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Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 363-364, March-Apr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364954


ABSTRACT Background: Reports in the literature describe lymphocele formation in up to half of patients following pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) (1) in robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP), with 1-2% requiring intervention (2). The advantage of surgical approach is permanent excision of the lymphocele capsule and fewer days with pelvic drains compared to percutaneous drainage. This study aims to describe the step-by-step surgical management of symptomatic lymphoceles using a less invasive robotic platform, the Da Vinci® Single Port (SP). Material and Methods: We describe the technique of lymphocelectomy and marsupialization with the Da Vinci® SP for symptomatic lymphocele. For this study, several treatment modalities for symptomatic lymphoceles were available, including percutaneous drainage, sclerosing agents, and surgical marsupialization. All the data for this study were obtained through the procedure via Da Vinci® SP. Results: Operative time for the case was 84 minutes. Blood loss was 25ml. No intra- or post- operative complications were reported. The patient had his drain removed in under 24 hours after surgery. The mean follow-up period was 7.7 months. There were no complications or lymphocele recurrence. Conclusion: Da Vinci® SP lymphocelectomy is safe and feasible with satisfactory outcomes. The SP enables definitive treatment of the lymphocele sac (3), reducing the number of days with abdominal drains and allows further decrease in surgical invasiveness with fewer incisions and better cosmesis.

Humans , Male , Robotics , Lymphocele/surgery , Lymphocele/etiology , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Prostatectomy/methods , Drainage/adverse effects , Drainage/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 77-81, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360711


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The treatment for patients with acute calculous cholecystitis who have high surgical risk with percutaneous cholecystostomy instead of surgery is an appropriate alternative choice. The aim of this study was to examine the promising percutaneous cholecystostomy intervention to share our experiences about the duration of catheter that has yet to be determined. METHODS: A total of 163 patients diagnosed with acute calculous cholecystitis and treated with percutaneous cholecystostomy between January 2011 and July 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. The Tokyo Guidelines 2018 were used to diagnose and grade patients with acute cholecystitis. RESULTS: The mean age was 71.81±12.81 years. According to the Tokyo grading, 143 patients had grade 2 and 20 patients had grade 3 disease. The mean duration of catheter was 39.12±37 (1-270) days. Minimal bile leakage into the peritoneum was noted in 3 (1.8%) patients during the procedure. The rate of complications during follow-up of the patients who underwent percutaneous cholecystostomy was 6.9% (n=11), and the most common complication was catheter dislocation. Cholecystectomy was performed in 33.1% (n=54) of the patients at follow-up. Post-cholecystectomy complication rate was 12.9%. At the follow-up, the rate of recurrent acute cholecystitis episodes was 5.5%, while the mortality rate was 1.8%. The length of follow-up was five years. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of recurrence was significantly higher among the patients with catheter for <21 days. We recommend that the duration of catheter should be minimum 21 days in patients undergoing percutaneous cholecystostomy.

Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cholecystostomy/adverse effects , Cholecystostomy/methods , Cholecystitis, Acute/surgery , Drainage/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Catheters , Middle Aged
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20213139, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365379


ABSTRACT Objective: to assess safety, efficacy and quality of life in patients with benign pleural effusions undergong pleural drainage with Wayne pleural catheter (DW) in an outpatient setting. Method: this is a prospective study, in which 47 patients were evaluated between July 2017 and October 2018. Patients with non-malignant pleural effusions underwent pleural drainage with clinical evolution compatible with outpatient care were included. Patients who underwent drainage due to other conditions and patients were excluded. Results: after catheter placement, the mean length of hospital stay was 3.14 (± 3.85) days, and 21 patients (44.68%) were discharged within 24 hours. The mean time with the catheter was 12.63 (± 7.37) days. The analysis of the pleural fluid was transudate in 87.3% of cases and exudate in 12.3%. The causes of pleural effusion were heart failure (72.3%), renal failure (19.1%), liver failure (6.3%) and pneumonia (8.5%). The quality of life, analyzed according to the parameters of the questionnaire SF 36, showed low average values when compared to other studies. Analyzing each descriptor, the average was greater only in the limitation related to physical aspects. In the other descriptors, the results were similar, but smaller. Conclusion: the outpatient use of pleural catheters of the Wayne type (pigtail) proved to be feasible, safe and with a low associated infection rate. This is a viable option for selected patients.

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a segurança, a eficácia, as complicações e a qualidade de vida da alta precoce e acompanhamento ambulatorial de pacientes com derrames pleurais benignos submetidos à drenagem pleural com dreno de Wayne (DW). Método: estudo prospectivo, em que foram avaliados 47 pacientes entre julho de 2017 e outubro de 2018. Foram incluídos os pacientes com derrames pleurais não malignos, submetidos a drenagem pleural com evolução clínica compatível com o cuidado ambulatorial. Foram excluídos os pacientes submetidos a drenagem por outras afecções. Resultados: após a drenagem, a média do tempo de internação dos pacientes foi de 3,14 (±3,85) dias, sendo que 21 pacientes (44,68%) tiveram alta em até 24 horas após a drenagem. O tempo médio de permanência com o dreno foi de 12,63 (±7,37) dias. A análise do líquido pleural mostrou tratar-se de transudato em 87,3% dos casos e de exsudato em 12,3%. Dentre as causas do derrame pleural, destacaram-se insuficiência cardíaca (72,3%), insuficiência renal (19,1%), hepatopatias (6,3%) e pneumonias (8,5%). A qualidade de vida, analisada segundo os parâmetros do questionário SF 36, teve valores médios baixos, principalmente em relação a outros estudos. Na análise de cada descritor, a média apresentou-se maior somente na limitação por aspectos físicos. Nos demais descritores, os resultados foram semelhantes, mas menores. Conclusão: o uso ambulatorial de cateteres pleurais do tipo Wayne (pigtail) mostrou-se factível, seguro e com baixa taxa de infecções associadas. Trata-se de opção viável para pacientes selecionados.

Humans , Pleural Effusion/therapy , Drainage/adverse effects , Drainage/methods , Catheters/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(7): 360-365, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358943


El cáncer de vesícula es la neoplasia maligna más frecuente del tracto biliar. Con un mal pronóstico, su enfoque terapéutico muchas veces se centra en el tratamiento paliativo debido a que los pacientes suelen recibir un diagnóstico en estadios avanzados de la neoplasia, en los cuales ya no son candidatos para tratamientos quirúrgicos curativos. Por esta razón se utilizan stents o drenajes vesiculares, a fin de reducir el principal síntoma que se presenta: la ictericia, con sus consecuencias, por obstrucción biliar maligna. Este artículo pretende hacer una revisión de la evidencia recolectada en los últimos 5 años (período 2016 - 2021) acerca de los diferentes abordajes mínimamente invasivos en el tratamiento paliativo del cáncer de vesícula, sus resultados clínicos, y las diferencias entre ellos.

Gallbladder cancer is the most common malignancy neoplasm of the bile ducts. With a poor prognosis, its therapeutic approach is often focused on palliative treatment because patients usually receive a diagnosis in advanced stages of the neoplasm, in which they are no longer candidates for curative surgical treatments. For this reason, stents or gallbladder drains are used in order to reduce the main symptom that occurs: jaundice, with its consequences, due to malignant biliary obstruction. This article aims to review the evidence collected in the last 5 years (period 2016 - 2021) about the different minimally invasive approaches in the palliative treatment of gallbladder cancer, their clinical results, and the differences between them.

Humans , Palliative Care , Epidemiologic Studies , Stents , Drainage/methods , Cholestasis/therapy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Early Detection of Cancer , Gallbladder Neoplasms/therapy
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(1): 47-51, Jan.-Mar. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286966


Abstract Objective The literature on the safety and long-term sequelae of transrectal and transvaginal drainage of pelvic abscesses is limited. We evaluated the outcomes and safety of pelvic abscess drainage by interventional radiology at our institution. Methods After obtaining institutional review board approval, we retrospectively evaluated the outcomes of transrectal and transvaginal pelvic abscesses drainage using computed tomography, endorectal ultrasound, and or fluoroscopy. Results The study included 26 patients, with an age range of 24 to 88 years old, out of whom 53.8% were men. A total of 46.1% of the participants were African Americans and 26.9% were Caucasians. The average body mass index was 28.4 (range: 15.6 to 41.9). The most common etiology was penetrating abdominal injury (27%), followed by appendectomy (23%), diverticular disease (11.5%), anastomotic leak (11.5%), and disorders of gynecological causes (11.5%). The mean abscess diameter was 6.3 cm (range: 3.3 to 10.0 cm). Transrectal drainage was performed in all except one patient who had a transvaginal drainage. Transrectal ultrasound was used for drainage in 92.3% cases, and fluoroscopy was used as an additional imaging modality in 75% of the cases. An 8- or 10-Fr pigtail catheter was used in>80% of the patients. Drains were removed between 2 and 7 days in 92.3% of the cases. The average follow-up was 30.4 months (range: 1 to 107 months), and no long-term complications were reported. Only one patient required subsequent operative intervention for an anastomotic leak. Conclusions Pelvic abscess drainage by transrectal route using radiological guidance is a safe and effective procedure.

Resumo Objetivo A literatura sobre a segurança e as sequelas no longo prazo da drenagem transretal e transvaginal do abscesso pélvico é limitada. Avaliamos os resultados e a segurança da drenagem do abscesso pélvico por radiologia intervencionista em nossa instituição. Métodos Após obter a aprovação do conselho de revisão institucional, avaliamos retrospectivamente os resultados da drenagem de abscessos pélvicos transretais e transvaginais por meio de tomografia computadorizada, ultrassom endorretal, e/ou fluoroscopia. Resultados Participaram do estudo 26 pacientes, com faixa etária de 24 a 88 anos, dos quais 53,8% eram homens. Um total de 46,1% eram afro-descendentes, e 26,9% eram brancos. O índice de massa corporal médio foi de 28,4 (gama: 15,6 a 41,9). A etiologia mais comum foi lesão abdominal penetrante (27%), seguida de apendicectomia (23%), doença diverticular (11,5%), fístula anastomótica (11,5%) e distúrbios de causas ginecológicas (11,5%). O diâmetro médio do abscesso foi de 6,3 cm(gama: 3,3 a 10,0 cm). A drenagem transretal foi realizada em todos os pacientes, com exceção de uma, que foi submetida a uma drenagem transvaginal. A ultrassonografia transretal foi utilizada para drenagem em 92,3% dos casos, e a fluoroscopia como modalidade adicional de imagem, em 75% dos casos. Um catéter duplo J de 8 ou 10 Fr foi usado em>80% dos pacientes. Os drenos foram retirados entre 2 e 7 dias em 92,3% dos casos. O acompanhamentomédio foi de 30,4meses (gama: 1 a 107 meses), e nenhuma complicação de longo prazo foi relatada. Apenas um paciente necessitou de intervenção cirúrgica subsequente para um vazamento anastomótico. Conclusão A drenagem do abscesso pélvico por via transretal com orientação radiológica é um procedimento seguro e eficaz.

Humans , Male , Female , Pelvis/physiopathology , Rectum/diagnostic imaging , Vagina/diagnostic imaging , Drainage/methods , Pelvic Infection/etiology , Abscess/diagnostic imaging
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(4): 386-389, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143174


ABSTRACT We report on the management of three cases of rectal stump leak and sepsis following urgent Hartmann's procedure for perforated sigmoid diverticulitis or large bowel obstruction. Two patients had significant risk factors for poor tissue healing. All patients developed features of sepsis and computer tomography scans demonstrated rectal stump leak with adjacent collections. All patients required reoperation for drainage and washout of abscess. An intraperitoneal catheter system was introduced together with drains in order to continue on the ward until tract was formed. There was no mortality and minimal morbidity. The key to management of rectal stump leak is the early and aggressive drainage of the associated collection and continued irrigation of the stump.

RESUMO Relatamos o tratamento de três casos de vazamento de coto retal e sepse após o procedimento de urgente de Hartmann para diverticulite sigmoide perfurada ou obstrução do intestino grosso. Dois pacientes apresentaram fatores de risco significativos para uma má cicatrização tecidual. Todos os pacientes desenvolveram características de sepse e tomografia computadorizada demonstraram vazamento de coto retal com coleções adjacentes. Todos os pacientes necessitaram de reoperação para drenagem e lavagem do abscesso. Um sistema de cateter intraperitoneal foi introduzido junto com os drenos para continuar na enfermaria até a formação do trato. Não houve mortalidade e morbidade mínima. A chave para o gerenciamento do vazamento de coto retal é a drenagem precoce e agressiva da coleta associada e a irrigação contínua do coto.

Humans , Male , Aged , Sigmoid Diseases/pathology , Diverticulitis, Colonic/pathology , Proctectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Drainage/methods
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 445-449, dic. 2020. graf, il
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288156


RESUMEN Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente con traumatismo abdominal por herida de arma de fuego (HAF). En otra institución se realizó cirugía de exclusión pilórica y hepatorrafia por lesión hepatoduo denal. Fue derivado a nuestra institución a las 12 horas posoperatorias. Intercurre en el posoperatorio con neumonía grave por COVID-19 y complicaciones de su cirugía ini cial. La presentación severa de la enfermedad nos inclina por el manejo no operatorio. La utilización de drenajes percutáneos permitió el manejo de colecciones evitando una cirugía mayor inicial. La recuperación pulmonar facilitó la cirugía definitiva. La neumonía severa por COVID-19 en un paciente con lesión duodenal grave por HAF condiciona la toma de decisiones.

ABSTRACT We report the case of a patient with an abdominal gunshot trauma with liver and duodenal injury who underwent pyloric exclusion and liver repair in another institution. The patient was transferred to our institution 12 hours after surgery. During hospitalization, severe pneumonia due to COVID-19 and complications of the initial surgery developed. Non-surgical management was decided due to the severity of the disease. Percutaneous drainage allowed for the management of the collections avoiding a major initial surgery. Once he recovered from the pneumonia, the definite surgery was performed. Severe COVID-19 pneumonia in a patient with serious duodenal shotgun injury is a determining factor for decision-making of treatment options.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , COVID-19/complications , Abdominal Injuries/therapy , Pneumonia/complications , Pneumonia/diagnostic imaging , Tracheostomy , Drainage/methods , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/diagnosis
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202374, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091926


RESUMO Objetivo: A pneumonia necrosante (PNS) é uma grave e rara complicação da pneumonia adquirida na comunidade, acometendo principalmente crianças, sendo assim, objetivamos analisar prontuários de crianças submetidas ao tratamento cirúrgico de PNS e comparação dos resultados obtidos com os presentes na literatura médica. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva dos prontuários de crianças submetidas ao tratamento cirúrgico por PNS entre julho de 2006 a julho de 2016 em dois hospitais do sul de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Resultados: Do total de 26 crianças, com mediana de idade 2,70 anos, maioria mulheres (61,5%). Os principais sintomas foram febre (88,5%) e tosse (65,4%). Houve média de 4,31 antibióticos utilizados por paciente. O principal agente etiológico foi o Staphylococcus aureus (23,1%) mas as culturas foram negativas em 69% dos pacientes. Em 23 pacientes realizou-se decorticação e desbridamento das áreas necróticas (88,5%). A média de drenagem pleural pós-operatória foi 8,12 dias. Fístula broncopleural ocorreu em 50,0% no pré-operatório e 46,2% após a cirurgia. O tempo total de internação hospitalar foi, em média, de 27,52 dias e tempo pós-operatório com média de 12,60 dias. Complicações pós-operatórias ocorreram em 13 crianças e não houve mortalidade. Conclusões: Propõe-se abordagem cirúrgica nos pacientes sem resposta ao tratamento clínico, pois o atraso na intervenção cirúrgica associa-se a infecção progressiva no parênquima pulmonar e taxas maiores de complicações. A cirurgia pode conduzir a melhor evolução clínica e recuperação mais precoce.

ABSTRACT Objective: Necrotizing pneumonia (PNZ) is a severe and rare complication of a community-acquired pneumonia, affecting mainly children. We aimed to analyze medical records of children undergoing surgical treatment for PNZ and compare our results with those found in the medical literature. Methods: Retrospective analysis of children's medical charts who underwent an operation for PNZ, between July 2006 and July 2016, in two hospitals in southern Santa Catarina, Brazil. Results: A total of 26 children with a median age of 2.70 years and mostly females (61.5%) were included in the current study. The main symptoms were fever (88.5%) and cough (65.4%). There was an average use of 4.31 antibiotics per patient. The primary etiological agent was Staphylococcus aureus (23.1%), but cultures were negative in 69% of the patients. Decortication and debridement of necrotic areas were performed in 23 patients (88.5%). The mean postoperative pleural drainage was 8.12 days. The presence of bronchopleural fistula occurred in 50.0% in the preoperative period and 46.2% in the postoperative. The total length of hospital stay was, on average, 27.52 days and the postoperative length of stay was 12.60 days (mean). Postoperative complications occurred in 13 children and there was no mortality. Conclusion: The surgical approach is indicated to patients with no response to clinical treatment. Late surgical intervention is associated with progressive parenchyma infection and higher rates of complications. Surgery can lead to better clinical outcomes and earlier recovery.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Postoperative Complications , Oxacillin/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Drainage/methods , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Community-Acquired Infections/surgery , Statistics, Nonparametric , Pneumonia, Necrotizing/surgery , Length of Stay , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4409, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039728


ABSTRACT Objective To compare the chest tube drainage by the same thoracotomy intercostal space with the traditional approach in patients undergoing muscle-sparing thoracotomy. Methods We evaluated 40 patients aged ≥18 years who underwent elective muscle sparing thoracotomies. Patients were divided into two groups of 20 patients. One group underwent thoracic drainage by the same intercostal space of thoracotomy and the other by traditional chest drainage approach. Results The mean length of hospital stay for the intercostal drainage group in the intensive care unit was 1.5 day (1.0 to 2.0 days) and 2.0 days (25.1 to 3.0 days) for the traditional chest drainage group (p=0.060). The intercostal drainage group had mean length of hospital stay (p=0.527) and drainage (p=0.547) of 4 days, and the traditional chest drainage group and 2 and 5.5 days, respectively. Dipirona and tramadol doses did not differ between groups (p=0.201 and p=0.341). The mean pain scale values on first postoperative was 4.24 in the drainage by the same intercostal group and 3.95 in the traditional chest drainage (p=0.733). In third postoperative day, mean was 3.18 for the first group and 3.11 for the traditional group (p=0.937). In the 15th day after surgery, drainage by the incision was 1.53 and the traditional chest drainage was 2.11 (p=0.440), 30th days after drainage by incision was 0.71 and traditional chest drainage was 0.84 (p=0.787). Complications, for both groups were similar with 30% in proposed drainage and 25% in traditional approach (p=0.723). Conclusion Drainage by the same thoracotomy intercostal space was feasible and results 30 days after surgery were not inferior to those of the traditional chest drainage approach.

RESUMO Objetivo Comparar a drenagem torácica pela mesma intercostotomia à drenagem tradicional em pacientes submetidos à toracotomia poupadora lateral. Métodos Foram avaliados 40 pacientes maiores de 18 anos submetidos a toracotomias poupadoras laterais eletivas. Eles foram separados em dois grupos de 20 pacientes cada, sendo um submetido à drenagem torácica pelo mesmo espaço intercostal da toracotomia e o outro à drenagem tradicional. Resultados No grupo da drenagem pela mesma intercostotomia, a mediana de tempo de internação em unidade de terapia intensiva foi de 1,5 dia (1,0 a 2,0 dias) e de 2,0 dias (1,25 a 3,0 dias) na drenagem tradicional (p=0,060). As medianas do tempo de internação (p=0,527) e de drenagem (p=0,547) foram ambas de 4 dias, no primeiro grupo, e de 2 e 5,5 dias, no grupo com drenagem tradicional. As doses utilizadas de dipirona e de tramadol não apresentaram diferenças estatísticas entre os grupos (p=0,201 e p=0,341). As médias da escala de dor foram 4,24 no primeiro dia pós-operatório do grupo com a drenagem proposta e 3,95 nos drenados da forma tradicional (p=0,733); no terceiro pós-operatório, foi de 3,18 para o grupo drenado pela incisão e de 3,11 nos drenados da forma tradicional (p=0,937). No 15º dia após a cirurgia, a drenagem pela incisão foi de 1,53 e a tradicional de 2,11 (p=0,440); no 30º pós-operatório, foi de 0,71 e 0,84, respectivamente, para a incisão e a forma tradicional (p=0,787). Em relação às complicações, os grupos foram semelhantes, com 30% na drenagem proposta e 25% na drenagem tradicional (p=0,723). Conclusão A drenagem pelo mesmo espaço intercostal foi exequível e não apresentou inferioridade à técnica tradicional no período pós-operatório estudado de 30 dias.

Humans , Thoracotomy/methods , Chest Tubes , Drainage/methods , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Postoperative Period , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Tramadol/therapeutic use , Pain Measurement , Thoracotomy/adverse effects , Analgesia, Epidural , Drainage/statistics & numerical data , Dipyrone/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Dyspnea/etiology , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Length of Stay
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 546-551, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047923


Introdução: A abdominoplastia é um procedimento para a melhoria do contorno corporal e a técnica tem sido aprimorada pela associação da dissecção limitada do retalho cutâneo e pontos de adesão no mesmo ato operatório, evitando-se a formação de seroma pós-abdominoplastia, complicação que incomoda tanto o paciente quanto o cirurgião. Portanto, o objetivo é avaliar se o uso de pontos de adesão está associado a menor incidência de seroma após abdominoplastia quando comparado ao uso de drenos. Métodos: Revisão sistemática da literatura com metanálise, envolvendo as seguintes bases de dados: Science Direct, Scielo, Pubmed, Lilacs, CINAHL e Scopus. Para analisar os dados foi utilizado o programa Stata 12.0 e a estatística I² proposta por Higgins, com intervalo de confiança de 95% para o risco relativo para seroma, segundo o tipo de intervenção (dreno, ponto de adesão, dreno com ponto de adesão). Sendo registrado no PROSPERO sob o número CRD42019120399. Resultados: Cinco estudos preencheram os critérios de inclusão e foram incluídos na metanálise. Ao comparar o uso de dreno de sucção com pontos de adesão, os pontos de adesão mostraram um fator de proteção na prevenção do seroma (RR: 0,13; IC 95%: 0,02-0,66). Conclusão: Os achados sugerem que o uso de pontos de adesão em abdominoplastia em detrimento do uso de drenos pode ser uma técnica eficaz para prevenção da formação de seromas.

Introduction: Abdominoplasty, which aims to improve body contour, has been upgraded by its association with limited dissection of the cutaneous flap and quilting sutures in the same surgery to avoid the formation of postabdominoplasty seroma, a complication that troubles both patient and surgeon. Therefore, this study aimed to assess whether the use of quilting sutures is associated with a lower incidence of seroma after abdominoplasty than the use of drains. Methods: A systematic review of the literature and a meta-analysis were performed of the Science Direct, Scielo, Pubmed, Lilacs, CINAHL, and Scopus databases. The data analysis was performed using the Stata 12.0 program and the I² statistic proposed by Higgins, with a 95% confidence interval for the relative risk for seroma by intervention type (drain, quilting sutures, drain with quilting sutures). The study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42019120399). Results: Five studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. Quilting sutures showed a protective effect (versus use of drain with quilting sutures) in the prevention of seroma (relative risk, 0.13; 95% confidence interval, 0.02­0.66). Conclusion: These findings suggest that the use of quilting sutures instead of drains in abdominoplasty can effectively prevent seroma formation.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Suction , Surgery, Plastic , Drainage , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Seroma , Abdomen , Abdominoplasty , Suction/methods , Suction/statistics & numerical data , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Surgery, Plastic/statistics & numerical data , Drainage/methods , Drainage/statistics & numerical data , Seroma/surgery , Seroma/therapy , Abdominoplasty/methods , Abdominoplasty/statistics & numerical data , Abdomen/surgery
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 484-487, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020488


Abstract Placement of a mediastinal drain is a routine procedure following heart surgery. Postoperative bed rest is often imposed due to the fear of potential risk of drain displacement and cardiac injury. We developed an encapsulating stitch as a feasible, effective and low-cost technique, which does not require advanced surgical skills for placement. This simple, novel approach compartmentalizes the drain allowing for safe early mobilization following cardiac surgery.

Humans , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Drainage/instrumentation , Coronary Artery Bypass , Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring/methods , Mediastinum/surgery , Pericardial Effusion/prevention & control , Drainage/methods , Feasibility Studies , Heart Ventricles/injuries
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(5): 678-681, May 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012972


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: We describe the case of a diabetic patient who developed vertebral osteomyelitis and bilateral psoas abscess with gas formation due to klebsiella pneumoniae. METHODS: A 64-year-old woman with a 4-year history of type-2 diabetes mellitus was admitted to the Emergency Department. The subject had a 2-day history of high-grade fever associated with chills and a 5-hour history of consciousness. She received empirical treatment with febrifuge, after which her fever decreased. RESULTS: Her fever recurred after an interval of three hours. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen revealed vertebral osteomyelitis and bilateral psoas muscle abscess with gas formation. Blood culture and purulent fluid described the growth of the Klebsiella pneumoniae. The patient received antibiotic therapy and bilateral drainage therapy after the drainage catheter was placed into the abscess cavity by CT-guidance. Due to the serious damage to the vertebral column and permanent pain, the patient underwent minimally invasive internal spinal fixation and recovered successfully. CONCLUSION: A case of vertebral osteomyelitis and bilateral psoas abscess with gas formation caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae in a diabetic patient. Antibiotic therapy, drainage, and minimally invasive internal spinal fixation were performed, which enabled a good outcome.

RESUMO OBJETIVO: Descrever o caso de uma paciente diabética que desenvolveu osteomielite vertebral e abcesso bilateral do psoas com formação de gás causada por klebsiella pneumoniae. MÉTODOS: Uma mulher de 64 anos de idade, com 4 anos de histórico de diabetes mellitus tipo 2, foi admitida no Serviço de Emergência. A paciente apresentava um quadro de dias de febre alta acompanhada de calafrios e um histórico de 5 horas de consciência. Ela recebeu tratamento empírico com antitérmico, após o qual a febre diminuiu. RESULTADOS: A febre retornou após um intervalo de três horas. Uma tomografia computadorizada do abdome revelou osteomielite vertebral e abcesso bilateral do músculo psoas com formação de gás. A cultura do sangue e o fluido purulento revelaram o crescimento de Klebsiella pneumoniae. A paciente recebeu antibióticos e terapia de drenagem bilateral após o cateter de drenagem ser posicionado na cavidade do abscesso com auxílio de TC. Devido a sérios danos à coluna vertebral e a dor permanente, a paciente foi submetida à fixação vertebral interna minimamente invasiva e recuperou-se com sucesso. CONCLUSÃO: Um caso de osteomielite vertebral e abscesso do psoas bilateral com a formação de gás causada por Klebsiella pneumoniae em uma paciente diabética. Antibioticoterapia, drenagem e fixação vertebral interna minimamente invasiva foram realizadas, o que permitiu um bom resultado.

Humans , Female , Osteomyelitis/surgery , Spinal Diseases/surgery , Klebsiella Infections/surgery , Psoas Abscess/surgery , Diabetes Complications/surgery , Klebsiella pneumoniae/pathogenicity , Osteomyelitis/microbiology , Spinal Diseases/microbiology , Klebsiella Infections/microbiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Drainage/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Psoas Abscess/microbiology , Diabetes Complications/microbiology , Gases/metabolism , Middle Aged
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 194-202, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990571


Abstract Objective: In this retrospective study, we aimed to observe the efficacy of pericardial effusion (PE) treatments by a survey conducted at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Atatürk University. Methods: In order to get comparable results, the patients with PE were divided into three groups - group A, 480 patients who underwent subxiphoid pericardiostomy; group B, 28 patients who underwent computerized tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous catheter drainage; and group C, 45 patients who underwent echocardiography (ECHO)-guided percutaneous catheter drainage. Results: In the three groups of patients, the most important symptom and physical sign were dyspnea and tachycardia, respectively. The most common causes of PE were uremic pericarditis in patients who underwent tube pericardiostomy, postoperative PE in patients who underwent CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage, and cancer-related PE in patients who underwent ECHO-guided percutaneous catheter drainage. In all the patients, relief of symptoms was achieved after surgical intervention. There was no treatment-related mortality in any group of patients. In patients with tuberculous pericarditis, the rates of recurrent PE and/or constrictive pericarditis progress were 2,9% and 2,2% after tube pericardiostomy and ECHO-guided percutaneous catheter drainage, respectively. Conclusion: Currently, there are many methods to treat PE. The correct treatment method for each patient should be selected according to a very careful analysis of the patient's clinical condition as well as the prospective benefit of surgical intervention.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pericardial Effusion/surgery , Echocardiography/methods , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Drainage/methods , Pericardial Window Techniques/instrumentation , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericarditis/complications , Echocardiography/instrumentation , Cardiac Catheterization/instrumentation , Drainage/instrumentation , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Length of Stay
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(1): 66-74, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004734


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The pleural drain insertion site after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery may alter lung function, especially respiratory muscle strength. The main objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness and safety of use of the left lateral intercostal region versus the subxiphoid position for pleural drainage during elective CABG surgery using extracorporeal circulation (ECC). DESIGN AND SETTING: Randomized trial conducted in a tertiary-level hospital in Porto Alegre, Brazil. METHODS: 48 patients were assigned to group 1 (pleural drain in the left lateral intercostal region) or group 2 (pleural drain in the subxiphoid position). Respiratory muscle strength was measured in terms of maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), in cmH2O, by means of manovacuometry preoperatively, 24 and 72 hours after drain removal and before discharge from hospital. Painand dyspnea scales, presence of infections, pleural effusion and atelectasis, duration of drain use, drainage volumes and surgical reinterventions were also evaluated. RESULTS: After adjustments, there were no significant differences between the groups at the end of the study (before discharge), in predicted percentages either for MIP (delta group 1: -17.21% versus delta group 2: -22.26%; P = 0.09) or for MEP (delta group 1: -9.38% versus delta group 2: -13.13%; P = 0.17). Therewere no differences between the groups in relation to other outcomes. CONCLUSION: There was no difference in maximal respiratory pressures in relation to the pleural drain insertion site among patients who underwent CABG surgery using ECC. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ReBEc V1111.1159.4447.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Drainage/instrumentation , Drainage/methods , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Pleural Cavity/surgery , Pleural Effusion/etiology , Pleural Effusion/prevention & control , Time Factors , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Pain Measurement , Drainage/adverse effects , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Elective Surgical Procedures/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Extracorporeal Circulation/methods , Maximal Respiratory Pressures
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 30(1): 8-12, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103773


Background: Pancreatic fluid collections (PFC) are associated with severe acute pancreatitis. After maturation (after 4 weeks) they are classified as pancreatic pseudocyst (PP) and walled-off necrosis (WON). Endoscopic management is associated with lower morbidity and mortality compared with surgery. Aim: To describe the experience of EUS-guided drainage PFC drainage using plastic stent (PS) or metal stent (lumen apposing metal stents, or "LAMS"). Methods: Retrospective, observational study, between 2016-2019. Results: 17 patients in total. 8 cases were symptomatic PP and 9 were WON. Age 12-72 years. 12 cases in men. Indications: abdominal pain 5 cases and infection 11. The 8 cases of PFC were drained successfully using PS, without adverse effects. Regarding WON drainage, 3 cases were managed with PS and 6 with LAMS. In 5 cases, complementary endoscopic necrosectomy was required. A patient with LAMS required complementary surgical cleaning ("step-up") to treat collections far from the LAMS. Complications: one case of PS presented pigment occlusion with superinfection and another case presented migration to the stomach. Regarding LAMS, one case presented self-limited bleeding, another case presented obstruction of the stent with infection, which was managed endoscopically and with antibiotics. Conclusion: The endoscopic management of PFC is effective and safe, with plastic and metal stent (LAMS). The choice of type of stent depends on the characteristics of PFC (liquid vs solid), center experience and costs.

Introducción: Las colecciones pancreáticas (CP) se asocian a pancreatitis agudas graves. Luego de su maduración (después de las 4 semanas) se clasifican en pseudoquistes (PQ) y necrosis encapsulada (NE). El manejo endoscópico se asocia a menor morbimortalidad comparado con el quirúrgico. Objetivo: Describir la experiencia del drenaje de CP mediante el uso de prótesis plásticas (PP) o metálicas (lumen apposing metal stents, o "LAMS") mediante endosonografía. Método: Estudio retrospectivo, observacional, entre 2016-2018. Resultados: 17 pacientes en total. Ocho casos fueron PQ sintomáticos y 9 NE. Edad 12-72 años (12 casos en hombres). Indicaciones: dolor abdominal 5 casos e infección 11. Los 8 casos de PQ fueron drenados exitosamente con PP, sin efectos adversos. En relación con el drenaje de NE, 3 casos fueron manejados con PP y 6 con LAMS. En 5 casos se requirió necrosectomía endoscópica complementaria. Un paciente con LAMS requirió aseo quirúrgico complementario por colecciones alejadas al LAMS. En relación con las complicaciones, un caso de PP presentó oclusión del pigtail con sobreinfección y otro presentó migración al estómago. Respecto a LAMS, un caso presentó sangrado autolimitado y otro caso obstrucción de la prótesis con sobreinfección, que fue manejada endoscópicamente y con antibióticos. Conclusión: El manejo endoscópico de las CP es efectiva y segura, tanto con prótesis plásticas como metálicas (LAMS). La elección de la prótesis depende de las características de la lesión (líquido vs sólido), experiencia del centro y costos.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Pancreatic Diseases/surgery , Drainage/methods , Endoscopy, Digestive System/methods , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Pancreatic Juice , Pancreatic Pseudocyst , Plastics , Stents , Drainage/instrumentation , Retrospective Studies , Metals
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(3): e1454, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038029


ABSTRACT Background: Percutaneous biliary drainage is a safe procedure. The risk of bleeding complications is acceptable. Frequently, patients with biliary obstructions usually have coagulation disorders thus increasing risk of bleeding. For this reason, patients should always fit the parameters of hemostasis. Aim: To determine whether the percentage of bleeding complications in percutaneous biliary drainage is greater in adults with corrected hemostasis prior to the procedure regarding those who did not require any. Methods : Prospective, observational, transversal, comparative by independent samples (unpaired comparison). Eighty-two patients with percutaneous biliary drainage were included. The average age was 64±16 years (20-92) being 38 male and 44 female. Patients who presented altered hemostasis were corrected and the presence of bleeding complications was evaluated with laboratory and ultrasound. Results: Of 82 patients, 23 needed correction of hemostasis. The approaches performed were: 41 right, 30 left and 11 bilateral. The amount of punctures on average was 3±2. There were 13 (15.8%) bleeding complications, 12 (20%) in uncorrected and only one (4.34%) in the corrected group with no statistical difference. There were no differences in side, number of punctures and type of drainage, but number of passes and the size of drainage on the right side were different. There was no related mortality. Conclusion: Bleeding complications in patients requiring hemostasis correction for a percutaneous biliary drainage was not greater than in those who did not require any.

RESUMO Racional: A drenagem biliar percutânea é procedimento seguro. O risco de complicações hemorrágicas é aceitável. Frequentemente, os pacientes com obstruções biliares apresentam distúrbios de coagulação, aumentando o risco de sangramento. Por esse motivo, eles devem sempre ser adequados aos parâmetros da hemostasia. Objetivo: Determinar se a porcentagem de complicações hemorrágicas na drenagem biliar percutânea é maior em adultos com hemostasia corrigida antes do procedimento em relação àqueles que necessitaram nenhuma. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, observacional, transversal, comparativo por amostras independentes (comparação não pareada). Oitenta e dois pacientes foram submetidos à drenagem biliar percutânea. A idade média foi de 64±16 anos (20-92), 38 eram homens e 44 mulheres. Os pacientes que apresentaram hemostasia alterada foram corrigidos, e a presença de complicações hemorrágicas foi avaliada com exames laboratoriais e ultrassonográficos. Resultados: Dos 82 pacientes, 23 necessitaram de correção da hemostasia. O acesso à direita foi em 41 casos, 30 à esquerda e 11 bilaterais. A quantidade de punções em média foi de 3±2. Houve 13 (15,8%) complicações hemorrágicas, 12 (20%) no grupo não corrigido e apenas uma (4,34%) no corrigido sem diferença estatística. Não houve diferenças no lado, no número de perfurações e no tipo de drenagem, mas o número de passagens e o tamanho da drenagem no lado direito foram diferentes. Não houve mortalidade. Conclusão: As complicações hemorrágicas em pacientes que necessitam de correção da hemostasia antes da drenagem biliar percutânea não são maiores do que naqueles que não a requerem.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Drainage/adverse effects , Cholestasis/surgery , Blood Loss, Surgical , Hemostasis , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Punctures , Drainage/methods , Cholestasis/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Catheters
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(4): eRC4668, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012008


ABSTRACT Endovascular aneurysm repair is an established technique for treating many infrarenal aortic aneurysms. Infection is one of the most serious complications of this technique, and although percutaneous treatment has been well established for intra-abdominal collections, its use to treat peri-prosthetic fluid collections has not been well determined. In this article we describe a small series of three patients who were treated with percutaneous drainage, with good clinical and imaging responses. Percutaneous drainage is a safe, effective and minimally invasive approach for treating this potentially fatal complication.

RESUMO O reparo endovascular de aneurisma é uma técnica para tratamento de diversos aneurismas infrarrenais da aorta. A infecção é uma das complicações mais sérias desse tratamento, e a abordagem percutânea tem sido adotada para coleções intra-abdominais, mas seu uso para tratamento de coleções protéticas vasculares não está bem estabelecido. Descreve-se, neste trabalho, pequena série de três pacientes tratados com drenagem percutânea, que apresentaram boa resposta clínica e de imagem. A drenagem percutânea mostrou-se abordagem segura, efetiva e minimamente invasiva para tratamento desta complicação, que é potencialmente fatal.

Humans , Male , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aorta, Abdominal/surgery , Prosthesis-Related Infections/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Aorta, Abdominal/anatomy & histology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Drainage/methods , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/diagnostic imaging , Endovascular Procedures/methods
Acta cir. bras ; 34(9): e201900903, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054692


Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effect of mesenteric lymph drainage on the spleen injury and the expressions of inflammatory cytokines in splenic tissue in mice following hemorrhagic shock. Methods: Male C57 mice were randomly divided into the sham shock, shock and shock+drainage groups. The mice in both shock and shock+drainage groups suffered femoral artery bleeding, maintained mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 40±2 mmHg for 90 min, and were resuscitated. And mesenteric lymph drainage was performed in the shock+drainage group at the time of resuscitation. After three hours of resuscitation, the splenic tissues were harvested for the histological observation and protein and mRNA expression analysis of cytokines. Results: The spleen in the shock group revealed a significantly structural damage and increased mRNA expressions of MyD88 and TRAF6 and protein expressions of TIPE2, MyD88, TRIF and TRAF3 compared to the sham group. By contrast, the splenic pathological injury in the shock+drainage group was alleviated significantly, and the mRNA and protein expressions of TIPE2, MyD88, TRIF, TRAF3 and TRAF6 were significantly lower than those in the shock group. Conclusion: These results indicate that post-hemorrhagic shock mesenteric lymph drainage alleviates hemorrhagic shock-induced spleen injury and the expressions of inflammatory cytokines.

Animals , Male , Rats , Shock, Hemorrhagic/complications , Spleen/injuries , Lymphatic Vessels/surgery , Inflammation/prevention & control , Mesentery , Resuscitation , Drainage/methods , Disease Models, Animal , Inflammation/etiology , Mice, Inbred C57BL