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1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(1): 23-32, Jan-Abr. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362667

ABSTRACT

O descarte inadequado de medicamentos pode levar a impactos ambientais negativos e deve ser considerado um problema de saúde pública. O presente estudo teve como objetivo levantar dados quantitativos e qualitativos relacionados ao perfil dos medicamentos descartados no município de Governador Valadares - MG. O trabalho foi desenvolvido nas UAPS/ESF que possuíam farmácias, e também na Farmácia Central/Policlínica Municipal. Nesses locais, foi realizada uma análise dos medicamentos descartados no período de julho de 2017 a maio de 2018. Por meio dos dados obtidos nesse período foi possível perceber que as principais classes de medicamentos descartadas foram os inibidores da enzima conversora de angiotensina, antagonistas da angiotensina II, agentes betabloqueadores, diuréticos, hipoglicemiantes, contraceptivos hormonais e agentes modificadores de lipídeos. Além disso, foi realizada uma ação de educação em saúde e aplicado um questionário semiestruturado aos usuários participantes dos grupos operativos. Dos 34 usuários respondentes do questionário, 23 (69,70%) não tinham acesso a informação sobre o local correto de descarte e armazenamento de medicamentos. Após a ação de educação em saúde verificou-se um aumento no quantitativo de medicamentos descartados pelos usuários nas UAPS/ESF Mãe de Deus I e II, Altinópolis III e IV, Santa Rita II, São Pedro I e II e Esperança e Nossa Senhora das Graças. O trabalho desenvolvido permitiu apresentar dados relevantes para a gestão municipal demonstrando a importância do farmacêutico no cuidado em saúde e o caráter epidemiológico local da prevalência das doenças crônico não transmissíveis.


The inadequate disposal of drugs can lead to negative environmental impacts and should be treated as a public health problem. This study aimed at surveying quantitative and qualitative data related to the profile of drugs discarded in the city of Governador Valadares - MG. The work was developed in the UAPS / ESF that had pharmacies, and also in the Central Pharmacy/Municipal Polyclinic. In these locations, an analysis of the drugs discarded between July 2017 and May 2018 was carried out. Through the data obtained in this period, it was possible to notice that the main classes of drugs discarded were angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II antagonists, beta-blocking agents, diuretics, hypoglycemic agents, hormonal contraceptives, and lipid-modifying agents. In addition, a health education action was carried out and a semi-structured questionnaire was applied to users participating in the operating groups. From the 34 users who responded the questionnaire, 23 (69.70%) did not have access to information on the correct place to dispose and store medicines. After the health education action, there was an increase in the amount of drugs discarded by users in the UAPS/ESF Mãe de Deus I and II, Altinópolis III and IV, Santa Rita II, São Pedro I and II, and Esperança and Nossa Senhora das Graças. The work carried out made it possible to present relevant data for municipal management, demonstrating the importance of the pharmacist in health care and the local epidemiological character of the prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pharmacies/supply & distribution , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Patients , Pharmacists/supply & distribution , Tablets/supply & distribution , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/supply & distribution , Health Centers , Public Health/education , Health Education , Municipal Management/legislation & jurisprudence , Delivery of Health Care , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Drug Storage , Environment , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/supply & distribution , Lipids/supply & distribution
2.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210246, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1360442

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo descrever as necessidades de aprendizagem de familiares de crianças e adolescentes com câncer quanto ao tratamento com quimioterápicos antineoplásicos orais. Método pesquisa qualitativa descritiva desenvolvida em um hospital federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Os dados foram coletados nos meses de julho a setembro de 2020 a partir de entrevistas semiestruturadas com vinte e três familiares de crianças e adolescentes com câncer em quimioterapia antineoplásica oral. Os dados foram processados no software Interface de R pour Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires pela Classificação Hierárquica Descendente. Resultados dentre os temas que demandam aprendizagem pelos familiares estão administração oral, armazenamento e manipulação dos quimioterápicos orais, além dos efeitos adversos e emergências que demandam atendimento hospitalar. Conclusão e implicações para a prática no tratamento com quimioterápicos orais, as necessidades de aprendizagem dos familiares de crianças e adolescentes precisam ser problematizadas em práticas educativas dialógicas para, assim, favorecer a segurança, a adesão e a eficácia do tratamento.


RESUMEN Objetivo describir las necesidades de aprendizaje de familiares de niños y adolescentes con cáncer en cuanto al tratamiento con quimioterápicos antineoplásicos orales. Método investigación cualitativa descriptiva desarrollada en un hospital federal de Río de Janeiro, Brasil. Los datos fueron recogidos en los meses de julio a septiembre de 2020 a partir de entrevistas semiestructuradas con veintitrés familiares de niños y adolescentes con cáncer en quimioterapia antineoplásica oral. Los datos fueron procesados en el software Interface de R pour Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires por la Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente. Resultados entre los temas que demandan aprendizaje por los familiares están administración oral, almacenamiento y manipulación de los quimioterápicos orales, además de los efectos adversos y emergencias que demandan atención hospitalaria. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica en el tratamiento con quimioterápicos orales, las necesidades de aprendizaje de los familiares de niños y adolescentes necesitan ser problematizadas en prácticas educativas dialógicas para, así, favorecer la seguridad, la adhesión y la eficacia del tratamiento.


ABSTRACT Objective to describe the learning needs of family members of children and adolescents with cancer regarding treatment with oral antineoplastic chemotherapies. Method a descriptive qualitative research developed in a federal hospital in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Data were collected in the months from July to September 2020 from semi-structured interviews with twenty-three family members of children and adolescents with cancer undergoing oral antineoplastic chemotherapy. Data was processed in the software Interface de R pour Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires by the Descending Hierarchical Classification. Results among the themes that demand learning by the family members are oral administration, storage and handling of oral antineoplastic drugs, as well as adverse effects and emergencies that require hospital care. Conclusion and implications for practice in oral antineoplastic treatment, the learning needs of family members of children and adolescents need to be problematized in dialogic educational practices in order to favor the safety, adherence, and efficacy of the treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Health Education , Caregivers/education , Neoplasms/therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Child Care , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Administration, Oral , Qualitative Research , Drug Storage , Temozolomide/therapeutic use , Mercaptopurine/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879261

ABSTRACT

The cold chain safety of vaccines is a global issue. The electronic vaccine vial monitor (eVVM) label can monitor the temperature of vaccines in real time and provide "early warning" prompts. In order to comprehensively evaluate the monitoring efficiency of eVVM, this study selected 75 eVVM labels and distributed them with a total of 600 vaccine vial monitor (VVM) labels of four different types in different experimental environment (2-8℃, -20℃ and 40℃), and used a temperature recorder as "gold standard". The results showed that the accuracy of the eVVM labels and VVM labels in high temperature environment was as same as that of the temperature recorder (


Subject(s)
Drug Storage , Electronics , Refrigeration , Temperature , Vaccines
4.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2021. 73 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1367842

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a falta de um medicamento durante a internação hospitalar, põe em risco o correto cumprimento dos planos terapêuticos traçados para os pacientes, o que pode vir a gerar a recidiva de um quadro clínico, o prolongamento do tempo de internação e o consequente aumento de custos para a instituição, seja ela pública ou privada. Dentro da cadeia logística do medicamento, diversas são as etapas que podem contribuir para o desabastecimento. No âmbito hospitalar essa logística se dá por meio do ciclo da assistência farmacêutica que compreende as etapas de seleção, programação, aquisição, armazenamento, distribuição e dispensação de medicamentos. Os estoques da farmácia hospitalar são caracterizados por ciclos de demandas e de ressuprimentos, com flutuações significativas, o que dificulta a disponibilidade na mesma proporção da utilização do medicamento. Tendo em vista esta complexidade torna-se necessário o uso de indicadores, que avaliem os processos de trabalho. Objetivos: o objetivo deste estudo foi identificar as principais causas de desabastecimento de medicamentos em uma unidade de saúde e desenvolver um manual para otimização da aquisição de medicamentos. Materiais e método: Inicialmente foi realizado um mapeamento do fluxo de valor a fim de compreender a movimentação de materiais e informações envolvidos no processo de aquisição de medicamentos. Posteriormente, confeccionou-se uma planilha para registrar o fluxo logístico dos produtos, que resultou na obtenção dos pontos críticos do processo. A coleta dos dados de aquisição de medicamentos foi realizada durante o ano de 2019. Os critérios avaliados foram definidos com base nas ocorrências que mais contribuíram para o desabastecimento, seja pela relevância, ou pela frequência. Por fim foi elaborado um manual contendo critérios, normas, e procedimentos, a serem seguidos a fim de se evitar o desabastecimento. Resultados: Elaboração de um manual para otimização da aquisição de medicamentos composto por: mapa do fluxo de valor logístico de medicamentos, planilha para registro da logística de aquisição de medicamentos, procedimentos operacionais padrão para a gestão da aquisição de medicamentos. Conclusão: com o manual espera-se otimizar a gestão logística de medicamentos e reduzir a incidência de problemas com desabastecimento, gerando um impacto positivo na assistência ao paciente


Introduction: the lack of a drug during hospitalization puts at risk the correct compliance with the therapeutic plans outlined for the patients, which can lead to the recurrence of a clinical condition, the extension of the hospital stay and the consequent increase in costs for the institution, whether public or private. Within the drug's logistics chain, there are several steps that can contribute to shortages. In the hospital context, this logistics takes place through the pharmaceutical care cycle, which comprises the stages of selection, programming, acquisition, storage, distribution and dispensing of medicines. Hospital pharmacy stocks are characterized by cycles of demand and resupply, with significant fluctuations, which makes availability in the same proportion as the use of the medication difficult. Due to this complexity, it is necessary to use indicators that assess work processes. Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the main causes of drug shortages in a health unit and to develop a manual for optimizing drug acquisition. Materials and method: Initially, a mapping of the value stream was carried out in order to understand the flow of materials and information involved in the drug procurement process. Subsequently, a spreadsheet was made to record the logistical flow of the products, which resulted in the critical points of the process being obtained. Logistic data for drug acquisition during 2019 were collected and the criteria evaluated were defined based on the occurrences that most contributed to the shortage, either by relevance or by the frequency with which they occurred. Finally, a manual was created containing criteria, norms, and procedures to be followed in order to avoid shortages. Results: Preparation of a manual for optimizing drug procurement, comprising: a map of the logistical value flow of drugs, a spreadsheet for recording the logistics of drug procurement, standard operating procedures for managing drug procurement. Conclusion: the manual is expected to optimize the logistical management of medicines and reduce the incidence of problems with shortages, generating a positive impact on patient care


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pharmacy Service, Hospital/methods , Purchasing, Hospital/organization & administration , Drug Storage/methods , Pharmacy Service, Hospital/organization & administration , Process Optimization/methods , Materials Management, Hospital/trends
5.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e50524, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339627

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever os cuidados com o uso de insulinas disponibilizadas pelo SUS e analisar os fatores associados aos cuidados inadequados. Método: Estudo transversal com 113 pessoas com Diabetes Mellitus de um ambulatório de Goiânia-GO. Foram coletados dados em prontuários sobre conservação, preparo e administração de insulina que foram classificados em adequados e inadequados. Resultados: Do total de participantes,58,4% eram mulheres e a média de idade foi 48 anos. Hipertensão arterial foi relatada por 70,8% e 89,0% apresentaram hemoglobina glicada ≥7%. A totalidade dos usuários de insulina realizavam pelo menos um tipo de cuidado inadequado e 62,8% realizavam quatro ou mais. Os mais frequentes foram:conservarem locais não recomendados (46,7%), não aplicar insulina 30 minutos antes da refeição (87,5%), não avaliar presença de grumos no frasco de insulina NPH (71,9%) e não retirar a insulina da geladeira entre 15 e 30 minutos antes da aplicação (88,7%). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante com as variáveis de exposição analisadas, porém a maior proporção de quatro ou mais cuidados inadequados ocorreu nas mulheres, nos jovens, naqueles com 11 ou mais anos de estudo, tempo de doença superior a 10 anos e, entre os que aplicam insulina uma ou duas vezes ao dia. Conclusão: Houve alta prevalência de cuidados inadequados e grande variabilidade de práticas, reforçando a importância da implementação da linha de cuidados em Diabetes Mellitus em todos os níveis de atenção à saúde.


RESUMEN Objetivo: describirlos cuidados con el uso de insulinas proporcionados por el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) y analizar los factores asociados a los cuidados inadecuados. Método: estudio transversal con 113 personas con Diabetes Mellitus de un ambulatorio de Goiânia-GO-Brasil. Fueron recolectados datos en registros médicos sobre conservación, preparación y administración de insulina que fueron clasificados en adecuados e inadecuados. Resultados: del total de participantes, 58,4% era mujeres y el promedio de edad fue 48 años. La hipertensión arterial fue relatada por 70,8%;y 89,0% presentaron hemoglobina glicada ≥7%. La totalidad de los usuarios de insulina realizaban por lo menos un tipo de cuidado inadecuado y 62,8% realizaban cuatro o más. Los más frecuentes fueron: conservar en locales no recomendables (46,7%), no aplicar insulina 30 minutos antes de la comida (87,5%), no evaluar presencia de grumos en el envase de insulina NPH (71,9%) y no sacar la insulina de la heladera entre 15 y 30 minutos antes de la aplicación (88,7%). No hubo diferencia estadísticamente significante con las variables de exposición analizadas, perola mayor proporción de cuatro o más cuidados inadecuados ocurrió entre las mujeres, en los jóvenes, en aquellos con 11 o más años de estudio, tiempo de enfermedad superior a 10 años y, entre los que aplican insulina una o dos veces al día. Conclusión: hubo alta prevalencia de cuidados inadecuados y gran variabilidad de prácticas, reforzando la importancia de la implementación de la línea de cuidados en Diabetes Mellitus en todos los niveles de atención a la salud.


ABSTRACT Objective: To describe management practices of insulin provided by the SUS and analyze the factors associated with insulin management mistakes. Method: Cross-sectional study addressing 113 individuals with Diabetes Mellitus from an outpatient clinic in Goiânia, GO, Brazil. Data concerning insulin storage, preparation, and administration were collected from the patients' medical records and classified as appropriate or inappropriate. Results: 58.4% of participants were women aged 48 years old on average. Hypertension was reported by 70.8%, and glycated hemoglobin was ≥7% in 89.0%. All the patients made at least one insulin management mistake, and 62.8% made four or more mistakes. The most frequent mistakes were: storing insulin in non-recommended places (46.7%), not injecting insulin 30 minutes before meals (87.5%), not checking for the presence of lumps in the NPH insulin vial (71.9%), and not removing the insulin from the refrigerator between 15 and 30 minutes before injection (88.7%). No significant statistical differences were found among the exposure variables, though women, young individuals, those with 11 or more years of schooling, having the disease for more than ten years, and injecting insulin once or twice a day, more frequently made four or more management mistakes. Conclusion: A high prevalence of insulin management mistakes and considerable variability of practices were identified, reinforcing the importance of implementing a DM line of care at all healthcare system levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Unified Health System , Diabetes Mellitus , Empathy , Insulin , Patients , Self Care , Thyroid Gland , Disease , Nursing , Health Personnel , Delivery of Health Care , Drug Storage , Endocrinology , Prescription Drug Misuse , Injections , Obesity
6.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(2): 585-594, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055821

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar a evidência científica nacional e internacional existente sobre o motivo do estoque e a forma de descarte dos medicamentos no domicílio. Realizou-se uma revisão sistemática da literatura de 2001 a 2016 nas bases de dados PubMed, Lilacs e Elsevier's Scopus Database, utilizando os seguintes unitermos: "Disposal of medicines in household", "Disposal of expired drugs", "Residential expired drugs", "Management of expired medications in household". Foram selecionados 33 estudos originais após aplicação dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Os estudos analisados demonstraram que os principais motivos de estoque no domicílio foram: automedicação; guarda para uso futuro e sobras de tratamentos anteriores. E quanto ao descarte dos medicamentos, prevalecem práticas inadequadas, como descarte no lixo comum e na rede de esgoto. Alguns países têm adotado programas de orientação sobre o armazenamento e o descarte correto, no entanto, foi apenas encontrado um estudo que descreve um programa nacional gratuito, para orientar essas práticas. A partir das evidências cientificas verificou-se a importância do incentivo para a elaboração e a implementação de políticas públicas voltadas para o uso e descarte adequado de medicamentos no domicílio.


Abstract This study's objective was to analyze Brazilian and international scientific evidence on the reasons people store medication at home and the disposal methods used. This systematic literature review includes studies published from 2001 to 2016 and indexed in PubMed, Lilacs and Elsevier's Scopus Database, using the following key words: Disposal of medicines in household, Disposal of drugs expired, Residential expired drugs, Management of expired medications in household. Thirty-three studies were selected after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria. The studies reveal that the main reasons people keep a stock of medicines at home include the possibility of future use, leftovers from previous treatments, and self-medication. Inappropriate disposal methods prevail, such as throwing medicines in the household trash or flushing them into the sewer. Some countries have adopted programs to educate on proper storage and disposal of medicines, though only one study describes a national program guiding these practices that is free of charge. Evidence shows there is a need to implement public policies intended to provide guidance on the proper storage and disposal of medicines at home.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Refuse Disposal/methods , Drug Storage/methods , Public Policy , Brazil
7.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5066, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090063

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To characterize storage and disposal practices associated with expired medicines in home pharmacies of Primary Care users. Methods Cross-sectional study based on data collected from 423 users of 15 Primary Care units located in a Brazilian city, between August 2014 and July 2016. Data were collected via face-to-face interviews. Categorical (demographic and socioeconomic characteristics) and continuous variables were expressed as proportions and means and standard deviations, respectively . Storage behaviors and disposal practices associated with unused and expired medicines were described as frequencies. Results Most (83%) interviewees were female and approximately 70% had completed high school. The kitchen was the most common medicine storage place (58.6%). Approximately 75% of participants reported inappropriate medicine disposal practices. Conclusion This study revealed high rates of inappropriate medicine disposal practices with direct impacts on pharmacological treatment and the environment. Continuing education of healthcare professionals and the general public is required to raise awareness about proper medicine use and disposal.


RESUMO Objetivo Caracterizar o armazenamento e o descarte de medicamentos vencidos contidos em farmácias caseiras de usuários da Atenção Primária à Saúde. Métodos Estudo transversal, realizado com 423 usuários de 15 unidades de saúde da Atenção Primária em um município brasileiro. Os dados foram coletados de agosto de 2014 a julho de 2016, por meio de entrevistas face a face. As características demográficas e socioeconômicas foram descritas por meio de proporções para as variáveis categóricas. As formas de armazenamento e o descarte de medicamentos vencidos ou não vencidos foram descritos em forma de frequência. Resultados Dentre os entrevistados, 83% eram do sexo feminino e aproximadamente 70% possuíam Ensino Médio completo. A cozinha foi o local mais citado para armazenamento de medicamentos (58,6%). Cerca de 75% dos participantes relataram descartar os medicamentos de forma incorreta. Conclusão O estudo evidenciou que grande proporção dos entrevistados possui hábitos incorretos de descarte, que, por sua vez, impactam diretamente no tratamento medicamentoso e na natureza. Assim, é necessária a educação continuada dos profissionais de saúde e da população, a fim de conscientizar a população sobre a correta utilização e o descarte de medicamentos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Family/psychology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Medical Waste Disposal/statistics & numerical data , Drug Storage/statistics & numerical data , Pharmacies/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Medical Waste Disposal/methods , Educational Status , Environment
8.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 29(2): e2019004, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101125

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever as perdas físicas, por descarte, dos imunobiológicos fornecidos pelo Programa Nacional de Imunizações (PNI) ao estado do Ceará no período 2014-2016, e os custos das doses perdidas. Métodos: estudo descritivo, com dados dos formulários de avaliação de imunobiológicos sob suspeita e dos pareceres favoráveis de descarte. Resultados: foram incluídos 317 formulários, dos quais 72,0% obtiveram parecer de descarte; foram identificadas 160.767 doses perdidas, totalizando um custo de R$ 1.834.604,75; as perdas representaram 0,45%, 0,93% e 0,53% do custo total das vacinas nos anos de 2014, 2015 e 2016, respectivamente; o principal motivo das perdas físicas identificadas foi a falta de energia elétrica (54,9%). Conclusão: identificou-se grande número de doses descartadas por perdas físicas, com elevado custo absoluto; faz-se necessário um controle mais rigoroso, pois falhas na dinâmica de conservação podem interferir na oferta dos imunobiológicos.


Objetivo: describir las pérdidas físicas por eliminación de inmunobiológicos proporcionados por el Programa Nacional de Inmunización (PNI) al estado de Ceará, en el periodo 2014-2016, y los costos de las dosis omitidas. Métodos: estudio descriptivo, con datos de formula-rios de evaluación de los inmunobiológicos sospechosos y de las opiniones favorables de descarte. Resultados: se incluyeron un total de 317 formularios, de los cuales el 72,0% obtuvo una opinión de descarte, y se identificaron 160.767 dosis omitidas, con un costo total de R$ 1.834.604,75; las pérdidas representaron el 0,45%, el 0,93% y el 0,53% del costo total de las vacunas en 2014, 2015 y 2016, respectivamente; la razón principal de las pérdidas físicas identificadas fue la falta de electricidad (54,9%). Conclusión: iden-tificamos un gran número de dosis descartadas por pérdidas físicas, con un alto costo absoluto; es necesario un control más estricto, ya que las fallas en la dinámica de conser-vación pueden interferir con el suministro de inmunobiológicos.


Objective: to describe discarded wasted immunobiological products provided by the National Im-munization Program (PNI) to the State of Ceará between 2014 and 2016, and the costs of discarded doses. Methods: this was a descriptive study using data from suspect im-munobiological product evaluation forms and data from disposal approval forms. Results: a total of 317 forms were included, 72.0% of which had a disposal approval form, and 160,767 discarded doses were identified, at a total cost of BRL 1,834,604.75; wastage accounted for 0.45%, 0.93% and 0.53% of the total cost of vaccines in 2014, 2015 and 2016, respectively; the main reason for the wastage identified was electric power shortage (54.9%). Conclusion: we identified a large number of discarded wasted doses, with high absolute cost; tighter control is necessary, as failures in conservation dynamics may interfere with the supply of immunobiologicals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vaccines/administration & dosage , Vaccination/statistics & numerical data , Medical Waste Disposal/statistics & numerical data , Immunization Programs/organization & administration , Brazil , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Drug Storage/standards
9.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 23(2): e20180317, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1001967

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This article aims to evaluate the access and rational use of essential and strategic medicine in the prison population in Paraiba prison system. Method: Qualitative study, carried out with 13 health professionals and 43 prisoners, between February and August of 2016 in seven penitentiary units of the state of Paraiba. Results: Some interviews pointed out that the prisons have ensured the medications, others, however, have stated the constant lack of these supplies and that depend on the family to guarantee access. It has been found that those who are routinely discharged do not have the professional prescriptions and that dose monitoring is not a practice. Medications are cared for by the subjects and although storage is careful, they are kept in the cells in places with poor ventilation. Final considerations: In this way, it has been verified that, although policies guarantee the access and rational use of medicines in penitentiaries, there are cases of lack of them, besides the lack of adequate prescription, supervision of the doses taken, correct storage and follow-up to guarantee the continuity of the treatment. Implications for practice: It is perceived the need of the management to program professional capacities aimed at care in the prison system, besides identifying the gaps related to access and rational use of medicines, allowing their restructuring.


Resumen Objetivo: Este artículo objetiva evaluar el acceso y el uso racional de medicamentos esenciales y estratégicos en el sistema penitenciario de Paraiba. Método: Estudio de naturaleza cualitativa, realizado con 13 profesionales de salud y 43 prisioneros en el año 2016 en siete penitenciarias de Paraiba. Resultados: Algunas entrevistas destacaron que las penitenciarias han asegurado las medicaciones, otras, sin embargo, afirmaron la falta constante de esos insumos y dependencia de la familia para garantizar el acceso. Se comprobó que los prisioneros rutinariamente no quedan en posesión de las prescripciones de los profesionales y que la supervisión de dosis no es una práctica realizada. Los medicamentos quedan bajo la responsabilidad de los sujetos y aunque hay cuidado con el almacenamiento, éstos se quedan en las celdas en lugares con poca ventilación. Consideraciones finales: De esta forma, se verificó que por más que las políticas garanticen el acceso y uso racional de medicamentos en las cárceles, existen casos de falta de los mismos, además de la falta de prescripción adecuada, supervisión de las dosis tomadas, almacenamiento correcto y seguimiento para garantizar la continuidad del tratamiento. Implicaciones para la práctica: Se percibe la necesidad de la gestión de programar capacitaciones profesionales orientadas al cuidado en el sistema penitenciario, además de identificar las lagunas relacionadas al acceso y uso racional de medicamentos, posibilitando su reestructuración.


Resumo Objetivo: Este artigo objetiva avaliar o acesso e o uso racional de medicamentos essenciais e estratégicos no sistema prisional da Paraíba. Método: Estudo de natureza qualitativa, realizado com 14 profissionais de saúde e 43 prisioneiros no ano de 2016, em sete penitenciárias da Paraíba. Resultados: Algumas entrevistas destacaram que as penitenciárias têm assegurado as medicações; outras, porém, afirmaram a falta constante desses insumos e dependência da família para garantir o acesso. Verificou-se que os prisioneiros rotineiramente não ficam de posse das prescrições dos profissionais e que a supervisão de doses não é uma prática realizada. Os medicamentos ficam sob responsabilidade dos prisioneiros e, embora haja cuidado com o armazenamento, estes ficam nas celas em locais com pouca ventilação. Considerações finais: Dessa forma, verificou-se que, por mais que as políticas garantam o acesso e uso racional de medicamentos nas penitenciárias, existem casos de falta dos mesmos, além da inexistência de prescrição adequada, supervisão das doses tomadas, armazenamento correto e acompanhamento para garantir a continuidade terapêutica. Implicações para a prática: Percebe-se a necessidade da gestão programar capacitações profissionais voltadas para o cuidar no sistema prisional, além de identificar as lacunas relacionadas ao acesso e uso racional de medicamentos, possibilitando sua reestruturação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Prisons , Prisoners , Drugs, Essential/supply & distribution , National Drug Policy , Health Services Accessibility , Drug Prescriptions , Medical Records , Health Personnel , Drugs, Essential/therapeutic use , Qualitative Research , Drug Storage , Medication Adherence
10.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 77(6): 320-323, nov.-dez. 2018. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-985314

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivos: Avaliar o grau de contaminação por fungos e bactérias e o modo de conservação destes colírios hipotensores por parte dos pacientes no ambulatório de Glaucoma da Santa Casa de Ribeirão Preto. Métodos: Foram selecionados aleatoriamente cinquenta e cinco pacientes, em seguimento no ambulatório, e após consentimento dos mesmos os colírios eram coletados e enviados via correio para análise por microbiologista e patologista em até 72 horas. Foi analisado 0,5ml aproximadamente das medicações e os pacientes respondiam a um questionário simples sobre o método de conservação e se consideravam estes adequados. Resultados: Dos 55 colírios analisados, cinco (9,01%) estavam com seu conteúdo líquido contaminado. Entre os microrganismos isolados haviam 4 bactérias Gram negativas, sendo 1 (1,8%) por Serratia marcescens, 1 (1,8%) Pseudomonas aeruginosa e 2 (3,6%) Stenotrophomas maltophilia. Um colírio estava contaminado pelo fungo Cândida ssp Todos pacientes do estudo julgam seus métodos de armazenamento e instilação adequados. Os pacientes que tiveram os colírios positivados eram convocados para exame clínico e passavam por novo questionário pelo investigador. Conclusão: O tempo de abertura dos frascos e os métodos de conservação influenciam na contaminação dos medicamentos, todos os colírios com crescimento de microrganismos no presente estudo estavam abertos entre 30 e 90 dias. O fato de que a maioria dos pacientes levam seus colírios em tarefas cotidianas, aumenta a exposição dos frascos e podem ser um fator relevante para determinar a contaminação destas medicações.


Abstract Objetives: To assess the degree of fungal and bacterial contamination of hypotensive eye drops and the way these are preserved by the patients at the Glaucoma outpatient clinic of Santa Casa Hospital in Ribeirão Preto. Methods: Fifty-five patients were randomly assigned to follow-up in the outpatient clinic and, after their consent, an eye drop was collected per patient and later sent by mail for analysis by microbiologist and pathologist in up to 72 hours. Approximately 0.5ml of the medications were analyzed and the patients were asked to answer a simple questionnaire on the method of drug conservation and whether they considered it adequate. Results: Of the 55 analysed eye drops, five (9.01%) had their liquid contents contaminated. Among the microorganisms isolated there were 4 Gram negative bacteria, 1 (1.8%) by Serratia marcenses, 1 (1.8%) Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 2 (3.6%) Stenotrophomas maltophilia. An eye drop was contaminated by the fungus Candida ssp. All the patients in the study judged their methods of storage and instillation appropriate. The patients who had the positive coliria were summoned for clinical examination and passed through a new questionnaire by the investigator. Conclusion: The time and methods of preservation influence the contamination of medicinal products. All the eye drops that presented growth of microorganisms in the present study were open between 30 and 90 days. The fact that most patients take their eye drops on daily tasks increases the exposure of the bottles and can be a relevant fact to determine the contamination of these medications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Ophthalmic Solutions/analysis , Ophthalmic Solutions/therapeutic use , Glaucoma/drug therapy , Drug Contamination , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolation & purification , Serratia marcescens/growth & development , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Candida/growth & development , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Stenotrophomonas maltophilia/growth & development , Drug Storage , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Fungi/isolation & purification
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776393

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of different storage time on the chemical compositions and sulfur dioxide residues of sulfur-fumigated Gastrodiae Rhizoma (GR), and provide scientific basis for solving the quality and safety issues of sulfur-fumigated traditional Chinese medicinal materials. GR, sulfur-fumigated GR and its medicinal slices were stored under the same conditions, and then 8 active ingredients and sulfur dioxide residues were measured respectively. The results showed that the content of gastrodins in sulfur-fumigated GR and its medicinal slices was significantly lower than that in the non-fumigated GR. Moreover, the content of sulfur dioxide residue in sulfur-fumigated GR was significantly higher than that in its medicinal slices. That is to say, sulfur fumigation degree had significantly higher effect on GR quality as compared with its medicinal slices. During the whole storage time (8 months), the content of the eight chemical components in GR was not changed greatly in general. However, after the storage for 4 months, the content of 8 components and sulfur dioxide residues in all of GR samples were significantly changed. In particular, the content of sulfur dioxide residue in GR medicinal materials decreased up to 50% or more.


Subject(s)
Drug Storage , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Fumigation , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry , Sulfur , Sulfur Dioxide
12.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 77(5): 353-357, oct. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-894499

ABSTRACT

Candid#1 es la primera vacuna a virus vivo atenuado producida y registrada en Argentina. Se produce en el INEVH desde 2003 para prevenir la fiebre hemorrágica argentina y se obtiene mediante cosecha de sobrenadantes de cultivos de células diploides infectadas con una cepa atenuada del virus Junín, formulación y posterior liofilización. Su estabilidad es crucial para asegurar su efectividad. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la estabilidad de Candid#1 exponiéndola a distintas condiciones de temperatura y tiempo. Tres lotes producidos en 2003 fueron sometidos al siguiente esquema de almacenamiento: (a) vacuna reconstituida conservada entre 2 °C y 8 °C durante 8 días, (b) vacuna liofilizada conservada entre 2 °C y 8 °C durante 6 meses, y (c) vacuna liofilizada conservada entre -18 °C y -20 °C durante 10 años. La potencia fue evaluada en monocapa de células Vero bajo agar. Los resultados fueron: (a) Candid#1 reconstituida fue estable 8 días entre 2 °C y 8 °C, (b) Candid#1 liofilizada fue estable 2 meses entre 2 °C y 8 °C y (c) Candid#1 liofilizada fue estable 9 años entre -18 °C y -20 °C manteniendo todos sus atributos. Estos resultados permitieron establecer las siguientes condiciones de almacenamiento: reconstituida 12 horas entre 2 °C y 8 °C, liofilizada 30 días entre 2 °C y 8 °C y 9 años entre -18 °C y -20 °C. A la luz de estos resultados, se generaron cambios favorables en las condiciones de transporte, almacenamiento y distribución de la vacuna. Se implementó la instalación de freezers domésticos en centros estratégicamente distribuidos, permitiendo preservar stocks de vacuna y distribuir las dosis necesarias a vacunatorios.


Candid#1 is the first live attenuated vaccine produced and registered in Argentina. Produced since 2003 at the INEVH to prevent Argentine hemorrhagic fever, it is obtained by harvesting supernatants of diploid cells infected with an attenuated strain of Junin virus and subsequent lyophilization. The stability of this vaccine is crucial to ensure its effectiveness. This study was aimed to evaluate the stability of Candid#1 by exposing it to different time and temperature conditions. Three vaccine batches produced in 2003 were analysed according to the following storage scheme: (a) reconstituted vaccine at 2 °C to 8°C for 8 days; (b) lyophilized vaccine at 2 °C to 8 °C for 6 months; (c) lyophilized vaccine at -18 °C to -20 °C for 10 years. The potency was assessed in Vero cell monolayers under agar. The results were: (a) reconstituted vaccine was stable between 2 °C and 8 °C for 8 days, (b) lyophilized vaccine was stable between 2 °C and 8 °C for 2 months, and (c) lyophilized vaccine was stable 9 years between -18 °C and -20 °C, keeping all its properties. These results allowed us to establish the following storage conditions and expiration times for Candid#1: (a) reconstituted: 12 hours between 2 °C and 8 °C, (b) lyophilized: 30 days between 2 °C and 8 °C and (c) lyophilized: 9 years between -18 °C and -20 °C. Based on our results, favorable changes were made in the conditions of transport, storage and distribution of the vaccine. Domestic freezers in strategically located centers were installed, allowing the preservation of vaccine stocks for distribution to secondary vaccination centers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Viral Vaccines/immunology , Arenaviruses, New World/immunology , Drug Storage/methods , Hemorrhagic Fever, American/prevention & control , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , Argentina , Vaccines, Attenuated/immunology , Drug Stability
13.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(3): 1601-1613, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886732

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This paper describes the preparation and characterization of alginate beads coated with gelatin and containing Lactobacillus rhamnosus. Capsules were obtained by extrusion method using CaCl2 as cross linker. An experimental design was performed using alginate and gelatin concentrations as the variables investigated, while the response variable was the concentration of viable cells. Beads were characterized in terms of size, morphology, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), moisture content, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR), thermal behavior and cell viability during storage. The results showed that the highest concentration of viable cells (4.2 x 109 CFU/g) was obtained for 1 % w/v of alginate and 0.1 % w/v of gelatin. Capsules were predominantly spherical with a rough surface, a narrow size distribution ranging from 1.53 to 1.90 mm and a moisture content of 97.70 ± 0.03 %. Furthermore, FTIR and thermogravimetric analysis indicated an interaction between alginate-gelatin. Cell concentration of alginate/gelatin microcapsules was 105 CFU/g after 4 months of storage at 8 oC.


Subject(s)
Capsules/standards , Probiotics , Drug Stability , Alginates/ultrastructure , Lactobacillus rhamnosus/ultrastructure , Gelatin/ultrastructure , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cell Survival , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Drug Storage
14.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 22(8): 2475-2486, Ago. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-890430

ABSTRACT

Resumo Em 2008, o estado de Minas Gerais criou o Programa Rede Farmácia de Minas (RFM), uma estratégia para garantir infraestrutura adequada das farmácias. O objetivo deste artigo é caracterizar a infraestrutura da Assistência Farmacêutica (AF) de Minas Gerais, comparando municípios contemplados ou não pela RFM, no intuito de verificar se os gastos estaduais implicaram em melhoria das AF municipais. Estudo transversal de avaliação da AF de Minas Gerais. Foram realizadas entrevistas presenciais e telefônicas com usuários, médicos, responsáveis pela AF e dispensadores de medicamentos, além de observação das instalações. Foram selecionados 104 municípios, dos quais 41,3% haviam adotado a RFM. Os dados foram coletados de julho de 2014 a maio de 2015. Municípios com RFM apresentaram taxas significativamente maiores de regularização da documentação legal, maior conforto para os usuários e funcionários, melhores condições de armazenamento de medicamento e realização de atividades clínicas. O maior volume de investimentos estadual na AF dos municípios com RFM gerou melhores condições de infraestrutura que foram avaliadas positivamente tanto por profissionais de saúde como pelos usuários do SUS.


Abstract In 2008 the state of Minas Gerais created the "Program Rede Farmácia de Minas" (RFM), a strategy to ensure adequate infrastructure of local public pharmacies, in order to improve the quality of medications use. Objectives To characterize the infrastructure of public pharmacies in Minas Gerais, comparing municipalities that have received the RFM program to the ones that haven't, in order to verify if the State's Economic Incentives implied in improvement of local Pharmaceutical Services (PS). Methods A cross-sectional, exploratory, evaluative study in a representative sample of the municipalities of Minas Gerais. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with users, physicians, and drug dispensers, as well as observation of pharmacy facilities and telephone interviews with municipal officials from the PS. 104 municipalities were selected, of which 41.3% had adopted the RFM. Data were collected from July 2014 to May 2015. Results Municipalities adept to the RFM presented significantly higher rates of legal documentation, more comfort for users and staff, better storage conditions of medicine and competence to conduct clinical activities. Conclusion The higher state investment in the PS organization for municipalities adept to the RFM developed better infrastructure that have been approved by health professionals and the users of the National Health System.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharmaceutical Services/organization & administration , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , National Health Programs/organization & administration , Pharmaceutical Services/standards , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interviews as Topic , Clinical Competence , Health Personnel/organization & administration , Drug Storage , Drug Therapy , National Health Programs/standards
15.
Braz. j. biol ; 77(3): 431-436, July-Sept. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888772

ABSTRACT

Abstract Calophyllum brasiliense is a species native to Brazil and has potential for use in the timber industry, in the reforestation of degraded areas, besides having medicinal properties. Its propagation is mainly by seeds which, depending on their recalcitrant characteristics, leads to difficulty in conservation, due to changes in its physiological potential during storage. Aiming to contribute to the expansion of its cultivation, rational use and conservation, the objective of this study was to investigate the behavior of C. brasiliense seeds during storage. Different packings (paper, aluminum and polyethylene) and environmental conditions (room temperature and cold chamber) were quarterly tested over 12 months, by evaluating germination viability and vigor. Based on the results, it was concluded that packaging in polyethylene and freezer storage provided the best conditions for the conservation of seeds, keeping them viable for a period of nine months.


Resumo Calophyllum brasiliense é uma espécie nativa do Brasil e está na lista de espécies recomendadas para o reflorestamento de áreas degradadas, além de possuir propriedades medicinais e madeireiras. Sua propagação se dá principalmente via sementes, as quais, em função das suas características recalcitrantes, apresentam dificuldade de conservação, devido a alterações no seu potencial fisiológico ao longo do armazenamento. Visando contribuir com a ampliação de seu cultivo, uso racional e conservação, objetivou-se investigar o comportamento das sementes de C. brasiliense durante 12 meses de armazenamento. Testou-se diferentes embalagens (papel, alumínio e polietileno) e condições ambientais (câmara fria e temperatura ambiente), avaliando-se trimestralmente a germinação, viabilidade e vigor. Com base nos resultados obtidos conclui-se que o acondicionamento em embalagem de polietileno e o armazenamento em câmara fria proporcionou a melhor condição para a conservação das sementes, mantendo essas viáveis por um período de nove meses.


Subject(s)
Seeds , Calophyllum , Drug Storage , Food Storage , Temperature , Brazil , Germination
16.
Bull. W.H.O. (Online) ; 95(8): 594-598, 2017. tab
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1259909

ABSTRACT

In some low- and middle-income countries, the national stores and public-sector health facilities contain large stocks of pharmaceuticals that are past their expiry dates. In low-income countries like Uganda, many such stockpiles are the result of donations. If not adequately monitored or regulated, expired pharmaceuticals may be repackaged and sold as counterfeits or be dumped without any thought of the potential environmental damage. The rates of pharmaceutical expiry in the supply chain need to be reduced and the disposal of expired pharmaceuticals needs to be made both timely and safe. Many low- and middle-income countries need to: (i)strengthen public systems for medicines' management, to improve inventory control and the reliability of procurement forecasts; (ii) reduce stress on central medical stores, through liberalization and reimbursement schemes; (iii) strengthen the regulation of drug donations; (iv) explore the salvage of officially expired pharmaceuticals, through re-analysis and possible shelf-life extension; (v) strengthen the enforcement of regulations on safe drug disposal; (vi) invest in an infrastructure for such disposal, perhaps based on ultra-high-temperature incinerators; and (vii) include user accountability for expired pharmaceuticals within the routine accountability regimes followed by the public health sector


Subject(s)
Developing Countries , Drug Storage/statistics & numerical data , Medical Waste Disposal/methods , Prescription Drugs/statistics & numerical data , Reproducibility of Results , Strategic Stockpile , Uganda
17.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 51(supl.2): 12s, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-903399

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To characterize the technical issues and conditions of medicines conservation in Primary Health Care of Brazilian regions, responsible for pharmacy/dispensing unit profile; environmental, storage, and dose fractioning conditions; inventory control and waste management; fire and electrical failure safety items; transportation problems; advertising regulation; and pharmacovigilance. METHODS This article is part of the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços (National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services)-, a cross-sectional and exploratory study, of evaluative nature, consisting of an information survey within a representative sample of municipalities, stratified by Brazilian regions, which constitute the study domains, and a sample of Primary Health Care services. Pharmaceutical services (PS) were directly observed with photographic record and face-to-face interviews with those responsible for the dispensing of medicines and over the telephone with those responsible for pharmaceutical services. Data were processed with the SPSS® software version 21. RESULTS The investigated dimensions showed relevant deficiencies and inequalities between the regions, generally more favorable in the Southeast and Midwest regions and weaker in the Northeast and North regions. We verified non-compliance with technical requirements and conditions essential to the conservation of medicines, which may interfere with the maintenance of stability and, thus, on their quality, efficacy, and safety. The regulation of advertising/promotion of medicines is still incipient and there is some progress in the structuring of mechanisms regarding pharmacovigilance. CONCLUSIONS The sanitary situation of medicines in Brazilian Primary Health Care is alarming due to the violation of the specific sanitary legislation for dispensing establishments and due to a wide range of requirements essential to the conservation of medicines. We observed a disconnection between the efforts made in the Brazilian Unified Health System to promote access to medicines for all population and the organization and qualification of pharmaceutical services.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Caracterizar a situação sanitária dos medicamentos na Atenção Básica, nas regiões brasileiras, quanto a requisitos técnico-sanitários, responsável pela farmácia/unidade de dispensação, condições ambientais, de armazenamento, e de fracionamento, controle de estoque e gerenciamento de resíduos, itens de segurança contra incêndio e pane elétrica, problemas no transporte, regulamentação da propaganda e farmacovigilância. MÉTODOS Artigo integrante da Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços, um estudo transversal, exploratório, de natureza avaliativa, composto por um levantamento de informações numa amostra representativa de municípios, estratificada pelas regiões brasileiras, que constituem domínios do Estudo, e uma amostra de serviços de Atenção Básica. Realizou-se observação direta dos serviços farmacêuticos com registro fotográfico e entrevistas presenciais com os responsáveis pela entrega de medicamentos e por telefone com o responsável pela assistência farmacêutica. Os dados foram processados com o software SPSS® versão 21. RESULTADOS As dimensões investigadas mostraram deficiências relevantes e desigualdades entre as regiões, em geral mais favoráveis nas regiões Sudeste e Centro-Oeste e mais deficitárias nas regiões Nordeste e Norte. Constatou-se descumprimento de requisitos técnicos e sanitários imprescindíveis à conservação dos medicamentos que podem interferir na manutenção da estabilidade e, assim, na sua qualidade, eficácia e segurança. A regulação da propaganda/promoção de medicamentos ainda é incipiente e existe algum avanço na estruturação de mecanismos em relação à farmacovigilância. CONCLUSÕES A situação sanitária dos medicamentos na Atenção Básica no Brasil desperta preocupações pelo descumprimento da legislação sanitária específica para os estabelecimentos de dispensação e de um amplo conjunto de requisitos imprescindíveis à conservação dos medicamentos. Constatou-se um descompasso entre os esforços no âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde para promover o acesso aos medicamentos para toda a população e a organização e qualificação dos serviços farmacêuticos.


Subject(s)
Pharmaceutical Services/standards , Primary Health Care , Drug Storage/standards , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Drug Storage/legislation & jurisprudence , National Health Programs
18.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-903262

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE Assess the extent of inadequate home storage of medicines andidentify important risk factors. METHODS A cross-sectional survey based on a probability sample in the community, conducted in 267 households in Cuité, State of Paraíba, Northeast Brazil, in 2014. Logistic regression was used to study the risk factors. RESULTS The prevalence of households with inadequate storage was 76.0%. Problems with storage include direct exposure to sunlight in 10.9% of households, the presence of dust in 23.6%, and storage within reach of children in 76.0%. Medications no longer used are usually disposed of into the environment in 92.1% of households. Inadequate storage is more likely when home organization of medications is the responsibility of a male subject (OR = 1.729) or an older person (OR = 1.029), when out of date medicines are found (OR = 2.963), and in households with no children (OR = 2.088). CONCLUSIONS Physicians and pharmacists should advise patients on how to adequately store medicines at home, especially when the person in charge of medications is a male or an older adult, and if there are no children in the household.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Drug Storage/statistics & numerical data , Patient Medication Knowledge , Brazil , Sex Factors , Family Characteristics , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Middle Aged
19.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 53(2): e16089, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839488

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a group of different risk factors that raises the chances of develop several health problems such, as cardiovascular disease and diabetes. There are few cases in literature of studies that specifically address the use of pharmaceutical care in MetS. The aim of study was to evaluate the effectiveness of home pharmaceutical interventions in patients with this syndrome. The randomized clinical trial was conducted in subjects with diagnosis of MetS treated in a basic unit of health from Cuité, Paraíba. The patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to two groups: intervention (IG) and control (CG). The IG received monthly individual pharmaceutical interventions, while the CG did not. The effectiveness of the intervention protocol was measured after six months, comparing the hemodynamic values, anthropometric, biochemistry, cardiovascular risk, medication adherence, drug related problems (DRP) and quality of life. The sample consisted of 63 individuals (33 IG and 30 CG) and older than 60 years. The majority of pharmaceutical interventions were educational and/or behavioral. In the intervention group, significant differences were observed in the parameters systolic and diastolic blood pressure, triglycerides, medication adherence and DRP. The pharmaceutical interventions at home were effective in improving medication adherence, decreasing DRPs and helping to control components of the metabolic syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Randomized Controlled Trial , Metabolic Syndrome/prevention & control , /statistics & numerical data , Evaluation of the Efficacy-Effectiveness of Interventions , Patients/classification , Drug Storage
20.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 25(1): 65-74, jan.-mar. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-778538

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: avaliar capacidade da rede de frio (RF), conhecimento dos profissionais e práticas de conservação de imunobiológicos em unidades básicas de saúde (UBS) do município de São Paulo. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo envolvendo amostra randômica de 24 UBS das regiões Sul e Centro-Oeste do município; de dezembro de 2011 a julho de 2012, foram entrevistados profissionais quanto ao conhecimento/prática em conservação de vacinas e observou-se a infraestrutura local, utilizando-se formulário desenvolvido para o projeto, sobre cujos itens atribuíram-se pontos e classificou-se cada UBS - suficiente, regular e insuficiente. RESULTADOS: a maioria das 24 UBS avaliadas era administrada por organizações sociais; todas possuíam câmaras de vacinas, cinco referiram utilizar sua capacidade máxima de armazenamento, nove UBS foram classificadas como de conhecimento/prática suficiente e 15 como de conhecimento/prática regular. CONCLUSÃO: a utilização da RF nessas UBS estava próxima da capacidade máxima; muitos profissionais não tinham conhecimentos básicos sobre conservação de vacinas.


OBJECTIVE: to assess the cold chain capacity, health workers' immunobiological product conservation knowledge and practices in Primary Healthcare Centers (PHC) in São Paulo city, Brazil. METHODS: this descriptive study included 24 randomly selected PHC in the South and Midwest regions of the city; between December 2011 and July 2012, we interviewed the health workers on their vaccine conservation knowledge/practice and observed the local infrastructure, using a form developed for this project; we assigned points to items of the form and classified each PHC as sufficient, regular or insufficient. RESULTS: most of the 24 PHC evaluated were administered by Social Organizations; all of them had vaccine storage chambers; 5 PHC reported using their maximum storage capacity; 9 PHC were classified as having sufficient knowledge/practice and 15 as having regular knowledge/practice. CONCLUSION: in these PHC, cold chain utilization was close to its maximum capacity; many health workers did not have basic knowledge about vaccine conservation.


OBJETIVO: evaluar la cadena de frío (CF), el conocimiento de los profesionales y las prácticas de conservación de vacunas en unidades básicas de salud (UBS) de São Paulo-SP, Brasil. MÉTODOS: estudio descriptivo de una muestra aleatoria de 24 UBS en las regiones Sur y Centro-Oeste del municipio; de diciembre del 2011 a julio del 2012, fueron entrevistados profesionales con respecto a sus conocimientos y prácticas en la conservación de vacunas, concomitantementese observó la infraestructura, utilizando un formulario desarrollado para el proyecto; atribuyéndose un puntaje específico para cada ítem, clasificamos las UBS como suficientes, regulares o insuficientes. RESULTADOS: la mayoría de las 24 UBS eran administradas por organizaciones sociales; todos tenían cámaras de vacunas; cinco informaron usar su capacidad máxima de almacenamiento; 9 UBS fueron clasificadas como suficientes y 15 como regulares. CONCLUSIÓN: la utilización de la CF en estas UBS estaba próxima al máximo; muchos profesionales no tenían conocimientos básicos acerca de conservación de vacunas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Refrigeration/standards , Vaccines/standards , Vaccines/supply & distribution , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Personnel , Health Centers , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Drug Storage , Health Services Research
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