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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1943-1950, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981414

ABSTRACT

This work aimed to investigate the differences of pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of four alkaloids in Ermiao Pills and Sanmiao Pills in normal and arthritic model rats. The rat model of arthritis was established by injecting Freund's complete adjuvant, and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) in the positive ion multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) mode was used for the determination of four alkaloids in plasma and tissues of normal and arthritic rats after administration of Ermiao Pills and Sanmiao Pills, respectively. The differences in pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of the four active components were compared, and the effect of Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix on the major components of Sanmiao Pills was explored. This study established an UPLC-MS/MS for simultaneous determination of four alkaloids, and the specificity, linearity, accuracy, precision, and stability of this method all met the requirements. Pharmacokinetics study found that as compared with normal rats, the AUC and C_(max) of phellodendrine, magnoflorine, berberine and palmatine in model rats were significantly decreased after administration of Ermiao Pills, the clearance rate CL/F was significantly increased, and the distribution and tissue/plasma concentration ratio of the four alkaloids in the liver, kidney, and joint were significantly reduced. Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix increased the AUC of phellodendrine, berberine, and palmatine, reduced the clearance rate, and significantly increased the distribution of the four alkaloids in the liver, kidney, and joints in arthritic rats. However, it had no significant effect on the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of the four alkaloids in normal rats. These results suggest that Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix may play a guiding role in meridian through increasing the tissue distribution of effective components in Sanmiao Pills under arthritis states.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Berberine/pharmacokinetics , Tissue Distribution , Chromatography, Liquid , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Alkaloids/pharmacokinetics , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Arthritis
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 215-223, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927928

ABSTRACT

An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UHPLC-MS/MS) method was established to investigate the pharmacokinetic behaviors of psoralenoside, isopsoralenoside, calycosin-7-glucoside, ononin, psoralen, isopsoralen, methylnissolin, and neobavaisoflavone in rat plasma after oral administration of Bufei Huoxue Capsules. After SD rats were administered with Bufei Huoxue Capsules suspension by gavage, blood samples were collected from the inner canthus at different time points. After protein precipitation, plasma samples were separated on ACQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm). The mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile(A) and water(B) containing 0.1% formic acid in gradient elution. The positive and negative ions were measured simultaneously in the multi-reaction monitoring(MRM) mode. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated and fitted by DAS 3.2.8. Psoralenoside, isopsoralenoside, calycosin-7-glucoside, ononin, psoralen, isopsoralen, methylnissolin, and neobavaisoflavone were detected in the rat plasma after drug administration, with AUC_(0-t) of(3 357±1 348),(3 555±1 696),(3.03±0.88),(2.21±0.33),(1 787±522),(2 295±539),(5.69±1.41) and(3.40±0.75) μg·L~(-1)·h, and T_(max) of(1.56±0.62),(1.40±0.70),(0.21±0.05),(0.25±0.12),(0.26±0.11),(0.34±0.29),(0.74±0.59), and 0.25 h. The method is proved specific and repeatable and is suitable for the determination of psoralenoside, isopsoralenoside, calycosin-7-glucoside, ononin, pso-ralen, isopsoralen, methylnissolin, and neobavaisoflavone in the rat plasma, which can be applied to pharmacokinetic study.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Capsules , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods
3.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 305-320, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881073

ABSTRACT

Qing-Fei-Pai-Du decoction (QFPDD) is a Chinese medicine compound formula recommended for combating corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China. The latest clinical study showed that early treatment with QFPDD was associated with favorable outcomes for patient recovery, viral shedding, hospital stay, and course of the disease. However, the effective constituents of QFPDD remain unclear. In this study, an UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS based method was developed to identify the chemical constituents in QFPDD and the absorbed prototypes as well as the metabolites in mice serum and tissues following oral administration of QFPDD. A total of 405 chemicals, including 40 kinds of alkaloids, 162 kinds of flavonoids, 44 kinds of organic acids, 71 kinds of triterpene saponins and 88 kinds of other compounds in the water extract of QFPDD were tentatively identified via comparison with the retention times and MS/MS spectra of the standards or refereed by literature. With the help of the standards and in vitro metabolites, 195 chemical components (including 104 prototypes and 91 metabolites) were identified in mice serum after oral administration of QFPDD. In addition, 165, 177, 112, 120, 44, 53 constituents were identified in the lung, liver, heart, kidney, brain, and spleen of QFPDD-treated mice, respectively. These findings provided key information and guidance for further investigation on the pharmacologically active substances and clinical applications of QFPDD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Administration, Oral , Alkaloids/analysis , COVID-19 , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Flavonoids/analysis , SARS-CoV-2 , Saponins/analysis , Triterpenes/analysis
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6530-6541, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921813

ABSTRACT

To reveal the rationality of compatibility of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma(SMRR) and Puerariae Lobatae Radix(PLR) from the perspective of pharmacokinetics, this study established a UPLC-MS/MS method for quantitative determination of PLR flavonoids(3'-hydroxy puerarin, puerarin, puerarin 6″-O-xyloside, 3'-methoxy puerarin, puerarin apioside) and salvianolic acids and tanshinones(salvianolic acid B, cryptotanshinone, and tanshinone Ⅱ_A) in plasma of rats. Rats were given SMRR extract, PLR extract, and SMRR-PLR extract by gavage and then plasma was collected at different time. UPLC separation was performed under the following conditions: Eclipse C_(18) column(2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.8 μm), 0.1% formic acid in water(A)-0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile(B) as mobile phase for gradient elution. Conditions for MS are as below: multiple reaction monitoring(MRM), ESI~(+/-). Comprehensive validation of the UPLC-MS/MS method(specifically, from the aspects of calibration curve, precision, accuracy, repeatability, stability, matrix effect, extract recovery) was performed and the result demonstrated that it complied with quantitative analysis requirements for biological samples. Compared with SMRR extract alone or PLR extract alone, SMRR-PLR extract significantly increased the AUC and C_(max) of PLR flavonoids and tanshinones in rat plasma, suggesting that the combination of SMRR and PLR promoted the absorption of the above components. The underlying mechanism needs to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Plant Roots/chemistry , Pueraria/chemistry , Rhizome/chemistry , Salvia miltiorrhiza/chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5372-5381, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921684

ABSTRACT

Due to the limited resource of bear bile powder, the major raw material of Tanreqing Capsules(TRQ), cultured bear bile powder is used as a replacement to develop the Tanreqing Capsules Substitute(TRQS). An LC-MS/MS method was established in this study for simultaneous quantitation of 8 compounds from TRQS in rat plasma: tauroursodeoxycholic acid(TUDCA), taurocheno-deoxycholic acid(TCDCA), ursodeoxycholic acid(UDCA), chenodeoxycholic acid(CDCA), ferulic acid, wogonoside, baicalin, and forsythoside A. Thereby, the pharmacokinetic behaviors of TRQ and TRQS were evaluated. Concentration of endogenous compounds TUDCA, TCDCA, UDCA, and CDCA was determined with the stable isotope surrogate analytes: D4-TUDCA, D4-TCDCA, D4-UDCA, and D4-CDCA. Plasma samples were extracted by acetonitrile-induced protein precipitation. The LC conditions are as follows: Waters BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm), mobile phase of 10 mmol·L~(-1) ammonium formate aqueous solution(containing 0.01% formic acid) and acetonitrile-methanol mixture(1∶5). MS conditions are as below: multiple reaction monitoring(MRM), ESI~(+/-). Concentration of UDCA, CDCA, TUDCA, and TCDCA was corrected with a response factor, which is the ratio between the responses recorded for the surrogate and the authentic analyte at the equal concentration. Each of the plasma components showed good linearity(r > 0.995 1). Accuracy and precision met the criteria(inter-day RSD<7.0%, RE 89.98%-112.0%; intra-day RSD<12%, RE 90.41%-111.2%). The recovery was 64.83%-119.9% and matrix effect was 87.15%-113.8%. The validated method was applied for pharmacokinetic study of TRQS and TRQ(po, 0.94 g·kg~(-1)). There was no significant difference in C_(max) and AUC_(0-24 h) of baicalin, UDCA, TUDCA, and TCDCA between the two groups, indicating similar pharmacokinetic behaviors between TRQS and TRQ in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Capsules , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1440-1451, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008590

ABSTRACT

The differences of transitional components and metabolic processes of Huatan Jiangqi Capsules(HTJQ) in rats under normal physiological and pathological conditions of COPD were analyzed by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. The rat COPD model was established by passive smoking and intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide. After the normal and COPD model rats were douched with HTJQ, the blood was collected from hepatic portal vein and the drug-containing serum samples were prepared by methanol precipitation of protein. Then, 10 batches of drug-containing serum samples of HTJQ were prepared and analyzed by UPLC serum fingerprint to evaluate the quality and stability of drug-containing serum samples. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to collect the mass spectrometric information of the transitional components. Twenty-eight transitional components of HTJQ in normal rats and 25 transitional components of HTJQ in COPD model rats were identified by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. Under pathological and physiological conditions, there were not only the same transitional components in rat serum, but also corresponding differences. Further studies showed that there were also differences in the metabolic process of transitional components between the two conditions. In normal rats, most of the metabolic types of transitional components were phase I reactions. In COPD model rats, phase Ⅰ reactions decreased and phase Ⅱ reactions increased correspondingly. With UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technology, the differences of transitional components and the metabolism process of HTJQ in rats under normal physiological and pathological conditions were analyzed. The results showed that types of transitional components and the activity of some metabolic enzymes would be changed in COPD pathological state, which would affect the metabolic process of bioactive components in vivo. It laid a foundation for further elucidating the metabolic process and pharmacodynamic substance basis of HTJQ.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Capsules , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Mass Spectrometry , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Serum/chemistry
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 179-187, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008454

ABSTRACT

This study is to study the absorption properties of different particle size of Gastrodiae Rhizoma powder in rats. In vivo circulation pass perfusion model combined with ultra high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) method was used to determine the cumulative absorption of each component in different particle size of Gastrodiae Rhizoma powder, and the effect of different particle size, different concentrations, different intestine segments and bile on the intestine absorption of gastrodin and other compositions in Gastrodiae Rhizoma powder was investigated to illuminate the absorption properties and compare the absorption difference of gastrodin and other compositions in Gastrodiae Rhizoma powder in different particle size. The results showed that the absorption of gastrodin in each intestinal segment has no significant difference, pointing out that gastrodin may be passive absorption and the absorption of barrison glycosides may be active absorption; the absorption of gastrodin in ultrafine powder was better than that of common powder and superfine powder of Gastrodiae Rhizoma; the absorption of these barrison glycosides was good in ultrafine powder of Gastrodiae Rhizoma under the high concentration. However, an appropriate degree of superfine grinding can promote the absorption of active ingredients of Gastrodiae Rhizoma. This test can provide information for the deep development of Gastrodiae Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Gastrodia , Intestinal Absorption , Particle Size , Powders , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 169-178, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008453

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to compare the difference in intestinal absorption of the components of Gegen Qinlian Decoction between normal rats and those with large intestinal damp-heat syndrome in the pathological state, in order to explore the rational application of Gegen Qinlian Decoction in the treatment of large intestinal damp-heat syndrome. Puerarin, daidzin, liquiritin, scutellarin, baicalin, wogonoside, coptisine, jatrorrhizine, berberine and palmatine were used as the detection indexes in the in vitro everted gut sacs absorption experiment. The cumulative absorption amount(Q/μg) and the absorption rate(K_a) of each component in each intestine segment were calculated and compared. It was found that the absorption of each component in different intestinal segments were linear absorption, with R~2 greater than 0.9, which conformed to the zero-order absorption rate. There were differences between normal rats and model rats in the absorption of the components in Gegen Qinlian Decoction with the same concentration. Intestinal absorption of most components of Gegen Qinlian Decoction in the model of large intestinal damp-heat syndrome increased to some extent. The components of Gegen Qinlian Decoction with the concentration of 200 g·L~(-1) had the highest absorption in the jejunum of the model rats, and the absorption in the ileum, duodenum and colon successively decreased except daidzin and baicalin. In terms of the absorption rate constant, the absorption in the duodenum and jejunum were significantly increased(P<0.01) compared with normal rats, and the absorption in the ileum was significantly decreased(P<0.01) compared with normal rats. In addition, the absorption of puerarin, daidzin, glycyrrhizin, coptisine and berberine increased selectivity in the colon. Therefore, pathological model animals were recommended in the study of the components relating to absorption effect, in order to really lay a research foundation for the symptomatic treatment of large intestinal damp-heat syndrome.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Intestinal Absorption , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5143-5150, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008377

ABSTRACT

The fried method with suet oil,which can strengthen the effect of Epimedium in warming kidney and enhancing Yang,has been widely used in the processing of Epimedium in traditional Chinese medicine. Based on the formation mechanism of Epimedium flavonoids self-assembled micelles in vivo,the synergistic mechanism of processing excipient suet oil was investigated in this paper from the perspective of pharmaceutics. Baohuoside Ⅰ,as representative component of processed Epimedium,was selected as model drug.Average size and zeta potential were measured and the morphology of micelles was observed under transmission electron microscopy. Caco-2 monolayer cell model,rat intestinal perfusion model and in vivo serum drug concentration method were established to investigate the effect of suet oil on the formation and absorption of the baohuosideⅠ bile salt self-assembled micelles. Baohuoside Ⅰ can form selfassembled micelles under the action of sodium deoxycholate. While,adding suet oil into the baohuoside Ⅰ-bile salt micelles( BSDOC) can make it form a more stable system with a smaller average size,higher Zeta potential,lower polydispersity index( PDI) value,significantly improved encapsulation efficiency and drug loading,indicating that suet oil could significantly improve the micelle formation in vivo. In addition,the permeability coefficient of baohuoside Ⅰ in Caco-2 monolayer cells and the four intestinal organs( duodenum,jejunum,ileum and colon) was increased and the oral bioavailability was also improved after adding the suet oil to BS-DOC.All the results demonstrated that the suet oil can promote the formation and absorption of baohuoside Ⅰ self-assembled micelles,so as to enhance its synergistic effects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Caco-2 Cells , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Epimedium/chemistry , Excipients/chemistry , Flavonoids/pharmacokinetics , Intestinal Absorption , Micelles , Oils/chemistry
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4454-4459, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008213

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the pharmacodynamic effect of Siwu Decoction in treating blood deficiency in mice under multidimensional pharmacodynamic indexes by factor analysis. The mouse blood deficiency model was established with cyclophosphamide combined with acetophenone; and mouse organ index,white blood cells,red blood cell,hemoglobin,platelet counts in whole blood,serum granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor,macrophagecolony-stimulating factor,promotion erythropoietin,interleukin-3 and interleukin-6 were used as indicators to characterize the blood-enriching effect of Siwu Decoction; the pharmacodynamic effect of Siwu Decoction on blood deficiency model was evaluated comprehensively by factor analysis. Four common factors were extracted from 14 pharmacodynamics indexes through the factor analysis,namely blood phase factor,viscera index,hematopoietic regulatory factor 1-spleen index and hematopoietic regulatory factor 2-viscera index. The cumulative contribution rate of variance reached 86. 581%. The comprehensive score of factor analysis showed that Siwu Decoction had the best effect on blood replenishment,and it is significant compared with the model group( P<0. 01). The effect of alcohol precipitation of Siwu Decoction was slightly decreased. The study showed that Siwu Decoction has the best blood-enriching effect,followed by water decoction and traditional decoction. Alcohol precipitation had the worst effect. Factor analysis can be used for the comprehensive evaluation of blood deficiency mice model,and is a suitable evaluation method for animal model for multi-dimensional multistage complex data analysis. It provides a new model to evaluate the efficacy of multidimensional data in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Factor Analysis, Statistical
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4947-4952, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008186

ABSTRACT

An UPLC-MS/MS method simultaneously determining contents of quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucose-7-O-β-D-gentiobioside and sinapic acid in rats' plasma was firstly established and applied to study the effects of processing on pharmacokinetics of Descurainiae Semen's active constituents. Complantatoside A as internal standard,methanol used for protein precipitation,the method was validated according to the instructions of CFDA. Rats' plasma was collected after being oral administrated equal dosage of 60% ethanal extract of raw or processed Descurainiae Semen at different point of time,then the concentrations were determined to calculate pharmacokinetic parameters using DAS 3. 2. 6. And the parameters were analyzed using SPSS 23. 0,meantime the concentration-time curve was drawn.The results showed that processing had no effects on the pharmacokinetics of QGG,but could improve the absorption of sinapic acid and slow down the excretion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4932-4939, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008184

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed to establish a method for the determination of baicalin,baicalin and purpurin in the plasma of rats after oral administration of Pudilan Xiaoyan Oral Liquid( PDL) by using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry( LC-MS),analyze the pharmacokinetics of three components in rats,and investigate the effects of PDL on drug-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver. C18 column was used for liquid chromatography separation,with acetonitrile-water( containing 0. 2% formic acid) as the mobile phase for gradient elution. The mass spectrometry was detected by electrospray ion source( ESI) under multi-reaction monitoring mode( MRM),as well as positive and negative ion alternating mode. Plasma sample collection was performed by using an automatic blood collection meter for small animals. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by Win Nonlin software. The total protein concentration of rat liver microsomes and the total enzyme content of CYP450 were determined by BCA method and spectrophotometry respectively. The methodological study in terms of linear range,recovery rate,precision and sample stability,was used to confirm that the LC-MS analysis method established in this experiment was simple,exclusive,accurate and reliable,and can meet the requirement of determining the content of baicalin,oroxindin and corynoline in plasma after PDL administration in rats. The drug-time curve showed that baicalin and oroxindin had a bimodal phenomenon,and the pharmacokinetic parameters indicated that baicalin,oroxindin and corynoline in PDL had certain drug-like properties. After 7 consecutive days of PDL administration,the rat liver coefficient,total liver microparticle protein and CYP450 enzyme content were increased,but there was no significant difference,indicating that PDL was less likely to develop drug-drug interaction based on CYP enzyme. The results of this experiment can provide reference for the research on in vivo efficacy and drug interaction of PDL as well as on its clinical application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Administration, Oral , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Liver , Reproducibility of Results , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
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