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1.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 268-274, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971394

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a malignant tumor of the digestive tract with poor patient prognosis. The PC incidence is still increasing with a 5-year survival rate of only 10%. At present, surgical resection is the most effective method to treat PC, however, 80% of the patients missed the best time for surgery after they have been diagnosed as PC. Chemotherapy is one of the main treating methods but PC is insensitive to chemotherapy, prone to drug resistance, and is accompanied by many side effects which are related to a lack of specific target. Exosomes are nanoscale vesicles secreted by almost all cell types and can carry various bioactive substances which mediate cell communication and material transport. They are characterized by a low immunogenicity, low cytotoxicity, high penetration potential and homing capacity, and possess the potential of being used as advanced drug carriers. Therefore, it is a hot research topic to use drug-loaded exosomes for tumor therapy. They may alleviate chemotherapy resistance, reduce side effects, and enhance the curative effect. In recent years, exosome drug carriers have achieved considerable results in PC chemotherapy studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exosomes/metabolism , Drug Carriers/metabolism , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
2.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 417-428, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009904

ABSTRACT

Nucleic acid-based drugs, such as RNA and DNA drugs, exert their effects at the genetic level. Currently, widely utilized nucleic acid-based drugs include nucleic acid aptamers, antisense oligonucleotides, mRNA, miRNA, siRNA and saRNA. However, these drugs frequently encounter challenges during clinical application, such as poor stability, weak targeting specificity, and difficulties in traversing physiological barriers. By employing chemical modifications of nucleic acid structures, it is possible to enhance the stability and targeting specificity of certain nucleic acid drugs within the body, thereby improving delivery efficiency and reducing immunogenicity. Moreover, utilizing nucleic acid drug carriers can facilitate the transportation of drugs to lesion sites, thereby aiding efficient intracellular escape and promoting drug efficacy within the body. Currently, commonly employed delivery carriers include virus vectors, lipid nanoparticles, polymer nanoparticles, inorganic nanoparticles, protein carriers and extracellular vesicles. Nevertheless, individual modifications or delivery carriers alone are insufficient to overcome numerous obstacles. The integration of nucleic acid chemical modifications with drug delivery systems holds promise for achieving enhanced therapeutic effects. However, this approach also presents increased technical complexity and clinical translation costs. Therefore, the development of nucleic acid drug carriers and nucleic acid chemical modifications that are both practical and simple, while maintaining high efficacy, low toxicity, and precise nucleic acid delivery, has become a prominent research focus in the field of nucleic acid drug development. This review comprehensively summarizes the advancements in nucleic acid-based drug modifica-tions and delivery systems. Additionally, strategies to enhance nucleic acid drug delivery efficiency are discussed, with the aim of providing valuable insights for the translational application of nucleic acid drugs.


Subject(s)
Nucleic Acids , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Drug Carriers , Drug Delivery Systems , Drug Development
3.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 799-804, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008902

ABSTRACT

As one of the traditional computer simulation techniques, molecular simulation can intuitively display and quantify molecular structure and explain experimental phenomena from the microscopic molecular level. When the simulation system increases, the amount of calculation will also increase, which will cause a great burden on the simulation system. Coarse-grained molecular dynamics is a method of mesoscopic molecular simulation, which can simplify the molecular structure and improve computational efficiency, as a result, coarse-grained molecular dynamics is often used when simulating macromolecular systems such as drug carrier materials. In this article, we reviewed the recent research results of using coarse-grained molecular dynamics to simulate drug carriers, in order to provide a reference for future pharmaceutical preparation research and accelerate the entry of drug research into the era of precision drug design.


Subject(s)
Molecular Dynamics Simulation , Drug Carriers
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5205-5215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008718

ABSTRACT

This study aims to prepare vitexin albumin nanoparticles(VT-BSA-NPs) to alleviate the low bioavailability of vitexin(VT) in vivo due to its poor water solubility. VT micro powders were prepared by the antisolvent crystallization method, and the morphology, size, and physicochemical properties of VT micro powders were studied. The results showed that the VT micro powder had a particle size of(187.13±7.15) nm, an approximate spherical morphology, and a uniform size distribution. Compared with VT, the chemical structure of VT micro powders has not changed. VT-BSA-NPs were prepared from VT micro powders by desolvation-crosslinking curing method. The preparation process was screened by single factor test and orthogonal test, and the quality evaluation of the optimal prescription particle size, PDI, Zeta potential, EE, and morphology was performed. The results showed that the average particle size of VT-BSA-NPs was(124.33±0.47) nm; the PDI was 0.184±0.012; the Zeta potential was(-48.83±2.20) mV, and the encapsulation rate was 83.43%±0.39%, all of which met the formulation-related requirements. The morphological results showed that the VT-BSA-NPs were approximately spherical in appearance, regular in shape, and without adhesion on the surface. In vitro release results showed a significantly reduced release rate of VT-BSA-NPs compared with VT, indicating a good sustained release effect. LC-MS/MS was used to establish an analytical method for in vivo analysis of VT and study the plasma pharmacokinetics of VT-BSA-NPs in rats. The results showed that the specificity of the analytical method was good, and the extraction recovery was more than 90%. Compared with VT and VT micro powders, VT-BSA-NPs could significantly increase AUC, MRT, and t_(1/2), which was beneficial to improve the bioavailability of VT.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Serum Albumin, Bovine/chemistry , Chromatography, Liquid , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Particle Size , Drug Carriers/chemistry
5.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 272-277, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982731

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare PLGA nanoparticles loaded with Der f 1/IGF-1(Der f 1/IGF-1 NPs) and investigate their role in promoting the formation of Treg cells. Methods:NPs coated with Der f 1/IGF-1 were prepared by double emulsion method and their physicochemical properties and cumulative release rate in vitro were analyzed. After pretreatment, BMDC was divided into Saline group, Blank NPs group, Der f 1/IGF-1 group and Der f 1/IGF-1 NPs group. Determination of the expression of IL-10 and TGF-β in BMDC by ELISA. The number of Treg cells was detected by flow cytometry. Results:The results showed that Der f 1/IGF-1 NPs were spherical structures, with good dispersion, particle size less than 200 nm, negative charge and stable slow-release effect of Zeta potential. After BMDC pretreatment, the expression levels of TGF-β and IL-10 in BMDC cells in the Der f 1/IGF-1 NPs group were significantly increased compared with the Blank NPs group, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.001). After co-culture with CD4+ T cells, the proportion of Treg cells produced in the Der f 1/IGF-1 NPs group was significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.001). Conclusion:Der f 1/IGF-1 NPs can induce Treg cell generation in vitro. This study provides a new and more effective method for the reconstruction of immune tolerance dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Humans , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/metabolism , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Particle Size , Drug Carriers/chemistry
6.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 349-360, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982052

ABSTRACT

Vesicles derived from Chinese medicinal herbs (VCMH) are nano-vesicular entities released by the cells of Chinese medicinal herbs. VCMHs have various biological effects and targeting characteristics, and their component chemicals and functional activities are closely related to the parent plant. VCMH differs from animal-derived vesicles in three ways: stability, specificity, and safety. There are a number of extraction and isolation techniques for VCMH, each with their own benefits and drawbacks, and there is no unified standard. When two or more approaches are used, high quantities of intact vesicles can be obtained more quickly and efficiently. The obtained VCMHs were systematically examined and evaluated. Firstly, they are generally saucer-shaped, cup-shaped or sphere, with particle size of 10-300 nm. Secondly, they contain lipids, proteins, nucleic acids and other active substances, and these components are an important part for intercellular information transfer. Finally, they mostly have good biocompatibility and low toxicity, with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-tumor and anti-fibrotic effects. As a new drug carrier, VCMHs have outstanding active targeting capabilities, and the capsule form can effectively preserve the drugs, considerably enhancing drug delivery efficiency and stability in vitro and in vivo. The modification of its vesicular structure by suitable physical or chemical means can further create more stable and precise drug carriers. This article reviews the extraction and purification techniques, activity evaluation and application of VCMH to provide information for further research and application of new active substances and targeted drug carriers.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Antioxidants , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Drug Carriers
7.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 328-337, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982050

ABSTRACT

Intranasal drug delivery system is a non-invasive drug delivery route with the advantages of no first-pass effect, rapid effect and brain targeting. It is a feasible alternative to drug delivery via injection, and a potential drug delivery route for the central nervous system. However, the nasal physiological environment is complex, and the nasal delivery system requires "integration of medicine and device". Its delivery efficiency is affected by many factors such as the features and formulations of drug, delivery devices and nasal cavity physiology. Some strategies have been designed to improve the solubility, stability, membrane permeability and nasal retention time of drugs. These include the use of prodrugs, adding enzyme inhibitors and absorption enhancers to preparations, and new drug carriers, which can eventually improve the efficiency of intranasal drug delivery. This article reviews recent publications and describes the above mentioned aspects and design strategies for nasal intranasal drug delivery systems to provide insights for the development of intranasal drug delivery systems.


Subject(s)
Administration, Intranasal , Drug Delivery Systems , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Drug Carriers , Brain , Nasal Cavity/physiology , Nasal Mucosa
8.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 318-327, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982049

ABSTRACT

Currently, the first-line drugs for invasive fungal infections (IFI), such as amphotericin B, fluconazole and itraconazole, have drawbacks including poor water solubility, low bioavailability, and severe side effects. Using drug delivery systems is a promising strategy to improve the efficacy and safety of traditional antifungal therapy. Synthetic and biomimetic carriers have greatly facilitated the development of targeted delivery systems for antifungal drugs. Synthetic carrier drug delivery systems, such as liposomes, nanoparticles, polymer micelles, and microspheres, can improve the physicochemical properties of antifungal drugs, prolong their circulation time, enhance targeting capabilities, and reduce toxic side effects. Cell membrane biomimetic drug delivery systems, such as macrophage or red blood cell membrane-coated drug delivery systems, retain the membrane structure of somatic cells and confer various biological functions and specific targeting abilities to the loaded antifungal drugs, exhibiting better biocompatibility and lower toxicity. This article reviews the development of antifungal drug delivery systems and their application in the treatment of IFI, and also discusses the prospects of novel biomimetic carriers in antifungal drug delivery.


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Delivery Systems , Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Liposomes/chemistry , Nanoparticles , Drug Carriers
9.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 279-284, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982045

ABSTRACT

Nucleoside drugs play an essential role in treating major diseases such as tumor and viral infections, and have been widely applied in clinics. However, the effectiveness and application of nucleoside drugs are significantly limited by their intrinsic properties such as low bioavailability, lack of targeting ability, and inability to enter the cells. Nanocarriers can improve the physiological properties of nucleoside drugs by improving drug delivery efficiency and availability, maintaining drug efficacy and system stability, adjusting the binding ability of the carrier and drug molecules, as well as modifying specific molecules to achieve active targeting. Starting from the design strategy of nucleoside drug nanodelivery systems, the design and therapeutic effect of these nanomedicines are described in this review, and the future development directions of nucleoside/nucleotide-loaded nanomedicines are also discussed.


Subject(s)
Nanomedicine , Nucleosides/chemistry , Nucleotides , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Drug Delivery Systems , Drug Carriers
10.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 259-266, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982043

ABSTRACT

The application of intraocular drug delivery is usually limited due to special anatomical and physiological barriers, and the elimination mechanisms in the eye. Organic nano-drug delivery carriers exhibit excellent adhesion, permeability, targeted modification and controlled release abilities to overcome the obstacles and improve the efficiency of drug delivery and bioavailability. Solid lipid nanoparticles can entrap the active components in the lipid structure to improve the stability of drugs and reduce the production cost. Liposomes can transport hydrophobic or hydrophilic molecules, including small molecules, proteins and nucleic acids. Compared with linear macromolecules, dendrimers have a regular structure and well-defined molecular mass and size, which can precisely control the molecular shape and functional groups. Degradable polymer materials endow nano-delivery systems a variety of size, potential, morphology and other characteristics, which enable controlled release of drugs and are easy to modify with a variety of ligands and functional molecules. Organic biomimetic nanocarriers are highly optimized through evolution of natural particles, showing better biocompatibility and lower toxicity. In this article, we summarize the advantages of organic nanocarriers in overcoming multiple barriers and improving the bioavailability of drugs, and highlight the latest research progresses on the application of organic nanocarriers for treatment of ocular diseases.


Subject(s)
Drug Carriers , Delayed-Action Preparations , Drug Delivery Systems , Nanoparticles/chemistry
11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 26-35, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936281

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a polylactic acid-glycolic acid-polyethylene glycol (PLGA-PEG) nanocarrier (N-Pac-CD133) coupled with a CD133 nucleic acid aptamer carrying paclitaxel for eliminating lung cancer stem cells (CSCs).@*METHODS@#Paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 was prepared using the emulsion/solvent evaporation method and characterized. CD133+ lung CSCs were separated by magnetic bead separation and identified for their biological behaviors and gene expression profile. The efficiency of paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 for targeted killing of lung cancer cells was assessed in vitro. SCID mice were inoculated with A549 cells and received injections of normal saline, empty nanocarrier linked with CD133 aptamer (N-CD133), paclitaxel, paclitaxel-loaded nanocarrier (N-Pac) or paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 (n=8, 5 mg/kg paclitaxel) on days 10, 15 and 20, and the tumor weight and body weight of the mice were measured on day 40.@*RESULTS@#Paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 showed a particle size of about 100 nm with a high encapsulation efficiency (>80%) and drug loading rate (>8%), and was capable of sustained drug release within 48 h. The CD133+ cell population in lung cancer cells showed the characteristic features of lung CSCs, including faster growth rate (30 days, P=0.001) and high expressions of tumor stem cell markers OV6(P < 0.001), CD133 (P=0.001), OCT3/4 (P=0.002), EpCAM (P=0.04), NANOG (P=0.005) and CD44 (P=0.02). Compared with N-Pac and free paclitaxel, paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 showed significantly enhanced targeting ability and cytotoxicity against lung CSCs in vitro (P < 0.001) and significantly reduced the formation of tumor spheres (P < 0.001). In the tumor-bearing mice, paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 showed the strongest effects in reducing the tumor mass among all the treatments (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#CD133 aptamer can promote targeted delivery of paclitaxel to allow targeted killing of CD133+ lung CSCs. N-Pac-CD133 loaded with paclitaxel may provide an effective treatment for lung cancer by targeting the lung cancer stem cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Carriers , Lung , Mice, SCID , Nanoparticles , Neoplasms , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Paclitaxel/pharmacology , Polyethylene Glycols/pharmacology
12.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 633-638, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939632

ABSTRACT

Liposome is an ideal drug carrier with many advantages such as excellent biocompatibility, non-immunogenicity, and easy functionalization, and has been used for the clinical treatment of many diseases including tumors. For the treatment of tumors, liposome has some passive targeting capability, but the passive targeting effect alone is very limited in improving the drug enrichment in tumor tissues, and active targeting is an effective strategy to improve the drug enrichment. Therefore, active targeting liposome drug-carriers have been extensively studied for decades. In this paper, we review the research progresses on active targeting liposome drug-carriers based on the specific binding of the carriers to the surface of tumor cells, and summarize the opportunities, challenges and future prospects in this field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug Carriers/therapeutic use , Drug Delivery Systems , Liposomes/therapeutic use , Neoplasms/drug therapy
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2449-2456, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928124

ABSTRACT

The optimal prescription of tanshinone Ⅱ_A(TSN)-glycyrrhetinic acid(GA) solid lipid nanoparticles(GT-SLNs) was explored and evaluated in vivo and in vitro, and its effect on acne after oral administration was investigated. The preparation processing and prescription were optimized and verified by single factor and response surface methodology. The in vitro release of GA and TSN in GT-SLNs was determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography(UPLC). The effect of GT-SLNs on acne was investigated by the levels of sex hormones in mice, ear swelling model, and tissue changes in sebaceous glands, and the pharmacokinetics was evaluated. The 24-hour cumulative release rates of GA and TSN in SLNs were 65.87%±5.63% and 36.13%±2.31% respectively. After oral administration of GT-SLNs and the mixture of GA and TSN(GT-Mix), the AUC_(0-t) and AUC_(0-∞) of TSN in GT-SLNs were 1.98 times and 4.77 times those in the GT-Mix group, respectively, and the peak concentration of TSN in the GT-SLNs group was 17.2 times that in the GT-Mix group. After intragastric administration of GT-SLNs, the serum levels of testosterone(T) and the ratio of testosterone to estradiol(T/E2) in the GT-SLNs group significantly declined, and the sebaceous glands of mice were atrophied to a certain extent. The results demonstrated that obtained GT-SLNs with good encapsulation efficiency and uniform particle size could promote the release of GA and TSN. GT-SLNs displayed therapeutic efficacy on acne manifested by androgen increase, abnormal sebaceous gland secretion, and inflammatory damage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Abietanes , Acne Vulgaris/drug therapy , Drug Carriers , Glycyrrhetinic Acid , Liposomes , Nanoparticles , Particle Size , Testosterone
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 913-921, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928009

ABSTRACT

Emodin nanostructured lipid carriers(ED-NLC) were prepared and their quality was evaluated in vitro. Based on the results of single-factor experiments, the ED-NLC formulation was optimized by Box-Behnken response surface method with the dosages of emodin, isopropyl myristate and poloxamer 188 as factors and the nanoparticle size, encapsulation efficiency and drug loading as evaluation indexes. Then the evaluation was performed on the morphology, size and in vitro release of the nanoparticles prepared by emulsification-ultrasonic dispersion method in line with the optimal formulation, i.e., 3.27 mg emodin, 148.68 mg isopropyl myristate and 173.48 mg poloxamer 188. Under a transmission electron microscope(TEM), ED-NLC were spherical and their particle size distribution was uniform. The particle size of ED-NLC was(97.02±1.55) nm, the polymer dispersion index 0.21±0.01, the zeta potential(-38.96±0.65) mV, the encapsulation efficiency 90.41%±0.56% and the drug loading 1.55%±0.01%. The results of differential scanning calorimeter(DSC) indicated that emodin may be encapsulated into the nanostructured lipid carriers in molecular or amorphous form. In vitro drug release had obvious characteristics of slow release, which accorded with the first-order drug release equation. The fitting model of Box-Behnken response surface methodology was proved accurate and reliable. The optimal formulation-based ED-NLC featured concentrated particle size distribution and high encapsulation efficiency, which laid a foundation for the follow-up study of ED-NLC in vivo.


Subject(s)
Drug Carriers , Emodin , Follow-Up Studies , Lipids , Nanostructures
15.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 38(1): 143-152, ene-mar 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280560

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) ubica a la tuberculosis (TB) como uno de los problemas de salud más preocupantes en la actualidad, y señala que se requieren de acciones novedosas para controlar su expansión y, de esta manera, alcanzar una de las metas establecidas en los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible: reducir para 2030 la morbilidad e incidencia de TB. Para lograr este objetivo, está claro que las herramientas empleadas actualmente para su diagnóstico y tratamiento ya no son las adecuadas. En este sentido, es necesario desarrollar nuevos medicamentos y vacunas, así como novedosos procedimientos de administración de fármacos que generen una mejor respuesta, disminuyan el tiempo y optimicen los tratamientos. La nanotecnología ha incorporado en los últimos años un gran número de nuevas herramientas que incrementan considerablemente, la diversidad de mecanismos para la administración de tratamientos antituberculosos. Dicho esto, la presente revisión describe brevemente el estado actual de la farmacorresistencia en TB, así como las características generales de las nanopartículas que están evaluándose como herramientas para transportar antibióticos antituberculosos.


ABSTRACT The World Health Organization (WHO) places Tuberculosis (TB) as one of the most important health problems today. According to the WHO, this disease requires novel actions to control its expansion and, in this way, achieve one of the goals established in the sustainable development goals: to reduce TB morbidity and incidence by 2030 and regain control. To achieve this goal, the tools currently used for diagnosis and treatment are no longer adequate. In this sense, it is necessary to develop new drugs and vaccines, as well as novel drug administration procedures that generate a better response, reduce times, and optimize treatments. Nanotechnology has incorporated in recent years a considerable number of new tools that significantly increase the diversity of mechanisms for the administration of anti-tuberculosis drugs. Therefore, the present review briefly describes the current state of drug resistance in tuberculosis, as well as the general characteristics of nanoparticles being evaluated as tools to transport new antibiotics against tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Tuberculosis , Nanoparticles , Antibiotics, Antitubercular , Biological Transport , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Drug Carriers , Morbidity , Anti-Infective Agents
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2481-2488, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879151

ABSTRACT

The paclitaxel-loaded and folic acid-modified poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nano-micelles(PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs) were prepared by the emulsion solvent evaporation method, and the parameters of paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were optimized with the particle size and PDI as evaluation indexes. The morphology of the nano-micelles was observed by transmission electron microscopy(TEM), and the stability, drug loading and encapsulation efficiency were systematically investigated. In vitro experiments were performed to study the cytotoxic effects of nano-micelles, apoptosis, and cellular uptake. Under the optimal parameters, the nano-micelles showed the particle size of(125.3±1.2) nm, the PDI of 0.086±0.026, the zeta potential of(-20.0±3.8) mV, the drug loading of 7.2%±0.75%, and the encapsulation efficiency of 50.7%±1.0%. The nano-micelles were in regular spherical shape as observed by TEM. The blank FA-PLGA-NMs exhibited almost no inhibitory effect on the proliferation and growth of tumor cells, while the drug-loaded nano-micelles and free PTX exhibited significant inhibitory effects. The IC_(50) of PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs and PTX was 0.56 μg·mL~(-1) and 0.66 μg·mL~(-1), respectively. The paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were potent in inhibiting cell migration as assessed by the scratch assay. PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs had good pro-apoptotic effect on cervical cancer HeLa cells and significantly promoted the uptake of HeLa cells. The results of in vitro experiments suggested that PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs could target and treat cervical cancer HeLa cells. Therefore, as nanodrug carriers, PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs with anti-cancer activity are a promising nano-system for improving the-rapeutic effects on tumors.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Carriers , Folic Acid , Glycolates , HeLa Cells , Micelles , Paclitaxel , Particle Size , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5184-5192, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878804

ABSTRACT

Ginsenoside Rg_3 is widely used in clinical practice as an anti-tumor adjuvant drug, but its application is limited due to its poor oral absorption. In this study, we intended to construct a ginsenoside Rg_3 nanostructured lipid carrier modified by the pullulan(PUL-Rg_3-NLC) to improve the adhesion properties of ginsenoside Rg_3, promote the drug uptake and improve the anti-tumor efficacy. PUL-Rg_3-NLC was characterized by morphology, particle size and Zeta potential. In vivo adhesion characteristics were evaluated by oral gavage tests, and the results were verified from multiple perspectives in combination with in vitro uptake behavior and in vitro pharmacodynamics. The results showed that PUL-Rg_3-NLC, with a particle size of(102±1.89) nm, was characterized by gastric adhesion and could be retained in gastric tissues for a long time, and its uptake by BGC-823 cells was promoted mainly through the pathway mediated by the caveolin-mediated endocytosis. In vitro MTT, cell apoptosis, wound-healing assay and invasion assay all showed some anti-tumor effects. Therefore, PUL-Rg_3-NLC can significantly promote the adhesion of Rg_3 in the stomach, promote the uptake of drugs by gastric cancer cells, and improve the anti-tumor effect. This study can provide some reference for the adjuvant treatment of gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Drug Carriers , Ginsenosides , Glucans , Lipids , Nanostructures , Particle Size
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 523-530, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008534

ABSTRACT

Essential oils are easy to cause oxidative damage, chemical transformation or polymerization, and have some intrinsic problems, such as instability, low water solubility and low bioavailability, which restrict their application in the fields of product development. Nanostructured lipid carriers(NLCs) can overcome some of the restrictions of other colloidal carriers, such as emulsions, liposomes, polymer nanoparticles and solid lipid nanoparticles. NLC is an efficient and stable delivery system for bioactive substances. With unique lipid properties(mixture of solid and liquid lipid), it can overcome the disadvantages of essential oils and protect them from adverse environments, thus improving the stability, bioavailability and safety of essential oils, and achieve sustained release and controlled release. In EOs-NLCs system, essential oils, as special liquid lipid with biological activities and medicinal properties, can fully play the role of medicine-adjuvant integration by changing the structural characteristics of mixed lipid. Based on the development of nanocarriers system, this paper introduces the composition and structural characteristics of EOs-NLCs, and clarifies how to improve the stability of essential oils based on the effects of NLCs on physical and chemical properties, physical stability and release of active components of essential oils. In addition, it also introduces the application of the system in the fields of pharmaceutical, food, cosmetics and skin care products. This review aims to provide some references for improving the stability of essential oils and their applications by using NLCs.


Subject(s)
Drug Carriers , Emulsions , Lipids , Liposomes , Nanostructures , Oils, Volatile , Particle Size
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 854-860, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008511

ABSTRACT

L_9(3~4) orthogonal experiment design was used to optimize the preparation of the patches,and investigate its affecting factors and skin irritation. Eugenol was taken as the index component to study the release behavior in vitro and percutaneous penetration of Cangai oil transfersomes patches by HPLC.The results showed that the optimal prescription for preparing Cangai oil transfersomes patches were Eudragit E100 0.6 g, succinic acid 0.08 g,triethyl citrate 0.25 g,glycerol 0.2 g.Patches prepared by the preferred preparation had a flat appearance without obvious bubbles.The initial adhesion was 18.33±2.52, the stickiness was(30.01±2.45) min,and the peel strength was(5.62±0.95) kN·m~(-1).The results of affecting factors experiment showed the order of factors affecting its adhesion was humidity>temperature>lighting,and the skin irritation test results showed no significant skin irritation after 24 h of single administration. The results of drug release behavior in vitro showed that the release and the percutaneous penetration of both Cangai oil patches and Cangai oil transfersomes patches conformed to the Higuchi equation.The release amount of eugenol were 80.66% and 82.25% at 72 h, with no significant difference. The cumulative permeation area of eugenol per unit area reached(0.195 6±0.065 9),(0.131 0±0.045 5) mg·cm~(-2) at 72 h, with significant differences(P<0.05).The experiment results proved that the preparation process of Cangai oil transfersomes patches was stable,and the prepared patches had a good adhesion. At the same time,the preparation of transfersomes patches could alleviate and control the release of the drug to a certain extent, and provide a certain experimental basis for clinical pediatric drug safety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Administration, Cutaneous , Drug Carriers , Drug Liberation , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Polymethacrylic Acids , Skin/drug effects , Skin Absorption , Transdermal Patch
20.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 364-374, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828486

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To design and synthesize folate-modified pH-responsive chitosan-based nanomicelles and investigate the anti-tumor activity of the drug-loaded micelles.@*METHODS@#CHI-DMA was obtained by reductive amination reaction of aldehyde-based chitosan and hydrophilic amine compounds, and CHI-DMA-LA was obtained by condensation reaction with lauric acid; FA-CHI-DMA-LA was obtained after modification with folic acid (FA). The drug-loaded nanomicelles FA-CHI-DMA-LA/DOX were assembled by solvent change method. The physicochemical properties of polymers were characterized by hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance and transmission electron microscope. The particle size and surface potential were determined by dynamic light scattering method. Folic acid access rate, doxorubicin (DOX) loading rate and entrapped efficiency were measured by UV-vis spectrophotometer. The drug release properties of DOX-loaded micelles were monitored by fluorescence spectrophotometer at different pHs (7.4, 6.5, 5.0). The cytotoxicity against human oral cancer KB cells was detected by MTT assay. Fluorescence microscope and flow cytometry were applied to investigate the phagocytosis of DOX-loaded micelles on KB cells.@*RESULTS@#FA-CHI-DMA-LA was synthesized. The particle sizes of FA-CHI-DMA-LA-1 and FA-CHI-DMA-LA-2 micelles which used for the subsequent experiments were (73±14) nm and (106±15) nm, zeta potential were (15.59±1.98) mV and (21.20±2.35) mV, respectively. The drug loading rates of drug-loaded micelles FA-CHI-DMA-LA-1/DOX and FA-CHI-DMA-LA-2/DOX are (4.08±1.12)%and (4.12±0.44)%, respectively. drug release is pH-responsive, with cumulative release of DOX up to 37%and 36%at pH 5.0, which is about 1.5 times higher than that of pH 7.4. For FA-CHI-DMA-LA micelles with 1.25 to 125 μg/mL concentration, the survival rate of KB cells is more than 70%after incubation for 24 hours. The cell uptake of FA-CHI-DMA-LA/DOX micelles was enhanced compared to CHI-DMA-LA/DOX, and the cell uptake was higher in incubation without FA medium than that with FA. Compared with free DOX or CHI-DMA-LA/DOX, FA-CHI-DMA-LA/DOX nanomicelles showed higher cyctoxicity to KB cells, especially the FA-CHI-DMA-LA-2/DOX nanomicelles, the cell survival rate was about 17% after incubation for 24 hours.@*CONCLUSIONS@#FA-modified chitosan-based nanomicelle with good biocompatibility was successfully prepared, which exhibits tumor microenvironmental pH responsive drug release and tumor targeting.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Chitosan , Doxorubicin , Drug Carriers , Folic Acid , Micelles , Nanostructures , Polymers
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