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1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 21-29, July. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283484

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Super-paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) contain a chemotherapeutic drug and are regarded as a promising technique for improving targeted delivery into cancer cells. RESULTS: In this study, the fabrication of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) was investigated with loaded Dextran (DEXSPION) using the co-precipitation technique and conjugated by folate (FA). These nanoparticles (NPs) were employed as carriers and anticancer compounds against liver cancer cells in vitro. Structural, magnetic, morphological characterization, size, and drug loading activities of the obtained FA-DEX-5-FUSPION NPs were checked using FTIR, VSM, FESEM, TEM, DLS, and zeta potential techniques. The cellular toxicity effect of FA-DEX-5-FU-SPION NPs was evaluated using the MTT test on liver cancer (SNU-423) and healthy cells (LO2). Furthermore, the apoptosis measurement and the expression levels of NF-1, Her-2/neu, c-Raf-1, and Wnt-1 genes were evaluated post-treatment using flow cytometry and RT-PCR, respectively. The obtained NPs were spherical with a suitable dispersity without noticeable aggregation. The size of the NPs, polydispersity, and zeta were 74 ± 13 nm, 0.080 and 45 mV, respectively. The results of the encapsulation efficiency of the nano-compound showed highly colloidal stability and proper drug maintenance. The results indicated that FA-DEX-5-FU-SPION demonstrated a sustained release profile of 5-FU in both phosphate and citrate buffer solutions separately, with higher cytotoxicity against SNU-423 cells than against other cells types. These findings suggest that FA-DEX-SPION NPs exert synergistic effects for targeting intracellular delivery of 5-FU, apoptosis induction, and gene expression stimulation. CONCLUSIONS: The findings proved that FA-DEX-5-FU-SPION presented remarkable antitumor properties; no adverse subsequences were revealed against normal cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Fluorouracil/administration & dosage , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Polymers , Gene Expression/drug effects , Drug Delivery Systems , Apoptosis/drug effects , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Delayed-Action Preparations , Nanoparticles/administration & dosage , Magnetite Nanoparticles , Flow Cytometry
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888170

ABSTRACT

As the main active ingredient of the orchidaceous herb Bletilla striata, B. striata polysaccharide(BSP) has pharmacological activities such as promoting coagulation, anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation, promoting wound healing, anti-tumor, and immunomodulation, and is biodegradable and non-toxic. Additionally, it has the material properties of suspension thickening, film-forming adhesion, coating and solubilizing, targeting and slow releasing, effect-enhancing and toxicity-reducing, etc., playing the role of unification of medicines and excipients. Therefore, BSP has a wide application prospect in the fields of drug delivery system and trauma repair. This paper reviews the research progress of BSP application in new drug delivery systems and biomaterials based on the related li-terature in recent years, with the aim of providing reference for the further research and application of BSP.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Drug Delivery Systems , Orchidaceae , Polysaccharides , Wound Healing
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888057

ABSTRACT

Nucleic acid aptamers, broad-spectrum target-specific single-stranded oligonucleotides, serve as molecules in targeted therapy, targeted delivery and disease diagnosis for the treatment of tumor or microbial infection and clinical detection. Due to the existence of components in the use of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), the target is difficult to concentrate and the specificity of treatment is poor. The effective components of TCM are toxic components, so a highly sensitive detection method is urgently needed to reduce the toxicity problem at the same time. The combined application of TCM and modern medical treatment strategy are difficult and cannot improve the therapeutic effect. Aptamers, advantageous in biosensors, aptamer-nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery, and aptamer-siRNA chimeras, are expected to connect Chinese medicinals with nanotechnology, diagnostic technology and combined therapies. We summarized the preparation, screening, and modification techniques of nucleic acid aptamers and the biomedical applications and advantages in therapy, targeting, and diagnosis, aiming at providing a reference for the in-depth research and development in TCM.


Subject(s)
Aptamers, Nucleotide , Drug Delivery Systems , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nucleic Acids , RNA, Small Interfering
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879965

ABSTRACT

Microalgae is an easy-to-obtain natural biological material with many varieties and abundant natural reserves. Microalgae are rich in natural fluorescein, which can be used as a contrast agent for fluorescence imaging and photoacoustic imaging for medical imaging. With its active surface, microalgae can effectively adsorb functional molecules, metal elements, etc., and have good application prospects in the field of drug delivery. Microalgae can generate oxygen through photosynthesis to increase local oxygen concentration, reverse local hypoxia to enhance the efficacy of hypoxic tumors and promote wound healing. In addition, microalgae have good biocompatibility, and different administration methods have no obvious toxicity. This paper reviews the research progress on the biomedical application of microalgae in bioimaging, drug delivery, hypoxic tumor treatment, wound healing.


Subject(s)
Drug Delivery Systems , Humans , Hypoxia , Microalgae , Oxygen , Wound Healing
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879012

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the effects of Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose acetate succinate(HPMCAS MF) on absorption of silybin(SLB) from supersaturable self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system which was pre-prepared at the early stage experiment. The cell toxicity of self-emulsifying preparation was evaluated by the MTT method, and the in vitro membrane permeability and absorption promoting effect of the self-emulsifying preparation were evaluated by establishing a Caco-2 cell monolayer model. The in vivo and in vitro supersaturation correlation was evaluated via the blood concentration of SLB. The results of MTT showed that the concentration of the preparation below 2 mg·mL~(-1)(C_(SLB) 100 μg·mL~(-1)) was not toxic to Caco-2 cells, and the addition of polymer had no significant effect on Caco-2 cells viability. As compared with the solution group, the transport results showed that the P_(app)(AP→BL) of the self-emulsifying preparation had a very significant increase; the transport rate of silybin can be reduced by polymer in 0-30 min; however, there was no difference in supersaturated transport between supersaturated SLB self-nanoemulsion drug delivery system(SLB-SSNEDDS) and SLB self-nanoemulsion drug delivery system(SLB-SNEDDS) within 2 hours. As compared with SLB suspension, pharmacokinetic parameters showed that the blood concentration of both SLB-SNEDDS and SLB-SSNEDDS groups were significantly increased, and C_(max) was 5.25 times and 9.69 times respectively of that in SLB suspension group, with a relative bioavailability of 578.45% and 1 139.44% respectively. C_(max) and relative bioavailability of SLB-SSNEDDS were 1.85 times and 197% of those of SLB-SNEDDS, respectively. Therefore, on the one hand, SSNEDDS can increase the solubility of SLB in gastrointestinal tract by maintaining stability of SLB supersaturation state; on the other hand, the osmotic transport process of SLB was regulated through the composition of its preparations, and both of them could jointly promote the transport and absorption of SLB to improve the oral bioavailability of SLB.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Biological Availability , Caco-2 Cells , Drug Delivery Systems , Emulsions , Humans , Methylcellulose/analogs & derivatives , Nanoparticles , Particle Size , Silymarin , Solubility
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1139-1154, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878620

ABSTRACT

Microneedles have been developed rapidly in the field of transdermal administration in the past few decades. In recent years, the development of microelectronics technology has expanded the applications of microneedles by combining with microelectronic systems, especially in biological diagnosis and treatment. Different types of microneedles have been designed to extract blood and tissue fluids for detection, or as electrodes to directly detect blood sugar, melanoma and pH in real-time in vivo, both show good prospects for real-time detection applications. In this paper, we review the design of materials and structure of microelectronic-based microneedles, and discuss their advances in biological diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Drug Delivery Systems , Electrodes , Microinjections , Needles
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1131-1138, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878619

ABSTRACT

Identification of the target proteins of small molecule drugs is crucial for understanding the mechanisms of drug actions and its side effects. Conventional methods require chemical modification, which might alter the activities of the drugs. Various label-free techniques have been developed to identify drug target proteins without chemical modifications. This includes drug affinity responsive target stability (DARTS), stability of proteins from rates of oxidation (SPROX), cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA), thermal proteome profiling (TPP) and many others. Here we review the principles and applications of these label-free techniques, their advantages and limitations, as well as the most recent advances.


Subject(s)
Drug Delivery Systems , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Proteins
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921673

ABSTRACT

Triptolide(TP), the main active and toxic component of Tripterygium wilfordii, has the limitations of low bioavailability, poor absorption, low concentration in plasma, and small lethal dose. Microneedle(MN), the hybrid of hypodermic needle and transdermal patch, is a physical penetration-enhancing system. Dissolving microneedles(DMNs) can be tailored to specific needs of degradation rate. In this study, the TP-loaded DMNs(DMNs-TP) were prepared with the two-step centrifugation method. The optimal ratio of PVA to PVP K30, water content in matrix solution, demoulding method, and plasticizer for preparing DMNs were investigated with the indexes of formability and mechanical strength. The drug loading capacity was determined by HPLC and morphological characteristics were observed under an optical microscope. The mechanical properties were investigated by H&E staining and Franz diffusion cell was used to detect the in vitro skin permeation characteristics. Through the experiment, we confirmed that the optimal backing material should be PVA and PVP K30(3∶1) and the optimal ratio of matrix material to water should be 3∶4. The prepared DMNs-TP were pyramidal with smooth surface and length of approximately 550 μm. Each patch(2.75 cm~2) had the drug loading capacity of(153.41±2.29) μg, and TP was located in the upper part of the needle. The results of in vitro skin permeation assay demonstrated that the cumulative penetration of TP in DMNs-TP reached 80% in 24 h, while little TP solution penetrated the skin, which proved that DMNs promoted the transdermal delivery of TP.


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Diterpenes , Drug Delivery Systems , Epoxy Compounds , Needles , Phenanthrenes , Skin
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921661

ABSTRACT

Quercetin is a naturally occurring phytochemical with good bioactivity, which mainly exists in the form of glycoside in vegetables, fruits, tea, and wine and exhibits beneficial health effects. Quercetin is a dietary polyphenol that exerts the protective effects through diet or use as a food supplement. Compared with chemical agents, quercetin is widely available and safe. Quercetin has been extensively studied for its anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive, anti-Alzheimer's disease, anti-arthritic, anti-influenza virus, anti-microbial infection, anti-aging, autophagy-regulating, and cardiovascular protective effects. Studies on its activities against different can-cer cell lines have also been reported recently. However, the poor water solubility, rapid in vivo metabolism, and short half-life of quercetin have led to its low bioavailability, thus limiting its application in the field of medicine. Quercetin nanoparticles and nanoparticle drug delivery system have been effectively utilized for enhancing its bioavailability. This paper reviewed the therapeutic potential of quercetin from both preclinical and clinical aspects and proposed solutions to improve its bioavailability, so as to provide a reference for the therapeutic application of natural compounds in the field of medicine.


Subject(s)
Biological Availability , Drug Delivery Systems , Nanoparticles , Quercetin , Solubility
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3162-3178, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921414

ABSTRACT

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) not only serves as the material basis of biological inheritance, but also shows great potential in the development of novel biological materials due to its programmability, functional diversity, biocompatibility and biodegradability. DNA hydrogel is a three-dimensional mesh polymer material mainly formed by DNA. It has become one of the most interesting emerging functional polymer materials in recent years because of the perfect combination of the DNA biological properties that it retained and the mechanical properties of its own skeleton. At present, single- or multi-component DNA hydrogels developed based on various functional nucleic acid sequences or by combining different functional materials have been widely used in the field of biomedicine, molecular detection, and environmental protection. In this paper, the development of preparation methods and classification strategies of DNA hydrogels are summarized, and the applications of DNA hydrogels in drug delivery, biosensing and cell culture are also reviewed. Finally, the future development direction and potential challenges of DNA hydrogels are prospected.


Subject(s)
DNA/genetics , Drug Delivery Systems , Hydrogels , Polymers
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2272-2282, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887795

ABSTRACT

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are generally recognized as safe food-grade microorganisms and are widely used in food production, preservation, and as probiotics to promote human health. Given the need to develop effective drug delivery strategies, LAB have become attractive live vehicles for the oral, intranasal and vaginal delivery of therapeutic molecules. Being live and safe organisms, LAB are able to directly produce and deliver target proteins for therapeutic purpose, which remarkably reduces the cost for drug production. To date, LAB have been used to deliver a variety of functional proteins to mucosal tissues for the treatment of various diseases. This review summarized the development and application of LAB as mucosal delivery vectors in the last 20 years to provide references for future clinical research.


Subject(s)
Drug Delivery Systems , Humans , Lactobacillales , Mucous Membrane , Probiotics , Proteins
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2240-2255, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887793

ABSTRACT

In recent years, peptide self-assembly has received much attention because of its ability to form regular and ordered structures with diverse functions. Self-assembled peptides can form aggregates with defined structures under specific conditions. They show different characteristics and advantages (e.g., good biocompatibility and high stability) compared with monomeric peptides, which form the basis for potential application in the fields of drug delivery, tissue engineering, and antiseptics. In this paper, the molecular mechanisms, types and influencing factors of forming self-assembled peptides were reviewed, followed by introducing the latest advances on fibrous peptide hydrogels and self-assembled antimicrobial peptides. Furthermore, the challenges and perspectives for peptide self-assembly technology were discussed.


Subject(s)
Drug Delivery Systems , Hydrogels , Peptides , Tissue Engineering
13.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 19(1): 65-76, ene. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102867

ABSTRACT

Due to the biological activities of Syzygium aromaticum essential oil, its incorporation in methacrylate polymeric (Eudragit E100) nanoparticles (NP), physical characterization, and antimicrobial essays were evaluated. The clove bears great potential for applications in dentistry. The oil was obtained by hydrodistillation and oil loaded NP using the nanoprecipitation method. Particle size and polydispersity index were determined by photon correlation spectroscopy, and physical morphology by electron microscopy. Loading capacity and in vitro eugenol release were evaluated by gas mass chromatography, and the antimicrobial activity of oil loaded-NP was calculated against Streptococcus mutans. Different chemical ingredients were characterized, and eugenol was the principal compound with 51.55%. Polymer content was directly related to NP homogenous size, which was around 150 nm with spherical morphology. A 73.2% loading capacity of eugenol was obtained. Oil loaded NP presented a fickian-type release mechanism of eugenol. Antimicrobial activity to 300 µg/mL was obtained after 24 h.


Debido a las actividades biológicas del aceite esencial de Syzygium aromaticum, se evaluó su incorporación en nanopartículas (NP) de metacrilato polimérico (Eudragit E100), su caracterización y ensayos antimicrobianos. El clavo tiene un gran potencial para aplicaciones en odontología. El aceite se obtuvo por hidrodestilación y las NP cargado de aceite utilizando el método de nanoprecipitación. El tamaño de partícula y el índice de polidispersidad se determinaron mediante espectroscopia de correlación fotónica y su morfología por microscopía electrónica. La capacidad de carga y la liberación de eugenol in vitro se evaluaron mediante cromatografía de gases en masa, y la actividad antimicrobiana se evaluó contra Streptococcus mutans. Se caracterizaron diferentes ingredientes químicos, siendo el eugenol el principal compuesto con 51.55%. El contenido de polímero se relacionó directamente con el tamaño homogéneo de NP, que fue de alrededor de 150 nm con morfología esférica. Se obtuvo un 73,2% de capacidad de carga de eugenol. El aceite cargado en NP presentó un mecanismo de liberación de eugenol de tipo fickiano. La actividad antimicrobiana a 300 µg/mL se obtuvo después de 24 h.


Subject(s)
Polymers/chemistry , Oils, Volatile/administration & dosage , Syzygium/chemistry , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Streptococcus mutans/drug effects , Eugenol/pharmacology , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Administration, Oral , Chromatography, Thin Layer , Drug Delivery Systems , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
15.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 56: e18562, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285519

ABSTRACT

The aim of present work was to investigate blends of Eudragit® NE 30D with Aquacoat® ECD using different ratios to eliminate curing effect associated with individual polymers. Propranolol HCl 10% w/w was layered onto sugar cores using 5% w/w HPMC as a binder. Drug-layered-cores were coated either with pure or blends of Aquacoat® ECD: Eudragit® NE 30D in a fluidized bed coater to obtain 20% w/w coating level. Talc 35% w/w was used as anti-tacking agent. The pellets were characterized for in vitro dissolution studies, morphology, water uptake-weight loss, osmolality and adhesion of coating after curing at 60 °C or 60 °C/75% RH for 24 h. The findings revealed that Aquacoat® ECD coated pellets showed curing effect due to further gradual coalescence of polymeric particles which resulted into better film formation upon curing. In contrast, the curing effect of Eudragit® NE 30D coated pellets was caused by decrease in adhesion of coatings after curing which provided entirely different swelling behavior of uncured (localized swelling) and cured (uniform swelling) pellets. The undesired curing effect of individual polymers was eliminated by using their blends in appropriate ratio.


Subject(s)
Polymers/analysis , Linings/classification , Calorimetry, Differential Scanning/methods , Drug Delivery Systems/adverse effects
16.
Actual. osteol ; 16(3): 211-231, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253844

ABSTRACT

Hematoma, inflamación, angiogénesis y osteogénesis son distintas etapas que se superponen durante el proceso de reparación de una fractura ósea. Durante las primeras etapas se liberan distintos factores de crecimiento quimioatractantes que producen el reclutamiento de diversas células para generar la formación de un hueso funcional con su respectiva vasculatura. Debido a la importancia que posee la angiogénesis en el desarrollo de una adecuada red vascular, tanto para la formación ósea como en su reparación, en los últimos años los especialistas en ingeniería de tejido óseo han estudiado la manera de fomentar tanto la osteogénesis como la angiogénesis durante la reparación ósea. En este trabajo de revisión, se recopilan y discuten los principales conceptos sobre distintas estrategias a fin de lograr un implante sintético con funcionalidad dual promoviendo los procesos que garanticen la angiogénesis y la osteogénesis en forma acoplada utilizando distintos tipos de scaffolds y sistemas de liberación de drogas osteoinductoras y angioinductoras. La liberación dual de factores osteoinductores y angioinductores debe producirse en forma témporo-espacial controlada para garantizar los efectos deseados sin producir efectos adversos como tumores o hueso ectópico. Se deben tener en cuenta varios factores como el tipo y la arquitectura de hueso, tipo de daño, edad, sexo y condiciones patológicas del paciente. En cuanto a los materiales se debe considerar el tipo de material para usar como scaffold, los factores inductores seleccionados, su combinación y sistemas de liberación. El avance en estos estudios hará que la Ingeniería de Tejido Óseo sea una alternativa terapéutica en el futuro. (AU)


Hematoma, inflammation, angiogenesis, and osteogenesis are different stages that overlap during the healing process of a bone fracture. During the first stages, different chemoattractant growth factors are released which produce the recruitment of various cells that will induce the formation of a functional bone with its respective vasculature. Due to the importance of angiogenesis for the development of an adequate vascular network in both bone formation and repair, in recent years specialists in bone tissue engineering have studied how to promote both osteogenesis and angiogenesis during bone repair. In this review, the main concepts on different strategies developed to achieve a synthetic implant with dual functionality, promoting processes that guarantee angiogenesis and osteogenesis in a coupled way using different types of scaffolds and osteo-drug delivery systems and angioinductors, are collected and discussed. The dual release for osteoinductive and angioinductive factors must ensure the release of them in a controlled time-space manner to guarantee the desired effects without producing adverse effects such as tumors or ectopic bone. Several factors must be taken into account, such as bone type and architecture, type of damage to be repaired, age, sex, and pathological conditions of the patient. Regarding the materials, the type of material to be used as scaffolds, selected inducing factors and drug release system must be considered. Advances in these studies will make Bone Tissue Engineering a therapeutic alternative in the future. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue Engineering/trends , Fractures, Bone/rehabilitation , Osteogenesis , Biocompatible Materials , Drug Delivery Systems , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Tissue Scaffolds
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828535

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the inherent tumor-homing ability with the attraction of multiple chemokines released by tumor tissues or tumor microenvironments, which can be utilized as promising cellular carriers for targeted delivery of anti-tumor drugs and genes. In most circumstances, large amount of systemicly administrated MSCs will be firstly trapped by lungs, following with re-distribution and homing to tumor tissues after lung clearance. Several approaches like enhanced interactions between chemokines and receptors on MSCs or reducing the retention of MSCs by changes of administration methods are firstly reviewed for improving the homing of MSCs towards tumor tissues. Additionally, the potentials and gains of utilizing MSCs to carry several chemotherapeutics, such as doxorubicin, paclitaxel and gemcitabine are summarized, showing the advantages of overcoming the short half-life and poor tumor targeting of these chemotherapeutics. Moreover, the applications of MSCs to protect and deliver therapeutic genes to tumor sites for selectively tumor cells eliminating or promoting immune system are highlighted. In addition, the potentials of using MSCs for tumor-targeting delivery of diagnostic and therapeutic agents are addressed. We believed that the continuous improvement and optimization of this stem cells-based cellular delivery system will provide a novel delivery strategy and option for tumor treatment.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Doxorubicin , Drug Delivery Systems , Gene Transfer Techniques , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Paclitaxel , Research
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828114

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are nanoscale vectors with a diameter of 30~100 nm secreted by living cells, and they are important media for intercellular communication. Recent studies have demonstrated that exosomes can not only serve as biomarkers for diagnosis, but also have great potential as natural drug delivery vectors. Exosomes can be loaded with therapeutic cargos, including small molecules, proteins, and oligonucleotides. Meanwhile, the unique biological compatibility, high stability, and tumor targeting of exosomes make them attractive in future tumor therapy. Though exosomes can effectively deliver bioactive materials to receptor cells, there is a wide gap between our current understanding of exosomes and their application as ideal drug delivery systems. In this review, we will briefly introduce the function and composition of exosomes, and mainly summarize the potential advantages and challenges of exosomes as drug carriers. Finally, this review is expected to provide new ideas for the development of exosome-based drug delivery systems.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Drug Carriers , Drug Delivery Systems , Exosomes , Humans , Neoplasms
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878861

ABSTRACT

To prepare and optimize the self-microemulsion co-loaded with tenuifolin and β-asarone(TF/ASA-SMEDDS) and evaluate its quality. The prescription compositions of TF/ASA-SMEDDS were screened by solubility test, single factor test and pseudo-tern-ary phase diagram, and the prescriptions were further optimized by Box-Behnken response surface method, with the drug loading and particle size as the evaluation indexes. Then the optimized TF/ASA-SMEDDS was evaluated for emulsified appearance, particle size, morphology and drug release in vitro. The optimized prescription for TF/ASA-SMEDDS was as follows: caprylic citrate triglyceride polyoxyethylene castor oil-glycerol(10.8∶39.2∶50), drug loading of(5.563±0.065) mg·g~(-1) for tenuifolin and(5.526±0.022) mg·g~(-1) for β-asarone; uniform and transparent pan-blue nanoemulsion can be formed after emulsification, with particle size of(28.84±0.44) nm. TEM showed that TF/ASA-SMEDDS can form spherical droplets with a uniform particle size after emulsification; In vitro release test results showed that the drug release rate and cumulative release of tenuifolin and β-asarone were significantly improved. The preparation process of TF/ASA-SMEDDS was simple and can effectively improve in vitro release of tenuifolin and β-asarone.


Subject(s)
Anisoles , Biological Availability , Diterpenes, Kaurane , Drug Delivery Systems , Emulsions , Particle Size , Solubility , Surface-Active Agents
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2327-2333, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878489

ABSTRACT

Therapeutic antibody drugs have achieved great success in clinical practice. However, their efficacy and safety still need to be improved. At the same time, excessive concentration of drug targets will cause problems such as repeated development and waste of resources. Therefore, pharmaceutical companies need to explore differentiated discovery strategies when researching antibody drugs in order to survive and develop in the fierce market competition. In this paper, the differential development strategy of therapeutic antibody drugs is discussed from the aspects of drug sources and formats, drug target selection, drug mechanism and differential drug characteristics.


Subject(s)
Drug Delivery Systems , Pharmaceutical Preparations
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