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1.
Diagn. tratamento ; 28(1): 4-9, jan-mar. 2023. tab 4
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1413159

ABSTRACT

Contexto e Objetivo: Ingestão de água com espessante diminui a aspiração para vias aéreas em pacientes com disfagia orofaríngea, entretanto pode causar dificuldade na ingestão. Nosso objetivo foi avaliar, em pessoas saudáveis, a influência da obesidade, idade e sexo na ingestão de água espessada. Desenho e local: Estudo transversal realizado em amostra de conveniência na Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo. Método: Ingestão de água sem e com espessante foi avaliada em 75 indivíduos saudáveis (42 mulheres) com idades entre 18 e 62 anos, pelo teste de ingestão de água, com os voluntários ingerindo 100 ml de água na temperatura ambiente, sem e com 2,4 g de espessante alimentar. Foram medidos o tempo para ingerir todo o volume, o número de deglutições, e calculados o fluxo de ingestão e o volume em cada deglutição, com os voluntários indicando a sensação e a dificuldade na ingestão. Resultados: Com espessante, o fluxo de ingestão e o volume em cada deglutição foram menores, e houve maior dificuldade e pior sensação durante a ingestão. Obesidade e idade não influenciaram a ingestão. As mulheres tiveram menor fluxo de ingestão que os homens. Discussão: A utilização de água espessada em pacientes com disfagia pode ter dificuldades que comprometem a hidratação. Alteração do sabor e temperatura do líquido podem facilitar a ingestão. Conclusão: A ingestão de água em pessoas saudáveis tem influência da consistência e do sexo dos indivíduos, sem influência de idade ou obesidade.


Subject(s)
Deglutition Disorders , Deglutition , Dehydration , Drinking , Fluid Therapy
2.
In. Aya Pastrana, Nathaly; Besada Paullier, Inés; Garré Castro, Laura; González Bula, Gabriela; León, Carolina de. Mercadeo social para la salud pública: cambios de comportamientos para el bien social. [Montevideo], Comisión Honoraria para la Salud Cardiovascular, [2023?]. p.98-114.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1425637
3.
Distúrb. comun ; 34(3): 56470, set. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415290

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: realizar a tradução e equivalência cultural e linguística para o Português Brasileiro do Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System (EDACS). Método: realizou-se a tradução do EDACS para a língua portuguesa por duas fonoaudiólogas bilíngues e especialistas em disfagia. As duas traduções foram comparadas entre as próprias fonoaudiólogas, sendo as incompatibilidades discutidas entre si e decisões tomadas por consenso. Após o instrumento traduzido, este foi enviado para uma terceira fonoaudióloga, brasileira, bilíngue, residente nos Estados Unidos, para que a retrotradução para o inglês fosse realizada. A versão inicial do instrumento e a retro tradução foram confrontadas entre si, sendo as discrepâncias analisadas, discutidas e definidas por consenso. Resultados: os processos de tradução e adaptação cultural requereram maior esforço na definição da nomenclatura das consistências utilizadas e não trouxeram modificações com relação à estrutura da escala original. Conclusão: realizou-se a equivalência cultural do Sistema de Classificação das Habilidades do Comer e Beber ­ EDACS-PT/BR para o português brasileiro.


Objective: to perform the translation and cultural equivalence to Brazilian Portuguese of the Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System (EDACS). Method: EDACS was translated into Brazilian Portuguese by two bilingual speech language therapists, specialists in dysphagia. The two translations were compared by the speech therapists, the incompatibilities were discussed among themselves and decisions were taken by consensus. After the instrument was translated, it was sent to a third Brazilian speech language therapist, bilingual and resident in the United States, for back-translation into English. The initial version of the instrument and the back-translation were compared and the discrepancies were analyzed, discussed and defined by consensus. Results: the processes of translation and cultural adaptation required more effort in defining the terms of the used consistencies and did not change the structure of the original scale. Conclusion: the cultural equivalence of the Sistema de Classificação das Habilidades do Comer e Beber ­ EDACS-PT/BR was performed for Brazilian Portuguese.


Objetivo: llevar a cabo la traducción y equivalencia cultural y lingüística al portugués brasileño del Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System (EDACS). Método: la EDACS fue traducida al portugués por dos logopedas bilingües y especialistas en disfagia. Las dos traducciones se compararon entre los propios logopedas, discutiéndose las incompatibilidades y tomando decisiones por consenso. Una vez traducido el instrumento, se envió a un tercer logopeda, brasileño, bilingüe, residente en Estados Unidos para la retrotraducción al inglés. La versión inicial del instrumento y la retrotraducción se compararon entre sí, y las discrepancias fueron analizadas, discutidas y definidas por consenso. Resultados: los procesos de traducción y adaptación cultural requirieron un mayor esfuerzo en la definición de la nomenclatura de las consistencias utilizadas y no trajeron cambios en relación a la estructura de la escala original. Conclusión: se realizó la equivalencia cultural del Sistema de Classificação das Habilidades do Comer e Beber ­ EDACS-PT/BR para el portugués brasileño.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Translations , Brazil , Deglutition Disorders/classification , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Deglutition Disorders/diagnosis , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Cerebral Palsy/complications , Deglutition/physiology , Drinking/physiology , Eating/physiology
4.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e57233, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363844

ABSTRACT

Despite numerous studies related to dehydration there is still a lack of scientific literature presenting hydration status and fluid intake of judo athletes during different periods. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate, fluid intake, hydration status and body weight changes of young judo athletes during a typical day of training in preparation period. Twenty-two young judo athletes (age: 12 ± 0.7 y, experience: 3.5 ± 1.1) voluntarily participated in this study. Hydration status and weight were examined in the morning, before and immediately after the training. All athletes trained 90 min and they consumed fluids ad libitum during the exercise. According to morning urine specific gravity (USG) values, 81.2% of the athletes were dehydrated while only 18.8% of the athletes were euhydrated. Pre-training urine measurements showed that 63.64% of the athletes presented dehydration and 77.27% of the athletes completed the training in dehydrated condition despite fluid availability during the training. Mean body weight loss during training was -0.64 ± 0.66%. It can be concluded that young judo athletes presented high prevalence of dehydration as indicated by USG values. Most of the athletes were dehydrated during a typical training day and completed the training in more dehydrated conditions compared to pre training values despite ad libitum fluid intake. It is of great importance to evaluate hydration status of the athletes before training to refrain from common practice of fluid restriction for weight loss and adverse effects of a persistent state of fluid deficit on physical and health related state.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Body Weight/physiology , Martial Arts , Drinking , Athletes , Mentoring , Organism Hydration Status/physiology , Urine/physiology , Body Weight Changes , Exercise/physiology , Prevalence , Dehydration , Drinking Behavior/physiology
5.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e58236, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366306

ABSTRACT

The article has the purpose of identify the factors associated with the occurrence of urinary incontinence (UI) among volleyball athletes. This is a cross-sectional study conducted with female athletes of court volleyball. An interview was conducted to identify the factors associated with UI. The presence of urinary loss was identified using the Urinary Distress Inventory 6 (UDI-6). The associated factors found were divided into those related to sociodemographic (education and marital status), behavioral (constipation occurrence), obstetric (previous pregnancies), hereditary (skin color), and sports practice variables (sports level, volleyball position, time of sports practice in years, physical and tactical training routine, and daily water intake). The Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test, Mann-Whitney U test, and binary logistic regression model were used. This study included 83 volleyball athletes with a mean age of 26.6 (± 7.2) years. It was found that 25.3% of the volleyball athletes presented UI and those that reported symptoms of constipation were 10 times more likely to develop UIthan those without constipation.Women who practice high-impact sports in a professional manner, such as volleyball, should be aware of the symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction, since they will be predisposed to urine leakage. The finding that a considerable number of athletes report UI and that long-term sports practice exposes athletes to a higher risk of UI indicates that pelvic exercises should be proposed in order to reduce these symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Urinary Incontinence/diagnosis , Women , Volleyball , Athletes , Exercise , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Women's Health , Drinking , Sociodemographic Factors
6.
Femina ; 50(9): 572-576, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397895

ABSTRACT

A infecção do trato urinário (ITU) é a doença bacteriana mais comum no sexo feminino, e cerca de 25% a 30% das mulheres apresentam ITUs recorrentes ao longo da vida. Os antibióticos são muito utilizados para o tratamento e prevenção dessas infecções. Entretanto, o uso excessivo e indevido desses medicamentos, além dos efeitos adversos, está relacionado ao surgimento de uropatógenos multirresistentes. Há um interesse crescente na comunidade científica para encontrar alternativas ao uso de antibióticos para tratamento e/ou prevenção das infecções bacterianas. Esta revisão tem por objetivo discutir algumas dessas alternativas.(AU)


Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common bacterial disease in females, and about 25% to 30% of women experience recurrent UTIs throughout their lives. Antibiotics are widely used standard for treating and preventing these infections. However, the excessive and improper use of these drugs, in addition to the adverse effects, is related to the emergence of multidrug-resistant uropathogens. There is a growing interest in the scientific community to find alternatives to the use of antibiotics for the treatment and/or prevention of bacterial infections. This review aims to discuss some of these alternatives.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy , Urinary Tract Infections/therapy , Complementary Therapies , Reinfection/therapy , Adjuvants, Immunologic , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Vaccinium macrocarpon , Drinking , Estrogens/therapeutic use , Fluid Therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
7.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362545

ABSTRACT

Objective: The goal of this study is to evaluate the benefits of an increase in water intake guided by a mathematical formula (per kg of body weight) on kidney function in older adults. Methods: Older adults (≥ 65 years old) cared for at the Internal Medicine Unit of a tertiary hospital will be randomized to receive or not guidance on water intake (30 mL/kg per day) after initial assessment of kidney function. After 14 days, participants will be reevaluated through clinical and laboratory examinations. Patients with uncompensated disease will be excluded. The main outcomes will be glomerular filtration rate and laboratory measures such as serum and urinary osmolality, sodium, urea, 24-h urine volume and serum creatinine, uric acid, and copeptin. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) questionnaire will be applied to participants at each visit. Categorical variables will be described as numbers of cases (%) and compared using the χ2 test whereas continuous variables will be analyzed with Student's t-test in relation to baseline measures. The Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) method will be performed to assess differences over time and between groups. This study was approved by the Institution's Research Ethics Committee (grant number 16-0153) and is in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Expected Results:By increasing water intake (ml/Kg) we expect to provide an improvement in kidney function in older population assessed by serum creatinine and cystatin-c applied to eGFR formulas. Relevance:Many conditions, both organic and behavioral, can contribute to chronic dehydration states in older adults. To mention, decreased ability to concentrate urine, reduced kidney mass, blood flow, and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) along with changes in sensitivity to hormones such as renin, vasopressin and natriuretic peptide can generate water imbalance, leading to dehydration. For being simple and inexpensive, this strategy may be broadly used and bring several health benefits to older adults.


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar os benefícios de um aumento da ingestão de água guiado por uma fórmula matemática (por kg de massa corporal) na função renal de idosos. Metodologia:Idosos (≥ 65 anos) atendidos pelo Serviço de Clínica Médica de um hospital terciário foram randomizados para receber ou não orientação sobre o consumo de água (30 mL/kg por dia) após uma avaliação inicial da função renal. Após 14 dias, os participantes serão reavaliados através de exames clínicos e laboratoriais. Pacientes com doença descompensada serão excluídos. Os desfechos principais são a taxa de filtração glomerular e medidas laboratoriais como osmolaridade, sódio e ureia séricos e urinários, volume de urina de 24 horas e creatinina, ácido úrico e copeptina séricos. A Mini Avaliação Nutricional (MNA) será aplicada aos participantes a cada consulta. Variáveis categóricas serão descritas como números de casos (%) e comparadas usando o teste χ2 , enquanto variáveis contínuas serão analisadas com o teste t de Student em relação às medidas iniciais. O método de Equações de Estimativas Generalizadas (GEE) será usado para avaliar diferenças ao longo do tempo e entre grupos. Este estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da nossa Instituição (processo número 16-0153) e está de acordo com a Declaração de Helsinki. Resultados esperados:Ao aumentar a ingestão de água (ml/Kg) esperamos proporcionar uma melhora na função renal na população idosa avaliada pela creatinina sérica e cistatina-c aplicada às fórmulas de eGFR. Relevância:Muitas condições, tanto orgânicas quanto comportamentais, podem contribuir para estados de desidratação crônica em idosos. Vale mencionar que a diminuição da capacidade de concentração da urina, redução da massa renal, fluxo sanguíneo e taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) juntamente com alterações na sensibilidade a hormônios como renina, vasopressina e peptídeo natriurético podem gerar desequilíbrio hídrico, levando à desidratação. Por ser simples e de baixo custo, essa estratégia pode ser amplamente utilizada e trazer diversos benefícios à saúde dos idosos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Water/administration & dosage , Creatinine/blood , Drinking/physiology , Cystatin C/blood , Kidney/physiology , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Kidney Function Tests , Models, Theoretical
8.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19652, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384005

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and aim: Stingless bee propolis, a resinous compound processed by mandibular secretion of stingless bees, is used for maintenance of hygiene and stability of beehives. Research on stingless bee propolis shows therapeutic properties attributed to polyphenols exhibiting antioxidative, antihyperglycemic and antiischemic effect. However, the cardioprotective effect of stingless bee propolis on diabetic cardiomyopathy is unknown. Methods: Adult male Sprague Dawley rats were randomised to five groups: normal group, diabetic group, diabetic given metformin (DM+M), diabetic given propolis (DM+P) and diabetic given combination therapy (DM+M+P) and treated for four weeks. Body weight, fasting blood glucose, food and water intake were taken weekly. At the end of experiment, biomarkers of oxidative damage were measured in serum and heart tissue. Antioxidants in heart tissue were quantified. Part of left ventricle of heart was processed for histological staining including Haematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) stain for myocyte size and Masson's Trichrome (MT) stain for heart fibrosis and perivascular fibrosis. Results: Propolis alleviated features of diabetic cardiomyopathy such as myocyte hypertrophy, heart fibrosis and perivascular fibrosis associated with improvement in antioxidative status. Conclusion: This study reports beneficial effect of propolis and combination with metformin in alleviating histopathological feature of diabetic cardiomyopathy by modulating antioxidants, making propolis an emerging complementary therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Propolis/adverse effects , Bees/classification , Diabetic Cardiomyopathies/pathology , Staining and Labeling/instrumentation , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley/classification , Cardiomegaly/pathology , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Drinking , Heart Ventricles/abnormalities , Hypoglycemic Agents , Metformin/agonists , Antioxidants/adverse effects
9.
Estud. interdiscip. envelhec ; 26(2): 35-58, dez.2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1418183

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve por objetivo analisar o estado nutricional, o consumo alimentar e o nível de atividade física de idosas ativas e sedentárias do programa de extensão UCS Sênior. Estudo transversal em que a amostra foi composta por 86 mulheres com idade igual ou superior a 60 anos, participantes do Projeto Nutrição e Envelhecimento. As variá- veis analisadas foram: relato de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis; prática de atividade física; massa corporal; estatura; índice de massa corporal; e perímetro da cintura. Em relação ao consumo alimentar e hídrico, avaliou-se: consumo energético, carboidrato, proteína, lipídio, fibra, ingestão de água e líquidos. A maioria das idosas apresentou índice de massa corporal elevado (54,7%) e perímetro da cintura (44,2%) em risco para doenças cardiovasculares. A dislipidemia foi a doença mais relatada, sendo mais prevalente em idosas que praticam exercício físico moderado do que nas sedentárias (p=0,022). Não houve diferença estatística entre consumo alimentar e ingestão hídrica com a prática de atividade física nas idosas ativas. A presença de hipertensão foi menor nas idosas ativas, em relação às consideradas sedentárias (p=0,038). Considerando os resultados deste estudo, torna-se necessário haver informações sobre educação nutricional e alimentar de forma contínua, especialmente para adequar a ingestão hídrica e de calorias, possibilitando comprometimento na saúde do idoso. Faz-se necessário estimular a prática de exercício físico regular para a prevenção de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis associadas ao processo de envelhecimento.(AU)


The study has as aim to analyze the nutritional status, food consumption and the level of physical activity of active and sedentary elderly women from the UCS senior extension program. A cross-sectional study was conducted, in which the sample consisted of 86 elderly women with ages between 60 years old or older, that were also participants in the Nutrition and Aging Project. The variables analyzed were: report of chronic diseases, physical activity, weight, stature, body mass index and waist circumference. Regarding the variables on food consumption and water intake, were evaluated the energy intake, carbohydrate, protein, lipid, fiber, water intake and liquid. Most elderly women had a high body mass index (54.7%) and waist circumference (44.2%), at risk of cardiovascular diseases. Dyslipidemia was the most reported disease, being more prevalent in older women who practice physical activity moderately than in sedentary (p = 0.022). There was no statistical difference between food consumption and water intake with the practice of physical activity in active elderly women. The presence of hypertension was lower in the active elderly, compared to the sedentary considered (p = 0.038). Considering the results of this study, it becomes necessary information on nutrition and food education continuously, especially to suit the water and calorie intake, allowing less impairment in elderly health. It is necessary to encourage the practice of regular physical exercise to prevent chronic non-communicable diseases associated with the aging process.(AU)


Subject(s)
Aged , Exercise , Nutritional Status , Drinking , Eating
10.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(1): 70-74, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156107

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Dehydration has been described as one of the main factors of reduced performance in combat sports activities, leading to death in extreme cases. Objective To investigate the pre-training hydration status and changes in fluid homeostasis during two taekwondo training sessions. Methods Eighteen male college athletes (age 22.6 ± 3.37 years) were assessed. The study design aimed to reproduce the conditions of a 90-minute taekwondo training session, divided into three stages: a) warm-up exercises (20 min); b) poomsae (30 min) and c) technical training (40 min). The athletes had ad libitum water intake during training. To assess the hydration status we considered body mass (BM), the amount of liquid consumed and urine output, which enabled us to establish absolute and relative fluid loss in kg and percentage as well as the sweating rate. We also considered urine specific gravity (USG), urine color (U-COL), and subjective sensation of thirst (Sthirst) before and after the training session. Pre- and post-training results were compared separately in each session and between sessions. Results There was a significant difference (P<0.05) in pre-training BM between the two days of training. There was a significant difference (P<0.05) in the final BM on both days of the experiment. Most subjects had relative dehydration below 2%. A significant difference (P<0.05) was recorded pre and post training for U-COL and Sthirst, with the highest rates obtained at the end of each session. Participants always started training at a low dehydration status (USG >1,020g.ml-1). Conclusions The athletes tended to start the training sessions in dehydration status, which increases over the course of the training. Ad libitum water intake was not sufficient to balance fluid loss. Changes in fluid levels between sessions were similar. Level of Evidence II; Therapeutic Studies Investigating the Results Level of Treatment.


RESUMO Introdução A desidratação tem sido descrita como um dos principais fatores de redução de desempenho em atividades de luta, levando, em casos extremos, à morte. Objetivos Investigar o estado da hidratação antes do treino e as alterações no balanço hídrico corporal durante dois treinamentos de taekwondo. Métodos Foram avaliados 18 atletas universitários do sexo masculino (22,6 ± 3,37 anos). O desenho do estudo procurou reproduzir uma condição de treinamento de taekwondo com duração de 90 minutos, dividido em três etapas: a) aquecimento (20 min.), b) poomsae (30 min.) e c) treino técnico (40 min.). Durante o treino, adotou-se o consumo de água ad libitum. Para avaliar o estado de hidratação, considerou-se a massa corporal (MC), a quantidade de líquido consumido e o volume de urina produzido, o que permitiu estabelecer a perda hídrica absoluta e relativa em kg e porcentagem, além da taxa de sudorese. Foi considerada ainda a gravidade específica da urina (GEU), bem como sua coloração (COL-U), além da sensação subjetiva de sede (SSede) antes e depois do treino. Os resultados antes e depois do treino foram comparados de forma isolada em cada sessão, assim como entre as sessões. Resultados Houve diferença significativa (P < 0,05) da MC pré-treinamento entre os dois dias de treino. Houve redução significativa (P < 0,05) da MC final em ambos os dias de experimento. A maior parte dos avaliados apresentou desidratação relativa inferior a 2%. Registrou-se diferença significativa (P < 0,05) antes e depois do treino para COL-U e para SSede, com os maiores índices obtidos ao final de cada sessão. Os participantes sempre iniciaram o comparados de forma isolada em cada sessão, assim como entre as sessões. Resultados Houve diferença significativa (P < 0,05) da MC pré-treinamento entre os dois dias de treino. Houve redução significativa (P < 0,05) da MC final em ambos os dias de experimento. A maior parte dos avaliados apresentou desidratação relativa inferior a 2%. Registrou-se diferença significativa (P < 0,05) antes e depois do treino para COL-U e para SSede, com os maiores índices obtidos ao final de cada sessão. Os participantes sempre iniciaram o treinamento em leve estado de desidratação (GEU > 1.020 g.ml-1). Conclusões Os atletas tendem a iniciar os treinamentos em estado de desidratação, que se amplia durante o treino. O consumo de líquidos ad libitum não foi suficiente para equilibrar a perda hídrica. As alterações hídricas entre as sessões foram semelhantes. Nível de Evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- Investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción La deshidratación ha sido descrita como uno de los principales factores de reducción del desempeño en actividades de lucha, llevando, en casos extremos, a la muerte. Objetivos Investigar el estado de la hidratación antes del entrenamiento y las alteraciones en el balance hídrico corporal durante dos entrenamientos de taekwondo. Métodos Se evaluaron 18 atletas universitarios del sexo masculino (22,6 ± 3,37 años). El diseño del estudio intentó reproducir una condición de entrenamiento de taekwondo con duración de 90 minutos, dividido en tres etapas: a) calentamiento (20 min); b) poomsae (30 min); y c) entrenamiento técnico (40 min). Durante el entrenamiento, se adoptó el consumo de agua ad libitum. Para evaluar el estado de hidratación, se consideró la masa corporal (MC), la cantidad de líquido consumido y el volumen de orina producido, lo que permitió establecer la pérdida hídrica absoluta y relativa en kg y porcentaje, además de la tasa de sudoración. Fue considerada además la gravedad específica de la orina (GEO), así como su coloración (COL-O), además de la sensación subjetiva de sed (SSed), antes y después del entrenamiento. Los resultados antes y después del entrenamiento fueron comparados de forma aislada en cada sesión, así como entre las sesiones. Resultados Hubo diferencia significativa (P<0,05) de la MC preentrenamiento entre los dos días de entrenamiento. Hubo reducción significativa (P<0,05) de la MC final en ambos días de experimento. La mayor parte de los evaluados presentó deshidratación relativa inferior a 2%. Se registró diferencia significativa (P<0,05) antes y después del entrenamiento para COL-O y para SSed, con los mayores índices obtenidos al final de cada sesión. Los participantes siempre iniciaron el entrenamiento en leve estado de deshidratación (GEO > 1.020 g.ml-1). Conclusiones Los atletas tienden a iniciar los entrenamientos en estado de deshidratación, que se amplía durante el entrenamiento. El consumo de líquidos ad libitum no fue suficiente para equilibrar la pérdida hídrica. Las alteraciones hídricas entre las sesiones fueron semejantes. Nivel de Evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Water-Electrolyte Balance/physiology , Martial Arts/physiology , Drinking , Urinalysis , Athletes
11.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(1): e20190337, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1124790

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo analisar a internalização do cuidado com o corpo pelo escolar com a doença falciforme com base na teoria do desenvolvimento de Vigotski e no conceito de cuidado de Collière. Método Estudo qualitativo com 15 escolares que convivem com a doença falciforme, acompanhados em ambulatório na cidade de Vitoria - ES. A técnica utilizada foi a entrevista individual e a análise temática. A hidratação corporal, o brincar, a prevenção e manejo da crise falcêmica, a alimentação e as roupas foram as unidades temáticas que emergiram. Resultados Os participantes referiram ingerir variados tipos de líquidos. As brincadeiras foram predominantemente ativas. Os medicamentos foram de reparação e manutenção da saúde. Não se evidenciou consumo de alimentos saudáveis. Observou-se a utilização de roupas adequadas ao frio. A dor foi um signo da internalização do cuidado e do conhecimento para brincadeiras. A diminuição de líquidos e roupas inadequadas desencadearam a crise falcêmica. Considerações Finais Evidenciaram-se a internalização do conhecimento e dos cuidados mediados pela dor e o despreparo dos professores pela falta de conhecimento. Implicações para a prática este estudo poderá subsidiar a melhor articulação entre profissional de saúde, criança e escola.


RESUMEN Objetivo analizar la internalización de la atención por parte del escolar con la enfermedad de células falciformes basado en la teoría del desarrollo de Vigotski y el concepto de atención de Collière. Método Estudio cualitativo con 15 escolares que viven con la enfermedad de células falciformes, monitoreados en una clínica ambulatoria en la ciudad de Vitoria - ES. La técnica fue la entrevista individual y el análisis temático. La hidratación corporal, el juego, la prevención y el manejo de la crisis falcémica, la alimentación y la ropa fueron las unidades temáticas que emergieron. Resultados Los participantes informaron de la ingestión de varios tipos de líquidos. Los juegos fueron predominantemente activos. Los medicamentos fueron de reparación y mantenimiento de la salud. No se ha demostrado el consumo de alimentos saludables. Se observó el uso de ropa adecuada para el frío. El dolor fue un signo de la internalización de la atención y el conocimiento para los juegos. La disminución de líquidos y la ropa inadecuada desencadenaron la crisis falcémica. Consideraciones finales Se señalaron la internalización del conocimiento y la atención mediados por el dolor y la falta de preparación de los maestros debido a la falta de conocimiento. Implicaciones para la práctica este estudio podrá subsidiar la mejor articulación entre los profesionales de la salud, los niños y la escuela.


ABSTRACT Objective to analyze the internalization of body care by the schoolchildren with sickle cell disease based on Vigotski's development theory and Collière's concept of care. Method Qualitative study with 15 schoolchildren living with sickle cell disease, followed in an outpatient clinic in the city of Vitoria - ES. The technique was the individual interview and thematic analysis. Body hydration, playing, prevention and management of the sickle cell crisis, food and clothing were the thematic units that emerged. Results Participants reported ingesting various types of liquids. The games were predominantly active. The medications were repair and maintenance of health. It was observed no consumption of healthy foods. The use of clothes suitable for the cold was evidenced. Pain was a sign of the internalization of care and knowledge for games. The decrease in liquids and inadequate clothing triggered the sickle cell crisis. Final Considerations The internalization of knowledge and care mediated by pain and the unpreparedness of teachers due to lack of knowledge were highlighted. Implications for practice this study can support the best articulation between health professionals, children and school.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Self Care , Anemia, Sickle Cell/prevention & control , Pain/drug therapy , Play and Playthings , Dehydration , Qualitative Research , Drinking , Eating , Folic Acid/therapeutic use , Hydroxyurea/therapeutic use , Analgesics/therapeutic use
12.
Alger. J. health sci. (Online. Oran) ; 3(3): 13-21, 2021. Tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1292607

ABSTRACT

Introduction et objectif : Les boissons énergisantes (BE) sont de plus en plus populaires en Algérie ainsi qu'ailleurs dans le monde. Elles sont particulièrement consommées par les sportifs qui les confondent souvent avec les boissons énergétiques. Le présent travail vise à évaluer les connaissances et les habitudes de consommation des BE en milieu footballistique. Méthodes : il s'agit d'une étude transversale à visée descriptive via un questionnaire auprès des professionnels et des amateurs du football du moment où ce dernier occupe une place prééminente par rapport à d'autres sports. Les données ont été traitées par les logiciels Excel et SPSS et les résultats comparatifs ont été estimés par le test de khi-deux avec un niveau de signification de p<5%. Résultats : L'étude a été réalisée auprès de 165 joueurs (appartenant à 14 clubs), 27 arbitres et 13 entraîneurs. Les résultats révèlent une consommation accrue des BE (63,90%) qui commence après le début du parcours sportif (50,38%), notamment par les jeunes joueurs et arbitres, croyant aux vertus attribuées à ces boissons, comme l'amélioration des performances, négligeant les effets potentiels sur la santé. Presque tous les enquêtés affirment connaître ces breuvages (97%), et pourtant seuls 22% connaissent leur composition, uniquement 27% font la distinction entre ces derniers et les boissons énergétiques, 16% les trouvent bonnes pour la santé et 59% pensent qu'elles améliorent les performances physiques. Conclusion : Des mesures de prévention et une réglementation spécifiques aux BE doivent être profondément étudiées et mises en place.


Introduction and objective: Energy drinks are becoming increasingly popular in Algeria and elsewhere in the world. They are particularly consumed by athletes who often confuse them with "sport drinks". This study aims to assess the knowledge and consumption habits of energy drinks in a football environment. Methods: we realized a cross-sectional survey via questionnaire among professionals and amateurs of football because the latter occupies a prominent place compared to other sports. The data were handled by Excel and SPSS softwares and the comparative results were estimated by the Chi-square test with a significance level of p < 5%. Results: The study included 165 players - belonging to 14 clubs-, 27 referees and 13 coaches. Results indicate increased consumption of these drinks (63.90%) wich starts after beginning the Sports activities (50.38%), in particular by the young players and referees, believing in the virtues attributed to these beverages, such as improving performance, neglecting the potential health effects. Almost all of the investigated claim to know energy drinks (97%), and nevertheless only 22% know their composition, only 27% make the distinction between these beverages and the sport drinks, 16% find them good for the health and 59% thinks that they improve the physical performance. Conclusion: Prevention measures and regulations specific in energy drinks must be deeply studied and put in place.


Subject(s)
Knowledge , Drinking , Algeria , Energy Drinks , Soccer
13.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 61(2): 33-46, dic. 2020. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIBOCS | ID: biblio-1179186

ABSTRACT

PREGUNTA DE INVESTIGACIÓN: ¿Cuál será la composición corporal, el agua corporal total, y el agua extra e intracelular relacionados a los cambios después del ejercicio submáximo de 30 minutos y post rehidratación con agua pura en adultos residentes permanentes de gran altitud, La Paz, Bolivia, gestión 2019? OBJETIVO: Determinar la composición corporal, el agua corporal total, y el agua extra e intracelular relacionados a los cambios después del ejercicio submáximo de 30 minutos y post rehidratación con agua pura en adultos residentes permanentes de gran altitud, La Paz, Bolivia, gestión 2019. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: el trabajo de investigación fue tipo experimental, antes y después, sobre Fisiología de Altitud, en 29 jóvenes residentes de gran altitud (3600 m.s.n.m.). Se evaluó variables antes y después de realizar una prueba de ejercicio submáxima, de 30 minutos, y la rehidratación post ejercicio, tras el consumo de agua pura. Variables dependientes fueron: 1. Composición corporal, medida a través del análisis de impedancia bioeléctrica (AIB), 2. Volumen de agua corporal total, determinado por AIB. 3. Agua extra e intracelular evaluada por AIB y 4. Estado de rehidratación, evaluado por el cambio de peso post ejercicio, y mediante el AIB. Las variables independientes fueron el ejercicio a través de la prueba submáxima de 30 minutos y la rehidratación con agua pura. RESULTADOS: en jóvenes residentes de gran altitud, se estima que el porcentaje de agua corporal total en las mujeres está disminuida en relación a la referencia de poblaciones del nivel del mar. La masa grasa corporal está muy incrementada en las mujeres. La diferencia de agua basal versus el agua post ejercicio entre varones y mujeres no es significativa. La diferencia de agua del líquido extra e intracelular basal versus el agua post ejercicio entre varones y mujeres no es significativa. La diferencia en la distancia recorrida en 30 minutos de ejercicio de trote submáximo es estadísticamente significativa a favor de los varones (4424 vs. 3619 metros). La correlación del IMC y el porcentaje de masa grasa es muy baja (r=0.109). El IMC entre varones y mujeres no presenta diferencia estadísticamente significativa (26±3 vs 24±3 respectivamente). La frecuencia de exceso de grasa corporal evaluada por AIB, es del 55% en las mujeres y de 0% en varones. La presión arterial sistémica en varones (PS: 107±6 y PD:73± 4mmHg) y en mujeres (PS:104±8 y PD:70± 7mmHg), está disminuida en relación a referencia del nivel del mar. La frecuencia respiratoria esta incrementada tanto en varones (21±2) y mujeres (23±3). CONCLUSIONES: el método de AIB permite evaluar la composición corporal y el agua corporal total y por tanto la masa grasa, mismo que fue validado en altitud por el método estándar de referencia de dilución isotópica en estudios previos en altitud. El ejercicio de trote submáximo ejecutado, ha exigido más a los universitarios estudiados. Se verifica que en el mismo tiempo los varones han recorrido una mayor distancia que las mujeres. Se estima que en mujeres la masa grasa corporal (MGC) esta incrementada y que el exceso de grasa (obesidad) es del 55%. La diferencia del agua al momento basal y post ejercicio y el LEC y LIC entre varones y mujeres no es significativa. El IMC subestima en este grupo la frecuencia de obesidad, principalmente en mujeres. El uso de técnicas nucleares, ha permitido a través del análisis del deuterio estudiar el agua, la composición corporal, y se asocia fuertemente con determinaciones similares mediante el uso de la bioimpedancia eléctrica.


RESEARCH QUESTION: what will be the body composition, the total body water, and the extra and intracellular water related to the changes after submaximal exercise of 30 minutes and post rehydration with pure water in permanent resident adults of high altitude, La Paz, Bolivia, management 2019? OBJECTIVE: to determine the body composition, the total body water, and the extra and intracellular water related to the changes after submaximal exercise of 30 minutes and post rehydration with pure water in permanent residents of high altitude adults, La Paz, Bolivia, management 2019. MATERIAL AND METHODS: the research work was experimental, before and after, on Altitude Physiology, in 29 young residents of high altitude (3600 m.a.s.l.). Variables were evaluated before and after performing a 30-minute submaximal exercise test and post-exercise rehydration after consuming pure water. Dependent variables were: 1. Body composition, measured through bioelectrical impedance analysis (AIB), 2. Total body water volume, determined by AIB. 3. Extra and intracellular water evaluated by AIB and 4. Rehydration status, evaluated by post-exercise weight change, and by AIB. The independent variables were exercise through the 30-minute submaximal test and rehydration with pure water. RESULTS: in young residents of high altitude, it is estimated that the percentage of total body water in women is decreased in relation to the reference of sea level populations. Body fat mass is greatly increased in women. The difference in basal water versus post-exercise water between men and women is not significant. The difference in water from basal extra and intracellular fluid versus post-exercise water between men and women is not significant. The difference in distance covered in 30 minutes of submaximal jogging exercise is statistically significant in favor of men (4424 vs. 3619 meters). The correlation of BMI and the percentage of fat mass is very low (r = 0.109). The BMI between men and women did not present a statistically significant difference (26 ± 3 vs 24 ± 3 respectively). The frequency of excess body fat evaluated by AIB is 55% in women and 0% in men. The systemic blood pressure in men (PS: 107 ± 6 and PD: 73 ± 4mmHg) and in women (PS: 104 ± 8 and PD: 70 ± 7mmHg), is decreased in relation to the sea level reference. Respiratory rate is increased in both men (21 ± 2) and women (23 ± 3). CONCLUSIONS: the AIB method allows evaluating body composition and total body water and therefore fat mass, which was validated at altitude by the isotopic dilution reference standard method in previous studies at altitude. The submaximal trot exercise performed has demanded more from the university students studied. It is verified that in the same time the men have traveled a greater distance than the women. It is estimated that in women the body fat mass (FGM) is increased and that the excess fat (obesity) is 55%. The difference in water at baseline and post-exercise and the LEC and LIC between men and women is not significant. The BMI underestimates the frequency of obesity in this group, mainly in women. The use of nuclear techniques has allowed the analysis of deuterium to study water, body composition, and is strongly associated with similar determinations through the use of electrical bioimpedance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Body Water , Water Quantity , Drinking , Altitude , Students , Universities , Exercise , Respiratory Rate
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 346-354, Mar./Apr. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1128185

ABSTRACT

O bem-estar dos animais, além dos aspectos individuais, depende do entendimento e dedicação dos responsáveis pelo abrigo. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar o bem-estar dos cães mantidos em abrigos municipais do estado do Paraná, mediante a aplicação do protocolo Shelter Quality. Foram avaliados 16 abrigos, 439 cães e 165 recintos, na estação do outono de 2017. A maioria dos abrigos apresentou cães com condição corporal adequada e pelagem limpa, em recintos seguros, com metragem e suprimento de água adequados e conforto térmico. Além disso, a maioria dos cães eram mantidos em recintos coletivos e em ambientes abertos, com baixo nível de ruído e demonstravam mais emoções positivas, desejáveis na adoção. Como aspectos negativos, 58% (96/165) dos recintos avaliados tinham camas inadequadas ou inexistentes e 30% (50/165) dos recintos mantinham cães individualmente, sendo indicadores de baixo grau de bem-estar para os cães envolvidos. Além disso, nenhum abrigo disponibilizava ração para cães idosos e 81% (13/16) dos abrigos negligenciavam o diagnóstico e tratamento da dor. Apesar de a maioria dos abrigos apresentarem mais pontos positivos que negativos em sua avaliação, a gestão dos abrigos deve sempre visar à correção dos pontos críticos que comprometam o bem-estar dos animais.(AU)


Animal welfare, in addition to individual aspects, depends on the understanding and dedication of those responsible for the shelter. The objective of this study was to evaluate the welfare of dogs kept in municipal shelters in the state of Paraná, using the Shelter Quality protocol. A total of 16 shelters, 439 dogs and 165 enclosures were evaluated in the fall season of 2017. Most shelters presented dogs with adequate body condition and clean coat, in secure enclosures with adequate water supply and thermal comfort. In addition, most dogs were kept in collective enclosures and in open environments, with low noise levels and showing more positive, desirable emotions in adoption. As negative aspects, 58% (96/165) of the precincts evaluated had inadequate or inexistent beds and 30% (50/165) of the enclosures kept dogs individually, being indicators of a low degree of well-being for the dogs involved. In addition, no shelter provided elderly dog rations and 81% (13/16) of the shelters neglected the diagnosis and treatment of pain. Although most shelters present more positive than negative points in their evaluation, shelter management should always aim at correcting critical points that compromise animal welfare.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dogs , Quality of Life , Animal Welfare , Guidelines as Topic/methods , Housing, Animal/standards , Brazil , Drinking
17.
Rev. Col. méd. cir ; 159(1): 23-25, abr 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LIGCSA, LILACS | ID: biblio-1247543

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar la presencia de proteinuria en habitantes de una aldea de la región costera de Santa Rosa, Guatemala, julio del año 2019. Material y métodos: estudio descriptivo y transversal, en una muestra de 575 habitantes de la aldea Casas Viejas, captada por durante cuatro jornadas médicas. Las muestras de orina fueron analizadas con tiras reactivas. Resultados: de los habitantes que participaron, 55.48 % (319) fueron de sexo femenino, la mediana de edad fue de 24 años, el 39.820% (229) estudiante y el 85.2 % (490) sin antecedentes patológicos. De los factores predisponentes de enfermedad renal, el 56.170% (323) consume antiinflamatorios no esteroideo -AINES-, el 82.26 % (473) bebidas carbonatadas, el 13.570% (78) bebidas alcohólicas; la mediana de consumo de agua fue de 6 vasos diarios y 13.22 % (76) han estado expuestos a agroquímicos. Proteinuria se documentó en 8.87 % (51) de los habitantes. Conclusiones: más de la mitad de los sujeto de estudio son de sexo femenino y sin antecedentes patológicos; de los factores predisponentes a enfermedad renal los más frecuentes son el consumo de -AINES-, bebidas carbonatadas y la hidratación inadecuada. Nueve de cada cien sujetos de estudio presentan proteinuria.


Objetive: to establish urine protein presence in inhabitants of a small village of the coastal region in Santa Rosa, Guatemala. July 2019. Material y methods: Descriptive and transversal study performed on 575 persons from Casas Viejas village, using a nonprobabilistic sampling. Proteinuria was determined by urine test strips. Results: Of the persons studied, 55.48% (319) were female, mean age was 24 years old, 39.82% (229) were students and 85.25% had no pathological background. Predisposing factors of kidney disease were noted, 56.17% (323) consumed Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs), 82.26% (473) consumed carbonated drinks, 13.57% (78) alcoholic beverages, the mean water consumption was 6 glasses per day, and 13.22% (76), were exposed to agrochemical pesticides. Proteinuria was found in 8.87% (51) of the sample. Conclutions: more than half of population were female and didn´t showed pathological signs. Predisposing factors to kidney disease were, frequent NSAIDs use, carbonated drinks consumption a no adequate hydration. Nine of each one hundred people studied presented urine protein.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Proteinuria/epidemiology , Pesticides/adverse effects , Proteinuria/diagnosis , Proteinuria/urine , Alcohol Drinking/adverse effects , Carbonated Beverages/adverse effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/adverse effects , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Drinking , Guatemala/epidemiology , Kidney Diseases/diagnosis , Kidney Diseases/urine , Kidney Diseases/epidemiology
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811372

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association of the total diet quality with the incidence risk of metabolic syndrome constituents and metabolic syndrome among Korean adults.METHODS: Based on a community-based cohort of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES) from 2001 to 2014, data from a total of 5,549 subjects (2,805 men & 2,744 women) aged 40~69 years at the baseline with a total follow-up period of 38,166 person-years were analyzed. The criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel was employed to define metabolic syndrome. The total diet quality was estimated using the Korean Healthy Eating Index (KHEI). Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for risk of metabolic syndrome constituents and metabolic syndrome in relation to KHEI quintile groups was calculated by multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model.RESULTS: After adjusting for age, energy intake, income, education, physical activity, smoking, and drinking, the incidence of abdominal obesity and high blood pressure was significantly lower, by approximately 29.7% (P < 0.01) and 25.2% (P < 0.01), respectively, in the fifth KHEI quintile compared to the first quintile in men. A significant decreasing trend of the metabolic syndrome incidence was observed across the improving levels of KHEI (HRq5vs.q1: 0.775, 95% CIq5vs.q1: 0.619~0.971, P for trend < 0.01). In women, the incidence of abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome was significantly lower, by approximately 29.8% (P < 0.01) and 22.5% (P < 0.05), respectively, in the fifth KHEI quintile compared to the first quintile adjusting for multiple covariates. On the other hand, the linear trend of metabolic syndrome risk across the KHEI levels did not reach the significance level.CONCLUSIONS: A better diet quality can prevent future metabolic syndrome and its certain risk factors among Korean men and women.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Cholesterol , Cohort Studies , Diet , Drinking , Eating , Education , Energy Intake , Epidemiology , Follow-Up Studies , Genome , Hand , Hypertension , Incidence , Obesity, Abdominal , Physical Education and Training , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811316

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We determined whether elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) was related to prevalence, location, type, length, and recurrence of pterygium in a population from the Republic of Korea.METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional dataset, the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2008–2011), was used in this study. All participants were > 30 years of age and underwent the ALP test and ophthalmic evaluation (n = 22,359). One-way analysis of variance, the chi-square test, and Fisher's exact test were used to compare characteristics and outcomes among participants. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the possible associations between serum ALP levels and various types of pterygium. Data were adjusted for known risk factors for development of pterygium and ALP elevation (age, sex, residence, sunlight exposure, drinking, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, BMI, AST, ALT, vitamin D, and HDL).RESULTS: The overall prevalence of pterygium was 8.1%, and participants with pterygium had higher levels of serum ALP (p < 0.001). Participants with higher serum ALP had a significantly higher prevalence of all types of pterygium than those in the lower serum ALP quartiles. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that ALP was associated with the prevalence of pterygium (odds ratio [OR], 1.001; p = 0.038). Trend analysis between the OR and ALP quartiles revealed a linear trend in overall prevalence and in the intermediate type of pterygium. Subgroup analysis revealed a stronger correlation in participants > 50 years of age. One-way analysis of variance revealed an association between the size of pterygium and serum ALP quartile levels. Serum ALP was not associated with recurrence of pterygium.CONCLUSIONS: Increased serum ALP was associated with the prevalence and size of pterygium.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dataset , Drinking , Hypertension , Korea , Logistic Models , Nutrition Surveys , Prevalence , Pterygium , Recurrence , Republic of Korea , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking , Sunlight , Vitamin D
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