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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(3): 315-323, may. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343489

ABSTRACT

To investigate effectsof Yangyinyiqi Mixture on pulmonary fibrosis caused by bleomycin. SD ratswere divided randomly into: model group(distilled water,1 mL·0.1 kg-1), dexamethasone acetate group (dexamethasone acetate, the dosage was reduced gradually), low-dose group (Yangyinyiqi Mixture, 11 g·kg-1), moderate-dose group (Yangyinyiqi Mixture, 22 g·kg-1), high-dose group (Yangyinyiqi Mixture, 44 g·kg-1) and control group (distilled water, 1 mL·0.1 kg-1). Yangyinyiqi Mixture and dexamethasone acetate were intragastrically administrated. Lung tissue was collected for histopathological examination. Compared with control group, collagen markedly increased and HYP content significantly increased on 7th day in model group (p<0.01). On 28th day, collagen was diffusely deposited, alveolar was destroyed, and HYP content significantly increased (p<0.01). Compared with model group, bleomycin-induced suffering injury caused MMP-9 expression levels to rapidly increase (7and 14 days, p<0.01). TIMP-1 markedly increased (7and 14 days, p<0.01) and stayed at a high level to28th day. Yangyinyiqi Mixture exerted an effect against pulmonary fibrosis, which could involved prevention of collagen deposition through inhibitingMMP-9 and TIMP-1 expression.


El trabajo investiga los efectos de la mezcla Yangyinyiqi sobre la fibrosis pulmonary causada por bleomicina. Ratas SD se dividieron aleatoriamente en: grupo modelo (agua destilada, 1 mL·0.1 kg-1), grupo acetate de dexametasona (acetate de dexametasona, la dosis se redujo gradualmente), grupo de dosis baja (mezcla Yangyinyiqi, 11 g·kg-1), grupo de dosis moderada (mezcla Yangyinyiqi, 22 g·kg-1), grupo de dosis alta (mezcla Yangyinyiqi, 44 g·kg-1) y grupo control (agua destilada, 1 Ml·0.1 kg-1). La mezcla de Yangyinyiqi y el acetate de dexametasona se administraron por vía intragástrica. Se recolectó tejido pulmonary para examen histopatológico. En comparación con el grupo control, el colágeno aumentó notablemente y el contenido de HYP aumentó significativamente el séptimo día en el grupo modelo (p<0.01). El día 28, el colágeno se depositó difusamente, se produjo destrucción alveolar y el contenido de HYP aumento significativamente (p<0.01). En comparación con el grupo modelo, la lesión inducida por bleomicina causó que los niveles de expression de MMP-9 aumentaron rápidamente (7 y 14 días, p<0.01). TIMP-1 aumentó notablemente (7 y 14 días, p<0.01) y se mantuvo en un nivel alto hasta el día 28. La mezcla Yangyinyiqi ejerció un efecto contra la fibrosis pulmonary, lo que podría implicar la prevención del deposito de colágenio mediante la inhibición de la expression de MMP-9 y TIMP-1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/administration & dosage , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Bleomycin , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Blotting, Western , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Disease Models, Animal , Hydroxyproline/analysis
2.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(8): 549-556, Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792409

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To develop a chemotherapeutics induced phlebitis and explore the effects of Xianchen on the phlebitis treatment. METHODS: Forty-eight rabbits were divided into two series. Phlebitis model induced by vincristine was established at each series. The first series had 24 rabbits, which were divided into four groups (6 hours, 12 hours, 18 hours, 24 hours) after vincristine infusion. The grades of phlebitis through visual observation and histopathological examination were observed. The second series had also 24 rabbits. Interventions were performed 12 hours after vincristine infusion. These rabbits were randomly divided into four groups, according to treatment: Hirudoid (bid), Xianchen (daily), Xianchen (tid), Xianchen (five times a day). Four days after intervention, the venous injury through visual observation and histopathological examination were evaluated. RESULTS: Series 1: Phlebitis appeared 12 hours after infusion of vincristine through visual observation. There was a significant difference (p<0.05) between 6 hours and 24 hours, 6 hours and 18 hours through visual observation. However, the inflammation happened 6 hours after infusion, the loss of venous endothelial cells demonstrated differences among four groups through histopathological evaluation (p<0.05). There were significant differences (p<0.05) after 4 days among the intervention groups through visual observation, the effects of Xianchen group (five times a day) were better than Xianchen group (tid) (p<0.01). The treatment of edema demonstrated differences among groups through histopathological evaluation (p<0.05), Xianchen (five times a day) better relieved the degree of edema (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The study showed that inflammatory reaction of phlebitis appeared early. Xianchen can treat vincristine induced phlebitis, as well as Hirudoid. It is particularly effective in the treatment of edema, and there is a remarkable dose-response relationship.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Phlebitis/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/administration & dosage , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Edema/drug therapy , Phytotherapy/methods , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Phlebitis/chemically induced , Phlebitis/prevention & control , Vincristine , Infusions, Intravenous , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods
3.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 110(1): 23-47, 03/02/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741609

ABSTRACT

In the Americas, areas with a high risk of malaria transmission are mainly located in the Amazon Forest, which extends across nine countries. One keystone step to understanding the Plasmodium life cycle in Anopheles species from the Amazon Region is to obtain experimentally infected mosquito vectors. Several attempts to colonise Ano- pheles species have been conducted, but with only short-lived success or no success at all. In this review, we review the literature on malaria transmission from the perspective of its Amazon vectors. Currently, it is possible to develop experimental Plasmodium vivax infection of the colonised and field-captured vectors in laboratories located close to Amazonian endemic areas. We are also reviewing studies related to the immune response to P. vivax infection of Anopheles aquasalis, a coastal mosquito species. Finally, we discuss the importance of the modulation of Plasmodium infection by the vector microbiota and also consider the anopheline genomes. The establishment of experimental mosquito infections with Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium yoelii and Plasmodium berghei parasites that could provide interesting models for studying malaria in the Amazonian scenario is important. Understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in the development of the parasites in New World vectors is crucial in order to better determine the interaction process and vectorial competence.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Amoxicillin/administration & dosage , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/administration & dosage , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Omeprazole/analogs & derivatives , Peptic Ulcer/drug therapy , Anti-Ulcer Agents/administration & dosage , Clarithromycin/administration & dosage , Double-Blind Method , Drug Therapy, Combination , Follow-Up Studies , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Lansoprazole , Omeprazole/administration & dosage , Prospective Studies , Peptic Ulcer/microbiology , Peptic Ulcer/pathology , Recurrence , Wound Healing/drug effects
4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 819-824, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77280

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the additive effect of the Hedera helix (HH) and Rhizoma coptidis (RC) extracts mixture on antitussive and expectorant activities in animals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expectorant assay was performed with phenol red secretion in mice trachea. Mice or guinea pigs were randomly divided into groups of 8 each, including negative and positive control groups. After gastric administration of the test extracts in mice, 2.5% phenol red solution (0.2 mL) was intraperitoneally injected. Trachea was dissected and optical density of tracheal secretion was measured. After gastric administration of the test extracts in guinea pigs, the antitussive activities were assessed using a citric acid-induced cough measurement. RESULTS: The extracts of HH and RC significantly increased tracheal secretion and inhibited cough. The mixture of HH and RC extracts in a 1:1 concentration at a dose of 200 mg/kg showed a more potent effect on phenol red secretion (25.25+/-3.14) and cough inhibition (61.25+/-5.36) than the individual use of each extracts [phenol red secretion; HH 13.39+/-4.22 (p=0.000), RC 20.78+/-2.50 (p=0.010), cough inhibition; HH 9.89+/-4.14 (p=0.010), RC 30.25+/-7.69 (p=0.000)]. A 3:1 ratio mixture of HH to RC demonstrated an optimal expectorant effect (p<0.001), and this mixture showed expectorant and antitussive effects in a dose-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence for antitussive and expectorant effect of a 3:1 mixture of HH and RC, which may be a useful therapeutic option for respiratory diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antitussive Agents/administration & dosage , Behavior, Addictive , Cough/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/administration & dosage , Ethanol , Expectorants/administration & dosage , Guinea Pigs , Hedera/chemistry , Male , Mice , Phytotherapy , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Roots/chemistry , Trachea/drug effects
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98916

ABSTRACT

Magnesium lithospermate B (MLB) is one of the major active components of Salvia miltiorrhizae. The anti-oxidative effects of Salvia miltiorrhizae have been previously reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of purified MLB on hepatic fibrosis in rats and on the fibrogenic responses in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Hepatic fibrosis was induced in rats by intraperitoneal thioacetamide (TAA) injections over a period of 8 or 12 weeks. MLB was orally administered daily by gavage tube. Serum AST and ALT levels in TAA + MLB group were significantly lower than those in TAA only group at week 8. Hepatic fibrosis was significantly attenuated in TAA + MLB group than in TAA only group at week 8 or 12. Activation of HSCs was also decreased in TAA + MLB group as compared to TAA only group. Hepatic mRNA expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), TGF-beta1, and collagen alpha1(I) was significantly decreased in TAA + MLB group as compared to TAA only group. Incubation with HSCs and MLB (> or =100 microM) for up to 48 h showed no cytotoxicity. MLB suppressed PDGF-induced HSC proliferation. MLB inhibited NF-kappaB transcriptional activation and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) production in HSCs. MLB strongly suppressed H2O2-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in HSCs, and MLB inhibited type I collagen secretion in HSCs. We concluded that MLB has potent antifibrotic effect in TAA-treated cirrhotic rats, and inhibits fibrogenic responses in HSCs. These data suggest that MLB has potential as a novel therapy for hepatic fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Actins/genetics , Animals , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Collagen Type I/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/administration & dosage , Fibrosis/prevention & control , Hepatic Stellate Cells/drug effects , Liver/drug effects , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental/chemically induced , Male , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Salvia miltiorrhiza/immunology , Thioacetamide/administration & dosage , Transcriptional Activation/drug effects
6.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 496-499, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-79501

ABSTRACT

Ischemic colitis is a condition that usually occurs in the elderly, as a form of vascular disease. However, ischemic colitis also occurs, though rarely, in healthy young adults. Moreover, food supplements containing Ephedra sinica or ma huang have been linked to adverse central nervous and cardiovascular events. A 40-year-old man was admitted to our emergency department after 2 episodes of abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea that lasted 24 hours. His medical history was unremarkable for risk factors of bowel ischemia, except for well-controlled hypertension. However, a weight-loss supplement, Ephedra sinica, had been prescribed for daily use during the previous month. Both abdominal/pelvic computed tomography and colonoscopy revealed findings compatible with ischemic colitis. His conditions spontaneously improved without any serious complications, and he was advised to discontinue the use of herbal medications containing ephedrine. In this paper, we describe a case of ischemic colitis that was potentially linked to the use of ma huang with a review of the relevant literature.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain/etiology , Adult , Colitis, Ischemic/diagnosis , Diarrhea/etiology , Dietary Supplements , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/administration & dosage , Ephedra sinica/chemistry , Humans , Male
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640988

ABSTRACT

The safety of Chuangyuling (CYL) dressing-a multifunctional medicine carrying biomaterial was evaluated in order to provide foundation for the application of CYL as material used in the wound healing. The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) extract solution was compounded with scaffolds (gelatin and Bletilla hyacinthine gum), and then frozen and dried to form spongy and porous material CYL. According to the standard of biological evaluation of medical devices that was instituted by the ministry of health of China, the biological evaluation of CYL dressing was conducted. The results showed that all the contents of biological evaluation test consisting of acute toxicity, skin irritation, sensitization and cytotoxicity met the requirement of standards. It was concluded that the biomaterial carrying TCM (CYL dressing) is safe for application of wound healing.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/administration & dosage , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/toxicity , Gelatin , Occlusive Dressings , Phytotherapy , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Wound Healing/drug effects
9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 91-95, 1997.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-49480

ABSTRACT

SS-cream is a topical agent for treating premature ejaculation (PE) which is made with extracts from 9 natural products. We evaluated the efficacy of SS-cream in the treatment of PE. An open pilot study was performed in 186 patients with PE. The mean ejaculatory latency from intromission to ejaculation was 1.5 minutes. Sixty-four of the 186 patients (34.4%) were combined with mild erectile dysfunction in whom penile rigidity was not sufficient to be satisfied in sexual activity. Patients were instructed to apply 0.1 gm. of SS-cream on the glans penis 1 hour before sexual contact and to wash out the cream before sexual intromission. Patients were asked to complete a report form including ejaculatory latency, the degree of satisfaction in the sexual lives of both themselves and their partners, and any adverse effects after each application. One hundred and sixty-six out of 186 patients (89.2%) reported they were satisfied with the application of the SS-cream and the mean ejaculatory latency was significantly prolonged to 10.89 +/- 5.60 minutes. The mean ejaculatory latency was 9.85 +/- 3.58 minutes in 52 out of 64 patients (81.2%) with mild erectile dysfunction. There was no significant difference in the changes of ejaculatory latencies between patients with pure PE and patients with mild erectile dysfunction. Twenty patients (10.8%) claimed to have no changes of ejaculatory latencies after the application of SS-cream. Adverse effects were noted in 11 patients (5.9%), which were mild local irritation symptoms in 7 patients, and delayed ejaculation of more than 30 minutes in 4 patients, the symptoms subsided spontaneously within 4 hours. These results indicate SS-cream is effective in the treatment of PE and also PE combined with mild erectile dysfunction with a few side effects. Further studies on the action mechanisms of SS-cream and a double blind placebo-controlled trial are needed.


Subject(s)
Administration, Topical , Adult , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/administration & dosage , Ejaculation/drug effects , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Penile Erection/drug effects
10.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-43289

ABSTRACT

A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of the efficacy of topical formulation of Clinacanthus nutans (Bi Phaya Yaw) extract was carried out in 51 patients with varicella-zoster virus infection. The study medication was applied five times daily for 7-14 days until the lesions were healed. The number of patients with lesion crusting within 3 days and with lesion healing within 7 days and 10 days were significantly greater in the C. nutans extract-treated group than the placebo group (p < 0.01). Pain scores were reduced more rapidly in the C. nutans extract-treated group than in the placebo group. There were no side effects of the study medication.


Subject(s)
Administration, Topical , Adolescent , Adult , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/administration & dosage , Female , Herpes Zoster/drug therapy , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain Measurement , Treatment Outcome
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