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1.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 32(1): e1382, dic. 26, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531750

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el objetivo de los Sistemas de Notificación de Eventos Adversos, Eventos Centinela y Cuasifallas, es conocer la frecuencia con la que se presentan y generar las estrategias para su disminución y la no repetición de dichos eventos. Se debe informar al personal de salud involucrado en los procesos de atención, principalmente a quienes tienen contacto directo con los pacientes. Desarrollo: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica conceptual y de investigación sobre los sistemas de notificación de eventos adversos. La búsqueda y selección de artículos publicados de 2016 a 2021, fue en la base de datos PubMed y el índice de revistas de acceso abierto Medigraphic, mediante los siguientes criterios de búsqueda en español e inglés: sistemas de notificación, evento adverso, evento centinela, sistema VENCER, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Secretaría de Salud; así como el uso del operador booleano AND: Notificatión AND adverse event, notification system AND sentinel event, adverse event AND quality plan. Se obtuvo un aproximado de 194 resultados, de los cuales se seleccionaron los artículos que se apegaban al objetivo de esta revisión. Conclusiones: con la presente revisión bibliográfica se muestra que la notificación de los eventos adversos por parte del personal de la salud involucrados en los procesos de atención, adquiere especial relevancia cuando ésta es proporcional a la adquisición de luna cultura de calidad y seguridad en la atención de los pacientes... (AU)


Abstract Introduction: The objective of the Notification Systems for Adverse Events, Sentinel Events and Near Failures is to know the frequency with which they occur and to generate strategies for their reduction and non-repetition of said events. Health personnel involved in the care processes should be informed, mainly those who have direct contact with patients. Development: A conceptual and research literature review on adverse event reporting systems was carried out. The search and selection of articles published from 2016 to 2021 was in the PubMed database and the Medigraphic open access journal index, using the following search criteria in Spanish and English: notification systems, adverse event, sentinel event, VENCER system, Mexican Institute of Social Security, Ministry of Health, as well as the use of the boolean operator AND: Notification AND adverse event, notification system AND sentinel event, adverse event AND quality plan. An approximate of 194 results were obtained, from which the articles that met the objective of this review were selected. Conclusions: This bibliographic review shows that the notification of adverse events by health personnel involved in care processes acquires special relevance when it is proportional to the acquisition of a culture of quality and safety in care. from the patients.


Subject(s)
Quality of Health Care , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Patient Safety
2.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3738, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1424047

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to explore and describe how perioperative nurses assess and interpret the child's behavior before entering the operating room, identifying the strategies they use to reduce anxiety and the proposals for improvements. Method: descriptive qualitative study using semi-structured interviews and participant observation of daily routines. Thematic analysis of data. This study follows the recommended criteria for publication of articles of the qualitative methodology Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research. Results: four topics emerged from the data: a) assessment of anxiety or close communication with the child and their family; b) evaluating what was observed; c) managing anxiety and d) improving the assessment or proposals for improvements in daily practice. Conclusion: nurses assess anxiety in their daily practice through observation using their clinical judgment. The nurse's experience is decisive for the appropriate assessment of the preoperative anxiety in child. Insufficient time between waiting and entering the operating room, lack of information from child and their parents about the surgical procedure, and parental anxiety make it difficult to assess and properly manage anxiety.


Resumo Objetivo: explorar e descrever como as enfermeiras perioperatórias avaliam e interpretam o comportamento da criança antes de entrar na sala de cirurgia, identificando as estratégias que utilizam para minimizar a ansiedade e as propostas de melhoria. Método: estudo qualitativo descritivo utilizando entrevistas semiestruturadas e observação participante das rotinas diárias. Análise temática dos dados. O estudo segue os critérios recomendados para publicação de artigos da metodologia qualitativa Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research. Resultados: quatro temas emergiram dos dados: a) avaliação da ansiedade ou comunicação próxima com a criança e sua família; b) analisando o que foi observado; c) controlando a ansiedade e d) melhorando a avaliação ou propostas de melhoria na prática diária. Conclusão: as enfermeiras avaliam a ansiedade em sua prática diária por meio da observação e usando julgamento clínico. A experiência da enfermeira é decisiva na avaliação adequada da ansiedade pré-operatória da criança. A falta de tempo entre a espera e o momento de entrar na sala de cirurgia, a escassez de informação que a criança e os pais têm sobre o processo cirúrgico e a ansiedade dos pais, dificultam a avaliação e o controle adequado da ansiedade.


Resumen Objetivo: explorar y describir cómo las enfermeras perioperatorias evalúan e interpretan el comportamiento del niño antes de entrar a quirófano, identificando las estrategias que utilizan para minimizar la ansiedad y las propuestas de mejora. Método: estudio cualitativo descriptivo mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas y observación participante de las rutinas diarias. Análisis temático de los datos. El estudio sigue las recomendaciones de criterios para la publicación de artículos de metodología cualitativa Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research. Resultados: cuatro temas surgieron de los datos: a) evaluación de la ansiedad o comunicación estrecha con el niño y su familia; b) valorando lo observado; c) manejando la ansiedad y d) mejorando la evaluación o propuestas de mejora para la práctica diaria. Conclusión: enfermeras evalúan la ansiedad en su práctica diaria de forma observacional utilizando el juicio clínico. La experiencia de la enfermera es determinante en la adecuada evaluación de la ansiedad prequirúrgica del niño. La falta de tiempo entre la espera y el momento de entrar a quirófano, la mala información que tiene el niño y los padres sobre el proceso quirúrgico y la ansiedad de los padres dificultan la evaluación y el manejo correcto de la ansiedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Simulation , Decision Making , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Education, Nursing , Patient Safety , Nurses
3.
Med. infant ; 30(4): 346-357, Diciembre 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1524214

ABSTRACT

La Atención farmacéutica (AF) ayuda a los pacientes a alcanzar objetivos terapéuticos reduciendo los problemas relacionados al medicamento (PRM). Objetivos: analizar los PRM en la práctica de la AF a pacientes con inmunodeficiencia adquirida (IDA) y/o tuberculosis (TBC) y evaluar su impacto. Método: estudio, descriptivo, observacional, en el área ambulatoria de Farmacia. Se incluyeron pacientes con IDA y/o TBC con: inicio de tratamiento, polifarmacia, reinternaciones frecuentes, regular/mala adherencia, reacciones adversas a medicamentos (RAM) previas y/o comorbilidades. Se entrevistaron pacientes o cuidadores y se registraron PRM, errores, grados de adherencia y conocimiento farmacoterapéutico, retiro oportuno de medicamentos y parámetros clínicos. Se registró la intervención farmacéutica y entregó material educativo. Se repitieron las mediciones en una segunda entrevista. Resultados: Se estudiaron 54 pacientes (28 con IDA y 26 con TBC). Se realizaron 93 intervenciones (29.9% dirigidas al prescriptor, 27.8% a otros profesionales) y se detectaron 8 RAM y 53 errores (28 IDA y 25 TBC), el principal PRM fue la mala/regular adherencia con bajo porcentaje de conocimiento farmacoterapéutico completo. Después de la AF, en IDA el grado de adherencia tuvo una mejora estadísticamente significativa (p= 0.012), también fue significativa la mejora en el retiro oportuno de la medicación (28.6% a 71.4% p=0.005 IDA). Se obtuvieron resultados favorables de carga viral (CV) en 72% pacientes con IDA y aumento de peso en 92% pacientes con TBC, aunque no fueron estadísticamente significativos. Conclusiones: mediante AF se mejoró la adherencia y la comunicación en pacientes pediátricos con IDA y/o TBC (AU)


Pharmacovigilance (PV) helps patients achieve therapeutic goals by reducing drug-related problems (DRP). Objectives: to analyze DRPs in the practice of PV in patients with acquired immunodeficiency (AIDS) and/or tuberculosis (TB) and to evaluate its impact. Methods: A descriptive, observational study was conducted in the outpatient pharmacy area. Patients with AIDS and/or TB with: treatment initiation, polypharmacy, frequent readmissions, regular/poor adherence, previous adverse drug reactions (ADR) and/or comorbidities were included. Patients or caregivers were interviewed, and DRP, errors, adherence and pharmacotherapeutic knowledge, timely drug withdrawal, and clinical parameters were recorded. The pharmaceutical intervention was recorded and educational material was delivered. Measurements were repeated in a second interview. Results: We studied 54 patients (28 with AIDS and 26 with TB). Ninety-three interventions were performed (29.9% addressed to the drug prescriber, 27.8% to other professionals) and 8 ADRs and 53 errors were detected (28 AIDS and 25 TB). The main DRP was poor/regular adherence together with a low level of complete pharmacotherapeutic knowledge. After PV, in patients with AIDS the degree of adherence statistically significantly improved (p= 0.012). The improvement in timely medication withdrawal was also significant (28.6% vs. 71.4% p=0.005 AID). Favorable viral load results were obtained in 72% of patients with AIDS and weight gain in 92% of patients with TB, although they were not statistically significant. Conclusions: PV improved adherence and communication in pediatric patients with AIDS and/or TB (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Outpatient Clinics, Hospital , Tuberculosis/drug therapy , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/drug therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Pharmacovigilance , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Hospitals, Pediatric , Medication Errors , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Interview
4.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 14(3): 1-15, 20230901.
Article in Portuguese | BDENF, COLNAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1525810

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A ocorrência frequente de eventos adversos durante a internação hospitalar demanda meios proativos de gerenciamento de riscos, incluindo a verificação de rastreadores/triggers. Objetivo: verificar os fatores associados aos triggers e eventos adversos na internação pediátrica. Material e Métodos: Pesquisa transversal embasada na metodologia do Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), por meio da aplicação do Paediatric Trigger Tool (PTT) a uma amostra (n=194) de prontuários de pacientes pediátricos de um hospital do Centro-Oeste do Brasil. Foi realizada análise estatística descritiva, inferencial e regressão de Poisson. Resultados: Mais da metade (n=107; 55,15%) dos pacientes apresentou pelo menos um trigger na internação. Foram identificados 204 triggers/gatilhos, com maior ocorrência de queda de hemoglobina/hematócrito (9,80%), queda de saturação de oxigênio (9,80%) e aumento de marcadores de funções renais (9,20%). Do total de gatilhos, 64 (31,37%) eventos adversos foram confirmados, os quais foram classificados majoritariamente como dano temporário com necessidade de suporte ao paciente (65,62%). O tempo de internação (p-valor=0,004) e o caráter da internação (p-valor<0,001) foram variáveis associadas à ocorrência de triggers. Caráter de internação e admissões provenientes de outras instituições foram preditores na ocorrência de triggers e eventos adversos. Discussão: O estudo encontrou 31,37% dos triggers resultando em danos ao paciente, a detecção precoce é essencial na segurança do paciente pediátrico, internações prolongadas estão ligadas a infecções e eventos adversos, transferências de pacientes exigem medidas de segurança rigorosas e eficazes. Conclusões: internações prolongadas e crianças admitidas via transferência merecem atenção a triggers e/ou eventos adversos concretizados.


Introduction: The frequent occurrence of adverse events during hospital admission demands proactive means of risk management, including checking trackers/triggers. Objective: to verify the factors associated with triggers and adverse events in pediatric hospitalization. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional research based on the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) methodology, through the application of the Pediatric Trigger Tool (PTT) to a sample (n= 194) from medical records of pediatric patients from a hospital in the Center-West of Brazil. Descriptive, inferential statistical analysis and Poisson regression were performed. Results: More than half (n=107; 55.15%) of patients had at least one trigger upon admission. 204 triggers were identified, with the highest occurrence of a drop in hemoglobin/hematocrit (9.80%), a drop in oxygen saturation (9.80%) and an increase in kidney function markers (9.20%). Of the total triggers, 64 (31.37%) adverse events were confirmed, which were mostly classified as temporary damage requiring patient support (65.62%). The length of stay (p-value=0.004) and the nature of the hospitalization (p-value<0.001) were variables associated with the occurrence of triggers. Character of hospitalization and admissions from other institutions were predictors of the occurrence of triggers and adverse events. Discussion: The study found 31.37% of triggers resulting in harm to the patient, early detection is essential in pediatric patient safety, prolonged hospitalizations are linked to infections and adverse events, patient transfers require rigorous and effective safety measures. Conclusions: Prolonged hospitalizations and children admitted via transfer deserve attention to triggers and/or adverse events.


Introducción: La frecuente aparición de eventos adversos durante el ingreso hospitalario exige medios proactivos de gestión de riesgos, incluida la verificación de rastreadores/disparadores. Objetivo: verificar los factores asociados a desencadenantes y eventos adversos en la hospitalización pediátrica, Material y Métodos: Investigación transversal basada en la metodología Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), mediante la aplicación del Pediatric Trigger Tool (PTT) a una muestra (n= 194) de historias clínicas de pacientes pediátricos de un hospital del Centro-Oeste de Brasil. Se realizaron análisis estadísticos descriptivos, inferenciales y regresión de Poisson. Resultados: Más de la mitad (n=107; 55,15%) de los pacientes presentaron al menos un desencadenante al ingreso. Se identificaron 204 desencadenantes, con mayor incidencia de descenso de la hemoglobina/hematocrito (9,80%), descenso de la saturación de oxígeno (9,80%) y aumento de los marcadores de función renal (9,20%). Del total de desencadenantes, se confirmaron 64 (31,37%) eventos adversos, los cuales en su mayoría fueron clasificados como daños temporales que requirieron apoyo del paciente (65,62%). La duración de la estancia (p-valor=0,004) y la naturaleza de la hospitalización (p-valor<0,001) fueron variables asociadas con la aparición de desencadenantes. El carácter de la hospitalización y los ingresos de otras instituciones fueron predictores de la aparición de desencadenantes y eventos adversos. Discusión: El estudio encontró que el 31,37% de los desencadenantes resultan en daño al paciente, la detección temprana es esencial en la seguridad del paciente pediátrico, las hospitalizaciones prolongadas están vinculadas a infecciones y eventos adversos, los traslados de pacientes requieren medidas de seguridad rigurosas y efectivas. Conclusiones: Las hospitalizaciones prolongadas y los niños ingresados ​​vía traslado merecen atención a los desencadenantes y/o eventos adversos.


Subject(s)
Pediatric Nursing , Risk Management , Aftercare , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Patient Safety
5.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 26(298): 9483-9494, mar.2023. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1437527

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O acesso venoso central é definido como a colocação de um cateter com sua extremidade posicionada na veia cava ou no átrio direito, tendo diversas funções no manejo do paciente em estado crítico. Pneumotórax causado durante a inserção do cateter é um incidente que resulta em dano ao paciente, sendo assim considerado um evento adverso relacionado à assistência médica. Objetivo: Analisar a ocorrência de pneumotórax como evento adverso relacionado à assistência à saúde após a inserção de um cateter venoso central. Método: Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, transversal e analítico. Depois de realizar o cálculo amostral para obtenção da amostra, pacientes submetidos à inserção de cateter venoso central na instituição pesquisada no período de abril até setembro de 2022 foram incluídos na pesquisa, a coleta de dados utilizou dados secundários. Resultados: Uma amostra de 103 pacientes foi obtido, dos quais 10 (9,7%) dos pacientes apresentaram pneumotórax relacionado à inserção de cateter venoso central. de pneumotórax. A ocorrência de pneumotórax e o fato de o profissional que inseriu o cateter ser residente. A ocorrência de pneumotórax teve associação significativa (p 0,03) levando ao aumento do tempo de internação. Conclusão: O os resultados encontrados demonstram uma significativa ocorrência do evento adverso relacionado à assistência à saúde pneumotórax, após a inserção do Cateter Venoso Central (CVC). Estratégias voltadas para a segurança do paciente são fundamentais e devem ser perseguidas constantemente.


Introduction: Central venous access is defined as the placement of a catheter with its end positioned in the superior vena cava or in the right atrium, having several functions in the management of the patient in critical condition. Pneumothorax caused during catheter insertion is an incident that results in harm to the patient, thus considered an adverse event related to health care. Objective: To analyze the occurrence of pneumothorax as adverse events related to health care after insertion of a central venous catheter. Method: This is a quantitative, cross-sectional, analytical study. After performing the sample calculation to obtain the sample, patients who underwent insertion of a central venous catheter at the researched institution from April to September 2022 were included in the research, data collection used secondary data. Results: A sample of 103 patients was obtained, of which 10 (9.7%) of the patients had pneumothorax related to the insertion of a central venous catheter. of pneumothorax. The occurrence of pneumothorax and the fact that the professional who inserted the catheter was a resident. The occurrence of pneumothorax had a significant association (p 0.03) leading to increased length of stay. Conclusion: The results found demonstrate a significant occurrence of the adverse event related to pneumothorax health care, after the insertion of the Central Venous Catheter (CVC). Strategies aimed at patient safety are fundamental and must be pursued constantly.(AU)


Introducción: El acceso venoso central se define como la colocación de un catéter con su extremo posicionado en la vena cava superior o en la aurícula derecha, teniendo varias funciones en el manejo del paciente en estado crítico. El neumotórax causado durante la inserción del catéter es un incidente que resulta en daño para el paciente, por lo que se considera un evento adverso relacionado con la atención a la salud. Objetivo: Analizar la ocurrencia de neumotórax como eventos adversos relacionados con la atención a la salud después de la inserción de un catéter venoso central. Método: Se trata de un estudio cuantitativo, transversal, analítico. Después de realizar el cálculo de la muestra para la obtención de la muestra, se incluyeron en la investigación los pacientes que se sometieron a la inserción de un catéter venoso central en la institución investigada de abril a septiembre de 2022, la recolección de datos utilizó datos secundarios. Resultados: Se obtuvo una muestra de 103 pacientes, de los cuales 10 (9,7%) de los pacientes presentaron neumotórax relacionado con la inserción de un catéter venoso central. La ocurrencia de neumotórax y el hecho de que el profesional que insertó el catéter fuera residente. La ocurrencia de neumotórax tuvo una asociación significativa (p 0,03) que condujo a una mayor duración de la estancia. Conclusión: Los resultados encontrados demuestran una ocurrencia significativa del evento adverso relacionado con la atención de salud del neumotórax, después de la inserción del Catéter Venoso Central (CVC). Las estrategias dirigidas a la seguridad del paciente son fundamentales y deben ser seguidas constantemente.(AU)


Subject(s)
Pneumothorax , Nursing , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Central Venous Catheters
6.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 43(1): 21-24, mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1436423

ABSTRACT

Durante la pandemia por COVID-19 se observaron diversas reacciones adversas a fármacos. Esto pudo haber estado relacionado con una mayor susceptibilidad inmunológica de los pacientes con SARS-CoV-2 a presentar este tipo de cuadros, así como también con la exposición a múltiples medicamentos utilizados en su tratamiento. Comunicamos el caso de un paciente con una infección respiratoria grave por COVID-19, que presentó 2 reacciones adversas graves a fármacos en un período corto de tiempo. (AU)


During the COVID-19 pandemic, various adverse drug reactions were observed. This could have been related to a greater immunological susceptibility of patients with SARS-CoV-2 to present this type of symptoms, as well as exposure to multiple drugs used in their treatment. We report the case of a patient with a severe respiratory infection due to COVID-19, who presented 2 serious adverse drug reactions associated with paracetamol in a short period of time. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/diagnosis , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/diagnosis , Exanthema/diagnosis , Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis/diagnosis , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19 Drug Treatment/adverse effects , Patient Care Team , gamma-Globulins/administration & dosage , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Incidence , Risk Factors , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Cyclosporine/adverse effects , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/drug therapy , Exanthema/drug therapy , Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis/drug therapy , Acetaminophen/adverse effects
7.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1): 493-510, Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1416551

ABSTRACT

A quimioterapia do câncer pode ocasionar reações adversas medicamentosas (RAM), podendo resultar de interações medicamentosas (IM) e impactar na adesão. O presente estudo relatou as RAM apresentadas por pacientes em quimioterapia (QT) e propôs estratégias de intervenções. Este trabalho foi aprovado em comité de ética (5.160.503), sendo incluídos 23 pacientes em quimioterapia (oral- VO e/ou endovenosa- EV) e todos foram entrevistados. Recebiam apenas o QTEV, 20 pacientes e 2 QTEV e VO, a maioria em tratamento paliativo (50%), predomínio de estadiamento IV, sendo as doenças mais presentes de pâncreas (27,3%), estômago (22,7%) e mama (18,2%) e esquema mais usado foi Carboplatina + Paclitaxel. As principais comorbidades foram diabetes e hipertensão arterial. As interações medicamentosas foram classificadas em graves (45%), moderadas (55%) e intencional (75%), sendo necessário introdução de medicamentos de suporte (61%). Houve RAM de maior gravidade, neutropenia, sendo necessário a suspensão temporária, e de menor gravidade náuseas. Houve um óbito relacionado a evolução de doença e, talvez, o tratamento possa ter contribuído. Ao final, foram feitas as intervenções para cada caso e validado o formulário para a consulta farmacêutica a pacientes oncológicos.


Cancer chemotherapy can cause adverse drug reactions (ADRs), which can result from drug interactions (IM) and impact adherence. The present study reported the ADRs presented by patients undergoing chemotherapy (CT) and proposed intervention strategies. This work was approved by the ethics committee (5,160,503), and 23 patients on chemotherapy (oral-VO and/or intravenous-IV) were included and all were interviewed. Only received CTIV, 20 patients and 2 CTIV and VO, most in palliative treatment (50%), predominance of stage IV, being the most common diseases of pancreas (27.3%), stomach (22.7%) and breast (18.2%) and the most used regimen was Carboplatin + Paclitaxel. The main comorbidities were diabetes and arterial hypertension. Drug interactions were classified as severe (45%), moderate (55%) and intentional (75%), requiring the introduction of supportive drugs (61%). There were more severe ADRs, neutropenia, requiring temporary suspension, and less severe nausea. There was one death related to the evolution of the disease and, perhaps, the treatment may have contributed. At the end, interventions were made for each case and the form for the pharmaceutical consultation to cancer patients was validated.


La quimioterapia contra el cáncer puede causar reacciones adversas a los medicamentos (RAM), que pueden ser consecuencia de interacciones farmacológicas (IM) y repercutir en la adherencia. El presente estudio reportó las RAM presentadas por pacientes en quimioterapia (QT) y propuso estrategias de intervención. Este trabajo fue aprobado en comité de ética (5.160.503), se incluyeron 23 pacientes en quimioterapia (oral- VO y/o endovenosa-EV) y todos fueron entrevistados. Recibieron sólo QTEV, 20 pacientes y 2 QTEV y VO, la mayoría en tratamiento paliativo (50%), predominio de estadiaje IV, siendo las enfermedades más presentes las de páncreas (27,3%), estómago (22,7%) y mama (18,2%) y el esquema más utilizado fue Carboplatino + Paclitaxel. Las principales comorbilidades fueron la diabetes y la hipertensión arterial. Las interacciones farmacológicas se clasificaron como graves (45%), moderadas (55%) e intencionadas (75%), requiriendo la introducción de fármacos de apoyo (61%). La RAM más grave fue la neutropenia, que requirió la suspensión temporal, y la menos grave las náuseas. Hubo una muerte relacionada con la evolución de la enfermedad y, tal vez, el tratamiento pudo haber contribuido. Al final, se realizaron intervenciones para cada caso y se validó el formulario de consulta farmacéutica a pacientes oncológicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Patients , Drug Therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Palliative Care , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Carboplatin/adverse effects , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Diabetes Mellitus , Drug Interactions , Hypertension , Nausea/drug therapy , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neutropenia/drug therapy
8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 550-555, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985907

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of decitabine combined with low dose chemotherapy (LDC) in the treatment of high-risk, refractory and relapsed pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methods: Clinical data of 19 AML children treated with decitabine combined with LDC in the Department of Hematology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University from April 2017 to November 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The therapeutic response, adverse effects and survival status were analyzed,and the outcomes of patients were followed up. Results: Among 19 AML cases, there were 10 males and 9 females. Five cases were high-risk AML, 7 cases were refractory AML, and 7 cases were relapsed AML. After one course of decitabine+LDC treatment, 15 cases achieved complete remission, 3 cases got partial remission, and only 1 case didn't get remission. All patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as consolidation therapy. The follow-up time of all cases was 46 (37, 58) months, 14 children had survived. The cumulative three-year overall survival rate was (79±9) %, events free survival rates was (68±11) %, and recurrence free survival rate was (81±10) %. The most common adverse effects related to the induction treatment were cytopenia (19 cases) and infection (16 cases).There were no treatment-related death during the therapy. Conclusion: Decitabine combined with LDC is a safe and effective option for high-risk, refractory and relapsed AML children, which provides an opportunity for HSCT.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , Decitabine , Retrospective Studies , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
9.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244855, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422402

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi refletir sobre os efeitos da não adesão ao tratamento para a equipe de saúde e sobre as ações/reações da equipe que podem causar a não adesão ao tratamento. A amostra foi composta por 10 profissionais de saúde. O instrumento de coleta de dados foi uma entrevista semiestruturada. O material coletado foi submetido à análise temática, e discussão foi baseada na psicanálise. Como resultado, verificou-se que os profissionais relacionaram a não adesão às carências percebidas nos pacientes. Também foi identificada a presença de um ciclo de encaminhamentos, o qual, por vezes, significava uma tentativa de eliminar um incômodo (a não adesão), mas, em contrapartida, o causava. Verificou-se também a presença de confusão entre cuidado e controle, produzindo relações permeadas por desconfiança, verificação e correção. Percebeu-se, ainda, relação entre não adesão e frustração, seja porque o tratamento é insuficiente para evitar o sofrimento do paciente, seja pelo desconforto advindo da não cooperação do paciente. Ao final, como efeitos para a equipe, evidenciou-se a presença de profissionais envolvidos por um discurso de frustração, desvalorização e impotência. Como efeitos da equipe, verificou-se que profissionais também podem produzir aquilo de que se queixam, pelos lugares subjetivos que delineiam e cristalizam. A partir disso, problematiza-se o sentido que a não adesão pode assumir, e é importante considerá-la como um sinal que pode revelar os percalços (e as possíveis resoluções) do contrato relacional entre paciente e equipe.(AU)


The objective of this study was to reflect about the effects of non-adherence to the treatment for the health team and about the actions/reactions of the team that may can cause the non-adherence to the treatment. The sample consisted of 10 health professionals. The data collection instrument was a semi-structured interview. The material collected was submitted to thematic analysis, and the discussion was based on psychoanalysis. As a result, it was verified that the professionals related non-adherence to needs perceived on patients. The presence of a referral cycle was also identified, which, sometimes, meant an attempt to eliminate a nuisance (the non-adherence) but, instead, caused it. It was also verified the presence of confusion between care and control, producing relations permeated by distrust, verification, and correction. The link between non-adherence and frustration was also observed, either due to the treatment being insufficient to avoid the suffering of the patient; or by the discomfort from the non-cooperation of the patient. At the end, as effects for the team, professionals involved by a discourse of frustration, devaluation, and impotence were evidenced. As effects of the team, it has been found that professionals can also produce what they complain about, by the subjective places that were delineate and crystallize. Thus, we problematize the meaning non-adherence may assume, and considering it a signal that can reveal the mishaps (and possible resolutions) of the relational contract between patient and team is important.(AU)


El objetivo de este estudio fue reflexionar sobre los efectos de la no adherencia al tratamiento para el equipo de salud y sobre las acciones/reacciones del equipo que pueden causar la no adherencia al tratamiento. La muestra estuvo conformada por diez profesionales de la salud. El instrumento de recolección de datos fue una entrevista semiestructurada. El material recolectado fue sometido a análisis temático, y se utilizó el psicoanálisis para discutir el material. El resultado constató que los profesionales entendieron la no adherencia como una carencia/necesidad de los pacientes. También se identificó la presencia de un ciclo de derivación, que a veces significó un intento de eliminar una molestia (falta de adherencia), pero que puede generar el problema. También se verificó la presencia de confusión entre cuidado y control, produciendo relaciones permeadas de desconfianza, verificación y corrección. También se observó el vínculo entre la no adherencia y la frustración, ya sea porque el tratamiento es insuficiente para evitar el sufrimiento del paciente o por la incomodidad que produce la falta de cooperación del paciente. Al final, como efectos para el equipo, se evidenciaron profesionales envueltos por la frustración, la devaluación y la impotencia. Como efectos del equipo, se constató que los profesionales también pueden producir lo que quejan desde los lugares subjetivos que fueron delineados y cristalizados. Así se discute el sentido que puede asumir la no adherencia, y es importante considerarla como señal de los percances (y posibles resoluciones) del contrato relacional entre paciente y equipo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Care Team , Health Personnel , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Orientation , Pain , Pathology , Patients , Pharmacology , Poverty , Psychoanalysis , Psychology , Psychotherapy , Social Isolation , Behavior , Burnout, Professional , Family , Nursing , Physical Therapy Modalities , Domestic Violence , Disease Progression , Life , Cultural Deprivation , Death , Defense Mechanisms , Diabetes Mellitus , Diagnosis , Diet , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Economics , Education , Nutritional Sciences , Medication Adherence , Sadness , Respect , Psychosocial Intervention , Hospitalization , Anemia, Sickle Cell , Life Style , Negativism , Obesity
11.
Physis (Rio J.) ; 33: e33009, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431069

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Analisar os conceitos relacionados à Segurança do Paciente e ao Erro expressos nos documentos oficiais brasileiros, sob a perspectiva do pensamento complexo. Método Pesquisa documental nos sites: Diário Oficial da União, Ministério da Saúde e Segurança do Paciente da Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária. Utilizou-se os descritores Segurança do Paciente e Erro Médico no período de 1999 até 2020. Os excertos foram tratados seguindo a técnica de Análise de Conteúdo desenvolvida em três etapas: pré-análise; exploração do material; e tratamento dos resultados. Resultados Do total de 498 documentos, foram selecionados nove e originaram as categorias: Significado de segurança do paciente e Conceitos relacionados ao significado de erro. Considerações Finais Segurança do paciente remete a proteção, minimização de riscos e prevenção de danos, melhorias contínuas, boas práticas e qualidade da assistência. Erro refere-se a incidente, evento adverso e danos. Faz-se necessário reconhecer e compreender o erro como um evento inerente aos serviços de saúde para ser possível preveni-lo. Assim, a racionalidade nos protege do erro e da ilusão, possibilita o avanço do pensamento, aceita a autocrítica, a contestação de argumentos, amplia a compreensão e o desenvolvimento do conhecimento


Abstract Objective To analyze the concepts related to Patient Safety and Error expressed in Brazilian official documents, from the perspective of complex thinking. Method Documentary research on the websites of the Federal Official Gazette, Ministry of Health, and Patient Safety of the Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency. The descriptors Patient Safety and Medical Error were used in the period from 1999 to 2020. The excerpts were treated following the Content Analysis technique, developed in three stages: pre-analysis; exploration of the material; and treatment of results. Results Of the total of 498 documents, nine were selected and originated the categories: Meaning of patient safety and Concepts related to the meaning of error. Final considerations Patient safety refers to protection, risk minimization and harm prevention, continuous improvements, good practices, and quality of care. An error refers to an incident, adverse event, and harm. To prevent an error, it is necessary to recognize and understand it as an event inherent to health services. Thus, rationality protects us from error and illusion, allows thought advancement, accepts self-criticism and argument contestation, expands understanding and development of knowledge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medical Errors , Delivery of Health Care , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Patient Safety , Government Publications as Topic , Health Policy , Quality of Health Care , Brazil , Health Personnel , Humanization of Assistance
12.
Clin. biomed. res ; 43(1): 30-38, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435608

ABSTRACT

Introdução:O presente estudo considerou conciliações medicamentosas realizadas na admissão hospitalar de pacientes transplantados renais e intervenções farmacêuticas decorrentes desse processo.Métodos:Trata-se de um estudo transversal realizado no período de julho de 2018 a julho de 2019 no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre. Foram coletadas as características dos pacientes, as conciliações medicamentosas realizadas pelo farmacêutico clínico, as discrepâncias identificadas pelo mesmo (intencionais e não intencionais) e o resultado das intervenções. Os medicamentos foram classificados de acordo com a Anatomic Therapeutic Chemical (ATC).Resultados:Dos 719 pacientes acompanhados pelo farmacêutico clínico, 175 tiveram a conciliação medicamentosa de admissão realizada, desses, 56 apresentaram discrepâncias não intencionais. Encontramos a média de 2,2 medicamentos omissos por prescrição com desvio padrão de 1,3 medicamentos. No total, foram realizadas 122 intervenções farmacêuticas, sendo que em 61,5% houve adesão por parte da equipe médica. A classe terapêutica com maior ocorrência (43,4%) de discrepâncias não intencionais foi a que atuava sobre o aparelho cardiovascular. As variáveis observadas foram sexo, número de medicamentos nas intervenções (ambas com associação significativa com a adesão médica), idade, tempo de internação, número de medicamentos na internação e número de medicamentos de uso prévio (estas últimas sem associação significativa com a adesão médica). Conclusões:A conciliação medicamentosa previne possíveis erros de medicação, uma vez que a identificação das discrepâncias não intencionais na prescrição médica gera sinalizações que são levadas pelo farmacêutico clínico à equipe assistente, a fim garantir o uso seguro e correto dos medicamentos durante a internação hospitalar.


Introduction:This study considered medication reconciliations performed on hospital admission of kidney transplant patients and pharmaceutical interventions resulting from this process.Methods:This is a cross-sectional study carried out from July 2018 to July 2019 at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre. The characteristics of the patients, the medication reconciliations performed by the clinical pharmacist, the discrepancies identified by the same (intentional and unintentional) and the result of the interventions were collected. The drugs were classified according to the Anatomic Therapeutic Chemical (ATC). Results:Of the 719 patients monitored by the clinical pharmacist, 175 had medication reconciliation on admission performed, of which 56 had unintentional discrepancies. We found an average of 2.2 missing medications per prescription with a standard deviation of 1.3 medications. In total, 122 pharmaceutical interventions were performed, and in 61.5% there was adherence by the medical team. The therapeutic class with the highest occurrence (43.4%) of unintentional discrepancies was that which acted on the cardiovascular system. The variables observed were gender, number of medications in interventions (both with a significant association with medical adherence), age, length of stay, number of medications in hospitalization and number of medications previously used (the latter without a significant association with medical adherence).Conclusions:Medication reconciliation prevents possible medication errors, since the identification of unintentional discrepancies in the medical prescription generates signals that are taken by the clinical pharmacist to the assistant team, in order to guarantee the safe and correct use of medications during hospitalization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pharmaceutical Services/statistics & numerical data , Drug Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Medication Reconciliation/statistics & numerical data , Clinical Pharmacy Information Systems/supply & distribution , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
13.
Rev. cienc. cuidad. (En línea) ; 21(1): 62-73, 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1524968

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente estudio fue adaptar culturalmente y desarrollar la versión colombiana del test Adverse Childhood Experiences y explorar sus propiedades psicométricas. Metodología: participaron cinco jueces expertos para validar el contenido de la versión adaptada y 100 estudiantes universitarios para realizar la confiabilidad y validez del constructo. Resultados: El instrumento Adverse Childhood Experiences versión Colombia es autoaplicable de 16 ítems y mide cuatro factores o Subsescalas: violencia sociopolítica y desastres naturales, abusos, desafíos domésticos, y negligencia física y emocional. Esta versión mostro una muy buena validez de contenido (k=0,83-1,00), una consistencia interna fuerte y perfecta (0,95) y una validez de constructo que muestra un contenido discriminante importante de las cuatro Subsescalas o factores con el 57% de la varianza. Conclusiones: el Adverse Childhood Experiences versión colombiana es confiable para medir experiencias traumáticas en la infancia y eventos traumáticos por violencia sociopolítica y desastres naturales en población universitaria colombiana.


Objective: The objective of the present study was to culturally adapt and develop the colombi-an version of the Adverse Childhood Experiences test and explore its psychometric properties. Methodology: five expert judges participated to validate the content of the adapted version and 100 university students to perform the reliability and validity of the construct. Results: The Adverse Childhood Experiences instrument, colombia version, is self-applied with 16 items and measures four factors or Subscales: sociopolitical violence and natural disasters, abuse, domestic challenges, and physical and emotional neglect. This version showed a very good content validity (k = 0.83-1.00), a strong and perfect internal consistency (0.95) and a construct validity that shows an important discriminant content of the four subscales or factors with 57% of the variance. Conclusions: The Adverse Childhood Experiences Colombian version is reli-able to measure traumatic experiences in childhood and traumatic events due to socio-political violence and natural disasters in Colombian university population


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi adaptar culturalmente e desenvolver a versão colombiana do teste Adverse Childhood Experiences e explorar suas propriedades psicométricas. Metodolo-gia: participaram cinco juízes especialistas para validar o conteúdo da versão adaptada e 100 uni-versitários para realizar a confiabilidade e validade do construto. Resultados: A versão colombi-ana do instrumento Adverse Childhood Experiences é autoaplicável com 16 itens e mede quatro fatores ou subescalas: violência sociopolítica e desastres naturais, abuso, desafios domésticos e negligência física e emocional. Esta versão apresentou uma validade de conteúdo muito boa (k=0,83-1,00), uma consistência interna forte e perfeita (0,95) e uma validade de construto que mostra um conteúdo discriminante importante das quatro subescalas ou fatores com 57% da variância. Conclusões: a versão colombiana das Experiências Adversas da Infância é confiável para medir experiências traumáticas na infância e eventos traumáticos devido à violência socio-política e desastres naturais na população universitária colombiana


Subject(s)
Poverty , Psychometrics , Violence , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
14.
Clin. biomed. res ; 43(2): 116-135, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1517476

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Immunosuppressants (ISS) are the most crucial tools used in the therapeutic regimens of transplant recipients. Nevertheless, these drugs are not the only ones adopted by patients; therefore, knowing the possible drug-drug interactions (DDIs) between immunosuppressants and other drugs commonly used in kidney transplant recipients is essential to ensure the effectiveness and safety of treatments. In this way, the objective is analyzing the DDIs between the immunosuppressants and other commonly used medications on kidney transplant adult recipients with active medical records undergoing post-transplant follow-up for 4.4 years (mean). Methods: First, we performed a cross-sectional study based on patients' records, in which the patient's profile and drugs used were examined, and after we analyzed DDIs by the Micromedex Drug Interactions® database. Results: We analyzed 176 patients with a mean age of 47.6(± 12.5); most were male (67.7%), and the majority received a kidney from a deceased donor (81.4%). Patients were exposed to 15.0 (± 5.4) different medicines after the transplantation, and 7.4 (± 4.0) of these medicines were simultaneous. After analyzing the DDIs according to the severity of interaction, documentation quality interaction effect, clinical management and probable interaction mechanism, the most frequent interaction was with tacrolimus, classified as moderate, and the 3 major causes of interaction occurred with azathioprine according to the Micromedex database. The primary medicines involved with immunosuppressant interactions were proton pump inhibitors, ranitidine, domperidone, amlodipine, enalapril, allopurinol, cyclobenzaprine, amitriptyline, fluoxetine, and ciprofloxacin. These DDIs' effects were related to, mainly, increase their immunosuppressant activity. Conclusion: Although the immunosuppressants analyzed lacked many clinical DDIs significance with other medicines, the healthcare team needs to monitor their DDIs' effects to prevent and minimize side effects in transplanted recipients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Kidney Transplantation , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/epidemiology , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Drug Monitoring/methods , Immunosuppressive Agents/pharmacokinetics
15.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21441, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513809

ABSTRACT

Abstract The goal of this study is to identify the global trigger tool trackers used to place the adverse drug events presented in children that use psychotropic drugs accompanied by Child-adolescent Psychosocial Care Centers. This is a descriptive study carried out with the secondary data of 112 child care records that began in January 2017 in two Child-adolescent Psychosocial Care Centers. A median of medicine per child was 1.71 and among the most used we were to risperidone 100%, followed by valproic acid and periciazine with 16% each. A total of 42 adverse drug events were found in 36 medical records, being agitation 29.7% and agressive 16.2%, being the most frequent, and in 45.2% of infants presenting only one event. 50 were trackers detected in 83.3%, two records that identified adverse drug events. In 38.8% were found only one tracker, the most found ones were: combination of psychotropic medicines 32%, abrupt reduction of medicine dose 22% and abrupt cessation of medicine 12%. Finally, the present study showed that the global trigger tool evidenced adverse drug events by means of the detection of trackers in children and that it had to offer interventions to improve the quality of psychiatric therapy within two community services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Psychotropic Drugs/agonists , Child , Child Care/standards , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/complications , Psychiatric Rehabilitation/classification , Mental Health Services/classification
16.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1530751

ABSTRACT

Objectif : Décrire la prise en charge anesthésiologique de l'anévrisme cérébral au Mali. Patients et Méthodes : étude descriptive à recueil historique de 8 ans (Novembre 2012 à Octobre 2020) au CHU « Hôpital du Mali ¼ des patients opérés pour anévrisme cérébral avec un dossier médical complet. La saisie et l'analyse ont été effectuées par SSPS version 25. Résultats : Durant la période d'étude, 32 patients répondaient à nos critères soit une prévalence de 2,1%. L'âge moyen était de 45,2 ± 12,5 ans. Le ratio femme-homme était de 2,55. Les patients résidaient à Bamako dans 71,9 %. L'HTA était l'antécédent médical le plus fréquent. Les patients étaient de grade I de WFNS dans 87,5%. La classe ASA II représentait 84,4%. Une prémédication a été faite dans 96,9%. Une anesthésie générale a été faite chez tous les patients. Une antibioprophylaxie a été faite chez tous les patients. La perte sanguine moyenne était de 737,3 ± 460,5 ml. Une transfusion per opératoire a été prescrite dans 46,8%. L'évènement indésirable per opératoire était cardiovasculaire dans 96,9 %. La durée moyenne de la chirurgie était de 267,1±77,1 minute. Celle de l'anesthésie était de 427,9 minutes. En réanimation, une complication a été observée dans 34,4%. La mortalité était de 25%. La durée moyenne de séjour était de 6,3 jours. Conclusion: Au Mali la prise en charge de l'anévrysme cérébral est en progrès malgré une mortalité encore élevée.


Objective: To Describe the anesthesiological management of cerebral aneurysm in Mali. Patients and Methods: This was an observational study, descriptive with historical collection of 8 years (November 2012 to October 2020) at the department of the university hospital "Hôpital du Mali" concerning 32 patients operated for cerebral aneurysm with a complete medical file. Input and analysis were performed by SSPS version 25. Results: During the study period, 32 patients met our criteria, a prevalence of 2.1%. The median age was 45.2 ± 12.5 years. The female-to-male ratio was 2.55. Patients resided in Bamako in 71.9%. High blood pressure was the most common medical history. Patients were grade I WFNS in 87.5o_ièvg%. ASA class II accounted for 84.4%. Premedication was done in 96.9%. General anesthesia was applied to all patients. Antibiotic prophylaxis was given to all patients. The average blood loss was 737.3 ± 460.5 ml. An intraoperative transfusion was prescribed in 46.8%. The intraoperative adverse event was cardiovascular in 96.9%. The average duration of surgery was 267.1±77.1 minutes. That of anesthesia was 427.9 minutes. In intensive care, a complication was observed in 34.4%. Mortality was 25%. The average length of stay was 6.3 days. Conclusion: In Mali, the management of cerebral aneurysm is progressing despite still high mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patients , Intracranial Aneurysm , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Hospitals , Disease Management
17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 659-663, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986188

ABSTRACT

Statins are a kind of prescription drug that is widely used to treat hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease, and other atherosclerotic diseases. A common side effect of statin use is a mild rise in liver aminotransferases, which occurs in less than 3% of patients. Statin-related liver injury is most commonly caused by atorvastatin and simvastatin, but severe liver injury is uncommon. Therefore, understanding and evaluating hepatotoxicity and weighing the benefits and risks is of great significance to better realize the protective effect of statins.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Atorvastatin/adverse effects , Simvastatin/adverse effects , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/drug therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/drug therapy
18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 653-658, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986187

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) risk prediction, diagnosis establishment, clinical management, and all other aspects are facing great challenges. Although the current understanding of its pathogenesis is still incomplete, research over the past 20 years has shown that genetic susceptibility may play an important role in the occurrence and development of DILI. In recent years, pharmacogenomics studies have further revealed the association between human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes, some non-HLA genes, and hepatotoxicity from certain drugs. However, due to the lack of well-designed, prospective, large-sample cohort validation and low positive predictive values, there may still be some way to go before the current results can be truly translated into clinical practice for precise prediction and prevention of DILI risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/genetics , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Liver
19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 440-444, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986149

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is one of the most common adverse drug reactions that may seriously threaten the health of children and is receiving increasing clinical attention day by day. There is still no independent diagnosis and treatment guideline for DILI in children, but its clinical features are not completely similar to those in adults. This article reviews the epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment progress in order to provide a reference for the management of DILI in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Liver/pathology , Risk Factors
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 45-52, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970075

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Managing acute postoperative pain is challenging for anesthesiologists, surgeons, and patients, leading to adverse events despite making significant progress. Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) is a recommended solution, where oxycodone has depicted unique advantages in recent years. However, controversy still exists in clinical practice and this study aimed to compare two drugs in PCIA.@*METHODS@#We performed a literature search in PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, and VIP databases up to December 2020 to select specific randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the efficacy of oxycodone with sufentanil in PCIA. The analgesic effect was the primary outcome and the secondary outcome included PCIA consumption, the Ramsay sedation scale, patients' satisfaction and side effects.@*RESULTS@#Fifteen RCTs were included in the meta-analysis. Compared with sufentanil, oxycodone showed lower Numerical Rating Scale scores (mean difference [MD] = -0.71, 95% confidence interval [CI]: -1.01 to -0.41; P < 0.001; I2 = 93%), demonstrated better relief from visceral pain (MD = -1.22, 95% CI: -1.58 to -0.85; P < 0.001; I2 = 90%), promoted a deeper sedative level as confirmed by the Ramsay Score (MD = 0.77, 95% CI: 0.35-1.19; P < 0.001; I2 = 97%), and resulted in fewer side effects (odds ratio [OR] = 0.46, 95% CI: 0.35-0.60; P < 0.001; I2 = 11%). There was no statistical difference in the degree of patients' satisfaction (OR = 1.13, 95% CI: 0.88-1.44; P = 0.33; I2 = 72%) and drug consumption (MD = -5.55, 95% CI: -14.18 to 3.08; P = 0.21; I2 = 93%).@*CONCLUSION@#Oxycodone improves postoperative analgesia and causes fewer adverse effects, and could be recommended for PCIA, especially after abdominal surgeries.@*REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO; https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/; CRD42021229973.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxycodone/therapeutic use , Sufentanil/therapeutic use , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled
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