 0.14-0.88). Individual therapeutic advantage regarding placebo was related to domperidone (n=126; RR 0.27; 95 percentCI 0.14-0.52, NNT 3; I2 0 percent) and bethanechol (n=44; RR 0.19; 95 percentCI 0.05-0.55; NNT 2), but not to metoclopramide (n=71; RR 0.63; 95 percentCI 0.07-5.71; I2 92.2 percent). CONCLUSIONS: The evidence for prokinetic use in GER and GERD in children is limited because the few studies report preliminary trials that evaluate short-term responses and show methodological limitations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Bethanechol Compounds/therapeutic use , Domperidone/therapeutic use , Metoclopramide/therapeutic use , Gastroesophageal Reflux/drug therapy , Meta-Analysis as Topic
8.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 2008 Apr; 106(4): 264, 266, 268
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-104211

ABSTRACT

To study and document the efficacy and tolerability of rabeprazole and domperidone in the treatment of patients suffering from gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), an open, prospective, non-comparative study was carried out among 50 adult patients of either sex attending gastroenterology OPD of a leading, tertiary-care teaching hospital in Mumbai with the clinical diagnosis of GERD. One capsule of rabeprazole and domperidone was swallowed in empty stomach each day for up to 4 weeks by the patients. Rabeprazole and domperidone provided significant and remarkable improvement in symptoms of GERD. Although, the improvement was observed at first follow-up visit (within 2 weeks), continuing treatment for 4 weeks provided additional gains. Almost all patients tolerated the drug well. Most patients (94%) had excellent or good relief as assessed by their physician whilst 86% of patients rated treatment with rabeprazole and domperidone as good or excellent. Rabeprazole and domperidone not only provided desired relief of symptoms of GERD but also is very well tolerated. This combination may also improve the quality of life of patients suffering from GERD.


Subject(s)
2-Pyridinylmethylsulfinylbenzimidazoles/therapeutic use , Adult , Anti-Ulcer Agents/therapeutic use , Domperidone/therapeutic use , Dopamine Antagonists/therapeutic use , Female , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
9.
Rev. Fac. Med. (Caracas) ; 30(2): 146-150, 2007. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-499972

ABSTRACT

Comparar la eficiencia en la reducción de los síntomas de pacientes diagnosticados mediante los criterios de Roma III con el diagnóstico de dispepsia funcional, a las 4 semanas de estar tomando levosulpiride o domperidona. Se incluyeron 105 pacientes que consultaron con los síntomas de dispepsia funcional, al Servicio de Gastroenterología del Hospital Universitario de Caracas, que cumplían con los criterios de ROMA III, en un estudio prospectivo aleatorio. A todos se les realizó gastroscopia y biopsia paradiagnosticar Helicobacter pylori. Tiempo de duración del estudio por cada paciente 30 días. Tiempo total del estudio 6 meses de noviembre de 2006 a abril de 2007. El 94,28 por ciento de los pacientes que recibieron levosulpiride reportaron síntomas leves o ausentes en comparación con el 71,42 por ciento del grupo que recibió dinoprostona y el 14,28 por ciento del grupo control. Levosulpiride es más eficaz que domperidona en el control de los síntomas de dispepsia funcional en los pacientes estudiados. Las drogas comparadas no presentaron efectos adversos severos. Levosulpiride, debería considerarse entre los fármacos de elección en el tratamiento de la dispepsia funcional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dyspepsia/diagnosis , Domperidone/therapeutic use , Gastroscopy , Gastroenterology , Venezuela
14.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 70(4): 270-80, jul.-ago. 1999.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-253173

ABSTRACT

EL reflujo gastroesofágico (RGE) es uno de los temas de gastroenterología pediátrica que tal vez suscite mayor controversia.pese a las numerosas publicaciones aparecidas en los últimos años, persiste aún bastante confusión respecto a sus aspecto conceptuales y prácticos, lo que se traduce con frecuencia en un manejo inadecuado de los pacientes que lo presentan. La mayor confusión conceptual deriva de la dificultad de discriminar entre lo que constituye un reflujo fisiológico de uno patológico. La existencia de numerosas técnicas de estudios que se han desarrollado en los últimos años indica que ninguna de ellas es completamente satisfactoria; por otra parte la utilización de dicha técnicas no siempre es más adecuada. En el presente artículo se hace una discusión crítica del tema en relación a los aspectos conceptuales, patogénicos, diagnósticos y terapéuticos, en base a las publicaciones más recientes aparecidas en la literatura médica


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Esophagitis, Peptic/diagnosis , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Esophagogastric Junction/physiopathology , Cisapride/therapeutic use , Domperidone/therapeutic use , Edible Grain/therapeutic use , Esophagitis, Peptic/etiology , Esophagoscopy , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Manometry , Metoclopramide/therapeutic use , Gastroesophageal Reflux/epidemiology , Gastroesophageal Reflux/etiology , Gastroesophageal Reflux/therapy , Signs and Symptoms , Vomiting/etiology
17.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 53(2): 245-51, jun. 1995. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-153933

ABSTRACT

As flutuaçöes motoras (FM) decorrentes do uso prolongado de levedopa säo uma das principais complicaçöes do tratamento da doença de Parkinson (DP). A utilizaçäo da apomorfina, um potente agonista de receptores dopaminérgicos, associada ao domperidone para bloquear seus efeitos eméticos, surge como uma alternativa para contornar as FM dos parkinsonianos. Para adquirirmos experiência inicial com essa droga, decidimos estudar a açäo e os efeitos adversos da apomorfina em um grupo de quatro pacientes do nosso ambulatório com o diagnóstico de DP e com flutuaçöes do rendimento da levodopa. A apomorfina foi administrada por via subcutânea, sendo obtido o estado "on" em todos os pacientes com doses entre 1,5 e 3mg por aplicaçäo. A latência para o início do efeito variou de 7 a 30 minutos e a duraçäo da açäo de 60 a 85 minutos. O estado "on" produzido com a apomorfina foi indistinguível do observado com a levodopa, inclusive com a ocorrência de discinesias. Näo foram observados efeitos colaterais significativos. Nossa experiência inicial mostra que a apomorfina, em doses relativamente baixa, é uma alternativa eficaz para as FM da DP, com poucos efeitos colaterais


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Apomorphine/therapeutic use , Parkinson Disease/drug therapy , Apomorphine/administration & dosage , Apomorphine/adverse effects , Domperidone/administration & dosage , Domperidone/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Levodopa/adverse effects
18.
Rev. neurol. Argent ; 18(2): 64-7, 1993.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-125857

ABSTRACT

Los autores analizan la posibilidad de implementar una sistematización en el tratamiento de la migrañas. Proponen como medicación preventiva a los siguientes fármacos: 1)Bloqueadores de canales cálcicos tales como flunarizina y nimodipina. 2)Antagonistas beta-adrenorreceptores como el propanol, metoprolol y atenolol. 3)Antagonistas de los receptores 5HT2 como el pizotifeno, metisergida y ciproheptadina. 4)Agentes serotoninérgicos como son la amitriptilina y la imipramina. 5)Estimulantes de los receptores alfa tales como la clonidina de buena acción sobre el aura. Para el tratamiento de las crisis, analizan diferentes fármacos antimigrañosos como los alcaloides ergóticos (tartratos de ergotamina y dihidroergotamina) y la nueva droga sumatripan agonista de los receptores 5HT1D. Se menciona también a los analgésicos y antinauseosos, como los agentes antiinflamatorios no esteroides y la domperidona y se deja para casos excepcionales a las drogas opiodes. Se aclara que éste es sólo un esquema general que abrirá una interesante controversia entre los expertos


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Headache/drug therapy , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Calcium Channel Blockers/therapeutic use , Domperidone/therapeutic use , Ergotamines/administration & dosage , Ergotamines/adverse effects , Ergotamines/therapeutic use , Flunarizine/administration & dosage , Flunarizine/therapeutic use
19.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 16(3): 89-94, dic. 1992. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-127574

ABSTRACT

El presente estudio se realizo en 30 pacientes sometidos a cirugia abdominal que fueron divididas en dos grupos uno de los cuales recibio Domperidona y el otro no. Los resultados sugieren que este farmaco disminuye el tiempo de postoperatorio al favorecer la pronta restitucion del peristaltismo normal, fenomeno verificado mediante la eliminacion de gases y la restitucion de los ruidos hidroaereos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Abdomen/surgery , Domperidone/therapeutic use , Ileal Diseases , Ileum/surgery , Anesthesia , Bolivia , Cholecystectomy/rehabilitation , Thoracic Surgery/rehabilitation , Intestinal Obstruction/physiopathology , Postoperative Period
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