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1.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 55(2): 112-117, 20220801.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380460

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de un paciente varón de 18 años, con un gran mucocele frontoetmoidal derecho, postoperado en dos oportunidades anteriores, que acudió a nuestro servicio por un empeoramiento de la diplopía. Al examen físico se visualizaba un desplazamiento del globo ocular hacia abajo y afuera. Se le realizó estudios de imágenes, una tomografía computarizada y una resonancia magnética nuclear que sugerían un mucocele frontoetmoidal derecho. Se le realizó una sinusotomía tipo Draf III para drenaje de la lesión, con mejoría de los síntomas.


We present the case of an 18-year-old male patient with a large right frontoethmoidal mucocele, postoperatively on two previous occasions, who came to our department due to worsening diplopia. Physical examination revealed a downward and outward displacement of the eyeball. Imaging studies, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging were performed that suggested a right frontoethmoidal mucocele. A type Draf III sinusotomy was performed to drain the lesion, with improvement of the symptoms.


Subject(s)
Mucocele , Drainage , Diplopia
2.
Rev. méd. Paraná ; 80(1): 1-3, jan. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381055

ABSTRACT

O cenário de violência urbana e a alta tecnologia automobilística culminaram no aumento de incidência de lesões penetrantes e contusas. Como o fígado ocupa a maior parte do quadrante superior do abdome, qualquer trauma na parte inferior do tórax ou no abdome superior o coloca em risco de lesão que pode acarretar vazamento biliar, sangue ou seroma. Portanto, a drenagem é indicada para evitar complicações causadas pelo acúmulo desses líquidos. Este estudo visou avaliar a efetividade da drenagem em procedimentos cirúrgicos de trauma hepático. Estudo observacional, com análise retrospectiva de prontuários onde foi avaliado um total de 60 prontuários. Em conclusão, os pacientes com lesões mais graves tiveram maior número de drenagem; o tempo de permanência em UTI foi semelhante àqueles que não utilizaram drenos; reoperações utilizaram o dreno com maior frequência; o uso ou não de drenagem não evidenciou diferenças quanto a necessidade de hemoderivados ou em relação ao número de óbitos


The urban violence scenario and the high automobile technology culminated in an increase in the incidence of penetrating and blunt injuries. Since the liver occupies most of the upper quadrant of the abdomen, any trauma to the lower chest or upper abdomen is risky for injury that can lead to bile leakage, blood, or seroma; therefore, drainage is indicated to avoid complications caused by the accumulation of these liquids. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of drainage in surgical procedures for liver trauma. It is observational, with retrospective analysis of medical records. A total of 60 records were evaluated. In conclusion, patients with more severe injuries had a greater number of drainages; the length of stay in the ICU was similar to those who did not use drains; reoperations used the drain more frequently; the use or not of drainage did not show differences in terms of the need for blood products or in relation to the number of deaths


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Injuries , Wounds and Injuries , Drainage , Liver
3.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(2): 47-52, abr.-jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399418

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Trombose Séptica do Seio Cavernoso é uma condição rara, de difícil diagnóstico e seu tratamento deve ser incisivo e assertivo. Mais frequentemente a etiologia da trombose é a extensão de processos infecciosos no terço médio da face, como sinusites dos seios paranasais. Objetivo: Esse trabalho tem como objetivo apresentar um relato de caso clínico de um paciente de 26 anos acometido por trombose séptica do seio cavernoso odontogênica. Relato de caso: O paciente foi submetido a duas drenagens cirúrgicas dos sítios infectados, assim como remoção das causas (dois molares superiores), seguidas de antibioticoretapia endovenosa e controles imaginológico e laboratorial. Conclusão: O diagnóstico precoce e etiologicamente correto seguido de um tratamento clínico e cirúrgico emergente e incisivo são fundamentais na resolução favorável da trombose séptica do seio cavernoso e na diminuição de suas sequelas... (AU)


Introduction: Septic Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis is a rare condition, hard to diagnose and its treatment must be incisive and assertive. More often the etiology of thrombosis is the extension of infectious processes in the middle third of the face, such as sinusitis of the paranasal sinuses. Objectives: This paper aims to present a case report of a 26-year-old patient with odontogenic Cavernous Sinus Septic Thrombosis. Case Report: The patient underwent two surgical drainage of the infected sites, as well as removal of the causes (two maxillary molars), followed by intravenous antibiotic therapy and imaging and laboratory controls. Conclusion: Early and etiologically correct diagnosis followed by an emergent and incisive clinical and surgical treatment are fundamental in the favorable resolution of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis and in the reduction of its sequelae... (AU)


Introducción: La Trombosis del Seno Cavernoso Séptico es una condición rara, difícil de diagnosticar y su tratamiento debe ser incisivo y asertivo. Más a menudo, la etiología de la trombosis es la extensión de procesos infecciosos en el tercio medio de la cara, como la sinusitis de los senos paranasales. Objetivos: El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo presentar el reporte de un caso de un paciente de 26 años con Trombosis Séptica del Seno Cavernoso odontogénica. Reporte de caso: El paciente fue sometido a dos drenajes quirúrgicos de los sitios infectados, así como a la extirpación de las causas (dos molares maxilares), seguido de antibioticoterapia endovenosa y controles de imagen y laboratorio. Conclusión: El diagnóstico precoz y etiologicamente correcto seguido de un tratamiento clínico y quirúrgico emergente e incisivo son fundamentales en la resolución favorable de la trombosis del seno cavernoso séptico y en la reducción de sus secuelas... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Paranasal Sinuses , Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome , Cavernous Sinus/pathology , Drainage , Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis/diagnosis , Face , Jaw
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 363-364, March-Apr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364954

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Reports in the literature describe lymphocele formation in up to half of patients following pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) (1) in robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP), with 1-2% requiring intervention (2). The advantage of surgical approach is permanent excision of the lymphocele capsule and fewer days with pelvic drains compared to percutaneous drainage. This study aims to describe the step-by-step surgical management of symptomatic lymphoceles using a less invasive robotic platform, the Da Vinci® Single Port (SP). Material and Methods: We describe the technique of lymphocelectomy and marsupialization with the Da Vinci® SP for symptomatic lymphocele. For this study, several treatment modalities for symptomatic lymphoceles were available, including percutaneous drainage, sclerosing agents, and surgical marsupialization. All the data for this study were obtained through the procedure via Da Vinci® SP. Results: Operative time for the case was 84 minutes. Blood loss was 25ml. No intra- or post- operative complications were reported. The patient had his drain removed in under 24 hours after surgery. The mean follow-up period was 7.7 months. There were no complications or lymphocele recurrence. Conclusion: Da Vinci® SP lymphocelectomy is safe and feasible with satisfactory outcomes. The SP enables definitive treatment of the lymphocele sac (3), reducing the number of days with abdominal drains and allows further decrease in surgical invasiveness with fewer incisions and better cosmesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Robotics , Lymphocele/surgery , Lymphocele/etiology , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Prostatectomy/methods , Drainage/adverse effects , Drainage/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 77-81, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360711

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The treatment for patients with acute calculous cholecystitis who have high surgical risk with percutaneous cholecystostomy instead of surgery is an appropriate alternative choice. The aim of this study was to examine the promising percutaneous cholecystostomy intervention to share our experiences about the duration of catheter that has yet to be determined. METHODS: A total of 163 patients diagnosed with acute calculous cholecystitis and treated with percutaneous cholecystostomy between January 2011 and July 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. The Tokyo Guidelines 2018 were used to diagnose and grade patients with acute cholecystitis. RESULTS: The mean age was 71.81±12.81 years. According to the Tokyo grading, 143 patients had grade 2 and 20 patients had grade 3 disease. The mean duration of catheter was 39.12±37 (1-270) days. Minimal bile leakage into the peritoneum was noted in 3 (1.8%) patients during the procedure. The rate of complications during follow-up of the patients who underwent percutaneous cholecystostomy was 6.9% (n=11), and the most common complication was catheter dislocation. Cholecystectomy was performed in 33.1% (n=54) of the patients at follow-up. Post-cholecystectomy complication rate was 12.9%. At the follow-up, the rate of recurrent acute cholecystitis episodes was 5.5%, while the mortality rate was 1.8%. The length of follow-up was five years. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of recurrence was significantly higher among the patients with catheter for <21 days. We recommend that the duration of catheter should be minimum 21 days in patients undergoing percutaneous cholecystostomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cholecystostomy/adverse effects , Cholecystostomy/methods , Cholecystitis, Acute/surgery , Drainage/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Catheters , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20213139, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365379

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess safety, efficacy and quality of life in patients with benign pleural effusions undergong pleural drainage with Wayne pleural catheter (DW) in an outpatient setting. Method: this is a prospective study, in which 47 patients were evaluated between July 2017 and October 2018. Patients with non-malignant pleural effusions underwent pleural drainage with clinical evolution compatible with outpatient care were included. Patients who underwent drainage due to other conditions and patients were excluded. Results: after catheter placement, the mean length of hospital stay was 3.14 (± 3.85) days, and 21 patients (44.68%) were discharged within 24 hours. The mean time with the catheter was 12.63 (± 7.37) days. The analysis of the pleural fluid was transudate in 87.3% of cases and exudate in 12.3%. The causes of pleural effusion were heart failure (72.3%), renal failure (19.1%), liver failure (6.3%) and pneumonia (8.5%). The quality of life, analyzed according to the parameters of the questionnaire SF 36, showed low average values when compared to other studies. Analyzing each descriptor, the average was greater only in the limitation related to physical aspects. In the other descriptors, the results were similar, but smaller. Conclusion: the outpatient use of pleural catheters of the Wayne type (pigtail) proved to be feasible, safe and with a low associated infection rate. This is a viable option for selected patients.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a segurança, a eficácia, as complicações e a qualidade de vida da alta precoce e acompanhamento ambulatorial de pacientes com derrames pleurais benignos submetidos à drenagem pleural com dreno de Wayne (DW). Método: estudo prospectivo, em que foram avaliados 47 pacientes entre julho de 2017 e outubro de 2018. Foram incluídos os pacientes com derrames pleurais não malignos, submetidos a drenagem pleural com evolução clínica compatível com o cuidado ambulatorial. Foram excluídos os pacientes submetidos a drenagem por outras afecções. Resultados: após a drenagem, a média do tempo de internação dos pacientes foi de 3,14 (±3,85) dias, sendo que 21 pacientes (44,68%) tiveram alta em até 24 horas após a drenagem. O tempo médio de permanência com o dreno foi de 12,63 (±7,37) dias. A análise do líquido pleural mostrou tratar-se de transudato em 87,3% dos casos e de exsudato em 12,3%. Dentre as causas do derrame pleural, destacaram-se insuficiência cardíaca (72,3%), insuficiência renal (19,1%), hepatopatias (6,3%) e pneumonias (8,5%). A qualidade de vida, analisada segundo os parâmetros do questionário SF 36, teve valores médios baixos, principalmente em relação a outros estudos. Na análise de cada descritor, a média apresentou-se maior somente na limitação por aspectos físicos. Nos demais descritores, os resultados foram semelhantes, mas menores. Conclusão: o uso ambulatorial de cateteres pleurais do tipo Wayne (pigtail) mostrou-se factível, seguro e com baixa taxa de infecções associadas. Trata-se de opção viável para pacientes selecionados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pleural Effusion/therapy , Drainage/adverse effects , Drainage/methods , Catheters/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
7.
Hepatología ; 3(2): 218-224, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1396105

ABSTRACT

El hidrotórax hepático es una entidad poco frecuente en pacientes con cirrosis. A la fecha se han propuesto varias alternativas terapéuticas, tanto médicas como quirúrgicas, previas al trasplante hepático como manejo definitivo. A continuación, se presenta el caso de una paciente de 78 años con cirrosis secundaria a infección por virus de la hepatitis C, que acudió al servicio de urgencias por dificultad respiratoria, donde se documentó un derrame pleural derecho masivo de tipo trasudado, que respondió parcialmente a terapia diurética e inserción de dren pleural; posteriormente falleció por complicaciones hemorrágicas asociadas a la cirrosis. Se considera importante describir esta patología, dada su baja frecuencia en pacientes con cirrosis y los retos terapéuticos a los que nos enfrentamos con la poca evidencia disponible en la actualidad.


Hepatic hydrothorax is a rare entity in patients with cirrhosis. To date, several therapeutic alternatives have been proposed, both medical and surgical, prior to liver transplantation as the definitive management. Here we present the case of a 78-year-old patient with cirrhosis secondary to hepatitis C virus infection, who consulted the emergency department for respiratory distress, documenting a massive right pleural effusion of transudate type, which responded partially to diuretic therapy and drainage with pigtail, and later died due to hemorrhagic complications associated with cirrhosis. It is important to describe this pathology given its low frequency in patients with cirrhosis and the therapeutic challenges we face with the limited currently available evidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hydrothorax , Pleural Effusion , Drainage , Hepatitis Viruses , Liver Cirrhosis
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effect of early abdominal puncture drainage (APD) on autophagy and Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway in rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and explore the possibile mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two male SD rats were randomly divided into sham-operated (SO) group, SAP group with retrograde injection of 4% sodium taurocholate, APD group with insertion of a drainage tube into the lower right abdomen after SAP induction, and APD + ZnPP group with intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg/kg ZnPP 12 h before APD modeling. Blood samples were collected from the rats 12 h after modeling for analysis of amylase and lipase levels and serum inflammatory factors. The pathological changes of the pancreatic tissue were observed with HE staining. Oxidative stress in the pancreatic tissue was detected with colorimetry, and sub-organelle structure and autophagy in pancreatic acinar cells were observed by transmission electron microscopy. The expressions of autophagy-related proteins and Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway were detected using RT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in SAP group, the rats with APD treatment showed significantly alleviated pathologies in the pancreas, reduced serum levels of lipase, amylase and inflammatory factors, lowered levels of oxidative stress, and activated expressions of Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway in the pancreas. The ameliorating effect of ADP was significantly inhibited by ZnPP treatment before modeling. APD obviously reversed mitochondrial and endoplasmic reticulum damages and p62 accumulation induced by SAP.@*CONCLUSION@#APD treatment can suppress oxidative stress and repair impaired autophagy in rats with SAP by activating the Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway, thereby reducing the severity of SAP.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Amylases/blood , Animals , Autophagy , Drainage , Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing) , Lipase/blood , Male , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Oxidative Stress , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatitis/surgery , Punctures , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 81-83, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935979

ABSTRACT

On November 17, 2013, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University admitted a 23-year-old male patient with a high-temperature steel bar penetration injury from scrotum to buttocks who was transferred from another hospital. Expanded debridement, suture, and drainage of the perineum, right thigh, and right hip were performed as soon as possible after admission. A sputum suction tube was used as the guide mark for expanded debridement during the operation to ensure the accuracy of the direction and scope of expanded debridement. The incision was treated with vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) and full drainage. On the 20th day after the operation (the 25th day after admission), the unhealed wound was transplanted with split-thickness skin graft from the right thigh, and the drainage of the operation area and dressing change were strengthened. On the 53rd day after injury, the patient was discharged after complete wound healing. This case suggests that VSD after early debridement is an effective means to treat high-temperature steel bar penetration injuries.


Subject(s)
Adult , Buttocks , Debridement , Drainage , Humans , Male , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Scrotum/surgery , Skin Transplantation , Steel , Temperature , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 432-435, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935617

ABSTRACT

Mini-invasive surgical or endoscopic step-up approach is the first choice of pancreatic necrosectomy for infected wall-off necrosis. Surgical debridement has the advantage of high efficiency,low cost and good accessibility,while the complication rate of pancreatic fistula and incision hernia after endoscopic necrosectomy is low.Laparoscopic transgastric necrosectomy(LTGN) can combine the advantages of surgical and endoscopic debridement,and may become one of the important methods for the surgical treatment of necrotizing pancreatitis in the future. This paper focuses on the technical advantages,surgical points,indications and application status of LTGN,so as to provide reference for the technical promotion.


Subject(s)
Debridement/methods , Drainage/methods , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Necrosis/complications , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928881

ABSTRACT

For one-off water seal of components "one-way" chest drainage device in the actual process of using the sealing function of accidental failure problem, with the component design and processing quality, the rationality of the related production technology as a research object, through to the device internal sealing surface and processing quality, one-way valve floating switch, seal diaphragm installation effect, the weight of the components of clean degree and so on has carried on the experiment and analysis, find out the chest drainage of water sealing device of the main causes of the one-way valve seal failure in, and sum up the corresponding improving methods according to the results of the experiments, and improve the one-way valve sealing performance.


Subject(s)
Drainage , Water
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928280

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical significance and related factors of drainage tube after percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy(PELD).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 151 patients with lumbar disc herniation who underwent PELD from January 2019 to September 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. According to whether the drainage tube was used after operation, the patients were divided into drainage tube group and non drainage tube group. The placement time and total drainage volume were recorded. The characteristics of patients, such as age, gender, body mass index, lumbar disc herniation segment, smoking history, basic diseases and whether taking anticoagulants, were analyzed by single factor and multiple factor.@*RESULTS@#Drainage tubes were used in 32 patients after PELD. There were statistical differences in visual analogue scale(VAS) and Japanese Orthopaedic Assiciation(JOA) scores between postoperative and preoperative of that in two groups(P<0.05). There were statistical differences in VAS and JOA scores at discharge between two groups(P<0.05), while there were no statistical differences at other time points(P>0.05). Univariate analysis showed that age, basic diseases and whether taking anticoagulants were related to the use of drainage tube, but gender, body mass index, lumbar disc herniation segment and smoking history were not significantly related to the use of drainage tube. Multivariate analysis showed that elderly patients, complicated with hypertension and diabetes, taking anticoagulants were related to the use of drainage tube.@*CONCLUSION@#The use of drainage tube after percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy can improve the symptoms of lumbar and leg pain in early stage. For elderly patients with hypertension, diabetes and taking anticoagulants drugs, drainage tube can be considered after transforaminal endoscopy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Diskectomy/adverse effects , Diskectomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Drainage , Endoscopy , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0033, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376776

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A obstrução de via lacrimal é uma possível complicação decorrente de tratamentos oncológicos sistêmicos e locais. A epífora crônica gera grande impacto na qualidade de vida desses pacientes, e, como a fibrose terminal da via lacrimal pode necessitar de procedimentos complexos para sua resolução, é importante estarmos atentos a esse efeito adverso, com o objetivo de reconhecê-lo e tratá-lo precocemente, ou mesmo preveni-lo. Nesta revisão da literatura, os autores analisam todos os agentes quimioterápicos e radioterápicos associados à obstrução lacrimal e descrevem os mecanismos, a frequência, os tratamentos e a profilaxia. Os tratamentos oncológicos associados à obstrução lacrimal foram: radioterapia em cabeça e pescoço (dosagem acima de 45 a 75Gy), radioiodoterapia (dosagem acima de 150mCi) e quimioterapia com 5-FU, S-1, capecitabine e docetaxel. A obstrução lacrimal pode ser irreversível, e a intubação profilática das vias lacrimais é uma possibilidade descrita de tratamento profilático em casos de radioterapia e uso do 5-FU, S-1 e docetaxel. O tratamento cirúrgico de todos os casos é a dacriocistorrinostomia.


ABSTRACT Lacrimal duct obstruction can be a side effect of systemic and/or local cancer treatments. Chronic epiphora has a great impact on the quality of life of oncological patients. Since terminal fibrosis of the lacrimal system may require complex procedures, it is important to be aware of this adverse effect in order to recognize and treat it, or even prevent it. A literature review was performed to identify all types of systemic cancer treatment associated with lacrimal obstruction and to describe the mechanisms, frequency, treatment, and prophylaxis. The oncological treatments associated with lacrimal obstruction were head and neck radiotherapy (dosage above 45-75 Gy), radioiodine therapy (dosage above 150 mCi), and chemotherapy with 5-FU, S-1, Capecitabine and Docetaxel. Depending on the dose, this complication may be irreversible. Prophylactic intubation of the lacrimal system is an option for prophylaxis in cases of radiotherapy, use of 5-FU, S-1, and Docetaxel. Final surgical treatment is dacryocystorhinostomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Iodine Radioisotopes/adverse effects , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/etiology , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/chemically induced , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Dacryocystorhinostomy , Drainage , Constriction, Pathologic/etiology , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases/prevention & control , Nasolacrimal Duct/drug effects , Nasolacrimal Duct/radiation effects
15.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(4): 297-302, 26/11/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362065

ABSTRACT

Introduction The increase in intracranial pressure (ICP) is a neurological complication resulting from numerous pathologies that affect the brain and its compartments. Therefore, decompressive craniectomy (DC) is an alternative adopted to reduce ICP in emergencies, especially in cases refractory to clinical therapies, in favor of patient survival. However, DC is associated with several complications, including hydrocephalus (HC). The present study presents the results of an unusual intervention to this complication: the implantation of an external ventricular drain (EVD) in the intraoperative period of cranioplasty (CP). Methods Patients of both genders who presented with HC and externalization of the brain through the cranial vault after decompressive hemicraniectomy and underwent EVD implantation, to allow the CP procedure, in the same surgical procedure, were included. Results Five patients underwent DC due to a refractory increase in ICP, due to automobile accidents, firearm projectiles, falls from stairs, and ischemic strokes. All evolved with HC. There was no uniform time interval between DC and CP. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was drained according to the need for correction of cerebral herniation in each patient, before undergoing cranioplasty. All patients progressed well, without neurological deficits in the immediate postoperative period. Conclusion There are still several uncertainties about the management of HC resulting from DC. In this context, other CP strategies simultaneous to the drainage of CSF, not necessarily related to ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS), should be considered and evaluated more deeply, in view of the verification of efficacy in procedures of this scope, such as the EVD addressed in this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Hydrocephalus/surgery , Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts , Drainage/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Craniofacial Abnormalities/surgery , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Observational Study , Hydrocephalus/etiology
16.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(4): 473-479, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360971

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: en pacientes con obstrucción biliar distal maligna en quienes la derivación biliar mediante colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) no sea factible o sea fallida, el drenaje biliar guiado por ultrasonido endoscópico mediante coledocoduodenostomía es una opción terapéutica viable, de la que se describen altas tasas de éxito técnico y clínico con una baja morbimortalidad. Adicionalmente, este método podría ser superior en la mejora de la calidad de vida en comparación con el manejo percutáneo o quirúrgico. Objetivo: describir la experiencia inicial con el drenaje biliar guiado por ultrasonido endoscópico en pacientes con obstrucción biliar maligna en un centro de referencia. Métodos: es una serie de casos retrospectiva de 6 pacientes con obstrucción biliar maligna a quienes se les realizó inicialmente una CPRE que fue fallida, por lo cual se procedió a realizar coledocoduodenostomía guiada por ultrasonografía endoscópica. Se describieron las tasas de éxito técnico, éxito clínico, eventos adversos, tasas de disfunción y tiempo de supervivencia de los pacientes. Resultados: se analizaron 6 casos, predominó el sexo femenino, con un promedio de edad de 71,8 ± 19,8 años; las indicaciones fueron adenocarcinoma de páncreas, tumor periampular y colangiocarcinoma distal. Se observó un éxito técnico en el 100 % de los casos y éxito clínico en 83,3 % de los casos. No se registraron eventos adversos graves. En el seguimiento de los casos se observó una supervivencia del 66,7 % a los 30 días. Conclusión: la coledocoduodenostomía es una alternativa terapéutica viable, segura y efectiva en pacientes con obstrucción biliar maligna en quienes la CPRE fue fallida, con una alta tasa de éxito técnico y clínico.


Abstract Introduction: Patients with malignant biliary distal obstruction who cannot be treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or who had a failed ERCP, can find alternative treatment in endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage via choledochoduodenostomy. EUS-CDS performs with high rates of technical and clinical success and with low rates of morbimortality. Moreover, this method could have the potential to improve the patient's quality of life, compared with percutaneous or surgical means. Objective: This study aims to describe the initial experience with endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage in patients with malignant biliary distal obstruction in a reference center. Methods: Retrospective case review of six patients with malignant biliary obstruction and prior ERCP-placed and failed. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage via choledochoduodenostomy was performed as an alternative method. Technical and clinical success rates, adverse event rates, dysfunction rates, and patient survival time were described. Results: 6 cases were analyzed with a higher proportion of female patients, with a mean age of 71,8 ± 19,8 years. The symptoms were related to pancreas adenocarcinoma, periampullary tumor, and distal cholangiocarcinoma. The procedure was technically successful in 100% of cases and clinically successful in 83% of cases. Serious adverse events were nor reported. After 30 days, a survival rate of 66,7 % was observed. Conclusion: Choledochoduodenostomy is a viable, safe, and effective method in patients with malignant biliary obstruction who had a failed ERCP, and it has high rates of technical and clinical success.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Referral and Consultation , Choledochostomy , Adenocarcinoma , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Endosonography , Pancreas , Drainage , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Neoplasms
17.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(4): 480-484, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360972

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presentan 6 pacientes con disrupción ductal del páncreas (DDP) tratados mediante drenaje percutáneo guiado por imágenes con apoyo de la endoscopia. Inicialmente, los pacientes presentaron necrosis pancreática infectada tratada con drenaje percutáneo transgástrico y luego de resolver la infección desarrollaron DDP. En el estudio por imágenes se diagnosticaron 4 pacientes con disrupción ductal parcial y 2 con disrupción total, a quienes se les indicó la colocación de una prótesis transgástrica percutánea para lograr el drenaje del líquido pancreático hacia el estómago. La duración promedio de la prótesis fue de 183 días; no hubo casos de mortalidad. Se pudo evidenciar que esta opción terapéutica mínimamente invasiva tiene baja morbimortalidad, por lo que se plantea el abordaje percutáneo transgástrico apoyado por la endoscopia como posible tratamiento de la DDP.


Abstract A total of six patients with pancreatic ductal disruption (PDD), treated with image-guided endoscopy percutaneous drainage were enrolled. Initially, patients had infected pancreatic necrosis, treated with transgastric percutaneous drainage, and after the infection was controlled, they developed PDD. In the imaging study process, four patients were diagnosed with partial duct disruption and two patients with complete duct disruption. In both cases the placement of a percutaneous transgastric prosthesis to drain the pancreatic fluids to the stomach was indicated. The prosthesis remained 183 days on average and there were no mortality cases. This therapeutic minimally invasive alternative has low rates of morbimortality and thus, the endoscopy percutaneous transgastric approach is considered as a viable treatment in PPD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pancreas , Drainage , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing , Patients , Stomach , Endoscopy , Infections
18.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(6): 556-563, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352293

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Hypoxemia and pulmonary complications are common after upper abdominal surgery (UAS). OBJECTIVE: To examine whether inclusion of autogenic drainage (AD) in chest physiotherapy after UAS confers additional benefits in improving blood gases and reducing postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). DESIGN AND SETTING: Randomized controlled study conducted at Kasr Al-Ainy teaching hospital, Egypt. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 48 subjects undergoing elective UAS with high risk of developing PPCs. The study group received AD plus routine chest physiotherapy (deep diaphragmatic breathing, localized breathing and splinted coughing) and the control group received routine chest physiotherapy only. The outcomes included arterial blood gases measured at the first and seventh postoperative days, incidence of PPCs within the first seven days and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. In the AD group, SaO2, PaO2, PaCO2 and HCO3 significantly improved (P < 0.05) while in the physiotherapy group, only SaO2 and PaO2 significantly improved (P < 0.05). Nonetheless, significant differences in post-treatment SaO2 and PaO2 between the groups were observed. The overall incidence of PPCs was 16.66% (12.5% in the AD group and 20.8% in the physiotherapy group) (absolute risk reduction -8.3%; 95% confidence interval, CI, -13.5 to 29.6%), with no significant difference between the groups. The AD group had a significantly shorter hospital stay (P = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Adding AD to routine chest physiotherapy after UAS provided a favorable blood gas outcome and reduced the length of hospital stay. It tended to reduce the incidence of PPCs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04446520.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physical Therapy Modalities , Elective Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Drainage , Gases , Length of Stay
19.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(7): 360-365, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358943

ABSTRACT

El cáncer de vesícula es la neoplasia maligna más frecuente del tracto biliar. Con un mal pronóstico, su enfoque terapéutico muchas veces se centra en el tratamiento paliativo debido a que los pacientes suelen recibir un diagnóstico en estadios avanzados de la neoplasia, en los cuales ya no son candidatos para tratamientos quirúrgicos curativos. Por esta razón se utilizan stents o drenajes vesiculares, a fin de reducir el principal síntoma que se presenta: la ictericia, con sus consecuencias, por obstrucción biliar maligna. Este artículo pretende hacer una revisión de la evidencia recolectada en los últimos 5 años (período 2016 - 2021) acerca de los diferentes abordajes mínimamente invasivos en el tratamiento paliativo del cáncer de vesícula, sus resultados clínicos, y las diferencias entre ellos.


Gallbladder cancer is the most common malignancy neoplasm of the bile ducts. With a poor prognosis, its therapeutic approach is often focused on palliative treatment because patients usually receive a diagnosis in advanced stages of the neoplasm, in which they are no longer candidates for curative surgical treatments. For this reason, stents or gallbladder drains are used in order to reduce the main symptom that occurs: jaundice, with its consequences, due to malignant biliary obstruction. This article aims to review the evidence collected in the last 5 years (period 2016 - 2021) about the different minimally invasive approaches in the palliative treatment of gallbladder cancer, their clinical results, and the differences between them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care , Epidemiologic Studies , Stents , Drainage/methods , Cholestasis/therapy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Early Detection of Cancer , Gallbladder Neoplasms/therapy
20.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(4): 410-415, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285717

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The role of surgical drainage versus conservative therapy in treating patients with parapharyngeal abscesses is still a theme of debate. Objectives This study aimed to investigate the characteristics associated with good outcomes in pediatric patients with parapharyngeal abscesses treated with conservative therapy. Methods This retrospective chart review was performed on children aged 0.3-14 years with the diagnosis of parapharyngeal abscesses confirmed by computed tomography from January 2013 to March 2018. Patients with a severe upper airway obstruction required early intervention, while those in a stable condition initially received conservative therapy with antibiotics. If the patients appeared unlikely to recover, additional surgical drainage was provided. Multivariate logistic regression models were constructed to investigate the clinical characteristics associated with a good response to conservative therapy. A receiver operating characteristic curve was used to identify the age and abscess size cutoff for predicting a successful response. Results A total of 48 children were included in the study. Patient age, antecedent illness, and abscess size were significantly associated with a response to therapy (Odds Ratio = 1.326, 2.314 and 1.235, respectively). The age cutoff associated with the conservative therapy was 4.2 years (76.9% sensitivity, 68.2% specificity), and the abscess size cutoff associated with the conservative therapy was 23 mm (84.6% sensitivity, 77.3% specificity). Conclusion The findings suggested that younger age, smaller abscess size, and less frequent antecedent illnesses, such as upper respiratory tract infection and lymphadenitis, could predict a successful response to conservative therapy in pediatric patients with parapharyngeal abscesses.


Resumo Introdução O papel da drenagem cirúrgica versus tratamento conservador na abordagem de pacientes com abscessos parafaríngeos ainda é uma questão controversa. Objetivo Investigar as características associadas a um bom desfecho em pacientes pediátricos com abscessos parafaríngeos tratados com terapia conservadora. Método Revisão retrospectiva de prontuários feita em crianças de 14 anos com diagnóstico de abscesso parafaríngeo confirmado por tomografia computadorizada de janeiro de 2013 a março de 2018. Pacientes com obstrução grave das vias aéreas superiores necessitaram de intervenção precoce, enquanto aqueles em estado inicialmente estável receberam tratamento conservador com antibióticos. Se a recuperação dos pacientes parecesse improvável, drenagem cirúrgica adicional era feita. Modelos de regressão logística multivariada foram construídos para investigar as características clínicas associadas a uma boa resposta a terapia conservadora. Uma curva ROC, ou seja, característica de operação do receptor, foi usada para identificar a idade e o tamanho do abscesso com o intuito de prever uma resposta bem-sucedida. Resultados Foram incluídas no estudo 48 crianças. Idade do paciente, doenças respiratórias prévias e comorbidades e tamanho do abscesso foram significantemente associados à resposta terapêutica. (odds ratio = 1.326, 2.314 e 1.235, respectivamente). O ponto de corte da idade associado à terapia conservadora foi de 4,2 anos (sensibilidade de 76,9%, especificidade de 68,2%) e o ponto de corte do tamanho do abscesso associado à terapia conservadora foi de 23 mm (sensibilidade de 84,6%, especificidade de 77,3%). Conclusão Os achados sugerem que idade mais jovem, menor tamanho de abscesso e menor frequência de doença comuns, como infecção do trato respiratório superior e linfadenite, podem prever uma resposta bem-sucedida à terapia conservadora em pacientes pediátricos com abscessos parafaríngeos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Pharyngeal Diseases , Abscess/therapy , Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Drainage , Retrospective Studies , Conservative Treatment
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