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Electron. j. biotechnol ; 32: 13-18, Mar. 2018. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022495


Background: The suppression of cancer cell growth and invasion has become a challenging clinical issue. In this study, we used nanotechnology to create a new drug delivery system to enhance the efficacy of existing drugs. We developed layered double hydroxide by combing Au nanosol (LDH@Au) and characterized the compound to prove its function as a drug delivery agent. The anti-cancer drug Doxorubicin was loaded into the new drug carrier to assess its quality. We used a combination of apoptosis assays, cell cycle assays, tissue distribution studies, cell endocytosis, transwell invasion assays, and immunoblotting to evaluate the characteristics of LDH@Au as a drug delivery system. Results: Our results show that the LDH@Au-Dox treatment significantly increased cancer cell apoptosis and inhibited cell invasion compared to the control Dox group. Additionally, our data indicate that LDH@Au-Dox has a better target efficiency at the tumor site and improved the following: cellular uptake, anti-angiogenesis action, changes in the cell cycle, and increased caspase pathway activation. Conclusions: Our findings suggest the nano drug is a promising anti-cancer agent and has potential clinical applications.

Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Apoptosis/drug effects , Nanoparticles/administration & dosage , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage , Doxorubicin/pharmacology , Cell Cycle/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Drug Delivery Systems , Nanotechnology , Cell Line, Tumor , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Endocytosis/drug effects , Hydroxides , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/pharmacology , Neoplasm Invasiveness/prevention & control
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(10): 1342-1348, oct. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902449


Primary colorectal lymphoma is a rare form of presentation of gastrointestinal tract lymphomas. Inflammatory bowel disease and its treatment are risk factors for its development. We report a 47-year-old male patient with Ulcerative Colitis of two years of evolution, treated initially with azathioprine and later on with infliximab. Due to a relapse in symptoms after the second dose of infliximab, a new coloncoscopy was performed showing a rectal ulcerative lesion, corresponding to a large cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. The patient was successfully treated with RCHOP chemotherapy (Rituximab cyclophosphamide doxorubicin vincristine prednisone). He is currently in disease remission.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rectal Neoplasms/etiology , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/etiology , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Rectal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Azathioprine/adverse effects , Vincristine/administration & dosage , Biopsy , Gastrointestinal Agents/adverse effects , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/diagnostic imaging , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Rituximab/administration & dosage , Infliximab/adverse effects , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(5): 619-622, mayo 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043141


Background: Recent trials show that > 90% of patients with early stage Hodgkin`s Lymphoma (ESHL) can be cured, especially when using the ABVD (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine) chemotherapeutic (CT) protocol. The use of radiotherapy (RT) is variable and can be selected according to the presence of specific risk factors, including PET-CT, as recently reported. Aim: To report the experience in the treatment of ESHL. Material and Methods: Retrospective and descriptive analysis of patients with ESHL treated at the Red de Salud UC-Christus between 2011-2015. Results: Twenty-two patients were treated. In 73%, the tumor was of nodular sclerosis histologic type. Most patients (95%) were in stage II, and 78% had a favorable prognosis according to the Deutsche Hodgkin Studiengruppe (GHSG) criteria. All patients were stratified using PET-CT and treated using the ABVD CT protocol, for 4-6 cycles. Only 5 patients received RT. There was no change of conduct after interim-PET-CT results. Ninety one percent of patients achieved complete response and there were two cases of refractory disease. Both cases underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. After 17 months of median follow-up, 91% of patients are relapse-free, and only one patient died (5%). Conclusions: ABVD offers excellent results for ESHL patients. The benefit of PET-CT should be evaluated with prospective protocols, aiming to select patients needing RT or to reduce the number of CT cycles.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Hodgkin Disease/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Vinblastine/administration & dosage , Bleomycin/administration & dosage , Remission Induction , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/administration & dosage , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Disease-Free Survival , Dacarbazine/administration & dosage
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 30(1): f:70-l:80, jan.-fev. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-833663


O presente estudo investigou se a prática de exercícios possui um efeito protetor contra a toxicidade cardíaca decorrente do tratamento com doxorrubicina. Para tal, foi realizada uma revisão sistemática da literatura, de ensaios clínicos randomizados que verificam o exercício como meio de controle ou prevenção da cardiotoxicidade induzida pela utilização de DOX. Foram realizadas buscas nas bases de dados MEDLINE e LILACS. Foram utilizados os descritores: exercício, condicionamento físico, antraciclinas, doxorrubicina, adriamicina, agentes cardiotóxicos. Para seleção dos trabalhos que se incluíam nos critérios estabelecidos, foram avaliados os resumos de todos os artigos. Foram excluídos estudos que não abordaram o tema central da pesquisa, não se referiram ao exercício físico ou a DOX, abordaram exclusivamente outros tipos de toxicidade por antraciclinas (muscular, hepática e renal), ou verificaram outros efeitos do exercício sobre toxicidade da DOX (fadiga). O presente estudo observou, com relação às variáveis relacionadas à prescrição de exercício, que a frequência não apresentou relação direta com os resultados dos referidos estudos. A intensidade também não foi definitiva para a preservação da função cardíaca, porém o treinamento mais intenso esteve relacionado com melhoras no sistema antioxidante que não esteve presente em alguns estudos com intensidades mais baixas. Não houve diferença significativa nos efeitos dos exercícios quando realizados antes, durante ou depois do tratamento. Portanto, exercício aeróbio parece exercer um efeito protetor das funções cardíacas se realizado antes, durante ou depois do tratamento com DOX. Porém, os mecanismos associados a esse efeito ainda são desconhecidos

Humans , Cardiotoxicity/therapy , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Doxorubicin/adverse effects , Exercise , Clinical Protocols/standards , Neoplasms/complications , Neoplasms/therapy , Physical Exertion , Review Literature as Topic
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 107(5): 411-419, Nov. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827867


Abstract Background: Atrial electromechanical delay (EMD) is used to predict atrial fibrillation, measured by echocardiography. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess atrial EMD and mechanical function after anthracycline-containing chemotherapy. Methods: Fifty-three patients with breast cancer (48 ± 8 years old) who received 240 mg/m2of Adriamycin, 2400 mg/m2 of cyclophosphamide, and 960 mg/m2 of paclitaxel were included in this retrospective study, as were 42 healthy subjects (47 ± 9 years old). Echocardiographic measurements were performed 11 ± 7 months (median 9 months) after treatment with anthracyclines. Results: Left intra-atrial EMD (11.4 ± 6.0 vs. 8.1 ± 4.9, p=0.008) and inter-atrial EMD (19.7 ± 7.4 vs. 14.7 ± 6.5, p=0.001) were prolonged; LA passive emptying volume and fraction were decreased (p=0.0001 and p=0.0001); LA active emptying volume and fraction were increased (p=0.0001 and p=0.0001); Mitral A velocity (0.8 ± 0.2 vs. 0.6 ± 0.2, p=0.0001) and mitral E-wave deceleration time (201.2 ± 35.6 vs. 163.7 ± 21.8, p=0.0001) were increased; Mitral E/A ratio (1.0 ± 0.3 vs. 1.3 ± 0.3, p=0.0001) and mitral Em (0.09 ± 0.03 vs. 0.11 ± 0.03, p=0.001) were decreased; Mitral Am (0.11 ± 0.02 vs. 0.09 ± 0.02, p=0.0001) and mitral E/Em ratio (8.8 ± 3.2 vs. 7.6 ± 2.6, p=0.017) were increased in the patients. Conclusions: In patients with breast cancer after anthracycline therapy: Left intra-atrial, inter-atrial electromechanical intervals were prolonged. Diastolic function was impaired. Impaired left ventricular relaxation and left atrial electrical conduction could be contributing to the development of atrial arrhythmias.

Resumo Fundamento: Atraso eletromecânico atrial (AEA) é utilizado para prever fibrilação atrial, medido pela ecocardiografia. Objetivos: O propósito deste estudo era verificar o AEA e a função mecânica após quimioterapia com antraciclinas. Métodos: Cinquenta e três pacientes com câncer de mama (48 ± 8 anos) que receberam 240 mg/m2 de adriamicina, 2400 mg/m2 de ciclofosfamida, e 960 mg/m2 de paclitaxel foram incluídas neste estudo retrospectivo, além de 42 indivíduos saudáveis (47 ± 9 anos). Medidas ecocardiográficas foram realizadas por aproximadamente 11 ± 7 meses (média de 9 meses) após tratamento com antraciclinas. Resultados: AEA esquerdo intra-atrial (11,4 ± 6,0 vs. 8,1 ± 4,9, p=0,008) e AEA interarterial (19,7 ± 7,4 vs. 14,7 ± 6,5, p=0,001) foram prolongados; Volume de esvaziamento passivo e fracionamento de AE diminuíram (p=0,0001 e p=0,0001); Volume de esvaziamento ativo e fracionamento de AE (p=0,0001 e p=0,0001); Tempo de aceleração mitral A (0,8 ± 0,2 vs. 0,6 ± 0,2, p=0,0001) e de desaceleração de onda-E mitral (201,2 ± 35,6 vs. 163,7 ± 21,8, p=0,0001) aumentarão; Razão mitral E/A (1,0 ± 0,3 vs. 1,3 ± 0,3, p=0,0001) e mitral Em (0,09 ± 0,03 vs. 0,11 ± 0,03, p=0,001) diminuíram; Razão mitral Am (0,11 ± 0,02 vs. 0,09 ± 0,02, p=0,0001) e mitral E/Em (8,8 ± 3,2 vs. 7,6 ± 2,6, p=0,017) aumentaram nos pacientes. Conclusões: Em pacientes com câncer de mama após terapia com antraciclina: intervalos eletromecânicos intra-atriais esquerdos, intra-atriais foram prolongados. A função diastólica foi prejudicada. O relaxamento ventricular esquerdo foi prejudicado, e a condução elétrica atrial esquerda pode estar contribuindo para o desenvolvimento de arritmias atriais.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology , Anthracyclines/adverse effects , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Systole , Blood Pressure/physiology , Echocardiography , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Doxorubicin/adverse effects , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Paclitaxel/administration & dosage , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Diastole
Clinics ; 70(6): 387-392, 06/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-749789


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to summarize the experience of a tertiary center in treating hepatoblastoma for the last 21 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight cases were included. The tumor extent and prognosis were assessed using the PRETEXT system. The following data were analyzed: age at diagnosis, comorbidities, prematurity, treatment modalities, histopathological findings, surgical details and complications, treatment outcomes, chemotherapy schedules, side effects and complications. Treatment outcomes included the occurrence of local or distant recurrence, the duration of survival and the cause of death. The investigation methods were ultrasonography, CT scan, serum alpha-fetoprotein level measurement and needle biopsy. Chemotherapy was then planned, and the resectability of the tumor was reevaluated via another CT scan. RESULTS: The mean numbers of neoadjuvant cycles and postoperative cycles of chemotherapy were 6±2 and 1.5±1.7, respectively. All children except one were submitted for surgical resection, including 50 partial liver resections and 7 liver transplantations. Statistical comparisons demonstrated that long-term survival was associated with the absence of metastasis (p=0.04) and the type of surgery (resection resulted in a better outcome than transplantation) (p=0.009). No associations were found between vascular invasion, incomplete resection, histological subtype, multicentricity and survival. The overall 5-year survival rate of the operated cases was 87.7%. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the experience of a Brazilian tertiary center in the management of hepatoblastoma in children demonstrates that long survival is associated with the absence of metastasis and the type of surgery. A multidisciplinary treatment involving chemotherapy, surgical resection and liver transplantation (including transplantations using tissue from living donors) led to good outcomes and survival indexes. .

Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Hepatectomy/methods , Hepatoblastoma/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Brazil , Cisplatin/administration & dosage , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatectomy/mortality , Hepatectomy/statistics & numerical data , Hepatoblastoma/mortality , Hepatoblastoma/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/mortality , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Liver Transplantation/mortality , Liver Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Medical Records , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Postoperative Complications , Survival Rate , Tertiary Care Centers , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 104(6): 450-455, 06/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-750703


Background: In chronic Chagas disease (ChD), impairment of cardiac autonomic function bears prognostic implications. Phase‑rectification of RR-interval series isolates the sympathetic, acceleration phase (AC) and parasympathetic, deceleration phase (DC) influences on cardiac autonomic modulation. Objective: This study investigated heart rate variability (HRV) as a function of RR-interval to assess autonomic function in healthy and ChD subjects. Methods: Control (n = 20) and ChD (n = 20) groups were studied. All underwent 60-min head-up tilt table test under ECG recording. Histogram of RR-interval series was calculated, with 100 ms class, ranging from 600–1100 ms. In each class, mean RR-intervals (MNN) and root-mean-squared difference (RMSNN) of consecutive normal RR-intervals that suited a particular class were calculated. Average of all RMSNN values in each class was analyzed as function of MNN, in the whole series (RMSNNT), and in AC (RMSNNAC) and DC (RMSNNDC) phases. Slopes of linear regression lines were compared between groups using Student t-test. Correlation coefficients were tested before comparisons. RMSNN was log-transformed. (α < 0.05). Results: Correlation coefficient was significant in all regressions (p < 0.05). In the control group, RMSNNT, RMSNNAC, and RMSNNDC significantly increased linearly with MNN (p < 0.05). In ChD, only RMSNNAC showed significant increase as a function of MNN, whereas RMSNNT and RMSNNDC did not. Conclusion: HRV increases in proportion with the RR-interval in healthy subjects. This behavior is lost in ChD, particularly in the DC phase, indicating cardiac vagal incompetence. .

Fundamento: Na doença de Chagas (DCh) crônica, a função autonômica cardíaca está frequentemente comprometida e traz implicações quanto ao prognóstico. A retificação de fase da série de intervalos RR isola as influências simpática (fase de aceleração – AC) e parassimpática (fase de desaceleração – DC) na modulação autonômica cardíaca. Objetivo: Este estudo investigou a variabilidade da frequência cardíaca (VRR) como função dos intervalos RR, para avaliar a função autonômica em indivíduos saudáveis e com DCh. Métodos: Os grupos controle (n = 20) e com DCh (n = 20) foram estudados. Todos fizeram o teste de inclinação ortostática de 60 minutos, com o registro do ECG. O histograma da série de intervalos RR dividido em classes de 100 ms, variando de 600 a 1100 ms foi calculado. Para cada classe, foram calculados os intervalos RR médios (MNN) e a diferença média quadrática (RMS) entre os intervalos RR normais que se encaixavam naquela classe. A média de todos os valores de RMS foi analisada como uma função dos MNN na série inteira (RMST) e nas fases de aceleração (RMSAC) e desaceleração (RMSDC). A inclinação das linhas de regressão linear foi comparada entre grupos através do teste t de Student. Os coeficientes de correlação foram testados antes das comparações. A RMS sofreu transformação logarítmica (α < 0,05). Resultados: O coeficiente de correlação foi significativo em todas as regressões (p < 0,05). No grupo controle, a RMST, a RMSAC e a RMSDC aumentaram de forma significativa proporcionalmente ao MNN (p < 0,05). No grupo com DCh, apenas a RMSAC mostrou um aumento significativo como função do MNN, enquanto a RMST e a RMSDC não aumentaram significativamente. Conclusão: A VRR aumenta proporcionalmente ao intervalo RR em indivíduos saudáveis. Este comportamento é perdido na DCh, especialmente na DC, indicando incompetência vagal cardíaca. .

Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/administration & dosage , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/administration & dosage , Paclitaxel/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Breast Neoplasms/mortality , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant/methods , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Lymphatic Metastasis , Pilot Projects , Recombinant Proteins
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-157422


OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively compare treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) using gelatin sponges or microspheres plus lipiodol-doxorubicin vs. doxorubicin-loaded drug-eluting beads (DEB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 158 patients with HCC received TACE from November 2010 to November 2011 were enrolled in this study, including 64 (40.5%) received TACE with lipiodol-doxorubicin and gelatin sponges (group A), 41 (25.9%) received TACE with lipiodol-doxorubicin and microspheres (group B), and 53 (33.5%) received TACE with doxorubicin-loaded DEB (group C). Tumor response and adverse events (AEs) were evaluated. RESULTS: No significant difference was found at baseline among the three groups. The doxorubicin dosage in group C was significantly (p < 0.001) higher compared to the dose used in groups A or B (median, 50 mg vs. 31 mg or 25 mg). Significantly (p < 0.001) more patients in group C achieved complete response compared to those in groups A or B (32.1% vs. 6.3% or 2.4%). Significantly (p < 0.001) less patients in group C had progressive disease compared to those in groups A or B (34.0% vs. 57.8% or 68.3%). Minor AEs were more common in groups A and B compared to group C, with rates of 54.7%, 34.1%, and 5.7%, respectively. CONCLUSION: In patients with HCC, TACE with DEB offers better safety and efficacy profiles compared to either TACE with gelatin sponges or TACE with microspheres.

Abdominal Pain/etiology , Adult , Aged , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Drug Carriers/chemistry , Ethiodized Oil/chemistry , Female , Fever/etiology , Follow-Up Studies , Gelatin/chemistry , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Male , Microspheres , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-128616


BACKGROUND/AIMS: The predictive role of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) before performing transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) has not been determined. We assessed the possible predictive factors of CEUS for the response to TACE. METHODS: Seventeen patients with 18 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) underwent TACE. All of the tumors were studied with CEUS before TACE using a second-generation ultrasound contrast agent (SonoVue(R), Bracco, Milan, Italy). The tumor response to TACE was classified with a score between 1 and 4 according to the remaining enhancing-tumor percentage based on modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (mRECIST): 1, enhancing tumor or =75%). A score of 1 was defined as a "good response" to TACE. The predictive factors for the response to TACE were evaluated during CEUS based on the maximum tumor diameter, initial arterial enhancing time, arterial enhancing duration, intensity of arterial enhancement, presence of a hypoenhanced pattern, and the feeding artery to the tumor. RESULTS: The median tumor size was 3.1 cm. The distribution of tumor response scores after TACE in all tumors was as follows: 1, n=11; 2, n=4; 3, n=2; and 4, n=1. Fifteen tumors showed feeding arteries. The presence of a feeding artery and the tumor size (< or =5 cm) were the predictive factors for a good response (P=0.043 and P=0.047, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of a feeding artery and a tumor size of less than 5 cm were the predictive factors for a good response of HCC to TACE on CEUS.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Contrast Media/chemistry , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Female , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Male , Microspheres , Middle Aged , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76675


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Among diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients, determining the appropriate dose and chemotherapy schedule to balance toxicity and efficacy is harder in elderly than in younger patients. Moreover, there are no currently available clinical factors that consistently identify patients who are unfit to receive chemotherapy. Therefore, the clinical characteristics and outcomes of elderly patients with DLBCL and the causes of treatment-related death were investigated in this study. METHODS: The clinical characteristics and outcomes of 44 elderly (> or = 70 years of age) patients diagnosed with DLBCL between January 2005 and June 2013 were evaluated. Variable clinical data along with the response rate, overall survival (OS), and causes of treatment-related death or treatment interruption were investigated. RESULTS: The median OS was 18.6 months, and 19 patients completed curative treatment. The mean average relative dose intensity of adriamycin in patients who completed chemotherapy was 0.617, and of these patients, 16 achieved complete remission. Chemotherapy incompletion, infectious complications, ex tranoda l involvement, high lactate dehydrogenase, poor performance status, and low albumin level at diagnosis were related to a shorter OS. However, multivariate analysis revealed that only infections and chemotherapy incompletion were significantly related to poor prognosis. The most common cause of treatment-related death was infection, and patients who had experienced infectious complications tended to have lower albumin levels than those of patients without such complications. CONCLUSIONS: In the treatment of elderly lymphoma patients, the dose intensity of adriamycin is not as important as it is in young patients. However, in elderly patients, infections are particularly dangerous, especially in patients with low albumin levels.

Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Chi-Square Distribution , Communicable Diseases/blood , Disease Progression , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Female , Geriatric Assessment , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/blood , Male , Multivariate Analysis , Proportional Hazards Models , Remission Induction , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Serum Albumin/analysis , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
Braz. dent. j ; 25(6): 538-542, Nov-Dec/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732251


The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of conversion (DC) and the cytotoxicity of photo-cured experimental resin composites containing 4-(N,N-dimethylamino)phenethyl alcohol (DMPOH) combined to the camphorquinone (CQ) compared with ethylamine benzoate (EDAB). The resin composites were mechanically blended using 35 wt% of an organic matrix and 65 wt% of filler loading. To this matrix was added 0.2 wt% of CQ and 0.2 wt% of one of the reducing agents tested. 5x1 mm samples (n=5) were previously submitted to DC measurement and then pre-immersed in complete culture medium without 10% (v/v) bovine serum for 1 h or 24 h at 37 °C in a humidifier incubator with 5% CO2 and 95% humidity to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of experimental resin composites using the MTT assay on immortalized human keratinocytes cells. As a result of absence of normal distribution, the statistical analysis was performed using the nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis to evaluate the cytotoxicity and one-way analysis of variance to evaluate the DC. For multiple comparisons, cytotoxicity statistical analyses were submitted to Student-Newman-Keuls and DC analysis to Tukey's HSD post-hoc test (=0.05). No significant differences were found between the DC of DMPOH (49.9%) and EDAB (50.7%). 1 h outcomes showed no significant difference of the cell viability between EDAB (99.26%), DMPOH (94.85%) and the control group (100%). After 24 h no significant difference were found between EDAB (48.44%) and DMPOH (38.06%), but significant difference was found compared with the control group (p>0.05). DMPOH presented similar DC and cytotoxicity compared with EDAB when associated with CQ.

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o grau de conversão (GC) e a citotoxicidade de resinas compostas experimentais utilizando o álcool 4-(N,N-dimetilamino) fenil etílico (DMPOH) associado à canforoquinona (CQ) como sistema fotoiniciador (SF) comparado à versão comercial utilizando o benzoato de etilamina (EDAB). Para tanto, as resinas compostas experimentais foram mecanicamente misturadas utilizando (em peso): 35% de matriz orgânica e 65% em peso de partículas de carga. Posteriormente, foram adicionados 0,2% de CQ e 0,2% de um dos agentes redutores testados. Amostras de 5 x 1 mm (n=5) foram previamentes submetidas à análise de GC e posteriormente, esterilizadas e colocadas no meio de cultura completo sem soro fetal bovino estéril por 1 h ou 24 h a 37 °C em encubadora com 5% de CO2 and 95% de umidade para avaliar os efeitos citotóxicos das resinas compostas experimentais utilizando o método MTT emcélulas células humanas imortalizadas de queratinócitos. Os dados de citotoxicidade foram submetidos à análise estatística de Kruskal-Wallis e de GC à análise de variância com um fator. Em virtude da ausência de normalidade, a análise estatística da citotoxicidade foi realizada utilizando-se o teste não-paramétrico de Kruskal-Wallis. Para o GC, os dados foram submetidos à análise de variaância de 1 fator. Posteriormente para múltiplas comparações, os dados de citotoxicidade foram submetidos ao teste Student-Newman-Keuls e o GC ao teste de Tukey's HSD post-hoc (=0.05). Não foi observada diferença estatística entre o GC de DMPOH (49,9%) e EDAB (50,7%). Para os resultados de 1 h não houve diferença na viabilidade celular entre EDAB (99,26%), DMPOH (94,85%) e o grupo controle (100%). Após 24 h, nenhuma diferença estatística foi encontrada entre EDAB (48,44%) e DMPOH (38,06%), entretanto, diferença significativa foi encontrada em relação ao grupo controle (p>0,05). O DMPOH apresentou GC e citotoxicidade semelhante à EDAB quando associado à CQ.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy , Administration, Oral , Cisplatin/administration & dosage , Drug Administration Schedule , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Etoposide/administration & dosage , Floxuridine/administration & dosage , Gallbladder Neoplasms/drug therapy , Infusions, Intravenous , Mitomycin , Mitomycins/administration & dosage , Splenic Neoplasms/drug therapy
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2014. 150 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-847168


O objetivo geral deste trabalho foi explorar a versatilidade de filmes multicamadas de polieletrólitos (PEM) e suas aplicações em sistemas de entrega de drogas e como filmes funcionais para aplicações biomédicas. Filmes PEM montados pela técnica de camada por camada (layer­-by­-layer, LbL), foram explorados em três aplicações principais. Na primeira, foi explorado o desenvolvimento de um protocolo de funcionalização em filmes de poli(alilamina)/poli (estireno sulfonato), PAH/SPS. Os parâmetros de construção do filme para biotinilação dos grupamentos amina do PAH foram otimizados e aplicados na captura e detecção do antígeno específico da próstata (PSA), na concentração de 100 a 0,1 ng/mL, usando pontos quânticos (Qdots). Em comparação com outros trabalhos, este sistema apresentou uma boa sensibilidade na detecção de PSA, dentro do limite de detecção clínica de 0,4 a 0,1 ng/mL. A segunda aplicação envolveu o desenvolvimento de filmes de sacrifício baseados nas interações naturais da mucina submandibular bovina e da lectina, jacalina (BSM/JAC). Filmes de BSM/JAC apresentaram estabilidade quando submetidos a uma ampla faixa de pH (pH 3-­-9) e em solução de alta força iônica (5 M NaCl). A dissolução dos filmes BSM/JAC pôde ser seletivamente desencadeada mediante à incubação em solução de melibiose, 37 °C, pH 7,4, sem apresentar citotoxicidade às células. Na última parte deste trabalho, a incorporação de lipossomos ecogênicos (ELIP) em mochilas celulares foi investigada. Mochilas celulares são "patches" de 7­-10 µm de diâmetro que podem ser fabricados por meio de deposição alternada de polímeros utilizando-­-se a técnica de LbL, sobre uma matriz pré­-moldada obtida por fotolitografia, a fim de criar um sistema composto por três multicamadas estratificadas: uma região de liberação, para promover o destacamento do substrato, uma região de carga de droga, e uma região adesiva às células. O uso de ELIP permitiu incorporação de até 9x mais doxorrubicina (DOX) se comparado com o fármaco livre em solução absorvido pelos dos filmes. A liberação de DOX pelos filmes foi monitorado por 25 dias. Mochilas contendo ELIP-­DOX foram então aderidos a monócitos, e sua viabilidade monitorados por 72h. Mochilas vazias mostraram diminuir a proliferação de monócitos ao longo das 72 horas, enquanto mochilas carregadas com ELIP-­DOX mostraram uma diminuição dramática na população celular, apontando uma potencialização dos efeitos da droga pela sua proximidade com as células

The overall goal of this thesis was to exploit the versatility of polyelectrolite multilayers (PEM) to be applied in drug delivery systems and biofunctionalizable films for biomedical applications. PEM films assembled by the layer-by­-layer technique were explored in three main applications. In the first part of this work, the development of a functionalization protocol of poly(allylamine)/poly(styrene sulfonate), PAH/SPS was explored. The optimal film parameters to the use of biotinylated multilayers were applied for the capture and detection of prostate specific antigen (PSA) protein in the range of 100 to 0.1 ng/mL, by using quantum dots. Compared to previous work, this system presented a good sensitivity for PSA detection that is within the clinical limit range of 0.4 to 0.1 ng/mL. The second application involved the creation of a novel sacrificial multilayer film. Films based in natural interactions of bovine submaxillary mucin and the lectin jacalin, BSM/JAC were assembled. BSM/JAC films showed stability when underwent a wide rage of pH (pH 3 to 9) and high ionic strength (5 M NaCl) solutions. BSM/JAC dissolution could be triggered released by incubation in melibiose at 37 °C in pH 7.4 buffer, without cytotoxicity. In the last part of this work the incorporation of echogenic liposomes (ELIP) into cell backpacks was investigated. Cell backpacks are 7-10 µm diameter patches that can be fabricated through LbL polymer deposition onto a photopatterned array to create a stacked composite of three stratified multilayer systems: a releasable region for easy detachment from the substrate, a drug payload region, and a cell adhesive region. The use of ELIP allowed up to 9x more doxorubicin (DOX) loading when compared to free drug in solution adsorbed through the films. DOX release from films was monitored for over 25 days. ELIP­-DOX backpacks were then attached to mouse monocytes and their viability monitored by 72h. Empty backpacks showed to decrease monocytes proliferation over the course of 72h, while ELIP­-DOX backpacks showed a dramatic decrease in cell population, showing that DOX effects were enhancement in drug potency by its proximity

Biotechnology/methods , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Biomarkers/metabolism , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Liposomes , Prostate-Specific Antigen/analysis , Regenerative Medicine
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174926


Febrile neutropenia (FN) is the major toxicity of rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) regimen in the treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The prediction of neutropenia and FN is mandatory to continue the planned R-CHOP therapy resulting in successful anti-cancer treatment. The clinical features and patterns of neutropenia and FN from 181 DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP were analyzed retrospectively. Sixty percent (60.2%) of patients experienced at least one episode of grade 4 neutropenia. Among them, 42.2% of episodes progressed to FN. Forty-eight percent (48.8%) of patients with FN was experienced their first FN during the first cycle of R-CHOP. All those patients never experienced FN again during the rest cycles of R-CHOP. Female, higher stage, international prognostic index (IPI), age > or =65 yr, comorbidities, bone marrow involvement, and baseline serum albumin < or =3.5 mg/dL were significant risk factors for FN by univariate analysis. Among these variables, comorbidities (P=0.009), bone marrow involvement (P=0.006), and female gender (P=0.024) were independent risk factors for FN based on multivariate analysis. On observing the patterns of neutropenia and FN, primary prophylaxis of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and antibiotics should be considered particularly in female patients, patients with comorbidities, or when there is bone marrow involvement of disease.

Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Chemotherapy-Induced Febrile Neutropenia/etiology , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Demography , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Neutropenia/etiology , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Vincristine/administration & dosage , Young Adult
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126097


BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study investigated the expression of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) and the chemokine receptor (CXCR4) in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who received rituximab-based therapy. METHODS: Seventy patients with DLBCL and treated with rituximab-CHOP (R-CHOP) were included, and immunohistochemistry was performed to determine the expression of NF-kappaB (IkappaB kinase alpha, p50, and p100/p52) and CXCR4. To classify DLBCL cases as germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) and non-GCB, additional immunohistochemical expression of CD10, bcl-6, or MUM1 was used in this study. The expression was divided into two groups according to the intensity score (negative, 0 or 1+; positive, 2+ or 3+). RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 66 years (range, 17 to 87), and 58.6% were male. Twenty-seven patients (38.6%) had stage III or IV disease at diagnosis. Twenty-three patients (32.9%) were categorized as high or high-intermediate risk according to their International Prognostic Indexs (IPIs). The overall incidence of bone marrow involvement was 5.7%. Rates of positive NF-kappaB and CXCR4 expression were 84.2% and 88.6%, respectively. High NF-kappaB expression was associated with CXCR4 expression (p = 0.002), and 56 patients (80.0%) showed coexpression. However, the expression of NF-kappaB or CXCR4 was not associated with overall survival and EFS. On multivariate analysis that included age, gender, performance status, stage, and the IPI, no significant association between the grade of NF-kappaB or CXCR4 expression and survival was observed. CONCLUSIONS: The current study suggests that the tissue expression of NF-kappaB and CXCR4 may not be an independent prognostic marker in DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Chi-Square Distribution , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/chemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , NF-kappa B/analysis , Neoplasm Staging , Predictive Value of Tests , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Proportional Hazards Models , Receptors, CXCR4/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Vincristine/administration & dosage , Young Adult
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 11(4): 446-450, out.-dez. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-699854


OBJETIVO: Avaliar a taxa de resposta patológica completa atingida pelas pacientes com diagnóstico de câncer de mama localmente avançado submetidas à quimioterapia neoadjuvante baseada no esquema doxorrubicina/ciclofosfamida seguido de paclitaxel. MÉTODOS: Coorte retrospectiva de pacientes admitidas no Hospital de Câncer de Barretos com câncer de mama localmente avançado entre 2006 e 2008 submetidas ao protocolo de doxorrubicina/ciclofosfamida seguido de paclitaxel (4 ciclos de doxorrubicina 60mg/m² e ciclofosfamida 600mg/m² a cada 21 dias; 4 ciclos de paclitaxel 175mg/m² a cada 21 dias). As seguintes variáveis foram avaliadas: idade, menopausa, performance status, estadiamento clínico inicial, dados antropométricos, quimioterapia (dose - duração), perfil de toxicidade, estadiamento clínico pós-tratamento, cirurgia, resposta patológica completa, sobrevida livre de doença e características anatomopatológicas (tipo e grau histológico, perfil hormonal e comprometimento linfonodal). A análise estatística foi realizada considerando-se o nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: Das 434 pacientes avaliadas, 136 foram excluídas por erro no estadiamento ou por terem recebido outro tipo de quimioterapia. A mediana de idade foi 50 anos, todas com performance status 0-1. A mediana do tamanho clínico inicial do tumor foi 65mm e a mediana do tamanho clínico final do tumor foi 22mm. Apresentaram resposta patológica completa 51 (17,1%) pacientes. Aquelas que apresentavam perfil hormonal negativo ou que eram triplo-negativas (Her-2 e perfil hormonal negativos) tiveram impacto favorável na resposta patológica completa. CONCLUSÃO: Quimioterapia neoadjuvante com doxorrubicina/ciclofosfamida seguidas de paclitaxel ofereceu taxa de resposta patológica completa na população estudada de acordo com a literatura. Pacientes triplo-negativas tiveram maior chance de atingir essa resposta.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the complete pathologic response attained by patients diagnosed with locally advanced breast cancer submitted to neoadjuvant chemotherapy based on the doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide regimen followed by paclitaxel. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of patients with locally advanced breast cancer, admitted to the Hospital de Câncer de Barretos between 2006 and 2008 submitted to the doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide protocol followed by paclitaxel (4 cycles of doxorubicin 60mg/m² and cyclophosphamide 600mg/m² every 21 days; 4 cycles of paclitaxel 175mg/m² every 21 days). The following variables were assessed: age, menopause, performance status, initial clinical staging, anthropometric data, chemotherapy (dose - duration), toxicity profile, post-treatment staging, surgery, pathologic complete response rate, disease-free survival, and pathological characteristics (type and histological degree, hormonal profile and lymph node involvement). Statistical analysis was performed using a 5% level of significance. RESULTS: Of the 434 patients evaluated, 136 were excluded due to error in staging or because they had received another type of chemotherapy. Median age was 50 years, all with performance status 0-1. Median initial clinical size of tumor was 65mm and the median final clinical size of the tumor was 22mm. Fifty-one (17.1%) patients experienced a pathologic complete response. Those with a negative hormonal profile or who were triple-negative (negative Her-2 and hormonal profile) experienced a favorable impact on the pathologic complete response. CONCLUSION: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel provided a pathologic complete response in the population studied in accordance with that observed in the literature. Triple-negative patients had a greater chance of attaining this response.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/administration & dosage , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/administration & dosage , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Cohort Studies , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Paclitaxel/administration & dosage , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Rev. méd. Chile ; 141(7): 844-852, jul. 2013. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-695765


Background: The most common types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) are diffuse large B cell (DLBCL) and follicular (FL). Aim: To analyze the benefit ofRituxi-mab in overall survival (OS) of patients with NHL. Material and Methods: Review of medical record of 230 adult patients with afirst episode of NHL admitted between 2002 and 2011. We included 67 patients with DLBCL and 36 patients with FL. Results: The overall response (OR) was 64% with 39% complete remissions (CR) in DLBCL treated with CHOP-like and 100% with 89% CR with R-CHOP. The median OS with CHOP-like was 21 months versus not attained R-CHOP (p = 0.016). There was a statistically significant difference in median event-free survival (EvFS) in favor of R-CHOP: not attained versus 8.3 months for CHOP-like (log rank (p = 0.002)). In FL, the OR in patients treated with R-CHOP or R-CHOP-like was 85%) with 54% CR. With CHOP-like the OR was 59%> with 18% CR. The OS at 24 and 36 months in patients treated with R-CHOP or R-CHOP-like was 83 and 65%. The figures for patients treated with CHOP-like were 80 and 66%> respectively. The progression free survival (PFS) was 21 months with CHOP-like versus not attained with R-QT (p = 0,043). Conclusions: When Rituximab was added to CHOP, there was a higher CR, EvFS and OS in DLBCL and higher CR and PFS in FL.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Follicular/drug therapy , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/administration & dosage , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Lymphoma, Follicular/mortality , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/mortality , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine/administration & dosage
Indian J Cancer ; 2013 Jan-Mar; 50(1): 58-64
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147321


Aims: To compare the clinical and pathologic assessment of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and describe the various histopathologic changes observed. Materials and Methods: We studied a group of 40 patients with locally advanced breast cancer who had their initial workup in the form of clinico-imaging assessment of the size and pretreatment biopsy from the lesion. All the patients received two to six cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, either cyclophosphamide 50 to 60 mg/m 2 IV, doxorubicin 40 to 50 mg/m 2 IV and 5-fluorouracil 500 to 800 mg/m 2 IV (CAF) or cyclophosphamide, epirubicin, and 5-fluorouracil (CEF). Clinical and pathologic assessment of response to chemotherapy was done based on the UICC guidelines. Result: Complete clinical response (cCR) was seen in 10% cases (4/40), thirty percent patients had (12/40) partial response and 60% (24/40) had stable disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Pathologic complete response (pCR) with no evidence of viable tumor was observed in 20% patients (8/40). Fifteen patients (37.5%) showed partial response and 42.5% patients (17/40) had a stable disease. No patient progressed during the course of chemotherapy. Changes in the tumor type were observed following chemotherapy, most common being the mucinous change. Histologic changes like dyscohesion, shrinkage of tumor cells, elastosis, collagenization, necrosis, lymphocytic reaction, giant cell response are some of the common observations seen following treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Conclusion: Pathologic assessment of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy is a better predictor than the clinical response. The chemotherapy drugs can be modified based on the response observed after 1-2 cycles of neoadjuvant, the response being based on both tumor and patient's responsiveness.

Biomarkers, Pharmacological/metabolism , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Ductal/drug therapy , Carcinoma, Ductal/pathology , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Doxorubicin/adverse effects , Epirubicin/administration & dosage , Epirubicin/adverse effects , Female , Fluorouracil/administration & dosage , Fluorouracil/adverse effects , Humans , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome
West Indian med. j ; 62(1): 89-91, Jan. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045595


Primary isolated bone marrow disease as a presenting feature of lymphoma is very rare. We describe the case of a Chinese with isolated bone marrow small B-cell lymphoma as a first manifestation. A 55-year old woman was admitted to our hospital with fever. Her peripheral blood smear and laboratory findings were suggestive of bicytopenia. Bone marrow specimen showed diffusely distributed small-sized lymphocytes. Combined with immunophenotypic and chromosomal analysis, a diagnosis of primary bone marrow B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was made. The patient was treated with R-CHOP (rituximab and cyclophosphamide, epirubicin, vindesine, and prednisone) regimen for six cycles. She had complete remission and is still alive without relapse. We concluded that primary bone marrow mature small B-cell lymphoma is a rare but distinctive subtype of lymphoma. The prognosis for this entity is poor but rituximab-based treatment is promising for improving its outcomes.

La enfermedad aislada primaria de la médula ósea como rasgo de manifestación del linfoma es muy rara. Describimos el caso de una paciente china con linfoma aislado de células B pequeñas en la médula como una primera manifestación. Se trata de una mujer de 55 años que ingresara a nuestro hospital con fiebre. El frotis de sangre periférica y los hallazgos de laboratorio apuntaban a una bicitopenia. El espécimen de la médula ósea mostró la presencia de linfocitos de pequeño tamaño distribuidos de manera difusa. En combinación con un análisis inmunofenotípico y un análisis cromosómico, se realizó un diagnóstico de linfoma primario no Hodgkin de células B de la médula ósea. La paciente recibió como tratamiento un régimen de seis ciclos de R-CHOP (rituximab, ciclofosfamida, epirubicina, vindesina, y prednisona). Esto le permitió alcanzar una remisión completa, y todavía está viva sin que se haya producido recaída alguna. Concluimos que el linfoma primario de células B pequeñas maduras de la médula ósea es un subtipo raro pero particular de linfoma. La prognosis para esta entidad es pobre, pero el tratamiento a base de rituximab re-basado resulta promisorio en cuanto a mejorar su evolución clínica.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/administration & dosage , Lymphoma, B-Cell/drug therapy , Bone Marrow Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage , Vincristine/administration & dosage , Remission Induction , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Treatment Outcome , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Rituximab/administration & dosage
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15362


OBJECTIVE: To assess the technical feasibility and local efficacy of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for an intermediate-sized (3-5 cm in diameter) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) under the dual guidance of biplane fluoroscopy and ultrasonography (US). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with intermediate-sized HCCs were treated with percutaneous RFA combined with TACE. RFA was performed under the dual guidance of biplane fluoroscopy and US within 14 days after TACE. We evaluated the rate of major complications on immediate post-RFA CT images. Primary technique effectiveness rate was determined on one month follow-up CT images. The cumulative rate of local tumor progression was estimated with the use of Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: Twenty-one consecutive patients with 21 HCCs (mean size: 3.6 cm; range: 3-4.5 cm) were included. After TACE (mean: 6.7 d; range: 1-14 d), 20 (95.2%) of 21 HCCs were visible on fluoroscopy and were ablated under dual guidance of biplane fluoroscopy and US. The other HCC that was poorly visible by fluoroscopy was ablated under US guidance alone. Major complications were observed in only one patient (pneumothorax). Primary technique effectiveness was achieved for all 21 HCCs in a single RFA session. Cumulative rates of local tumor progression were estimated as 9.5% and 19.0% at one and three years, respectively. CONCLUSION: RFA combined with TACE under dual guidance of biplane fluoroscopy and US is technically feasible and effective for intermediate-sized HCC treatment.

Aged , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Catheter Ablation/methods , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Combined Modality Therapy , Disease Progression , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Ethiodized Oil/administration & dosage , Feasibility Studies , Female , Fluoroscopy , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Male , Postoperative Complications , Radiography, Interventional , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional