Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878985

ABSTRACT

Two phloroglucinol compounds(1-2) were isolated and purified from 95% ethanol extract of Dryopteris fragrans through various column chromatographies on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, medium pressure column chromatography, and preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated as 2',4',6'-trihydroxy-5'-methyl acetate-3'-methyl-1'-butyrophenone(1) and aspidinol B(2) based on their chemical and physicochemical methods and spectroscopic data. Compound 1 is a new phloroglucinol compound named "dryofraginol".


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Dryopteris , Ethanol , Phloroglucinol , Plant Extracts
2.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 55: e18107, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039037

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the acute and sub-chronic toxicities of ethanol leaf extract of Dryopteris filix-mas. Acute toxicity and phytochemical tests on ethanol leaf extract were determined. In sub-chronic toxicity test, animals were treated with 62.5, 125, 250 and 500 mg/kg of extract every day for 90 days. Blood samples were collected via retro-orbital puncture for baseline studies and at 31, 61 and 91st days for determination of hematological, kidney and liver function parameters. Liver and kidneys were harvested for histopathology analyses on 91st day. Also, a 28 day recovery study was carried out to determine reversibility in toxicological effects. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of tannins, phenols, flavonoids, saponins, steroids, alkaloids, terpenoids, reducing sugar and cardiac glycosides. Acute toxicity test did not show toxicity or death at 5000 mg/kg. There was significant (p<0.005) reduction in white blood cell and lymphocyte counts, significant (p<0.05) increase in some liver and kidney biomarkers as well as alterations in liver and kidney histo-architecture on 91st days in animals that were treated with 250 and 500 mg/kg extract. However, toxicities observed on 91st day were reversible in recovery studies. The leaf extract of Dryopteris filix-mas may be hepatotoxic and nephrotoxic when used for long periods


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rats , Plant Extracts/analysis , Acute Toxicity/adverse effects , Dryopteris/toxicity , Toxicity Tests, Subchronic/instrumentation , Ethanol/toxicity
3.
Rev. biol. trop ; 56(3): 1101-1107, sep. 2008. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-637850

ABSTRACT

The morphology of a Glomus-like fungus-host interaction in chlorophyllous gametophytes and young apogamic sporophytes of Dryopteris muenchii A.R. Sm. was studied from ferns cultivated in laboratory, using soil as substrate. An aseptate fungus colonized the gametophytes’ tissue through the rhizoids, developing vesicles. The fungus penetrated the young sporophytes primary roots by developing appressoria. It spread forming inter- and intra-cellular hyphae through the epidermis and the outermost cortical cell layers, where it formed vesicles, hyphal coils-like and arbuscules. The fungus hyphae never colonized the gametophyte-sporophyte cellular junction. The fungal structures observed on D. muenchii during this study, are rather similar to those reported for the plant host-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) interaction, where the AMF described belonged to Phylum Glomeromycota. Therefore, this study is a contribution to the scarce knowledgement of the association between AMF and chlorophyllous gametophytes and young apogamic sporophytes of ferns. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (3): 1101-1107. Epub 2008 September 30.


Se describe la morfología de un hongo endófito afín al género Glomus, como colonizador de gametofitos clorofílicos y de esporofitos apogámicos jóvenes del helecho Dryopteris muenchii A.R. Sm.; el estudio se llevó a cabo con helechos cultivados en el laboratorio y utilizando tierra como substrato. El tejido del gametofito fue colonizado, a través de los rizoides, por un hongo miceliar aseptado, el cual formó vesículas. El hongo logró penetrar las raíces primarias de los esporofitos jóvenes desarrollando apresorios. El hongo se dispersó formando hifas inter- e intra-celulares a través de la epidermis y de la capa de células corticales más externas, donde produjo vesículas, estructuras similares a ovillos y arbúsculos. Las hifas del hongo nunca colonizaron las células de la unión entre el gametofito y el esporofito. Las estructuras observadas durante este estudio en D. muenchii, son muy similares a las de la interacción planta hospedera-hongo micorrícico arbuscular (HMA), en donde el HMA descrito corresponde al Phylum Glomeromycota. Por lo anterior, este estudio es una contribución al escaso conocimiento que se tiene sobre la asociación entre los HMA y gametofitos clorofílicos y esporofitos apogámicos de helechos jóvenes.


Subject(s)
Dryopteris/microbiology , Glomeromycota/physiology , Mycorrhizae/physiology , Spores, Fungal/cytology , Glomeromycota/growth & development , Mexico
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 867-871, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268563

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to look for the chemical constituents from the rhizomes of Dryopteris sublaeta. The fresh plant was extracted twice with boiling water, the extract was concentrated to small volume under reduced pressure at 50 degrees C. The concentrated material was partitioned with ether, ethyl acetate and n-butanol. The fraction of ethyl acetate was repeatedly chromatographied over silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 columns. Structures of pure compounds were established on the basis of their physiochemical and spectral data. Nine compounds were obtained and identified as sublaetentin A (1), sublaetentin B (2), sublaetentin C (3), sublaetentin D (4), matteuorienate A (5), matteuorienate C (6), arbutin (7), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl-1-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (8) and 3,4-dimethoxyphenyl-1-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (9). Compounds 1 - 4 are new compounds, the others were isolated from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Arbutin , Chemistry , Dryopteris , Chemistry , Flavanones , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Glucosides , Chemistry , Glycosides , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry
5.
Rev. biol. trop ; 54(4): 1157-1169, dic. 2006. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-492166

ABSTRACT

Rhizome and foliar anatomy of the Mexican Dryopteris Adans. species were studied and compared with other Dryopteridaceae and other fern families to identify anatomical features with diagnostic value. The anatomy of rhizome, stipe, and blade is similar in species of the Dryopteris patula complex. The cells with un-lignified, thickened wall, with cap or U-shape around the meristeles belong to the collenchyma, in contrast with other fern families. Dryopteris wallichiana (Spreng.) Hyl. is anatomically distinguished from the other studied species by having more layers of sclerenchyma and meristeles on the stipe, and by the lack of sclereid nests on the rhizome. Dryopteris rossii C. Chr. and D. maxonii Underw. & C. Chr. are characterized by the presence of crystals on the periphery of rhizome nests. D. maxonni and D. wallichiana lack blade glands.


Se estudió la anatomía del rizoma y hoja de especies mexicanas de Dryopteris Adans. y se comparó con la información disponible para Dryopteridaceae y otras familias de helechos en busca de caracteres anatómicos con valor diagnóstico. La anatomía de rizoma, pecíolo y lámina es similar en las especies del complejo Dryopteris patula. Las células con pared engrosada, no lignificada y en forma de casquete o de “U” presentes alrededor de las meristelas corresponden a colénquima, a diferencia de lo informado para otras familias de helechos. Dryopteriswallichiana (Spreng.) Hyl. se distingue anatómicamente de las otras especies estudiadas por presentar un mayor número de capas de esclerénquima y de meristelas en el pecíolo, además de carecer de nidos de esclereidas en el rizoma. Dryopteris rossii y D. maxonii se caracterizan por la presencia de cristales en la periferia de los nidos en el rizoma. Las glándulas en la lámina están ausentes en D. maxonii y D. wallichiana.


Subject(s)
Dryopteris/anatomy & histology , Plant Leaves/anatomy & histology , Rhizome/anatomy & histology , Dryopteris/classification , Mexico
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1131-1134, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253517

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To study the chemical constituents of Dryopteris sublaeta Ching et Hsu.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fresh plant of Dryopteris sublaeta ching et hsu was extracted twice with boiling water, concentrated to small volume under reduced pressure at 50 degrees C. The concentrated material was partitioned with ether, ethyl acetate, and n-butanol. The fraction of ethyl acetate extract was chromatographed over macroporous adsorption resin (Diaion HP-20) eluted with a mixture of H2O and MeOH in increasing MeOH content. Their fractions from resin were repeatedly chromatographed over Toyopearl HW-40, Sephadex LH-20 and silica gel column chromatography. The compounds were identified on the basis of their physiochemical and spectral data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Four compounds were obtained and identified as 3,5-dihydroxy-stilbene-3-O-neohesperidoside (1), 3,5-dihydroxy-stilbene-3-O-beta-D-glucoside (2), polydotin peceid (3) and 3,5,4'-trihydroxy-bibenzyl-3-O-beta-D-glucoside (4).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compound 1 is a new compound, the others were isolated from Dryopteris for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Dryopteris , Chemistry , Glycosides , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Stilbenes , Chemistry
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 443-446, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353438

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To study the chemical constituents of Dryopteris sublaeta Ching et Hsu.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fresh plant of Dryopteris sublaeta Ching et Hsu was extracted twice with boiling water, the extract was concentrated to small volume under reduced pressure at 50 degrees C. The concentrated material was partitioned with ether, ethyl acetate, and n-butanol. The fraction of ether extract was chromatographed over silica gel column. The compounds were identified on the basis of their physiochemical and spectral data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Four compounds were obtained and identified as 2 (S)-5, 7, 3'-trihydroxy-6, 8-dimethyl-5'-methoxyflavanone (1), matteucinol (2), desmethoxymatteucinol (3) and 5, 7, 2'-trihydroxy-6, 8-dimethylflavanone (4).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compound 1 is a new one, the others were isolated from Dryopteris for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromones , Chemistry , Dryopteris , Chemistry , Flavanones , Chemistry , Molecular Conformation , Molecular Structure , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358109

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the behavioral changes and the levels of monoamine neurotransmitters in the anterior cortex in the olfactory bulb damage rats after being treated with Guanyu capsules (GYC).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Open-field test and step-down passive avoidance test were used to observe the behavior in model rats. HPLC-ECD was used to analyze the influences of GYC on the levels of monoamine neurotransmitters.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>In the model rats, there was a characteristic hyperactivity in the Open-field and learning deficits in step-down passive avoidance (P < 0.01). The contents of 5-HT reduced, and the rate of DOPAC/DA increased significantly (P < 0.01). GYC 1.2, 0.6 g x kg(-1) could correct behavioral changes increase the contents of 5-HT, and decrease DOPAC/DA level (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GYC can correct behavioral changes in rats model of olfactory bulb damage, and regulating 5-HT and DA metabolism in cortex is one of the antidepressive mechanisms of GYC.</p>


Subject(s)
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid , Metabolism , Animals , Behavior, Animal , Biogenic Monoamines , Metabolism , Cerebral Cortex , Metabolism , Curcuma , Chemistry , Depression , Metabolism , Dopamine , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Dryopteris , Chemistry , Male , Olfactory Bulb , Pathology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Serotonin , Metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL