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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929137


Ginsenoside Rb1, the effective constituent of ginseng, has been demonstrated to play favorable roles in improving the immunity system. However, there is little study on the osteogenesis and angiogenesis effect of Ginsenoside Rb1. Moreover, how to establish a delivery system of Ginsenoside Rb1 and its repairment ability in bone defect remains elusive. In this study, the role of Ginsenoside Rb1 in cell viability, proliferation, apoptosis, osteogenic genes expression, ALP activity of rat BMSCs were evaluated firstly. Then, micro-nano HAp granules combined with silk were prepared to establish a delivery system of Ginsenoside Rb1, and the osteogenic and angiogenic effect of Ginsenoside Rb1 loaded on micro-nano HAp/silk in rat calvarial defect models were assessed by sequential fluorescence labeling, and histology analysis, respectively. It revealed that Ginsenoside Rb1 could maintain cell viability, significantly increased ALP activity, osteogenic and angiogenic genes expression. Meanwhile, micro-nano HAp granules combined with silk were fabricated smoothly and were a delivery carrier for Ginsenoside Rb1. Significantly, Ginsenoside Rb1 loaded on micro-nano HAp/silk could facilitate osteogenesis and angiogenesis. All the outcomes hint that Ginsenoside Rb1 could reinforce the osteogenesis differentiation and angiogenesis factor's expression of BMSCs. Moreover, micro-nano HAp combined with silk could act as a carrier for Ginsenoside Rb1 to repair bone defect.

Alginates/pharmacology , Animals , Bone Regeneration , Cell Differentiation , Durapatite/pharmacology , Ginsenosides , Osteogenesis , Rats , Silk/pharmacology , Tissue Scaffolds
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1353752


Objective: This randomized controlled trial aimed to compare nanohydroxyapatite with fluoride on managing post ultrasonic scaling Dentine hypersensitivity (DH). Material and Methods: Thirty patients (aged 20-50 years) with post ultrasonic-scaling DH were included in this study. The sample was randomly divided into three equal groups of 60 teeth each: the first group received nanohydroxyapatite material, the second group received fluoride material and the third group received sterile water as a placebo (controls). The materials were applied once for each patient. All patients were instructed to rate the level of pain before treatment, and after 1 hour, 24 hours, 2 weeks and 1 month on the numerical rating scale (NRS). The Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney tests, linear regression analysis were used for the statistical analysis. Significance level was set at 0.05. Results: Both nanohydroxyapatite and fluoride were successful in reducing pain associated with DH when compared with the placebo in subsequent follow-ups (p < 0.05). However, one-hour and one-day post application, nanohydroxyapatite could reduce hypersensitivity pain moreeffectively than fluoride (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Nanohydroxyapatite material was found to besignificantly more effective in reducing the DH that followed ultrasonic scaling one-hour and one-day post application as compared to fluoride and sterile water. Both fluoride and nanohydroxyapatite had similar effect on DH after two-weeks and one-month after application. (AU)

Objetivo: Este ensaio clínico randomizado teve como objetivo comparar a nano-hidroxiapatita com o flúor no manejo da hipersensibilidade dentinária (HD) pós-raspagem ultrassônica. Material e Métodos: Trinta pacientes (com idades entre 20-50 anos) com HD pós-raspagem ultrassônica foram incluídos neste estudo. A amostra foi dividida aleatoriamente em três grupos iguais com 60 dentes cada: o primeiro grupo recebeu material de nano-hidroxiapatita, o segundo grupo recebeu material de flúor e o terceiro grupo recebeu água esterilizada como placebo (controle). Os materiais foram aplicados uma vez para cada paciente. Todos os pacientes foram instruídos a avaliar o nível de dor antes do tratamento, e após 1 hora, 24 horas, 2 semanas e 1 mês na escala de avaliação numérica (NRS). Os testes de Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney e análise de regressão linear foram usados para a análise estatística. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em 0,05. Resultados: Tanto a nano- hidroxiapatita quanto o flúor foram bem-sucedidos na redução da dor associada à HD quando comparados ao placebo em acompanhamentos subsequentes (p <0,05). No entanto, 1 hora e 1 dia após a aplicação, a nano-hidroxiapatita pode reduzir a dor de hipersensibilidade de forma mais eficaz do que o flúor (p <0,05). Conclusão: O material da nano-hidroxiapatita foi significativamente mais eficaz na redução da HD que se seguiu à raspagem ultrassônica, 1 hora e 1 dia após a aplicação, em comparação com o flúor e a água estéril. Tanto o flúor, quanto a nano-hidroxiapatita apresentou efeito semelhante na HD após 2 semanas e 1 mês após a aplicação (AU)

Durapatite , Dentin Sensitivity , Dentin Desensitizing Agents , Fluorides
Rev. ADM ; 78(6): 314-331, nov.-dic. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354416


La dentina se compone de un mineral de fosfato de calcio identificado como dahllita, que se dispone en pequeños cristales de hidroxiapatita carbonatada con dimensiones de 36 × 25 × 4 nm, y por una fase orgánica cuyo principal componente es el colágeno tipo 1 en 90%, que se orienta en forma de malla. Esta conformación corresponde a los dientes permanentes. Dentro de las estructuras, encontramos túbulos dentinarios que miden, aproximadamente, entre 0.5-1 µm de diámetro en la periferia y hasta 3-5 µm cerca de la pulpa. En el presente estudio, realizado en dentina de dientes temporales, el lumen de dichos túbulos es más grande cuando se encuentra cerca de la pulpa dental. Asimismo, se encontraron cambios elementales importantes de acuerdo con las diferentes profundidades en las que se observó, encontrando un aumento en el peso porcentual de carbono cuando se encuentra a mayor profundidad, lo que indica una composición orgánica mayor en la dentina pulpar. En estudios de dientes permanentes esta composición es disminuida y con mayor concentración en la dentina cercana a la unión amelodentinaria. En dentina de dientes temporales se encontraron diferencias en el recuento de túbulos dentinarios por mm2, comparado a la dentina de dientes permanentes, donde el número de túbulos no varía mucho (AU)

Dentin is composed of a calcium phosphate mineral identified as dahllite, which is arranged in small crystals of carbonated hydroxyapatite with dimensions of 36 × 25 × 4 nm, and by an organic phase whose main component is type l collagen in 90%, which is oriented in the form of a mesh. This conformation corresponds to permanent teeth. Within the structures, we find dentin tubules that measure approximately 0.5-1 µm in diameter at the periphery and up to 3-5 µm near the pulp. In the present study, carried out in dentin of primary teeth, the lumen of these tubules is larger when it is close to the dental pulp. Likewise, important elemental changes were found according to the different depths in which it was observed, finding an increase in the percentage weight of carbon when it is at a greater depth, indicating a greater organic composition in the pulp dentin. In studies of permanent teeth, this composition is decreased and with a higher concentration in the dentin near the amelodentinal junction. In dentin of primary teeth, differences were found in the count of dentin tubules per mm2, compared to dentin of permanent teeth, where the number of tubules did not vary much (AU)

Humans , Tooth, Deciduous , Dentin/ultrastructure , Dentinogenesis , Phosphates , Phosphoric Acids , Acid Etching, Dental , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Calcium , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Collagen , Durapatite , Dentition, Permanent , Collagen Type I , Minerals
Braz. j. biol ; 81(1): 53-61, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153329


Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the biological behavior and osteogenic potential of magnesium (Mg) substituted hydroxyapatite (HA) microspheres, implanted in a critical bone defect, considering that this ion is of great clinical interest, since it is closely associated with homeostasis and bone mineralization. For the purpose of this study, 30 rats were used to compose three experimental groups: GI - bone defect filled with HA microspheres; GII - bone defect filled with HA microspheres replaced with Mg; GIII - empty bone defect; evaluated at biological points of 15 and 45 days. The histological results, at 15 days, showed, in all the groups, a discrete chronic inflammatory infiltrate; biomaterials intact and surrounded by connective tissue; and bone neoformation restricted to the borders. At 45 days, in the GI and GII groups, an inflammatory response of discrete granulomatous chronic type was observed, and in the GIII there was a scarce presence of mononuclear inflammatory cells; in GI and GII, the microspheres were seen to be either intact or fragmented, surrounded by fibrous connective tissue rich in blood vessels; and discrete bone neoformation near the edges and surrounding some microspheres. In GIII, the mineralization was limited to the borders and the remaining area was filled by fibrous connective tissue. It was concluded that the biomaterials were biocompatible and osteoconductive, and the percentage of Mg used as replacement ion in the HA did not favor a greater bone neoformation in relation to the HA without the metal.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o comportamento biológico de microesferas de hidroxiapatita (HA) substituída com magnésio (Mg) durante o reparo de defeito ósseo crítico, tendo em vista que este íon é de grande interesse clínico, pois está intimamente associado à homeostasia e à mineralização óssea. Para tanto, utilizou-se 30 ratos para compor três grupos experimentais: GI - defeito ósseo preenchido com microesferas de HA; GII - defeito ósseo preenchido com microesferas de HA substituída com Mg; GIII (controle) - defeito ósseo vazio; avaliados nos pontos biológicos de 15 e 45 dias. Os resultados histológicos evidenciaram, aos 15 dias, discreto infiltrado inflamatório crônico e neoformação óssea restrita às bordas, em todos os grupos. Nos grupos GI e GII, os biomateriais mantiveram-se íntegros e circundados por tecido conjuntivo frouxo. Aos 45 dias, notou-se resposta inflamatória do tipo crônica granulomatosa discreta nos grupos GI e GII, e no GIII presença escassa de células inflamatórias mononucleares. As microesferas implantadas no GI e GII mantiveram-se, em sua maioria, íntegras e envolvidas por tecido conjuntivo fibroso. Notou-se discreta neoformação óssea próxima às bordas e circunjacente a algumas microesferas. No GIII, a mineralização limitou-se às bordas e a área remanescente foi preenchida por tecido conjuntivo fibroso. Conclui-se que os biomateriais foram biocompatíveis, bioativos, osteocondutores e apresentaram biodegradação lenta, indicando seu grande potencial para em aplicações clínica como biomaterial de preenchimento.

Animals , Rats , Durapatite , Magnesium , Osteogenesis , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Regeneration
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887753


OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the dynamic process of the self-assembly behaviors of a full-length human amelogenin (AM) and its functional fragments tyrosine-rich amelogenin peptide (TRAP) and leucine-rich amelogenin peptide(LRAP) @*METHODS@#The full-length human AM and its functional fragments, TRAP and LRAP, were reassembled and purified @*RESULTS@#When pH=8, the full-length human AM and TRAP assembly started spontaneously and formed "nanospheres" after 15 min.The nanospheres formed by TRAP existed independently, with a uniform size but without obvious internal structures. The full-length AM was assembled hierarchically, which formed "nanospheres" and further extended in all directions, formed a chain structure, and then aggregated into a net. The self-assembly behavior of LRAP was not obvious. Proteins mostly existed in the form of monomers without "nanosphere" formation. Only few oligomers were observed. The full-length AM was induced independently for 3 days to form rod-shaped HA crystals. TRAP and LRAP proteins were added, after 3 days the crystal elongation was obvious in the c axis, but the growth in plane A and plane B was poor.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The self-assembly and mineralization behaviors of full-length human AM, TRAP, and LRAP were consistent with the directional growth mechanism of HA crystals

Amelogenin , Dental Enamel Proteins , Durapatite , Humans
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921389


OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to evaluate the occlusion of monetite paste on dentine tubule and provide a new potential method for treating dentine hypersensitivity.@*METHODS@#Calcium oxide, strontium chloride, and polyethylene glycol phosphate were mixed in a certain proportion and ground in a planetary ball mill. The reaction was carried out by adjusting the pH to obtain monetite and hydroxyapatite paste. The morphological characteristics of the paste were observed through scanning electron microscope (SEM). The structure and composition were analyzed through X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR). The extracted third molar was selected to undergo demineralization to establish the @*RESULTS@#XRD and FTIR showed that the composition of the paste was mainly monetite, and the composition of hydroxyapatite paste was mainly composed of hydroxyapatite. SEM revealed that the size of the crystal particles of the synthesized paste was tens to hundreds of nanometers. Monetite and hydroxyapatite paste could produce a thicker mineralization layer on the dentin surface, and the mineralization of the dentin tubules of monetite was deeper than that of hydroxyapatite paste. The microhardness of the monetite paste group was significantly less than those of the hydroxyapatite paste groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Monetite paste could effectively block the exposed dentin tubules and be used for treating dentin hypersensitivity.

Calcium Phosphates , Dentin , Dentin Sensitivity , Durapatite , Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e179885, 2021. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1347989


Hydroxyapatite, chitosan, and carbon nanotube composite biomaterial were developed to improve bone healing. Previous studies suggested that a combination of biomaterials and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can potentially help promote bone regeneration. In the present study, we first developed hydroxyapatite, chitosan, and carbon nanotube composite biomaterial. Then, the effect of different concentrations of the extract on the viability of Vero cells (ATCC CCL-81) and MSCs obtained from sheep bone marrow using methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) and propidium iodide (PI) assays were evaluated. The biomaterial group demonstrated an absence of cytotoxicity, similar to the control group. Samples with 50% and 10% biomaterial extract concentrations showed higher cell viability compared to samples from the control group (MTT assay). These results suggest that the presence of this composite biomaterial can be used with MSCs. This study also concluded that hydroxyapatite, chitosan, and carbon nanotube composite biomaterial were not cytotoxic. Therefore, these could be used for performing in vivo tests.(AU)

O compósito à base de hidroxiapatita, quitosana e nanotubo de carbono foi desenvolvido com o intuito de auxiliar na consolidação óssea. Estudos anteriores sugerem que a combinação de substitutos ósseos e células-tronco mesenquimais (CTM) podem auxiliar a potencializar e promover a regeneração óssea. No presente estudo, o biomaterial foi desenvolvido e a viabilidade e a citotoxicidade de células Vero (ATCC CCL-81) e CTM obtidas de medula óssea provenientes de ovinos utilizando ensaios metil-tiazol-tetrazólio, MTT e iodeto de propídeo (PI) foram avaliadas em diferentes concentrações de extrato desse compósito. O compósito demonstrou ausência de citotoxicidade com comportamento semelhante ao grupo controle. Amostras com 50% e 10% de concentração de extrato do compósito mostraram resultados maiores comparados ao grupo controle (ensaio MTT). Esses resultados também sugerem que a presença do biomaterial pode ser utilizada em associação a CTM. Assim, esse estudo conclui que o compósito apresentado de hidroxiapatita, quitosana e nanotubo de cabono não foi considerado citotóxico e pode ser utilizado em teste in vivo.(AU)

Animals , Biocompatible Materials , Durapatite , Chitosan , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , Nanotubes, Carbon , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Acta cir. bras ; 36(4): e360404, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248541


ABSTRACT Purpose To use a 3D printed poly (L-lactide) acid (PLLA) and hydroxyapatite (HA) composite as a bone substitute for reconstruction of a critical bone defect in the radius of rabbits. Methods A 1.5 cm ostectomy was performed in the radial diaphysis of 60 New Zealand white rabbits. The rabbits were divided into three groups according to surgical treatment of the bone defect (group I - control, group II - bone graft, group III - 3D PLLA). Each group was divided into four subgroups with different radiographic and histopathologic evaluation times (T1 - 15 days, T2 - 30 days, T3 - 60 days, T4 - 90 days). Results The implant group had greater clinically lameness (p = 0.02), edema (p = 0.007), pain (p = 0.04) and more complications at the surgical site (p = 0.03). Histologically, this group showed greater congestion (p = 0.04), hemorrhage (p = 0.04) and inflammation. Osteogenesis was microscopically similar between days (p = 0.54) and treatments (p = 0.17), even though radiographically, more effective bone healing occurred in the graft group (II), with more callus and bone bridge formation. Conclusions The customization of a 3D PLLA/HA scaffold was successful. However, in animals receiving the polymer-ceramic composite less bone callus and bone bridge was formed compared to the graft group.

Durapatite , Bone Substitutes/therapeutic use , Osteogenesis , Polyesters , Rabbits , Bone Regeneration , Dioxanes , Tissue Scaffolds
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 62(1): 31-38, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148166


Se analizan aspectos fármaco-tecnológicos y clínicos de biocerámicos bioabsorbibles compuestos por biovidrios con capacidad osteogénica y microbicida, para ser utilizados como relleno bioactivo en el conducto radicular y como tratamiento terapéutico en el sitio de a lesión apicoperirradicular de origen endodóntico. Mediante un diagrama ternario se consideraron las diversas variables cuyos valores determinan las diferentes fases de los vidrios bioactivos, hasta alcanzar la formación de hidroxiapatita, cuando se someten a un medio biológico. Se analizaron composición y mecanismo de acción en la reparación posendodóntica, que parte de la integración del biomaterial al tejido duro sano, sin formación de fibrosis o proceso inflamatorio inmune (AU)

Pharmacotechnological and clinical aspects of bioabsorbable bioceramics composed of bioglasses with osteogenic and microbicidal capacity are analyzed, to be used as a bioactive filler in the root canal and as a therapeutic treatment at the site of an apicoperiradicular lesion of endodontic origin. By means of a ternary diagram, the various variables whose values determine the different phases of the bioactive glasses were considered, until reaching the formation of hydroxyapatite, when subjected to a biological medium. Composition and mechanism of action were analyzed in post-endodontic repair, which starts from the integration of the biomaterial into healthy hard tissue, without the formation of fibrosis or an immune inflammatory process (AU)

Biocompatible Materials , Ceramics , Durapatite , Absorbable Implants , Glass , Osteogenesis/physiology , Periapical Diseases/therapy , Wound Healing , Calcarea Silicata , Bone Substitutes , Chemical Phenomena
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(3): 442-447, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114919


Dietary supplements are being consumed with an increasingly high frequency among sports practitioners, whether at professional and/or amateur level. The supplements contain some nutritional properties in their composition, so they can dissolute the hydroxyapatite crystals of the enamel and favor the process of dental corrosion. The objective was to measure the corrosive power of protein-based supplementation (Whey Protein), under conditions that resemble the use of the supplement by the athletes, increasing the ecological validity of the study. The teeth of the test group (TG) were placed in contact with the Whey protein solution and then exposed to artificial saliva. And the teeth of the control group (CG) were exposed only to artificial saliva. The analysis occurred in natural healthy molar teeth, so that each tooth of the TG was immersed in 50 mL of supplement for 1.5 minutes and then placed in contact with the artificial saliva for 30 seconds. The same procedure was performed 5 times a day for 30, 60, 90, 120, 150 and 180 days. Each group, in its time (TG0 to TG180), underwent analysis of superficial roughness with the aid of optical profilometer (Talysurf CCI®, 3D model). The control group (CG) did not change its superficial roughness. Half of the teeth of the test group (TG) suffered loss of enamel surface. The values, in micrometers, of surface loss of the TG samples were 1.21; 2.1; 2.0; 1.04; 0.97; 0.8; 0.53; 1.14; 1.9; 2.0; 1.66; 1.80. The dietary supplement (Whey protein®) may be a potential cause of the dental corrosion process, considering the demineralization of hydroxyapatite that occurs along with the surface enamel loss.

Los suplementos dietéticos se consumen con una frecuencia cada vez más alta entre los practicantes de deportes, sea a nivel profesional y / o aficionado. Los suplementos contienen algunas propiedades nutricionales en su composición, por lo que pueden disolver los cristales de hidroxiapatita del esmalte y favorecer el proceso de corrosión dental. El objetivo fue medir el poder corrosivo de la suplementación a base de proteínas (proteína de suero), en condiciones que se asemejan al uso del suplemento por parte de los atletas, aumentando la validez ecológica del estudio. Los dientes del grupo de prueba (TG) se pusieron en contacto con la solución de proteína de suero y luego se expusieron a saliva artificial. Y los dientes del grupo de control (CG) estuvieron expuestos solo a saliva artificial. El análisis se realizó en dientes molares sanos naturales, cada diente del TG se sumergió en 50 ml de suplemento durante 1,5 minutos y luego se puso en contacto con la saliva artificial durante 30 segundos. El mismo procedimiento se realizó 5 veces al día durante 30, 60, 90, 120, 150 y 180 días. Cada grupo, en su momento (TG0 a TG180), se sometió a un análisis de rugosidad superficial con la ayuda de un perfilómetro óptico (Talysurf CCI®, modelo 3D). El grupo de control (CG) no cambió su rugosidad superficial. La mitad de los dientes del grupo de prueba (TG) sufrieron pérdida de la superficie del esmalte. Los valores, en micrómetros, de pérdida de superficie de las muestras de TG fueron 1.21; 2.1; 2,0; 1.04; 0,97; 0.8; 0,53; 1.14; 1.9; 2,0; 1,66; 1.80. El suplemento dietético (Whey protein®) puede ser una causa potencial del proceso de corrosión dental, considerando la desmineralización de la hidroxiapatita que ocurre junto con la pérdida de esmalte superficial.

Humans , Sports , Dietary Proteins/adverse effects , Tooth Demineralization/chemically induced , Dietary Supplements/adverse effects , Saliva/chemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Pilot Projects , Control Groups , Durapatite , Corrosion , Dental Etching , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135552


Abstract Objective: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of eggshell derived calcium hydroxyapatite with Dycal® as indirect pulp capping material in primary molars. Material and Methods: A total of 32 carious primary molars from 22 children (6-10-years) were screened, of which 26 primary molars meeting inclusion criteria were selected and equally divided into two groups. At the first appointment, the infected dentin was excavated using a spoon excavator after treating the carious part with Carie-Care™ chemomechanical caries removal agent. After this, eggshell derived calcium hydroxyapatite in Group 1 and Dycal® in Group 2 were used as liners followed by restoration of the cavity with type IX glass ionomer cement. Clinical assessment for pain and radiographic assessment for measurement of the amount of reparative dentin thickness formation was performed at baseline, 8 weeks and 3 months. The data were subjected to statistical analysis by one-way ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Results: Higher mean reparative dentin formation was found in eggshell derived calcium hydroxyapatite group than Dycal® group at the end of 8 weeks and 3 months and the difference was significant statistically (p<0.001). Conclusion: Eggshell derived calcium hydroxyapatite seems to be a suitable alternative to Dycal® (calcium hydroxide) that can be used as a liner for indirect pulp capping in primary molars.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Durapatite/therapeutic use , Dental Pulp Capping , Dentin, Secondary/anatomy & histology , Molar , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Efficacy , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Egg Shell , Glass Ionomer Cements , India/epidemiology
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 24(6): 48-55, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056016


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess in situ the effect of fluoride associated with nano-hydroxyapatite for the prevention of demineralization of the enamel adjacent to orthodontic brackets. Material and Methods: Eight volunteers wore palatal devices prepared with 6 bovine enamel blocks (5x5x2 mm) with bonded brackets. The volunteers used the devices in two different moments of 14 days each. During the first 14 days, a product containing fluoride + nano-hydroxyapatite was applied twice (experimental group, GNH, n = 48), and for the other 14 days no prevention product was applied (control group, CG, n = 48). In both groups, along the experiment, the blocks were dripped with 20% sucrose eight times daily. After the experiment, all the specimens were sectioned and examined for lesion depth analysis (µm) under polarized light microscopy, and for enamel longitudinal microhardness (measured under the bracket, at 30 µm and at 130 µm from the margin), at seven different depths (10, 20, 30, 50, 70, 90, and 110 µm). Results: Under polarized light, group GNH presented significantly less demineralization depth ( X ¯= 15.01 µm, SD = 33.65) in relation to CG ( X ¯= 76.43 µm, SD = 83.75). Enamel longitudinal microhardness demonstrated significantly higher microhardness for group GNH when compared to CG. Conclusion: Fluoride + nano-hydroxyapatite can be an alternative preventive procedure for demineralization of the enamel adjacent to orthodontic brackets.

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar in situ o efeito da nano-hidroxiapatita associada ao fluoreto na prevenção da desmineralização do esmalte adjacente aos braquetes ortodônticos. Material e Métodos: oito voluntários utilizaram aparelhos palatinos preparados com seis blocos de esmalte bovino (5 x 5 x 2 mm) com braquetes colados unidos por um fio de NiTi 0,016" preso por ligaduras elásticas. Os voluntários utilizaram os dispositivos em dois tempos distintos de 14 dias. Durante os primeiros 14 dias, um produto contendo flúor + nano-hidroxiapatita foi aplicado duas vezes (grupo experimental, GNH, n = 48), e nos outros 14 dias não foi aplicado qualquer produto de prevenção (grupo controle, GC, n = 48). Em ambos os grupos, ao longo do experimento, os blocos foram gotejados com sacarose a 20%, 8 vezes ao dia. Após o experimento, todos os espécimes foram seccionados e examinados para análise de profundidade de lesão (µm), sob microscopia de luz polarizada, e para microdureza longitudinal do esmalte do braquete (a 30µm e a 130µm da margem), a 7 profundidades diferentes (10, 20, 30, 50, 70, 90 e 110µm) Resultados: sob luz polarizada, o grupo GNH apresentou significativamente menor profundidade de desmineralização ( X ¯= 15,01µm, D.P. = 33,65) em relação ao GC ( X ¯= 76,43µm, D.P. = 83,75) A microdureza longitudinal do esmalte demonstrou valor significativamente maior para o grupo GNH, quando comparado ao GC. Conclusão: a nano-hidroxiapatita associada ao fluoreto pode ser um procedimento alternativo para a prevenção da desmineralização do esmalte adjacente aos braquetes ortodônticos.

Humans , Animals , Tooth Demineralization , Orthodontic Brackets , Cattle , Durapatite , Dental Enamel , Fluorides
Actual. osteol ; 15(3): 225-236, Sept-Dic. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116171


Bone grafting is important to preserve the alveolar bone ridge height and volume for dental implant placement. Even though implant-supported overdentures present highly successful outcomes, it seems that a great number of edentulous individuals have not pursued implant-based rehabilitation. The cost of the treatment is one of the reasons of discrepancy between highly successful therapy and its acceptance. Therefore, the development of biomaterials for bone grafting with comparable characteristics and biological effects than those renowned internationally, is necessary. In addition, domestic manufacture would reduce the high costs in public health arising from the application of these biomaterials in the dental feld. The purpose of this clinical case report is to provide preliminary clinical evidence of the efficacy of a new bovine bone graft in the bone healing process when used for sinus floor elevation. (AU)

El uso de injertos óseos es importante para preservar la altura y el volumen de la cresta alveolar para la colocación de implantes dentales. Si bien las sobredentaduras implanto-soportadas presentan resultados altamente exitosos, la mayoría de las personas desdentadas no han sido rehabilitadas mediante implantes dentales. Uno de los principales motivos por los cuales los pacientes no aceptan este tipo de tratamiento, altamente exitoso, es el elevado costo del mismo. Por ello, es necesario el desarrollo de biomateriales de injerto óseo con características y efectos biológicos comparables a los reconocidos internacionalmente. Asimismo, la fabricación nacional reduciría los altos costos en Salud Pública derivados de la aplicación de estos biomateriales en el campo dental. El objetivo de esta comunicación es presentar un caso clínico a fin de proporcionar evidencia preliminar acerca de la eficacia de un nuevo injerto de hueso bovino en el proceso de cicatrización ósea en el levantamiento del piso del seno maxilar. (AU)

Humans , Animals , Female , Middle Aged , Cattle , Rats , Bone Transplantation/methods , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/rehabilitation , Sinus Floor Augmentation/methods , Osteogenesis , Argentina , Biocompatible Materials , Cattle/physiology , Carticaine/administration & dosage , Chlorhexidine/administration & dosage , Naproxen/administration & dosage , Public Health/economics , Osseointegration , Dentures , Bone Transplantation/trends , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/pathology , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/therapy , Durapatite/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination/administration & dosage , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Sinus Floor Augmentation/trends , Allografts/immunology , Allografts/transplantation
Clinical Pain ; (2): 115-120, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811483


Acute calcific tendinitis (ACT) is a benign painful inflammatory disorder characterized by resorptive process of calcific deposits following the formation of calcium hydroxyapatite crystals in the tendons. It can occur at various sites, especially in the shoulder or hip joint. ACT involving the lateral epicondyle of the humerus and the cervical spine is very rare. Few reports have demonstrated successive ACT at different sites. We report three cases of successive ACT in women, occurring at the subscapularis followed by the lateral epicondyle, flexor carpi ulnaris followed by the supraspinatus, and longus colli followed by the iliopsoas, respectively.

Durapatite , Female , Hip Joint , Humans , Humerus , Shoulder , Spine , Tendinopathy , Tendons
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787365


Carbopol® 907 used as surface protecting agent in White's method is the one of the artificial caries lesion producing solution was discontinuing of production. New surface protecting material to substitute of Carbopol® 907 was required.The author prepared an artificial caries lesion producing solution as follows White's method with Carbopol® 907 and also another artificial caries lesion producing solution with Carbopol® 2050®.96 flattened and polished enamel samples were immersed in a demineralizing solution of 0.1 mol/L lactic acid, 0.2% carboxyvinylpolymer and 50% saturated hydroxyapatite for 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 15, 18 and 20 days. All samples from each group were subjected to polarized microscopy observed and image analysis for measuring the lesion depth.From the review of polarized images, the artificial caries lesion producing solution using Carbopol® 907 and Carbopol® 2050 can produced an artificial caries that was very similar to natural caries characters.From the regression analysis of the lesion depth produced by the artificial caries lesion producing solution using Carbopol® 907 and Carbopol® 2050, Carbopol® 2050 estimate as Y = 9.8X + 8.0 and Carbopol® 907 was Y = 8.4X − 0.4. R square value of Carbopol® 2050 and Carbopol® 907 was 0.965 and 0.945 respectively.The rate of demineralization by the artificial caries lesion producing solution using Carbopol® 2050 was faster than that of Carbopol® 907. And R square value of Carbopol® 2050 and Carbopol® 907 were very high and it means that the lesion depth was very high coefficient to demineralization period.

Dental Enamel , Durapatite , Lactic Acid , Methods , Microscopy , Polymers
Acta cir. bras ; 34(2): e201900203, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989053


Abstract Purpose: To analyze, histomorphologically, the influence of the geometry of nanostructured hydroxyapatite and alginate (HAn/Alg) composites in the initial phase of the bone repair. Methods: Fifteen rats were distributed to three groups: MiHA - bone defect filled with HAn/Alg microspheres; GrHA - bone defect filled with HAn/Alg granules; and DV - empty bone defect; evaluated after 15 days postoperatively. The experimental surgical model was the critical bone defect, ≅8.5 mm, in rat calvaria. After euthanasia the specimens were embedded in paraffin and stained with hematoxylin and eosin, picrosirius and Masson-Goldner's trichrome. Results: The histomorphologic analysis showed, in the MiHA, deposition of osteoid matrix within some microspheres and circumjacent to the others, near the bone edges. In GrHA, the deposition of this matrix was scarce inside and adjacent to the granules. In these two groups, chronic granulomatous inflammation was noted, more evident in GrHA. In the DV, it was observed bone neoformation restricted to the bone edges and formation of connective tissue with reduced thickness in relation to the bone edges, throughout the defect. Conclusion: The geometry of the biomaterials was determinant in the tissue response, since the microspheres showed more favorable to the bone regeneration in relation to the granules.

Animals , Male , Rats , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Durapatite/chemistry , Nanostructures/chemistry , Alginates/chemistry , Spectrophotometry, Infrared , Biocompatible Materials/administration & dosage , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Durapatite/administration & dosage , Nanostructures/administration & dosage , Alginates/administration & dosage
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719253


Increasing demands for esthetic dental treatment, zirconia, which has high mechanical and esthetic properties, had been applied more and more in clinics. Therefore, assessment of biocompatibility of zirconia is necessary. In this article, a review of in vivo studies of zirconia compatibility was performed. In vivo studies showed zirconia had great biocompatibility both on soft and hard tissue. Studies with various animals and patients reported high biocompatibility of zirconia. In terms of bone synthesis and bone adhesion, zirconia showed similar biocompatible properties to titanium. On the other hand, zirconia could be used as implant. For using as an implant, various methods of Hydroxyapatite (HA) coating had been suggested. Since HA coating on titanium implant showed some problems such as low bonding strength and degeneration of HA, HA-zirconia composite, HA-coated zirconia, and HA-zirconia functionally graded material (FGM) or intermediate layer of alumina had been proposed. These methods showed higher bonding strength and biocompatibility.

Aluminum Oxide , Animals , Durapatite , Hand , Humans , Titanium
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760085


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Radiesse® is a widely used calcium hydroxyapatite (CaHA) injection material used for vocal fold injection. Recently, a new CaHA injection material (Facetem ®) which complements the structural disadvantages of Radiesse has been developed and released in the market. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy and short-term voice outcome of these two CaHA materials. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A retrospective analysis was performed for 70 patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis who underwent vocal fold injection using CaHA materials. Acoustic voice analysis, maximal phonation time (MPT), voice handicap index (VHI), and Grade, Roughness, Breathiness, Asthenia, Strain (GRBAS) scale were evaluated between Radiesse and Facetem injection group. RESULTS: Both groups showed a signifcant improvement of MPT, VHI, and G, B, A scale after injection. The Facetem group showed similar voice improvement as the Radiesse group, where pre- and postoperatively objective and subjective voice evaluation results were compared. CONCLUSION: Our study reveals that there is no significant difference in efficacy and nor any short-term vocal improvement between Radiesse and Facetem. Therefore, the use of Facetem as CaHA injection material could be considered as an alternative material for patients with unilateral vocal cord paralysis.

Acoustics , Asthenia , Calcium , Complement System Proteins , Durapatite , Humans , Laryngoplasty , Methods , Paralysis , Phonation , Retrospective Studies , Vocal Cord Paralysis , Vocal Cords , Voice
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760025


PURPOSE: To describe cases of exposed hydroxyapatite (HA) implants wrapped with the synthetic dura substitute Neuro-Patch treated via simple Neuro-Patch removal. METHODS: The medical records of seven patients who experienced exposure of their HA implant were reviewed. All patients had been enucleated and implanted with HA wrapped with Neuro-Patch. For treatment, Neuro-Patch was removed to the greatest extent possible. After applying local anesthesia with lidocaine, blunt dissection was performed to separate the conjunctiva and Neuro-Patch via the site of exposure. Pressure was applied to the remaining Neuro-Patch with forceps and removed with scissors. RESULTS: Neuro-Patch was visible at the area of exposure in all patients. No surgery beyond initial Neuro-Patch removal was necessary in six of the seven patients. In five cases, the exposed area began to heal rapidly after Neuro-patch removal without primary closure of the defect. In one case, the Neuro-Patch material and all necrotic tissue was removed aggressively due to inflammation around the orbital implant. Lastly, an infection was noted in one case, prompting complete removal of the Neuro-Patch–wrapped HA implant. CONCLUSIONS: Wrapping material may hinder implant vascularization. Exposure of HA in wrapped implants can be successfully treated by a simple removal procedure if detected and managed early.

Anesthesia, Local , Conjunctiva , Durapatite , Humans , Inflammation , Lidocaine , Medical Records , Orbit , Orbital Implants , Surgical Instruments
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764721


OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in the composition of artificial cariogenic biofilms using a Streptococcus mutans biofilm model over a period of time. METHODS: We analyzed the dry weight, colony forming unit (CFU) number, extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) biovolume, and acid production rate of S. mutans biofilms formed on saliva-coated hydroxyapatite discs after 26 h, 50 h, 74 h, 98 h, 171 h, and 195 h. In addition, we performed a laser scanning confocal fluorescence microscopy to determine the bacterial volume, EPS biovolume, and biofilm thickness. We calculated the biofilm density using dry weight and EPS biovolume. RESULTS: Over a period of time, there was no change in the CFU number and acid production rate of S. mutans biofilms, but there was an increase in the dry weight and EPS biovolume of S. mutans biofilms. The bacterial volume, EPS biovolume, and biofilm thickness only increased in the 50-h-old biofilm; however, no change was observed in 50-195-h-old biofilms. In addition, an increase in the biofilm density was observed over time. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the acid production ability of cariogenic biofilms does not change, but the biofilm density increases over time. However, due to scientific information, further research needs to be conducted in the field of dentistry to get further insights on the progression of cariogenic biofilms over time.

Biofilms , Dentistry , Durapatite , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Stem Cells , Streptococcus mutans