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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 142-145, 20211217. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357601

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El divertículo duodenal intraluminal, también conocido como windsock diverticulum, es una causa rara de dolor abdominal intermitente y plenitud postpandrial, que puede complicarse con obstrucción, sangrado, pancreatitis o colangitis. Suele cursar de forma asintomática y ante la aparición de síntomas el tratamiento de elección es quirúrgico. Caso clínico. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 24 años, sin antecedentes de interés, que es estudiada por dolor abdominal y plenitud postpandrial, que resulta finalmente en una obstrucción intestinal alta. Tras estudio exhaustivo y necesidad de una cirugía previa, es diagnosticada de un divertículo duodenal intraluminal. Conclusión. La paciente se trató mediante cirugía con resolución exitosa del cuadro de obstrucción intestinal.


Introduction: Intraluminal duodenal diverticulum, also known as a windsock diverticulum, is a rare cause of intermittent abdominal pain and postprandial fullness, which can be complicated by obstruction, bleeding, pancreatitis, or cholangitis. It is usually asymptomatic and when symptoms appear, the treatment of choice is surgical. Clinical case: We present the case of a 24-year-old woman with no relevant history who is studied for abdominal pain and postprandial fullness, presented with an upper intestinal obstruction. After an exhaustive study and the need for a previous surgery, she was diagnosed with an intraluminal duodenal diverticulum.Conclusion: The patient was treated by surgery with successful resolution of the intestinal obstruction


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Duodenal Diseases , Diverticulum , Duodenal Obstruction , Duodenum , Intestinal Obstruction
2.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(6): 560-567, 01-dic-2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357659

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el sangrado gastrointestinal de origen oscuro es una entidad poco frecuente y se reserva a los casos en los que ya se ha realizado exploración del intestino delgado (endoscópica/radiológica) sin encontrar la causa. Actualmente el estándar de oro es la videocápsula, que se ha descrito como una técnica segura, útil y eficaz para el diagnóstico y tratamiento de las enfermedades del intestino delgado. Objetivo: describir variables demográficas, indicaciones, hallazgos, segmento explorado, tratamiento y tiempo de procedimiento quirúrgico de la enteroscopía transoperatoria en 15 pacientes con diagnóstico de sangrado de tubo digestivo de origen oscuro. Material y métodos: se incluyeron 15 pacientes adultos con el diagnóstico de sangrado de origen oscuro con panendoscopía y colonoscopía negativa a sangrado. A todos se les realizó laparotomía exploradora y enteroscopía transoperatoria con un gastroduodenoscopio. Resultados: se realizaron 15 enteroscopías transoperatorias con gastroduodenoscopio; 10 en mujeres y 5 en hombres, con promedio de edad de 67.2 años. Se exploró la tercera y cuarta porción del duodeno, yeyuno e íleon terminal. Los diagnósticos encontrados fueron enfermedad de Crohn en 1 paciente (6.66%), adenomas en 2 (13.3%), divertículo yeyunal en 6 (40%) y angiectasias en 6 casos (40%). La localización fue en yeyuno [12 casos (80%)] e íleon [3 casos (20%)]. Conclusiones: la enteroscopía intraoperatoria es una alternativa diagnóstica en el sangrado de origen oscuro cuando no se cuente con la enteroscopía doble balón o la videocápsula endoscópica.


Background: Bleeding of dark origin is a rare entity and it is reserved for cases in which exploration of the small intestine has already been performed (endoscopic / radiological) without finding the cause. Currently, the gold standard is the videocapsule which has been described as a safe, useful and effective technique for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the small intestine. Objective: The objective was to describe demographic variables, indications, findings, explored segment, treatment and time of the surgical procedure of the intraoperative enteroscopy in 15 patients with a diagnosis of gastrointestinal bleeding of dark origin. Material and methods: 15 adult patients with the diagnosis of bleeding of dark origin with panendoscopy and negative colonoscopy to bleeding were included. All of these underwent exploratory laparotomy and intraoperative enteroscopy with a gastroduodenoscope. Results: 15 intraoperative enteroscopies were performed with a gastroduodenoscope; 10 women and 5 men with an average age of 67.2 years. Third and fourth portions of the duodenum, jejunum, and terminal ileum were explored. The diagnoses found were Crohn's disease 1 (6.66%), Adenomas 2 (13.3%), jejunal diverticulum 6 (40%) and angiectasias in 6 cases (40%). The location was in jejunum, 12 cases (80%) and ileum, 3 cases (20%). Conclusions: Intraoperative enteroscopy is a diagnostic alternative in bleeding of dark origin when there is no double balloon enteroscopy or endoscopic video capsule.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Crohn Disease , Colonoscopy , Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal , Mexico , Adenoma , Diverticulum , Gastrointestinal Tract , Duodenum , Endoscopy , Hemorrhage , Intestine, Small , Jejunum , Laparotomy
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 495-507, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248938

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different temperatures on incubation variables, performance, and morphometry of the duodenal mucosa of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) submitted to chronic heat stress after hatching. We distributed 540 eggs in three incubators with a temperature of 37.8°C and 60% of humidity. From the 6th day of incubation until hatching, the temperatures were adjusted to (37.8°C, 38.5°C and 39.5°C). After hatching, quails were evaluated for the quality score, weighed, and distributed in a completely randomized design with three incubation temperatures (37.8, 38.5, and 39.5°C) and two ambient temperatures (stress and thermoneutral). At 10, 20, 30, and 40 days they were weighed to determine the live weight (g) and weight gain(g). To collect the duodenum and determine morphometric parameters, we euthanized four quails of each treatment. The data were analyzed, and the differences between the means determined by the Tukey test at 5%. The incubation temperature of 39.5°C provided lower hatching rate and the live weight at birth; however, from the 10th day of age, increased live weight, weight gain, and positively influenced the morphological parameters of the duodenal mucosa in situations of chronic stress.(AU)


Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos de diferentes temperaturas de incubação sobre as variáveis de incubação, desempenho e morfometria da mucosa duodenal de codornas japonesas (Coturnix coturnix japonica) submetidas ao estresse térmico crônico por calor após eclosão. Foram distribuídos 540 ovos em três incubadoras, com temperatura de 37,8°C e umidade 60%. A partir do sexto dia de incubação até a eclosão, as temperaturas foram ajustadas para 37,8°C, 38,5°C e 39,5°C. Após a eclosão, as codornas foram avaliadas quanto ao escore de qualidade, pesadas e distribuídas em um delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, com três temperaturas de incubação (37,8ºC, 38,5ºC e 39,5°C) e duas temperaturas ambientes (estresse e termoneutro). Aos 10, 20, 30 e 40 dias, foram pesadas para determinar o peso vivo (g) e o ganho de peso(g). Quatro codornas de cada tratamento foram eutanasiadas para coleta do duodeno, para determinar os parâmetros morfométricos. Os dados foram analisados e as diferenças entre as médias foram determinadas pelo teste de Tukey a 5%. A temperatura de incubação de 39,5°C proporcionou menor taxa de eclosão e menor peso vivo ao nascer, entretanto, a partir do 10° dia de idade, essa temperatura aumentou o peso vivo, o ganho de peso e influenciou positivamente os parâmetros morfológicos da mucosa duodenal em situações de estresse crônico.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Weight Gain , Heat-Shock Response/physiology , Coturnix/anatomy & histology , Duodenum/anatomy & histology , Duodenum/physiology , Incubators/veterinary
5.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 32(1): 11-13, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352356

ABSTRACT

Pseudomelanosis duodeni is a very rare appearance of the duodenal mucosa, characterized by the presence of a dark pigment (iron oxide) seen in the surface of the villi, evident by endoscopy. It can be associated with pathologies such as arterial hypertension, chronic heart failure, chronic kidney failure, gastrointestinal bleeding, and consumption of different drugs. We describe the case of a 68-year-old male patient, with chronic renal insufficiency, hemodialysis and intravenous iron treatment.


La Pseudomelanosis duodeni es una entidad muy poco frecuente de la mucosa duodenal que se caracteriza por la presencia de un pigmento oscuro de las vellosidades (oxido de hierro) que es evidente mediante endoscopía y puede estar asociado a patologías como hipertensión arterial, insuficiencia cardíaca crónica, insuficiencia renal crónica, hemorragia gastrointestinal y consumo de diferentes fármacos. Describimos el caso de un paciente masculino de 68 años, con antecedentes de insuficiencia renal crónica, en hemodiálisis y uso de hierro intravenoso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Duodenal Diseases/pathology , Duodenum/pathology , Melanosis/pathology , Duodenal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Duodenum/diagnostic imaging , Endoscopy/methods , Melanosis/diagnostic imaging
6.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(3): 317-324, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279745

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la pancreatitis aguda posduodenopancreatectomía cefálica inmediata es una complica ción cuya frecuencia puede llegar al 55% y condiciona la aparición de fístula pancreática. Objetivo: describir el manejo de 3 pacientes que presentaron pancreatitis aguda posduodenopancrea tectomía con complicaciones locales y realizar una revisión de la literatura. Material y métodos: se revisó una base de datos prospectiva de resecciones pancreáticas. Se identifi caron los pacientes con diagnóstico de pancreatitis aguda con lesiones locales posterior a la realización de duodenopancreatectomía. Se definió fístula pancreática de acuerdo con la clasificación del ISGPF y pancreatitis como la elevación de la amilasa o lipasa tres veces por encima del máximo valor sérico normal en asociación con dolor abdominal o confirmación radiológica. Resultados: entre 2008 y 2019 los autores realizaron 260 duodenopancreatectomías. Tres pacientes presentaron pancreatitis posoperatoria con complicaciones locales. Conclusiones: la pancreatitis aguda posoperatoria es una complicación de una frecuencia elevada. La mayoría de ellas se resuelven en forma espontánea. Pocos pacientes presentan complicaciones locales que pueden requerir tratamiento percutáneo o quirúrgico, predisponiendo al desarrollo de fístulas a veces de difícil manejo. No hay forma de prevenir la aparición de la fístula pancreática. El tratamiento de las complicaciones locales se realizará de acuerdo con su aparición y repercusión, pudiendo requerir desde la colocación de un drenaje percutáneo hasta la pancreatectomía total.


ABSTRACT Background: The incidence of acute pancreatitis immediately after cephalic pancreaticoduodenec tomy is up to 55% and is associated with the development of pancreatic fistula. Objective: The aim of this study is to report three cases of acute pancreatitis after pancreaticoduode nectomy with local complications with a review of the literature. Material and methods: The information about pancreatic resections was retrieved from a prospective database. Patients with diagnosis acute pancreatitis with local lesions immediately after pancreatico duodenectomy were identified. Pancreatic fistula was defined according to the International Study Group on Pancreatic Fistula (ISGPF) Definition and pancreatitis was defined as serum amylase or lipase >3x upper limit of normal associated with abdominal pain or imaging criteria. Results: A total of 260 pancreaticoduodenectomies were performed between 2008 and 2019. Three patients developed postoperative acute pancreatitis with local complications. Conclusions: Postoperative acute pancreatitis is a common complication that solves spontaneously in most cases. Few patients present local complications that may require percutaneous or surgical treatment, which may predispose to the development of fistulas that are sometimes difficult to mana ge. There is no way to prevent pancreatic fistulas. Local complications will be treated according to their occurrence and impact, and may require a variety of procedures, ranging from percutaneous drainage to total pancreatectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pancreatitis/surgery , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Laparoscopy , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/diagnosis , Duodenum , Endoscopy , Hemorrhage/complications
7.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 74-78, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098051

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The role of Helicobacter pylori infection on eosinophilic infiltration in duodenal mucosa is poorly studied. An increase in the number of eosinophils in duodenum has been associated with functional dyspepsia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of H. pylori infection on duodenal eosinophil count and the role of eosinophilic infiltrate of duodenum in functional dyspepsia. METHODS: Positive and negative H. pylori individuals were included. Both functional dyspeptic patients according to Rome III criteria (cases) and individuals without gastrointestinal symptoms (controls) were enrolled. They were submitted to upper endoscopy and H. pylori infection was verified by gastric histopathology and urease test. Eosinophils in the duodenal mucosa were counted in five high-power fields, randomly selected on slides of endoscopic biopsies. RESULTS: Thirty-nine H. pylori positive (mean age 40.5 and 69.2% women) and 24 negative patients (mean age 37.3 and 75% women) were included. The influence of the infection was observed in the duodenal eosinophil count, which was higher in infected individuals: median 13.2 vs 8.1 in non-infected individuals (P=0.005). When we analyzed patients according to symptoms, cases - mean age 39.6; 71.4% women - and controls - mean age 38.7; 71.4% women - had similar duodenal eosinophil count: median 11.9 and 12.6 respectively (P=0.19). CONCLUSIONS: We did not demonstrate association of duodenal eosinophil count with functional dyspepsia but found association with H. pylori infection.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O papel de infecção por Helicobacter pylori no infiltrado eosinofílico duodenal ainda é pouco compreendido. Um aumento no número de eosinófilos duodenais tem sido associado a dispepsia funcional. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a influência do H. pylori na contagem de eosinófilos duodenais e o papel do infiltrado eosinofílico duodenal na dispepsia funcional. MÉTODOS: Indivíduos H. pylori positivo e negativo foram incluídos. Ambos os grupos, compreendendo dispépticos funcionais pelos critérios de Roma III (casos) e indivíduos sem sintomas gastrointestinais (controles), foram submetidos à endoscopia digestiva alta para pesquisa de H. pylori, efetuada por histopatologia e teste de urease. Eosinófilos na mucosa duodenal foram contabilizados em cinco campos de maior aumento, selecionados randomicamente nas lâminas de biópsia endoscópicas. RESULTADOS: Trinta e nove indivíduos H. pylori positivo (média de idade 40,5 e 69,2% mulheres) e 24 H. pylori negativos (média de idade 37,3 e 75% mulheres) foram incluídos. A influência da infecção por H. pylori foi observada na contagem de eosinófilos, que foi maior nos positivos: mediana 13,2 vs 8,1 (P=0,005). Quando analisados pacientes de acordo com sintomas, os casos (média de idade 39,6 e 71,4% mulheres) e controles (média de idade 38,7 e 71,4% mulheres), apresentaram semelhante contagem de eosinófilos duodenais: mediana 11,9 e 12,6, respectivamente (P=0,19). CONCLUSÃO: Não demonstramos associação da contagem de eosinófilos duodenais com dispepsia duodenal, mas encontramos associação com infecção por H. pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Duodenum/pathology , Dyspepsia/microbiology , Eosinophilia/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Biopsy , Case-Control Studies , Gastroscopy , Duodenum/microbiology , Dyspepsia/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Middle Aged
8.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(1): e1497, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130502

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Thermogenic activity in the brown adipose tissue (BAT) of obese individuals is reduced, and this condition may be modified by bariatric surgery (BS). Aim: To characterize fat deposition in BAT from hypothalamic obese (HyO) rats submitted to duodenal-jejunal-bypass (DJB) surgery. Methods: For induction of hypothalamic obesity, newborn male Wistar rats were treated with subcutaneous injections of monosodium glutamate (MSG). The control (CTL) group received saline solution. At 90 days, the HyO rats were submitted to DJB or sham operation, generating the HyO-DJB and HyO-SHAM groups. At 270 days, the rats were euthanized, and the BAT was weighed and submitted to histological analysis. Results: Compared to BAT from CTL animals, the BAT from HyO-SHAM rats displayed increased weight, hypertrophy with greater lipid accumulation and a reduction in nucleus number. DJB effectively increased nucleus number and normalized lipid deposition in the BAT of HyO-SHAM rats, similar to that observed in CTL animals. Conclusion: DJB surgery avoided excessive lipid deposition in the BAT of hypothalamic obese rats, suggesting that this procedure could reactivate thermogenesis in BAT, and contribute to increase energy expenditure.


RESUMO Racional: A atividade termogênica no tecido adiposo marrom (TAM) de indivíduos obesos encontra-se reduzida, condição que pode ser modificada pela cirurgia bariátrica(CB). Objetivo: Verificar o efeito da derivação duodeno-jejunal (DDJ) sobre a morfologia do TAM de ratos com obesidade hipotalâmica. Métodos: Para indução da obesidade hipotalâmica (OHi), ratos Wistar neonatos receberam injeções subcutâneas de glutamato monossódico (MSG). O grupo controle (CTL) recebeu solução salina. Aos 90 dias, os ratos OHi foram submetidos à DDJ (grupo OHi-DDJ) ou a falsa operação (grupo OHi-FO). Aos 270 dias, eles foram eutanasiados e o TAM foi pesado e submetido à análise histológica. Resultados: Em comparação com os animais CTL, o TAM dos ratos OHi-FO apresentou aumento do peso, hipertrofia dos adipócitos com acúmulo de lipídios e redução do número de núcleos. A DDJ reduziu a deposição de gordura e o número de núcleos no TAM de ratos OHi-DDJ em comparação com os OHi-FO, com valores similares aqueles dos animais CTL. Conclusões: A DDJ foi capaz de evitar a deposição excessiva de lipídios no TAM de ratos com obesidade hipotalâmica, sugerindo que a cirurgia bariátrica poderia reativar a termogênese neste tecido adiposo, contribuindo para aumentar o gasto energético.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Adipose Tissue, Brown , Gastric Bypass , Blood Glucose , Adipose Tissue , Rats, Wistar , Duodenum , Lipids , Obesity
9.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eRC4641, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142873

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Vomiting episodes in newborns are extremely common and often attributed to gastroesophageal reflux. The symptoms of vomiting, however, may be caused by other complications. In this report, we present two cases of a 1-month-old male and a 2-month-old female, both presenting vomiting episodes that led to malnutrition. Some pediatricians often attribute the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux to newborns that are vomiting; however, there is a portion of the population that has other causes that lead to similar symptoms. The pediatrician should be alert to the clinical signs of weight loss, dehydration and malnutrition to investigate other causes of vomiting.


RESUMO Episódios de vômito em recém-nascidos são extremamente comuns e frequentemente atribuídos a refluxo gastresofágico. Os sintomas de vômito, no entanto, podem ser causados por outras complicações. Neste relato, apresentamos dois casos: um lactente masculino, com 1 mês de idade, e um feminino, com 2 meses, ambos apresentando episódios de vômitos que levaram à desnutrição. Alguns pediatras costumam atribuir o diagnóstico de refluxo gastresofágico a recém-nascidos que estão vomitando; mas parcela da população tem outras causas que levam a sintomas semelhantes. O pediatra deve estar atento aos sinais clínicos de perda de peso, desidratação e desnutrição, para investigar outras causas de vômitos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vomiting/etiology , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnostic imaging , Duodenum/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography , Diagnosis, Differential , Esophagus/diagnostic imaging
10.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1124133

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las lesiones subepiteliales (LSE) son hallazgos incidentales en las endoscopias. Algunas tienen potencial maligno. Objetivos: Valorar la prevalencia, características endoscópicas y manejo diagnóstico/terapéutico de LSE en video-gastroscopias (VGC). Materiales y métodos: Se incluyeron todas las VGC del periodo enero 2011-junio 2018. Los casos con datos faltantes fueron excluidos. Donde se identificó una LSE se consignó: indicación, edad, sexo, tamaño, ubicación e histología, hallazgos de la ultrasonografía endoscópica (USE), punción-aspiración con aguja fina (PAAF) y resección quirúrgica. Resultados: Se evidenciaron 54 LSE en 7.983 pacientes (0,7 %). 72 % eran mujeres y la indicación más común fue dispepsia (26 %). La localización más frecuente fue en el estómago (74 %). El tamaño medio fue de 16 mm (5-50 mm) y la mitad fueron menores a 10 mm. Siete presentaban mucosa ulcerada, 4 se ubicaban en el cuerpo gástrico y 86 % eran referidos por hemorragia digestiva/anemia. En 26 casos de 54 (48 %) se realizaron biopsias estándar y en 6 de los 54 (11 %) biopsias sobre biopsias, con rendimiento diagnóstico nulo. En un 11 % de ellos se realizó USE, todas mayores de 10 mm: 2 páncreas ectópicos, una lesión compatible con leiomioma, 2 lesiones de la muscular propia (leiomioma/GIST) y 1 compresión extrínseca. No se realizó ninguna PAAF. Todas las LSE fueron manejadas de forma conservadora. Conclusiones: Este es el primer estudio nacional sobre prevalencia de LSE del tracto gastrointestinal superior y resultó comparable al de otras series. El rendimiento diagnóstico de la biopsia fue nulo. En la mayoría de los casos las lesiones se manejaron según las recomendaciones de las guías internacionales.


Introduction: Subepithelial lesions (SELs) are incidental findings in endoscopy procedures. Most are benign, but some have malignant potential. Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence, endoscopic characteristics and diagnostic / therapeutic management of SELs in upper GI endoscopy. Materials and methods: All upper GI endoscopy from January 2011 to June 2018 were included. Cases with missing data were excluded. Indication, age, sex, size, location and histology, findings of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), fine needle aspiration (FNA) and surgical resection were recorded in patients with SELs. Results: There were 54 SELs in 7983 patients (0.7 %). 72 % were women, and the most frequent indication was dyspepsia (26 %). The most frequent location was stomach (74 %). The average size was 16 mm (5-50 mm), half were less than 10 mm. Seven had ulcerated mucosa, 4 were located in the gastric body and 86 % were referred for digestive hemorrhage/anemia. In 26 of 54 (48 %) standard biopsies and in 6 of 54 (11 %) bite-on-bite biopsy were performed, with no diagnostic yield. In 11 % of the cases EUS was performed, all of them larger than 10 mm: 2 ectopic pancreas, one lesion compatible with leiomyoma, 2 lesions of the muscularis propria (leiomyoma/GIST) and 1 extrinsic compression. No FNA was performed. All SELs were managed conservatively. Conclusions: This is the first national study of the prevalence of SELs in the upper gastrointestinal tract and was comparable to that of other series. Biopsy diagnostic yield was zero. In most cases, lesions were managed according to international guidelines.


Introdução: lesões subepiteliais (LSE) são achadas incidentais em endoscopias. A maioria são benignas, mas algumas têm potencial maligno. Objetivos: Avaliar a prevalência, características endoscópicas e manejo diagnóstico/terapêutico das LSE em vídeo-gastroscopias (VGC). Materiais e métodos: Foram incluídos todas VGC do período de janeiro de 2011 a junho de 2018. Foram excluídos os casos com dados ausentes. Quando uma LSE foi identificada, foram indagados: indicação, idade, sexo, tamanho, localização e histologia, achados da ultrassonografia endoscópica (USE), aspiração por agulha fina (PAAF) e ressecção cirúrgica. Resultados: 54 LSE foram evidenciadas em 7.983 pacientes (0,7 %). 72 % eram mulheres e a indicação mais freqüente foi dispepsia (26 %). A localização mais freqüente foi estômago (74 %). O tamanho médio era de 16 mm (5-50 mm), a metade era menor que 10 mm. Sete tinham mucosa ulcerada, quatro estavam localizadas no corpo gástrico e 86% foram referidos por sangramento/anemia gastrointestinal. Em 26 de 54 (48 %) foram realizadas biópsias padrão e em 6 de 54 (11 %) biópsias sobre biópsias, com um desempenho diagnóstico nulo. Em 11 %, foi realizado uma USE, todas maiores que 10 mm: 2 pâncreas ectópico , uma lesão compatível com leiomioma, 2 lesões musculares (leiomioma/GIST) e 1 compressão extrínseca. Não foi realizada nenhuma PAAF. Todas as LSE foram manejadas de forma conservadora. Conclusões: Este é o primeiro estudo nacional de prevalência de LSE no trato gastrointestinal superior e foi comparável ao de outras séries. O rendimento diagnóstico da biópsia foi nulo. Na maioria dos casos, as lesões foram tratadas de acordo com as recomendações das diretrizes internacionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Stomach/pathology , Duodenum/pathology , Esophagus/pathology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/epidemiology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal
12.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(2): 187-191, abr. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058254

ABSTRACT

La derivación biliopancreática con cruce duodenal (BPD-DS) es el procedimiento bariátrico que ha mostrado los mejores resultados en cuanto a pérdida de peso y resolución de comorbilidades. Sin embargo, su adopción ha sido lenta, principalmente debido a sus complicaciones nutricionales y dificultad técnica. Dado esto, algunos autores han propuesto variaciones de este procedimiento. Estas están basadas en disminuir las anastomosis a solo una, y realizarla con un asa tipo loop (sin derivación biliopancreática). Estos cambios podrían reproducir las ventajas del BPD-DS, y eliminar algunas de sus desventajas. En este artículo, mostramos los resultados de estas variaciones comparadas con el BPD-DS, y cómo sus resultados prometedores pueden tener como consecuencia una nueva aproximación a la población que sufre de obesidad y sus comorbilidades


Biliopancreatic Diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is the bariatric surgery that has shown the better results regarding long-term weight loss and comorbidities resolution. Nevertheless, BPD-DS' adoption has been slow, mainly due to its nutritional complications, and technical complexity. Given this, some authors have proposed surgical variations of this effective procedure. These new procedures are based on reducing the anastomosis to only one, and doing it just a loop anastomosis (no biliopacreatic diversion). These changes might bring to us the advantages of BPD-DS, and eliminate some of its disadvantages. In this article, we show the results of these variations compared with BPD-DS, and how their promising results could be a new approach for obese population and bariatric surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Biliopancreatic Diversion/methods , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Duodenum/surgery
13.
Med. U.P.B ; 38(1): 67-70, 13 de febrero de 2019. Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-980303

ABSTRACT

Las duplicaciones del tracto gastrointestinal son anomalías congénitas que comprenden lesiones quísticas o tubulares halladas en cualquier segmento del tracto digestivo. Están en el borde mesentérico del segmento comprometido con el que comparten irrigación, son de rara ocurrencia y de etiología embriológica múltiple. Requieren de tres factores para el diagnóstico: estar rodeadas de músculo liso, tener una pared común e involucrar mucosa del sitio de origen. Las duplicaciones múltiples se presentan en el 15% de las duplicaciones y se asocian con malformaciones esqueléticas, del tracto digestivo y genitourinario. Se presenta el caso de una paciente pediátrica con una rara duplicación múltiple del tracto digestivo que incluye duplicación gástrica y duodenal con tejido pancreático ectópico, que representó un reto diagnóstico y terapéutico.


Intestinal duplications are congenital anomalies representing cystic or tubular lesions that can be found in any segment of the digestive tract. They are in the mesenteric border of the compromised segment with which they share irrigation. They are of rare occurrence and of multiple embryological etiology. The three essential factors for diagnosis include being surrounded by smooth muscle, sharing a common wall, and having mucous from the place of origin. Multiple duplications occur in 15% of duplications and are frequently associated with skeletal, digestive, and genitourinary tract malformations. We present the case of a pediatric patient with a rare multiple duplication of the digestive tract that includes gastric and duodenal duplication with pancreatic ectopic tissue, which represented a challenge for diagnosis and therapeutic management.


As duplicações do trato gastrointestinal são anomalias congénitas que compreendem lesões quísticas ou tubulares encontradas em qualquer segmento do trato digestivo. Estão no borde mesentérico do segmento comprometido com o que compartilham irrigação, são de rara ocorrência e de etiologia embriológica múltipla. Requerem de três fatores para o diagnóstico: estar rodeadas de músculo liso, ter uma parede comum e envolver mucosa do lugar de origem. As duplicações múltiplas se apresentam em 15% das duplicações e se associam com malformações esqueléticas, do trato digestivo e geniturinário. Se apresenta o caso de uma paciente pediátrica com uma rara duplicação múltipla do trato digestivo que inclui duplicação gástrica e duodenal com tecido pancreático ectópico, que representou um reto diagnóstico e terapêutico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Congenital Abnormalities , Vomiting , Gastrointestinal Tract , Duodenum , Abdomen, Acute , Intestine, Small
15.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(1): e1418, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983667

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Duodenal injuries and their surgical procedure cause a high morbidity and mortality. Aim: To assess the overall effectiveness of the auto-graft of peritoneum in the treatment of the perforation of the duodenum, aiming to reduce surgery time, costs, complexity and mortality. Methods: Twelve New Zealand rabbits, ages 4-6 months, both sexes, underwent designed surgical grade III duodenal injuries that were repaired 18 h after. Rabbits were surgically treated with the proposed auto-graft of peritoneum. Results: No postoperative deaths were observed; the animals presented corporal weight increase and were euthanized six months later. There was no significant difference between both groups relating to the postoperative evolution or in the histological changes. Conclusion: Auto-graft of the peritoneum and posterior fascia is a useful option for duodenal repair and that is worth of evaluation for humans.


RESUMO Racional: Lesões duodenais e seu procedimento cirúrgico causam alta morbimortalidade. Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia geral de retalho peritoneal no tratamento da perfuração do duodeno, visando reduzir o tempo, os custos, a complexidade e a mortalidade cirúrgicas. Métodos: Doze coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia, com idades entre 4-6 meses, ambos os sexos, foram submetidos a lesões duodenais cirúrgicas de grau III, que foram reparadas 18 h depois. Coelhos foram tratados cirurgicamente com a proposta de auto-enxerto de peritônio. Resultados: Não foram observados óbitos pós-operatórios; os animais apresentaram aumento de peso corporal e foram eutanasiados seis meses depois. Não houve diferença significativa entre os dois grupos em relação à evolução pós-operatória ou nas alterações histológicas. Conclusão: A auto-enxertia do peritônio e da fáscia posterior é uma opção útil para o reparo duodenal e vale a pena ser avaliada em seres humanos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rabbits , Peritoneum/transplantation , Duodenum/surgery , Duodenum/injuries , Transplantation, Autologous , Disease Models, Animal , Operative Time
16.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(5): e20192264, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057173

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: o duodenal switch é um procedimento disabsortivo complexo, associado aos melhores resultados de perda de peso e controle metabólico. A cirurgia em etapas, com gastrectomia vertical como primeiro passo, é uma opção para reduzir complicações em pacientes superobesos. No entanto, alguns problemas persistem, como fígados grandes, que dificultam a abordagem cirúrgica, e complicações, como fístulas graves. A bipartição do trânsito intestinal é um modelo modificado e simplificado de desvio biliopancreático que complementa a gastrectomia vertical. É semelhante ao duodenal switch com menores complexidade e consequências nutricionais. Este estudo avaliou a viabilidade e a segurança da bipartição de trânsito isolada como o procedimento inicial para tratar a superobesidade. Métodos: foram incluídos 41 pacientes superobesos, com IMC médio de 54,5±3,5kg/m2. Uma bipartição de trânsito isolada laparoscópica foi realizada como o primeiro procedimento em uma nova abordagem em duas etapas. Perda de peso e complicações foram analisadas durante um ano de acompanhamento. Resultados: todos os procedimentos foram completados por laparoscopia. Após seis meses, a perda média de excesso de peso percentual foi de 28%, permanecendo estável até o final do estudo. Não houve dificuldades intraoperatórias. Metade dos pacientes apresentou diarreia precoce e três tiveram úlceras marginais. Não houve complicações cirúrgicas maiores ou mortes. Conclusão: a bipartição de trânsito isolada laparoscópica é uma nova opção para uma abordagem em estágios na superobesidade, que pode permitir um segundo procedimento mais seguro após a perda de peso ao longo de seis meses. Pode ser útil, particularmente, para pacientes com obesidade grave.


ABSTRACT Objective: biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch is a complex, malabsorptive procedure, associated with improved weight loss and metabolic control. Staged surgery with sleeve gastrectomy as the first stage is an option for reducing complications in superobese patients. However, some problems persist: large livers can hamper the surgical approach and complications such as leaks can be severe. Intestinal transit bipartition is a modified and simplified model of biliopancreatic diversion that complements sleeve gastrectomy. It is similar to the duodenal switch, but with less complexity and fewer nutritional consequences. This study assessed the feasibility and safety of isolated transit bipartition as the initial procedure in a two-step surgery to treat superobesity. Methods: this prospective study included 41 superobese patients, with mean BMI 54.5±3.5kg/m2. We performed a laparoscopic isolated transit bipartition as the first procedure in a new staged approach. We analyzed weight loss and complications during one year of follow-up. Results: we completed all the procedures by laparoscopy. After six months, the mean percent excess weight loss was 28%, remaining stable until the end of the study. There were no intraoperative difficulties. Half of the patients experienced early diarrhea, and three had marginal ulcers. There were no major surgical complications or deaths. Conclusion: isolated laparoscopic transit bipartition is a new option for a staged approach in superobesity, which can provide a safer second procedure after effective weight loss over six months. It may be useful particularly in the management of patients with severe obesity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Biliopancreatic Diversion/methods , Duodenum/surgery , Gastrectomy/methods , Weight Loss , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758928

ABSTRACT

This study was performed to evaluate the feasibility of ultrasound-guided computed tomography (CT) cholecystography and to establish an optimal protocol. In 8 healthy beagles, CT cholecystography was conducted using four contrast formulas; two dilution ratios (1:1 vs. 1:3) and two total volumes (8 mL vs. 16 mL) of 300 mgI/kg iohexol after ultrasound-guided percutaneous contrast injection into the gallbladder. CT images were obtained at 3, 10, and 30 min after injection and assessed qualitatively and quantitatively. For all contrast formulas, CT cholecystography showed the gallbladder and the intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts. The volume of the gallbladder and size of bile duct were significantly larger when using a volume of 16 mL iohexol than an 8 mL volume regardless of the dilution ratio. The distinction between the common bile duct and duodenum, the filling of the gallbladder, and the patency of bile duct were effectively assessed using a 16 mL volume of contrast agent with either dilution ratio. Beam-hardening artifacts deteriorated CT image quality for visualizing the biliary system when using the dilution ratio of 1:1. Patency of the bile tract could be easily evaluated using a curvilinear planar reconstruction. There was no significant difference in CT scan time among the different conditions. Minor leakage of contrast agent temporarily occurred after contrast injection in 30% of 32 sets of CT cholecystography. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous cholecystography can visualize both gallbladder and biliary tract with minimal artifacts using a contrast agent volume of 16 mL with a 1:3 dilution ratio.


Subject(s)
Animals , Artifacts , Bile , Bile Ducts , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Biliary Tract , Cholecystography , Common Bile Duct , Contrast Media , Dogs , Duodenum , Gallbladder , Iohexol , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 196-200, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763407

ABSTRACT

The pancreatoduodenal groove is a small area where pathologic processes involving the distal bile duct, duodenum, pancreatic head, ampulla of Vater, and retroperitoneum converge. Despite great advances in imaging techniques, a definitive preoperative diagnosis is challenging because of the complex anatomy of this area. Therefore, surgical intervention is frequently required because of the inability to completely exclude malignancy. We report 3 cases of patients with different groove pathologies but similar clinical and imaging presentation, and show the essential role of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in making a specific preoperative diagnosis, excluding malignancy in the first case, changing diagnosis in the second case, and confirming malignancy in the third case. EUS was a fundamental tool in this cohort of patients, not only because of its ability to provide superior visualization of a difficult anatomical region, but because of the ability to guide precise, real-time procedures, such as fine-needle aspiration.


Subject(s)
Ampulla of Vater , Bile Ducts , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Duodenum , Head , Humans , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Pathologic Processes , Pathology , Ultrasonography
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763139

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Duodenal-type follicular lymphoma (FL) is a rare variant of FL. There is still no consensus on the initial treatment, and clinical features including endoscopic findings are not familiar to most physicians. The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcome of patients who were initially treated with radiation therapy for duodenal-type FL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 20 patients who were consecutively diagnosed with duodenal-type FL between 2008 and 2017. All patients received radiation therapywith curative intent. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 52 years (range, 26 to 66 years), and females were predominant. Most patients (n=18, 90%) had stage I disease, and were diagnosed by a regular health examination in an asymptomatic state. The histological grade was one in 19 patients (95%), and the endoscopic findings were diffuse nodular (n=8), whitish granular (n=8), and mixed pattern (n=4). Radiation therapy was delivered to 17 patients with 24 Gy in 12 fractions, and to three patients with 30.6-36 Gy in 18 fractions. All patients were evaluated with endoscopy for response to radiation therapy, and complete response was achieved in 19 patients (95%). At the time of analysis, all patients survived without any evidence of late toxicities related with radiation therapy. CONCLUSION: Taken together, radiation therapy alone could be effective in controlling duodenal lesion. A further study with longer follow-up duration is warranted to confirm our findings.


Subject(s)
Asymptomatic Diseases , Consensus , Duodenum , Endoscopy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymphoma, Follicular , Retrospective Studies
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